Alguns verbos frasais possuem um “sinônimo” equivalente de origem latina.

Via de regra, os verbos frasais são usados em contextos mais informais. Os verbos cognatos (neste caso, de origem latina*), por outro lado, são, normalmente, usados em situações mais formais. Neste e-mail juntei alguns verbos frasais usados em diversos seriados que apresentam um equivalente cognato na língua inglesa. Naqueles casos em que a semelhança entre o verbo cognato e o equivalente em português não está tão óbvia, coloquei a origem etimológica da palavra em questão [entre colchetes]. Sugestões e críticas são sempre bem vindas. Abraços. Cleber
*Com exceção de "telephone".

ask out = invite [< L invitare to entertain, offer shelter, invite] She's asked Steve out to the movies this evening. She's invited Steve to the movies this evening.

House tried to destroy their relationship.blow up = destroy They threatened to blow up the plane if their demands were not met. They threatened to destroy the demands were not met. plane if their House tried to blow up their relationship. break out = escape .

They broke out of prison and fled the country. They escaped from prison and fled the country. . She's always mentioning her health problems. bring up = mention She's always bringing up her health problems.

build up = accumulate It causes protein to build up in your organs. . It causes protein to accumulate in your organs.

Tomorrow's match has been canceled because of the icy weather. .call off = cancel Tomorrow's match has been called off because of the icy weather.

call up = telephone I felt so badly I had to call Owen up to say I was sorry. I felt so badly I had to telephone Owen to say I was sorry. .

. Let's continue this discussion at some other time.carry on = continue Let's carry on this discussion at some other time.

.carry out = conduct They are carrying out some fascinating research on the language of dolphins. They are conducting some fascinating research on the language of dolphins.

. drive away] He was cast out. He was expelled.cast out = expel [ME < L expellere to drive out.

catch on = comprehend He doesn't take hints very easily, but he'll catch on eventually. He doesn't take hints comprehend eventually. very easily, but he'll

cheat on = betray [ME bitraien = bi- BE- + traien to betray < OF trair < L tradere] She found out that he'd been cheating on her. She found out that he'd been betraying her.

chill out = relax Chill out, Dad. The train doesn't leave for another hour! Relax, Dad. The train doesn't leave for another hour!

. we'd love you to come around. we'd love you to visit. Perhaps you could stay with us at Christmas.come around = visit Perhaps you could stay with us at Christmas.

come back = return Odysseus came back home after many years of travelling. Odysseus returned travelling. home after many years of .

fall in ruins = col. .COL-1 + labi to fall] Thousands of earthquake. ptp.come down = collapse [< L collapsus. of collabi to fall. buildings came down in the Thousands of buildings collapsed in the earthquake.

come in = enter May I come in? May I enter? .

She's suggested some amazing scheme to double her income. .come up with = suggest She's come up with some amazing scheme to double her income.

. Customers have reduced spending because of the economic slowdown.cut back = reduce Customers have cut back spending because of the economic slowdown.

when Dave interrupted. . I was just talking to Jan. when Dave cut in.cut in = interrupt I was just talking to Jan.

.cut off = amputate They had to cut his foot off to free him from the wreckage. They had to amputate his foot to free him from the wreckage.

She investigated the origins of the custom.delve into = investigate She delved into the origins of the custom. .

. He adores the new baby.dote on = adore He dotes on the new baby.

In the evenings.drop by = visit In the evenings. friends would drop by. friends would visit. .

form. please write clearly/legibly in black ink.fill in = complete When you fill in the form. please write . When you complete the clearly/legibly in black ink.

Don't panic! Everything will be okay. .freak out = panic Don't freak out! Everything will be okay.

get back = recover Did she get her memory back? Did she recover her memory?

get through = finish Let's get through this. Let's finish this.

give back = return He's had that book for a year now and he still hasn't given it back to me. He's had that book for a year now and he still hasn't returned it to me.

. Ford never desisted from trying to persuade him to return to America.give up = desist Ford never gave up trying to persuade him to return to America.

.go away = disappear It was weeks before the bruises went away. It was weeks before the bruises disappeared.

go off = explode The bomb went off at midday. . The bomb exploded at midday.

. The show must continue.go on = continue The show must go on.

I always study my revision notes just before I go into an exam.go over = study I always go over my revision notes just before I go into an exam. .

. You'd think his children would be more sympathetic towards him after all he's experienced.go through = experience You'd think his children would be more sympathetic towards him after all he's gone through.

go up = increase [ME < AF encres-. The average cost of a new house has increased by 5% to £76 500. s.IN-2 + crescere to grow] The average cost of a new house has gone up by 5% to £76 500. . of encreistre < L increscere = in. MF encreiss-.

linen coordinates with the bedroom . The bed curtains.go with = coordinate The bed linen goes with the bedroom curtains.

. Sheldon: You know.. I tend not to hang out with my colleagues.. my Mom arranged for her to visit a center three times a week where she could hang out with other lonely people.hang out = socialize Sheldon: You know. when my grandfather died and Meemaw was alone . my Mom arranged for her to visit a center three times a week where she could socialize with other lonely people. when my grandfather died and Meemaw was alone . I tend not to socialize with my colleagues.. .

hit on = flirt Some guy hit on me while I was standing at the bar. . Some guy flirted with me while I was standing at the bar.

hold up = rob They held the same bank up twice in one week. They robbed the same bank twice in one week. .

jerk off = masturbate Maybe I'll just jerk off and go back to bed. . Maybe I'll just masturbate and go back to bed.

.knock up = impregnate [< LL impraegnatus. impregnate] Norman's efforts to knock her up failed. of impraegnare to fertilize. ptp. Norman's efforts to impregnate her failed.

lash out = attack I was only teasing him and suddenly he lashed out (at me) and hit me in the face. . I was only teasing him and suddenly he attacked me and hit me in the face.

will you? You will be there tomorrow .let down = disappoint You will be there tomorrow . will you? .you won't let me down.you won't disappoint me.

lighten up! I was only joking! Oh. relax! I was only joking! .lighten up = relax Oh.

I've organized a meeting with them for tomorrow morning. .line up = organize I've lined up a meeting with them for tomorrow morning.

RE .+ -memorari] Adults often look back on their childhood as a golden age.look back on = remember [< OF remembrer < LL rememorari < L re. . Adults often remember their childhood as a golden age.

.look up to = admire He's always looked up to Madonna He's always admired Madonna.

. I invented an excuse about having to look after the kids.make up = invent I made up an excuse about having to look after the kids.

and Madonna would be .make up = reconcile He never believed he and Madonna would make up. He never believed he reconciled.

Nothing will ever compensate for his lost childhood.make up for = compensate Nothing will ever make up for his lost childhood. .

. His future is all planned ahead of him.map out = plan His future is all mapped out ahead of him.

.mess up = ruin The lieutenant has messed up their lives. The lieutenant has ruined their lives.

admit No one has owned up to stealing the money.own up = confess. . No one has admitted to stealing the money. No one has confessed to stealing the money.

.pick out = select [< L selectus. and the winner could pick out one of them. There was a choice of four prizes.+ legere to gather] There was a choice of four prizes. of seligere to choose = se. and the winner could select one of them.SE . ptp.

considering the circumstances. Their refusal to cooperate is perfectly understandable. considering the circumstances.play along = cooperate Their refusal to play along is perfectly understandable. .

in magazines. on Broadway. . on TV. She's one of those film stars who appears everywhere. on Broadway.pop up = appear She's one of those film stars who pops up everywhere. on TV. in magazines.

follow.SUC . The central bank has succeeded in achieving one of the biggest financial rescues of recent years.pull off = succeed [ succeden < L succedere to go (from) under.+ cedere to go ] The central bank has pulled off one of the biggest financial rescues of recent years. prosper = suc. .

RECUPERATE] They said the operation had been successful and they expected his wife to pull through. recover [ME < AF recoverer. They said the operation had been successful and they expected his wife to recover. They said the operation had been successful and they expected his wife to recuperate. OF recovrer < L recuperare to regain.pull through – recuperate. .

people who suffered from schizophrenia were often put away.put away = institutionalize In the past. . people who suffered from schizophrenia were often institutionalized. In the past.

+ ponere to put] I can't put off going to the dentist any longer. .POST .put off = postpone [< L postponere to put after. lay aside = post. I can't postpone going to the dentist any longer.

It took the firefighters several hours to extinguish the flames.put out = extinguish It took the firefighters several hours to put out the flames. .

put up with = tolerate I will not put up with that sort of behavior in my class. . I will not tolerate that sort of behavior in my class.

root for = encourage Most of the crowd were rooting for the home team. . Most of the crowd were encouraging the home team.

. Brewer escaped from prison last year and has been on the loose ever since.run away = escape Brewer ran away from prison last year and has been on the loose ever since.

.

run into = encounter Did you run into anyone in the building? Did you encounter anyone in the building? Wang agreed to sell IBM Systems last year after it ran into a few problems. Wang agreed to sell IBM Systems last year after it encountered a few problems .

v. . can I? You always manage to spoil everything. I can't trust you to do anything right. der. set off = activate Somebody set the alarm off on my car. I can't trust you to do anything right. of spolium booty] I can't trust you to do anything right. can I? You always manage to ruin things. spoil [ME < OF espoillier < L spoliare to despoil.screw up = ruin. can I? You always manage to screw things up.

That small incident was the spark that initiated the street riots. set off = initiate That small incident was the spark that set off the street riots. .Somebody activated the alarm on my car.

I need one or two people to help me install the equipment.set up = install I need one or two people to help me set up the equipment. .

settle down. Look. .settle down = relax Look. I'm coming to you. relax. I'm coming to you.

pl. n. use of neut. evening classes at the . of regerere to carry back. OF < ML registrum alter. wear] She's signed up for evening classes at the community college. list. pile up.sign up for = register for [registre < MF. of L regestus. ptp. collect = re. of LL regesta catalog.RE.+ gerere to bear. She's registered for community college.

retard . A rise in interest rates would severely economic growth.slow down = retard A rise in interest rates would severely slow down economic growth.

. Suddenly the car speeded up.speed up = accelerate Suddenly the car accelerated.

.split up = separate My parents split up. My parents separated.

I wouldn't accept that sort of behavior from him. if I were you. . if I were you.stand for = accept I wouldn't stand for that sort of behavior from him.

stand for = represent The party is trying to give the impression that it alone stands for democracy. . The party is trying to give the impression that it alone represents democracy.

. It's high time we all defended our rights around here.stand up for = defend It's high time we all stood up for our rights around here.

. release.step down = resign [ME < MF resigner < L resignare to open.RE . cancel = re. The president had to resign.+ signare to mark. SIGN] The president had to step down. seal.

learn to stand up for yourself and what you believe in. learn to defend yourself and what you believe in.stick up for = defend Don't be bullied. Don't be bullied. .

please? . please? Could you organize these cupboards.straighten out = organize Could you straighten out these cupboards.

take away = remove Take these chairs away . Remove these chairs .we don't need them. .we don't need them.

. I've removed the pictures.take down = remove I've taken the pictures down.

take in = observe In Istanbul. East and West fuse together in a way that is fascinating to observe. In Istanbul. . East and West fuse together in a way that is fascinating to take in.

take off = depart [ME: to part company. split < OF departir = de.DE . . The wheels retract after the aircraft departs.+ partir to go away] The wheels retract after the aircraft takes off. divide.

. A police officer was accused of helping a drug gang eliminate rivals.take out = eliminate A police officer was accused of helping a drug gang take out rivals.

.talk into = persuade I'd talked her into coming by saying there'd be free food and drink. I'd persuaded her to come by saying there'd be free food and drink.

talk over = discuss I'd like to talk it over with my wife first. . I'd like to discuss it with my wife first.

The teacher reprimanded me for swearing.tell off – reprimand The teacher told me off for swearing. .

why can't he think things over before he rushes into them? He's so impetuous .why can't he consider things before he rushes into them? .think over = consider He's so impetuous .

The supermarket's policy is to select out the best fruit and discard the rest.throw out = discard The supermarket's policy is to select out the best fruit and throw out the rest. .

I spent the night vomiting.throw up = vomit I spent the night throwing up. .

turn down = refuse. decline She turned down my offer. She refused my offer. She declined my offer. .

Whenever a camera was pointed at her. Marilyn would instantly turn herself into a radiant star. Marilyn would instantly transform herself into a radiant star. .turn into = transform Whenever a camera was pointed at her.

The body that excites men doesn't have to be perfect.turn on = excite The body that turns men on doesn't have to be perfect. .

She appeared at my house late one night. .turn up = appear She turned up at my house late one night.

The staff who served us at dinner were excellent.wait on = serve The staff who waited on us at dinner were excellent. .

work out = exercise Madonna works out in the gym two or three times a week. . Madonna exercises in the gym two or three times a week.

I have another appointment in an hour.wrap up = finish I want to wrap this meeting up as quickly as possible. I want to finish this meeting as quickly as possible. I have another appointment in an hour. .

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