1

Heat Transfer Laboratory

Pin Fin Apparatus Object:
To determine the efficiency and effectiveness of the fin by natural convection and forced convection using Pin fin apparatus.

Introduction:
 Fins are the extended surfaces which are used to increase the rate of heat transfer between a surface and the adjacent fluid. Fin are classified into three viz, angular fins, straight fins and pin fins. Mixing of hot fluid with cold fluid takes place due to density difference caused by temperature gradient then the process of heat transfer is known as natural convection. Fin effectiveness is the ratio of heat transfer with the fin to the heat Where m 

=

Fin efficiency is the ratio of heat lost from the fin to the heat that would be lost when the entire surface of the fin is under room temperature, it is given by ηfin = tan h (m/L) / mL

Experimental Setup:
The experimental setup consists of a mild steel duct in which metallic body is heated by a band type heater. The input to this heater can be varied by Dimmerstat and measured by digital voltmeter and ammeter as shown below Voltmeter Ammeter Temp. Indicator Pin Fin Housing Heater On/Off Switch Orifice for flow measurement

Air Blower (Variable Speed) Dimmerstat

Mild Steel Duct Manometer Dinesh Scientific

Repeat the procedure for different heat inputs and tabulate the readings Specifications: 1. Manometer reading h in cm 4. Thermocouple readings (T1 to T5) in °C 3.2 Heat Transfer Laboratory Experimental Procedure:  Natural Convection 1. 8. d = 12. 6. Repeat the procedure for different heat inputs and tabulate the readings  Forced Convection 1.2 mm Diameter of pipe. Switch on the supply and adjust the variac to obtain the required heat input 2. Note down the following readings after reaching the steady state: a. Voltmeter reading in Volts b. Note down the following readings after reaching the steady state: a. do = 11. 4. Start the blower.5mm Diameter of orifice. Thermocouple readings (T1 to T5) in °C d. Ammeter reading in Amps c. set the manometer head as required. = 22. Cd = 0. Ammeter reading in Amps c. 3.4 mm Coefficient of discharge. Length of the pin fin. k = 110 W/m-K Duct size = Ø140 mm x 500mm Distance between each thermocouple on pin fin = 25mm Dinesh Scientific . Voltmeter reading in Volts b. 5. l = 120mm Diameter of the pin fin. 2. Switch on the supply and adjust the variac to obtain the required heat input 2. 7. 3.5 Thermal conductivity of fin material.

Determination of (Gr. Determination of properties of air at film temperature (Tf) Tf = = °C Ts = Ta = ambient temperature b.No 1 2 3 4 5  Forced Convection Dimmerstat S.No Reading V I T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 Ta h1 h2 H= h 1 + h2 (m) Dimmerstat Reading V I T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 Ta 1 2 3 4 5 Calculations:  Experimental Method Natural Convection a.3 Heat Transfer Laboratory Observation Table:  Natural Convection S.Pr) ( ) Gr = Grashof Number = Pr = …… (from Data Book) Dinesh Scientific .

W/m.K (from table) e. m = f.Pr) 1.Pr) 0. Determination of Nusselt’s Number (Nu) Nu = 1.466 if 40<Re<4000 Nu = 0.25 for 104≤Gr Pr≤109 Nu = 0.174 (Re) 0.1 (Gr.1≤Gr Pr≤104 Nu = 0. To find heat transfer coefficient (h) h = (Nu K) / d Nu = Nusselt’s Number Nu = 0.13 (Gr.618 if 4000<Re<40000 Where Re= Reynolds’s Number Re = ρVDeq / µ Dinesh Scientific . m K = Thermal conductivity of air. Determination of heat transfer coefficient h = (Nu K) / L L = length of fin.7 for 0.4 Heat Transfer Laboratory c.25 for 109≤Gr Pr≤1012 d.618 (Re) 0.Pr) 0. Efficiency of fin ηfin = tan h (m/L) / mL Where √ √ h = heat transfer coefficient of fin P = Perimeter of fin (πD) K= thermal conductivity of fin (110 W/m°K) A= area of fin (πDL) L = length of fin. Effectiveness of fin ( fin = √ √ ) Forced Convection a.59 (Gr.

81 m/s2 hwρw / ρa head of mercury in mtrs from table 1000kg/m3 b. ηfin = tan h (m/L) / mL Where √ √ L = length of fin. Efficiency of fin. c.5 9. Effectiveness of fin ( ) fin = √ √ K= 110 W/m°K A = πDL P= πD h = Heat Transfer Coefficient m = Dinesh Scientific .5 Heat Transfer Laboratory Deq = Equivalent dia of Duct = 4a/ perimeter of duct From Data Book at Tfilm Note down following ρ= v= µ= Cp= K= V Q Cd G Ha hw ρa ρw = velocity of air= Discharge / Area = Q/A in m/sec = = = = = = = Cd a0 √ 0.

6 Heat Transfer Laboratory Dinesh Scientific .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful