You are on page 1of 3

Integrated Science

Page 1 of 3

Integrated Science Capítulo 15
Los Palabras Clave
A horizon soil layer made mostly of sand, silt, and clay, but also containing much organic matter; also known as topsoil. acidity (soil) chemical property that is a major factor in determining what kind of plants can be grown in a certain soil. B horizon soil layer made from erosion of the O and A horizons and the weathering of rock; where much of the water used by trees is stored. bedrock the layers of solid rock the underlies the soil. bulk density a measure of how compact a soil is. castings waste left by certain earthworms that can be beneficial for plant growth. chemical weathering weathering process in which the minerals that make up rocks are broken down into smaller particles due to chemical reactions. clay fine-grained sediment. clayey soils soils made mostly of clay. color (soil) a property of soil related to the chemicals and organic compounds that coat the soil particles. compost decomposed plant and animal materials, which provide soil with nutrients needed to maintain fertility. consistence (soil) the amount of pressure needed to flatten the soil. erosion the natural process of wearing away materials, carrying them to other locations, and depositing them as sediment. fertility the ability of a soil to support plant life. field methods

http://www.carolinascience.com/books/keywords.php?printable=yes&cid=30

12/16/2007

Integrated Science

Page 2 of 3

procedures that do not require any special equipment and can be used by scientists while they are outdoors. gravel the largest particle size in the soil; larger than 2 mm in diameter. horizons (soil) horizontal layers of soil. humus organic material that is part of the composition of soil. leaching a process of weathering in which water seeps into rock cracks, dissolving and carrying away minerals. loamy soils soils that are made of a combination of sand, silt, and clay. O horizon the top layer of soil, made of organic materials such as freshly fallen leaves, bark, wood, and more decomposed materials like humus. oxide a compound composed of oxygen and some other element. ped a clump of soil particles. pedology the study of soils. permeability a measure of how quickly water flows through a material. pH a measure of acidity. physical weathering weathering processes in which rocks are broken into smaller pieces by temperature and pressure, but their chemical makeup remains unchanged. pores (soil) spaces between the mineral grains in soil. sand soil particles ranging from 0.05 to 2 mm in diameter. sandy soils soils made mostly of soil particles ranging from 0.05 to 2mm in diameter. silt the finest particles of rock that are part of soil composition. soil the mixture of rocks, sand, clay, silt, and humus that covers the lithosphere. soil profile the arrangement of soil layers.

http://www.carolinascience.com/books/keywords.php?printable=yes&cid=30

12/16/2007

Integrated Science

Page 3 of 3

structure (soil) the way in which a soil's components are put together. texture (soil) the way a soil feels. topsoil the top layer of soil that is soft, loosely packed, and contains many nutrients needed for plant growth. weathering the process responsible for breaking down large rocks into smaller rocks, and solid rock into soil.

http://www.carolinascience.com/books/keywords.php?printable=yes&cid=30

12/16/2007