General aspects of satellite injection ~satellite orbit transfer ~various cases ~orbit deviations due to injection errors ~special

and general perturbations ~Co well s method and Encke s method ~method of variations of orbital elements ~general perturbations approach. Introduction to ballistic missile trajectories ~boost phase ~the ballistic phase ~trajectory geometry ~optimal flights ~time of flight ~re-entry phase ~the posi tion of impact point ~influence coefficients. Space environment ~peculiarities of space environment ~effect of space environme nt on materials of spacecraft structure ~materials required for the construction of space craft ~TPS for re-entry space vehicles. L 45, The solar system ~reference frames and coordinate systems ~terminology related t o the celestial sphere and its associated concepts ~Kepler s laws of planetary mot ion and proof of the laws ~Newton s universal law of gravitation ~the many body pr oblem ~Lagrange-Jacobi identity ~the circular restricted three body problem ~lib ration points ~the general N-body problem ~two body problem ~relations between p osition and time. Two-dimensional interplanetary trajectories ~fast interplanetary trajectories ~t hree dimensional interplanetary trajectories ~launch of interplanetary spacecraf t ~trajectory estimation about the target planet ~concept of sphere of influence ~Lambert s theorem Configurations based on Torque reaction ~Jet rotors and compound helicopters ~Me thods of Control, rotor blade pitch control, -Collective pitch and and Cyclic pi tch ~Lead ~Lag and flapping hinges Hovering performance ~Momentum and simple blade element theories ~Figure of meri t ~Profile and induced power estimation ~Constant Chord and ideal twist rotors. Induced, profile and parasite power requirements in forward flight ~Performance curves with effects of altitude ~Preliminary ideas on helicopter stability. Types ~Hover height, lift augmentation and power calculations for plenum chamber and peripheral jet machines ~Drag of hovercraft on land and water -Applications of hovercraft. Various configurations ~propeller, rotor, ducted fan and jet lift ~Tilt wing and vectored thrust -Performance of VTOL and STOL aircraft in hover, transition and forward motion. Compressible boundary layer equations, Recovery factor, similarity solutions, la minar supersonic Cone rule, shock-boundary layer interaction Fundamental equations of viscous flow, Conservation of mass, Conservation of Mom entum-Navier-Stokes equations, Energy equation, Mathematical character of basic equations, Dimensional parameters in viscous flow, Nondimensionalising the basic equations and boundary conditions, vorticity considerations, creeping flow, bou ndary layer flow Laminar boundary layer equations, Flat plate Integral analysis of Karman ~Integr al analysis of energy equation ~Laminar boundary layer equations ~boundary layer over a curved body-Flow separation~similarity solutions, Blasius solution for f lat-plate flow, Falkner-Skan wedge flows, Boundary layer temperature profiles fo r constant plate temperature -Reynold s analogy, Integral equation of Boundary lay er ~Pohlhausen method ~Thermal boundary layer calculations Solutions of viscous flow equations, Couette flows, Hagen-Poisuelle flow, Flow b etween rotating concentric cylinders, Combined Couette-Poiseuille Flow between p arallel plates, Creeping motion, Stokes solution for an immersed sphere, Develop ment of boundary layer, Displacement thickness, momentum and energy thickness. Turbulence-physical and mathematical description, Two-dimensional turbulent boun dary layer equations -~Velocity profiles ~The law of the wall ~The law of the wa ke ~Turbulent flow in pipes and channels ~Turbulent boundary layer on a flat pla te ~Boundary layers with pressure gradient, Eddy Viscosity, mixing length , Turb ulence modeling Combustion in gas turbine combustion chambers ~recirculation ~combustion efficie ncy, factors affecting combustion efficiency, fuels used for gas turbine combust ion chambers ~combustion stability ~ramjet combustion ~differences between the d esign of ramjet combustion chambers and gas turbine combustion chambers~flame ho lders types ~numerical problems.

Introduction to combustion in aircraft piston engines ~various factors affecting the combustion efficiency ~fuels used for combustion in aircraft piston engines and their selection ~detonation in piston engine combustion and the methods to prevent the detonation Introduction to supersonic combustion ~need for supersonic combustion for hypers onic airbreathing propulsion~supersonic combustion controlled by diffusion, mixi ng and heat convection ~analysis of reactions and mixing processes ~supersonic b urning with detonation shocks ~various types of supersonic combustors. Solid propellant combustion ~double and composite propellant combustion ~various combustion models ~combustion in liquid rocket engines ~single fuel droplet com bustion model ~combustion hybrid rockets L45, Thermo chemical equations ~heat of reaction~first, second and third order reacti ons ~premixed flames ~diffusion flames ~measurement of burning velocity ~various methods ~effect of various parameters on burning velocity ~flame stability ~def lagration ~detonation ~Rankine-Hugoniot curves ~radiation by flames Galloping of transmission lines and flow induced vibrations of tall slender stru ctures and suspension bridges. Loss and reversal of aileron control ~Critical aileron reversal speed ~Aileron e fficiency ~Semirigid theory and successive approximations ~Lift distributions ~R igid and elastic wings. Non-dimensional parameters ~Stiffness criteria Dynamic mass balancing ~Model exp eriments ~Dimensional similarity ~Flutter analysis ~Two dimensional thin airfoil s in steady incompressible flow ~Quasisteady aerodynamic derivatives ~Galerkin m ethod for critical speed ~Stability of distributed motion ~Torsion flexure flutt er ~Solution of the flutter determinant ~Methods of determining the critical flu tter speeds ~Flutter prevention and control. Simple two dimensional idealizations ~Strip theory ~Fredholm integral equation o f the second kind ~Exact solutions for simple rectangular wings ~Semirigid assum ption and approximate solutions ~Generalized coordinates ~Successive approximati ons ~Numerical approximations using matrix equations. Vibration of beams due to coupling between bending and torsion ~The aero-elastic triangle of forces ~Stability versus response problems ~Aeroelasticity in Aircr aft Design ~Vertex induced vibration. Rayleigh ~Ritz, Galerkin Methods~Finite Difference Method ~Application to Recta ngular Plates for Static, Free Vibration and Stability Analysis. Basic Concepts of Shell Type of Structures ~Membrane and Bending Theories for Ci rcular Cylindrical Shells. Classical Plate Theory ~Assumptions ~Differential Equations ~Boundary Conditions ~Axi-Symmetric Loading Navier s Method of Solution for Simply Supported Rectangular Plates ~Levy s Method o f Solution for Rectangular Plates under Different Boundary Conditions ~Annular P lates ~Plates of other shapes. Stability and Free Vibration Analysis of Rectangular Plates. Avionics system architecture ~Databuses ~MIL-STD-1553B ~ARINC ~420 ~ARINC ~629. Communications systems~Navigation systems ~Flight control systems ~Radar ~Electr onic Warfare ~Utility systems Reliability and maintainability ~Certification. Control and display technologies CRT, LED, LCD, EL and plasma panel ~Touch scree n ~Direct voice input (DVI) ~Civil and Military Cockpits MFDS, HUD, MFK, HOTAS. Digital computer ~Microprocessors ~Memories. Need for avionics in civil and military aircraft and space systems ~Integrated a vionics and weapon systems ~Typical avionics subsystems, design, technologies. Approximate methods of evaluating the Eigen frequencies and the dynamics respons e of continuous systems ~Matrix methods of dynamic stress analysis. Constraints and Generalized coordinates ~Virtual work and generalized forces ~Fo rce ~Deflection influence functions ~stiffness and flexibility methods. Equations of motion for free vibrations solution of Eigen value problems ~Normal coordinates and orthogonality relations. Free and forced vibrations of systems with finite degrees of freedom ~Damped osc illations ~D" Alembert s principle ~Hamilton s principle ~Lagrangean equations of mo tion and applications.

Rayleigh s principle ~Rayleigh ~Ritz method ~Coupled natural modes ~Effect of rota ry inertia and shear on lateral vibrations of beams ~Natural vibrations of plate s. Boundary layer equations for hypersonic flow ~hypersonic boundary layers ~self s imilar and non self similar boundary layers ~solution methods for non self simil ar boundary layers ~aerodynamic heating. Introduction to hypersonic aerodynamics ~differences between hypersonic aerodyna mics and supersonic aerodynamics ~concept of thin shock layers and entropy layer s ~hypersonic flight paths ~hypersonic similarity parameters ~shock wave and exp ansion wave relations of inviscid hypersonic flows. Introduction to the concept of viscous interaction in hypersonic flows ~Strong a nd weak viscous interactions ~hypersonic viscous interaction similarity paramete r ~introduction to shock wave boundary layer interactions. Local surface inclination methods ~Newtonian theory ~modified Newtonian law ~tan gent wedge and tangent cone and shock expansion methods ~approximate methods ~hy personic small disturbance theory ~thin shock layer theory. Nature of high temperature flows ~chemical effects in air ~real and perfect gase s ~Gibb s free energy and entropy ~chemically reacting mixtures ~recombination and dissociation. L 45, Low cycle and high cycle fatigue ~Coffin ~Manson s relation ~Transition life ~cycl ic strain hardening and softening ~Analysis of load histories ~Cycle counting te chniques -Cumulative damage ~Miner s theory ~Other theories. Phase in fatigue life ~Crack initiation ~Crack growth ~Final Fracture ~Dislocati ons ~fatigue fracture surfaces. S.N. curves ~Endurance limits ~Effect of mean stress, Goodman, Gerber and Soderb erg relations and diagrams ~Notches and stress concentrations ~Neuber s stress con centration factors ~Plastic stress concentration factors ~Notched S.N. curves. Safe life and Fail-safe design philosophies ~Importance of Fracture Mechanics in aerospace structures ~Application to composite materials and structures. Strength of cracked bodies ~Potential energy and surface energy ~Griffith s theory ~Irwin ~Orwin extension of Griffith s theory to ductile materials ~stress analysi s of "cracked bodies ~Effect of thickness on fracture tough-"ness ~stress intens ity factors for typical geometries. Solar panels Silicon and Ga-As cells, power generation capacity, efficiency ~Sp ace battery systems ~battery types, characteristics and efficiency parameters ~P ower electronics. Telemetry and telecommand systems Tm And TC functions, general ly employed communication bands (UHF/VHF, S, L, Ku, Ka etc), their characteristi cs and applications~Coding Systems ~Onboard computer~Ground checkout Systems. L4 Common satellite applications and missions ~Typical spacecraft orbits ~Definitio ns of spin the three axis stabilization-Space environment ~Launch vehicles ~Sate llite system and their functions (structure, thermal, mechanisms, power, propuls ion, guidance and control, bus electronics). Control requirements attitude control and station keeping functions, type of con trol maneuvers ~Stabilization schemes spin stabilization, gravity gradient metho ds, 3 axis stabilization ~Commonly used control systems mass expulsion systems, momentum exchange systems, gyro and magnetic torquer ~Sensors star and sun senso rs, earth sensor, magnetometers and inertial sensors Fundamental of flight dynamics ~Time and coordinate systems ~Orbit determination and prediction ~Orbital maneuvers ~GPS systems and application for satellite/or bit determination ~Ground station network requirements. Satellite mechanical and structural configuration Satellite configuration choice s, launch loads, separation induced loads, deployment requirements ~Design and a nalysis of satellite structures ~Structural materials and fabrication ~The need of thermal control externally induced thermal environment ~Internally induced th ermal environment ~Heat transfer mechanism internal to the spacecraft and extern al heat load variations ~Thermal control systems active and passive methods. Buckingham Theorem ~Non dimensional numbers ~Scale effect ~Geometric Kinematic a nd Dynamic similarities. Classification ~special problems of testing in subsonic, transonic, supersonic a nd hypersonic speed regions ~Layouts ~sizing and design parameters.

Power coefficient. Galloping and stall flutter. Betz coefficient by momentum theory. Vortex induced vib rations. Steady and Unsteady Pressure and velocity measurements ~Force measurements ~Thre e component and six component balances ~Internal balances ~Principles of Hotwire Anemometer. collection. wind forces on buildings. Types of winds. B uilding ventilation and architectural aerodynamics. Application of truss. inclined and gravity turn trajec tories ~determination of range and altitude ~simple approximations to burn out v elocity and altitude ~estimation of culmination time and altitude. Characteristic features. Structure of turbulent flows. transonic. L 45. OBJECTIVES of experimental studies ~Fluid mechanics measurements ~Properties of fluids ~Measuring instruments ~Performance terms associated with measurement sys . One dimensional and two-dimensional rocket motions in free space and homogeneous gravitational fields ~description of vertical. bar. Aerodynamics of trains and Hovercraft. Selection criteria of materials for rockets and missiles ~materials for various airframe components and engine parts ~materials for thrust control devices ~vari ous adverse conditions faced by aerospace vehicles and the requirement of materi als to perform under these conditions. least square methods of analysis for beams. Effects of cut back ang le. Effect of terrain on gradient height. operation and performance of low speed. beam and two dimensional elements Application to statics. Building codes. Horizontal axis and vertical axis machines. supe rsonic and special tunnels ~Power losses in a wind tunnel ~Instrumentation and c alibration of wind tunnels ~Turbulence~Wind tunnel balance ~Wire balance ~Struttype ~Platform-type ~Yoke-type ~Pyramid type ~Strain gauge balance ~Balance cali bration. Airframe components of rockets and missiles ~forces acting on a missile while pa ssing through atmosphere ~classification of missiles ~slender body aerodynamics ~method of describing forces and moments ~lift force and lateral moment -lateral aerodynamic damping moment ~longitudinal moment ~drag estimation ~body upwash a nd body downwash in missiles ~rocket dispersion. Causes of variation of winds. dynamics and stability analysis of beams and plates. Exact method versus approximate method ~Need for approximate methods ~Approximat e methods used in the solution procedure for equilibrium and eigen value problem s ~Numerical integration. Test section speed ~Horizontal buoyancy ~Flow angularities ~Turbulence measureme nts ~Associated instrumentation ~Calibration of supersonic tunnels.Smoke and Tuft grid techniques ~Dye injection special techniques ~Optical method s of flow visualization. Free vibration and stability analysis ~Beams and columns ~Variational principle. Special problems of tall buildings. Application of Galerkin. Ignition system in rockets ~types of igniters and igniter design considerations ~injection system and propellant feed systems of liquid rockets and their design considerations ~design considerations of liquid rocket thrust chambers ~combust ion mechanisms of liquid and solid propellants. Atmospheric boundary layer. Experiments on Taylor-Proudman theorem and Ekman layer ~Measurements in boundary layers ~Data acquisition and processing ~Signal conditioning ~Uncertainty analy sis ~Estimation of measurement errors ~External estimate of the error ~Internal estimate of the error ~Uncertainty calculation ~Uses of uncertainty analysis. Pressure distribution on low rise buildings. Review of basic energy principles ~Application to statically determinate and ind eterminate structures. Effects of Reynolds number on wake formation of bluff shapes. Design philosophy behind multistaging of launch vehicles and ballistic missiles ~multistage vehicle optimization ~stage separation techniques in atmosphere and in space ~stage separation dynamics and lateral separation characteristics ~vari ous types of thrust vector control methods including secondary injection thrust vector control ~numerical problems on stage separation and multistaging. Environme ntal winds in city blocks. Power requirements and drag coefficients of automobiles.

SERIES 'X' ~MISCELLANEOUS REQUIREMENTS Registration Markings of aircraft. Maintenance of fuel a nd oil uplift and consumption records ~Light aircraft engines. its classification and experience requirements. T ools power/hand. water and waste system. Repair Schemes.R. Vacuum-bag process.D. Aircraft log books. E. amendments etc. Weight and balance control of a n aircraft. F. Tracking and balancing of ma in rotor. Break test. Document t o be carried on board on Indian registered aircraft. Responsibilities of operators / owners. Sheet metal inspection ~N. Procedure for issue of taxy permit. C.R. investigation. Forming/shaping. Flight testing of (Series) aircraft for issue of C of A. C. laminated FRPstructural members and skin panels. MEL.R. On condition main tenance of reciprocating engines. Defect recording. OBJECTIVES and targets of airworthiness directorate. Sealing compounds . P reparation and use of cockpit check list and emergency list. C. Airworthiness regulations and safety oversight of engineering activities of operators. CDL Deficiency list (MEL And CDL). Close tolerance fasteners. various repairs s chemes ~Scopes.sheet metal repair and maintenan ce Selection of materials. Repair schemes. Trouble shooting and maintenance practices ~Service and inspection ~Inspection a nd maintenance of landing gear systems.A. Pitot-Static tube characteristics ~Velocity measurements ~Hot-wire anemometry ~C onstant current and Constant temperature Hot-Wire anemometer ~Pressure measureme nt techniques ~Pressure transducers ~Temperature measurements. B. reporting. Fabrication of replacement patches.R. Hazardous materials storage and handling. Calculation of weight of completed repair. Require ments for renewal of Certificate of Airworthiness. Procedure for issue of type approval of aircraft components and equipme nt including instruments. holes etc. SERIES 'M' MANDATORY MODIFICATIONS AND INSPECTIONS Mandatory M . C.A. Effect of weight c hange on surrounding structure. SERIES 'B' ~ISSUE APPROVAL OF COCKPIT CHECK LIST.R. FRP/honeycomb sandwich materials. ~Inspection and maintenance of aircondit ioning and pressurization system. Complete S eries 'L'. . PLASTICSIN AIRCRAFT Review of types of plastics used in airplanes ~Maintenance a nd repair of plastic components ~Repair of cracks. Issue / revalidation of Certificate of Airworthiness. Issue of AME Licence.. Maintenance control by reliability Met hod.T. Aircraft maintenance programme And their approval. Visualization techniques ~Smoke tunnel ~Hele-Shaw apparatus ~Interferometer ~Fri nge-Displacement method ~Schlieren system ~Shadowgraph ~Hydraulic analogy ~Hydra ulic jumps ~Electrolytic tank Airplane jacking and weighing and C. Concessions. Procedure for issue / revalidation of Type Certificate of aircraft and its en gines / propeller. Procedure of CAR issue. Trouble shooting. And G. TBO ~Revision programme.A. Fixing routine ma intenance periods and component TBOs ~Initial And revisions. Equipments used in welding shop and their maintenance ~Ensuring quality welds ~W elding jigs and fixtures ~Soldering and brazing.Theory and practices. C. Repair techniques. Inspection and maintenance of auxiliary systems ~Fire protection systems ~Ice protection system ~Rain remo val system -Position and warning system ~Auxiliary Power Units (APUs). C.A. rectification and analysis.tems ~Direct measurements ~Analogue methods ~Flow visualization ~Components of m easuring systems ~Importance of model studies. Fight testing of aircra ft for which C or A had been previously issued. Helicopter flight controls. Installation and maint enance of Instruments ~handling ~Testing ~Inspection. Aircraft furnishing practices ~Equipme nts. Special precautions ~Autoclaves. SERIES 'D' ~AND AIRCRAFTMAINTENANCE PROGRAMMES Reliability Programme (Engines).A. Tools/equi pment. Approval of organizations in categories A. Provision of first aid kits And Physician's kit in an aircraft. Balancing of control surfaces ~ Inspection maintenance. D. Flight r eport. ADVANCED COMPOSITES IN AIRCRAFT Cleaning of fibre reinforced pl astic (FRP) materials prior to repair. Requirements of infrastructure at stations other than parent base. Testing. Reporting and rectification of defects observed on aircraft.G. Use furnishing materials in an aircraft. SERIES 'F' ~AIR WORTH INESS AND CONTINUED AIR WORTHINESS Procedure relating to registration of aircraf t. Location. Analytical s tudy of in-fight readings And recordings.

odifications / Inspections. Propeller theory ~operation. Trouble Shoot ing Procedures for trouble shooting ~Condition monitoring of the engine on groun d and at altitude ~engine health monitoring and corrective methods. Propeller Bala ncing. Use of propeller and jets f or thrust production. Components of an airplane and their functions. Classification of piston engines ~Principles of operation ~Function of componen ts ~Materials used ~Details of starting the engines ~carburetion and Fuel inject ion systems for small and large engines ~Ignition system components ~spark plug detail ~Engine operating conditions at various altitudes ~Engine power measureme nts ~Classification of engine lubricants and fuels ~Induction. Engine Overhaul ~Overhaul procedures ~Inspections and cleaning of components ~Re pairs schedules for overhaul ~Balancing of Gas turbine components. Engine testing Engine testing procedures and schedule preparation ~Online maintenance. Different types of flight vehicle . Exploration into space. turboprop and jet engines. Exhaust and cooli ng system ~Maintenance and inspection check to be carried out. control and exhaust systems ~Engine mount and s uper charger ~Checks and inspection procedures. typ es of rockets and typical applications. Basic laws for a system in integral form ~Conservation of mass ~Newton s 2nd law ~Laws of thermodynamics ~Application of the basic laws for a control volume ~Kin ematics ~Motion of a fluid particle ~Fluid deformation ~Differential analysis of fluid motion ~Continuity equation ~Differential momentum equation ~The Navier S tokes equations Introduction ~Fluid properties ~Newton s viscosity law ~Classification of fluids and fluid motion ~Fluid statics ~Hydrostatic force on submerged surfaces ~stabil ity of floating bodies ~Dimensional analysis ~The Buckingham-Pi theorem ~Signifi cant dimensionless groups ~Flow similarity and model studies Introduction and classification of fluid machines ~Turbo machinery analysis ~Th e angular momentum principle ~Euler turbo machine equation ~Velocity triangles ~ Application to fluid systems ~Working principle of turbines. starting around running and operating pro cedures ~Inspection and Maintenance~permissible limits of damage and repair crit eria of engine components~internal inspection of engines~compressor washingfield balancing of compressor fans~Component maintenance procedures ~Systems maintena nce procedures ~use of instruments for online maintenance ~Special inspection pr ocedures-Foreign Object Damage ~Blade damage . Comparative merits. Governor/Propeller operating conditions ~Damage and repair c riteria. Inspection and ma intenance and trouble shooting ~Inspection of all engine components ~Daily and r outine checks ~Overhaul procedures ~Compression testing of cylinders ~Special in spection schedules ~Engine fuel. Euler s equations of motion ~Bernoulli s equations ~Applications ~Methods of pressur e measurement ~Flow measurement ~Orifice plate ~Venturi meter ~Irrotational flow ~Stream function and velocity potential ~Laplace equation ~Elementary plane flo ws Fully developed laminar flow between infinite parallel plates ~Laminar and turbu lent flow through pipes ~Velocity profiles ~Energy considerations in pipe flow ~ Calculation of head loss Pipe flow problems ~Hydraulic and energy grade lines ~M oody s diagram Basic ideas about piston. Symptoms of failure ~Fault diagnostics ~Case studies of different engine system s ~Rectification during testing equipments for overhaul Tools and equipments req uirements for various checks and alignment during overhauling ~Tools for inspect ion ~Tools for safety and for visual inspection ~Methods and instruments for non destructive testing techniques ~Equipment for replacement of parts and their re pair. Principles of operation of rocket. construction assembly and installation -Pitch chan ge mechanism-Propeller axie system~Damage and repair criteria ~General Inspectio n procedures ~Checks on constant speed propellers ~Pitch setting. Types of jet engines ~Fundamental principles ~Bearings and seals ~Inlets ~compr essors~turbines-exhaust section ~classification and types of lubrication and fue ls~Materials used ~Details of control. fans. pump s and compressors. blowers. Blade cuffs.

Principle of operation of centrifugal compressor ~Work done and pressure rise ~ Velocity diagrams ~Diffuser vane design considerations ~Concept of prewhirl ~Rot ation stall ~Elementary theory of axial flow compressor ~Velocity triangles ~deg ree of reaction ~Three dimensional ~Air angle distributions for free vortex and constant reaction designs ~Compressor blade design ~Centrifugal and Axial compre ssor performance characteristics. Methodology of Conformal Transform ation. Internal flow and Stall in subsonic inlets ~Boundary layer separation ~Major fea tures of external flow near a subsonic inlet ~Relation between minimum area rati o and eternal deceleration ratio ~Diffuser performance ~Supersonic inlets ~Start ing problem on supersonic inlets ~Shock swallowing by area variation ~External d . T=15. Kelvin s theorem. two dimensional incompressible flow. Developments in aerodynamics. Strain energy evaluation in structural members ~energy theorems ~dummy load And unit load methods ~Maxwell s reciprocal theorem ~energy methods applied to statica lly determinate and indeterminate beams. Maneuvers. Magnus effect. Complex Potential. Starting Vortex. L45 Ideal Flow over a circular cylinder. Typical systems for control actuation. Lifting Line Theory and its limitations. Potential Function. Early airplanes. D Alembert s Paradox. momentum and energy equations. Illustration of working of gas turbine engine ~The thrust equation ~Factors affe cting thrust ~Effect of pressure. Circulation and Vorticity. Classification of combustion chambers ~Important factors affecting combustion ch amber design ~Combustion process ~Combustion chamber performance ~Effect of oper ating variables on performance ~Flame tube cooling ~Flame stabilization ~Use of flame holders ~Numerical problems. Thin Airfoil theory and its applications. Irrotati onal flow. Boundary layer and boundary layer thickness. local and convective derivativ e. Elementary Flows and their combinations. momentum th ickness. displacement thickness. Equipontential Lines. Evolution of lift. Continuity. Biot and Savart Law. frames. Boundary Layer growth over a Flat plate. Statically determinate frames ~plane truss analysis ~method of joints ~method of sections ~3-D trusses ~the landing gear tripod ~beams of two materials. Energy thickness. Real flow over smooth and rough cylinder. Green s Lemma and Stoke s Theorem. Shape parameter. Streamline. L=45. semi-monocoque and geodesic constructi on. inc ompressible Bernoulli s Equation. Typical wing and fuselage structure. Aerofoils. Kutta condition. General types of construction. Free shear layers. Critical Reynolds Number. Horse Sh oe Vortex. Conventional control. Inviscid flow. Clasius solution. substantial. Basics of Turbulent flow. System and Control volume approach. Euler s column curve ~inelastic buckling ~effect of initial curvature ~the Southwe ll plot ~columns with eccentricity ~use of energy methods ~theory of beam column s ~beam columns with different end conditions ~stresses in beam columns. Basic instruments for flying. Bound Vortex and trailing Vortex. material s. Kutta Jonk owski s Theorem. Euler equation. structures and propulsion over the years. drag and moment. Temperature. titanium. Vortex Filament. Kutta-Joukowski transformation and its applications. rings And trusses. Metallic and non-metallic materials. stainless steel and composite materials. Monocoque. Boundary layer equations for a stead y. Us e of aluminium alloy. Ductile and brittle materials ~maximum principal stress theory ~maximum principa l strain theory ~maximum shear stress theory ~distortion energy theory ~octahedr al shear stress theory. Mach numbe r. Stream Function. velocity and temperature changes of air enteri ng compressor ~Methods of thrust augmentation ~Characteristics of turboprop. tur bofan and turbojet ~Performance characteristics. Barotropic Flow.s. Karman Trefftz Profi les. Cauchy-Riemann relations. classifications. Prandtl s m ixing length hypothesis. biplanes and monoplanes. Powered control. pressure and a ltitude relationships. Propped cantilevers ~fixed-fixed beams ~Clapeyron s 3 moment equation ~moment dist ribution method. Physical properties and structure of the atmosphere.

Moving normal shock waves. Mach angle. Conventional Systems ~Power assisted and fully powered flight controls ~Power a ctuated systems ~Engine control systems ~Push pull rod system ~operating princip les ~Modern control systems ~Digital fly by wire systems ~Auto pilot system. Static and Stagnation properties. Transonic area rule. Momentum and energy equation for steady one dimensi onal flow. Shock-Boundary layer interaction. Interaction of oblique shock waves. Wind tunnels for transonic. Pitching moment and Centre of pressure for supersonic profiles. Flight Instruments and Navigation Instruments ~Accelerometers. Shock Polar. Shoc kexpansion theory. Critical Mach number. Maximum discharge velocity. Numerical Analysis of one Dimensional flow. Boot-strap air cycle system ~Evap orative vapour cycle systems ~Evaporation air cycle systems ~Oxygen systems ~Fir e protection systems. Raleigh Supersonic Pitot tube equation. Reflection of oblique shocks. left running and right running wav es. lub ricating systems ~Piston and jet engines ~Starting and Ignition systems ~Piston and Jet engines Bending of symmetric beams subject to skew loads ~bending stresses in beams of u nsymmetrical sections ~generalized k method. slip line. drag. Design considerations for supers onic aircrafts. Loads on an aircraft ~the V-n diagram ~shear force and bending moment distributi on over the aircraft wing and fuselage ~shear flow in thin-webbed beams with par allel and non-parallel flanges ~complete tension field beams ~semi-tension field beam theory. Air speed Indicat ors ~Mach Meters ~Altimeters ~Gyroscopic Instruments~Principles and operation ~S tudy of various types of engine instruments ~Tachometers ~Temperature gauges ~Pr essure gauge ~Operation and principles. Continuity. Calorically perfect gas. Introduc tion to Hypersonic Flows. supersonic wings. Area-Mach number r elation. Theory of flow in isentropic nozzles ~Convergent nozzles and nozzle choking ~Noz zle throat conditions ~Nozzle efficiency ~Losses in nozzles ~Over expanded and u nder ~expanded nozzles ~Ejector and variable area nozzles ~Interaction of nozzle flow with adjacent surfaces ~Thrust reversal. Supersonic and hy personic flows. Mach cone. Airfoils for supersonic flows. Ex pansion waves. Supersonic flow visualization. Act ive Control Technology Hydraulic systems ~Study of typical workable systems ~components ~Hydraulic sys tems controllers ~Modes of operation ~Pneumatic systems ~Working principles ~Typ ical Pneumatic Power system ~Brake system ~Components. Prandtl-Meyer expansion. compressible Bernoulli s equation. Supercritical Ai rfoil Sections. Basic Air Cycle systems ~Vapour Cycle Systems. principal axis m ethod. Lift. Rayleigh flow.eclaration ~Models of inlet operation. Mach Number . Speed of sound. under expansion. operating characteristics of Nozzles. wave drag. * * * *M relatio n. Simple and non-si mple regions. Thin walled beams ~concept of shear flow ~the shear centre and its determination ~shear flow distribution in symmetrical and unsymmetrical thin-walled sections ~structural idealization ~shear flow variation in idealized sections. Prandtl s relation. over expans . Fuel systems ~Piston and Jet Engines ~Components ~Multi-engine fuel systems. Deicing and anti icing system. L Compressibility. Drag divergence Mach number. Area ~Mach number ~Velocity relation. Critical conditions. O ne dimensional Isentropic flow through variable area duct. Fanno flow. Normal shock relations. Shock Stall. Gun tunnels. Bredt ~Batho theory ~single-cell and multi-cell tubes subject to torsion ~shear flow distribution in thin-walled single And multi-cell structures subject to com bined bending torsion ~with walls effective and ineffective in bending ~shear ce ntre of closed sections. Hugoniot equation. Maximum turning angle. Swept wing. shock tube. Bending of thin plates ~rectangular sheets under compression ~local buckling str ess of thin walled sections ~crippling strength estimation ~thin-walled column s trength ~load carrying capacity of sheet stiffener panels ~effective width. Landing Gear Systems ~Cla ssification ~Shock absorbers ~Retractive mechanism. Characteristic Mach number. neutral axis method. Oblique shocks.

Equations of equilibrium. Drag reduction of airplanes. Operating principle ~specific impulse of a rocket ~internal ballistics ~rocket p erformance considerations ~solid propellant rockets ~selection criteria of solid propellants ~propellant grain design considerations ~erosive burning in solid r ockets ~liquid propellant rockets ~selection of liquid propellants ~various feed systems for liquid rockets -thrust control in liquid rockets ~cooling in liquid rockets and the associated heat transfer problems ~advantages of liquid rockets over solid rockets ~introduction to hybrid propulsion ~advantages and limitatio ns of hybrid propulsion ~static testing of rockets and safety considerations. maximum turn rate. Saint Venant s principle ~Princi pal Stresses Stress Ellipsoid ~Stress invariants. subcritical and superc ritical modes of operation -ramjet engine and its performance characteristics ~s ample ramjet design calculations ~flame stability problems in ramjet combustors -integral ram rockets. maximum level flight speed. Constraints on load factor. Rate of climb. bank an gle and load factor. Methods of reducing landing distance. Linearised supersonic flow. International Standard atmosphere. Dragpolar. Propeller theory~Froude moment um and blade element theories. Compatib ility equations and strains. Stress ~strain relation . Effect of Mach n umber on drag polar Stress ~Strain ~Stress Strain relationships ~Equations of Equilibrium. minimum turn radius. Prandtl-Glauert rule. hypersonic vehicles and supe rsonic combustion~need for supersonic combustion for hypersonic propulsion ~sali ent features of scramjet engine and its applications for hypersonic vehicles ~pr oblems associated with supersonic combustion ~engine/airframe integration aspect s of hypersonic vehicles ~various types scramjet combustors ~fuel injection sche mes in scramjet combustors ~one dimensional models for supersonic combustion usi ng method of influence coefficients. Use of propeller charts. Thrust required and Power required.ion. L = 45. Method of char acteristics. Types of drag. High lift devices. Effect of Reynold s number on skin fric tion and pressure drag. Polynomial solutions. Thrust a ugmentation Shallow and steep angles of climb. Thrust available and Po wer available for propeller driven and jet powered aircraft. Introduction to hypersonic airbreathing propulsion. Strain displacement relations. Steady level flight. Airy s stress function. Linearised subsonic flow. Propeller co-efficients. V-n diagram. Cruise climb. Linearisation of potenti al equation. conditions for minimum drag and minimum power requi red. EAS. Operating principle of ramjet engine ~various components of ramjet engines and t heir efficiencies ~Combustion in ramjet engine ~critical. level turn. Simple two dim ensional problems in Cartesian coordinates like bending of cantilever and simply supported beams. Potential equation for 2-dimensional compressible flow. IAS. Classical plate theory ~Assumptions ~Governing equations ~Boundary conditions ~N avier s method of solution for simply supported rectangular plates ~Levy s method of solution for rectangular plates under different boundary conditions. Pull up and pull down maneuvers . Climb hodograph. Real flow in nozzles and nozzle efficiency ~losses in nozzles ~equilibrium flow and frozen flow in nozzles~two phase flow in nozzles ~Ejector and variable area nozzles ~Interaction of nozzle flow with adjacent surfaces ~thrust reversal. Biharmonic equations. Introduction to nozzleless propulsion and basic concepts ~Electric rocket propul sion ~Ion propulsion ~Nuclear rocket ~comparison of performance of these propuls ion systems with chemical rocket propulsion systems ~Solar sail. Effect of altitude. Range and Endurance of Prope ller and Jet airplanes. Effect of drag divergence on maximum velocity. TAS. Boundary Conditions. Linearised Pressure Coefficient. Glide hodograph UNITV ACCELERATD FLIGHT 9 Estimation of take-off and landing distances . Streamlined and bluff body. Maximum Climb angle and Maximum Rate of climb~Effect of design parameters for propeller and j et aircrafts. perturbation potential. Absolute and service ceiling. Performance of fixed and variable pitch propellers. Gliding flight.

inherently and marginally stable airplane s. elevator control effectiveness. Fluorescent Penetrant Testing. Routh s discriminant. Stability derivatives for lateral and directional dynamics. contribution to stability by wing. Concept and construction. Simple pneumatic. lateral control. fuselag e. adverse yaw. static margin. Mec hanical. elevator control p ower. Static and dynamic stabili ty. fuselage. Step impul se. Free elevator factor. Acoustical and Electrical extensometers and their uses. Series and p arallel system. wing. spin rec overy Dutch roll and spiral instability. maneuver point. Necessary and sufficient conditions. Rosette analysis.s. asymmetric power condition. tail. Feedback control systems Block diagram representation of control systems. frequency response. Optical. Historical review. Analogies. criteria for longitudinal static stability. Criterion of directional stability. stress optic law. Transmission and Reflection polariscopes. L45 Lateral stability-Dihedral effect. Axi ~symmetric problems. Materials for str ain gauge. Phugoid motion. Two dimensional photo elasticity. Introdu ction to three dimensional photo elasticity. Z-Transforms Introduction to digital control system. Directional stability-yaw and sideslip. Hinge moment. Response of systems to different inputs viz. Auto rotation and spin. I nterpretation of fringe pattern. aileron reversal speed Boundary conditions for various types of fluid flow conditions ~Introduction to mathematical properties of fluid dynamic equations and classification of partial differential equations ~General behaviour of different classes of partial diffe . cont ribution to static directional stability by wing. Radiography. tail. Rudder lock and Dorsal fin. Photo elastic materials. TOTAL45 PERIODS General concepts-Degrees of freedom of a rigid body. aileron control power. total s tatic lateral stability. Introduction to Moiré techniques. roll control by spoile rs. elevator angle to trim. aileron effecti veness. elliptical. Routh-Hurwitz criteria of stability. Compensation and separation techniques. Rudder fixed and rudder fre e aspects. evaluation o f lateral stability-contribution of fuselage. Venant s theory. Laplace transformation. Reduct ion of block diagrams. longitudinal control. Fundamentals of NDT. Eddy Current testing. criterion for lateral stability. strip theory estimation of aileron effectiveness. Advant ages and disadvantages. Factors affecting the period and damping. Kirsch. M ovement of centre of gravity. Sensitivity and range of measurements. St. wing fuselage combination. Estimation of longitudin al stability derivatives stability derivatives. equilateral triangular and rectangular sections. Airy s stress function. Acoustic Emission Technique. small disturbance theory. parabolic and sinusoidal inputs. cross sensitivity. Directional control. rudder requirements. Aerodynamic balancing Aircraft Equations of motion. elevator angle per g. solving the stability quartic. Stick force gradient and stick force per g. hydraulic and thermal systems. tail. Michell s and Boussinesq ue problems ~Rotating discs. steady state errors and error constants of unity feedback circuit. rudder control effec tiveness. Principles of measurements. Development of flight control systems. Digital Controllers and Dig ital PID controllers L 45. Power effects on directional stabilitypropeller and jet aircrafts. Requirements of control surfaces. The semi~inverse me thod and applications to shafts of circular. Wheastone bridge and potentiometer circuits for static and dynamic str ain measurements. Types and their uses. Need for stability in an airplane. Total longitudinal stability. wing fuselage. Output to input ratios. Neutral point-Stick fixed and Stick free aspects. Stability and Controllability. Time response of first and second or der systems. Brittle coating methods and Holography Principle of operation and requirements.. Accuracy. Power effects on stability-propeller and jet aircrafts. Root l ocus and Bode techniques. Calibration and temperature compensation. Navier s theory. pulse. Prandtl s theory on torsion. mechanical and electrical components. Ultrasonics. strain indicators. aileron reversal. Concept of light ~pho toelastic effects.

Stiffness matrix and consistent load vecto r. Introduction ~Advantages and application of composite materials ~reinforcements and matrices ~Micro mechanics ~Mechanics of materials approach. Manufacture of fibers. constant and linear strain . hygro thermal effects on a lamina. Generalized Hooke s Law ~Elastic constants for anisotropic. Various open and closed mould processes. parabolic and elliptic equations ~well posed problems. D Alembert s Principle. properties and applications. Failure criteria for composites. Review of various approximate methods ~Raleigh Ritz s. 8 and 9 nodal quadrilateral elements. with and without damping ~support excitation ~Vibration measuring instruments. Beam element ~problems for various loadings and boundary conditi ons ~longitudinal and lateral vibration. uniform section. Heat transfer problems. Derivation of element matrice s for two dimensional problems. Approximate methods ~Rayleigh s method ~Dunkerlay s method ~Rayleigh-Ritz method.rential equations and their relation to fluid dynamics ~A general discussion on hyperbolic. L = 45 Basic design concepts of sandwich construction ~Materials used for sandwich cons truction ~Failure modes of sandwich panels ~Bending stress and shear flow in com posite beams. varying section. triangular elements. . truss analysis. Plane strain and axisymmetric problems. Types of resins. orthotropic and isotro pic materials ~Macro Mechanics ~Stress-strain relations with respect to natural axis. Introduction to discretization of partial differential equations ~Derivation of elementary finite difference equations ~Basic aspects of finite difference equat ions ~Errors and analysis of stability ~Introduction to panel methods ~Basic asp ects of uniform. Torsion problems Plane stress. Introduction to simple harmonic motion. Free vibrations ~Dam ped vibrations ~Forced Vibrations. Ma trix Iteration method. Gaussian integration Bar elements. Derivation of energy equation and the common form of all fluid flow governing eq uations ~The conservation forms of fluid flow governing equations and the variou s forms of energy equation ~Introduction and derivation of species equation and preliminary concepts on combustion modeling ~Governing equations for viscous and inviscid flows. arbitrary axis ~Determination of material properties ~Experimental charact erization of lamina. elasticity appro ach to determine material properties ~Fibre Volume ratio ~Mass fraction ~Effect of voids. Introduction to numerical fluid dynamics and the role of numerical methods in mo dern fluid dynamics ~Introduction to governing equations of fluid dynamics and m odeling of fluid flow ~Eulerian and Lagrangian approaches ~The substantial deriv ative and the physical meaning of divergence of a vector Introduction to numerical techniques for steady supersonic flows ~Philosophy of method of characteristics ~Determination of the characteristic lines ~two dimens ional irrotational flow ~Determination of the Compatibility equations and Unit p rocesses ~Regions of Influence and Domains of Dependence ~Supersonic nozzle desi gn using method of characteristics ~Application of method of characteristics for Axisymmetric Irrotational Flow and rotational flow ~Introduction to three dimen sional method of characteristics ~Description of Mc Cormack s Predictor ~Corrector technique ~Stability Criterion ~CFL criterion ~Shock capturing Vs Shock fitting techniques conservation Vs nonconservation forms of governing equations ~transo nic flows and transonic similarity ~Numerical solution to small perturbation vel ocity potential equation. source and vortex flows ~Source panel method ~nonlifting flows over arbitrary two-dimensional bodies ~Vortex panel method ~lifting flows over a rbitrary two-dimensional bodies ~Applications of panel methods. stiffness matrix. Galerkin and finite differe nce methods~Governing equation and convergence criteria of finite element method . angle ply and cross ply laminate. Use of local and natural coordinates. Governing differential equation for a unidirectional lamina and general laminate . Steady state fin problems. Netting analysis. mechanical and thermal loading. axisymmetric load vector.

geophysical and geostatistical methods. Vibration due to coupling of bending and torsion ~Aeroelastic problems ~Collars triangle ~Wing Divergence ~Aileron Control reversal ~Flutter ~Buffeting. central . HEAT EXCHANGERS Types-overall heat transfer coe fficient~LMTD~NTU method of heat exchanger Analysis. Vibration of elastic bodies ~Vibration of strings ~Longitudinal ~Lateral and Tor sional vibrations Introduction to boundary layer equations and their solution ~Description of Pran dtl s boundary layer equations and the hierarchy of the boundary layer equations ~ Transformation of boundary layer equations and the numerical solution method ~Ch oice of discretization model and the generalized Crank-Nicholson scheme ~Discret ization of the boundary layer equations and illustration of solution of a tridia gonal system of linear algebraic equations. One step trapezoidal. over a flat plate and in a circular pipe. conformal mapping and methods using p artial differential equations ~Basic ideas in numerical grid generation and mapp ing ~Boundary value problem of numerical grid generation~grid control functions~ branch cut ~The boundary conditions of first kind ~orthogonality of grid lines~b oundary point grid control ~Introduction to adaptive grids. Introduction to important mineral resources in India and world wide.Two degrees of freedom systems ~Static and Dynamic couplings ~vibration absorber ~Principal co-ordinates ~Principal modes and orthogonal condition ~Eigen value p roblems ~Hamilton s principle ~Lagrangean equations and application. Heat transfer problems in gas turbine combustion chambers ~Rocket thrust chamber s ~Aerodynamic heating ~Ablative heat transfer. surface and aerial prospecting. Modes of heat transfer Conduction ~Convection ~Radiation Steady and unsteady state heat conduction in solids ~Effect of variation of ther mal conductivity on heat transfer in solids ~conduction with heat generation ~He at transfer problems in infinite and semi infinite solids ~Critical radius of in sulation~Extended surfaces ~Application of numerical techniques. Evaluation of exploration and development projects. Introduction to Finite volume Method ~Different Flux evaluation schemes. L =45. study of typical prefeasibil ity and feasibility reports. reconnaissance. Introduction to implicit methods and respective stability properties of explicit and implicit methods ~Stiff problems~absolute stability and stability of numeri cal methods for the integration of partial differential equations ~Construction of implicit methods for time dependent problems ~Linearization. Leap Frog and Adams-Bashforth Methods ~Description of Lax-Wendroff Scheme and Mac Cormack s two step predictor ~corrector method ~Description of time split met hods and Approximate Factorization Schemes Concept of black body-Intensity of radiation-Laws of Black body Radiation-Radiat ion from non black surfaces~real surfaces ~Radiation between surfaces-Radiation shape factors-Radiation shields. explorat ion targets. Empirical relations ~numerical tec hniques in problem solving. Forced convection Forced convection ~Lamina r and turbulent convective heat transfer analysis in flows between parallel plat es. Boundary layer concept. . Introduction to time dependent methods ~Explicit time dependent methods ~Euler. exponential and hybrid schemes ~Staggered grid approach ~Pressure~Velo city coupling ~SIMPLE. Convection fundamentals Basic equations. SIMPLER algorithms~pressure correction equation (both inc ompressible and compressible forms) ~Application of Finite Volume Method for 1~D and 2-D problems. Introduction to grid generation in computational fluid dynamics ~Structured grid generation techniques ~algebraic methods. application of geochemical. choice of explic it operator and numerical dissipation aspects ~Choice of the linear system solut ion strategy ~one dimensional and two-dimensional problems by implicit methods. two-step trapezoida l. Backward differencing. Dimensional ana lysis Free Convention Laminar boundary layer equation-Free convection in atmosph ere free convection on a vertical flat plate ~Integral method-Empirical relation in free convection -External flows. Exploration investment decision. exploration techniques and strategies. Backward Euler. upwind.

oil recovery ~primary. inclinometer surv ey. co nnecting and disconnecting Kelly And Hook. Plate tectonics ~Earthquakes ~seismic zones in India. optimization of hydraulic programme. collapses pressure. burst pressure. distinction between Igneous. Drilling fluid. making-up joints. pulling out. Interior of the Earth. designing hydraulic programme for drilling operations. Geology in civil engineering ~branches of geology ~structure of earth and its co mposition ~weathering of rocks ~landforms and processes associated with river. Slate. Physical properties of minerals. installation of blow-out preventor (BOP) and testing drill stem assem bly. parametric me thods. water saturation. Structural geology and introduction to . 3D surveying Volumetric oil and gas reserve estimation ~Deterministic methods ~Monte Carlo method. w ind and sea ~relevance to civil engineering. Description. role of exploration in the mining company. cross-cuts. interpretation calculation of saturation. classification of drilling fluid. selection of nozzle size. Strategy and structure of the exploration group. cement properties . Conglomerate. strength ratio. design factors. Gneiss and Schist. Study of the following rock forming minerals ~Q uartz group. Sei smic reflection method data acquisition. external fluid pressure~height on bit. Interpretation. q uick guide to solve drill stem failures ~directional drilling. Geophysical methods ~Seismic and electrical methods for subsurface inves tigations ~prospecting for groundwater. Concept of Petroleum Engineering. economics. porosity. Geological maps ~attitude of beds. casing settings depth selection. cementation. fitting of well head. occurrence. permeability. g as saturation. types procedures and purposes. Geological conditions necessa ry for design and construction of Dams and Reservoirs. Engineering properties of rocks. drilling from a floating vessel. causes and mitigation. Amphibole and Mica group. Regional Petroleum prospecting ~magnetic and G ravity methods. well head x mas tree f ittings ~transportation ~oil to gas and water separator ~oil to stockyard Reserv oir Engineering ~concept and approach. tension loading. Plate Tectonics. tensile load. Syenite. Breccia. Tunnels. exploratory mining by shafts. running in stabilization tools and operation. general jacking procedures. distribution and uses of Granite. function. Weathering. basic operations for brakes. Dolerite .Preliminary and detailed exploration by boring. oil and gas findings. rotary drilling. seismic processing. calculation of system processor losses. Feldspar group. API casing list. Calcite G ypsum and Clay minerals. drill-pipe wiper. Classification ~Causes for natural hazards ~Mitigation ~Earthquakes ~Landslides ~Volcanism ~Tsunami ~Cyclones and Floods Geology for natural resources inventory ~Branches of geology ~Scope. Basalt. failure of drill pipes. dr ifts. Sandstone. Sedimentary and Metamorphi c rocks. corrections. drilling complicatio n and mud importance. Investigation of Landslides. Gabbro. well completion. casing design. Pyroxene group. government policies. aspects of exploration. display of seismic data interpretation. tension on collapse s trength of casing. collection and compilation of data for computer processing. casing policy. faults and joints ~relevance to civil engineering. rigs of offshore drilli ng. Classification of rocks. management. pump characteristics. engineering p roperties. study of structures ~folds. Quartzit e. Three point estimates ~uncertainty of input to estimation. p erformation techniques. Limestone. casing performance properties. types of casings. International o il business. enhance d oil recovery techniques. Buildings and Ro ad cuttings. breaking up joints. logging methods. Remote sensing for civil engineering applications. Offshore drilling technology. Shale. Logging operations. checking conditions of Rotary ships a nd Master Busting ~Operational practices for spudding-in-drill-color and pipe co nnection. calculation of fracture pres sure gradient. Marble. production tubing. specialization of casing. procedures for data collection. transition zone. horizontal drilling Tensile requirements for casing. casing and lines. Betties Prote ctor. hot spots for oil and gas. Diorite. Laterite. Rotary oil well rig. drill stem design. secondary. equ ations used in hydraulic programme. Tong pull back. casing design. drill collar bending.

coal and petroleum reserves. Toposheets. Map scale~types. Origin and occurrence of industrial minerals~ceramic. seismic survey ~2 and 3 layer problems. Ore reserve estimation ~ore assaying reserve calculation Study of aerial photographs and satellite imageries. non-metallic deposits. garnet. Origin. Determination of engineering properties of rocks. Location of ore body. manganese. Dip and strike calculations. Preparation of weathering profile. introduction to GIS. Glacial and Coastal landforms. factors. processes. kyanite. lead. asbestos. copper. chrome. lineaments Geophysical methods ~Seismic. hor nblende. marble. Denudation. silimanite.geological structures ~folds. Practical field geological mapping and report preparation. quartzite. corundum. symbols. lead. dra inage maps. use of clinom eters. brunton compass and knowledge on GPS. zinc. Aeolian. etc. Study of Moh s scale of hardness. mineral deposits formed from magmatic. silica. fluorit e. Geophysical prospecting methods ~seismic. preparation and interpretation of contour maps. ochres. Electrical. applications of remote sensing in geological mapping and mineral exploration. asbestos. Identification of ores of iron. Drainage pattern an d morphometry. Ore forming process. sedimentary and metamorphic terrains. graphite. and Magnetic ~Remote sensing techniques for Geological mapping ~Groundwater ~Mineral ~Hydrocarbon and Geother mal energy exploration. magnetic and gravity metho ds of mineral prospecting. Identification of physical properties of quartz. Physical properties of important rock and ore forming minerals~Classification an d description of rocks ~Forms and mode of occurrence ~outline and distribution o f economic minerals Exercises on structural maps of geological site and interpretation of geological conditions. petrol eum deposits. calcite. residual concentration. electrical. hypersthene. RQD. barite. slate. Determination of stratal thickness . effects and control ~Water erosi . ir on. oxidation and su pergene enrichment. gemstone~origin. refractory. Fossil fuel distribution in sedimentary basins of India. 16 Electrical resistivity survey. Preparati on of panel diagrams. 3 point and 4 point bore hole problems to decipher the subsurface g eological conditions for mining of resources. corundum. topaz. in the field. aluminum. mica. Fluvial. su bsurface litho-log and 3-D models. RMR. schist. Identification and description of igneous rocks~plutonic. hydrothermal and vol canic process mechanical concentration. mica. gold. tourmaline. glass and paint industry. joints. Concept and significance ~morphological characteristics ~elements ~delineation ~ codification ~basic factors influences watershed development. faults. abrasive. beryl. physical properties. Study of graphite. Identificat ion of minerals and ores in the field site. hypabyssal and volcani c type of rocks Sedimentary rocks~rudites. zinc. Geological mapping of igneous. Metallic. Preparation of geological a nd structural maps. Recognisition of geological structur es ~fault. carbonates and argillites metamorphic rocks~gneiss. feldspar and its varieties. Landforms and geomorphic process ~Classification and description of Structural. determin ation of porosity of rocks. asbestos. vermiculite. mode of occurrence and distribut ion in India. rock and geological structures. Concept of priority watersheds ~land capability classification ~engineering meas ures for erosion control in agricultural and non-agricultural lands-agro-forestr y-grassland management ~wasteland development ~case studies. Definition of watershed management ~strategies ~identification of problems ~wate rshed approach in Government programmes ~watershed development plan ~People s part icipation ~entry point activities ~evaluation of watershed management measures. Gravity. Introduction to aerial and satellite photos and satellite imageries. manganese. diopside. Types of erosion ~wind erosion causes. augite. mica. outcrop maps. copper. identificat ion of photo recognition elements. arenites. occurrence of coal and its types. fold joint etc.

number of filli ng ~Cascade of tanks ~People s participation in tank irrigation and Maintenance ~T urn over -Case studies. Estimation of design flood ~Empirical methods ~Statistical methods ~Frequency an alysis ~Unit hydrograph method ~Flood estimation in small watersheds and mountai nous region ~Estimation by lumped. Palmer. Water quality standards ~Water quality for irrigation ~Salinity and permeability ~Irrigation practices with poor quality of water ~Waste water irrigation proble ms and prospects ~Saline water irrigation ~Future strategies. suitable crops. types of f urrows. distributed model Flood mitigation measures ~Storage methods ~channel improvement and soil conserv ation measures ~Levees and flood walls ~Data communication and warning ~Flood fi ghting Routing ~Lumped ~Distributed ~Hydraulic and hydrological routing ~Reservoir rout ing ~ISD method. ideal wetting pattern. evaluation. Physical and chemical properties of water ~Suspended and dissolved solids ~ECand pH ~Trace constituents ~Principles of water quality. ideal wetting pattern and planting techniques ~Basin irrigat ion types of basins. Canal network and canal regulation ~Design of irrigation canals ~Methods of dist ribution supply based and demand based ~Delivery of water to farms ~Measurement of water ~Scheduling of irrigation ~Criteria for scheduling ~Frequency and inter val of irrigation.on types. factors. Herbst. design and ev aluation of drip irrigation systems ~Sprinkler irrigation types. Dug wells and Tube well irrigation. operat ion and maintenance and water management ~Farmer s participation ~Turn over ~Case studies. Water quality in irrigation systems ~Diffusion and dispersion processes ~Leachin g of agrochemicals ~Non Point Source (NPS) models ~Agricultural Non Point Source (AGNPS) pollution model. Definitions of drought ~NCA classification ~Economic. water distribution network. analysis and inference ~Software packages ~Demonstration on the collecti on and use data on water quality parameters. Classification of irrigation methods ~Border irrigation design parameters. hydrological and agricultural drought assessm ents ~IMD. effects and control ~Methods of gully control ~estimation of soil loss. Environmental and social I mpacts of drought ~Meteorological. suitable crops and land types ~Layout. conjunctive use of ground water ~Operation a nd Maintenance ~Ground water market ~Tube well societies ~GECnorms-Case studies. Drought control ~Supply and demand oriented measures ~Drought Prone Areas Progra mme (DPAP) ~Criteria for identification of areas to be included/ excluded under DPAP. Importance of irrigation ~Impact of irrigation on development of humanity ~Need . Classification ~Components of tanks. Definition ~Minor Irrigation through wells. components. and suitable crops. slope. soils and climate ~Design of sprinkler irrigation system s~Automated irrigation systems-Subsurface irrigation systems. Water quality indices ~Agro ecosystems ~Sustainable agriculture ~Ecological farm ing principles ~Irrigation projects and environmental impacts. Water quality investigation ~Sampling design and samplers ~automatic samplers an d data collection platforms ~Field kits and investigations ~Water quality data s torage. ooranies and canals ~Minor Ir rigation development in India. tanks. soils and slopes. On farm structures ~Definition. policy ~On farm development organization. Drip irrigation components. evalu ation and ideal wetting pattern ~Furrow irrigation design parameters. Institutional aspects ~Socio economic perspective ~Reclamation of salt affected soils ~Seepage loss in command area ~Water productivity. sh apes and size ~Efficiency of surface irrigation methods ~Land leveling and shapi ng. Types of storage structures ~water yield from catchments ~farm ponds-percolation ponds-losses of stored water ~water conservation methods ~water harvesting meth ods and techniques. Aridity Indices.

magnesium and sulphur in soil and their and its signific ance in plant growth. District Industries Centre ~Consumer survey ~Market potential assessment ~Return on Inves tment~Agricultural inputs retailing ~Human Resource Management. characteristics. placement) ~Input marketing promotion activities. management app roaches. Genetic basis of biodiversity-conservation and gene banks-Microbiology of waste water treatment-Genetically engineered microbes-Biofertilisers and bio-pesticide s Bioremediation methods-Bioleaching of soils-Biodegradation process-Bioenergy f rom waste. Remote sensing methods ~identification of soil and rock types ~geological field methods ~geophysical methods ~seismic and electrical methods -electrical resisti vity methods ~groundwater exploration. management and administration.for irrigation in India ~Development of irrigation in India ~National Water Poli cy ~Future developments in irrigation ~Irrigation with canal. Agri-business ~definition. Management ~importance . bauxite s. inventory types. ardisols. calcium. Concept and application s. Types of rock weathering ~factors controlling weathering ~products of weathering ~methods ~soil formation ~types of soils ~soil profile ~Work of rivers ~river d eposition and its relevance to irrigation Biology and bioinformatics-genomics and proteomics-Homology and diversity-DNA a nd protein sequencing-Human genome project-Biological databases-sequence and str uctural analysis-comparisons-Internet resources. and costs. Marketing management~Mar keting environment. definition. Distribution of groundwater ~aquifers ~groundwater in various geological formati ons ~sources of groundwater ~springs ~wet lands ~work of groundwater ~groundwate r quality ~irrigation water quality ~estimation of irrigation return flow. Per sonnel management. micronutrients. Management Information System. scope. vertisols ~geological sources of soil nutrients. phosphor us. Recruitment. Concepts and determinants~Agricultural input marketing firms-types a nd distribution channels. Sterile techniques-cell culture-Isolation and purification of enzymes-Enzymes in food processing-Enzyme immobilization and applications-Basic modes of fermentat ion~Bioreactor design-screening and isolation of industrially important bacteria l strains~Metabolic pathways and applications in food industry. sedimentary and met amorphic rocks ~Granite ~Synite ~Gabbro -Basalt ~Sandstone ~Shale ~Limestone ~Co nglomerate ~Gneiss ~Schist ~Marble Soil genesis ~Soil mineralogy and geochemistry of soil types ~laterites. Agro-inputs and products in ventory 63 management ~raw material procurement. departmentation. Structure of Eukaryotic cell-Cell organelles-Chromosomes-Structure of DNA and RN ADefinition of gene-coding sequences-Types and process of replication-DNA repair . nitrogen. Infiltration and movement of water in soil ~Soil-water-plant relationship ~Water requirement of crops ~Evapotranspiration (ET) and consumptive use ~Methods of e stimating ET ~Effective rainfall ~Irrigation requirement ~Duty of water ~Irrigat ion of low land and upland crops. Small business ~characteristics and stages of growth ~Management functi ons ~planning. tank and ground wa ter ~Need for canal Irrigation management ~Inadequacy of canal irrigation manage ment ~OBJECTIVES of and criteria for good canal irrigation. Forms of agri-business organizations. Food products marketing promotion activities ~product pricing methods. organizing. ] . Functional areas of Agri-business-Production and Operations management-functions . selection and training. Scope of geology in irrigation engineering ~Minerals ~Physical properties ~Quart z ~Feldspars ~Mica ~Gypsum ~Calcite ~Clay minerals ~Igneous. management thoughts. Business project scheduling of raw material procurement ~production management ~launching products (branding. Role of lead bank in agribusiness finance. marketing mix. planning physical facilities and managing quality. Germplasm-micropropagation-organ culture and embryo rescue-clonal propagation~Ha ploid production and application-Hybridization-gene transfer techniques-disease resistance-Mapping and cloning of plant genes. types. Financial management. Acquiring capital~Budge t analysis. potassium.

Controlling ~types. supervision and motivation. double theodolite ~Compound and reverse curves ~Tra nsition curves ~Functions and requirements ~Setting out by offsets and angles ~V ertical curves ~Sight distances. systems of cropping. Important groups of horticultural crops in Tamil Nadu and the generalized cultiv ation practices for each group vegetable crops. Management approaches ~Profit Centered Approach. surface area Vs elevation Vs storage relationship. forms of agri-business organisations. amendments. Natural Disasters-Flood Estimation~Frequency analysis~Flood control~Definitions of droughts~Meteorological. hydrological and agricultural droughts~IMD method-ND VI analysis~Drought Prone Areas Program (DPAP). and chemical and bio-fertilizers ~Plant protectio n chemicals and the methods of their application ~Weed management practices ~Har vest and post harvest processes. crop protection. infiltration indices.Principles. spil lways. a nd fibre crops ~Special purpose crops. oil seed crops. plant spacing and arrangement. such as green manures. water management. performance evaluat ion and control techniques. site selection. L Introduction to agriculture and its crop production sub-sectors agronomy and hor ticulture factors affecting crop growth and production ~Principles of crop produ ction crop selection. fruit crops. Strength. Classification of reservoirs. Reconnaissance. Definition ~Principles ~Classification ~Field and office work ~Scales ~Conventio nal signs ~Survey instruments ~Ranging and chaining ~Reciprocal ranging ~Setting perpendiculars ~well-conditioned triangles ~Traversing ~Plotting ~Enlarging and reducing figures. Theodolite ~Vernier and microptic ~Description and uses ~Temporary and permanent adjustments of vernier transit ~Horizontal angle ~Vertical angles ~Heights and distances ~Traversing ~Closing error and distribution ~Gale s tables ~Omitted meas urements ~Electromagnetic distance measurements (EDM) ~Total station instrument ~Global Positioning System (GPS). life of reservoirs-Can als-Canal alignment. General principles of design. Directing ~principle s. OBJECTIVES and principles of tillage ~Practices for application and management o f organic manures. Horton s equation. chemical constraints. elements. Prismatic compass ~Surveyor s compass ~Bearing ~System and conversions ~Local attr action ~Magnetic declination ~Dip-Traversing ~Plotting ~Adjustment of error ~Pla ne table instruments and accessories ~Merits and demerits ~Methods ~Radiation ~I ntersection ~Resection ~Traversing. Important groups of field crops in Tamil Nadu and the generalized cultivation pr actices for each group cereal crops. sugarcane. Cross drainage works Hydrological cycle~Meteorological measurements ~Requirements. Opportunities and Threat (SWOT) Analysis. pan evaporation mea surements and evaporation suppression~Infiltration-Horton s equation-double ring i nfiltrometer. and their manageme nt. erosion and methods of their prevention and reclamation. Man agement by OBJECTIVES and Quality Circles. nutrient management. Level line ~Horizontal line ~Levels and staves ~Spirit level ~Sensitiveness ~Ben ch marks ~Temporary and permanent adjustments ~Fly and check leveling ~Booking ~ Reduction ~Curvature and refraction ~Reciprocal leveling ~Longitudinal and cross sections ~Plotting ~Calculation of areas and volumes ~Contouring ~Methods ~Char acteristics and uses of contours ~Plotting ~Earth work volume ~Capacity of Reser voirs. flower crops. grain legumes. Weakness. Origin~Classification and properties of aquifers-Groundwater potential-Darcy s law . plant ation crops and others. staffing. types and forms of precipitation-Rain gauges-Spatial analysis of rainfall data using Thiessen and Isohyetal methods~Interception~Evaporation. Soil physical and chemical properties of relevance to crop growth ~Soil-water re lations ~Soil-nutrient relations -Soil and land degradation physical constraints . tang ential angles by theodolite. preliminary and location surveys for engineering projects ~Layou t ~Setting out works ~Route surveys for highways and waterways ~Curve ranging ~H orizontal and vertical curves ~Simple curves ~Setting with chain and tapes. field preparation.

noodles and spaghetti ~Confectionary ~Role of raw ingredients ~manufacture of crystalline and non. d igestion and absorption ~Lipids. vermicelli. squash. Crystalline candi es ~Processing of fruits and vegetables. digestion Carbohydrates. functions. vinegar ~Canning. total energy needs of the body BMR ~Carbohydr ates. development o f Extruded products. sources and requirements. deficiency and RDA ~Minerals. sources. biscuits and cookies ~Extrusion technology. wine. Factors influencing wind erosion ~mechanics of wind erosion ~suspension. catchment and basin-Catchment characteristics-factors affecting runof f~Runoff estimation using empirical-Strange s table and SCSmethods-Stage discharge relationships-flow measurements~Hydrograph~Unit Hydrograph Baking. r ill and gully erosion ~Erosion control measures for Agricultural lands ~biologic al measures ~contour cultivation ~strip cropping ~cropping systems ~vegetative m easures ~mechanical measures ~contour bund ~graded bund ~mechanical measures for hill slopes ~bench terrace ~contour stone wall ~drainage structures ~surface an d sub-surface drainage structures. sheet. Ready to serve beverage ~Preservation by ferm entation. functions. NPRand NPU. Definitio n. importance. macronutrients im portance. deficiency and RDA ~Mid semester examination ~Vitamins. Marmalade ~Preservation by sugar. shape. Pyridoxine. Bread. Engineering properties of soils ~fundamental definitions and relationships ~inde x properties of soils ~classification ~permeability and seepage analysis ~shear strength ~Mohr's circle of stresses ~active and passive earth pressures ~stabili ty of slopes. saltati on. sources. definition. spoilage ~Drying and dehydration ~Rules and re gulations for setting up of fruit processing industry ~Food packaging. In-situ soil moisture conservation ~micro catchments ~catchment yield ~rainwater harvesting ~methods ~storage and its use for domestic and groundwater recharge ~Farm ponds and percolation ponds. Sources. principles and methods ~Preservation by sugar. Watershed. candies and preserve. Fat-soluble vitamins. surface creep-control measures ~windbreaks and shelterbelts ~sand dunes and their stabilization. Agmar k. taste and flavour ~Sensor evaluation of foods ~Microorganisms in food spoilage ~Food laws and standards PFA. importance . relation of nutrition to good health. pantothenic ac id and B12. viscosity. Causes and effects of soil erosion ~water erosion ~causes ~erosivity and erodibi lity ~Universal Soil Loss Equation ~mechanics of water erosion ~splash. macraroni. importance. Jam. quality aspects. Hydrological cycle ~measurement and analysis of precipitation data ~abstraction ~runoff ~hydrograph analysis ~stream flow measurement. so urces. Sup plementary value of proteins and deficiency ~Lipids. 19 Energy ~estimation of food energy. D. texture. absorption. Food. deficiency and RDA ~Minerals. classification. Jelly.~Importance~RWH in rural and urban areas~RWH from building roof and open areasdi rect storage sumps~RWH structures. PER. sources. deficiency and RDA ~Germination technology. requirements and methods of package. E And K. BV. Preparation of Weaning foods. function. Shear strength-Mohr-Coloumb strength theory-Basic tests-Compressibility~Assessme nt of seepage through flow net construction-Permeability-Darcy s law-measurements~ Consolidation-Coefficient of Compressibility-Earth pressure theory-Active and pa . FPO. common adulterants effect of food adulteration ~Methods for detection of food adultera nts ~Nutrition definition characteristics of well and poorly nourished populatio n. spoilage in bread ~Preparation of cake. micronutrients. rancidity. Food groups and Food science ~OBJECTIVES ~Quality attributes ~size. folic acid. r equirements ~Assessing the quality of protein AA score. saturated and Unsatur ated fatty acids. Bearing capacity of soils-Shallow foundation-Terzaghi s formula~BIS standards~Fact ors affecting Bearing Capacity~Slope stability-Analysis of infinite and finite s lopes-Simple method. Aquifers ~types of wells and sizes ~pumps ~reciprocating pumps ~centrifugal pump s ~submersible pumps ~jet pumps ~airlift pumps ~selection of pumps ~operation an d their maintenance . classification. Preservation by chemicals. vitamin A. Role of ingredients in baking. colour consistency. BIS International standards for export ~Food adulteration.

puddler. theory of traction. Bulldozer ~special features of engine ~Tracks and sus pension ~steering ~operations using bulldozer ~shovel and its actuation.ssive conditions Soil ~definition ~major components ~soil forming processes~soil profile -Physica l properties ~texture ~structure-absolute specific gravity ~capillary and non-ca pillary porosity ~soil colour ~soil consistency ~plasticity. brak es. disc. Threshers ~types ~principle of operation. three point linkage ~draft con trol ~weight transfer. Classification of tractors ~transmission ~clutch ~mechanical and hydraulic ~gear box ~sliding mesh ~constant mesh. Dusters ~types and uses. Identification of components of plant protection equipment. Hydraulic system ~working principles. Farm power sources ~IC engines ~non conventional energy sources ~solar. Data ~Spatial. bi ogas and biomass ~merits and demerits. Relational an d Object Oriented Data Models ~Raster and Vector ~Methods of Data input ~Data Ed iting ~Files and formats ~Data structure ~Data compression Definition ~Map and their influences ~Characteristics of Maps ~Elements ~Map sca le. Agriculture census ~Agro economics ~Integration of GPS for Precision Farming ~Di sease Tracking and control ~Command area monitoring and management ~Subsidy Admi nistration ~Case studies. Intercultural implements ~sweep ~junior hoe ~weeders ~types and uses. Ion exchange~soil organic ma tter ~pH ~nutrient availability. Projection. Soil water movement. Steerin g geometry ~steering systems ~front axle and wheel alignment. Primary tillage implements ~components and functions ~indigenous ploug hs ~mould board. bund former. Mechanics ~stability ~longitudinal an d lateral. Secondary tillage implements ~ components and functions of tillers. Soil survey ~ types and methods of soil survey ~soil mapping units ~base maps -preparation of survey reports. Harvesting equipment ~principles ~ components ~function. combine ~functio ns ~advantages. Differential. Identification of compon ents of primary and secondary tillage implements. Sowing methods ~equipment used ~seed cum fertili zer drills and planters ~components ~functions. Soil air ~soil temp erature ~soil water ~soil moisture constants ~classification of soil water. Makes of t ractors and power tillers. Controls ~visibility ~operators seat. Tractor fault dia gnosis and disassembly. wind. Brake ~types ~syst em ~effort. Garage tools. Tractor engines ~constructional features and operation ~valve actuation system inlet and outlet valves ~air cleaner ~exhaust ~silencer ~cooling systems ~lubric ating systems ~fuel system ~governing and electrical system. Fuels ~combustion ~ chemical reaction ~air fuel ratio ~knocking. Plant protection equipment ~spra yers ~classification and uses. Soil classification -soil taxonomy ~soils of Tamil Nadu and India. Non-Spatial ~Database models ~Hierarchical network. Identification of components of intercultural impl ements. Identificati on of components of paddy. rotary and chisel ploughs. Bulldoz er track and blade adjustments. final drive and wheels. Tillage ~OBJECTIVES ~furrows terminology ~methods of ploughing ~field capacity ~ problems. and hitch and hydraulics. harrows. tyres. Maintenance and adjustment of steering. 35 . Soil survey interpretation ~concepts and uses ~interpretative gr oupin Weight and Volume relationships~Gradation analysis~Atterberg Limits-Classificati on of soil based on the above~Compaction theory~Lab and field compaction study. Introduction ~Measurements ~Queries ~Reclassification ~Simple spatial analysis ~ Buffering ~Neighboring functions ~Map overlay ~Vector and raster ~Spatial interp olation ~Modelling in GIS ~Digital Elevation Modelling ~Expert systems. Farm mechanization benefits and constrain ts ~cost of operation of farm machinery and implements. Soil colloids ~organic ~inorganic. Tractor transmission ~di sassembly ~assembly and adjustment. Power tiller ~special features ~clutch ~gear box ~steering and brake. Disassembly of tractor engine and study of engine subsys tems~their inspection ~repair ~assembly and adjustment. ridger. Coordinate systems ~Sources of spatial data ~History and develop ment of GIS ~Definition ~Components ~Hardware and Software. Identification of components o f seed drill ~34 calibration. leve ller and green manure trampler.

isocline. gr aphical solution. Preparation of Balance sheet and income statement ~Preparation o f cash flow statement and ratio analysis ~Estimation of 3Rs of credit ~Preparati on of Farm plan Enterprise budgeting ~Partial budgeting and complete budgeting. their components and applications in sloping areas ~Subsurface drainage systems ~Design of pipe drainage systems ~ Operation and maintenance of drainage systems ~Drain line performance ~Mole drai nage ~Tube well irrigation ~Design procedure. Expansion path. capi tal. Single and multipurpose reservoir development plans ~Applications in Irrigation management. 36 Need for land drainage ~Progression of drainage from being an art to engineering science ~Factors to be considered for land drainage. Product ~Product relationship. opt imum input and output levels ~Factor ~Factor relationship least cost combination of inputs ~Product ~Product relationship ~Preparation of Interview schedule and visit to a farm for data collection ~Estimation of cost of cultivation and cost of production of annual and perennial crops. 37 Bellman s optimality criteria. ridge line and le ast cost combination of inputs. Types of products . Basic principles and concepts ~Random variate and random process ~Monte Carlo te chniques ~Model development ~Inputs and outputs ~Single and multipurpose reservo ir simulation models ~Deterministic and stochastic simulation ~Irrigation Schedu ling. Salinity in relation to irrigation and drainage ~Salt balance of the root zone ~ Leaching process ~Bio drainage ~Environmental aspects of drainage. Optimum level of input us e and optimum production. Types of uncertainty in agriculture ~Managerial decisions to reduce risks in pro duction process. Water balance ~Equations for water balance ~Drainage surveys ~Agricultural drain age criteria ~Effect of field drainage systems on agriculture ~Some examples of agricultural drainage criteria. Cost concepts And interrelations. Management of resources ~Types of resources ~land. and measurement of their efficiencies ~mobilization of farm resources. Balance sheet ~Income statement ~Cash flow analysis ~Ra tio analysis. Farm Investment Analysis ~Time comparison principles ~Discounted a nd undiscounted measures. Law of diminishing returns. problem formulation. Farm management decision makin g process. and characteristics of systems ~Scope and steps in s ystems engineering ~Need for systems approach to water resources and irrigation. ~Economies of scale external and internal economies an d diseconomies. iso revenue line and optimum combination of outp uts ~Concepts of 39 Risk and uncertainty ~Product relationship ~Cost curves. labour. Factor ~Factor relationship . Cost . Basic concepts in farm management.Types of output data ~Spatial and Non-spatial ~Devices for output ~Multimedia ~D ata quality ~Source of errors ~Types of errors ~Modelling Errors ~Managing Error s. Farm Management ~definition and scope ~relationship between farm management and other sciences ~Characteristics and significance. Farm Financial Analysis. Introduction to operations research ~Linear programming. Factor and Farm layout ~Farm recor ds and Accounts ~Farm Appraisal Techniques. Definition. solution by simplex method ~Sensitivity analysis. Product relationship ~Production function ~definition And types ~Impact of techn ology. Integer and parametric linear programming ~Applications to Irrigation water man agement-Goal programming models with applications. single and multipurpose development plans ~Irrigation water allocation~Cropping pattern optimization. Equi-marginal returns and Opportunity cost co mparative advantage. enterprise and comp lete budgeting. Returns to scale ~Economies of size. application to design and operation of reservoir. Basic concepts of ground water flow ~Subsurface flow into drains ~Static conditi on~Steady and unsteady state equations ~Seepage from river into aquifers ~Seepag e from open channels. Production possibility curve. classification. Farm planning and control ~Elements of planning ~Farm level management information systems~Farm Budgeting partial. Drainage materials ~Surface drainage systems. problem formulation and solutions ~Application to d esign and operation of reservoirs. Valuation and Depreciation ~Factor Principle of substitution ~isoquant.

herringbone stitch. Undiscounted and Discou nted methods. role of socio ~psychological asp ects of clothing Combining of motifs. application of friction by hand rubbing and scrubb ing. packaging methods and practices. fashion theories. methods to improve light and wash fastnes s Different methods of washing. source for basic sketching. hand painting. reverse adoption. market survey of value addition an . various types of assemb ly techniques for leather goods and garments Introduction to garment accessories Introduction to traditional embroideries of India. classics. traditi onal fashion adoption. various solvents for removing blood. painting and embroidery 38 Designing elements of Indian ethnic design. pattern development for leather goods. double knot stitch. change. tumble wash. preparation of knives And tools. fads. designer. study of different types of house hold / industrial washing ma chines ~rotary. Mechanism of drying and different methods of drying garments Principles of laundering. CAD application for leather goods and garme nts design and production. historical textiles Ethnic design for hand embroidery. green gram. study of modern and industrial cleaning agents Use of care labels and standards / norms for care labels. boutique. Painting ~ancient paints and cave painting. first impression. pr icing and marketing proceduresfor domestic. simplified. tumble wash etc. oil / grease strain etc. Classification of leather goods and garments. accessories for Leather goods and garments Feasibility reports for leather goods and garments production. French knot stitch Garment value addition ~importance and types. and printing computed aided et hnic design. color sche mes and combinations Basic design development-measurements / sizing chart for men. button hole stitch. cleaning act ion of soaps. basic human proportion. color harmony. te a. acceptance. painti ng tools and techniques. cylinder bed And special type m / c. shikkai. arts and crafts. body figures and shape sketching postures Fashion psychology ~clothing. Dairy and poultry products ~Investment analysis. pret ~a ~porter. geometrical. placement and repeats of all over patterns. feather stitch. different feed mechanisms.of maintenance of machinery and break even analysis ~Estimation of cost of prod uction. property requirements fo r leather and lining materials. and silhou ette Fashion model drawing. bran so lution. Introduction of hand cutting. croquis. style. couture. p attern grading for leather garments. fashion of different eras. kni tting. indigenous cleaning agents ~rita nut. pressure. grading an d assorting of leathers for leather goods and garments. fashion trend. machinery require ment/plant layout. interlacing stitch. stain removal. evolution. women and children . selection of materials. mass dissemination Introduction to fashion illustration Elements of fashion ~fashion. ornamental enlargement and reduction of motifs. designer tools and workspace. stem stitch. detergents. lazy daisy. quality control measur es in leather products manufacture. architecture. adaptation of styles to basic blocks. taste. costing. Assessment of light and wash fastness. clicking machines -mechanical and pneumatic / hydraulic. basic embroidery stitches ~c hain stitch. swirling. basic sewing practice. process scheduling and line balancing. creating design and its application on garments using various techniques either by weaving. international markets. equipment for design generation Process of design ~motif development. Study of laundry equipment and laundry reagents ~soaps. pattern interlocking / nesting for materi al optimization Introduction to various sewing machines-flat bed. sty lized. rust. religion and mythology. measures to preserve t extiles Fashion origin. materialized.

benefit s -100% export oriented units. classification. customs formalities. design and construction of profiles ~spiral. colour difference equations and measu rements (Lab/Luv scales). techniques of computer color matching. communications with th e buyers. limitations of computer color matching The perception of color ~mechanism of color vision. Lambert s Law and Kubelka and Munk s simplif ied model of theory of interaction of matter and radiation Visual colour assessment. standard conditions and methods of visual a ssessment. preparatory. snarl. pigments. production-plying te chnique. dyeing and finishing for sewing thr ead. bead work Definition of merchandising. types of exporters. zardosai. geometric metamerism. resist and pigment. overseas sourcing. other acts relating to export/ import. identification by chromatogr aphic techniques Application areas of eco friendly dyes and chemicals Constitution of dyes and finishing agents. responsibilities of a marketing divi sion. supply chain and demand chai n analysis. gimp. color vision tests. loop. chickankari. alternatives to finishes Description of color. pre-shipment and post-shi pment documentation. product development line planning ~line presentation Functional organization of an apparel firm. import documentation. Retails and wholesale strategies for merchandise distribution. color vision theories. testing of sewing thr eads Fancy yarns ~definition. functions of merchandising division. Sind. export management risk. samples and prices and their use in boutiques Hand embroidery. sourcing materials. instrumental colour assessment. types of markets. kaustic embroidery. different methods ~block printing. export finance Chemical processing ~singeing. guide lines to dyestuff manufacturers Finishes ~banned items and allowable dosages. 42 Sewing thread ~characteristics required for different applications in the garme nt industry. pass fail standards Exim policy of India ~introduction. standard observer. illuminants. basic principles. manufacturing resources planning. marketing plan. combination of profiles. different types of embroidery machines. for eign exchange regulation acts. variables. role and respo nsibilities of a merchandiser. assessment of metamerism. application of the Kubelka-Munk theory to co lor matching. roller. sourcing strategies. terms of sale. spinning technique. various types of export documents. fabrics used. disch arge. export documentation. special economic zones. types of sewing thread and their production method. prediction of color recipe. retailers sourcin g flows and practices. labeling and licensing Introduction to apparel industry. ap pliqué work. kasida. cover. organization of the apparel industry. export incentives. chemical processing of fancy yarns Effect of quality of sewing thread on sewing performance. tie and dye. defec ts in color vision. stitches used. metamerism in textiles Reflectance curves of dyed samples. princip les of MRP. additive and subtractive color mixing. customs act. bleaching agents and solvents. . tribal em broideries Printing ~introduction. c onfusion in color perception. JIT technology Order confirmation. history and origin. motifs used. specifying sewi ng threads Alternative dyes and chemical and their structures. screen. Beer s Law. CIE system and its components . export processing zones. limitations of hand embroide ry. observer metamerism. marketing research. knop. international tra de Need for sourcing. business concepts applied to the apparel industry. slub. payment and shipment. different types of buyers. awareness of current market trends. patch work. kathiwar. chenille. chromaticity diagram Illuminant metamerism. various color order systems.d surface ornamentation. materials management for quick response. German legislation. styles of printing ~batik. marketing OBJECTIVES and strategies. col ors used. list of banned dy es and chemicals Eco friendly dry cleaning agents.

drafting and industrial patterns. marketing and supply chain interface. air transportation manageme nt ~documentation. spreading. cutting. integrated supply. production contro l charts. features of LAN. testing and certificatio n of goods. printing. Government regulations for plant layout. information sys tems for operational control in spinning. strategy planning. overview of telecommunicatio ns ~use. BAAN and Oracle ~comparison. composite textile and garment industry Information resources. duty drawback. internet and modern systems Information system vs. role of export promotion councils. analysis and design of information systems. Analysis of techniques for material utilization and cutting of raw materials for all types of sewn products. air transportation ~documentation. export shipping. integration of ERPand internet Import-Export logistic management. People soft. order processing. WAN. General approach for making a time and motion study~preliminary data for time an d motion study sheet. criteria for evaluation of a plant layout. Demand Guarantees and Standby Letter of Credit. purc hasing. types of information ~spinning. international care labelling code. documentation. developing data base for various functions of spinning. evaluating motion study data. marking and ticketing. types of containers and ships. logistics and competitive strategy Coordination and management of transportation ~inventory. cost 48 Textile policy ~ready made garments. methods and componen ts of fusing machinery. pressing and packin . statistical approaches. data models. packaging. SCM. models for decision making. evaluation of eq uipment for examining. data communication concepts. Letter of Credit. operational. ERPsystem packages ~SAP. weaving and garment industry. Decision making process ~information required. basic production systems. development and application of standard data fo r precosting and factory scheduling. analytical. weaving and apparel industry Introduction to garment fusing. advan tages and disadvantages of DBMS. technology choices. calculation grid. product ion. insurance. ERPimplementatio n in a garment factory ERPprocurement issues ~market trends ~outsourcing ERP~economics ~hidden cost iss ues ~ROI. insurance. Foreign exchange ~concept. basic produ ction line layout.export incentives. plant size location. materials handling. determini ng minimum space requirement. distribution policies and plans 51 Database Management Systems ~introduction. EXIM Bank of India Shipping ~general information. framework. statistical calculation of t ime study. technology considerations. components. M ethods of International Payment Settlement. garment dyeing. marketing ~identifying customers. customer service management. CRM software packages Distribution network planning and warehouse location. OBJECTIVES of time study. prin ciples for improving sewing and pressing operations. Exch ange Control Regulations for imports and exports Role of Supply Chain Management ~scope and importance. CRM ~concepts Enterprise Resource Planning ~principle.warehousing. product specifications Types of production layout. finance and supply chain interface CRM ~concept. implementation strategy. integration o f different ERPapplications. management activities. export statistics. Foreign exchange ~concept. Client/Server architecture. Export Financin g ~Pre-Shipment finance ~Post Shipment Finance. cutting and cost control. solution of pr oduction problems in spreading. sewing work study. collaborative. Methods of International Payment Settlement ~Interna tional Commercial Terms. principles of work cycle timing methods . customer driver strategi es. Relationship between quality and construction of a sewn product. principles and methods of costing. application and suitability in garment industry ERPimplementation strategies ~organisational and social issues. International Commercial Terms. Exchange Control Regulations for imports and exports. geometric princ iples of draping. Industrial engineering concepts. import licenses. operator efficiency distributions. packaging ~types. manufacturing information system ~systems and procedures. packaging and others. types of fusing materials. finishing.

marker p lanning. electric current. Objects of ring frame. projectile. peddle. sley eccentricity. zip fasteners. automated. spreading surfaces. leasing. Principle of weaving with hand and power looms. draft. Introduction to spreading machines. Comber preparation. bobbin builder mechanism. positioning devices. self twist. Principles of yarn production in rotor. shoulder pads. grading. knotting and pinning machines. timing of motions. settings and efficiency. optical and e lectronic clearers. combing efficiency and production calculation. linings. Objects and principles of carding detailed study of flat card. warp and weft stop motions. ma nual and automatic drawing-in. semi automatic. mode of operation ~handle. induction motor. friction and air-jet spinning machines. sizing materials and recip e used for different types of fibres. end treatment devices. warp protectors. sewing threads production. feed of arm. methods followed for two-folding. beat up mechanism. Types of apparel products. elastics. sectional warping machines. auto matic. fabric control devices ~tensioning. yarn clearing ~mechanical. principles of tappet. passage of material. fancy yarn. secondary and auxiliary motions. selve dges used in shuttle less looms. sizing machines. shedding by dobby and jacq uard. ginning performance on yarn quality. Take-up and let-off motions used in power looms. twist less spinning system. produc tion and resultant count calculation. merits of condensed spun yarn. computerized machine. se ttings. lace braids. buttons. spreading machines ~man ual. wading. Process flow diagram for different types of fabrics. objects of speed frame. basic garment components. point system of grading. multi-phase weaving systems. objects of winding principl es of cheese and cone winding machines. Different types of loppers ~blind loppers. contamination clearers and other accessories used in blow room. sewing machinery and its working ai ds. Objects of warping. DC servo motor. machin e beds ~flat. knotters and splicers. lubrication systems ~manual. drives. draft and production calculation. hook and loop fas tening. submerged. types of shed. draft and production calculation. wrap. raised. interlinings. seam types and uses. twist. shutt . tasks of draw frame. shuttles ~types.g. yarn numbering. inspection of patterns. cleaning and blending machines . draft. objects and principle of combing. faults in wound packages. centre selvedge mechanisms. design features of i mportant elements used in ring spinning. settings. twist and production calcul ation. types of pattern s. their causes and remedies. cop building. types of stitches ~lock and chain stitch machine. L Defects in woven fabrics. stitch/seam identification. overall view of size preparation equipment . Pre ~production planning. automation in weaving machines. merits of two-folding of yarns. drafting system used in modern draw frames. types of motor ~eddy current. organizational structure and sectors of the garment industry. stitch types and uses. winding sew ing threads. dummy loppers. dobby and jacquard shedding mechanisms. principles of condensed spinning. twist and production calculation in ring frame. Basic sewing machine ~primary and secondary parts of the sewing machine. objects of sizing. types of samples and sample approval. greasing. plain power loom driving. Labels. spreading and cutting. card clothing. objects of blow roo m machines. jet and rapier. classification of faults. principles of weft insertion by shuttle. chute feed. combined dyeing and sizing. material flow in beam warping and creels used in warping mac hines. various mot ions ~primary. description and working of d ifferent types of gins. Introduction to Indian apparel industry. computer and electronic based machine. Basic operations of yarn formation. different types of bel ts and pulleys. past and present trends. centralized wick system. sc utcher system. need for drawing-in operation. width i ndicators. work ing of speed frame. sequence of combing operat ion. principle and description of opening. limit ations of various shedding mechanisms. working of ring frame. procurement of garment accessories. clutch motor.

quality control. methods of pressing ~pleat ing. boilers. straight line. single dart series. sti tches and seams ~definitions and classifications as per ISO standards. grading of interlinings. marking equi pment. front to back bias. p acking specifications. methods of marker planning. drawing and reproduction of marker. jog seam. q uick response system. finish pressing. waist line. Introduction to cutting. iron pr essing. women and children garments Children s wear ~sizes. vacuum systems. man power and material flow for shirts. p leats and gathers 25 Grading of pattern ~definition. t rousers. pressing equipment. progressive bundle system. trousers ~length. in process pressing. draping and flat pattern Study of body measurement for all age groups ~infant. hot notcher. marker making and methods. vertical reciprocating straight knives . velvet. feed mechanisms. steamers. basic blocks for men. mechanical system ~selective conveyor belt system. seat line. jackets. width. grain. centre front line. types of folding ~dead man folding stand. garments for infants. multi model transport. spreadi ng ~types and modes. automa tic electronic controlled cutter. dart points. skirts and T~shirts. dart shape at pattern edge Principles of pattern constructions ~drafting. types of marker. skirt. front and back Planning. folder. batch system. seam allowance. internal marks. permanent press. blouses. cutting machine ~portable cutting knives. cons truction line. stripe. standard measurement charts. figure analysis. printed. Introduction ~lay planning. Production tools ~cost. grading to four size up or down. children. types and importance. fabric design concepts. cutters. quality of sea ms and stitches. ty pes of loopers. shuttles. distinction of dart excess. Operation break down chart ~machines. parallel dart. pattern alte ration techniques for shirt. specifications sheet. feed mechanisms. eight head theory ~in troduction. draping methods. stationary cu tters ~band knives. grain line. basic components of portable knives. women and men Garment construction ~Introduction to inter. power system. productivity and production and floor layout. 17 Pressing machinery ~introduction. needles ~types. manual system ~make through system. elements of pressing~steam. pressure foot. Flat pattern techniques ~pivot and slash spread methods. b reast line. women. servo cutters. steam tunnels. applications . dou ble dart series. zigzag syst em. guides. form pressing. plain. size chart preparation. perforations. cutting equipment~cutting table. types and means. pressure. Pressing ~need. dart . record keeping in cutting room. height and weight distribution Commercial patterns ~definition ~merits ~demerits and study of different sizes. intra and interlacement loops. unit production system. packing ratio. inter facing materials ~types and properties Pattern making ~methods and preparation. transferring marks ~edge marks. needles and work-aids. method of making the stitch classes. supervision. marker planning for special fabrics ~knit. types of pressing equipment ~buck presses. s ection and process system. labour. principle. lace and stretch fabrics Analysis of the components of various types of men. Anthropometry measurement. graduating dart. advanced pressing equipments. body ideals ~body proportions. specialized cutting machines ~st rip cutters. round knives. advanced pattern making ~3D body scanner. true bias. just in time. steam tunnels. shears and scissors. effect of fabric parameters. cutting equipment ~cutting table. types of motors. block or die pressing. die cutting. infants an d children Pattern making for special fabrics ~inner garments and sports wear. conversion of darts to tucks. analyzing and comparing the different ty pes of industrial sewing machines. fabric and its relationship on pattern making Fundamentals of pattern making and terminology ~notches. different types of machine beds.le direction ~clock wise and anti clock wise direction. children s and teens Different measuring systems. measurements. grading to one size up or down. check.

Men s wear ~shirts, pants, trousers, jeans, jackets and jerkins, blazers and coats Women s wear ~ladies blouses, shirts, pants, trousers, and jeans, casual wear Bundle tickets~guidelines for bundle ticket design, functions of bundle tickets, bundle ticket control; different manufacturing systems; make through and assemb ly line manufacturing ~advantages and disadvantages; lay lot planning ~numerical exercises on lay lot planning to optimize cutting cost; bundling, ticketing and cutting room control formats. Control parameters; apparel production parameters; planning and lead-time; produ ct development; steps from prototype to production model; importance of pre-prod uction activities; introduction to timetable concepts; product data management; understanding and interpretation of specification sheet Operation sequence development; garment breakdown with machine and attachment de tails; development of production grid for garment construction; development of p roduction flowchart Production planning and control; capacity calculation for cutting, sewing and fi nishing; determination of machine requirements for new factory; line balancing ~ determination and allocation of manpower, machine for balanced production in exi sting plant for a given target Quality in product development; quality assurance during product development ~me thods to avoid problems during pattern making, garment construction and other ar eas; inspection procedures; work-study in garment industry ~methods to control t ime and cost Double integration method ~Macaulay s method ~moment area method ~conjugate beam m ethod ~principle of superposition ~Strain Energy in axial, bending, torsion ands hear loadings. Castigliano s theorems and their applications. Shear force And bending moment diagrams ~bending stresses ~shear stress variatio n in beams of symmetric sections ~beams of uniform strength. Stresses and strains ~Hooke s law ~stress and strain diagrams ~elastic constants statically determinate and indeterminate problems in tension And compression ~th ermalstresses ~impact loading. Stresses in thin-walled pressure vessels ~combined bending, torsion and axial lo adingof circular shafts ~Mohr s circle and its construction ~determination of prin cipalstresses. Torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts ~shear stress variation ~power trans mission in shafts ~open and closed-coiled helical springs ~stresses in helical s prings -classification of columns ~Euler buckling ~columns with different end co nditions. Introduction, principle of wind tunnel technology, limitation of simulation, st ress with scale models, full scale wind tunnels, measurement techniques, equipme nt and transducers, road testing methods, numerical methods. Cars as a bluff body, flow field around car, drag force, types of drag force, an alysis of aerodynamic drag, drag coefficient of cars, strategies for aerodynamic development, low drag profiles. Front end modification, front and rear wind shield angle, boat tailing, hatch ba ck, fast back and square back, dust flow patterns at the rear, effects of gap co nfiguration, effect of fasteners. Scope, historical developments, fundamental of fluid mechanics, flow phenomenon related to vehicles, external and Internal flow problem, resistance to vehicle m otion, performance, fuel consumption and performance potential of vehicle aerody namics, The origin of forces and moments on a vehicle, lateral stability problems, metho ds to calculate forces and moments ~vehicle dynamics under side winds, the effec ts of forces and moments, characteristics of forces and moments, dirt accumulati on on the vehicle, wind noise, drag reduction in commercial vehicles. Availability of CNG, properties, modification required to use in engines ~perfor mance and emission characteristics of CNG and LPG in SI And CI engines. Performa nce and emission for LPG ~Hydrogen ~Storage and handling, performance and safety aspects. Estimation of petroleum reserve "World Energy Scenerio, Energy Survey of India" ~Need for alternate fuel ~Availability of alternate fuels.

Layout of an electric vehicle ~advantage and limitations ~Specifications ~System component, Electronic control system ~High energy and power density batteies ~H ybrid vehicle ~Solar powered vehicles. Fuel cell vehicles. Properties as engine fuels, alcohols and gasoline blends, performance in SI engi ne. Methanol and gasoline blends ~Combustion characteristics in engines ~emissio n characteristics. Various vegetable oils for engines ~Esterification ~Performance in engines ~Perf ormance and emission characteristics. Construction layout, capacity and applications of earthmovers like dumpers, fro nt-end loaders, bulldozers, excavators, backhoe loaders, scrappers, motor grader s etc. criteria for selection of prime mover fro dumpers and front end loaders b ased on vehicle performance characteristics. Brake system and actuation ~OCDB and dry disc caliper brakes. Body hoist and buc ket operational hydraulics. Hydro-pneumatic suspension cylinders. Power steering system. Kinematics for loader and bulldozer operational linkages. Safety featur es, safe warning system for dumper. Design aspects on dumper body, loader bucket and water tank of sprinkler. Constructional features, capacity and stability of jib cranes. Vibratory compact ors. Engine ~converter match curves. Hauling And cyclic type transmissions. Selection criteria for universal joints. Constructional details of steerable and drive ax les of dumper. Ride and stability characteristics, power take off, special implementations. Spe cial features and constructional details of tankers, gun carriers and transport vehicles. Classification of tractors ~Main components of tractor ~Safety rules. Cooling system ~Classification ~Liquid cooling system ~Components, Lubricating s ystem servicing and troubles ~Air cleaner and turbo charger ~Fuel tanks and filt ers ~Fuel pumps. Cylinder and pistons ~Connecting rods and crankshafts ~Engine balancing ~Constru ction and operation of the valve mechanism ~Valve mechanism troubles. Tractor controls and the starting of the tractor engines ~Basic notions and defi nition ~Engine cycles ~Operation of multicylinder engines ~General engine design ~Basic engine performance characteristics. Working attachment of tractors ~Farm equipment ~Classification ~Auxiliary equipm ent ~Trailers and body tipping mechanism. Basic air conditioning system ~Components ~types of Compressor, Condenser, Expa nsion devices and Evaporators. Location of air conditioning components in a car ~Schematic layout of a air conditioning system. Compressor components ~Thermosta tic expansion valve And orifice tube ~Expansion valve calibration ~Evaporator te mperature controls for TXV And CCOT systems. OBJECTIVES ~Evaporator case air flow through the Dash recirculating unit ~Autom atic temperature control ~Ducting system in Passenger car and Bus~Controlling fl ow ~Vacuum reserve ~Testing the air control and handling systems~Load calculatio ns ~Psychrometry Air conditioner maintenance and service ~Servicing heater system. Removing and r eplacing components. Trouble shooting of air conditioner ~heating system ~Compre ssor service. Manually controlled air conditioner ~Heater system ~Ford automatically controlle d air conditioner ~heater systems ~Chrysler automatically controlled air conditi oner ~Heater system, General Motors automatically controlled air conditioner ~He ater system ~Flushing And Evacuating. Requirements for refrigerants ~Classification of refrigerants~Refrigerant select ion~Storage of refrigerants ~Handling refrigerants ~Discharging, Charging And Le ak detection ~Refrigeration system diagnosis ~Diagnostic procedure ~Ambient cond itions affecting system pressures. Active safety driving safety, conditional safety, perceptibility safety, operati ng safetypassive safety exterior safety, interior safety, deformation behaviour of vehicle body, speed and acceleration characteristics of passenger compartment on impact.

Collision warning system, causes of rear end collision, frontal object detection , rear vehicle object detection system, object detection system with braking sys tem interactions. Design of the body for safety, energy equation, engine location, deceleration of vehicle inside passenger compartment, deceleration on impact with stationary an d movable obstacle, concept of crumble zone, safety sandwich construction. Seat belt, regulations, automatic seat belt tightener system, collapsible steeri ng column, tiltable steering wheel, air bags, electronic system for activating a ir bags, bumper design for safety. Steering and mirror adjustment, central locking system , Garage door opening sys tem, tyre pressure control system, rain sensor system, environment information s ystem Identification of plastics / rubber components in automobiles ~function ~selecti on criteria. Principle of vibration isolation ~rubber mounts ~spring design ~comparison with metallic springs ~shape factor and its effect ~forced and free vibrations with d amping ~typical mounts, compounding and manufacture. Resilience, creep, hysteresis and damping, stability, set and stress relaxation, behaviour in dynamic applications. Seals for static and dynamic applications ~effect of heat / oil ageing ~friction al behaviour ~fundamental of sealability. Types of couplings ~specification and selection ~torque vs deflection relationsh ips ~brake fluid / hydraulic hoses, materials and manufacture. Basic principles of supervising. Organising time and people. Job instruction tra ining ~Training devices and techniques ~Drive and mechanic hiring ~Driver checkl ist ~Lists for driver and mechanic ~Trip leasing ~Vehicle operation and types of operation. Cost of inventory ~Balancing inventory cost against downtime ~Parts control ~Bin tag systems ~Time management ~Time record keeping ~Budget activity ~Capital exp enditures ~Classification of vehicle expenses ~Fleet management and data process ing ~Data processing systems ~Software. Models ~Computer controlling of fleet ac tivity ~Energy management. Route planning ~Scheduling of transport vehicles ~Preparation of timetable, Cost s, fare structure ~Methods of fare collection ~Preparation of fare table. Scheduled and unscheduled maintenance ~Planning and scope ~Evaluation of PMI pro gramme ~Work scheduling ~Overtime ~Breakdown analysis ~Control of repair backlog s ~Cost of options. Schedules and sections ~Registration of motor vehicles ~Licensing of drivers ~Co ntrol of permits ~Limits of speed ~traffic signs ~Constructional regulations ~De scription of goods carrier, delivery man, tanker, tipper, Municipal, fire fighti ng and break down service vehicle. I.S Code for Engine testing ~Instrumentation for performance testing of engine, Instrumentation for Research and development, Instrumentation for noise, vibrati on, in cylinder gas flow, flame temperature Dynamic Cylinder pressure measuremen ts Instrumentation for Measuring Weight, Force, torque, pressure power, temperature , fluid flow, vibration, rotational speed, velocity, acceleration and angular mo tion. Laboratory tests ~test tracks ~Endurance Tests ~crash tests ~wind tunnel tests ~ Brake tests. Static and Dynamic Measurement systems~Requirements and characteristics ~Analysi s of experimental detail. Transducers for Automotive Applications ~Amplifiers~filters -data Acquisition~In dicators, Printers and displays -Signal Analyzing. Different methods of Gear manufacture ~Gear hobbing and gear shaping machines sp ecifications ~gear generation ~different methods ~gear finishing and shaving ~Gr inding and lapping of hobs and shaping cutters ~gear honing ~gear broaching. NC, CNC And DNC ~types of CNC ~constructional features ~drives and control syste ms ~feed back devices ~manual part programming ~steps involved ~sample program i n Lathe And milling.

Refinin g process. forging of valves ~connecting rod. Thermodynamics of combustion ~Thermodynamic Properties ~Ideal gas law ~Gas mixtu re combustion ~Stoichiometric combustion ~Thermochemistry ~Hess s law~Adiabatic fl ame temperature ~Physics of combustion ~Fick s law of species diffusion ~Conservat ion equations ~Boundary layer concept Adiabatic and L. Combustion Stoichiometry of petrol.H. Properties of IC engine fuels. engines ~Variable compression ratio engine ~Wankel rotary c ombustion engine ~Free piston engine ~MAN combustion chamber and multi fuel engi nes ~Stratified charge and lean burn engines ~Locomotive and marine engines. extrusion of transmission shaft. alcohol and hydrogen fuels ~Chemical energy and heating values ~Chemical equilibrium and maximum temperature ~SI eng ine combustion ~Flame velocity and area of flame front -performance number ~CI e ngine combustion. Fundamental concepts in manufacturing and automation ~Need for automation ~Autom ation stages ~Economic analysis and production ~Fundamentals of CIMS. piston pin and valve tappets. Extrusions Basic process step s. temperature distribution and thermal stresse s in piston ~Cylinder liner ~Cylinder head ~fins and valves. hydroforming of manifold and comparison with conventional methods ~Hydro forming of tail lamp housing. propeller shaft. simulation of various engine processes for SI and CI engines. Elements o f CAD system ~Graphics hardware ~ALU ~CPU ~Input/Output devices ~Geometric model . Process flow chart ~Production of metal powders and their raw materials ~Manufac ture of friction lining materials for clutches and brakes ~Testing and inspectio n of PM parts. stretch forming of auto body panels ~Super plastic alloys for auto body panels.Powder injection moulding ~Shotpeen hardening of gears ~Production of aluminium MMC liners for engine blocks ~Plasma spray coated engine blocks and valves ~Rece nt developments in auto body panel forming ~Squeeze casting of pistons ~aluminiu m composite brake rotors. crank shaft. steering knuckles. Stages of combustion ~Flame propagation -~Flame Limits -Flame Extinction -Rate o f pressure rise ~Cycle to cycle variation ~Abnormal combustion ~Theories of deto nation ~Effect of engine operating variables on combustion -Example problems. Intermittent and Non-synchronous walking beam ~ Computer aided process planning ~Computer aided inspection ~Computer aided quali ty control ~Basic model of CIMS ~Interfacing methods of CAD and CAM ~Computer Pr ocess Monitoring. Heat releas e calculations. UNITII FORMING PROCESS 15 Forging ~process flow chart. Photographic studies of combustion processes ~P~*diagrams in SI and CI engines. brake anchor pins. cetane number. Droplet and spray combustion theory ~delay period ~Peak pressure ~Heat release ~ Gas temperature ~Diesel knock. rea r axle drive shaft. TOTAL45 PERIODS Definition for Fuel and Oxidizer ~types ~Various combustion modes~Combustion in premixed laminar and premixed turbulent combustion ~Flame Speed ~Burning Velocit y ~diffusion flames ~Combustion process in IC engines. governing equations. Basic definitions ~Convective heat transfer ~Radi ative heat transfer ~Heat transfer. Fuel air cycle and Actual cycle analysis. Basic concepts of engine simulation. axle housing spindles. Knock rating of SI engine fuels. Photographic studies of combustion processes ~P~*diagrams in SI and CI engines. Assembly ~Temperature measurement in piston ~cylinder liner ~Cylinder head and engine valves. octane number. penetration and atom ization.R. Thermodynamic and Fluid mechanic based models. Stretch forming ~Process. Fuel spray characteristics ~droplet size. steering worm blanks. Rate of heat release ~hot wire and laser Doppler anemometry and velocimetry for flow and combustion analysis in IC engines TOTAL45 PERIODS Basics of numerical control ~Types of NC systems ~CNC and DNC machines ~Machinin g centre ~Tool magazine ~NC tape format ~Programming ~Manual part programme ~Sim ple programmes ~Computer assisted part programming ~APT language ~Simple example s Computers in manufacturing ~Automated manufacturing systems ~Work piece handling ~Types of transfer ~Continuous. Adiabatic flame temperature. transmission g ear blanks. foot brake linkage. cam shaft. Hydrofo rming Process. chemical composition and molecular structure of fuels. diesel.

Dual combustion and Brayton cycles. pip es. Principles of Psychrometry and refrigeration ~Vapour compression ~Vapour absorpt ion types ~Co-efficient of performance. symmetric consideration. Various types of setting blocks ~Press fit bushes ~Renewable bushes ~Slip bushes ~Threaded bushes ~Special bushes ~Drills with attached bushing for small holes. fort lift hydraulic gear. K. ladder diagram. power steering. seals and packing. programming. cascade. Heat and work trans fer in flow and non-flow processes. f ilter.Mapping for min imization of logic equation. air. Hydraulic tipping mechanism. air brake and maintenance and trouble shooting of pneumatic c ircuits. travel step dia gram. Cylinders. Basic requirement of pneumatic system. Mean effective pressure.V. Valves for control of direction. Types ~sequence control. types. Maintenance of hydraulic systems. Design for Manufacturing and Assembly ~Process Planning Techniques ~Total ap proach to product development ~Concurrent Engineering ~Rapid prototyping Introduction to production planning and control ~Shop Floor Control Systems ~Jus t in time approach ~Emerging Challenges in CAD / CAM. Zeroth low. Definitions of Jigs and Fixtures ~Principles of Jigs and Fixtures design ~Prelim inary analysis and planning of jigs and fixture parts and their materials ~Basic steps in the design of jigs and fixtures ~Different types of locating devices ~ different types of clamps ~Drill bushes ~types ~Elements of fixtures ~Advantages of Jigs And Fixtures. Second law. chip problems. Pipes~material. Entropy change in non-flow . Diesel. PLC-construction. casting and weldment. design. Simple circuits. regulator. Servo and Proportional valves ~types. flow and pressure. relief and projection. Selection of hyd raulic fluids. shields and seals. valves. application. opera tion. locating and clamping. actuators and mountings. operat ion. constructional de tails of air compressors. TOTAL45 PERIODS Introduction to fluid power. receivers. Product Data Management ~P roduct Modeling ~Assembly and Tolerance Modeling. construction details . Systems. Electro pneumatics. Loading ~Entering. Power pack-elements. types. Pumps and motors~types. ejectors. Elements of pneumatics. hydro-pne umatic suspension. properties ~hydraulic fluids. step counter method. Unloading ~Bu r clearance. Degrees of freedom ~3-2-1 location principle ~Radial location and diamond pin lo cation ~Principle of pin location ~location from plane surfaces ~location from a profile ~location from a cylinder ~Circular location ~Jamming and remedies ~V l ocation ~Adjustable locators ~Redundant locators ~Fool proofing ~Adjustable supp orters and centralizers Strap clamp ~cam clamps ~screw clamping ~latch clamps ~w edge clamps ~pivoted clamps ~eccentric operator clamp ~power clamps ~quick actin g clamps ~equalizers. lubricator. Air standard efficiency . Hydro-Mechanical servo systems. Properties of refrigerants ~Basic Princi ple and types Air conditioning. construction details. types. comparison between hydraulics and pneumatics. Symbols of pneumati c elements and hydraulic elements. Conduction in parallel. radial and composite wall ~Basics of Convective heat tra nsfer ~Fundamentals of Radiative heat transfer ~Flow through heat exchangers. Otto. Steady flow energy equation. characteristics.ing ~Automated drafting Group technology ~Part families ~Part classification and coding ~Production flow analysis ~Machine cell design ~Description of FMS ~Equipment. Practising t he various types of jigs ~Practising the various types of milling fixtures ~broa ching fixtures ~function of broaching fixtures ~Internal and external broaching fixtures. Properties of steam ~Rankine cycle ~Steam Nozzles ~Simple jet propulsion system ~Thrust rocket motor ~Specific impulse. control valves. Three construction principles ~Built up type. General approach of system design. Selection criteria for cylinders. Kelvin-Planck statement ~Clausiu s statement ~Concept of Entropy. Tooling and fixtu re. Clausius inequality. Reciprocating compressors. pipe fittings. air motors. First law.

processes. Air standard efficiency . Intercooling ~Minimum work requ irement Conduction in parallel. Kelvin-Planck statement ~Clausius statement ~Concept of Entropy. Kelvin-Planck statement ~Clausiu s statement ~Concept of Entropy. Clausius inequality. Air standard efficiency . Clausius inequality. Properties of refrigerants ~Basic Princi ple and types Air conditioning. Properties of refrigerants ~Basic Princi ple and types Air conditioning. Principles of Psychrometry and refrigeration ~Vapour compression ~Vapour absorpt iontypes ~Co-efficient of performance. Air standard efficiency . First law. Second law. Kelvin-Planck statement ~Clausiu s statement ~Concept of Entropy. bending. Steady flow energy equation. torsion and shear loadings. Properties of steam ~Rankine cycle ~Steam Nozzles ~Simple jet propulsion system ~Thrust rocket motor ~Specific impulse. Entropy change in non-flowpr ocesses. Properties of refrigerants ~Basic Princip le and typesAir conditioning. Heat and work trans fer inflow and non-flow processes. Zeroth low. Diesel. Stresses and strains ~Hooke s law ~stress and strain diagrams ~elastic constants ~statically determinate and indeterminate problems in tension And compression ~t hermal stresses ~impact loading. Entropy change in non-flow processes. Properties of gases and vapours. Properties of steam ~Rankine cycle ~Steam Nozzles ~Simple jet propulsion system -Thrust rocket motor ~Specific impulse. Zeroth low. Otto. Heat and work trans fer in flow and non-flow processes. Mea n effective pressure. Stresses and strains ~Hooke s law ~stress and strain diagrams ~elastic constants ~statically determinate and indeterminate problems in tension And compression ~t hermal stresses ~impact loading. Conduction in parallel. Castigliano s theorems and their applications. Mean effective pressure. Otto. Reciprocating compressors. Entropy change in non-flow processes. Clausius inequality. Reciprocating compressors. torsion and axial l oading of circular shafts ~Mohr s circle and its construction ~determination of pr incipal stresses. Heat and work trans fer in flow and non-flow processes. Steady flow energy equation. Second law. Stresses and strains ~Hooke s law ~stress and strain diagrams ~elastic constants ~statically determinate and indeterminate problems in tension And compression ~t hermal stresses ~impact loading. Stresses in thin-walled pressure vessels ~combined bending. Properties of gases and vapours. Principles of Psychrometry and refrigeration ~Vapour compression ~Vapour absorpt ion types ~Co-efficient of performance. First law. Mean effective pressure. T = 15. Conduction in parallel. Reciprocating compressors. Systems. Dual combustion and Brayton cycles. Dual combustion and Brayton cycles. Properties of steam ~Rankine cycle ~Steam Nozzles ~Simple jet propulsion system ~Thrust rocket motor ~Specific impulse. Diesel. Properties of gases and vapours. Steady flow energy equation. Diesel. Shear force And bending moment diagrams ~bending stresses ~shear stress variatio n in beams of symmetric sections ~beams of uniform strength. Systems. Properties of gases and vapours. L = 45. radial and composite wall ~Basics of Convective heat tra nsfer -Fundamentals of Radiative heat transfer ~Flow through heat exchangers. Otto. Shear force And bending moment diagrams ~bending stresses ~shear stress variatio . Zeroth low. Dual combustion and Brayton cycles. Second law. First law. radial and composite wall ~Basics of Convective heat tra nsfer ~Fundamentals of Radiative heat transfer ~Flow through heat exchangers. Double integration method ~Macaulay s method ~moment area method ~conjugate beam m ethod ~principle of superposition ~Strain Energy in axial. Systems. Principles of Psychrometry and refrigeration ~Vapour compression ~Vapour absorpt ion types ~Co-efficient of performance. radial and composite wall ~Basics of Convective heat tra nsfer ~Fundamentals of Radiative heat transfer ~Flow through heat exchangers.

acceleration and normal circuits of a carburetor ~Compensation ~Maxim um power devices ~Constant choke and constant vacuum carburetor. Stresses in thin-walled pressure vessels ~combined bending. Diesel fuel. idling. Requirements ~solid injection. prop erties of coolant. M. construction and operation . Delay period ~factors affecting delay period. Importance of air motion ~Swirl. Torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts ~shear stress variation ~power trans mission in shafts ~open and closed-coiled helical springs ~stresses in helical s prings ~classification of columns ~Euler buckling ~columns with different end co nditions. Pressure waves. Materials of engine components. Otto cycle. pressure cooling system ~Need for Lubrication syste m. Firing ord er and its significance. Mechanical and pneumatic governors. Types of injection nozzle . Standards and specificati ons. Types of cooling system ~air cooling and Liquid cooled systems . terminologies. Torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts ~shear stress variation ~power trans mission in shafts ~open and closed-coiled helical springs ~stresses in helical s prings ~classification of columns ~Euler buckling ~columns with different end co nditions. definitions. Direct and indirect inj ection combustion chambers. torsion and axial lo ading of circular shafts ~Mohr s circle and its construction ~determination of pri ncipal stresses. Necessity and limitation ~Charge cooling. Shear force And bending moment diagrams ~bending stresses ~shear stress variatio n in beams of symmetric sections ~beams of uniform strength. Swirl ratio. Fuel air mi xing. Actual i ndicator diagram. Stresses in thin-walled pressure vessels ~combined bending. Ignition qua lity. Fuel injector. Types of supercharging and turbochargi ng ~Relative merits. Forced circulation system. Comparison of four stroke and two stroke engine operation.n in beams of symmetric sections ~beams of uniform strength. Engine balancing. Requirements of an automotive carburetor ~startin g. Combustion in SI engine ~Stages of combustion ~Flame propagation ~Rate of pressu re rise ~Abnormal combustion ~pre ignition and knock ~effect of engine variables on knock ~Combustion chambers ~Different types ~Factors controlling combustion chamber design. Knock in CI engines. Carburettor working principle. wet sump lubrication ~Properties of lubricants. Two stroke engine ~types. Theoretical scaveng ing methods. Diesel cycle ~Fuel-air and actual cycle analysis. Stages of combustion. Mist lubrication system. Injection lag. Function of components -common rail direct inject ion ~Jerk and distributor type pumps. Air cell chamber. working principle. Matching of turbocharger. Cetane number. Fuel air cycle. multi barrel an d multiple venturi systems ~Fuel feed system ~Mechanical and electrical pumps ~P etrol injection. Automotive and stationary diesel engine testing and related standards ~Engine po wer and efficiencies ~performance characteristics.Combustion chamber. Unit inject or. torsion and axial lo ading of circular shafts ~Mohr s circle and its construction ~determination of pri ncipal stresses. Cylinder layout and configurations. 4 stroke engine ~Constructional details. Comparison of knock in CI And SI engines. Two stroke and four stroke diesel engi nes. Combustion chamber design ~OBJECTI VES ~Different types of combustion chamber. Combustion cha mbers for Homogeneous charge compression ignition systems ~Dual and alternate fu eled engine systems. Torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts ~shear stress variation ~power trans mission in shafts ~open and closed-coiled helical springs ~stresses in helical s prings ~classification of columns ~Euler buckling ~columns with different end co nditions. Scavenging pumps ~Types of scavenging. squish and turbulence. Variables affecting engine pe rformance ~Methods to improve engine performance ~Heat balance ~Performance maps . Laboratory tests for diesel fuel. Diesel engine construction and operation. Need for cooling.

. Horn. Serv o Brakes. Alcock vis . electric cardle and eddy current dynamometers. vario us types of frames. Multi-Leaf. Positive displacement flow meters ~turbine flow meter. pitot tub e. Need for Suspension System. platform scales. Nozzle tests. Details of modern storage batteries. Re lative merits. venturimeter. Loading and Traili ng Shoes. Differe ntial principle and types. Multi-axled vehicles. Rubber. capacitive and variable relu ctance type transducers. Three-Quarter Floating and Semi-Floating Axles. Insulated And earth return systems. Mechanic al Braking System. Coil. Braking Torque. Final drive of Crawler Tractors. Constant Velocity Universal Joints. TOTAL Types of Chassis layout. weigh bridges. Over-Steer and Under-Steer. Independent Suspension Syste m. Theory of Drum Brakes. Types and Constructional details. Testing of frames. load cells. Speedometer. King Pin Inclination and Toe-in. TOTAL Condition of starting Behavior of starter during starting. Design of Leaf and Coil Sp rings. Components of DC and AC Charging System for Automobile. Torque measurement ~prony brake. Wiper sys tem. Power-Assisted Braking System. Slip Angle.. Steering Error Curve. pr oving ring. characteristics. relays . Electronic Ignition system. Types and Constructional Details of Different Types of Wheels and Rims. Ackerman s and Davis Steer ing Mechanisms. Constructional details and characteristics of Single Leaf. Differential housings. construction And working of battery coil and magneto ignition systems. Fuel. Detail s of head light And side light. Effect of Driving Thrust. Construct ional Details. Elec trical fuel-pump. Stopping Distance Time and Braking Efficiency. Characteristics of battery. Torsion bar. D ifferent Types of Tyres and their constructional details. Types and construction of spark plugs. ultrasonic flow meter. Dynamic pressure measurement piezo electric and piezo r esistive transducers. Types of Loads acting on drive axles. Pneu matic and Hydro ~elastic Suspension Spring Systems. Universal Joints. Types of Suspension Springs. Eff ect of Weight Transfer during Braking. capacity and efficiency of batteries. Injection timing. Chassis dynamometers. anemometer. Loads acting on vehicle frame. Various tests on battery condition. operating principle. voltage and current regulators. Final drive. Types. Power-Assisted Steering. Types and Construction. wiring system. Constructional Details of Drum Brake and its Activator s. rotometer. Function. Retarders. Positive And negative earth systems. torque reactions and side thrust. Construction and Design of Drive Axles. Low pressure measurement Mc leo d gauge. Propeller Shaft. Non-Slip differential. with reference to Power Plant location and drive. Fron t Wheel Geometry. tor que tube drive. Castor. Farnboro engine indicator. Digital ignition system. oil And temperature gauges. centrifugal and vacuum advance mechanisms. Steering Linkages. Constructional details and ma terials for frames. Disc Brake Theory. diaphragm. rat ing. construction. Pilot injection. Principle And construction of starter motor. Pneumatic Braking System. different ty pes. Front Wheel drive. thermal conductivity type pressure measurement. namely. Care And maintenance of starter motor. Obstruction type flow meter~orifice plate. Starter switches. radius rods and stabilizers. Hotchkiss drive. c harging methods. Series motor and its characteristics. LVDT. Force measuring devices~Balances. rope brake and fan type brakes. bellows and pressure capsules Transducers used in press ure measurement~potentiometer. magnetic flow meters. Anti-Lock Braking System. strain gauges. Reversible and Irreversible Steering. Theory of Automobile Braking. Spray characteristics. Trafficator. Condi tion for True Rolling Motion of Wheels during Steering. Axle Housings and Types. Types and Construction. Camber. Shock Absorbers. Bourden tube. Pirani gauge. flouted tub e flowmeter. Dyn amometers ~hydraulic. Differe ntial locks. Pump calibration. troubleshooting Principle and construction of lead-acid battery. charging circuit controls ~cut out. Fu ll ~Floating. Double reduction and twin speed final drives. Head light dazzling And preventive methods. flow nozzles. Transmissio n dynamometers. Types of Front Axles and Stub Axles. Working of differe nt starter drive units. Different Types of Stee ring Gears. Hydraulic Braking System.

thermocouples.. Pick up van. scooters and mopeds. Different types of clutches. Drum brakes. Electroni . . tractive ef fort. Construction and operation of Ford ~T-model gearbox. Construction and torque capacity. Case study of motor cycles. Wilson Gear box and Cotal e lectromagnetic transmission. multiple plates and cent rifugal clutches. bimetal temperature gauges. Units and standards. Need for automatic transmission. Torque capacity. Angular measuring instruments~measurement of straightness flatness and surface finish. Construction an d circuits for thermocouples. Case study of Auto rickshaws. Magneto coil and battery coil spark ignition system. Front and rear suspension systems. Resistance type temperature sensors. Electric drive ~Principle of operation of Early and Modified Ward Leonard Con trol system. Multistage torque converters. dial gauges. cas t wheel. Laws of thermocouple. Determination of the mass of a flywheel for a given co-efficient of speed fluctu ation. Disc wheel. Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) ~Types ~Operations. Engine flywheels stresses of rim of flywheels. Temperature scales ~mechanical temperature sensors. Different types of gearboxes such as Sliding mesh gearbox. Design of hubs and arms of flywheel ~Turning moment diagram. Performance characteristics and Reduction of drag torque. engine speed. Hydrodynamic Torque c onverter ~Principle of operation. Chevrolet "Turboglide" Transmission. Panel meters and controls on handle bar. scavenging efficiency. Classification of design ~Engineering materials and their physical properties as applied to design ~Selection of materials ~Factors of safety in design ~Enduran ce limit of materials ~Determination of endurance limit for ductile materials ~N otch sensitivity Principle of design optimization ~Future trends ~CAD Euler's fo rmula ~~Rankine's formula ~Tetmajer's formula ~Johnson formula ~Design of push r ods and eccentricity loaded columns ~Reduction of stress concentration. Fluid coupling ~Principle of operation. Servicing and maintenance. Scavenging pumps. Front and rear brake links lay-outs. Design considerations ~strength of gear teeth ~Lewis equation ~Terminology of ge arsDynamic tooth load ~Design of spur gears ~helical gears ~herringbone gears ~b evel gears and worm gears. Principles of Hydrostat ic drive system. Construction and Working of typical Janny hydrostatic driv e. Chassis and shaft drive. Main frame. Two stroke and four stroke SI engine. Design of journal bearings ~Ball and Roller bearings ~Types of Roller bearings ~ Bearing life ~Static load capacity ~Dynamic load capacity ~Bearing material ~Bou ndary lubrication ~Oil flow and temperature rise. types of thermocouples. Introduction ~Material and design stresses ~Design of axles ~Design of shafts on the basis of strength ~Design of shaft on the basis of rigidity ~Design of holl ow shafts ~Design of close coiled helical spring subjected to axial loading ~Tor sion of helical springs. Hydraulic control syst em for automatic transmission. TOTAL60 PERIODS Problems on performance of automobile ~such as resistance to motion. Disc brakes. Linear measuring instru ments. Constructional details. Principle of operation. vapour pres sure. terminology and measurement errors. liquid in glass. engine power and acceleration. Determination of gear ratios for vehicles. Servicing a nd maintenance. Single. Rotary valve engine. Delivery van and Trailer. merits and demerit s. Gear box and gear controls. Profilogra phs. merits and demerits. Shock absorbers. Polyphase torque converters. High temperature measurement pyrometers. Symmetrical and unsym metrical port timing diagrams. Types of scavenging processes. Tyres and tubes. Comparison of hydrostatic drive wit h hydrodynamic drive. comparators and linear measuring machines. Lu brication system. Spoked wheel.cous air flow meter. Constructional details and Performance charact eristics. Constant mesh gearbox and Synchromesh gearbox. Advantages And limitations. Thermisto rs. Fuel system. principle. its types. Disc types. Advantages and limitations. Converter c oupling Hydrostatic drive ~Various types of hydrostatic systems. Requirement of transmission s ystem.

Turning moment. Criteria of selecting materials for automotive components viz cylinder block. subtraction. . dispersion. Driving for ce. cam. Gas for ce. Nox formatio n and control. Air injector PCV system. global warming. NDIR. types of emission. Heat treatment of steel ~Annealing ~Types. stack. Instruction format ~addressing modes ~instruction set ~Construct of the languag e programming ~Assembly directive ~programs like addition. piston ring. ceramic and polymers in automobile. Determination of gear ratios. body panel ~radiator. me asurement and standards. Piston velocity and acceleration against crank angle. polyphase mixture. FID. bearings. control of evaporative emission. Starting system. ca talytic converters. ROM and RAM. transient operational effects on pollution. SHED Test ~chassis dynamometers. division. Vehicle population assessment in metropolitan cities and contribution to polluti on. Test procedures -ECE. Induction. spring.c ignition System. NOx formation in SI engines. clutch plate. inertia force and resultant force against crank angle. secondary air injection. hardening and tem pering with specific relevance to automotive components. piston. Typical problems on vehicle performance. Anodizing. Pressure volume diagram. Chemiluminescent analyzers. ALU. Connecting rod length to c rank radius ratio. emission standards. Japan. permanent mould casting of piston. pist on rings. fuel modifications. Cy linder head. Gudgeon pin. fibre and texture strengthening ~iron carbon diagram. keyboard ~display. thermal spraying. driving cycles ~USA. Gas Chromatograph. mechanism of HC and CO formation in four stro ke and two stroke SI engines. Electroplating. effects of design and operating variables on emission formation. martensitic precipitation. and liners. Frictional mean effecti ve pressure. smoke meters. effects of design and operating variables on CI engine emissions. Simple I/O ports ~Programmable peripheral interface (8255) ~Interfacing of switc h. brake lining etc. LED's. Engine speed. bearing bushes. Calculation and plotting the curves of Air and Rolling resistances. Euro and India. cam shaft. flame and chemical hardening. Torque and mechanical efficienc y for different vehicle speeds. Engine capacity. Pollutant formation in CI engines. fuel cells. Bore and stroke length. Machining of connecting rods ~crank shafts ~cam shafts ~pistons ~piston pins ~pi ston rings~valves ~front and rear axle housings ~fly wheel ~Honing of cylinder b ores ~Copy turning and profile grinding machines ~Materials and properties. Bussy stems ~Timing and control signals. lookup tables etc. connecting rod. crank shaft. Interrupt feature ~Need for interrupts ~Characteristics and Types of interrupts ~Interrupt structure ~Methods of servi cing interrupts ~Development of interrupt service subroutines ~DMA. cran k case. Elasticity-forms ~Stress and strain relationship in engineering materials ~Defor mation mechanism -Strengthening material ~Strain hardening. chassis. FT P Tests. code conversion. pressur e die casting of carburetor and other small auto parts. Horse poweer. Two stroke engine pollution control. Data acquisitions ~temperature control ~stepper motor control ~engine control ~C asestudies Need ~Analog to Digital and Digital to Analog converter ~selection criteria for ADC/DAC -Interfacing ADC0801~DAC0800. Accel eration and gradability. smoke and particulate emissions in CI engines . 8085 architecture ~Functional block diagram ~pin function ~Registers. alloying. Phosphating. catalysts. Rear axle ratio. multipli cation. Application of non-meta llic materials such as composite. Sand casting of cylinder block and liners ~Centrifugal casting of flywheel. axle. Design of engine. side thrust against crank angle on cylinder wall. EGR. coating of wear and corrosion re sistance. dilution tunnels. Kick starter system. Thermal reactors. Pollutant formation in SI Engines. Types. Two stroke engine pollution. normalising. Color and Aldehyde emissions Noise pollution from automobiles. hard facing and thin film coatings. surface hardening techn iques. effects on human health and environment. gear wheel. engine valve. hot dipping. optimum selection of operating variables for control of emissi ons.

ste ering torque. Zoom all. loft. open loop control of fuel injection and closed loop lambda control ~Integrated engine control system. crank shaft position. OBJECTIVES. Driving force against vehicle speed. round. side wind effects on forces and moments. flow limiter. sections. idle speed control. Drawing Editor. Drawing Aids. thermistor. main. Design details of final drive gearing. Det ermination of bearing loads at Kingpin bearings. Design of Front Axle Beam. rib.Resistance.. AutoCAD to be used Analysis of loads ~moments and stresses at different sections of front axle. Polygon. draft. NOTE: Any one of the 3D MODELING softwares like Pro/E . Power and torque curves. Donut. exhaust oxygen level (two step and linear lambd a). Object selection methods. deceleration fuel cutoff. Design of three speeds and four speed gear boxes. steering position. IGES. fuel level. Design of propeller shaft and types of propeller shaft. Angle measures. CATIA UNIGRAPHICS. L-Jetronic and L H-Jetronic. Working of components like fuel injector. Redo. Electromagnetic compatibility ~EMI Suppressio n techniques ~Electronic dash board instruments ~Onboard diagnosis system. Co-ordinator systems. Determination of optimum dimensions and proportions for steering li nkages ensuring minimum error in steering. Working of the fuel syste m components. Copy. blend. Design of clutch c omponents. Array. Pattern. various types of forces and moments. advanced post injection and retarded post injection. introduction to modern control strateg ies like Fuzzy logic and adaptive control. conversion efficiency versus lambda. Arc. Accel eration and gradability in different gears for a typical car or truck plotted fr om specifications available in Automobile Journals. chamfer Editing~M ove. sweep. acceleration and full load en richment. cam positio n. Shape. Creating a d rawing. STL. mass air flow. layout of gear box constant mesh and synchrono mesh gea r box. jack etc. Entity creation. Gear train calculations. Unity commands. Advantages of electronic ignition systems. Cold start and warm up phases. piezo electric. Pilot. Line input methods. Vehicle drag and types. hot wire. manifold temperature and pressure sensors. Exh aust emission control engineering. noise and emissions in CI engines. ba sed sensors. Hall Effect. Throttle position. Ortho. multi plate and cone clutch. Move. Functi on keys. Group and sequential injection techniques. Editing Co mmands Erase. Design of frame for passe nger and commercial vehicle ~design of leaf springs ~Coil springs and torsion ba r springs. isometric view and dimensioning Introduction to Surface Modeling Introduction to File imp ort. Export ~DXF. Contactless electronic ignition system. Circle~methods. 3D Part Mod eling ~Protrusion. brake pressure. Study of loads ~moments and stresses on frame members. Design details of roller and sprag type of clutches . Formatting of 2D and 3D objects. Elec tronically controlled Unit Injection system. Introduction of Modelling Software. effects of forces and moments. Getting into Auto CAD. STEP 3D Modeling of machine elements like Flanged c oupling. Design details of full floating. rail pressure limiter. Ellipse. Rotat e. Semi-floating and three quarter floating rear shafts and rear axle housings. cut. piezoresistive. Orga nising a Drawing Area Limits. Layout of the common rail fuel inje ction system. Two-Dimensional geometrical construction curves ~Projection of points ~Projection of solids ~Three dimensional views of simple solids. engine temperature. PID control. screw. U. Layout and w orking of SI engine management systems like Bosch Monojetronic. open and closed loop control strategies. Torque capacity of single plate. Look up tables. tire pressure. Fuel injection system parameters affecting combustion. Wheel spindle bearings. Fuel control maps. Scale. Various body op timization techniques for minimum drag. Three way catalytic converter. Types of solid state ig nition systems and their principle of operation. Parameters to be controlled in SI and CI engines. crash. EGR valve. Oops. Point. Grid. knock. Trace. engine and wheel speed.. Mirror. Mirror Assembly~Creating assembly from parts-assembly constrains C onversions of 3D solid model to 2D drawing ~different views. Components for electronic engine management system. IDEAS. Design aspects of final drive. Electronic spark timing control. Menus. wind tunnel testing flow visualization t . fuel pump. Choice of bearings. Inductive.

choi ce of damper characteristics and suspension spring rate. properties of materials. L ight commercial vehicle body types. tractive effort and reactions fo r different drives. power windows. limousine. Selection of paint and painting process. testing. entrance and exit location. modal analysis. recon ditioning methods. forced and damped vibrations. road recognition system. Approximate methods for determining fundamental frequency. two degree of freedom. stability of a vehicle on a curved track. effect of braking. seat belt tightening system. double skin construction . ant i lock braking systems. methods of improving visibility and space in cars. dynamics . Bus body layout. wheel shimmy. transmissibility. minor and major reconditioning of various components. Traffic routing system ~Automated highway systems ~Lane warning system ~Driver I nformation System. tests for visibility. Inspection s chedule. engine location. Speed control ~cylinder cut~off technology. vibration absorber. bounce contr ol. prototype making. modeling and simulation stu dies. different types. double-decker. adaptive noise control. Drivers cab design. tipper body. Holzer method for closed coupled system and branched s ystems. engine assembly. Corrosion. brake by wire ~Adaptive cruise control. cleaning methods. slope and a banked road. Dummies and Instrumentation Active suspension systems. Types of body. tanker body. servicing and maintenance. scale model testing. roll axis and vehic le under the action of side forces. Steel sheet. Regulations. power consumed by a tyre. flat platform. Vision enhancement. forced vibration by matrix inversion. transient effects in cornering.echniques. drop side. thermal management system. Fundamentals of vibration. estate car. driver assistance systems ~Data communication within the car. Airbags. Car body construction. ride characteristics. drivin g torques on steering. log sheets and other forms. effect of camber. Types saloon. racing and sports car. collapsible and tiltable steering column ~steer by wire. mainte . Dunkerleys lower boun d. Conventional and integral type cons truction. calculation of acceleration. plastic. preparation of check lists. safety precautions in maintenance. magnification factor. Body mec hanisms. Veh icle Handling and Ride characteristics of road vehicle. maintenance of records. types of metal sections used. seating dimensions. wheel wobble. timber. steady state cornering. Constructional details frame construction. Load distribution. Anti theft technologies. Dimensions of driver s seat relation to contro ls. Driver conditioning warning ~Route Guidance and Navigation Systems ~In-Vehicle Computing ~Vehicle Diagnostics system ~Hybrid / Electric and Future Cars ~Case s tudies. single decker. floor height. anticorro sion methods. child Lock. Importance of maintenance. crash t ests on full scale model. wheel hop. fixed side. collision warning systems. Types mini bus. preventive (scheduled) and breakdown (unscheduled) ma intenance. initial tests. Dismantling of engine components and cleaning. component balance to measure forces and moments. mult idegree freedom. Rayleighs upper bound. Mechanical and automobile clutch and gear box. requirement and characteristics. number plate coding. design criteria. Steerin g ~power steering. free. Visibi lity regulations. under steer. vehicle suspension in fore and aft direction. types. driver s visibility. Gear shifting control ~Traction / br aking control. single degree of freedom. GRP. yaw. safety equipments for cars. throttle by wire. Closed and far coupled system. model of an automobile. eigen value problems. convertibles. special tools used for maintenance overhauli ng. sprung mass frequency. Components of chassis management system ~role of various sensors and actuators p ertain to chassis system ~construction ~working principle. smart card system. Safety safety design. two level and articulated bus. Requirements. Body trim items. visual and dime nsional inspections. Tyre ~Requirements. pitch. engine tune up. Oversteer. requirements of maintenance. calculation of effectiv e spring rate. orthogonality of mode shape s.

starter mo tor. 38 Newton s laws. Basic of feedback system (block diagram approach) ~Types of feedback amplifier ~ Basic principles of oscillator. radiator. water pump. Interaction of Blood and Lung P-V curve of Lung. Physics of Lung diseases. super charged operation . one and multi zone model for combustion. Bridge rectifier with and without capacitor and pie filter . Blood flow Laminar and Turbulent. Maintenance servicin g of suspension systems. BIOVISCOEL ASTIC FLUID Viscoelasticity ~Viscoelastic models. Exhaust. RESPIRATORY MECHANICS Alveoli mechanics. Clipper~clampers ~voltage multiplier circuits ~Operating point of the bi-polar junction transistor ~Fixed bias circuit ~Transistor on saturation ~Emitter stab ilized Bias Circuit ~Voltage divider bias ~Transistors switching network ~Troubl e shooting the Transistor (In circuit testing)~practical applications. viscosity. velocity and pressure of blood flow. Non~Newtonian fluid. Charging and Combustion Simulation Introduction ~Heat of reaction ~Measurement of URP~Measurement of HRP~Adiabatic flame temperature Complete combustion in C/H/O/N Systems. Maxwell. checking battery. kinetics and kinematics of joints. equilibrium calculations. greasing of parts. Shunt voltage regulator ~Series voltage regulation ~current limiting ~foldback t echnique ~SMPS (Block diagram approach) ~DC to DC converter ~Three terminal IC r egulators (78XX and 79XX) Two port network. valid ation of the computer code. Mechanical properties of blood vessels arteries. RF oscillators ~Heartly and Collpit oscillator ~Crystal oscillator Definition ~Types of power amplifiers ~Class A (series fed ~transformer coupled )~Class B amplifier ~Class-B push-pull amplifier ~Complimentary symmetry type ~C lass-C amplifier ~Heat sinking . checking and servicing of dash board instruments. ignitions system. Door locks and window glass actuating system maintenance. Fault diagnosis and maintenance of modern electronic controls. temperature drop due to fuel vaporization. Response to Harmonic variation. Audio oscillators ~RC phase shift and wein bridg e oscillator. Relationship between di ameter. mechanical properties of bone. Deviation between actual and ideal cycle ~Problems. Rectifiers ~HWR. lubrication of joints. FWR. vascular tree. Testing methods for checking electrical components. Cardiovascular system. calibra tion and tuning of engine for optimum fuel supply. charging systems.nance servicing of propeller shaft and differential system. simulation of engine performance. Vehicle body maintenance. lighting s ystems. computerized alignment a nd wheel balancing. overhauling and maintenance. Wheel alignment. Brake systems. Newtonian fluid. Viscoelastic fluids. Use of viscoelastic models. Strain. full throttle ope ration ~efficiency calculation. mi nor and major repairs. Calculation of adiabatic flame temperature ~Isentropic changes of state. engine performance simulation. Servicing and maintenance of fuel system of different types of vehicles. types and servicing techniques. anticorrosion and antifreeze additives. part-throttle operation. Stress. Resistance against flow. Cooling systems. pressure crank angle diagram and other engine performance. Voigt and Kelvin Mode ls. Bio-Viscoelastic . Intake. Constant volume adiaba tic combustion. different heat release and heat t ransfer models. arteriol es. Mechanical properties of cartilage. constant pressure adiabatic combustion. Breathing m echanism. Steering systems. Airway resistance. Lubrication mainte nance. Physics of cardiova scular diseases. friction calculation. lubricating oil changing. Hooks-law. SI Engines simulation with progressive combustion with gas exchange process. DC generator and alternator. Prosthetic heart valves and replacements. Hea t transfer process. Elasticity. SI engine simulation with ad iabatic combustion. thermostat. Zero. h-parameter model ~small signal analysis of BJT (CE and CC con figurations only) -~high frequency model of BJT ~(CE configuration only) ~small signal analysis of JFET (CSconfiguration only) ~Frequency response of BJT and FE T. capillaries and veins. diffusion properties of Articular cartilage . compression of simulated values. Biasing t he FET transistors ~CMOS devices ~MOSFET handling.

Dynamic and Frictional Losses in Air Ducts. Key Biometric terms and Processes ~Definitions-verification and identification ~ matching. and pulse response of first order systems Transfer function with impedance concept. Pseudo elasticity. function and mechanical properties of skin. Commercial App lications.fluids Protoplasm. System concept. biometrics a nd privacy. thermal storage. system properties ~Resistance. ligaments and tendons. storage. Lea rning the Face Spare. Synovial fluids. Moist air behaviour. Accuracy in Biometric Systems ~False match rate ~False nonmatch rate ~ Failure to enroll rate ~Derived metrics ~An Introduction to Biometric Authentica tion Systems~a taxonomy of application environment. Condensing Units and Cooling Towers. identificat ion of the system from impedance function. endocrinal system. engineering concept in coupled system. Methods for assessin g progress in Face Recognition. Equal Friction Method. Screw Compressors and Scroll Compressors -Construction and Operation characteristics. System Performance. hematocrit. RHEOLOGY OF BLOOD IN MICROVESSELS Fahraeus -Lindquist effect a nd inverse effect. Air Distribution P atterns. Refrigerant Compressors ~Reciprocating Open and Hermetic type. Psychrometric chart. Casson s equation. Components. Simulation of thermal regulation. Components. Alternative Approaches. Facial Scan Strengths and Weaknesses. The Technology~Finger Scan Str engths and Weaknesses. Vapour Compression Refrigeration Cycle-Simple saturated vapour compression Refri geration cycle. compliance. Biometric System Integ ration. Problems associated with extracorp oreal blood flow. temperature . distribution of suspended particles in a narrow rigid tube. Introduction. prediction of performance. NIST Speaker Recognition Evaluation Program. periodic signals. Iris Scan Strengths and Weaknesses. Flooded type Chillers Expansion devices -Automatic Expansion Valves. . Range and Differential settings. Struc ture. Face Recogn ition-Representation and Classification. Anatomical and Physiological underpinnings. Evaporators ~DX coil. Components. Civil Applications. History. Selection an d balancing of system components ~Graphical method.Thermodynamic analysis of the above. protein contents of blood. functioning of receptors. Blood viscosity variation Effect of shear rate. Characteristics of physiological feedback systems. Criminal Applications. Different Psychrometric process analys is. Alternate Refrigerants. Future Directions. stability analysis of systems . relationship betwee n transfer function and sinusoidal response. Technology Evaluation of Fingerprint Verification Algorithms. hematocrit in very narrow tub e. piece-wise l inear approximation. evaluation of transfer function fro m frequency response. Viscoelasticity. Designation. Saliva. Application of Fingerprints. Face Detection. Features and Models. step res ponse of first order systems ~resistance~compliance systems. non-linear stress-strain relationship. Introduction. a system model. Study of transfer function of first order and se cond order systems. Chemical and Rheological properties of blood. Pressure and Temperature controls. Measuring Performance. occu lo motor system. Kernel~based Methods and 3D Models. Introduction. Physical. Global Warming Potential and Ozone Depletin g Potential aspects. I ris Scan Representation and Matching. Addition Method for managing Vari ability. Cooling Load Calculations. Components. example of Transforme d signals. Capillary Tuber and Thermostatic Expansion Valves. electrical analog for compliance. 47 Summer and Winter Airconditioning. Facial Scan Technologies. Refrigerant Classification. Apparent and relative vi scosity. Fan Characteristics in Duct Systems. Mucus. N ature of red blood cells in tightly fitting tubes. Voice Scan Strengths and Weaknesses. Sensing. pressure and flow control in circulation. Transfer functions and its use.

Thermal sensors and actuators~micromachined thermocouple p robe. Memory and I/O Port Addresses. 80186. Silicon piezoresistors. spectro-photometric applications of photo electric transducers. lami nar flow in circular conduits.. strain. phototransistor. micro total analysis systems (MicroTAS) detection a nd measurement methods. equation of motion. materials for MEMS ~active substrate materials~ Silicon and its compounds. photo diodes. pressure and flow measurements. momentum equation. CAD for MEMs. Memory management. Measurement System ~Instrumentation ~Classification and Characteristics of Trans ducers ~Static and Dynamic ~Errors in Measurements ~Calibration ~Primary and sec ondary standards. micropumps -continuous flow system Fundamental principle of MOEMS technology. Priniciples of MRI pulse sequence ~image acquisition and reconstruction techniqu es ~MRI instrumentation. Mechanical sensors and actuator s ~beam and cantilever ~microplates. pho tographic recorder. PMMC writing systems. 5 2 Production of ultrasound ~properties and principles of image formation. LIGA Physics of thermography ~imaging systems ~pyroelectric vidicon camera. thermal recorder. Pentium III. beam splitter. Maxwell. microfluid dispenser. X-Y recorder. Pentium Special Features and Software ch anges. fluid act uation methods. AC and DC Bridges -wheat stone bridge. . magnetic tape recorder. B-mode and M-mode display ~Doppler ultra soun d and colour flow mapping ~applications of diagnostic ultra sound. Data acqui sition and programming using serial interfaces ~PC and microcontroller serial po rts. USB and IEEE 1394. Special 80386 registers. 80486 Microprocessor ~Introduction a nd architecture Functional Units And Interconnection. scintillation counter. clinical thermography ~liquid crystal thermography. Serial port and parallel port programming. Periph eral Interfaces and Controller. Programming enhancements. etching. light modulators. microneedle. grating light valve. microsystem approaches to polymerase chain reaction (PCR ). Plug-in data acquisition and control boards and programming ~ADC. dielectrophoresis. pol ymers. DNA hybridization Fluid dynamics. Microscale fluid. Rectilinear scanners ~linear scanners ~SPECT ~PET. pho toconductive cells. DSO. radio nuclides for imaging ~emission computed CT. optica l switch Mechanics for MEMs design~static bending of thin plates. Spectrum analyzer. Micromachining~photolithography. LCD monitor. fracture and thin film mechanics. quartz. DAC. Peltier effect heat pumps. Drug delivery. Priniciples of sectional imaging ~scanner configuration ~data acquisition system ~image formation principles ~conversion of x-ray data to scan image ~2-D image reconstruction techniques -Iteration and Fourier method ~types of CT scanners. b ulk machining. virtual 8086 mode. Protected mode. piezoactuator. memory paging mechanism. micr olens. continuity equation. CRT ~vertical and horizontal deflection system. thin film deposition. Kelvin. th ermomechanics. light detectors. photovoltaic. Piez oelectric active transducer and biomedical applications as pressure and Ultrasou . Phototube. 80386~Introduction. thermal flow sensors 51 Typical MEMs and Microsystems.mechanical vibration. servo recorders.Pentium Architecture~Memory Management~New Pentium instructions ~Pentium Pro mi croprocessors ~Pentium II. fluid flow in microconduits. digital micromirror devices. New Generation Mother Boards 286 to Pentiu m 4 Bus Interface~ISA~EISA~VESA~PCI~PCIX. capture and display ~principles of A-mode. Photo Multiplier Tube (PMT). Digital I /O board and Timing board. Gamma camera. magnetic gradient system. 80c188EB interfacing. gyr oscope. comparison of photoelectric t ransducers. 80286~Architecture. Digital voltmeter ~Multi meter ~CRO ~block diagram. in submicrometer and nanoscale. RF coils ~receiver system fun ctional MRI ~Application of MRI . Scherring -Preampli fier ~impedance matching circuits ~isolation amplifier. wafer bonding. Hay. Gallium Arsenide. expression for liquid flow in a channel. doping.

ATP . Band pass filtering. inductive transducer. SDS P AGE. impedance. Biosignals characteristics ~frequency and amplitude ranges. biomedical applications of Temperature senso rs. blood cell counter. Spectro photometry. Hormonal regulation. fluorimetry. Ion selective Field effect Transistor (IS FET). flame photometer. Structure. Pass ive types RTD materials and range. oligo and polysaccharides. diffusion. Hormones as chemical messengers General assay of hormones ~Bio assay. EMG. Biochemical sensors ~pH. Classification. sensing elements. ketogenesis and cholesterol metabol ism. Covalent modification . Specificity of Enzyme catalyzed reactions. Two Dimensional Electrophoresis. functions and disorders of thyroi d. Phosp holipids . capacitive transducer. hydrophobic and vanderwaals forces ~Acid. Size exclusion . respiration rate and pulse rate measurements. Types of electrodes ~surface. temperature character istics. chemical assay and immuno assa ys. Electrode-electrolyte interface. polarization effects of electrode ~nonpolarizable electrodes. use of radio i s o t o p e s i n b i o c h e m i s t r y . bipolar and a verage mode. structure and properties of Lipids ~Simple lipids . Electromagnetic and ultrasound blood flow measurement. Blood Pressure indire ct methods ~auscultatory method. nucleotides ~Cyclic AMP . co-enzymes. Active Site. Classification of Enzymes. di . Biological buffers and their significance ~Principle of viscosity ~surface tens ion . spectrophotometer. G eneral characteristics of hormones. adrenal and pancreatic hormones. structure and properties of amino acids and pro teins. Introduction to Metabolism Carbohydrate metabolism. unbounded strain gag e. Transport of lipids Lipoproteins Structure and functions of nucleic acids ~Nucleosides . . Introduction to biochemistry ~Biomolecules. Blood glucose sensors ~Blood gas an alyzers. el ectrode~skin interface. Pressure amplifiers ~systolic. Glycolysis Li pid metabolism fatty acid. Classification. ECG ~Einthoven s tria ngle. biomedical applications. parathyroid. colorimeter. Blo od flow and cardiac output measurement Indicator dilution. unipolar. structure and properties of carbohydrates ~mono. relative resistance vs. standard lead system. automation in clinical laboratory . EEG ~10-20 electrode system. oscillometric method.nd transducer. electron transport and Oxidat ive phosphorylation. Temperature. pituitary. isolation amplifiers ~trans former and optical isolation ~isolated DC amplifier and AC carrier amplifier. differential bio-amplifier ~ right leg driven ECG amplifier. Assay of enzymes. Immunologically sensitive FET (IMFET). biosensors . Regulation Feedback . Allosteric . beta oxidation . Kidney function and kidney function tes ts. Origin of bio potential and its propagation. direct methods electronic manometer. Strain Gauge Gauge factor. thermistor characteristics. electrochemical methods. normal and abnormal constituents of urine and their clinical significance. adsorption. manometry . mean detector circuit. thermal dilution and dye dilution method. structure of water And its importan ce ~Important noncovalent forces ~Hydrogen bonds. Need for bio-amplifier ~single ended bio-amplifier. base and buffers ~pH. ERG and EOG ~unipolar and bipolar mode. Chromatography Prin ciple of adsorption and partition chromatography. half cell potential. Classification. Henderson Hasselbalch equation. Isoelectric focusing . electrostatic. diastolic. glycolipids and steroids . microcalorimetry . Recording problems ~measurement w ith two electrodes. flame photometry. TCA cycle Structure of biological membranes. enzymes in clinical diagnosi s of diseases. configuration. strain gauge as displacement and pressure transducer s force summing devices. needle and m icro electrodes and their equivalent circuits. Ch opper amplifier. osmosis and their applications in biological system s. Ion exchange and affinity chromatography. GTP ~DNA and RNA Liver function and liver function tests. pO2 and pCO2. LVDT. Chemical nature. cyclic GMP . Analytical techniques Principle and applications of electrophoresis ~PAGE. Power line interference. Active type Thermocouple ~characteristics. a uto analyzer (simplified schematic description).

root locus technique. modulators and demodulators ~A ngle modulation ~PM and FM ~PSD. transfer functions. AFB sta in. Electrocardiograph. Intracellular accumulations. edema. Holter Monitor. Hematological disorders-Bleeding disorders. Classification. thrombosis. observation of culture. em bolism. determination of gain margin and phase margin using Bode plot. antigen-antibody techniques. Fluorescent techniques. normal hemostasis. generalized system properties . Phonocardiography. disseminated intravascular coagulation. SSBSC. Frequency Division Multipl exing Measure of information ~Entropy ~Source coding theorem ~Shannon-Fano coding. modeling of electrical systems. LZ Coding~Channel capacity ~Shannon-Hartley law ~Shannon s limit~Erro r control Codes ~Cyclic codes. Leukaemia s. Fungal. translational and rotati onal mechanical systems. Seque ntial and Viterbi decoding Phase shift keying ~BPSK. def inition of stability. Evok ed Potential -Visual. Apoptosis. Epilepsy. modulators and demodulators ~Superheterodyne re ceivers Low pass sampling theorem ~Quantisation ~PAM ~Line coding ~PCM. Rickettsial. Instrumentation for measuring the mechanics of breathing ~Spirometer-Lung Volume . introduction to simulation. Plethysmography. carcinogenesis. Identification of disease producing organisms. shock. Block diagram representation of the muscle stretch reflex. Normal and Abnormal Waves. model of chemical regulation of ventilat ion. protozoal and helmint hic disease. TDMA. use of Nichol s ch art to compute resonance frequency and band width. hypersensitivity disorders. Heart rate monitor. determinatio n of time domain specifications of first and second order systems from its outpu t responses. equalizers PN sequences ~properties ~m-sequence -DSSS -Processing gain. Mendelian disorders. CDMA Linear model of respiratory mechanics. spread of tumours. Syndrome calculation ~Convolutional Coding. dark fie ld microscopy. Lymphomas. Multi channel EEG recording system. definition of dominant poles and relative stability . AC and DC Defibrillator~Internal and E xternal. Frequency response. infarction. difference between en gineering and physiological control systems. Step and Impulse responses of first order and second order systems. Terminology and basic structure of control system. Autosomal and X linked disorders. definition of gain margin and phase margin. electromechanical systems. Amplitude Modulation ~AM. Microscopy Light microscopy. MEG (Magneto Encephalon Graph) . Channel Vocoder. Gram stain. Viral diseas e. linear model of muscle mechanics. block diagram and signal flo w graph representation of systems. reduction of block diagram and signal flow graph. VSB ~PSD.Bacterial. Mutations. model of regulation of cardiac output. Benign and Mali gnant tumours. DPSK. Huf fman Coding. Routh-Hurwitz criteria of stability. Neoplasia. QPSK ~Principles of M-ary signaling M-ary PSK An d QAM ~Comparison. types of immun e response. example of a closed loop syst em. ISI ~Pulse shaping ~Duo binary encoding ~Cosine filters ~Eye pattern. Pathological c alcification. DM. Bode plot. Chlamydial . ADPCM and ADM. conversion of block diagram to signal flow gr aph.~Time Division Multiplexing. Auditory and Somatosensory. Jamming ~FHSS -Sync hronisation and tracking ~Multiple Access ~FDMA. Mycoplasma. construction of root locus and study of stability. Nyquist stability criterion. phase contrast microscopy. simple stain. fluorescence and electron microscopy. mo del of Neuromuscular reflex motion. DSBSC. Cardiac Pacemaker~I nternal and External Pacemaker-Batteries.EEG Bio Feedback Instrumentation. mod els with combination of system elements. Nyquist plot and determination of closed loop stability. DPCM. Clinical significance of EEG. cellular adaptations of growth and differentiation. definition of steady state error constants and its computation. Arrhythmia Si mulator. Inflammation a nd Repair including fracture healing. General Structural Organisation of bacterial and viral cell~growth and identific ation of bacteria. Immune deficiency syndrome.Cell injury and Necrosis.

polyamides. power supply. Timing diagrams. medical applications. Ti-based alloys. aluminum oxides. storage phosphor and film Scanning. Sensor Inte rfacing. Training Guidelines ~ Methods of Training ~Evaluation of Training ~Leadership grooming and Training. ISDN. Architecture of 8051 Microcontroller~Instruction Set ~Assembly Language Programm ing ~Branching. Digital Radiography ~discrete digital detectors. ceramic implant materials. Macros. Electro occulo graph. Whole body plethysmography. surgical tapes. Programming 8051 ~Timers. Challenges in Hospital Administration ~Hospital Planning ~Equipment Planning ~Functional Planning. hard tissue replacement implants. pneumotachometer ~Airway r esistance measurement. DAC Interface. 26 Distinction between Hospital and Industry. Purposes ~Planning of Communication. [ Artificial Heart. Percutaneous and sk in implants. high strength thermopla stics. Interrupts Interfacing with External Memory and C programming for 8051. Assembler Dir ectives~Interrupts and Interrupt Applications. Radio Frequency coils (sendin g and receiving). RT C Interfacing using I2C Standard. Strings. Pu blic Address and Piped Music ~CCTV. adhesive. Motor Control. PWM. Tim e controlled. Intra-Alveolar and Thoracic p ressure measurements. the collimator. Bucky Grid. Arti ficial Kidney ( Dialyser membrane) . keyboard display controller (8279). generation of Gradient magnetic Fields . Introduction to 8087 ~Archi tecture. X-Ray Equipment (Block Diag ram) ~X-ray Tube. Washing machine. hydroxyapatite glass ceramics carbon s. Programmable Timer Controller (8254). joint replacements. Audiometer-Pure tone. Principles of HRM ~Functions of HRM ~Profile of HRD Manager ~Tools of HRD ~Human Resource Inventory ~Manpower Planning. Modes of Communication ~Telephone. AD C. Nerve conduction veloci ty measurement. mechanical properties. Programmable interrupt c ontroller (8259). co-based alloys. Volume. Nature of X-Rays ~X-ray Absorption ~Tissue Contrast. Speech. recording and analysis of EMG waveforms. Design and interfacing ~LED. maxillofacial augmentation. Electro retinograph. Types of Ventilators ~Pressure. Acryrilic polymers. Addressing Modes. 8085 ~Functional Block Diagram~Description ~Addressing Modes. Apnea Monitor. P romotion ~Transfer. Definition and classification of bio-materials. Polymerization. Fundamentals of Magnetic Resonance~Interaction of nuclei with static Magnetic Fi eld and Radio frequency wave ~Rotation and Precession -induction of a magnetic r esonance signal ~bulk Magnetization ~Relaxation Processes T1 and T2. stainless steels. Programmable Peripheral Interface (8255). Security ~Loss Prevention ~Fire Safety ~Alar m System ~Safety Rules. Dental Implants. medical applications. Selection. Cine angiography. Procedures. DC. Soft-tissue replacements. Bio polymers Collagen and Elastin. nerve stimulators. galvanic skin resistance(GSR). Artificial lung (oxygenateor). Recruitment.and vital capacity. Humidifiers. X-Ray Image int ensifier tubes ~Fluoroscopy ~Digital Fluoroscopy. Muscle stimulators. Electronic components. sutures. I/O and ALU Instructions. rubbers. DAC. Relay. fatigue characteristics . LCD And Keyboard Interfacing. Nebulizers. Serial Port. Block diagr am approach of MRI system~System Magnet (Permanent. Stepper Motor M ultichannel biomedical data acquisition system. Serial Communication Interface (8251). Patient Cycle Ventilators. Prosthetic Cardiac Valves. blood compatibility. Medical Records Department ~Central Sterilization and Supply Department ~Pharmac y ~Food Services ~Laundry Services. Sliding theory of contraction. visco ela sticity. internal fracture fixation devices. 25 Different Departments of Hospital. Flow. . ADC. Angiography. 8 086~Architecture. EGG (Electrogastrograp h). Psycho Physiological Measurements ~for testing sensory Responses. Instruction set. EMG Bio Feedback Instrumentation. measurements of residual volume. Simple Assembly Language Programming. blood interfacing implants. Inhalato rs. Metallic implant materials. wound-healing process. body response to implants. Electromagnet and super cond uctors) . Shim coils. External Memory Interface Traffic light controller.

ionization Chambers. Multithreading. Dynamics and analysis of human locomotion ~Gait analysis (determination of insta ntaneous joint reaction analysis). XML. Electro s urgery machine ~Current waveforms. kernels. Heart valves. beta and gamma radiations. Central consoling control s. dynamics o f fluid filled catheters. Phot o multiplier tube. Web site and web page d esign. Electro surgical current le vel.NE T Web Design case studies ~Design and development of Dynamic Hospital Information System Web sites using Macromedia Dreamweaver. Protection equipment design. determination of in-vivo elasticity of blood vessel. betatron. Classes. HTML. generalized delta rule. Java Servelets and Javaserver pages. Principles of Cryogenic technique and ap plication. HL7 Standards. Collimator. 31 Physiological effects of electricity ~important susceptibility parameters ~Macro shock ~Micro shock hazards ~Patient s electrical environment ~Isolated Power syst em ~Conductive surfaces ~Electrical safety codes and standards ~Basic Approaches to protection against shock.Digital Subtraction Angiography. Object method serialization. Mechanical properties of cartilage. Tissue Responses. Web browsers Netscape. abdomen. bed side monitors. Pulse height Analyzer. disc type and membrane type oxygenators. non parametric density estimation. Thermo luminescent dosimeters ~Electronic dosimeter~ICRPregulation. kinetics and kinematics of joints. Endoscopy. roller pump. Principles of SPECT and PET. Spiral CT Scanning ~Ultra fa st CT Scanners~X-Ray Sources ~Collimation ~X-Ray Detectors ~Viewing System. obstetr ics and gynaecology. ultrasonic diathermy. film Badges. Functions. Mammography. Internet explorer. Radio pharmaceuticals. Hemo Dialyser unit . mechanics of bone structure. Control statements. electronic monitoring of functional param eter. Scope of mechanics in medicine. Biofluid mechanics. occupant response to vehicular vibration. Application of ultrasound as diagnostic tool ~Echocardiogram. Need for heart lung machine. Radia tion Protection in Medicine ~Radiation Protection principles. Bidirectional Associative mem ory. Cesium and Cobalt Therapy. finger pump. power developed by the heart. DBI and ADO. Arrays and Objects. win . mechanical properties of bone. Infusion pumps. Short wave diathermy. XML. Mathematical models ~pulse wave velocit ies in arteries. Practical reduction of dose to staff and visitors. DICOM standards. 29 Principles of Tomography ~First to Fourth generation scanners ~Image reconstruct ion technique~Back projection and Iterative method. functioning of bubble. Object and methods. proportional counter. Back propogation network. ophthalmology. Overview of class library. GM counter an d Scintillation Detectors. Constitutive equa tions for soft tissues. dynamics of fluid flow in cardiovascular system and effe ct of vibration ~shear stresses in extra-corporeal circuits. Web Servers. IR and UV lamp and its application. prosthetic valves. Radio Telemetry (single. Radiation measurin g instruments-Dosimeter. Gamma Camera~Principle of operation. Mec hanics of knee joint during standing and walking. Hopfield network Bayesian classifier. Java. Microwave diathermy. MYSQL. Remote method invocation. Lithotripsy. Programmin g Techniques. 30 Introduction to Finite Element Analysis. Laproscopy. Micromedia Dream Weaver. diffusion properties of articular cartilage. Introduction.Radiation detectors ~Gas Filled. Electrical safety ana lyzer ~Testing the Electric system HTTP protocol. multi). Sub-classing and dynamic binding . Radiation therapy-Linear accelerator. Javascript. B and M mode . histograms. Lubrication o f joints. Applic ations in ECG and EEG Transmission. CSS. Thermography ~Recording and clinical applica tion. Dynamic HTML. determination of in -vivo elastic modulus. X-Y Positioning Circuit. Databases ~SQL. Language features. ICU/CCU Equipments. display techniques A. Radio isotopes~alpha. Portable and Landline Telemetry unit. Diagnosis Basic principles of Echo technique. flow properties of blood.

Learning Vector Quantisation. solid state detectors. Scattering. ultrasound imaging ultras onography-computed X-ray tomography. solid state LEDs. semester networks . Doppler optical coherence tomography . optical filter s. Laser in tissue welding. estimation of error rates. biases and thresholds. Refraction. time resolved and phase resolved detectors. cross girders and main girders ~Design of deck type steel highway bridges for IRC loading ~Design of main girders ~Design of pratt type truss girder highway bridges ~Design of top chord. Computerized prescriptions for patients. Functional capabilities of a computerized HIS. Application towards clinical imaging. EEG and EM G. Health Informatics ~Medical Informatics. Kohonen Self organising map. Perceptron. Computer assisted surgery . 45 Design of prestressed concrete bridges ~Preliminary dimensions ~Flexural and tor sional parameters ~Courbon s theory ~Distribution coefficient by exact analysis ~D esign of girder section ~Maximum and minimum prestressing forces ~Eccentricity ~ Live load and dead load shear forces ~Cable zone in girder ~Check for stresses a t various sections ~Check for diagonal tension ~Diaphragms ~End block ~Short ter m and long term deflections. training and learning in pattern recognition. Unsupervised learning~hiera rchical clustering. Clinical information system. Dialogue with the computer. Intelligent Laboratory Information System ~Computerized ECG. Design of plate girder railway bridges for railway loading ~Wind effects ~Design of web and flange plates ~Vertical and horizontal stiffeners ~Web and flange sp licing. decisions analysis in clinical medicine-c omputers in the care of critical patients-computer assisted surgery-designing Virtual reality applications in medicine. absorption. urology. fluorescence. compu ter assisted instrumentation in Medical Informatics ~Computer assisted patient e ducation and health ~Medical education and health care information. Surgical s imulation . Telemedicine ~Tele surgery. cytology and hi stology. k-nearest neighbour classifier . lasers in dermatology. Components and functionality of CPR. Types of Bridges ~Design of solid slab bridges for IRC loading ~Design of kerb ~ Design of tee beam bridges ~Design of panel and cantilever for IRC loading ~Desi . Computer -assisted decision support system-production rule syst emcognitive model. Expert system ~Gener al model of CMD. Elementary neurophysiology and biological neural network-Artificial neural netwo rk ~Architecture. Light interaction with tissues. speckles. partitional clustering. Neural pattern recognition approach ~perceptron model Automated clinical laboratories-Automated methods in hematology. Radiation therapy and planning. Hebb net. Patterns and features. Hospital management and inf ormation system. Lasers. otolary ngology. Adaline and Madal ine. Design of through type steel highway bridges for IRC loading ~Design of stringer s. Computer assisted medical imaging~nuclear medicine. fluore scent spectroscopy. tissue pr operties. e-health service s. computer aids for the handicapped. lasers in ophthalmology. scattering and emission measurements. different types of pattern recognition. Nuclear Mag netic Resonance Introduction ~History taking by computer. Elastography. in vitro clinical diagnosis. Instrumentation for absorption. polarizer. Development tools. bottom chord. photodynamic therapy Optical coherence tomography. excitation light sources ~high pressure arc lamp. discriminan t functions. light transport inside the tissue. Near field imaging of biological structures. Design of Aqueducts and Syphon Aqueducts ~Design of Box Culverts. Intranet. Bioinformatics 35 Neuro computers and Artificial Neural Networks application. CPRin Radiology~Applicat ion server provider. counter propogation n etwork. Introduction ~Structure of Medical Informatics -Internet and Medicine -Security issues Computer based medical information retrieval.dow estimators. optothermal interaction. web members ~Effect of repeated load ing.

Mortar repair for cracks. wear. vacuum concre te.. ~Importance of avoidance of progressive collapse. Progressive collapse ~Codal provisions ~Equivalent design loads for considering abnormal effects such as earthquakes. Gunite and Shotcrete. concrete chemicals. Quality assurance for concrete construction concrete properties~strength. ~Effects due to climate. Design of square bunker ~Side walls ~Hopper bottom ~Top and bottom edge beams ~D esign of Cylindrical silo wall portion ~Design of conical hopper ~Ring beam at j . corrosion resistant steels. Engineered demolition techniques for dilapidated structures ~case studies Maintenance. thermal properties and cracking. Fibre reinforced concrete. importance of Mai ntenance various aspects of Inspection. Methods of corrosion protection. ferro cement. Rust eliminators and polymers coati ng for rebars during repair. permea bility. Assessment procedure for evaluating a da maged structure. 47 Graphic Software ~Graphic primitives ~Transformations ~2 Dimensional and 3Dimens ional transformations ~Concatenation ~Wire frame modeling and solid modeling ~Gr aphic standards ~Drafting packages ~Auto CAD. coatings and cathodic protection. Deflection. corrosion ~design and construction errors ~Effects of cover thickness and cracking Repairs to overcome low member strength. temperature. Fundamentals of finite element analysis ~Concepts of finite elements ~Principles of structural analysis ~Stiffness matrix formulation ~Variational Method ~Weigh ted residual method ~Problems ~Conditions of convergence of functions ~Analysis packages and applications. sulphur infiltrated concre te. Expansive cement. Cracking. Need for prefabrication ~Principles ~Materials ~Modular co-ordination ~Standardi zation ~Systems Production ~Transportation ~Erection. mortar and dry pack. Epoxy injection. Design of Square bunker ~Jansen s and Airy s theories ~IS codal provisions ~Design o f side plates ~Stiffeners ~Hopper ~Longitudinal beams ~Design of cylindrical sil o ~Side plates ~Ring girder ~Stiffeners. Special concretes and mortar. Disuniting of structures ~Design of cross section based on efficiency of materia l used ~Problems in design because of joint flexibility ~Allowance for joint def ormation. Design of rectangular riveted steel water tank ~Tee covers ~Plates ~Stays ~Longi tudinal and transverse beams ~Design of Staging ~Base plates ~Foundation and anc hor bolts ~Design of pressed steel water tank ~Design of stays ~Joints ~Design o f hemispherical bottom water tank ~Side plates ~Bottom plates ~Joints ~Ring gird er ~Design of staging. leakage and marine exposure. polymer concrete. foamed concrete. Facets of Maintenance. corrosion inhibitors. c hemicals. cyclones etc. Introduction to artificial intelligence ~Knowledge based expert systems ~Rules a nd decision tables ~Inference mechanisms ~simple applications Principles of design of steel and RC structures ~Beams and Columns ~Application s to simple design problems ~Optimization techniques ~Algorithms ~Linear program ming. repair and rehabilitation. shoring and underpinning. Fundamentals of CAD ~Software requirements ~Hardware components in CAD system ~D esign process ~Applications and benefits. weathering corrosion. special elements for accelerat ed strength gain. Chemical disrupti on. causes of deterioration. 48 Design of circular tanks ~Hinged and Fixed at the base IS method of calculating shear forces and moments ~Hoop tension ~Design of intze tank ~Dome ~Ring girders ~Conical dome ~Staging ~Bracings ~Design of rectangular tanks ~Approximate meth od and IS methods ~Design of under ground tanks ~Design of base slab and side wa ll ~Check for uplift. 46 Joints for different structural connections ~Dimensions and detailing ~Design of expansion joints~Jointing Materials. fire.gn of tee beams ~Courbon s theory ~Pigeaud s curves ~Design of balanced cantilever b ridges ~Deck slab ~Main girder ~Design of cantilever ~Design of articulation Behaviour of structural components ~Large panel constructions ~Construction of r oof and floor slabs Wall panels ~Columns ~Shear walls.

Design of anchorage zone reinforcement ~Limit state design crite ria ~Partial prestressing ~Applications. Prestressed concrete bridges ~Gener al aspects ~pretensioned prestressed bridge decks ~Post tensioned prestressed br idge decks ~Advantages over R. Wind Tu nnel Experimental methods. wind energy and turbulence. Self Compacting Concrete. various boundary conditions. Light weight concrete. Fibre Reinforced Concrete. Losses of prestress ~factors affecting the losses of prestress. Bunkers and Silo s. sleepers. poles. Computerized 3D analysis. Spherical dome. Temperature Effec ts and Fire Resistance. Gravity Loading ~Dead load. Wind resistant design by Indian Codes and other International Codes of Practice. tall buildings. Factors affecting the growth. separation. Materials ~Modern concepts ~High Performance Concrete. Case studies . Continuity and Navier-Stokes equations. Combination of Loads. Conical shell and ellipsoid of revolution ~Shells of translation ~Cylindrical shell and Hyperbolic parabolid. Modeling for approximate analysis. Design of various types of foundation like isolated. Shear walls. Analysis for member forces. towers and bridges. A nalysis of structures as an integral unit. drift and twist. Tubular. Design for differential movement. spectral distribut . Design wind velocities. Impact load. Analysis for stresses ~Estimation of deflections ~Flexural and shear strength of composite members ~Differential Shrinkage ~Shrinkage induced stresses. Creep and Shrinkage effects. Bluff bodies aerodynamics. codal provisions. Design Philosophy. wake. height and structural form. Live load. Galloping and flutt er Chimneys. Hybrid systems. combined and raft foundatio n for a Water tanks. Conical shell and cylindrical shell. Outrigger braced. Shells of revolution ~Spherical dome. Evaluation of frequency of vibration of struct ures Applications to design. Wind Loading ~Static and Dynamic Approach. Analytical method. Sequentia l loading. Classification of shells ~Types of shells ~Structural action. Rigid Frames. Industrial roofs ~Crane girders ~Mills buildings ~Chimney. bridges ~Principles of design only Classification of industries and industrial structures ~General requirements of various industries ~Planning and layout of buildings and components. Buffeting and ovalling. Coupled Shear walls. peak and hourly mean wind speeds. Laterally loaded thin plates ~Governing differential equation. Wall ~Fr ames. Rigid and flexible structures. Construction load. in filled frames. Earthquake Loading ~Equivalent lateral Load analysis.C. ideal flow. Basic concepts ~Advantages ~Materials required ~Systems and methods of prestress ing ~Analysis of sections ~Stress concept ~Strength concept ~Load balancing conc ept ~Effect of loading on the tensile stresses in tendons 51 Flexural strength ~Simplified procedures as per codes ~strain compatibility meth od ~Basic concepts in selection of cross section for bending ~stress distributio n in end block. Accurate analysis and reduction techniques. vortex shedding flow pa st circular and rectangular objects. Ana lytical procedures for along wind and across wind forces. atmospheric pressure and gradient wind. Simply supported rectangular plates ~Navier solution and Levy's method ~Loading. Deflections of p restressed concrete members ~Factors influencing deflections -Effect on tendon p rofile on deflections. Response Spectrum Method.unction. Lighting ~Ventilation Lighting ~Illumination levels ~Characteristics of Good lig hting ~Principles of day lighting design ~Artificial lighting ~Ventilation ~Natu ral and Mechanical Ventilation ~Evaporate cooling design ~Measurement ~Contamina nt control ~Installation and Operation ~Acoustics ~Fire safety ~Guidelines from factories act. Principles of prefabrication ~Pretressed precast roof trusses Silos and bunkers ~Principles of Design of Chimney. Short term and long term ~deflections Prestressed concrete tanks. Behaviour of Braced fr ames.

similarity laws. turbulence and force measurements and related instrumentation. Analytical-Analog models~model of a aquifer~finite difference approximation~Intr oduction to Finite element technique to solve Ground water flow equationcontamin ant transport model using Visual Modflow software. Applications of shape memory alloys. pressure. Actuation of structural comp onents. Fiber optic strain sensors. App lications of ER and MR fluids. Darcy s law and permeab ility ~Methods of Estimation ~Ground water table fluctuation and its interpretat ions ~Type of aquifers ~Groundwater development and Potential in India ~GECnorms . Aero-elastic models Characteristics of natural structures. Biomimetic sensing. Applications of optical fibers Parallel damped vibration absorber. Active structures in practice. Shape Memory Alloys. evaluation and processing ~project appraisal ~public involvement. Mechanisms and Properties. v ibration control. Optimal control and Di gital control. movement and quality ~Water quality standards ~S aline intrusion -Environmental concern. Generalised Coordinates~Interpolation and shape functions ~Bar and Truss element s~Equation formulation ~Assembly ~Introduction of Boundary Conditions ~Penalty f unction approach ~Identification with matrix methods. Modelling~Continuum and Discrete Domains ~Boundary value problem ~Approximate So lutions ~Variational and Weighted Residual Formulations ~Ritz formulation ~Intro duction to finite domains and finite elements. Active vibrat ion. Absorptive chemical sensors. Standard packages and their features. Gyroscopic vibration absorber. Piezoelectric properties. Biomimetic structural design. Need for Management Model ~Database for groundwater management -groundwater bala nce study ~Introduction to Mathematical model ~Conjunctive use ~Collector well a nd Infiltration gallery. Wall effec ts. Concept of Isoparametric elements ~Working with shape functions ~Numerical integ ration in one and two dimensions. . Plane stress and plane strain problems ~heat transfer problems ~Solution techniq ues. Fiber Optics. Anal ytical approach Piezoelectric Materials . Control strategies and limitations. Classical control. Embedded actuators. Modern control. vel ocity. types of wind tunnels. ma ster Comprehensive and integrated planning of water resources project. classificati on of control systems. absorber. Artificial recharge techniques ~Remediation of Saline intrusion-Ground water man agement studies ~Ground water Pollution and legislation. Basic principles ~Methodology and Philosophy ~Model development ~input and outpu ts ~Deterministic simulation ~simple applications Collection. Wind tunnel studies. Operation research an introduction ~Problem Formulation-graphical solution~Simpl ex method ~Sensitivity analysis ~simple applications Optimality criteria Stage coach problem ~Bellman s optimality criteria Problem for mulation and Solution ~simple applications Philosophy of modelling ~Goals and OBJECTIVES ~Basics of system analysis concept ~scopes and steps in systems engineering. OBJECTIVES of Groundwater hydraulics ~Groundwater equation ~steady state flow ~D upuit Forchheimer assumption ~Unsteady state flow ~Thies method ~Jacob method ~I mage well theory ~Partial penetrations of wells. Spectroscopes Control modeling of structures. Chemical and biochemical sensing in structural assessment. Ground water chemistry ~Origin. Modeling requirements. Introduction ~Water bearing Properties of Rock ~Properties of aquifer ~Transmiss ivity and storage coefficient ~Problems in Specific yield. Electrorheological and magnetorheological fluids. Fiber characteristics. Vibration Characteristics of mistuned systems. Minimum Potential Energy Theorems ~Principle of virtual work ~Generalised finite element formulation ~Beam element ~Two dimensional elements ~Triangular and Rec tangular elements ~Axisymmetric elements ~Higher order elements.ion and boundary layer. Constitutive modeling of the shape memory effect. Challenges and opportunities for Biomimetics. Applications.

Water user association ~Activities in irrigation management ~User roles in irrig ation management ~Irrigation groups ~Supporting farmer organization and particip ation ~Experimentation. Sociology ~Basic concept ~Perspectives of sociology ~social system ~Sociologica l Understanding. industrial sectors ~User roles in participatory management ~Participation of women ~Incentives for participation. Impact of land use changes in basin morphology ~impact of watershed changes an q ualities and quantities Impact of land use changes in basin morphology ~impact of watershed changes an q ualities and quantities Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) Definition ~Principles~Approaches~G lobal issues ~food securities Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) Definition ~Principles~Approaches~G lobal issues ~food securities River basin concept -Multisectoral use~Water shed topology ~Stream network ~Drai nage density -problem ~Effect of reservoir on watershed /river regime ~river tra ining measure ~Reservoir sedimentation and measures. phasing and flexibility ~Bureaucratic reorientation ~Irr igation management transfer. Water user association ~Activities in irrigation management ~User roles in irrig ation management ~Irrigation groups ~Supporting farmer organization and particip . Sociology ~Basic concept ~Perspectives of sociology ~social system ~Sociologica l Understanding.Basics of optimization ~OBJECTIVES of model~linear decision rule with applicatio ns ~concepts of probability and transitional probability~optimization through Ge netic algorithm~Fuzzy logic concepts~case studies Over land flow~time of concentration~isochrone~time area diagram~hydraulic routi ngkinematics wave model -HECModels~case studies Role of models in water resources engineering ~basic concept of model study~Plan ning model ~operational model~elements on hydraulic models~Elements of hydrologi c models Stream network model~basic concepts of basin simulation~single and multipurpose reservoir operation model (MITSIM) ~Storm water management model Eco restoration ~Watershed management strategies ~Wetlands ~Legal and regulator y setting ~Public Private Participation ~PPPOBJECTIVES ~Processes ~Links between PPPand IWRM ~Tamilnadu Farmers Management of Irrigation System (TNFMIS) Act Eco restoration ~Watershed management strategies ~Wetlands ~Legal and regulator y setting ~Public Private Participation ~PPPOBJECTIVES ~Processes ~Links between PPPand IWRM. Participatory approach ~Necessity ~OBJECTIVES of participation ~Kinds of partici pation ~Resource mobilization ~Sustained system performance ~Conflict management ~Context of participation. Economic view of water issues ~Economic characteristics of water as good and ser vices ~Policy operation for water conservation and sustainable issue ~pricing. irrigation. Cost of participation ~Benefits of participation ~Multiple use of water ~Partici pation in domestic. River basin concept -Multi-sectoral use~Watershed topology ~Stream network ~Drai nage density -problem ~Effect of reservoir on watershed /river regime ~river tra ining measure ~Reservoir sedimentation and measures. Membership and decision making ~Leadership and responsibilities ~Development str ategy ~Channels for implementation ~Improving agency relations ~Technical co-ope ration ~Special roles. irrigation. factors in the environment. Cost of participation ~Benefits of participation ~Multiple use of water ~Partici pation in domestic. industrial sectors ~User roles in participatory management ~Participation of women ~Incentives for participation. Economic view of water issues ~Economic characteristics of water as good and ser vices ~Policy operation for water conservation and sustainable issue ~Water budg eting-Auditing~Pricing. Membership and decision making ~Leadership and responsibilities ~Development str ategy ~Channels for implementation ~Improving agency relations ~Technical cooper ation ~Special roles.

General aspects of selection and design ~Piers. IRT and RRT systems ~Planning of rail terminals ~Fa re policy _ unified traffic and transport authority. TOTAL45 PERIODS Elements of harbours ~Types of harbours ~Size and shape of harbours ~Planning of harbours and ports ~Choice of site ~Estimating the traffic ~Turning basin. Capacity of Rotary intersection and Design ~Capacity of signalized intersections ~Traffic signals. causes. quay walls. Road accidents ~Causes. warrants. health effects and abat ement measures. and cost ~street lighting ~Traffic a nd environment hazards ~Air and Noise Pollution. traffic signals and markings and en forcement.ation ~Experimentation. journey time and delay surveys ~Vehicle Volume Survey ~M ethods and interpretation ~Origin Destination Survey ~Methods and presentation ~ Parking Survey ~Methods. effect. do lphins. Watershed programmes ~factors affecting watershed management ~planning of waters hed works ~watershed water resources ~watershed management practices. Railway. Preparation of alternative plans ~Evaluation techniques ~Economic and financial evaluation ~Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) ~Case studies Area Traffic Management System ~One way street system. Public transport. tr ansport facilities and planning parameters. wharves. Types of break waters and factors determining their selection ~Location. Wind characteristics ~Tide producing forces ~Tidal theories ~Types of ocean curr ents ~Littoral drift ~Coastal erosion and protection works. design and construction of various types of break waters ~Dredging ~OBJECT IVES. Road Building. exclusive traffic lanes. Airways and Waterways Projects Elements of EIA ~Screening and Scoping ~Methods of Impact Analysis ~Applications . fenders and moorings. Physical Traffic Management Transport System Manag ement (TSM) and Transport Demand Management (TDM) . Coastal shipping ~Inland navigation ~Container transportation ~Environmental con cerns in port construction ~Coastal regulation zones ~Navigational aids. trestle. tidal flow operation. prevention. type ~Design and coordination ~Traffic regulation p rinciples and enforcement ~Traffic controls. phasing and flexibility -Bureaucratic reorientation-Irri gation management transfer. Soil erosion ~Types of soil erosion ~Controlling soil erosion ~Soil erosion by w ind and water ~soil conservation practices ~vegetative practices ~mechanical pra ctices ~erosion control in torrents and gullies ~soil loss estimation models. Characteristics of bus transportation in urban areas ~Fare policy ~route plannin g ~Planning of terminals ~Break even point and its relevance. entrance channel ~Site investigation. lock and lock gates ~Dry and wet d ocks ~Transit sheds and ware houses. appr oach channel. types and equipments. arrange ment. staggering of work hours and road pricing ~Non road pricin g options _ Parking charges. Importance of planning and integrated transport facilities in urban areas ~Delin eation of study area and zoning ~Conducting various surveys ~Travel patterns. Basics of trip generation ~Trip distribution ~Trip assignment and modal split mo dels~Validation of the model. EIA Case Studies on Highway. interpretation and presentation ~Statistical applicatio ns in traffic studies and traffic forecasting ~level of service ~Concept. moles. Subsidies. Need for water conservation ~water conservation measures ~water harvesting ~prin ciple and techniques ~flood water harvesting. Vehicle License fees. Characteristics of suburban. Joint forest management ~Grass land farming and management ~Range and pastures ~ Grazing practices ~Wasteland development. Watershed ~concept ~classification ~characteristics~History of erosion ~Erosion problems of India ~Approaches to soil and water conservation. Road Characteristics ~Classification ~Functions and standards ~Road user charact eristics ~PIEV theory ~Vehicle ~Performance characteristics ~Fundamentals of Tra ffic Flow ~Urban Traffic problems in India Traffic Surveys ~Speed. Permit system. applic ation and significance. jetties.

. cross slope etc. indigenous people. noise. Methods of EIA ~Strengths. Environmental Impact of Transportation Projects. Environmental Impact Assessme nt (EIA). noise. Highways and bridges. Types and selection of cement for Pavement Quality Co ncrete (PQC) ~Use of admixtures and fibers in PQC 69 EIA case studies for new and expansion projects~New Township. air. health and safety. Ports and Harbour. Stresses and deflection in flexible pavements ~Design of flexible pavements usi ng IRC method KENLAYER applications. land. Plan for mitigation of adverse impact on environment ~options for mitigation of . Methods of Categorization of industries for EIA ~Elements of EIA ~Process screen ing. Railways. Theory. Energy Conservation. health. Irrigation pr ojects. UNITIV ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION AND MANAGEMENT PLAN 10 Mitigation of the impa ct on natural and man-made Environment. EIA Gui delines for Transportation Project.~Appropriate Methodology Environmental Inventory. weaknesses and applicability ~appropriate method ology solution. Practice and C ase studies Writing Programs for Drawing Graphics Elements like Point. Airport. energy studies. Line. land. Environmental Assessment. CRRI and HDM models~Compute r applications Design of Highway Geometric Elements ~Carriageway. Properties and tests on modified bitumen and bitumen emulsion ~IS requirements ~ advantages Geo synthetics. Power plants. wastewater treatme nt plants. Dams. Methods to re duce global warming Framework for pavement design ~Design OBJECTIVES and constraints ~Basic structur al response models ~Characterization of physical design inputs ~generating alter native pavement design ~Economic evaluation of alternative design ~Analysis of a lternative design strategies ~Selection of optimal design strategy General concepts -Economic and functional evaluation ~Evaluation of pavement per formance -Evaluation of structural capacity ~Pavement distresses ~Condition surv eys ~Safety evaluation Historical background ~General nature and applicability of systems methodology ~ Basic components of Pavement Management System ~Planning pavement investments Repair of pavement defects ~Maintenance of flexible and rigid pavements~Bitumino us and cement concrete overlays ~System analysis Techniques for developing prediction models ~AASHTO. public participation. Marshall method of mix design for dense bituminous mixes ~Super pave concepts ~I RC guidelines and SHRPrecommendations ~Principles of concrete mix design for pav ements ~IRC method -recommendations. Impact of Development on Environment and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) a nd Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) ~OBJECTIVES ~Historical development ~EIA Types ~EIA in project cycle ~capacity and limitations ~Legal provisions on EIA ~Environmental Impact Assessment Notifications ~Environmental Impact Assessment Consultants ~Selection And Registration Criteria. air. water. Environmental Management Plan. shoulders. Need for EIA. Socio-economic impact. acquisition and resettlement. IRC guideline s. Highway Alignment ~Practical exercise Pavement Surface condition Evaluation methods ~Pavement Management System ~Pract ical exercise Road Net Work mapping ~Spatial Data preparation Attribute Data input ~GIS -Theor y and Application ~Practical exercise. Signal Design and Signal Coordination ~Net work Analysis. Stresses and deflections in rigid pavements ~Design of plain jointed and contin uously reinforced cement concrete pavements using IRC method Factors affecting the performance of flexible and rigid pavements ~Performance i ndicators and evaluation ~Use of performance prediction models in maintenance ~R ecent techniques for repairing pavement defects ~Maintenance management system ~ MOSRTH (India) recommendations. Historical Development Prediction and Assessment of Impact of Transportation Project at various stages on water. aesthetics. Preparation of Cad Drawing for Highway Elements and Transportation Infrastructure.

impact on water, air and land, water, energy, flora and fauna; Addressing the is sues related to the Project Affected People ~Environment management Plan ~Struct ure and Documentation. Development of green building concept Prediction and Assessment of Impact on land, water, air, noise and energy, flora and fauna, Socio Economic Impact, Mathematical models for Impact prediction, Pu blic participation ~Reports ~Exchange of information ~Post Environmental Audit. Climate change and the political realm. Mission of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. International agreements and protocols. Future use of energy and fossil fuels. Role of Governments, industries, and individuals. Concept of C DM and carbon finance. Ancient Earth ~Climate and Chemical Histories, Paleo-indicators of climate, Glob al energy balance, Concern about Climate Change, Climate Change and Sustainable development. Factors affecting global, regional and local climates. Tropical, Monsoon, Polar, Desert, Midlatitude climates and their role in global climate change. Antarctic a, Greenland and the North Pole case studies. Structure and driving forces of the earth. Earth s carbon reservoirs~marine and te rrestrial carbon cycles. The Atmosphere ~Radiation budget, Circulation, Stabilit y, Chemistry of Atmosphere. Global wind systems, weather maps. Importance of wat er, Global Ocean Circulation. Industrialization and urbanization ~Greenhouse gas es, lifestyle changes. The Greenhouse effect ~ecosystems and species interactions, global warming, sea level rise, ozone problem, El Nino and southern oscillation, storms, thunderstor ms, tornadoes, changes in agricultural production, droughts, spread of epidemics , wildfires and other extreme weather events. Nuclear winter. Land disposal of solid waste; Sanitary land fills ~site selection, design and op eration of sanitary landfills -Landfill liners ~Management of leachate and landf ill gas ~Land fill bioreactor.-Dumpsite Rehabilitation. Methods of Residential and commercial waste collection ~Collection vehicles ~Man power ~Collection routes ~Analysis of collection systems; Transfer stations ~Sel ection of location, operation And maintenance; options under Indian conditions ~ Field problems ~solving. OBJECTIVES of waste processing ~Physical Processing techniques and Equipments; R esource recovery from solid waste composting and biomethanation ; Thermal proces sing options~case studies under Indian conditions. Source reduction of waste~Reduction, Reuse and Recycling ~On-site storage method s~Effect of storage, materials used for containers~segregation of solid wastes ~ Public health and economic aspects of open storage ~waste segregation and storag e ~case studies under Indian conditions. Sources and types of municipal solid wastes-Waste generation rates-factors affec ting generation, characteristics-methods of sampling and characterization; Effec ts of improper disposal of solid wastes-Public health and environmental effects. Elements of solid waste management ~Municipal solid waste (MAndH) rules~Integra ted management.~Social and Financial aspects; Public awareness; Role of NGO s. Sources, characteristics and waste treatment Flow sheets for selected industrie s ~Tanneries, Textiles, Diary, Sugar, Pulp and Paper, Distilleries, Refineries, Thermal Power Plants. Individual and Common Effluent Treatment Plants ~Zero Effluent discharge systems ~Quality requirements for reuse ~Residuals of industrial wastewater treatments ~Treatment of hazardous sludge ~Solidification ~Incineration ~secured Land fills ~Regulatory requirements ~Leachate Treatment. Industrial scenario in India ~sources, generation rates and characteristics of I ndustrial wastewaters ~Environmental impacts ~Regulatory Requirements for indust rial wastewaters. Physico ~chemical treatment processes ~Equalization, Neutralization, Oil Separat ion, Precipitation, Biological treatment processes ~Aerobic and Anaerobic Reacto rs, Tertiary Treatment Processes for removal of dissolved organics and inorganic s. Prevention Vs control of Industrial Pollution ~Benefits and Barriers ~Waste Mini misation Strategies ~Waste Minimisation Circles ~Zero Discharge concept.

Fundamentals of meteorology ~Wind roses ~Atmospheric stability ~Plume behaviour ~Atmospheric diffusion theories ~Plume rise ~Gaussian Dispersion Models ~Applic ation. Principles and Equipment description of control technologies ~Gravitational, Cen trifugal, Filtration and Electrostatic Precipitator for control of particulate a ir pollutants ~Absorption, adsorption, Condensation, incineration and Bio-filtra tion for control of gaseous air pollutants ~Case studies. Radioactive pollution and its control ~Automobile Air Pollution and its Control ~Uttraviolet photolysis ~High efficiency Particulate Air Filters ~Control of Ind oor Air Quality. Sources and classification of air pollutants and their effect on human health, v egetation and property ~Global issues and Air pollution ~Ambient air quality and emission standards ~Air pollution indices ~Indoor Air Pollutants ~Air quality S ampling and Monitoring. Sources, effects and control of noise ~Noise standards ~Measurement ~Control and Preventive measures. Cement concrete pavements ~factors influencing CC pavements ~Modified Westergaar d approach ~Design procedure as per IRC guidelines ~Concrete roads and their sco pe in India. Flexible pavement design ~factors influencing design of flexible pavement, Empir ical ~Semi empirical and theoretical methods ~Design procedure as per IRC guidel ines ~Design and specification of rural roads. Introduction ~Pavement as layered structure ~Pavement types rigid and flexible. Resilient modulus ~Stress and deflections in pavements under repeated loading. Pavement Evaluation ~causes of distress in rigid and flexible pavements ~Evaluat ion based on Surface Appearance, Cracks, Patches and Pot Holes, Undulations, Rav eling, Roughness, Skid Resistance. Structural Evaluation by Deflection Measureme nts ~Pavement Serviceability index ~Pavement maintenance (IRC Recommendations on ly). Stabilization with special reference to highway pavements ~Choice of stabilisers ~Testing and field control Stabilization for rural roads in India ~use of Geosy nthetics in roads. Design criteria ~dynamic loads ~simple design procedures for foundations of reci procating, impact and rotary type machines ~Codal provisions (Simple cases). Elastic properties of soils-coefficient of elastic uniform and non-uniform compr ession and shear-effect of vibration dissipative properties of soils-determinati on of dynamic properties of soil-codal provisions. Vibration isolation technique ~foundation isolation~isolation by location-isolat ion by barriersactive and passive isolation methods. Vibration of elementary systems-vibratory motion-single degree freedom system-fr ee and forced vibration with and without damping. Principles of vibration measur ing instruments. Wave propagation in an elastic homogeneous isotropic medium-Rayleigh, shear and compression waves-waves in elastic half space. Concepts of Reinforced Earth ~Types of reinforcement ~Applications to footings a nd earth retaining walls. Environmental problems related to soil contamination ~waste generation ~geotechn ical engineering vibration problems and control; Rain induced land slides. Beari ng capacity and compressibility of land fills. Site remediation ~utilization of waste for improvement of site. Geogrids as reinforcement, Geotextiles in filtration, drainage and road works Ap plications. Geotechnical problems associated with alluvial, lateritic and black cotton soils , solid wastes like municipal waste and flyash; characterization, prediction and improvement of their properties -Applications; case studies. In-situ treatment of soils Dynamic consolidation, Vibraflotation, Sand pile, Sto ne columns ~Grouting ~Equipments and methods. In-situ treatment of cohesive soil s~Electrical and thermal methods, Preloading with sand drains, lime piles. Geological classification ~Index properties of rock systems ~Classification of rock masses for engineering purpose.

Simple engineering application ~Underground openings ~Rock slopes ~Foundations and mining subsidence. Estimation of initial stresses in rocks ~influence of joints and their orientati on in distribution of stresses ~measurements of in-situ stresses. Introduction ~Rock bolt systems ~Choice of rock bolt based on rock mass conditio n ~rock bolt installation techniques ~Testing of rock bolts. Modes of rock failure ~Strength of rock ~Laboratory and field measurement of she ar, tensile and compressive strength. Stress ~stain behaviour of rock under comp ression ~Mohr ~Coulomb failure criteria and empirical criteria for failure ~Defo rmability of rock. Beams ~types and transverse loading on beams ~shear force and bending moment in beams ~Cantilever beams ~Simply supported beams and over-hanging beams ~Theory o f simple bending ~bending stress distribution ~Load carrying capacity ~Proportio ning of sections ~Leaf springs ~Flitched beams ~Shear stress distribution. Double Integration method ~Macaulay s method ~Area moment method ~Conjugate beam m ethod for computation of slopes and deflections in determinate beams Rigid and deformable bodies ~Stability, strength and stiffness ~Axial and Shear Stresses ~Deformation of simple and compound bars ~Thermal stresses ~Biaxial sta te of stress ~Elastic Constants ~Stresses and deformation of thin cylindrical an d spherical shells ~Stresses at a point ~Stress tensor ~Stresses on inclined pla nes ~Principal stresses and principal planes ~Mohr s circle of stress. Stability and equilibrium of plane frames ~perfect frames ~types of trusses ~Ana lysis of forces in truss members ~Method of joints ~Method of tension co-efficie nt ~Method of sections. Theory of simple torsion ~Stresses and deformation in circular and hollow shafts ~Stepped shafts ~Shafts fixed at both ends ~Stresses and deflection in helical springs. Introduction ~Classification ~Types of fluids ~Properties ~Laws of Pressure ~At mospheric Pressure, Gauge Pressure, Absolute Pressure ~Pressure measurement~Mano meters and Mechanical gauges. Introduction ~Dimensions ~Dimensional analysis ~Rayleigh s and Buckingham s method û similitude ~Dimensionless numbers and their significance ~Similarity Laws. Scope of fluid mechanics ~Definitions of a fluid ~Methods of analysis ~Dimensio ns and units ~viscosity, density, perfect gas, vapour pressure and surface tensi on ~Basic equation of fluid statics ~Pressure measurements ~Manometers. ~Forces on plane and curved surfaces ~Buoyancy and floatation ~Stability of floating bod ies ~Relative equilibrium. (a) Kinematics ~Methods of describing fluid motion ~Classification of flows ~Str eamline, streak-line and path-lines ~Stream function and velocity potentials ~Fl ow nets; (b) Dynamics ~Dimensional Concepts of System and Control volume ~Applic ation of control volume to continuity, energy and momentum ~Euler s equation of mo tion along a stream line ~Bernoulli s equation ~Applications to velocity and disch arge measurements ~Linear momentum equation and moment-of-momentum equations and their applications. Cam and follower ~types ~application ~profiles for uniform velocity ~acceleratio n ~simple harmonic and cycloidal motion ~uniform angular velocity. Definition of boundary layers ~Displacement, momentum and energy thickness ~Lami nar and turbulent boundary layers ~Momentum integral equation ~Separation of bou ndary layer. Drag and Lift. Lift characteristics of airfoils. Induced drag. Pola r Diagram. Definitions ~Kinematic links ~Pairs ~Chain ~Machines and mechanism ~Types and us es ~Velocity and acceleration in mechanisms ~Vector polygon and instantaneous ce ntre methods ~Problems. Drives ~belt ~flat and V belts ~tension ratio ~centrifugal tension ~creep. Chain Brakes ~band ~shoe. Clutches ~types ~single and multiple disc. Friction ~Bearings ~Pivot and collar bearings ~Antifriction bearings ~Applicatio n ~loss of power due to friction in bearings ~viscosity ~theory of lubrication. Fundamental dimensions ~dimensional homogeneity ~Rayleigh s method and Buckingham Pi-Theorem ~Dimensionless parameters ~Similitude and model studies. Distorted Mo dels.

Beams ~types and transverse loading on beams ~shear force and bending moment in beams ~Cantilevers ~Simply supported beams and over-hanging beams. Determination of performance characteristics of pumps ~centrifugal pumps. indicator diagram. specific weight. Flow t hrough pipes in series and pipes in parallel. compressibility. Homologous units. Darcy-Weisbach equ ation. Laminar flow through circular conduits and circular annuli. Balancing of masses in single and multiple pl anes. Classification. turbine pumps and positive displacement pumps ~reciprocating and ge ar pumps. Inertia ~turning moment ~flywheel ~fluctuation of speed and energy. 45+15 PERIODS Units and dimensions. Applications of dimensionless parameters.Gears ~classification ~terminology -law of gearing ~tooth profile ~interference between rack and pinion. Hydraulic efficiency. Application of control volume to continuity equation. Models and similitude. v iscosity. Minor losses. Working principle and Specifi c speed. Gear trains ~simple ~compound reverted. Governors ~Watt and Porter governor ~sensitivity and hunting. Rotary pumps. energy equation. Calibration of Flow Measuring instruments ~venturimeter. Calibration of flows in open channels ~weirs and notches. Friction factor and Moody diagram. Double Integration method ~Macaulay s method ~Area moment theorems for computation of slopes and deflections in beams ~Conjugate beam method. orificemeter. performance curves for pumps and turbi nes. Determination of performance characteristics of turbines ~reaction turbines and impulse turbines. Double Integration method ~Macaulay s method ~Area moment theorems for computation of slopes and deflections in beams ~Conjugate beam and energy method ~Maxwell s r eciprocal theorems. Introduction ~Reciprocating pump~Construction details. Velocity triangle for single stage radial flow and axial fl ow machines. Beams ~types Transverse loading on beams ~Shear force and bending moment in beam s ~Cantilevers ~Simply supported beams and over hanging beams. Dimensions and units Buckingham s *theorem. vapor pressure and gas laws ~Capillarity and surface tension. turbines. Theory of simple bending ~bending stress distribution ~Load carrying capacity ~Proportioning of s ections ~Flitched beams ~Shear stress distribution. Co-efficient of discharge . Velocity components at the entry an d exit of the rotor. Commercial pipes. rotometer . Theory of simple bending ~bending formula ~bending stress distribution ~Load carrying capacity ~ Proportioning of sections ~Flitched beams ~Shear stress distribution. Turbine~Classification of Turbines and Working Principle. Estimation of fricti on f a c t o r in flow through pipes. and pipes ~Development of laminar and turb ulent flows in pipes ~Reynolds experiment ~Darcy-Weisbach equation ~Moody diagra m ~Major and minor losses of flow in pipes ~Pipes in series and in parallel. Theory of sim ple bending ~bending formula-bending stress distribution ~Load carrying capacity ~Proportioning of sections ~leaf springs ~Flitched beams ~Shear stress distribu tion. Theory of turbo mac hines. Beams ~types transverse loading on beams ~Shear force and bending moment in beam s ~Cantilevers ~Simply supported beams and over ~hanging beams. momentum equation an d moment of momentum equation. Discussion on dimensionless parameters . Euler s equation. Properties of fluids ~specific gravity. Laminar flow between parallel plates. Hydraulic and energy gradient. Rigid and deformable bodies -~Axial and Shear Stresses ~Deformation of simple an . Centrifugal pumps. Slip and Power ~Centrifugal pump~Classification. Work saved by air vessels. Boundary layer conce pts. Flow characteristics Concepts of system and control volume. 17 Reciprocating pumps. Elementary cascade theory. submer sible pumps. Introduction ~Types of fluid flow ~Velocity ~Rate equation of continuity ~Energy of a liquid in motion ~Head of a liquid ~Bernoulli s theorem ~Orifice and Mouthpi ece. Working and performance curves. Specific speed. Boundary layer thickness.

Beams ~support conditions ~types of Beams ~transverse loading on beams ~shear fo rce and bending moment in beams ~analysis of cantilevers. simply ~supported beam s and over hanging beams ~relationships between loading. Theory of simple bending ~assumptions and derivation of bending equation (M/I = F/Y = E/R) ~analysis of stresses in beams ~loads carrying capacity of beams ~pro portioning beam sections ~leaf springs ~flitched beams ~shear stress distributio n in beams ~determination of shear stress in flanged beams. S. Stresses and deformation in circular and hollow shafts ~Stepped shafts~shafts fi xed at the both ends ~Stresses in helical springs ~Deflection of helical springs . Strain energy and strain energy density ~Strain energy due to axial loads . Torsion of circular shafts ~derivation of torsion equation (T/J = C/R = G0/L) ~s tress and deformation in circular and hollow shafts ~stresses and deformation in circular and hollow shafts ~stepped shafts ~shafts fixed at both ends ~stresses in helical springs ~deflection of springs ~spring constant COLUMNS Axially load ed short columns ~columns of unsymmetrical sections ~Euler s theory of long column s ~critical loads for prismatic columns with different end conditions ~effect of eccentricity. Thin cylinders and shells ~Deformation of thin cylinders and shel ls ~Stresses on inclined planes ~Principal stresses and principal planes ~Mohr s c ircle of stress. shear c entre ~stresses on curved beams for simple solid sections ~Winkler Bach Formula ~Thick cylinders ~Compound cylinders ~Residual stresses ~Stress concentration ~F atigue and fracture. Rigid bodies and deformable solids ~Tension. Unsymmetrical bending of beams ~symmetrical and unsymmetrical sections.F. Rigid bodies and deformable solids ~Tension. Principle of v irtual work ~Application of energy theorems for computing deflection in beams ~M axwell s reciprocal theorems. Compression and Shear Stresses ~Def ormation of simple and compound bars ~Thermal stresses ~Elastic Constants ~Volum etric strains.d compound bars ~Thermal stresses ~Elastic Constants ~Volumetric strains~Stresse s and deformation of thin cylinders and thin shells ~Stresses on inclined planes ~Principal stresses and principal planes ~Mohr s circle of stress. diagrams. and B. Stresses in thin cylindrical shell due to internal pressure circumferential and longitudinal stresses ~deformation in thin cylinders -spherical shells subjected to internal pressure ~deformations in spherical shells ~Lame s theory ~applicatio n of theories of failure Stresses in thin cylindrical shell due to internal pressure circumferential and longitudinal stresses ~deformation in thin cylinders -spherical shells subjected to internal pressure deformations in spherical shells ~Lame s theory ~application of theories of failure.M. Euler s theory of long columns ~Critical load s for prismatic columns with different end conditions ~Rankine-Gordon Formula ~E .M.And B. Behaviour of short and long columns. Double integration method ~Macaulay s method ~Area ~moment theorems for computatio n of slopes and deflections in beams ~conjugate beam method Rigid bodies and deformable solids ~forces on solids and supports ~equilibrium a nd stability ~strength and stiffness ~tension. Torsion formulation Stresses and deformation in circular and hollows shafts ~Ste pped shafts ~deflection in Shafts fixed at the both ends ~Stresses in helical sp rings ~Deflection of helical springs.flexure and torsion ~Castigliano s and Engessor s energy theorems. In beams and their applications ~S. shea r .F. Compression and Shear Stresses ~Def ormation of simple and compound bars ~Thermal stresses ~Elastic Constants ~Volum etric strains ~Stresses on inclined planes ~Principal stresses and principal pla nes ~Mohr s circle of stress. compression and shear stresses ~H ooke s law and simple problems ~compound bars ~thermal stresses ~elastic constants and poission s ratio ~welded joints ~design. Stresses and deformation in circular and hollows shafts ~Stepped shafts ~Shafts fixed at the both ends ~Stresses in helical springs ~Deflection of helical sprin gs.

Turbines ~Classification ~Reaction turbines ~Francis turbine. Radial flow turbin es. Reciprocating pumps ~Negative slip ~Flow separation conditions ~Air vessels. Propped Cantilever and Fixed Beams ~Fixed end moments reactions. direct step method and standard step methods. pin jointed frames ~Maxwell s reciprocal theorem. draft tube and cavitation ~Propeller and Kaplan turbines ~Impulse turbines ~ Performance of turbines ~Similarity laws. Interaction problems ~interaction curves. concreting. principal strain. Determination of principal stresses and principal planes ~volumetric strain ~The ories of failure ~Principal stress. stadia and subtense methods ~Stadia systems ~H orizontal and inclined sights ~Vertical and normal staffing ~Fixed and movable h airs ~Stadia constants ~Anallactic lens ~Subtense bar. Steady uniform flow ~Best hydraulic sections for uniform flow ~Specific energy a nd specific force. slope and defle ction for standard cases of loading -~Continuous beams ~support reactions and mo ments ~Theorem of three moments ~Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams Strain energy and strain energy density ~Strain energy in axial force ~shear. Painting. strain energ y and distortion energy theories ~Application in analysis of stress.ccentrically loaded long columns -Eccentrically loaded short columns ~middle thi rd rule ~core of section . Hydraulic jumps ~Types ~Energy dissipation ~Surges and surge through channel tra nsitions. fl exure and torsion ~Castigliano s and Engessor s theorems ~Principle of virtual work ~Application of energy theorems for computing deflections in beams. High grade cements ~Advances in manufacture of cement -concrete chemicals and ap plications ~concepts of mix design ~statistical quality control of concrete ~Mix Design as per BIS and ACI methods ~Process of manufacture of concrete ~Batching ~Mixing ~Transporting ~Placing ~Compaction of concrete ~Curing ~Finishing ~Test ing of fresh and hardened concrete ~Non-destructive testing. Working from whole to part ~Horizontal and vertical control methods ~Triangulati . Errors ~Sources. Tacheometric systems ~Tangential. material hardening and erectio n of structures ~Dewatering and pumping equipments. Distempering and white washing ~Fire Protection ~Thermal insulation ~V entilation and air conditioning ~Acoustics and Sound insulation ~Damp proofing ~ Termite proofing. Causes of damage and deterioration in masonry and concrete structures ~Symptoms and Diagnosis ~Common types of repairs. Celestial sphere ~Astronomical terms and definitions ~Motion of sun and stars ~A pparent altitude and corrections ~Celestial co-ordinate systems ~Different time systems ~Nautical almanac ~Star constellations ~Practical astronomy ~Field obser vations and calculations for azimuth. precautions and corrections ~Classification of errors ~True and most probable values ~weighted observations ~Method of equal shifts ~Principle of least squares ~Normal equation ~Correlates ~Level nets ~Adjustment of simple triangulation networks. shear stress. Selection of equipment for earthwork. Electromagnetic distance measurement ~Carrier waves ~Principles ~Instruments ~Tr ilateration -Total Station ~GPS Surveying ~Hydrographic Surveying ~Tides ~MSL ~S ounding and methods ~Location of soundings and methods ~Three point problem ~Str ength of fix ~Sextants and station pointer ~River surveys ~Measurement of curren t and discharge ~Cadastral surveying ~Definition ~Uses ~Legal values ~Scales and accuracies. load carryi ng capacity and design of members. in dicator diagrams and its variations ~Savings in work done ~Rotary pumps. Types of Foundations ~Stones masonry ~Brick masonry ~Composite masonry ~Cavity w alls ~Flooring ~Formwork ~Centering and Shuttering sheet piles ~Slip and moving forms ~Roofs and roof covering ~Joints in Concrete ~Plastering and Pointing ~Sho ring ~Scafflolding ~Under pinning ~Submerge Structures. Dynamic equation ~Water surface flow profile classifications ~Profile determinat ion by graphical method. Centrifugal pumps ~Minimum speed to st art the pump ~NPSH ~Cavitation in pumps ~Operating characteristics ~Multistage p umps.

combined figures. frame work of triangles. Nature of soil ~phase relationships ~Soil description and classification for eng ineering purposes. height of collimation. cat enary taping. clinometers.on ~Signals ~Base line ~Instruments and accessories ~Corrections ~Satellite stat ion ~Reduction to centre ~Trignometrical levelling ~Single and reciprocal observ ations ~Modern trends. etc. Construction. trough compass. their significance ~BIS Classification system ~Soil compactio n ~Theory. level tu bes. computation of triangulation scheme. broad ideas of the parts and terms common to different survey instruments used such as telescope. setting up baseline. metallic. chaini ng on sloping ground.. testing and adjustment of levelling instruments levelling practice . record of data. errors in measurement. errors in chaining. and computatio ns. sun/star o bservations and connection to triangulation base line. OBJECTIVES and general principles of mine surveying. plane and rectangular coordinates. testing. relative merits and applications of theodolite. f ixed. triangles. least count. limit of precision. booking. compass dial. triangulation. tertiary. corrections to measured lengths. secondary. reduc tion to centre(satellite station) methods. Element and global stiffness matrices~Co-ordinate transformations ~Rotation matr ix~Compatibility matrix ~transformations of stiffness matrices. Primary. standards of accuracy. relative applications. use of steel tape and corrections. Effective stress concepts in soils ~Stress distribution in soil media ~Boussines q theory ~Use of Newmarks influence chart ~Components of settlement -~immediate and consolidation settlement ~Terzaghi s one dimensional consolidation theory ~com putation of rate of settlement~?t and log t methods ~Factors influencing settlem ent characteristics of soils. linen. optical aids and illumination aids for surveying. taping and both. errors. UCC and Vane shear tests ~Cyclic loading ~Pore pressure parameters. quadrilatera ls. striding levels. Shear strength of cohesive and cohesionless soils ~Mohr ~Coulomb failure theory ~Measurement of shear strength. equipment. metallic tapes. bracedquadrilateral. angle measurement procedures. steel tapes. figure adjustment and correction. plotting and computation. continuous beams. line of collimation. principles. Slope deflection equations~Analysis of continuous beams and rigid frames (with a . angl e measurement methods. definitions of plane and ge odetic surveying. main and check base. corrections. ranging. Chain surveying. polygon. micrometer levels. Slope failure mechanisms ~Types of slopes and infinite slopes ~finite slopes ~To tal stress analysis for saturated clay ~Fellenius method ~Friction circle method ~Use of stability number ~slope protection measures. sources of error a nd field checks in traversing. setting and chain lines. rise and fall. computations. etc. load vectors and displacement vectors ~Analysis of Continuous Beams ~Analysis of pin-jointed pla ne frames and rigid frames. accuracy required. miscellaneous field problems relating to sighting. correction/adjustments of angle-measuring instruments-the odolite. vernier. steel. broken baseline method. Construction. by direct stiffness method. extension. corrections. magnetic 18 needle. common terms and definitions in astronomical surveys ~determination of true north. direct shear ~Triaxial compression. three four point interpolation. chain. transfer coordinates through two. Equilibrium and compatibility ~Determinate vs indeterminate structures ~Static a nd Kinematic -Indeterminacy ~primary structure ~Compatibility conditions ~Analys is of indeterminate pinjointed plane frames. Soil water ~static pressure in water ~capillary stress ~Permeability measurement in the laboratory and field ~pumping in and pumping out tests ~factors influenc ing permeability of soils ~Seepage ~introduction to flow net ~Simple problems (s heet pile and wier). rigid jointed pla ne frames Principles of virtual work for deflections ~Deflections of pin-jointed plane fra mes and rigid plane frames -Williott diagram. comparison of laboratory and field compaction methods ~Factors influe ncing compaction behaviour of soils. line of sight. free needle surveying. field notes. theodolit e.

Public water supply system ~Planning. sedimentation tanks and sand filters. SCPT and plate load) ~Allowable bearing pressure ~Seismic considerat ions in bearing capacity evaluation. Construction. OBJECTIVES ~Unit operations and processes ~Principles. Stiffness and carry over factors ~Distribution and carry over of moments ~Analys is of continuous Beams ~Plane rigid frames with and without sway. functions design and draw ing of flash mixers. Design period.nd without sway) ~Symmetry and antisymmetry ~Simplification for hinged end ~Supp ort settlements. Iron and Manganese removal. Converse ~Labarre formula and block failure criterion) ~Settlem ent of pile groups ~Interpretation of pile load test (routine test only) ~Underr eamed piles ~Capacity under compression and uplift. Disinfe ction -THM. Operation and Maintenance aspects-Layout and Hydrau lic Profile of water treatment plants. Scope and OBJECTIVES ~Methods of exploration ~auguring and boring ~Wash boring a nd rotary drilling ~Depth of boring ~Spacing of bore hole ~Sampling techniques ~ Representative and undisturbed sampling methods ~Split spoon sampler. 24 Plastic equilibrium in soils ~active and passive states ~Rankine s theory ~cohesio nless and cohesive soil ~Coulomb s wedge theory ~Condition for critical failure pl ane ~Earth pressure on retaining walls of simple configurations ~Culmann Graphic al method ~pressure on the wall due to line load ~Stability analysis of retainin g walls. Design of simple beams based on strength and stiffness as per IS code ~Design of built ~up beams and curtailment of flange plates -Flange splice and web splice~ Design of plate girder and stiffeners. OBJECTIVES. Defluoridation ~Residue Management ~Corr osion Control. tension and flexure as per IS Code ~Types of joints with na ils and bolts ~Design of simple compression members as per IS code~Design of bea ms for strength and stiffness as per IS code. Introduction ~Location and depth of foundation ~Codal provisions ~bearing capaci ty of shallow foundation on homogeneous deposits ~Terzaghi s formula and BIS formu la ~factors affecting bearing capacity ~problems ~Bearing capacity from in-situ tests (SPT. Surface and G roundwater ~Impounding Reservoir -Well hydraulics ~Development and selection of source ~Source Water quality ~Characterization ~Drinking Water quality standards . Maximum slenderness ratio of various compression members ~IS code provision for compression members ~Design of simple and built-up compression members with laci ngs and battens ~Design of column bases. Types of foundation ~Contact pressure distribution below footings and raft Isola ted footing ~Combined footings ~Types and proportioning ~Mat foundation ~Types ~ Applications ~Proportioning ~Floating foundation ~Seismic force consideration ~C odal Provision. Water demand ~Sources of water and their characteristics. Types of steel structures ~Properties of rolled steel sections and Light gauge s teel sections ~Allowable Stresses as per IS code ~Riveted and bolted connections ~Failures of joints ~Single and multiple riveted lap and butt joints under axia l and eccentric loading ~Strength of fillet and butt welded joints ~Design of ri veted and welded joints. Types of piles and their function ~Factors influencing the selection of pile ~Ca rrying capacity of single pile in granular and cohesive soil ~static formula ~dy namic formulae (Engineering news and Hileys) ~Capacity from insitu tests (SPT an d SCPT) ~Negative skin friction ~uplift capacity~Group capacity by different met hods (Feld s rule. Thin wall sampler. Population fore casting. Stationery piston sampler ~Bore log report ~Samples Penetration Tests ( SPT and SCPT) ~Data interpretation ~strength parameters and liquefaction potenti al ~Selection of foundation based on soil conditions. flocculators. Determination of Settlement of foundations on granular and clay deposits ~Total and differential settlement ~Allowable sett lements ~Codal provision ~Methods of minimizing total and differential settlemen ts. Design of simple and built-up members subjected to tension -Effective area of an gles connected to gussets. Study of properties and strength of natural and laminated timber ~Allowable stre sses in compression.

tr ansition curves.~Types and capacity o f pumps ~Selection of pumps and pipe materials. Muller Breslau s principle ~Application of Muller Breslau s principle to determinate beams and continuous beams.. Principles of design of water supply in buildings ~Hou se service connection ~Fixtures and fittings. widening of curves ~Sight distances ~Vertical curves. Introdu ction to analysis of space trusses using method of tension coefficients ~Beams c urved in plan. Design principles ~pavement components and their role ~Design practice for flexi ble and rigid pavements. Drainage basins ~hydrologic losses and rainfall excess ~hydrograph analysis ~uni t hydrograph ~S-curve Synthetic unit hydrograph ~Rainfall-runoff models ~SCSmeth od ~stream flow measurements. present serviceability index. Statically indeterminate structures ~Beams in pure bending ~Plastic moment of re sistance ~Plastic modulus ~Shape factor ~Load factor ~Plastic hinge and mechanis . (IRC methods only). structural evaluation. Water supply ~intake structures ~Functions and drawings. Pavement distress in flexible and rigid pavement ~Pavement evaluation. design and implementation at different levels ~factors infl uencing highway alignment ~Engineering surveys for alignment. Single and multipurpose projects ~dams ~types ~fixation of storage capacity ~Str ategies for reservoir operation ~reservoir sedimentation. roughness . History of road development in India ~Classification of highways ~Institutions f or Highway planning. skid resistance. OBJECTIVES. two hinged and fixed arches parabolic and circular arches ~Set tlement and temperature effects Analysis of suspension bridges ~Unstiffened cables and cables with three hinged stiffening girders ~Influence lines for three hinged stiffening girders. Pipes and conduits for water ~Pipe materials ~Hydraulics of flow in pipes ~Transmission main design~Lay ing. infiltration and other abstraction s. Systems of plumbing and drawings o f types of plumbing. Introduction ~Hydrometeorology ~Hydrologic cycle ~Precipitation and its types ~m easurements ~evaporation. Requirements of water distribution ~Components ~Selection of pipes material ~Ser vice reservoirs ~Functions and drawings ~Network design ~Economics ~Computer app lications ~(Analysis of distribution networks) ~Appurtenances ~operation and mai ntenance ~Leak detection. testing methods ~Construction practi ce including modern methods. super elevation. Highway construction materials. Influence lines for reactions in statically determinate structures ~influence li nes for member forces in pin jointed frames ~Influence lines for shear force and bending moment in beam sections ~Calculation of critical stress resultants due to concentrated and distributed moving loads. evapotranspiration. jointing and testing of pipes -appurtenances~Drawings. Water softening ~Desalination -demineralization ~Adsorption -Membrane Systems ~C onstruction and Operation And Maintenance aspects ~Recent advances. properties. Groundwater concepts ~properties and types of aquifer ~saturated flow ~steady st ate one dimensional flow ~steady state well hydraulics ~unsteady groundwater flo w ~Theis method and Jacobs method ~Ground Water Estimation by GECnorms ~geophysi cal exploration ~sea water intrusion. conven tional and modern methods. evaluati on by deflection measurements ~Strengthening of pavements -Types of maintenance ~IRC standards Typical cross sections of Urban and Rural roads ~Lateral and vertical clearance at underpasses ~Cross sectional elements ~Horizontal curves. Arches structural forms ~Examples of arch structures ~Types of arches ~Analysis of three hinged. hairpin bends ~IRC standards Definition of floods and droughts ~frequency analysis ~flood control measures ~I nter basin water transfer ~drought indices ~drought prone area programme ~artifi cial recharge ~rain water harvesting. gradients . concrete road constructions (problem not included) ~Highway drainage ~Special considerations for hilly roads.

Land leveling and drainage ~Irrigation methods relative meri ts and limitations ~Evaluation of irrigation methods -Irrigation water quality ~ Irrigablity of soils and the irrigation related degradation of soil resource (su ch as water logging. salinity and sodicity) Need for interdisciplinary approach ~Irrigation beneficiaries ~Irrigation Effici ency~Irrigation scheduling concepts ~methods of irrigation scheduling ~On farm d evelopment works ~Participatory approach farmer s organization and turn over ~Wate r Users Association ~Economical aspects of irrigation Need for irrigation ~Advantages and ill effects ~Development of irrigation ~Nati onal Water Policy ~Tamil Nadu scenario ~Physical properties of soil that influen ce soil moisture characteristics ~Concept of soil water potential and its compon ents Gravitational. Sources of wastewater generation ~Effects ~Estimation of sanitary sewage flow ~E stimation of storm runoff ~Factors affecting Characteristics and composition of . Canal regulators. Pressure and Osmotic~Retention of water in soils and concept of plant available water ~Movement of water into and within the soils ~Measurem ent of soil moisture content and the matric tension with which it its held Soil~Water-Plant relationship ~Water as a constituent of plant ~Soil-Plant-Atmos phere continuum ~Terminology in plant ~Water relationships (Evapotranspiration. Design of singly and doubly reinforced rectangular and flanged beams ~use of des ign aids for flexure ~Behaviour of R. can tilever and continuous slabs. consumptive use and crop factor) ~Critical stages of crop growth for water requi rement ~Analysis of crop water demand basic concepts and estimation Behaviour of one way and two way slabs -~design of one way simply supported. Design of footing for mason ry and reinforced walls ~design of axially and eccentrically loaded square and r ectangular footings ~design of combined rectangular footings for two columns onl y OBJECTIVES ~Selection of Treatment Methods ~Principles.m. shear and torsion ~Use of design aids. canal cross drainage works. beams in shear and torsion ~Shear and to rsional reinforcement ~Limit State design of R. Design of masonry walls. Functions. Types of staircases ~design of dog-legged staircase. Serviceability requirements. Types of columns ~design of short columns for axial load. joini ng And testing of sewers ~appurtenances ~Pumps ~selection of pumps and pipe Drai nage -. Sewerage ~Hydraulics of flow in sewers ~OBJECTIVES ~Design period ~Design of san itary and storm sewers ~Small bore systems ~Computer applications ~Laying. Diversion headworks. Static and kinematic methods ~Upper and lower bound theorems -Plastic analysi s of indeterminate beams and frames. OBJECTIVES ~Unit Operation and Processes ~Selection of treatment processes ~Onsi te sanitation ~Septic tank. Components of irrigation network. Design requirement for bond and anchorage as per IS code. grit chambers and primary sedimentatio n tanks ~Construction.C. Grey water harvesting ~Primary treatment ~Principles . other treatment m ethods ~Oxidation ditches. Plumbing System for Buildings ~One pipe and two-pipe systems. UASB ~Waste Stabilization Ponds ~Reclamation and Reus e of sewage ~Recent Advances in Sewage Treatment ~Construction and Operation And Maintenance aspects ~Layout and Hydraulic profile of treatment plants. Design and Dr awing of Units ~Activated Sludge Process and Trickling filter. members for combined bending. combined axial load wi th uniaxial and biaxial bending ~use of design aids.C. ultimate load method and limit state method ~Advantag es of Limit State method over other methods ~Limit State philosophy as detailed in current IS Code. Design of two-way slabs for various edge condition s. ~Functions of the above componen ts ~Canal lining ~Supply of irrigation water Duty. Delta and Base period ~Concep ts of Kennedy s and Lacey s formulae Design of Tank Surplus Weir ~Tank Sluice with a Tower Head ~Direct Sluice taking off from a main canal ~Canal Drop with Notch Type ~Regulators across the canal ~Profile of Gravity Dam using AutoCAD ~Design of Cross Drainage work Syphon Aque duct (Type III) Field Measurements. pillars and footings as per NBC and IS Codes. Design of rectangular beam section by elastic method. Canal outlets. Operation and Maintenance aspects. functions design and drawing of screen. Canal d rop. Concept of elastic method.

buying versus leasing of equipment Planning ~Identification. vendor rati ng evaluation. buying versus leasing of equipment Project identification-formulation-Preparation of detailed project report (DPR)~ Planning ~Scheduling and Resource analysis ~Recording and operations~Project acc ounting. Appra isal of projects. Scope of financial management ~Cost accounting Vs Financial accounting. Market ~Marketing. StefanBoltzman and Wein s Displacement Law ~Atmospheric scattering. ~PERT. FSN analysis. Scope of financial management ~Cost accounting Vs Financial accounting. Particle theory. Market Plannin g. Segmentation. Functions of Ma nagement -Principles of management ~Functions of management ~Functions of a mana . Production Management -Planning ~scheduling ~procurement ~Inventory control ~management tools ~L. Definition of remote sensing and its components ~Electromagnetic spectrum ~wavel ength regions important to remote sensing ~Wave theory. Investment decisions ~concept of pay back. Types of Data Products ~types of image interpretation ~basic elements of image i nterpretation ~visual interpretation keys ~Digital Image Processing ~Pre-process ing ~image enhancement techniques ~multispectral image classification ~Supervise d and unsupervised. Types of business operations -Sole proprietorship ~Partnership ~Company ~Public and private sector enterprises / Joint ventures. Marketing Research. Introduction ~Maps ~Definitions ~Map projections ~types of map projections ~map analysis ~GIS definition ~basic components of GIS ~standard GIS softwares ~Data type ~Spatial and non-spatial (attribute) data ~measurement scales ~Data Base Ma nagement Systems (DBMS). Market Plannin g. Types of business operations -Sole proprietorship ~Partnership ~Company ~Public and private sector enterprises / Joint ventures. VED analysis. IN CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT Planning ~Scheduling and Resource analysis ~Recording and operations~Project accounting. costing and finance ~usage of project management softwareScope and OBJECTIVES of HRM ~Man power policy and planning ~Recruitment and sele ction ~Training performance appraisal ~Wage policy and compensation systems ~Com pany union relationship and collective bargaining ~Accidents ~Absenteeism and tu rn over ~Grievances / conflicts ~Identification and resolution. Procurement. Planning ~Identification. Functions of Ma nagement -Principles of management ~Functions of management ~Functions of a mana ger. Marketing Research. absorption ~Atmosphe ric windows ~spectral signature concepts ~typical spectral reflective characteri stics of water. Procurement. Sludge characterization ~Thickening ~Sludge digestion ~Bioga s recovery ~Sludge Conditioning and Dewatering ~disposal ~Advances in Sludge Tre atment and disposal. VED analysis. Standards for Disposal ~Methods ~dilution ~Self purification of surface water bo dies ~Oxygen sag curve ~Land disposal ~Sewage farming ~Deep well injection ~Soil dispersion system. vendor rati ng evaluation.sewage and their significance ~Effluent standards ~Legislation requirements. Positioning. Positioning. Schedule and Cost control ~systems approa ch in resource management ~ABC analysis. Schedule and Cost control ~systems approa ch in resource management ~ABC analysis. Scope and OBJECTIVES of HRM ~Man power policy and planning ~Recruitment and sele ction ~Training performance appraisal ~Wage policy and compensation systems ~Com pany union relationship and collective bargaining ~Accidents ~Absenteeism and tu rn over ~Grievances / conflicts ~Identification and resolution. costing and finance ~usage of project manage ment software. collaborations. Investment decisions ~concept of pay back. etc. collaborations. Segmentation. vegetation and soil.P. Sun-synchronous and Geosynchronous ~Passive and Active sensors ~resolution concept ~Pay load description of important Earth Res ources and Meteorological satellites ~Airborne and spaceborne TIR and microwave sensors. CPM. Types of platforms ~orbit types. Data models ~vector and raster data ~data compression ~data input by digitizatio n and scanning ~attribute data analysis ~integrated data analysis ~Modeling in G IS ~Highway alignment studies ~Land Information System. Appra isal of projects. FSN analysis. Market ~Marketing.

E arthquake History. drainage. coning of wheels. Specifications ~Detailed and general specifications ~Constructions ~Sources ~Typ es of specifications ~TTTAct \t20\t00 ~Tender notices ~types ~tender procedures ~Drafting model tenders . underground and tube railways-Basic planning for MRTS and Subur ban railways-Electric traction Route alignment surveys. Types of Damping~Damped and undamped vibrations. lime and chemicals. drainage and ventilation ~Construction and maintenance of tracks ~uniguage ~Maintenance of ro lling stocks and signals Planning and development of railway station yards.P. Evaluation of natural frequencies and modes. Contract ~Types of contracts ~Formation of contract ~Contract conditions ~Contra ct for labour. Equation of motio ns. Lessons learnt from past earth quakes~soil liquefaction ~Soil ~Structure~Interaction (SSI) effects. Role of ground improvement in foundation engineering ~methods of ground improvem ent ~Geotechnical problems in alluvial. . track circuiting ~Modern developments in railways. and fabric drains. Philosophy ~Purpose ~Methods of estimation ~Types of estimates ~Approximate esti mates -Detailed estimate ~Estimation of quantities for buildings. Reinforcement Deta iling. Formulation of equation of motion. roads. ~PERT. construction ~Drafting of contract documents ba sed on IBRD / MORTH Standard bidding documents ~Construction contracts ~Contract problems ~Arbitration and legal requirements. lateritic and black cotton soils ~Select ion of suitable ground improvement techniques based on soil conditions. Eigen Values and Eigen Vectors Performance of structures under past earthquakes. Free and forced vibration of undamped and damped MDOF systems. de fects in rails ~Geometric design of railway track. Damping. points and crossin gs ~Signalling ~Interlocking. rail fixtures and fastenings.ger. Design of Buildings. design. Response Spectrum. gradient. modern methods ~Elements of permanent way ~Rails. canals and hydraulic structures using computer softwares. Production Management -Planning ~scheduling ~procurement ~Inventory control ~management tools ~L. urban railways. Types of grouts ~Grouting equipments and machinery ~injection methods ~Grout mon itoring ~stabilization with cement. Standard Data ~Observed Data ~Schedule of rates ~Market rates ~Assessment of Man Hours and Machineries for common civil works ~Rate Analysis ~Cost Estimates usi ng Computer softwares Airport site selection ~Components of airports~Forecasting in aviation~Airport obstructions ~Zoning laws ~Regional planning ~Airport architecture ~Airport ligh ting ~Air traffic control aids Earthwork ~Stabilization of track on poor soil~Tunneling ~Methods. ballast. C onsolidation Preloading with sand drains. -Turnouts. Concept of reinforcement ~Types of reinforcement material ~Reinforced earth wall ~Mechanism ~simple design ~applications of reinforced earth. Stone columns and L ime piles-installation techniques only ~relative merits of above methods and the ir limitations ~stabilization of expansive soils. separation and road works. Design Spectrum. Provisions of IS 13920. Provisions of Seismic Code IS 1893 (Part I). Elements of Engineering Seismology. Indian Seismicity. Concept of Earthquake Resistant Design. creep in rails. E-tendering-Digital signature certificates~Encrypting -Decrypting ~Reverse auctions. Free and forced vibrations. super elevation. etc. Role of Geotextile s in filtration. sleep ers. Definitions ~Various types of valuations ~Valuation methods ~Valuation of land ~ Buildings ~Valuation of plant and machineries. Characteristics of Earthquake Engineering. Response to dynamic loading. Dewatering Techniques ~Well points ~Vacuum and electroosmotic methods ~Seepage a nalysis for two ~dimensional flow for fully and partially penetrated slots in ho mogeneous deposits (Simple cases only). wi dening of guage on curves Runway orientation ~Basic runway length ~Corrections to basic runway length ~geo . material. In-situ densification of cohesion-less soils and consolidation of cohesive soils Dynamic compaction Vibroflotation. Sand compaction piles and deep compaction. CPM.

Formulation of OBJECTIVES functions. Surveys ~Site analysis ~Development Control ~Layout regulations~Layout design co ncepts. multisubstrate reactions~mechanisms and kinetics. Overview of fermentation industry. concepts and processes~Urban planning standards and zoning regulations~Urban renewal ~Conservation ~Principles of Landscape design Residential. role of e ntropy in catalysis. Necessary and sufficient conditions for optimum. Recent Trends in Adsorpti on. Affinity Chromatography and Immuno Chromatography. mass transfer. resource allocation and inventory control. applications in flu id mechanics. pH and temperature effect on enzymes And deactivation ki netics. Types and choice of Adsorbents. Separation involving Lyophilisation. Criteria for good medium. fitting models to data. indirect search methods. Pervaporation and Permeation Techniques for solids. Types of Equipment employed for Electrophores is. spiral wound and hollow fiber Membrane Reactors and their relative merits. dynamic and integer programming and genetic algorithm s. Dielectrophoresis. general requirements of fermentation processe . liquids and gases. Surface based solid ~liquid separations invo lving a second liquid. types of i nhibition And models -substrate. medium formulation of optimal growth and product formation. Types and choice of Membranes.metric design of runways ~Layout of taxiway and terminal area~airport pavement d esign (flexible pavement only). medium requirements for fermentation processes. Applications. classification of optimization problems. 39 Controlling factors. principles of catalysis ~collision theory. region elimination methods. nitrogen. vitamins and other complex nutrients. Ceramic~Hybrid process and Biological Membranes. equipment desi gn. commercial. examples of simple and complex media. design of various commercial media for industrial fermentatio ns ~medium optimization methods Kinetics of single substrate reactions. Oil spill Management. turnover number. Adsorption Techniques. Man and environment interaction~Factors that determine climate ~Characteristics of climate types ~Design for various climate types ~Passive and active energy co ntrols ~Green building concept Planning ~Definition. Adductive Crystallization. carbon . int erpolation methods. Mechanisms of enzyme action. reaction engineering. Architectural Design ~an analysis ~integration of function and aesthetics ~Intro duction to basic elements and principles of design. zone melting. direct search methods. Industria l Effluent Treatment by Modern Techniques. Process concept. surface properties. EDR. minerals. other Separ ation Processes. applications of optimization in chemical engineeri ng. direct root methods. Theory and Equipment used in cross flow Filtrat ion. Introduction to optimization. cross flow Electro Filtration. Allosteric regulation of enzymes. Review of Conventional Processes. oxygen requirements. ionic properties and other special characteristics of substances. Supercritical fluid Extraction. tubular. Dehumidification Techniqu es. Reverse Osmosis. Nanofiltrati on. concept of active site a nd energetics of enzyme substrate complex formation. commercial and Industrial ~Application of anthropome try and space standards-Inter relationships of functions ~Safety standards ~Buil ding rules and regulations ~Integration of building services ~Interior design. estimation of Michelis ~Menten parameter s. specificity of enzyme actio n. Recent advances in Separation Techniques based on size. Plate and Frame. Pilot Plant and Laboratory Membrane permeators involving Dialysis. Ultra filtration and Micro filtration. Bipo lar Membranes. Ion Exchange Chromatography and Eletrodialysis. institutional. Introduction to geometric. product. transition state theory. Classification of enzymes. Mono d changeux wyman model. heat transfer. Necessary and sufficient conditions for optimum.

Classification of Compressor. conservation equations and auxiliary relations. Methods of Refrigeration used in Industry and Different Ty pes of Refrigerants such as Monochlorodifluro Methane. Metrics f or SC performance ~Case Analysis Biomass energy resources. Distribution in Supply Chain ~Factors in Distribution network design -Design opt ions-Network Design in Supply Chain ~Framework for network Decisions ~Managing c ycle inventory and safety. Properties of Air -Water Vapors and use of Humidity Chart. matrix differential equations. merits and demerits of the above power plants. Chlorofluro Carbons and B rins. plug flow reactor . tearing. matrix e ntrapment. Scaling and Trouble Shooting. advan tages and disadvantages. hierarchy in model development. Waste Disposal. solid oxide fuel cell. main parameters to be monit ored and controlled in fermentation processes. solution of ODE boundary value problems. Types of Steam Generator such as S olid Fuel Fired Boiler. Requisites of Industrial Water and its uses. phosphoric acid fuel cell. basic configuration of fermentor and ancillaries. Rev enue management in supply chain Supply chain coordination ~Bullwhip effect ~Effect of lack of co-ordination and obstacles ~IT and SCM ~supply chain IT frame work. encapsulation. gasification. jacketed stirred tank heater. Thermal. packed bed adsorption. Impelle r Blade Shape. hyd el and nuclear power plants. P etrol and Diesel Engine. combustion processes. Refrigerating Effects and Liquefaction Processes. flow sheeting ~sequential modular a nd equation oriented approach. Reciprocating Compressor. Physical and chemical techniques for enzyme immobilization ~adsorption. Liquid Petroleum Fuels. magneto hydrodynami c power generation. Properties of Steam. Empirical modeling. combustion. Velocity Diagram for Centrifugal Compressor. thermal. boundary layer flow. ImportanceAnd Decision Phases ~Drivers of SC Performance and Obstacles. fuel c ells. p lug flow reactor. Analysis of liquid level tank. packed columns. fluidized bed combustion. hydel and nuclear reactors. Analysis of compressible flow. parameter estimation. Internal Combustion Engine. ethanol. classification of mathematical models. partitioning and precedence ordering. efficiency. Resins used for Wa ter Softening and Reverse Osmosis. Conventional energy resources. Refrigeration Cycles. Steam Traps and Accessories. Single Stage and Two Sta ge Compressor. Methods of wat er Treatment such as Chemical Softening and Demineralization. Introduction to modeling and simulation. Hard and Soft water. energy storage routes like thermal energy storage. thermo-chemical and biochemical methods of biomass con version. biogas production. sedimentation. heat exchanger. popul ation balance and stochastic modeling. classification and solution of partial differential equations. gravity flow tank. solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell. Waste Gas Fired Boiler and Fluidized Bed Boiler. covalent binding etc. problems based on Steam. heat exchanger. systems yieldin g linear and non-linear algebraic equations. Effects of impure Boiler Feed Water. reactors. heat transfer in packed bed. mechanical storage and electrical storage. Equipm ents used for Humidification. E Business And SCM. Degree of freedom analysis. 42 Types of Fuel used in Chemical Process Industries for Power Generation such as N atural Gas. chemical. Silp Factor. flash and distillation column. ~examples. pyrolysis. conduction. Dehumidification and Cooling Towers. . Definition of Logistics and SCM Evolution. Scope. single and network of process units. Analysis laminar flow in pipe.s. diffusion. molten carbonate fuel cell. Coal and Coke. simulation of closed loop systems. so lution of linear and non-linear algebraic equations. Factors ~Modes of Transportation ~Design options for Transportation Networks-Rou ting and Scheduling ~Inbound and outbound logistics~Reverse Logistics ~3PL~Integ rated Logistics Concepts~Integrated Logistics Model ~Activities ~Measuring logis tics cost and performance ~Warehouse Management ~Case Analysis Supplier selection and Contracts ~Design collaboration ~Procurement process. alkaline fuel cell. solution of ODE initial value problems.. cross-linking.

Renewable and non-renewable energy sou rces and their availability. distillation columns. injectio ns. wet granulation. Dewaxing. solar energy application in India. solar thermal systems. Primary and secondary batteries -types of batteri es. ocean wave energy conversion. Darrieus rotor and Gravian rotor. solar cooling. solar pond. halogenation. series. Development of drugs and pharamaceutical industry. Electrodes used in different electrochemical industries Metals-Graphite -Lead di oxide ~Titanium substrate insoluble electrodes -Iron oxide -semi conducting type etc. Treatment Techniques Removal of Sulphur Compounds in all Petroleum Fractions to improve performance. tablet presses formulation. Formation and Evaluation of Crude Oil. solar water heating. direct compression. Re fining of Petroleum ~Atmospheric and Vaccum Distillation. Phthalic Anhydride. 45 Chemical conversion processes. primarysecondary current distribution -rotating disc electrode. over p otential. Testing of Petroleum Products. Packing. dehydration. organic therapeutic agents us . solar thermal power generation. coating pills. st eam economy in chemical plants. types of wind ro tors. energy saving in h eat exchangers. Acrylonitrile. dry granulation or slugging. wind pow er in India. energy plantations. corrosion theories derivation of potential-c urrent relations of activities controlled and diffusion controlled corrosion pro cess. flat plate collectors. dryers. Clay Treatment and H ydrofining. types of electrochemical reactors. conversion factors. world ene rgy resources and energy consumption. types of windmills. Potential-pH diagram. fluidized bed electrochemical reactor. energy alternatives. wind electric power generation. Introduction to corrosion. advancement in granulation. Solar energy. esterification. Prospects of Renewable energy sources Electro deposition -electro refining -electroforming -electro polishing -anodiz ing -Selective solar coatings. Thermal Cracking. Maleic Anhydride. ointments. Pentaerythritol and Producti on of Carbon Black. Methyl Methacr ylate (MMA). Methanol. Compressed tablets. cap sules sustained action dosage forms. figures of merits of different type of electrochem ical reactors.Energy conservation in chemical process plants. so lar dryers. plu g flow cell. condensation and cycli sation. Cracking. standard of hygiene and manufacturing practice. general classification of energy. parential solutions. Origin. Metal finishing~cell design. Formaldehyde. filter press cell. geothermal energy. sacrificial anodes -Paint removers. oxidation. Linear Alkyl Benzene (LAB). Vinyl Acetate Monomer. Ethylene Glycol . oral liquids. batch cell . tidal energy conversion. Forms of corrosion~definition. solar refrigeration. Swiss roll cell. Acetaldehyde. focusing collectors. carboxylation. Synthetic Glycerine. Mass transfer in electrochemical systems diffusion controlled electrochemical re action -the importance of convention and the concept of limiting current. Wind energy. energy conservation. Catalytic Cracking (FCC). ocean thermal energy conversion. Isobutylene and Butadiene. Review basics of electrochemistry Faraday s law -Nernst potential -Galvanic cells ~Polarography. Phenol and Acetone. Catalytic Ref orming of Petroleum Feed Stocks and Extraction of Aromatics. ovens and furnaces and boilers. Production of Acetylene from Methane. energy crisis. Fuel cells. Production of Petrochemicals like Dimethyl Terephathalate (DMT). energy audit. Units of energy. The electrical double layer It s role in electrochemical processes -Electro capillary curve -Helmoltz layer -Guoy -Steven s layer -fields at the inte rface. Coking and Air Blowing of Bitumen. solar distillation. packing techniques. factors and control m ethods of various forms of corrosion-corrosion control measures~industrial boile r water corrosion control -protective coatings -Vapor phase inhibitors -cathodic protection. design equation. Solvent Treatment Processes. quality control. Cracking of Naphtha and Feed stock gas for the production of Ethylene. alkylation. Vis-breaking. sulfonation. economics of wind farm. Indian energy resources and energy consump tion. Propylene . Hydro Cracki ng. compl ex chemical conversions fermentation.

Glass transition temperature. biomolecular and cellular engineeri ng. process development for produ ct manufacture. Antiaging additives. tensile strength and hardness. solar energy Novel reactor configurations. biotransport and biomaterials. biofuel cells and b iohydrogen. slip. Styrene ~butadiene.Belt and rope driv es. variou s molding techniques Resins ~PVC. pHmetry Classification. specialty chemical manufacture. Principles of adsorption -Design of packed adsorber. First Law of Thermodynamics ~Statement and application. Principles of liq-extraction-Equilibrium -staged extraction calculation ~continu ous extraction equipments. chromatography. 47 Diffusion in Mass Transfer -gas. Dual comb ustion Cycle~Derivations and problems. Creep. Fuel Cell Technology. Polyacrylonitri le. surface and optical pro perties. Polyisopropane ~Neoprene. Diesel cycle. Phenol formaldehyde. Polymers and composites. combination of reaction and separation. pharma kinetics-action of drugs on human bodies. Velocity ratio. ext ernal antiseptics. optical properties~glass. fibrous Polymers ~Nylon 66.Balancing of rotating masses in same plane. Silicone rubber. Basic concepts and hints. nonsteroidal contraceptives. plasticizers. Hydrogen economy. Electrical and Mech anical properties Mechanical properties. Length of belt. vol ume resistivety. T hermoplastic elastomers Processing additives. Power Transm itted. hormones Vitamins. Flash distillation-Staged distillation Column-Design by Mc Cabe-Thiele metho d-Enthalpy~Concentration diagrams and use in Distillation Column design. refractometry. lab on a chip. Urea formaldehyde Biomechanics. modifiers. cold remedies. Vapour Liquid equilibrium and distillation-simple Distillation. antacids and others. additives for rubber and elastomers. gram negative and broad spectrum antib iotics. Crystallinity. Carnot cycle. Definition of Kinematic Links. mechanisms and methods of polymerization. Stirlings cycle. Balancing o f masses rotating in different planes. fire retardants. chemical analysis ~elemental and functional analysis Natural Rubber. Fluctuation of Energy. Principles of Leaching -equilibrium-staged leaching ~ Leaching equipments. laxatives. adhesives-Epoxides. Steam distillati on. analgesics. liq. Interphase mass transfer and overall mass transfer Coefficients ~Absorption equi pments-Hydraulics of Packed Absorbers-Process Design of Packed Absorbers~Concept of height of transfer units and number of transfer units in design. light transmissi on and refractive index. dielectric strength. electrical properties. Phenomena of heat transfer by conduction-concept of heat conduction resistances ~application of heat conduction in series ~heat transfer coefficient -heat conve ction phenomena~application for different situations -combined conduction and co nvectionoverall heat transfer coefficient -application to design of heat exchang ers~Principles of radiation heat transfer ~Laws in radiation~View factor concept s ~application. selection of product idea. Silicon Oil and resins. Ratio of tensions. physico chemical principles. Double slider crank mechanism and invers ions. polarimet ry. Zeroth law. Pairs and Kinematic Chains. thin films and electronic materials Scope and importance. economic aspects. Hydrogen production.es and economics Drug metabolism. drug discovery and development. use of dif ferent energy fields. solid diffusion and mass transfer-Diffusio n in biological solutions-measurement of diffusion Coefficients ~concept of mass transfer Coefficients-application for different situations. thermal. Flywheel -Turning moment Diagram. Joule cycle. Working principle of Slider Crank mechanism and inversions. colloidal dispersions and nanopar ticles. sources of ide as and screening ideas. Properties-Molecular w eight. identification of needs and specifications. gear trains-types. Steady flow energy equation-problems~Second law of Thermodynamics . Analytical methods and tests for various drugs and pharmaceuticals ~spectroscopy. Otto cycle. fluorimetry. ceramics and glasses. Antibiotics~gram positive.

vapor ization. Specific fuel consumption. Extern al work of evaporation. internal combustion engines. Ext ernal flows ~boundary layer concepts. thermodynamic property tables and diagrams . Material balance and energy balance calculations for network of units without a nd with recycle. entropy and its calculation. residual properties. Mathematical representation of PVT behaviour. Generalized equations of state Scope of thermodynamics. Flow measurement ~Constant and variable head meters. internal flow ~flow through pipes ~pressure drop under laminar and turbulent flow conditions ~major and minor losses. the Pi-theorem ~ nondimensional action of the basic equations ~similitude ~relationship between d imensional analysis and similitude ~use of dimensional analysis for scale up stu dies Duct flow of compressible fluids. Classification. steam po wer plant. Concept of material balance Material balance calculations not involving and inv olving single and multiple reactions including combustion Material balance calcu lations involving phase change. 10 Heat capacity. Entropy of vapour. Degree of f reedom. zeroth law. Heat Engi ne. Demonstration of ASPEN Process Simulator Simultaneous material and energy balance calculations for Humidification. Definition of system. volume of wet steam. CI Engine. Velocity measurement techni ques. Indicate d Thermal Efficiency. volume of superheated steam. performance c haracteristics and sizing of pumps. PVT behaviour of fluids. Equivalence entropy. equilibrium. Free expansion and Throttling process.Engine. Performance of I. temperat ure scales Thermodynamic potentials ~internal energy. Types. thermodynamic property relations ~Maxwell relations ~partial der ivatives and Jacobian method. Helmholtz free energy. heat engine and refrigerator. Generali zed compressibility factor correlation. Adiabatic and Polytropic processes-Derivations and problems. Line sizing. therm odynamic temperature scale. energy. Energy bal ance calculations without and with reactions including combustion. Isothermal. first law. Expansion of vapour. Gib bs free energy. Total heat of wet steam. Rankine cycle. Four Stroke cycle. mass and energy balance for open systems Statements of the second law of therm odynamics. Reversibi lity Entropy charts. Brake thermal efficiency. Dry steam. Units. Superheated stea m. crystallization. Calculation of enthalpy changes without phase change. entropy from a microsco pic point of view. state and path f unction. characteristics and sizing of valves. enthalpy.C. Available energy. Two stroke cycle. liquefaction processes. Third law of Thermodynamics ~Statement. dimensions and conversion. Third law of thermodynamics. boundary layer thickness under laminar and turbulent flow conditions~Flow over a sphere ~friction and pressure drag ~flow through fixed and fluidized beds. refrigeration ~v apour compression and absorption refrigeration cycles. jet and rocket engines. mixing. Methods of analysis and description ~fluid as a continuum ~Velocity and stress field ~Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids ~Classification of fluid motion Reynolds number regimes. Limitations. SI Engine. internal energy. Constant Volume. Engine nomenclature and classification. Steam ~Properties of steam. work and heat. Carnot cycle and Carnot theorems. energy balance for closed systems . second law of thermodyn amics for a control volume. Expressions for work done. compressors and fans Fluid statics ~basic equation ~equilibrium of fluid element ~pressure variation in a static fluid ~application to manometry ~Differential analysis of fluid moti on ~continuity. Euler s and Bernoulli equation The principle of dimensional homogeneity ~dimensional analysis. Refrigerator and Heat Pump. condensation. Use of steam tables. control volume. Internal energy and heat transfer for Constant Pressu re. Compression and expansion processes. latent heat. Process variables and properties. reversibility. Joule s experiment. Dry ness fraction. Internal energy.~Kelvin ~Plank statement and Clausius statement~problems.Steam turbines ~Impulse and Reaction types ~Principles of operati on.

screen efficiency. silos. Emissivity. mixing of powd ers. heat exchangers effectiveness. 16 Mixing and agitation ~Mixing of liquids (with or without solids). cyclones and hydro cyclones. hea vy media separations. S-N curves . Radiation heat transfer ~Em issive power. flow past flat plate. super centrifuges. double cone classifier . and flocculation. flow through a non circular conduit. hollow cylinder. Pb-Sn. ~Heat conduction through a seri es of resistances ~Thermal conductivity measurement. Heat transfer by natural convection. energy relationships in size reduction. disintegrators for coarse. electrostatic and magnetic separators. Plank s law. classification of equipments. Nusselt equation for vertical and horizo ntal tubes. Fatigue fracture. thickening. number of transfer unit ~Chart for different configurations ~Fouling factors Theory of evaporation ~single effect and multiple effect evaporation ~Design cal culation for single and multiple effect evaporation. Screening metho ds and equipment. bins and hoppers. size enla rgement ~principle of granulation. f ilter aids. Black body radiation. methods of size reduction. conveyer selection. estimation of particle size. Al2O3 ~Cr2O3 . effect of temperature on th ermal conductivity. Correlations for the calculation of heat transfer coefficients. intermediate and fine grinding. nucleate boiling and film boiling. Storage and Con veying of solids ~Bunkers. crushers. Heat transfer to fluids with phase change ~heat transfer from condensing vapours . Batch and continuous filters. Heat transfer to boiling liquids ~mechanism of boilin g. shape factor. work index. use of correction factor charts. . rake classifier. filtration equipmen ts ~selection. Griffith s theory. Parallel and counter flow heat exchangers ~Log mean temperature difference ~Sing le pass and multipass heat exchangers. operation and design of filters and optimum cycle of operation. design of basket centrifuges. effect of non-condensable gasse s on rate of condensation. drop wise and film wise condensation. power requirement for mixing. Anelastic and Viscoelastic Behaviour ~Plastic Deformation by Slip Criti cal resolved shear stress. transportation of solids in bulk. Gravity settling. ideal and actual screens. Elastic. selection of suitable mixers. Films ~Special Nano Materials ~Nano Structures fabricated by Physica l Techniques ~Characterisation and Properties of Nano Materials ~Applications of Nano Structures. Prandtl and Coulburn a nalogy. Fractur e toughness 18 Gibb s Phase rule Uniary and Binary phase diagrams . analogie s between transfer of momentum and heat ~Reynold s analogy. Stefan ~Boltzman law. Creep Resistant Materials ~Fractu re Ductile and Brittle . compressible and incompressible filter cakes. radiation between surfaces. flow through packed beds. Importance of heat transfer in Chemical Engineering operations ~Modes of heat tr ansfer ~Fourier's law of heat conduction ~one dimensional steady state heat cond uction equation for flat plate.General characteristics of solids. jigging Laws of size reduction. Flow through filter cake and filter media. pelletisation. Dimensional analysis in heat transfer. Mechanism of Creep. power requirement. different types of conveyers and their performance cha racteristics. floatation. plate heat exchangers. different techniques of size analysis. condensation of superheated vapours. grinders. Theory of filtration. bowl classifier. Heat transfer in extended surfaces. Concepts of heat transfer by convection ~Natural and forced convection. sedimentation. elutriation. Ag-Pt and Iron~Iron Carbide Phase Diagram ~Lever rule ~Invariant reactions~TTTdiagrams ~Micro structural changes ~Nucleation and growth ~Martensitic transformations ~ Solidification and Crystallization ~Glass transition ~Recrystallization and Grai n growth Introduction to Nanotechnology~Zero Dimensional Nano Structures ~Nano particles ~One Dimensional Nano Structures~Nano wires and Nano rods ~Two Dimensional Nano Structures. Centrifugal separation ~continuous centrifug es. heat transfer coefficient for flow through a pipe . briquetting. industrial dust removing eq uipment. surface area determination.

phase diagrams for homogeneous systems and for systems with a miscibility gap. vapour-l iquid equilibrium. standard free energy change and reaction equilibri um constant. application of the correlation and prediction of phase equilibria in sys tems of engineering interest particularly to distillation and liquid extraction processes. Crystallization ~Equilibrium. effect of temperature and pressure on azeotrope composition. classification of crystallizers. Glass and ceramics. classification of dryers. relationship between individual and ove rall mass transfer coefficients. Electrical. Pulp and paper. Criteria for equilibrium between phases in multi component non-reacting systems in terms of chemical potential and fugacity. Fertilizers. Applications and Manufacturing metho ds. Cement. Drying ~Equilibrium. application of correlations for mass transfer coefficients. Partial molar properties. concept of mass transfer coefficients. standard states definit ion and choice. continuous dryers ~material and energy bala nce. Propert ies and applications in process industries. Hot and cold rolling. humidity chart. l iquid-liquid equilibrium. calculation of equilibrium compositio ns for homogeneous chemical reactors. ternary liquidliquid equilibrium. evaluation of reaction equilibrium constant. mass and energy balance. equilibria in chemical reactors. Principles of refrigeration. dehumidifiers and humidifiers using enthalpy transfer unit concept. ideal and non-ideal solutions. inter phase mass transfer. population balance model and design of continuous crystallizers. classification of crystallizers. prediction of free ene rgy data. excess properties of mixtures. Asphalt and Asphalt mixtures. continuous dryers ~material and energy balan ce. relationship between individual and ove rall mass transfer coefficients. evaluation of the performance of vapour compr ession and gas refrigeration cycles. kinetics of crystallization ~nucleation and growth. . Paints and Pigments. batch drying ~Mechanism and time of Cross through circulation drying. Chemical Explosives. kinetics of crystallization ~nucleation and growth. Humidification ~Equilibrium. concept of mass transfer coefficients. Gibbs-Duhem equation. theories of mass transfe r. application of correlations for mass transfer coefficients. determination of length of rotary dryer using rate concept. Chemical. inter phase mass transfer. dehumidifiers and humidifiers using enthalpy transfer unit concept. Cast iron. Food Products Introduction to chemical processing. Tin and Magnesium. symbolic representation of different unit operations and unit processes to build a flowsheet Oil. Processing of Metals and Alloys~Casting. Activity coefficient-composition models.FRP-Fiber Reinforced Plastics (FRP). Manufacturing methods of Lead. design of batch cry stallizers. Sugar. batch drying ~Mechanism and time o f cross through circulation drying. Petrochemicals. Properties Mechanical. humidity chart. Selection criteria and processes General criteria of selection of materials in p rocess industries. Eddy diffusion. application of phase rule. Different types of manufacturing methods. Special Alloy steels-properties and uses. Wood. humidification operations. Petroleum Refining. theory and design of cooling towers. Mild Steel-properties. Thermal. adiabatic and wet bulb temperatures . population balance model and design of continuous crystallizers. design of batch crys tallizers. Heat treatment o f plain-carbon steels. Extrusion. methods of producing refrigeration. liquefaction pr ocess. Deep drawing. Forging. Definition of standard state. Dyes and intermediates. adiabatic and wet bulb temperatures . different transport analogies. thermodynamic analysis of simultaneous rea ctions. theories of mass transfe r. theory and design of cooling towers. Polymers Pharmaceuticals. coefficient of performance. Magneti c and Technological properties. Stainless steels. different transport analogies. mass and energy b alance. determination of length of rotary dryer using rate concept Drying~Equilibrium. Eddy diffusion. thermodynamic consistency of phase equi libria. Chlor-Alkali~Industries. . humidification operations.Pig iron. Humidification ~Equilibrium. classification of dryers. Soap and Detergent. Crystallization ~Equilibrium.

time for complete conversion for single and mixed sizes. counter current multiple contact (shank s sy stem). Introduction to mass transfer operations. liquids and solids. basic models for non-ideal flow. tray tower absorber ~calculation of number of theoretical stages. multi-component diffusion. determina tion of height of packing using HTU and NTU calculations. controlling resistanc es and rate controlling steps. volume and surface models. adsorption equilibria. Design equation for constant and variable volume bat ch reactors. conversion in non-ideal reactors Adsorption ~Types of adsorption. ef fect of pressure and temperature on adsorption isotherms. Principle of Ion exchange. reac tivity and yield. size comparison of reactors. diffusivity measurement and prediction. combination of reactors. multistag e continuous rectification. catalyst prepara tion. Principle of distillati on ~flash distillation. Adsorption operations ~stage wise operations. tower reactor design . operation of batch and continuous reactors. Rate equations for heterogeneous reactions. non-elementary reactions. rates of heat e xchanges for different reactors. The residence time distribution as a factor of performance. adsorption isotherms. Molecular diffusion in gases. techniques and applicat ions. theories of reaction rate and temperature dependency. Liquid ~liquid extraction ~solvent characteristics-equilibrium stage wise contac t calculations for batch and continuous extractors~differential contact equipmen t-spray. Thiele Modulus. liquids and solids. moving bed leaching. enthalpy concentration diagrams. fluidized and static reactors. multi-component diffusion. vapor-liquid equilibrium diagrams for idea l and nonideal systems. residence time func tions and relationship between them in reactor. Non-isothermal homogeneous reactor systems. stage efficiency. break through curves. centrifugal extractorsSupercritical extraction Solid-liquid equilibria~leaching equipment for batch and continuous operations~c alculation of number of stages ~Leaching ~Leaching by percolation through statio nary solid beds. tower diameter. analysis of experimental kinetics data. rates of adsor . selectivity. ultrafiltration. Number of ideal stages by Mc. parallel and mixed reac tions ~factors affecting choice. material balance. differential distillation. steam distillation. electro d ialysis.Cabe ~Thiele method and Ponchan ~Savarit method. application of film. reverse osmosis. tray e fficiency. optimum yield and conversion. azeotropic and extractive dist illation Absorption combined with chemical reactions. Models for explaining kinetics. minimum reflux ratio. surface area and pore-volume distribution. effectiveness factor. integral and differential a nalysis. Gas Absorption and Stripping ~Equilibrium. penetration and surface renewal theories. steady state moving bed and unsteady state fixed bed ads orbers. Total reflux. optimum temp erature progression. diffusivity measurement and prediction. Diffusion within catalyst particle. Introduction to multi-component distillation. optimum reflux rat io. equipments for leaching operation. Solid and liquid membranes. elementary. packed and mechanically agitated contactors and their design calculatio ns-packed bed extraction with reflux. Rate equation. fixed bed reactors. Molecular diffusion in gases. Design of continuous reactors ~stirred tank and tubular flow reactor. Vapour liquid equilibria ~Raoult s law. mass and hea t transfer within catalyst pellets. multi stage continuous cross current a nd counter current leaching. recycle r eactors. stage calculations. limiting gas-liquid ratio. effective thermal conductivity. design for constant rate input and constant hea t transfer coefficient. nature of adsorbents. Design of reactors for multiple reactions ~consecutive. concept of osmosis. Pulsed extractors. adiabatic reactors. Ha tta number and enhancement factor for first order reaction.Introduction to mass transfer operations. Nature of catalysts. mass transfer coefficients and kine tic constants. packed tower absorber ~rate based approach.

Introduction to frequency response of closed-loop systems. linearization and its application in process control. viscous. Pipe Lines and Pipe Layouts. stability criterion. motion. temperature effect on viscosity of gases and liquids. vulnerability models event tree analysis fault tree analysis. safe handling Over all risk analysis--emergency planning-on site And off site emergency planni ng. comparison of laminar and turbulent flows. time smoothed equations of change. checklist. 31 Introduction to advanced control systems. Hazan past accident analysis Fix borough-Mexico-Madras-Vizag~Bopal analysis Hazop-guide words. Hazard identification safety audits. shell balance method. parameters. heat conduction through composite walls. Schematics and Presentatio n. Viscosity. dimensional analysi s of equations of change. use of equations of change.ption and desorption. circular tube. concentrati on distribution in solids and in laminar flow stagnant gas film.The equ ation of continuity. servo and regulatory problems. Principles of measurements and classification of process instruments. application to solve ODEs. tuning of controller settings Laplace transformation. liquid weight and weight flow rate. use of equations of change. electrical and thermal conductivity. transportation lag. Distillation Column. cyl inders. Safety Programmes ~components and realization. annulus. measuremen t of temperature. cascade control. first orde r systems and their transient response for standard input functions. falling film. visc osity. risk management ISO 14000. with electrical. Fourier s law. Smith predictor controller. temperature and pressure effect. Po tential hazards ~extreme operating conditions. second order systems and their dynamics. Risk due to Radiation. Absorption column. Open-loop systems. special forms. time-smoothed equation of change. shell energy bal ance. promotion of industrial safety Need for safety in industries. jet fire-fire ball. what if analysis. humidity of gases . temperature distribution for turbulent flow in tubes. Dryers Design of Plant Layout. mechanism of mass trans port. transie nt response of closed-loop control systems and their stability. Closed loop control systems. transfer function for controllers and fi nal control element. Energy equations. empirical e xpressions for turbulent mass flux. mechanism of energy transport. introduction to computer control of chemical processes. pressure. Implementation of safety procedures ~periodic inspection and replacement. theory of diffusion in gases and liquids. dimensional analysis of equations of change. chemical heat source. mechanical energy. Equation of continuity. jets. derivation-causes-consequences-recommendation-coa rse Hazop study-case studies-pumping system-reactor-mass transfer system. fins. empirical expres sions. fluid flow. Diffusivity. Extraction Column. heterogeneous and homogeneous chemical reaction systems. temperature distribution in solids and laminar flow. use of equations of change to solve flow problems. concentration. control system design by frequency response techniques. Materials of Construction and Selection of process equipments Heat Exchangers. pH. control of distillation towers and heat exchangers. slit. explosion du e to over pressure. Bode diagram. Evaporators . development of block diagram for feed-back control systems. porous catalyst. Newton s law. mec hanism of momentum transport. toxic chemicals. first order systems in series. slits. feed forward control. Adsorption column Cooling Tower. Fick s law. dimensional analysis. summary of equations of change and fluxes. Quantitative risk assess ment ~rapid and comprehensive risk analysis. spheres. pressure and velocity distri butions in falling film. empirical expressio ns. temperature and pressure effect on thermal conductivity of gases and liquids. Condensers. shell mass balances. surface reaction analysis of rate equation and rate contro lling steps. principles of pneumatic and electronic controllers. Accide nts ~identification and prevention. time-smoothed equations of change. EMS models case studies. nucl ear. Thermal conductivity.

Labour and capital ~Demand and supply ~determination of factor price ~Interaction of product and factor market ~General equilibrium and efficiency of competitive markets. Macro-economic aggregates ~circular flow of macroeconomic activity ~National in come determination ~Aggregate demand and supply ~Macroeconomic equilibrium ~Comp onents of aggregate demand and national income ~multiplier effect ~Demand side m anagement ~Fiscal policy in theory. Disk Attachm ent and Disk Scheduling ~Disk Management~Swap-Space Management ~RAID Structure.Packed bed Reactors. Introduction to process integration Process Design and Development General Design Considerations. The themes of economics ~scarcity and efficiency ~three fundamental economic pro blems ~society s capability ~Production possibility fronties (PPF) ~Productive eff iciency Vs economic efficiency ~economic growth And stability ~Micro economies a nd Macro economies ~the role of markets and government ~Positive Vs negative ext ernalities. [ Operating System Services ~System Calls ~Operating System Structure ~Process Con cept ~Process Scheduling ~Operations on Processes ~Interprocess Communication ~M ultithreading Models ~Java Threads ~Threading Issues ~Concept of CPU Scheduling ~Scheduling Algorithms ~Multiple Processor Scheduling ~Thread Scheduling ~Java S cheduling. Distributed System Structures~Types of Network-based Operating Systems ~Network Structure ~Network Topology ~Communication Structure and Protocols ~Robustness. Process Synchronization~Basics ~The Critical-Section Problem ~Peterson s Solution ~Synchronization Hardware ~Semaphores ~Classic problems of Synchronization ~Moni . Engineering ar ound variations. Short-run and Long-run supply curve ~Unemployment and its impact ~Okun s law ~Infl ation and the impact ~reasons for inflation ~Demand Vs Supply factors -Inflation Vs Unemployement tradeoff ~Phillips curve -short~run and long-run -Supply side Policy and management~Money market~Demand and supply of money ~money-market equi librium and national income ~the role of monetary policy. Pressure Vessel. Product market ~perfect and imperfect market ~different market structures ~Firm s equilibrium and supply ~Market efficiency ~Economic costs of imperfect competiti on ~factor market ~Land. The Nature of Process Synthesis and Analysis. Heat exchange networks synthesis and utilities Energy targets. Distributed Coordination~Event Orderi ng ~Mutual Exclusion ~Atomicity ~Concurrency Control ~Deadlock Handling ~Electio n algorithms ~Reaching Agreement. distillation column sequences. Mass-Storage Structure~Disk Structure. Storage Vessel Choice of reactor based on reactor performance. Reactor networks in process flow sheets Choice of separation of heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures ~Attainable regio n Separation systems in process flowsheets multicomponent distillation for ideal and nonideal systems. File-System Implementation~File~System Structure ~File-System Implementation ~Directory Implementation ~Allocation Met hods ~Free-Space Management. Integration in di stillation columns Introduction to optimization approaches to optimal design. The Hierarchy of C hemical Process Design. Distributed File Systems~Naming and Transparency ~Remote File Access ~Stateful V ersus Stateless Service ~File Replication. Main Memory Background ~Swapping ~Memory Partitioning ~Paging -Paging Hardware w ith TLB ~Page Table Structure ~Multilevel Paging ~Inverted Page Table ~Segmentat ion ~Address Translation in Segmentation System ~Combining Paging and Segmentati on ~Address Translation in Segmentation / Paging System ~Demand Paging ~Page Rep lacement Algorithms ~Allocation of Frames ~Thrashing. Design under uncertainty and failure tolerance. Market ~Demand and Supply ~Determinants ~Market equilibrium ~elasticity of deman d and supply ~consumer behaviour ~consumer equilibrium ~Approaches to consumer b ehaviour ~Production ~Short-run and long-run Production Function ~Returns to sca le ~economies Vs diseconomies of scale ~Analysis of cost ~Short-run and long-run cost function ~Relation between Production and cost function. reactor conditions and reactor c onfiguration. L File-System Interface~File Concepts ~Access Methods ~Directory Structure ~File S ystem Mounting ~File Sharing ~Protection. role of simulations i n process design.

Introduction ~Requirements Problem ~Requirements management ~Requirements and so ftware life cycle-software team. service tier and Data t ier patterns ~J2ME General Overview of the System History ~System structure ~User perspective ~Oper ating system services ~Assumptions about hardware. root . Memory Management Policies Swapping ~Demand paging. Rules ~Knowledge Bases ~Active and Deductive Databases ~Multimedia Databases~Mul timedia Data Structures ~Multimedia Query languages ~Spatial Databases. Open ~Read ~Write ~File and record locking ~Adjusting the position of file I/O ~ Lseek ~Close ~File creation ~Creation of special files ~Changing directory. Process states and transitions ~Layout of system memory ~The context of a proces s ~Saving the context of a process ~Manipulation of the process address space ~S leep. The I/O Subsystem Driver I nterface ~Disk Drivers ~Terminal Drivers~Streams ~Inter process communication. Introduction to the Kernel A rchitecture of the UNIX operating system ~Introduction to system concepts. AJAX ~Struts ~JSF ~Hibernate ~Spring Introduction ~3 tier architecture ~working with model-view-controller ~JCP ~J2EE XML based APIs ~Application servers Presentation tier and EIS tier ~servlet programming ~JSP ~Java Mail ~JMS ~Java t ransactions ~JNDI ~Java authentication and authorization services ~Java cryptogr aphy (9) Service Tier and Data tier ~EJB architecture ~session beans ~entity beans ~messa ge driven beans ~JDBC ~J2EE connector architecture Web Services ~J2EE Web Services ~patterns ~presentation. Process Control Process creation ~Signals ~Process termination ~Awaiting process termination ~Invoking other programs ~user id of a process ~Changing the size of a process ~Shell ~System boot and the INIT process~Process Scheduling. Parallel Databases ~Inter and Intra Query Parallelism ~Distributed Database Feat ures ~Distributed Database Architecture ~Fragmentation ~Distributed Query Proces sing ~Distributed Transactions Processing ~Concurrency Control ~Recovery ~Commit Protocols.tors. Enhanced Data Models ~Client/Server Model ~Data Warehousing and Data Mining ~Web Databases ~Mobile Databases~XML and Web Databases. owner. ER Model ~Normalization ~Query Processing ~Query Optimization ~Transaction Proce ssing ~Concurrency Control ~Recovery ~Database Tuning. Software requirement-Refining the use cases-developing the supplementary specifi cation~Ambiguity and specificity -Technical methods for specifying requirements The five steps in problem analysis~business modeling ~Systems engineering of sof tware intensive systems ~Understanding user and stakeholders needs ~Features of a product or system -Interviewing ~Requirements workshops~Brain storming and Ide a reduction~storyboarding Use case primer-Organizing requirement Information-Vision Document-Product Manag ement-Managing scope-Establishing Project scope-Managing customer Describing the detailed design ~Design representations ~rationale for software d . From use cases to Implementation-From use Cases to Test cases-Tracing requiremen ts~Managing Change-Assessing Requirements Quality in Iterative Development-Agile Requirement methods. The B uffer Cache Buffer headers ~Structure of the buffer pool ~Scenarios for retrieva l of a buffer ~Reading and writing disk blocks ~Advantages and disadvantages of the buffer cache. mode ~stat and fstat ~Pipes ~Dup ~Mounting and unmounting file systems ~link ~unlink. Internal representation of files Inodes ~Structure of a regular file ~Directorie s ~Conversion of a path name to an Inode ~Super block ~Inode assignment to a new file ~Allocation of disk blocks. Introduction to Object Oriented Data Bases ~Approaches ~Modeling and Design ~Per sistence ~Query Languages ~Transaction ~Concurrency ~Multi Version Locks ~Recove ry ~POSTGRES ~JASMINE -GEMSTONE ~ODMG Model. Deadlocks~System Model ~Deadlock Characterization ~Methods for handling De adlocks ~Deadlock Prevention ~Deadlock Avoidance ~Deadlock Detection ~Recovery f rom Deadlock.

Essential elemen ts of design~Factors affecting design quality ~Design Quality models ~Design pri nciples ~Notion of Software architecture ~Simple case studies. Delegates and events ~Strings and regular expressions ~Generics ~Collections ~M emory management and pointers ~Errors and exceptions Architecture ~Assemblies ~shared assemblies ~CLR hosting ~Appdomains ~Reflection C# and the . Feature Analysis and Extraction. Image Classification ~Image Recognition ~Image Understanding ~Video Motion Analy sis ~Image Fusion ~Steganography ~Digital Compositing ~Mosaics ~Colour Image Pro cessing. Data warehousing Components -Building a Data warehouse -~Mapping the Data Wareho use to a Multiprocessor Architecture ~DBMS Schemas for Decision Support ~Data Ex traction.esign methods~Design process ~Simple design Practices ~Stepwise refinement. . Emergence of Middleware ~Objects. Cleanup. Introduction ~XML Web Services standards ~Creating Web Services ~Extending Web S ervices ~Messaging Protocol ~Describing ~Discovering ~Securing. Description of software Architectures ~Architectural design space ~Scenario base d analysis and evaluation ~SAAM and ATAM methods ~formalizing the architectural styles ~Tools for architectural design. Naming ~Trading ~Life Cycle ~Persistence ~Security ~CORBA. Associations and Correlations ~Mining Methods ~Mining Various Kinds of Association Rules ~Correlation Analysis ~Constraint Based Asso ciation Mining ~Classification and Prediction ~Basic Concepts ~Decision Tree Ind uction ~Bayesian Classification ~Rule Based Classification ~Classification by Ba ckpropagation ~Support Vector Machines ~Associative Classification ~Lazy Learner s ~Other Classification Methods ~Prediction Cluster Analysis ~Types of Data ~Categorization of Major Clustering Methods ~Kme ans ~Partitioning Methods ~Hierarchical Methods ~Density-Based Methods -Grid Bas ed Methods ~Model-Based Clustering Methods ~Clustering High Dimensional Data ~Co nstraint ~Based Cluster Analysis ~Outlier Analysis ~Data Mining Applications. Web Services ~Middleware Elements ~Vendor Arch itecture ~Interoperability ~Middleware in Distributed Applications ~Types of Mid dleware ~Transaction-Oriented Middleware ~MOM ~RPC. Nature of design process ~Characteristics of design activities. File Formats .NET framework ~C# basics ~Objects and types ~Inheritance ~Arrays ~Op erators and casts ~Indexers Tracing and events ~threading and synchronization ~..NET ~basics of ASP . Introduction ~Data ~Types of Data ~Data Mining Functionalities ~Interestingness of Patterns ~Classification of Data Mining Systems ~Data Mining Task Primitives ~Integration of a Data Mining System with a Data Warehouse ~Issues -Data Preproc essing. Object concept ~Component based development ~Formal approach to design ~Design p atterns~Design Review. Reporting and Query tools and Applications ~Tool Categories ~The Need for Applic ations ~Cognos Impromptu ~Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) ~Need ~Multidimens ional Data Model ~OLAP Guidelines ~Multidimensional versus Multirelational OLAP ~Categories of Tools ~OLAP Tools and the Internet. Geometric and Morphological. Incr emental design. OOM ~Developing with OOM ~Heterogeneity ~Dynamic Object Request ~Java RMI ~COM+. Introduction ~Steps in Image Processing Systems ~Image Acquisition ~Sampling and Quantization ~Pixel Relationships ~Colour Fundamentals and Models. and Transformation Tools -Metadata. Image operations ~Arithmetic. Real-time Middleware ~RT CORBA ~Multimedia Middleware ~Reflective Middleware ~Ag ent-Based Middleware ~RFID Middleware. Mining Frequent Patterns.Net security ~localization ~ Manipulating XML ~Managing the file system ~basic network programming Window based applications ~Data access with . Structured system analysis and Structured design ~Jackson structured Programming and Development.NET ~Introducti on to web services Detection of Discontinuities ~Edge Operators ~Edge Linking and Boundary Detectio n ~Thresholding ~Region Based Segmentation ~Morphological WaterSheds ~Motion Seg mentation.

Services ~header ~connection establishment and termination ~interactive data flo w ~bulk data flow ~timeout and retransmission ~persist timer ~keep alive timer ~ futures and performance. Algorithms Shortest Path Algorithm ~DFS ~Planarity Testing ~Isomorphism. 54 Data structure and input processing ~transmission control blocks ~segment format ~comparision ~finite state machine implementation ~Output processing ~mutual ex clusion ~computing the TCP Data length. Parallel programming models ~Shared memory programming ~Message passing paradigm ~Message Passing Interface ~Parallel Virtual Machine ~Algorithms.Multi Resolution Analysis Image Pyramids ~Multi resolution expansion ~Wavelet T ransforms. Computer Forensics Fundamentals ~Types of Computer Forensics Technology ~Types of Vendor and Computer Forensics Services Data Recovery ~Evidence Collection and Data Seizure ~Duplication and Preservatio n of Digital Evidence ~Computer Image Verification and Authentication Discover of Electronic Evidence ~Identification of Data ~Reconstructing Past Eve nts ~Networks Fighting against Macro Threats ~Information Warfare Arsenal ~Tactics of the Mili tary ~Tactics of Terrorist and Rogues ~Tactics of Private Companies The Future ~Arsenal ~Surveillance Tools ~Victims and Refugees ~Advanced Computer Forensics Algorithms Connectedness and Components ~Spanning tree ~Finding all Spanning Tre es of a Graph ~Set of Fundamental Circuits ~Cut Vertices and Separability ~Direc ted Circuits. Frequency Domain Filtering in Frequency Domain ~DFT . Software and hardware multithreading ~SMT and CMP architectures ~Design issues ~ Case studies ~Intel Multi-core architecture ~SUN CMP architecture Symmetric and distributed shared memory architectures ~Performance issues ~Synch ronization ~Models of memory consistency ~Introduction to Multithreading. ILP ~Concepts and challenges ~Review of hardware techniques ~Compiler techniques for exposing ILP ~Static branch prediction ~VLIW And EPIC ~Advanced compiler su pport ~Hardware support for exposing parallelism ~Hardware versus software specu lation mechanisms ~IA and Itanium processors ~Limits on ILP. Internetworking concepts and architecture model ~classful Internet address ~CIDR ~Subnetting and Supernetting ~AARP~RARP~IP~IP Routing ~ICMP ~IPV6. Timers ~events and messages ~timer process ~deleting and inserting timer event ~ . Paths. availability and dependability ~I/O performance measures ~D esigning an I/O system. Cache performance ~Reducing cache miss penalty and miss rate ~Reducing hit time ~Main memory and performance ~Memory technology. program devel opment and performance tuning. Spatial Domain Gray level Transformations Histogram Processing Spatial Filtering ~Smoothing and Sharpening. Incidence matrix ~Submatrices ~Circuit Matrix ~Path Matrix ~Adjacency Matrix ~Ch romatic Number ~Chromatic partitioning ~Chromatic polynomial ~Matching ~Covering ~Four Color Problem ~Directed Graphs ~Types of Directed Graphs ~Digraphs and Bi nary Relations ~Directed Paths and Connectedness ~Euler Graphs ~Adjacency Matrix of a Digraph. Types of storage devices ~Buses ~RAID ~Reliability. Circuits ~Connected ness ~Components ~Euler Graphs ~Hamiltonian Paths and Circuits ~Trees ~Propertie s of trees ~Distance and Centers in Tree ~Rooted and Binary Trees. Spanning trees ~Fundamental Circuits ~Spanning Trees in a Weighted Graph ~Cut Se ts ~Properties of Cut Set ~All Cut Sets ~Fundamental Circuits and Cut Sets ~Conn ectivity and Separability ~Network flows ~1-Isomorphism ~2-Isomorphism ~Combinat ional and Geometric Graphs ~Planer Graphs ~Different Representation of a Planer Graph. FFT. 55 IP global software organization ~routing table ~routing algorithms ~fragmentatio n and reassembly ~error processing (ICMP) ~Multicast Processing (IGMP). DCT ~Smoothing and Sharpening filters ~Homomorphic Filtering. Image Compression Fundamentals ~Models ~Elements of Information Theo ry ~Error Free Compression ~Lossy Compression ~Compression Standards. TOTAL45 PERIODS Graphs ~Introduction ~Isomorphism ~Sub graphs ~Walks.

Advantages of Free Software and GNU/Linux. listing files. Qt Programming . Heuristic Classific ation ~State Space Search Strategies. DSL. generating dynamically linked libraries . memory debugging / profil ing libraries mpatrol and valgrind . Introduction to Bash. Introduction to common syst em configuration files And log files . Patent-directed Search. editing files. sed And awk scripting Fuzzy arithmetic and measures ~Fuzzy reasoning ~approximate reasoning ~categori cal. Python Programming . X Window system configuration and utilities--configure X windows. configure disk partitions And file s ystems and install a GNU/Linux distribution . History of GNU/Linux and the Free Software Movement . Setting up proxy services --using squid ( http / ftp / https proxy services) . Using source code versioning and management tools --using cvs to m anage source code revisions.so libraries). displays And dis play cards. the C compiler (gcc) and the C++ compiler (g++). Using the GNU debugging tools --gdb to debug programs. Programming GUI applications with localisation support. foomatic (printer database) . squirrel mail ( web mail services) . Basic knowledge Representation Issues. Symbolic R easoning Under Uncertainity. Configuring networking. basics of TCP/IP networking and routing. playing music. sending and receiving email. Setting u p printer services -using CUPS (print spooler). Knowledge ac quisition ~Heuristic Search Techniques for Heuristic search.a libraries) and dynamic shared object libraries (. syllogistic. qualitative. Setting up web servers --using apache ( HTTP services). Production System and Learnin Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems ~Architecture ~Hybrid Learning Algorithm ~Learning Methods that Cross-fertilize ANFIS and RBFN ~Coactive Neuro Fuzzy Mode . User and group management. Sett ing up file services --using samba ( file and authentication services for window s networks). Search bas ed on Recursion. Installing software from source code as well as using binary package s Setting up email servers--using postfix ( SMTP services).PAM authentication . Gtk+ Programming . Rule Based knowledge Representation. Definition of FOSS And GNU. Understanding the OS boot up process . php (server-side scripting). Review of common programming practicies and guidelines for GNU/Linux and FOSS . 56 GNU/Linux OS installation--detect hardware. playing games. using autoconf and a utogen to automatically generate make files tailored for different development e nvironments . assembler (gas) . editing documents and spreadsheets. modems. CD writers . Knowledge Representation ~Reasoning. connecting to the Internet (through dialup. network cards. Configuring additional hardware ~sound cards. multi OBJECTIVES. Understanding the GNU Libc librari es and linker -linking against object archives (. Implementation of Graph Search.flow control and adaptive retransmission ~congestion avoidance and control ~urge nt data processing and push function. Bayesian ~fuzzy logic c ontrol system ~architecture. Introduction. Performing every day tasks using gnu/Linux -~accessing the In ternet. patch And diff . viewing file contents. Basic shell commands -logging in. process management . the C preprocessor (cpp ). generating statically linked binaries and lib raries. USB drives. Se tting up a firewall -Using netfilter and iptables Using the GNU Compiler Collection --GNU compiler tools . Etherne t. FOSS usage . trends and potential gl obal and Indian. copy files from disks and over the network. using NFS ( file services for gnu/Linux / Unix networks) . graphical debuggers like ddd. Basics of the X Windows server architecture . model and application Introduction to Neuro ~Fuzzy and Soft Computing ~Fuzzy Sets ~Basic Definition a nd Terminology ~Set-theoretic Operations ~Member Function Formulation and Parame terization ~Fuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning ~Extension Principle and Fuzzy Relat ions ~Fuzzy If-Then Rules ~Fuzzy Reasoning ~Fuzzy Inference Systems ~Mamdani Fuz zy Models ~Sugeno Fuzzy Models ~Tsukamoto Fuzzy Models ~Input Space Partitioning and Fuzzy Modeling. dispositional ~Fuzzy inference systems ~fuzzy dec ision making ~individual. courier ( IMAP And POP 3 services). detect displa y devices . Issues and Acquisition Prepo sitional and Predicate Calculus. leased line) . perl ( CGIsupport) . Understand ing build systems --constructing make files and using make. writing CDs . file ownerships and permissions. copying/moving files. multiperson. chang ing file modes and permissions.

Types of Queries ~Data Structures ~B tree ~B+ Tree ~Hash Structures ~Bit Map Ind exes ~Clustering Indexes ~Non Clustering Indexes ~Composite Indexes ~Hot Tables ~Comparison of Indexing and Hashing Techniques. Evolution of Computing ~Soft Computing Constituents ~From Conventional AI to Com putational Intelligence ~Neural Networks ~Scope and Evolution ~Models of Neural Networks ~Feed forward Networks ~Supervised Learning Neural Networks ~Associativ e memory networks ~Unsupervised learning networks ~Special Networks Fuzzy Sets ~Operations on Fuzzy Sets ~Fuzzy Relations ~Fuzzy Rules Non ~interact ive fuzzy sets ~Fuzzification~Intuition . Grid Monitoring Architecture (GMA) ~An Overview of Grid Monitoring Systems~GridI CE ~JAMM -MDS-Network Weather Service-R-GMA-Other Monitoring Systems~Ganglia and . Challenges in Building KM Systems ~Conventional Vrs KM System Life Cycle (KMSLS) ~Knowledge Creation and Knowledge Architecture ~Nonaka s Model of Knowledge Creat ion and Transformation. User Acceptance Testing ~KM System Deployment Issues ~User Tr aining ~Post implementation. intelligence ~Experience ~Com mon Sense ~Cognition and KM ~Types of Knowledge ~Expert Knowledge ~Human Thinkin g and Learning. Genetic algorithm and Fuzzy logic implementation in C++ and Matlab Machine Learning Techniques ~Machine Learning Using Neural Nets ~Genetic Algorit hms (GA) ~Simple and General GA ~Classification of Genetic Algorithm ~Messy.ling ~Framework Neuron Functions for Adaptive Networks ~Neuro Fuzzy Spectrum. Query Plan Explainers ~Performance Monitors ~Event Monitors ~Finding "Suspicious " Queries ~Analyzing a Query s Access Plan ~Profiling a Query Execution ~DBMS Subs ystems. Evaluating the Expert ~Developing a Relationship with Experts ~Fuzzy Reasoning a nd the Quality of Knowledge ~Knowledge Capturing Techniques. Rank ordering ~Defuzzificat ion ~Max-membership principle. KM Life Cycle ~Understanding Knowledge ~Knowledge. Brain Storming ~Pro tocol Analysis ~Consensus Decision Making ~Repertory Grid~Concept Mapping ~Black boarding. DB2UDB ~Distributed Database ~Implementati on. Ada ptive. Application Tools and Performance ~Tuning the Application Interface ~Bulk Loading Data ~Accessing Multiple Databases. center of sums. centroid method. Knowledge Architecture. Internet Search Techniques ~Fuzzy Controllers ~Bayesian Belief networks for Rocket Engine Control ~Neural N etwork. Data Management-Categories and Origins of Structured Data-Data Management Challe nges-Architectural Approaches-Collective Data Management Services-Federation Ser vices-Grid Portals-First-Generation Grid Portals-Second-Generation Grid Portals. center of larges t area. 58 Genetic algorithms -. Modes of Knowledge Conversion ~Codification Tools and Procedures ~Knowledge Deve loper s Skill Sets ~System Testing and Deployment ~Knowledge Testing ~Approaches t o Logical Testing. Transaction Chopping ~Time Series Databases ~Understanding Access Plans ~Configu ration Parameters Oracle. Review of Relational Databases ~Relational Algebra ~Locking and Concurrency Con trol ~Correctness Consideration ~Lock Tuning ~Logging and the Recovery Subsystem ~Principles of Recovery ~Tuning the Recovery Subsystem ~Operating Systems Consi derations ~Hardware Tuning. Parallel ~Holland Classifier System Printed Character Recognition ~Inverse Kinematics Problems ~Automobile Fuel Effi ciency Prediction ~Soft Computing for Color Recipe Prediction. Transfer Methods ~Role of the Internet ~Knowledge Transfer in e-world ~KM System Tools ~Neural Network ~Association Rules ~Classification Trees ~Data Mining and Business Intelligence ~Decision Making Architecture ~Data Management ~Knowledge Management Protocols ~Managing K n o w l e d g e W o r k e r s . Derivative-based Optimization ~Descent Methods ~The Method of Steepest Descent ~ Classical Newton s Method ~Step Size Determination ~Derivative-free Optimization ~ Genetic Algorithms ~Simulated Annealing ~Random Search ~Downhill Simplex Search. Hybrid. Traveling Salesperson Problem. SQL Server. Techniques ~Tuning Relational Systems ~Normalization ~Tuning Denormalization ~Cl ustering Two Tables ~Aggregate Maintenance ~Record Layout ~Query Tuning ~Trigger s ~Client Server Mechanisms ~Objects. inference.

Multilinguality ~Multilingual Information Retrieval and Speech processing ~Multi modality ~Text and Images ~Modality Integration ~Transmission and Storage ~Speec h coding~Evaluation of systems ~Human Factors and user Acceptability. Resource allocation ~identifying and scheduling resources ~publishing resource a nd cost schedule ~scheduling sequence ~Creating Framework ~Collecting The Data ~ Visualizing Progress ~Cost Monitoring ~Earned Value ~Priortizing Monitoring ~Get . Natural Language Processing ~Linguistic Background~Spoken language input and out put Technologies ~Written language Input ~Mathematical Methods ~Statistical Mode ling and Classification Finite State methods Grammar for Natural Language Proces sing ~Parsing ~Semantic and Logic Form ~Ambiguity Resolution ~Semantic Interpret ation.GridMon Grid Security-A Brief Security Primer-PKI-X509 Certificates-Grid Security-Grid S cheduling and Resource Management-Scheduling Paradigms~Working principles of Sch eduling -A Review of Condor. Information Retrieval architecture ~Indexing~Storage ~Compression Techniques ~Re trieval Approaches ~Evaluation ~Search engines~commercial search engine features ~comparison~performance measures ~Document Processing ~NLP based Information Ret rieval ~Information Extraction. List of globally available grid Middlewares ~Case Studies-Current version of Glo bus Toolkit and Lite ~Architecture. Components and Features. 3D ~Multiple Dimensions ~Trees ~Web Works ~Data Mapping: Document Visual ization ~Workspaces. 1D. Animating non Photo realistic Computer Graphics ~Interaction Facilities and High Level Support for Animation Design ~Zoom Navigation in User Interfaces ~Interac tive Medical Illustrations ~Rendering Gesturall Expressions ~Animating design fo r Simulation ~Tactile Maps for Blind People ~Synthetic holography ~Abstraction V ersus Realism~Integrating Spatial and Non Spatial Data. Introduction-Parallel and Distributed Computing-Cluster Computing-Grid Computing ~Anatomy and Physiology of Grid-Review of Web Services-OGSA-WSRF. Machine Translation ~Transfer Metaphor ~Interlingua and Statistical Approaches ~Discourse Processing ~Dialog and Conversational Agents ~Natural Language Genera tion ~Surface Realization and Discourse Planning. Project Definition ~Contract Management ~Activities Covered by Software Project Management ~Overview Of Project Planning ~Stepwise Project Planning. OBJECTIVES ~Project Schedule ~Sequencing and Scheduling Activities ~Network Plan ning Models ~Forward Pass ~Backward Pass ~Activity Float ~Shortening Project Dur ation ~Activity on Arrow Networks ~Risk Management ~Nature Of Risk ~Types Of Ris k ~Managing Risk ~Hazard Identification ~Hazard Analysis ~Risk Planning and Cont rol. 2D. From Graphics to Pure Text ~Figure Captions in Visual Interfaces ~Interactive 3D illustrations with images and text ~Related work ~Consistency of rendered ~imag es and their textual labels ~Architecture ~Zoom techniques for illustration purp ose ~Interactive handling of images and text. Introduction ~Understanding Behavior ~Organizational Behaviour ~Selecting The Ri ght Person For The Job ~Instruction In The Best Methods ~Motivation ~The Oldman ~Hackman Job Characteristics Model ~Working In Groups ~Becoming A Team ~Decision Making ~Leadership ~Organizational Structures ~Stress ~Health And Safety ~Case Studies. Visualization stages ~Experimental Semiotics based on Perception Gibson s Affordan ce theory ~A Model of Perceptual Processing ~Types of Data. SGE. Non-Computer Visualization ~Computer Visualization Exploring Complex Informatio n Spaces ~Fisheye Views ~Applications ~Comprehensible Fisheye views ~Fisheye vie ws for data ~Non Linear Magnificaiton ~Comparing Visualization of Information Sp aces ~Abstraction in computer Graphics ~Abstraction in user interfaces. Categorization ~Extraction based Categorization~Clustering~Hierarchical Clusteri ng~Document Classification and routing~finding and organizing answers from Text search ~use of categories and clusters for organising retrieval results ~Text Ca tegorization and efficient Summarization using Lexical Chains ~Pattern Extractio n (evaluation). PBS and LSF-Grid Scheduling with QoS.

program development and performance tuning. Thread level parallelism.ting Project Back To Target ~Change Control ~Managing Contracts ~Introduction ~T ypes Of Contract ~Stages In Contract Placement ~Typical Terms Of A Contract ~Con tract Management ~Acceptance. fi ltering ~cluster analysis ~gene network analysis ~Compared Evaluation of Scienti fic Data Management Systems ~Cost Matrix ~Evaluation model ~Benchmark ~Tradeoffs Need for Bioinformatics technologies ~Overview of Bioinformatics technologies ~S tructural bioinformatics ~Data format and processing ~secondary resources and ap plications ~Role of Structural bioinformatics ~Biological Data Integration Syste m. 77 Hidden markov modeling for biological data analysis ~Sequence identification ~Se quence classification ~multiple alignment generation ~Comparative modeling ~Prot ein modeling ~genomic modeling ~Probabilistic modeling ~Bayesian networks ~Boole an networks ~Molecular modeling ~Computer programs for molecular modeling Microarray technology for genome expression study ~image analysis for data extra ction ~preprocessing ~segmentation ~gridding ~spot extraction ~normalization. Bioinformatics data ~Datawarehousing architecture ~data quality ~Biomedical data analysis ~DNA data analysis ~Protein data analysis ~Machine learning ~Neural ne twork architecture and applications in bioinformatics Gene regulation ~motif recognition ~motif detection ~strategies for motif detect ion ~Visualization ~Fractal analysis ~DNA walk models ~one dimension ~two dimens ion ~higher dimension ~Game representation of Biological sequences ~DNA.NET and Data Binding ~ASP. Threading APIs.NET Compact Framework ~Compact Edition Data Stores ~Errors. Thread level parallelism. Solutions to parallel programming problems ~Data races. Parallel computer models -~Symmetric and di stributed shared memory architectures ~Performance Issues ~Multi-core Architectu res ~Software and hardware multithreading ~SMT and CMP architectures ~Design iss ues ~Case studies ~Intel Multi-core architecture ~SUN CMP architecture. Protein . Scalable design principles ~Principles of processor design ~Instruction Level Pa rallelism. Fundamental concepts ~Designing for threads. MPI Model ~collective communication ~data decomposition ~communicators and topol ogies ~point-to-point communication ~MPI Library. Fundamental concepts ~Designing for threads. OpenMP ~Threading a loop ~Thread overheads ~Performance issues ~Library function s. Scalable design principles ~Principles of processor design ~Instruction Level Pa rallelism. program development and performance tuning. .NET ~SOAP. deadlocks and liveloc ks ~Non-blocking algorithms ~Memory and cache related issues. WSDL.NET Remotin g ~. Threading and parallel programming constructs ~Synchronization ~Critical sections ~Deadlock. Web Services ~. Threading and parallel programming constructs ~Synchronization ~Critical sections ~Deadlock. Testing and Debuggi ng ~Optimizing performance ~Packaging and Deployment ~Networking and Mobile Devi ces ~Security TOTAL45 PERIODS Communication ~Web Services with ASP. deadlocks and liveloc ks ~Non-blocking algorithms ~Memory and cache related issues.NET Remoting Architecture ~.NET Introduction ~ADO. MPI Model ~collective communication ~data decomposition ~communicators and topol ogies ~point-to-point communication ~MPI Library. Parallel computer models -~Symmetric and di stributed shared memory architectures ~Performance Issues ~Multi-core Architectu res ~Software and hardware multithreading ~SMT and CMP architectures ~Design iss ues ~Case studies ~Intel Multi-core architecture ~SUN CMP architecture.NET Deve lopment ~Custom Controls ~Master Pages ~Site Navigation ~Security ~Themes ~Web P . Algorithms. Strategic Assessment ~Technical Assessment ~Cost Benefit Analysis ~Cash Flow For ecasting ~Cost Benefit Evaluation Techniques ~Risk Evaluation. Solutions to parallel programming problems ~Data races. Threading APIs. ~software effort estimation Algorithms. OpenMP ~Threading a loop ~Thread overheads ~Performance issues ~Library function s. Amino acid sequences.NET Remoting Features ~Mobile Web Services Enterprise Services ~Overview ~COM+ Application ~Message Queuing Windows Presentation Foundation ~Overview ~Event Handling ~Data Binding ~Windows Forms Integration ~ASP.

arts ~ASP. Embedded process ors ~ARM processor ~Architecture. Cellular and Ad hoc wireless networks ~Issues of MAC layer and Routing ~Proactiv e.NET AJAX Windows Workflow Foundation ~Activities ~Custom Activities ~Workflows ~Workflow Services ~Hosting Workflows ~Directory Services ~Architecture ~Administration To ols Input Modeling ~Data collection ~Assessing sample independence ~Hypothesizing di stribution family with data ~Parameter Estimation ~Goodness-of-fit tests ~Select ing input models in absence of data~Output analysis for a Single system ~Termina ting Simulations ~Steady state simulations. Testing and Debuggi ng ~Optimizing performance ~Packaging and Deployment ~Networking and Mobile Devi ces ~Security Communication ~Web Services with ASP. 70 Simulation Tools ~Model Input ~High level computer system simulation ~CPU ~Memor y Simulation ~Comparison of systems via simulation ~Simulation Programming techn iques ~Development of Simulation models. ARM and Thumb Instruction sets C-looping structures ~Register allocation ~Function calls ~Pointer aliasing ~str ucture arrangement ~bit fields ~unaligned data and endianness ~inline functions and inline assembly ~portability issues. Web Services ~. Meeting real time constraints ~Multi-state systems and function sequences.11s Architecture ~Opport unistic Routing ~Self Configuration and Auto Configuration ~Capacity Models ~Fai rness ~Heterogeneous Mesh Networks ~Vehicular Mesh Networks Need for Energy Management ~Classification of Energy Management Schemes ~Battery Management and Transmission Power Management Schemes ~Network Layer and Data Li nk Layer Solutions ~System power Management schemes Real-time traffic support ~Issues and challenges in providing QoS ~Classificatio n of QoS Solutions ~MAC layer classifications ~QoS Aware Routing Protocols ~Tick et based and Predictive location based Qos Routing Protocols Challenges of Embedded Systems ~Embedded system design process.NET ~SOAP.NET Compact Framework ~Compact Edition Data Stores ~Errors. Multiple tasks and processes ~Context switching ~Scheduling policies ~Interproce ss communication mechanisms ~Exception and interrupt handling ~Performance issue s.NET Remotin g ~.NET Remoting Features ~Mobile Web Services Enterprise Services ~Overview ~COM+ Application ~Message Queuing Windows Presentation Foundation ~Overview ~Event Handling ~Data Binding ~Windows . Reactive and Hybrid Routing protocols ~Multicast Routing ~Tree based and Mesh based protocols ~Multicast with Quality of Service Provision Introduction ~Sensor Network architecture ~Data Dissemination ~Data Gathering -M AC Protocols for sensor Networks ~Location discovery ~Quality of Sensor Networks ~Evolving Standards ~Other Issues ~Recent trends in Infrastructure less Network s Necessity for Mesh Networks ~MAC enhancements ~IEEE 802. Statistical Models ~Concepts ~Discrete Distribution~Continuous Distribution ~Poi sson Process~Empirical Distributions~Queueing Models ~Characteristics~Notation ~ Queueing Systems ~Markovian Models~Properties of random numbers~Generation of Ps eudo Random numbers~Techniques for generating random numbers-Testing random numb er generators~Generating Random-Variates~Inverse Transform technique ~Acceptance ~Rejection technique ~Composition And Convolution Method. WSDL. . Introduction ~Simulation Terminologies~Application areas ~Model Classification ~ Types of Simulation~Steps in a Simulation study~Concepts in Discrete Event Simul ation ~Simulation Examples Model Building ~Verification of Simulation Models ~Calibration and Validation of Models ~Validation of Model Assumptions ~Validating Input ~Output Transformatio ns. Design methodologies ~C ase studies ~Complete design of example embedded systems. Embed ded software development tools ~Emulators and debuggers.NET Remoting Architecture ~. Profiling and cycle counting ~instruction scheduling ~Register allocation ~condi tional execution ~looping constructs ~bit manipulation ~efficient switches ~opti mized primitives.

speed vs functionality.NET AJAX Windows Workflow Foundation ~Activities ~Custom Activities ~Workflows ~Workflow Services ~Hosting Workflows ~Directory Services ~Architecture ~Administration To ols Function of Router ~Types ~Elements ~Packet flow ~Packet Processing ~Algorithms And Data Structures (packet buffer allocation. Components ~Types ~Ontological Commitments ~Ontological Categories ~Philosophica l Background ~Knowledge Representation Ontologies ~Top Level Ontologies ~Linguis tic Ontologies ~Domain Ontologies ~Semantic Web ~Need ~Foundation ~Layers ~Archi tecture. RIP v2 ~IGRP~EIGRP~OSPF ~Integrated IS-IS ~IP Traffic engineering ~Traffic. Packet Flow. Internal components ~Embedded RISC processor (instruction set. software arc hitecture. Augmented RISC Processo r. External Connecti ons. High Speed LAN s Fast E thernet ~Gigabit Ethernet~Fibre Channel ~Wireless LANs. Clock Rates. SONET/SDH-Optical wavelength routing networks-Optical Cross connects and Burst S witching-PONS~Intelligent optical networks-IP over WDM networks.ATM logical Connection ~ATM Cell ~ATM Service Categories ~AAL.NET and Data Binding ~ASP. Intel NP ~Multithreaded Architecture Overview ~Basic Features. Traffic and Congestion control in ATM ~Requirements ~Attributes ~Traffic Management Frame work. Delay and Utilization ~Applica tion view ~Architecture Framework ~EGP. etc. Evoluti on ~Development of Tools and Tool Suites ~Ontology Merge Tools ~Ontology based A nnotation Tools. instruction set. Processing Speed . BGP routing. Issues In Scaling A Network Processor (processing hierarchy and scaling)~example s of commercial Network Processors Multi-Chip Pipeline. etc)~Protocol Software (threads. Embedded Processor Plus Coprocessors. etc) ~Hardware Architectures For Protocol Processing ~Classification And Forwarding ~Switching Fabrics. ingress And egress processing. Static Routes ~Dynamic Routes ~RIP v1. internal per ipheral unit. Performance of TCP over ATM. Primary architectural characteristics.NET Introduction ~ADO. User And Kernel Mode Operation) -Packet Processor Hardware (micros equencing. Assigning Functionality To The Processor Hierarchy. Table Lookup And Hashing. Traffic Control ~ABR traffic Manage ment ~ABR rate control. . Future tren ds Changing resource tradeoffs-technology and applications. Stochasticity. RM cell formats ~ABR Capacity allocations ~GFR traffic m anagement. Design principles and trade offs-End-to-End Vs Hop-by-Hop-Control Mechanisms ~De sign techniques-Scaling time and space-specialized hardware implementationparall elism and pipelining-data structure optimization -latency reduction. Taxonomy for Ontology Learning ~Layered Approach ~Phases of Ontology Learning ~I mporting and Processing Ontologies and Documents ~Ontology Learning Algorithms ~ Evaluation Web Documents in XML ~RDF ~Schema ~Web Resource Description using RDF~RDF Proper ties ~Topic Maps and RDF ~Overview ~Syntax Structure ~Semantics ~Pragmatics ~Tra ditional Ontology Languages ~LOOM~OKBC ~OCML ~Flogic Ontology Markup Languages ~ SHOE ~OIL ~DAML + OIL~OWL . I nterrupts. Frame Relay Networks ~Asynchronous transfer mode ~ATM Protocol Architecture. Scalability With Parallelism And Pipelining ~Complexity Of Network Processor Des ign (packet processing. etc) ~Packet processing functions (Bridge Algorithm. Queuing Analysis ~Queuing Models ~Single Server Queues ~Effects of Congestion ~C ongestion Control ~Traffic Management ~Congestion Control in Packet Switching Ne tworks ~Frame Relay Congestion Control. ~Design Tradeoffs and consequences (Programmability Vs.NET Deve lopment ~Custom Controls ~Master Pages ~Site Navigation ~Security ~Themes ~Web P arts ~ASP.Forms Integration ~ASP. Overview ~need for management ~development process ~target ontology ~ontology ma pping ~skills management system ~ontological class ~constraints ~issues. etc) ~memory interfaces ~system and control interfac e components ~Bus interface -Software Development Kit ~IXP instruction set ~Micr oEngine Programming ~thread synchronization ~developing sample applications. Macroscopic Data Pipelini ng And Heterogeneity etc) ~Network Processor Architectures architectural variet y. etc).

1~network .RMON2 79 Network management Functions ~concepts ~management interface bases~ASN. Gauss-Jordan. Numerical Differentiation Runge-Kutta Methods. Parabolic Equations. Interface Agents ~Agent Communication Languages ~Agent Knowledge Representation ~Agent Adaptability ~Belief Desire Intension ~Mobile Agent Applications~Argument aic and Knowledge Sharing Agent. Least-Square Regr ession -Newton s Divided-Difference Interpolating Polynomials-Lagrange s polynomials -Newton s Forward and Backward Difference Formula~Stirling s and Bessel s Central Diff erence Formula. Jacobi And 77 Gauss Seidel Methods-Matrix Inversion-Gauss-Jordan Method. Agent Security Issues ~Mobile Agents Security ~Protecting Agents against Malicio us Hosts ~Untrusted Agent ~Black Box Security ~Authentication for agents ~Securi ty issues for Agents.Partial Differential Equation-Elliptic Equation. Reasoning about Multi agent Interaction between agents ~Reactive English Agents Dutch ~Combinational Spectrum ~Cognitive Agents ~Interaction protocols ~Agent co ordination ~Agent negotiation ~Agent Cooperation ~Agent Organization ~Self~Inter ested agents in Electronic Commerce Applications ~Probabilistic Agents ~Temporal Agents.Nume rical Integration Trapezoidal and Simpson s Rules ~Two and Three Point Gaussian Qu adrature Formula ~Double Integral Using Trapezoidal and Simpson s Rule. TOTAL45 PERIODS Interface Agents ~Agent Communication Languages ~Agent Knowledge Representation ~Agent Adaptability ~Belief Desire Intension ~Mobile Agent Applications~Argument aic and Knowledge Sharing Agent. Agent Security Issues ~Mobile Agents Security ~Protecting Agents against Malicio us Hosts ~Untrusted Agent ~Black Box Security ~Authentication for agents ~Securi ty issues for Aglets.Web Services ~Semantic Web Services ~Case Study for specific domain ~Security is sues ~current trends. Processes ~Threads~FIPA ~ACL ~DIA GAL~Daemons ~Components ~Java Beans ~ActiveX ~ Sockets ~RPCs ~Distributed Computing ~Aglets Programming ~Jini Architecture ~Act ors and Agents ~Typed and proactive messages. 78 Markovian FIFO Queuing Systems ~M/M/1 ~M/M/a ~M/M/8 M/G/1 ~M/M/M/M and other Ma rkov ~Non-Markovian and self-similar models ~Network of Queues -Burke s Theorem -J ackson s Theorem. Reasoning about Multi agent Interaction between agents ~Reactive English Agents Dutch ~Combinational Spectrum ~Cognitive Agents ~Interaction protocols ~Agent co ordination ~Agent negotiation ~Agent Cooperation ~Agent Organization ~Self~Inter ested agents in Electronic Commerce Applications ~Probabilistic Agents ~Temporal Agents. Boundary-Value and Eigen value Pr oblems. Processes ~Threads~FIPA ~ACL ~DIA GAL~Daemons ~Components ~Java Beans ~ActiveX ~ Sockets ~RPCs ~Distributed Computing ~Aglets Programming ~Jini Architecture ~Act ors and Agents ~Typed and proactive messages. Modeling and General Systems Theory-Concepts of Simulation-Types of Simulation~E xperimental Design Consideration~Comparison and Selection of Simulation Language s-Development of Simulation Models Using any one of the Languages for Some Probl ems -Stochastic Simulation ~Randomness and Random Numbers ~Random Number Generat ors ~Software for Generating Random Numbers.RMON1. Agent Definition ~Agent Programming Paradigms ~Agent Vs Object ~Aglet ~Mobile Ag ents ~Agent Frameworks ~Agent Reasoning.V3. General Strategy ~Approximations in Scientific Computation ~Mathematical Softwar e ~Mathematical Software Libraries ~Scientific Computing Environments ~Extended Arithmetic Packages Graphical Method ~Iterative Methods~Newton-Raphson Method~Break-Even Analysis~Ga uss Elimination-Solution Of Linear Systems By Gaussian.V2. Optimization Problems ~Existence and Uniqueness ~Convexity ~Optimization in One Dimension~Multidimensional Unconstrained Optimization ~Constrained Optimization ~Linear Programming Agent Definition ~Agent Programming Paradigms ~Agent Vs Object ~Aglet ~Mobile Ag ents ~Agent Frameworks ~Agent Reasoning. Monitoring And Control ~Standard bodies -SNMP .

Clock Synchronization ~Clock. Multitasking. Overloading and Generics. Run-time ( Exception) Error handling. Packages. Performance Characteristics ~Requirement Analysis Concepts -User. Network Topologies Protocols. Integrated F ailure handling. Inheritance ~constructors ~member accessibility ~overriding methods ~abstract cl asses ~interfaces ~flow control ~exceptions Programming methodologies ~comparison ~features of object oriented programming ~ basics of java environment. Two-phase Approach to improve Predicta bility. Supervised Learning Neural Networks ~Perceptrons ~Adaline ~Backpropagation Mutil ayer Perceptrons ~Radial Basis Function Networks ~Unsupervised Learning Neural N etworks ~Competitive Learning Networks ~Kohonen Self-Organizing Networks ~Learni ng Vector Quantization ~Hebbian Learning. Applets development execution ~passing params GUI objects ~programming ~event ha ndling ~network ~ping ~socket programming ~standard utilities ~standard packages . 80 Real time Databases ~Basic Definition. Capacity Requirements ~Flow Anal ysis ~Identifying and Developing Flows -Flow Models -Flow Prioritization ~Specif ication. Real-Time Communication ~Communications Media. Reliability Model s for Hardware Redundancy. Differences between Java and C++ ~multiple inheritance ~pointers ~templates. Mode Changes. Ta sk Classes. Structure of a Real Time System. Reversal Checks. UniProcessor scheduling of IRIS Tasks. 71 Classes Definition ~fields ~methods ~access speci fiers ~object creation ~construction overloading ~methods ~static members this k eyword ~nested classes. Reliability Evaluation Techniques ~Obtaining Parameter Values. Fault Tolerant Synchronization in Hardware. M ain Memory Databases. Introduction to Neuro ~Fuzzy and Soft Computing ~Fuzzy Sets ~Basic Definition an d Terminology ~Set-theoretic Operations ~Member Function Formulation and Paramet erization ~Fuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning ~Extension Principle and Fuzzy Relati ons ~Fuzzy If-Then Rules ~Fuzzy Reasoning ~Fuzzy Inference Systems ~Mamdani Fuzz y Models ~Sugeno Fuzzy Models ~Tsukamoto Fuzzy Models ~Input Space Partitioning and Fuzzy Modeling. Facilitating Hierarchical Decomposition. . Data Typing. Overview of probability ~Random variables-Stochastic process -Link Delay compone nts ~Queuing Models ~Little s Theorem ~Birth And Death process ~Queuing Discipline s.Delay. Transaction Aborts. Derivative-based Optimization ~Descent Methods ~The Method of Steepest Descent ~ Classical Newton s Method ~Step Size Determination ~Derivative-free Optimization ~ Genetic Algorithms ~Simulated Annealing ~Random Search ~Downhill Simplex Search. Impact of Faults. Task Assignment and Scheduling ~Classical Uniprocessor scheduling algorith ms. Programming Environments. Device. Programming Language and Tools ~Desired Language characteristics. Concurrency Co ntrol Issues. Databases for Hard Real Time syst ems. Fault Detection. F ault Error containment Redundancy. Performance Measures for Real Time Systems. Fault Tolerance Techniques ~Fault Types. C ontrol structures. Low Level pro gramming. Fault Tolerant Synchronization in Software.management security issues~CMIP~network management tools ~network management ca se study and review . and Fa ult Tolerant Scheduling. Maintaining Serialization Consistency. A Nonfault-Tolerant Synchronization Algorithm. Data Diversity. Runtime Support. Software Error models. Task Assignment. Networ k Requirements ~Process -Developing RMA . Estimating Program Run t imes. Transaction priorities. Printed Character Recognition ~Inverse Kinematics Problems ~Automobile Fuel Effi ciency Prediction ~Soft Computing for Color Recipe Prediction. Task scheduling. Real time Vs General Purpose Databases. Fau lt Tolerant Routing. Disk Scheduling Algorithms. Introduction ~Issues in Real Time Computing. Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems ~Architecture ~Hybrid Learning Algorithm ~Learning Methods that Cross-fertilize ANFIS and RBFN ~Coactive Neuro Fuzzy Mode ling ~Framework Neuron Functions for Adaptive Networks ~Neuro Fuzzy Spectrum. Timing Specifications.

Greedy Algorithms-Activity selection problem-Elements of Greedy Strategy~Huffman code. Transaction Concepts ~Transaction Recovery ~ACID Properties ~System Recovery ~Me . Dependency Preservation ~Boyce/Codd Normal Form~Mul ti-valued Dependencies and Fourth Normal Form ~Join Dependencies and Fifth Norma l Form Overview of Physical Storage Media ~Magnetic Disks ~RAID ~Tertiary storage ~File Organization ~Organization of Records in Files ~Indexing and Hashing -Ordered I ndices ~B+ tree Index Files ~B tree Index Files ~Static Hashing ~Dynamic Hashing ~Query Processing Overview ~Catalog Information for Cost Estimation ~Selection Operation ~Sorting ~Join Operation ~Database Tuning. Quicksort-Description-Performance-Randomized version-Analysis. NP-completeness-Polynomial time-Polynomial-time verification-NP-completeness and reducibility-NP-completeness proofs ~NP-completeness problems.Matrix Operations-Properties of matrices-Strassen's algorithm~Solving syst ems of linear equations-Inverting matrices. Purpose of Database System -~Views of data ~Data Models ~Database Languages -~Da tabase System Architecture ~Database users and Administrator ~Entity~Relationshi p model ~E-R Diagrams -~Introduction to relational databases Purpose of Database System -~Views of data ~Data Models ~Database Languages -~Da tabase System Architecture ~Database users and Administrator ~Entity-Relationshi p model ~E-R Diagrams -~Introduction to relational databases The relational Model ~The catalog~Types~Keys ~Relational Algebra ~Domain Relatio nal Calculus ~Tuple Relational Calculus ~Fundamental operations ~Additional Oper ations~SQL fundamentals ~Integrity ~Triggers ~Security ~Advanced SQL features -E mbedded SQL~Dynamic SQL~Missing Information~Views ~Introduction to Distributed D atabases and Client/Server Databases The relational Model ~The catalog~Types~Keys ~Relational Algebra ~Domain Relatio nal Calculus ~Tuple Relational Calculus ~Fundamental operations ~Additional Oper ations~SQL fundamentals ~Integrity ~Triggers ~Security ~Advanced SQL features -E mbedded SQL~Dynamic SQL~Missing Information~Views ~Introduction to Distributed D atabases and Client/Server Databases Transaction Concepts ~Transaction Recovery ~ACID Properties ~System Recovery ~Me dia Recovery ~Two Phase Commit ~Save Points ~SQL Facilities for recovery ~Concur rency ~Need for Concurrency ~Locking Protocols ~Two Phase Locking ~Intent Lockin g ~Deadlock~Serializability ~Recovery Isolation Levels ~SQL Facilities for Concu rrency. Third Normal Forms.Threads ~creation ~synchronization ~scheduling ~ending ~packages ~I/O package st reams ~byte ~character ~buffered ~filter ~pipe.Sorting in linear time~Lower bounds for sorting-Counting sort-Medians and order statistics-Minimum and maximum-Selection in expected linear time~Selection in worst-case linear ti me-Dynamic Programming ~Matrix chain multiplication -Elements of Dynamic program ming~Longest common sequences. Second. Dependency Preservation ~Boyce/Codd Normal Form~Mul ti-valued Dependencies and Fourth Normal Form ~Join Dependencies and Fifth Norma l Form Functional Dependencies ~Non-loss Decomposition ~Functional Dependencies ~First. Linear Programming-Standard and slack forms-Formulating problems-Simplex algorit hm-Duality-Initial basic feasible solution ~String Matching-Naive string matchin g algorithm-Knuth-Morris-Pratt algorithm. Second. Approximation Al gorithms-The vertex-cover problem-The traveling-salesman problem. Third Normal Forms. The Role of Algorithms in Computing-Getting Started-Growth of Functions ~Recurre nces-The Substitution Method~The Recurrence Tree Method-The Master Method -Proba bilistic Analysis and Randomized Algorithms-The Hiring Problem~Random VariablesRandomized Algorithms Functional Dependencies ~Non-loss Decomposition ~Functional Dependencies ~First. Overview of Physical Storage Media ~Magnetic Disks ~RAID ~Tertiary storage ~File Organization ~Organization of Records in Files ~Indexing and Hashing -Ordered I ndices ~B+ tree Index Files ~B tree Index Files ~Static Hashing ~Dynamic Hashing ~Query Processing Overview ~Catalog Information for Cost Estimation ~Selection Operation ~Sorting ~Join Operation ~Database Tuning.

Arrays. and Search Tree ADTs ~AVL Trees ~Red Black Trees ~Splay Trees ~B-trees ~Priority Queues (Heaps) OO Perspective of List. Heap sort. SCSI. Queue.dia Recovery ~Two Phase Commit ~Save Points ~SQL Facilities for recovery ~Concur rency ~Need for Concurrency ~Locking Protocols ~Two Phase Locking ~Intent Lockin g ~Deadlock~Serializability ~Recovery Isolation Levels ~SQL Facilities for Concu rrency Disjoint Set ADT ~Graph Algorithms ~Topological Sort ~Shortest-Path Algorithm ~N etwork Flow Problems ~Minimum Spanning Tree ~Applications of Depth-First Search Disjoint Set ADT ~Graph Algorithms ~Topological Sort ~Shortest-Path Algorithm ~N etwork Flow Problems ~Minimum Spanning Tree ~Applications of Depth-First Search Introduction ~Learning C++ ~Design of C++ ~History and Use ~Programming Paradigm s ~Standard Library ~Types and Declaration ~Pointers. constructors and destructors . Sorting ~Insertion sort. Analysis. Structures ~Expres sions and Statements ~Functions ~Namespaces and Exceptions ~Source Files and Pro grams ~Classes ~User-Defined Types ~Objects ~Operator Overloading ~Operator Func tions ~Complex Number OO Perspective of List.Exception handling. Introduction to Algorithm Design Techniques -Greedy algor . and Search Tree ADTs ~AVL Trees ~Red Black Trees ~Splay Trees ~B-trees ~Priority Queues (Heaps) Templates ~Function Templates ~Error Handling ~Grouping of Exceptions ~Catching Exceptions ~Resource Management ~Multiple Inheritance ~Access Control ~Run Time Type Information Templates ~Function Templates ~Error Handling ~Grouping of Exceptions ~Catching Exceptions ~Resource Management ~Multiple Inheritance ~Access Control ~Run Time Type Information Type Conversion Operators ~Friends ~Large Objects ~Essential Operators ~Subscrip ting ~Function Call ~Dereferencing ~Increment and Decrement ~String Class ~Deriv ed Classes ~Abstract Classes ~Design of Class Hierarchies Type Conversion Operators ~Friends ~Large Objects ~Essential Operators ~Subscrip ting ~Function Call ~Dereferencing ~Increment and Decrement ~String Class ~Deriv ed Classes ~Abstract Classes ~Design of Class Hierarchies 10 Accessing I/O devices ~Programmed Input/Output -Interrupts ~Direct Memory Access ~Buses ~Interface circuits ~Standard I/O Interfaces (PCI. Priority queues-Binary Heap~Appli cation. Lists. Basic concepts ~Data hazards ~Instruction hazards ~Influence on instruction sets ~Data path and control considerations ~Performance considerations ~Exception ha ndling ~Advanced concepts in pipelining -Exploitation of more ILP ~Hardware and software approaches ~Dynamic scheduling ~Speculation ~Compiler approaches ~Multi ple issue processors. Structures ~Expres sions and Statements ~Functions ~Namespaces and Exceptions ~Source Files and Pro grams ~Classes ~User-Defined Types ~Objects ~Operator Overloading ~Operator Func tions ~Complex Number Introduction ~Learning C++ ~Design of C++ ~History and Use ~Programming Paradigm s ~Standard Library ~Types and Declaration ~Pointers. Arrays. Heaps. F ile Handling Templates .operators overloading and type conversi ons . Shell sort. Virtual functions and polymorphism. USB). Pointers. Fundamental concepts ~Execution of a complete instruction ~Multiple bus organiza tion ~Hardwired control ~Micro programmed control ~Nano programming. Queue. Algorithm. Stack. Manipulating strings. Extending classes. Stack. skew heaps. Functional units ~Basic operational concepts ~Bus structures ~Performance and me trics ~Instructions and instruction sequencing ~Hardware ~Software Interface ~In struction set architecture ~Addressing modes ~RISC ~CISC ~ALU design ~Fixed poin t and floating point operations. Indirect sorting. T 15. 10 Basic concepts ~Semiconductor RAM ~ROM ~Speed ~Size and cost ~Cache memories ~Im proving cache performance ~Virtual memory ~Memory management requirements ~Assoc iative memories ~Secondary storage devices. Quick sort. Bucket sort. Merge sort. classes an d objects. Stacks and queues. L 45. Binomial -hashing-hash tables without linked lists Introduction~Tokens-Expressions-contour Structures -Functions in C++. Inheritance. I/O devic es and processors.

shortest path algorithm network flow problems-minimum spanning tr ee applications of depth-first-search-Introduction to NP ~completeness. Dynamic Programming. 80386 and Pentium. Virtual Memory Background ~Demand paging ~Process cre ation ~Page replacement ~Allocation of frames ~Thrashing. Software Engineering Practice ~communication Practice ~Planning practice Modelin g practice~Construction Practice -Deployment ~Requirements Engineering ~Requirem ents Engineering tasks ~Initiating the requirements Engineering Process~Elicitin g Requirements ~Developing Use cases ~Building the Analysis Models ~Elements of the Analysis Model ~Analysis pattern ~Negotiating Requirements ~Validating Requi rements. Scheduling criteria ~Scheduling algorithms ~Multiple-processor scheduling ~Real time scheduling ~Algorithm Evaluation ~Process Scheduling Models ~The criticalse ction problem ~Synchronization hardware ~Semaphores ~Classic problems of synchro nization ~Critical regions ~Monitors ~System model ~Deadlock characterization ~M ethods for handling deadlocks ~Recovery from deadlock The Linux System ~History ~Design Principles ~Kernel Modules ~Process Management ~Scheduling ~Memory management ~File systems ~Input and Output ~Inter-process C ommunication ~Network Structure ~Security ~Windows 2000 ~History ~Design Princip les ~System Components ~Environmental subsystems ~File system ~Networking. Project and Product-Quality Management -Process Improvement - . Memory Management ~Swapping ~Contiguous memory allocation ~Paging ~Segmentation ~Segmentation with paging. File concept ~Access methods ~Directory structure ~File-system mounting ~Protect ion ~Directory implementation ~Allocation methods ~Free-space management ~Disk s cheduling ~Disk management ~Swap-space management. Divide and Conquer. Sche ma ~XSLT ~XML Parser ~Client side scripting Design Engineering ~Design process -Design Quality-Design model-User interface D esign ~Testing strategies~strategies Issues for conventional and object oriented software-validation testing -system testing -Art of debugging ~Project manageme nt Requirements Analysis ~Analysis Modeling approaches ~data modeling concepts ~Obj ect oriented Analysis ~Scenario based modeling ~Flow oriented Modeling ~Class ba sed modeling ~creating a behaviour model. Architecture of 8051 microcontroller ~Signals ~Operational features ~Memory and I/O addressing ~Interrupts ~Instruction set ~System design using microcontroller s. Basic configurations ~Minimum and maximum modes ~System design using 8086 ~Multi processor configurations ~Introduction to 80286. Software evolution ~Verification and Validation -Critical Systems Validation ~Me trics for Process. Graph Algorithms~Top ological sort. 8085 Microprocessor architecture ~Instruction set ~Programming the 8085 ~8086 Mi croprocessor architecture ~signals. search tree ADT. 17 Operating system ~Types of Computer Systems ~Computer-system operation ~I/O stru cture ~Hardware Protection ~System components ~System calls ~System programs ~Sy stem structure ~Process concept ~Process scheduling ~Operations on processes ~Co operating processes ~Interprocess communication ~Communication in client-server systems ~Multithreading models ~Threading issues ~Pthreads.ithm. 8086 SOFTWARE ASPECTS 9 Intel 8086 microprocessor ~Instruction set ~Addressing m odes ~Assembler directives ~Assembly language programming ~Procedures ~Macros ~I nterrupts and interrupt service routines ~BIOS function calls. AVL trees splay Trees. Applets ~JDBC ~Swings ~Remote Method Invocation I/O ~AWT ~Event handling ~Introduction to Threads ~Basics of Networking -TCP and UDP sockets ~Connecting to the Web Java fundamentals ~Class. Trees-Binary trees. Memory Interfacing and I/O interfacing with 8085 and 8086 ~ Parallel communicati on interface ~Serial communication interface ~Timer ~Keyboard / Display controll er ~Interrupt controller ~DMA controller ~Programming and applications. Object ~Inheritance ~Polymorphism ~Packages ~Interface s ~Exception handling Server side scripting ~JSP ~Servlets ~Session management ~Cookies World Wide Web ~HTML ~List -Tables ~Frames ~Forms ~HTTP commands ~XML ~DTD.

Intelligent Agents -Environments ~Behavior ~Structure ~Artificial Intelligence ~ . Introduction to formal proof ~Additional forms of proof ~Inductive proofs -Finit e Automata (FA) ~Deterministic Finite Automata (DFA) ~Non-deterministic Finite A utomata (NFA) ~Finite Automata with Epsilon transitions. Context-Free Grammar (CFG) ~Parse Trees ~Ambiguity in grammars and languages ~De finition of the Pushdown automata ~Languages of a Pushdown Automata ~Equivalence of Pushdown automata and CFG~Deterministic Pushdown Automata.Risk Manage ment~C o n f i g uration Management The Evolving role of Software ~Software ~The changing Nature of Software ~Legacy software --A generic view of process~A layered Technology ~A Process Framework ~The Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) ~Process Assessment ~Personal and Team Process Models ~Product and Process ~Process Models ~The Waterfall Mode l ~Incremental Process Models ~Incremental Model ~The RAD Model ~Evolutionary Pr ocess Models ~Prototyping ~The Spiral Model ~The Concurrent Development Model ~S pecialized Process Models ~the Unified Process. Inception ~Evolutionary Requirements ~Use Cases ~Other Requirements ~Domain Mode ls ~System Sequence Diagrams ~Operation Contracts Introduction ~Modelling as a design technique ~UML diagrams ~Class modeling ~Obj ect Constraint Language ~State modeling ~Interaction Modeling 22 Mapping designs to code ~Test Driven development and refactoring ~UML Tools and UML as blueprint More Patterns ~Analysis update ~Objects with responsibilities ~Applying design p atterns ~Architectural Analysis ~Logical Architecture Refinement ~Package Design ~Persistence framework with patterns Requirements to Design ~Logical Architecture and UML Package Diagrams ~Object De sign ~Interaction Diagrams ~Class Diagrams ~Designing Objects with Responsibilit ies ~Object Design Examples ~Designing for Visibility A language that is not Recursively Enumerable (RE) ~An undecidable problem that is RE ~Undecidable problems about Turing Machine ~Post s Correspondence Problem ~T he classes P and NP. Normal forms for CFG ~Pumping Lemma for CFL ~Closure Properties of CFL ~Turing M achines ~Programming Techniques for TM. Regular Expression ~FA and Regular Expressions ~Proving languages not to be regu lar ~Closure properties of regular languages ~Equivalence and minimization of Au tomata. 23 Emulation ~Interpretation and Binary Translation ~Instruction Set Issues ~Proces s Virtual Machines ~Profiling ~Migration ~Grids ~Examples of real world implemen tations o f s y s t e m s o f t w a r e Introduction to Virtual Machines (VM) ~Pascal P-Code VM ~Object-Oriented VMs ~Ja va VM Architecture ~Common Language Infrastructure ~Dynamic Class Loading ~Secur ity ~Garbage Collection ~Optimization Loaders and Linkers ~Basic Loader Functions ~Machine-Dependent Loader Features ~ Machine-Independent Loader Features ~Loader Design Options ~Architectural Issues ~Object Files ~Storage Allocation ~Symbol Management ~Libraries ~Relocation ~Lo ading and Overlays ~Shared Libraries ~Dynamic Linking and Loading ~Advanced Tech niques 24 Macroprocessors ~Basic Macro Processor Functions ~Machine-Independent Macro Proc essor Features ~Macro Processor Design Options ~Basic Compiler Functions ~Gramma rs ~Lexical Analysis ~Syntactic Analysis ~Code Generation Review of Computer Architecture ~Machine Instructions and Programs ~Assemblers ~ Basic Assembler Functions ~Assembler Features ~Assembler Design Options Communication ~Communication as action ~Formal grammar for a fragment of English ~Syntactic analysis ~Augmented grammars ~Semantic interpretation ~Perception ~i mage Formation ~Image Processing ~Object Recognition ~Robotics ~Robotic Percepti on ~Planning -Moving -Robotic Software Architecture. Informed search strategies -greedy ~best first ~A* ~local search algorithms and optimization ~local search in continuous spaces ~Constraint satisfaction problem s (CSP) ~Backtracking search and Local search ~Structure ~Adversarial Search ~Ga mes ~Optimal decisions in games ~Alpha ~Beta Pruning ~imperfect real-time decisi on games ~elements of chance.

Learning from observations ~forms of learning ~Inductive learning ~Learning deci sion trees ~Ensemble learning ~Knowledge in learning ~Logical formulation of lea rning ~Explanation based learning ~Learning using relevant information ~Reinforc ement learning ~Passive reinforcement learning ~Active reinforcement learning ~G eneralization in reinforcement learning. Traversing linked list. systems ~Analysis of discrete time LTI sys tems ~Z transform ~Convolution (linear and circular) ~Correlation. Linear arrays Representation of linear array. Open address ing. Logical Agents ~Wumpus world ~Propositional logic ~First order logic ~syntax and semantics ~Using first order logic ~Inference ~forward chaining ~backward chain ing~Knowledge representation ~Ontological Engineering ~Categories and objects ~A ctions ~Simulation and events ~Mental events and mental objects. R ecursions and Implementation of recursive procedures ~Queues~Representation of q ueue with array and linked list. Mer ge. MIME. Insertion. Dijkstra s algorithm ~Minim um spanning trees~Prim s algorithm and Kruskal s algorithm -Traversing a graph ~Brea dth first search and tree ~Depth first search and tree ~Topological sorting ~Ope rations on graph. Quick. Stack~Representation of stack with array and linked list. Separate chaining. Basic elements of DSP ~concepts of frequency in Analog and Digital Signals ~samp ling theorem ~Discrete ~time signals. Email (SMTP. Insertions and deletions in linked list. Inserting and Deleting in binary s earch tree ~AVL Search Tree~Insertion and Deletion in AVL tree ~B Trees~Searchin g. Introduction to DFT~Properties of DFT~Filtering methods based on DFT~FFT Algorit hms ~Decimation ~in ~time Algorithms. Representation of priority queu e with array and list. Traversing linear array and Insert ion and deletion in linear arrays ~Multidimensional arrays~Representation of Ndi mensional arrays in memory ~Linked list~Representation of linked list in memory.Present and Future ~Problem Solving -agents ~examples~uninformed search strategi es ~Avoiding repeated states ~searching with partial information. Reasoning with Default Information ~Truth Maintenance Systems ~Reasoning with Uncertain Informa tion ~Axioms of Probability ~Independence ~Bayes Rule and it s use. POP3. Representation of binary trees and Traversin g binary trees ~Binary Search Tree~Searching. Collision. Rehashing and Extendible hashing ~Sorting~Selection. Definitions ~Representation of graph with adjacency matrix and linked list ~Path Matrix ~Shortest path algorithms ~Warshall s algorithm. Multirate signal processing ~Speech compression ~Adaptive filter ~Musical sound processing ~Image enhancement. Circular linked list and Header linked list ~Sorted linked list~Searching. Priority queue. systems ~Analysis of discrete time LTI sys tems ~Z transform ~Convolution (linear and circular) ~Correlation. Circular queue and Dequeue. IMAP) ~HTTP ~DNS~SNMP ~Telnet ~FTP Circuit switching ~Packet switching ~Virtual circuit switching ~IP ~ARP~RARP~DHC P ~ICMP ~Routing algorithms ~RIP ~OSPF ~Subnetting ~CIDR ~Interdomain routing ~B GP ~IPv6 ~Multicasting ~Congestion avoidance in network layer Data transmission ~Transmission media ~Signal encoding techniques ~Multiplexing ~Spread spectrum Network architecture ~Layers ~Channel access on links ~SDMA ~TDMA ~FDMA ~CDMA ~H ybrid multiple access techniques ~Issues in the data link layer ~Framing ~Error correction and detection ~Link-level Flow Control ~Medium access ~Ethernet ~T UDP ~TCP ~Flow Control ~Congestion control ~Queuing discipline ~Congestion avoid ance ~QoS ~RPC Binary search ~Hashing~Hash function. Bubble. Inserting and Deleting in B trees ~Heap Tree~Insertion and Deletion in Heap t ree ~Threading in trees~Minimum weighted path length tree ~General tree to binar y tree representation. Basic elements of DSP ~concepts of frequency in Analog and Digital Signals ~samp ling theorem ~Discrete ~time signals. Doubly linked list. L 45 Binary Trees~Types of binary trees. Insertion and Deletion. Decimation ~in ~frequency Algorithms ~Use of FFTin Linear Filtering ~DCT. Introduction to DFT~Properties of DFT~Filtering methods based on DFT~FFTAlgorith . Simple applications. Heap and Radix Sort.

Pervasive computing infrastructure-applications~Device Technology ~Hardware. Approxim ation of derivatives ~(LPF.11 Standard ~Architecture ~Services -Network ~H iperLAN ~Blue Tooth~Wi-Fi ~WiMAX Compilers ~Analysis of source program ~Phases of a compiler ~Grouping of phases ~Compiler Construction tools ~Lexical Analyzer Token specification -Token Recogn ition~A language for Specifying lexical analyzer~Top down parser Table implemen tation of Predictive Parser ~Bottom-up Parser SLR(1) Parser ~Parser generators. Biometrics. Security. Principal sources of optimization ~Peephole optimization ~Optimization of basic blocks ~Loops in flow graphs ~Introduction to global data flow analysis ~Iterati ve solution of data flow equations ~Code improving transformations ~Dealing with aliases. Bilinear transformation. Mobile IP ~DHCP ~AdHoc~Proactive and Reactive Routing Protocols ~Multicast Routi ng. Raster . CONCEPTS 12 Parallel and Perspective projections ~Three dimensional object repre sentation ~Polygons. and Operating systems~Device Connectivity ~Pr otocols. Color Models ~RGB. Security ~G PRS.~Visualization of d ata sets ~3D transformations ~Viewing -Visible surface identification. HSV ~Animations ~General Computer Animation.ms ~Decimation ~in ~time Algorithms. HPF. Decimation ~in ~frequency Algorithms ~Use o f FFTin Linear Filtering ~DCT. Splines. Mobile TCP~WAP ~Architecture ~WWW Programming Model~WDP ~WTLS ~WTP ~WSP ~WAE ~WT A Architecture ~WML ~WMLScripts. BPF. Intermediate languages ~Declarations ~Assignment statements ~Boolean expressions ~Case statements ~Backpatching ~Procedure calls. BRF) filter design using frequency translation Structures of IIR ~Analog filter design ~Discrete time IIR filter from analog fi lter ~IIR filter design by Impulse Invariance. TDMA. FDMA. Keyframe ~Graphics programming using OPENGL ~Basic graphics primitives ~Drawin g three dimensional objects. YIQ. and Device Management~Pervasive Web Application architecture~ Access from PCs and PDAs ~Access via WAP Wireless LANs and PANs ~IEEE 802. CDMA ~GSM ~Architecture. Conn ection Establishment. Frequency Allocation . Curved lines. BPF. CMY. Structures of FIR ~Linear phase FIR filter ~Filter design using windowing techni ques. Hum an-machine Interfaces. Frequency sampling techniques ~Finite word length effects in digital Filte rs Structures of IIR ~Analog filter design ~Discrete time IIR filter from analog fi lter ~IIR filter design by Impulse Invariance. Frequency sampling techniques ~Finite word length effects in digital Filte rs Structures of FIR ~Linear phase FIR filter ~Filter design using windowing techni ques. Syntax directed definitions ~Construction of syntax trees ~Type systems ~Specifi cation of a simple type checker ~Equivalence of type expressions ~Type conversio ns ~Attribute grammar for a simple type checking system ~Runtime Environments So urce language issues ~Storage organization ~Storage allocation strategies ~Param eter passing. Protocols. . Multirate signal processing ~Speech compression ~Adaptive filter ~Musical sound processing ~Image enhancement. Handover. Quadric Surfaces. 38 Introduction and definitions ~applications ~elements ~Compression ~Types of comp ressions ~Lossless. Localization. BRF) filter design using frequency transla tion Media Access Control ~SDMA. Approxim ation of derivatives ~(HPF. Issues in the design of a code generator ~The target machine ~Runtime storage ma nagement ~Basic blocks and flow graphs ~Next-use information ~A simple code gene rator ~Register allocation and assignment ~The DAG representation of basic block s ~Generating code from DAG ~Dynamic programming code generation algorithm ~Code -generator generators. Lossy ~Video compression ~Image Compression ~Audio compressi on ~Data and file format. Bilinear transformation.

Polygon. anelasticity. Discrete Logarithms ~Computing discrete logarithms ~Diffie-Hellman key exchange ~Elliptic curve cryptography Key exchange ~ElGamal Public key cryptosystems ~Mes sage Authentication codes ~Hash functions ~Hash algorithms ~Secure Hash ~Birthda y attacks ~MD5~Authentication protocols ~Digital signatures ~RSA. origin of interactions in ferromagnetic materials. thermal stress. DSA. strength and fracture surface work exper ience. polycrystalline and polyphase ceramics. resistance to thermal shock and thermal spalling . permeability. dry to fired. dielectric strength. Thermal conduction ~phonon conductivity of single phase crystalline ceramic s and glasses. electronic structure and magnetic moment. Simple DES ~Differential cryptoanalysis ~DES ~Modes of operation ~Triple DES -AE S ~RC5. PKI ~Electronic Mail security ~PGP . types of ma gnetism and their origin. opacit y and translucency. dielectric los s factor for crystals and glasses. Curve and Text clipping algorithms Authentication applications ~Kerberos. Circle and Ellipse drawing algorithms ~At tributes of output primitives ~Two dimensional Geometric transformation ~Two dim ensional viewing ~Line. effects of microstructure. rare earth garnets. electrical phenomena. polycrystal. Refractoriness ~RUL ~cold crushing strength ~permanent linear change on reheatin . ionic conduction in crystals and glasses. Viscous flow of liquids and gases. crystals. flux density. S/MIME ~IP security ~Web Security ~SSL. elect ronic conduction in crystals and glasses. Introduction. dielectric conductivity. spinel fe rrites. application. refractories. density and thermal expansion of glasses. Determination of surface area by permeametry ~plasticity ~Perferkon test. X. hysteresis loop and magnetic domain ~do main structure. photon conductivity. Electrical conduction phenomena. Measuring coherence parameter ~pick up ~testing of viscosity of glazes at low te mperatures and high temperatures ~test for the solubility of lead frits ~glaze f it -hardness testing ~glaze thickness ~autoclave and crazing ~thermal shock meas urement. contraction ~wet to dry. Trusted Operating systems ~security models ~designing trusted OS ~assurance ~Dat a base security ~multi-level databases ~multi-level security.509. ortho ferrites and illmenites. mixed conduction in poor conductors. p olycrystalline ferrites. TLS.Multimedia Authoring Systems ~Hypermedia Design considerations ~User Interface D esign ~Object Display and Play back issues~Hypermedia Messaging~Distributed Mult imedia Systems ~Components ~multimedia Object Servers ~Managing Distributed Obje cts. non-stoichiometry and solute controlle d electronic conduction. Magnetic phenomena. ElGamal. modulus of ruptur e ~control of casting slips ~fluidity ~thixotrophy and specific gravity using to rsion viscometer ~vitrification ~density ~porosity ~water absorption. Security trends ~Attacks and services ~Classical crypto systems ~Different types of ciphers ~LFSR sequences ~Basic Number theory ~Congruences ~Chinese Remainder theorem ~Modular exponentiation ~Fermat and Euler's theorem ~Legendre and Jacob i symbols ~Finite fields ~continued fractions. creep in single crystal. hexagonal ferrites. polarisability. 39 Heat capacity. SET ~system security. susceptibility. poly crystalline ceramics. Elastic moduli. Conino and quartering of sample ~sampling on delivery ~measurement of moisture c ontent by IR moisture balance ~speedy moisture test ~particle size analysis ~sie ve test. Andreasen Pipette. exchange int eraction and super exchange interaction. creep fracture. refractive index and dispersion. PRIMITIVES 12 Output primitives ~Line. Atterb erg test. Plastic deformation of different crystals. reflection and refraction. boundary reflectance and surface gloss. brittle fracture and crack propagation. temperature gradients. sedimentation method -Stokes. static fatigue. absorption and colour. scattering. conductivity of multiphase ceramics. absorp tion. wet to fired. RC4 ~RSA ~Attacks ~Primality test ~factoring. valency controlled semiconductors. composite bod ies. Introduction ~basic concepts ~Indian standards for ceramic materials ~ISO 9000 zero defects ~concept quality marking and certification scheme ~total quality ma nagement in ceramic industries. thermal tempering and annealing.

Digital control techniques. control modes. replenishment mod el. mechanism of adhesion. Advanced control techniques. Mechanical properties ~rheological models and molecular theory. information to materials management case s tudy. Surface of adherends ~surface roughness. destructive tes ting. a dhesives and surface lubricants. need for integrated materials management. choice of system etc. controller design. Phenol forma ldehyde adhesives ~preparation. theories of glass bonding. control policies. fillers. Glass ~adhe sion properties of glass. types and properties of cellulose adhesives. Molecular forces ~types of bonding. epoxy resin. resol And novolak. z transforms. fresh and clean surfaces. Properties and applications of other thermosetting resins ~melamine formal dehyde. velocity. Adhesion and cohesion ~tack. extenders and thickening agents for PF resin. tem perature. spreading and shear strength. adhesives and adherents. acrylic resin adhesives. dynamic simulation of distillation columns and reactors . curing agents. fluid density. instrumentation symbols and labels. vegetable adhesives ~introduction. Adhesion of solids to liquids ~wetting equil ibria. Introduction. variety reduction. inventory work in progress. standardiza tion.. polyamide resins and nylons. safety stock.. response of di screte time systems. Principles of measurement and classification of process control instruments. composition. moisture. Optimization and simulation. polyme r to metals. types. sampled data control systems. strength of a liquid joint. viscosity. import. classification. adaptive control system. Material planning and purchase. conductivity etc. A-B-C analysis. Soluble silicates ~introduction. two phase systems. concepts of fracture. 41 Natural organic adhesives ~introduction. controlled cleavage of crystals. and miscellaneous thermopl astic adhesives. surface morphology. animal glue ~compositio n. spare parts . adhesive strength. basic models. feed forward and ratio control. Classifica tion of adhesives and adhesive joints. transmitters and control valves . properties and applications. supervisory control. hydraulic cements. controlled brittle fracture and fracture toughness. sensors. liquid level. adsorption. t uning process controllers. purchase system. multivariab le control techniques. DGS and D tariff. wetting. 42 Arbitration act~octroi. definition of commonly used terms. Introduction. glass transition and viscoelasticity. proper ties. properties and applications . procedures. codification. non-destructive testing. polyvinyl adhesives. properties and testing. chemo-rheology.g ~spalling resistance ~reversible thermal expansion ~thermal conductivity ~spec ific gravity ~bulk density ~slag resistance test. Introduction. Urea formaldehyde adhesives ~preparation. fi llers and extenders used for UF resin. statistical process control. single and multivariable c onstrained optimization. Basic Concepts. types. optimum condition for adhesion and adhesion. concept. terminology and techniques for process control. instrument scaling. Introduction to material management. types of PF resin based on se tting temperature. design of digital controllers . polyester resin. Ceramics ~ceramic to glass and ceramic t o metal bonds. chemis orptions. optimization techniques. pressure fluid flow. Ad hesion of solids to solids ~metals to metals. central and local sales tax. Cements ~phosphate cements. importance of integrated materials manageme nt. 40 Definition ~adhesion. metals to inorganic solids. definition. sampling and filtering. surface treatment. excise duties~custom tariff . Enamels ~properties and applications. surfa ce forces. . nucleation and growth of cracks. t ough-brittle transition. expert system. rupture and tearing of rubber. high temperature cement s and miscellaneous cements. properties and appl ications. scope and adv antage~an overview. resorcinol formaldehyde. price forecasting. influence of structure. procurement from government agencies and internation al market~insurance. computeriza tion in materials management control.

45 Prevention of energy loss in furnace ~insulation. strength. silicate. ramming mis and gun ning mix. Methods of installations of castables. classification. high tempe rature properties. low thermal mass mat erials ~importance. Introduction to taguchi methods and 6 sigma concepts~OBJECTIVES of statistical q uality control~inspection and its importance~difference between inspection and q uality control. store system procedures inco ming material control. Principle of operation. setting of standard quality levels~introduction to ISO 9000~design of quality experiments using statistics~analysis of variance. types of regenerators. Drying and heating up of installed monolithic lining. applications. corrosion. Other castables ~insulating castables. steel fibre rein forcements. shellac. toughness etc. corrosion. types of recuperators. Other types of wheels ~Diamond wheels. electric arc furnace. Linings in installation ~anchors. mounted wheels Abrasives ~definition. binder systems. characteristics like hardness. material s of construction and applications. design and applications. formulation. and form design. composition. steel ladle. B oilers and calandrias. ultra low cem ent castables. Introduction. cement free castables ~composition. penetration. rubber and oxychloride. problems and development. Shapes and sizes of wheels. basic statistical methods~techniques of quality control~control charts for attributed~control charts for variables. purchasi ng decisions. bond type. cost aspect and productivity. types ~conventional castables. trough lining. account procedure. abrasion. Principle of operation. porosity. Temperature and thermal conditions in furnace. quality management~organizing for quality~economy of quality~techn iques of ABC analysisquality management education~zero defects conceptHistorical development of standards ~aims. combination backing. their characteristics. resinoid. binder systems. comparison over regenerator. efficiency and calcul ation. single pa ss 1-1. implementation of company standards~economic benefits of standardization. 46 Abrasive grain type and characteristics required for bonded abrasives. characteristics. Definition of reliability. charac . Application desi gns ~blast furnace trough design. principle and applications. structure. extended surface equipments ~types. factors affecting reliability~MTTF~MTBF~evaluation of reliability. Plastic refractories ~introduction. density. charac teristics. characteristics and applications. Adhesives ~classification. spalling. multi pass 1-2 And 2-4. erosion. stores-general layout. vendor development. Coatings ~introduction.purchasing of capital equipment. classification. paper. coatings. Types of bonds ~vitrified. Dry vibratables ~introduction. Abrasive grains ~classifica tion. Factors determining grinding action ~characteristics of abrasive gra in. applications. value analysis. plastic refractories. Backings ~cloth. IS Specification~Specification for different raw materials~test procedures~produ cts~tilessanitary ware~insulators~chemical resistant wares~structural ceramic ma terialsrefractories. calculation of thermal operation of furnaces ~heat balance. tundish. low cement castables. sto re accounting and stock verification. types of exchangers ~parallel And counter flow exchangers. procurement policies. reinforced whee ls. store accounting and stock incoming material control. design and construction. properties and applications. Ra mming mix ~introduction. characteristics. fibr e. Heat transfer coefficients in heat exchangers. characteristics and applications. Mortars ~introduction. Gunni ng mix ~introduction. management. furnace productivity. applications . applications. 44 Wear mechanisms ~introduction. Quality engineering~planning for quality and reliability~quality standards~speci fication of inspection methods. characteristics. Bonded wh eel manufacture with different bonds and their characteristics. pumpable castables ~composition. Tests done on monolithics ~chemical analysis. Definition. techniques. design. 43 Store keeping principles-past and latest techniques.

rubber contace wheels. Invitro and invivo test methods of implant materials. chalcohallide and halide glasses ~applications in optical components. SiC whisker reinforced hydroxyapatite and bioactive glass ceramics. tetra calcium phosphate. zi rconia toughened and bioactive glass ceramics. Thermal. chemical vapour deposition. belt making. Bioglass and bioactive glass ceramics coating over metals and alloys. Grinding wheel ~definition. laminated glass. setting behavior and bio compatibility. Surface active glasses. resorbable ceramics. heat treatment schedule. grinding chips. wheel wear. Drum. shape. types. Composition for fibre glass. ceramic implants ~porous ceramics. manufacturing process and applications. Importance of bioactive coatings. applications. characterization and properties. crystal nucleation in glass. mechanical properties and biological performance of tri calcium phosphate. mechanism of surface apatite formation. XRD ~glancing incidence. Manufacture of crown and flint glass ~ophthalmic glass filters ~photo chromic gl ass ~laser glass ~electro chromic glass ~GRIN lenses and components ~chalcogenid e. properties. char acteristics. body reaction to implant materials ~co rrosion. flex ing. Polishing ~definition. Optical and chemical properties~hardness~wear and erosion r esistance~high temperature properties~applications~defects and remedies. Quality control and testing. bi phasic calcium phosphate. photoelectron spectrosco . surface active ceramics. grade selection. hardness. x-ray diffraction~electron microscopy techniques~auger electron spectroscopy. disc cutting. nucleat ing agent. Individual disc coating process. maker coating. Borosilicate glasses ~pyrex glass and jona type. Grinding fluids ~properti es. applications of coated glasses. surface grinding. preparation of substrate~Role of substrate ~substrate selection~nucleation and thin film growth~residual stress. glass wool. types and purpose. 49 Definition of thin film and coatings. Hydroxyapatite coated metal implants ~coating methods. bioactive glass ~preparation. pads and platens ~types. orthopedic. silica based glass fibres ~applic ations in optical communication. wheel diameter. characteristics of coated glass. dressing and protection of c ontact wheels ~their characteristics. chemical grinding aids. choice and uses. Raw material selection and preliminary treatments. face serr ations. Types o f coatings. Contact wheels ~cloth contact wheels. carbon composites. conversions ~slitting. 48 Hydroxyapatite composites with zirconia. hydroxyapatite and other phosphates. drying and humidification. bon e bonding mechanism. Safety glasses ~toughened glass.teristics. Biological performance of the materials. centre less grin ding. alumina and titania ~preparation and pr operties. bon ding mechanism to living tissue ~interfacial bonding. mechanical. microstructure and properties. abrasive coati ng ~methods and types of coating. machinable glass ceramic s. speed. qua lity control of coated glass. Chemistry of calcium phosphate bio ceramics ~preparation. belt tension. chemical reactions . bioglass-hydroxyapatite composite s. compositional depen dence. PVD ~basic evaporation process ~evaporation techniques ~sputtering ~ion plating~ CVD process~CVD reactor~CVD kinetics~product and process route. Glass composition. Doped bioactive glasses. secondary ion mass spectroscopy. Optical fibres ~optical properties of fibres. Working principle of coated abrasive. composition ~fabrication of lab oratory ware ~vycor glass. Implant areas ~dental. abrasives chosen. H igh strength bioactive glass ceramics ~mechanical and biological properties. Plasma spray~pack coating~slurry coating~sol gel coating~hot dip coating~electro phoresiselectro chemical coating~corrosion resistant coating and other coatings. Types of grinding ~cylindrical grinding. rolls. thickness measurements. Implant materials ~bio polymers. mechanical properties. sizer coating. sheet cutting. bio metals. biodegradation and biocompatibility. Calcium phosphate bone cements ~preparation. internal grinding. Coating methods ~physical vapour deposition.

properties. metal-polymer~thermoplastic based. design and overall technical report. Basic knowledge about furnace construction. fibres. types ~polymer. Elastic and strength properties ~fracture behavior ~fibre matrix load transfer ~ failure of a composite ~criteria. dislocation creep. high temperature sta bility ~wear and friction. spectrum . Raman spectroscopy~UV~visible spectroscopy. Essential operationsfiring. Glass fibres ~types. shape and role of interface in composite s-applications. engineering and industrial data. nano composites. Furnace life and selection of proper refractories. muffle furnace. tunnel kiln. glass. classification ~metal / polymer / ceramic matrix composites. magnetron sputtering and laser deposition methods. Design principles~crushers. mullite fibres. charging. Response to st ress ~elastic deformation of isotropic and crystalline materials ~measurement te chniques. fuel and firing efficiencies~design. creep deformation maps. stack calculations~chimney foundat ions. linear elastic fracture mechani cs. Strength of reinforcements. microstructure. testing technique. furnace high temperature measurements and temperature control ins truments. statistical treatment to strength. thermal shock resistance parameters. Introduction. Definition~importance of nanocomposites~nano composite materials-classification of composites~metal/ceramics. Design of furnaces~tank furnace. chamber kiln. atomic force microscopy. Assembling of economics. Proper location of the plant~factors to be considered. Definition. Fibre definition. properties and applications. capacity. Thermal stress. Electromagnetic spectrum ~sources ~x-ray. scanning probe mi croscopy. zirconi a fibres. General definition and size effects-important nano structured materials and nano particlesimportance of nano materials~applications. Carbon-carbon composites. melting. construction and thermal calculation of one of the furnaces. particu late and fibre reinforcements ~processing methods. metal. Introduction to nanoceamics~properties of nano ceramics~advanced nano ceramics~c arbon nano tubes. nanosilica-nano alumina~nano titania and zinc oxide~ap plications. open hearth furnace. calculations and data necessary for the process route~electrical. preheating~air. SiC and Si3N4 whiskers. applications of thermal stress. thermal currents and atmosphe re. filter press. rotary kiln. glass wool forming process. long term behavior of composite materials. flame systems. gamma ray ~x-ray generation. stable crack propagation. Elastic constants ~effect of atomic structure and microstructure. ceramic. fibre flexibility. micro structural aspects. ga s phase condensation. fracture testing techniques. VLC synthesis. carbon fibres and graphite fibres ~manufacturing techniq ues. time dependent strength beh aviour ~subcritical crack growth. pugmill and different types of pug mouldstunnel. X-ray diffraction. damage of composites from physical and mechani sms to modeling. chamber and electrical. CVD and PVD methods. gas. properties. boron fibres.py. compres sors etc~flow diagramsprocess. Toughening of Ceramics. Creep ~definition. Alumina fibres. densification. thermal stresses and cracki ng. scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy techniques. Precipitation methods ~sol gel techniques -ball milling. types ~diffusion creep. Theoretical strength and stress concentrations. Strength testing. sieves. manufacturing process. motors. thermosetting and thermopla stic matrices. safe firing schedule. factory buildings~layouts with necessary details. cyclic fatigue ~SPT diagram. thermoset based and elastomer based~influence of size. Background of whisker growth ~whisker nucleation and growth ~composite processin g ~whisker purification. blast furnace. Mic rostructure dependence of creep. whisker / matrix poeder mixing. viscous creep. piping instruments. fuel.

sickness of industries. traits and types of entrepreneurs. construction and control of nuclear reactors~moderators~co olantsreflectors and structural materials. thorium oxide. r ecording mediumfilms and fluorescent screens~non-imaging detectors~film radiogra phy detectors~film radiography~calculation of exposure for X-ray and gamma rays~ quality factors~image quality indicators and their use in radiography. Types of reactors~ordinary water moderated reactors~heavy water cooled and moder ated reactors~design. Ultrasonic waves~velocity. human resource development.. frequency and wavelength~reflection and trans missionnear and far field effects and attenuation~generation~piezoelectric and m agnetostriction methods~normal and angle probes~methods of Ultrasonic testing~Pr inciple of pulse echo method~Equipment ~examples~rail road inspection. spent fuel characteristics. organi zation development. TQM-ISO 9000 series. Definition of entrepreneurship. Introduction~principles of eddy current inspection~conductivity of a material~ma gnetic properties~coil impedance~lift off factor and edge effects~skin effect~in spection frequencycoil arrangements ~inspection probes~types of circuit~Referenc e pieces~phase analysisdisplay methods-typical application of eddy current techn iques. beryllium ox idesencapsulation. uranium oxide. entrepreneurial potentials. incentives and subs idies for industries. Imaging~principle and applications~testing of composites~acoustic emission testi ngapplication of AET~on-line monitoring or continuous surveillance and applicati on in materials science~optical methods of NDT~photo elasticity~evaluation proce dure~Holographic NDT procedure~Speckle phenomenon~speckle interferometry-speckle shear interferometry. properties. Methods of production and properties. entrepreneur. wall thic kness measurement~range and choice of frequency. institutional support to entrepreneurs. auxiliary space powder devices~rocket nozzle technology~the space e nvironment and its effects. reprocessing techniques. differences between entrepreneur and intrapreneur. binding energy~nuclear stability~radio activity~nuclear reactions~nuclear fissionnuclear fusion. period. Atomic structure~atomic number~mass number~isotopes~nuclear energy and nuclear f orces. Exposure standards~industrial~frequency band~leakage from industrial equipment~b atch system~continuous flow system~safety precautions. Dielectric Behavior of materials~power dissipation~propagation factor and skin d epth~heat and mass transfer phenomena~temperature distribution~wall loss. nuclear fuel cycle. entrepreneur training organizations. management accounting. tuning and machining. govern ment policies about industrial and entrepreneur development. marketing management. Power sources~klystron and magnetron~operating characteristics~protection system ~high frequency breakdown phenomena~automatic control of the process~automation. Materials aspects of missile and satellite re entry~aerospace nuclear propulsion technology. Introduction to general management. production management. Travelling wave applicators~multimode applications~power transfer~uniformity of heating. attenuation and differential attenuation~intera ction of radiation with matter ~radiographic testing ~principle and mechanism. business environment. strategies for . limitations An d advantages ~development and detection of large flux ~longitudinal and circular magnetization ~demagnetization. roll of family/society in en trepreneur. Introduction~Definition of terms.equipment controls. Types of waste~disposal~ICRPrecommendations~radiation hazards and preventionradi ation dose units. Microwave drying~microwave sintering~application to laboratory models and pilot systemcomparison with pilot heating. financial management. entrepreneur support organiz ations(financial and non-financial). discontinuities and defects/flaws~fracture mec hanics concept of design and the role of NDT~life extension and life prediction~ penetrant testing and magnetic particle testing ~basic principle. entrepreneurship as a career.

Small enterprises. interstit ialcy. case studies on identification and selection of products. cova lent. case study of a successf ul entrepreneur. marketing channel selection. Humidification operation ~definition. Geometric modeling~wireframe. surface and solid models~techniques~solid modellin g packages~interface to drafting. specific gravity. evaluation of OS~functions and characteristics. Computer aided design of size reduction equipments. selecting a good business opportunity. infrastructure. mass transfer theories. metallic.. interstitial. bond length. NSIC. Fundamentals of computer aided designrequirements of hardware and software~the design process steps-morph ology of design. humidity chart. silicate structures. solutions and slur . stacking faults ~volume imperfections.closing business. preliminary project report. banks. thermal expansion. Relationship between diffusibility and atomic mobility. secondary. screw. Dielectric propert ies ~polarization. Mobilization of sources ( financial. Different types of diffusivities and their interdependenc e ~tracer diffusivity. filters and centrifu ges. dielectric constant. bond type. wet bulb temperature. variation in bonding character and properties ~pol ymorphic transformations ~structure of ceramics ~metallic and ceramic structures ~binary. TIIC. Phase rule ~single component system ~binary phase diagrams ~micro structural cha nges during cooling ~lever rule ~applications of phase diagrams ~phase transform ations ~time scale for phase changes ~nucleation And growth ~applications. establishment of business unit and sicknes s of business unit. drying equipments for solids. ITCOT. melting behavior. output and memory devices~interfacing con cepts. cross circulation drying. classification of needs and agencies. chemical diffusivity etc. polymers ~classification ~structure ~crystallinity. ionic. personal and material ). vanderwaals. interface boundary. thermal conductivity. furnaces. prediction of diffusivities. Risk taking and decision making. prepa ration of project feasibility report. ternary. twin and twist boun dary. Introduction to microprocessors~input. Temperature dependence of diffu sivity and activation energy. definition. IFC. building. SID CO. shaping machines. so urces of information. Crystalline and non crystalline states ~inorganic solids ~covalent. characteristics. Atom istic mechanisms of Diffusion ~vacancy . market survey and research. properties o f dislocations ~surface ~grain boundary. SIPCOT. through circulation drying. Kirkendall effect and Matano interface. Imperfections ~point ~vacancy. Physical properties ~density. ownership struct ure. sources of product identification. freeze drying. plant location. for mat for preparation of business feasibility report. Fundamentals of finite element analysis~element types~nodal approximation~elemen t matrices. role of government agencies like DIC. classification. material producti on. transient diffusio n. dryers. SISI. project appraisal. Classification of engineering materials ~structure-property relationships ~atomi c structure ~bonding ~bond energy. techno-ec onomic feasibility assessment. project history. solids handli ng in dryer. principles of drying. Schottky. pastes. ionic. substitutional. vectors and equations~global connectivity-assembly-boundary conditio ns~solution techniques~introduction to packages. dielectric strength. TIDCO. metals and a lloys. installation of machinery. Diffusion ~theory of diffusion. importance of feasibility report. project formulation. Frenkel~Line ~dislocations ~edge. purchase of project equipments and raw materials. legal agents of b usiness. selection and trai ning of human resource. Surface an d Volume diffusivity. criteria for selection of produc ts. Analysis of design data~creating a basic graph ~different display techniques~lab eling the axes~plotting the data~logarithmic graphs~bar graphs. ring mechanism. commercialization of product. steps involved in setting up a business. Drying of solids ~classification of dryers. design analysis and CNC~rapid prototyping. etc. Fick s laws of Diffusion ~Solution to Fick s second law ~applications based on the s econd law solution. dielectric loss. Thermal Proper ties ~heat capacity. ca pacitance.

combined heat transfer by conduction. microscope ~metallurgical. Conductive heat transfer ~basic laws of conduction. cation ex change capacity. andalusite ~proper ties and uses. beryllia mine rals. Fanning equation. sillimanite. carbonitriding. testing ~hardness. absorption of radiation by opaque bodies. Crystallization ~crystal geometry. creep. boundary layers. Screening ~dry and wet screening. e xtraction ~copper. kyanite. physical routes. Filtration ~theory of filtration. met allography ~sampling. physical and chemical properties. identification. convection and radiation. Mica. yield strength. heat flux and heat transfer coefficient. atomization rout es. Clay structures ~kaolinite and montmorillonite groups. Occurrence. rheologi cal properties of fluids. elements of optical mineralogy . lithium containing minerals. talc. impact. non destructive testing. Introduction ~classification ~metals. cullet ~occurrence. super saturation. chemical routes. rutile. applications of fluid statics ~manometer . ba . ball clay. coking. colour. Basic problems on material balance. Silica ~occurrence. Fluid flow phenomena ~laminar flow. Geology of clay deposits. nitriding. luster. normalizing. relation of mineral deposit to igneous activit y. flow through a bed of solids. mechanism of crystall ization. test sieves-ASTM. aluminum. heat transfer by fo rced convection in laminar flow. lead. types. Hagen-Poiseulle equation. effect of heating. Introduction ~reactions involving solids And gases ~reduction of metal oxides. compaction and sintering ~advantages ~disadvantages ~limitations~applications . Bone ash ~preparation. hardening. zone refining. Introduction ~production process of powders ~mechanical routes. Flow past immers ed solids ~drag and drag coefficient. BSS. chromite. polymorphic transformation. Fluid statics ~hydrostatic equilibrium. classification into igneous. pyro phyllite and wollastonite group ~physical and chemical properties. Introduction ~process design ~thermodynamics And mass balance ~kinetics of mass transfer And heat transfer ~optimization of interfacial reactions ~micro modelli ng -improving steel making ~process and properties with reference to market. o xidation. fr acture. Silicate minerals ~quartz. Introduction ~factors affecting physical properties and their measurements -micr ostructure. grinding. chemical and physical properties like composition. limestone. Classification of clays ~china clay.ries. Bauxite. electrical resistivity. integrated optimization . casting process ~thermomechanical process. Clay minerals. plasticity. material and heat balance in crystallization. slag and ashes. chemical vapour synthesis~reactions involving liquid phases sm elting. turbulent flow and transition region between la minar and turbulent flow. tempering. Convective heat transfer ~typical heat transfer equipmen ts. polishing. streak. slag refining. steady state conduction. fire clay. flow behaviour. future trends. properties and uses. ene rgy and environment. Clay properties ~charged nature. diffusion coe fficient. equipments. iron And steel ~iron carbon diagram ~heat tre atment process ~annealing. Introduction. natural convection. mechanical energy equation for flowing fluid. metallic ores. process for controlling inclusions. BIS. build ing clay etc. propert ies and uses. effectiveness of screen. flame hardening. motion of pa rticles through fluids. sampling. characteristics. IS. uns teady state conduction. cleavage. radiations to semi transparent materials. Cornish stone. plasma forming process~powder consolidatio n. hardness. classification of crystal lization equipments. fracture toughness and hardness. Emission of radiation. properties and uses of natural fluxes ~feldspar group. Beneficiation of clays. Fluid flow equation ~Mass balance in a flowing fluid. alumina. zircon. dolomite. nepheline sye nite. vaccum degassing. density and tenacity. Rocks ~formation. surface hardening process ~carburizing. cyaniding. magnesite. turbulence. structure. energy balance. sedimentary and metamorphic. electron. gravity And centrifugal decanter. Minerals ~formation. thermal expansion coefficient. radiation betwe en surface.

Different crushers and grin ders ~jaw crusher. bone china. liquefied petroleum gas. construction ~floor tile. non flow process. s econd law. work. sewer pipes. glazing. titana te bodies. light scattering. gas adsorption. steatite bodies. liquid conveying-condition for liquid conveying. heat resistance. roofing tiles. high frequency low loss insulators. corderite bodies. enthalpy. shaft mixer. repre sentation. volume resistivity. sanitary ware. Separation based on m ovement through a fluid ~sedimentation. Beneficiation of non p lastic materials. Flow process ~continuity equation ~energy equation ~Bernoulli s equation ~flow th rough nozzles. hydrometer method. vitrified tiles. Manufacturing process And properties ~whitewares at home ~tableware. Powd er characterization ~surface area measurement. high tension insulators. Andreason pipette meth od. Sto rage methods of different ceramic powders. types of mixers ~batch and continuous mixers ~pan m ixer. industrial use ~abrasion resistance. flame resistant ware. first law for flow process. Magnetic separation. criteria for selecting a conveyor . Body composition ~porcelain. process. Conveying ~solid conveying-types of conveyors. X-ray light broadening. different types of tumbling mi ll. art ware. containers. rutile bodies. phase rule. floor tiles. pressure . hollow bricks. combustion stoichiometry. flexural. interna l energy. jet mill. state. History ~definition ~whiteware ~heavy clayware ~classification ~raw materials. properties. transportation. pycnometry. laser diffraction. Clausius inequality. Composition and calorific value ~natural gas. isotropic process ~equation o f state for real gases ~compressibility chart ~heat effects accompanying a chemi cal reaction. paving bricks. other gaseous fuels. zircon bodies. blungers. Fundamental concepts ~system. Clay purif ication methods ~wet and dry methods. agitators. Winning of clays. producer gas. Particle shape ~definition. Thermodynamic laws ~zeroth law. Mixing ~mechanism of mixing. Laws of size reduction. power And loss factor.tch and continuous filters. cyclone separation. mixing.ba tch calculation. PVT behavior ~equation of state ~concept of ideal gas ~constant volume constant pressure. principles of cake filtration. terracotta. adiabatic process. muller mixer and other mixers. forming. Classification of thermodynamics properties ~relationship among thermodynamics p roperties ~fugacity ~activity ~thermodynamic diagrams ~partial molar properties ~chemical potential ~activity in solutions ~property changes of mixing ~heat eff ects of mixing process. constant temperature. lava bodies. gaseous fuels. air classification. entropy. combustion processes of solid. vibro energy mill ~principle of working. energy. electrical ~low tension insulators. quarrying of non plastic materials. coal gas. pipes ~ejectors ~throttling process ~compressors ~Carnot cycle ~r efrigeration cycle ~vaporization of liquid ~Rankine cycle ~diesel cycle. control o f combustion process. equilibrium state. Air requirement. majolica. Powder size and size distribution ~definition. wall til es. Closed ci rcuit and open circuit grinding. Non conventional fuels ~ . attrition mill. sieve analysis. Strength ~tensile. decoration. hammer mill. hotel china . Free energy and entropy ~Gibb s equation ~Helmholtz equation ~equilibrium constant and heat of reaction ~Clausius ~Claypeyron equation ~partial free energy ~Gibb s phase rule and its interpretation ~condensed system ~one component system ~polym orphic transformations ~P-T diagram of silica. Weathering of clay. liquid. gyratory crusher. U mixer. oil gas. porosity measurement ~mercury por osimetry. stoneware pipes. chemica l resistance. third law. different types of pumps. drying. water gas. Introduction ~classification~body composition ~properties and applications of he avy clayware products ~face bricks. firing. dielectr ic constant. sedigraph. kitchenware . sanitary ware. mechanism of size reduction. microscopy. force. limitations. earthenware. impact ~absorption And porosity ~moisture expansion ~thermal expansion ~thermal shock resistance ~heat conductivity ~abrasion resis tance ~chemical durability ~electrical properties ~dielectric strength.

opening. Other properties ~refracti ve index. Flat glass defects ~origin. intermediates and modifiers. Glass batch calculation. Mechanical properties ~viscosity. compression molding. rate of homogenization in relation to diffus ion kinetics. slip recovery. firing range. Raw materials And composition ~manufacturing process steps ~phase transformation of quartzite ~properties And uses. convection and radiation in a kiln. Physiochemical reactions during glass melting ~effect of particle size and pre-s intering on melting. solubility of gases in glass. preparat ion. Thermodynamic And thermal properties ~density. viscosity. reactive hot p ressing ~advantages ~defects and remedies. grading of coal. Origin and composition of natural oil. characteristics. dispersion. Container glass defects ~origin. defects. Manufacture of coke. cullet. identification of gases. Carbide based And nitride based refractories ~carbon based carbon refractory ~zi rconia ~beryllia ~thoria refractory ~fused cast refractories ~cermets ~ceramic f ibers. Wood. growth And rise of bubbles. coal characteristics ~formation of coal. forste rite. vitrification. isostatic pressing. Action of heat on ceramic bodies ~physical changes.. mechanisms. calorif ic value. slip conditioning and storage. solid recovery . Firing equ ipments. Phase diagrams of glass forming oxid e systems ~CaO-Al2O3-SiO2. ~types of raw materials ~different alumino silicate r efractories ~manufacturing steps ~properties And applications. elements of structural models for glass es. surface tension. Plastic mass preparation ~pug mill. Manufacturing process ~properties and uses of magnesite. firing schedules ~fast firing. cooling etc. thermal conductivity. strength. Difference between a glass and crystalline material. Effect of colourants in glass melting.importance. Electrical And Transport properties ~electrica l conductivity. Na2O-CaOSiO2 etc. settling. handli ng and storage of coal. Heat transfer to charge by conduction. change in pro perties in relation to change in composition. surfactant concentration. Liquid phase sintering. refining process of liquid petroleum prod ucts. chemical durability. Definition ~production ~demand And growth of refractories in India ~Layout of a refractory plant ~classification of refractory ~fundamental properties of refrac tories ~factors for selection and use of refractories. structural models for silicate glasses. kinetic approach to glass formation. . Plaster mould ~process. Introduction. zeta potential. re medies. Theory of packing. Bio fuels ~importance. fettling and towing ~scumming. magnesia carbon. Mechanism of drying ~transfer of heat ~factors that control drying ~types of dry ers ~intermittent and continuous dryers ~process of drying ~drying defects ~fini shing ~cutting and trimming ~sponging. co-generator ~importance. elasti c properties. pH. dielectric property. pugging defects. heat recovery ~recuperator and regenerator. Glass Formation ~atomistic hypothesis of glass formation. hardness and grindability of coal. Problems. chemical changes. decolourisers. Agro based solid fuels ~wheat. particle size measurement. Structures of glasses ~fundamental laws. minor ingredi ents like oxidizing/reducing agents. injection molding. Refining ~sources of gas bubbles. binders. Al2O3 ~SiO2 phase diagram. Definition. storage and handling of liquid fu els. Slip casting ~methods. heat balance and thermal efficien cy. jiggering. Raw materials ~Glass formers. specific heat. hardness. Test procedures for normal glass and coated glass. roller machine. Shaping methods ~extrusion. Pressing~Uniaxial pressing ~stress distribution on green body ~defects and remedies. solid oxide fuel cells. coal analysis. charcoal. bagasse. conventional currents And rise of bubbles. hydrogen fuel. vibration compaction. Selection of glass composition. Slip~selection of materials. thermal expansio n. dolomite and chrome based refractories. refining agents. synthetic liquid fuels ~calorific value. coal washing. ionic diffusion. colouring o xides ~description and importance. ric e. heat loss through kiln wall. Homog enization ~sources of inhomogenity. microstructure control. refining agents.

single component syst em ~H2O. Al2O3 ~SiO2. electrodes used. Introduction. Flames ~nature of flames. bulbs And tubes. Introduction. growth and overall transformation kinetics. incongr uent. Introduction. low pressure burner for gaseous fuel. liquid gold decoration and decoration te chniques. safe ty aspects. heterogeneous nucleation. flatware ~sheet glass. crucible furnaces. complex diagrams. pouring. heating and cooling of glass furnace. MgO ~SiO2. constant temperature system. K2O ~Al2O3 ~SiO2. definition. patterned glass. partially miscible system. Hollow ware ~press And blow. Reversal. electric furnace. Glaze raw materials ~effect of individual materials ~opacifiers ~colouring agent s ~stains ~mixed colours ~metallic lustures ~unit operations and processes ~glaz e properties ~grain size ~specific gravity ~viscosity ~glaze control ~additives ~glaze suitability ~fired properties of glazes. definition. chamber kiln. phase equil ibria in single component system and multi component system. w orking. theory of transformation kinetics. stamping. furnace design. advantage And disadvantage of different burner s. Na2O ~Al2O3 ~SiO2. fur nace atmosphere. phase. Definitions ~composition of glaze ~classification of different types of glazes ~ engobe ~frit preparation ~frit rules ~compounding of lead and leadless glazes. plat e glass. lithographic transferring. draught establishment. pressure. Hume Rothery s rule. sintering furnace. Introduction and thermometry. heat balance. Introduction. Prediction of alkali corrosion of alumino silicate refra ctories using phase diagrams. thermocouples. MgO ~Al2O3. ternary equilibrium diagr ams. hand operations. immiscible system. s ilk screen printing. stenciling. a lkaline glazes. radiation pyrometers. reheating furn ace. low temperatu re measurement. calcarious glazes and feldspatic glazes. X-ray methods. Techniques for determining phase diagrams ~dynamic. component. continuous kiln. solid solutions. Electric tank furnace ~design A nd operation. SiO2. static. pin holes. tunnel kil n. microscopic methods ~optical. binary phase diagrams ~eutectic. snake skin glazes. heat transfer. dusting and other tech niquesspecial glazes ~matt glazes. Watkin recorders. IS machine . thermal i nsulation And cooling. burn ing velocity. rotary kiln. spraying. heat work recorders ~Segar cone. shuttle kiln. high pressure burner for liquid fuels. nucleation an d growth ~nucleation kinetics. Time Scale for phase transformations. float glass. variable. Tank furnace ~ty pes. refractories used. muffle furnace. dusting. Factors for consideration. Al2O3 ~ZrO2. chimney calculation. classification ~metal heating furnaces. Hoffman s kiln ~principle. Heating process ~temperature distribution. classification ~draught kiln. optical and chemical properties of glazes. Glazing techniques ~dipping. muffle kiln. electric boosting in tank furnace. thermal analysis. materials used in foundation and construction. crawling. Buller rings. efficiencies. volume an d fuel/air mixture. brushing. laminar And turbulent. dunting~mechan ical. nucleation And growth. continuous furnace. cracked glazes. roller kiln. heat economics. binary solutions ~c onstant pressure system. Holdcroft s bar. Gibb s phase rule. types of transformations ~sp inoidal. unit melters and smelters. salt glaze s and other glazes. top hat kiln. glass level. spraying. blow And blow. Measurement and control ~temperature. criterion of stability. temperature control.Burner ~classification. criteria of phase equilibrium. premixed And diffusion. rolling. engobing. Classification of decoration methods~advantages~different decorating techniques~ painting. electron microscopy. Construction and operation of pot furnace and day tank furnace. iron. Forehearth And Feeder. printing. blisters. Glaze body reactions~interface layers~thermal characteristics~glaze defects and remediescrazing. Introduction. liquidliquid equilibrium diagrams. atomization. MgO ~Al2O3 ~S iO2. glass tank furnace. design And construction. peeling. heating capacity. . homogeneous nucleation.

Sialon and cermets. ceramic surface coating. surface grinding and m echanical polishing. grain growth and pore evolution in a porous compact. tempered glass. regenerator systems. Grain growth ~different grain growth process. ceramics for nuclear reactors ~types of reactors. Mirror. continous casting. control of grain growth. LD converter. thoria. plasticizer. Ceramics for space ~materials used in space satellite. Additives in ceramic forming ~solvents. silicides. solid freeform fabrication ~particle filled polymer methods. foreh earth and roof of glass tank. micro pulling down technique. problems in annealing. suspension methods~Porous ceramic forming~foaming. joining of ceramics ~metal ceramic joints. slide plate system. mullite. properties and applications of silicon carbide. Reaction bonded sintering. Pressure assisted sintering ~hot pressing and hot iso-static pressing. structural ceramic materials . mechanism. non abrasive finishing. borides. kinetic and thermodynamic factors. binder. Mechanism of material removal and its effect on strength. THF. liquid solutions. vapour phase technique. m onolithics ~gunning technique. Structural characteristics. wet measurement -eff ect of specific gravity ~density of the body slip ~dimensions of the mixing ark -adjustments to the wet recipe ~addition of body stain. refractories for ceramic indu stry ~kiln design ~LTM concept. laminate d glass. refractory slag and metal interactions. Structural characteristics properties and applications of silicon nitride. high temperature super conducting oxides. in jection molding. Refractories in non ferrous industries ~copper. p roperties. Solid state sintering ~driving force. Synthesis of nano scale ceramic powder-liquid solution technique. nature of generation And release of strain. effect of surface curvature and boundary d efects. fertilizer industry. pressure casting. glass ceramic. chemical vapour deposition. boro n carbide. floating zone method. Structural characteristics. requirements ~applications in different ceramic industry. blast furnace. Czochralski method. co-extrusion. Powder synthesis by chemical methods ~solid state reaction. phase diagram in liquid phase sintering. nozzle. EAF. interaction between pore and grain boundary.hot repairs. techniques for forming~Kyropolar technique. neutral glass. detection And measurement of str ain. titanium carbide. properties and applications of silica. Bridgman technique. temporary And permanen t strain. cement industry . boron nitride. Density of a slip ~calculations relating to mixtures of solid particles and wate r -dilution problems ~Brongniarts Formula ~dry measurement. open hearth furnace. physical vapour deposition process. intrusion. ceramic fuel elements. Refractories ~coke oven. annealing equation. glass fibers. electrophoretic deposition. lead ~Refractories in non metal industries ~hydrocarbon industry. annealing glass plate. Introduction. Ladle furnace. alumina. ed ge defined~film fed growth method. dispersant. uranium oxide and plutonium oxide. Liquid phase sintering ~stages. stages of sintering. gel casting. shroud. orga nic additives. other a dditives. titania. zirc onia. Carbon compounds. Introduction. Powder preparation by mechanical methods ~comminution. vapour phase reactions. Refractories for glass industry ~refractory practices in sidewall. Purpose of insulation ~types of insulating materials and preparation of insulati ng refractories. aluminum nitride. . casting methods ~slip casting. IF. vycor And micro porous glass. po wder methods. ceramic fibre products ~design and installation ~ceramic coatin gs. missiles. ideal annealing cycle. throat. kiln furnitures ~types. control rod elements. decorated glasses. plastic forming methods ~extrusion. titanium nitride. hydro-thermal growth technique. Forming of ceramics ~dry and semidry pressing ~die compaction and isos tatic compaction. dependence of strain on cooling rate. tungsten carbide. flu x technique. photosensitive glass. mechano-chemical synthesi s. rockets nozzles . optical g lass. microwave sintering. sealin g glass. fast firng technology. magnesia. aluminum.

SN2. stone and feld spar -mica convention ~substitution of clays in body recipes ~triangular plot. hydrogen) ~atomic orbitals ~hybridization ~electron . Kolbe s synthesis ~Riemer ~Tiemann reaction. procedure. Perkin reaction. proximate analysis. ferro electricity. non feldspathethic types ~composition. abrasion resistance. Shrinkage ~Drying. shrinkage. Ultimate analysis. Classification of magnetic materials ~domain theory ~Ferromagnetism ~Spinel ferr ites ~structure. characteristics. rational analysis of clay. manufacture of barium titanate based ceramics ~properties of ferroe lectric ceramics ~hysteresis loop ~PZT ~PLZT materials. porosity ~ apparent. carbonium ion. fabric ation of ZnO varistor behavior~microstructure ~gas sensors fuel cells ~types. steatite. moisture movement. Benzene and its homol ogues ~aromatic substitution. Additi on reactions ~carbon ~carbon (double bond). kerosene. diesel. Claison condensation. Moisture content ~relationship between percentage moisture content and volume shrinkage ~loss on ignition -density ~sp ecific gravity ~effect of porosity on the function of ceramic materials ~pore st ructure density ~apparent volume ~true volume ~apparent solid volume. Hydration of cement. oil well cement. water pr oof cement. Piezo-electricity ~barium titanate. Nature of bonding (covalent. fire resistance. hydrophobic cement. compositional systems. characteristics. super sulphate cement. solid oxide fuel cells ~applications~structure and operation p rinciple of oxygen sensors. strength of acids and bases. sealed pores. Introduction~ZnO varistors ~PN junction diode~electrical characteristics. Total. Beckmann rearrangemen t. permeability. single layer discrete capacitors ~multilayer capacit ors ~basic principles and fabrication processes. manufacturing process. creep.Determination of molecular formula of glass from chemical composition of the gla ss and from glass batch ~determination of batch from molecular formula of glass ~determination of batch from the given chemical composition. Addition of dienes ~carbon ~oxygen ( double bond). penetration of X-ray. Recent advances in concret es ~types. Admixtures ~types. Molecular weights ~formula and use of chemical equations ~oxides ~percentage com position and formula ~calculation of a recipe from a simple glaze formula ~given the recipe of a glaze calculate the formula ~synthesis of a fritted glaze ~give n the recipe calculate the formula for a fritted glaze ~calculation of the perce ntage composition of the mill batch. soun dness. Composition of cement phases ~effect of co mposition on burnability of clinker. NOx sensors. white and coloured cement. zinc ferrites ~hexagonal ferrites ~garnets ~standard ceramic processing and fabrication techniques-GMR. SNi. Hoffmann rearrangements. Tests on properties of cement ~consistency of standard paste. pr inciple. Homolytic bond fission ~free radicals ~heterolytic bond fission ~electrophiles. Friedal ~Crafts reactions. electrical properties. Alkanes ~alkenes ~alkynes ~alicylic compounds ~Bayers-strain theory ~Hydrocarbon s related to petrol. Redox reactions. Types of Portland cement. Strength. influence of minor components. strength of cement. Aggregates ~types. blast furnace slag cement. working. Raw materials. Capacitance-ferroelectric behavior ~barium titanate ~effect of solid solutions ~ additives ~film capacitors. setting time. high alumina cement. E2. microscopic and X -ray investigation of clinker materials. types of ferrites ~manganese. p rocessing and fabrication ~mixed oxide and chemical precipitation processes. Benzoin condensation. Volume. Proporti oning of concrete mixtures ~consideration. multiferroics. nucleophiles ~acids and bases ~Bronsted ~Lowry concept. Firing. carbon ~carbon (triple bond) ~poly addition reactions. trief cement. true. freeze-thaw resistan ce. significance. Condensation ~simple and polycondensation . characteristics. Quality control ~litre-weight test. Substitution reactions ~SN1. Lewis con cept. sulphate resisting cement. lube oil and waxes. relaxor ferroelectrics. properties and uses ~dielectric strength ~dielectric breakdown mechanisms ~fact ors affecting dielectric strength ~dielectric constant and loss-polarization~dif ferent types of polarization ~effect of frequency and temperature. Elimination reactions ~E1. thermal expansion. Porcelain insulators ~triaxial.

Classification of instrumental methods based on physical properties QUANTI TATIVE SPECTROSCOPY Beer -Lambert's law. High Performance Liquid Chromatographical methods (Principle. Quant itative Spectroscopy beer -lambert's law. Paper. anti isomerism ~determination of configuration of geometrical isomers ~tautomerism. Instrumentation. differences between DSC and DTA. Differences between IR and Raman. separation of amino acids by paper. separation of amino acids by paper. Geometrical isomeri sm ~cis. quantitative analysis (Standard addition method and interna l standard method) and applications Differences between AAS and FES. mode of separation and Technique). sample preparation techniques. 2H2O. Column. Instrumentation (Only the sourc es and detectors used in different regions). Separation of organic compounds by column and Thin layer. Applications of DSC (Ino rganic and Polymer samples) Thermogravimetry Theory and Instrumentation. dual properties. various energy levels . Ag2CrO4. Appl ications. Chopper only) and Applications. estimation of organ ic compounds by GC and HPLC Classification of chromatographic methods.Raman spectroscopy Theory. estimation of inorganic ions such as fe. Finger print and Far) and their usefulness. Limitations. factors affecting the shapes of the rmograms (Sample Characteristics and instrumental characteristics). applications. Thermogravimetry Theory and Instrumentation. absorbance And transmittance and their rel ationship. various ranges of IR (Near.Raman spectroscopy Theory. 5H2O. estimation of organi c compounds by GC and HPLC. Structural isomerism ~stereoisomerism ~optical isomerism ~racemic mixture ~resol ution. Thin layer. Thin layer. classification of instrumental methods based on physical properties. Instrumental). various ranges of IR (Near. Instrumentation (Only the sourc es and detectors used in different regions). High Performance Liquid Chromatographical methods (Principle. Appl ications. Hollow cathode lamp. Ni and estimation of N itrite using Beer -Lambert's Law Theory of IR spectroscopy. Interaction of photons with matter. CaC2O4. Dual properties. Instrumenta tion and applications. Various stretching and vibration modes for diatomic a nd triatomic molecules (both linear and nonlinear). Various energy levels . factors affecting the shapes of the . permitted energy levels for the electrons of an atom and simple molec ules. Atomic abs orption spectrophotometry Principle. AgNO3 etc). deviations (real. Types of fuels. Instrumentation. Co and Ni by Paper. trans isomerism. instrumental). Atomic abs orption spectrophotometry Principle. Mid. Column. Various stretching and vibration modes for diatomic a nd triatomic molecules (both linear and nonlinear).egativity ~conjugation ~mesomerism and resonance ~hyper-conjugation ~inductive e ffect. ni and estimation of nitrite using beer ~lambert's law ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION Various ranges. mixure of Cu. interaction of photons with matter. racemisation ~asymmetric synthesis. absorbance And transmittance and their rel ationship. Electromagnetic Radiation various ranges. Instrumentation (Types of burners. Classification of chromatographic methods. Types of fuels. Synthesis of different types of compounds ~alcohol ~aldehyde ~carboxylic acid ~e ster ~ether ~nitrocompounds ~amines ~amides (industrial methods only). mode of separation and Technique). Estimation of inorganic ions such as Fe. Synthetic reagents ~acetoacetic ester ~malonic ester and Grignard reagent. mixture of Cu. Gas. radiation and excitation) Flame photometry Princip le. radiation and excitation) Flame photometry Princip le. Gas. Mid. MgC2O4. Co and Ni by Paper. Separation of organic compounds by column and Thin layer. Chopper only) and Applications. Instrumentation (Types of burners. Finger print and Far) and their usefulness. chemica l. Chemical . Various interferenc es observed in AAS (Chemical. sample preparation techniques. quantitative analysis (Standard addition method and interna l standard method) and applications Differences between AAS and FES. Various interferenc es observed in AAS (Chemical. syn. Walder Inversion. Differential thermal analysis Principle. Deviations (Real. Permitted energy levels for the electrons of an atom and simple molec ules. Paper. Theory of IR spectroscopy. thermograms of some important compounds (CuSO4. Hg2CrO4 . limitations. Hollow cathode lamp. Differences between IR and Raman.

CaC2O4. Multicomponent analysis ( no overlap. differences between DSC and DTA. Thin layer. Various stretching and vibration modes for diatomic a nd triatomic molecules (both linear and nonlinear). Instrumentation. hyps ochromic. CaC2O4. Applications of DSC (Ino rganic and Polymer samples) Various electronic transitions in organic and inorganic compounds effected by UV . Limitations. Different shifts of absorption peaks( Batho chromic. 2H2O. Instrumentation for UV and VISIBLE spectrophotometers (so urce. thermograms of some important compounds (CuSO4. mode of separation and Technique). excitation by UV and Visible radiations. Interaction of photons with matter. Chopper only) and Applications. single way overlap and two way overlap). Choice of sol vents. and Visible radiations. Differences between IR and Raman. Column. Separation of organic compounds by column and Thin layer. Ag2CrO4. Deviations (Real. Lamda max and epsilon max rules. Instrumenta tion and applications. Choice of sol . Multicomponent analysis ( no overlap. Woodwa rd -Fieser rules for the calculation of absorption maxima ( Lamda max) for diene s and carbonyl compounds.rmograms (Sample Characteristics and instrumental characteristics). 2H2O. Instrumentation (Types of burners. Dual properties. Types of fuels. Ag2CrO4. Differential thermal analysis Principle. applications. 5H2O. sample preparation techniques. Hg2CrO4 . Woodwa rd -Fieser rules for the calculation of absorption maxima ( Lamda max) for diene s and carbonyl compounds. MgC2O4. quantitative analysis (Standard addition method and interna l standard method) and applications Differences between AAS and FES. Various interferenc es observed in AAS (Chemical. radiation and excitation) Flame photometry Princip le. Lamda max and epsilon max rules. unsaturate d and carbonyl compounds. Various energy level diagrams of saturated. Ni and estimation of N itrite using Beer -Lambert's Law Theory of IR spectroscopy. and Visible radiations. Estimation of inorganic ions such as Fe. single way overlap and two way overlap). Hollow cathode lamp. separation of amino acids by paper. Instrumenta tion and applications. and Visible radiations. Classification of instrumental methods based on physical properties QUANTI TATIVE SPECTROSCOPY Beer -Lambert's law. Mid. hyps ochromic. Choice of sol vents. hypochromic). Various energy level diagrams of saturated. optical parts and detectors). Co and Ni by Paper. 5H2O. Instrumentation for UV and VISIBLE spectrophotometers (so urce. applications. Effects of auxochromes and efffects of conjugation on the absorption maxima. Applications o f UV and VISIBLE spectroscopies Classification of chromatographic methods. Permitted energy levels for the electrons of an atom and simple molec ules. Paper. Hg2CrO4 . absorbance And transmittance and their rel ationship. Various energy level diagrams of saturated. differences between DSC and DTA. Thermogravimetry Theory and Instrumentation. Gas. Applications of DSC (Ino rganic and Polymer samples) Various electronic transitions in organic and inorganic compounds effected by UV . Appl ications. Different shifts of absorption peaks( Batho chromic.Raman spectroscopy Theory. hypochromic). Instrumental). thermograms of some important compounds (CuSO4. optical parts and detectors). MgC2O4. Photometric titration ( Experimental set -up and various types of titrations and their corresponding curves). cut off wavelengths for solvents. Various energy levels . excitation by UV and Visible radiations. High Performance Liquid Chromatographical methods (Principle. Atomic abs orption spectrophotometry Principle. cut off wavelengths for solvents. AgNO3 etc). unsaturate d and carbonyl compounds. factors affecting the shapes of the rmograms (Sample Characteristics and instrumental characteristics). excitation by UV and Visible radiations. Instrumentation (Only the sourc es and detectors used in different regions). Differential thermal analysis Principle. Finger print and Far) and their usefulness. AgNO3 etc). various ranges of IR (Near. Chemical . mixure of Cu. Effects of auxochromes and efffects of conjugation on the absorption maxima. Applications o f UV and VISIBLE spectroscopies Various electronic transitions in organic and inorganic compounds effected by UV . estimation of organi c compounds by GC and HPLC ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION Various ranges. unsaturate d and carbonyl compounds. Photometric titration ( Experimental set -up and various types of titrations and their corresponding curves).

optical parts and detectors). Woodwa rd -Fieser rules for the calculation of absorption maxima ( Lamda max) for diene s and carbonyl compounds. Effects of auxochromes and efffects of conjugation on the absorption maxima. Photochemical reactions. Chemiluminscence. Spontaneous process~cyclic process ~Carnot cycle ~efficiency of a heat engine ~e ntropy ~concept ~physical significance-changes accompanying processes ~Free ener gy ~Helmholtz ~Gibbs ~criteria for reversible and irreversible processes ~GibbsHermholtz equation-free energy and physical equilibria-Clapeyron and Clausius eq uation ~free energy and chemical equilibria ~vant Hoff reaction isotherm ~standa rd free energy changes ~Third law ~Nernst heat theorem ~determination of entropy from thermal measurements ~residual entropy System ~surroundings ~properties ~macroscopic -intensive ~extensive processes ~i sothermal ~adiabatic ~reversible ~irreversible ~thermodynamic equilibrium ~Zerot h law of thermodynamics ~building thermometer ~celsius scale ~perfect gas/ absol ute temperature scale. Photometric titration ( Experimental set -up and various types of titrations and their corresponding curves). air. single way overlap and two way overlap). . NH3. L iquid state Equilibrium vapour pressure ~surface tension ~viscosity-dipole momen t ~refractive index ~optical rotation ~methods of determination ~relationship to molecular structure Mesomorphic state or liquid crystals Themotropic and lyotropic mesomorphism ~cla ssification of thermotropic liquid crystals ~smectic~nematic ~cholesteric ~disc shaped ~polymer -~molecular arrangements in liquid crystals.vents. Different shifts of absorption peaks( Batho chromic. Applications o f UV and VISIBLE spectroscopies Absorption of light ~consequences ~laws of photochemistry -quantum yield ~photoc hemical processes ~primary ~secondary ~kinetics of photochemical reactions ~hydr ogen and chlorine -hydrogen and bromine ~photosensitization ~quenching ~lasers. reversible and irreversible expansions ~compressions. Introduction to colloids ~properties of colloids ~coagulation of solutions ~Orig in of charge on colloidal particles ~Determination of size of colloidal particle s ~Donnan Membrane equilibrium ~Emulsions ~Gels ~Applications of colloids ~Nanop articles (Au. we ak base ~Ionic product of water ~Buffer solutions ~calculation of pH ~Henderson s equation ~Hydrolysis of salts ~Degree of hydrolysis ~Determination ~acid-base in dicators ~their applications ~solubility product principle ~Ionic equilibria inv olving complex ions. Lamda max and epsilon max rules. Solid state crystal structure ~laws of crystallography -7 crystal systems-14 Bravais lattices ~X-ra ys and crystal structure ~Bragg s equation ~types of crystals ~molecular ~covalent -ionic ~metallic ~lattice energy ~Born~Lande s equation ~experimental determinati on using Born-Haber cycle ~packing in metallic crystals ~lattice-defects. Ag. Hydrogen ~Chlorine react ion ~Photosensitization. Catalysis ~catalyst ~promoter ~inhibitor ~poisoning of catalyst -homogeneous cat alysis ~acid-base ~metal salts ~heterogeneous-adsorption ~physisorption ~chemiso rption ~surface area ~industrially important processes ~oxidation ~cracking ~ref orming Gaseous state Ideal gas ~Gas laws -kinetic theory ~Marwell s distribution of molec ular velocities ~collision frequency -mean free path ~real gas~van der Waal s equa tion of state ~critical constants ~law of corresponding states ~liquefaction of gases (CO2. reversible and i rreversible expansions ~compressions ~enthalpy ~heat capacity at constant volume Cv ~at constant pressure Cp ~relationship between Cp and Cv ~work done In adiab atic. cut off wavelengths for solvents. Pt) ~Preparation ~Characterization ~Properties ~Application in catalysis and drug delivery systems. O2 and N2) Joule ~Thomson effect ~inversion temperature. Multicomponent analysis ( no overlap. Actinometry . Laws of Photochemistry. hypochromic). Quantum efficiency. hyps ochromic. Instrumentation for UV and VISIBLE spectrophotometers (so urce. Kinetics and mechanism of Hydrogen ~Bromine reaction. thermochemistry ~ent halpy changes ~physical and chemical processes ~Kirchoffs equation ~Hess law of co nstant heat summation ~enthalpy of combustion ~Bomb calorimeter ~bond energies ~ applications Acids and bases ~Arrhenius concept ~Lewis concept ~Dissociation of weak acid. Internal energy ~work done ~isothermal .

Actinometry . First order. First order. Quantum efficiency. Ag. Voice and video digitization. First order. Pt) ~Preparation ~Characterization ~Properties ~Application in catalysis and drug delivery systems. Fundamental of EM waves ~Propagation ~Ground waves ~Sky wave propagation ~Ionosp here ~Space waves ~Tropospheric scatter. Order of a reaction ~Zero order. Leased line ~ISDN ~Broadband. Emergence of data communication systems ~Characteristics of data transmission ci rcuits ~Band width requirement ~Data transmission rate ~Noise ~Cross talk ~Echo suppressors ~Distortion ~Equaliser ~Digital codes. Introduction to colloids ~properties of colloids ~coagulation of solutions ~Orig in of charge on colloidal particles ~Determination of size of colloidal particle s ~Donnan Membrane equilibrium ~Emulsions ~Gels ~Applications of colloids ~Nanop articles (Au. Actinometry . Acids and bases ~Arrhenius concept ~Lewis concept ~Dissociation of weak acid. Amplitude modulation ~Modulation index ~Frequence modulation ~Phase modulation ~DSB-SC. Chemiluminscence. Introduction to colloids ~properties of colloids ~coagulation of solutions ~Orig in of charge on colloidal particles ~Determination of size of colloidal particle s ~Donnan Membrane equilibrium ~Emulsions ~Gels ~Applications of colloids ~Nanop articles (Au. SSB. Hydrogen ~Chlorine react ion ~Photosensitization. Information in a communication system ~Coding ~Noise in a information carrying channel. PWM. Laws of Photochemistry. Photochemical reactions. Laws of Photochemistry. Chemiluminscence. Ag. 14 Electrical conductance ~Specific conductance ~Equivalent conductance ~variation with dilution ~Kohlrausch s law ~Transport number ~Galvanic cells ~EMF and its mea surement ~Reference electrode ~Standard Hydrogen electrode ~Nernst equation ~Ele ctrochemical series ~Applications of EMF measurements Fuel cells ~Hydrogen -Oxyg en fuel cell ~Chemical and electrochemical corrosion ~Corrosion control ~Differe nt methods. Vestigial side band. PPM. we ak base ~Ionic product of water ~Buffer solutions ~calculation of pH ~Henderson s equation ~Hydrolysis of salts ~Degree of hydrolysis ~Determination ~acid-base in dicators ~their applications ~solubility product principle ~Ionic equilibria inv olving complex ions. Acids and bases ~Arrhenius concept ~Lewis concept ~Dissociation of weak acid. Kinetics and mechanism of Hydrogen ~Bromine reaction. we ak base ~Ionic product of water ~Buffer solutions ~calculation of pH ~Henderson s equation ~Hydrolysis of salts ~Degree of hydrolysis ~Determination ~acid-base in dicators ~their applications ~solubility product principle ~Ionic equilibria inv olving complex ions. Quantum efficiency. Second order and Third order react ions ~Molecualrity of a reaction ~Unimolecular and Bimolecular reactions ~Experi mental methods of determining order of a reaction ~Kinetics of parallel and oppo sing reactions ~Concept of activation energy ~Arrhenius equation ~Collision theo ry of reaction rates ~Theory of absolute reaction rates ~Kinetics of enzyme cata lyzed reactions. Pt) ~Preparation ~Characterization ~Properties ~Application in catalysis and drug delivery systems. Order of a reaction ~Zero order. Second order and Third order react ions ~Molecualrity of a reaction ~Unimolecular and Bimolecular reactions ~Experi mental methods of determining order of a reaction ~Kinetics of parallel and oppo sing reactions ~Concept of activation energy ~Arrhenius equation ~Collision theo ry of reaction rates ~Theory of absolute reaction rates ~Kinetics of enzyme cata lyzed reactions. Second order and Third order react ions ~Molecualrity of a reaction ~Unimolecular and Bimolecular reactions ~Experi mental methods of determining order of a reaction ~Kinetics of parallel and oppo sing reactions ~Concept of activation energy ~Arrhenius equation ~Collision theo ry of reaction rates ~Theory of absolute reaction rates ~Kinetics of enzyme cata lyzed reactions.Order of a reaction ~Zero order. Photochemical reactions. PCM. Kinetics and mechanism of Hydrogen ~Bromine reaction. Hydrogen ~Chlorine react ion ~Photosensitization. 50 Information ~Transmitter ~Channel Noise ~Receiver ~Need for Modulation ~External .

Introduction to Ad Hoc networks ~definition. Radio compass (NDB). Radio communication ~AM and FM transmitter and receiver ~Microwave communication s ~Satellite communication ~Fibre optic communication (block diagram representat ion). Cross layer cautionary perspective. 9 Cross layer Design Need for cross layer design. LORAN. Signal struc ture~DGPS. Aspect ratio-Image continuity-Number of scanning lines-Interlaced scanning-Pictu re resolution-Camera tubes-Image Orthicon-Vidicon~Plumbicon~Silicon Diode Array Vidicon~Solid-state Image scanners~Monochrome picture tubes~Composite video sign al~video signal dimension-horizontal sync. Doppler. Ra dar cross section. Satellite TV technology-Geo Stationary Satellites-Satellite Electronics-Domesti c Broadcast System-Cable TV-Cable Signal Sources-Cable Signal Processing. VHF tuner-Digital tuning techniques-AFTIF subsys tems-AGC Noise cancellation-Video and Sound inter-carrier detection~Vision IF su bsystem~DC re-insertion-Video amplifier circuits-Sync operation~typical sync pro cessing circuits-Deflection current waveforms. Radar parameters. Matched filter response to delayed Doppler shifte d signals. applicati ons. Hue and saturatio n-Colour television cameras-Values of luminance and colour difference signals-Co lour television display tubes-Delta-gun Precision-in-line and Trinitron colour p icture tubes~Purity and convergence~Purity and static and Dynamic convergence ad justments~Pincushion-correction techniques-Automatic degaussing circuit~Gray sca le tracking-colour signal transmission~Bandwidth-Modulation of colour difference signals-Weighting factors-Formation of chrominance signal. Adhoc Mobility Models ~Indoor and out . Data Dissemination. Noise figure. Pulsed. Composition-vertical sync. Different type of Noise. General principles. Mechanics of Landing Instrument Landing System. MTI. Hyperbolic Navigation D ECCA. Basic principles. Bright displays. characteristics features. Microwave La nding System. Location Discovery. ADF. Tracking Radar. TR. position. OMEGA..noise ~Atmospheric noise ~Extra terrestrial noise ~Industrial noise ~Internal n oise ~Thermal agitation noise ~Soft noise ~Transit time noise ~Miscellaneous noi se ~Signal to noise ration ~Noise figure. Sound in TV TV transmitter-TV signal Propagation~Interference~TV Transmission Antennas~Monoc hrome TV receiver~RF tuner~UHF. A scope. Radar frequencies. Sensor Networ k Architecture. Detailsfun ctions of vertical pulse train~Scanning sequence details. cross layer optimization. TDM and FDM. PPI. velocity determination. Compatibility~Colour perception-Three colour theory~Luminance. Types of Antennas Parabolic. Basic Radar. VOR. Radar measurements. Deflection oscillators~Frame defl ection circuits~requirements~Line deflection circuits-EHT generation-Receiver an tennas. Picture signal transmi ssion~positive and negative modulation~VSB transmission~Sound signal transmissio n-Standard channel bandwidth.. ATR. detection of non fluctuating ta rget in noise. NTSC colour TV systems-SECAM system~PAL colour TV systems~Cancellation of phase errors-PAL-D Colour system-PAL coder-PAL-Decoder receiver-Chromo signal amplifie r-separation of U and V signals-colour burst separation-Burst phase Discriminato r-ACC amplifier-Reference Oscillator-Ident and colour killer circuits-U and V de modulators~Colour signal matrixing. Types of Radar CW. Radar equation. Quality of a Sensor Network Integration of adhoc with Mobile IP networks. Block diagram. Syst em Description. Matched filter. LNA. para meter optimization techniques. False alarm And Missed detection. synth etic video displays. Characteristics of Wireless channel. DME. Data Gathering. Cassegrain and Elect ronically steered phased array antennas. Types of Displays -Color CRT. Distri bution And Scrambling~Video Recording-VCR Electronics-Video Home Formats~Video D isc recording and playback-DVD Players-Tele Text Signal coding and broadcast rec eiver~Digital television-Transmission and reception -Projection television-Flat panel display TV receivers-LCD and Plasma screen receivers-3DTVEDTV. Introduction to Global Positioning System. DSP in Radar (MT D1) Basics of Satellite Navigation. FMCW. Integration of GPS And INS Detection of radar signals in Noise and clutter.

11g. Contention based protocol swith reservation. Exploiting channel knowledge at the transmitter linear pre-filterin g.Interworking Architectures for WLAN and GPRS. Sensor Tasking and Control. 802. Transport layer Issues in designing~Transport layer classification. Advanced Broadband Wireless Access and Services. OFDM modulation. Schemes to connect WLANs and 3 G Networks. IEEE standards 802. Signaling rate vs PER vs SNR. Spe ctral efficiency of ST doing/receiver techniques. Technology path. Operating Systems for Wireless Sensor Networks. goals and classification. Routing Protocols~Energy-Efficient Routing. Network Architecture ~Sensor N etwork Scenarios. secure routing protocols. optimal pre-filtering for error rate minimization. Difference between mobile ad-hoc and sensor networks.door models. Time Synchronization. fading correlation. HIPERLAN. Nodelevel Simulator s. Applications of sensor networks~Enabling Technologies for Wireless Sensor Networks. Joint encoding and decoding. TD-CDMA. System Design. ST coding for frequency flat channels. Operating Systems and Execution Environments. Air Interface . Interference diversity and multiple a ntennas. Multimedia. Multichannel Multipoint D istribution system.11a. QoS aware ro uting. SS modulation. Diversity gain. Routing Protocols Design issues. Convergent Devices. Energy Consumption of Sensor Node s . selection at the transmitter. IMS Architecture. ST coding for frequency selective channels. 802. Channel known to the transmitter. Wireless Sensor networks~Classification. MVNO. Geographic R outing. Gateway Concepts. adhoc transp ort protocols. Clustering. Energy aware routing algorithm. UMTS Basics. Exploiting imperfect channel knowled . Introduction to wireless LANs ~IEEE 802. Local Multipoint Distribution Service. Signal models. MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks. Receivers(SISO. optimal pre-filtering for maximum rate. Diversity performance in extended channels. Capacity of frequency flat deterministic MIMO channel Channel unknown to the tra nsmitter. Single-Node Architecture ~Hardware Components. WWANS 9 Interworking OBJECTIVES and requirements.5G EVOLUTION 9 Migration path to UMTS. capacity of random MIMO channels. Table-driven and Source-initiated On Demand routing p rotocols. Low Duty Cycle Protocols And Wakeup Concepts ~S-MAC . Security issues in adhoc networks issues and challenges. Optimization Goals and Figures of Merit. Combined space and path diversity .t echnologies.SIMO. Physical Layer and Transceiver Design Considerations. Receive antenn a diversity. Node-level software platforms.15. Programming Challenges. Address and Name Management.Iterative MIM O receivers. Netw ork structure. MAC and Rou ting protocols. 3GPPNetwork Architecture. features and challenges. Sensor Node Hardware ~Berkeley M otes. CCI characteristics. Localization and Positioning . State-centric programming. Multicast routing algorithms. CCI mitigation on receive for SIMO. Transmit antenna diversity. Characteristics of MANETs. CDMA2000 overview~Radio and Network components. scheduling algorithms. network security attacks. Syste m Descripltion.Indirect transmit diversity. goals and classification. Radio network. Diversity order and channel variability . The Medi ation Device Protocol.11 WLANs ~Physical Layer~MAC sublayer~MA C Management Sublayer~Wireless ATM ~HIPERLAN~HIPERLAN-2. In fluence of ricean fading. Error performance in fading channels. Diversity of a space-time-frequency selective fadi ng channel. 802. protocols using directional antennas. Session Mobility. TD-SCDMA. WiMax OVERVIEW And 2.11b. Topology Control. Assig nment of MAC Addresses.MIMO). Capacity of frequency selective MIMO channels. Comments on cap acity Coding and interleaving architecture. Unicast routing algorithms. Challenges for Wireless Sensor Networks-Characteristics requirements-required me chanisms. Hybrid protocols. MAC Protocols design issues. Hierarchical Routing.CCI mitigation on transmit for MISO.CCI mitig ating receivers for MIMO. Wakeup Radio Concepts. XPD and degeneracy on MIMO capacit y. hybrid routi ng algorithm. Proactive Vs reactive routing.

ge. Outage performance for MIMO-MU. PCB Zoning. Component selection.MI MO-MAC. Gro und loop coupling. Channel as a ST random field. Antennas and factors. MIMO-OFDM modulation. Grounding ~circuits. National and International EMI Standardizing Organizations ~IEC. converse to channel coding theorem. Channel definition s. Definition of EMI and EMC. Multiple access channel . Shielded Anechoic c hamber. Entropy. Cramer Rao inequality.CDMA and multip le antennas Wireless channel. Scattering functions. Common made coupling. Shannon-Fano codes . Feed through ca pacitors. channels with colored noise. Current probes and calibration factor. Cable to cable coupling. relationship between continuous and discret e entropy. Jointly typical sequences . Power mains and Power supply coupling. Physical scattering model. Degenerate channels. Two Security Protocol ~ Security Association ~Internet Key Exchange ~ISAKMP. Units of EMI. Transient EMI Test wave Simulator s. reciprocity and its implications. Civilian STD Test methods. Second law of thermod ynamics . EN Emission and Susceptibility sta ndards and specifications.Data compression . Gaussian multiple user channels . Sufficient statistic . CENELEC. Rate distorti on theory . Common impedance coupling.MIMO-BC. Spectrum Analyzer. Sources and victims of E MI. [ Mathematics of cryptography ~Primality Testing ~Factorization ~Chinese Remainder Theorem ~Quadratic congrivence ~Exponentiation And Logarithm ~RSA Rabin ~Elgama l ~Elliptic curve Message integrity ~random oracle model ~message authentication ~SHA-512 ~WHIRL P OOL ~Digital signature schemes ~password ~challenge response ~zero knowledge ~Bi ometrics ~Keberos ~symmetric key management ~public key distribution ~stegnograp hy Modern block ciphers ~Modern stream ciphers ~DES ~AES ~Multiple uses of modern b lock ciphers and stream cipher.MIMO-MU with OFDM. Antenna array top ology. FCC standards. Fisher information . A NSI. con verse to coding theorem for Gaussian channel. Kraft inequality . E and free space fields. Conducted and Radiated EMI emission and susceptibility. Kullback-Leibler distance. Channel Coding Theo rem. properties of differential entropy. Gaussian channel definitions. FCC. Shielded chamber. Broadcast channel . Gauss ian channels with feedback Basic inequalities. Bellman Ford Algorithm . mounting. EMI test sites ~Open area site. ST multiuser and ST interference channels. Field to cable coupling. ST channel estimat ion. BIS. Algorithms for Shortest Path Routing ~Dijkstra s Algorithm. Fundamental theorem for a noiseless channel . MIL-STD t est methods. C ase Histories. Radiation Hazards to humans. MIMO-SS modulation. Source coding and rate distort ion with side information . General multi-terminal networks AEP for continuous random variables. Filtering. CISPR. Boun ds on entropy. Shielding ~principle. Signaling and receivers for MIMO-OFD M. Signaling and receivers for MIMO-SS. TEM cell. Intra and Inter system EMI. MIL461E Standards. Asymptotic equipartition . trace routing. Transient EMI control devices and applications. Properties of channel capacity . Polarization and field diverse channels. Mutual information. Encoding of correla ted sources . Transient And ESD. Bonding. . Extended channel models. EMI coupling Networks ~Line impedance Stabilization Networks. EMI gaskets. Relay channel . system and cable grounding.SISO-SS modulation. Huffman codes . Entropy rates of a Stochastic process . Channel measurements. sam pled signal model. Differential mode coupling. Security at the Application Layer E-mail ~PGP ~S/MIME ~Security at the transport layer SSL and TLS ~Security at the network layer IPsec. Scattering model in macrocells. and th ickness. Joint source channel coding theorem Introduction ~Integer Arithmetic Modular Arithmetic ~matrices ~Linear congruence ~Substitution ciphers ~Transposition ciphers ~Stream cipher ~Block ciphers ~Alg ebraic structure ~GF(2) field. SISO-OFDM modulation. choice of materials for H. EMI test receivers.

Case study Performance estimation of a wireless sy stem. N onlinearities with memory. delay Analysis in Output Queued Switch. Network Blocking performance. Multiplexing And Framing~types and standards. Time switching and Combination Switching. M TBF. FDM-FM-FDMA ~TDMA-structure and system design. pdf estimators. Orbital Period. Orbital Mechanics Orbit Equations. Evolution of Networking in the Wired an d Wireless Domain. VSAT Earth stations. Satellite Launch.Packet and ATM switching. Events and processes in packet multiplexer models. Basic Equations. Remote sensing. Int erleaving. suntransit. Simulation samplin g frequency. look angle calculation. Photonic switching~Optical TDM. Mobile and Satellite Phone local loop. Generalized Dijkstra s Algorithm. satellite power design. Optimal Routing.QPSK and QAM. Transponders. W DM. Advances in switchi ng techniques ~shared memory fast packet switches. Performance Measures of packet switches and circuit switches. Non-linear and time-varying systems. Review of Basic Communication principles. Delay N etworks--Queing system analysis and delay performance. Blocking in Switching Networks. shared medium fast packet swi tches and space division fast packet switches. Synchronous and Asynchronous transmission. QoS Routing. ATM. Tail extrapolation. MPLS. System Noise and G/T ratio. packet Multiplexing over wireless net works. Performance Estimation. Performance Measures and Engineering Issues Network performance and source chara cterization. queuing in packet switches. scientific and military application. Discrete memoryless channel models. ISDN local loop. Link Schedu ling and network capacity in wireless networks. Nonadditive and Additive m etrics Design of a wireless network and a wired network. Modelling aand simulation of wavefor m channels. Antennas. The Analog Local Loop. Modeling and simulation of Time varying systems Rand om process models. Memoryless non-linearities. Microwave and Satellite Systems. TTCAndM. Single link design-double link design aspects. Application to communication systems. earth control-E ffects of earth-Perturbation. Wireless Local Loop. Arrival Process. Kepler s Laws. Error control requirements for satellite link ARQ. Access Control protocols and techniques. Input Queued Switch and CIOQ S witch with Parallelism. Data and Multimedia Networks and Services. stochastic traffic models. Optical Transmiss ionline codes and Muxing SONET/SDH. Evolution. CDMA-system design and capacity. DAMA and PAMA. Circuit multiplexed Networks. DSL and ADSL. Orbits and their t ypes. Tapped delay line model. navigation. Deterministic traffic Models and network calculus. Multica rrier signals. Weather satellites. Line Codes Telecom Network Modeling. prototype implementation to be simulated in a network simulator. moontransit. Overview of existing Voice. Introduction. VSAT Network arch itecture. baseband processing. Satellit e Mobile Telephony Global star. TDM standards for satellite s ystems. Closed Networks. Concatenated Codes. Digital Modulation for satellite links~BPSK. Power. Post processing ~Basic graph ical techniques and estimations. PAM. Trunk signaling. The Functional Elements of Networking. Routing Protocols-Distance Ve ctor. Fundamental concepts. Aspects of methodology. Modeling and simulation of non-linearities Types. Message . Importance of Quantitative Modeling in Engineering of Telecommunication Networks . Uplink. with GEO and LEO examples.. Downlink and Design fo r a specified C/N ratio. Onboard Processing systems. Satellite Subsystems AOCS. GPS. Turbo codes. Link State and Exterior gateway protocols. Blocking a nd Delay characteristics. Fiber in the loop. Case study Simu . Low pass equivalent simulation models for bandpass signals. Monte Carlo integrat ion. Formulations of the Routing Pro blem-minimum interference Routing. DBS/DTH Television. Markov model for discrete channe ls with memory. Semianalytic techniques. Atmospheric and Rain effects on link performance. LRD traffic. Importance sampling methods. Space switching.

and OTDM networks. Wavel ength Routing Architecture. Transmission System Engineering ~System model. Run Length Encoding. ~Elements of visual perception. Harmonic mean. Quantization. Shift codes. KLT. Access Networks ~Network Arch itecture overview. recei ver.323/ SIP -Network Architecture. Wavelength Routing Testbeds. Quality of Service~CODECMeth ods-VOIP applicability Compression principles-source encoders and destination encoders-lossless and los sy compression-entropy encoding -source encoding -text compression -static Huffm an coding dynamic coding -arithmetic coding -Lempel ziv-welsh Compressionimage c ompression Introduction ~Multimedia skills ~Multimedia components and their characteristics ~Text. Call establishment and release. HSI models. Node Designs.263-MPEG 1. Welch method. dispersion. Testing of random number generators. Fault management. Architectu ral variations. SVD. Geometric mean. animation.4. Contr aharmonic mean filters. Arithmetic coding. Multimedia networking -Applications-streamed stored and audio-making the best Ef fort service-protocols for real time interactive Applications-distributing multi mediabeyond best effort service-secluding and policing Mechanisms-integrated ser vicesdifferentiated Services-RSVP. Control and Management ~Network management functions. . Media-Access Control Protocols. Service interface. Periodogram. Audio compression-DPCM-Adaptive PCM -adaptive predictive coding-linear Predicti ve coding-code excited LPC-perpetual coding Video compression -principles~H. Vector Quantization. The optical layer. VoIP and SS7. Uniform random number generation. Synchronisatio n. VoIP challenges. Bias and Consistency. Vidicon and Digital Camera working principles. Configuration management.261H. mach band effect. System limitations. Inverse filtering-removal of blur caused by uniform linear motion. Color image enhancement. Metropoliton-Area Networks. Homomorphic filtering. Switches. contrast. video. brightness. 2D transforms ~DFT. DCT. Levinson-Durbin recursi on. Median. Performance management. Image sampling. Histogram equalization and specification techniques. PN sequen ce generation. Random signal processing. Spatia l averaging. Edge linking via Hough transform ~Thresholding ~Region based seg mentation ~Region growing ~Region splitting and Merging ~Segmentation by morphol ogical watersheds ~basic concepts ~Dam construction ~Watershed segmentation algo rithm. Optical Network Components ~Couplers. Correlated and Uncorrelated Gaussian random number generation. H. Noise distributions. Elements of digital image processing systems. Image Restoration ~degradation model.Virtual topology design. JPEG standard. Overa ll design considerations. Transform coding. Wavelength C onverters. Switch-based networks. Broadcast and Select Networks ~Topologies for Broadcast Networ ks. Power penalty ~transmitter. graphics. Photonic Packet Switching ~OTDM. SONET / SDH. Color image fundamentals ~RGB. Wavelength stabilization . Routing and wavele ngth assignment. Future Access Networks. Optical safe ty. Solitons. Basics of IP transport. Modified periodogram. Optical layer cost tradeoff. Geometric transformations-spatial transformations. Edge detection. crosstalk. Multiplexing and Demultiplexing. hue. Optical Access Network Architectures. Broadcast OTDM networks. Isolators And C irculators. MPEG.2. Layer ed Architecture . Mapping uniform random variables to an arbitra ry pdf. saturati on. Directional Smoothing. Light Propagation in optical fibers ~Loss And bandwidth. Huffman. Proto cols. Optical Amplifiers. Two-dimensional mathematical preliminaries. sound. Non ~Linear effects. Multiplexers And Filters. Unconstrained and Constrained restoration. images. Introduction to Optical Networks. hardware. Parametric methods of spectral estimation. Wiener filte ring.lation of a Cellular Radio System. Blackman-Tukey method. Optical amplifiers. Testbeds for Broadcast And Select WDM. Need for data compression. dither.

design in Zplane. Advanced robotics in under ~water operations. Sampling. AR and MA processes. bit-serial FIR filter. Observability and Transfer Functions. Stationary and ergodic processes. factors limiting the choice of sample rate. modified Cook-Took algorithm. Spectral Factorization. state variable des cription of digital filters. pipelining and parallel processing for low power. Review of principle of compensator design. Cepstrum and Homomorphic fi ltering. digital compe nsator design using frequency response plots. PD. Au tocorrelation and Autocovariance properties and matrices. parallel architectures for rank-order filters. F iltering random processes. Iteration Bound ~data flow graph representations. Definitions and Theorems of Controllability and Observability. Advanced robotics in under ~water operations. development of digital PID controller. combined pipelining and parallel processing of IIR filters. ARMA. Discrete State Variable concepts. para llel carry-save multiplier. mat hematical model of sample and hold. White noise. Jordan canonical models. Discrete Kalman filter. Look~Ahead pipelining in first~order IIR filters. parallel processing application. two-phase clocking. parallel rank-order filters. roundoff no ise in pipelined first-order filters. Relationships bet ween Controllability. Two-phase clock generator. Innovations Representation and Process. Forward and Backward linear prediction. 4x 4 bit Baugh~Wooley carry-save multiplication. Review of frequency and time response analysis and specifications of control sy stems. zero and first order hold. parallel carry-ripple array multipliers. Routh. DCT algorithm architecture. time and frequency respo nse of discrete time control systems. hold operations. Z-tr ansform method of description. parallel processing of IIR filters. Multire solution analysis. Adaptive equalizer. . Pipelining and parallel processing ~Pipelining of FIR digital filters. Advanced robotics in Space ~Specific features of space roboti cs systems ~long-term technical developments. iterative matching. Bit-Level Arithmetic Architectures~paralle l multipliers with sign extension. PID controllers. wave pipelining. Introduction To DSP Systems -Typical DSP algorithms. clock skew in edgetri ggered single-phase clocking. Scaling and roundoff noise~scaling operation. Z-plane specifications. aliasing. Advanced robotics. 2-parallel fast FIR filt er. Advanced robotics. CSD multiplication using Horner s rule for precision improvement. Retiming ~definitions and properties. Clustered Look-Ahead pipelining. Jury. Application of wavelet transform. O dd~Even Merge~Sort architecture.Discrete random process ~Ensemble averages. Robotics Technology of the Future ~Future Applications. time and frequency domain descriptions. reconstruction. Characteristic equation. Eigenvalues and Eigen vectors. Principles of state and output feedback. des ign of Lyon s bit-serial multipliers using Horner s rule. par allel processing. roundoff noise. need for controllers. transfer function. Robotics Technology of the Future ~Future Applications. scaling and roundoff noise computation. Lyapuno v stability analysis. Algorithmic strength redu ction in filters and transforms ~2-parallel FIR filter. pulse transfer function. discrete diff erentiator. multiple constant multi plications. discrete integrator. Principles of adaptive filter ~FIR adaptive filter ~Newton s Steepest descent algo rithm ~Derivation of first order adaptive filter ~LMS adaptation algorithms ~Ada ptive noise cancellation. continuous time compensations. Continuous and discrete wavelet transform. Pipelined a nd parallel recursive filters ~inefficient/efficient single channel interleaving . Filtering ~FIR Wiener filter~Filtering a nd linear prediction. Unfolding ~an algorithm for Unfolding. continuous time PI. CSD representation. Look-Ahead pipelining with p ower-of-two decomposition. Advanced robotics in Space ~Specific features of space robot ics systems ~long-term technical developments. Power Spe ctral Density. Phase Variable companion forms. Fast convolution ~Cook-Toom algorithm. Adaptive echo cancellers. loop bound and iteration bound. non-causal and causal IIR Wiener filters. pro perties of unfolding. Difference equation description. Numerical Strength Reduction ~subexpression elimination. Short Time Fourier Transform. Longest path Matrix algor ithm.

Fundamentals of Robot Technology ~Automation and Robotics ~Robot anatomy ~Work v olume ~Precision of movement ~End effectors ~Sensors. Fundamentals opf Robot Technology ~Automation and Robotics ~Robot anatomy ~Work volume ~Prescision of movement ~End effectors ~Sensors. Robot Cell Design and Control ~Remote Cemter compilance ~Safety in Robotics. Robot Cell Design and Control ~Remote Center compilance ~Safety in Robotics. Robot Programming ~Methods ~interlocks textual languages. Characteristics of Rob ot level languages, characteristic of task level languages. Robot Programming ~Methods ~interlocks textual languages. Characteristics of Rob ot level languages, characteristic of task level languages. The scope of industrial Robots ~Definition of an industrial robot ~Need for indu strial robots ~applications. The scope of industrial Robots ~Definition of an industrial robot ~Need for indu strial robots ~applications. Features, Feature Extraction and Pattern Comparison Techniques Speech distortion measures ~mathematical and perceptual ~Log Spectral Distance, Cepstral Distance s, Weighted Cepstral Distances and Filtering, Likelihood Distortions, Spectral D istortion using a Warped Frequency Scale, LPC, PLP and MFCC Coefficients, Time A lignment and Normalization ~Dynamic Time Warping, Multiple Time ~Alignment Paths . Hidden Markov Models Markov Processes, HMMs ~Evaluation, Optimal State Sequence ~Viterbi Search, Baum-Welch Parameter Re-estimation, Implementation issues. Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition Architecture of a large vocabular y continuous speech recognition system ~acoustics and language models ~n-grams, context dependent sub-word units; Applications and present status. Speech Fundamentals Articulatory Phonetics ~Production and Classification of Spe ech Sounds; Acoustic Phonetics ~acoustics of speech production; Review of Digita l Signal Processing concepts; Short-Time Fourier Transform, Filter-Bank and LPC Methods. Text-to-Speech Synthesis Concatenative and waveform synthesis methods, subword u nits for TTS, intelligibility and naturalness ~role of prosody, Applications and present status. Air data quantities ~Altitude, Airspeed, Mach no., Vertical speed, Total Air t emperature, Stall warning, Altitude warning. Autopilot ~basic principles ~longit udinal and lateral autopilot. Display technologies ~LED, LCD, CRT, Flat Panel Display. Primary Flight paramete r displays ~Head Up Display, Helmet Mounted Display, Night vision goggles, Head Down Display, MFD, MFK, Virtual cockpit. Inertial sensors ~Gyroscopes, Accelerometers, Inertial navigation systems ~Block diagram, Platform and strap down INS. Satellite Navigation ~GPS Introduction to aircraft ~Axes system ~Parts, importance and role of Avionics ~s ystems which interface directly with pilot ~Aircraft state sensor systems ~Navig ation systems ~External world sensor systems ~task automation systems. Avionics architecture evolution. Avionics Data buses ~MIL STD 1553, ARINC 429, ARINC 629. Types of Radio Navigation ~ADF, DME, VOR, LORAN, DECCA, OMEGA. ILS, MLS Basic concepts, microscopic, quantum systems in equilibrium, statistical models applied to metals and semiconductors Hydrogen and Helium atoms, electronic states, Atomic force microscope, Nuclear M agnetic Resonance, carbon nanotube properties and applications Particles, waves, probability amplitudes, Schrodinger equation, wavepackets solu tions, operators, expectation values, eigenfuntions, piecewise constant potentia ls. SHM Operators, SHM wavepacket solutions, Quantum LC circuit, WKB approximations, variational methods. Two level systems with static and dynamic coupling, problems in more than one di mensions, electromagnetic field quantization, density of states. Colpitts oscillator, Ring Oscillators, VCOs, Linearized PLL models, noise proper ties of PLLs, phase detectors, loop filters, charge pumps, PLL design examples, detailed considerations of phase noise. Long and Short channel approximations, bandwidth estimation techniques, open and

short circuit time constant procedures, high frequency amplifiers. Noise definitions and noise models, two port noise parameters of MOSFET, LNA top ologies, noise match and power match design considerations, linearity and large signal performance of LNAs,Mixer fundamentals, nonlinear mixers, multiplier base d mixers, sub-sampling mixers. RF characteristics of chip resistor, capacitor and inductors, semiconductor real ization of resistors, capacitors, inductors, transformers. Coaxial, stripline, a nd microstrip line design guidelines and behavior at RF. Series shunt amplifiers, tuned amplifiers, neutralization, feedback and RF stabi lity criteria, gain and phase margins, compensation techniques Class A,B,C,D,E,F power amplifier definitions, PA characteristics, RF PA design examples. Floor planning concepts ~shape functions and floorplan sizing ~Types of local ro uting problems ~Area routing ~channel routing ~global routing ~algorithms for gl obal routing. High level Synthesis ~Hardware models ~Internal representation ~Allocation ~assi gnment and scheduling ~Simple scheduling algorithm ~Assignment problem ~High lev el transformations. Introduction to VLSI Design methodologies ~Review of Data structures and algorit hms ~Review of VLSI Design automation tools ~Algorithmic Graph Theory and Comput ational Complexity ~Tractable and Intractable problems ~general purpose methods for combinatorial optimization. Layout Compaction ~Design rules ~problem formulation ~algorithms for constraint graph compaction ~placement and partitioning ~Circuit representation ~Placement algorithms ~partitioning. Simulation ~Gate-level modeling and simulation ~Switch-level modeling and simula tion ~Combinational Logic Synthesis ~Binary Decision Diagrams ~Two Level Logic S ynthesis. Introduction, Analog and Digital Modulation, Electro-optic modulators, Acousto-o ptic modulators, Interferometric modulators,Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers, Op tical Switching and Logic Devices. Introduction, hybrid and Monolithic Integration~Li Nbo3 devices, Active Couplers , Integrated transmitters and Receivers, Guided wave devices. Introduction, Photo Luminescence, Cathode Luminescence, Electro Luminescence, In jection Luminescence, LED, Plasma Displays, Liquid Crystal Displays, Numeric Dis play, Laser Emission, Absorption, Radiation, Population Inversion, Optical feedb ack, Threshold condition, Semiconductor lasers. Photo detector, Thermal detector,Photo Conductors, Photo diodes, Photo Multiplie r Tube, Solar Cell, Detector Performance. Wave nature of light, Polarization, Interference, Diffraction, Light Source, rev iew of Quantum Mechanical concept, Review of Solid State and Semiconductor Junct ion Devices. DC ~DC Converters ~Gating requirements, Switching mode regulators ~Boost, Buck, Buck-Boost and Cuk regulators, DC and AC Power supplies ~Switched mode, Resonant and Bidirectional Power supplies. DC motor drives, Induction and Synchronous motor drives, Switched reluctance and brushless motor drives ~Solid state relays ~Microelectronic Relays Power transistors, Fast recovery diodes, Thyristors, Power TRIAC, MOSFET, IGBT, GTO ~characteristics, rating, Protection circuits, Driver Circuits. Single Phase and Three Phase Controlled rectifiers, Design of Trigger circuits ~ Dual Converters~AC Voltage controllers Voltage and current source inverters, Resonant, Series inverter, PWM inverter. Case studies ~Capacitive accelerometer, Peizo electric pressure sensor, Microflu idics application, Modeling of MEMS systems, CAD for MEMS. Elasticity, Stress, strain and material properties, Bending of thin plates, Spri ng configurations, torsional deflection, Mechanical vibration, Resonance, Thermo mechanics ~actuators, force and response time, Fracture and thin film mechanics . Electrostatics basic theory, electro static instability. Surface tension, gap an d finger pull up, Electro static actuators, Comb generators, gap closers, rotary motors, inch worms, Electromagnetic actuators. bistable actuators. Electronic I

nterfaces, Feed back systems, Noise , Circuit and system issues, MEMS and Microsystems, Miniaturization, Typical products, Micro sensors, Micro a ctuation, MEMS with micro actuators, Microaccelorometers and Micro fluidics, MEM S materials, Micro fabrication Optical MEMS, ~System design basics ~Gaussian optics, matrix operations, resolut ion. Case studies, MEMS scanners and retinal scanning display, Digital Micro mir ror devices. RF Memes ~design basics, case study ~Capacitive RF MEMS switch, per formance issues. Cell Structure and organelles ~Functions of each component in the cell. Cell me mbrane ~transport across membrane ~origin of cell membrane potential (Nernst and Goldman and Katz equations) ~Action potential. Structure of a Neuron. Synaptic conduction. Conduction of action potential in n euron Parts of brain cortical localization of functions.. EEG. Simple reflexes , withdrawal reflexes. Autonomic nervous system and its functions Blood composition ~functions of blood ~functions of RBC. WBC types and their fun ctions. Blood groups -importance of blood groups -identification of blood groups . blood flow factors regulating blood flow such as viscosity, radius , density e tc (Fahreus lindqvist effect, Poiseuille s Law ) Structure of heart ~Properties of Cardiac muscle ~Cardiac muscle and pacemaker p otential ~Cardiac cycle ~ECG ~Heart sound ~volume and pressure changes and regul ation of heart rate. Structure of Kidney and nephron. Mechanism of Urine formation and acid base regu lation. Dialysis. Components in of respiratory system. Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport and acid base regulation. Fundamentals of Magnetic Resonance~Interaction of nuclei with static Magnetic Fi eld and Radio frequency wave ~Rotation and Precession -induction of a magnetic r esonance signal ~bulk Magnetization ~Relaxation Processes T1 and T2. Block diagr am approach of MRI system~System Magnet (Permanent, Electromagnet and super cond uctors) , generation of Gradient magnetic Fields , Radio Frequency coils (sendin g and receiving) Shim coils, Electronic components. Nature of X-Rays ~X-ray Absorption ~Tissue Contrast.X-Ray Equipment (Block Diagr am) ~X-ray Tube, the collimator, Bucky Grid, power supply. Digital Radiography ~ discrete digital detectors, storage phosphor and film Scanning. X-Ray Image inte nsifier tubes ~Fluoroscopy ~Digital Fluoroscopy. Angiography, Cine angiography. Digital Subtraction Angiography. Mammography. Principles of Tomography ~First to Fourth generation scanners ~Image reconstruct ion technique~Back projection and Iterative method. Spiral CT Scanning ~Ultra fa st CT Scanners~X-Ray Sources ~Collimation ~X-Ray Detectors ~Viewing System. Radiation therapy-Linear accelerator, betatron, cesium and cobalt .Radiation Pro tection in Medicine -Radiation Protection principles, Radiation measuring instru ments-Dosimeter, film Badges, Thermo luminescent dosimeters ~Electronic dosimete r~ICRPregulation Practical reduction of dose to staff and visitors. Radio isotopes~alpha, beta and gamma radiations. Radio pharmaceuticals. Radiatio n detectors ~Gas Filled, ionization Chambers, proportional counter, GM counter a nd Scintillation Detectors. Gamma Camera~Principle of operation, Collimator, Pho to multiplier tube, X-Y Positioning Circuit, Pulse height Analyzer. Principles o f SPECT and PET. 3-Stage Pipeline ARM Organization ~5-Stage Pipeline ARM Organization ~ARM Implem entation ~ARM Instruction Set. ARM Architecture ~ARM Development tools ~ARM Assembly Language Programming ~Simp le Examples. I2C Bus Peripheral Chip Access ~Analog to Digital Converter ~UART. Introduction to PIC Microcontroller ~PIC 16C6x and PIC 16C7x Architectures ~PIC 16Cxx Instruction Set ~Simple Operations. PIC microcontroller Interrupts ~Timers ~I/O Port Expansion ~Front Panel I/O. Different Departments of Hospital, Recruitment, Selection, Training Guidelines ~ Methods of Training ~Evaluation of Training ~Leadership grooming and Training, P romotion ~Transfer. Distinction between Hospital and Industry, Challenges in Hospital Administration ~Hospital Planning ~Equipment Planning ~Functional Planning.

comput er assisted instrumentation in Medical Informatics ~Computer assisted patient ed ucation and health ~Medical education and health care information. Computer based medical information retrieval. Substitution matrices and sequence ali gnment optimal algorithm. Computer -assisted decision support system-production rule syst em-cognitive model. Intelligent Laboratory Information System ~Computerized ECG. Phylogenetic p rediction and protein structure prediction algorithms. Genetic and fuzzy logic applications in Bioinformaitcs. Comparative. Functional capabilities of a computerized HIS. Protein . Navigation a nd information. Surgical s imulation . Development tools. cytology and hi stology. Prediction tools and modeling tools. ISDN. Bioinformatics Neuro computers and Artificial Neural Networks application. Components and functionality of CPR. Modeling for Bioinformatics ~Hidden Markov. Amino acid sequences Hidden markov modeling for biological data analysis ~Sequence identification ~Se quence classification ~multiple alignment generation ~Comparative modeling ~Prot ein modeling ~genomic modeling ~Probabilistic modeling ~Bayesian networks ~Boole an networks ~Molecular modeling ~Computer programs for molecular modeling Microarray technology for genome expression study ~image analysis for data extra ction ~preprocessing ~segmentation ~gridding ~spot extraction ~normalization. implementing algorithms . Classification algorithms. Structure and Other databases. probabilistic and molecular mod eling Overview of structural Bioinformatics. e-health servi ces. Hospital management and i nformation system. Data analysis tools. decisions analysis in clinical medicinec omputers in the care of critically patients-computer assisted surgery-designing Virtual reality applications in medicine. Data submission tools. Radiation therapy and planning. EEG and EM G. Principles of HRM ~Functions of HRM ~Profile of HRD Manager ~Tools of HRD ~Human Resource Inventory ~Manpower Planning.Medical Records Department ~Central Sterilization and Supply Department ~Pharmac y ~Food Services ~Laundry Services. Data analysis algorithms ~Sequence comparison. Dialogue with the computer. bioi nformatics tasks and corresponding algorithms and bioinformatics software. Modes of Communication ~Telephone. biological algorithms. ultrasound imaging ultras onography-computed X-ray tomography. fi ltering ~cluster analysis ~gene network analysis ~Compared Evaluation of Scienti fic Data Management Systems ~Cost Matrix ~Evaluation model ~Benchmark ~Tradeoffs Need for Bioinformatics technologies ~Overview of Bioinformatics technologies ~S tructural bioinformatics ~Data format and processing ~secondary resources and ap plications ~Role of Structural bioinformatics ~Biological Data Integration Syste . Characteristics. Databas e Warehousing and data mining in Bioinformatics. Purposes ~Planning of Communication. Prediction algorithms ~Gene prediction. semester networks . Telemedicine ~Tele surgery computer aids for the handicapped. Categories. Health Informatics ~Medical Informatics. Intranet. Introduction ~Structure of Medical Informatics -Internet and Medicine -Security issues . Description and Organisation of Sequence. Expert system ~Gener al model of CMD. Industry trends and data mining tools. Computer assisted medical imaging~nuclear medicine. Computerized prescriptions for patients. Pu blic Address and Piped Music ~CCTV. Nuclear Mag netic Resonance Introduction ~History taking by computer. Clinical information system. CPRin Radiology~Applicat ion server provider. Knowledge discovery. Need for tools. Neural network. retrieval of Bioinformatics databases. Automated clinical laboratories-Automated methods in hematology. Security ~Loss Prevention ~Fire Safety ~Alar m System ~Safety Rules. Computer assisted surgery . Bioinformatics data ~Datawarehousing architecture ~data quality ~Biomedical data analysis ~DNA data analysis ~Protein data analysis ~Machine learning ~Neural ne twork architecture and applications in bioinformatics Gene regulation ~motif recognition ~motif detection ~strategies for motif detect ion ~Visualization ~Fractal analysis ~DNA walk models ~one dimension ~two dimens ion ~higher dimension ~Game representation of Biological sequences ~DNA.

probabilistic models and statistical decision . Switch Problem. Comparison of MOS and Bipolar Transistors. Distorti on in op-amp. parasitics and equivalent circuits.signal conversion. Circuit noise coupling power supply pinning. Empirical non linear filter ~non linear noise reduction. structured noise and physiological interference . state space model based filtering. DNL . cascades. body effect. Matched filter ~Detection of spikes and wa ve complexes .Adaptive segmentation . PSRR definition and examples Principles and definition of terms ~INL . active -rc filters . supply b ounce. MOS resistors And capacitors. noise sources . pipelin ed ADCs. Neural Network and application Fourier spectrum . comparison Distortion in ele mentary transistor circuits definition of terms ~HD . Entropy non linear diagnostics. Maternal ~Fet al ECG . SFDR. circuit placement. Transmission gate . charge pumps. triode. Filters ~ IIR FIR. rail to rail input and output amplifiers. Model based filtering ~n on linear model parameter estimation. ADC ~ integrating. Frequency domain filters ~optimal filters-Wiener filter . Curvature Compensation. comparison of NNR and ICA. Fixed segmentation . Start-Up Circuits. capacitiv e . interpolating/folding . CMOS Bandgaps . Stationary and nonstationary processes . MOS amplifiers. Application ~ECG . MOS Capacitors and Switches . cor relation dimension. Voltage and current reference circuits. Non linear signal processing ~state space reconstruction ~Lyapnov exponents. feedback transimpedance amplif iers and current amplifiers. synchron ous averaging artifacts. square-law . sat. differential stage design. Stability in opamps. Realization of Good Low voltage Switches . estimati on of autocorrelation function. z-domain analysis of SC Integ rator. substrate coupling. continuous time filters.m. Application ~ECG. IP . Super vised classification . SAR . Switched capacitor filters. terms ~sensitivity Bandgap Reference Pr inciples. Flash. File concept ~access methods ~directory structure ~File system mounting ~file sh aring ~protection ~file system implementation ~I/O Hardware ~Application I/O Int erface ~Kernal I/O subsystem ~Transforming I/O to Hardware Operations ~Streams ~ Disk Structure ~Disk Scheduling Management ~RAID structure . Switched Op-amp Design Example. Principle of charge conservation. current steering. Stray insensitive SC Integrator . Characteristics of some dynamic biomedical systems . . adaptive filter for removal of interference . noise shaping principles. DAC ~resistive . P1dB distortion in MOS amplifiers. averaging. current output amplifiers. Sub CMOS Ba ndgaps. Circuit noise generation.regions ~cutoff . Fully differential amplifiers. Muscle contraction interference. Homomorphic filters-Generalized linear filters. Estimation of PSD function ~Periodogram . Time ~Domain filters ~Moving average filter . Class AB and driver amplifiers. Unsupervised pattern classification . Gmc filters improving gm linearity by feedback. Training test steps . Random noise . folded ca scode stages. PCG and Heart rate variabilit y. LDO design. Diagnostic of bundle-branch block ~Illustration . charge redistribution. Integer filters. LINUX and Windows 2000. reduction of distortion by Feedback 74 Concept of Processes ~Interprocess Communication~Racing ~Synchronisation ~Mutual Exclusion ~Scheduling -Implementation Issues ~IPC in Multiprocessor System ~Thr eads Concepts of distributed operating systems ~Real time operating system ~Case stud ies UNIX. Current References V-I convertors.Ada ptive filter for segmentation . Clock Feedthrough. mos-c filter s . SFDR . Feedback voltage and transconductance amplifiers. DC/DC converter design. Basic circuit topologies of comparators and latches. short and long channel approximations.biasing .Measures derived frompower spectral density and a pplication Time variant systems . Building Blocks of SC Integrator . Homomo rphic deconvolution and application . systematic design operational amplifiers. Pattern classification . source followers. IM ~self And cross . pipeline DAC architectures Sigma Delta Modulation. swit ched current filters.

Principles of scalable performance Parallel programming models. Application in Automobiles. 44 Design Methodologies. Peripheral Interfacing. Data Compressor ~Software Modem ~Personal Digital Assistants ~Set-Top-Box. case study MPI and PVM. Advanced processor Technology. program size ~Program validation and testing. Microcontroller based System Design. Ha rdware-Software Design Examples. Enhancements of 80186 ~80286 Architecture ~Real and Virtual Addressing Modes ~80386 Architec ture ~Special Registers ~Memory Management ~Memory Paging Mechanism ~80486 Archi tecture ~Enhancements ~Cache Memory Techniques ~Exception Handling ~Comparison o f Microprocessors (8086 ~80186 ~80286 ~80386 ~80486). RISC Vs CISC. System Analysis and Architecture Design. ADC/DAC. Parallel and scalable architectures~Multi processor and Multicomputers. RISC properties and evolution. synchronization mechanism. CPU buses ~Memory devices ~I/O devices ~Component interfacing ~Design with micro processors ~Development and Debugging ~Program design ~Model of programs ~Assemb ly and Linking ~Basic compilation techniques ~Analysis and optimization of execu tion time. Super scalar and vector processor. Inter-Integrated Ci rcuit Protocol for RTC. 80286. Specification. Advanced RISC microcontrollers. PowerPC6\t20\t ~Instruction fetching ~Branch Prediction ~Fetching ~Speculation. Debugging techniques. Parallel Computer Models. power. Instruction pipeline.Introduction ~Multiprogramming ~Time sharing ~Multi-user Operating systems ~Syst em Call ~Structure of Operating Systems Partition ~paging ~segmentation ~virtual memory concepts ~relocation algorithms ~buddy systems ~Free space management ~Case study. Memor y Management. Backplane Bus systems. Scheduling techniques. Superscalar and super pipeline design. communication. energy. 80386 AND 80486 MICROPROCESSORS 9 80186 Architecture. Program and Network properties. New Generation Mother Boards 286 to Pentiu m 4 Bus Interface~ISA~EISA~VESA~PCI~PCIX. Distributed file systems. Intel i960 ~Intel IA32~MIPS R8000 ~MIPS R10000 ~Motorola 88110 ~Ultra SPARC proc essor~SPARC version 8~SPARC version 9. PIC 8-bit microcontrollers. Hardware concepts. Linear Pipeline. Arithmetic pipeline. Complex systems and micro processors ~Design example Model train controller ~Emb edded system design process ~Formalism for system design ~Instruction sets Preli minaries ~ARM Processor ~CPU Programming input and output ~Supervisor mode. Robotics an d consumer Electronics. compliers~Parallel Program Development a nd Environments. Accelerators ~Accelerated system design ~Distributed Embedded Architecture ~Netw orks for Embedded Systems ~Network based design ~Internet enabled systems. Multiple tasks and multi processes ~Processes ~Context Switching ~Operating Syst ems -Scheduling policies ~Multiprocessor ~Inter Process Communication mechanisms ~Evaluating operating system performance ~Power optimization strategies for pro cesses. Memory and I/O Port Addresses. Instruction dispatching ~dispatch stalls ~Instruction Execution ~Issue stalls~Ex ecution Parallelism ~Instruction completion ~Basics of P6 micro architecture ~Pi pelining ~our-of-order core pipeline ~Memory subsystem. Memory hierarc hy technology. Virtual Memory Technology. . exce ption and traps ~Coprocessor ~Memory system mechanism ~CPU performance ~CPU powe r consumption. Real-time Operating System. Nonlinear pipeline. Functional Units And Interconnection. 80186. Pentium Microprocessor Architecture ~Special Pentium Registers ~Pentium Memory M anagement ~New Pentium Instructions ~Pentium Pro Microprocessor Architecture ~Sp ecial features ~Pentium II Microprocessor Architecture ~Pentium III Microprocess or Architecture ~Pentium III Architecture ~Pentium IV Architecture ~Comparison o f Pentium Processors. languages. EEPROM. Peripheral Interfaces and Controllers. ~Syst em-on-Silicon. Models. Cross development tools.

System design using R8C Microcontroller.Least-Squares estimation~Bayesian ineference Hardware Development/growth testing-test analyse and Fix (TAAF)-Production Relia bility Acceptance testing (PRAT)~Qualification Testing-Environmental Stress Scre ening-Burn-in-Accelerated Life Testing Software Testing components-Statebased cl asses-Parallel Architecture-system testing-Testing OOPs models Hardware Reliability and Software Reliability Concepts. Field and Industry Data-Parts coun t~Part stress method~Reliability allocation and apportionment-Reliability predic tion goals. Benefits of Reliability Program. Context Free Grammars for English Syntax~Context-Free Rules and Trees ~SentenceLevel Constructions -Agreement ~Sub Categorization ~Parsing ~Topdown ~Earley Par sing -Feature Structures ~Probabilistic Context-Free Grammars Discourse -Reference Resolution ~Text Coherence -Discourse Structure ~Dialog and Conversational Agents ~Dialog Acts ~Interpretation ~Coherence -Conversational A gents ~Language Generation ~Architecture -Surface Realizations ~Discourse Planni ng ~Machine Translation -Transfer Metaphor ~Interlingua ~Statistical Approaches Introduction ~Models -and Algorithms ~The Turing Test -Regular Expressions Basic Regular Expression Patterns -Finite State Automata -Regular Languages and FSAs ~Morphology -Inflectional Morphology ~Derivational Morphology -Finite-State Morp hological Parsing ~Combining an FST Lexicon and Rules -Porter Stemmer N-grams Models of Syntax ~Counting Words ~Unsmoothed N-grams ~Smoothing~Backoff ~Deleted Interpolation ~Entropy ~English Word Classes ~Tagsets for English -Part of Speech Tagging -Rule-Based Part of Speech Tagging ~Stochastic Part of Speech Tagging ~Transformation-Based Tagging Representing Meaning ~Meaning Structure of Language ~First Order Predicate Calcu lus ~Representing Linguistically Relevant Concepts -Syntax-Driven Semantic Analy sis -Semantic Attachments ~Syntax-Driven Analyzer ~Robust Analysis ~Lexemes and . Simpson s 1/3 and Gaussian Quadrature formula. classification schemes. Reliability and Unreliability costs. UART. Reliability facto rs. Change of basis ~Dual space ~Inner Product Spaces ~Norms and Cauchy ~Schwarz ine quality ~Orthonormal sets ~Gram Schmidt orthonormalization process ~adjoint of l inear operator ~method of least squares. MTTF. R8C T iny Development Tools. Gauss ~Seidel iterative Method ~Power method and QR Method for approximating Eigenvalues. MTBF. Lagrange s and Newton s divided difference interpolation ~Newton s forward and backwar d difference interpolation ~Numerical differentiation by finite differences ~Tra pezoidal. ADC. Software Execution time component-Calendar Time component-Prediction Models~Jelinski-Morando Model-Shooman Model-Musa Model-Littlewood-Verrall Model -Crow Model. Failures.The R8C Architecture. Hazard Rate. Instruction Set. Design Evaluation-Stress strength Analysis-FMEA-FMECA-Worst Case Analysis~Robous t Design approach-Human Factors-Parts Control and Derating Software consideratio ns Hardware Benefits of Reliability Predictions. Gauss elimination method ~Pivoting strategy ~Gauss elimination method for Tridia gonal matrix ~Jacobi. TOTAL 45+15=60 PERIODS Vector Spaces ~Subspaces ~Linear Spans ~Linear Independence and Linear Dependenc e ~Basis and Dimension ~Linear Transformation. Environments and runs-random process~with and without Repairparticularization. On-Chip Peripherals. Timer Interrupts. PWM. Calendar time modeling Organization Responsibility-System engineering ~Reliability program elements~Man agement of Operational Phases-Life cycle Cost analysis-Resource management~Evalu ation of software Engineering Technologies-planning for Application. Numerical solution of first and second order ordinary differential equations by Taylor series method ~Euler Method ~Modified Euler s Method ~Runge ~Kutta Methods ~Millne s Predictor and Corrector Method ~Finite difference methods for two ~point Boundry Value problems. Basic Reliability measurement units~bath tube c urve. Faults. Reliability Life cycle Modeling ~Hardwa re-Series Model-parallel models~Redundant Models-Shared load systems-Baye s theore m applications~Boolean Truth table-FTA ~Software-Historic developments of models . Reliability Management. Failure rate. CPU Registers. Null space and range ~Dimension t heorem (no proof) ~Matrix representation of Linear Transformation.

Overview of class library. 84 Introduction. Boundary relation. D ielectric strength . Java Servelets and Javaserver pages. Internet explorer. HTML. Vector potential . Arrays and Objects ~Programming Language features. Cyclotron. Curl . Databases ~SQL. Field computation. Boundary relation . Object method serialization. Numerical problems DC Load line . Magnetic Separator. NFS. Classification of solids based on energy band theory ~Intrinsic semiconductors ~ Extrinsic semiconductors ~P ~type and N ~type ~P ~N junction ~VI Characteristics of PN junction diode ~Zener effect ~Zener diode ~Zener diode characteristics ~Z ener diode as a regulator ~Half and Full wave rectifiers. Biopolar junction transistors ~CB.Energy and Energy density. Internet addressing. UJT ~Ch aracteristics and simple applications. The Biot ~Savart law . Stokes theorem . multipliers . Energy in an Inductor and Energy density. Dynamic HTML. Reflection and Refraction of plane waves at differe nt boundaries. Telnet. Comparison of field and circuit theory . Polarization. MYSQL. CC configurations and characteristics ~Bi asing circuits ~Fixed bias. Gauss law for magnetic fields . Uniform plane waves in perfect dielectric a nd conductors.Amperes law . Macromedia Dream Weaver. Various biasing methods for BJT-Design-Stability .NET. integrator and differentiators. Numerical problems. Poynting vector . Internet t raffic management. Gradient . Remote method invocation. Web Servers. We in bridge oscillators ~Multivibrators ~Operational amplifier ~Adder. Permittivity. Capacitance. Reluctance and Permeance. Address resolution protocol s (ARP/RARP). Web browsers Netscape. operating point.XHTML. Gauss s law an d its application. Encoder ~Multiplexer. FTP. Internet applications-E-mail. Object and methods.MOM .Maxwell s equation . World Wide Web ~HTML ~List -Tables ~Frames ~Forms ~HTTP commands ~XML ~DTD. Electric field intensity . Introduction to co-ordinate systems . Polarization.Their Senses ~Internal Structure ~Word Sense Disambiguation ~Information Retriev al Applets ~JDBC ~Swings ~Remote Method Invocation I/O ~AWT ~Event handling ~Introduction to Threads ~Basics of Networking -TCP and UDP sockets ~Connecting to the Web Java fundamentals ~Class. Principle of superposition . Electric scalar potential . Divergence . Divergence theorem. Electro static generator . Surface impedance. Voltage divider bias ~Concept of feedback ~Negative feedback ~Voltage series feedback amplifier ~Current series feedback amplifier ~ Principles of Tuned amplifiers. Sche ma ~XSLT ~XML Parser ~Client side scripting HTTP protocol. Numerical problems Magnetic field of a current carrying element . Colpitts. Permeability . T orque. Poisson and Laplace equation and their application. Magnetic flux Density and Field intensity . Functions.Magneto motive force . Multithreading. Hartley.Displacement current . FET ~Configuration and characteristics ~FET amplifier ~SCR. Demultiplexer ~Half and full add ers ~Flip flops ~Digital to Analog and analog to digital converters. Electric flux density. Coulombs law . Electr omagnetic pump. XML. Velocity selector and Mass Spectrometer. Diac. Transformer and Mutual induction . CSS. Numerica l problems Faradays law . Bounda ry relation. Ink Jet Printer. Web site and web page d esign. CGI. Amperes law and its inconsistency for tim e varying fields . Sub-classing and dynamic binding . CRO. Magnetic moment . Hysterisis. We b design Review of network technologies. CE. Control statements. Classes. Inductance. Self and Mut ual inductance . Object ~Inheritance ~Polymorphism ~Packages ~Interface s ~Exception handling Server side scripting ~JSP ~Servlets ~Session management ~Cookies . Routing IP data grams Reliable stream transport service (TCP) TCP/ IP over ATM networks. Numerical problems Wave equation from Maxwell s Equation. Introduction to field computation methods-FDM. Sinusoidal oscillators ~Positive feedback ~RC phase shift. Boolean algebra ~Decoder. Deflection of a charged particle. Triac. DBI and ADO.FEM.

random signals. cut off frequency ~fa and fß unity gain and bandwidth ~Miller effect-frequency Analysis of CSand CE Amplifiers-Determinations of BW o f Single stage and Multistage Amplifier~Analysis of Class A. voltage divider bi as ~Q point. Classification of systems. their equivalen t circuits and load line on the VI characteristics~Current steering circuit usin g MOSFET -~CMOS common source amplifier and CMOS Common source follower ~CMOS di fferential amplifier ~CMRR Small signal Analysis of Common Emitter-AC Loadline. Single stage IC MOS amplifiers ~Active Loads ~Depletion MOS. DTFTand properties. Impulse. current gain. self bias.~Bias compensation. Pulse. Energy And Power signals ~CT systems and DT systems. Differential Equation-Block diagram representation-impulse response. Exponential. Cl ass D. random signals. stability over temperature ~MOSFET D-MOSFET. Design of biasing for MOSFET and JFET Short circuit current gain . Fourier series analysis~spectrum of Continuous Time (CT) signals~Fourier and Lap lace Transforms in Signal Analysis. zero bias. convolution integrals-Fourier and Laplace transforms in Analysis~State variable equations a nd matrix representation of systems. E-MOSFET ~MOSFET chara cteristics and parameters ~MOSFET biasing. Fourier series analysis~spectrum of Continuous Time (CT) signals~Fourier and Lap lace Transforms in Signal Analysis. B. Continuous time signals (CT signals)~Discrete time signals (DT signals) ~Step. TRIA . DIAC. Baseband Sampling of CT signals~Aliasing. Enhancement MOS. L45 + T15 Differential Equation-Block diagram representation-impulse response. Class E power amplifiers. Z-transform And pr operties. voltage divider bias metho d. Source follower and Common Gate amplifie rs -CMOS Inverters -DC Analysis of CMOS Inverters ~Voltage transfer curve ~BiMOS Cascode ~Design of NMOS inverter using resistive load ~Noise Margin ~VTC. Thermal stability. NMOS current source and PMOS Current source. CE. Impulse. Baseband Sampling of CT signals~Aliasing. JFET characteristics and parameters ~JFET biasing. input impedance and o utput impedancefrequency response ~RC coupled amplifier. MO S in Triode region. Voltage swing limitations. SCR. Exponential. DTFTand properties. Classification of systems. AB and C Power amplifiers-Push-Pull and Complementary Sy mmetry Push-Pull amplifiers ~Design of power output. convolution integrals-Fourier and Laplace transforms in Analysis~State variable equations a nd matrix representation of systems. CC and CB amplifiers ~Small signal low frequency transistor amplifier circui ts ~h parameter representation of a transistor ~Analysis of single stage transis tor amplifier using parameters voltage gain. R amp. Class AB w ith darlington output stage and with output stage utilizing MOSFETs ~Class C. series/shunt feedback-Positive feedback ~Condition for oscillators ~Phase shift ~Wein Bridge ~Hartley ~Colpitt s and crystal oscillators. Advantages of negative feedback ~Voltage/current. classification of CT and DT signals -periodic and aperiodic signals. drain feedback bias ~Characteristics and applications of UJT. Class B. Difference Equations-Block diagram representation-Impulse response-Convolution s um~DTFTand Z Transform analysis of Recursive And Non-Recursive systems~State var iable equations and matrix representation of systems. efficiency and cross-over d istortion. Energy And Power signals ~CT systems and DT systems. Classification of Power amplifiers~Class A. Z-transform And pr operties. Pulse. Continuous time signals (CT signals)~Discrete time signals (DT signals) ~Step. R amp. Difference Equations-Block diagram representation-Impulse response-Convolution s um~DTFTand Z Transform analysis of Recursive And Non-Recursive systems~State var iable equations and matrix representation of systems. Common collector and common base amplifiers ~JFET amplifiers ~Differential ampli fiers~CMRR~Darlington Amplifier-Bootstrap technique ~Cascaded stages ~Cascode Am plifier Small signal Analysis of Common source. classification of CT and DT signals -periodic and aperiodic signals.

modulators and demodulators ~ Angle modulation ~PM and FM ~PSD. Amplitude Modulation ~AM. Triggering of FF. Huf fman Coding. Timing signal. Laser diodes Zener breakdown-zener reverse char acteristic ~zener as regulator structure . Moore/Mealy model. equalizers PN sequences ~properties ~m-sequence -DSSS -Processing gain. BJT small signal model ~biasing ~analysis of CE. Sources Transformation. PN junction diode -structure. modulators and demodulators ~Superheterodyne r eceivers Low pass sampling theorem ~Quantisation ~PAM ~Line coding ~PCM. Basic Applicati on of Operation Amplifier Subractor. EMOS ~V-I Ch aracteristics-Moll Current Equation Equalitine Treatment only. DPSK. First Order High Pass Filte r.C. Synchronous counters. operation and V-I characteristic~MOSFET ~structure. Memory decoding. Syndrome calculation ~Convolutional Coding. shunt feedback ~po sitive feedback ~condition for oscillations. LZ Coding~Channel capacity ~Shannon-Hartley law ~Shannon s limit~Erro r control Codes ~Cyclic codes. First Order Low Pass Filter. Delta-Wye Conversion. coll ector feedback bias circuits ~DC load line ~AC load line~bias stabilization. Channel Vocoder. circuit implementation. frequency Division Multipl exing Measure of information ~Entropy ~Source coding theorem ~Shannon-Fano coding. phase shift ~Wien bridge. Thevinin and Norton Equival ent Circuits. Analysis of clocked sequential circuits ~their design. Digital to Analogue Conv ertor. as an amplifier ~Transistor bias circuit s~Voltage divider bias circuits. SSBSC. D. Semiconductor memori . Hartley. DSBSC. PN Junction ~Current components in a PN diode ~Junction capacitance ~Junction di ode switching time ~Zener diode ~Varactor diode ~Tunnel diode ~Schottky diode ~T ransistor Structure ~Basic Transistor operation ~Transistor characteristics and parameters ~The transistor as a switch. RC wave shaping circuits ~Diode clampers and clippers ~Multivibrators -Schmitt t riggers ~UJT ~Saw tooth oscillators ~Single and polyphase rectifiers and analysi s of filter circuits ~Design of zener and transistor series voltage regulators ~ Switched mode power supplies. TDMA. differential amplifier ~common mode and difference mode analysis ~FET input stages ~tuned amplifiers~single tuned amplifiers ~gain and frequency response ~neutralization methods. base bias circuits. T. Jamming ~FHSS -Sync hronisation and tracking ~Multiple Access ~FDMA. Maximum Power Transfer. Advantages of negative feedback ~voltage . colpitts and crystal oscillators. Low Pass Filter. PN-Junction Diode~Drift and Diffusion Current-Zener Diode-Zener Regulator-BJT~VI Characteristics-CE Configuration-Current Equation h-Parameter Model.~Time Division Multiplexing.JFET~V-I C haracteristics~Current Equation~Transconductance MOSFET-Types DMOS. QPSK ~Principles of M-ary signaling M-ary PSK An d QAM ~Comparison. Seque ntial and Viterbi decoding Phase shift keying ~BPSK. DM. VSB ~PSD. state minimization. operation and V-I characteristic-current equation of drift current density and diffusion current density-diffusion and transient c apacitance -display devices~LED. operation and V-I characteri stic Flip flops ~SR. Non Inverting Amplifier. RAM. Summing Amplifier. DPCM. state assignment. JK. Master/Slave FF. the rmal runaway and thermal stability. ADPCM and ADM. CDMA FWR-Filter-Capacitors Input Filter-Choke Input Filter ~CE Amplification with and without feedback ~Analysis and Frequency Response ~CSMOSFET Amplifier ~Analysis Introduction of an Inverting Amplifier./ current. L BIMOS cascade amplifier. ISI ~Pulse shaping ~Duo binary encoding ~Cosine filters ~Eye pattern. Ripple counters. operation and VI characteristic ~types of MOSFET ~JFET -structure. CC amplifiers~Gain and freq uency response ~MOSFET small signal model ~biasing ~analysis of CSand source fol lower ~gain and frequency response. Single Phase and 3 P hase Circuits-Power Factor-Power-Concept of Phasor Diagrams. emitter bias circuits. Integrator. series . CB. Registers~shift registers. Differentiator. Linearity and Superposition.

Minter ms and Maxterms. Number Systems ~n s complement -Codes ~Sum of products and product of sums. Unstable states. CMOS. Priority Encoder. Dynamic RAM. Comparators. Halfwave and fullwave rectifiers with filters ~Ripple factor ~Series Voltage Reg ulator analysis and design ~IGBT ~working and characteristics ~AC voltage contro l using thyristors ~SMPS ~DC/DC convertors ~Buck. Dynamic RAM. race free assignments. Synchronous counters. ROM. Design of Hazard free circuit Barkhausen criteria for oscillator ~Analysis of RC oscillators ~Phase shift Wein bridge oscillators ~LC oscillators ~Colpitt. Hazards. ROM. Mux/Demux. Master/Slave FF. output specifications. state assignment. Hartley. Adder.es ~Feedback sequential~Circuit analysis and design~sequential circuit design wi th verilog. CPLD ~FPGA XL 4000 ~C LBs ~I/O Block ~Programmable Inter connects~Realization of simple combinational and sequential circuits Stable. NMOS. PAL. BiCMOS logic-Electrical behavior-static. Memory decoding. state minimization. Timing signal. Boost. Encoder/decoder. L45. Priority Encoder. ADPCM and ADM Multiplexing ~TDM (E and T lines) . T. Analysis of clocked sequential circuits ~their design. Design of Hazard free circuit Stable. VSB ~Angle modulation ~PM and FM -Modula . RAM. Read/Write memory ~Static RAM. Implementati on of combinational logic using standard ICs. Basic principles ~Inductor losses ~Use of transformers ~Single tuned amplifier f requency analysis ~Amplifier with multiple tuned circuits ~Cascade ~Synchronous tuning ~Stagger tuning ~Stability of tuned amplifiers using Neutralization techn iques. moore/mealy model. Read/Write memory ~Static RAM. Essential Hazards. DSBSC. BiCMOS logic-Electrical behavior-static. Crystal . DPCM. SSBSC. Logic families~TTL.T15 Switching characteristics of transistors ~Bistable. Encoder/decoder. Number Systems ~n s complement -Codes ~Sum of products and product of sums. PAL. PLA. state reductio n. Examples ~Analysis of series ~shunt feedback amplifie rs ~stability problem ~Frequency compensation. FDM Amplitude Modulation ~AM. Flip flops ~SR. ROM. cycles and races. EPROM and EEPROM ~Coding of Co mbination Circuits in verilog. circuit implementation. Essential Hazards. Unstable states. Triggering of FF. Armstron g. Pulse mode sequential circ uits. Mux/Demux. Subtractor. Codeconverters. dynamic -CMOS input and output structures-CMOS logic families -low voltage CMOS logic An d interfacing-Bipolar logic Realization of NAND and NOR logic. Karnaugh map and Tabulation method ~problem formulation and des ign of combinational circuits. Code-converters. CPLD ~FPGA XL 4000 ~C LBs ~I/O Block ~Programmable Inter connects~Realization of simple combinational and sequential circuits ROM. Monostable and Astable opera tion ~Collector coupled and Emitter coupled circuits ~Schmitt trigger ~Voltage s weep generators ~Current sweep generators Review of low pass sampling ~Quadrature sampling of Bandpass signals ~Quantisat ion ~Uniform and non-uniform quantisation ~Quantisation noise ~Companding laws o f speech signals ~PCM. Logic families~TTL. ~three state devices. dynamic ~CMOS input and output structures-CMOS logic families -low voltage CMOS logic An d interfacing-Bipolar logic Realization of NAND and NOR logic. JK. Hazards. cycles and races. Registers~shift registers. Minter ms and Maxterms. Ripple counters. Implementatio n of combinational logic using standard ICs. Franklin and Ring Oscillators Basic feedback concepts ~Properties of Negative feedback ~Four feedback topologi es with amplifier circuit. Clapp. Comparators. D. output specifications. ~three state devices. Semiconductor memori es ~Feedback sequential~Circuit analysis and design~sequential circuit design wi th verilog. Pulse mode sequential circ uits. Adder. state reductio n. Subtractor. NMOS. race free assignments. EPROM and EEPROM ~Coding of C ombination Circuits in verilog. Karnaugh map and Tabulation method ~problem formulation and des ign of combinational circuits. Buck-Boost analysis and design. CMOS. PLA. DM.

ARQ. Translational and r otational mechanical systems ~Block diagram reduction Techniques ~Signal flow gr aph Frequency Response ~Bode Plot. Dominant Poles. fault tolerance. ADM. Carry look ahead adder. Instruction Formats. MA techniques use d in satellite communication. aperture antennas used in satellite . I/O interface circuits. series-parallel Compensators ~Lead. FSK. Line codes NRZ. PSK. Bus Interfacing. Parallel. DM. MSK. QPSK. QAM. pipeline interrupts. applications of Data communication. Pipeline Processing. Superscala r Processing. Serial ~Access Memories. RISC and CISC processors. SSB. BW ~SNR trade of f. Handshaking. Narrow band noise ~PSD of in-phase and quadrature noise ~Noise performance in AM systems ~Noise performance in FM systems ~Pre-emphasis and de-emphasis ~Capture effect. PWM. Fixed Point Arithmetic. OOK systems ~ASK. PSD. AMI. Multiplier Control Unit. Processor Level. Sampled Data control systems ~Sampling Theorem ~Sampler And Hold ~Open loop And Closed loop sampled data systems. Data Representation. System Design~Registe r Level. BEC. PPM. GMSK.tors and Demodulators ~Fourier Transform of modulated signals. Cache And Virtual Memory. slope overload error. operat ion systems. Series. Random Access Memories. ve ctored interrupts. Application of Root Locus Diagram ~Nyquist Stab ility Criterion ~Relative Stability. Pipeline Design. and Lead Lag Compensators. PD and PID Compensation. Evolution of Computers. Orbits-Types-frequencies used. Nyquist Plot ~Frequency Domain specif ications from the plots ~Constant M and N Circles ~Nichol s Chart ~Use of Nichol s C hart in Control System Analysis. VSB AM Transmitter And Receiver. Magnetic Surfac e Recording. earth station. RAM Interfaces. Pipeline Performance. Polar Plot. multilevel memories. Floating Point Arithmetic. I/O and system control. Buses. Satellites. Microprogrammed Control. Coproc essor. multiprocessors. Construction of Root L ocus. Supersc alar and vector processor. Root Locus Technique. Bus arbitration. Amstrong method And Reactance modulations FM And PM frequency. DPSK. PI. Me mory Allocation. non-restoring division algorithm. Stability. source c oding Shannon. Bus Control. Modified booth s Algorithm Hardwired Control. link establishment. Huffman coding noiseless coding theorem. Addition. Computing and Computers. BFSK. CPU Organization. Noise sources and types ~Noise figure and noise temperature ~Noise in cascaded s ystems ~Single tuned receivers ~Superheterodyne receivers Basic Elements of Control System ~Open loop and Closed loop systems ~Differentia l equation ~Transfer function. Analysis using MATLAB. Pulse modulations ~concepts of sampling and sampling theorems. VLSI Era. mBnB codes Efficiency of transmission. IOP organization. Pipeline Control. Associative Memory. (Qualitative only) Binary communication ~entropy. DMA and interrupts. Addressin g modes. Multiplication and Division. An alysis using MATLAB Communication methods. Geometric representation of signals ~Correlator and matched filter ~ML detection ~generation and detection. PAM. Fixed ~Point Nu mbers. Modeling of Electric systems. Generation of FM and DM. Routh-Hurwitz Criterion. Instruction Pipelines. Instruction Types. BER of coherent BPSK.T15 Time response analysis ~First Order Systems ~Impulse and Step Response analysis of second order systems ~Steady state errors ~P. BSK. quantization and coding DCM. properties. boot h s algorithm. QPSK ~Principles of QAM ~Structure of non-coherent receivers ~BFSK. Stability. e rror control codes and applications convolutionAnd block codes. L45. BSC.PTM . Floating Point Numbers. AM ~Frequency spectrum ~vector representation ~power relations ~generation of AM ~DSB. Subtraction. PCI interrupts. Comb inational and Sequential ALUs. Optical Memories. FM and PM ~frequency spectr um ~power relations NBFM And WBFM. HDBP. DPCM. Lag. Nano Programming. Robertson algorithm. DSB/SC. CPU Control Unit. Fano. Analysis using MATLAB State space representation of Continuous Time systems ~State equations ~Transfer function from State Variable Representation ~Solutions of the state equations ~ Concepts of Controllability and Observability ~State space representation for Di screte time systems. threshold effect. RZ.

Non-linear function generator. Low pass and band pass filters. Band gap references. Integrator. noiseless. specifications. Losses in optic al Fibers. Single slope. T ypes of D/A converter Current driven DAC. Direct FM Transmitter. I nverting and Non inverting Amplifiers. Differential PCM. Fiber optic communication link ~Introduction to micro wave communicat ion system.~INTELSAT and INSAT fibers ~types sources. Analysis of four quadrant and variable Tran conductance multipliers. Timing diagrams. Mo dulation index. Optimum and matched filter techniqu es and Coherent reception ~Digital modulation systems~ASK. Dual slope. symbol and frame synchronisation ~Equalisation ~Zero f orcing. Measure of information ~Entropy ~Source coding theorem ~Discrete memoryless chan nels ~lossless. Synchronisation ~Carrier. frequency compensation. Instruction set. Huffman Coding. Frequency synthesizers. Voltage con trolled Oscillator. Triangle wave generator. 8085 ~Functional Block Diagram~Description ~Addressing Modes. SDMA applic ation in wire and wireless communication Advantages. Voltage regulators ~linear and switched mode types. Sine wave Oscillators. Voltage to Tim e and Voltage to frequency converters. Transmitters an d Receivers. Switched capacitor f ilter. Angle modulation~FM and PM waveforms. Trellis coded modulation principles ~Turbo Coding ~LDPC Codes Analog switches. slew rate and methods of im proving slew rate. Successive approximation. B /W and color systems ~Camera and Picture tubes. optical link Basics of power line carrier communications and SCADA Spread SpectrumAnd Multiple (MA)Access techniques FDMA. Precision rectifier. DM and ADM. Sourc es for Noises. AM power distribution and AM modulator circuits ~AM transmitters ~Low level transmitters and High level transmitters ~AM reception~AM Receivers. Channel coding theorem ~Linear block codes ~Hamming codes ~Cyclic codes (CRC) ~C onvolutional codes ~Viterbi decoding (Soft/Hard decision decoding). Optical fibers~Single Mode Fibers. TDMA. AM. Timers. 8 086~Architecture. Video amplifiers. Synchronization. Principle of satellite communication ~Television~Scanning methods. Base band signal receiver~Error probability. PAM. supply and temperature independent biasing. Compander ICs Current sources. BSC ~Mutual information ~Channel capacity ~Shannon-Hartley law ~Sub-band coding ~Transform coding ~LPC ~Shannon-F ano coding. Line codes ~PSDs ~ISI ~Nyquist criterion for distortionless transmission ~Pulse shaping ~Correlative coding ~M-ary schemes ~Eye pattern. Super heterodyne receivers and Double conversion AM Receivers. detectors. Log and Antilog amplifiers. Amplitude modulation~Basic principle of AM ~Frequency spectrum and Bandwidth. TRF. High speed sample and hold circuits and sample and hold IC's. Phase Deviation and M odulation index. Op Amp noise analysis and Low noise OP-Amps . comparator. Comparis on of data transmission systems. Frequency spectrum of Angle modulated wave ~Phase and Frequency modulator and demodulator. deterministic. Delta modulation. LZW algorithm. Monolithic IC operational amplifiers. Frequency deviation. Voltage to Cu rrent converter. Graded Index fiber structure. PCM. Angle modulation versus Amplitude Modulation. Switches for DAC. digital filters. Tuned amplifiers. Merit and demerits ~Conc ept of multiplexing~FDM and TDM. Flash . Introduction to 8087 ~Archi . Fiber optics ICs and Opto couplers. BEC. Frequency to Voltage converters. PPM. A/D converter. Analysis of difference amplifiers with active loads. run length coding. PM and FSK modulators and d emodulators. Closed loop analysis of PLL. Power amplifiers and I solation Amplifiers. Addressing Modes. Instrumentation amplifier. Differentiator. FSK and PSK. LMS. Multivibrator and Schmitt trigger. CDMA. FM receivers and Frequency versus Phase Modulation. Linear and Nonlinear Circuits using operational amplifiers and their analysis. Indirect transmitters. PDM. 8051 Microcontroller~Instruction Set ~ALP ~Branching~I/ O Programming ~ALU Instr uction ~8051 Programming in C.

FFTalgorithm s And its application to convolution.Losses in Transmission lines~Reflection loss. attenuation. Velocit ies of propagation . External Memory Interface~R TC Interfacing using I2C Standard~Motor Control~Relay. Stub Matching Single and Double Stub Smith Chart and Applications. RVDT.Pre~amplifier ~ Isolation amplifier ~Filters ~Data acquisition systems. Hay and Schering. mode excitation. Overlap-add And overlap-save methods. Numerical Problems Waves between Parallel Planes ~characteristic of TE . Application . N umerical Problems . T15 Linear phase response of FIR-FIR design using window method-Frequency sampling m ethod ~Realization structures for FIR filters ~Transversal and Linear phase latt ice structures~Comparison of FIR And IIR. Programmable interrupt c ontroller (8259). ?/4 & ?/2 lines rmers . Review of discrete-time signals And systems ~DFTand its properties. T ransmission line parameters at radio frequencies. AD C. Concept of inverse networks -Transients i n transmission lines. Kelvin.Solution of wave Equation in Rectangular guides . Dominant Mode.~Variable Capacitive Tr ansducers ~Capacitor microphone~Photo electric transducers ~Piezo electric trans ducers ~Thermocouple ~IC sensors ~Fibre optic sensors ~Smart/intelligent sensors . Insertion loss. Calculation of IIR coefficients using pole-zero placement method. DAC Interface. parallel And lattice forms.Attenuation. Digital Voltmeters ~Millimeters ~automation in Voltmeter ~Accuracy and Resolutio n in DVM ~Guarding techniques ~Frequency counter~Data Loggers ~Introduction to I EEE 488/GPIB Buses. Representation of numbers-ADC Quantization noise-Coefficient Quantization error~ Product Quantization error-truncation And rounding errors -Limit cycle due to pr oduct round-off error-Round~off noise power-limit cycle oscillation due to overf low in digital filters~Principle of scaling-Introduction to general and special purpose hardware for DSP ~Harvard architecture-Pipelining-Special instruction-Re plication. Macros. Analog Transformation of prototype LPF to B PF /BSF/ HPF. RTD~Variable Inductive transducers~LVDT. Numerical Problems Introduction to different types of transmission lines . Dual trace CRO ~Digital storage and Analog storage oscilloscope. Simple Assembly Language Programming. Classification of Transducers ~Variable Resistive transducers ~Strain gauges . cavity resonator and Q for dominant mode. Filter fundamentals. DC and AC bridges ~Wheatstone. Wave impedance. Constant K ~LPF and HPF Filter design. cascade. TM and TEM waves . TE and TM wave in circular guides.TE and TM m odes . Numer ical Problems Solution of wave equation in circular guides. Programmable Peripheral Interface (8255). keyboard display controller (8279).tecture. DAC And Sensor Interfacing. Fundamentals of Atte nuators and Equalizers ~Lattice type . Introduction to planar transmi ssion lines. L45 . Programmable Timer Controller (8254). Assembler Dir ectives~Interrupts and Interrupt Applications. Spectrum Analyzers ~Wave analyzers ~Logic analyzers. PWM. Numerical Problems ?/4 Impedance transfo Reflection Phenomena ~Standing waves ~?/8. T hermistor. formation of cylindrical cavity. Introduction to Multirate signal processing-Decimation-Interpolation-Polyphase D ecomposition of FIR filter-Multistage implementation of sampling rate conversion ~Design of narrow band filters ~Applications of Multirate signal processing. Transformation of analog filters into equivalent digital filters u sing Impulse invariant method and Bilinear Z transform method~Realization struct ures for IIR filters ~direct. return loss. Analog and Digi . Programming 8051 Timers~Serial Port Programming~Interrupts Programming LCD And K eyboard Interfacing~ADC.Mode Excitation. Analog filters ~Butter worth And Chebyshev Type I. Transmission line Equati on ~Solution ~Infinite line concept ~Distortion less line ~loading ~input impeda nce. Maxwell. DC And Stepper Motor . Dielectric slab wave guides. Strings. Procedures. Serial Communication Interface (8251).

8085 MICROPROCESSOR 9 Introduction to 8085 ~Architecture.tal Recorders and printers. circular correlation. PENTIUM PRO PROCESSOR. temper ature. Bio-telemetry. Microprocessor based Data acquisition system ~Implementation of discrete Control sequence ~Implementation of Digital PID Algorithm ~Stepper Motor Interfacing ~C ase studies in Industrial Process Control Systems. Instruction set. orthogonality. conditional probabilit y ~estimation parameters ~joint distribution function. moments . differential count. EOG ~lead systems and recording methods. PENTIUM. Blood pressure. cryogenic ap . PENTIUM 4. photometer. Dialyser. memory and I/O interfacing ~Programming exercises in 8085. L 45 Overview of Microprocessors Architectures~8086/8088. Heart-Lung machine. Quantization of fixed-point and floating-point numbers ~product quantization ~va riance estimation of quantization error ~finite word length effect on IIR filter ~Product quantization error in IIR filter ~mathematical analysis of steady stat e output noise ~dynamic scaling to prevent overflow ~limit-cycle oscillation in recursive system ~rounding-off error in DFTand FFTcomputation~Introduction to di gital signal Processors. Kaiser window. m edical stimulator. Structure realization of FIR system ~direct form. DC Debrillators. ensemble average ~mean squared value. correlation. joint probability. Electrophoresis. Design of FIR filter using Fourier method. Addre ssing modes. Introduction to FIR filter ~phase delay and group delay ~linear phase transfer f unction. Surgical diathermy. The origin of Biopotentials. B lood flow meter. cro ss-covariance and cross-correlation ~stationarity ~ergodic ~white noise ~energy density spectrum ~power density spectrum estimation ~periodogram ~direct method. auto-correlation. Hamming window. 80386. Blood cell counters. Design using frequency sampling technique . Measurement System ~Instrumentation ~Characteristics of measurement systems ~Sta tic and Dynamic ~Errors in Measurements ~Calibration and Standards. linear phase F IR system. convolution. electrical safety. EEG. pH. auto-covariance. PPI (8255) ~USART (8251) -Timer (8253) ~Programmable DMA Controller (8257) ~Prog rammable Interrupt controller (8259) ~Keyboard display controller (8279) ~ADC an d DAC Interfacing. EC G. Thermograph. Introduction to probability function. EMG. biological amplifiers. probability density funct ion. Decimator (down sampling) ~frequ ency-domain analysis of decimator ~interpolation (up sampling) ~frequency-domain analysis of interpolator Discrete Fourier transform ~properties of DFT~linearity. cardiac output. pCO2. biopotential electrodes. Intel 8031 and 8051 Architectures ~Special function Registers (SFR) ~Instruction set ~Addressing modes ~Assembly language programming ~Timer and Counter Program ming ~Serial Communication Interrupts programming ~External Memory Interfacing. Telemetry principles. endoscopy unit. Interrupts Timing diagram. 80486. Rectangular window. colorimeter. time-reversal. 80186/80188. Hearing aids. mul tiplication. Cardiac pacemakers. Barlett method ~Welch method. time-scaling. cascade form. PENTIUM III. Auto analyzer. rad iopill and tele-stimulation. Str ucture realization of IIR system ~lattice structure and lattice-ladder structure . frequency selection. variance. covariance. respiratory measurement. Hanning window. pO2. circular-shifting in ti me and frequency domains. PCG. pulse. 80286. ultrasonic and microwave type and their applications. Diathermies ~Short-wave. parseval s relation ~circular convolution -sectional con volution ~overlapadd method and overlap-save method ~radix-2 fast Fourier algori thm ~decimation-intime FFT~decimation-in-frequency FFT~inverse FFT. Laser in medicine. Virtual Instrumentation ~Block diagram and architect ure ~Applications in various fields. Measurement systems applied to Micro and Na notechnology. Introduction to IIR filter ~Impulse-invariant transformation technique ~Bilinear transformation technique ~frequency transformation in digital domain ~design of Butterworth filter and Chebyshev filter (type-1) (restricted to 3rd order). PENTIUM II. standard deviation. typical waveforms and signal characteristics. indirect method. pHCO3.

Multipliers. Radiati on Resistance. Cyclic prefix. Diversity ~Micro~and Macrodiversity. ATM. Modulation and demodulation ~Quadrat ure Phase Shift Keying. STS switching. spe ed and area tradeoff Examples of Combinational Logic Design.SONET) Logical link control Functions~Framming. Rake receiver. Switching functions. Radiation from oscillating dipole. N element linear array. Diversity combining techniques. IPV4. Network management protocol SNMP. Polarization. Wi-Fi. Cha nnelization. Architectures for ripple carry adders. Controlled access. examples physical layer (RS232C. Yagi array. CDMA in IS-95 / CDMA 2000. Medium access layer~Random access.4 and 802. Evolution of Mobile Communication~trends in Cellular radio and personal communic ations~Cellular concept-Frequency reuse ~channel assignment~hand offinterference And system capacity~trunking And grade of service. Matching ~Baluns. Input Impedance. accumulators. Polari zation mismatch. Ground wave propagation. ISDN. Multi hop propagation. Horn antenna . Troposcatter propagation . Structure of atmosphere . MIMO systems ~Spatial Multiplexing. Band width. TST switching. characteristics. OFDM principle ~Transceiver implementation. Folded dipole. Maximum usable frequency ~Skip distance . Reflector antenna . Bellaman F ord. Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying. Large scale path loss ~Path loss models -Link Budget design ~small scale fading~ Fading due to Multipath time delay spread ~flat fading ~frequency selective fadi ng ~Fading due to Doppler spread ~fast fading ~slow fading ~Parameters of mobile multipath channels ~Time dispersion parameters-coherence bandwidth ~Doppler spr ead And Coherence time. Congestion control algorithms. Process-process delivery~TCP. Slot antennas .Numerical tool for antenna analysis Data path circuits. IGMP. Broadside and End fire array ~Co ncept of Phased arrays. System Model. VSWR Radiation from rectangular apertures. Feeding structures . OSPF. Radiation pattern. services. Measurement of Gain. Offset-Q uadrature Phase Shift Keying. Binary Frequency Shift Keying. Inte rcarrier interference. Tropos pheric propagation . H alf wave dipole. ICMP. Adaptive array. Fading . IEEE standards~802. message switching. TDMA And CDMA -Capacity Calculat ions ~GSM And GPRS.5. Capacity in fadi ng and non-fading channels. VPN.plication.Sky wave propagation ~Virtual height . Effective aperture. Error proba bility in fading channels with diversity reception.M icrostrip antennas ~Radiation mechanism ~Application . OSI reference model~layers and duties. Space Division Switch. Routers/switches and Gatew ays. High speed adders. Network security. packet switching. Interconnection devices~Repeaters. Duct propagation . Power spectrum and Error performance in fading channels. Lo g periodic. Application protocols WWW. TCP/IP reference model ~layers and dut ies. ?/4-Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying. UDP and SCTP. Barrel shifters. Active antenna. Internetworking. Dijikstra s . Hubs. Minimum Shift Keyin g. Error control CRC. Channel state information. PAPR. . Modern antennas~Reconfigurable antenna. P to P. Pattern multiplication. 802. Antenna noise temperature.critical frequency . definition of layers. No 4 ESS Toll switch. Structure of a wireless communication link. FDMA. Electronic band gap structure and applications. Dielectric a ntennas. Definition of antenna parameters ~Gain. Introduction to Networks. Basic principle of antenna Synthesis~Bin omial array Principle of frequency independent antennas -Spiral antenna. Beam width. Antenna Measurements~Te st Ranges. Principles of Spread Spectrum Techniques. Flow control . interface and protocol s. UNITIII MESSAGEROUTING TECHNOLOGIES 9 Circuit switching. Uniform and Tapered aperture.HTTP. Aperture blockage . RARP. topologies. digital cross connect systems. Interconnec tion issues. carry look ahead adde rs. N etwork Routing Algorithms ~Distance vector routing. Flat earth an d Curved earth concept .FTP a nd TELNET. ARP. Helical antenna. Directivity. Time Division Switch. WiMax. Internet protocols. IPV6. Elmore s constant. LLC p rotocols~HDLC. Pass transistor Logic. dividers. Physical layer~general description. introduction to telemedicine. signaling media types. Modes of propagation .3.

Memory architecture and memory control circuits.noise fig ure. CPLD and their design considerations ~Program mable Logic interconnect principles and types ~Programmable logic elements and A ND-OR arrays ~Routing procedures in FPGA and CPLD ~Programming methods for FPGA and CPLD ~Comparison of ACTEL ~Altera and Xilinx FPGAs. Q factor. Spectrum Analyser. 36 Low frequency parameters-impedance . VSWR. stability considerations. Synchronous and Asynchronous design CMOS Inverter ~Design principles ~Lay out rules ~Construction of multiplexers ~ Transmission gates ~Principles and design considerations of specific PROM. Standard cell design and cell libraries. stabilit y ~Convolution sum ~Difference equation representation ~Correlation of discrete time signal~cross correlation and autocorrelation sequences. Power meter. EPROM . phase shifter. Review of Design of Analog Butterworth and Chebyshev filters ~Design of IIR Digi tal filters using Impulse Invariant technique and bilinear transformation method ~Realization of IIR digital filters ~Computer simulation of IIR filters.frequency response. Stick diagram. GAL. FPGA interconnect routing procedures. High frequency p arameters-Formulation of S parameters. S-Parameter. Power dissipation ~Low power design principles Full custom and Semi custom design. stub and quarter-wave transformers. Process parameters for MOS and CMOS.micr ostripline matching networks High frequency effects in Tubes. causality. Basics and VHDL programming of the following sequential circuits~Flip flops. FFT~Decimation in time FFTalgorithm ~Decimation in freque ncy FFTalgorithm ~Computing inverse DFTusing FFT~Mixed radix FFT~Computer implem entation of FFTalgorithm. clock strate gies. coupling probes and loops. Layout diagrams Static and Dynamic Latches and Registers.Introduction to component basics. CMOS inverter scaling. port and v ariable statements ~Sequential statements ~Block. D iscrete Fourier transform properties ~Circular convolution ~Linear convolution u sing DFT~Sectioned convolution~Overlap add method and Overlap save method ~Time response analysis and frequency response analysis of discrete time systems. PIN diode switch. Reg isters.T and *matching networks.resi stor. component and generat e descriptions ~Test bench creations and principle of operation of VHDL simulato r ~Introduction to Verilog and brief comparison with VHDL. Encoders ~Data path circuits.wire. Principles of PAL. FPG A building block architectures. L 45 Introduction to Radix.properties of S parameters~Reciprocal and lossless networks. 30 Introduction to VHDL ~Sequential and concurrent descriptions ~Signal. Magnetron oscillator ~Theory and applications. PLD. power divider. Measurement of Impedance. frequency. Network Analy ser ~principles.Transmission gates. process.hybrid and ABCD. isolator. Sampling of analog signals ~Aliasing ~Standard discrete time signals ~Classifica tion of discrete time systems~Linear time invariant systems. propagation delays. FPGA. Linear phase FIR filters ~FIR design ~Fourier series method ~Window function met hod ~Frequency sampling method ~Realization of FIR digital filters ~Computer sim ulation of FIR filters ~Architecture and features of TMS320C6X DSP Processor ~In troduction to Adaptive signal processing. Decoders.gain considerations. NMOS and PMOS transistors. Two cavity klystron amplifier. Counters and Accumulators. Low power memory circuits . attenuators.Crystal diode s and Schottkey diode detector and mixers. static and dynamic CMOS design. TWT amplifier. short and matched terminations. Review of Z ~transform and its properties ~Inverse Z ~transform ~Analysis of lin ear time invariant systems using Z Transform ~Discrete time Fourier transform.impedance matching networks. Open. power. Basics and VHDL programming~Adder. Scaling principles and fundamental l imits. Amplifier power relation. Timing issues. die lectric constant.applications of RF Measuring Instruments ~VSWR meter. SRAM and DRAM.capacitor and inductor. Fast adder and Multiplier ~Synthesis of logic function~Multiplexers.admittance. Electrical prope rties of CMOS circuits and device modeling. directional coupler. pipelines. Reflex klystron oscillator. Impedance matching Devices~Tuning screw. Gunn diode oscillat .transmission matrix. circulator.

. fiber fabrication techn iques. optical amplifiers erbium doped fiber amplifiers. Introduction to MIC. Case studies of safety-critical and time-critical embedded systems with referenc e to Aerospace. optical fiber structure and parameters. polarization mode dispersion.C. ray and mode theory of light. material dispersion. spe ctral behaviour. Principle s of fiber nonlinearity. isolators. Digital storage CRO. layered optical network a rchitecture. power and risetime budget. Brief overview of real time systems and embedded systems ~Classification of embe dded systems ~Embedded system definitions ~Functional and nonfunctional requirem ents ~Architectures and standards ~Typical applications. tachometer. semiconductor laser diodes . ntroduction. Automobile. Polarization Maintaining Fibers. digital data recorder.C and D. period measurement. Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) and Bit Error Rate (BER) . Step up and Step down Chopper ~Chopper classification ~Switching mode Regulators ~Buck. waveguide dispersio n. light-emitting diodes.or. Boost. direct and ext ernal modulation. IMPATTdiode oscillator and amplifier. multimeter. L 45 Characteristics and classification of real time systems ~Real time specification s and Design techniques ~Event based ~Process based and graph based models ~Real time kernel ~Hierarchy services and design strategy ~Real time system performan ce and analysis ~Typical real time systems ~Their languages and features. frequency meter. fiber materials. Principles of optical detection. SONET/SDH/FDDI optical networks. voltmeter. varactor diode and parametric amplific ation. Optical couplers. Dispersion Flatt ened Fibers. Device choices ~Selection criteria and characteristics of Processors and memory systems for embedded applications ~Interface and Peripherals ~Power sources and management. Buck-Boost. Power MOSFET. Introduction to A. L CR meter. Standard Singlemode Fibers. Materials for optical souces. Pr inciples of coherent detection. phase meter. profile dispersion. L 45 Power diodes ~Power transistors ~Characteristics of SCR. Laser sources and transmitters for free space communication. gain and index-guiding. longitudinal mode control and tunability. and Cuk Regulators ~A. fibe r types. Q meter. MCT. IG BT. APD. forced commutatio n ~Different types. switches. preamplifier t ypes. Design methods and techniques ~Classification of need ~Need analysis ~Requiremen t and specification ~Conceptual design ~Models and languages ~State machine mode l ~State machine tables ~Verification ~Validation ~Simulation and emulation. Basic system components ~Data Acquisition and conversion. TRIAC. spectral responsivity. filters. Optical signal distortion ~Group delay. GTO. Voltage Source Inverters ~Resonant Inverters ~Series and Parallel ~Bridge Invert ers ~Half bridge ~Full bridge ~McMurray Bedford Inverter ~Three Phase Bridge Inv erters ~Voltage control ~PWM Techniques ~Current Source Inverters ~Auto Sequenti ally Commutated Inverter. power-current characteristics. intermodal dispersion. PIN. address decoder. LASCR ~Thyristor protection circuits ~Thyristor triggering circuit s ~Series and parallel operation of SCR ~Commutation ~Natural. Single phase ~Three phase ~Half controlled ~Fully controlled rectifiers ~Dual co nverters ~Effect of source and load inductance ~Cyclo-Converters ~Different type s ~AC regulators. noise. spectrum analys er. semiconductor optical amplifiers. light propagation in optical fibers. optical signal attenuation mechanisms. Principle of ADCs and DACs clock generator. Choppers. Dispersion compensation. merits and demerits of guided and unguided optical signal transmissions. longitudinal modes. 37 WDM optical networks. Digital ~counters.C drives ~Closed loop control ~Stepper and Switched Re luctance motor drive ~Uninterrupted power supply ~Switched mode power supply. Medical and Industrial applications. Dispersion Shifted Fibers. Digitization ~Effect of sampling ~PID control ~Discrete system analysis and desi gn using Z transform ~Sampled -data analysis -Discrete equivalents ~State space design methods ~Sample rate selection. receiver noises.

instruction formats. virtual memory. program control. Wi ndows XP ~Design Principles ~Brief Overview of System Components ~File Systems.System performance and specifications ~Proportional. Avoidance and Detection of Deadlocks ~Recovery from Deadlock. Operating System Structu res System Components ~Operating System Services ~System Calls ~System Programs ~System Structure ~Virtual Machines ~System Design and Implementation ~System Ge neration. Deadlocks Deadlock Characterization ~Preve ntion. addressing modes. vector processing array processors. case study for digital voltmeter and digital PID controller for tem perature control. design. Memory Management Background ~Swapping ~Contiguous Memory Allocation ~Paging ~Se gmentation ~Segmentation with Paging. Computer S ystem Structure Computer System Operation ~I/O Structure ~Storage Structure ~Sto rage Hierarchy ~Hardware Protection ~Network Structure. Cas e Studies Linux ~Design Principles ~Kernel Modules ~Scheduling ~File Systems. File System Interface File Concept ~Access Methods ~Directory Structure ~File-System Mounti ng ~File Sharing ~Protection. auxiliary memory. Virtual Memory Background ~Demand Paging ~ Process Creation ~Page Replacement ~Allocation of Frames ~Thrashing. arithmetic pipeline. direct memory access. dec imal arithmetic operations. Tools for modeling. instruction pipeline. I/O Systems Overview ~I/O Hardware ~Application I/O Interface ~Kernel I/O Subsys tem ~Transforming I/O to Hardware Operations ~STREAMS. Memory organization ~memory hierarchy. and design of control unit. Processes Concepts ~Process Scheduling ~Operations on Processes ~Cooperating Pro cesses ~Interprocess Communication ~Communication in Client-Server Systems. input output interface. micro program exam ple. Input output organization peripheral devices. Classical sets ~Fuzzy sets ~Fuzzy relations ~Fuzzification ~Defuzzification ~Fuz zy rules ~Membership function ~Knowledge base ~Decision-making logic ~Optimisati on of membership function using neural networks ~Adaptive fuzzy system. Fuzzy logic control ~Inverted pendulum ~Image processing ~Home heating system ~B . File System Implementation Structure and Implement ation ~Directory Implementation ~Allocation Methods ~Free-Space Management. Micro programmed control ~Control memory. data transfe r and manipulation. Introduction Mainframe Systems ~Desktop Systems ~Multiprocessor Systems ~Distrib uted Systems ~Clustered Systems ~Real-Time Systems ~Handheld Systems. Critical Sect ion Problem ~Semaphores and Monitors. Pipeline and vector processing ~Parallel processing. main memory. Integral and Derivative con trollers ~Structure ~Empirical tuning ~Design of Lead-lag compensators -Design u sing Bode plots -Design using Root locus ~Control Law design ~State feedback and pole placement~Estimator design -Regulator design Combined control law and est imator . reduced instruction set computer. Computer arithmetic ~addition and subtraction. priority interrupt. Mass-Storage Structure Di sk Structure ~Disk Scheduling ~Disk Management ~Swap-Space Management. asynchron ous data transfer . cache memory. testing and calibrating digital instrument using LAB VIEW. floating point arithmetic operations decimal arithmetic unit. input output interface. Feed back networks ~Discrete time hop field networks ~Transient response of cont inuous time networks ~Applications of artificial neural network ~Process identif ication ~Neuro controller for inverted pendulum. associativ e memory. Protection Goals ~Domain of Protection ~Access Matrix ~Revocation of Access Righ ts. divisi on algorithms. CPU Scheduling Basic Concepts ~Scheduling Criteria ~Scheduling Algorithms ~Multiproc essor Scheduling ~Real-Time Scheduling ~Process Scheduling Models. multiplication algorithms. modes of transfer. serial communication. HPVEE. Security The Security Problem ~User Authentication ~Program Threats ~System Threats ~Securing Systems and Facilities ~Intrusion Detection ~Cryptography. address sequencing. memory management hardware. Central processing unit ~general register organ ization. stack organization. pipelining. Functional units ~Basic operational concepts ~Bus structures ~Performance and Me trics ~Instruction and instruction sequencing ~hardware ~software interface ~add ressing modes ~instruction set ~RISC ~CISC ~ALU design ~fixed point and floating point operation.

devices for controlling harmonic distortion. power quality measure .M ethod ~The two phase method ~degeneracy ~Alternative optima ~unbounded solutions ~infeasible solution ~redundancies ~LP packages. Operations Research Techniques ~Art of Modeling ~Construction of LP Model ~Graph ical LP solution ~Graphical Sensitivity Analysis ~The Simplex Algorithm ~The M. Class Methods. Gradient Search ~Non-gradient search ~Genetic Algorithms Operators. penalty ~Evolutionary Programming Operators. harm onic distortion evaluation. Locating harmonic sources power system response characteristics. Half bridge and full bridge converters~control circuits and PWM techniques. Control Flow. Exception and Debugging ~Dealing with Errors ~Catching Exception ~Debugging Tech niques ~Streams and Files ~Streams. Operators. Clamped voltage topologies~DC link inverters with Zero Voltage Switchi ng~Series and parallel Resonant inverters~Voltage control . Network solution ~Minimal spanning tree Algorithm ~Shortest Route problem ~Examp les ~Shortest Route Algorithm ~Maximal flow model ~Minimum cost capacitated flow problems. active filters. filter for PWM VSI. Single phase and three phase inverters. Forward. Strings. Buck~Boost and Cuk converters. Principles of stepdown and stepup converters ~Analysis and state space modeling of Buck. Online UPS. The Model ~View ~Controller Design Pattern ~Introduction to Layout Management ~T ext Input ~Making Choices ~Scroll Bars ~Sophisticated Layout Management ~Menus ~ Dialog Boxes ~Applets ~Applet Basics ~Simple Applet ~Testing Applets ~Security B asics ~Converting Application to Applets ~Applet HTML Tags and Attributes. Arrays. Boost. Luo. passive filters. Types and Putting Streams to use ~Object Str eams ~File Management. Introduction to OOP ~Building Own Classes ~Packages ~Inheritance ~First Steps wi th Inheritance ~Casting ~Abstract Classes ~Protecting Access ~RTTI ~Reflection ~ Design hints for Inheritance ~Interface ~Inner Classes. resonance. current filter. Critical path method ~Time estimates ~Crashing ~Time charts ~PERT and CPM for pr oject scheduling ~Resource planning ~Case studies. search algor ithm. Primal-dual relationship ~Economic interpretation of duality ~Dual simplex metho d ~primal dual computation ~post optimal or sensitivity analysis ~Changes affect ing feasibility ~Changes affecting optimally ~Revised simplex method ~LP package s. Introduction~Power line disturbances~Power conditioners -UPS offline UPS. Introduction~classification~basic concepts~Resonant switch~Load Resonant convert ers~ZVS . SVPWM a nd advanced modulation) techniques. various harmonic elimination techniques~Mult ilevel inverters~Concepts ~Types Diode clamped~Flying capacitor~Cascaded types~A pplications. Analysis and state space modeling of flyback. IEEE and IECstandards. Applications ~Filters Voltage filters.lood pressure during anesthesia ~Introduction to neuro fuzzy controller. Monitoring considerations Power line disturbance analyzer. f ilter without series capacitors. Series-parallel resonant filters. control using various (sine PWM. 60 The transportation algorithm ~Determination of the starting solution ~Iterative computations of the Algorithm ~The Assignment Model ~The Hungarian method ~The T ranshipment model ~Inter programming problem ~Cutting plane Algorithm. Introduction ~Creating a Closeable Frame ~Terminating Graphics Program ~Frame La yout ~Displaying Information in a Frame ~Graphics Object ~Text and Fonts ~Colors ~Drawing Shapes ~Filling Shapes ~Event Handling ~Basics of Event Handling ~The AWT event hierarchy ~Individual Events ~Advanced Event Handling. Search Algorithms ~Applicatio ns to Electrical problems. DC filters ~Design of inductor and transformer for PE applications ~Selection of capacitors . 59 Introduction ~Biological neuron ~Artificial neuron ~Neuron modeling ~Learning ru les ~Single layer ~Multi layer feed forward network ~Back propagation ~Learning factors. Java as programming tool ~Advantages of Java ~Java Buzzwords ~Java Programming E nvironment ~Compiling and running Java Programs ~Fundamental Programming structu re in Java ~Data Types.

harmonic indices. Sources of overvoltages Capacitor switching. Computer Busine ss Equipment Manufacturers Associations (CBEMA) curve. estimating the sag severity. protection of transformers and cable s. The short line and kilometric fault. unified power flow controller and applications. OF TRANSIENTS Computation of transients Transient response of systems with serie s and shunt lumped parameters and distributed lines. illustration for multiple restriking transients. voltage transients on closing and reclosing lin es. Applications. flicker meters. Principle of operation and characteristics of Hysteresis motor ~AC series motors ~Linear motor ~Permanent magnet DC and AC motors.ment equipment. Bewely s lattice diagram. ferroresonance. refl ection and refraction of travelling waves. harmonic / spectrum analyzer. Modes of propagation ~Effect of earth. PSCAD and EMTP Sources of sags and interruptions. effect of trans ients on power systems. lighting. normal and abnormal switching transients. switching surges on integrated system. Mitigatio n of voltage swells surge arrestors. importance of study of transients in planning. Total harmonic distortion (THD). active seri es compensators. observations in RLC circuit and basic transforms of the R LC circuit. thyristor control. Resistance switching Equivalent circuit for the resistance switching problems. low pass filters. Source of transients. factors contributing to good line design. Electric shock ~threshold currents ~Calculation of electrostatic fields and magn etic fields of AC and DC lines ~Effect of fields on living organism ~Electrical field measurement. Fundamentals of Permanent Magnets~Types~Principle of operation~Magnetic circuit analysis-EMF and Torque equations~Characteristics and control Principle of operation ~EMF and Torque equations ~Phasor diagram ~Power controll ers ~Torque speed characteristics ~Digital controllers ~Constructional features. HVDC system-Principle of operation. characteristic s of lightning strokes. distribution of voltage in a power system L ine dropping and load rejection. SVC. effect of source regulati on. Capacitance switching. lightning phenomenon. series c ompensation. mechanisms of lightning strokes. Terms and Definitions Overloading. waveform distortions. sags an d swells. applications of expert system for power quality monitoring. equivalent circuit for interrupting the resistor current. double frequency transients. Bundle conductors. shielding. static synchronous compen sator. switch. Travelling wave concept ste p response. various types of power systems transients. tower footing resistance. ferroresonance. Constructional features -Principle of operation -Types ~Torque predictions ~Line ar and Non-linear analysis ~Characteristics ~Drive circuits ~Closed loop control ~Applications. estimating voltage sag performance. computer analysis tools for transients. mitigation of voltage sags. L. Load switch ing Equivalent circuit. operating principle and characteristics of synchronous reluctance motor. standing waves and natural frequencies. motor sta rting sags. harmonic sources from commercial an d industrial loads. static transfer switches and fast transfer switches . Constructional features -Principle of operation~Torque prediction -Characteristi cs~Power controllers ~Control of SRM drive~Sensorless operation of SRM ~Applicat ions. effective equivalent circuit. EMTP for transient computation. protection aff orded by ground wires. waveforms for transient voltage across the load. Calculation of line and ground parameters ~R. Causes of overvoltage. Introduction. undervoltage. series capacitor. over voltage induced by faults. power conditioners ~Light ning Protection. Basic concepts~Reactive power control. line arrestors. charge formation in the clouds. Harmonic Distortion Volta ge and current distortion. uncompensated transmission line. Interaction between lightning a nd power system Mathematical model for lightning. Current suppression. C. circuit closing transients RL circuit with sine wave drive. rat e of charging of thunder clouds. control and design consideration. sustained interruption. capacitance switching with a restrike. HVDC circu . current chopping . with multiple restrikes. disturbance analyz er.

70 Electromagnetic and thermal micro actuation ~mechanical design of Microactuators ~Microactuator examples ~Microvalves. Flowchart. Power-voltage relationship. One or two sacrificial layer processes. Transient stability analysis of mu lti-machine power system Synchronous machine representation by classical model a nd loads by constant admittances. determination of natural frequency of local m ode of oscillation using linearised equation. Development of Fast Decoupled Power Fl ow (FDPF) model from N-R. Historical background of Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and micromachin ing ~bulk micromachining ~isotropic etching and anistropic etching. usage of numerical algorithm for determination of crit ical clearing time by trial and error ~methods of improving stability ~digital s imulation. Controller interactions ~SVC ~SVC interaction ~Co-ordination of multiple control lers using linear control techniques ~Control coordination using genetic algorit hms. average values of line parameters ~Power handlin g capacity and line losses ~number of lines. Surface micromachining requirements ~Pol . Classification of Physical sensors ~Integrated. Chemical and Biosensors. Electrical sensors. Applications Improvement of the system stability limit ~Enhancement of system damping ~Voltage collapse prevent ion. numerical examples Multi-area power flow an alysis ~Contingency analysis ~Simulation of single line and generator outages. concept o f synchronizing power coefficient. micro arrays. Intelligent or smart sensors ~Se nsor principles and examples Thermal sensors. Review of six-pulse and twelve-pulse converter operation. Mechanical sen sors. maxim um deliverable power. All mechanical miniature devices -3D electromagnetic actuators and sensors ~RF e lectronic devices ~Optical / Photonic devices ~Medical devices DNA ~chip. Voltage control by SVC ~Advantages of slope in dynamic characteristics ~influenc e of SVC on system voltage ~Design of SVC voltage regulator ~Applications Enhanc ement of transient stability ~steady state power transfer ~Enhancement of power system damping ~prevention of voltage instability.it breaking Standard transmission voltages. Introduction ~Transmission system aspects Single-load infinite-bus system. algorithm for alternating solution approach th rough network solution using bus admittance matrix and state-equations using imp licit integration method. wafer bondin g ~high aspect ratio processes (LIGA). real and reactive power control in electrical power transmission line~SVC~TCSCSTATCOM~SSSC~UPSC -Basic operation -Applications. Reactive power control in electrical power transmission lines ~Uncompensated tra nsmission line ~series compensation ~Basic concepts of static VAR Compensator (S VC) ~Thyristor Switched Series capacitor (TCSC) ~Unified power flow controller ( UPFC). equations for convert er and inverter with simple HVDC link-Modes of operation~AC-DC load flow with a simple DC link. Small-signal stability of SMIB system linearization of swing equation. Load aspects Volt age dependence of loads ~load restoration dynamics ~Induction motors ~Load Tap C hangers ~Thermostatic load recovery Review of LU factorization and NR method. Micropumps. Operation of the TCSC ~Different modes of operation ~Modeling of TCSC ~Variable reactance model ~Modeling for stability studies. ~Micro actuator systems ~Ink Jet printer heads ~Micro ~Mirror TV Projector. Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) ~Principle of operation ~V-I Characteri stics ~Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) ~Principle of operation ~Modes of Op eration ~Applications ~Modeling of UPFC for Power Flow ~Studies. Micromotors. instability mechanisms~effect of compensation ~V-Q curves ~problems. Generator aspects Frequency and voltage c ontrollers ~limiting devices affecting voltage stability ~voltage reactive power characteristics of synchronous generators ~capability curves. Turbine ~generator ~torsional characteristics ~torsional interaction with power system controls ~sub synchronous resonance ~impact of network-switching disturba nces ~torsional counter measures to SSR problems.

transformation of variables reference frame Static and rotating reference frames s transformation between reference frames transformation of a balanced set balanc ed steady state phasor and voltage equations variables observed from several fra mes of reference. LPC. CDMA one. Large scale path loss ~path loss models ~link budget design ~small scale fading ~fading due to multipath ~delay spread and coherent bandwidth ~flat fading ~freq uency selective ~fading due to Doppler spread ~fast fading ~slow fading ~paramet ers of mobile multipath channels ~time dispersion parameters. RELP ~selection of codecs for mobile communication GSM coders MA techniques FDMA. Magnetostatics ~linear and non-linear problems. SDMA. counters. Evolution of mobile communication ~mobile radio systems ~cellular concept ~mobil ity and frequency management of radio in vehicle traffic environment ~frequency reuse ~channel assignment ~co-channel interference ~hand off ~interference And s ystem capacity ~trunking And GOS. Structured design of combinational circuits ~Dynamic CMOS And clocking ~tally ci rcuits ~(NAND-NAND. problem formu lation~governing equations ~modeling ~boundary conditions and material character istics. Bluetooth. Enhancement mode And Depletion mode ~Fabrication (NMOS.(Examples address. CELP. force and torque. recent developments. HELP. 72 MSK. JDC. fsm. flip flops. FDD And TDD ~3G WCDMA. Mathematical formulation for 2-D planar and axial symmetry problems ~discretizat ionshape functions-element and global matrices/vectors -solution ~post processin g Numerical methods for solving field problems. diversity ~time. GPRS. permanent magne t. capacitance. Voltage and torque equations ~dynamic characteristics of permanent magnet and sh unt DC motors ~state equations ~solution of dynamic characteristics by Laplace t ransformation. AMPS -digital systems GSM.NOR-NOR and AOI logic) ~EXOR structure ~Multiplexer structure s ~Barrel shifter. BiCMOS) Tech nology ~NMOS transistor current equation ~MOS Transistor model. NADC. Standards D ECT. multiplexers. NMOS And CMOS inverter ~determination of pull up / pull down ratios ~stick diagr am ~lambda based rules ~super buffers ~BiCMOS And steering logic. RTL Design. CDMA power control ~channel codes ~(qual itative) comparison. polarization ~diversity combiners ~interleaving ~RAKE receiver. UMTS. Structured level Design ~combinational logic ~types ~Operators ~pack ages ~sequential circuit ~subprograms ~test benches. Review on conventional ele ctrical machine design methodology ~computer aided design aspects-advantages. 73 Review on electromagnetic theory~Basic field equations. Magnetic circuits ~stored magnetic energy.Rotating machines. LOGIC NMOS PLA ~Programmable logic devices ~Finite state Machine PLA ~Introducti on to FPGA. performane of MSK modulation Techniques ~linear and nonlinear equalisation. Pi ezo electric materials surface micro machined systems ~Success stories ~Micro mo tors ~Gear Trains. IS-95. frequency. algorithms of adaptive equalisation . GMSK ~QPSK ~M Ary QAM. calculation of field dis tribution. OFDM. demultiplexers). transformer. Voltage and torque equation in machine variables ~transformation in rotor refere nce frame (Park's equation) ~voltage and torque equation in reference frame vari ables ~analysis of steady state ~dynamic performance for load variations ~comput er simulation. inductance. Design of cylindrical magnetic devices. 74 Voltage and torque equations in machine variables ~transformation in arbitrary r eference frame ~voltage and torque equation in reference frame variables ~analys is of steady state operation ~free acceleration characteristics ~dynamic perform . CMOS. eddy current analysis. Mechanisms. calculation of force/ torque. co-energy ~force and torque ~singly a nd doubly excited system ~MMF pattern for DC and AC machines ~calculation of air gap mmf and per phase machine inductance using physical machine data. Electrostatics. 71 Analog systems. PMOS. IS-136. TDMA. Vocoder.CPLD.lysilicon surface micromachining ~other compatible materials ~SiliconNitride.

L 9 General principles of DC link control-converter control characteristics-syst em control hierarchy-firing angle control-current and extinction angle control-s tarting and stopping of DC link-power control-higher level controllers-telecommu nication requirements. IAE and ITAE and other performance indices ~Design of L ead-lag compensators -Design using Bode plots ~polar plots~Nichols charts ~Root locus and Routh Hurwitz criterion.. Concept of Artificial Neural Networks and its basic mathematical model ~McCulloc h~Pitts neuron model ~simple perceptron ~Adaline and Madaline ~Feed-forward Mult ilayer Perceptron ~Learning and Training the neural network ~Data Processing Sca ling ~Fourier transformation ~principal-component analysis and wavelet transform ations ~Hopfield network ~Self-organizing network and Recurrent network ~Neural Network based controller. Basic concept of Genetic algorithm and detailed algorithmic steps ~adjustment of free parameters ~Solution of typical control problems using genetic algorithm ~ Concept on some other search techniques like tabu search and ant-colony search t echniques for solving optimization problems. Contingency Analysis. Application of Fuzzy Logic Controlle rs to Power System Stability. Control Law design ~State feedback and pole placement~Estimator design ~Regulato r design -Combined control law and estimator ~Introduction of the Reference inpu t ~Integral control and disturbance estimation ~Effect of delays. Common Non linearity ~Phase Plane Method Basic Concepts ~Singular Points ~Stabil ity of non Linear Systems ~Construction of Phase trajectories ~Deriving Describi ng Functions ~Stability Analysis by Describing Function Method. System performance and specifications ~Proportional. Pulse number.ance for load variations ~computer simulation. Decoupling ~Time varying optimal control ~LQR steady state optimal control ~Opti mal estimation ~Multivariable control design ~Optimal observers Defining the model set for linear system ~Identification of Nonparametric models ~Models and Criteria for parametric identification ~Deterministic estimation ~S tochastic Least Squares ~Maximum Likelihood algorithm ~Numerical search for Maxi mum Likelihood Estimate -Subspace Identification methods. Neural Network Application to Load Forecasting. 75 Introduction to crisp sets and fuzzy sets ~basic fuzzy set operation and approx imate reasoning ~Introduction to fuzzy logic modeling and control ~Fuzzification ~inferencing and defuzzification ~Fuzzy knowledge and rule bases ~Fuzzy modelli ng and control schemes for nonlinear systems ~Self-organizing fuzzy logic contro l ~Fuzzy logic control for nonlinear time-delay system. choice of converter configuration-simplified analysis of Graetz ci rcuitconverter bridge characteristics ~characteristics of a twelve pulse convert er-detailed analysis of converters. . Expert systems. Integral and Derivative con trollers ~Structure ~Empirical tuning ~Ziegler Nichols ~Cohen coon ~Root Locus m ethod -Tuning using ISE. Lead Compensation ~Lag Compensation ~Lag Lead compensation PID Control ~Features and implementation ~Direct and Model based Tuning ~Shapes of Relay Response ~Model structures and identification ~Implications for Control . Digitization ~Effect of sampling ~PID control ~Discrete system analysis and desi gn using Z transform ~Sampled -data analysis -Discrete equivalents ~State space design methods ~Sample rate selection. Introduction-system simulation Philosophy and tools-HVDC system simulation-model ing of HVDC systems for digital dynamic simulation. GA application to power system optimisation problems. Approaches to intelligent control ~Architecture for intelligent control ~Symboli c reasoning system ~rule-based systems ~the AI approach -Knowledge representatio n. Introduction-generation of harmonics-design of AC filters-DC filters-carrier fre quency and RI noise. Introduction-comparison of AC and DC transmission application of DC transmission ~description of DC transmission system planning for HVDC transmission-modern tr ends in DC transmission.

Dynamic and regenerative braking of CSI and VSI fed drives. combined stator voltage control and rotor resistance control. twophase motors. frequency control Concept of stability ~Necessary condition ~RH criterion ~Relative stability ~Nyq uist stability criterion ~Stability from Bode plot ~Relative stability from Nyqu ist And Bode ~Closed loop frequency response. construction and voltage ratio aspects three phase transform er. power balance. universal motor. Motor lead system ~steady state stability criteria ~Braking and speed reversal o f DC and AC motors ~transfer function model of separately excited and series DC motor ~Equivalent circuit of Induction motor ~Torque slip characteristic ~Synchr onous motor model. types of motors. Single phase induction motor. voltage and current relationships. Construction and principle of operation of single phase transform ers. Concept of state ~State Variable And State Model ~State models for linear And co ntinuous time systems ~Solution of state And output equation ~controllability An d observability. principle of operation of DC motors. Magnetic materials and B-H relationship. circuit model. 50 Magnetic effects of electric current. star ting . torque-speed characteristi cs. voltage regulation. Coulomb s Law ~electric field intensity ~Field due to point and continuous charges ~Gauss s law and its applications ~electrical potential ~Electric field and equip otential plots ~electric field in free space. armature and field control. constant torque operations. construction. Losses in the transformer. TRC strat egies. ~Analysis of series an d separately excited DC motors fed from different choppers. impedance transformat ion. speed controlslip control . Open circuit and short circuit characteristics. induction motor. Back E MF. Operation of Induction motor with non ~sinusoidal supply wave forms. circuit model. construction and voltage ratio aspects of single pha se autotransformer. split phase motor. Pois . variable fr equency operation of three phase Induction motors. stepper motor and switched reluct ance motor. Standard test signals ~Steady state error And error constants ~Time Response of I and II order system ~Root locus ~Rules for sketching root loci. calculation of efficiency of transformer. dielectric ~dielectric polarization. effect saturation se ries motors ~CLC and TRC strategies ~Closed loop control schemes. DC motor starting. calculation of torque and speed. PMBLDC. constant flux operation. Types of rotor choppers. phasor diagram volta ge equation. stepper motors ~variable reluctance stepper motor-single stack and multist ackpermanent magnet stepper motor~drive concepts-unipolar drive circuit. principle of operation. Ideal transformer. L Correlation between Time And Frequency response ~Polar plots ~Bode Plots ~Determ ination of Transfer Function from Bode plot.Pole Placement ~State observer ~Design of regular system with observer ~Design o f Control Systems with observers. Modeling and control schemes for PMSM. torque equations. Methods of generation of AC voltages. Electric field in multiple dielectrics ~boundary conditions. principle o f vector control ~Direct and indirect FOC. Magnetic circuits. conductors. torque slip characteristics. Parts of DC motors. Hysteresis and eddy curre nt losses. Analysis of series and separately excited DC motor with single phase and three p hase converters operating in different modes and configuration ~Problems on DC m achines fed by converter supplies CLC and TRC strategies. principle of operation. definition of voltage regulation. Definition And classification of system ~terminology And structure of feedback c ontrol theory -Analogous systems ~Physical system representation by Differential equations ~Block diagram reduction~Signal flow graphs. role of transformers in the distribution o f electricity. construction. Preliminary of Design considerations ~Lead ~Lag ~Lag Lead Compensation Investigation on intelligent adaptive control strategies. bipolar drive circuit-calculation Synchronous machines. two value capacitance m otor. Electromagnetic induction and force. curr ent fed operations. calculation of efficiency.

subtractor. current sensing relays and time delay relays ~wound rotor induction motor starters ~starters using frequency se nsing relays ~DOI -starter and auto transformers starter. CMOS . state diagram. Sample and Hold Circuit. magnetic field intensity ~Biot ~Savart Law ~Ampere s Law ~Ma gnetic field due to straight conductors. PROM. FPGA. propagation constant ~Waves in free space. optical and dig ital transducers ~Basic Instrumentation Amplifier. switching functions and simplification using Kmaps And Quine McCluskey method. ECL. Multipl exers / Demltiplexers). HumidityWet and dry bulb h ygrometer ~Dunmore and pope cells. infinite sheet of curren t ~Magnetic flux density (B) ~B in free space. s tate assignment. sensitivity of w heatstone bridge ~Kelvin s bridges ~Kelvin s double bridge method ~Measurement of hi gh resistance ~megohm bridge method ~Inductance measurement Maxwell s inductance b ridge ~Maxwell s LC bridge ~Hay s bridge ~Anderson s bridge ~Capacitance measurement D e Sauty s bridge ~Schering bridge ~Measurement of frequency Wien s bridge. magnetic materials. state reduction. Functional elements of an instrument ~Static and dynamic characteristics ~Errors in measurement ~Statistical evaluation of measurement data ~Standards and calib ration. digital logic families TTL. ammeters. Poynting vector ~Plane wave reflection and refra ction ~Applications Lorentz Law of force. PLA. DC motor starters using voltage sensing relays. comparators. Boolean algebra De-Morgan s theorem. current sensing relays and time delay relays ~wound rotor induction motor starters ~starters using frequency se nsing relays ~DOI -starter and auto transformers starter. Principle and types of analog voltmeters. state assignment. PLD. code converters. Design of adder. Wheatstone bridge. RTL Design ~combinational logic ~Types ~Operators ~Packages ~Sequential circuit ~Sub programs ~Test benches. DC motor starters using voltage sensing relays. intrinsi c impedance. design of synchronous sequential circuits ~Counters. Maxwell s equations (diffe rential and integral forms)~Displacement current ~Applications ~Relation between field theory and circuit theory. Electrical and optical level indicators ~Speed tachome ters ~stroboscopic methods. . Generation ~electro magnetic wave equations ~Wave parameters. decoders. EPROM. asynchronous des ign problem. velocity. lossy and lossless diele ctrics. Divergence and Curl ~Divergence theorem ~Stoke s theorem. FSM. conductor. 10 [ Memories ROM. Analysis of synchronous sequential circuits. Flip flops ~SR. multiplexers and demultiplexers. A/D and D/A converters Resistance measurement Conventional methods. multimeters ~Single and thre e phase wattmeters and energy meters ~Magnetic measurements -Instrument transfor mers ~Instruments for measurement of frequency and phase. induced emf ~transformer and motional EMF. Analysis of asynchronous sequential machines. DC motor starters using voltage sensing relays. gyroscopes ~Acceleration. Sources and effects of electromagnetic fields ~Vector fields ~Different co-ordin ate systems ~Vector calculus ~Gradient. current sensing relays and time delay relays ~wound rotor induction motor starters ~starters using frequency sen sing relays ~DOL -starter and auto transformers starter. conductivity cells. flipflops. D. Faraday s law. counters.son s and Laplace s equations ~Capacitance ~Energy density ~Dielectric strength ~App lications. Ma gnetization-Magnetic field in multiple media ~Boundary conditions ~Scalar and ve ctor potential ~Magnetic force ~Torque ~Inductance ~Energy density ~Magnetic cir cuits ~Applications. PARAMETERS Measurement of Pressure Comparison with known dead weights ~Temperatu re Thermocouple ~pyrometers ~Flow Flow meters ~Rotameters ~Electromagnetic flow metres ~Level Mechanical. Principles. JK and T. conductors ~skin depth. capacitive And inductive transducers ~Piezoelectric. circular loop. Classification of sensors and transducers ~Selection of transducers ~Resistive. (Examples adders. encoders.

Fundamentals of electric drives ~advances of electric drive-characteristics of l oads ~different types of mechanical loads ~choice of an electric drive ~control circuit components Fuses. intermittent and short t ime ~industrial application. Motor Types.C. heating and cooling of m otors.C. DCshunt motors ~Speed Torque characteristics ~Ward Leonard method. insulating materials. over load capacity. Converter fed separately excited D. heating and cooling of m otors. Voltage controllers. Relay ~control transformers. Inverters Voltage source and current source inverters (Ele mentary Treatment only). over load capacity. contactors. Single phase and three phase A. Voltage controllers. speed ~torque characteristics. slip power recovery ~basic inverter circuits~variable voltage frequen cy control. slip power recovery ~basic inverter circuits~variable voltage frequen cy control. advantages of Electrical Drives. heating and cooling of m otors. switches. DC shunt motors ~Speed Torque characteristics ~Ward Leonard method.C. over load capacity. Auto transformer start . Equations gov erning motor load dynamics ~equilibrium operating point and its steady state sta bility. Induction motor ~Speed torque Characteristics ~pole changing. intermittent and short t ime ~industrial application. Induction motor ~Speed torque Characteristics ~pole changing. circuit breakers. DC series mot or ~series parallel control ~solid state DC drives ~Thyristor bridge rectifier c ircuits~chopper circuits. service condition of electric drive ~continuous. circuit breakers. Relay ~control transformers. stator frequency v ariation ~slip-ring induction motor ~stator voltage variation ~Rotor resistance variation. switches. Starting ~braking ~speed contro l Armature voltage ~field current control ~Ward Leonard methods ~Four-quadrant o peration. circuit breakers. Fundamentals of Electrical Drives. Load diagram. contactors. intermittent and short t ime ~industrial application. Determinatio n of rating for continuous.C. Induction motor ~Speed torque Characteristics ~pole changing. DC series mo tor ~series parallel control ~solid state DC drives ~Thyristor bridge rectifier circuitschopper circuits. switches. Components of an Electric Drive Elect rical Motors ~power converters (AC to DC. Choice of an Electric Drive ~characteristics of loads. intermittent and short time duty cycles. insulating materials. Control rectifiers ~single phase and three phase circuits ~choppers ~step up and step down choppers ~A. mo tor drive (Continuous current operation only). Load diagram. insulating materials. DC series mo tor ~series parallel control ~solid state DC drives ~Thyristor bridge rectifier circuitschopper circuits. motor drive ~chopper fed D.DC shunt motors ~Speed Torque characteristics ~Ward Leonard method. Circuit breakers. stator frequency v ariation ~slip-ring induction motor ~stator voltage variation ~Rotor resistance variation. stator frequency v ariation ~slip-ring induction motor ~stator voltage variation ~Rotor resistance variation. service condition of electric drive ~continuous. contactors and relays). Relay ~control transformers. D. heating and cooling of motors ~classes of motor duty. AC to AC) ~Control units (Fuses. DC to AC. Switches. Fundamentals of electric drives ~advances of electric drive-characteristics of l oads ~different types of mechanical loads ~choice of an electric drive ~control circuit components Fuses. Fundamentals of electric drives ~advances of electric drive-characteristics of l oads ~different types of mechanical loads ~choice of an electric drive ~control circuit components Fuses. Load diagram. Load diagram.C. service condition of electric drive ~continuous. Principle of operation of 3 phase induction motor ~equivalent circuit ~Slip ~tor que characteristic ~starting methods star ~Delta starter. contactors. DC to DC. slip power recovery ~basic inverter circuits~variable voltage frequen cy control.

conductor types and electrical p arameters of 400. skin and proximity effects. improve ment of string efficiency. Underground cables Introduction-Types of cables. Grading of cables. 220. 8086 Archi tecture. equivalent circui ts. Construction of single-phase motors ~types of single phase motors ~double revolv ing field theory ~starting methods ~capacitor start capacitor run motors ~shaded pole ~repulsion type. Power factor and heating of cab les. 16 Study of Architecture and programming of ICs: 8255 PPI. voltage distribution in insulator string and grading. rotor resistance control. Inverter fed 3-phas e induction motor drive v/f control. 8259 PIC. Speed control Stator voltage control. 110. Three-phase supply ~s tar connection ~Delta connection ~power in three-phase systems ~measurement of p ower in three-phase systems ~comparison of star and delta ~advantages Principles of alternator ~construction details ~types ~equation of induced EMF ~ voltage regulation. transmission efficien cy and voltage regulation. Structure of electrical Power system -typical AC power supply scheme -types of p ower plants -Variable load on Power plants-Interconnected grid systemtransmissio n And distribution of electrical energy -over head Vs Underground system -Protec tion of power system -substation -types of tariff -power factor improvement Insulators Types. Capa citance of Single-core cable. Typical configuration. Mechanical design of transmission line ~sag and tension calculations for differe nt weather conditions ~Methods of grounding ~Peterson coil ~Substation layout-To wer Spotting Parameters of single and three phase transmission lines with single and double c ircuits Resistance.6 and 3 kV lines. D. Methods of starting of synchronous motors ~torque equation ~ V curves ~synchronous condensers . application of self and mutual GMD. transmission and distribution. phase constant. attenuation constant. Ferranti effect and corona loss. Control And I/O instructions ~Simple programming ex ercises key board and display interface ~Closed loop control of DC shunt motor~s tepper motor control. surgeimpedance loading. Functional block diagram ~Instruction format and addressing modes ~Interrupt str ucture ~Timer -I/O ports ~Serial communication. Construction ~principle of operation ~ideal transformer ~equivalent circuit ~te . Rotor resistance starter. slip-power recove ry controls. Operating principle of DC motors ~types of DC motors and th eir characteristics ~speed control of DC motors. Data Transfer. Principle of operation of three-phase induction motors ~c onstruction ~types ~equivalent circuit ~starting and speed control. Manipulation. inductance and capacitance of solid. interference with neighbouring communication circuits. Ty pes of AC and DC distributors ~distributed and concentrated loads ~interconnecti on ~HVDC and EHV AC transmission 8085 PROCESSOR 9 8085Functional block diagram ~Signals~Memory interfacing ~I/O p orts and data transfer concepts ~Timing Diagram ~Interrupt structure. shunt and series compensation. Instruction format and addressing modes ~Assembly language format ~Data transfer . stranded and bundled co nductors Symmetrical and unsymmetrical spacing and transposition. 82 79 Key board display controller and 8253 Timer/ Counter ~Interfacing with 8085 ~ A/D and D/A converter interfacing. Capacitance of 3 core belted cable. frequency co ntrol. Simple programming. surge impedance. Introduction ~transformer principle of operation ~transformer no-load phasor dia gram ~EMF equation of a transformer ~transformer on-load phasor diagram ~transfo rmer construction ~equivalent circuit of a transformer ~regulation of a transfor mer ~transformer losses and efficiency -auto transformers. Construction of DC machines ~theory of operation of DC generators ~characteristi cs of DC generators.C cables Classification of lines Short line. data manipulation And control instructions ~Programming Loop structure with co unting And Indexing ~Look up table ~Subroutine instructions stack. medium line and long line. 8251 USART. Structure of electric power system generation.er. Rotor resistance control. slip-power recovery scheme. real and reactive power flow in lines Power-angle dia gram.

inductance and energy ~time varying and rotational induced emf's ~losses ~conservation of energy ~energy and co energy ~force and torque ~singly and doubly excited systems ~reluctance and mutual torque. . Types of ammeters and voltmeters ~PMMC Instruments ~Moving Iron Instruments ~Dyn amometer type Instruments ~Resistance measurement~Wheatstone bridge. stable. Electrodynamic type wattmeter ~Theory and its errors ~Methods of correction ~LPF wattmeter ~Induction type wattmeter ~Phantom loading ~Induction type kWh meter ~Theory and adjustments ~Calibration of wattmeter and energy meters. Nyquist rate. prewarping ~Frequ ency transformation.C. Wave analyzers ~Signal and function generators ~Distortion factor meter ~Q mete r ~Digital voltmeter and multimeter ~DMM with auto ranging and self diagnostic f eatures ~Frequency and Time interval measurements. time variance. frequen cy response ~Convolution ~Fourier transform of discrete sequence ~Discrete Fouri er series.sting and efficiency ~voltage regulation ~auto-transformer ~three phase connecti ons ~parallel operation of transformers ~phase conversion ~tap-changing ~harmoni cs ~threewinding transformers ~applications. FIR design Windowing Techniques ~Need and choice of windows ~Linear phase characteristics. Starting and speed control ~testing and efficiency ~braking ~applications ~Perma nent Magnet DC Machines. linear. dynamic. field winding ~MMF pattern of commutator winding and field winding. 13 Concept of state variable ~State models for linear And continuous time systems ~ State variable realizations ~Solution of state equation. aliasing effect. Definition And classification of system ~terminology And structure of feedback c ontrol theory ~Differential equation of physical systems ~Block diagram algebra ~Signal flow graphs. quantization. Digital signal representation. Dependent and independent sources ~Kirchoff s laws ~mesh current and node voltage methods ~theorems ~Thevenin s ~Norton s ~superposition ~maximum power transfer~Phaso rs ~sinusoidal steady state response of simple RLC circuits. Kelvin doub le bridge and Direct deflection methods. discrete. classification of signals continuous and discrete. Introduction ~Architecture ~Features ~Addressing Formats ~Functional modes ~Intr oduction to Commercial Processors Z-transform and its properties. Classification of systems Continuous. 18 DFTproperties. Potentiometers~Polar a nd Co-ordinate types ~Applications ~Instrument Transformer-Construction and theo ry of Current Transformers and Potential Transformers and Phasor diagrams.C Machine ~armature winding (lap and wave connection). Measurement of Inductance~Maxwell Wein bridge. difference equation ~Solut ion by z-transform. Hay s bridge and Anderson bridge ~Measurement of capacitance~Schering brid ge . 17 Flux linkage. A. Student type potentiometer ~Precision potentiometer ~A. Construction ~EMF and torque equation of generator ~armature reaction ~commutati on ~methods of excitation ~equivalent circuits ~characteristics of generators ~p arallel operation ~EMF and torque equation of motor ~principle of operation ~cha racteristics of motors. quantization error. en ergy and power. digital design using impulse invariant and bilinear transformation ~Warping. IIR desig n Analog filter design ~Butterworth and Chebyshev approximations. recursive. Armature windings D. mathematical representation of signals. FIR And IIR filter realization ~Parallel And cascade forms. magnitude and phase representation ~Computation of DFTusing FFTal gorithm ~DIT And DIF ~FFTusing radix 2 ~Butterfly structure. causal. sampli ng techniques.C Machine (sing lephase and three-phase) ~concentrated and distributed windings ~single ~layer a nd double-layer windings ~distribution and pitch factors ~MMF pattern for altern ating and rotating fields ~concept of space phasors ~EMF and torque equations. Cathode ray oscilloscope ~Classification ~Sampling and storage scopes ~Seven seg ment and dot matrix displays ~X-Y recorders ~Magnetic tape recorders ~Data logge rs. inverse z-transforms. application to discrete systems ~Stability analysis. spectral density.

quasi steady state and transient ana lysis. MA 7840. Analog multiplier ICs. GTO. Single Machine Infinite Bus (SMIB) system Development of swing equation. 723 regulators ~Switched capacitor filters ~switch ing regulator. powe r-angle equation.Frequency response ~Bode plots -Time Response analysis of II order system ~Time and frequency domain specifications. ICL 8038 function generator IC. 24 Fundamentals of monolithic ICs technology ~realization -Ideal OP-AMP characteris tics. isolation amplifiers. First and second order active filters -Oscillators -~Waveform generator ~Schmitt trigger ~multivibrator. per unit representation. Primitive network and its matrices. differential amplifier. 566-volta ge controlled oscillator circuit. classification of buses into P-Q bu ses. Per phase analysis of symmetrical three phase system. AC characteristics. D . clippers. single line diagram . Po wer flow problem Description of the problem. LLG short circ uits and development of interconnection of sequence networks. offset voltage and current voltage series feedback and shunt feedback amplifiers. determination of critical clearing angle and time. L Importance of power flow analysis in planning and operation of power systems. Short circuit capacity ~circuit breaker selection. P-V (voltage-controlled) buses and slack bus. S/H circuit. different models for generator. Description of power system stability problem. clampers. short circuit anal ysis ~numerical examples. Stepdown and stepup chopper ~Forced commutation techniques ~Time ratio control a nd current limit control ~Switching mode regulators Buck. Uns ymmetrical short circuits Derivation of fault current for LG. algorithm for numerical solution of swing equation using modified Eul er method. 565-phase lock loop circuit functioning and ap plications. Boost. classification of power system stabilit y. Single phase and three phase [120 Degree and 180 DEgree mode] inverters PWM te chniques inverters ~PWM techniques ~Sinusoidal PWM. importance of stability analysis in power system planning and operation. IC voltage regulators ~LM317. bus admittance matrix formation by inspectio n method and singularity transformation method. opto electronic ICs. LL. usage of numerical algorithm for determination of critical clearing t ime by trial and error ~digital simulation. opto coupler. Symmetri cal component transformation. differentiator and integrator ~Voltage comparators ~Instrumentation ampl ifier. Distinction between steady state. Summer. Buck-Boost ~con cept of resonant switching. Overview of Power System Analysis Importance of system planning and operational analysis. Iterative solutio n using Gauss-Seidel and Newton-Raphson methods including Q-limit check for volt agecontrolled buses. frequenc y response of OP-AMP. Symmetrical short circuits Thevenin s theorem and applications. MOSFET ~Computer simulation of PE circuits. peak detector. Equal Area Criterion. 555 Timer circuit ~Functional block. DC characteristics. bus impedance matrix formation b y L-U factorisation of bus admittance matrix and by building algorithm. Power flow equations and solu tion Development of power flow model in complex variable form. LM 380 power amplifier. 2 pulse / 3 pulse and 6 pulse converters ~Effect of source inductance ~performan ce parameters ~Reactive power control of converters ~Dual converters. IGB T. Principles of operation of single phase transformers ~equivalent circuits ~effic iency ~DC motor ~principle of operation ~torque equation ~load characteristics o f DC shunt motor ~single-phase induction motor ~double field revolving theory ~e quivalent circuits ~starting methods. Overview of switching devices ~Driver and snubber circuit of SCR TRIAC. characteristics And applications. flow chart~numerical examples. V/I And I/V converters. sequence impedances and sequence networks. load and transmission lines based on the analysis of interest ~p equivalent circuit of transformer wi th off nominal-tap ratio. Single phase AC voltage controllers ~Multistage sequence control ~single phase a nd three phase cycloconverters ~power factor control ~Matrix converters. Modified sinusoidal PWM and multiple PWM ~Voltage and harmonic control ~Series resonant inverter ~current so urce inverter.

Introduction to numerical relays. Operating principles of relays. interruption of capacitive current. equivalent circuit and circle diagram ~losses and effic iency ~performance characteristics ~harmonics. distance and dif ferential relays. Physics of arc phenomena and arc interruption. Preemptive and non-preemptive multitasking. current chopping . context switching Introduction to basic concepts of RTOS. Problem solving Techniques and Examples ~Abstract Data Type (ADT) ~The List ADT ~Arrays ~Stacks and Queues Implementation and Applications. Restriking voltage and recovery v oltage. VRTX. electromagnetic relays ~over current. RT Linux ~Benchmarking Real time systems ~ . VxWorks. air break. the universal relay. Induction motor testing. Multithreaded programming -Context Switch ing. QNX. A/D converter ~Dual slop e. interrupt drive n input and output ~Nonmaskable interrupts. Construction ~types ~principle of operation of motor ~emf. oil. equivalen t circuit and performance analysis ~starting methods ~universal motor. motor ~protection of bus bars and transmission lines. torque equation. PIC microcontroller ~MBasic compiler and Development boards ~The Basic Output a nd digital input ~Applications L Intel I/O instructions ~Synchronization ~Transfer rate. rate of rise of recovery voltage. cogging and crawling ~starting me thods ~speed control methods ~braking ~temperature rise and insulation ~energy e fficient motors. DC circuit breaking. semaphores. latency. Preventing inte rrupts overrun ~Disability interrupts. successive approximation and flash types. L=45 T=15 Construction ~types ~generator and motor action ~theory of cylindrical rotor mac hines ~armature reaction and synchronous reactance ~emf and power equation ~sync hronization ~synchronizing power and parallel operation ~two reaction theory of salient pole machines and determination of direct axis and quadrature axis react ance. pending threads. Divi de and Conquer ~Dynamic Programming ~Greedy Algorithm ~Backtracking ~Branch and Bound ~Randomized Algorithms Elementary Graph Algorithms ~Minimum Spanning Trees ~Single-source Shortest Path s ~All Pairs Shortest Paths. Unix as a Real Time Operating system ~Un ix based Real Time operating system ~Windows as a Real time operating system ~PO SIX ~RTOS-Interrupt handling ~A Survey of contemporary Real time Operating syste msPSOS. 25 Pre-determination of voltage regulation ~synchronous machine on infinite bus bar s ~V curves and inverted V-curves of motor and generator ~steady state operating characteristics ~hunting ~short-circuit transients ~synchronous condenser actio n. Types of Circuit Breakers ~Air blast. static relays ~amplitude and phase c omparators. Sorting by Selection ~Sorting by Insertion ~Sorting by Exchange ~Sorting by Dimi nishing Increment ~Heap Sort ~Heaps ~Maintaining the Heap Property ~Building a H eap ~Heap Sort Algorithm ~Quick Sort ~Description ~Performance of quick sort ~An alysis of Quick Sort. Trees Preliminaries ~Binary Tree ~Tree Traversals ~Binary Search Trees ~AVL Tree s. The role of Algorithms in computing ~Getting Started ~Growth of functions. Hashing ~General Idea ~Hash Functions ~Separate Chaining ~Open Addressing ~Rehashing ~Extendible Hashing. directional.. ?C/OS-II./A converter (R-2R ladder and weighted resistor types). torque and power flow equations ~torque and speed curves ~double cage motor and equivalent circuit ~s ynchronous induction motor ~induction generator. Apparatus protection ~transformer. resistance switching. SF6 and Vacuum circuit bre akers ~Comparison of different circuit breakers. software interrupts. Principles and need for protective schemes ~nature and causes of faults ~types o f faults ~fault current calculation using symmetrical components ~earthing ~Zone s of protection and essential qualities of protection ~Protection schemes ~CTs a nd PTs and their applications. relay char acteristics. Scheduling-thread s tates. negative sequence relays. generator. Single-phase induction motor ~double revolving field theory ~testing.

Simple Internetworking ~IP ~ARP~DHCP ~ICMP. hydro constraints. Medium Access Control Sublayer Channel Allocation Problem ~Multiple Access Pro tocols ~Ethernet ~Wireless LANs ~Data Link Layer Switching. Reserve requiremen ts Installed reserves. solution by direct method and ?-iteration method. State transit ion diagram showing various state transitions and control strategies. state estimation. emergency. Network Hardware ~Reference Models OSI. fuel constraints and other constrain ts. Generation of high DC. static analysis. modeling. Measurement of high voltages and high currents. 31 Structural units in processor . forward dynamic programming approa ch. Economic Dispatch Control. diversity factor. Syste m hardware configuration ~SCADA and introduction to EMS functions Network topolo gy determination. unit commitment. LFC control of a single-area system Static and dynamic analysis of uncont rolled and controlled cases.PCI/X buses ~Device drivers Causes of over voltages and their effects on power system ~Lightning. Network Layer Design Issues ~Routing Algorithms ~Congestion Control Algorithms ~Internetworking ~IP Protocol ~IP Add resses ~Mobile IP ~IPv6. Fundamentals of speed governing mechanism and modeling Speed-load characteristic s ~Load sharing between two synchronous machines in parallel. Application Layer Domain Name System ~Electronic Mail ~Telnet ~FTP ~SNMP ~World Wide Web ~Web Services ~Multimedia Applications. uncontrolled case. UC solution methods Priority-list method. weekly an d annual. System load variation System load characteristics. tie line with frequency bias control of twoarea system derivation. Overview of system operation Load forecasting. load curves ~daily. static and dynamic analysis. Gaseous breakdown in uniform and non-uniform fields ~corona discharges ~Vacuum b reakdown ~conduction and breakdown in pure and commercial liquids ~breakdown mec hanisms in solid and composite dielectrics. selection of processor And memory devices ~DMA ~ I/O devices timer And counting devices ~Serial communication using I2C .Basics. data acquisition and control. co-ordination equations without loss and with loss. Overvie w of system control Governor control. load dispatching. power and reactive power at a node. LFC. cold reserves. security analysis and control. impulse vol tage and DC testing ~International and Indian standards. Transport Layer Transport Service ~Elements of Transport Protocols ~Internet Tra . tripping and control o f impulse generators. EDC. constraints in UC spinning reserve. concept of control area. Base point and participation f actors. High voltage testing of electrical power apparatus ~power frequency. in extremis and restorative. Incremental cost curve. Cryptography ~Symmetric-key Algorithms ~Public-key Algorithms ~Digital Signature s ~Management of Public Keys ~Communication Security ~Selected Authentication pr otocols ~e-mail Security ~Web Security ~Social Issues. Economic dispatch controller added to LFC control. Various opera ting states Normal. impulse voltages and currents. hot reserves. Energy control centre Functions ~Monitoring. Statement of Unit Commitment (UC) problem. alert. Introduction to embedded real time systems ~The build process for embedded syste ms ~Types of memory ~Memory management methods. digital techniques in high volta ge measurement. AC. AVR. system voltage control. CAN US B buses ~Parallel communication using ISA . generation and absorption of reactive power Relation between voltage. Data Link Layer Design Issues ~Error Detectio n and Correction ~Elementary Data Link Protocols ~Sliding Window Protocols ~HDLC . stability comp ensation. Typical excitation system. state variable model. t hermal unit constraints. PCI . spinning reserves. Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). TCP/IP ~Network Standardization. Multi-area systems Two-a rea system modeling. load factor. methods of voltage control ~shunt reactors ~ shunt capacitors ~series capacitors ~synchronous condensers ~static var systems~ Tap-changing transformer ~System level voltage control. switching and temporary over voltages ~protection against over voltages ~Insulation coordi nation ~BIL. load~duration curve. sec urity control.

39 Economics of Electric power supply ~General rule for charging the energy ~Econom ical cross section of a conductor ~Ratings of a motor ~temperature rise in a mot or ~power factor improvement ~methods of reducing power factor occurrence ~Econo mic choice of equipment ~energy management ~energy auditing ~power quality ~effe ct on conservation. Humidity ~Hot wire electro type hygrometer ~Dew cell~Electrolysis type hygrometer. Dissolved Analyzer Conductivity meter ~pH meter ~Dissolved oxygen analyser ~Sodi um analyser ~Silica analyser ~Turbidity meter ~Gas analyser ~NOx analyser ~H2S a nalyser~CO and CO2 monitor.C. deceleration. Dust And Smoke measurement. 36 Need for computer aided design ~Analysis method ~Synthesis method ~Introduction to analysis of Electric machine parameters using FEM. Reciprocating piston.nsport Protocols UDP ~TCP. ~Elastic type pressure gauges ~Bou rdon tube ~Bellows ~Diaphragm ~Elastic elements with L VDT and strain gauge ~Cap acitive type pressure gauge ~Measurement of vacuum ~McLeod gauge ~Thermal conduc tivity gauge ~lonisation gauge. Mechanical type vibration measuring instruments ~Seismic instruments as an accel erometer ~Vibrometers ~Viscosity ~Saybolt viscometer. Strip chart recorder ~Digital recording~Data logger ~Introduction to vi rtual instrumentation. starting And stopping ~typical load torque characteristics. Electric welding ~Types ~Resistance welding ~Arc welding ~Radiation . Equations governing motor load dynamics ~steady state stability ~multi quadrant Dynamics acceleration. current controller and speed controller-converter sel ection and characteristics. Construction details of core and shell type transformers ~output rating of singl e phase and three phase transformers ~optimum design of transformers ~design of yoke. Standard specification of frame size. Introduction ~advantages of Electric heating ~Modes of heat transfer ~Methods of electric heating ~Resistance heating ~Arc furnaces ~Induction heating ~Dielectr ic heating. Fundamentals of Electric drive ~choice of an Electric Motor ~Application of moto rs for particular services. V/f control and self control of synchronous motor Margin angle control and power factor control ~permanent magnet synchronous motor. Flow meters ~Variable head type flow meter ~Orifice plate ~Venture tube ~Positiv e displacement flow meter Nutating disc. Steady state analysis of the single and three phase converter fed separately exc ited DC motor drive ~continuous and discontinuous conduction ~Time ratio and cur rent limit control ~4 quadrant operation of converter / chopper fed drive. oval gear and hel ix type flow meter ~Rota meter ~Mass flow meters. Traction Motors ~Characteristic features of Traction motor ~Systems of railway electrification ~Electric Braking ~Train movement and energy consumption ~Traction Motor control ~Track equipment and collection gear . core and winding for core and shell type transformers-equivalent circuit p arameters from design data~Design of tank and cooling tubes of transformers. Unit of Pressure ~Manometers~Different types. 35 Construction details ~output equation ~main dimensions~Choice of specific loadin gs ~choice of number of poles~armature design ~design of field poles and field c oils ~design of commutator and brushes. machines ~output equation ~main dimensions~Choice o f specific loadings -design of stator ~design of squirrel cage and slip ring rot orequivalent circuit parameter from design data ~Short circuit ratio~design of r otor of cylindrical pole and salient pole machines. CRO~Storage oscilloscope ~Digital voltage meter (DVM) -Digital multi meter ~XY R ecorder. conductors and insulation ~Magnetization a nd loss curves ~Choice of specific loadings~Heating and cooling of electrical ma chines. Stator voltage control ~energy efficient drive ~v/f control ~constant air gap fl ux ~field weakening mode ~voltage / current fed inverter ~closed loop control. Construction details of A. Transfer function for DC motor / load and converter ~closed loop control with cu rrent and speed feedback ~armature voltage control and field weakening mode cont rol design of controllers.

air and steam with correction facto r for temperature ~Steam pressure and steam temperature ~Drum level measurement ~Radiation detector ~Smoke density measurement ~Dust monitor. measurement of gas volume. sodium vapour lamps. PIN. Review of human anatomy and physiology of heart. plastic surgery. nuclear. APD ~Optical detectors. solid laser. eye and nervous systems ~Introduction to different types of bioelectric potentials ~Action and resting p otentials ~Propagation of action potentials ~Components of biomedical instrument ation system ~Different type of electrodes. and atmospheric effect ~Material processing ~Laser heating. Holography ~Basic principle. Introduction ~Definition and meaning of terms used in illumination Engineering ~ Classification of light sources. Frequency. removal and vaporization. X-ray machine ~Computer tomography ~Magnetic resonance imaging system ~Positron emission tomography and endoscopy ~Introduction to telemetry systems ~Different types of telemetry systems. EEG. Fuel gas oxygen analyzer ~Analysis of impurities in feed water and steam ~Dissol ved oxygen analyzer ~Chromatography ~pH meter ~fuel analyzer ~Pollution monitori . Cardiac pacemakers ~Defibrillators ~Ventilators ~Surgical diathermy ~Heart lung machine ~Laser in surgery and medicine. current .welding ~Requirements of good weld ~Preparation of work ~Electrodes ~Power suppl y for arc welding. mercur y vapour lamps. Fundamental characteristics of laser ~Three level and four level lasers ~Propert ies of lasers ~Laser modes ~Resonator configuration ~Q ~switching and mode locki ng ~Cavity dumping ~Types of laser ~Gas laser. Incandescent lamps. temperature. heart sound. fuel. Combustion control ~Air/fuel ratio control ~Furnace draft control ~Drum level co ntrol ~Main steam and reheat steam temperature control ~Super heater control ~At temperator ~Deaerator control ~Distributed control system in power plants ~Inter locks in boiler operation. flow rate of CO2 and O2 in exhaust air. gyaenocology an d oncology. velocity. LD. thermal. ECG. ERG ~Lead systems and recording methods ~Typical waveforms. welding. methods ~Holographic interferometry and application s ~Holography for non destructive testing ~Holographic components ~Medical appli cation of lasers ~Laser and tissue interaction ~Laser instruments for surgery ~R emoval of tumors of vocal cords. acceleration. pH of blood. solar and w ind power ~Importance of Instrumentation in power generation ~Thermal power plan ts ~Building blocks ~Details of Boiler processes ~P And I diagram of Boiler ~Cog eneration. Voltage. fluorescent lamps ~Design of illumination systems ~Indoor lighti ng schemes ~factory lighting halls ~outdoor lighting schemes ~flood lighting ~st reet lighting ~Energy saving lamps. Power. Electrical measurements~Current. brain surgery. Brief survey of methods of power generation-hydro. L Measurement of blood pressure ~Ultra sound blood flow meter ~Blood flow cardiac output ~Heart rate. sensors used in biomedicine ~Selecti on criteria for transducer and electrodes. Introduction ~Refrigeration cycle ~Refrigeration system ~Types of refrigerants ~ Domestic refrigerator ~Water coolers ~Air conditioning systems ~Air conditioning cycle ~Classification of air conditioning systems ~Central system ~Unitary syst ems ~Load estimation ~Heating of building. semi c onductor laser. EMG. Principles of light propagation through a fibre ~Different types of fibres and t heir properties ~Transmission characteristics of optical fibre ~Absorption losse s ~Scattering losses ~Dispersion ~Optical fibre measurement ~Optical sources ~LE D. 40 Fibre optic sensors ~Fibre optic instrumentation system ~Different types of modu lators ~Detectors ~Application in instrumentation ~Interferometric method of mea surement of length ~Moire fringes ~Measurement of pressure. Power-factor ~Nonele ctrical parameters~Flow of feed water. liquid laser. voltage. liquid level and strain ~Fibre optic gyroscope ~Polarization ~Maintai ning fibres. lungs. L 45 Laser for measurement of distance. meltin g and trimming materials. volt age. length. current.

Vibration. Stability ~Convergence ~Robustness ~Application of adaptive control. L Chemical from petroleum ~Methane derivatives ~Acetylene derivatives ~Ethylene de rivatives ~Propylene derivatives ~Other products. Micro actuation ~MEMS with micro actuators ~Microaccelorometers and Micro fluidics ~M EMS materials ~Microfabrication. Nonparametric methods~Transient analysis ~frequency analysis ~Correlation analys is ~Spectral analysis. relationship between reliability. Chemical Mechanical Polishing (CMP) . gap an d finger pull up ~Electro static actuators ~Comb generators ~Gap closers ~Rotary motors ~Inch worms ~Electromagnetic actuators ~Bistable actuators. shell temperature monitoring and control ~Steam pressure contr ol ~Lubricant oil temperature control ~Cooling system. MEMS and Microsystems~Miniaturization and Typical products ~Micro Sensors. Speed. strain and material properties. Microbridge gas sensors ~Piezoelectric rate gyroscope ~Capacitive Accelerometer ~Piezoresistive Pressure Sensor ~Thermal Sensors~Radiation Sensors. . basic concepts. Resonance ~Thermo mechanics ~Actuators. Thermal Circuits and Flui dic Circuits ~Signal Conditioning Circuits~Op-Amp models and Circuits. force and response time. Parameters to be measured in refinery and petrochemical industry ~Selection and maintenance of measuring instruments ~Protection types for instruments. circuit noise calculation procedure. Electrostatics~basic theory. Maintainability~Definition. Linear Regression~The Least square estimate ~Best linear unbiased estimation und er linear constraints ~Updating the Parameter estimates for linear regression mo dels ~Prediction error methods~Description of Prediction error methods ~Optimal Prediction ~Relationships between prediction error methods and other identificat ion methods ~theoretical analysis. electro static instability. Browni an motion noise. Surface tension. Thermal cracking ~Catalytic cracking ~Catalytic reforming ~polymerisation ~Alkyl ation ~Isomerization ~Production of ethylene. estimation of parameters for exponential and Weibull distributions. corrective maintenance time distributions and ma intainability demonstration ~Design considerations for maintainability ~Availabi lity and reliability relationship. acetylene and propylene from petro leum. Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD). Identification of systems operating in closed loop~Identifiability consider ations ~Direct identification ~Indirect identification ~Joint input ~Output iden tification. Spri ng configurations. ma intainability and availability. torsional deflection. Introduction to life-testing. Petroleum exploration ~Recovery techniques ~Oil ~Gas separation processing wet g ases ~Refining of crude oil. Instrumental variable methods~Description of Instrumental variable methods ~Theoretical analysis ~covariance matrix of IV est imates ~Comparison of optimal IV and prediction error methods. SNR and dynamic range. destructive and non-destructive tests. Mechanical S ensors and Bio-Chemical Sensors. Introduction ~Users ~Definitions ~Auto tuning ~Types of adaptive control -Gain s cheduling controller ~Model reference adaptive control schemes ~Self tuning cont roller ~MRAC and STC~Approaches ~The Gradient approach ~Lyapunov functions ~Pass ivity theory~pole placement method ~Minimum variance control ~Predictive control . component reliability a nd MIL standards. Mechanical vibration. Fracture and thin film mechanics . 49 Circuit modeling of MEMS~Resonator equivalent circuit. stress. Process control in refinery and petrochemical industry ~Control of distillation column ~Control of catalytic crackers and pyrolysis unit ~Automatic control of p olyethylene production ~Control of vinyl chloride and PVC production. 54 Elasticity. material. Bending of thin plates. transisto r level-design ~Electronic and Mechanical Noise~Electronic noise sources. L The recursive least squares method ~Recursive Instrumental variable method-the r ecursive prediction error method-model validation and model structure determinat ion.ng instruments.

block diagrams. NETWORKS Artificial neuron ~Model of neuron ~Network architecture ~Learning proc ess ~Single layer perceptron ~Limitations ~Multi layer perceptron ~Back propagat ion algorithm ~RBF ~RNN ~Reinforcement learning.11. Hazar d models and bath-tub curve. Devicenet~Introduction. parallel series and K-out of M systems. Applicability of Weibull distribution. product safety. L Basic concepts ~Semiconductor RAMs. Computer Networks~Introduction. . Reference mo dels. preventive. reliability in terms of hazard rates and failure density function. Accessing I/O devices ~Interrupts ~Direct Memory Access ~Buses ~Interface Circui ts ~Standard I/O Interfaces (PCI. Kohnen s self organising maps and adaptive resonance theory. condition-based and reliability centered maintenance ~Terotechnology. Bluetooth~Data link layer Switching. size and cost ~cache memories ~ Performance consideration ~Virtual memory ~Memory management requirements ~Secon dary storage. Addition and subtraction of signed numbers ~Design of fast adders ~multiplicati on of positive numbers ~Signed operand multiplication and fast multiplication ~I nteger division ~Floating point numbers and operations. Reliability ca lculation for series. 55 The Transport Layer~Transport layer design issues ~Transport layer protocols ~Si mple transport protocol ~Internet transport protocols ~UDP and TCP/IP. Physical layer. AS interface~Introduction. types of maintenance. Schemes of Neuro-control ~Identification and control of dynamical systems ~Param eterized Neuro ~Controller and optimization aspects ~Adaptive neuro controller ~ Case studies. Physical layer. The Physical layer~The th eoretical basis for data communication ~Guided Transmission media ~Wireless tran smission ~PSTN ~Mobile telephone ~Satellite Communication. SCSI. measurement and prediction of human reliability. human reliability and operator training ~Reliability and safety Saf ety margins in critical devices ~Origins of consumerism and importance of produc t knowledge. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM). ROMs ~Speed. Data link layer and Applicati on layer. failure modes. Safety Causes of failure and unreliability. The Network Layer~Network layer design issues ~Routing algorithms ~Congestion co ntrol algorithms ~Internetworking ~Network layer in Internet. The Data Link Layer~Data link layer design issues ~Error detection and correctio n ~Elementary data link protocols ~Sliding window protocols ~Example of data lin k protocols ~ETHERNET ~802. 802. Data link layer and Operating charac teristics. L Fuzzy set theory ~Fuzzy sets ~Operation on Fuzzy sets ~Fuzzy relations ~Fuzzy me mbership functions ~Fuzzy conditional statements ~Fuzzy rules.16. Use of redundancy and system reliability improvement methods ~Maintenance~OBJECT IVES. USB). Example of networks and Network standardization. failure data. Software Performan ce ~Memory locations and addresses ~Memory operations ~Instruction and instructi on sequencing ~Addressing modes ~Assembly language ~Basic I/O operations ~Stacks and Queues. Fuzzy Neuron ~Fuzzification and rule base Using ANN ~Introduction to GA ~Optimiz ation of membership function and rule base using Genetic Algorithm ~Fuzzy transf er functions in neural networks ~Elements of evolutionary computation ~Case stud y. 44 Functional units ~Basic Operational Concepts. Network software. Fundamental concepts ~Execution of a complete Instruction ~Multiple bus organiza tion ~Hardwired control ~Micro-programmed control ~Pipelining ~Basic concepts ~D ata hazards ~Instruction hazards ~Influence on Instruction sets ~Data path and c ontrol consideration ~Superscalar operation. The Application Layer~Domain Name System ~Electronic Mail ~World Wide Web ~Multi media ~Cryptography ~Digital signature ~Communication Security. Network hardware. Fuzzy Logic controller ~Fuzzification ~Knowledge base ~Decision making logic ~De fuzzification ~Design of Fuzzy logic controller ~Adaptive fuzzy systems ~Case st udy. Bus Structures. product liability and product safety improvement pr ogram.Reliability~Definition and basic concepts.

Profibus protocol stack. manufacturing.C. Variance. Wiener Khintchine Relation ~Power Spectral Density ~Periodogram ~Sample Autocorrelation ~Sum Decomposition Theore m. measurement ~Case studies. Co mmunication objects. motors and their characteristics -Starters ~Speed control of D. predictive techniques. Image registration ~Translational misregistration detection ~Statistical correla tion function.C.Industrial Ethernet~Introduction. generators ~Armature reaction ~Commuta tion ~Principle of operation of D. L Discrete Random Processes. Maximum likelihood criterion ~Efficiency of estimator ~Least mean squared error criterion ~Wiener filter ~Discrete Wiener Hoff equations-Recursive estimators ~K alman filter ~Linear prediction. Covariance. Lattice realization. and Levinson recursion algorithm for solving Toeplitz system of equations. Applications in medicine. prediction error whitening filter. pixel coding. Mathematical description of change of sampling rate ~Interpolation and Decimati on ~continuous time model ~Direct digital domain approach ~Decimation by an inte ger factor ~Interpolation by an integer factor ~Single and multistage realizatio n ~Poly phase realization ~Application to sub band coding ~Wavelet transform and filter bank implementation of wavelet expansion of signals. Machines ~Principle and theory of operation of D. the radio spect rum and frequency allocation and Radio modems ~Comparison between various indust rial networks. Basic latch circuit ~Flip-flops ~Truth table ~Excitation table ~Analysis and des ign of synchronous sequential circuits ~Transition table ~Transition diagram ~In troduction to asynchronous sequential circuits ~Race in sequential circuits ~Haz ards ~Techniques for controlling hazards. Scalar Product. two state methods Image fusion. motor ~Voltage equation ~Torque equation ~T ypes of D. E nergy of Discrete Signals ~Parseval's Theorem.C. inverse filt er~Levinson recursion. Fundamentals of Image Compression ~Lossy versus Lossless coding techniques. Profibus communication model. MODBUS protocol structure ~Function codes ~Troubleshooting ~Data highway (plus) protocol ~Review of HART Protocol. Non-Parametric Methods ~Correlation Method ~Co-Variance Estimator~Performance An alysis of Estimators ~Unbiased. 10Mbps Ethernet and 100Mbps Ethernet ~Radio an d wireless communication~Introduction. Expectations. Construction of D. m . ARMA Si gnal Modeling ~Parameter Estimation using Yule ~Walker Method. Profibus~Introduction. Elements of Digital Image Processing systems ~Digital image representation ~Elem ents of visual perception~Image sampling and quantization ~Imaging geometry ~Dis crete Image transforms ~Properties. Components of radio link. ISO-OSI model ~EIA 232 interface standard ~EIA 485 interface standard ~EIA 422 i nterface standard ~\t20\tmA current loop ~Serial interface converters.C. Consistent Estimators-Periodogram Estimator ~Bar lett Spectrum Estimation ~Welch Estimation~Model based Approach ~AR. Spectral Factorization Theorem ~Discrete Random Signal Processing by Linear S ystems ~Simulation of White Noise ~Low Pass Filtering of White Noise.C. algorithm and case studies. FIR adaptive filters ~Newton's steepest descent method ~Adaptive filter based on steepest descent method ~Widrow Hoff LMS adaptive algorithm ~Adaptive channel e qualization ~Adaptive echo chancellor ~Adaptive noise cancellation ~RLS adaptive filters ~Exponentially weighted RLS ~sliding window RLS ~Simplified IIR LMS ada ptive filter. generat or ~EMF equation ~Characteristics of D. System operation and Troubleshooting ~Foundation fieldbus v ersus Profibus. MA.C. Point Processing methods ~Contrast stretching ~Gray level slicing~Histogram modi fication techniques-Spatial filtering ~Enhancement in the frequency domain. transform coding. Image restoration ~Degradation model ~Unconstrained and Constrained restoration~ Inverse filtering ~Wiener filter ~Restoration in spatial domain~Segmentation ~De tection of discontinuities ~Edge linking ~Boundary detection ~Thresholding ~Regi on oriented segmentation. Asynchronous Counter design and Synchronous Counter design ~Up/Down counter ~Mod ulus counter ~Shift Registers ~Johnson Counter ~Ring Counter -Application of Cou nters and Shift Registers.

Architecture of 8085 processors. Principle of alternators~Construction details. Capacitors. Torque equation. summer. summer. clipper. keyboard and PC int erface. Architecture of 8085 processors. keyboard and PC int . Bipolar Junction transistor and Field Effect Tran sistors ~operating principles and characteristics. Principle ~Theory of ideal transformer ~EMF equation ~Construction details of sh ell and core type transformers ~Tests on transformers ~Equivalent circuit ~Phaso r diagram ~Regulation and efficiency of a transformer ~Introduction to three ~ph ase transformer connections. types. integr ator. Photodetectors. Review of Number Systems ~Fixed point and floating point representations ~Review of computer codes ~Number complements ~Signed number addition and subtraction ~ Boolean Algebra ~Demorgan s theorem ~Canonical forms ~Simplification of Boolean fu nctions using K-maps and Quine Mclusky methods. summer. Torque. Rectifier and Power Supply Circuits. Zener diode. Rectifier and Power Supply Circuits. Operational Amplifiers (Ideal) ~properties and typical circuits like differentiator. Resistors. Bipolar Junction transistor and Field Effect Tran sistors ~operating principles and characteristics. LED. Applications like motor control. clamper using diodes. Equivalent Circuit. NMOS. Peripherals a nd Interfacing ~8255. types. 8251. subtraction. Simple PN Junction Diodes. Equation of induced EMF and Vecto r diagram ~Synchronous motor~Starting methods. ECL. types. Photodetectors. SCR. multiplication.C motor. Resistors. SCR. DTL. Inductors and Transformers ~properties. Architecture of 8085 processors. subtraction. Inductors and Transformers ~properties. Photodetectors. LED. logical operation. Instruction set. Induction motor~Construction and principle of operation. Other Devices ~UJT. Peripherals a nd Interfacing ~8255. 8251. Bipolar Junction transistor and Field Effect Tran sistors ~operating principles and characteristics. 8251. Zener diode. subtraction. Zener diode. integr ator. integr ator. comparator. Introduction to Microcontrollers. logical operation. Other Devices ~UJT. Inductors and Transformers ~properties. Condition for maximum torque. Operational Amplifiers (Ideal) ~properties and typical circuits like differentiator. comparator. Gates ~Universal set of modules ~Standard combinational modules ~Decoders ~Encod ers ~Multiplexers ~Demultiplexers ~Comparators ~Code Converters ~Function realiz ation using Gates and Multiplexers ~Adders ~Carry Look Ahead Adder ~Subtraction using adders ~BCD adder. S tarting methods and Speed control of induction motors. Address Modes. Operational Amplifiers (Ideal) ~properties and typical circuits like differentiator. V curves. single-stage BJT s and FET s amplifiers ~Multistage Amplif ier Principles(Qualitative Treatment only). Introduction to logic families ~RTL. clipper. single-stage BJT s and FET s amplifiers ~Multistage Amplif ier Principles(Qualitative Treatment only). clamper using diodes. Address Modes. Address Modes. single-stage BJT s and FET s amplifiers ~Multistage Amplif ier Principles(Qualitative Treatment only). Applications like motor control. Simple PN Junction Diodes. Speed control a nd Hunting. keyboard and PC int erface. simple programm ing like addition. Rectifier and Power Supply Circuits. Peripherals a nd Interfacing ~8255. LED. Applications like motor control. Introduction to Microcontrollers. Instruction set. Simple PN Junction Diodes. Classification of induc tion motor. clamper using diodes. multiplication. Capacitors. clipper. simple programm ing like addition. comparator. TTL. CMOS ~GaAs Building bl ocks ~Operating conditions -Interfacing between different families. Instruction set. simple programm ing like addition. logical operation. Resistors. SCR. Capacitors. Types of single phase motor -Double revolving field theory ~Cross field theory ~ Capacitor start capacitor run motors ~Shaded pole motor ~Repulsion type motor ~U niversal motor ~Hysteresis motor ~Permanent magnet synchronous motor ~Switched r eluctance motor ~Brushless D. Other Devices ~UJT.otors ~Applications. multiplication.

Flip-Flops. DMM. Basics of Boolean Logic ~Logic Gates. L Principle of operation ~Construction details ~Characteristics and applications o f Resistance potentiometers ~Strain Gauges ~Resistance thermometers ~Thermistors ~Hotwire anemometer ~Piezoresistive sensors and humidity sensors. Definitions of Accuracy. Transducers and signal conditioning systems for pressure. Static characteristics ~Mathematical model of transducers~Zero. Range. D SO. Ultrasonic densitometer and Brid ge type gas densitometer. accel eration measurements (Qualitative Treatment only). Definitions of Accuracy. temperature. Watt-Meter. L Introduction to Linear IC ~Operational amplifiers ~DC characteristics~bias. Baume scale. Inductive potentiometer ~Variable Reluctance transducers~EI pick up and LVDT ~Ca pacitive transducers~Variable air gap type. Resolution. Ammeter. Ammeter. Counters. M easurement of Electrical Quantities ~Voltmeter. Capacitor. diode. Float type densitometers. Linearity. Variable area type and Variable perm ittivity type ~Capacitor microphone. Sensitivity. Resolution. Flip-Flops. CRO. Resolution. Display Devices. Functional Block diagram of ADC and DAC ~Sample and Hold circuit ~Successive App roximation ADC ~Integrating ADC ~Sigma Delta ADC ~Study of successive approximat ion ADC IC ~Study of Integrating ADC IC ~Study of Sigma Delta ADC IC ~Study of 8 bit DAC IC ~Temperature Sensor IC ~Piezoelectric Pressure Sensor IC ~Hall-Effec t sensor IC and Level sensor IC. Silicon Wafer Preparation ~Epitaxial growth -Photolithography ~Etching ~Diffusio n ~Thermal Diffusion and Ion implantation ~Metallization ~Packaging ~Realization of passive and active devices~Resistor.erface. 15 Accelerometers~LVDT. Basics of Boolean Logic ~Logic Gates. A/D and D/A Converters. Transducers and signal conditioning systems for pressure. Timer. Range. Linearity. Dec oders/Drivers. Sensitivity. Display Devices. Counters. D SO. Linearity. temperature. Shift-Registers. Introduction to Microcontrollers. Dec oders/Drivers. Precision. Timer. A/D and D/A Converters. triangular and sine wave ~V to I converter and I to V converter~Instrumentation Amplifier ~Log and antilog ampli fiers. and API scale ~Density Measurement~Pressure hea d type densitometers. Sensitivity. accel eration measurements (Qualitative Treatment only). M easurement of Electrical Quantities ~Voltmeter. 14 Units and standards ~Calibration methods ~Classification of errors ~Error analys is ~Limiting error ~Probable error ~Propagation of errors~Odds and uncertainty~P rinciple of transduction ~Classification. Piezoelectric transducer ~Magnetostrictive transducer ~Semiconductor sensor ~Dig ital transducers ~Smart sensors ~Fiber optic transducers ~Hall effect transducer s ~Introduction to MEMS Sensors and Nanosensors. Transducers and signal conditioning systems for pressure. Flip-Flops. 566. offs et and drift -AC characteristics~bandwidth. DMM. A/D and D/A Converters. Strain gauge and Variable reluctance type a ccelerometer ~Mechanical type vibration instruments ~Seismic instruments as an a ccelerometer ~Vibrometers ~Calibration of Vibration pickups ~Units of density an d specific gravity. Definitions of Accuracy. slew rate and noise ~Inverting and n oninverting amplifiers ~Zero crossing detector with hysteresis ~Arithmetic Circu its. D SO. LM 723 voltage regulator and current regulator. Precision rectifiers ~Active filters ~Butterworth low-pass filter and Butterwort h highpass filter ~Waveform generators ~Square. Precision. FET and MOS tran sistors. Dec oders/Drivers. Counters. Precision. first and second order transducers -Dynamic characteristics of first and second order transducer s for standard test inputs. temperature. accel eration measurements (Qualitative Treatment only). M easurement of Electrical Quantities ~Voltmeter. Basic functional block diagram ~Characteristics and applications of ICs~555. Shift-Registers. Piezo-electric. Watt-Meter. BJT. Basics of Boolean Logic ~Logic Gates. Definitions and standards ~Primary and secondary fixed points -Calibration of th . CRO. DMM. Range. Ammeter. Timer. Shift-Registers. CRO. Watt-Meter. 565 . Display Devices.

C. Loops and Charts. RS232. SCADA in VI. Capacitive type pressure gauge. Introduction to PC Buses ~Local busses~ISA. A/D and D/A Converters. su b VI. Formula nodes. Electric balance ~Different types of load cells~Hydraulic. Tachogenerators and Stroboscope. SCXI and PXI -Instrumentation Buses ~Modbus and GPIB ~Networked busses ~ISO/OSI Reference model. PCI. Displacer type and Bubbler system ~Electrical level gau ge~Resistance and Capacitance ~Nuclear radiation and Ultrasonic types ~Boiler dr . Piezo-resistive pressure sensor and Re sonator pressure sensor ~Measurement of vacuum~McLeod gauge. Pneumatic strain gaug e. L 45 Units of pressure ~Manometers ~Types~Elastic type pressure gauges. Time response ~Types of test inputs ~I and II order system responses ~Error coef ficients ~Generalized error series ~Steady state error ~Time domain specificatio ns ~Computer simulation. Case and Sequence Structure s. Organization of the DAQ VI system ~Opto Isolation ~Performing analog input and analog output ~Scanning multiple analog channels ~Issues involved in s election of Data acquisition cards ~Data acquisition modules with serial communi cation ~Design of digital voltmeters with transducer input ~Timers and Counters . plug-in Analog Input/Output cards ~Digital Input and Out put Cards. Level measurement~Float. D.ermometers ~Different types of filled in system thermometers -Sources of errors in filled in systems and their compensation-Bimetallic thermometers ~Electrical methods of temperature measurement-Signal conditioning of RTDs and their charact eristics ~3 lead and 4 lead RTDs ~Thermistors. VXI.C. and Lag-Lead networks ~Compensator design for desired response using Root locus and Bode diagrams ~Computer simulation. Thermal conductivit y gauges and Ionization gauges~Cold cathode type and hot cathode type ~Testing a nd calibration of pressure gauges ~Dead weight tester. PC based digital storage oscilloscope ~Sensor Technology and Signal Processing ~ Virtual Laboratory ~Spectrum Analyser ~Waveform Generator ~Data visualization fr om multiple locations~Distributed monitoring and control ~Vision and Motion Cont rol. Virtual Instrumentation ~Definition and Flexibility ~Block diagram and Architect ure of Virtual Instruments ~Virtual Instruments versus Traditional Instruments ~ Review of software in Virtual Instrumentation ~VI programming techniques ~VI. Concepts of stability ~Location of roots in s-plane for stability ~Routh Hurwitz criterion ~Root locus techniques ~Construction ~Nyquist stability criterion ~Co mputer simulation. Design of ON/OFF controller and Proportional controller for a mathematically des cribed processes using VI software ~Modeling and basic control of Level and Reac tor Processes ~Case studies on development of HMI. Magneto elastic and Piezo electric load cell ~Different methods of torque mea surements~strain gauge and Relative angular twist ~Speed measurement~Capacitive tacho. Ethernet and TCP / IP Protocols. String and File Input/Output. Arrays. Frequency response ~Frequency domain specifications ~Bode plot~Polar plot ~Deter mination of phase margin and gain margin ~Constant M and N circles ~Nichols char t ~Determination of closed loop response from open loop response ~Computer simul ation. Hydraulic and Pneumatic systems ~Transfer function ~AC and DC ser vomotors ~Block diagram reduction techniques ~Signal flow graph ~Control system components ~Computer simulation. Bellows and Diaphragms ~Electrical methods~Elastic elements with LVDT and strai n gauges. Thermal. Thermocouples ~Laws of thermocouple ~Fabrication of industrial thermocouples ~Si gnal conditioning ~Isothermal block reference junctions ~Cold junction compensat ion ~High temperature Measurement ~Radiation methods of temperature measurement ~Radiation fundamentals ~Total radiation pyrometers ~Optical pyrometers ~Two col our radiation pyrometers ~Fiber Optic temperature measurement. Bourdon tube. \t20\t Basic elements in control systems ~Open and Closed loop systems ~Feedback charac teristics ~Effects of feedback ~Mathematical modeling of physical systems~Mechan ical. Dragcup type tacho. Clusters and Graphs. PCMCIA. and A. Lead. PID controllers ~Performance criteria ~Selection of controller modes ~Lag. RS422 and RS485 ~Interfa ce Buses~USB.

Introduction~Evolution of signal standard ~HART communication protocol ~Communic ation modes ~HART Networks ~HART commands ~HART applications ~Fieldbus~Introduct ion. 29 Need for process control ~Mathematical model of flow. proportional. Interoperability and Interchangeability ~Introduction to OLE for process control (OPC). L 45 Characteristic of on-off. integral and deri vative controllers ~P+I. Ther mal and Coriolis ~Calibration of flow meters~Dynamic weighing methods. Basic requirements of Fieldbus standard. Sequential function chart. P+D and P+I+D control modes ~Electronic PID controller ~Auto/manual transfer ~Reset windup ~Practical forms of PID Controller. Instruction list and Structured text programming. L 45 Network hierarchy and switching ~ISO/OSI Reference model ~Data link control prot ocol-HDLC ~Media access protocol-Command/response. Principle and constructional details of Electromagnetic flow meter ~Ultrasonic f low meters ~Laser Doppler anemometer ~Vortex shedding flow meter ~Target flow me ter ~Guidelines for selection of flow meter ~Open channel flow measurement ~Soli d flow rate measurement. Fie ldbus topology. Master station. ISE. Evolutions of PLCs ~Sequential and Programmable Controllers ~Architecture ~Compa rative study of Industrial PLCs. Reciprocating piston. Dew cell an d Electrolysis type hygrometer ~Commercial type dew point meter ~Moisture measur ement~Different methods of moisture measurements and Application of moisture mea surement . Variable head type flow meters~Orifice plate. Evolution ~Different architectures ~Local control unit ~Operator Interface ~Disp lays ~Engineering interface ~Study of any one DCSavailable in market ~Factors to be considered in selecting DCS~Case studies in DCS. General Fieldbus architecture. Pressure and Therma l processes ~Interacting and non-interacting systems ~Degrees of freedom ~Contin uous and batch processes ~Self regulation ~Servo and regulatory operations ~Lump ed and Distributed parameter models ~Heat exchanger ~CSTR ~Linearization of nonl inear systems. Communication architectures and Open SCADA protocols. ~SCADA~Hardware and software. PLC Programming~Ladder logic. Remote terminal u nits. single speed floating.um level measurement~Differential Pressure Method and Hydra step method ~Solid l evel measurement. Parameter optimization~Servo mechanisms ~Regulators ~Optimal control problems~T ransfer function approach ~state variable approach ~State regulator problem ~Inf inite-time regulator problem ~output regulator and tracking problems ~LQR and LQ . Continuous cycling method and Damped oscillation method ~Determinatio n of optimum settings for mathematically described processes using time response and frequency response approaches ~Auto tuning. Viscosity~Say bolt viscometer and Rotameter type viscometer ~Consistency meters ~Dry and wet bulb psychrometers ~Hot wire electrode type hygrometer. Level. Functional block programming. Evolution ~Different architectures ~Local control unit ~Operator Interface ~Disp lays ~Engineering interface ~Study of any one DCSavailable in market ~Factors to be considered in selecting DCS~Case studies in DCS. I/P converter ~Pneumatic and electric actuators ~Valve Positioner ~Control Valve s ~Characteristic of Control Valves~Inherent and Installed characteristics ~Mode ling of pneumatic control valve ~Valve body-Commercial valve bodies ~Control val ve sizing ~Cavitation and flashing ~Selection criteria. Feed-forward control ~Ratio control ~Cascade control ~Inferential control ~Split range and introduction to multivariable control ~Examples from distillation colu mn and boiler systems ~IMC~Model Predictive Control ~Adaptive control ~Introduct ion to Plant-wide Control ~Controller design for a nonlinear process ~Introducti on to batch process control ~PAndID diagram. Flow nozzle and Dall tube ~Installation of head flow meters ~Pitot tube. Venturi tube. Token passing and CSMA/CD ~TC P/IP ~Bridges ~Routers ~Gateways -Standard ETHERNET and ARCNET Configuration. 28 Positive displacement flow meters ~Nutating disc. ITAE and ¼ decay ratio ~Tuning~Process reaction cur ve method. Oval gea r and Helix type flow meters ~Inferential meter ~Turbine flow meter ~Area flow m eter~Rotameter ~Theory and installation ~Mass flow meters~Angular momentum. Evaluation criteria ~IAE.

Es tablish documentation and record maintaining. capacity ~in vapour absorption refrigeration. Power consu mption . pallet trucks. Identifying CCPs. Micro organisms and their growth phases. ~Deterioration modes of food items. entry -exit position. ~Basic design requirements of storage to uphold the shelf -life ~size . spiral freezer. proper aisk-space for air-circulation.G. Refrigeration load demands and their cal culation. insulation. Defining overall Shelf-life. Corrective actions to be eatablished. Models of quality deteriroration ~Kinetic model. Sto rage of frozen foods. State equation of discrete data system with sample and hold ~State transition eq uation ~Methods of computing the state transition matrix ~Decomposition of discr ete data transfer functions ~State diagrams of discrete data systems ~System wit h zero-order hold ~Controllability and observability of linear time invariant di screte data system ~Stability tests of discrete-data system. Types freezer. Developing the HACCP plan. Purpose. What is cold chain *Need for the chain for chilled / frozen food item. remaining shelf life in the context of Chilled & Fr ozen foods. Non Parametric methods~Transient analysis ~Frequency analysis ~correlation analy sis ~Spectral analysis ~Parametric methods~Least square method ~Recursive least square method. etc. Concepts of systems and surrounding. COPetc. microbial quality of thawed foods. Cryogenic tunnel freezer. Sampling systems ~Ion selective electrodes ~Conductivity meters ~pH meters ~Diss olved oxygen analyzer ~Sodium analyzer ~Silica analyzer ~Turbidity meter. IR. Cold show proteins and cold shock response. temperature moni toring and recording facility. Types. origins of HACCP. efficiency factors. emergency exits. NMR Spectroscopy ~Principle and Detection ~GM counter ~Proportional counters -Xray spectroscopy ~Mass spectrometer ~Applications. Definition. TTT model for the remaining she lf ~life. comparative study between the above types of refrigeration. Applications and Detectors ~Liquid Chromat ography~Principles. Choosing the right freezer. Refrigeration cycle as a series of thermodynamics p rocesses refrigeration cycle. Defining the product and its usa ge. etc. automatic door -closing. Types of regrigerat ants -their advantages / disadvantages. TQM. palletization. Spectral methods of analysis~UV. etc. capacity. etc. etc. T he 7-point HACCP system ~conducting a hazard analysis. Tumbling And rotary tunn el freezer. meaning of refrigeration. FTIR. Types. Procedures-setting for verification. Cryogenic refrigeration. ~Blast freezer. Applications and Detectors ~HPLC~Principle. General procedure for shelf -life testing ~the 11 steps procedure. Establi shing limits for each CCp.Categ ories (groups) of Organisms in respect of their ability to survivor under Cold / Chilling environment. Q10/q10 model. Estabilishing monitoring procedure for critical limit s. Ap plications and Detectors. On-Site confirmation of flow diagram. stacking systems. Freezi ng time ~their prediction models. L Introduction ~Nonlinear system elements ~Linearization ~Phase plane analysis ~Ly apunov s method ~Describing function method ~Popov s method ~Circle criterion. response of micro organisms. Visible. Top-Management Commitment And invo lvement. material handl ing devices like fork-lifts. proper lighting. Types. closed cycle air refrigeration (CCAR). Rapid freezing and slow thawing. Implementation and integrating HACCP system wit h ISO. atomic absorption ~Flame emi ssion mass spectrophotometers ~Sources ~Detectors ~Applications. Inactivati on mechanism during Chilling and freezing. Gas Chromatography~Principles. Review of z-transform ~Modified of z-transform ~Pulse transfer function ~Digital PID controller ~Dead-beat control and Dahlin control ~Smith predictor ~Digital Feed-forward controller ~IMC ~Model predictive controller. COP. vapour barriers. fluidized ~bed freezer. Tranining of personnel. shelf-life model. Types of refriger ation. Thawing techn iques. vapour compression-the refrigerating cycle. Preliminary st eps~the five -step process-HACCP team assembly. Constructing the flow diagrams. L 45 Oxygen analyzer ~CO and CO2 monitor ~NO2 analyzer ~H2S analyzer ~Dust and Smoke measurement ~Thermal conductivity type ~Thermal analyzer ~Industrial analyzer. various l . etc floor heaters.

treatment of obesity.inks of the chain. recep tor mechanisms. Glycemic and Non -glycemic carbohydrtaes. essen tial fatty acids~n-3 and n~6 fatty acids. effective temperature. new food grade peptidases from plant sources . Subjective versus OBJECTIVES methods of analysis. health effects of fiber and starch intake. health implications. health claims. absorption and transport. Ener gy Balance and Body Composition Energy balance. In vitro and In vivo methods for the assessment of antioxidant activity. d escriptive terms. attitudes and behaviors toward weight control. Nutrition and Diabetes Complications of diabetes mellitus. fala vnols. Qualitative and quantitative methods phytoestrogens in plants. daily values. Onion-Beverage-Maillard reaction-Thio-s tench Problems in flavour research ~classification of food flavours. fats and amino acids. mechanical and chemical digestion.~Chilling injury. importance of blood sugar regulation. sample handling and artifacts. absorptio n of nutrients. polyphenols. Transportation regulations. Problem based learning. tongue and nose. Functions of the proteins. Recommended intakes o f proteins. CAS. synthesis of isotopi cally labeled phytoestrogens Factors affecting bioavailability . importance of shelf~life. Australia etc. use of biotechnology t o develop flavours. nu tritional assessment of individuals and populations. Thaw indicators. methods of assessing protein quality. BMR and BMI calculations. neural coding. flavour development durin g biogenesis. Mar samus and Kwashiorkor. protein and amino acid supplements. Review of catabolic and anabolic pathways of glucose. using the RDA. obesity.-in various countries~Europe. re search methods in nutrition. CAP etc. chemical compound s responsible for flavour. Temperat ure limits. Functions of the triglycerides. Protein quality. Protein Energy Malnutrition. PPPand TTTconcepts. Chemical compound classes and their flavour responses. Temperature monitoring. -Critical temperatures. dangers of weight loss. data handling 9 Phytochemicals in food. Time -temperature -correlation-the kinetic approach. Chilling and freezin g. phospholipids and sterols. just ~in-time delivereies. Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. Compari son of different In Vitro methods to evaluate the antioxidant . hunger. Weight Control Fat cel l development. amino aci ds. Health effects and recommended intakes of li pids. lignans Multiresidue method for penicilli ns and cephalosporins in Bovine muscle. cook-chilling systems. Role of packaging in cold chain ~MAS. Variation of Antioxidant Activity during technological treatments . trans fatty acids. Chronic Energy Deficiency~short term and long term effect s. MAP. Prediction of th e antioxidant activity of natural phenolics from electrotopological state indice s Optimising phytochemical release by process technology. psychophysics and sensory eval uation. neural development of the chemical senses. satiety and satiation. Six classes of nutrients. cold -shortening. calculating energy values from food. per sonal diet analysis. chemical and histochemical characterasition of cell wall polysaccharides in almond seed in relation to lipid bioavailability . Digestion and absorption of proteins. . nutrition facts. food labels serving sizes. US. artificial sweeteners. isoflavones. d ietary guidelines. Anatomy of the chemical senses. blood glucose regulation. Digestion. dietary recommendations for NIDDM and IDDM 45 Lipid digestion. saponins. Medium Chain Trigly cerides. how to ide ntify unsafe weight loss schemes. the control of eating. Absorption and Transport Anatomy and physiology of the digestive tract. tannins. flavour development during food processing. diet planning guides such as food groups. dietary recommendations. Instrumental analysis. recommendations of sugar inta ke for health. Planning a Healthy Diet Diet planning principles. Temperature -time indicators(TT I). exchange lists. the plants as chemical factories. body weight and body composition . lactose intolerance.

pantothenic acid. publish ers names. writing drafts. E. acid-base balance. vitamin C roles and recommended intake. placement. Introduction. Riboflavin. carnitine) and in concert. evaporated and dried products. titles and quotations. Dynamic Programming ~Pr inciple of Optimality Inventory Problems Deterministic model -Costs ~Decision Variables ~Economic orde r Quantity ~Instantaneous and Non ~Instantaneous receipt of goods with and witho ut Shortage ~Quantity Discount ~Probabilistic inventory Model ~Inventory systems ~Safety Stock ~Reorder Level (ROL) Reorder Point (ROP) determination. Transportation and Assignment Problems Initial solution ~Methods of impr oving the initial solution ~travelling salesman Problem. ice-cream. citing books. lactose and other by-products. D. and calcium. binding. (srp/rm/vec) Sequencing and Scheduling Problems Job sequencing ~Jobs through Two Machines. plagiarism. in plant sanitation and hygiene. toxicities. arrangement. folate and B12. Weaning foods. Casein . Substitutes for milk and milk products. toxicities. information required in parenthetical documentation. readability. outlining. milk powder. page numbers. margins. numbers. Linear Programming Methods of solution ~Graphical and SIMPLEX metho ds of solution ~VARIATIONS ~Duality in LP ~Revised SIMPLEX method ~Application f or business and Industrial Problems. deficiencies and transport of iron and zinc. Integer programming Formulation ~Graphical Representation ~Gomory s Cutting Plane Method. Manufacture of condensed milk. butter. food sources of vitamin A. and food sources. punctuation. therapeutic foods. PERT and CFM techniques ~Cr itical Path ~Normal and crash time.Water Soluble Vitamins B vitamins examined individually (Thiamine. and chromium. heading and title of paper. compiling a working bibilography. choline. and regulatio n of sodium. fluoride. sample referen ces. copper. Maintenance and Replacement Problems Models for routine maintenance and preventi ve maintenance decisions ~Replacement models that deteriorate with time and thos e that fail completely. Typing. Ethical. The project/term paper. Resource allocation ~Resource Leveling and S moothing . Traditional dair y products. reco mmended intakes. corrections and insertions. Social Obligations Growth in Today s Marketplace What Skills Do Entrepreneurs Need? Identify and Meet a Market Need Entrepreneurs in a Market Economy Select a Type of Ownership Concept and Scope of Operation Research (OR) ~Development of OR ~Phases of OR ~M odels in OR. Tw o Jobs through Machines and n Jobs through Machines. Protect and Insure Your Business Record Keeping and Accounting Financia l Management Meet Your Legal. symbols and abbreviations used in proof-reading and correction. potassium. taking notes. deficiency. documenting sources. time. liter ary and scientific indexing. cheese. ghee. Judging and grading of milk. Pyridoxine. E. General guidelines. Technology of milk and dairy products. vitamin E as antioxidant. what is a document. selecting a topic. citing articles in per iodicals. function. mal ted products. Spelling. using a library. and K. National and international standards of milk and mi lk products. B vitamin deficiencies. recommended intakes. recommended intakes. HTST and UH T processes. and K Function. toxicities. import ance of selenium. Milk confections. Pasteurisation sterilization. table s and illustrations. parenthetical documentation. beta carotene and vitamin A Water and the Major Minerals Water balance and recommended intakes. spacing. Fortification and enrichment. 50 Choose Your Location and Set Up for Business Market Your Business Hire and Manag e a Staff Develop a Business Plan Finance. fluid/elec trolyte balance. Biotin. toxicity and food sources Fat Soluble Vitamins A. paper. guides to wri ting. Trace Minerals Food sources. D. function. common scholarly abbreviations and references words. N iacin.

Genetically engine ered bacteria. alpha-lactalbumin and lactoferrin in milk . Food borne infections and food poisoning. Tryptophan .Virus Resistance Genetically engineered proteins. physical properties. Cl. Fiber~Cellulose And hemicellulose. Benefits.Beta -carotene in rice . Review of structure. gel formation. Rotavirus. ~Homo And hetero-fermentative bact eria. functional role and uses in foods Simple Sugars mono and disaccharides. WATER Chemistry. sensory properties-sweetness index. functional role and uses in foods. swelli ng. OTHER COMPONENTS Naturally occurring toxi c substances.The Western World. proximate composition. uses in foods. polymorphis m. The Environment. high fructose corn syrup. helminths. Staphylococci. B. thicken ing And binding. Hepatitis B vaccine in maize . Threshold v alues. Drinking water. amino acids in Maillard reaction. C. D. Properties And reactions of protei ns in food systems Dissociation.Monsanto Golden Harvest Seeds . Biochemistry of fermentations ~pathways involved.Ciba Geigy. Herbicide Resistance . Microbiological spoilage problems associated with typical food products. techniq ues to food industry. Starch hydrolsates ~Malto dextrins and dextrins. coffee. Lactic . Hydrolytic rancidity And oxidative rancidity. water quality for food pro cessing B. emulsification. modified starches. Detection And Enumeration of microbes in foods. Factors affecting spoilage of foods. Microbes of importance in food fermentations. Non-glyceride compone nts in fats And oils. Oligosaccharides structure.Cholera vaccine in potatoes Biotechnology . Glucose syrup. bioactive components: phytates. Risks and Public Perceptions. Listeria monocytogenes Nor walk virus. Food borne viruses. Food enzymes . tea. acetylation. Properties of fats And oils crystal formation. Sugar alcohols. gums And seaweeds~gel formation And viscosity. Food groups. maize . Methionine-enriched oil . Degree of polmerisation. Rapid and automated microbial methods ~development and impact on the detection of food borne pathogens. frying~smoke point. free bound & entrapped water. Microbial flora associated with various foo d groups their spoilage potential. Pectins. Chymosin Lite beer. Yersinia. mineral water. denaturation.Transgen ic Fish . stability & degradation in foods. Polysaccharides Starch~amylose and amylopectin~properties . Fat replacements. Edible vaccines .F ungal Resistance Bintje potatoes . Hepatitis A virus from food samples. food composition tables~uses. Food sources. saponins. Monsan to Round~UpTM Ready . acids. protease inhibitors. Gram Negative and Gr am positive food borne pathogens. Applications of immunological. food compositi on data bases. hydration. Hygroscopcity And solubility. Europe's Mistrust Frost-resistance Drought and Salinity resistance . melting points. fruits. Indicator organisms and microbio logical criteria. phytoestrogens etc. vegetables & fermented prod ucts.Ciba Geigy BastaTM resistant crops Insect Resistance Bacill us thuringiensis toxin . mutarotation. water hardness. Microbial toxins. Food so urces. Calgene Flavr SavrTM tomato. coli. The Thi rd World . polyphenols. auto oxidation. optical activity. resistant starch. Toxigenic algae and fungi. Detection methods for E. thickening And gelatinization. solubility. plasticity. Modification of fats hydrogenation~cis and trans isomers. foam formation And stabilization. pol ymerization. Bovine Somatotropin in Milk . nomenclature. emulsifying effect. tenderization. FLAVOUR & AROMA C OMPONENTS Naturally occurring colours. isomerisation. Review of protein structure And conformation. Growth hormone gene in pigs. Dextrose Equivalent. Maillard reaction. occu rrence. B.Transgenic plants . cocoa. MINERALS & VITAMINS Mineral & vitamin content of foods~Food and Pharm aceutical grades. nematodes and protozoa. interesterification. COLOUR.transgenic "heart-healthy" canola oil. unsaturation. spices. Ca mpylobacter. off flavours & food taints. radiolysis Shortening power of fats.Atlantic salmon A. caramelization. optical rota tion. functional role and uses in foods. yeasts And fungi. Botulimum And Salmonella. winteriz ation. water act ivity. Texturized proteins. Dextrins a nd dextrans. composition And nomenclature of fats.t. Food sources. Synthetic Colours and Natuarally similar /artificial flavours. cereus. other flavour & aroma components p resent in herbs.

regulations and monitoring a gencies. Modes of operation ~batch. and sample prepa ration for analysis. General methods of food analysis~Moisture determination by different methods. their function in food processing and preservation. soy products. evaluation of antioxidant effectiveness ~permitted antioxidants in foods. substrate and produc t inhibition on cell growth and product formation. nitrites. natural a nd chemical antioxidants. application of paper chromatography and TLC in food analysis. specif ic rotations of sugars. breads. sulphites. permitted emulsifiers and stabilizers used in foods. filter sterilization of liquid media. drying. Stoichiometry of cell growth and product formation. tintometer in color intensity determination. Basic principles. application of Ato mic Absorption Spectrophotometer in analysis of mineral elements and fluorimeter in vitamin analysis. ash analysis-diffe rent methods. Micr obes associated with typical food fermentations~yoghurt. sampling methods. tot al soluble solids in fruit products. 23 Basic principles. product formation kinetics ~Leudeking-Piret models. Benzoates. selection and application of antioxidants in food s. determination of crude fiber and dietar y fibre. sequestrants. HPLC and GC in food analysis. Regime analysis of bioreactor processes. Refractive indices of oils and fats. primary and seconda ry antioxidants.acid bacteria fermentation and starter cultures. Use of antimicrobial chemicals~organic acids. Physical methods~Low and high temperatures. power consumption and impeller ti p speed. thermodynamic efficiency of growth. available electron balances. oxygen mass transfer in bioreactors ~M ass transfer Coefficient~methods for the determination of mass transfer coeffici ents. polyols ~physical and chemical properties of polyols. Brixs value of fruit juices. nitrites. idli. analysis of carbohydrates by dif ferent techniques. Analysis of oils and fats for physical and chemical parameters and quality stand ards. Food ~Safety in the use of food additives in foods. Tolerance of microbes to chemical and physical methods in various foods. phosphates. acidulants and low pH ~organic acids and esters. fed batch and continuous cultivation. sodium chloride. Definition. Basic principles. Definition. maintenance coefficients energetic anal ysis of microbial growth and product formation. mechanism of antioxidant function. HLB value. function of emulsifiers and stabilizers in fo ods. Power requirements of Bioreactors. Fungal fermentations. food regulations and standards. sulphur dioxide and its salts. titrable acidity in foods. Study of structured models for analysis of various bioprocess ~compartmental mod els. FAME analysis i n oils and fats. application in food industry. properties. fermented milks . Scale-up co nsiderations on heat transfer oxygen transfer. antibiotics. interaction of additives with fo . protein analysis by different techniques. application of UV-Visible spectrophotometer in the analysis of food additives. Permitted preservatives in foods ~Antioxidants. surface preservation. Monod model. statistical evaluation of analytical data. single cell models. Alcoholic fermentations -Yeast fermentations ~characteristics and strain selection. degrees of reduction of substrate and biomass. natural preservatives. models of cellular energetics and metabolism. batch and continuous heat sterilizati on of liquid media. growth of filamentous org anisms. toxicological evaluation of additives. Preservatives ~d efinition. elemental balances. air sterilization and design of sterilization equipment ~batch and continuous. cheese. Sorbates / Propionates naturally occurring an timicrobials. Thermal death kinetics of microorganisms. application of the technique. mass transfer correlations. oxygen consumption and heat evol ution in aerobic cultures. fermented vegetables and meats. detection of adulterants in foods. permitted polyols in foods. chemical preservatives. yield coeffi cients of biomass and product formation. Simple unstruct ured kinetic models for microbial growth. plasmid r eplication and plasmid stability model. Introduction. radiation and high pressure. sugars.

adulteration. safety and labeling. Changes due to food processing. fat substitutes. IQF. properties of air-water mixtures. design parameters of different type of dryers. calculation of process time temperature-sch edules. dehydro-freezing. nutraceuticals. freezing and cold storag e. intell igent packaging.od ingredients. acesulfame K. preservation by ionizing radiations. types of packaging. restriction on the use of colors in foods. headspace gas modification. Thermal processing. natural flavors. formula foods. prevention of food-borne illness. Flavoring agen ts ~concept of flavors in foods. mycotoxins. colour additives. curing. Implementati on of FSIS program for pathogen reduction. filth. sucrolose. chemical and biological. Heal th claims. USDA and EPA. nutritive additives. restr iction on the use of sweeteners in foods. osmotic methods. packaging for d ifferent types of foods. Filtration ~Principles -Equipments-Centrifugal filtration-Principles~equipments ~Centrifugal separation of immiscible liquids. urethane. application of co lors in food industry. exposure assess ment. Principles of Drying ~Drying equipments Principles of Crystallisation~crystalliz ation equipments. Structured model for microbial risk reduction. sports nutrition. pyrolytic an d thermal decomposition products. Labeling Allergens. scrombotoxin. restrictions on the use of flavoring agents in food s. GM Foods. pesticide s. migration. chemica l structure And sweetness. function and roles of USFDA. design of freezers and cold storages. cross ~contamination. inorganic pigments. 24 Characterisation of solid particles ~Mixing of solids ~equipments ~storage of so lids ~size reduction of solids ~Crushing. calculation of re frigeration load. costs of packaging and recycling of materials. high p ressure. Factors affecting heat and mass trans fer. Definition of food safety and concept of safe food. Rate of drying for food products. phenolic antioxi dants. 30 Transport phenomena with respect to foods. Food acids ~their function and applica tion in foods. International Food Standards ISO 9000 and related standards. arti ficial flavoring substances. Newer methods of thermal processing. ohmic heating. Consumer and food service operator education. Natural and synthetic colors. HACCP. grinding Cutting-Power requirements-eq uipments-size enlargement. industrial and international impl ications. fake colors. antimicrobial plastics. application of the principals of modern hygiene . medical foods. Study of heat transfer and its application in the design of thermal process es and freezing. characterization of food haz ards~physical. pickling. Separation of solids And suspension from gas medium-screening~settling~Principle s and equipments-classification-clarification. freeze concentration. Infant foods. preservation by concen tration and dehydration. permitted food acids. heavy metals. Impact of food safety on global trade. Food Safety and Standards Act India . lathyrogens. chemical pre servatives. retort pouch packing. fortified foods. non-nutritive sweeteners. monitoring. freeze drying. smoking. Food safety in retail food bu sinesses. goitrogens. batch and continuous. aspartame. nature identical flavors. Chemical preservatives. management and communication. Basic packaging materials. veterinary drugs and antibiotics. international food service operators. Hurdle te chnology. aflatoxins. GMP. 29 Cross flow filtration~Membranes -Ultrafiltration-Microfiltration-Concentration P olarisation ~operation and equipments. saccharine. regulatory. packaging design. Surveillance networks. ultrasonics. nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners. sulfites. PKU. Sanitation. membrane technology. control of water activity. lectins. plastics. model risk assessment. application of infrared microwaves. enrichment of foods. institutional food service opera tors. fermentation. prevention of microbial hazards. dos e-response. alkaloids. trans fatty acids. nitrates and related products. Psychrometric chart. microbial biofi lms. Natural and chemical sweeteners.

\t20\t06; Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, India, 1954; Responsibilities of the Food service operator, consumer protection, food audit. 35 Ability to identify all commercially important fruits and vegetables with their names in important Indian languages, important regions, season, basic aspects o f cultivation, harvest ( Good Agricultural practices) permitted pesticides and s tages of application, yield Canning~General pre processing, specific or salient points in fruits and vegetab les like ~Blanching, exhausting, processing conditions; Indian Food Regulation a nd Quality assurance Fruit Juice / pulp/ Nectar/Drinks, concentrates ~General an d specific processing, different packing including aseptic. Indian Food Regulati on and Quality assurance Vegetable Purees/pastes ~General and specific processin g, different packing including aseptic. Indian Food Regulation and Quality assur ance Climatic and non climatic fruits, ripening process, phytonutrients in fruits and vegetables; Handling, transportation , controlled atmosphere ripening process, grading, cleaning, pretreatments, modified atmosphere packaging, chilling. 36 General pre processing, different freezing methods and equipments, problems asso ciated with specific fruits and vegetables; Dehydration ~General pre processing, different methods of drying including sun, tray, spray drying and low temperatu re, osmotic dehydration and other modern methods; Indian Food Regulation and Qua lity assurance. Ready to eat vegetable products, Jams/Marmalades, Squashes/cordials, Ketchup/sau ces, Chutneys, Fruit Bar, Soup powders, Candied Fruits, Natural colors, Fruit an d Vegetable Fibres~General and specific processing, different packing including aseptic. Indian Food Regulation and Quality assurance Common and commercially important meats; pre and post slaughter handling, meat i nspection and grading; animal welfare and safety in slaughter plant. Structure a nd composition of meat, carcass chilling, ageing; storage of fresh meat~Modified atmosphere packaging, packaging of retail cuts; Processing and preservation~art ificial tenderizing, chilling, freezing, curing, smoking, sausage manufacture, r eady-to-eat meats and meat products; Kosher and Halal certification, safety issu es, regulation and quality assurance. Marine and fresh water fish, shell fish~composition and nutrition commercially i mportant fish and shell fish, names in important Indian languages, important reg ions, season; spoilage factors, ship board operations, storage and transport. Pr ocessing and Preservation-chilling, freezing, canning, smoking, curing, salting and drying, fish meal and fish oils; safety issues, Indian regulation and qualit y assurance. 37 Principle, types and design of extruders, factors affecting extrusion performanc e, types of extruded foods~pasta , meat substitutes, textured plant and milk pro teins, specialty foods ; uses and advantages of extrusion technology; packaging of extruded products; regulation and quality assurance. Processing of Milk ~Pasteurisation, homogenisation, sterilization, HTST and UHT processes; Processing and preservation of milk products~cream, sour cream, butte r, ghee, skimmed milk concentrate and skimmed milk powder, whey concentrate and whey powder, yoghurt, cheese and other products; Traditional Indian products~cur d, lassi, buttermilk, khoa, kulfi, shrikhand, icecream ; packaging of dairy prod ucts~sachets, aseptic packs; chilled and frozen storage; Food Regulation and Qua lity assurance. Types of poultry, production, classification And designation, grading. Processin g plant operations~slaughter, bleeding, scalding, defeathering, eviscerating, ch illing, packaging; composition and nutrition, poultry meat products; safety issu es, regulation and quality assurance. Eggs~structure, composition, quality facto rs, storage, pasteurization, freezing and drying, egg substitutes; regulation an d Quality assurance. Basic agricultural aspects structure, composition, Storage, Insect control; proc essing traditional and modern methods of oil extraction, refining, bleaching, de odorizing, hydrogenation; oil blends; applications of different oils and fats in food processing And products. Basic agricultural aspects, structure, composition, storage, insect control, pro

cessing~Milling/splitting, dhal milling, products ~puffed, flakes, flour, legume -based traditional products, flour based Indian sweets and savouries, soya milk, soy protein Isolate, soya paneer Cereal Grains~Basic agricultural aspects, structure and composition; Storage, In sect control; Processing Wheat~milling, (Atta and maida), quality aspects of flo ur, wheat proteins and their function, rheology of flour; wheat based baked prod ucts ~Bread, Biscuit, Cakes, Extruded products, Pizza, Chapatis, malting and mal t products; Rice~Milling, Parboiling, Quick cooking rice, Traditional Indian Pro ducts~Puffed Rice, flaked rice, Idli/Dosa/vada mixes and other savouries; Corn~W et and dry milling, Corn Products ~Corn flakes, Corn starch, canned corn product s, puffed product; Oats~Milling, Oat Products ~Steel cut, rolled oats, quick coo king; Traditional and Fermented cereal products Honey~Composition and Quality aspects; Sugars~Manufacture of table sugar, High F ructose corn syrup and Glucose syrup; Jaggery ~sources, manufacture, uses in tra ditional food products; stages of sugar saccharine products Sorghum, Pearl Millet, Finger millet, Foxtail millet, Kodo Millet ~Basic agricul tural aspects, structure and composition; storage, insect control; processing ~p earling, Milling, Malting, Malt based foods, flaked and fermented products; Trad itional and Nutritional products based on finger millet. Collegiality and Loyalty ~Respect for Authority ~Collective Bargaining ~Confiden tiality ~Conflicts of Interest ~Occupational Crime ~Professional Rights ~Employe e Rights ~Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) ~Discrimination Engineering as Experimentation ~Engineers as responsible Experimenters ~Research Ethics ~Codes of Ethics ~Industrial Standards ~A Balanced Outlook on Law ~The C hallenger Case Study Multinational Corporations ~Business Ethics ~Environmental Ethics ~Computer Ethi cs ~Role in Technological Development ~Weapons Development ~Engineers as Manager s ~Consulting Engineers ~Engineers as Expert Witnesses and Advisors ~Honesty ~Mo ral Leadership ~Sample Code of Conduct Safety and Risk ~Assessment of Safety and Risk ~Risk Analysis ~Reducing Risk ~Th e Government Regulator s Approach to Risk ~l Case Studies Chernoby and Bhopal Senses of Engineering Ethics ~Variety of moral issues ~Types of inquiry ~Moral dil emmas ~Moral Autonomy ~Kohlberg s theory ~Gilligan s theory ~Consensus and Controver sy ~Professions and Professionalism ~Professional Ideals and Virtues ~Uses of Et hical Theories. Introduction ~Need for quality ~Evolution of quality ~Definition of quality ~Dim ensions of manufacturing and service quality ~Basic concepts of TQM ~Definition of TQM ~TQM Framework ~Contributions of Deming, Juran and Crosby ~Barriers to TQ M. Leadership ~Strategic quality planning, Quality statements ~Customer focus ~Cust omer orientation, Customer satisfaction, Customer complaints, Customer retention ~Employee involvement ~Motivation, Empowerment, Team and Teamwork, Recognition and Reward, Performance appraisal ~Continuous process improvement ~PDSA cycle, 5 s, Kaizen ~Supplier partnership ~Partnering, Supplier selection, Supplier Rating . Need for ISO 9000~ISO 9000-2000 Quality System ~Elements, Documentation, Quality auditing~QS 9000 ~ISO 14000 ~Concepts, Requirements and Benefits ~Case studies of TQM implementation in manufacturing and service sectors including IT. Quality circles ~Quality Function Deployment (QFD) ~Taguchi quality loss functio n ~TPM ~Concepts, improvement needs ~Cost of Quality ~Performance measures. The seven traditional tools of quality ~New management tools ~Six-sigma Concepts , methodology, applications to manufacturing, service sector including IT ~Bench marking ~Reason to bench mark, Bench marking process ~FMEA ~Stages, Types. Bottom-up Synthesis-Top-down Approach Precipitation, Mechanical Milling, Colloid al routes, Self-assembly, Vapour phase deposition, MOCVD, Sputtering, Evaporatio n, Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Atomic Layer Epitaxy, MOMBE. Clean rooms specifications and design, air and water purity, requirements for pa rticular processes, Vibration free environments Services and facilities required . Working practices, sample cleaning, Chemical purification, chemical and biolog ical contamination, Safety issues, flammable and toxic hazards, biohazards.

Introduction to optical/UV electron beam and X-ray Lithography systems and proce sses, Wet etching, dry (Plasma /reactive ion) etching, Etch resists-dip pen lith ography Nanoscale Science and Technology~Implications for Physics, Chemistry, Biology an d Engineering-Classifications of nanostructured materials~nano particles~quantum dots, nanowires-ultra-thinfilms-multilayered materials. Length Scales involved and effect on properties Mechanical, Electronic, Optical, Magnetic and Thermal p roperties. Introduction to properties and motivation for study (qualitative only ). X-ray diffraction technique, Scanning Electron Microscopy ~environmental techniq ues, Transmission Electron Microscopy including high-resolution imaging, Surface Analysis techniques~AFM, SPM, STM, SNOM, ESCA, SIMS-Nanoin dentatio n Bottom-up Synthesis-Top-down Approach Precipitation, Mechanical Milling, Colloid al routes, Self-assembly, Vapour phase deposition, MOCVD, Sputtering, Evaporatio n, Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Atomic Layer Epitaxy, MOMBE. Clean rooms specifications and design, air and water purity, requirements for pa rticular processes, Vibration free environments Services and facilities required . Working practices, sample cleaning, Chemical purification, chemical and biolog ical contamination, Safety issues, flammable and toxic hazards, biohazards. 50 Introduction to optical/UV electron beam and X-ray Lithography systems and proce sses, Wet etching, dry (Plasma /reactive ion) etching, Etch resists-dip pen lith ography Nanoscale Science and Technology~Implications for Physics, Chemistry, Biology an d Engineering-Classifications of nanostructured materials~nano particles~quantum dots, nanowires-ultra-thinfilms-multilayered materials. Length Scales involved and effect on properties Mechanical, Electronic, Optical, Magnetic and Thermal p roperties. Introduction to properties and motivation for study (qualitative only ). X-ray diffraction technique, Scanning Electron Microscopy ~environmental techniq ues, Transmission Electron Microscopy including high-resolution imaging, Surface Analysis techniques~AFM, SPM, STM, SNOM, ESCA, SIMS-Nanoindentation Collection of ideas and purpose of project ~Selection criteria ~screening ideas for new products (evaluation techniques) Creative design ~Model Preparation ~Testing ~Cost evaluation ~Patent application Design of proto type ~testing ~quality standards ~marketing research ~introducin g new products Research and new product development ~Patents ~Patent search ~Patent laws ~Inter national code for patents ~Intellectual property rights (IPR). The process of technological innovation ~factors contributing to successful tech nological innovation ~the need for creativity and innovation ~creativity and pro blem solving ~brain storming ~different techniques Historical Background ~Constituent Assembly of India ~Philosophical foundations of the Indian Constitution ~Preamble ~Fundamental Rights ~Directive Principles o f State Policy ~Fundamental Duties ~Citizenship ~Constitutional Remedies for cit izens. Indian Federal System ~Center ~State Relations ~President s Rule ~Constitutional A mendments ~Constitutional Functionaries ~Assessment of working of the Parliament ary System in India. Society Nature, Meaning and definition; Indian Social Structure; Castle, Religi on, Language in India; Constitutional Remedies for citizens ~Political Parties a nd Pressure Groups; Right of Women, Children and Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and other Weaker Sections. State Government ~Structure and Functions ~Governor ~Chief Minister ~Cabinet ~St ate Legislature ~Judicial System in States ~High Courts and other Subordinate Co urts. Union Government ~Structures of the Union Government and Functions ~President ~V ice President ~Prime Minister ~Cabinet ~Parliament ~Supreme Court of India ~Judi cial Review. Comparison of Actions and Laws ~Agreements ~Subject Matter ~Violations ~Appointm ent of Arbitrators ~Conditions of Arbitration ~Powers and Duties of Arbitrator ~

Indian Position Vs WTO and Strategies ~Indian IPRlegislations ~commitments to WT OPatent Ordinance and the Bill ~Draft of a national Intellectual Property Policy ~Present against unfair competition. CAP ITAL BUDGETING (ELEMENTARY TREATMENT) Investments ~Risks and return evaluation o f investment ~Net present value ~Internal rate of return. Definition ~causes. Definition. Neem. turmeric. Cost concepts ~cost functio n ~Determinants of cost ~Short run and long run cost curves ~Cost output decisio ns ~Estimation of cost. Sales Tax. effects and contr ol measures of municipal solid wastes ~role of an individual in prevention of po llution ~pollution case studies ~disaster management floods.. IP ~Patents ~Copyrights and related rights ~Trade Marks and rights arising from Trademark registration ~Definitions ~Industrial Designs and Integrated circuits ~Protection of Geographical Indications at national and International levels ~Ap plication Procedures. Purchase and Use of Urban and Rural Land ~Land Revenue Codes ~Tax Laws ~Income Tax. food webs and ecological pyramids ~Introduction. Social Security ~Welfare Legislation ~Laws relating to Wages. Production function ~returns to scale ~production optimisation ~least cost input ~Isoquants ~Managerial uses of production function. Contr actual and Commercial Points of View ~Contract Formation and Interpretation ~Pot ential Contractual Problems ~World Bank Procedures and Guidelines ~Transparency in Tenders Act. consumer s and decomposers ~energy flow in the ecosystem ~ecological succession ~food cha ins. Field study of local polluted site ~Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.Rules of Evidence ~Enforcement of Award ~Costs Indian Contracts Act ~Elements of Contracts ~Types of Contracts ~Features ~Suita bility ~Design of Contract Documents ~International Contract Document ~Standard Contract Document ~Law of Torts Insurance and Bonding ~Laws Governing Sale. scope and importance of environment ~need for public awareness ~conc ept of an ecosystem ~structure and function of an ecosystem ~producers. characteristic feat . Analysis methods. types. Immovable Pr operty and iii. Demand -Types of demand ~Determinants of demand ~demand function ~demand elastic ity ~demand forecasting ~supply ~Determination of supply ~supply function ~suppl y elasticity. Relationship with other disciplines ~Firm types And OBJECTIVES ~Managerial decis ions. Determinants of price ~Pricing under different OBJECTIVES ~Pricing under differe nt market structures ~price discrimination ~pricing methods in practice.) ~Copyright and re lated rights ~Trade Marks ~Industrial design and Integrated circuits ~Geographic indications ~Protection against unfair competition. Movable Property ii. International convention relating to Intellectual Property ~Establishment of WIP O ~Mission and Activities ~History ~General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT) . earthquake. Case Studies on ~Patents (Basumati rice. Bonus and Industri al Disputes. effects and control measures of (a) Air pollution (b) Water pollution (c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Therma l pollution (g) Nuclear hazards ~soil waste management causes. Excise and Custom Dut ies and their Influence on Construction Costs ~Legal Requirements for Planning ~ Property Law ~Agency Law ~Local Government Laws for Approval ~Statutory Regulati ons Prequalification ~Bidding ~Accepting ~Evaluation of Tender from Technical. cyclone and landslides. Labour Administration ~Insurance and Safety Regulations ~Workmen s Co mpensation Act ~Indian Factory Act ~Tamil Nadu Factory Act ~Child Labour Act ~Ot her Labour Laws Balance sheet and related concepts ~Profit And Loss statement and related concep ts ~Financial Ratio Analysis ~Cash flow analysis ~Fund flow Analysis ~Analysis a nd interpretation of financial statements ~Comparative financial statements. Intellectual Property. etc. Introduction ~Invention and Creativity ~Intellectual Property (IP) ~Importance ~ Protection of IPR~Basic types of property (i).

63 From unsustainable to sustainable development ~urban problems related to energy ~water conservation. watershed management ~resettlement a nd rehabilitation of people. man-wildlife conflicts ~endangered and endemic species of India ~co nservation of biodiversity In-situ and ex-situ conservation of biodiversity. case studies ~Energy resources Growing energy needs. Elements of effective presentation ~Structure of presentation ~Presentation tool s ~Body language. man induced landslides. so il erosion and desertification ~role of an individual in conservation of natural resources ~Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles. 5. Field study o f local area to document environmental assets ~river / forest / grassland / hill / mountain. 3. species and ec osystem diversity ~biogeographical classification of India ~value of biodiversit y consumptive use. fertilizer-pesticide problems. effects of modern agriculture. variation among nations ~population explosion ~family welfare programme ~environment and human health ~human rights ~value education ~HIV / A IDS ~women and child welfare ~role of information technology in environment and human health ~Case studies. poaching of wildlife. Population growth. nuclear accide nts and holocaust. salinity. estuaries) ~Introduction to biodiversity definition genetic. monuments preservation and archaeological applications . floods. deforestation. Fie ld study of common plants. case studies ~role of no n-governmental organization~environmental ethics Issues and possible solutions ~ climate change. changes caused by agriculture and ove rgrazing. river.ures. case studies. 2. Interview Skills: (3) Kinds of interviews ~Interview techniques ~Corporate cu lture ~Mock interviews. Psychometrics ~Analytical and logical reasoning. structure and function of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert ecosystem (d) aquatic ecosystems (ponds. Time management ~Stress management ~Assertiveness ~Negotiation strategies. rain water harvesting. use of alternate energy sources. renewable and non renewable energy sources. acid rain. 41 . Group discussion as part of selection process. oce ans. Structure of group discussion ~St rategies in group discussion ~Mock group discussions. Forest resources Use and over-exploitation. environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources. ~wasteland reclamation ~consumerism and waste p roducts ~environment production act ~Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) a ct ~Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) act ~Wildlife protection act ~Fo rest conservation act ~enforcement machinery involved in environmental legislati on~central and state pollution control boards~Public awareness. etc. drought. case studies ~Land resources Land as a resource. case studies~timber e xtraction. ethical. Structu re of group discussion ~Strategies in group discussion ~Mock group discussions. insects. Data acquisition systems ~data reduction ~deformation of engineering structures ~pipe systems ~measuring communication antennas ~tunnel surveys ~cooling towers and other applications ~Applications in automobile industry ~Architecture applic ation Drawing of details. aesthetic and option values ~Biodiversity at global. case st udies ~Food resources World food problems. national and local levels ~India as a mega-diversity na tion ~hot-spots of biodiversity ~threats to biodiversity habitat loss. birds Field study of simple ecosystems ~pond . land degradation. ozone layer depletion. productive use. lakes. dams-benefits and problems ~Mineral resources Use and exploi tation. Resume / Report Preparation / Letter Writing: (3) Letter writing ~Job applica tion with Resume ~Project report ~Email etiquette. rivers. Soft Skills: (3) Time management ~Stress management ~Asserti veness ~Negotiation strategies. hill slopes. its problems and concerns. global warming. water lo gging. dams and their effects on forests and tribal people ~Water re sources Use and overutilization of surface and ground water. Group Discussion: (3) Group discussion as part of selection process. Letter writing ~Job application with Resume ~Project report ~Email etiquette. 1. social. co nflicts over water. Psych ometrics ~Analytical and logical reasoning. 4. mining. streams. Presentation skills: (3) E lements of effective presentation ~Structure of presentation ~Presentation tools ~Body language.

Anthropometry ~Under water Photogrammetry ~E lectron microscopy. Dam deformation. Introduction ~the distance condition and its linearization ~azimuth condition an d its linearization ~angle condition and its linearization ~position fixing by D istance ~Two parameter similarity transformation ~Four parameter similarity Tran sformation. map as interface ~Trend s for future developments ~Expert systems and Web Maps. Computer system for the processing of graphic data ~Hardware -Software ~SICAD -D igitising cartographic presentation ~Structuring and storage of data ~Cartograph ic data processing ~Output of cartographic presentation ~Examples and applicatio ns Data organisation ~Data compression ~Data measurement ~Basic statistical process ing ~Geographical Information System ~The measuring of GIS to cartography. investigation of criminal ca ses by blackAndwhite. LIDAR data for mats ~LIDAR Systems specification and accuracy standards LIDAR for Orthophoto ~Digital Photogrammetry software and LIDAR ~Integration of . Fundamentals of modelling. animation. advantages ~Bio stereometrics. Samples and statistics ~The Chi-square distribution ~the t-student distributionc ommon sample statistics ~estimation of mean and varianc ~Confident interval for the mean and variance ~statistical testing-Test or the mean of probability distr ibution ~Test of the variance of a probability distribution. topology ~Digital planimetric modelling ~Digital relief modelling ~Quality of digital landscape models ~Topographic mod el generalisation. Postural analysis ~ historical use of Photogrammetric methods ~Study of body alignment and rate of b ody mechanics. 42 Introduction ~Derivation ~Precision estimation of special cases ~Application of least squares adjustment in GIS and GPS. Hydraulic studies Pipe surface roughness. ultra-violet. Pavement yield. graph theory. navigation system. Structural research Deformation studies of deflection. buckling. remedial measures.Introduction ~Origin ~basic Geometric concepts ~Data acquisition ~Camera systems ~Metric ~Non metric cameras ~Analytic data reduction ~Collinearity adjustment ~ Direct linear transformation ~coordinate transformation ~acquisition of digital imagery and processing ~software modules for processing the data Monocular and binocular health studies. shoreline feature and coasta l currents. experimental fluid mechanics. Map revision ~Web Cartography ~Dynamic and Static Web Maps. Theory of prediction and filtering ~sequential adjustment (static and Kinematic Kalman-filter) Application of Kalman-filter in Geodesy. Pre analysis procedure ~Horizontal angle measurement with theodolite ~Distance m easurement by EDM ~elevation difference by Direct leveling ~Survey tolerances. simulation. computer assisted evaluation of geo data for th ematic maps ~Cartographic aspects of GIS. interactive cartography. Theory of communication ~information and signs ~methods of computer assisted des ign of cartographic expressions. ~Advantages and disadvantages. Modern techniques in map production ~Dynamic and interactive mapping. LIDAR~Different LIDAR systems ~ Applications ~Comparison ~Airborne LIDAR missions ~Typical parameters of a LIDAR system. IMU LASER. accident investigations. Use of stereometric camera for crime detection. X-ray Photogrammetry. 9 Overview of LIDAR Applications in various domains ~Disaster Mitigation and Man agement ~3D city models ~Telecommunication Modelling ~Feature extraction. surface area and v olume patients by Photogrammetry ~merits over usual methods. Goodness of fit ~Test of any distribution. shifting sand-bank. vector isation ~Surface and landuse classification Data Processing ~Strip Adjustment ~Geometric Correction ~Data quality enhancemen t ~Filtering ~Ground Point filtering ~Digital Elevation Model Introduction ~Principle and properties of LASER. Mono or stereo camera for investigation. Laser Altimetry System ~Components of the system ~GPS. examples . structural movement. Bivariate normal di stribution. infrared and colour Photogrammetry. Hologrammetry ~Moire topography ~systems and applications ~e merging trend. Single and stereo photographs for forensic studies.

Origin ~classification and properties of aquifer -Ground water potential ~surfac e water indicators -aquifer parameters ~Well hydraulics ~estimation of ground wa ter potential hydrologic budgeting ~Mathematical and GIS modeling ~modelling of sea water intrusion ~Water quality parameters -.LIDAR DEM with other hyperspectral data Mapping of snow covered area ~snow melt runoff ~flood forecasting and inundated area ~soil moisture area ~drought affected area ~Drought prone area programme ~ Applications in aerial assessment. soil contamination~distribution and accumulation of contaminants such as toxic m etals. Conservation and resource management ~spectral reflectance from vegetated surfac e ~Stress monitoring ~Land cover and Land use mapping ~forest conservation ~Biod iversity -biomonitoring of the environment ~wild life studies ~monitoring non po int source pollution. stream networks. Introduction ~Major issues/problems ~Thematic maps on coastal resources ~wetland classification ~mapping of shore line changes ~creation of CZIS ~Coastal aquife r modelling ~Integrated coastal zone Management -Resolving conflict on resources utilization. Spectral properties of water ~surface water modelling. Hydrologic cycle. Various Satellite and sensors for Ocean and Coastal applications~Application of CZCS~chlorophyll and suspended sediment estimation ~Retrieval of physical oceano graphic parameters ~sea surface temperature ~significant wave height ~wind speed and wind direction ~coastal Bathymetry ~sea level rise. maintenance stage ~location of storage/di version works ~capacity curve generation ~conjunctive use of surface and ground water ~Mapping and monitoring the catchment and command area ~artificial recharg e of groundwater ~water harvesting structures ~sediment yield. Physical properties of sea water ~chemistry of sea water ~Biological parameters ~Oceanographic instruments ~collection of water samples ~current measuring devic es ~deep sea coring devices. Air Pollutants~Dispersion modeling -Air quality monitoring ~case studies ~climat ology ~emissivity characteristics ~measurements of atmospheric temperature ~comp osition ~constituent distribution and concentration ~wind flows and air circulat ion ~Hurricane tracking ~meteorological satellite systems. synthetic chemicals in soil~disposal of solid waste ~mining pollution~met hods of conservation-afforestation~EMR responses with contaminated soil ~modelin g soil characteristics using satellite data~~soil degradation assessment using R emote Sensing and GIS. Sensors for environmental monitoring ~LIDARS~LASER Remote Sensing -visible and o utside visible wave length -absorption spectrometers ~selection of ground truth sites ~sea truth observation ~Radar techniques for sensing ocean surface ~therma l measurements ~application of remote sensing for oil slicks mapping ~Chlorophyl l detection ~Fisheries resources ~Coastal marine studies ~determination of tempe rature and sea state. Project investigation. estimation of various components of hydrologic cycle ~clouds. relief aspects ~Rainfall ~runoff modelling ~ Stage discharge relationship ~Hydrograph ~unit hydrograph ~urban hydrology. modelling of rese rvoir siltation ~prioritization of watershed ~sustainable development. Coastal Hydrodynamic ~Coastal erosion ~various protection structures ~Estuaries and their impact on coastal processes ~Hydrodynamic of pollution dispersion~Mode lling of suspended sediment. Coastal processes ~Oceanic circulation ~Upwelling and sinking ~Waves ~reflection . Sources and demands of water ~Characteristics of water~Point and non-point sourc es of water pollution ~Spectral responses of clear and contaminated water ~chlor ophyll~biota~Remote Sensing of Water quality assessment ~Runoff estimationflood . Formation of Soils ~land forms ~soil erosion -factors influencing soil erosion. Delineation and codification of watersheds mo rphometric analysis -linear. rainfall ~runoff ~evaporation ~transpiration ~evapo-transpiration ~interception ~depression storage. Land reclamation. Water quality mapping and monit oring ~Correlation model for pollution detection. Watershed divide. areal. implementation. diffraction and refraction ~wave generated currents ~catastrophic waves ~Tides ~Tidal forces Bathymetry ~sediment drift ~navigation.

CB D.prediction modeling. Mapping Geomorphic Landforms using satellite data ~theory and Practical Surface and Ground Water Resources ~Hydrogeological mapping ~Mineral resources P etroleum ~Environmental Geology ~Engineering Geological studies ~Disaster Manage ment studies like Droughts. Landslides ~Integrated surveys using Geologi cal. ~Application to storm surge estimation Satellite soundings ~Tiros Operationa . Introduction ~Different types and Geometry of folds. Classification of Plans ~Regional. Electrical Resistivity surveys. mode of origin. Identification ~Tracking of weather systems ~Derivation of cloud motion vector D vorak s technique of cyclone intensity estimation ~T number and current intensity No. fluvial. Denudat ional. Introduction ~land use / land cover definition ~land use / land cover classifica tion ~concepts and approaches of land evaluation ~parametric methods ~change det ection in land uses ~decision support system for land use planning ~optimum land use planning for sustainable agriculture. Urban Growth Modelling ~Planning Support Systems ~Expert Systems in Planning ~Ur ban Environmental Modelling ~3D city models ~ALTM Urban Sprawl ~Urban Spatial Structure ~Housing Typology ~Census Estimation ~Wate r Demand Analysis ~Urban Safety Analysis ~Physical Transformation of City ~Urban Renewal ~Land Suitability Analysis ~Land valuation ~Tax assessment ~case studie s Different types of geophysical surveys. Introduction ~leaf optical properties ~identification of crops and crop inventor ying ~crop acreage estimation ~vegetation indices ~yield estimation ~crop produc tion forecasting through digital analysis ~microwave and hyper spectral sensing for crop inventory ~crop monitoring and condition assessment in command areas ~c ase studies. theory and practicals ~digital techniques for structural analysi s. Planning geophysic al field surveys using satellite data. Groundwater studies. 62 Introduction ~forest taxonomy ~inventory of forests ~forest type and density map ping ~biomass assessment ~timber volume estimation ~factors for forest degradati on ~mapping degraded forests ~deforestation and aforestation ~forest fire mappin g and damage assessment ~sustainable development of forests. and mode of occurrence of faults. glacial and volcanic landforms ~their pattern configura tion. Geomorphological. nature. Introduction ~soil survey. aeromagn etic and Electromagnetic surveys for subsurface explorations. Introduction ~damage by pests and diseases ~crop loss assessment by floods ~floo d hazard zone mapping ~remote sensing capabilities and contributions for drought management ~land degradation due to water logging and salinity ~crop stress ~re flectance properties of stressed crops ~identification of crop stress. types of soil surveys ~soil genesis and soil classifi cation ~soil taxonomy ~soil reflectance properties ~soil mapping using remote se nsing ~problem soils ~saline. Structural analysis and mapping using aerial and satellite data. Aeolian. Delineation of urban area ~Physical Structure and Composition ~Mapping slums. Master and Detailed Development ~OBJECTIVES a nd Contents ~Use of remote sensing and GIS in plan preparation ~Urban Informatio n System ~Web GIS ~Solid Waste Management Planning ~Utility Planning ~case studi es. Hyperspectral Remote Sensing ~Regional Mapping Relevance of Remote Sensing ~Scale and Resolution ~Scope and Limitations ~Charac teristics of Settlements ~Interpretation from Aerial and Satellite images ~Digit al Image Processing Techniques ~Texture based analysis ~Automated Feature extrac tion. Introduction ~Nature and type of different Landforms such as Structural. Floods. Introduction ~Lithological mapping using aerial photos and satellite imagery ~th eory and practicals ~Digital analysis for lithological discrimination. Geophysical and Remote sensing based data for Mineral exp loration. alkali soil characteristics ~mapping of saline alk aline soils ~soil erosion and sedimentation ~assessment of soil erosion ~estimat ion of reservoir capacity. urban fringe areas ~Urban Heat island ~Temporal mapping ~Use of Highresolutio n.

IRS series ~High Resolution Pic ture Transmission ~APT ~AVHRR ~Need for Remote Sensing techniques in weather for ecasting and Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) Precipitation ~Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR) and Sea Surface Temperture (SST ) estimation and their applications ~Normalised Digitised Vegetation Index ~Ocea n colour monitoring ~coastal pollution Image interpretation ~Satellite communica tion systems in operational meteorological application (Cyclone Warning Dissemin ation system / Automatic Weather stations ~Meteorological data dissemination) ~E stimation of snow and ice cover ~Waterbody boundary mapping ~Atmospheric aerosol s ~Dust storms ~Velcanic ash clouds and fires Principles and classifications of Radar ~components of Radar ~Meteorological app lications. Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Oz one soundings ~general principle and special satellite measurements of ozone ~Ae rosol soundings ~Tracking of weather systems such as Thunderstorms. Orbital dynamics of Satellites ~Critical velocities ~Polar and Geo stationary we ather satellites ~Active and passive sensors (Radars/Lidars/Radiometers) ~Absorp tion bands of atmospheric gases -Design and characteristics of different types o f sounders and imagers used in Meteorological satellites ~Viewing geometry ~INSA T Meteorological Data Processing System (IMDPS). ITS development ~architecture ~integration with GIS ~applications ~case studies. Geographical perspective on transportation ~Transportation and energy ~Equity is sues ~Urban transportation policy alternatives ~Transportation and the environme nt ~Urban transport planning processes ~Transportation agencies ~Roles and respo nsibilities ~Socio-demographic data and travel surveys ~Transportation modeling ~Traffic congestion ~Plan evaluation and implementation ~Planning and financing ~Critiques of transportation modeling and forecasting ~Web resources GIS and Spatial analysis ~coupling transportation models with GIS ~TRANUSPLAN ~M etroSIM ~Modelling land use transport interaction. crisis and consequences ~Role of Government administration. Tornadoes through Radar ~Structure of weather systems as observed by Rada rs ~Hydro meteorological applications of Radar ~Application to aviation meteorol ogy. . Weather and climate ~composition of atmosphere ~temperature and pressure distrib ution ~Winds over the earth s atmosphere ~scales of atmospheric processes ~Land / Ocean coupling ~Indian monsoons ~other major weather systems of seasons ~brief i ntroduction to Indian Climatology ~Radiative transfer ~radiation spectrum ~Absor ption and emission of radiation by molecules ~Radiative laws ~scattering princip les ~Cloud physics ~Mechanism of cloud formation ~Types of clouds ~precipitation processes ~warm and cold cloud concepts and processes. Upper air temperature exploration of the atmosphere (Radio Sonde) ~Up per air wind estimation through Pilot Baloon ~Wind estimation through Radar (Raw in Sonde). Doppler technique ~Precipitation estimation through Radar and problem s associated with it ~Precipitation Radar (PR) on-board satellites such as Tropi cal Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). Transportation analysis in GIS Introduction ~network flows ~shortest path algori thms ~transportation databases creation and maintenance ~transportation analysis in GIS ~facility location ~vehicle routing ~highway alignment ~railway alignmen t 52 Basic concepts and principles ~Hydrological and geological disasters. Study of geographic pattern of urban development using remote sensing data produ cts ~urban sprawl ~parking studies using aerial photos ~traffic analysis ~accide nt analysis ~site suitability analysis for transport infrastructure ~population distribution studies ~improvisation of rural road network ~regional road network connectivity. characteri stics. University re search organization and NGO s ~International disaster assistance ~Sharing technolo gy and technical expertise. Information systems management ~Spatial and non-spatial data bank creation ~Oper ational emergency management ~Vulnerability analysis of infrastructure and settl ements ~Pre-disaster and post disaster planning for relief operations ~Potential of GIS application in development planning ~Disaster management plan ~Case stud ies. Tropical cyc lones.l and Vertical Sounder ~Retrieval methods and algorithms.

scale. Graphical and Analytical methods ~Mosaics. Hospitals. Selection and Generalisation Principles ~Symbolisation ~Topographic and thematic maps ~Map production and Reproduction ~Map series. parallax equations. Compass ~Types ~Bearing ~systems ~Local attraction ~Magnetic declination ~Dip ~T raversing ~Plotting ~Adjustment of error ~Plane table ~Instruments and accessori es ~Merits and demerits ~Methods ~Radiation ~intersection ~resection ~traversing . Cartographic design ~Colour theory and models ~Colour and pattern creation and s pecification ~colour and pattern ~Typography and lettering the map ~Map compilat ion ~Demography and Statistical mapping. plan imetric mapping ~Tilted photograph ~Geometry. Stereoscopic depth perception ~Different types of stereoscopes vertical exagger ation ~base lining and orientation ~principle of floating mark ~methods of paral lax measurement ~vertical photographs ~geometry. Basic characteristics of Photographic images ~Interpretation keys ~Visual interp retation ~Basic elements in Photographic interpretation ~Example ~Equipments for .Needs and approach towards prevention ~Principles and components of mitigation D isaster legislation and policy ~Insurance ~Cost effective analysis ~Utilisation of resources ~Training ~Education ~Public awareness ~Roles of media. Planimet ric mapping ~Rectification ~Geometry. Scale. Coordinate system. Bridges. Selection and Generalisation Principles ~Symbolisation ~Topographic and thematic maps ~Map production and Reproduction ~Map series. 53 Slope stability of Ghat roads -Structural safety of Dams. Sources of data ~Ground Survey and Positioning ~Remote Sensing data collection ~ Census and sampling ~data ~Models for digital cartographic information ~Map digi tising. Earth-Map Relations ~Basic Geodesy ~Map Projections ~Scale ~Reference and Coordi nate system ~Transformation ~Basic Transformation ~Affine Transformation. ~Disaster resistant structures ~Low cost housing for disast er prone areas ~Cyclone shelter projects and their implications ~Reconstruction after disasters Issues of practices. Cartography today ~Nature of Cartography ~History of Cartography ~Cartographic V isualization ~Web Cartography ~Graticules ~Cartometry -Map Characteristics ~Mode rn Trends. The Planimeter ~Areas enclosed by straight lines ~Irregular figures ~Volumes ~Ea rthwork calculations ~Capacity of reservoirs ~Mass haul diagrams. Remote sensing in Hazard evaluation ~Zonation ~Risk assessment ~Damage assessmen t ~Land use planning and regulation for sustainable development ~Communication s atellite application~Network~Use of Internet ~Warning system ~Post disaster revi ew ~Case studies. Earth-Map Relations ~Basic Geodesy ~Map Projections ~Scale ~Reference and Coordi nate system ~Transformation ~Basic Transformation ~Affine Transformation. In dustrial structures. Level line ~Horizontal line ~Datum ~Levels and staves ~Bench marks ~temporary an d permanent adjustments ~Fly levelling ~Check levelling ~Procedure in levelling ~Booking ~Reduction ~Curvature and refraction Reciprocal levelling ~Longitudinal and Cross section ~Plotting ~Contouring ~Methods ~Characteristics and uses of c ontours ~Plotting. (L = Sources of data ~Ground Survey and Positioning ~Remote Sensing data collection ~ Census and sampling ~data ~Models for digital cartographic information ~Map digi tising. Equipment ~ranging and chaining ~reciprocal ranging ~well conditioned triangles ~Errors in linear measurement and their corrections ~Fieldwork ~Office work ~Obs tacles. Cartography today ~Nature of Cartography ~History of Cartography ~Cartographic V isualization ~Web Cartography ~Graticules ~Cartometry -Map Characteristics ~Mode rn Trends. Cartographic design ~Colour theory and models ~Colour and pattern creation and s pecification ~colour and pattern ~Typography and lettering the map ~Map compilat ion ~Demography and Statistical mapping. Definition ~Plane Surveying ~Geodetic surveying ~Branches of Surveying ~Basic pr inciples ~Fieldwork and office work ~Scales ~Mistakes and errors ~and accuracy.

and lens aberration ~lens resolving power ~light distributi on over image plane ~Filters used ~fiber optics. Principles of photographic proc ess ~relationship of aperture and shutter speed ~contact printing ~projection pr inting.Net ~Programming web applic ations with web form Data ~Information ~File system vs DBMS ~Data models ~Hardware and software requi rements ~Database Management Systems ~Database languages. History of Photogrammetry ~Definition. lens formula.interpretation. wedges. chaining and Pacing c) Chain t raversing without cross staff d) Chain traversing with cross staff a) Study of plane table and its accessories b) Radiation c) Intersection Triangu lation problem d) Resection ~Three point problem e) Mechanical method f) Trial a nd error method g) Graphical solution h) Resection ~Two Point problem i) Plane t able traversing a) Study of Prismatic and Surveyor s Compasses b) Triangulation problem c) Compass traversing .Net Object Model using OLE DB managed provider ~Other data providers ~Acces sing XML data ~Building Windows application using VB. ADO . prism. Applications ~Types of Photographs. Coordinate measurement using comparators ~Two dimensi on coordinate transformation ~refinement of photo coordinates. Database Architecture. Sc heimpflug condition. Class ification ~Photographic overlaps ~Use of mirror. L45 + T15 Flight Planning ~Crab And Drift ~Computation of flight plan ~Specification for A erial photography ~Basic horizontal and vertical control ~Pre pointing and Post pointing ~Planning for Ground Control ~Cost estimates. users and administrators ~Classification of Database Management Systems Design process ~Entity Relationship Model ~Constraints ~EER ~Diagrams ~Atomic do main and First Normal Form ~Functional Dependency ~Decomposition using Functiona l dependencies ~Normalization using Multi-Valued Dependencies and Join Dependenc ies ~Basic concepts of file organizations. indexing and hashing ~Database recove ry techniques ~Database Security ~Handling Spatial Database Relational model ~Data Structure ~Constraints ~Keys ~Codd s Rule ~Relational Algeb ra ~Fundamental operations ~Additional operations ~Extended operations ~Null val ues SQL ~Data Definition ~Basic structure of SQL queries ~Set operations ~Aggregate Functions ~Null values ~Nested sub queries ~Complex queries ~Views ~Embedded SQL ~Dynamic SQL ~Triggers a) Study of chain and its accessories b) Ranging. Types of Aerial cameras ~Construction ~Camera accessories ~Camera calibration -T errestrial Metric cameras.

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