ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE

WHITE BOOK
2010
MI NI STRY OF DEFENCE OF UKRAI NE
№ 2 (128) 2011 SPECIAL ISSUE
KYIV • 2011
ARMED FORCES OF UKRAI NE
MI NI ST RY OF DE F E NCE
WHITE BOOK
2010
©MinistryofDefenceofUkraine,2011
©Layout&design:PEMoskalenkoO.M.,2011
TheWhiteBook2010:ArmedForcesofUkraineannualpublicationwaspreparedbytheMinistryofDefenceand
theGeneralStaffoftheArmedForcesofUkraine.
TheHeadoftheWorkingGroup:
VOLODYMYRMOZHAROVSKYI
WorkingGroupcomposition:
BORYSANDRESIUK,ANATOLIYDEM’JANENKO,OLEXANDRKLUBAN’,VICTORKORENDOVYCH,
MYKHAILOKUTSYN,IHORKUSHNIR,MYKHAILOMALIARCHUK,VOLODYMYROMELIANCHUK,
HRYHORIIPEDCHENKO,OLEXANDRSTETSENKO,OLEXANDERCHERPITSKYI
WorkingGroupSecretary:
VICTORKRAVCHUK
Editors:
BARRYADAMS,IVANBURBELO,OLEKSANDRGAIVORONSKYI,STEPHENGLOVER,HENNADIY
KOVALENKO,DMITRIYLOKOTA,ANDRIYSMORODIN
Editor-in-chiefofthemainMinistryofDefencemagazine“VijskoUkrainy”:
VOLODYMYRGORISHNJAK
The White Book is published according to the Law of Ukraine “On Democratic Civilian Control over Military
OrganizationandLawEnforcementAgenciesoftheState”withtheaimofregularlyinformingsocietyonactivities
oftheArmedForcesaswellasdefencepolicyoftheStateanditschallengesandsolutions.
The sixth publication, White Book 2010: Armed Forces of Ukraine is dedicated to challenges in reform and
developmentoftheArmedForces.ThepublicationhighlightsthecurrentstateoftheArmedForcesandthemain
directionsforfurthermilitarydevelopment.
The publication could be useful for civilian and military experts in the field of military development, defence
andsecuritypolicy,aswellasjournalists,teachersandstudentsofspecializededucationalinstitutionsandtoall
interestedinthestateanddevelopmentofthedefencepolicyofUkraine.
3
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Lack of sufficient resources to fulfil military reform and ineffective resource control
system in previous years have unbalanced implementation of devised programmes
and plans. They adversely influenced the readiness level of the Armed Forces to fulfil
assigned tasks.
That is why the issue of bringing Armed Forces to combat readiness level required
immediate practical solutions. The set of measures was developed to stabilize the
situation in the Armed Forces.
Measures aimed at the renewal of Armed Forces combat capability were agreed by
the President and were actively supported by the Cabinet of the Ministers. Financing
of the Armed Forces was conducted regularly and without delays for the frst time in
many years.
Measures initiated by the Ministry of Defence and the General Staff have delivered
good results. In 2010 disintegration of the Armed Forces has been stopped and a certain
stabilization has been achieved. Intensifying unit combat training has been maintained.
Individual training has been improved in cases were there was insuffcient resources.
Units and Service personnel systematically upgraded their skills during international
training and international peacekeeping operations. Modern armoured vehicles and
modernized aircraft were put into service.
During the year conditions have been systematically created to stem the fow
of qualifed Service personnel from military service. Financial support for Service
personnel has been increased. Free catering of contract Service personnel was initiated
during service duties. Construction of Service housing for personnel and family
members has re-commenced.
Today, we have set a challenging goal to create modern, mobile, well-equipped
Armed Forces that will be a reliable guarantor of sovereignty and inviolability of our
State.
It is envisaged to renew the complete package of documents that defne defence
policy, frst of all, the strategies of National Defence and Military Doctrine, fnalize the
Strategic Defence Review and develop the State Comprehensive Programme of Reform
and Development of the Armed Forces 2011-2015.
OPENINGADDRESS
OFTHEMINISTER
OFDEFENCEOFUKRAINE
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We continue to work diligently to enhance combat capabilities, to improve
the command and control system, to ensure the quality of military education and
professional level of Service personnel, to provide radical changes in resource, material
and technical support and the technical re-equipment of units.
An important milestone on the road to build new Armed Forces should be the
achievement of an adequate level of social standards for Service personnel, their
families and military pensioners.
I am convinced that Ukrainian Service personnel will continue to thoroughly fulfl
their constitutional duty, always maintaining a high level of combat readiness and with
dignity and honour carry the name of Defenders of the Fatherland.
Minister of Defence of Ukraine
MIKHAILO YEZHEL
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The annual publication of the White Book traditionally highlights the current state of
the Armed Forces and the main directions of further military development.
For the Armed Forces 2010 is recognized as a transition to a qualitativity new
system of training units to fulfl their tasks. The state of the Armed Forces has been
stabilized, the adverse trend of reducing combat capability was stopped, and conditions
of systematic and deep renewal were created thanks to the measures implemented and
systematic work by command and control bodies at all levels.
Pressing measures aimed at improving social protection of Service personnel has
been adopted.
We managed to solve the problems of fnancial support and meals accumulated over
many years, increase the amount of housing compared to previous years and improve
recreational treatment of the personnel.
During the year international military cooperation and active participation of the
Armed Forces in peacekeeping promoted an increase of prestige of our State on the
world arena, development of cooperation with international security structures and
formation of a positive image of the Armed Forces.
The President, Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, set a goal to
conduct radical reforms in the Armed Forces, reaching the European level of social
standards for Service personnel and their families.
The real state of units, military command and control elements preparation and
their capabilities was evaluated when strategic programme documents on reforming the
Armed Forces were developed and a number of training and exercises “Cooperation-
2010” were conducted. We are convinced that Service personnel are ready to accomplish
assigned missions.
Almost all Service personnel are experienced professionals, courageous and strong-
willed people who honestly and diligently carry out their constitutional duty.
At the same time implementing tasks set by the State leadership and aimed at solving
defence problems under Non-Bloc status requires inceasing effectiveness of command
and control, the level of the personnel training should be upgraded, and resources and
logistical support should be considerably improved.
OPENINGADDRESS
OFTHECHIEF
OFTHEGENERALSTAFF–
COMMANDER-IN-CHIEFOFTHE
ARMEDFORCESOFUKRAINE
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Modern realities require well-thought, effective solutions and practical decisive
actions. Taking this into consideration, we develop plans for the future and set up new
goals regarding perspective profle of the Armed Forces. Responsible work directed at
accomplishment of tasks related to reform the Armed Forces in the period to 2015 is
ahead of us. The training year 2011 is defned as the Year of Technical Readiness and
Non-Commissioned Offcers Training.
The task of sustaining unit operational capabilities, preventing a decrease in
combat readiness, maintaining their capabilities to fulfll assigned tasks is among our
priorities.
Every commander should create the necessary conditions for Service personnel to
master armament and materiel, to improve morale among the military team, maintain
military order, a high level of discipline, and law and order among Service personnel.
2011 is the 20th anniversary of Ukraine’s independence and the Armed Forces. It
should become a starting point for implementing effective reform measures and creating
conditions for further development of modern Armed Forces.
I am confdent that the Service personnel realize the importance of tasks with all
their responsibility and will do all that they can to successfully accomplish them!
Chief of the General Staff –
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine,
Col.General HRYHORII PEDCHENKO
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SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT
OF THE ARMED FORCES OF
UKRAINE IN 2010
CHAPTER1
HIGH PRIORITY MEASURES
OF STATE OFFICIALS
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STATE PROGRAMME
OF ARMED FORCES’ DEVELOPMENT
THE YEAR OF STABILIZATION
IN THE ARMED FORCES
A SUMMARY OF THE STRATEGIC
DEFENCE REVIEW TASKS
FUNDING OF THE ARMED
FORCES NEEDS
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HIGHPRIORITY
MEASURES
OFSTATE
OFFICIALS
SUMMARYOFDEVELOPMENT
OFTHEARMEDFORCES
OFUKRAINEIN2010
I
n2010theactivityoftheArmedForceswasaimedatpreventingdecreasingunits’combatreadiness
and stabilizing the situation by means of upgrading training, accelerating the technical readiness
and repairing armament and military equipment, and increasing the level of social support for Service
personnelandtheirdependents.
In2010theactivityoftheArmedForceswasaimedatpreventingdecreasingunits’combatreadiness
and stabilizing the situation by means of upgrading training, accelerating the technical readiness and
repairing armament and military equipment, and increasing the level of social support for Service
personnelandtheirdependents.
CHAPTER1
1
TheLawofUkraine:“OnPrinciplesofNationalandForeignPolicy”#2411-VIasofJuly,1,2010.
2
PresidentialDecree:“OndecisionoftheNationalSecurityandDefenceCouncilasofNovember,17,2010”“OnChallengesandThreatstoNationalSecurity
ofUkrainein2011”#1119/2010asofDecember,10,2010.
3
CabinetofMinisters’Resolution:“Onthereallocationofbudgetfor2010andtheamendmentstosomeresolutionsoftheCabinetofMinistersofUkraine”#
969asofOctober,18,2010,DecreeoftheCabinetofMinistersofUkraine“OnthereallocationofsomebudgetprovidedfortheMinistryofDefencefor2010”
#2010-рasofOctober,18,2010.
Note 1.1. Principles of foreign policy
…non-participation of Ukraine in military and political alliances,
priority of participation in the improvement and development of the
European collective security system, continuation of constructive
partnership with the North-Atlantic Treaty Organization and other
military and political blocs concerning all matters of mutual
interest.
Note 1.2. Main principles of national policy in the sphere of national
security and defence
• strengthening national defence capability, increasing
responsibility of State Power Agencies at all levels for the
proper training and maintenance of state security;
• reforming the Armed Forces to ensure their maximum
effectiveness and the ability to respond immediately to
potential threats to Ukraine;
• gradual transition to the manning of contracted-personnel,
primarily in specialties that define units’ combat
effectiveness;
• equipping the Armed Forces with the newest items of
military equipment and weapons;
• providing social support for Service personnel and their
dependents
The main event of 2010 that had a decisive impact on the security situation was
the announcement of Non-Bloc status by Ukraine
1
that foresaw, in particular, full
participation of Ukraine in common European and regional collective security
systems, membership in the European Union while maintaining good neighbourly
relations and strategic partnership with the Russian Federation, other CIS and world
countries (Note 1.1).
The Law of Ukraine “On Principles of National
and Foreign Policy” clarifes the order of the Armed
Forces engagement, particularly: only in cases of armed
aggression against Ukraine, other armed attacks on its
territorial integrity and inviolability of state borders;
combating international terrorism and piracy; other
cases stipulated by international treaties of Ukraine and
ratifed by the Verkhovna Rada.
The principles of national policy were defined
in the sphere of national security and defence, on
implementation of which major efforts of the MOD and
the GS were focused in 2010 (Note 1.2).
Challenges and threats to Ukraine’s national security
in the military sphere
2
were determined on the basis
of comprehensive analysis of national and foreign
situations conducted during the year.
The State Offcials paid particular attention to issues
concerning preventing the decrease in the Armed Forces
combat readiness level, provision of their daily activities
and social protection of Service personnel, namely:
• for 2010 the task to stabilize the situation in the
Armed Forces and to ensure fnancing of high priority
activities was defned for the MOD
3
;
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• frst stage of initiating administrative reform in MOD Head Offce and the
Command and Control Bodies of the Armed Forces was conducted
4
;
• legislation to increase the penalty to citizens who breach their active duty com-
mitment
5
(Note 1.3.);
• patronage over military units, military education
institutions and organizations of the Armed Forces was
reconstituted in order to assist in resolving issues of
enhancing the prestige of military service, social and
cultural needs of Service personnel
6
;
• pensions of persons retired from military service
were increased at the expense of allowances for special
conditions of service related to the maintenance of
nuclear weapons
7
;
• functions and tasks of the Inspection on Control
over the Functioning of Military Formations of the Main
Defence Policy Directorate and Law Enforcement Bodies of the Presidential
Administration were specifed
8
;
• “Ukroboronprom” State Economic Association was established to increase
effciency of the administrative activity in the sphere of development, production,
implementation, maintenance, modernization and disposal of weapons, military
and special equipment and ammunition
9
.
The allowance was increased in order to encourage Service personnel to military
service. In 2010 the amount of monthly allowance to contracted Non-Commissioned
Offcers (NCOs) was raised, that increased their allowance by 29% to 35% compared to
2009. An additional monthly allowance to aircraft and shipboard Service personnel was
determined and the average size of the monthly allowance was raised in December, that
enabled an increase on average of 20% to 23% in the allowance of Service personnel
(see Chapter 5).
Timely decisions and measures of State Offcials in 2010 made everything possible to
stabilize the situation in the Armed Forces and further reform. However, implementation
of tasks to improve the Armed Forces’ combat readiness requires signifcant resources
and full consolidation of State Power Agencies and society.
Note 1.3. Liability for Breaching Active
Duty Commitment
The fine was increased from three to five times for breaching
military registration rules by persons subject to draft or conscript
personnel, non-appearance in the military commissariat without
reasonable excuse or late submission to the military registration
authority of information concerning change of residence,
education, place of work, position, and interruption of training
classes in institutions of the Defence Assistance Association of
Ukraine and vocational schools.
4
PresidentialDecree:“OntheoptimizationofcentralauthoritiessystemoftheExecutiveBranch”#1085/2010asofDecember,9,2010.
5
The Law of Ukraine: “On amendments in Article 210 of the Code of Ukraine on the administrative violations concerning strengthening of responsibility for
militarydutyandmilitaryserviceviolations”#2711-VIasofNovember,30,2010.
6
PresidentialDecree:“OntheissuesofthepatronageoftheArmedForcesofUkraine”#918/2010asofSeptember,27,2010.
7
Cabinet of Ministers’ Resolution: “On amendments in paragraph 5 of the Procedure for recomputation of pensions, fixed according to the Law of Ukraine
“Ontheprovisionofpersonssubjecttoretirementandsomeotherpersons”#318asofApril,21,2010.
8
PresidentialDecree:“OntheProvisiononthePresidentofUkrainecontrolovertheactivityoftheArmedForcesofUkraineandothermilitaryformations”#
917/2010asofSeptember,27,2010.
9
Presidential Decree: “On Measures concerning the increase of the efficiency of the military-industrial complex of Ukraine activity” # 1245/2010 as of
December,28,2010.
IMPLEMENTATION
OFTHESTATE
PROGRAMMEOF
ARMEDFORCES’
DEVELOPMENT
The State Programme of Armed Forces’ Development 2006-2011 (The State
Programme) foresaw to increase the portion of combat units by 8%, to bring the
number of renewed and modernized weapons and equipment to 22%, completely
switch to digital communication equipment and automated Command and Control
System of the Armed Forces, double the main combat training indicators, transit to
100% manning of contracted-personnel, release personnel from functions of guarding
military installations and food supply, and dispose of surplus military property.
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In general, this would enable increasing the Armed Forces’ combat potential while
reducing their number by more than 40%.
However, the limited resources provided considerably decreased the pace of
implementing the State Programme, this broke the sequence of events and led to the
increase in the cost of these activities.
Over the 5 years the underfunding of the State Programme was UAH 15.2 billion
(which is a quarter of the amount provided by the State
Programme (Figure 1.1)).
This, in turn, led to the following:
• optimization of the Armed Forces’ Command and
Control System and creation of the Unifed Automated
Command and Control System were not implemented.
The communications system of the Armed Forces was
not transited to the new technological base;
• implementation of the established indicators of
weapons and military equipment renewal was not
achieved. Over the years of the State Programme only
8 (14.4%) combat aircraft of the planned 55 were
modernized, renewal measures of 21 and purchase of 1
anti-aircraft missile system S-300, 2 AN-70 aircraft and
14 radar stations “Pelikan” were not implemented. The level of operability of
most aircraft (24%), helicopters (36%), ships and support vessels (7%) is still
low;
• comprehensive disposal plans were not implemented. The amount of surplus,
unserviceable missiles, ammunition and their components, liquid rocket
propellants, which were disposed of, constitute a quarter of the total amount;
• Service personnel were not provided with the necessary amount of housing. The
fnancial support provided from 2006 to 2010 delivered 10,900 apartments (25%
of the planned number);
• The planned indicators of combat training were not achieved. At the end of 2010
the main indicators of Forces’ combat training were three to four times lower
than 2006 indicators;
• The plans for Reservists’ training were not executed. 6,300 Reservists were
planned in 2010. At the end of the year the number was 1,681 (27% of the
plan);
• Transition of the Armed Forces to manning of contracted-personnel was not
completed. At the end of 2010 manning of the contracted-personnel reached
50%.
At the same time adopting a number of State
decisions in the sphere of defence, implementation of
priorities in the military sphere enabled the situation
concerning retaining Forces’ operational capabilities and
the integrity of the Air Defence System at the required
level.
For more information concerning the implementation
of the State Programme see the “The White Book:
Defence Policy of Ukraine” for 2006-2008 and “The
White Book 2009: The Armed Forces of Ukraine”.
Thus, from 2006 to 2010 the measures of the State
Programme were not fully implemented. The allocated
amounts were suffcient mainly for the maintenance of
the Armed Forces, which did not enable the training
of troops at the proper level and to maintain operational conditions of weapons and
military equipment. Implementation of activities of the Armed Forces’ development
was provided only 39%.
Diagram 1.1. The financial support of the State Programme
of the Armed Forces’ Development 2006-2011, billion UAH
Actual amount
Stipulated by the State Programme
8.7
2006
6.4
10.3
8.1
2008
11.8
9.5
2009
13.1
8.3
2010
14.1
10.5
2007
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TheLawofUkraine“OntheStateProgrammeonEconomicandSocialDevelopmentofUkrainefor2010”#2278asofMay,20,2010.
11
ApprovedbytheMinisterofDefenceasofMay,15,2010.
Note 1.4. The content of the Main Stabilization efforts in the Armed
Forces
• preventing the decrease in combat readiness level of the
Armed Forces;
• maintaining the human potential of the Armed Forces,
increasing motivation to military service;
• optimizing functional and organizational structures and
the Armed Forces’ strength;
• ensuring proper maintenance of the Armed Forces and
debt repayment of previous years;
• enhancing international military cooperation, peace-
keeping and verification activity of the Armed Forces;
• improving the Strategic and Defence Planning System.
Table 1.1. Dynamics of the Major Indicators of JRRF Combat
Training
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Forces’ Training Activities: 16 29 25 12 12
Brigade-level tactical exercises - - 1 3 -
Battalion-level tactical exercises 1 6 7 4 6
Company-level tactical exercise 8 12 10 5 13
Aerial tactical exercises 7 11 7 - 1
Average time ships’ crew at sea,
days
20,1 30,3 29 9,4 21,8
THEYEAROF
STABILIZATIONINTHE
ARMEDFORCES
The critical situation in the Armed Forces resulting from the disruption to the
implementation of the State Programme stipulated the necessity not only to increase
funding but to take additional measures at the levels of the President and Cabinet of
Ministers.
2010 was defned as the Year of Stabilization in the Armed Forces of Ukraine in
order to create preconditions for the further development of the Armed Forces in the
medium and long term.
According to the Law of Ukraine “On State
Budget of Ukraine for 2010” and the State Programme
on Economic and Social Development of Ukraine
for 2010
10
the range of measures to stabilize the
situation in the Armed Forces in 2010 was developed
11

(Note 1.4).
ProvidingArmedForces’
CombatReadiness
In order to implement new approaches to the Command
and Control Bodies, units’ training, ensuring their
readiness to perform assigned missions, the content of
legal documents that ensure balancing of the Training
Planning System with defence and budget planning
was improved (see Chapter 3).
The new units’ cohesiveness system was introduced, that considered the levels of
personnel support, including manning on the contract basis, determined specifc training
tasks and time indicators of their achievement.
The special feature of Armed Forces training in 2010 was the conduct of all
activities on a single operational and strategic background, this enabled the training of
command and control bodies and units according to the general concept and specifc
tasks.
From the second half of 2010 the Armed Forces
implemented the planned activities of combat training
to time. According to the training year’s results this
enabled a twofold increase in fying hours of army
aviation and 2.5 times for ships’ crew at sea compared
with the previous year (Table 1.1).
The main efforts of Forces’ training were focused on
JRRF defned units and those involved in participation
in the set of exercises with the Command and Control
Bodies and Forces “Cooperation – 2010” (6
th
September –
4
th
October 2010) that became a logical continuation of
the Strategic Command Post Exercises (May, 2010).
Exercises were carried out in 5 military Training
Areas of the Land Forces, in the State Scientifc-Test Centre Chauda of the Air Forces
and in 10 training ranges of the Naval Forces (Diagram 1.2).
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Diagram 1.2. Set of Exercises (training) with the Command and Control Organs and Forces “Cooperation – 2010”
KllB
Kiµororµaµ
'eµkacu
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'eµuirir
Xaµkir
Ciuqeµonont
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Xeµcou
lukonair
3anoµi+++
[uinµone¡µorctk
ñon¡ara
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'eµuirui
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Pirue
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Itrir
[oueutk
V+roµoµ
“Kirovograd”
Military Training Area
“Khmelnytskiy”
“Angarsk”
“Opuk”
“Chauda”
“Starokrymskiy” “Opuk
Military Training Area
Naval Forces Coastal
Training Area
Naval Forces Coastal
Training Area
Air Forces Test Ground
Naval Forces Coastal
Training Area
Naval Forces Maritime
Training Area
International Peacekeeping
and Security Centre
(IPSC, “Yavoriv”)
“Shyrokiy Lan”
Military Training Area
“Zhytomyr”
Military Training Area
Tank and armored fighting
vehicles – 211
Artillery systems – 113
Ships and boats – 24
Special-purposes
vehicles – 602
Service
personnel – 7,000
Aircraft – 18
Helicopters – 18
Air defence
systems – 184
LAND, AIR AND NAVAL FORCES’
CAPABILITIES, INVOLVED
IN THE EXERCISES:
Battalion tactical exercise with
field firing
Tactical special exercises of the
special forces unit
Tactical exercise of air defence
units of the Land Forces
Air landing of naval infantry unit
with helicopters Mi-8
Comprehensive fire engagement
of ship artillery, Coastal Defence
artillery, naval aviation and Air
Forces’ aviation
Amphibious landing on shore with
large landing ship “K. Olshansky”
IMPLEMENTED TASKS:
Tactical exercise of all-arms task
force of the Naval Forces
Tactical special exercises of the
separate regiment squadron of
remotely-operated aircraft
Tactical flight exercise of naval
aviation helicopter squadron
Tactical exercise with field firing of
the Air Forces military units
Airdrops of naval infantry unit with
aircraft AN-26
Airdrops of naval infantry unit with
aircraft AN-26
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In total, 6 battalion and tactical exercises,
23 tactical, 17 tactical special and 1 tactical flight
training, 6 mobilization calls with about 600 persons
subject to draft have been conducted.
During the year effective steps towards technical
re-equipment and modernization of weapons and
military equipment of the Armed Forces were made.
The priority of modernization and renewal of
weapons and equipment was aviation materiel and air
defence facilities, which are used to protect the airspace
of the State and cover vital installations in peacetime.
One of the main directions was also the renewal of
combat ships operational status due to their critical
condition. Modernization and procurement of armoured
vehicles was carried out according to the plan.
The result of the year’s work was the renewal of
about 3,000 items of weapon and equipment that affect
the combat readiness of Forces, including:
• 26 different types of aircraft, 11 helicopters;
• 12 ships, boats and support vessels;
• 120 rocket and artillery weapons;
• 41 armoured vehicles and equipment;
• 298 vehicles;
• 2 air defence systems S-300PS had their service life extended.
MaintainingpersonnelpotentialoftheArmedForces,increasingthe
motivationformilitaryservice,implementingmilitarypatrioticeducation
In 2010 the main priority of commanders at all levels was maintaining personnel
potential and reducing the outflow of officers and creating appropriate social
conditions for Service personnel.
The main reasons for the decrease in manning of junior offcers are the discrepancy
between Armed Forces requirements for offcers’ training to changing strength fgures
and poor social protection of Service personnel.
In 2008-2009 the reduction of the Armed Forces’ strength slowed. In 2010 this has
led to the imbalance of indicators of Forces requirements for people and the number of
cadets in Military Education Institutions (MEI). As a result, only a quarter of vacant
positions of junior offcers was flled by MEI graduates in 2010.
The following measures were taken to overcome this problem, including:
• the number of Reserve Offcers recruited to military service was increased to 404
(in 2009 – 154);
• personal interviews by commanders at Army Corps level and their equivalents,
with junior offcers who wish to resign from military service;
• offcers who have reached retirement age for military service and meet certain
requirements were given an opportunity to remain in the military beyond
retirement age;
• the assignment of offcers into other military formations was limited. Permission
for transfer was given in case of contract expiry being within 6 months;
• mandatory approval of discharge from military service by Board of Offcers was
introduced to ensure objectivity in personnel decisions.
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• State Request for training of junior offcers was
increased. Training of cadets at the Military Institute of
Odessa National Polytechnic University was renewed.
• Special attention of commanders at all levels
was focused on providing appropriate working
conditions.
• Increasing the intensity of combat training of Forces
in 2010 contributed to the stabilization of military
disciplinary at the level of 2009. (Figure 1.3).
• This factor facilitated team-building among Service
personnel, formation of a benevolent psychological
climate and retention of military professionals.
• The introduction of the Centralized
Personnel Management System, the new
system of manning of contracted-personnel,
free meals, increasing the amount of Service
personnel pay also contributed to retention of
military personnel.
A qualitative improvement in housing of
Service personnel after the unsuccessful 2009
helped to increase the motivation for military
service. During the year the main focus was
on completing partly-constructed buildings,
especially those at 70% or more. In 2010 the
budget for acquiring apartments for Service
personnel was allocated (and other additional
funding was reallocated) on the initiative of the MOD and supported by the Cabinet
of Ministers.
Permission for the use of defence lands for construction of housing for Service
personnel and their dependents as well as social and affordable housing was legislated
12
.
Overall, this year Service personnel received more than 2,000 apartments.
New relationships with NGOs which were developed on the principles of
partnership and mutual responsibility and focused on objective public information
concerning the activity of the Armed Forces were important for the Armed
Forces.
Consolidation of efforts and capacity of NGOs, introduction of new ideas and
proposals were provided by the MOD Public Board. In 2010 the Public Board accepted
5 new NGOs. At the end of the year the number of non-governmental, trade union
organizations and media on the Public Board was 90.
During the year implementation of military patriotic education in the daily
activities of units was continued, coordination of efforts and unity of views of Command
and Control Bodies was ensured, including:
• awareness of the Service personnel ritual of the national fag reveille in the
Armed Forces
13
was established, that encouraged the raising of national activation
of military patriotic education of personnel, increasing the prestige of military
service (Note 1.5);
12
TheLawofUkraine“OnamendmentsinArticle4oftheLawofUkraine“Ontheuseofthedefencelands”concerningtheconstructionofhousingforServicepersonnel
andtheirdependents”#2674-VIasofNovember,4,2010.
13
MinisterofDefenceOrder:“OntheApprovalofritualofthenationalflagofUkrainereveille(retreat)intheArmedForcesofUkraine”#444asofAugust,20,2010.
Figure 1.3. Losses of Service Personnel, persons
NUMBER OF DECEASED
CAUSES OF DEATH
o
u
t

o
f

s
e
r
v
i
c
e

t
i
m
e
d
u
r
i
n
g

s
e
r
v
i
c
e

t
i
m
e
2007 2006
suicide
2008 2009 2007 2006 2008 2009 2007 2006 2008 2009 2007 2006 2008 2009
hazing traffic accidents other accidents
1 1
16
15
17
45
44
19
42
29
23
1
0 0
2010 2010 2010 2010
12
22
31
11
32
24
89
69
20
84
58
26
2006 2007
76
62
14
59
51
8
57
47
10
2008 2009 2010
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• directions of activities and tasks of the Command and Control Bodies concern-
ing raising the level of moral and psychological potential of the Armed Forces,
patriotic consciousness of personnel were defned
14
;
• the main ways of fostering spiritual values of Ukrainian patriot in Military Lycée
cadets, psychological and physical readiness to perform civil and constitutional
duty to protect the Motherland
15
;
• more than 10,000 military patriotic events were conducted (Diagram 1.4),
participation of representatives of the MOD and the Armed Forces in the national
patriotic events on the occasion of celebration of national holidays, memorial,
anniversary celebrations and events in the history of the Ukrainian people,
including the 65th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-
1945 were ensured.
Note 1.5. Ritual of the National Flag Reveille in the Armed Forces
Ritual of the Ukrainian national flag reveille (retreat) is carried
out daily in places of permanent deployment of military units,
higher military educational institutions and military training units of
higher educational institutions and organizations as well as in field
camps during field exercises;
the national flag goes up (down) on the flagstaff, installed on
the marching surface. Flags on ships and vessels go up (down)
according to the Regulation on sea duty in the Naval Forces of the
Armed Forces;
the national flag in military units of the Air Forces of the
Armed Forces, personnel of which are involved into combat duty
performance, goes up (down) according to the Regulation on the
organization and performance of combat duty and conducting the
ritual of entry on the Air Defence duty of the Armed Forces;
at the beginning of the working week (on Mondays) the
reveille of the flag is carried out in the morning during the general
formation of brigade (regiment, separate battalion) personnel by
a duty officer with the involvement of certain persons of the duty.
The reveille of the flag is accompanied by the National Anthem,
sung by the personnel;
on other days ritual of the flag reveille is carried out by the
duty officer (assistant duty officer) with the involvement of
certain persons of the duty;
the flag reveille on working days is carried out at 8.30 AM, at
weekends and holidays – at 9.00 AM and the retreat – at 8.00 PM;
the formal flag reveille is carried out during State and military
professional holidays according to the Armed Forces service of
the military unit during general personnel formation.
14
MinisterofDefenceOrder:“OntheApprovalofConceptofmilitary-patrioticeducationintheArmedForcesofUkraine”#295asofJune,8,2010.
15
MinisterofDefenceOrder:“OntheApprovalofConceptofpupilseducationinmilitarylyceums”#413asofAugust,9,2010.
Diagram 1.4. Results of Military Patriotic Education in 2010.
Military patriotic and cultural artistic actions organized and conducted in 2010.
14 cultural-artistic and military-
patriotic actions
1,620 thematic events
465 theoretical and practical
conferences, seminars, round-table
conferences”
Creative teams of the Armed Forces
Song and Dance Ensemble and
National Presidential Orchestra gave
300 concerts in military garrisons
and cities.
5,001 excursions to the Central
Museum of the Armed Forces and its
branches, with more than
165 thousand visitors
230 theatrical shows
540 concerts of amateur talent groups
3,348 thematic matinees, recitals of
relaxation
3,012 library activities
237 concerts, literary and artistic
evenings, book fairs were held
in the Central House of Officers of the
Armed Forces, with more than
87,000 visitors
308 quizzes, competitions and other
cultural events,
284 art exhibitions and shows of
amateur and folk arts
SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAI NE I N 2010
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Comprehensive implementation of measures aimed at the individual work with
Service personnel, increasing the motivation for military service, providing military
patriotic education, all facilitated the retention of military personnel.
Disposalofrockets,ammunitionandpropellants
In 2010 disposal of unserviceable and unsuitable for storage rockets and ammunition
was increased. However, the performance of the planned indicators specified by
the State Defence Programme of Disposal of Conventional Ammunition Unsuitable
for further Usage and Storage for 2008-2017
16
(State Disposal Programme) was not
met.
The Law of Ukraine “On the State Budget of Ukraine for 2010” stipulated UAH
113.1 million, (General Fund – UAH 20.8 million, Special Fund – UAH 92.3 million).
That is 42% of the amount defned in the State Disposal Programme (UAH 269.7
million).
The actual allocation was UAH 27.2 million (24% of the amount to be provided by
the State Budget) including General Fund – UAH 20.8 million and Special Fund – UAH
6.4 million). Of which UAH 24.1 million was for the disposal of ammunition (General
Fund – UAH 20.8 million, Special Fund – UAH 3.3 million) and UAH 3.1 million for
the disposal of rocket propellants from the Special Fund.
During the year the total amount of weapons, rockets and ammunition withdrawn by
the MOD from bases and storage for the purpose of further disposal was 29.5 thousand
tons, with 2.4 thousand tons being transferred to the Ministry of Industrial Policy: 23.7
thousand tons of ammunition were disposed of (Table 1.2.).
16
ApprovedbytheResolutionoftheCabinetofMinisters#940asofOctober,22,2008.
17
TheMemorandumofmutualunderstandingbetweentheCabinetofMinistersandtheOrganizationofSecurityandCooperationinEuropeconcerningtheOSCEUkraine
projectonmelangedisposal(liquidrocketfuelcomponent)wasratifiedbytheLawofUkraine#1264-VIasofApril,15,2009.
Table 1.2. Disposed Ammunition 2006-2010, thousand tones
By directions
Disposed, thousand tons
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Ministry of Defence at the expense of: 26.0 15.6 8.6 8.4 21.3
State Budget 26.0 15.6 3.4 0.5 4.1
contractors
(by self-financing)
- - 5.2 1.2 9.9
Armed Forces - - - 1.2 -
international assistance - - - 5.5 7.3
Ministry of Industrial Policy - 8.7 7.3 14.2 2.4
National Space Agency - 3.3 3.1 0.5 -
TOTAL 26.0 27.6 19.0 20.5 23.7
The implementation of the common OSCE-Ukraine project on the disposal of
mélange type liquid rocket fuel component continued
17
. Within this framework,
2,698 tons of mélange were withdrawn from rocket fuel storage to disposal areas
(Table 1.3).
3,168 tons of mélange were disposed of in 2009-2010 in the Russian Federation
according to the international contract.
Table 1.3 Disposed Melange
2006-2010, thousand tones
By directions
Disposed, thousand
tons
2008 2009 2010
International
treaties
215 470 2 698
ASUMMARYOFTHE
STRATEGICDEFENCE
REVIEWTASKS
Strategic Defence Review tasks were completed in 2010. Based on the results a draft
Strategic Defence Bulletin to 2025 was developed and then discussed with national
and foreign specialists and NGOs. The interdepartmental coordination of the legal act
on approving the Strategic Defence Bulletin was completed.
NewmodelofSecurityandDefenceSector
Internal and external challenges and threats, with high level of probability and
impact on Ukraine to 2025 were defned within the framework of the Strategic Defence
Review and an analysis of the security environment. (Diagram 1.5).
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Uncontrolled proliferation of weapons of mass
destruction and dual-use technologies
Territorial claims to Ukraine
Maintaining political instability,
presence of conflict situations
between some states in the
region and also “frozen”
conflicts
Increase in transnational
organized crime, and the
spread of international
terrorism
Increase of the risk
of occurrence of natural and
man-made disasters
NATIONAL SECURITY OF UKRAINE –
protection of vital interests of person and
citizen, society and state that provided for the
sustainable development of society, timely
detection, prevention and neutralization
of current and potential threats to national
interests
Increasing threats from terrorism
and extremism
International piracy
Increasing the presence in the information space
of Ukraine and cyber attacks
Strengthening of international rivalry for access
to energy resources and control over transport
routes and processing facilities.
Attempts of some forces to support separate
political parties, groups of population by ethnic
language, religion, economic pressure
and other destructive actions
Intensification of regional separatism ethnic
and religious confrontations
Diagram 1.5. Threats and Challenges in the Sphere of National Security and Defence
Taking into consideration the comprehensive response of all state agencies to threats
in the sphere of military security, it was proposed to transit from the irrelevant at this
time defnition “State Military Organization” to the defnition “Security and Defence
Sector of Ukraine”. The latter’s functional components include: Defence Forces,
Security Forces, non-governmental agencies that may be involved in the interests of
security and defence (Diagram 1.6).
Diagram 1.6. Functional Components of the Security and Defence Sector of Ukraine
D
E
F
E
N
C
E

F
O
R
C
E
S
S
E
C
U
R
I
T
Y

F
O
R
C
E
S
FORCES
Command and Control Bodies, Armed Forces, Internal Troops
of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
Assigned to protect State and society from any
threats of a military nature.
May be charged to perform certain tasks in
peacetime
Assigned to protect human, society and State from
any threats in peacetime.
According to the plans of the GS may be charged
to perform certain tasks to defend the State from
external aggression in wartime
Intelligence Services
Foreign Intelligence Service
Directorate of Intelligence MOD
Border Guard Service
Foreign Intelligence Service
Directorate of Intelligence MOD
SSU, Ministry of Emergencies, Directorate of State Guard of
Ukraine, State Department for Execution of Punishments,
activities of the MIA
Support Forces
State Special Communication Service,
State Special Transport Service
STRATEGIC LEVEL OF THE
NATIONAL AUTHORITY
President, Verkhovna Rada,
Cabinet of Ministers,
National Security and Defence Council
Bodies, organizations and institutions which are or may be
involved in the task of protecting national interests in the
security and defence sphere within their full powers
(Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Economy, Ministry
of Finance, Ministry of Industrial Policy, Ministry of Transport
and Communication, Ministry of Health, State Committee
for Reserves and other bodies of executive power)
Departmental executive level
of authority
Non-governmental think-tanks and
organizations, providing service in
the security and defence sphere
Non-governmental component
GENERAL COMPETENCE RELEVANT COMPETENCE
Bodies, organizations and institutions directly involved in the
task of protecting national interests in the security and defence
sphere (MOD, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Emergen-
cies, Security Service, Foreign Intelligence Service, State Border
Guard Service, State Special Transport Service, State Special
Communication Service, Directorate of State Guard of Ukraine,
State Department for Execution of Punishments)
SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAI NE I N 2010
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Transformation of the State Military Organization into the Security and Defence
Sector and legislative consolidation of this term will enable the adjustment of the
priorities of the State Security and Defence Policy more effectively and timely,
optimally merging military and civil opportunities of all components of the system of
national security for preventing and neutralizing existing and potential military threats,
and supporting the defensive potential of the State at the level that ensures the military
security of Ukraine.
The wide range of possible situations, which may involve security and defence
forces in the long term, based on the analysis of challenges and threats to national
security, and government priorities in defence and security policy, was analysed. These
situations are combined by scenarios that are key to determining the place, role and
tasks of each component of the Security and Defence Sector to guarantee security and
to defend the State (Table 1.4).
Table 1.4. Main Scenarios for Planning Security and Defence Forces’ Implementation/Involvement
No. Scenarios
Executive and Other Structures
S
u
p
r
e
m
e

C
o
m
m
a
n
d
e
r
-
i
n
-
C
h
i
e
f

G
e
n
e
r
a
l

H
e
a
d
q
u
a
r
t
e
r
s

C
r
i
s
i
s

C
e
n
t
r
e
A
F
U
S
S
U
M
I
A
M
o
E
S
t
a
t
e

S
p
e
c
i
a
l

T
r
a
n
s
p
o
r
t

S
e
r
v
i
c
e


B
G
S
U
F
I
S
S
t
a
t
e

S
p
e
c
i
a
l

C
o
m
m
u
n
i
c
a
t
i
o
n

S
e
r
v
i
c
e

D
S
G
S
D
E
P
M
i
n
i
s
t
r
y

o
f

e
c
o
n
o
m
y
M
i
n
i
s
t
r
y

o
f

i
n
d
u
s
t
r
i
a
l

p
o
l
i
c
y
M
F
A
N
S
A
U
1.
Deter and defeat of armed aggression
against Ukraine
M KR DI DI DI AR DI AR AR AR AR S S S AR
2. Terrorist attacks against Ukraine CE DI KR DI AR DI DI AR AR AR S S S AR
3.
Interference in Ukrainian internal affairs
by other States
CE AR DI DI AR DI AR KR AR
4. Internal instability M AR DI KR AR AR AR AR S S S AR
5.
Violation of the integrity of the borders
of Ukraine, including air and maritime
space
M DI DI DI KR DI AR S S S AR
6. Natural disasters M DI AR DI KR AR AR AR S S AR
7.
Intensification of organized crime,
including international
CE DI KR DI AR S AR
8.
Emergencies of man-made disasters,
including those caused by terrorist acts
and sabotage, disaster-relief operations
M DI DI DI KR AR DI AR AR
9.
Conduct of international operations and
participation outside of Ukraine
CE KR AR DI DI AR AR S S S AR
10.
Protection of Ukrainian citizens living
abroad and national property
CE DI AR DI AR AR DI KR AR
11.
Military assistance of Ukraine to other
countries in bilateral and multilateral
agreements
CE M AR AR DI S AR
Legend:
M – Management; DI – Direct Involvement;
CE – Coordination Efforts (actions, measures) AR – Auxiliary Role;
KR – Key Responsibility; S – Support (political and diplomatic, legal, organizational, resource, information)
The long-term outline of the Armed Forces was developed and the strategy to achieve
this was defned on the basis of security environment analysis of the requirements for
the Security and Defence Forces capabilities, the main purpose of which is to provide
the needs of security and defence on the principle of defence suffciency and balanced
with resources, using resource capabilities of the State to protect Ukraine’s national
interests from existing and potential internal and external threats and to function
effectively in a democratic society.
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18
ApprovedbytheCabinetofMinistersandsubmittedforconsiderationtotheNDSC.
19
CabinetofMinisters’Decree:“OnApprovalofestimatedfiguresofallocationsfromthegeneralfundoftheStateBudgetfordefenceneedsfortheperiodofupto2023”
№568asofJuly,7,2010.
20
PresidentialDecree:“OnDecisionoftheNationalDefenceandSecurityCouncilasofNovember,17,2010“OnUkraine’sNationalsecuritychallengesandthreatsin
2011”№1119/2010asofDecember,10,2010.
The implementation of the long-term outline of the Armed Forces will be carried
out in three stages:
• First Stage (2011-2015) – to stabilize the situation in the Forces, maintain
opportunities to renovate the combat effectiveness of the Armed Forces, support
the minimum required capabilities to prevent, localize and neutralize armed
confict, contribute to disaster-relief assistance and participate in peacekeeping
operations. The frst stage measures are elaborated in the Concept of Further
Reform of the Armed Forces of Ukraine for 2011-2015
18
;
• Second Stage (2016-2020) – to renew operational capabilities of the Armed
Forces and start their sustained development. The units of the Armed Forces in
cooperation with other components of the Security and Defence Forces should
be ready to carry out specifc tasks at the end of this stage;
• Third Stage (2021-2025) – to achieve the main quality standards of the new
structure of the Armed Forces, provide them with modern weapons and
equipment, increase the level of units’ training, and create material stocks.
FinancialsupportoftheArmedForcesreformto2025
Supporting the Armed Forces with financial resources is based on indexes of needs,
necessary to achieve appropriate capabilities of the Armed Forces, and the State’s
ability to meet the needs.
The Government has defned tentative indexes of allocations from the General Fund
for defence purposes for the future that have been specifed by the Concept of the
Armed Forces Reform 2011-2015 (Figure 1.7)
19
.
Defence Budget Allocation planning:
• First Stage (2011-2015) – assign funds to the social
protection of Service personnel and their family,
reform of the Armed Forces, disposal of ammunition,
provision of combat readiness of defned military bases
and units. Financial priority is to be placed on highly
technological services – Air Forces and Naval Forces;
• Second Stage (2016-2020) – increase investments into
arms and equipment, unit training and infrastructure
development; gradually change MOD budgetary
allocations: decrease maintenance allocations by 65%,
and increase allocations for armament, materiel and
infrastructure from 18% to 25% and from 5% to 7%
for unit training;
• Third Stage (2021-2025) – allocate finance to
programmes that directly influence the increase in
operational capabilities of defence forces, and further
improve social protection of Service personnel.
The sequence of further work and passing the draft
SDB for consideration by the National Defence and Security Council is defned by the
decision of the National Defence and Security Council of 17
th
November 2010 “On
Ukraine’s National Security Challenges and Threats in 2011” and is coherent with
the development of the new editions of the National Security Strategy and Military
Doctrine
20
.
13 600
10 476
12 396
14 317
16 179,4
18100
19 962,4
21 883
23 745,4
25 666
27 528,4
29 449
31 311,4
33 232
14 922,7
17 122,8
19 246,3
21 406,6
26 058,5
30 749
36 283,8
42 814,9
50 521,6
59 615,5
70 364,3
83 008,6
92 969,6
104 125,9
Indicators, approved by the
Cabinet of Ministers in terms of
the Armed Forces Development
Concept to 2015 Draft
Ministry of Defence proposals Future indicators of the Cabinet of Ministers
indexes worked out by the
Ministry of Defence of Ukraine
according to the President’s
Administration order
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
Figure 1.7. Estimated Allocations from the State Budget for Defence
Purposes to 2025, million UAH
SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAI NE I N 2010
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There has been a trend in recent years of not considering within the State Budget
all the needs of the Armed Forces. Unrealistic expectations of income to the Special
Fund continued, the inability to meet those expectations is caused by the lack of
proper legislative regulation concerning sales income from MOD surplus property
and facilities.
The standard fnancial support required for the Armed Forces in 2010 was at the
level of UAH 30,938.1 million. (Armed Forces Development Needs).
Taking into account the economic condition of the State, the MOD has defned a
minimal necessary amount – UAH 19,853.4 million.
The State Budget allocated the following funding for the MOD for 2010:
UAH 12,477.1 million. (1.15% of GDP), to include UAH 9,052.8 million (73% of
the total budget) – for the General Fund, Special Fund – UAH 2,664 million (21%),
Stabilization Fund – UAH 760.3 million (6 %).
Actual fnancial support received was UAH 10,533.6 million (0.97% GDP) or
84.4% of the year’s allocation, which was only 53% of the minimal need, to include:
General Fund – UAH 9,052.8 million. (100% funding), Special Fund – UAH 819,6
million (30.8%), Stabilization Fund– UAH 661,2 million. (87%) (Appendix 1).
The total shortfall in funding was UAH 1,943.5 million (15.6%).
Thus, fnancial support of the Armed Forces in 2010
corresponded to the minimal-critical support level for
maintenance and training of the Forces (Figure 1.8).
Experience of leading nations shows that allocations
for maintaining proper Forces’ readiness level in order
to be able to fulfll their primary tasks, development of
armament and materiel, training and other operational
needs should be no less than 50% of available fnancial
resources.
At the same time, during 2006-2008 allocations for
maintenance of the Armed Forces have been gradually
increasing from 68% to 77%. During the fnancial crisis
in 2009 this reached 84%, and in 2010 the index reached
87.9% (Figure 1.9), which was related to the necessity
to fulfl urgent activities in terms of provision of social
guarantees for Service personnel and their families.
FUNDING
OFTHEARMED
FORCESNEEDS
Figure 1.9. MOD allocations Structure for 2006-2010, %
UAF Maintenance AF training Investments into Arms and Equipment and infrastructure
World Practices
MOD Ukraine budget 2006.
UAH 6,404.8 million
MOD Ukraine budget 2009
UAH 8,340.9 million
MOD Ukraine budget 2008
UAH 9,529.5 million
MOD Ukraine budget 2007
UAH 8,071. 1 million
MOD Ukraine budget 2010
UAH 10,533.6 million
10,5
53%
9,88
6,4 6,4%
Minimal Requirement Actual Spent
64%
13,1
8,0
61%
17,3
9,5
55%
17,5
8,3
47%
9,1%
12,8%
25,2%
15,9%
9,1%
Inflation rate
2006 2008 2009 2007 2010
19,8
Figure 1.8. State of Financial Support of the Armed Forces
2006-2010, billion UAH
50% 68,7%
73,9%
87,9%
84,0%
77,1%
20%
9,7%
9,8%
5,1%
9,0%
7,8%
30%
21,6%
16,3%
7,0%
7,0%
15,1%
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Under such conditions all allocations for development of armament and materiel,
training and other operational requirements of the Armed Forces have been planned
according to the “Residual Principle” and at the expense of unsecured fnancial
resources (Special and Stabilization Funds). As a result, Defence Budgets from 2006 to
2010 could not be objectively referred to as ”Development Budgets”.
In 2010 due to decisive actions of the State leadership as a whole, we managed
to create a background for stopping destructive processes in the Armed Forces,
favorable conditions for renewal of Forces’ combat readiness, gradually increases
in both training level and equipping forces with materiel.
The new State Comprehensive Programme of Reforming and Developing the
Armed Forces 2011-2015 is being developed based on the results of defence policies
and the Strategic Defence Review, according to the National Security and Defence
Council decision.
21
21
PresidentialDecree:“OnDecisionoftheNationalDefenceandSecurityCouncilasofNovember,17,2010“OnUkraine’sNationalsecuritychallengesandthreatsin
2011”№1119/2010asofDecember,10,2010
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COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM
OF THE ARMED FORCES,
ORGANIZATION, MANPOWER
AND EQUIPMENT
CHAPTER2
IMPROVEMENT OF COMMAND AND CONTROL
SYSTEM OF THE ARMED FORCES
ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMED FORCES
SUPPLY OF MATERIEL
25
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IMPROVEMENT
OFCOMMANDAND
CONTROLSYSTEM
OFTHEARMED
FORCES
COMMANDANDCONTROLSYSTEM
OFTHEARMEDFORCES,
ORGANIZATION,MANPOWER
ANDEQUIPMENT
D
uring 2010 effective mechanisms continued to be develop for the Armed Forces’ Command and
ControlSystemanditsintegrationintherenewedStateCommandandControlSystem.TheMODand
theArmedForcesareimplementingthegovernment’sAdministrativeReforms.Theprioritywasgivento
optimizingthemilitaryCommandandControlElements’organizationandstrength,removingoverlapping
functionsandtasks,andreducingrunningcosts.
CHAPTER2
Improving the Command and Control System of the Armed Forces was accomplished
by developing its key features: Command and Control Elements; Command Posts, the
Armed Forces Single Automated Command and Control System (SAC
2
S) elements
and replacing the communications systems with digital communications.
The development of the single automated Command and Control System continued
(Figure 2.1):
• Strategiclevel– MOD, General Staff, Logistics, Armaments, Main Directorate
of Operational Support;
• Operational level– Services’ Commands, Joint Operational Command, Army
Corps’ Commands, Air Commands, Naval Operations Centre and Coast Guard
Troops Centre;
• Tacticallevel– Brigades and Regiments’ Commands.
The development of the Armed Forces SAC
2
S continues. The new methods and
approaches on developing and using the “informatization” system (considering the
Armed Forces reform directions) are represented in the MOD “Informatization”
Concept
1
, that provides for:
Figure 2.1. Armed Forces’ Command and Control Elements’, at the end of 2010
Air
Commands
Land Forces
Formations and Units
Naval Forces Formations
and Units
NAVAL
FORCES
COMMAND
Naval
Operations
Centre
Coast
Guard Troops
Centre
AIR
FORCES
COMMAND
Combined-
Arms
Formations
Operational Command Functions Administrative Control Functions Territorial Defence Organization Functions Support Functions
GENERAL STAFF
Air Forces Formations
and Units
Task
Force
MINISTRY OF DEFENCE
LAND
FORCES
COMMAND
JOINT
OPERATIONAL
COMMAND
Stand-by
Duty Forces
Army Corps
Commands
Western and Southern
Operational
Command Directorates,
“North” Territorial Directorate
Peacekeeping
Contingents
Base, Depots,
Arsenals
Armament of the Armed Forces
Logistics of the Armed Forces
Main Directorate of Operational
Support of the Armed Forces
Main Command Centre
1
DefenceMinisterOrder:“OntheapprovalofConceptofInformatizationoftheMinistryofDefenceofUkraine”#80asofFebruary,24,2010.
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• legal regulation of the “informatization” process in the MOD;
• formation and development of the information environment components;
• providing the required level of information security.
The authority of SAC
2
S Chief Designer has been vested in the Director of
Mathematical Machine and System Problems Institute of the National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine
2
to provide the regularity and consistency of development.
During the year:
• information-analytical system of the Armed Forces mobilization deployment
planning and complex communications equipment room was made operational;
• State testing of “Dnipro” Automated Command and Control System of the Armed
Forces’ routine activities was accomplished;
• testing of the peacekeeping contingents Command and Control Software was
accomplished;
• testing of the automated processes systems software
concerning military units running costs provision and
fulfllment of the Armed Forces defence planning tasks
was accomplished;
• linking three stationary communications centres by
fber optic communication lines.
The prearranged measures of Air and Naval Forces
Automated Command and Control System development
continued. For the frst time the video transmission of
practical units’ actions was forwarded to the Air Forces
Command Centre during the Exercise “Cooperation –
2010”. The control of air situation was carried out by
the on-line automated radar data collection, analysis and
display systems.
StrategicLevelofCommand
In 2010, the Administrative Reform activities were initiated gradually in the MOD to
increase the effectiveness of defence in the framework of the State policy of public
administration.
MODimplemented the following:
• re-structuring organizational elements according to functions and tasks. The
Department of Transformation and Information Technologies was re-organized to
the Department of Strategy Development of Command and Control of the Armed
Forces; the Department of Humanitarian Policy – to the Department of Social
and Humanitarian Policy; the Press Service Directorate – to the Department of
Press and Mass Media Relations; the Legal Department – to the Department of
Legal Support; the Department of Construction – to the Department of Capital
Construction; the Directorate of Military-Technical Cooperation – to the Section
of Military-Technical Cooperation and Expert Control respectively;
• optimizing material resources command and control system. The Department
of Economic and Administrative Activity was formed from the Department of
Economic Activity and Directorate of Repair of Weapons and Equipment; while
the Department of State Procurement and Department of Resources Provision
were re-organized to the Department of State Procurement and Resources
Provision;
2
CabinetofMinisters’Resolution:“OnGeneralDesignerofSingleAutomatedCommandandControlSystemoftheArmedForces’development”#2238-pas
ofDecember,15,2010
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• Implementing MOD responsibilities in mobilization, civil defence and anti-
corruption. The Mobilization Section, the Directorate of Civil Defence and
Ecological Security, and the Prevention and Countering Corruption unit were
established;
• Optimizing the MOD Head Offce, the total strength was downsized by 10%.
Generally, the structure of the General Staff met requirements of strategic planning
and afforded an opportunity to fulfll functions and tasks in 2010.
However, to exclude overlapping functions between MOD and GS in control of
expenditures and tangible assets, the GS Auditing Directorate was disbanded.
The Support Forces Command was re-organized to the Department of Logistics; the
Department of Armament; and the Main Directorate of Operational Support to increase
the fexibility and conformity of the logistics system according to the current stage
of reforming the Armed Forces. The strategic level military Command and Control
Elements have been established to plan and provide units with weapons and equipment,
material resources and emergency supplies.
MOD and GS structures attheendof2010are shown at Appendix 2.
OperationalLevelofCommand
The main efforts were directed to improving Command and Control Elements’
organization, optimizing their strength and increasing of operability and quality of
their activity. The overall strength of Command and Control Elements was downsized
up to 11% in 2010.
Optimizing the MOD Head Offce will be continued according to the requirements
of Presidential Acts
3
, which envisage the revision of functions and tasks, further orga-
nizational improvement, the reduction of running costs and enhancing effectiveness of
the Command and Control System.
3
PresidentialDecree:“Ontheoptimizationofcentralexecutivegovernmentauthoritiessystem”#1085/2010asofDecember,9,2010
Presidential Decree: “Some approaches of the work organization of ministries and central executive government authorities system ” #1199/2010 as of
December,24,2010
PresidentialDecree:“Someapproachesoftheworkorganizationofmeasuresimplementationofcentralexecutivegovernmentauthoritiessystem’soptimization
”#1199/2010asofDecember,24,2010
CabinetofMinisters’Resolution:“Onfinanceofexpendituresastomilitaryequipment(helicopters)repairrealizationaccordingtotheStatedefenceorderin
thenationalmanufacturersandthepaymentoftheirtransportationcost”#210asofFebruary,17,2010
“On approval of Procedure of application of funds of the Stabilization fund in 2010 for development, procurement, repair, and modernization of weapons,
militaryandspecialequipmentaccordingtotheStatedefenceorderinthenationalmanufacturersforthepurposeofthestatedefenceprovision”#798asof
September,2,2010
SUPPLY
OFMATERIEL
ORGANIZATIONOF
THEARMEDFORCES
The quantity of obsolete arms and equipment continued to increase within the Armed
Forces, but the limited financial resources to developing arms and equipment did
not provide the proper pace for their modernization and procurement. Under such
conditions, the priority in the Armed Forces was to renew the serviceability of arms
and equipment.
The signifcant improvement of unit equipment level was achieved through additional
budget allocations, including the Stabilization Fund, and professional management.
In 2010 the organization and strength of the Armed Forces was not changed
significantly (Annex 2).
The planned optimization of the ratio between combat and support units, as well as
matching the Armed Forces strength to requirements specifed in the Strategic Plan of
the Armed Forces Deployment were carried out.
The overall strength of the Armed Forces was 200,000 – of which 150,000 were
Service personnel at the end of 2010 (Annex 2).
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CabinetofMinisters’Resolution:“OnalterationsinResolutionoftheCabinetofMinisters#1135asofOctober,14,2009”#679asofJuly,28,2010
In particular, in order to increase the resource capabilities of the Armed Forces the
mechanism of mutual payments “in kind” for repair and modernization works, proved
to be successful in repairing aviation equipment in 2009, was extended to the whole
list of military equipments
4
.
Throughout the year 17 new pieces of weapons and equipment were adopted by
the Armed Forces. The most signifcant among them were the SU-25V1 updated
combat aircraft, SU-25UBM1 training-combat aircraft,
P-423-1MU t roposphere communi cat i on radi o,
“Skif –KAZ” complex communication equipment room,
Z-501M data transmitting equipment. According to the
results of national testing the other 7 pieces of weapons
and equipment were recommended to be brought into
service.
Throughout the year, 10 “Bulat” battle tanks were
procured and assigned to the separate tank brigade in
Chernigiv region; 18 Kraz-6322 off-highway vehicles
and parachute systems were obtained; and 37 Fire motor
tank trucks were procured and adopted, to provide the
fre and explosion safety at the ammunition, weapons and
equipment storage sites.
The P-18 radar serviceability renovation programme transitioning them to a modern
platform continued. The production of complex pilot simulator of the MIG-29 KTS-21
aircraft was completed. The National testing of AN-70 test model was continued. The
serviceability of the “Hetman Sagaidachnyi” frigate, “Ternopil’” and “Khmelnytskyi”
corvettes was renewed. The repair of “Donbas” command ship and “Zaporizhia”
submarine is about to be completed. The start of submarine seagoing tests and
commissioning into the Naval Forces line are envisaged in May 2011.
The successes in 2010 are the renewal of cooperation with civil and military aviation
and tank manufacturers, namely:
• coproduction and manufacture of AN-148 civil plane airframes and APC hulls;
• Mi-8MTB helicopter, equipped with new engines of the “Motor-Sich” open joint
stock company was tested on the basis of the “Aviakon” Konotop Aircraft Repair
Plant” – a State MOD enterprise. The new world record for helicopter speed of
ascent was achieved during the test.
The main measures of the Armed Forces’ weapons and equipment supply in 2010
are represented in Annex 2.
The command and control system of the Armed Forces is capable of ensuring
continual and robust control over units, their routine activities as well as
peacekeeping contingents.
In 2010 the signifcant achievement in renovating weapons and equipment
serviceability enabled improvement in the materiel capability provided to units.
The establishment of effective mechanisms of military-technical cooperation in the
defence sphere enables the modernizing and renovating of the whole Armed Forces
inventory of arms and equipment.
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CHAPTER3
FORCE’S TRAINING SUPPORT
RESULTS OF FORCE’S TRAINING PLANS
MULTI-NATIONAL EXERCISES IN THE GENERAL
FORCE’S TRAINING SYSTEM
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SUPPORT
FORCE’STRAINING
T
heresourcesfortrainingwerebalancedtoresourcesavailablefromtheState,withtrainingdirectedto
ArmedForce’sreadinesstoaccomplishassignedmissions.
IntensifyingtrainingwasthemaindirectionforMODandGS,theresultsattheendofthetrainingyear
becamethequalitativeindicatorsoftheeffectivenessofactivitiesimplementedtostabilizethesituation
intheArmedForces.
CHAPTER3
The assigned missions were achieved by increasing the amount of resources and
improving training.
In 2010, UAH 394.5 million was planned for training, the equivalent of 32% of the
baseline requirement. In fact, the provision of funding amounted to UAH 96.4 million,
which is double the previous year (Table 3.1).
Table 3.1. Funding of the Armed Forces’ Training, mln UAH
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
plan fact % plan fact % plan fact % plan fact % plan fact %
Joint Rapid Reaction Forces (JRRF)
257.30 137.70 53.5 301.30 147.30 48.9 316.11 211.12 66.8 252.90 40.19 15.9 312.4 76.4 24.5
Main Defence Forces (MDF)
115.30 8.80 7.6 3.38 3.34 98.8 124.48 94.47 75.9 59.92 4.92 8.2 82.1 20.0 24.4
To provide effective Force’s training, the exercises with personnel were conducted
through low-cost forms and methods of training with the maximum use of simulators,
feld and barracks’ training infrastructure.
In 2010, the fundamentals for training were changed for the frst time over the years
of the Armed Force’s development. The general principles, procedure of arrangement
and provision of the Armed Forces’ training and directions of its improvement were
stipulated in the Concept of Training of the Armed Forces
1
. The improvement of the
training system will be based on: adapting the curricula and organization to Armed
Forces’ functions and tasks; the modernization of training methodology; the training
procedure in light of the achieved skills level and ways of manning; as well as
harmonizing the responsibilities, functions and tasks of the Training Force’s Command
and Control Elements.
The main directions to improve and increase the effectiveness of Force training
were determined:
• Comprehensiveness of activities, in particular joint training of all Armed Services
and Branches, reconnaissance assets, combat and all-combat support systems;
• consideration of skills level available during units’ planned training;
• following the principles of “quality and quantity interdependence” and
“symmetry” in planning and implementing training events and meeting available
material resources;
• practical engagement of units during the military HQ training events;
• deployment, development and active use of the training infrastructure, simulators
and modeling systems;
1
Defence Minister Order: “On improvement of the training of the Armed Forces of Ukraine ” #39 as of January, 28, 2010
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The following activities were implemented to improve training indexes with the
lessons learned from previous years’ experience:
• focusing material and fnancial resources’ on priority directions;
• adapting Forces’ training plans to actual funding;
• setting the achievement of high level results’ as the main criteria for every
exercise;
• enhancing the amount and intensifcation of training to individual Service
personnel;
• prioritizing exercises that had relatively low-cost and did not require the
signifcant consumption of the capacity of combat vehicles;
• maximizing the capabilities of installations, fring ranges, simulators, barrack
training infrastructures to train HQs and units.
The previous training level was not only maintained but also significantly increased
due to activities implemented in 2010.
The provision of the necessary combat readiness level of authorized units to
accomplish missions, the restoration of a positive trend in combat training and the
improvement of Service personnel individual training became the main result of the
year.
The conduct of the set of exercises “Cooperation – 2010” with Command and
Control Elements and units was the most important phase of the training annual cycle.
This set of exercises comprised the most effective elements of operational and combat
training and enabled the joint operating profciency of all levels of Command and
Control Elements, as well as conducting the exercise of tactical level units’ combat
joint working.
The 92 operational training exercises were predominantly conducted against a
common scenario throughout the year. The intensifcation of Command and Control
Elements’ exercise was increased nearly twofold compared to the 2009 training year.
By the end of year the professional training to offcers at all levels had reached the
standard that enabled them to perform their functional duties in Command and Control
Elements.
In total, 6 battalion, 13 company tactical exercises, 28 platoon, over 120 squad feld-
frings were conducted and nearly 17,000 parachute jumps were completed.
Nearly 380 live-firing at ground targets, over 20 missiles firing, almost 70
bombardments were conducted and over 210 parachute drops by aviation units.
The combat vessels and craft accomplished over 200 gun fres, 6 anti-submarine
bombardments, 12 demolishing, and 10 sweeping exercises (Appendix 3).
In 2010 the training plans and curricula were completed 65% in Land Forces, in
the Air Forces (84.5%) and in the Naval Forces (86%).
In the Land Force, the field-firing tactical exercises with companies (3) and
battalions (4) and the aviation units’ terrestrial target practices (240) was re-convened.
The standard weapons-fring plans and curricula were completed in full and intensifed
twofold. The airmobile force’s training augmentation was almost increased by 10%.
The average number of fying hours of army aviation crews was increased twofold
compared to 2009.
However, the indexes of drivers training plans were fulflled on average just 10%
through the problems in resource provision.
In theAir Force, the intensifcation of terrestrial target practices were increased
sevenfold and tactical bombardments – almost by 10%. The average number of fying
hours by crew (15 hours 56 minutes) were augmented half as much again. The aviation
missile frings were re-convened. The live-fring were re-convened by JRRF units in
the anti-aircraft missile troops.
In the Naval Force, the average time at sea of ships and craft increased almost
2.5 times. The company tactical exercises were conducted twofold compared to 2009,
RESULTSOFFORCE’S
TRAININGPLANS
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the practice of tank driving, squads and platoons’ feld-frings were re-convened in
the Coast Guard Troops. The live-fring from tanks were augmented fourfold, ICV’s
weapons (APC) – in 3.6 times. The parachute jump plans and curricula were completed
in full. The Naval aviation re-convened the tactical fight training with squadrons.
INTERNATIONAL
EXERCISESINTHE
GENERALFORCE’S
TRAININGSYSTEM
In 2010, 21 multinational exercises
2
were planned (9 in Ukraine and 12 abroad)
(Diagram 3.1). Throughout the year, the Armed Forces participated in 16 large-scale
international military exercises: 7 of which were in Ukraine and 9 abroad (Annex 4).
The feature of 2010 was the co-ordination of the decision of all Central Executive
agencies concerning conducting international military exercises, the determination
of their necessity for training of the Armed Forces, as well as public support of the
exercise plans and programmes both in Ukraine and abroad. Throughout the year
Ukraine fulflled all obligatory activities within the framework of peacekeeping and
security international projects.
The combined exercises and training with the Russian Federation and Belarus were
conducted after a long break.
In general, international exercises, which included over 3,000 Service personnel
and nearly 200 vehicles, signifcantly increased the operating profciency of the Armed
Forces. The indexes of combat skills were improved during these exercises: the crew-
fying hours increased by 66 hours 13 minutes, vessels time at sea – by 11,000 miles,
parachute jumps – by 423, and naval diving – by 234 hours.
In 2010, participation in the Partnership for Peace (PfP) Programme, Planning and
Review Process (PARP) and implementation of NATO Operational Capabilities Concept
continued in the Armed Forces. The cycle of Second Level Assessment according
to PARP was started to ensure JRRF’s interoperability with foreign Armed Forces.
Throughout 2010, 3 units of the Armed Forces successfully acquired Second Level
Cycle Certifcation (Table 3.2).
The positive dynamics of the Armed Forces participation in the Operational
Capabilities Concept enabled expanding Service
personnel participation in combined international peace
support exercises.
The NBC protection unit was assigned to the 15
th

Rotation NATO Responce Forces
3
and was on operational
duty (within Ukraine) during 6 months after successful
certifcation in Germany.
Two following Second Level Self-Certifcations were
not implemented and transferred to 2011:
• “Ternopil’” corvette of the Naval Forces;
• AN-26 “Vita” air medical evacuation hospital
aircraft.
Due to the actions taken during the year it became possible not only to stabilize
the situation in the Armed Forces but also increase the level of combat training and
eliminate threatening trends. In 2010, the results of unit Force’s training proved
that the Command and Control Elements were capable to direct formations,
military units had suffcient levels of personnel training and units’ cohesiveness
that allowed them to carry out assigned missions.

2
Presidential Decree: “On approval of Plan of multinational exercises conducting within of Ukraine involving the Armed Forces of Ukraine units within the
framework of military cooperation and their participation in multinational exercises abroad Ukraine in 2010” #253/2010 as of February, 24, 2010
3
Chief of General Staff – Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Directive “ On organization of the authorized the Armed Forces of Ukraine
assets’ operational duty as part of 15th rotation NATO RF” #DGS-7 as of June, 29, 2010
Table 3.2. Results of Second Level Self-Certification of Armed
Forces’ units in 2010
Assets
Results of Self-
Certification
Exercises, under which
the assessment was
executed
IL-76 MD Military-Cargo
Aircraft with 2 crews
(Air Force)
Positive
“Northern Falcon-2010”
Ukraine-Denmark
Operation
Company of Radiological,
Chemical, Biological
Protection (Land Force)
“Combat
Ready”
“Rapid Trident”
Ukraine-US Exercise
Engineer General Service
Company (Land Force)
“Combat
Ready”
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6LSBJOF
“Rapid Trident-2010”
Tactical Ukraine-US Command Post Exercise with
involvement of Forces
Involved:
600 Service personnel with standard weapons and
equipment
Principal missions:
exercising missions with the multinational military
contingent during peace operations
Diagram 3.1. Large-Scale Multinational Military Exercises with the Participation of the Armed Forces in 2010
А. In Ukraine or near the borders
B. Outside of Ukraine
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6LSBJOF
“Jackal Stone-2010”
Multinational Tactical Exercise of
Special Operations Forces
Involved:
20 Service personnel with standard
weapons
Principal missions:
improving combined execution
of Special Operations Forces’
missions
Bilateral Ukraine-Russia Command Post
Exercise with involvement of Air Defense
Stand-by Forces
Involved:
7 aircraft;
Stand-by Forces of radio-technical brigades
and anti-aircraft missile forces battalions,
air command and control centres
Principal missions:
improving Air Defence Stand-by Forces’
cohesiveness during the fulfillment of
combat duty
“Medker-2010”
Multinational Tactical Exercise
of Military-Medical units
Involved:
20 Service personnel
Principal missions:
staff training on medical support during
multinational humanitarian and peacekeeping
operations
“Combined Endeavour-2010”
Multinational Tactical Exercise
of Signal units
Involved:
23 Service personnel
Principal missions:
exercising the fulfillment of signal
support missions and command
and control during international
peacekeeping operations
“BLACKSEAFOR-2010”
Operational-Tactical Exercise of the Naval Forces
of Black Sea region nations
Involved:
“Slavutych” Command Ship
“Cherkasy” maritime sweeper
Principal missions:
increasing interoperability of Naval Forces of Black
Sea region nations
“Sea Breeze-2010”
Ukraine-US Command Post Naval Forces Exercise with involvement of Forces
Involved:
over 1,500 Service personnel with standard weapons and equipment; 21 surface ships of the Naval
Forces; 15 aircraft and helicopters
Principal missions:
cohesiveness of multinational staff during combined actions in anti-piracy (anti-terrorist) operations
“Blonde Avalanche-2010”
Command Post Exercise with involvement of “Tisa”
multinational Engineer Battalion
Involved:
100 service personnel
Principal missions:
enhancing interoperability and improving
cohesiveness between the national components
of “Tisa” Engineer Battalion
“Maple Arche-2010”
Ukraine-Poland-Canada-Lithuania Tactical
Exercise of mechanized units
Involved:
12 Service personnel
Principal missions:
exercising combat missions with multinational
military formations
“Golden Mask-2010”
Ukrainian-German Tactical Exercise
of NBC Protection units
Involved:
30 Eervice personnel with
standard weapons
Principal missions:
exercising NBC protection support
of forces within multinational
units
Bilateral Ukraine-Romanian Tactical
Exercise of mechanized units
Involved:
35 Service personnel with standard weapons
Principal missions:
exercising combat missions fulfillment within
multinational units during combined peace
operations
“Fairway of Peace-2010”
Ukraine-Russia Command Post Search
and Rescue Naval Exercise
Involved:
48 Service personnel with standard weapons
Principal missions:
improving combined operations of search and rescue
support in the Black Sea
“Barrier-2010”
Ukraine-US Tactical Exercise of Special Forces
Involved:
50 Service personnel with standard weapons
Principal missions:
improving reconnaissance and special missions’
“Barrier-2010”
Multinational Tactical Exercise of Special
Forces units
Involved:
20 Service personnel with standard weapons
Principal missions:
improving combined exercise methods of Special
Operations Forces’ missions
Bilateral Ukraine-Belarus Command
Post Exercise with involvement of Air
Defence Stand-by Forces
Involved:
7 aircraft;
Stand-by forces of radio-technical
brigades and anti-aircraft missile
forces battalions, air command
and control centres
Principal missions:
improving Air Defence Stand-by
Forces’ cohesiveness during the
fulfillment of combat duty
Bilateral Ukraine-Belarus Tactical exercise
of mechanized units
Involved:
34 Service personnel with standard weapons and equipment
Principal missions:
improving tactical cohesiveness during the fulfillment of
mechanized units’ combat missions
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PRACTICAL ASPECTS
OF ESTABLISHMENT
CHAPTER4
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRINCIPLES
OF PERSONNEL POLICY: SUMMARY
ENLISTMENT OF SERVICE PERSONNEL
ON A CONTRACT BASIS
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IMPLEMENTATIONOF
THEPRINCIPLESOF
PERSONNELPOLICY:
SUMMARY
PROFESSIONALARMEDFORCES:
PRACTICALASPECTS
OFESTABLISHMENT
T
he updated principles of personnel policy as implemented in the course of 2010 were systematic in
natureandcoveredawiderangeofissuesaimedatcreatingabalancebetweentherequirementsofthe
StateinmaintainingtheappropriatelevelofcombatreadinessandmanningoftheArmedForcesandthe
provisionofadequatelivingstandardsandworkingconditions.
CHAPTER4
The new Centralized Personnel Management System as implemented in 2010 in
accordance with the Personnel Policy Concept
1
of the Armed Forces has enabled the
Armed Forces to ensure:
• qualitative and timely manning of Service positions;
• transparent and open career management of Service personnel;
• implement conclusions and proposals of commanders at all levels on the basis
of comprehensive and impartial evaluation of the performance of Service
personnel;
• equal opportunities for Service personnel to fulfl their potential.
The Armed Forces implemented the following activities in the course of the year in
order to increase the effciency of personnel structures:
• distributed the objectives, functions, authorities, and responsibilities of
Armed Forces Personnel structures so as to ensure the stable functioning of
the system under conditions of reduced motivation for further Armed Forces
service;
• approved the candidate pool for promotion and the rotation plan for military
personnel in accordance with position Passports
2
and career algorithms
3
to
provide for well-balanced decision-making in the sphere of manning and
promotion;
• carried out objective performance evaluation of military personnel on the basis
of the reporting year with direct infuence on their career development and
professional growth;
• managed the activity of personnel offcers towards ensuring career management
of every offcer in the Armed Forces taking into account the recommendations
of the annual performance evaluation.
In 2010 a new algorithm for the promotion of military personnel in the promotion
pool was introduced: “Extract from the promotion pool + consent of the military
personnel = changes in position”. As a result, the time required to implement changes
in positions has decreased from 1 or 2 months to 2 days.
1
MinisterofDefenceOrder#659:“OnapprovalofthePersonnelPolicyConceptintheArmedForcesofUkraine”ofNovember,27,2007
2
MinisterofDefenceapprovedtheDigestoftheOfficers’PositionPassportsonJuly24,2010
3
MinisterofDefenceapprovedtheDigestofOfficers’CareerManagementAlgorithmsonallgroupsofregisteredmilitaryspecialtiesonAugust,6,2010
38
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The same approach is being applied to the Personnel Management System of Enlisted
and Non-Commissioned Service personnel serving on a contract basis.
At the same time the Regulation on Position Passports for Enlisted Personnel and
Non-Commissioned Offcers was introduced to develop common approaches to the
training and decision-making procedures related to the appointment of Enlisted and
Non-Commissioned personnel and the management of their careers.
4
The main result of the introduction of a new Personnel
Management System has been the establishment of
a Centralized Personnel Management System in the
Personnel Centres of the Armed Forces.
The total number of personnel encompassed by the
centralized personnel management system as at the end
of 2010 is more than 77,500 people
5
(Diagram 4.1).
Positive dynamics were also achieved in 2010 in
the appointment of graduates of tactical, operational-
tactical and operational-strategic level education with
regards to their area of expertise and level of education.
The manning rate of senior officers’ positions is more
than 80%.
However, problems remain with the manning rate of company-level offcers, which
is currently equal to 77% (compared to 86.5% last year).
Therefore work will continue on creating the conditions for guaranteed and
qualitative manning with personnel capable of performing tasks as well as their effective
use and retention.
DevelopmentoftheMilitary
EducationSystem
The development of the Military Education System in 2010 was aimed at integration
within the national system of education and the concentration of logistical, financial,
personnel, and information resources in order to achieve a high level of training of
military experts.
The system of Higher Military Education Institutions (HMEI) and Military Training
Units of the Higher Education Institutions (HEI) has not been changed in 2010.
Implementing the main directions in the training of military experts was driven by the
requirements of the Armed Forces for highly professional experts and the interoperable
functioning of all structural components in the Military Education System. In particular,
the Armed Forces:
• renewed the training of cadets at the Military Institute of Odessa National
Polytechnic University, using the facilities of the university;
• optimized the State Request on the training of military experts for the Armed
Forces and other military formations regarding the requirements of the Armed
Forces. The fulfllment status of the State Request is provided in Figure 4.1;
• continued to ensure the right to higher military education for contracted Service
personnel. More than 2.5 thousand candidates applied for studies at the HMEI
in 2010, which made it possible to have entrance competition for the frst time
in recent years.
4
MinisterofDefenceOrder#489:“OnApprovaloftheRegulationonEnlistedandNCOsPositionProfiles”ofSeptember16,2010.
5
Reducing of the number of personnel, encompassed by the centralized personnel management system in 2010, caused by decreasing of the number of
personnelintheArmedForces.
73.2
33.1
40.1
Officers
2007 2008
Diagram 4.1. Number of Personnel Encompassed by the Centralized
Personnel Management System, in thousands of persons
4.6
81.1
34.1
13.7
NCOs and Enlisted
personnel
TOTAL
2009 2010
6.2
18.1
47.0
24.3
18.3
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Diagram 4.2. Network of In-Service Training Courses for Officers and Civil Servants
6
Cabinet of Ministers’ Decree: “On approval of the List of Specialties for training in higher educational institutions at qualification and educational levels of
specialistandmaster”#787asofSeptember27,2010.
Figure 4.1. The State Request for Training Military experts, persons
Training of Service personnel according to levels of
military education
Annual Defence Commission Indices (person)
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Armed Forces
Officers of operational-strategic level 45 65 52 60 48
Officers of operational-tactical level 441 262 251 427 184
Officers of tactical level 848 416 1065 1451 985
Other Military Formations
Officers of operational-strategic level - 2 2 - -
Officers of operational-tactical level 111 98 59 - 31
Officers of tactical level 309 186 250 53 235
Total 1754 1029 1679 1991 1483
The careers of offcers and civil servants foresee in-service training courses. The
network of in-service training courses in 2010 has provided the training, re-training and
professional development under the approved list of profles and MOS as revised by the
Cabinet of Ministers.
6
At the end of 2010, it included 151 courses, running between 1
week to 4 months (Figure 4.2).
The total number of graduates from in-service training is about 4,000 Service
personnel and civil servants.
Ministry of Defence,
General Staff,
Armed Forces
National Defence
University
(52)
Land Forces Academy
(14)
Air Forces University
(Kharkiv)
(15)
Naval Academy
(Sevastopol)
(24)
Zhytomyr Military
Institute of the National
Aviation University
(2)
Zhytomyr Military
Institute of the National
Aviation University
(5)
HMEI and military train-
ing units at the HEI
Ukraine Military-Medical
Academy
Career development of
academic and teaching
staff
Career development of
medical personnel
Military Institute of
Kyiv National Taras
Shevchenko University
(1)
Military Training Faculty
of the National Univer-
sity of Kamyanets-
Podilskyi
(1)
Military Training Faculty
of the National Technical
University “Kharkiv
Polytechnical Institute”
(2)
Military Institute of
Kyiv National Taras
Shevchenko University
(5)
Military Training
Faculty of the National
Law Academy
(1)
Military Institute of
the Odessa National
Polytechnical University
(14)
Military Institute of
the Odessa National
Polytechnical University
(6)
Military Institute of
Telecommunications
and Informatization of
the National Technical
University “Kyiv Poly-
technical Institute”
(9)
Land Force Air Force Naval Force
Main Directorate for the
Operational Support of
the Armed Forces
Main Intelligence
Directorate of the
Ministry of Defence
Department of Military
Education and Science
of the Ministry of
Defence
Military-Medical
Department of the
Ministry of Defence
CUSTOMERS OF CAREER DEVELOPMENT COURSES FOR OFFICERS AND CIVIL SERVANTS
Number of courses and length of training
1 week 2 weeks 3 weeks 4 weeks 5 weeks 6 weeks 7 weeks 8 weeks TOTAL
1 25 45 47 5 19 1 8 151
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The limited provision of finance and resources has slowed the planned establishment
of appropriate conditions of Armed Forces service and social guarantees for Service
personnel and their families.
The new Force Manning System introduced in July 2009 –Territorial Centre for
Contract Personnel Manning - Training Centre - Military unit – improved the enlistment
quality in 2010 and released the unit military command from non-core functions related
to the organization of identifying, attracting, registrating, and preparing citizens for
Armed Forces service on a contract basis. In particular this has allowed the Armed
Forces to:
• ensure priority manning of positions linked to combat
readiness. More than 95% of almost 5,000 recruits
sent by the Territorial Centre directly to the Training
Centre were trained according to the major Military
Occupational Specialties (MOS) (Figure 4.3.), which is
twice the number in 2009;
• reduce the registration period of recruits selected for
service on a contract basis;
• ensure targeted enlistment of Service personnel on
the contract basis those already trained for specifc MOS
and avoid the long-term posting (for more than 6 months) of untrained personnel
to Armed Forces’ positions.
As a result of implementing the planned activities the Armed Forces were able to:
• introduce the career management system for Enlisted personnel and NCOs on a
contract basis by encompassing more than 40,400 military of this category within
the centralized personnel management system;
• initiate the annual performance evaluation of Enlisted personnel and NCOs on
a contract basis and subsequently create a pool of promotion to NCO positions;
more than 83% of Service personnel were evaluated;
• introduce the Position Passport for Enlisted personnel and NCOs and started
work on the development of the career progression algorithm
8
(Appendix 5).
The foreign language training of military personnel and civil servants in accordance
with the Position Passport is a prerequisite of career progression. The procedure of
training (education) and career development (professional development) in language
courses
7
was regulated and the length of training set from 1 to 3 academic semesters
(depending on the purpose of training and complexity of language) each lasting 90
days.
Cooperation in the framework of the NATO-Ukraine Programme for Professional
Development of Civilian Personnel Employed in Ukraine’s Security Sector has
continued throughout 2010. Training and professional development of the foreign
languages academic and teaching staff has been conducted with the support of Hungary,
Greece, France, Spain and the British Council in Ukraine.
Language seminars in English, German and French have been provided in 9 HMEI
to 725 persons, including 640 Service personnel and 85 civil servants from MOD and
other central executive authorities in the sphere of national defence.
7
MinisterofDefenceOrder#250:“OnapprovaloftheInstructiononLanguageCoursesintheArmedForcesofUkraine”ofMay17,2010.
8
MinisterofDefenceOrder:“OnapprovaloftheInstructionaboutEnlistedandNCOs’PositionProfile”#489asofSeptember,16,2010.
ENLISTMENTOF
MILITARYPERSONNEL
ONTHECONTRACT
BASIS

Logistics
25
Others
224
Figure 4.3. Distribution of Candidates Selected by Territorial Centre
for Contract Personnel Manning According to the MOS 2010

Combat
1 545

Engineering
and Technical
2 094

Signals
1 097
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EstablishmentoftheProfessional
NCOCorps
The establishment of a professional NCO Corps in the Armed Forces has continued.
Three military colleges for NCOs were introduced in 2010 – at the Ivan Kozhedub
Air Force University in Kharkiv, the Ivan Ogienko National University in Kamyanets-
Podilskyi and the Military Institute of Telecommunications and Informatization of
the National Technical University “Kyiv Polytechnical Institute” (Poltava), thus
completing the establishment of a multilevel system of NCO training.
With the approval of provisional regulations on training centres (and joint training
centres) and guidelines for the training of Service personnel in Training Centres
of the Armed Forces
9
the activity of these training centres has also been defned
(Appendix 6).
In developing the system of NCO training the Armed Forces conducted the following
major activities:
• introduced courses for Staff Sergeants at the Military College for NCOs at
the National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnical Institute”, which is
training Sergeants for command positions to be established at the battalion level
and higher and Sergeant Instructors for the training centres;
• introduced new technical MOS at the Military College for NCOs to meet the
requirements of the Armed Forces;
• organized NCO training in accordance with the State standard for vocational
training at the training centres of the Armed Forces;
• introduced all MOS which are used in the Armed Forces at the Training Centres
for NCOs, providing the level of education of a Junior specialist
10
.
Six-monthly training courses for contract NCOs with higher education were initiated
in the military colleges on 27 September 2010. The training is oriented on command
and technical positions and should allow the appointment of graduates to the positions
of Company Sergeant-Major, Battalion Sergeant-Major, Chief of Signal unit, Chief of
the Operator’s Room, etc.
9
ChiefofGeneralStaff-ChiefoftheArmedForces–Order:«OntheregulationoftheactivityofTrainingCentersoftheArmedForcesofUkraine»#21asof
February,8,2010.
10
MinisterofDefenceOrder:“OnapprovaloftheListofstaffpositionsofNCOsoncontractbasiswhichrequirethelevelofeducationforthequalificationof
“juniorspecialist”#290ofJune7,2010.
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The total number of graduates break down as follows: 1,353 NCOs received basic
level of training in the Training Centres of the Armed Forces; 51 NCOs received
the average level of training and the level of education of a junior specialist in
the military colleges for NCOs; and 5 NCOs received the higher level of training.
72 military units were transferred into the new organization and establishment system
during 2009-2010, thus providing more than 1,150 new positions for the above-
mentioned graduates.
All these measures taken in 2010 notwithstanding, the Armed Forces were unable to
improve the level of manning with contract personnel (Figure 4.5).
Contract military personnel is still the least socially
protected with a level of salary considerably lower than
the average wage in all the regions of Ukraine.
Therefore, the number of contract Service personnel
has continued to decline for the second year in a row
(down to 1,006 personnel) with a total manning rate of
49.9% for Enlisted and Non-Commissioned positions as
of the end of 2010.
On the other hand, the number of Service personnel
dismissed due to serious violation of the terms of their
contract has decreased by 5.9% compared to 2009 and
by 12.4% compared to 2008. This demonstates the
improved quality of selected personnel and the conscious
decision of citizens to sign a contract for Armed Forces
service.
The insuffcient fnancial support of the last few years has prevented the
introduction of effective measures to establish the proper environment capable of
reducing the turnover of Service personnel. Therefore the level of competitiveness
of Armed Force service on the labour market continues to decline and the rate of
manning falls gradually each year.
To increase the motivation and attractiveness of Armed Forces service the
appropriate State support is needed to provide proper social guarantees to Service
personnel and ensure the level of their professional training.
Figure 4.5. Development of the Rate of Manning of the Armed
Forces with Contract Personnel 2006-2010
as of the end of the year, %
4
5
%
4
7
%
5
3
%
5
1
%
5
0
%
Conscript personnel Contract (enlisted, NCOs)
personnel
2006 2008 2009 2007 2010
5
5
%
5
3
%
4
7
%
4
9
%
5
0
%
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PROVISION OF SOCIAL
GUARANTEES TO SERVICE
PERSONNEL AND THEIR FAMILIES
CHAPTER5
SALARY AND PENSION SUPPORT
MEDICAL SUPPORT
HOUSING
ADAPTATION OF SERVICE PERSONNEL
AND THEIR FAMILIES TO CIVILIAN LIFE
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SALARYAND
PENSION
PROVISIONOFSOCIAL
GUARANTEESTOSERVICE
PERSONNELANDTHEIRFAMILIES
T
heprovisionofsocialguaranteestoServicepersonnelandtheirfamiliesremainsamajorissueduring
thecurrentstageofreformoftheArmedForces.TheMODandGSassignthisissueahighpriority
takingaccountofthestabilizingintheUkrainianeconomy,discrepancyofbudgetexpensesandArmed
Forcesrequirements,currentServicemensocialsupport,andrapidamendmentstolegislation.
CHAPTER5
To increase recruitment and improve incentives to extend Service contracts, the MOD
and GS (supported by the President and Cabinet of Ministers) launched the initiative
to increase gradually the salary
1
of all the categories of Service personnel in the
course of the year.
Thus, since 1 May 2010 monthy salaries of contract soldiers and NCOs have been
increased by 10% to 35%.
Since 1 October 2010 Air Force and Naval personnel
performing active fying and sailing duties receive an
additional payment, but not more than their monthly
2
.
Since 1 October 2010 average monthly salaries have
been increased by 10% to 55% for all Service personnel,
and from 10% to 70 % for contract Service personnel
(Figure 5.1).
However, the minimum salary for frst year contract
Service personnel (UAH 870 to 1 May 2010, UAH 998
from 1 May 2010 and UAH 1,180 from 1 December
2010) less than half the average salary in Ukraine
(which according to data from the State Statistics
Committee comprises UAH 2,322 in October 2010),
and is the lowest in comparison with other low-paid
branches of the national economy (e.g. average salaries
in agriculture were UAH 1,548 in October 2010). The
average salary of a young offcer appointed to initial
position (Lieutenant/Platoon Leader is UAH 2,093) is
also lower than the average salary in Ukraine.
A comparative analysis of Service personnel salaries and average salaries in Ukraine
throughout the regions is shown in Figure 5.2.
Figure 5.1. Service personnel Salaries for Typical Positions
at the end of the year
to 1 Dec 2010, contract
service personnel
till 1 Dec 2010
Brigade
commander
(Colonel,25 years
of service)
Battalion
commander
(Major14 years of
service)
Company
commander
(Captain, 10 years
of service)
Platoon commaner
(Lieutenant,
5 years
of service)
1 year contract
Service
personnel
(minimum )
3,654
3,128
3,049
2,478
2,216
2,827
17%
23%
27%
21%
1,728
2,093
870
1,180
35%
after 1 Dec 2010 % of increasing
1
The last previous salary increase was over 3 years ago on 1 Jan 2008. According to the State Statistics Committee, the average salary in Ukraine is much
higherthanthesalaryoffirst-yearcontractservicepersonnel,whichmakesthisserviceuncompetitiveeveninruralregions,wheresalariesarelower.
2
CabinetofMinisters’Decree#889“OnpecuniarysupportofseparatecategoriesofservicemenoftheArmedForces,StateborderServiceandInternalTroops
oftheMinistryofInternalAffairs”from22.09.10
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Figure 5.2. Comparative Analysis of Contract Service Personnel Salary and Average Salary Regions of
Ukraine, UAH
state on 1 Dec 2010 state on 1 Jan 2010
АR Crimea Vinnitsa
rgn
Zhytomyr
rgn
Dnipropetrovsk
rgn
Poltava
rgn
Khmelnitsky
rgn
Chernigiv
rgn
Sevastopol
2,058
1,656
1,900
1,501
1,484
1,881
2,023
2,456
1,836
1,480
1,939
2,195
1,882
1,779
2,269
1,540 UAH
1,180 UAH
Average salary rate of contract Service personnel
(UAH 1,540)
Minimal salary contract Service personnel
(UAH 1,180)
In 2010 the pension legislation of retired personnel and members of their families
was improved.
The corresponding instruction
3
regulated the procedure of social support of retired
personnel and their families. This document also regulated the process of registration of
pension application and re-assessment documents and the process of payment provided
by other laws.
Due to new rules, the wages of a specifc category of persons who served at nuclear
warfare maintenance have been re-assessed. According to information from the Pension
Fund of Ukraine, more than 5,000 people have thus received a pension increase of about
UAH 122 on average.
MEDICALSUPPORT In order to improve medical support of personnel under conditions of limited resources
the Armed Forces have optimized the medical support
4
system and implemented
activities aimed at increasing the professional training of military doctors and
improving the technical equipment of medical establishments.
In 2010 Mobile Medical units of Regional Military-Medical Clinical Centres and
nurses brigades of Military Hospitals took part in 8 training exercises, which simulated
the response to man-made and natural disasters as well as explosions and fres in
arsenals and storage facilities for weapons, munitions and other materials.
The outcomes of international exercises proved the Medevac capabilities of the
AN-26 “Vita” plane, which with its special characteristics is the only plane in Europe
enabling surgery to be conducted during fight. Since the AN-26 began its service, over
300 patients have received operational, highly qualifed medical support.
New technologies have been implemented in several medical establishments. For
example, a new section of x-ray cardiac vascular surgery has been opened in the Main
Military Medical-Clinical Hospital which enables the conducting of modern diagnostic
and treatment of cardiac and vascular diseases through the setting of medical stents in
coronary vessels and limb arteries.
3
Defence Minister Decree # 61 “On implementation of Instruction for organization of social support of retired personnel, and their families in Ministry of
DefenceofUkraine”of15022010.
4
Defence Minister Decree # 331 “On approval of amendments for Statement for organization and implementation of medical support in the Armed Forces of
Ukraineaccordingtoterritorialprinciplesof29062010.
1,423
47
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Figure 5.3. Condition of Stationary Treatment 2006-2010,
in thousands of people
Veterans and War
Participants
Service personnel
2006 2007 2008
83.9
36.6
43.0
73.4
45.9
75.5
33.7
43.6
36.9
Others
2009
79.8
37.9 37.0
2010
83.1
35.8
42.2
Figure 5.5. State of Recreation Support 2006–2010,
thousand people
Veterans and War
Participants
Service personnel, AF veterans others
2010
8.3
7.1
6.8
11.1
8.5
13.0
4.9
8.5
6.8
7.6
4.4 4.4
6.7
4.9
4.4
2006 2007 2008 2009
5
Overallbedquantityofmilitarymedicalclinicalcenters,militaryhospitalsandotherestablishmentsis6,000.
6
There are 6 centres of medical recreation and sanatorium treatment, 2 sanatorium, 2 state establishment and 1 sanatorium division, overall quantity –
5475beds.
7
Overallquantityofdifferentcategoriesofcitizensis1,000,180.
Overall, over 161,000 patients received treatment in
various military medical centres, military hospitals and other
military medical establishments
5
(Figure 5.3). The number
of requests for medical assistance totalled 1.5 million.
The social structure of patients of the military
medical service is shown in Figure 5.4.
Over 16,000 patients received treatment in MOD
6

recreational facilities (Figure 5.5).
The number of citizens entitled by law to receive
medical support in Defence medical facilities is 6 times
larger than that of actual Service personnel
7
.
Figure 5.4. Social Structure of Patients of Military Medical Service
2010, persons

MoD Pensioners
24%

Others
25%

Service personnel
51%
The most significant social guarantee and one of the main criterion for increasing the
image of Armed Forces service is housing for Service personnel and their families.
Since 1992, the MOD has built or acquired over 84,000 apartments, over 33,000 of
them from the year 2000. Nonetheless, the problem of housing remains one of the most
urgent ones today (Figure 5.6).
By the end of 2010 – 45,200 Service personnel were
on the Housing Waiting List at the end of 2009, including
30,300 for permanent housing and 14,900 for Service
housing. Compared with the beginning of 2010 the
Waiting List increased by 90 people.
33,400 Service personnel on the Housing Waiting
List are in actual service, including 27,100 Offcers and
Warrant Offcers (60.0 %), 6,300 contract service soldiers
and Sergeants (13.9 %), and 11,800 retired personnel
(26.1 %), 5,400 of whom retired due to Armed Forces’
reform.
The waiting period on the Housing List breaks down as
follows: less than 1 year – 1,200 (2.7 %) of total number,
from 1 to 2 years 2,800 (6.2 %), from 2 to 5 years – 11,500
HOUSING
Figure 5.6. State of Housing of Service Personnel and their
Families
Building and aquiring of housing by the end of the year thosands of flats
Number of Service personnel without apartments
Starting 2010 thnd people
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
2.5
3.5
4.4
4.6
2.8
6.5
4.5
2000 2007
1.6
54.1
50.8
48.9
47.1
46.2
44.2
45.5
51.5
2.7
51.8
2008
0.1
2010 2009
42.3
45.1
2.0
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(25.4 %), from 5 to 10 years – 12,500 (27.7%), from 10 to 15 years – 9,000 (19.9 %),
more than 15 years – 8,200 Service personnel (18.1) (Figure 5.7).
After major shortcomings in 2009 the MOD supported by the Cabinet of Ministers
took measures in 2010 to improve the Service housing situation, in particular:
• Amendments to article 4 of the Law “On the Use of Military Property”
8
have been
introduced, according to which the MOD can use military property – without
changing its original purpose – for building houses for Service personnel and
their families, also as social and affordable housing.
• A new edition of Complex Programme for Providing
Housing to Service personnel, Privates and NCOs,
Officials of Custom Service and their Families
during 2011-2017
9
was approved. According to
this programme, 100 % of Service personnel in the
Housing Waiting List as of 1 January 2010 will be
provided with houses within the stated period.
• The controlling committee of housing distribution
in garrisons of the Armed Forces has been re-elected
and a new edition
10
of the statute regulating the
powers and obligations of those committees has
been implemented. Also other issues concerning
the adherence to housing legislation and ensuring
transparency during the distribution of housing are
being resolved.
• Additional funding for building (acquiring) housing
for Service personnel has been provided through
redistribution of the General and Stabilization
Funds
11
. As a result funding for incomplete houses
and buildings (deadline not later than 25 December
Figure 5.7. Service Personnel Housing Distribution, including
terms of being on the Housing List
Actual Service Service
personnel
(Officers. NCOs)
60.0%
More than 15 years
18.1%
from 10 to 15 years
19.9%
Retired
Service personnel
26.1%
Less than 5 years
34.3%
Contract Service
privates and NCOs
13.9%
from 5 to 10 years
27.7%
8
Law of Ukraine # 2674-VI “On amendments to article 4 of Law of Ukraine “On utilization of lands of Ministry of defence” regarding servicemen and their
familieshousing”of4112010.
9
CabinetofMinisters’Decree#1191“OnamendmentstodecreeoftheCabinetofMinistersofUkraine29111999#2166“Oncomplexprogrammeofhousing
ofservicemen,privatesandseniorsofinternalaffairsbodies,StateCriminal-Executiveservice,customserviceofficialsandtheirfamilies”of15122010.
10
DefenceMinisterDecree#354“OnorganizationofcommeteeforcontrolofhousingdistributioningarrisonsoftheArmedForcesofUkrainefunctioning”of
8072010
11
CabinetofMinisters’Decree#969“OnutilizationofStateBudgetFundsin2010,assignedtoMinistryofDefencebydifferentprogrammes”of18102010.
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2010)
12
was increased to UAH 131.0 million and
UAH 75.3 million, respectively.
• UAH 230 million required for housing was
actually received (38 % of the planned UAH 605.9
million), which is about 2.4 times more than in
the previous year (2009 – UAH 98.6 million).
Of total expenditure for housing requirements
UAH 131.0 million came from the General Fund
(100 % of the planned amount) UAH 26.6 million
from the Special Fund (6.7 % of the planned amount)
and UAH 72.4 million from the Stabilization Fund
(96 % of the planned amount).
This improved funding made it possible to improve
the indexes over the previous year. 2,020 apartments
were built (acquired), 866 of them from budget funds,
1,154 from non-budget sources, including 482 apartments from the State Mortgage
Institution
13
.
12
CabinetofMinisters’Decree#292“OnutilizationofStabilizationfundforservicemenhousing”of7112010.
13
CabinetofMinisters’Decree#1037“OndistributionofappartmentsaquiredbyStateHypotecestablishement”of23092009.
14
SiteofStateDepartmentofRetiredServicemenAdaptation,andConversionofFormerMilitaryObjectshttp://www.ddav.com.ua/.
15
SiteofRecoursesandCareerCenterforRetiredServicemenhttp://www.rkc.org.ua/
16
Supervisorycouncilscreatedin2007undertheCouncilofMinistersofARCrimea,regionalandKyivSevastpolStateadministrations.
SOCIALAND
PROFESSIONAL
ADAPTATIONOF
SERVICEPERSONNEL
ANDTHEIRFAMILIES
TOCIVILLIFE
Due to implementation of international projects and programmes the indexes of
adaptation of Service personnel in 2010 were successfully maintained at the level of
previous years.
Ukraine appeciates the assistance of international partners. Main attention during
the year were concentrated on cooperation with international organizations and foreign
structures, conducting re-training and preparation of Service personnel planning to
retire as well as retired Service personnel.
At the same time during the year the effectiveness of social and professional
adaptation signifcantly increased.
• the information system throughout the Armed Forces and other formations
concerning social and professional adaptation of retired Service personnel has
been improved. The information required can be obtained through the web-
site of the State Department of Retired Servicemen Adaptation and Conversion
of Former Military Objects
14
and Resources and Career Center for Retired
Servicemen
15
;
• Activities concerning social and professional adaptation of Service personnel
were carried out by corresponding supervisory councils under local state
administrations
16
;
• In different regions of Ukraine regular “Vacancy markets” for courses graduates
have been conducted, during which they were familiarized with participant
organizations and obtained information about available vacancies.
In 2010 cooperation with NATO, OSCE and Norway in the framework
of international projects and programmes continued, these organizations granted
fnancial support to provide re-training of retired personnel, and personnel who are
about to retire.
Figure 5.8. Funding of the State
Programme of MoD
in 2006-2010 (mln. uah)
2006 2007 2008 2009
general funds
Stabilization
fund
special fund
2
7
2
.
9
3
5
0
.
7
1
3
7
.
3
3
5
9
.
3
1
4
9
.
8
3
5
9
.
3
9
8
.
6
2010
7
2
.
4
26.6
1
3
1
.
0
50
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In 2010 – 2,634 people were re-trained, including 30 Service personnel and their
family members using State Budget funds, and 2,604 people using international
programme funding. Information about professional re-training for civil specialities is
shown at Annex 7.
In 2010 support of social guarantees has been signifcantly improved due to
steps towards raising Service personnel salaries, increasing the number of Service
apartments and improving recreation and medical treatment, which all helped to
reduce the loss of qualifed personnel.
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INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION,
PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITY,
ARMS CONTROL
CHAPTER6
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
BILATERAL COOPERATION
MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION AND COOPERATION
WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF INTERNATIONAL
ORGANIZATIONS
PEACEKEEPING
ARMS CONTROL
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INTERNATIONAL
COOPERATION
INTERNATIONALCOOPERATION,
PEACEKEEPINGACTIVITY,
ARMSCONTROL
I
nternationalcooperationwasimplementedintermsoftheState’snewpoliticaldirectiondefinedbythe
LawofUkraine“OnPrinciplesofInternalandExternalPolicy”anddirectedatimplementingNon-Block
status.
The MOD’s main efforts were concentrated on strengthening and deepening relations with leading
international organizations and leading countries, initiating with them constructive political-military,
military-technicalcooperationonmutuallyfavourableconditionsaswellasdevelopinggood-neighbourly
cooperation with the Russian Federation and other neighbouring countries with the aim of creating an
atmosphereoftrust,stabilityandsecurityaroundUkraine.
CHAPTER6
In 2010 the MOD cooperated with defence institutions of 55 countries. In total
711 activities took place (Figure 6.1).
MOD, GS and Armed Forces leaders conducted about 150 meetings. As a result,
3 inter-governmental and 15 inter-agency treaties with 12 countries were signed.
Accordingly, international cooperation was directed at:
• creating conditions to implement Ukraine’s EU membership course, widening its
participation in regional cooperation and promoting national interests regionally
and globally;
• increasing operational capabilities of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, enhancing
the interoperability with leading nations armed forces, widening participation in
international exercises, peacekeeping and anti-terrorist operations;
• improving the legal basis for international cooperation, implementing specifc
programmes and international technical support projects;
• intensifying disposal of surplus rocket and ammunition depots as well as rocket
fuel components, sustaining cooperation in disarmament, arms control, and
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
Figure 6.1. International cooperation 2007-2010
Cooperation activities with
military-diplomatic corps
accredited in Ukraine
Bilateral cooperation
activities
Multilateral cooperation
activities
2007 2008 2009 2010
612
60
20
806
21
462
474
69
220
11 17
91
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BILATERAL
COOPERATION
Deepening bilateral cooperation with MODs of strategic partners, neighbouring
countries and leading nations remains an important activity of the MOD. During
the year the main attention was concentrated on fulfilling agreements within acting
treaties and further improvement of mutually beneficial interaction at the bilateral
level.
Priority directions of bilateral cooperation are:
• interacting with EU- and NATO-countries;
• developing relations with strategic partners: the US, the Russian Federation and
Poland;
• widening traditionally active cooperation with Germany, UK and France.
In 2010 the number of bilateral cooperation activities exceeded the previous year
(Figure 6.2.).
The most activities were with US, UK, Canada,
Russia, Lithuania, Germany, Belarus, Turkey, France
and Italy.
Development of international cooperation, including
defence cooperation, between Ukraine and the US
remains one of the main directions of the State’s external
policy.
To implement the Memorandum
1
(2009) in November
2010 the elimination and demilitarization of missile
complexes 9К72 (SCUD) and equipment, materials and
rocket fuel components was started. The process is con-
ducted by the Ukrainian corporation “Spivdruzhnist”
under control of the US “Global Offshore Projects”
company experts.
In 2010 cooperation between the Ministries of Defence
of Ukraine and the Russian Federation was infuenced by
signifcant changes, becoming an active dialogue. In total
during the year 25 activities took place.
In the framework of political-military cooperation the Sub-Committee on Security
Issues of the Ukraine-Russia Inter-State Board was re-established. Meetings were
held of the Sub-Committee and its working bodies, the Panel on Military-Technical
Cooperation and the Panel on Cooperation between the Armed Forces of Ukraine and
Russia.
Important activities of military cooperation were the joint Naval Exercise
“Peace Fairway”, bilateral Ukraine-Russia Air Defence Forces exercise, and training
flights of Russian Nord Fleet aviation on take-off and landing training system
“NITKA“.
Bilateral cooperation with Poland was developed according to the following
directions:
• mutually benefcial implementation of activities in the military-technical area;
• future plans of cooperation with EU and NАТО;
1
MemorandumofunderstandingbetweentheMinistryofDefenceofUkraineandUSAStateDepartmentaboutsupportinliquidationanddemilitarizationof9К72
(SCUD)rocketcomplexesandequipment,materialsandrocketfuelcomponents,the30
th
November,2009.
US
UK
Canada
Russia
Lithuania
Germany
Belarus
Turkey
France
Italy
Norway
Poland
Other
88 (19%)
44 (9%)
26 (6%)
25 (5%)
22 (5%)
18 (4%)
17 (4%)
16 (3%)
15 (3%)
14 (3%)
11 (2%)
10 (2%)
168 (35%)
Figure 6.2. Bilateral cooperation with countries defence institutions
in 2010
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• participation of units in joint international exercises and peacekeeping
operations.
With establishing the Lithuania-Poland-Ukraine brigade LITPOLUKRBRIG,
the Working Group staff was approved, formalized documents were developed, in
particular common requirements of unit interoperability, and developing the schedule
was agreed.
A Protocol was signed to the Agreement between MOD Ukraine and the
Ministry of National Defence of Poland on military cooperation concerning
information exchange and Ukrainian and Polish aircraft fights over both countries’
airspace.
During 2010 cooperation continued between Ukraine and Germany. The visit in July
2010 to Ukraine of the Parliament State Secretary of the Federal Ministry of Defence
resulted in the Agreement on Cooperation in the area of Military Geo-Information, and
arrangements on re-establishing the Inter-governmental Ukraine-Germany Board on
Military-Technical Cooperation.
Cooperation between the Ministries of Defence of Ukraine and UK continued
at a consistently high level. In June 2010 the Memorandum of Understanding was
signed between the Defence Ministries providing MOD Ukraine with a UK Special
Defence Advisor. In the Memorandum framework cooperation on advisory support
started – a range of activites to prevent corruption
in executive bodies, particularly in the MOD, took
place. A new impetus was given to cooperation in
military education, for instance, the UK proposed
internships of Ukrainian cadets in its corresponding
institutions.
According to the Memorandum of Understanding,
signed in February 2010, between the Defence
Ministries of Ukraine and Denmark concerning
fulfilling joint military-transport operation on
transporting fuel – “Northern Falcon 2010” – Air
Force Transportation Aviation teams operated for the
second time in the Arctic. During the operation from
the 6
th
to 24
th
April 2010, there were 40 sorties from
the US Air Force base Thule, 517,000 litres of fuel and
49,000 kilos of load were transported to the Station “Nord”, Greenland, to sustain
the Station.
Special attention was given to cooperation with Turkey, particularly
in the defence industrial area. An important implementation mechanizm was the
annual meeting of the Inter-Governmental Ukraine-Turkey Board
2
. In 2010 there was
a signifcant increase in effectiveness of activities concerning professional training
of Ukraine Service personnel in Turkish military education institutions, particularly
offcers trained in the Turkish Armed Forces Service academies at tactical and strategic
levels.
The military cooperation format with Belarus continued. During the year, Air
Defence Duty units undertook cross-state border training using Armed Forces aircraft
and a separate bilateral tacticial exercise took place.
2
JointUkraine-TurkeyBoardonDefenceIndustrialCooperation
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Developing a legal framework to establish the joint Ukraine-Belarus Engineering
battalion to be used to eliminate the consequences of natural and man-made disasters
is in process.
There was a continuation of cooperation with Georgia. In November 2010 during
the visit of the Ukraine Defence Minister agreements were reached in conducting joint
military exercises and training of Ukraine military experts at the Mountain-Infantry
Unit Specialized Training Centre in Georgia.
Establishing effective bilateral cooperation with Ukraine’s strategic partners,
neighbouring countries and leading countries remains one of the priority directions
of the State’s external policy and is considered by Ukraine an active mechanizm of
developing mutually benefcial relations between countries and preventing military
conficts.
MULTI-LATERAL
COOPERATIONAND
COOPERATIONIN
INTERNATIONAL
ORGANIZATIONS
FRAMEWORK
Successful implementation of multi-lateral cooperation activities within international
and regional organizations on security, stability and strengthening trust is one of
the main components of international defence cooperation. In total during the year
220 activities took place, representing 31 % of the total number of activities
(Figure 6.3.).
CooperationwiththeEuropeanUnion
The State’s external policy main priority is providing Ukraine’s integration
to European political, economic, legal and security environment with the aim of
European Union membership. That is why military cooperation with the EU in 2010
was practically oriented and is considered to be an important direction of Ukraine’s
new defence policy.
During 2010 Ukraine-EU military cooperation was
conducted in terms of:
• widening the format of political-military dialogue
between political- military leaders of Ukraine, EU
Military Committee and EU Council Secretariat;
• reforming and implementing Common Security and
Defence Policy;
• training experts in the Common Security and
Defence Policy;
• preparing Ukraine Armed Forces assets for EU
Battle Groups (BG) and achieving interoperability of designated units for
participation in joint military exercises and peacekeeping operations under the
aegis of EU;
• establishing collaboration and participation in the work of EU structures and
agencies (European Defence Agency, European Security and Defence College,
EU Security Research Institute);
• using Ukraine’s capabilities in air transport during EU operations.
Military cooperation with the EU was implemented in terms of “EU-Ukraine
Association Agenda” and the Cooperation Working Plan between Ukraine’s Armed
Forces and the EU Council Secretariat (in the area of Common Security and Defence
Policy). In Kyiv on 26 January 2010 the first meeting was held of the Senior
Committee on Assessing the Implementation of the Assocation Agenda, during
which the parties agreed its Terms of Reference and agreed common priorities for
implementation.
Ukraine-NАТО
Ukraine-EU
Ukraine-CIS
South East Europe
Defence Ministeria
Nordic-Baltic initiative
Other
163 (74%)
11 (5%)
11 (5%)
11 (5%)
10 (5%)
14 (6%)
Figure 6.3. Multi-lateral cooperation in 2010
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Ukraine launched implementation involving the AFU units into EU BG:
• Air-medical evacuation aircraft Аn-26 “Vita” was designated to EU BG “Baltic”
(formed by Poland, Germany, Slovakia, Lithuania and Latvia) with the status of
an associated means to be additionally involved depending on the format and
aim of the operation;
• an agreed list of Ukraine Armed Forces and capabilities to be declared to BG
HELBROC (Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Cyprus) work continued on these issues
concerning the BG to be formed by the Vyshegrad countries (Poland, Slovakia,
Hungary, Czech Republic);
• the process continued of future involvement of the Ukrainian Armed Forces and
capabilities into the EU BG (Italy, Hungary, Slovenia) to be on duty in the sec-
ond half of 2012.
On 27 September 2010 Ukraine was offcially recognized as a contributor to the EU
anti- piracy naval operation near the Somali coast “EU NAVFOR ATALANTA”, from
November 2010 the Ukraine Armed Forces representative has been a Staff Offcer
3
.
There was continuation of developing legislative documents involving the
Ukraine Armed Forces in the EU military operation EUFOR ALTHEA in Bosnia and
Herzegovina.
Successful implementation of EU cooperation plans in the military area gives a
possibility for the Ukraine’s Armed Forces to reach a new quality and enhance common
capabilities for participation in EU operations.
PartnershipwithNATO
Ukraine continues a constructive partnership with NАТО aimed at solving priority
tasks of Armed Forces development, providing stability and security in the world
through peacekeeping operations, and ensuring Ukraine’s readiness to participate
in such activity by developing appropriate level of interoperability of the Ukrainian
Armed Forces with those of NATO member-states.
The format of such cooperation was maintained and continued throughout 2010. By
carrying out its international obligations Ukraine is proving itself a predictable country
and reliable partner.
The MOD consistently implements the strategy of Ukraine’s relations with the
Alliance in the framework of the NATO-Ukraine Annual National Programme of
Cooperation for 2010 (ANP–2010), the NATO-Ukraine Military Committee Work Plan,
3
Decree of the President of Ukraine # 41/2010 “On the National Security and Defence Council resolution “On participation of Ukraine in EU operation “EU
NAVFORATALANTA”of20January2010
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NATO-Ukraine Joint Working Group on Defence Reform Work Programme and the
“Partnership for Peace” Programme, components of which are the Planning and Review
Process (PARP) and the NATO-Ukraine Individual Partnership Programme.
According to the ANP-2010 Action Plan the MOD participated in 246 activities,
in 215 as a responsible executive body, in 31 as a co-responsible executive body. Of
these activities 126 were “completed” (51 %), 69 “partially completed” (28 %), 11 “not
completed” (4 %) and 7 activities “cancelled” (3 %).
The NATO-Ukraine Individual Partnership Programme is a practical mechanism
for exchanging experience between the armed forces of Ukraine and Alliance members
and partners. It has enhanced the level of cooperation in a number of directions:
military education and training; command, communications and informational
systems; standardization; interoperability; and logistics. In 2010 Ukrainian Armed
Forces representatives took part in a total of 55 programme activities: 31 courses; 7
seminars and workshops; 6 exercises; 3 working meetings and NATO expert visits; and
8 conferences and meetings.
In 2010 Ukraine’s participation in the NATO Programme on Air Situation
Data Exchange was extended, with the signing in May 2010 of a Memorandum of
Understanding between the MOD and the General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces
and the Supreme Allied Command Operations. According to the Memorandum Air
Situation Data Exchange will take place between the Ukrainian Air Force Command
Post “South” and the Control and Notification Center of the Turkish Air Force in
Erzurum.
Another format of cooperation between Ukraine and NATO is participation of
the Armed Forces in the Planning and Review Process in the framework of the
“Partnership for Peace” Programme. The main efforts of the MOD and GS were
concentrated on training designated forces and means for interaction with EU and
NATO nations’ armed forces in peacekeeping, search and rescue and humanitarian
operations (figure 6.1).
In 2010 the format of UAF participation in NATO
operations was maintained with Ukraine participating
in four out of fve NАТО operations:
The corvette “Ternopil” accomplished tasks in
the framework of the anti-terrorist “Operation Active
Endeavour” from 7 November till 27 December 2010;
in the course of its mission in the Mediterranean Sea it
took part in 5 patrols in various regions. During this time
the corvette crew communicated with 100 civilian ships
and sailed approximately 5,000 miles for 25 running
days and nights. Significant progress was achieved
in involving Ukrainian forces in the NATO Response
Force. For the frst time since independence the Armed
Forces’ NBC protection unit was on operational duty as
a part of the 15th NATO Response Force rotation (July–
December 2010) (Figure 6.4).
Experience and training methods are being introduced
in other units that comprise the Joint Rapid Reaction
Forces and participate in PARP.
Thus, partnership with NATO remains one of the
priority directions of Ukraine’s defence policy, and
the MOD and the Armed Forces are ensuring high-
level political-military dialogue between Ukraine and
NATO and undertaking efforts to continue constructive
partnership on issues of common interest.
Figure 6.1. List of forces and means defined for participation
in the Planning and Review Process
• Airmobile battalion;
• Mechanized battalion;
• Ukrainian contribution to Lit-Pol-Ukr brigade;
• Helicopter squadron (6 МI-24);
• Field-engineer battalion;
• Engineer-road battalion;
• NBC protection company;
• Transportation company;
• Military police unit;
• Tactical group of special operations;
• 2 tactical groups of psychological operations;
• Multi-purpose frigate with ship helicopter complex;
• 2 corvettes;
• Command ship, minesweeper, large amphibious ship;
• Marine corps battalion;
• Rescue tugboat with diver crew;
• Underwater diversion forces and means combating group;
• Rescue parachute-amphibious group;
• 4 heavy transport aircraft IL-76МD;
• medevac aircraft An-26 “Vita” with a group of experts
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"Rapid Trident 2008"
(1st level self-
evaluation)
"Assessment 2009"
(1st level NATO
evaluation)
"Golden Mask 2010"
(NRF15 certification)
September 2008 September 2009
National training Direct training
Operational
duty
April 2010
July-
December 2010
Figure 6.4. Operation capabilities development of NBC unit
Cooperationinframeworkofotherinternational
andregionalorganizationsandinitiatives
Cooperation in the framework of other international and regional organizations is an
important direction of Ukraine’s defence policy and one of the State’s mechanisms
for providing security in support of an atmosphere of stability and mutual trust in
Europe and the world.
In accordance with obligations undertaken by Ukraine the Armed Forces continued
in 2010 to actively participate in peacekeeping missions under the aegis of the United
Nations (UN). The most signifcant contribution in this area is being made by the 56th
Detached Helicopter unit in Liberia and Cote d’Ivoire.
At the time Service personnel are serving as peacekeepers in UN missions in the
Democratic Republic of Congo, Kosovo, Liberia and Sudan.
Ukraine is a permanent member of the Organization of Security and Cooperation
in Europe (OSCE) Forum for Security Co-operation. One of the most important and
successful directions of OSCE-Ukraine cooperation in the politico-military sphere in
2010 was the implementation of the OSCE-Ukraine project on rocket fuel (mélange)
disposal in the framework of the OSCE Document on Stockpiles of Conventional
Ammunition from 2003.
Ukraine considers cooperation with the Commonwealth of Independent States as an
important direction of external policy in the post-Soviet space. During the year MOD
delegations took place twice in work of the CIS Defence Ministers’ Council. Taking
into account the status of Ukraine as an observer summary meeting documents were
not signed.
Besides, implementing military cooperation continuation and pragmatism principles
during the Council meetings the following activities were conducted:
• effective exchange of experience on defence defence reform and security system
management;
• discussion of the World War II 65th Victory Anniversary celebration in Ukraine,
improvement of multi-lateral military cooperation legal support, military and
military-technical cooperation, organization and conducting of the International
Military-Scientifc Works competition, fights safety, meteorological support of
military aviation;
• bilateral meetings were held with Defence Ministries of Azerbaijan, Belarus,
Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan and also with the Chief of the
General Staff of the Armed Forces of Tajikistan
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Active participation in the South-East Europe Defence Ministerial (SEEDM) process
increases mutual confdence between the participants and strengthens Ukraine’s role
and interests in the Black Sea and the Balkans.
In September of 2010 a delegation of Defence Ministry took part in the
23
rd
Coordinating Committee meeting and the 24
th
Political Military Steering
Committee meeting held in Bulgaria. In October of 2010 the Ukrainian delegation
headed by the Defence Minister visited Albania to take part in the annual SEEDM
meeting.
During the meeting Ukraine offered its military training grounds for the training
and exercises of the South-Eastern Europe Brigade (SEEBRIG). It also expressed its
readiness to cooperate with other SEEDM countries in the spheres of airlift, chemical
and biological protection, and response to man-made and natural disasters. Moreover,
Ukraine confirmed its intentions to join the multinational peacekeeping brigade
SEEBRIG.
Cooperation with the Vysegrad Group (V4) is very important for Ukraine. In June
of 2010 the Chiefs of Defence of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland,
Czech Republic and Hungary met in Hungary. At this meeting the parties reached a
consensus on the involvement of Ukraine in the NATO helicopter initiative, projects
aimed at disposing of explosive objects and training activities within the framework
of the Multinational Engineering Battalion “Tysa”. The interest of the Ukrainian side
in continuing cooperation within the Multinational Helicopter Initiative was also
confrmed.
In addition, 2010 witnessed a deepening of regional cooperation in the Black
Sea area within the framework of joint Black Sea Naval Cooperation Task Force
BLACKSEAFOR. Ships conducted joint maritime exercises for the training of a number
of combat and humanitarian tasks. Port calls were made in the harbours of participating
countries Bulgaria, Russia, Romania, Turkey and Ukraine.
Cooperation continued between the navies of Ukraine, Turkey, Russia and Romania
for fnding common methods of fghting illegal activity and the threat of terrorism in the
Black Sea within the framework of the “Black Sea Harmony” operation.
The active participation of the MOD and Armed Forces in the activities of
international security organizations helps to ensure international security in Europe
and the whole world and supports the creation of a zone of stability and mutual trust
around Ukraine.
PEACE-KEEPING
ACTIVITY
Ukraine is conscious of its responsibility to preserve international peace and security
and remains an active participant in international peacekeeping activity.
In 2010 Ukraine maintained the format of Armed Forces participation in international
peacekeeping operations and ensured the practical realization of the Strategy of
International Peacekeeping Activity
4
.
In the course of the year 858 Service personnel participated in peacekeeping
contingents and 133 served as peacekeeping personnel. Altogether Service personnel
took part in 11 international peacekeeping operations in 8 countries (Figure 6.5).
In the course of the year measures were taken to reconstitute the Ukrainian
peacekeeping contingent in Kosovo into a new unit (a mobile company with a total of
134 Service personnel). As a component of the mobile battalion within the multinational
4
Presidential Decree # 435/2009 “On Decision of the National Security and Defence Council of 24 April 2009 “On Strategy of International Peacekeeping
Activity of Ukraine” issued on 15 June 2009
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§ËÏÁq¿Ð½Í
UN Mission in Kosovo
(UNMIK)
Liaison officers – two
Tasks:
- coordination of efforts of KFOR,
EULEX and other organizations
- human rights watch
- support legitimacy
- mass media support
- society democratization
coordination
Joint Peacekeeping Forces
in Security Zone of Moldova Republic
Military observers – 10
Tasks:
- participate in meetings of Joint Control Committee and
Joint Military Commission
- check service at permanent posts and check points
- inspect security zone
- disarm inhabitants, defuse mines and shells
- observe and control of places of military equipment
concentration and incidents of use of weapons
NATO Training Mission in Iraq
(NTM-I)
Personnel – 9 Service personnel
Tasks:
- train and develop personnel of Iraqi
police
- develop training programs and train Iraqi
security Forces in military institutions
- organize and implement education and
training of NCOs of Iraqi Armed Forces
UN Operation “Active Endeavour”
(ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR)
Primary national contact point corvette
(frigate)
Tasks:
- constant cooperation with operation
staff
- observing and monitoring of sea areas
- convoying and control of ships
- boarding of suspicious ships
UN Mission in Sudan
(UNMIS)
Military observers – 11
Tasks:
- facilitate fulfillment of the
Peace Treaty
- observe implementation of
Ceasefire Agreement and
investigate violations
- observe armed groups’
movement and relocation
of armed formations
in Mission’s area of
responsibility
- facilitate disarmament,
demobilization, reintegration
and repatriation of former
combatants
- provide assistance in
relocation of refugees and
displaced persons
- ensure safety of international
personnel and civil
population
International Security Assistance Force
in Afghanistan
(ISAF)
Personnel – 17 Service personnel
Tasks:
- establish and maintain cooperation with
governmental structures of Afghanistan
- plan and realize civil-military cooperation
- provide medical aid to ISAF and local
population
- advisory assistance to local doctors
- De-mining reconnaissance and explosives
destruction in area of responsibility
Peacekeeping Contingent of the
International Peace Support Forces
(KFOR)
Personnel –
134 Service personnel
Vehicles – 35
Tasks:
- ensure fulfillment of UN Security
Council Resolution #1244
- facilitate enhancement and
establishment of legitimacy and
justice in area of responsibility
Tasks are accomplished by:
- patrolling in area of responsibility
- protection of important objects
- escorting humanitarian deliveries
- service on observation posts
Results:
- participation in
700 national operations
and 170 joint patrols
- 169 joint patrols were conducted
- 22 observation posts were
established
UN Mission in the Democratic
Republic Congo
(MONUSCO)
Military observers – 13
Tasks:
- control implementation of
the Ceasefire Agreement and
investigate violations
- organize disarmament and
demobilization
- release prisoners of war
- facilitate humanitarian aid
delivery and human rights watch
Mission in Cote-D’Ivoire
(UNCI)
Peacekeeping contingent
(56 Helicopter Detached unit,
which is a part of UN Mission
in Liberia)
Personnel – 21 Service personnel
Helicopters: МІ-8 – 2
Tasks:
- UN Mission Service personnel
and equipment transportation
- sick evacuation
TOTAL OF 476 SERVICE PERSONNEL IN
11 MISSIONS AND OPERATIONS
peacekeeping personnel peacekeeping contingent
Figure 6.5. Participation of Ukrainian Contingents and Personnel in Peacekeeping Operations 2010
UN Mission in Liberia
(UNMIL)
Peacekeeping contingent
Liaison officers – two
Military observers - two
Tasks:
- observe implementation of Ceasefire
Agreement
- human rights watch
- facilitate disarmament, demobilization,
reintegration of all Armed Forces’ units
- assistance to Liberia’s Armed Forces and
police reform
- ensure UN personnel security
Peacekeeping contingent (56 SHD)
Personnel – 275
Service personnel
Helicopters: МІ-24 – 3., МІ-8 – 8.
Armed combat vehicle – 4
Automobiles – 83
Tasks:
- transport passengers and UN Mission
personnel
- transport goods
- evacuate sick and wounded
special flights:
• state air space surveillance and
patrolling
• troops relocation escort
• search and rescue tasks
Results:
Number of flights – 3,419
Transport passengers – 13,261 persons
Transport goods – 412
“EU NAVFOR ATALANTA”
Personnel – 1 Staff Officer
Tasks:
- providing interaction with
operation HQ
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Battle Group “East” the Ukrainian contingent fulflls its tasks of ensuring the security
of the population and the rule of law and guaranteeing the observance of human rights
and protection of critical infrastructure.
Taking into account a UN
5
Security Council Resolution and the holding of elections
in Cote-D’Ivoire Ukraine deployed an air group from the 56
th
Detached Helicopter unit
serving in Liberia to provide urgent support to the UN Mission in the Cote-D’Ivoire
6
.
Within the framework of the Concept of Pastoral Care in the Armed Forces and
at the initiation of the MOD Council of Pastoral Care a “Religious Affairs Offcer”
was assigned to the 56-th Detached Helicopter unit in Liberia to satisfy the religious
needs of the Ukrainian peacekeeping contingent; a similar position in the peacekeeping
contingent in Kosovo was again flled.
Since March 2010 the Ukrainian Group within the Lithuanian Ghor Provincial
Reconstruction Team (PRT) of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in
Afghanistan has been carrying out the task of disposal of explosive devices. In the
course of the year the group destroyed around 10,000 explosive devices, including
airborne bombs, rocket and high-explosive shells, mortar mines as well as 4 improvised
explosive devices. Ukrainian doctors treated 1220 patients, conducting 6 diffcult and
59 simple surgical procedures.
At the end of 2010 the total number of peacekeeping Service personnel in Afghanistan
was 17.
Ukraine’s participation in peacekeeping operations, including NATO operations
in Kosovo, Afghanistan and the Mediterranean Sea, furthers the national interests of
Ukraine and helps to support international peace and security. It also increases the level
of combat training of Service personnel, enabling them to obtain combat experience,
and helps the Armed Forces to achieve interoperability with the forces of other nations
participating in international peacekeeping operations.
5
UNSecurityCouncilResolutions#1609of24June2005,#1865of27January2009,#1880of30June2009,and#1951of24October2010.
6
LawofUkraine#267-VI“OnapprovalofthedecisionofthePresidentofUkraineOnpeacekeepingcontingentofUkraineparticipatinginprovidingoperational
supporttoUNMissionsinCote-d’Ivoire”of04October2010.
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Efforts in verification of Armed Forces activity were focused on ensuring all parties’
adherence to arms control agreements, including the Open Skies Agreement, the
Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, the Vienna document of 1999
as well as bilateral inter-governmental agreements between Ukraine and Slovakia,
Hungary, Belarus and Poland aimed at additional confidence-building and security
measures.
The status of implementation of international
agreements and conventions in the sphere of arms
control in 2010 was the same as in previous years and
was characterized by the high level of attention paid to
verifcation activities on the territory of Ukraine without
the right to refuse and an increase of the number of
neighboring counties’ representatives in multilateral
inspection groups.
In the course of the year 52 verifcation activities
to fulfl arms control agreements and conventions were
conducted in Ukraine (Figure 6.6.). In addition, one
inspection was held in accordance with the Convention
on the Prohibition of Developing, Producing, Enriching
and Using Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction.
Demonstrating its active participation in arms control,
Ukraine conducted 58 inspections on the territories of
other parties, twice more than last year (Figure 6.7).
Conducting of inspections abroad enabled Ukraine to
carry out effective control of other parties’ adherence to
the defned limits on the amount of main categories of
arms.
Fulflling Ukrainian obligations under international
arms control agreements furthers the development of the European security system and
the integration of Ukraine within this system.
International defence cooperation provides a stable pillar within Ukraine’s
overall foreign policy and is aimed at the implementation of the country’s strategic
course towards full membership in the European Union and integration in the
European security system.
ARMS
CONTROL
Figure 6.6. Indices of verification activity on the territory of Ukraine
Figure 6.7. Indices of verification activity abroad Ukraine
According to the
Treaty of Conventional
Armed ForcesIn Europe
28
According to the
Treaty on Conventional
Armed Forces in Europe
37
On Vienna document 1999
5
On Vienna document 1999
1
According to
Open Skies Agreement
10
According to the Open
Skies Agreement
12
According to
bilateral agreements
9
According to
bilateral agreements
8
According to this year’s results the Ukrainian Armed Forces, in general, are ready to
accomplish designated tasks. The necessary conditions for the situation to stabilize
and maintain capabilities to renew combat readiness were created.
2011 is declared the “Year of Technical Readiness of Arms and Equipment and
Training of the Professional NCO Corps”.
The main priorities of the Armed Forces development are as follows:
• Implement effective system to support combat readiness; improve arms
and equipment technical servicing; increase technical knowledge level of
all Service personnel; achieve readiness to accomplish the tasks of Joint
Rapid Reaction Forces, Special Operations Forces and Air Defence Duty;
create and develop professional NCO Corps, promote its role in military staff
management and further optimize their multi-level training system;
• Improve strategic planning of engagement of the Armed Forces; complete the
Strategic Defence Review; and develop the State Programme for the Armed
Forces Development 2011-2015;
• Optimize the Armed Forces and operational formations command and control
system with operating support, material and technical support; develop
unifed automated Command and Control System and transfer to digital
communication system;
• Modernize and renovate armament and equipment, frst of all of the Air
Force to provide increasing effectiveness of reconnaissance and control of
Ukraine’s airspace;
• Undertake Administrative Reform in the MOD and the Armed Forces,
improve management and eliminate overlapping functions and duties;
• Re-organize in full the military education system, re-organize and optimize
its elements, and supply the Armed Forces with trained personnel;
• Support social guarantees to Service personnel, their families, Armed Forces’
employees and other eligible to social protection from the MOD;
• Fulfil Ukraine’s international military commitments, implement Non-
Block status, strengthen military-political, military-technical and military
cooperation with international organizations and nations.
CONCLUSION
64 WHITE BOOK
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ANNEXES
MINISTRYOFDEFENCEBUDGET
IMPLEMENTATIONIN2010
According to the Law of Ukraine “On State Budget of Ukraine 2010”,
UAH 12, 477.1 Million (1.15% of GDP) were planned to appropriate for the Armed
Forces - UAH 9,052.8 Million (73% expenditure), Special Fund UAH 2,664.0 Million
(21% expenditure), Stabilization Fund UAH 760.3 Million (6% expenditure).
During 2010 the Ministry of Defence received UAH 10,533.6 Million, (0.97%
GDP) – UAH 9,052.8 Million (86% incoming), Special Fund UAH 819.6 Million
(8% incoming), Stabilization Fund UAH 661.2 Million (6% incoming).
Figure 1: Armed Forces Funding in 2010 %
BUDGET
(UAH 12,477,1 Million)
TOTAL FUND
(UAH 9,052.8 Million)
Received
84,4 %
(UAH 10,533,6
Million)
Deficit
15,6 %
(1,943.5 mln. UAH.)
Armed Forces
Retaining
In fact Planned
Armed Forces
Training
Armament, combat
vehicle and infrastructure
development
Figure 2: Division of Funds by Functional Appropriations 2010 Million UAH
9 893,2
9 260,9
1 717,5
736,6
866,4
536,1
Received
100 %
(UAH 9,052.8
Million)
STABILIZATION FUND
(UAH 760.3 Million)
SPECIAL FUND
(UAH 2,664.0 Million)
66 WHITE BOOK
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Received
30,8 %
(UAH 819.6
Million)
Deficit
69,2 %
(UAH 1, 844.4
Million)
ANNEX1
Received
87 %
(UAH 661.2 Million)
Deficit
13 %
(UAH 99.1 Million)
COMMANDANDCONTROLAGENCIES,
STRUCTUREANDCOMBATSTRENGTH
ANNEX2
67
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hational
0efence
university
Centre for
Peqistration
of lilitary
Surµlus and
0isµosed
Equiµment
Suµµortinq l00
- Authoriîed throuqh Cabinet of linisters' quidance
- Authoriîed throuqh Presidential quidance
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Economic and Administrative
Activities 0eµartment
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lain lntelliqence 0irectorate`
Economic and laterial Pesources
Suµµly 0eµartment
Ceneral lnsµection
Control and Pevision 0eµartment
Personnel Policy 0eµartment
State 0eµartment of Petired/Peleased
Personnel Adaµtation and Conversion
of Former lilitary Bases
lealthcare 0eµartment¡
0irectorate for 0rqaniîation and Analytical
Suµµort of 0efence linister
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0EkE8AL
8TAFF
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0efence Policy
and Strateqic
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0eµartment
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and laterial
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Social
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and lilitary
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of strateqy
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system of the
Armed Forces
of ukraine
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and 0isµosal
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0irectorate
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Fuel Comµonents
and lunitions
0isµosal
0eµartment
lilitary
Peµresentatives
0irectorate
State
Scientific-Pesearch
Aviation lnstitute
Central
Scientific-Pesearch
Armament
and Equiµment
lnstitute
lilitary-Technical
and Exµort
Control
0irectorate
lilitary Education
and Science
0eµartment
Citiîens' Petition
0eµartment
lain lousinq
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of the Armed
Forces
0eµartment
of lnternational
0efence
Cooµeration
Civil Protection
and Ecoloqical
Security
0ffice
Centre
for Suµµort
of Functional
Structural units
of l00
Administrative
0eµartment
Suµervision
0irectorate
Sµort
0ffice
lobiliîation
0ffice
Accounts
0ffice
State Secrets
0efence
0eµartment
0epuly 0eIeace
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0epuly 0eIeace
N|a|sler
0epuly 0eIeace
N|a|sler
**
68
COMMAND AND CONTROL AGENCI ES, STRUCTURE AND COMBAT STRENGTH
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Annex 2
Figure 3. Armed Forces Structure, by the end of the year
0eaera| 8laII oI lhe Armed Forces oI 0|ra|ae
Formal|oas, ua|ls,
m|||lary educal|oa
eslab||shmeals
(aol subord|aaled
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Na|a
0|reclorale
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kava|
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Figure 4. Armed Forces Strength 2006-2010,
5G,OOO
1G5,OOO,
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Civil Servants lilitary Personnel
0epul|es 0h|eI oI lhe 0eaera| 8laII
Assistants of the Chief
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leqal 0irectorate
Control and 0versiqht 0irectorate
F|gure 2. Ceneral Staff of the ukraine Armed Forces, CZUIFFOEPGUIFZFBS
0h|eI oI lhe 0eaera| 8laII - 0ommaader-|a-0h|eI
oI lhe Armed Forces oI 0|ra|ae
Euro-Atlantic
lnteqration
0irectorate
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Carrison Service
0irectorate
lain 0efence
Planninq
0irectorate J-5 J-5
0irectorate for heeds
Assessment and Suµµort
0rqaniîation
Financial
0irectorate
lain lntelliqent 0irectorate
J-2
lain 0µerations
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J-3
Central 0irectorate for
lnformation Security
and Cryµtoloqy

lilitary-Science
0irectorate
lain Personal
0irectorate
J-1
lain 0irectorate for
Communication and
lnformation Systems
J-6
Sµecial 0µeration
0irectorate
Central 0irectorate for
lilitary Cooµeration of
Armed Forces of ukraine
lain Financial-
Economic
0irectorate
J-8
Armed Forces Trooµs
Traininq
0irectorate
J-7
lain 0irectorate for
Educational and Social -
Psycholoqical work of
Armed Forces of ukraine
J-4
- Actinq to suµµort Ceneral Staff requirements
69
COMMAND AND CONTROL AGENCI ES, STRUCTURE AND COMBAT STRENGTH
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Annex 2
Figure 6. Structure and combat strength of Air Force , by the end of the year
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Combat lelicoµters - 72 Combat Armoured
Vehicles - 2,155
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70
COMMAND AND CONTROL AGENCI ES, STRUCTURE AND COMBAT STRENGTH
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Annex 2
Figure 7. Structure and Combat Strength of Naval Force, by the end of the year
Nar|l|me
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TESTS AND PERSPECTIVE
RESEARCH PROJECTS
NEW ITEMS CERTIFICATION ACQUISITION MODERNISATION AND
EXTENDING SERVICE LIFE
LAND FORCE
WEAPON AND
EQUIPMENT
• APC BTR-4;
• mortar system with guided mine of high
precision;
• artillery vehicle system for fire control;
• 152 high-explosive shell with semi-active
laser-guided head;
• Engineering ammunition of distance
mining;
• Automated sonic reconnaissance
complex
• motor crane KTA-1801 (basic chassis KrAZ
63221, MAZ -5337, KaMAZ 55111)
• UAZ-315195-030М multifunctional car/SUV;
• Fire tank-car AC 40
• “Bulat” BM tank – 10;
• enhanced passability car
KrAZ-6322 – 18;
• multifunctional cars
UAZ-315195-030М – 8;
• UAZ-315195-030 – 13;
• fire tank-car
АC-40 – 37
• “Bulat” BM battletank;
• reactive volley fire system
BM-21 “Grad” ;
• APC BTR 70Di;
• AIV BMP 1Y
AIR FORCE
WEAPON AND
EQUIPMENT
• An-70 transport aircraft;
• ‘air-to-air’ missile;
• Air Force Automated Command and
Control System;
• Anti-aircraft rocket complex 9K33M3
“Hornet”
• battle-training plane SU-25 UBM1;
• battle plane SU-25M1
• amphibious-
parachute system – 43
• МІG-29, Su-25, IL 39 aircraft;
• Helicopter Мі-8МТV, Мі-24P;
• radio-location stations
1L13, NRZ, 1L22, PRV13
and PRV-16
NAVAL FORCE
WEAPON AND
EQUIPMENT
• Battle ship class “Corvette”;
• ship-guiding and navigation complex
• “Zaporizhzhia” submarine
SPECIAL
TYPES OF
WEAPON AND
EQUIPMENT
• optical electronic complex of high-
precision weapons defence;
• special communications equipment;
• basic digital microwave-link station;
• automated command and control
system of forces day-to-day activities;
• command staff vehicle
• Information transfer equipment 3-501M;
• universal mobile diagnostic and repair
module;
• military sluice Vol K-1220;
• board computer A-5010;
• troposphere communication station
P-423-IMY;
• automated complex of means of protection;
• automation means of analytical-information
system of mobilization deployment of AF;
• complex software and technical complexes
“Karta C” and “Vidannia C” ;
• dual-frequency geodesic complex CH-4601;
• mobile automated secondary radio-locator;
• complex signal control set
• Alternating current voltage electrical unit
military standard equipment set
• communication facilities
Figure 8. Equipping of the Armed Forces in 2010
ARMEDFORCESTRAINING2010
ANNEX3
MILITARY TRAINING OF HEADQUARTERS’ STAFF
Table 1. Military Training of Headquarters’ Staff
Actiivity
Number
Planned for the Year Accomplished
Strategic Command Post War Game 1 1
Scientific Conference at the General Staff 1 1
Operational Assemblies 16 16
Set of Exercise with HQs and units 1 1
Mobilization Command-Post Exercise 1 1
Command-Post Training with General Staff Special Operations Directorate 1 1
Command-Post Exercises 3 3
Command-Post Exercises with territorial defence 3 3
Bilateral Command-Post Exercises 2 2
Control Training of Air Defence Duty Forces 1 1
Command-Post Training 15 15
Command-Post Training on territorial defence 3 3
Joint Staff Training 44 44
TOTAL: 92 92
FORCES/SERVICES TRAINING
Table 2. Military Training of Services’ Headquartes’ Staff
Activity
Number
Planned for the Year Accomplished
Land Force
Command Post Exercises on Maps 41 36
Command Post Trainings 41 41
Air Force
Command Post Exercises on Maps 10 10
Command Post Trainings 27 27
Naval Force
Command Post Exercises on Maps 18 18
Command Post Trainings 32 32
SERVICE UNITS COMBAT TRAINING
Table 3. Mechanized, Tank and Airmobile Troops of the Land Forces
Activity
Planned for the Year Accomplished % Accomplished
JRRF MDF JRRF MDF JRRF MDF
Battalion Tactical Exercise 4 - 4 - 100 -
Company Tactical Exercise 3 - 3 - 100 -
Platoon Combat Shooting 19 2 21 - 110 -
Section Combat Shooting 81 6 81 6 100 100
Tank Armament Firing 84 309 84 259 100 84
BTR Armament Firing 615 730 616 325 100.1 44.5
Small Arms Firing 3,009 2,898 3,601 2,219 120 77
Tank Driving 78 222 6 27 7.6 12.1
BTR Driving 1,556 1,179 250 41 16 3.5
Car Driving 1,255 1,298 182 12 14.5 1
Parachute Jumps 26,106 - 16,289 - 62.4 -
71
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ARMED FORCES TRAI NI NG 2010
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Table 4. Land Forces Army Aviation Flight Training
Activity Planned for the Year Accomplished % Accomplished
Squadron Flight Tactical Exercise Not planned
Practical Ground Target Firing 1,034 240 23.2
Average Flight Time per Crew
JRRF 60 hr. 18 hr. 21 min. 30.5
MDF 25 hr. 17 hr.08 min. 52.6
Table 5. Air Force Flight Training
Activity Planned for the Year Accomplished % Accomplished
Squadron Tactical Flight Exercise Not planned
Practical Ground Target Firing 366 138 37.7
Guided Missiles Launching 55 23 43.4
Practical Bombing 369 57 15.4
Air amphibious landing 264 172 65.2
Average Flight Time per Crew
JRRF 35 hr. 17 hr. 48 min. 49.9
MDF 10 hr. 13 hr. 55 min. 135.5
Table 6. Naval Force Training
Activity
Planned for the Year Accomplished % Accomplished
JRRF MDF JRRF MDF JRRF MDF
Artillery Firing Sea Targets 81 66 63 38 77.7 57.6
Artillery Firing Coastal Targets - - 24 3 - -
Artillery Firing Air Targets 79 63 48 30 60.7 47.6
Missile Maritime Firing 1 - - - - -
Mining Exercises
Mine Sweeping 21 9 1 - 4.8 -
Mining laying 8 6 - - - -
Torpedo Firing 17 5 - - - -
Anti-Submarine Bombings 30 18 - 6 - 33.3
Undermining Combat Exercises 26 20 9 3 34.6 15
Mine Sweeping Combat Exercises 12 12 4 6 33.3 50
Anti-Aircraft Firing 4 2 4 - 100 -
Average Maritime Period of Ships, days 56.0 14 21.3 12 38.0 85.7
Table 7. Navy Aviation Flight Training
Activity Planned for the Year Accomplished % Accomplished
Squadron Tactical Flight Exercise 2 1 50
Practical Bombing 67 12 17.9
Air amphibious landing 52 44 84.6
Average Flight Time per Crew
JRRF 57 hr. 28 hr. 37 min. 50.1
MDF 19 hr. 5 hr. 48 min. 30.5
Figure 8. Naval Coast Guard Units’ Training
Activity
Planned for the Year Accomplished % Accomplished
JRRF MDF JRRF MDF JRRF MDF
Battalion Tactical Exercises 1 - 1 1 100 -
Company Tactical Exercises 5 15 3 7 60 46.7
Platoon Combat Firing 9 20 - 7 - 35
Section Combat-Firing 24 59 - 34 - 57.6
Tank Armament Firing - 63 - 21 - 33.3
BTR Armament Firing 240 120 8 72 3.3 60
Small Arms Firing 300 712 64 237 21.3 33.3
Tank, BTR Driving 126 106 47 59 37.3 55.7
Parachute Jumps 510 - 513 - 100.6 -
UKRAINIANARMEDFORCESUNITS
PARTICIPATIONINMULTINATIONAL
EXERCISES2010
ANNEX4
Exercise Date Area Accomplished Missions
Armament, Military Equipment,
Participants
IN UKRAINE OR NEAR ITS BORDERS
Peace fairway-2010
UKR-RUS Tactical Search and Rescue
Naval Exercise
21-26 June Sevastopol To increase cooperation and improve
methods of collateral execution of search
and rescue protection in the Black Sea area
Ukraine – 48 Service personnel.
Russia – 31 Service personnel
Sea Breeze-2010
UKR-US Joint Command–Field Exercises
of Navy Forces
9-28 July Odesa Multinational Joint Staff Coordination
during combined counter terrorist actions
Ukraine – 1,569 Service Personnel with
organic armament, 21 vessels, 15 aircraft
and helicopters. Participants – 744 Service
personnel with armament, 4 vessels,
2 aircraft, 1 helicopter
Barrier-2010
UKR-US Tactical Training of Special Force
Units
26 July-
7 August
Ochakiv Improving methods of fulfilling intelligence
and special tasks by units of special
designation.
Ukraine – 50 Service Personnel with
armament and equipment. US-10 Service
personnel with armament.
Rapid Trident-2010
Joint Command-Post Exercises involving
troops
4-19
September
Yavoriv International
Peacekeeping and
Security Training Centre
Fulfilling tasks as a part of multinational
military contingent during peacekeeping
operations
Ukraine – 600 Service Personnel with
armament, 127 military vehicles. Country
Partners-850 Service Personnel with
armament
Light Avalanche-2010
Multinational Engineering Battalion “Tysa”
27 September-
1 October
Vynogradiv
Zakarpatska Region.
To increase interoperability and improveme
interaction between national components of
Engineer Battalion “Tysa”
Ukraine – 100 Service Personnel Country
Patners – 850 Service Personnel with
armament.
Maple Arc - 2010
UKR-POL-CAN-LIT Tactical Training
Mechanized Troops
3-6 October Lviv Exchange experience of battle tasks in
multinational military units
Ukraine – 12 Service Personnel. Country
Partners – 18 Service personnel
Bilateral UKR-Belarus Tactical Training
Mechanized Troops.
20-24 October Yavoriv International
Peacekeeping and
Security Training
Center
Improving tactical cooperation during battle
tasks mechanized units.
Ukraine – 34 Service Personnel with
armament and equipment. Belarus – 38
Service Personnel with armament.
OUTSIDE UKRAINE
BLACKSEAFOR-2010
Black Sea Region Tactical Naval Exercise
1st Phase:
7-9 April
2nd Phase:
9-30 August
Black Sea, Ports of
Ukraine, Romania,
Turkey, Bulgaria.
To enhance mutual naval interoperability
among warships and frigates
Ukraine – “Slavutych ”Command and
Control Ship and Mine-Sweeper “Cherkasy”
Golden Mask-2010
UKR-GER Tactical Training Departments
NBC
12-22 April Germany To train tasks supplying NBC Forces
Defence in multinational departments
Ukraine – 34 Service Personnel with
armament, 8 vehicles.
Bilateral UKR-Belarus Command- Staff
Training together with Air Defence Forces
UAF Air Forces and Belarus Air Forces
8 June Air Space
responsibility on
constant dislocation
places of the duty
forces of Air Defense
Forces.
Improving interoperability of Air Defence
duty forces and means.
Ukraine – 7 aircraft, 50 comat duty Service
staff of Radiotechnical Brigades and Air
Defence Rocket Divisions, aviation guiding
points.
Belarus – 7 aircraft, 150 Service personnel.
Bilateral UKR-Romania Tactical Training
Mechanized Units
13-26 June Romania, range
“Badabag”
Training battle tasks in multinational units
during combined peacekeeping operations.
Ukraine – 35 Service Personnel with
armament
Combined Endeavor-2010
Multinational Tactical Exercise of Signal
Troops
1-20
September
Germany, Romania Training in tasks of communication and
control during peacekeeping missions
Ukraine – 23 Service personnel, 4 control
communications sets, command staff vehicle
“Svitaz”
Medker-2010
Multinational Tactical Exercise of Military
Medical Forces
8-22
September
Montenegro Personnel training in medical support
during humanitarian and peacekeeping
operations
Ukraine – 20 Service personnel
Barrier-2010
Multinational Tactical Exercise of Special
Forces units
16-26
September
Poland Improeing approach towards Special Forces
fulfilling tasks
Ukraine – 20 Service personnel with
armament
Jeckal Stone-2010
Multinational Tactical Exercise of Special
Forces units
16-26
September
Poland Improving Special Forces mutual
accomplishment of combat missions
Ukraine – 20 Service personnel with
armament
Bilateral Ukraine-Russia command staff
exercise involving Reaction Forces of
Anti-Aircraft Defence Air Forces of Armed
Forces of Ukraine and Russian Federation
27 October Airspace within areas
of responsibility at
permanent posts of
Reaction Forces of
Anti-Aircraft Defence
Improving interaction of Reaction Forces of
Anti-Aircraft Defence during combat duties
Ukraine 7 aircraft, 150 personnel of Reaction
Forces of Radio-Engineering brigades and
battalions of Anti-Aircraft Defence, Air
Forces navigation posts.
Russian Federation 7 aircraft, 150 personnel
of Reaction Forces of Anti-Aircraft Defence
73
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CONTRACTEDNON-COMMISSIONED
OFFICERS(PETTYOFFICERS)
TRAININGSYSTEM
ANNEX5
HI GHER LEVEL OF TRAI NI NG
Training to obtain positions of Senior NCOs of Brigades (Regiments), Army Corps (and equivalents), Land Force, Air Force,
Navy and UAF, on the basis of education-qualification level of “Junior Specialist”
MI DDLE LEVEL OF TRAI NI NG
Training to obtain positions of Senior Company NCOs and Battalion Senior POs in specialty
“Administration in military units (company, battalion)”
BASI C LEVEL OF TRAI NI NG
Training to obtain positions of Section Leaders, Senior Platoon NCOs and specialists positions
with education-qualification level “Qualified Worker”
Training to obtain specialists positions according to defined specialties
with education-qualification level of “Junior Specialist”
National Technical University
“Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”
NCO Military College
National Technical University
“Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”
NCO military college
Land Force Training Centre
(Desna)
NCO
School
NCO
School
Air Force Training Centre
(Vasylkiv)
Navy Training Centre
(Simferopol)
Military NCO College
Army Academy named after
Hetman Petro Sahaydachnyi (Lviv)
Navy PO College
Academy Navy Force named after
Pavlo Nakhimov (Sevastopol)
Military NCO College
Kharkiv University of Air Force named after
Ivan Kozhedub (Kharkiv)
Engineer Troops
Training Centre
(Kamyanets- Podilskyi)
Separate Training
Detachment
(Kyrovograd)
Fire-Safety
Training Centre
(Kharkiv)
Training-Medical Company
of Medical Hospital
(Desna)
Law-Protection Military
Service Training centre
Training centre
of logistics
(Shepetivka)
Joint Training Centre
of Military Signal Troops
(Poltava)
RCB Protection
Training centre
(Kharkiv)
Separate Training
Centre
(Mykolayiv)
Training Division
of Topographic Centre
(Shepetivka)
Training Cenrer of Zytomyr
Military Institute
of National Aviation
University
(Zytomyr)
Military NCO College
Kamyanets- Podilsk National University named after
Ivan Ogiyenko (Kamyanets- Podilsk)
Military NCO College
Military Institute of Telecommunication
and Informatization, National Technical University
“Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” (Poltava)
Units for training
contract Service
personnel
Units for training
of contracted Service
personnel
Units for training
contracted Service
personnel
Units for training
contracted Service
personnel
Units for training
contracted Service
personnel
Units for training
contracted Service
personnel
Units for training
contracted Service
personnel
Units for training
contract Service
personnel
Units for training
contracted Service
personnel
Units for training
contract Service
personnel
Units for training
contracted Service
personnel
NCO
School
NCO
training course
74 WHITE BOOK
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ANNEX6
PRIVATEANDNCO
POSITIONPASSPORTEXAMPLE
POSITION PASSPORT FOR PRIVATE AND NCO INTRODUCED BY THE DEFENCE MINISTER DECREE
# 489 DATED 16/09/2010
Name of Position
Senior Mechanic-Telegrapher of a Telegraphic and Telephone Section Signal Unit
and Information 00 Artillery Ammunition Depot of Western Operative Command
of the Land Force
Position Characteristic
№ Criteria name Content
1 Nomenclature of appointment Commander of military units
2 Military specialty 403943 А
3 Staff-Position category Senior solder
4 Wage category “2”
5 State secret allowance F-2
6 Position utilization in special period According to the Staff duties
7 Possibility of assigning female personnel 403942А
Candidate’s Requirement for Position
№ Main requirements Content
1 Level of educational qualification Qualified Person
2 Level of training Basic
3 Level of foreign language SLP-1
4 Position required before appointment
Mechanic-Telegrapher of Telegraphic and Telephone
Section
5 Medical requirements for appointment Conclusion ME
6 Physical readiness “satisfied”
Additional Requirements
1
Term of servicing in a previous position before
assignment
1 year
2 Peacekeeping experience
Peacekeeping contingent as a part
of International
Peace Support Force in Kosovo
Military
unit commander
(military rank, signature, surname, forename )
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PROFESSIONAL
RE-TRAININGOFSERVICE
PERSONNEL2010
ANNEX7
Project Title
Funding
Source
Partners, Education Institutions Re-Training Directions Places
Results of
re-training
in 2010
(persons)
State Programme
of Social and
Professional
Adaptation of
Retired Service
Personnel 2011
State Budget
General Fund
Kharkiv National University of Air Force • Language Courses Kharkiv 30
NATO Project on
Re-Training of
Service Personnel
NATO British Council,
Goethe Institute,
Training Centre of Officers League of
Sevastopol,
International Institute of Business
Education at Kyiv National Economic
University,
Chernihiv Regional Center for Re-Training
and Refresher Training of Civil Servants,
Khmelnytsky National University
Lviv Institute of Personnel Management
Interregional Academy,
Kirovograd National Technical University,
Ukraine-Bavaria Management Training
Centre (Odessa),
Institute of Post-Diploma Education at
National Air Force University
Sevastopol Technical University

Language Courses:
• English;
• German;
• French
Re-training in specialty:
• IT in business;
• Enterprises economy;
• Accounting;
• Enterprises management;
• Advertising and publishing
management;
• Marketing in goods and
services market;
• Hotel and tourism business;
• Agrarian management;
• Management of personnel
administration;
• Custom broker;
• Marketing in goods and
services market;
• Management of finance and
economic safety;
• Special course for Navy
sailors
Kyiv, Sevastopol,
Simferopol,
Mykolayiv, Kharkiv,
Novoozerne,
Balaklava, Rivne,
Chernigiv,Ozerne,
Lviv, Kirovograd,
Odesa, Kherson,
Melitopol,
Desna,
Perevalne,
Saky,Myrne,
Uzgorod,Izmail,
Dnipropetrovsk,
Chuguiv, Inkerman
631
NATO Trust Fund
Project within PfP
Programme
NATO Trust Fund
(Netherlands,
Denmark,
Luxemburg,
Estonia, Poland,
Latvia, Slovakia,
Bulgaria)
Khmelnytsky National University
Interdepartmental Institute of Post-Diploma
Education at National Technical University
“Kharkiv Polytechnical Institute”

Re-training in specialty:
• Enterprises management;
• Computer technologies in
economic systems;
• Marketing in goods and
services market;
• Computer systems and
networks;
• Graphic design and
advertising;
• Logistics
Starokonstiantyiv,
Khmelnytsky,
Shepetivka,
Yarmolyntsi,
Kharkiv,
Slavuta
335
76 WHITE BOOK
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PROFESSI ONAL RE- TRAI NI NG OF SERVI CE PERSONNEL 2010
WHITE BOOK
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Annex 7
Project Title
Funding
Source
Partners, Education Institutions Re-training directions Places
Results of
re-training
in 2010
(persons)
OSCE Project
“State Programme
of Social and
Professional
Adaptation of
Retired Service
personnel”
OSCE The Open International University of
Human Development “Ukraina”,
Melitopol Institute of State and Municipal
Management at Classical Private University,
Feodosia Finance-Economic Academy,
Kharkiv Finance-Economic Academy,
Training Centre of “The Officers” League
of Sevastopol,
National Aviation University,
Petro Mohyla Chornomorsky State
University,
Kherson Institute of Interregional
Academy of Personnel Management,
Bila Tserkva Institute of Economics and
Management,
Sumy State University
Slovyanskyi Aviation College of National
Aviation University.
Re-training in specialty:
• Management of personnel
administration;
• Marketing in goods and
services market;
• IT management;
• Enterprises management;
• International IT in business
management;
• Small enterprise business;
• Logistic;
• Management of finance and
economic safety;
• Management of business
safety;
• Management and
administration;
• Small and medium-sized
business basis;
• Information management;
• Glider and power-plant
aircraft Mi-8 mtv-1;
• Technician of radioelectronic
equipment on Mi-8 mtv-1;
• Computer design.
Vinnitsa, Ozerne,
Kirovograd,
Gajsyn,
Odesa,
Nerubayske,
Semenivka, Myrne,
Krasnokamianka,
Pervomajsk,
Prymorskyi,
Yevpatoriya, Saky,
Novofedorivka,
Inkerman,
Verkhnie Sadove,
Kyiv,
Mykolayiv,
Kherson,
Bila Tserkva,
Sumy,
Sambir,
Volodymyr-
Volynskyj,
Slovjansk,
Berdychiv,
Sevastopol,
Balaklava,
Melitopol,
Feodosiya,
Pryluky,
Uman
1188
Project “Ukraine-
Norway”
Norwegian
Government
Tavriysk National University (Sevastopol),
Sevastopol National Technical University,
Sevastopol National University of Nuclear
Energy and Industry,
Feodosia Finance-Economic Academy of
Kyiv Institute of Market Relations,
Sevastopol Economic-Humanitarian
Institute at Tavriysk National University,
Classical Private University (Zaporizhia)
Melitopol Institute of State and Municipal
Management at Classical Private University,
Sevastopol Chamber of Commerce and
Industry,
University “Krok”,
Taras Shevchenko National University
(Kyiv)
Re-training in specialty:
• IT in business;
• Municipal management;
• Tourism management;
• Real estate estimation
management;
• Small and medium-sized
business basis;
• Management of finance and
economic security;
• Insurance management;
• Personnel Management.
Sevastopol,
Simferopol,
Sovetskoe,
Saky, Feodosiya,
Chornomorske,
Zaporizhia,
Melitopol
450
CONTENTS
OpeningAddress
oftheMinisterofDefenceofUkraine......................................................................... 3
OpeningAddressoftheChiefoftheGeneralStaff–
Commander-in-ChiefoftheArmedForcesofUkraine.............................................. 5
Chapter1
SummaryofDevelopmentoftheArmedForces
ofUkrainein2010.......................................................................................................... 7
Chapter2
CommandandControlSystemoftheArmedForces,Organization,
ManpowerandEquipment............................................................................................... 23
Chapter3
Forces’Training................................................................................................................ 29
Chapter4
ProfessionaloftheArmedForces:practicalaspectsofestablishment........................... 35
Chapter5
Supportofsocialguarantees
ofServicepersonnelandtheirfamilies..................................................................... 43
Chapter6
InternationalCooperation,
PeacekeepingActivity,ArmsControl........................................................................ 51
Conclusion.......................................................................................................................... 64
Annexes............................................................................................................................... 65
WHITE BOOK
2010
ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE
MinistryofDefenceofUkraine,2011
Layoutanddesign–MoskalenkoO.M.,2011
Edition:_____copies.
Ukrainian Ministry of Defence State
Aircraft Repair Enterprise
«ODESAVIAREMSERVICE»
32-a, Marshal Zhukov str., Odessa, 65121, Ukraine.
Tel./fax: +38 (048) 765-71-53,+38 (048) 719-89-85
E-mail: zez@avirs.ua

MINISTRY OF DEFENCE

WHITE BOOK 2010
ARMED FO R C E S OF UKR A IN E

KYIV • 2011

OLEXANDR STETSENKO. IVAN BURBELO. defence and security policy. HENNADIY KOVALENKO. The publication could be useful for civilian and military experts in the field of military development. © Ministry of Defence of Ukraine. STEPHEN GLOVER.M. OLEXANDER CHERPITSKYI Working Group Secretary: VICTOR KRAVCHUK Editors: BARRY ADAMS. IHOR KUSHNIR. 2011 . OLEXANDR KLUBAN’. MYKHAILO MALIARCHUK. White Book 2010: Armed Forces of Ukraine is dedicated to challenges in reform and development of the Armed Forces. HRYHORII PEDCHENKO. OLEKSANDR GAIVORONSKYI. VICTOR KORENDOVYCH. MYKHAILO KUTSYN. ANDRIY SMORODIN Editor-in-chief of the main Ministry of Defence magazine “Vijsko Ukrainy”: VOLODYMYR GORISHNJAK The White Book is published according to the Law of Ukraine “On Democratic Civilian Control over Military Organization and Law Enforcement Agencies of the State” with the aim of regularly informing society on activities of the Armed Forces as well as defence policy of the State and its challenges and solutions. as well as journalists..The White Book 2010: Armed Forces of Ukraine annual publication was prepared by the Ministry of Defence and the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. teachers and students of specialized educational institutions and to all interested in the state and development of the defence policy of Ukraine. The sixth publication. 2011 © Layout & design: PE Moskalenko O. The publication highlights the current state of the Armed Forces and the main directions for further military development. The Head of the Working Group: VOLODYMYR MOZHAROVSKYI Working Group composition: BORYS ANDRESIUK. VOLODYMYR OMELIANCHUK. ANATOLIY DEM’JANENKO. DMITRIY LOKOTA.

They adversely influenced the readiness level of the Armed Forces to fulfil assigned tasks. Measures aimed at the renewal of Armed Forces combat capability were agreed by the President and were actively supported by the Cabinet of the Ministers. It is envisaged to renew the complete package of documents that define defence policy. Today. we have set a challenging goal to create modern. Free catering of contract Service personnel was initiated during service duties. Intensifying unit combat training has been maintained. Financing of the Armed Forces was conducted regularly and without delays for the first time in many years. The set of measures was developed to stabilize the situation in the Armed Forces. Measures initiated by the Ministry of Defence and the General Staff have delivered good results. first of all. Modern armoured vehicles and modernized aircraft were put into service. In 2010 disintegration of the Armed Forces has been stopped and a certain stabilization has been achieved.OPENING ADDRESS OF THE MINISTER OF DEFENCE OF UKRAINE Lack of sufficient resources to fulfil military reform and ineffective resource control system in previous years have unbalanced implementation of devised programmes and plans. Construction of Service housing for personnel and family members has re-commenced. Individual training has been improved in cases were there was insufficient resources. That is why the issue of bringing Armed Forces to combat readiness level required immediate practical solutions. mobile. During the year conditions have been systematically created to stem the flow of qualified Service personnel from military service. WHITE BOOK n 2010 3 . well-equipped Armed Forces that will be a reliable guarantor of sovereignty and inviolability of our State. the strategies of National Defence and Military Doctrine. Financial support for Service personnel has been increased. Units and Service personnel systematically upgraded their skills during international training and international peacekeeping operations. finalize the Strategic Defence Review and develop the State Comprehensive Programme of Reform and Development of the Armed Forces 2011-2015.

to provide radical changes in resource.We continue to work diligently to enhance combat capabilities. always maintaining a high level of combat readiness and with dignity and honour carry the name of Defenders of the Fatherland. Minister of Defence of Ukraine MIKHAILO YEZHEL 4 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . An important milestone on the road to build new Armed Forces should be the achievement of an adequate level of social standards for Service personnel. material and technical support and the technical re-equipment of units. I am convinced that Ukrainian Service personnel will continue to thoroughly fulfil their constitutional duty. their families and military pensioners. to ensure the quality of military education and professional level of Service personnel. to improve the command and control system.

development of cooperation with international security structures and formation of a positive image of the Armed Forces. set a goal to conduct radical reforms in the Armed Forces. The real state of units. the level of the personnel training should be upgraded. We are convinced that Service personnel are ready to accomplish assigned missions. reaching the European level of social standards for Service personnel and their families. For the Armed Forces 2010 is recognized as a transition to a qualitativity new system of training units to fulfil their tasks. We managed to solve the problems of financial support and meals accumulated over many years. the adverse trend of reducing combat capability was stopped. At the same time implementing tasks set by the State leadership and aimed at solving defence problems under Non-Bloc status requires inceasing effectiveness of command and control. Pressing measures aimed at improving social protection of Service personnel has been adopted. The state of the Armed Forces has been stabilized. military command and control elements preparation and their capabilities was evaluated when strategic programme documents on reforming the Armed Forces were developed and a number of training and exercises “Cooperation2010” were conducted. During the year international military cooperation and active participation of the Armed Forces in peacekeeping promoted an increase of prestige of our State on the world arena. Almost all Service personnel are experienced professionals. and conditions of systematic and deep renewal were created thanks to the measures implemented and systematic work by command and control bodies at all levels.OPENING ADDRESS OF THE CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF – COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE The annual publication of the White Book traditionally highlights the current state of the Armed Forces and the main directions of further military development. courageous and strongwilled people who honestly and diligently carry out their constitutional duty. WHITE BOOK n 2010 5 . increase the amount of housing compared to previous years and improve recreational treatment of the personnel. The President. and resources and logistical support should be considerably improved. Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.

maintaining their capabilities to fulfill assigned tasks is among our priorities. The task of sustaining unit operational capabilities. 2011 is the 20th anniversary of Ukraine’s independence and the Armed Forces. Every commander should create the necessary conditions for Service personnel to master armament and materiel. I am confident that the Service personnel realize the importance of tasks with all their responsibility and will do all that they can to successfully accomplish them! Chief of the General Staff – Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. and law and order among Service personnel. we develop plans for the future and set up new goals regarding perspective profile of the Armed Forces. The training year 2011 is defined as the Year of Technical Readiness and Non-Commissioned Officers Training. Col. effective solutions and practical decisive actions. It should become a starting point for implementing effective reform measures and creating conditions for further development of modern Armed Forces.Modern realities require well-thought. Responsible work directed at accomplishment of tasks related to reform the Armed Forces in the period to 2015 is ahead of us. preventing a decrease in combat readiness. maintain military order.General HRYHORII PEDCHENKO 6 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . a high level of discipline. to improve morale among the military team. Taking this into consideration.

CHAPTER 1 SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 HIGH PRIORITY MEASURES OF STATE OFFICIALS IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STATE PROGRAMME OF ARMED FORCES’ DEVELOPMENT THE YEAR OF STABILIZATION IN THE ARMED FORCES A SUMMARY OF THE STRATEGIC DEFENCE REVIEW TASKS FUNDING OF THE ARMED FORCES NEEDS WHITE BOOK n 2010 .

ratified by the Verkhovna Rada. continuation of constructive territorial integrity and inviolability of state borders. in the military sphere2 were determined on the basis • reforming the Armed Forces to ensure their maximum of comprehensive analysis of national and foreign effectiveness and the ability to respond immediately to situations conducted during the year. full participation of Ukraine in common European and regional collective security systems. 1 2 3 The Law of Ukraine: “On Principles of National and Foreign Policy” # 2411-VI as of July. 1. 2010. 2010. WHITE BOOK n 2010 9 . membership in the European Union while maintaining good neighbourly relations and strategic partnership with the Russian Federation. 10. Note 1. other armed attacks on its European collective security system. 18. • for 2010 the task to stabilize the situation in the • providing social support for Service personnel and their Armed Forces and to ensure financing of high priority dependents activities was defined for the MOD3. The principles of national policy were defined Note 1. namely: military equipment and weapons. and increasing the level of social support for Service personnel and their dependents.1. increasing responsibility of State Power Agencies at all levels for the Challenges and threats to Ukraine’s national security proper training and maintenance of state security. in particular. Principles of foreign policy The Law of Ukraine “On Principles of National and Foreign Policy” clarifies the order of the Armed …non-participation of Ukraine in military and political alliances. HIGH PRIORITY MEASURES OF STATE OFFICIALS The main event of 2010 that had a decisive impact on the security situation was the announcement of Non-Bloc status by Ukraine 1 that foresaw.2. 18. Cabinet of Ministers’ Resolution: “On the reallocation of budget for 2010 and the amendments to some resolutions of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine” # 969 as of October. • strengthening national defence capability. other CIS and world countries (Note 1. accelerating the technical readiness and repairing armament and military equipment. other military and political blocs concerning all matters of mutual cases stipulated by international treaties of Ukraine and interest. Presidential Decree: “On decision of the National Security and Defence Council as of November. The State Officials paid particular attention to issues primarily in specialties that define units’ combat concerning preventing the decrease in the Armed Forces effectiveness. potential threats to Ukraine. accelerating the technical readiness and repairing armament and military equipment. 2010. partnership with the North-Atlantic Treaty Organization and other combating international terrorism and piracy. on security and defence implementation of which major efforts of the MOD and the GS were focused in 2010 (Note 1. 2010.CHAPTER 1 SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 I n 2010 the activity of the Armed Forces was aimed at preventing decreasing units’ combat readiness and stabilizing the situation by means of upgrading training. Forces engagement. 2010” “On Challenges and Threats to National Security of Ukraine in 2011” # 1119/2010 as of December.2). particularly: only in cases of armed priority of participation in the improvement and development of the aggression against Ukraine. Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On the reallocation of some budget provided for the Ministry of Defence for 2010” # 2010-р as of October. and increasing the level of social support for Service personnel and their dependents.1). • gradual transition to the manning of contracted-personnel. Main principles of national policy in the sphere of national in the sphere of national security and defence. 17. provision of their daily activities • equipping the Armed Forces with the newest items of and social protection of Service personnel. In 2010 the activity of the Armed Forces was aimed at preventing decreasing units’ combat readiness and stabilizing the situation by means of upgrading training. combat readiness level.

modernization and disposal of weapons. 27. legislation to increase the penalty to citizens who breach their active duty commitment5 (Note 1. maintenance. 9. 2010. Timely decisions and measures of State Officials in 2010 made everything possible to stabilize the situation in the Armed Forces and further reform. 2010.3. implementation. Liability for Breaching Active Duty Commitment The fine was increased from three to five times for breaching military registration rules by persons subject to draft or conscript personnel.3. • “Ukroboronprom” State Economic Association was established to increase efficiency of the administrative activity in the sphere of development. production. and dispose of surplus military property. place of work. implementation of tasks to improve the Armed Forces’ combat readiness requires significant resources and full consolidation of State Power Agencies and society. An additional monthly allowance to aircraft and shipboard Service personnel was determined and the average size of the monthly allowance was raised in December. • pensions of persons retired from military service were increased at the expense of allowances for special conditions of service related to the maintenance of nuclear weapons7. completely switch to digital communication equipment and automated Command and Control System of the Armed Forces. military education institutions and organizations of the Armed Forces was reconstituted in order to assist in resolving issues of enhancing the prestige of military service.). release personnel from functions of guarding military installations and food supply. Cabinet of Ministers’ Resolution: “On amendments in paragraph 5 of the Procedure for recomputation of pensions. 21. Presidential Decree: “On Measures concerning the increase of the efficiency of the military-industrial complex of Ukraine activity” # 1245/2010 as of December. 2010. military and special equipment and ammunition9. 4 5 6 7 Presidential Decree: “On the optimization of central authorities system of the Executive Branch” # 1085/2010 as of December. • functions and tasks of the Inspection on Control over the Functioning of Military Formations of the Main Defence Policy Directorate and Law Enforcement Bodies of the Presidential Administration were specified8. 28. Presidential Decree: “On the Provision on the President of Ukraine control over the activity of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military formations” # 917/2010 as of September. to bring the number of renewed and modernized weapons and equipment to 22%. and interruption of training classes in institutions of the Defence Assistance Association of Ukraine and vocational schools. double the main combat training indicators.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 • • Note 1. 8 9 10 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . 2010. Presidential Decree: “On the issues of the patronage of the Armed Forces of Ukraine” # 918/2010 as of September. non-appearance in the military commissariat without reasonable excuse or late submission to the military registration authority of information concerning change of residence. 27. However. fixed according to the Law of Ukraine “On the provision of persons subject to retirement and some other persons” # 318 as of April. The Law of Ukraine: “On amendments in Article 210 of the Code of Ukraine on the administrative violations concerning strengthening of responsibility for military duty and military service violations” # 2711-VI as of November. 2010. 30. position. education. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STATE PROGRAMME OF ARMED FORCES’ DEVELOPMENT The State Programme of Armed Forces’ Development 2006-2011 (The State Programme) foresaw to increase the portion of combat units by 8%. first stage of initiating administrative reform in MOD Head Office and the Command and Control Bodies of the Armed Forces was conducted4. social and cultural needs of Service personnel6. The allowance was increased in order to encourage Service personnel to military service. that increased their allowance by 29% to 35% compared to 2009. transit to 100% manning of contracted-personnel. In 2010 the amount of monthly allowance to contracted Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs) was raised. that enabled an increase on average of 20% to 23% in the allowance of Service personnel (see Chapter 5). 2010. • patronage over military units.

681 (27% of the plan). in turn.4 The communications system of the Armed Forces was not transited to the new technological base.8 10. liquid rocket propellants.3 Control System and creation of the Unified Automated 9. However.1 13. • The planned indicators of combat training were not achieved.5 10.3 8. 2 AN-70 aircraft and 14 radar stations “Pelikan” were not implemented. At the end of 2010 manning of the contracted-personnel reached 50%.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 In general. Thus. of the Armed Forces’ Development 2006-2011. • implementation of the established indicators of 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 weapons and military equipment renewal was not achieved.4%) combat aircraft of the planned 55 were Stipulated by the State Programme modernized. this would enable increasing the Armed Forces’ combat potential while reducing their number by more than 40%. ammunition and their components. helicopters (36%). implementation of priorities in the military sphere enabled the situation concerning retaining Forces’ operational capabilities and the integrity of the Air Defence System at the required level. ships and support vessels (7%) is still low. which were disposed of. Over the years of the State Programme only Actual amount 8 (14. • Transition of the Armed Forces to manning of contracted-personnel was not completed. 6. • The plans for Reservists’ training were not executed.2 billion (which is a quarter of the amount provided by the State Diagram 1.1 Command and Control System were not implemented. • comprehensive disposal plans were not implemented. this broke the sequence of events and led to the increase in the cost of these activities.300 Reservists were planned in 2010. led to the following: 14. For more information concerning the implementation of the State Programme see the “The White Book: Defence Policy of Ukraine” for 2006-2008 and “The White Book 2009: The Armed Forces of Ukraine”. constitute a quarter of the total amount. from 2006 to 2010 the measures of the State Programme were not fully implemented.1 • optimization of the Armed Forces’ Command and 11.5 8. WHITE BOOK n 2010 11 . 6. renewal measures of 21 and purchase of 1 anti-aircraft missile system S-300. • Service personnel were not provided with the necessary amount of housing.1. The amount of surplus. which did not enable the training of troops at the proper level and to maintain operational conditions of weapons and military equipment. The allocated amounts were sufficient mainly for the maintenance of the Armed Forces.900 apartments (25% of the planned number).7 8. billion UAH This. unserviceable missiles. At the same time adopting a number of State decisions in the sphere of defence. The level of operability of most aircraft (24%).1)). the limited resources provided considerably decreased the pace of implementing the State Programme. The financial support provided from 2006 to 2010 delivered 10. The financial support of the State Programme Programme (Figure 1. Over the 5 years the underfunding of the State Programme was UAH 15. At the end of 2010 the main indicators of Forces’ combat training were three to four times lower than 2006 indicators. Implementation of activities of the Armed Forces’ development was provided only 39%. At the end of the year the number was 1.

1 30. the Armed Forces’ strength. days Exercises were carried out in 5 military Training Areas of the Land Forces. Approved by the Minister of Defence as of May. 10 11 The Law of Ukraine “On the State Programme on Economic and Social Development of Ukraine for 2010” # 2278 as of May. 20. including manning on the contract basis. • ensuring proper maintenance of the Armed Forces and debt repayment of previous years. in the State Scientific-Test Centre Chauda of the Air Forces and in 10 training ranges of the Naval Forces (Diagram 1. increasing motivation to military service. 2010. peacelegal documents that ensure balancing of the Training keeping and verification activity of the Armed Forces. ensuring their readiness to perform assigned missions. situation in the Armed Forces in 2010 was developed11 • maintaining the human potential of the Armed Forces. determined specific training tasks and time indicators of their achievement. According to the training year’s results this 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 enabled a twofold increase in flying hours of army Forces’ Training Activities: 16 29 25 12 12 aviation and 2.4). was improved (see Chapter 3). The special feature of Armed Forces training in 2010 was the conduct of all activities on a single operational and strategic background. Planning System with defence and budget planning • improving the Strategic and Defence Planning System. 2010.4 21.3 29 9.2). Note 1. this enabled the training of command and control bodies and units according to the general concept and specific tasks. the content of • enhancing international military cooperation. 2010 was defined as the Year of Stabilization in the Armed Forces of Ukraine in order to create preconditions for the further development of the Armed Forces in the medium and long term.1). units’ training. The content of the Main Stabilization efforts in the Armed According to the Law of Ukraine “On State Forces Budget of Ukraine for 2010” and the State Programme on Economic and Social Development of Ukraine • preventing the decrease in combat readiness level of the for 2010 10 the range of measures to stabilize the Armed Forces. 20. The new units’ cohesiveness system was introduced. 2010). • optimizing functional and organizational structures and Providing Armed Forces’ Combat Readiness In order to implement new approaches to the Command and Control Bodies. (Note 1. 12 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . From the second half of 2010 the Armed Forces Table 1. Dynamics of the Major Indicators of JRRF Combat implemented the planned activities of combat training Training to time.5 times for ships’ crew at sea compared with the previous year (Table 1.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 The critical situation in the Armed Forces resulting from the disruption to the THE YEAR OF STABILIZATION IN THE implementation of the State Programme stipulated the necessity not only to increase funding but to take additional measures at the levels of the President and Cabinet of ARMED FORCES Ministers. that considered the levels of personnel support. Brigade-level tactical exercises 1 3 The main efforts of Forces’ training were focused on Battalion-level tactical exercises 1 6 7 4 6 JRRF defined units and those involved in participation Company-level tactical exercise 8 12 10 5 13 in the set of exercises with the Command and Control Bodies and Forces “Cooperation – 2010” (6th September – Aerial tactical exercises 7 11 7 1 4th October 2010) that became a logical continuation of Average time ships’ crew at sea.4.1. 15.8 the Strategic Command Post Exercises (May.

2. AIR AND NAVAL FORCES’ CAPABILITIES. “Yavoriv”) “Zhytomyr” Military Training Area “Kirovograd” Military Training Area LAND.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 Diagram 1.000 Aircraft – 18 “Khmelnytskiy” Military Training Area “Shyrokiy Lan” Military Training Area “Chauda” Air Forces Test Ground “Opuk” Naval Forces Coastal Training Area Helicopters – 18 Air defence systems – 184 Tank and armored fighting vehicles – 211 Artillery systems – 113 “Angarsk” Naval Forces Coastal Training Area “Starokrymskiy” Naval Forces Coastal Training Area “Opuk Naval Forces Maritime Training Area Ships and boats – 24 Special-purposes vehicles – 602 Air landing of naval infantry unit with helicopters Mi-8 IMPLEMENTED TASKS: Battalion tactical exercise with field firing Tactical special exercises of the special forces unit Comprehensive fire engagement of ship artillery. naval aviation and Air Forces’ aviation Tactical exercise of air defence units of the Land Forces Amphibious landing on shore with large landing ship “K. Set of Exercises (training) with the Command and Control Organs and Forces “Cooperation – 2010” International Peacekeeping and Security Centre (IPSC. INVOLVED IN THE EXERCISES: Service personnel – 7. Olshansky” Tactical exercise of all-arms task force of the Naval Forces Tactical special exercises of the separate regiment squadron of remotely-operated aircraft Tactical flight exercise of naval aviation helicopter squadron Tactical exercise with field firing of the Air Forces military units Airdrops of naval infantry unit with aircraft AN-26 Airdrops of naval infantry unit with aircraft AN-26 WHITE BOOK n 2010 13 . Coastal Defence artillery.

• • 14 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . with junior officers who wish to resign from military service. • 12 ships. As a result.000 items of weapon and equipment that affect the combat readiness of Forces. boats and support vessels. • 41 armoured vehicles and equipment. Modernization and procurement of armoured vehicles was carried out according to the plan. increasing the motivation for military service. The priority of modernization and renewal of weapons and equipment was aviation materiel and air defence facilities. The following measures were taken to overcome this problem. the assignment of officers into other military formations was limited. 6 battalion and tactical exercises. officers who have reached retirement age for military service and meet certain requirements were given an opportunity to remain in the military beyond retirement age. • 120 rocket and artillery weapons. implementing military patriotic education In 2010 the main priority of commanders at all levels was maintaining personnel potential and reducing the outflow of officers and creating appropriate social conditions for Service personnel. only a quarter of vacant positions of junior officers was filled by MEI graduates in 2010. including: • 26 different types of aircraft.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 In total. Maintaining personnel potential of the Armed Forces. including: • • • the number of Reserve Officers recruited to military service was increased to 404 (in 2009 – 154). which are used to protect the airspace of the State and cover vital installations in peacetime. In 2008-2009 the reduction of the Armed Forces’ strength slowed. The result of the year’s work was the renewal of about 3. 6 mobilization calls with about 600 persons subject to draft have been conducted. personal interviews by commanders at Army Corps level and their equivalents. In 2010 this has led to the imbalance of indicators of Forces requirements for people and the number of cadets in Military Education Institutions (MEI). • 298 vehicles. mandatory approval of discharge from military service by Board of Officers was introduced to ensure objectivity in personnel decisions. 17 tactical special and 1 tactical flight training. During the year effective steps towards technical re-equipment and modernization of weapons and military equipment of the Armed Forces were made. One of the main directions was also the renewal of combat ships operational status due to their critical condition. • 2 air defence systems S-300PS had their service life extended. Permission for transfer was given in case of contract expiry being within 6 months. The main reasons for the decrease in manning of junior officers are the discrepancy between Armed Forces requirements for officers’ training to changing strength figures and poor social protection of Service personnel. 11 helicopters. 23 tactical.

including: • awareness of the Service personnel ritual of the national flag reveille in the Armed Forces13 was established. 2010.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 Figure 1. formation of a benevolent psychological climate and retention of military professionals. 16 15 17 22 Permission for the use of defence lands for construction of housing for Service personnel and their dependents as well as social and affordable housing was legislated 12.000 apartments. This factor facilitated team-building among Service personnel. • The introduction of the Centralized Personnel Management System. 58 during service time 69 62 51 47 10 2010 26 2006 20 2007 14 2008 8 2009 • CAUSES OF DEATH 45 44 42 31 32 23 24 29 19 1 1 1 hazing 0 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 A qualitative improvement in housing of Service personnel after the unsuccessful 2009 12 11 helped to increase the motivation for military service. • Special attention of commanders at all levels was focused on providing appropriate working conditions. 12 13 The Law of Ukraine “On amendments in Article 4 of the Law of Ukraine “On the use of the defence lands” concerning the construction of housing for Service personnel and their dependents” # 2674-VI as of November. 20. introduction of new ideas and proposals were provided by the MOD Public Board. Overall. this year Service personnel received more than 2. During the year the main focus was on completing partly-constructed buildings. Consolidation of efforts and capacity of NGOs. coordination of efforts and unity of views of Command and Control Bodies was ensured. In 2010 the other accidents suicide traffic accidents budget for acquiring apartments for Service personnel was allocated (and other additional funding was reallocated) on the initiative of the MOD and supported by the Cabinet of Ministers. 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 especially those at 70% or more. Training of cadets at the Military Institute of Odessa National Polytechnic University was renewed. WHITE BOOK n 2010 15 . that encouraged the raising of national activation of military patriotic education of personnel. free meals.3.5). At the end of the year the number of non-governmental. In 2010 the Public Board accepted 5 new NGOs. trade union organizations and media on the Public Board was 90. Minister of Defence Order: “On the Approval of ritual of the national flag of Ukraine reveille (retreat) in the Armed Forces of Ukraine” # 444 as of August. During the year implementation of military patriotic education in the daily activities of units was continued. (Figure 1. New relationships with NGOs which were developed on the principles of partnership and mutual responsibility and focused on objective public information concerning the activity of the Armed Forces were important for the Armed Forces. the new system of manning of contracted-personnel. 4. increasing the amount of Service personnel pay also contributed to retention of military personnel. Losses of Service Personnel. increasing the prestige of military service (Note 1.3). 2010. • Increasing the intensity of combat training of Forces in 2010 contributed to the stabilization of military disciplinary at the level of 2009. persons NUMBER OF DECEASED out of service time 84 89 76 59 57 • State Request for training of junior officers was increased.

the flag reveille on working days is carried out at 8. more than 10.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 Note 1. anniversary celebrations and events in the history of the Ukrainian people. the main ways of fostering spiritual values of Ukrainian patriot in Military Lycée cadets. the national flag in military units of the Air Forces of the Armed Forces. round-table conferences” 5. the national flag goes up (down) on the flagstaff. competitions and other cultural events.4. with more than 165 thousand visitors Creative teams of the Armed Forces Song and Dance Ensemble and National Presidential Orchestra gave 300 concerts in military garrisons and cities. at the beginning of the working week (on Mondays) the reveille of the flag is carried out in the morning during the general formation of brigade (regiment. personnel of which are involved into combat duty performance. 284 art exhibitions and shows of amateur and folk arts 14 15 Minister of Defence Order: “On the Approval of Concept of military-patriotic education in the Armed Forces of Ukraine” # 295 as of June. • • Diagram 1. installed on the marching surface. The reveille of the flag is accompanied by the National Anthem. 2010.30 AM. Flags on ships and vessels go up (down) according to the Regulation on sea duty in the Naval Forces of the Armed Forces.620 thematic events 465 theoretical and practical conferences. • directions of activities and tasks of the Command and Control Bodies concerning raising the level of moral and psychological potential of the Armed Forces. memorial. recitals of in the Central House of Officers of the relaxation Armed Forces. including the 65th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 19411945 were ensured. 230 theatrical shows 237 concerts. on other days ritual of the flag reveille is carried out by the duty officer (assistant duty officer) with the involvement of certain persons of the duty. goes up (down) according to the Regulation on the organization and performance of combat duty and conducting the ritual of entry on the Air Defence duty of the Armed Forces. 9. 14 cultural-artistic and militarypatriotic actions 1. patriotic consciousness of personnel were defined14.00 AM and the retreat – at 8. Minister of Defence Order: “On the Approval of Concept of pupils education in military lyceums” # 413 as of August.5. participation of representatives of the MOD and the Armed Forces in the national patriotic events on the occasion of celebration of national holidays. seminars. literary and artistic 540 concerts of amateur talent groups evenings.012 library activities 87. 16 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . with more than 3. book fairs were held 3. sung by the personnel. 8. psychological and physical readiness to perform civil and constitutional duty to protect the Motherland15.348 thematic matinees. Military patriotic and cultural artistic actions organized and conducted in 2010. 2010. Ritual of the National Flag Reveille in the Armed Forces Ritual of the Ukrainian national flag reveille (retreat) is carried out daily in places of permanent deployment of military units.00 PM.000 visitors 308 quizzes. Results of Military Patriotic Education in 2010. the formal flag reveille is carried out during State and military professional holidays according to the Armed Forces service of the military unit during general personnel formation.001 excursions to the Central Museum of the Armed Forces and its branches. separate battalion) personnel by a duty officer with the involvement of certain persons of the duty. at weekends and holidays – at 9. higher military educational institutions and military training units of higher educational institutions and organizations as well as in field camps during field exercises.4).000 military patriotic events were conducted (Diagram 1.

thousand tones By directions Ministry of Defence at the expense of: State Budget contractors (by self-financing) Armed Forces international assistance Ministry of Industrial Policy National Space Agency TOTAL 2006 26.6 15. rockets and ammunition withdrawn by the MOD from bases and storage for the purpose of further disposal was 29.8 million.6 8.7 million). Strategic Defence Review tasks were completed in 2010. 2009. The interdepartmental coordination of the legal act on approving the Strategic Defence Bulletin was completed. Based on the results a draft Strategic Defence Bulletin to 2025 was developed and then discussed with national and foreign specialists and NGOs.3 million). That is 42% of the amount defined in the State Disposal Programme (UAH 269. (Diagram 1.3 million) and UAH 3.5 2010 21. Special Fund – UAH 3.4 0.2 7.2 1. The actual allocation was UAH 27.5 thousand tons.7 3. WHITE BOOK n 2010 17 .1 19.5 14. ammunition and propellants In 2010 disposal of unserviceable and unsuitable for storage rockets and ammunition was increased.698 tons of mélange were withdrawn from rocket fuel storage to disposal areas (Table 1. However. (General Fund – UAH 20.3 27.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 Comprehensive implementation of measures aimed at the individual work with Service personnel. 3. with 2.7 Table 1. 15.0 26. 2008. Table 1. Disposed Ammunition 2006-2010.168 tons of mélange were disposed of in 2009-2010 in the Russian Federation according to the international contract.3 Disposed Melange 2006-2010.0 26.2.).6 Disposed.0 2007 15.5 20.3).2 5.2. with high level of probability and impact on Ukraine to 2025 were defined within the framework of the Strategic Defence Review and an analysis of the security environment. 2.6 8. all facilitated the retention of military personnel. The Law of Ukraine “On the State Budget of Ukraine for 2010” stipulated UAH 113.5).1 million was for the disposal of ammunition (General Fund – UAH 20.3 3.4 million). New model of Security and Defence Sector Internal and external challenges and threats.4 thousand tons being transferred to the Ministry of Industrial Policy: 23. The Memorandum of mutual understanding between the Cabinet of Ministers and the Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe concerning the OSCE Ukraine project on melange disposal (liquid rocket fuel component) was ratified by the Law of Ukraine #1264-VI as of April.1 9.8 million and Special Fund – UAH 6. Special Fund – UAH 92.3 2.5 5.4 3.8 million.1 million. 22.4 23.0 1. A SUMMARY OF THE STRATEGIC DEFENCE REVIEW TASKS 16 17 Approved by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers #940 as of October. thousand tones Disposed. increasing the motivation for military service. Disposal of rockets.2 0.1 million for the disposal of rocket propellants from the Special Fund. providing military patriotic education. the performance of the planned indicators specified by the State Defence Programme of Disposal of Conventional Ammunition Unsuitable for further Usage and Storage for 2008-2017 16 (State Disposal Programme) was not met.2 million (24% of the amount to be provided by the State Budget) including General Fund – UAH 20. thousand tons By directions 2008 2009 2010 International 215 470 2 698 treaties The implementation of the common OSCE-Ukraine project on the disposal of mélange type liquid rocket fuel component continued 17. Of which UAH 24. thousand tons 2008 2009 8. During the year the total amount of weapons.3 4.9 7.7 thousand tons of ammunition were disposed of (Table 1. Within this framework.

Functional Components of the Security and Defence Sector of Ukraine STRATEGIC LEVEL OF THE NATIONAL AUTHORITY President. State Committee for Reserves and other bodies of executive power) DEFENCE FORCES Assigned to protect State and society from any threats of a military nature. Ministry of Finance. State Special Transport Service SECURITY FORCES Non-governmental think-tanks and organizations.6. According to the plans of the GS may be charged to perform certain tasks to defend the State from external aggression in wartime 18 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . Ministry of Emergencies. presence of conflict situations between some states in the region and also “frozen” conflicts Territorial claims to Ukraine Uncontrolled proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and dual-use technologies Strengthening of international rivalry for access to energy resources and control over transport routes and processing facilities. Increasing the presence in the information space of Ukraine and cyber attacks NATIONAL SECURITY OF UKRAINE – protection of vital interests of person and citizen. organizations and institutions which are or may be involved in the task of protecting national interests in the security and defence sphere within their full powers (Ministry of Foreign Affairs. timely detection. providing service in the security and defence sphere GENERAL COMPETENCE Bodies. it was proposed to transit from the irrelevant at this time definition “State Military Organization” to the definition “Security and Defence Sector of Ukraine”. society and State from any threats in peacetime. State Border Guard Service. Armed Forces. and the spread of international terrorism Increase of the risk of occurrence of natural and man-made disasters Taking into consideration the comprehensive response of all state agencies to threats in the sphere of military security. Ministry of Transport and Communication. Directorate of State Guard of Ukraine. Foreign Intelligence Service.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 Diagram 1. society and state that provided for the sustainable development of society. Security Forces. economic pressure and other destructive actions Intensification of regional separatism ethnic and religious confrontations Increasing threats from terrorism and extremism International piracy Increase in transnational organized crime. National Security and Defence Council Non-governmental component Departmental executive level of authority RELEVANT COMPETENCE Bodies. Ministry of Emergencies. Ministry of Health.5. Security Service. Verkhovna Rada. Threats and Challenges in the Sphere of National Security and Defence Maintaining political instability. Cabinet of Ministers. Ministry of Internal Affairs.6). Directorate of State Guard of Ukraine. Ministry of Economy. May be charged to perform certain tasks in peacetime Assigned to protect human. groups of population by ethnic language. Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Intelligence Services Foreign Intelligence Service Directorate of Intelligence MOD Border Guard Service Foreign Intelligence Service Directorate of Intelligence MOD SSU. religion. State Special Transport Service. organizations and institutions directly involved in the task of protecting national interests in the security and defence sphere (MOD. non-governmental agencies that may be involved in the interests of security and defence (Diagram 1. activities of the MIA Support Forces State Special Communication Service. State Department for Execution of Punishments. Ministry of Industrial Policy. Diagram 1. prevention and neutralization of current and potential threats to national interests Attempts of some forces to support separate political parties. The latter’s functional components include: Defence Forces. State Department for Execution of Punishments) FORCES Command and Control Bodies. State Special Communication Service.

6. role and tasks of each component of the Security and Defence Sector to guarantee security and to defend the State (Table 1. 7. and government priorities in defence and security policy. organizational. which may involve security and defence forces in the long term. Scenarios Ministry of economy Crisis Centre 1. optimally merging military and civil opportunities of all components of the system of national security for preventing and neutralizing existing and potential military threats.4. 5.4). disaster-relief operations Conduct of international operations and participation outside of Ukraine Protection of Ukrainian citizens living abroad and national property M CE CE M M M CE M CE CE KR DI AR AR DI DI DI KR DI DI DI AR DI DI DI DI KR DI DI KR DI DI DI DI AR AR DI DI AR AR KR AR DI DI AR DI AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR S S S S S S KR AR AR AR AR AR AR AR S S S S S S S S KR AR AR DI AR S AR DI KR DI DI AR AR KR DI AR AR DI AR AR AR DI S S S KR S AR AR AR Military assistance of Ukraine to other 11. KR – Key Responsibility. WHITE BOOK 2010 n 19 NSAU AR AR BGSU SDEP MFA MoE DSG SSU AFU MIA FIS . including those caused by terrorist acts and sabotage. legal. based on the analysis of challenges and threats to national security. measures) AR – Auxiliary Role.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 Transformation of the State Military Organization into the Security and Defence Sector and legislative consolidation of this term will enable the adjustment of the priorities of the State Security and Defence Policy more effectively and timely. These situations are combined by scenarios that are key to determining the place. The wide range of possible situations. Main Scenarios for Planning Security and Defence Forces’ Implementation/Involvement Executive and Other Structures Supreme Commander-inChief General Headquarters Ministry of industrial policy State Special Communication Service State Special Transport Service No. using resource capabilities of the State to protect Ukraine’s national interests from existing and potential internal and external threats and to function effectively in a democratic society. Table 1. S – Support (political and diplomatic. countries in bilateral and multilateral CE M AR AR DI agreements Legend: M – Management. 8. the main purpose of which is to provide the needs of security and defence on the principle of defence sufficiency and balanced with resources. 2. resource. 9. 3. 4. DI – Direct Involvement. including air and maritime space Natural disasters Intensification of organized crime. was analysed. and supporting the defensive potential of the State at the level that ensures the military security of Ukraine. information) The long-term outline of the Armed Forces was developed and the strategy to achieve this was defined on the basis of security environment analysis of the requirements for the Security and Defence Forces capabilities. Deter and defeat of armed aggression against Ukraine Terrorist attacks against Ukraine Interference in Ukrainian internal affairs by other States Internal instability Violation of the integrity of the borders of Ukraine. including international Emergencies of man-made disasters. CE – Coordination Efforts (actions. 10.

SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 The implementation of the long-term outline of the Armed Forces will be carried out in three stages: • First Stage (2011-2015) – to stabilize the situation in the Forces. Financial support of the Armed Forces reform to 2025 Supporting the Armed Forces with financial resources is based on indexes of needs. 7. 2010.7)19. million UAH Defence Budget Allocation planning: • First Stage (2011-2015) – assign funds to the social 104 125. gradually change MOD budgetary Concept to 2015 Draft 36 283. 59 615.7. 18 19 20 Approved by the Cabinet of Ministers and submitted for consideration to the NDSC. 20 WHITE BOOK n 2010 .8 allocations: decrease maintenance allocations by 65%.5 • Second Stage (2016-2020) – increase investments into Indicators.3 technological services – Air Forces and Naval Forces. The Government has defined tentative indexes of allocations from the General Fund for defence purposes for the future that have been specified by the Concept of the Armed Forces Reform 2011-2015 (Figure 1. Cabinet of Ministers’ Decree: “On Approval of estimated figures of allocations from the general fund of the State Budget for defence needs for the period of up to 2023” № 568 as of July. increase the level of units’ training.6 21 883 19 246. 2010 “On Ukraine’s National security challenges and threats in 2011” № 1119/2010 as of December. The first stage measures are elaborated in the Concept of Further Reform of the Armed Forces of Ukraine for 2011-201518.5 and increase allocations for armament.6 and units. The units of the Armed Forces in cooperation with other components of the Security and Defence Forces should be ready to carry out specific tasks at the end of this stage. materiel and 25 666 31 311.9 indexes worked out by the protection of Service personnel and their family. provide them with modern weapons and equipment. 10. support the minimum required capabilities to prevent. disposal of ammunition. and the State’s ability to meet the needs. Financial priority is to be placed on highly 70 364. unit training and infrastructure the Armed Forces Development 42 814. Administration order provision of combat readiness of defined military bases 83 008.7 19 962. • Third Stage (2021-2025) – to achieve the main quality standards of the new structure of the Armed Forces.4 infrastructure from 18% to 25% and from 5% to 7% 17 122. 16 179.6 according to the President’s reform of the Armed Forces.8 23 745.4 21 406. maintain opportunities to renovate the combat effectiveness of the Armed Forces. and further Ministry of Defence proposals Future indicators of the Cabinet of Ministers improve social protection of Service personnel.4 18100 14 317 10 476 12 396 • Third Stage (2021-2025) – allocate finance to programmes that directly influence the increase in 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 operational capabilities of defence forces. contribute to disaster-relief assistance and participate in peacekeeping operations. necessary to achieve appropriate capabilities of the Armed Forces.4 14 922. Figure 1. localize and neutralize armed conflict. 17 . • Second Stage (2016-2020) – to renew operational capabilities of the Armed Forces and start their sustained development.4 13 600 for unit training. The sequence of further work and passing the draft SDB for consideration by the National Defence and Security Council is defined by the decision of the National Defence and Security Council of 17 th November 2010 “On Ukraine’s National Security Challenges and Threats in 2011” and is coherent with the development of the new editions of the National Security Strategy and Military Doctrine20.9 development. Presidential Decree: “On Decision of the National Defence and Security Council as of November. 2010. approved by the 50 521. 33 232 30 749 29 449 26 058. and create material stocks.6 Cabinet of Ministers in terms of arms and equipment.3 27 528. Ministry of Defence of Ukraine 92 969. Estimated Allocations from the State Budget for Defence Purposes to 2025.

(100% funding). and in 2010 the index reached Minimal Requirement Actual Spent 87.8).8% to be able to fulfill their primary tasks.9% 9. The standard financial support required for the Armed Forces in 2010 was at the level of UAH 30.9% 9. training and other operational 9. which was related to the necessity to fulfil urgent activities in terms of provision of social Inflation rate guarantees for Service personnel and their families.533. 25.5 million MOD Ukraine budget 2009 UAH 8.6 million (30.97% GDP) or 84. UAH 6.5 17. Taking into account the economic condition of the State. Stabilization Fund– UAH 661.1% armament and materiel. Actual financial support received was UAH 10.9% for maintaining proper Forces’ readiness level in order 12.1% needs should be no less than 50% of available financial 19. Special Fund – UAH 2.0% Investments into Arms and Equipment and infrastructure WHITE BOOK n 2010 21 .5 8.6 million (0.664 million (21%).5 million (15.4% of the year’s allocation. State of Financial Support of the Armed Forces Thus.8 million (73% of the total budget) – for the General Fund.15% of GDP). Unrealistic expectations of income to the Special Fund continued.9).7% 21. Stabilization Fund – UAH 760.8.853.8 17.6%).0% 7. The total shortfall in funding was UAH 1. 1 million 20% 50% 30% 68.0% 87.3 10.8 million MOD Ukraine budget 2007 UAH 8. during 2006-2008 allocations for 8.938.533.8% 15. financial support of the Armed Forces in 2010 2006-2010. 13.1 9.404.3 million (6 %).4% 6.529.0% 5.1% 7. to include: General Fund – UAH 9.6% 73. (1.9.1% 7. MOD allocations Structure for 2006-2010.2% Experience of leading nations shows that allocations 15. The State Budget allocated the following funding for the MOD for 2010: UAH 12.8% 16. to include UAH 9.8 million.943.7% 9.9% (Figure 1.0 55% 6.052.8%).2 million. Figure 1.1% UAF Maintenance AF training 84.052.6 million MOD Ukraine budget 2008 UAH 9.3 resources. which was only 53% of the minimal need. During the financial crisis 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 in 2009 this reached 84%. (87%) (Appendix 1). the MOD has defined a minimal necessary amount – UAH 19.1 million. development of 9.340.9 million 77.1 million.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 There has been a trend in recent years of not considering within the State Budget all the needs of the Armed Forces. % World Practices MOD Ukraine budget 2006. the inability to meet those expectations is caused by the lack of proper legislative regulation concerning sales income from MOD surplus property and facilities.4 million. Special Fund – UAH 819.3% MOD Ukraine budget 2010 UAH 10.4 47% 53% 61% maintenance of the Armed Forces have been gradually 64% increasing from 68% to 77%. FUNDING OF THE ARMED FORCES NEEDS Figure 1.477.5 At the same time.071. (Armed Forces Development Needs). billion UAH corresponded to the minimal-critical support level for maintenance and training of the Forces (Figure 1.88 9.

2010 22 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . we managed to create a background for stopping destructive processes in the Armed Forces. 17 . according to the National Security and Defence Council decision. In 2010 due to decisive actions of the State leadership as a whole. Defence Budgets from 2006 to 2010 could not be objectively referred to as ”Development Budgets”. 2010 “On Ukraine’s National security challenges and threats in 2011” № 1119/2010 as of December. As a result. favorable conditions for renewal of Forces’ combat readiness. gradually increases in both training level and equipping forces with materiel.21 21 Presidential Decree: “On Decision of the National Defence and Security Council as of November. training and other operational requirements of the Armed Forces have been planned according to the “Residual Principle” and at the expense of unsecured financial resources (Special and Stabilization Funds). The new State Comprehensive Programme of Reforming and Developing the Armed Forces 2011-2015 is being developed based on the results of defence policies and the Strategic Defence Review.SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN 2010 chapter 1 Under such conditions all allocations for development of armament and materiel. 10.

ORGANIZATION.CHAPTER 2 COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM OF THE ARMED FORCES. MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT IMPROVEMENT OF COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM OF THE ARMED FORCES ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMED FORCES SUPPLY OF MATERIEL WHITE BOOK n 2010 .

Naval Operations Centre and Coast Guard Troops Centre. Depots. The development of the single automated Command and Control System continued (Figure 2. and reducing running costs. Air Commands. General Staff. • Tactical level – Brigades and Regiments’ Commands. The new methods and approaches on developing and using the “informatization” system (considering the Armed Forces reform directions) are represented in the MOD “Informatization” Concept1. the Armed Forces Single Automated Command and Control System (SAC2S) elements and replacing the communications systems with digital communications. WHITE BOOK n 2010 25 . Armaments. Arsenals Operational Command Functions Territorial Defence Organization Functions 1 Defence Minister Order: “On the approval of Concept of Informatization of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine” #80 as of February. Main Directorate of Operational Support. The MOD and the Armed Forces are implementing the government’s Administrative Reforms. Joint Operational Command. IMPROVEMENT OF COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM OF THE ARMED FORCES Improving the Command and Control System of the Armed Forces was accomplished by developing its key features: Command and Control Elements. • Operational level – Services’ Commands. ORGANIZATION. 24. Logistics. removing overlapping functions and tasks. The priority was given to optimizing the military Command and Control Elements’ organization and strength. Command Posts. MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT D uring 2010 effective mechanisms continued to be develop for the Armed Forces’ Command and Control System and its integration in the renewed State Command and Control System. 2010.1): • Strategic level – MOD. “North” Territorial Directorate LAND FORCES COMMAND AIR FORCES COMMAND NAVAL FORCES COMMAND Army Corps Commands Air Commands Task Force Stand-by Duty Forces Naval Operations Centre Coast Guard Troops Centre CombinedArms Formations Peacekeeping Contingents Land Forces Formations and Units Support Functions Air Forces Formations and Units Administrative Control Functions Naval Forces Formations and Units Base. The development of the Armed Forces SAC2S continues. at the end of 2010 MINISTRY OF DEFENCE GENERAL STAFF Main Command Centre Armament of the Armed Forces Logistics of the Armed Forces Main Directorate of Operational Support of the Armed Forces JOINT OPERATIONAL COMMAND Western and Southern Operational Command Directorates. that provides for: Figure 2. Army Corps’ Commands. Armed Forces’ Command and Control Elements’.CHAPTER 2 COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM OF THE ARMED FORCES.1.

• testing of the automated processes systems software concerning military units running costs provision and fulfillment of the Armed Forces defence planning tasks was accomplished. the Press Service Directorate – to the Department of Press and Mass Media Relations. • linking three stationary communications centres by fiber optic communication lines. The control of air situation was carried out by the on-line automated radar data collection. • State testing of “Dnipro” Automated Command and Control System of the Armed Forces’ routine activities was accomplished. 2 Cabinet of Ministers’ Resolution: “On General Designer of Single Automated Command and Control System of the Armed Forces’ development” #2238-p as of December. • optimizing material resources command and control system. the Department of Humanitarian Policy – to the Department of Social and Humanitarian Policy. the Legal Department – to the Department of Legal Support.COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE chapter 2 • legal regulation of the “informatization” process in the MOD. MOD implemented the following: • re-structuring organizational elements according to functions and tasks. • formation and development of the information environment components. the Administrative Reform activities were initiated gradually in the MOD to increase the effectiveness of defence in the framework of the State policy of public administration. 15. while the Department of State Procurement and Department of Resources Provision were re-organized to the Department of State Procurement and Resources Provision. For the first time the video transmission of practical units’ actions was forwarded to the Air Forces Command Centre during the Exercise “Cooperation – 2010”. The authority of SAC 2S Chief Designer has been vested in the Director of Mathematical Machine and System Problems Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine2 to provide the regularity and consistency of development. The Department of Transformation and Information Technologies was re-organized to the Department of Strategy Development of Command and Control of the Armed Forces. • testing of the peacekeeping contingents Command and Control Software was accomplished. • providing the required level of information security. Strategic Level of Command In 2010. The Department of Economic and Administrative Activity was formed from the Department of Economic Activity and Directorate of Repair of Weapons and Equipment. The prearranged measures of Air and Naval Forces Automated Command and Control System development continued. 2010 26 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . During the year: • information-analytical system of the Armed Forces mobilization deployment planning and complex communications equipment room was made operational. the Department of Construction – to the Department of Capital Construction. analysis and display systems. the Directorate of Military-Technical Cooperation – to the Section of Military-Technical Cooperation and Expert Control respectively.

procurement. the Directorate of Civil Defence and Ecological Security. Optimizing the MOD Head Office will be continued according to the requirements of Presidential Acts3. optimizing their strength and increasing of operability and quality of their activity.000 – of which 150. and professional management. 2010 “On approval of Procedure of application of funds of the Stabilization fund in 2010 for development. which envisage the revision of functions and tasks. Operational Level of Command The main efforts were directed to improving Command and Control Elements’ organization. as well as matching the Armed Forces strength to requirements specified in the Strategic Plan of the Armed Forces Deployment were carried out. and the Prevention and Countering Corruption unit were established. • SUPPLY OF MATERIEL The quantity of obsolete arms and equipment continued to increase within the Armed Forces. ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMED FORCES In 2010 the organization and strength of the Armed Forces was not changed significantly (Annex 2). and the Main Directorate of Operational Support to increase the flexibility and conformity of the logistics system according to the current stage of reforming the Armed Forces. 17.000 were Service personnel at the end of 2010 (Annex 2). including the Stabilization Fund. 2010 Presidential Decree: “Some approaches of the work organization of ministries and central executive government authorities system ” #1199/2010 as of December. civil defence and anticorruption. 24. The strategic level military Command and Control Elements have been established to plan and provide units with weapons and equipment. to exclude overlapping functions between MOD and GS in control of expenditures and tangible assets. further organizational improvement. military and special equipment according to the State defence order in the national manufacturers for the purpose of the state defence provision” #798 as of September. repair. material resources and emergency supplies. • Optimizing the MOD Head Office. 2010 WHITE BOOK n 2010 27 . The planned optimization of the ratio between combat and support units. The Mobilization Section. the priority in the Armed Forces was to renew the serviceability of arms and equipment. The Support Forces Command was re-organized to the Department of Logistics. 2010 Cabinet of Ministers’ Resolution: “On finance of expenditures as to military equipment (helicopters) repair realization according to the State defence order in the national manufacturers and the payment of their transportation cost” #210 as of February. Generally. but the limited financial resources to developing arms and equipment did not provide the proper pace for their modernization and procurement. 2010 Presidential Decree: “Some approaches of the work organization of measures implementation of central executive government authorities system’s optimization ” #1199/2010 as of December. the total strength was downsized by 10%. and modernization of weapons. MOD and GS structures at the end of 2010 are shown at Appendix 2. The overall strength of the Armed Forces was 200. The overall strength of Command and Control Elements was downsized up to 11% in 2010. the GS Auditing Directorate was disbanded. 2. 3 Presidential Decree: “On the optimization of central executive government authorities system ” #1085/2010 as of December. the reduction of running costs and enhancing effectiveness of the Command and Control System. The significant improvement of unit equipment level was achieved through additional budget allocations. the structure of the General Staff met requirements of strategic planning and afforded an opportunity to fulfill functions and tasks in 2010. 9.COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE chapter 2 Implementing MOD responsibilities in mobilization. 24. However. Under such conditions. the Department of Armament.

The National testing of AN-70 test model was continued. 28. in order to increase the resource capabilities of the Armed Forces the mechanism of mutual payments “in kind” for repair and modernization works. The establishment of effective mechanisms of military-technical cooperation in the defence sphere enables the modernizing and renovating of the whole Armed Forces inventory of arms and equipment. SU-25UBM1 training-combat aircraft. was extended to the whole list of military equipments4. 2010 28 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . P-423-1MU troposphere communication radio. According to the results of national testing the other 7 pieces of weapons and equipment were recommended to be brought into service. 4 Cabinet of Ministers’ Resolution: “On alterations in Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers #1135 as of October. their routine activities as well as peacekeeping contingents. The P-18 radar serviceability renovation programme transitioning them to a modern platform continued. 2009” #679 as of July. The command and control system of the Armed Forces is capable of ensuring continual and robust control over units. Throughout the year 17 new pieces of weapons and equipment were adopted by the Armed Forces. Z-501M data transmitting equipment. 10 “Bulat” battle tanks were procured and assigned to the separate tank brigade in Chernigiv region. The successes in 2010 are the renewal of cooperation with civil and military aviation and tank manufacturers. weapons and equipment storage sites.COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE chapter 2 In particular. The most significant among them were the SU-25V1 updated combat aircraft. namely: • coproduction and manufacture of AN-148 civil plane airframes and APC hulls. The main measures of the Armed Forces’ weapons and equipment supply in 2010 are represented in Annex 2. 14. and 37 Fire motor tank trucks were procured and adopted. equipped with new engines of the “Motor-Sich” open joint stock company was tested on the basis of the “Aviakon” Konotop Aircraft Repair Plant” – a State MOD enterprise. to provide the fire and explosion safety at the ammunition. • Mi-8MTB helicopter. Throughout the year. The serviceability of the “Hetman Sagaidachnyi” frigate. The production of complex pilot simulator of the MIG-29 KTS-21 aircraft was completed. In 2010 the significant achievement in renovating weapons and equipment serviceability enabled improvement in the materiel capability provided to units. “Ternopil’” and “Khmelnytskyi” corvettes was renewed. The repair of “Donbas” command ship and “Zaporizhia” submarine is about to be completed. proved to be successful in repairing aviation equipment in 2009. 18 Kraz-6322 off-highway vehicles and parachute systems were obtained. “Skif –KAZ” complex communication equipment room. The start of submarine seagoing tests and commissioning into the Naval Forces line are envisaged in May 2011. The new world record for helicopter speed of ascent was achieved during the test.

CHAPTER 3 FORCE’S TRAINING FORCE’S TRAINING SUPPORT RESULTS OF FORCE’S TRAINING PLANS MULTI-NATIONAL EXERCISES IN THE GENERAL FORCE’S TRAINING SYSTEM WHITE BOOK n 2010 .

30 3.47 % 66. • deployment. mln UAH 2006 plan 257. FORCE’S TRAINING SUPPORT The assigned missions were achieved by increasing the amount of resources and improving training. with training directed to Armed Force’s readiness to accomplish assigned missions. the results at the end of the training year became the qualitative indicators of the effectiveness of activities implemented to stabilize the situation in the Armed Forces.48 fact 211.8 75. The improvement of the training system will be based on: adapting the curricula and organization to Armed Forces’ functions and tasks. Funding of the Armed Forces’ Training. Intensifying training was the main direction for MOD and GS.1.4 20. simulators and modeling systems. 28.1 2010 fact 76.90 59.1).8 plan 316. reconnaissance assets.38 fact 147.11 124.9 98.0 % 24.9 8.80 % 53. In fact.9 plan 252.4 82. In 2010.30 3. In 2010. combat and all-combat support systems. which is double the previous year (Table 3.92 % 15. the equivalent of 32% of the baseline requirement.CHAPTER 3 FORCE’S TRAINING T he resources for training were balanced to resources available from the State. 2007 2008 % 48.34 Main Defence Forces (MDF) To provide effective Force’s training. The general principles. 1 Defence Minister Order: “On improvement of the training of the Armed Forces of Ukraine ” #39 as of January. procedure of arrangement and provision of the Armed Forces’ training and directions of its improvement were stipulated in the Concept of Training of the Armed Forces1.6 plan 301. development and active use of the training infrastructure. UAH 394.5 million was planned for training.5 24.30 fact 137.19 4.2 plan 312.4 Table 3.30 115. the modernization of training methodology. field and barracks’ training infrastructure. as well as harmonizing the responsibilities.12 94. 2010 WHITE BOOK n 2010 31 . The main directions to improve and increase the effectiveness of Force training were determined: • Comprehensiveness of activities. the training procedure in light of the achieved skills level and ways of manning.4 million. the exercises with personnel were conducted through low-cost forms and methods of training with the maximum use of simulators.5 7. • following the principles of “quality and quantity interdependence” and “symmetry” in planning and implementing training events and meeting available material resources. • practical engagement of units during the military HQ training events.70 8.92 Joint Rapid Reaction Forces (JRRF) 2009 fact 40. functions and tasks of the Training Force’s Command and Control Elements. the provision of funding amounted to UAH 96. the fundamentals for training were changed for the first time over the years of the Armed Force’s development. in particular joint training of all Armed Services and Branches. • consideration of skills level available during units’ planned training.

the indexes of drivers training plans were fulfilled on average just 10% through the problems in resource provision. • setting the achievement of high level results’ as the main criteria for every exercise. firing ranges. Nearly 380 live-firing at ground targets. • prioritizing exercises that had relatively low-cost and did not require the significant consumption of the capacity of combat vehicles. The standard weapons-firing plans and curricula were completed in full and intensified twofold. The combat vessels and craft accomplished over 200 gun fires. • adapting Forces’ training plans to actual funding. 28 platoon. The airmobile force’s training augmentation was almost increased by 10%. TRAINING PLANS IMPLEMENTATION The provision of the necessary combat readiness level of authorized units to accomplish missions. over 20 missiles firing. In the Naval Force. The average number of flying hours by crew (15 hours 56 minutes) were augmented half as much again. The intensification of Command and Control Elements’ exercise was increased nearly twofold compared to the 2009 training year. The average number of flying hours of army aviation crews was increased twofold compared to 2009. 12 demolishing.000 parachute jumps were completed. The aviation missile firings were re-convened.5 times. The 92 operational training exercises were predominantly conducted against a common scenario throughout the year. This set of exercises comprised the most effective elements of operational and combat training and enabled the joint operating proficiency of all levels of Command and Control Elements.FORCE'S TRAINING chapter 3 The following activities were implemented to improve training indexes with the lessons learned from previous years’ experience: • focusing material and financial resources’ on priority directions. RESULTS OF FORCE’S The previous training level was not only maintained but also significantly increased due to activities implemented in 2010. • enhancing the amount and intensification of training to individual Service personnel. In total. almost 70 bombardments were conducted and over 210 parachute drops by aviation units. simulators. over 120 squad fieldfirings were conducted and nearly 17. In the Land Force. However. In the Air Force. and 10 sweeping exercises (Appendix 3). 6 anti-submarine bombardments. barrack training infrastructures to train HQs and units. By the end of year the professional training to officers at all levels had reached the standard that enabled them to perform their functional duties in Command and Control Elements. In 2010 the training plans and curricula were completed 65% in Land Forces. The live-firing were re-convened by JRRF units in the anti-aircraft missile troops. The company tactical exercises were conducted twofold compared to 2009. 13 company tactical exercises. the restoration of a positive trend in combat training and the improvement of Service personnel individual training became the main result of the year. in the Air Forces (84.5%) and in the Naval Forces (86%). • maximizing the capabilities of installations. the intensification of terrestrial target practices were increased sevenfold and tactical bombardments – almost by 10%. as well as conducting the exercise of tactical level units’ combat joint working. 32 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . The conduct of the set of exercises “Cooperation – 2010” with Command and Control Elements and units was the most important phase of the training annual cycle. the field-firing tactical exercises with companies (3) and battalions (4) and the aviation units’ terrestrial target practices (240) was re-convened. 6 battalion. the average time at sea of ships and craft increased almost 2.

Throughout the year. which included over 3. Results of Second Level Self-Certification of Armed personnel participation in combined international peace Forces’ units in 2010 support exercises. INTERNATIONAL EXERCISES IN THE GENERAL FORCE’S TRAINING SYSTEM In 2010. Biological Ready” “Rapid Trident” Protection (Land Force) • “Ternopil’” corvette of the Naval Forces. the results of unit Force’s training proved that the Command and Control Elements were capable to direct formations. 2010 3 Chief of General Staff – Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Directive “ On organization of the authorized the Armed Forces of Ukraine assets’ operational duty as part of 15th rotation NATO RF” #DGS-7 as of June. 24. The cycle of Second Level Assessment according to PARP was started to ensure JRRF’s interoperability with foreign Armed Forces. (Air Force) Operation Two following Second Level Self-Certifications were Company of Radiological. Due to the actions taken during the year it became possible not only to stabilize the situation in the Armed Forces but also increase the level of combat training and eliminate threatening trends. Exercises. ICV’s weapons (APC) – in 3. In 2010.2. military units had sufficient levels of personnel training and units’ cohesiveness that allowed them to carry out assigned missions. and naval diving – by 234 hours. the Armed Forces participated in 16 large-scale international military exercises: 7 of which were in Ukraine and 9 abroad (Annex 4).1). “Combat not implemented and transferred to 2011: Chemical. Throughout 2010. The feature of 2010 was the co-ordination of the decision of all Central Executive agencies concerning conducting international military exercises. 2010 WHITE BOOK n 2010 33 .2). Ukraine-US Exercise Engineer General Service “Combat • AN-26 “Vita” air medical evacuation hospital Company (Land Force) Ready” aircraft. squads and platoons’ field-firings were re-convened in the Coast Guard Troops.000 miles. The combined exercises and training with the Russian Federation and Belarus were conducted after a long break. The live-firing from tanks were augmented fourfold. vessels time at sea – by 11. The parachute jump plans and curricula were completed in full. parachute jumps – by 423. In general. 29. international exercises. Throughout the year Ukraine fulfilled all obligatory activities within the framework of peacekeeping and security international projects. 21 multinational exercises 2 were planned (9 in Ukraine and 12 abroad) (Diagram 3.000 Service personnel and nearly 200 vehicles. significantly increased the operating proficiency of the Armed Forces. In 2010. 3 units of the Armed Forces successfully acquired Second Level Cycle Certification (Table 3.6 times. under which Results of SelfThe NBC protection unit was assigned to the 15 th Assets the assessment was Certification executed Rotation NATO Responce Forces3 and was on operational IL-76 MD Military-Cargo “Northern Falcon-2010” duty (within Ukraine) during 6 months after successful Aircraft with 2 crews Positive Ukraine-Denmark certification in Germany. The Naval aviation re-convened the tactical flight training with squadrons. the determination of their necessity for training of the Armed Forces. The positive dynamics of the Armed Forces participation in the Operational Capabilities Concept enabled expanding Service Table 3. as well as public support of the exercise plans and programmes both in Ukraine and abroad. participation in the Partnership for Peace (PfP) Programme. Planning and Review Process (PARP) and implementation of NATO Operational Capabilities Concept continued in the Armed Forces. The indexes of combat skills were improved during these exercises: the crewflying hours increased by 66 hours 13 minutes.FORCE'S TRAINING chapter 3 the practice of tank driving. 2 Presidential Decree: “On approval of Plan of multinational exercises conducting within of Ukraine involving the Armed Forces of Ukraine units within the framework of military cooperation and their participation in multinational exercises abroad Ukraine in 2010” #253/2010 as of February.

FORCE'S TRAINING chapter 3 Diagram 3. Large-Scale Multinational Military Exercises with the Participation of the Armed Forces in 2010 А. 15 aircraft and helicopters Principal missions: cohesiveness of multinational staff during combined actions in anti-piracy (anti-terrorist) operations “Fairway of Peace-2010” Ukraine-Russia Command Post Search and Rescue Naval Exercise Involved: 48 Service personnel with standard weapons Principal missions: improving combined operations of search and rescue support in the Black Sea B. Outside of Ukraine “Jackal Stone-2010” Multinational Tactical Exercise of Special Operations Forces Involved: 20 Service personnel with standard weapons Principal missions: improving combined execution of Special Operations Forces’ missions “Barrier-2010” Multinational Tactical Exercise of Special Forces units Involved: 20 Service personnel with standard weapons Principal missions: improving combined exercise methods of Special Operations Forces’ missions Bilateral Ukraine-Belarus Command Post Exercise with involvement of Air Defence Stand-by Forces Involved: 7 aircraft. air command and control centres Principal missions: improving Air Defence Stand-by Forces’ cohesiveness during the fulfillment of combat duty “Combined Endeavour-2010” Multinational Tactical Exercise of Signal units Involved: 23 Service personnel Principal missions: exercising the fulfillment of signal support missions and command and control during international peacekeeping operations “Medker-2010” Multinational Tactical Exercise of Military-Medical units Involved: 20 Service personnel Principal missions: staff training on medical support during multinational humanitarian and peacekeeping operations “BLACKSEAFOR-2010” Operational-Tactical Exercise of the Naval Forces of Black Sea region nations Involved: “Slavutych” Command Ship “Cherkasy” maritime sweeper Principal missions: increasing interoperability of Naval Forces of Black Sea region nations Bilateral Ukraine-Romanian Tactical Exercise of mechanized units Involved: 35 Service personnel with standard weapons Principal missions: exercising combat missions fulfillment within multinational units during combined peace operations 34 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . Stand-by Forces of radio-technical brigades and anti-aircraft missile forces battalions. air command and control centres Principal missions: improving Air Defence Stand-by Forces’ cohesiveness during the fulfillment of combat duty “Golden Mask-2010” Ukrainian-German Tactical Exercise of NBC Protection units Involved: 30 Eervice personnel with standard weapons Principal missions: exercising NBC protection support of forces within multinational units Bilateral Ukraine-Russia Command Post Exercise with involvement of Air Defense Stand-by Forces Involved: 7 aircraft. In Ukraine or near the borders “Rapid Trident-2010” Tactical Ukraine-US Command Post Exercise with involvement of Forces Involved: 600 Service personnel with standard weapons and equipment Principal missions: exercising missions with the multinational military contingent during peace operations “Blonde Avalanche-2010” Command Post Exercise with involvement of “Tisa” multinational Engineer Battalion Involved: 100 service personnel Principal missions: enhancing interoperability and improving cohesiveness between the national components of “Tisa” Engineer Battalion “Maple Arche-2010” Ukraine-Poland-Canada-Lithuania Tactical Exercise of mechanized units Involved: 12 Service personnel Principal missions: exercising combat missions with multinational military formations Bilateral Ukraine-Belarus Tactical exercise of mechanized units Involved: 34 Service personnel with standard weapons and equipment Principal missions: improving tactical cohesiveness during the fulfillment of mechanized units’ combat missions “Barrier-2010” Ukraine-US Tactical Exercise of Special Forces Involved: 50 Service personnel with standard weapons Principal missions: improving reconnaissance and special missions’ “Sea Breeze-2010” Ukraine-US Command Post Naval Forces Exercise with involvement of Forces Involved: over 1.1.500 Service personnel with standard weapons and equipment. Stand-by forces of radio-technical brigades and anti-aircraft missile forces battalions. 21 surface ships of the Naval Forces.

CHAPTER 4 ROFESSIONAL ARMED FORCES: PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF ESTABLISHMENT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF PERSONNEL POLICY: SUMMARY ENLISTMENT OF SERVICE PERSONNEL ON A CONTRACT BASIS WHITE BOOK n 2010 .

27. and responsibilities of Armed Forces Personnel structures so as to ensure the stable functioning of the system under conditions of reduced motivation for further Armed Forces service. 2010 Minister of Defence approved the Digest of Officers’ Career Management Algorithms on all groups of registered military specialties on August. functions. 2010 WHITE BOOK n 2010 37 . • implement conclusions and proposals of commanders at all levels on the basis of comprehensive and impartial evaluation of the performance of Service personnel. As a result. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF PERSONNEL POLICY: SUMMARY The new Centralized Personnel Management System as implemented in 2010 in accordance with the Personnel Policy Concept1 of the Armed Forces has enabled the Armed Forces to ensure: • qualitative and timely manning of Service positions. 2007 Minister of Defence approved the Digest of the Officers’ Position Passports on July 24. • equal opportunities for Service personnel to fulfil their potential. authorities. 1 2 3 Minister of Defence Order # 659: “On approval of the Personnel Policy Concept in the Armed Forces of Ukraine” of November. • managed the activity of personnel officers towards ensuring career management of every officer in the Armed Forces taking into account the recommendations of the annual performance evaluation. • carried out objective performance evaluation of military personnel on the basis of the reporting year with direct influence on their career development and professional growth. The Armed Forces implemented the following activities in the course of the year in order to increase the efficiency of personnel structures: • distributed the objectives. In 2010 a new algorithm for the promotion of military personnel in the promotion pool was introduced: “Extract from the promotion pool + consent of the military personnel = changes in position”. • transparent and open career management of Service personnel.CHAPTER 4 PROFESSIONAL ARMED FORCES: PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF ESTABLISHMENT T he updated principles of personnel policy as implemented in the course of 2010 were systematic in nature and covered a wide range of issues aimed at creating a balance between the requirements of the State in maintaining the appropriate level of combat readiness and manning of the Armed Forces and the provision of adequate living standards and working conditions. the time required to implement changes in positions has decreased from 1 or 2 months to 2 days. 6. • approved the candidate pool for promotion and the rotation plan for military personnel in accordance with position Passports 2 and career algorithms 3 to provide for well-balanced decision-making in the sphere of manning and promotion.

Reducing of the number of personnel. problems remain with the manning rate of company-level officers.1. Development of the Military Education System The development of the Military Education System in 2010 was aimed at integration within the national system of education and the concentration of logistical.5 thousand candidates applied for studies at the HMEI in 2010.1 Personnel Centres of the Armed Forces. and information resources in order to achieve a high level of training of military experts. personnel.P R O F E S S I O N A L A R M E D F O R C E S : P R A C T I C A L A S P E C T S O F E S TA B L I S H M E N T chapter 4 The same approach is being applied to the Personnel Management System of Enlisted and Non-Commissioned Service personnel serving on a contract basis.1.1). In particular. Therefore work will continue on creating the conditions for guaranteed and qualitative manning with personnel capable of performing tasks as well as their effective use and retention.500 people5 (Diagram 4. using the facilities of the university. 38 WHITE BOOK n 2010 .1 the appointment of graduates of tactical. Implementing the main directions in the training of military experts was driven by the requirements of the Armed Forces for highly professional experts and the interoperable functioning of all structural components in the Military Education System. 73. • optimized the State Request on the training of military experts for the Armed Forces and other military formations regarding the requirements of the Armed Forces.1 Positive dynamics were also achieved in 2010 in 24. The system of Higher Military Education Institutions (HMEI) and Military Training Units of the Higher Education Institutions (HEI) has not been changed in 2010. financial. However. The fulfillment status of the State Request is provided in Figure 4. caused by decreasing of the number of personnel in the Armed Forces.0 of 2010 is more than 77. 40.6 6.3 13. which is currently equal to 77% (compared to 86.1 34.1 33.5% last year). More than 2. operational18.3 18. At the same time the Regulation on Position Passports for Enlisted Personnel and Non-Commissioned Officers was introduced to develop common approaches to the training and decision-making procedures related to the appointment of Enlisted and Non-Commissioned personnel and the management of their careers.2 2007 2008 2009 2010 The total number of personnel encompassed by the centralized personnel management system as at the end 47. 4 5 Minister of Defence Order # 489: “On Approval of the Regulation on Enlisted and NCOs Position Profiles” of September 16. which made it possible to have entrance competition for the first time in recent years.2 regards to their area of expertise and level of education. encompassed by the centralized personnel management system in 2010. the Armed Forces: • renewed the training of cadets at the Military Institute of Odessa National Polytechnic University. 2010. in thousands of persons a Centralized Personnel Management System in the 81. Officers TOTAL NCOs and Enlisted The manning rate of senior officers’ positions is more personnel than 80%.7 tactical and operational-strategic level education with 4. Number of Personnel Encompassed by the Centralized Management System has been the establishment of Personnel Management System.4 The main result of the introduction of a new Personnel Diagram 4. • continued to ensure the right to higher military education for contracted Service personnel.

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Figure 4.1. The State Request for Training Military experts, persons
Training of Service personnel according to levels of military education Officers of operational-strategic level Officers of operational-tactical level Officers of tactical level Officers of operational-strategic level Officers of operational-tactical level Officers of tactical level Total Annual Defence Commission Indices (person) 2006 Armed Forces 45 441 848 Other Military Formations 111 309 1754 2 98 186 1029 2 59 250 1679 53 1991 31 235 1483 65 262 416 52 251 1065 60 427 1451 48 184 985 2007 2008 2009 2010

The careers of officers and civil servants foresee in-service training courses. The network of in-service training courses in 2010 has provided the training, re-training and professional development under the approved list of profiles and MOS as revised by the Cabinet of Ministers.6 At the end of 2010, it included 151 courses, running between 1 week to 4 months (Figure 4.2). The total number of graduates from in-service training is about 4,000 Service personnel and civil servants.
Diagram 4.2. Network of In-Service Training Courses for Officers and Civil Servants
CUSTOMERS OF CAREER DEVELOPMENT COURSES FOR OFFICERS AND CIVIL SERVANTS

Ministry of Defence, General Staff, Armed Forces

Land Force

Air Force

Naval Force

Main Directorate for the Operational Support of the Armed Forces

Main Intelligence Directorate of the Ministry of Defence

Department of Military Education and Science of the Ministry of Defence

Military-Medical Department of the Ministry of Defence

National Defence University (52)

Land Forces Academy (14)

Air Forces University (Kharkiv) (15)

Naval Academy (Sevastopol) (24)

Zhytomyr Military Institute of the National Aviation University (2)

HMEI and military train- Ukraine Military-Medical Zhytomyr Military ing units at the HEI Academy Institute of the National Aviation University (5) Career development of Career development of academic and teaching medical personnel staff

Military Institute of Telecommunications and Informatization of the National Technical University “Kyiv Polytechnical Institute” (9)

Military Training Faculty of the National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnical Institute” (2)

Military Institute of Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University (1)

Military Institute of the Odessa National Military Institute of Polytechnical University Kyiv National Taras (6) Shevchenko University (5) Military Training Faculty of the National Law Academy (1) Military Institute of the Odessa National Polytechnical University (14)

Military Training Faculty of the National University of KamyanetsPodilskyi (1)

Number of courses and length of training
1 week 1 2 weeks 25 3 weeks 45 4 weeks 47 5 weeks 5 6 weeks 19 7 weeks 1 8 weeks 8 TOTAL 151

6

Cabinet of Ministers’ Decree: “On approval of the List of Specialties for training in higher educational institutions at qualification and educational levels of specialist and master” # 787 as of September 27, 2010.

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chapter 4 The foreign language training of military personnel and civil servants in accordance with the Position Passport is a prerequisite of career progression. The procedure of training (education) and career development (professional development) in language courses7 was regulated and the length of training set from 1 to 3 academic semesters (depending on the purpose of training and complexity of language) each lasting 90 days. Cooperation in the framework of the NATO-Ukraine Programme for Professional Development of Civilian Personnel Employed in Ukraine’s Security Sector has continued throughout 2010. Training and professional development of the foreign languages academic and teaching staff has been conducted with the support of Hungary, Greece, France, Spain and the British Council in Ukraine. Language seminars in English, German and French have been provided in 9 HMEI to 725 persons, including 640 Service personnel and 85 civil servants from MOD and other central executive authorities in the sphere of national defence.

The limited provision of finance and resources has slowed the planned establishment ENLISTMENT OF MILITARY PERSONNEL of appropriate conditions of Armed Forces service and social guarantees for Service personnel and their families. ON THE CONTRACT BASIS The new Force Manning System introduced in July 2009 –Territorial Centre for Contract Personnel Manning - Training Centre - Military unit – improved the enlistment quality in 2010 and released the unit military command from non-core functions related to the organization of identifying, attracting, registrating, and preparing citizens for Armed Forces service on a contract basis. In particular this has allowed the Armed Forces to: • ensure priority manning of positions linked to combat Figure 4.3. Distribution of Candidates Selected by Territorial Centre readiness. More than 95% of almost 5,000 recruits for Contract Personnel Manning According to the MOS 2010 sent by the Territorial Centre directly to the Training Combat Signals Centre were trained according to the major Military 1 545 1 097 Occupational Specialties (MOS) (Figure 4.3.), which is Logistics twice the number in 2009; 25 • reduce the registration period of recruits selected for Engineering Others and Technical service on a contract basis; 224 2 094 • ensure targeted enlistment of Service personnel on the contract basis those already trained for specific MOS and avoid the long-term posting (for more than 6 months) of untrained personnel to Armed Forces’ positions. As a result of implementing the planned activities the Armed Forces were able to: • introduce the career management system for Enlisted personnel and NCOs on a contract basis by encompassing more than 40,400 military of this category within the centralized personnel management system; • initiate the annual performance evaluation of Enlisted personnel and NCOs on a contract basis and subsequently create a pool of promotion to NCO positions; more than 83% of Service personnel were evaluated; • introduce the Position Passport for Enlisted personnel and NCOs and started work on the development of the career progression algorithm8 (Appendix 5).

7 8

Minister of Defence Order #250: “On approval of the Instruction on Language Courses in the Armed Forces of Ukraine” of May 17, 2010. Minister of Defence Order: “On approval of the Instruction about Enlisted and NCOs’ Position Profile” # 489 as of September, 16, 2010.

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Establishment of the Professional NCO Corps The establishment of a professional NCO Corps in the Armed Forces has continued. Three military colleges for NCOs were introduced in 2010 – at the Ivan Kozhedub Air Force University in Kharkiv, the Ivan Ogienko National University in KamyanetsPodilskyi and the Military Institute of Telecommunications and Informatization of the National Technical University “Kyiv Polytechnical Institute” (Poltava), thus completing the establishment of a multilevel system of NCO training. With the approval of provisional regulations on training centres (and joint training centres) and guidelines for the training of Service personnel in Training Centres of the Armed Forces 9 the activity of these training centres has also been defined (Appendix 6). In developing the system of NCO training the Armed Forces conducted the following major activities: • introduced courses for Staff Sergeants at the Military College for NCOs at the National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnical Institute”, which is training Sergeants for command positions to be established at the battalion level and higher and Sergeant Instructors for the training centres; introduced new technical MOS at the Military College for NCOs to meet the requirements of the Armed Forces; organized NCO training in accordance with the State standard for vocational training at the training centres of the Armed Forces; introduced all MOS which are used in the Armed Forces at the Training Centres for NCOs, providing the level of education of a Junior specialist10.

• • •

Six-monthly training courses for contract NCOs with higher education were initiated in the military colleges on 27 September 2010. The training is oriented on command and technical positions and should allow the appointment of graduates to the positions of Company Sergeant-Major, Battalion Sergeant-Major, Chief of Signal unit, Chief of the Operator’s Room, etc.

9

10

Chief of General Staff - Chief of the Armed Forces – Order: «On the regulation of the activity of Training Centers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine» # 21 as of February, 8, 2010. Minister of Defence Order: “On approval of the List of staff positions of NCOs on contract basis which require the level of education for the qualification of “junior specialist” # 290of June 7, 2010.

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the Armed Forces were unable to improve the level of manning with contract personnel (Figure 4.4% compared to 2008. thus providing more than 1.150 new positions for the abovementioned graduates. % the average wage in all the regions of Ukraine. and 5 NCOs received the higher level of training. Therefore the level of competitiveness of Armed Force service on the labour market continues to decline and the rate of manning falls gradually each year.5). On the other hand. To increase the motivation and attractiveness of Armed Forces service the appropriate State support is needed to provide proper social guarantees to Service personnel and ensure the level of their professional training. NCOs) improved quality of selected personnel and the conscious personnel decision of citizens to sign a contract for Armed Forces service. 72 military units were transferred into the new organization and establishment system during 2009-2010.9% compared to 2009 and 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 by 12.006 personnel) with a total manning rate of 49. 51 NCOs received the average level of training and the level of education of a junior specialist in the military colleges for NCOs. 47% 53% 49% 55% 53% 51% 45% 47% The insufficient financial support of the last few years has prevented the introduction of effective measures to establish the proper environment capable of reducing the turnover of Service personnel.5. Development of the Rate of Manning of the Armed Forces with Contract Personnel 2006-2010 protected with a level of salary considerably lower than as of the end of the year. Contract military personnel is still the least socially Figure 4. 42 50% 50% WHITE BOOK n 2010 . Therefore. This demonstates the Conscript personnel Contract (enlisted. All these measures taken in 2010 notwithstanding.P R O F E S S I O N A L A R M E D F O R C E S : P R A C T I C A L A S P E C T S O F E S TA B L I S H M E N T chapter 4 The total number of graduates break down as follows: 1. the number of contract Service personnel has continued to decline for the second year in a row (down to 1. the number of Service personnel dismissed due to serious violation of the terms of their contract has decreased by 5.353 NCOs received basic level of training in the Training Centres of the Armed Forces.9% for Enlisted and Non-Commissioned positions as of the end of 2010.

CHAPTER 5 PROVISION OF SOCIAL GUARANTEES TO SERVICE PERSONNEL AND THEIR FAMILIES SALARY AND PENSION SUPPORT MEDICAL SUPPORT HOUSING ADAPTATION OF SERVICE PERSONNEL AND THEIR FAMILIES TO CIVILIAN LIFE WHITE BOOK n 2010 .

and rapid amendments to legislation. Service branches of the national economy (e. which makes this service uncompetitive even in rural regions.1).09.827 2. Since 1 October 2010 Air Force and Naval personnel Figure 5. the average salary in Ukraine is much higher than the salary of first-year contract service personnel. The average salary of a young officer appointed to initial to 1 Dec 2010.548 in October 2010).216 2. 3. Cabinet of Ministers’ Decree # 889 “On pecuniary support of separate categories of servicemen of the Armed Forces. average salaries (Colonel.093) is till 1 Dec 2010 also lower than the average salary in Ukraine. The MOD and GS assign this issue a high priority taking account of the stabilizing in the Ukrainian economy. contract service personnel after 1 Dec 2010 % of increasing position (Lieutenant/Platoon Leader is UAH 2. where salaries are lower. the MOD and GS (supported by the President and Cabinet of Ministers) launched the initiative to increase gradually the salary 1 of all the categories of Service personnel in the course of the year.654 35% and from 10% to 70 % for contract Service personnel 3.093 Service personnel (UAH 870 to 1 May 2010. the minimum salary for first year contract 2. Service personnel Salaries for Typical Positions performing active flying and sailing duties receive an at the end of the year additional payment.180 2010) less than half the average salary in Ukraine 870 (which according to data from the State Statistics Committee comprises UAH 2. 10 years 5 years personnel of service) service) of service) of service) (minimum ) in agriculture were UAH 1.049 2. Since 1 October 2010 average monthly salaries have been increased by 10% to 55% for all Service personnel.322 in October 2010).10 WHITE BOOK n 2010 45 .478 However.180 from 1 December 21% 1.728 27% 17% from 1 May 2010 and UAH 1. current Servicemen social support. since 1 May 2010 monthy salaries of contract soldiers and NCOs have been increased by 10% to 35%.g. 3. State border Service and Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs” from 22. SALARY AND PENSION 1 2 The last previous salary increase was over 3 years ago on 1 Jan 2008.CHAPTER 5 PROVISION OF SOCIAL GUARANTEES TO SERVICE PERSONNEL AND THEIR FAMILIES T he provision of social guarantees to Service personnel and their families remains a major issue during the current stage of reform of the Armed Forces. UAH 998 23% 1. and is the lowest in comparison with other low-paid Brigade Battalion Company Platoon commaner 1 year contract commander commander commander (Lieutenant. A comparative analysis of Service personnel salaries and average salaries in Ukraine throughout the regions is shown in Figure 5. discrepancy of budget expenses and Armed Forces requirements. but not more than their monthly2.2.1. Thus.25 years (Major14 years of (Captain. According to the State Statistics Committee.128 (Figure 5. To increase recruitment and improve incentives to extend Service contracts.

656 1.540) state on 1 Dec 2010 Minimal salary contract Service personnel (UAH 1.456 2.501 1.000 people have thus received a pension increase of about UAH 122 on average.2.180 UAH АR Crimea Vinnitsa rgn Zhytomyr rgn Dnipropetrovsk rgn Poltava rgn Khmelnitsky rgn Chernigiv rgn Sevastopol state on 1 Jan 2010 Average salary rate of contract Service personnel (UAH 1. highly qualified medical support. which simulated the response to man-made and natural disasters as well as explosions and fires in arsenals and storage facilities for weapons.939 1.P R O V I S I O N O F S O C I A L G U A R A N T E E S T O S E R V I C E M E N A N D T H E I R FA M I L I E S chapter 5 Figure 5.195 2. Due to new rules. the wages of a specific category of persons who served at nuclear warfare maintenance have been re-assessed. For example. a new section of x-ray cardiac vascular surgery has been opened in the Main Military Medical-Clinical Hospital which enables the conducting of modern diagnostic and treatment of cardiac and vascular diseases through the setting of medical stents in coronary vessels and limb arteries.779 1.484 1. 3 4 Defence Minister Decree # 61 “On implementation of Instruction for organization of social support of retired personnel. This document also regulated the process of registration of pension application and re-assessment documents and the process of payment provided by other laws.836 1.180) In 2010 the pension legislation of retired personnel and members of their families was improved.882 1. According to information from the Pension Fund of Ukraine. The corresponding instruction3 regulated the procedure of social support of retired personnel and their families.269 1.423 1. MEDICAL SUPPORT In order to improve medical support of personnel under conditions of limited resources the Armed Forces have optimized the medical support 4 system and implemented activities aimed at increasing the professional training of military doctors and improving the technical equipment of medical establishments.023 1.480 1. The outcomes of international exercises proved the Medevac capabilities of the AN-26 “Vita” plane. munitions and other materials. Since the AN-26 began its service. 46 WHITE BOOK n 2010 .900 1.881 2. UAH 2. which with its special characteristics is the only plane in Europe enabling surgery to be conducted during flight. and their families in Ministry of Defence of Ukraine” of 15 02 2010. Defence Minister Decree # 331 “On approval of amendments for Statement for organization and implementation of medical support in the Armed Forces of Ukraine according to territorial principles of 29 06 2010. over 300 patients have received operational. Comparative Analysis of Contract Service Personnel Salary and Average Salary Regions of Ukraine. more than 5. New technologies have been implemented in several medical establishments.540 UAH 2.058 1. In 2010 Mobile Medical units of Regional Military-Medical Clinical Centres and nurses brigades of Military Hospitals took part in 8 training exercises.

5 2.800 (6. Condition of Stationary Treatment 2006-2010. There are 6 centres of medical recreation and sanatorium treatment.6 43.6. and 11.5 housing.9 36. 6.2 %).0 35.000 of them from the year 2000.1 (26. State of Housing of Service Personnel and their on the Housing Waiting List at the end of 2009.2 42.9 47.100 Officers and 4. By the end of 2010 – 45.6 4.7 2.P R O V I S I O N O F S O C I A L G U A R A N T E E S T O S E R V I C E M E N A N D T H E I R FA M I L I E S chapter 5 Figure 5.4 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 others Service personnel.400 Service personnel on the Housing Waiting 6.000 apartments.1 36.6 and Sergeants (13.2 2006 Service personnel 2007 2009 2010 Others Veterans and War Participants Overall.4 Warrant Officers (60.0 45.1 48. The number of citizens entitled by law to receive medical support in Defence medical facilities is 6 times larger than that of actual Service personnel7.3). Overall quantity of different categories of citizens is 1.8 42.200 Service personnel were Figure 5. Figure 5.9 8.7 %) of total number. Number of Service personnel without apartments The waiting period on the Housing List breaks down as Starting 2010 thnd people follows: less than 1 year – 1.200 (2.4 75.8 2.300 for permanent housing and 14.800 retired personnel 0.2 45.000.9 %). over 33.1 %). WHITE BOOK n 2010 47 .8 6.180.4.5 7.9 33.0 1.1 Waiting List increased by 90 people. Nonetheless.1 44. 2 state establishment and 1 sanatorium division. Since 1992. over 161.300 contract service soldiers 3.5 79. Building and aquiring of housing by the end of the year thosands of flats from 1 to 2 years 2. from 2 to 5 years – 11.0 %). the problem of housing remains one of the most urgent ones today (Figure 5.000.6 4.1 8. military hospitals and other establishments is 6.5 List are in actual service.3 33.8 51. in thousands of people 83.5 2. 46. Compared with the beginning of 2010 the 50.8 83.000 patients received treatment in MOD6 recreational facilities (Figure 5.4 4. thousand people 13.8 4.7 4.000 patients received treatment in various military medical centres.5).9 4.400 of whom retired due to Armed Forces’ 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 reform. State of Recreation Support 2006–2010. including Families 30.0 Figure 5.5 6.3 7.1 8. Social Structure of Patients of Military Medical Service 2010.9 73.9 37.4.500 HOUSING 5 6 7 Overall bed quantity of military medical clinical centers. the MOD has built or acquired over 84. The social structure of patients of the military medical service is shown in Figure 5.5 45. overall quantity – 5475 beds.6 37. 2 sanatorium.6). 5.900 for Service 51. The number of requests for medical assistance totalled 1. AF veterans Veterans and War Participants The most significant social guarantee and one of the main criterion for increasing the image of Armed Forces service is housing for Service personnel and their families. persons Service personnel 51% MoD Pensioners 24% Others 25% 11. including 27.8 54.5 million.7 2008 43. Over 16.4 6.5 4. military hospitals and other military medical establishments5 (Figure 5.3.5.

9% • The controlling committee of housing distribution 60.9 %). According to this programme. according to which the MOD can use military property – without changing its original purpose – for building houses for Service personnel and their families. also as social and affordable housing. As a result funding for incomplete houses 34. 48 WHITE BOOK n 2010 .7% from 10 to 15 years for Service personnel has been provided through 19. custom service officials and their families” of 15 12 2010. privates and seniors of internal affairs bodies. After major shortcomings in 2009 the MOD supported by the Cabinet of Ministers took measures in 2010 to improve the Service housing situation. assigned to Ministry of Defence by different programmes” of 18 10 2010. Service Personnel Housing Distribution. Cabinet of Ministers’ Decree # 1191 “On amendments to decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine 29 11 1999 # 2166 “On complex programme of housing of servicemen. Privates and NCOs.4 %).7%).7).3% and buildings (deadline not later than 25 December 8 9 10 11 Law of Ukraine # 2674-VI “On amendments to article 4 of Law of Ukraine “On utilization of lands of Ministry of defence” regarding servicemen and their families housing” of 4 11 2010. more than 15 years – 8. terms of being on the Housing List Officials of Custom Service and their Families during 2011-2017 9 was approved. from 5 to 10 years • Additional funding for building (acquiring) housing 27.500 (27.1) (Figure 5.7. from 5 to 10 years – 12.1% being resolved. from 10 to 15 years – 9.000 (19. State Criminal-Executive service. NCOs) 13. (Officers. Also other issues concerning the adherence to housing legislation and ensuring More than 15 years transparency during the distribution of housing are 18. in particular: • Amendments to article 4 of the Law “On the Use of Military Property”8 have been introduced. Defence Minister Decree # 354 “On organization of commetee for control of housing distribution in garrisons of the Armed Forces of Ukraine functioning” of 8 07 2010 Cabinet of Ministers’ Decree # 969 “On utilization of State Budget Funds in 2010. • A new edition of Complex Programme for Providing Figure 5.1% powers and obligations of those committees has been implemented. 100 % of Service personnel in the Actual Service Service Housing Waiting List as of 1 January 2010 will be Contract Service personnel privates and NCOs provided with houses within the stated period. including Housing to Service personnel.P R O V I S I O N O F S O C I A L G U A R A N T E E S T O S E R V I C E M E N A N D T H E I R FA M I L I E S chapter 5 (25.0% Retired in garrisons of the Armed Forces has been re-elected Service personnel and a new edition 10 of the statute regulating the 26.9% Less than 5 years redistribution of the General and Stabilization Funds11.200 Service personnel (18.

WHITE BOOK n 2010 49 . uah) 272.P R O V I S I O N O F S O C I A L G U A R A N T E E S T O S E R V I C E M E N A N D T H E I R FA M I L I E S chapter 5 2010) 12 was increased to UAH 131.0 72. Main attention during the year were concentrated on cooperation with international organizations and foreign structures. In 2010 cooperation with NATO. conducting re-training and preparation of Service personnel planning to retire as well as retired Service personnel.6 million). Of total expenditure for housing requirements UAH 131. The information required can be obtained through the website of the State Department of Retired Servicemen Adaptation and Conversion of Former Military Objects 14 and Resources and Career Center for Retired Servicemen15.6 and UAH 72.org. • the information system throughout the Armed Forces and other formations concerning social and professional adaptation of retired Service personnel has been improved. and personnel who are about to retire. • Activities concerning social and professional adaptation of Service personnel were carried out by corresponding supervisory councils under local state administrations16. 12 13 14 15 16 Cabinet of Ministers’ Decree #292 “On utilization of Stabilization fund for servicemen housing” of 7 11 2010. these organizations granted financial support to provide re-training of retired personnel.3 million. during which they were familiarized with participant organizations and obtained information about available vacancies. Site of State Department of Retired Servicemen Adaptation.9 350.rkc.6 million from the Special Fund (6. regional and Kyiv Sevastpol State administrations. 1.7 % of the planned amount) 26.0 million and UAH 75. OSCE and Norway in the framework of international projects and programmes continued.ua/ Supervisory councils created in 2007 under the Council of Ministers of AR Crimea. respectively. Funding of the State Programme of MoD in 2006-2010 (mln. which is about 2. including 482 apartments from the State Mortgage Institution13.154 from non-budget sources. Ukraine appeciates the assistance of international partners.6 131.ua/.3 98. Cabinet of Ministers’ Decree # 1037 “On distribution of appartments aquired by State Hypotec establishement” of 23 09 2009. 866 of them from budget funds.4 SOCIAL AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF SERVICE PERSONNEL AND THEIR FAMILIES TO CIVIL LIFE Due to implementation of international projects and programmes the indexes of adaptation of Service personnel in 2010 were successfully maintained at the level of previous years.com. • In different regions of Ukraine regular “Vacancy markets” for courses graduates have been conducted. • UAH 230 million required for housing was actually received (38 % of the planned UAH 605.3 149.4 million from the Stabilization Fund (96 % of the planned amount). Site of Recourses and Career Center for Retired Servicemen http://www. Figure 5.9 million). 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 This improved funding made it possible to improve special fund Stabilization the indexes over the previous year.3 137. 2.ddav. At the same time during the year the effectiveness of social and professional adaptation significantly increased.0 million came from the General Fund (100 % of the planned amount) UAH 26.8 359. and Conversion of Former Military Objects http://www.8.4 times more than in the previous year (2009 – UAH 98.020 apartments general funds fund were built (acquired).7 359.

which all helped to reduce the loss of qualified personnel. increasing the number of Service apartments and improving recreation and medical treatment.P R O V I S I O N O F S O C I A L G U A R A N T E E S T O S E R V I C E M E N A N D T H E I R FA M I L I E S chapter 5 In 2010 – 2. including 30 Service personnel and their family members using State Budget funds.634 people were re-trained.604 people using international programme funding. In 2010 support of social guarantees has been significantly improved due to steps towards raising Service personnel salaries. Information about professional re-training for civil specialities is shown at Annex 7. and 2. 50 WHITE BOOK n 2010 .

CHAPTER 6 INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. ARMS CONTROL INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION BILATERAL COOPERATION MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION AND COOPERATION WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS PEACEKEEPING ARMS CONTROL WHITE BOOK n 2010 . PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITY.

enhancing the interoperability with leading nations armed forces. widening its participation in regional cooperation and promoting national interests regionally and globally. MOD.1. military-technical cooperation on mutually favourable conditions as well as developing good-neighbourly cooperation with the Russian Federation and other neighbouring countries with the aim of creating an atmosphere of trust. ARMS CONTROL I nternational cooperation was implemented in terms of the State’s new political direction defined by the Law of Ukraine “On Principles of Internal and External Policy” and directed at implementing Non-Block status. The MOD’s main efforts were concentrated on strengthening and deepening relations with leading international organizations and leading countries. stability and security around Ukraine. PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITY. initiating with them constructive political-military. As a result. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION In 2010 the MOD cooperated with defence institutions of 55 countries.CHAPTER 6 INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. Accordingly. In total 711 activities took place (Figure 6. implementing specific programmes and international technical support projects. widening participation in international exercises. International cooperation 2007-2010 806 Bilateral cooperation activities Multilateral cooperation activities Cooperation activities with military-diplomatic corps accredited in Ukraine 612 462 474 220 91 20 2008 21 60 2007 69 11 2009 2010 17 WHITE BOOK n 2010 53 . arms control. • increasing operational capabilities of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. GS and Armed Forces leaders conducted about 150 meetings. international cooperation was directed at: • creating conditions to implement Ukraine’s EU membership course. and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. sustaining cooperation in disarmament.1). peacekeeping and anti-terrorist operations. • improving the legal basis for international cooperation. • intensifying disposal of surplus rocket and ammunition depots as well as rocket fuel components. 3 inter-governmental and 15 inter-agency treaties with 12 countries were signed. Figure 6.

).and NATO-countries. ARMS CONTROL chapter 6 BILATERAL COOPERATION Deepening bilateral cooperation with MODs of strategic partners. Bilateral cooperation with countries defence institutions in 2010 US UK Canada Russia Lithuania Germany Belarus Turkey France Italy Norway Poland Other 44 (9%) 26 (6%) 25 (5%) 22 (5%) 18 (4%) 17 (4%) 16 (3%) 15 (3%) 14 (3%) 11 (2%) 10 (2%) 168 (35%) 88 (19%) In 2010 the number of bilateral cooperation activities exceeded the previous year (Figure 6. In 2010 cooperation between the Ministries of Defence of Ukraine and the Russian Federation was influenced by significant changes. materials and rocket fuel components was started. In the framework of political-military cooperation the Sub-Committee on Security Issues of the Ukraine-Russia Inter-State Board was re-established. PEACEKEEPING. In total during the year 25 activities took place.2. developing relations with strategic partners: the US. Lithuania. materials and rocket fuel components. Bilateral cooperation with Poland was developed according to the following directions: • • mutually beneficial implementation of activities in the military-technical area. Turkey. the 30 th November. 2009. the Panel on Military-Technical Cooperation and the Panel on Cooperation between the Armed Forces of Ukraine and Russia. Meetings were held of the Sub-Committee and its working bodies. and training flights of Russian Nord Fleet aviation on take-off and landing training system “NITKA“. including defence cooperation. The most activities were with US. 54 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . future plans of cooperation with EU and NАТО. During the year the main attention was concentrated on fulfilling agreements within acting treaties and further improvement of mutually beneficial interaction at the bilateral level. UK and France. 1 Memorandum of understanding between the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and USA State Department about support in liquidation and demilitarization of 9К72 (SCUD) rocket complexes and equipment. Russia.2. widening traditionally active cooperation with Germany. neighbouring countries and leading nations remains an important activity of the MOD. Figure 6. Priority directions of bilateral cooperation are: • • • interacting with EU. bilateral Ukraine-Russia Air Defence Forces exercise.INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. France and Italy. The process is conducted by the Ukrainian corporation “Spivdruzhnist” under control of the US “Global Offshore Projects” company experts. Belarus. Germany. the Russian Federation and Poland. becoming an active dialogue. Important activities of military cooperation were the joint Naval Exercise “Peace Fairway”. between Ukraine and the US remains one of the main directions of the State’s external policy. Canada. Development of international cooperation. UK. To implement the Memorandum1 (2009) in November 2010 the elimination and demilitarization of missile complexes 9К72 (SCUD) and equipment.

000 kilos of load were transported to the Station “Nord”. Cooperation between the Ministries of Defence of Ukraine and UK continued at a consistently high level. The visit in July 2010 to Ukraine of the Parliament State Secretary of the Federal Ministry of Defence resulted in the Agreement on Cooperation in the area of Military Geo-Information. for instance. In the Memorandum framework cooperation on advisory support started – a range of activites to prevent corruption in executive bodies. signed in February 2010. During 2010 cooperation continued between Ukraine and Germany. In June 2010 the Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Defence Ministries providing MOD Ukraine with a UK Special Defence Advisor.000 litres of fuel and 49. the Working Group staff was approved. formalized documents were developed. particularly in the defence industrial area. PEACEKEEPING. the UK proposed internships of Ukrainian cadets in its corresponding institutions.INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. Air Defence Duty units undertook cross-state border training using Armed Forces aircraft and a separate bilateral tacticial exercise took place. According to the Memorandum of Understanding. particularly in the MOD. and developing the schedule was agreed. between the Defence Ministries of Ukraine and Denmark concerning fulfilling joint military-transport operation on transporting fuel – “Northern Falcon 2010” – Air Force Transportation Aviation teams operated for the second time in the Arctic. During the operation from the 6 th to 24 th April 2010. The military cooperation format with Belarus continued. During the year. • 2 Joint Ukraine-Turkey Board on Defence Industrial Cooperation WHITE BOOK n 2010 55 . A Protocol was signed to the Agreement between MOD Ukraine and the Ministry of National Defence of Poland on military cooperation concerning information exchange and Ukrainian and Polish aircraft flights over both countries’ airspace. and arrangements on re-establishing the Inter-governmental Ukraine-Germany Board on Military-Technical Cooperation. particularly officers trained in the Turkish Armed Forces Service academies at tactical and strategic levels. Greenland. In 2010 there was a significant increase in effectiveness of activities concerning professional training of Ukraine Service personnel in Turkish military education institutions. there were 40 sorties from the US Air Force base Thule. An important implementation mechanizm was the annual meeting of the Inter-Governmental Ukraine-Turkey Board2. 517. A new impetus was given to cooperation in military education. ARMS CONTROL chapter 6 participation of units in joint international exercises and peacekeeping operations. With establishing the Lithuania-Poland-Ukraine brigade LITPOLUKRBRIG. Special attention was given to cooperation with Turkey. to sustain the Station. in particular common requirements of unit interoperability. took place.

During 2010 Ukraine-EU military cooperation was Figure 6. MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION AND COOPERATION IN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS FRAMEWORK 56 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . Multi-lateral cooperation in 2010 conducted in terms of: 163 (74%) Ukraine-NАТО • widening the format of political-military dialogue 11 (5%) Ukraine-EU between political. stability and strengthening trust is one of the main components of international defence cooperation. • establishing collaboration and participation in the work of EU structures and agencies (European Defence Agency. Military cooperation with the EU was implemented in terms of “EU-Ukraine Association Agenda” and the Cooperation Working Plan between Ukraine’s Armed Forces and the EU Council Secretariat (in the area of Common Security and Defence Policy).3. 11 (5%) Ukraine-CIS • reforming and implementing Common Security and 11 (5%) South East Europe Defence Policy. There was a continuation of cooperation with Georgia.military leaders of Ukraine. neighbouring countries and leading countries remains one of the priority directions of the State’s external policy and is considered by Ukraine an active mechanizm of developing mutually beneficial relations between countries and preventing military conflicts.INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. economic. during which the parties agreed its Terms of Reference and agreed common priorities for implementation.). • using Ukraine’s capabilities in air transport during EU operations. In November 2010 during the visit of the Ukraine Defence Minister agreements were reached in conducting joint military exercises and training of Ukraine military experts at the Mountain-Infantry Unit Specialized Training Centre in Georgia. ARMS CONTROL chapter 6 Developing a legal framework to establish the joint Ukraine-Belarus Engineering battalion to be used to eliminate the consequences of natural and man-made disasters is in process. EU Security Research Institute). representing 31 % of the total number of activities (Figure 6. In total during the year 220 activities took place.3. Successful implementation of multi-lateral cooperation activities within international and regional organizations on security. • preparing Ukraine Armed Forces assets for EU Battle Groups (BG) and achieving interoperability of designated units for participation in joint military exercises and peacekeeping operations under the aegis of EU. In Kyiv on 26 January 2010 the first meeting was held of the Senior Committee on Assessing the Implementation of the Assocation Agenda. European Security and Defence College. legal and security environment with the aim of European Union membership. Defence Ministeria 10 (5%) Nordic-Baltic initiative • training experts in the Common Security and 14 (6%) Other Defence Policy. That is why military cooperation with the EU in 2010 was practically oriented and is considered to be an important direction of Ukraine’s new defence policy. Cooperation with the European Union The State’s external policy main priority is providing Ukraine’s integration to European political. Establishing effective bilateral cooperation with Ukraine’s strategic partners. PEACEKEEPING. EU Military Committee and EU Council Secretariat.

Lithuania and Latvia) with the status of an associated means to be additionally involved depending on the format and aim of the operation. By carrying out its international obligations Ukraine is proving itself a predictable country and reliable partner. • the process continued of future involvement of the Ukrainian Armed Forces and capabilities into the EU BG (Italy.piracy naval operation near the Somali coast “EU NAVFOR ATALANTA”. the NATO-Ukraine Military Committee Work Plan.INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. There was continuation of developing legislative documents involving the Ukraine Armed Forces in the EU military operation EUFOR ALTHEA in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Hungary. from November 2010 the Ukraine Armed Forces representative has been a Staff Officer3. and ensuring Ukraine’s readiness to participate in such activity by developing appropriate level of interoperability of the Ukrainian Armed Forces with those of NATO member-states. Hungary. Germany. Bulgaria. Partnership with NATO Ukraine continues a constructive partnership with NАТО aimed at solving priority tasks of Armed Forces development. ARMS CONTROL chapter 6 Ukraine launched implementation involving the AFU units into EU BG: • Air-medical evacuation aircraft Аn-26 “Vita” was designated to EU BG “Baltic” (formed by Poland. • an agreed list of Ukraine Armed Forces and capabilities to be declared to BG HELBROC (Greece. The MOD consistently implements the strategy of Ukraine’s relations with the Alliance in the framework of the NATO-Ukraine Annual National Programme of Cooperation for 2010 (ANP–2010). Slovenia) to be on duty in the second half of 2012. On 27 September 2010 Ukraine was officially recognized as a contributor to the EU anti. Romania. Czech Republic). Slovakia. The format of such cooperation was maintained and continued throughout 2010. PEACEKEEPING. 3 Decree of the President of Ukraine # 41/2010 “On the National Security and Defence Council resolution “On participation of Ukraine in EU operation “EU NAVFOR ATALANTA” of 20 January 2010 WHITE BOOK n 2010 57 . Cyprus) work continued on these issues concerning the BG to be formed by the Vyshegrad countries (Poland. providing stability and security in the world through peacekeeping operations. Slovakia. Successful implementation of EU cooperation plans in the military area gives a possibility for the Ukraine’s Armed Forces to reach a new quality and enhance common capabilities for participation in EU operations.

• Helicopter squadron (6 МI-24). ARMS CONTROL chapter 6 NATO-Ukraine Joint Working Group on Defence Reform Work Programme and the “Partnership for Peace” Programme. PEACEKEEPING. in 31 as a co-responsible executive body. in the course of its mission in the Mediterranean Sea it • Engineer-road battalion. a part of the 15th NATO Response Force rotation (July– • Marine corps battalion.4). the framework of the anti-terrorist “Operation Active • Ukrainian contribution to Lit-Pol-Ukr brigade. standardization. December 2010) (Figure 6. took part in 5 patrols in various regions. The main efforts of the MOD and GS were concentrated on training designated forces and means for interaction with EU and NATO nations’ armed forces in peacekeeping. and sailed approximately 5. minesweeper. and the MOD and the Armed Forces are ensuring highlevel political-military dialogue between Ukraine and NATO and undertaking efforts to continue constructive partnership on issues of common interest. partnership with NATO remains one of the priority directions of Ukraine’s defence policy. communications and informational systems. According to the Memorandum Air Situation Data Exchange will take place between the Ukrainian Air Force Command Post “South” and the Control and Notification Center of the Turkish Air Force in Erzurum. During this time • NBC protection company. command.1. Endeavour” from 7 November till 27 December 2010. In 2010 Ukraine’s participation in the NATO Programme on Air Situation Data Exchange was extended. the corvette crew communicated with 100 civilian ships • Transportation company. According to the ANP-2010 Action Plan the MOD participated in 246 activities. 6 exercises. and 8 conferences and meetings. Force. in involving Ukrainian forces in the NATO Response • 2 tactical groups of psychological operations.INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. For the first time since independence the Armed • Multi-purpose frigate with ship helicopter complex. components of which are the Planning and Review Process (PARP) and the NATO-Ukraine Individual Partnership Programme. Forces and participate in PARP. 11 “not completed” (4 %) and 7 activities “cancelled” (3 %). Significant progress was achieved • Tactical group of special operations.1). In 2010 Ukrainian Armed Forces representatives took part in a total of 55 programme activities: 31 courses. large amphibious ship. • Field-engineer battalion. in other units that comprise the Joint Rapid Reaction • Rescue parachute-amphibious group. • medevac aircraft An-26 “Vita” with a group of experts Thus. Another format of cooperation between Ukraine and NATO is participation of the Armed Forces in the Planning and Review Process in the framework of the “Partnership for Peace” Programme. days and nights. Of these activities 126 were “completed” (51 %). 69 “partially completed” (28 %). In 2010 the format of UAF participation in NATO Figure 6. Forces’ NBC protection unit was on operational duty as • 2 corvettes. • 4 heavy transport aircraft IL-76МD. List of forces and means defined for participation operations was maintained with Ukraine participating in the Planning and Review Process in four out of five NАТО operations: • Airmobile battalion. • Command ship. and logistics. 3 working meetings and NATO expert visits. search and rescue and humanitarian operations (figure 6. It has enhanced the level of cooperation in a number of directions: military education and training. in 215 as a responsible executive body.000 miles for 25 running • Military police unit. • Rescue tugboat with diver crew. 58 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . 7 seminars and workshops. interoperability. The corvette “Ternopil” accomplished tasks in • Mechanized battalion. with the signing in May 2010 of a Memorandum of Understanding between the MOD and the General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces and the Supreme Allied Command Operations. The NATO-Ukraine Individual Partnership Programme is a practical mechanism for exchanging experience between the armed forces of Ukraine and Alliance members and partners. Experience and training methods are being introduced • Underwater diversion forces and means combating group.

• discussion of the World War II 65th Victory Anniversary celebration in Ukraine. PEACEKEEPING. Taking into account the status of Ukraine as an observer summary meeting documents were not signed. flights safety. meteorological support of military aviation. Ukraine considers cooperation with the Commonwealth of Independent States as an important direction of external policy in the post-Soviet space. Kyrgyzstan. One of the most important and successful directions of OSCE-Ukraine cooperation in the politico-military sphere in 2010 was the implementation of the OSCE-Ukraine project on rocket fuel (mélange) disposal in the framework of the OSCE Document on Stockpiles of Conventional Ammunition from 2003. organization and conducting of the International Military-Scientific Works competition. During the year MOD delegations took place twice in work of the CIS Defence Ministers’ Council. military and military-technical cooperation. improvement of multi-lateral military cooperation legal support. ARMS CONTROL chapter 6 Figure 6.INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. Belarus. Ukraine is a permanent member of the Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Forum for Security Co-operation. Besides. Armenia. • bilateral meetings were held with Defence Ministries of Azerbaijan. Operation capabilities development of NBC unit "Rapid Trident 2008" (1st level selfevaluation) "Assessment 2009" (1st level NATO evaluation) "Golden Mask 2010" (NRF15 certification) September 2008 September 2009 April 2010 JulyDecember 2010 National training Direct training Operational duty Cooperation in framework of other international and regional organizations and initiatives Cooperation in the framework of other international and regional organizations is an important direction of Ukraine’s defence policy and one of the State’s mechanisms for providing security in support of an atmosphere of stability and mutual trust in Europe and the world. In accordance with obligations undertaken by Ukraine the Armed Forces continued in 2010 to actively participate in peacekeeping missions under the aegis of the United Nations (UN). implementing military cooperation continuation and pragmatism principles during the Council meetings the following activities were conducted: • effective exchange of experience on defence defence reform and security system management. Tajikistan and Uzbekistan and also with the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Tajikistan WHITE BOOK n 2010 59 .4. The most significant contribution in this area is being made by the 56th Detached Helicopter unit in Liberia and Cote d’Ivoire. At the time Service personnel are serving as peacekeepers in UN missions in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Kosovo. Liberia and Sudan.

In June of 2010 the Chiefs of Defence of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Romania. Cooperation continued between the navies of Ukraine. In 2010 Ukraine maintained the format of Armed Forces participation in international peacekeeping operations and ensured the practical realization of the Strategy of International Peacekeeping Activity4. In the course of the year measures were taken to reconstitute the Ukrainian peacekeeping contingent in Kosovo into a new unit (a mobile company with a total of 134 Service personnel). The active participation of the MOD and Armed Forces in the activities of international security organizations helps to ensure international security in Europe and the whole world and supports the creation of a zone of stability and mutual trust around Ukraine. At this meeting the parties reached a consensus on the involvement of Ukraine in the NATO helicopter initiative. Russia. In October of 2010 the Ukrainian delegation headed by the Defence Minister visited Albania to take part in the annual SEEDM meeting. As a component of the mobile battalion within the multinational 4 Presidential Decree # 435/2009 “On Decision of the National Security and Defence Council of 24 April 2009 “On Strategy of International Peacekeeping Activity of Ukraine” issued on 15 June 2009 60 WHITE BOOK n 2010 .INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. Cooperation with the Vysegrad Group (V4) is very important for Ukraine. and response to man-made and natural disasters. During the meeting Ukraine offered its military training grounds for the training and exercises of the South-Eastern Europe Brigade (SEEBRIG). chemical and biological protection. Port calls were made in the harbours of participating countries Bulgaria. In September of 2010 a delegation of Defence Ministry took part in the 23 rd Coordinating Committee meeting and the 24 th Political Military Steering Committee meeting held in Bulgaria. Ukraine confirmed its intentions to join the multinational peacekeeping brigade SEEBRIG. The interest of the Ukrainian side in continuing cooperation within the Multinational Helicopter Initiative was also confirmed. Poland. Slovakia. projects aimed at disposing of explosive objects and training activities within the framework of the Multinational Engineering Battalion “Tysa”. PEACEKEEPING. Turkey and Ukraine.5). Moreover. In addition. Turkey. Czech Republic and Hungary met in Hungary. It also expressed its readiness to cooperate with other SEEDM countries in the spheres of airlift. ARMS CONTROL chapter 6 Active participation in the South-East Europe Defence Ministerial (SEEDM) process increases mutual confidence between the participants and strengthens Ukraine’s role and interests in the Black Sea and the Balkans. Ships conducted joint maritime exercises for the training of a number of combat and humanitarian tasks. In the course of the year 858 Service personnel participated in peacekeeping contingents and 133 served as peacekeeping personnel. Altogether Service personnel took part in 11 international peacekeeping operations in 8 countries (Figure 6. Russia and Romania for finding common methods of fighting illegal activity and the threat of terrorism in the Black Sea within the framework of the “Black Sea Harmony” operation. PEACE-KEEPING ACTIVITY Ukraine is conscious of its responsibility to preserve international peace and security and remains an active participant in international peacekeeping activity. 2010 witnessed a deepening of regional cooperation in the Black Sea area within the framework of joint Black Sea Naval Cooperation Task Force BLACKSEAFOR.

facilitate disarmament.human rights watch .participate in meetings of Joint Control Committee and Joint Military Commission . МІ-8 – 8.ensure UN personnel security Peacekeeping contingent (56 SHD) Personnel – 275 Service personnel Helicopters: МІ-24 – 3.observing and monitoring of sea areas .261 persons Transport goods – 412 UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) Military observers – 11 Tasks: .patrolling in area of responsibility .facilitate enhancement and establishment of legitimacy and justice in area of responsibility Tasks are accomplished by: .provide assistance in relocation of refugees and displaced persons .transport goods .INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.sick evacuation NATO Training Mission in Iraq (NTM-I) Personnel – 9 Service personnel Tasks: .organize disarmament and demobilization .service on observation posts Results: . demobilization.provide medical aid to ISAF and local population .two Tasks: . PEACEKEEPING.coordination of efforts of KFOR.transport passengers and UN Mission personnel . ARMS CONTROL chapter 6 Figure 6.facilitate disarmament.disarm inhabitants.. Participation of Ukrainian Contingents and Personnel in Peacekeeping Operations 2010 Peacekeeping Contingent of the International Peace Support Forces (KFOR) Personnel – 134 Service personnel Vehicles – 35 Tasks: .participation in 700 national operations and 170 joint patrols .convoying and control of ships .De-mining reconnaissance and explosives destruction in area of responsibility Joint Peacekeeping Forces in Security Zone of Moldova Republic Military observers – 10 Tasks: .constant cooperation with operation staff .plan and realize civil-military cooperation .22 observation posts were established UN Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) Liaison officers – two Tasks: .5.inspect security zone .providing interaction with operation HQ UN Mission in the Democratic Republic Congo (MONUSCO) Military observers – 13 Tasks: .develop training programs and train Iraqi security Forces in military institutions .assistance to Liberia’s Armed Forces and police reform .UN Mission Service personnel and equipment transportation .support legitimacy .control implementation of the Ceasefire Agreement and investigate violations .facilitate fulfillment of the Peace Treaty .advisory assistance to local doctors .boarding of suspicious ships International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan (ISAF) Personnel – 17 Service personnel Tasks: .ensure safety of international personnel and civil population “EU NAVFOR ATALANTA” Personnel – 1 Staff Officer Tasks: .establish and maintain cooperation with governmental structures of Afghanistan .mass media support .train and develop personnel of Iraqi police .observe and control of places of military equipment concentration and incidents of use of weapons Mission in Cote-D’Ivoire (UNCI) Peacekeeping contingent (56 Helicopter Detached unit. demobilization.observe armed groups’ movement and relocation of armed formations in Mission’s area of responsibility . EULEX and other organizations .evacuate sick and wounded special flights: • state air space surveillance and patrolling • troops relocation escort • search and rescue tasks Results: Number of flights – 3. which is a part of UN Mission in Liberia) Personnel – 21 Service personnel Helicopters: МІ-8 – 2 Tasks: .observe implementation of Ceasefire Agreement . reintegration and repatriation of former combatants .human rights watch . defuse mines and shells .419 Transport passengers – 13. Armed combat vehicle – 4 Automobiles – 83 Tasks: .release prisoners of war .check service at permanent posts and check points .ensure fulfillment of UN Security Council Resolution #1244 .organize and implement education and training of NCOs of Iraqi Armed Forces UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) Peacekeeping contingent Liaison officers – two Military observers .observe implementation of Ceasefire Agreement and investigate violations .facilitate humanitarian aid delivery and human rights watch TOTAL OF 476 SERVICE PERSONNEL IN 11 MISSIONS AND OPERATIONS peacekeeping personnel peacekeeping contingent WHITE BOOK n 2010 61 .escorting humanitarian deliveries . reintegration of all Armed Forces’ units .society democratization coordination UN Operation “Active Endeavour” (ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR) Primary national contact point corvette (frigate) Tasks: .protection of important objects .169 joint patrols were conducted .

a similar position in the peacekeeping contingent in Kosovo was again filled. In the course of the year the group destroyed around 10. and helps the Armed Forces to achieve interoperability with the forces of other nations participating in international peacekeeping operations.INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. Afghanistan and the Mediterranean Sea. 5 6 UN Security Council Resolutions #1609 of 24 June 2005.000 explosive devices. and #1951 of 24 October 2010. At the end of 2010 the total number of peacekeeping Service personnel in Afghanistan was 17. mortar mines as well as 4 improvised explosive devices. 62 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . PEACEKEEPING. including NATO operations in Kosovo. Law of Ukraine #267-VI “On approval of the decision of the President of Ukraine On peacekeeping contingent of Ukraine participating in providing operational support to UN Missions in Cote-d’Ivoire” of 04 October 2010. including airborne bombs. ARMS CONTROL chapter 6 Battle Group “East” the Ukrainian contingent fulfills its tasks of ensuring the security of the population and the rule of law and guaranteeing the observance of human rights and protection of critical infrastructure. Ukraine’s participation in peacekeeping operations. rocket and high-explosive shells. Ukrainian doctors treated 1220 patients. Within the framework of the Concept of Pastoral Care in the Armed Forces and at the initiation of the MOD Council of Pastoral Care a “Religious Affairs Officer” was assigned to the 56-th Detached Helicopter unit in Liberia to satisfy the religious needs of the Ukrainian peacekeeping contingent. Taking into account a UN5 Security Council Resolution and the holding of elections in Cote-D’Ivoire Ukraine deployed an air group from the 56 th Detached Helicopter unit serving in Liberia to provide urgent support to the UN Mission in the Cote-D’Ivoire6. conducting 6 difficult and 59 simple surgical procedures. #1880 of 30 June 2009. #1865 of 27 January 2009. Since March 2010 the Ukrainian Group within the Lithuanian Ghor Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan has been carrying out the task of disposal of explosive devices. It also increases the level of combat training of Service personnel. furthers the national interests of Ukraine and helps to support international peace and security. enabling them to obtain combat experience.

Indices of verification activity on the territory of Ukraine According to the Treaty of Conventional Armed ForcesIn Europe 28 On Vienna document 1999 5 According to Open Skies Agreement 10 According to bilateral agreements 9 Figure 6. the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.7. one inspection was held in accordance with the Convention on the Prohibition of Developing.). Demonstrating its active participation in arms control. Ukraine conducted 58 inspections on the territories of other parties. ARMS CONTROL chapter 6 ARMS CONTROL Efforts in verification of Armed Forces activity were focused on ensuring all parties’ adherence to arms control agreements. including the Open Skies Agreement. Figure 6. In the course of the year 52 verification activities to fulfil arms control agreements and conventions were conducted in Ukraine (Figure 6. PEACEKEEPING. Belarus and Poland aimed at additional confidence-building and security measures. International defence cooperation provides a stable pillar within Ukraine’s overall foreign policy and is aimed at the implementation of the country’s strategic course towards full membership in the European Union and integration in the European security system. WHITE BOOK n 2010 63 . Hungary.6. the Vienna document of 1999 as well as bilateral inter-governmental agreements between Ukraine and Slovakia. In addition.7). Enriching and Using Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction. Conducting of inspections abroad enabled Ukraine to carry out effective control of other parties’ adherence to the defined limits on the amount of main categories of arms.6. Producing.INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION. Indices of verification activity abroad Ukraine According to the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe 37 On Vienna document 1999 1 According to the Open Skies Agreement 12 According to bilateral agreements 8 Fulfilling Ukrainian obligations under international arms control agreements furthers the development of the European security system and the integration of Ukraine within this system. twice more than last year (Figure 6. The status of implementation of international agreements and conventions in the sphere of arms control in 2010 was the same as in previous years and was characterized by the high level of attention paid to verification activities on the territory of Ukraine without the right to refuse and an increase of the number of neighboring counties’ representatives in multilateral inspection groups.

The necessary conditions for the situation to stabilize and maintain capabilities to renew combat readiness were created. develop unified automated Command and Control System and transfer to digital communication system. complete the Strategic Defence Review. Improve strategic planning of engagement of the Armed Forces. and develop the State Programme for the Armed Forces Development 2011-2015. in general. strengthen military-political. improve arms and equipment technical servicing. The main priorities of the Armed Forces development are as follows: • Implement effective system to support combat readiness. create and develop professional NCO Corps. Re-organize in full the military education system. improve management and eliminate overlapping functions and duties. material and technical support. are ready to accomplish designated tasks. military-technical and military cooperation with international organizations and nations. Undertake Administrative Reform in the MOD and the Armed Forces. Support social guarantees to Service personnel.CONCLUSION According to this year’s results the Ukrainian Armed Forces. Modernize and renovate armament and equipment. promote its role in military staff management and further optimize their multi-level training system. re-organize and optimize its elements. Armed Forces’ employees and other eligible to social protection from the MOD. their families. increase technical knowledge level of all Service personnel. first of all of the Air Force to provide increasing effectiveness of reconnaissance and control of Ukraine’s airspace. achieve readiness to accomplish the tasks of Joint Rapid Reaction Forces. implement NonBlock status. Optimize the Armed Forces and operational formations command and control system with operating support. and supply the Armed Forces with trained personnel. • • • • • • • 64 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . 2011 is declared the “Year of Technical Readiness of Arms and Equipment and Training of the Professional NCO Corps”. Fulfil Ukraine’s international military commitments. Special Operations Forces and Air Defence Duty.

ANNEXES .

8 Million (73% expenditure). Stabilization Fund UAH 760. Stabilization Fund UAH 661.477. 844. combat vehicle and infrastructure development 66 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . UAH. Figure 1: Armed Forces Funding in 2010 % BUDGET (UAH 12.052.4 536.2 Million (6% incoming).8 % (UAH 819.6 Million.3 Million (6% expenditure).UAH 9.5 mln.6 Million (8% incoming).052.3 Million) Deficit 13 % (UAH 99.533.6 % (1.1 Million) Received 87 % (UAH 661. Special Fund UAH 819.6 Million) SPECIAL FUND (UAH 2. 477. Special Fund UAH 2.4 % (UAH 10.943.2 9 260.1 Armed Forces Retaining Armed Forces Training 736.8 Million) STABILIZATION FUND (UAH 760.664.ANNEX 1 MINISTRY OF DEFENCE BUDGET IMPLEMENTATION IN 2010 According to the Law of Ukraine “On State Budget of Ukraine 2010”. (0. During 2010 the Ministry of Defence received UAH 10.2 Million) Received 30. UAH 12.0 Million) Deficit 69.1 Million (1.97% GDP) – UAH 9.664.) Received 84.8 Million) Deficit 15.6 Million) Received 100 % (UAH 9.1 Million) TOTAL FUND (UAH 9.052.4 Million) Figure 2: Division of Funds by Functional Appropriations 2010 Million UAH 9 893.5 866.6 Armament.0 Million (21% expenditure).533.2 % (UAH 1.052.15% of GDP) were planned to appropriate for the Armed Forces .9 Planned In fact 1 717.8 Million (86% incoming).

STRUCTURE AND COMBAT STRENGTH WHITE BOOK n 2010 67 .ANNEX 2 COMMAND AND CONTROL AGENCIES.

68 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . S TRUCTURE A N D COM B AT S TREN G TH Annex 2 Figure 3. by the end of the year Figure 4.C O MMA ND A N D C O N T R O L AGE N C I E S . Armed Forces Structure. Armed Forces Strength 2006-2010.

by the end of the year Figure 6. Structure and combat strength of the Land Force. S TRUCTURE A N D COM B AT S TREN GTH Annex 2 Figure 5. by the end of the year WHITE BOOK n 2010 69 .C O M M A N D AN D C O N T ROL AG EN CI ES . Structure and combat strength of Air Force .

• command staff vehicle • Information transfer equipment 3-501M. • fire tank-car АC-40 – 37 MODERNISATION AND EXTENDING SERVICE LIFE • “Bulat” BM battletank. Structure and Combat Strength of Naval Force. • mobile automated secondary radio-locator. • enhanced passability car KrAZ-6322 – 18. Мі-24P. • Helicopter Мі-8МТV. KaMAZ 55111) • UAZ-315195-030М multifunctional car/SUV.C O MMA ND A N D C O N T R O L AGE N C I E S . • ‘air-to-air’ missile. • ship-guiding and navigation complex • “Zaporizhzhia” submarine • optical electronic complex of highprecision weapons defence. MAZ -5337. by the end of the year Figure 8. Equipping of the Armed Forces in 2010 TESTS AND PERSPECTIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS LAND FORCE WEAPON AND EQUIPMENT • APC BTR-4. • Fire tank-car AC 40 ACQUISITION • “Bulat” BM tank – 10. • automated complex of means of protection. PRV13 and PRV-16 NAVAL FORCE WEAPON AND EQUIPMENT SPECIAL TYPES OF WEAPON AND EQUIPMENT • Battle ship class “Corvette”. • Engineering ammunition of distance mining. • 152 high-explosive shell with semi-active laser-guided head. • automation means of analytical-information system of mobilization deployment of AF. • artillery vehicle system for fire control. • complex software and technical complexes “Karta C” and “Vidannia C” . IL 39 aircraft. • Air Force Automated Command and Control System. • Automated sonic reconnaissance complex • An-70 transport aircraft. • basic digital microwave-link station. • UAZ-315195-030 – 13. • troposphere communication station P-423-IMY. • board computer A-5010. • universal mobile diagnostic and repair module. • Anti-aircraft rocket complex 9K33M3 “Hornet” NEW ITEMS CERTIFICATION • motor crane KTA-1801 (basic chassis KrAZ 63221. • multifunctional cars UAZ-315195-030М – 8. • APC BTR 70Di. • AIV BMP 1Y AIR FORCE WEAPON AND EQUIPMENT • battle-training plane SU-25 UBM1. • mortar system with guided mine of high precision. • special communications equipment. S TRUCTURE A N D COM B AT S TREN G TH Annex 2 Figure 7. • battle plane SU-25M1 • amphibiousparachute system – 43 • МІG-29. NRZ. • reactive volley fire system BM-21 “Grad” . 1L22. • complex signal control set • Alternating current voltage electrical unit military standard equipment set • communication facilities 70 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . • automated command and control system of forces day-to-day activities. • military sluice Vol K-1220. • dual-frequency geodesic complex CH-4601. Su-25. • radio-location stations 1L13.

898 78 222 1.ANNEX 3 ARMED FORCES TRAINING 2010 MILITARY TRAINING OF HEADQUARTERS’ STAFF Table 1.219 6 27 250 41 182 12 16.5 1 62.298 26. Military Training of Services’ Headquartes’ Staff Activity Land Force Command Post Exercises on Maps Command Post Trainings Air Force Command Post Exercises on Maps Command Post Trainings Naval Force Command Post Exercises on Maps Command Post Trainings 18 32 18 32 10 27 10 27 41 41 36 41 Number Planned for the Year Accomplished SERVICE UNITS COMBAT TRAINING Table 3.6 12.1 16 3.556 1.255 1.1 44.009 2.5 120 77 7. Military Training of Headquarters’ Staff Actiivity Strategic Command Post War Game Scientific Conference at the General Staff Operational Assemblies Set of Exercise with HQs and units Mobilization Command-Post Exercise Command-Post Training with General Staff Special Operations Directorate Command-Post Exercises Command-Post Exercises with territorial defence Bilateral Command-Post Exercises Control Training of Air Defence Duty Forces Command-Post Training Command-Post Training on territorial defence Joint Staff Training TOTAL: Number Planned for the Year 1 1 16 1 1 1 3 3 2 1 15 3 44 92 Accomplished 1 1 16 1 1 1 3 3 2 1 15 3 44 92 FORCES/SERVICES TRAINING Table 2.289 % Accomplished JRRF MDF 100 100 110 100 100 100 84 100. Mechanized.5 14. Tank and Airmobile Troops of the Land Forces Activity Battalion Tactical Exercise Company Tactical Exercise Platoon Combat Shooting Section Combat Shooting Tank Armament Firing BTR Armament Firing Small Arms Firing Tank Driving BTR Driving Car Driving Parachute Jumps Planned for the Year JRRF MDF 4 3 19 2 81 6 84 309 615 730 3.4 - WHITE BOOK n 2010 71 .179 1.106 Accomplished JRRF MDF 4 3 21 81 6 84 259 616 325 3.601 2.

BTR Driving Parachute Jumps Planned for the Year JRRF 1 5 9 24 240 300 126 510 MDF 15 20 59 63 120 712 106 1 3 8 64 47 513 Accomplished JRRF MDF 1 7 7 34 21 72 237 59 % Accomplished JRRF 100 60 3.6 33. Land Forces Army Aviation Flight Training Activity Squadron Flight Tactical Exercise Practical Ground Target Firing Average Flight Time per Crew JRRF MDF 1. 37 min. 48 min.3 100. 10 hr. 48 min.034 60 hr. Planned for the Year Accomplished Not planned 240 18 hr.9 135.ARME D FO RC E S T R AI N I N G 2 0 1 0 Annex 3 Table 4. Planned for the Year Accomplished Not planned 138 23 57 172 17 hr.6 MDF 46.6 50.3 60 33.7 43. % Accomplished 50 17. 23.5 52.6 33. 13 hr.3 21.4 65.2 49.4 15.3 15 50 85. 55 min.0 MDF 66 63 9 6 5 18 20 12 2 14 63 24 48 1 9 4 4 21.6 % Accomplished Table 5.5 % Accomplished Table 6. Accomplished 1 12 44 28 hr.9 84.3 55. Naval Coast Guard Units’ Training Activity Battalion Tactical Exercises Company Tactical Exercises Platoon Combat Firing Section Combat-Firing Tank Armament Firing BTR Armament Firing Small Arms Firing Tank.6 33.08 min.1 30.3 Accomplished JRRF MDF 38 3 30 6 3 6 12 % Accomplished JRRF 77.3 37.8 34. 19 hr. Naval Force Training Activity Artillery Firing Sea Targets Artillery Firing Coastal Targets Artillery Firing Air Targets Missile Maritime Firing Mining Exercises Torpedo Firing Anti-Submarine Bombings Undermining Combat Exercises Mine Sweeping Combat Exercises Anti-Aircraft Firing Average Maritime Period of Ships.7 Table 7.5 Figure 8. Air Force Flight Training Activity Squadron Tactical Flight Exercise Practical Ground Target Firing Guided Missiles Launching Practical Bombing Air amphibious landing Average Flight Time per Crew JRRF MDF 366 55 369 264 35 hr.2 30. days Mine Sweeping Mining laying Planned for the Year JRRF 81 79 1 21 8 17 30 26 12 4 56.7 35 57.7 - 72 WHITE BOOK n 2010 .7 4. 17 hr.3 100 38. 5 hr.7 60. 37.6 47.0 MDF 57. 25 hr. 21 min. Navy Aviation Flight Training Activity Squadron Tactical Flight Exercise Practical Bombing Air amphibious landing Average Flight Time per Crew JRRF MDF Planned for the Year 2 67 52 57 hr.

1 helicopter Ukraine – 50 Service Personnel with armament and equipment. 4 vessels.Staff Training together with Air Defence Forces UAF Air Forces and Belarus Air Forces Germany To train tasks supplying NBC Forces Defence in multinational departments Improving interoperability of Air Defence duty forces and means. Belarus – 7 aircraft. Russian Federation 7 aircraft. Ukraine – 34 Service Personnel with armament. armament and equipment. 150 personnel of Reaction Anti-Aircraft Defence during combat duties Forces of Radio-Engineering brigades and battalions of Anti-Aircraft Defence.Vynogradiv 1 October Zakarpatska Region. 50 comat duty Service staff of Radiotechnical Brigades and Air Defence Rocket Divisions. 15 aircraft and helicopters. Belarus – 38 Service Personnel with armament.ANNEX 4 UKRAINIAN ARMED FORCES UNITS PARTICIPATION IN MULTINATIONAL EXERCISES 2010 Exercise Date 21-26 June Area Sevastopol Accomplished Missions To increase cooperation and improve methods of collateral execution of search and rescue protection in the Black Sea area Multinational Joint Staff Coordination during combined counter terrorist actions Armament. 127 military vehicles. US-10 Service personnel with armament. range “Badabag” Germany. 4-19 September Yavoriv International Fulfilling tasks as a part of multinational Peacekeeping and military contingent during peacekeeping Security Training Centre operations 27 September. Romania Bilateral UKR-Romania Tactical Training Mechanized Units Combined Endeavor-2010 Multinational Tactical Exercise of Signal Troops Medker-2010 Multinational Tactical Exercise of Military Medical Forces Barrier-2010 Multinational Tactical Exercise of Special Forces units Jeckal Stone-2010 Multinational Tactical Exercise of Special Forces units Bilateral Ukraine-Russia command staff exercise involving Reaction Forces of Anti-Aircraft Defence Air Forces of Armed Forces of Ukraine and Russian Federation 13-26 June 1-20 September 8-22 September 16-26 September 16-26 September 27 October Training battle tasks in multinational units during combined peacekeeping operations. Country Partners-850 Service Personnel with armament Barrier-2010 UKR-US Tactical Training of Special Force Units Rapid Trident-2010 Joint Command-Post Exercises involving troops Light Avalanche-2010 Multinational Engineering Battalion “Tysa” Maple Arc . Bulgaria. Ukraine – 7 aircraft. 3-6 October Lviv To increase interoperability and improveme Ukraine – 100 Service Personnel Country interaction between national components of Patners – 850 Service Personnel with Engineer Battalion “Tysa” armament. 2 aircraft. Ukraine – 600 Service Personnel with armament. 150 Service personnel. Air Forces navigation posts. 26 July7 August Ochakiv Improving methods of fulfilling intelligence and special tasks by units of special designation. Romania.569 Service Personnel with organic armament. 8 vehicles. 4 control communications sets. command staff vehicle “Svitaz” Ukraine – 20 Service personnel 8 June Air Space responsibility on constant dislocation places of the duty forces of Air Defense Forces. Exchange experience of battle tasks in multinational military units Ukraine – 12 Service Personnel. OUTSIDE UKRAINE BLACKSEAFOR-2010 Black Sea Region Tactical Naval Exercise 1st Phase: 7-9 April 2nd Phase: 9-30 August 12-22 April To enhance mutual naval interoperability among warships and frigates Ukraine – “Slavutych ”Command and Control Ship and Mine-Sweeper “Cherkasy” Golden Mask-2010 UKR-GER Tactical Training Departments NBC Bilateral UKR-Belarus Command. Military Equipment. Participants – 744 Service personnel with armament. Ukraine – 35 Service Personnel with armament Ukraine – 23 Service personnel. 150 personnel of Reaction Forces of Anti-Aircraft Defence WHITE BOOK n 2010 73 .2010 UKR-POL-CAN-LIT Tactical Training Mechanized Troops Bilateral UKR-Belarus Tactical Training Mechanized Troops. 21 vessels. Turkey. aviation guiding points. Romania. Training in tasks of communication and control during peacekeeping missions Personnel training in medical support during humanitarian and peacekeeping operations Montenegro Poland Improeing approach towards Special Forces Ukraine – 20 Service personnel with fulfilling tasks armament Improving Special Forces mutual accomplishment of combat missions Ukraine – 20 Service personnel with armament Poland Airspace within areas of responsibility at permanent posts of Reaction Forces of Anti-Aircraft Defence Improving interaction of Reaction Forces of Ukraine 7 aircraft. Ports of Ukraine. Russia – 31 Service personnel IN UKRAINE OR NEAR ITS BORDERS Peace fairway-2010 UKR-RUS Tactical Search and Rescue Naval Exercise Sea Breeze-2010 UKR-US Joint Command–Field Exercises of Navy Forces 9-28 July Odesa Ukraine – 1. Improving tactical cooperation during battle Ukraine – 34 Service Personnel with tasks mechanized units. Participants Ukraine – 48 Service personnel. Country Partners – 18 Service personnel 20-24 October Yavoriv International Peacekeeping and Security Training Center Black Sea.

battalion)” National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute” NCO military college Training to obtain specialists positions according to defined specialties with education-qualification level of “Junior Specialist” Military NCO College Army Academy named after Hetman Petro Sahaydachnyi (Lviv) Navy PO College Academy Navy Force named after Pavlo Nakhimov (Sevastopol) Military NCO College Kharkiv University of Air Force named after Ivan Kozhedub (Kharkiv) Military NCO College Kamyanets. Air Force. National Technical University “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” (Poltava) B ASIC LE VE L OF TRAINING Training to obtain positions of Section Leaders. Senior Platoon NCOs and specialists positions with education-qualification level “Qualified Worker” Land Force Training Centre (Desna) NCO School Units for training of contracted Service personnel Training centre of logistics (Shepetivka) Units for training contract Service personnel Joint Training Centre of Military Signal Troops (Poltava) Units for training contracted Service personnel Air Force Training Centre (Vasylkiv) NCO School Navy Training Centre (Simferopol) NCO training course Engineer Troops Training Centre (Kamyanets. Land Force.ANNEX 5 CONTRACTED NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS (PETTY OFFICERS) TRAINING SYSTEM H I GHE R LE VE L OF TRAINING Training to obtain positions of Senior NCOs of Brigades (Regiments).Podilsk) Military NCO College Military Institute of Telecommunication and Informatization. on the basis of education-qualification level of “Junior Specialist” National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute” NCO Military College M I DDLE LE VE L OF TRAINING Training to obtain positions of Senior Company NCOs and Battalion Senior POs in specialty “Administration in military units (company.Podilskyi) NCO School RCB Protection Training centre (Kharkiv) Units for training contract Service personnel Separate Training Centre (Mykolayiv) Units for training contracted Service personnel Training Division of Topographic Centre (Shepetivka) Units for training contract Service personnel Training Cenrer of Zytomyr Military Institute of National Aviation University (Zytomyr) Units for training contracted Service personnel Separate Training Detachment (Kyrovograd) Units for training contracted Service personnel Fire-Safety Training Centre (Kharkiv) Units for training contracted Service personnel Training-Medical Company of Medical Hospital (Desna) Units for training contracted Service personnel Law-Protection Military Service Training centre Units for training contracted Service personnel 74 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . Navy and UAF. Army Corps (and equivalents).Podilsk National University named after Ivan Ogiyenko (Kamyanets.

signature. surname.ANNEX 6 PRIVATE AND NCO POSITION PASSPORT EXAMPLE POSITION PASSPORT FOR PRIVATE AND NCO INTRODUCED BY THE DEFENCE MINISTER DECREE # 489 DATED 16/09/2010 Name of Position Senior Mechanic-Telegrapher of a Telegraphic and Telephone Section Signal Unit and Information 00 Artillery Ammunition Depot of Western Operative Command of the Land Force Position Characteristic № 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 № 1 2 3 4 5 6 Criteria name Nomenclature of appointment Military specialty Staff-Position category Wage category State secret allowance Position utilization in special period Possibility of assigning female personnel Candidate’s Requirement for Position Main requirements Level of educational qualification Level of training Level of foreign language Position required before appointment Medical requirements for appointment Physical readiness Additional Requirements 1 2 Term of servicing in a previous position before assignment Peacekeeping experience 1 year Peacekeeping contingent as a part of International Peace Support Force in Kosovo Content Qualified Person Basic SLP-1 Mechanic-Telegrapher of Telegraphic and Telephone Section Conclusion ME “satisfied” Content Commander of military units 403943 А Senior solder “2” F-2 According to the Staff duties 403942А Military unit commander (military rank. forename ) WHITE BOOK n 2010 75 .

Slavuta 335 76 WHITE BOOK n 2010 . Kharkiv. Programme Luxemburg. • Enterprises management. Odesa. Dnipropetrovsk. Kherson. • German. Ukraine-Bavaria Management Training Centre (Odessa). Simferopol.Ozerne. Inkerman 631 NATO Trust Fund NATO Trust Fund Project within PfP (Netherlands. Lviv. Rivne. • Computer technologies in economic systems.ANNEX 7 PROFESSIONAL RE-TRAINING OF SERVICE PERSONNEL 2010 Project Title State Programme of Social and Professional Adaptation of Retired Service Personnel 2011 NATO Project on Re-Training of Service Personnel Funding Source State Budget General Fund Partners. Latvia. Estonia. • Management of personnel administration. Kharkiv. Goethe Institute. Chernihiv Regional Center for Re-Training and Refresher Training of Civil Servants. • Hotel and tourism business. Shepetivka. Institute of Post-Diploma Education at National Air Force University Sevastopol Technical University Language Courses: • English. Kirovograd. Bulgaria) Khmelnytsky National University Interdepartmental Institute of Post-Diploma Education at National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnical Institute” Starokonstiantyiv. • Marketing in goods and services market. • Agrarian management. • Marketing in goods and services market. • Custom broker. • Management of finance and economic safety. Kirovograd National Technical University. Yarmolyntsi. • Advertising and publishing management. • Accounting. Perevalne. Khmelnytsky. Denmark. Chuguiv. Uzgorod. Chernigiv.Izmail. Desna. Sevastopol. • French Re-training in specialty: • IT in business.Myrne. • Computer systems and networks. • Graphic design and advertising. • Logistics Kyiv. • Enterprises economy. Balaklava. Training Centre of Officers League of Sevastopol. Poland. International Institute of Business Education at Kyiv National Economic University. Education Institutions Kharkiv National University of Air Force Re-Training Directions • Language Courses Places Kharkiv Results of re-training in 2010 (persons) 30 NATO British Council. Khmelnytsky National University Lviv Institute of Personnel Management Interregional Academy. Melitopol. Mykolayiv. • Marketing in goods and services market. Novoozerne. Saky. • Special course for Navy sailors Re-training in specialty: • Enterprises management. Slovakia.

Verkhnie Sadove. Myrne. Taras Shevchenko National University (Kyiv) Re-training in specialty: • IT in business. Sumy State University Slovyanskyi Aviation College of National Aviation University. • Municipal management. Sumy. Bila Tserkva Institute of Economics and Management. Sevastopol National Technical University. Training Centre of “The Officers” League of Sevastopol. Simferopol. • Personnel Management. Odesa. Kherson. Gajsyn. Ozerne. Yevpatoriya. • Management of finance and economic security. Melitopol Institute of State and Municipal Management at Classical Private University. Feodosia Finance-Economic Academy of Kyiv Institute of Market Relations. Mykolayiv. Petro Mohyla Chornomorsky State University. Pervomajsk. • International IT in business management. Balaklava. Education Institutions The Open International University of Human Development “Ukraina”. Melitopol Project “UkraineNorway” Norwegian Government Tavriysk National University (Sevastopol). • Management of finance and economic safety. Novofedorivka. Sevastopol. • Insurance management. Sevastopol Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Classical Private University (Zaporizhia) Melitopol Institute of State and Municipal Management at Classical Private University. Sovetskoe. Inkerman. • Information management. National Aviation University. Kherson Institute of Interregional Academy of Personnel Management. • Management of business safety. 450 WHITE BOOK n 2010 77 . Feodosiya. Krasnokamianka. Sevastopol National University of Nuclear Energy and Industry. Places Vinnitsa. • Enterprises management. • Computer design. University “Krok”. Slovjansk. Saky. • Glider and power-plant aircraft Mi-8 mtv-1. Chornomorske. • Small enterprise business. Kirovograd. • Small and medium-sized business basis. Nerubayske. Kharkiv Finance-Economic Academy. • Real estate estimation management. Uman Sevastopol. Berdychiv. Pryluky. • Tourism management. • Marketing in goods and services market. Kyiv. Sambir. Semenivka.P R O FES S I ON A L RE-TRA I N I N G OF S ERVI CE P ERS ON N EL 2010 Annex 7 Funding Source OSCE Results of re-training in 2010 (persons) 1188 Project Title OSCE Project “State Programme of Social and Professional Adaptation of Retired Service personnel” Partners. • Technician of radioelectronic equipment on Mi-8 mtv-1. VolodymyrVolynskyj. • Small and medium-sized business basis. Sevastopol Economic-Humanitarian Institute at Tavriysk National University. Re-training directions Re-training in specialty: • Management of personnel administration. Feodosia Finance-Economic Academy. Bila Tserkva. • IT management. Feodosiya. Melitopol. • Logistic. Prymorskyi. Zaporizhia. Saky. • Management and administration.

......................... 7 Command and Control System of the Armed Forces................................................................... Annexes .................. 29 Chapter 4 Professional of the Armed Forces: practical aspects of establishment .. Opening Address of the Chief of the General Staff – Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine ............................................................................... 3 .................................................................................................. 35 Chapter 5 Support of social guarantees of Service personnel and their families ................ Peacekeeping Activity................... Organization.... ...... Manpower and Equipment .. 2011 Edition:_____ copies.................................................................. 2011 Layout and design – Moskalenko O....... 51 Chapter 6 Conclusion .............................................................................................................CONTENTS Opening Address of the Minister of Defence of Ukraine ............... Arms Control ............. 65 WHITE BOOK 2010 ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE Ministry of Defence of Ukraine................................................................................................................ 5 Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Summary of Development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in 2010 ................................... 43 International Cooperation................ 23 Forces’ Training .........................................M................................................................................ 64 .............................

Tel..+38 (048) 719-89-85 E-mail: zez@avirs.Ukrainian Ministry of Defence State Aircraft Repair Enterprise «ODESAVIAREMSERVICE» 32-a. Ukraine. 65121. Odessa./fax: +38 (048) 765-71-53.ua . Marshal Zhukov str.

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