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LAUNDRY SYMBOLS

Care Symbol

Written Care Instructions

What Care Symbol and Instructions Mean

Wash
Machine Wash, Normal Garment may be laundered through the use of hottest available water, detergent or soap, agitation, and a machine designed for this purpose. Initial water temperature should not exceed 30C or 65 to 85F.

Machine Wash, Cold

Machine Wash, Warm

Initial water temperature should not exceed 40C or 105F.

Machine Wash, Hot

Initial water temperature should not exceed 50C or 120F.

Machine Wash, Hot

Initial water temperature should not exceed 60C or 140F.

Machine Wash, Hot

Initial water temperature should not exceed 70C or 160F.

Machine Wash, Hot

Initial water temperature should not exceed 95C or 200F.

NOTE: SYSTEM OF DOTS INDICATING TEMPERATURE RANGE IS THE SAME FOR ALL WASH PROCEDURES.

Machine Wash, Permanent Press

Garment may be machine laundered only on the setting designed to preserve Permanent Press with cool down or cold rinse prior to reduced spin.

Garment may be machine laundered only on the Machine Wash, Gentle or setting designed for gentle agitation and/or Delicate reduced time for delicate items. Hand Wash Garment may be laundered through the use of water, detergent or soap and gentle hand manipulation. Garment may not be safely laundered by any process. Normally accompanied by Dry Clean instructions.

Do Not Wash

Bleach
NOTE: All (98+%) washable textiles are safe in some type of bleach. IF BLEACH IS NOT MENTIONED OR REPRESENTED BY A SYMBOL, ANY BLEACH MAY BE USED. Bleach When Needed Non-Chlorine Bleach When Needed Any commercially available bleach product may be used in the laundering process. Only a non-chlorine, color-safe bleach may be used in the laundering process. Chlorine bleach may not be used. No bleach product may be used. The garment is not colorfast or structurally able to withstand any bleach.

Do Not Bleach

Dry
Tumble Dry, Normal Tumble Dry, Normal, Low Heat Tumble Dry, Normal, Medium Heat Tumble Dry, Normal, High Heat Tumble Dry, Normal, No Heat Tumble Dry, Permanent Press Tumble Dry, Gentle A machine dryer may be regularly used at the hottest available temperature setting. A machine dryer may be regularly used at a maximum of Low Heat setting. A machine dryer may be regularly used at a maximum of Medium Heat setting. A machine dryer may be regularly used at a High Heat setting. A machine dryer may be regularly used only at No Heat or Air Only setting. A machine dryer may be regularly used only at the Permanent Press setting. A machine dryer may be regularly used only at the Gentle setting. A machine dryer may not be used. Usually accompanied by an alternate drying method symbol. A machine dryer may not be used. Usually accompanied by an alternate drying method symbol. Hang damp garment from line or bar, in or out doors. Hang dripping wet garment from line or bar, in or out doors, without hand shaping or smoothing.

NOTE: SYSTEM OF DOTS INDICATING TEMPERATURE RANGE IS THE SAME FOR ALL DRY PROCEDURES.

Do Not Tumble Dry

Do Not Dry

Line Dry Drip Dry

Dry Flat

Lay out horizontally for drying.

Dry In Shade

Usually added to Line or Drip Dry. Dry away from direct sunlight.

Wring
Do Not Wring Do Not Wring.

Iron
NOTE: IF IRONING IS NOT A NECESSARY, REGULAR CARE PROCEDURE IT NEED NOT BE MENTIONED.

Iron, Any Temperature, Steam or Dry Iron, Low Iron, Medium Iron, High

Regular ironing may be needed and may be performed at any available temperature with or without steam is acceptable. Regular ironing, steam or dry, may be performed at Low setting (110C, 230F) only. Regular ironing, steam or dry, may be performed at Medium setting (150C, 300F). Regular ironing, steam or dry, may be performed at High setting (200C, 290F). Steam ironing will harm garment, but regular dry ironing at indicated temperature setting is acceptable. Item may not be smoothed or finished with an iron.

NOTE: SYSTEM OF DOTS INDICATING TEMPERATURE RANGE IS THE SAME FOR ALL IRONING PROCEDURES.

Do Not Steam

Do Not Iron

Dryclean
Dryclean Dryclean, Any Solvent Dryclean, Petroleum Solvent Only Dry Clean, any solvent, any cycle any moisture, any heat. Dry Clean, any solvent. Usually used with other restrictions on proper dry cleaning procedure. Dry Clean using only petroleum solvent. Usually used with other restrictions.

Any dry cleaning solvent other than Dryclean, Any Solvent Except Trichloroethylene trichloroethylene may be safely used. Dryclean, Short Cycle Dryclean, Reduced Moisture May be used with A, P, or F solvent restriction. May be used with A, P, or F solvent restriction.

Dryclean, Low Heat Dryclean, No Steam Do Not Dryclean

May be used with A, P, or F solvent restriction. May be used with A, P, or F solvent restriction. Garment may not be commercially drycleaned.

Compiled by - Manasi Bidikar

Contd

OZONE LAUNDRY
Ozone water technology has been around for quite a while and has been used in swimming pools for water purification that has less harmful effects. It is only recently that this technology has made its entry into the arena of industrial laundering. Ozone is an unstable, triatomic form of ordinary oxygen. It is formed naturally when oxygen is exposed to ultraviolet light, or when subjected to high voltages such as lightning strikes. Ozone begins to degrade as soon as it is formed and therefore it must be generated on site at the time of use. Ozone is one of the most powerful oxidants available and is generated via the same mechanisms employed by nature: ultraviolet light and powerful electrical fields. Ozone functions similarly to color safe oxygen-based bleaches, removing stains and destroying microbes while leaving fabrics undamaged and colors bright. Ozone cleans fabrics by chemically reacting with insoluble soils through oxidation, causing them to break into smaller molecules that are water-soluble and can be freed from the fabric by ordinary washing machine agitation. Other beneficial processes are also at work, such as how ozone acts on the properties of water, which makes the use of ozone with certain detergents containing alkalis and surfactants significantly more effective. Because of these cleaning and cleaning enhancing properties, ozone can effectively be used in laundry operations in place of environmentally harmful and harsh chemical detergents. Since ozone also has significant sterilization properties, it makes an ideal laundry problem solver.

ADVANTAGES OF USING OZONE IN LAUNDERING Reduction in water heating requirements Reduction in water consumption (30%) Reduction in wastewater volume (30%) Less extensive treatment for wastewater Significant decrease in laundry chemical use and costs (30%). Improved sanitation of linen Increased productivity shorter wash cycle times using ozone Improved labor conditions less heat generation in the workplace in the workplace. Increased cleanliness and attractiveness of linen & fluffiness of towels Increased durability of linen ozone laundries see a tangible increase in linen life (50%)

Summary of Savings
Water Ozone Water Technologies, Inc. estimates water/sewer savings of 30% (+/5%). As most hotel laundries are not individually metered, The OWT savings is based on the difference between pre-ozone and postozone installation wash formulas, the size of individual washing cylinders, and the programmed water levels. Energy OWT estimates energy savings will be not less then 60% (+/-5%) of the current hot water usage, unless hot water is not being used at all. The OWT savings is based on the difference between pre and post ozone installation wash formulas, individual washing cylinders, programmed water levels, ground water temperature, hot water washing temperatures, and heater efficiency.

Chemical OWT estimates chemical savings to be 30% (+/- 5%) of current chemical formulas. The OWT savings is based on the difference between previous years chemical formulas versus the formulas with ozone. Linen Replacement OWT is unable to offer an amount of savings for linen replacement due to uncontrollable fluctuation in linen disappearances and changes in product standard. However, controlled testing by the International Fabricare Institute showed increased linen life as high as 50%. Additional Savings Reduced wash cycles and drying times will also contribute to savings in electricity, labor and machinery maintenance.

LAUNDRY CHEMICALS - CHLORINE VS OZONE :-NE

OZONE SYSTEM
CHLORINE Does not kill viruses Kills viruses in 1 to 2 seconds Does not penetrate large groups of Creates Chloroform (a carcinogen) bacteria; splitting kills bacteria Destroys T. H. M. S. (carcinogens) Absorbs through the skin dosages Very toxic to the lungs Non-toxic, dissipates in air Bleaches clothes No bleaching of fabrics Waste water unpleasant Makes water very clear and tasteless Chemicals stay in suspension Has flocculation effect, water becomes Continually works to stabilize Ph OZONE Kills bacteria in up to two hours Kills bacteria in 1 to 2 seconds bacteria held in mucus (saliva) Penetrates and splits groups of immediately Creates chloramines (eye irritant) Does not irritate the eyes in low Kills organics and oxidizes Difficult to handle No handling necessary Requires maintenance Requires maintenance Water smells strongly of chlorine No residual odour Weekly pH adjustment needed crystal clear Can cause skin rashes No skin rashes

To learn more write to us at ozone@akash-laundryexperts.com KEY FEATURES OF LaundrOzone Competitive systems have different features, but there are certain key features of LaundrOzone that define the best ozone laundry system: Small size LaundrOzone is small and lightweight and can be easily installed in tight spaces. Dedicated generators LaundrOzone provides each washing machine with its own ozone generator and air preparation cabinet. Therefore all laundry operations need not be shut down during maintenance or repair. Low power requirement LaundrOzone is an energy efficient system that adds value to the overall savings. Some systems will draw 800 to 1000 watts of electricity, while LaundrOzone requires just 200 Watts. Less power use means lower life time utility costs. Low heat output Producing ozone generates heat. LaundrOzone is more energy efficient and wastes less heat and reduces concerns about cooling and hence gives longer equipment life.

Adjustable ozone production LaundrOzone has an adjustable output that can produce up to 5 times more ozone than other systems. This allows the right amount of ozonecharged water to be produced for each individual washer and load requirement. High system quality LaundrOzone uses a high performance ceramic and high frequency electronic components.

Return on Investment In most instances, the cost of LaundrOzone offers a handsome ROI to the user. Financing options & utility rebates are also available.

INFORMATION COURTESY - AKASH LAUNDRY

COMPILED BY MANASI BIDIKAR &MANISH KHOLA

Contd..

ScotchgardTM
Was introduced by the 3M Corporation of U.S.A, fourteen years back only to grow as super brand. In India it is available through the Birla Corporation. It is basically a fabric protector, which when applied onto the fabric, prevents liquid and oily substances getting into the surface of the fabric. It is easy to use and can be bottled and stored away easily. As an added advantage, the fabric also resists loose dirt and stains hence making the fabric long lasting. It is superior to the traditional silicon applications because they were only good at repelling water; ScotchgardTM on the other hand finds application on almost any fabric including carpets. The advantage it has over the silicon coating is that it locks on to the surface and also lets the fabric have its natural sheen and appearance. It is odourless and colourless, so it is not a problem for people with allergies. The current cost (2005) of ScotchgardTM would amount to seventy five rupees per square meter of application on a carpet.

Unprotected fabrics quickly absorb both water and oil spills and stains. This makes it difficult to clean and frequently results in an unsightly appearance. ScotchgardTM Protector forms an
invisible barrier around each fibre to repel both water and oil. Spills bead up on the surface so they can be wiped away easily.

In professional terminology, ScotchgardTM is better known as FC3589 - a fluorochemical product that is highly flammable (has to be stored below 60 degrees Celsius), it contains 1.4% solids and iso-propyl alcohol. It is a clear liquid with a density of 0.18. It is applied onto the fabric with a spray gun in such a manner so as to transfer 12 to 15 grams per meter per square feet of the fabric. It takes approximately 40 minutes to dry and 40 minutes of curing. Another chemical from the same company is FC394 that is specially designed to be applied on to natural and synthetic mix fibers.

Other similar products available are: OZ GUARD It is a product from an Australian company. It is a water-based fluorochemical designed for application on finished upholstery and new carpets. It encapsulates each of the fiber strands to form an invisible shield against dirt and stains. It has a high abrasion resistance which makes it a superior product compared to others and makes it last longer. It takes two to four hours to dry and fifteen days for curing. FORAPERLE It is a fabric protector that is an ATOFINA product. It is a coating applied on the fabric with the help of sprayers under controlled pressure. On spraying, it forms an invisible barrier around each strand of fibre so as to repel both water and oil. The treated surface dissipates the water droplets of spilled water, thus preventing the soaking of the fabric.

Compiled byAxat Sharma & Manan Sheth