DOSCST-Graduate School Thesis Style Guide AGO924e | Thesis | Abstract (Summary)

DAVAO ORIENTAL STATE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Graduate School (GS, Term 1, 2010)

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Thesis Style Guide

© 2010 AGOlandria

DAVAO ORIENTAL STATE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Thesis Style Guide

© 2010 DOSCST – Graduate School Dahican 8200 Mati, Davao Oriental, PHILIPPINES Phone 087-388-4756 • Fax 087-388-3195 doscst-gradstudies@yahoo.com www.doscst.edu.ph

© 2010 AGOlandria

TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Copyright Page Table of Contents Overview General Requirements General Structure and Format Language Length and Thickness Paper Size and Specifications Page Orientation Copying Process Typing the Document Production Binding Number of Copies General Thesis Format Guidelines Contents Typeface Chapter Titles, Headings and Sub-headings Text alignment Margins Page ii iii 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 10 10 11 11 11

© 2010 AGOlandria

Sentences. Lines and Paragraphs Tab Setting Equations and Formulas Corrections Widows and Orphans Tables and Figures General Rule Thesis Format Guidelines for Specific Sections Text of Outside Cover Academic Integrity Declaration Page Copyright Page Abstract Page The Abstract Title Page The Title Approval Sheet Page Acknowledgment Page Dedication Page Table of Contents Pages Page 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 16 16 16 © 2010 AGOlandria .TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Pagination for Preliminary Section Pagination for the Body and Pages Thereafter Spacing between Words.

Biographical Sketch Page 16 17 17 17 18 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 21 21 22 22 22 23 23 23 © 2010 AGOlandria . Appendices. Conclusions and Recommendations Summary Conclusions Recommendations Others: Bibliography / References.TABLE OF CONTENTS Title List of Tables and Figures Pages Table and Figure Captions List of Abbreviations The Body and Finale Introduction Review of Related Literature and Theoretical/Conceptual Framework Theoretical Basis/es Conceptual Framework Methodology Design Sampling Collection Data Presentation Analyses Results and Discussion Summary.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Bibliography (or References or Works Cited) Appendices Biographical Sketch (Curriculum Vitae) Appendices Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C Appendix D Appendix E Appendix F Appendix G Appendix H Appendix I Appendix J Appendix K Appendix L Page 23 24 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 35 35 36 36 37 © 2010 AGOlandria .

This passed through two major endeavors – proposal and final paper defense. © 2010 AGOlandria .g. It is among the DOSCST-GS mandates to safeguard and widely disseminate the research endeavors of the students. tedious and expensive revisions. This is a requirement prior to conferment of master’s degree. the use of two words with same meanings but with different spellings). This guide charts the steps in preparing the thesis. as easy and straightforward as possible. however.Overview The thesis is a scholarly work that cements singular perspective as a result of original research conducted by undergraduate or graduate students. Although its content is the student’s liberty. which are complied orally before the Thesis Advisory Committee (TAC). General Structure and Format Language As a general rule. The following information and guideline about thesis preparation applies to all Davao Oriental State College of Science and Technology – Graduate School (DOSCST-GS) students who have not yet formally proposed their thesis as of the first term of 2010 and onward.. All requirements of the program must be complied with within five years since the first registration. it is. unwarranted. Submission of several clean copies of the thesis is needed prior to the awarding of the degree. General Requirements Only those students who have passed the Comprehensive Assessment and have paid the required fees are eligible to apply. While the writer has the option which English language he prefers. enroll and consequently write the thesis. It is imperative therefore for thesis writers/researchers to pay attention to this guide to avoid unnecessary. the school which specifies the format and style for the proper guidance to all writers and researchers. Exceptions to this rule maybe granted depending on the nature of the research which will be formally requested in writing to and duly approved by the graduate school and college academic authorities. it is the English (American or Queen’s) language which must be used in writing the thesis. extra care must be taken to ensure not to combine both (e.

It may be used only for very long and large tables and illustrations. If however the researcher hires typist/s to get the job done. Hence. Orientation can however be resorted to Landscape only in cases where the tables and figures do not fit in the former page orientation. Any future alteration or reproduction must be based from the original copies. The page must be Letter size (8. Wide tables are usually set in this type of page orientation. otherwise the same will not be accepted and has to be reprinted.e. Page Orientation The page orientation is generally Portrait. The thesis is printed only on one side. researchers or thesis writers © 2010 AGOlandria .Length and Thickness The length in terms of number of pages of the thesis is not specific. This lessens the possible errors in the final printout. white). Typing the Document It is ideal for the researcher to personally type the text of the research report. it is the responsibility of the researcher to ensure the previous requirements stipulated must be enforced and implemented. Oversized paper “fold-outs” is discouraged.5 inches x 11 inches). it is assumed that the final output is clean. i. complete. The researcher should keep the original file or printout. The thesis including the hard covers must not exceed two (2) inches in thickness. A4 is not allowed. The researcher is however encouraged to work closely with his/her thesis adviser and the thesis advisory committee. letter-quality printers and page copiers. in order and as sharp as the original. All theses submissions must be “clean copies”. Copying Process No manuscript will be accepted for defense without the prior approval of the researcher’s thesis adviser. Production With the wide accessibility and utility of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) devices like high-end computers. Paper Size and Specifications All copies of the thesis submitted to the Graduate School must be in book paper (Sub 20.

All texts are stamped in gold foil and font sizes of 14 points. The researcher is also advised not to use the format of the theses and other scholarly works in the College Library since formats changed over the years. one. College logo. the advisory committee member/s and probably sponsors or funding agencies. this guide of the GS shall suffice. all prints must be clear and sharp. a printer resolution of at least 300 dpi is a required setting which the writer should strictly follow and implement. Binding The finished and clean copy of the manuscript (see also Text of Outside Cover) must be bound using a blue (maybe changed only through AC approval) hard cover wrapped in transparent plastic.have almost all these tools including most popular word processors at their disposal. The GS retains two copies. Since clarity and readability are primordial on the part of the thesis advisory committee members. it is always a good practice to work closely with the thesis adviser for proper guidance. Missing these requirements may attract delay. © 2010 AGOlandria . General Thesis Format Guidelines Graduating students of the GS who enrolled in thesis writing course must follow the guidelines presented on the proceeding lines. Hence. Hardcopies from other printers or copiers with similar or better print clarity or typeface quality to that of laser printers are acceptable. the use of laser printer is preferred. However. Number of Copies Ideally. one. name of author and date of graduation (month and year only). The hard cover (Appendix A) and spine (side or rectangular space between the front and back covers) should contain the title. five copies of the thesis must be submitted to the Graduate School. For certainty in the forms and style in thesis writing. To ensure this. Just check this rule from the Graduate School head and the concerned funding organization/s from time to time. The general guidelines are presented first while specific guidelines follow next. Additional bound copies of the thesis may be required by satellite libraries. the library. the Research and Extension office.

A. Font style (e. The Body and Finale. The sections and subsections are mandatory unless designated as optional. References (or Bibliography or Works Cited) Appendices Biographical Sketch or Curriculum Vitae (optional) © 2010 AGOlandria . however. The Body and Finale      Introduction Review of Literature and Theoretical (or Conceptual) Framework Methodology Results and Discussion Summary. set in bold. underlined or any combination thereof) can be used whenever appropriate. Others    Typeface The Bookman Old Style font in 12 points is the typeface that will be used all throughout the thesis.Contents The contents of the pages of the thesis should follow the following order: Preliminary. and Others. For tables and figures.. italic. Conclusion and Recommendations C. Preliminary             Academic Writing Integrity Declaration Copyright Page (optional) Abstract Title Page Approval Sheet Acknowledgement Dedication (optional) Table of Contents List of Tables (if included) List of Figures (if included) List of Abbreviations (optional) List of Symbols (optional) B. the Times New Roman (any appropriate font size that fits the figure or table) is used.g.

top – 1. Its introductory page is counted but not numbered. set to bold and ends with a period (.25 inches.g.0 inch. one or two spaces may be placed before the start of a next sentence while the space between lines is generally set to double (or 24-point).75 inch from the top edge and 1. there should be one space between words. 0. right – 1. 0. i. i and ix). title page and approval sheet are counted but not numbered.. These are placed at the right of the top margin.e. Spacing between Words. Pagination for Preliminary Section In the preliminary pages. For © 2010 AGOlandria . The headings on the other hand (e. Subheadings are also left-aligned. bold but underlined while sub-sub-headings if unavoidable are indented. The chapter title is set to bold. that is.75 inch from the top edge and 1. Background of the Study) are set to bold but left-aligned.Chapter Titles. Pagination for the Body and Pages Thereafter For this part. “vi. the body texts or paragraphs are generally right-justified. aligned in both the left and right margins. lowercase 12-point Roman numerals must be used as page numbers (e. copyright page. Sentences.e. 12-point Arabic numerals are used as page numbers and still placed at the right of the top margin.0 inch from the right edge. The academic writing integrity declaration. Headings and Sub-headings The first letter of the chapter text is set to capital letter C and the chapter number in Roman numeral (e. Lines and Paragraphs When encoding.0 inch and bottom – 1.g. Chapter I).”. until the List of Symbols (when included).0 inch from the right edge. Numbering starts with the Acknowledgement page. centered and all in capital letters. INTRODUCTION.50 inches. Every chapter should begin in a new page.g. Margins All pages of the thesis shall have the following margin dimensions: left – 1. i.) Text Alignment While the subtitles or topics are left aligned. abstract. Also.

TAC Chair and GS head. Exception to this rule can be made however in consultation with and approval from the thesis adviser. Equation as an insertion (i.5” then click OK.g. table entries. Recasting to shorten the paragraph will solve this problem. Widows and Orphans Short paragraph lines on top of a page (usually at the end of a chapter and known as widows) must be avoided and are advised to be removed. PDF and similar others is not allowed. Equations and Formulas All equations must be typed using an equation editor. PNG. © 2010 AGOlandria .5-inch mark on the top ruler line.5”. GIF. are single-spaced. Equations generated from LATEX and/or other word processors or applications may be allowed but must be referred to the adviser and approved by the TAC and GS heads before it can be used in the manuscript. Alignment selected is left and Leader is None. BMP. MS Word 2003). a heading or subhead at the bottom of a page where its corresponding text is separated (orphans) must not exist. Point and click the Paragraph Dialog Box Launcher (bottom right corner of the Paragraph tab) and click Tabs (located bottom left) button and enter or adjust the Default Tab Stop at 0. and abstract on the other hand. else make the necessary adjustments and click OK. This is in the 0. Any submission with strikeovers. fluid and tape corrections will not be accepted. navigating through Format | Paragraph | Indents and Spacing | Line Spacing is straightforward. navigate to Page Layout | Paragraph. like JPEG. Similarly. Nonobservance to this rule may delay defense proceedings.e. quotations. To ensure the correctness of this setting. One blank line should separate two succeeding paragraphs while two blank lines must be between the last sentence of the last paragraph and a subheading. Tab Setting Paragraphs throughout the manuscript are indented one tab from left margin.researchers who are used to a word processor (e.. (for MSWord 2003) just navigate through Format | Paragraph | Tabs (button in bottom left) and make sure that the entry in the Default Tab Stops box is 0. For MSWord 2007. Corrections The thesis manuscript is assumed a “clean copy”. TIFF. Captions. through Copy-Paste or Insert Picture in Word).

Tables and Figures The table and/or figures should be shown within the page where either is introduced. its text might also differ from the body text of the manuscript. General Rule If the researcher is in doubt with respect to the style he/she employed. Thesis Format Guidelines for Specific Sections The general thesis format guidelines are already presented. Strictly. A table and/or figure that run over the next page must be avoided. the same caption should neither bleed in the left nor in the right edge of the figure. it is automatic that the title/caption be written above the figure. Since tables and figure vary in size. This implies further that if a figure requires a source below it. the guidelines for specific sections will be taken up next. the figure title/caption must be centered and placed below the figure. Times New Roman in smaller font size may be preferred. This acknowledgement must be written below the table and figure and a corresponding bibliographic entry in its appropriate page. If the figure or drawing like chart or map is bounded by a rectangular border line. Exemptions are deemed applicable only when cleared by the adviser and approved by the TAC and GS heads. Borrowed or adapted table and figures must be properly acknowledged by including its source. This can be avoided by continuing the caption in another line by moving the right margin marker to a point vertically aligned with the table’s right edge. The latest edition of referencing guide like APA 6th edition may however be referred to but it must be understood that the same cannot be over and above the rules and guidelines set by the Graduate School and State College. that is the caption must not bleed beyond the right edge of the table. the only safest thing to do is consult the adviser and finally seek guidance and approval from TAC and GS head. © 2010 AGOlandria . Furthermore. non-regulation font types are not allowed. The title/captions for table (see Appendices K and L) are entered above the table and aligned with respect to the table’s left and right edges.

Text of Outside Cover The outside cover (see Appendix A) should have the following format:  Font – Bookman Old Style.0 inches from the bottom edge  Date of the conferment of degree. This is followed by the name of the researcher (Firstname MI. 3. (The official College logo in electronic form can be sought from the department. the school. caps and lower case (e. Its average length is about 200 to 400 words or one page. in DOSCST-GS.)  Name of Researcher (e. name of researcher. GO). methodology. If researcher opts not to copyright his/her thesis. This is vertically and horizontally centered within the margins.g. bold and centered 1. TEEJAY T. Lastname). standards and/or norms on academic integrity (See Appendix B) Copyright Page This page has no heading. all caps.5 inches from the bottom edge Academic Integrity Declaration Page This page is the researcher’s declaration of adherence to general policies.50” inches from the top edge.5 inches from the top edge  College logo centered within both the horizontal and vertical margins. which follows the copyright symbol. is the year when the degree will be conferred or granted. bold. April 2020). a blank page is inserted instead. The page heading. Only the first © 2010 AGOlandria . 4-16 points. the aforementioned are included and form the introductory information of the page. While other do not require the name of the researcher. the title of the study and the name of the thesis adviser. The date. the address. The copyright notice (see Appendix C) should be the only information on this page. 1. and title of the study are set to capital letters and bold. The abstract includes a summary of the problem statement. findings and the conclusions. Abstract Page The Abstract page (see Appendix D) heading is simply “ABSTRACT” in all capital letters. the date of graduation (month and year only).g. 1. Gold  Title: All caps.

etc. The paragraphs on this page are double-spaced while the names of the advisory committee and their respective positions (titles such as Dr. Prof. the respondents or subjects. Title Page Page number is counted but not shown on this page.S. Also avoid using abbreviations in a title. It should be fully explanatory when standing alone.D. the methods. All lines on this page are double-spaced. comprehensive summary of the contents of a study or research. Words that serve no purpose should be avoided in crafting titles (e. This is part where most writers or researchers preferred to read first.g. accurate.) defines abstract as a brief. 2002).. self-contained and non-evaluative. It is the abstract that makes the readers decide whether the entire manuscript is to be read or not. materials. M. Firstname MI.e.. It gives the reader a quick view of what the manuscript is all about. the attributes. are excluded) are single-spaced. The information the abstract conveys must be profound.letters of the first name. and 1. Approval Sheet Page Page number is counted but not reflected. For empirical studies. concise. and isolates the variables or issues and tells relationship between them. concise. "A Study of" or "An Investigation of". This page (see Appendix F) is a recommendation for approval and acceptance of the thesis by the adviser and the thesis advisory committee to the head of the Graduate School. © 2010 AGOlandria .. conc1usions. The Title The title encapsulates the main thought of the study. The title must be set in capital letters.. middle initial and last name of the adviser (i. Lastname) is set to caps-lower case (clc) and bold. centered. Its main task is to inform readers of the research. Ph. well organized. bold.50 inches from the top edge of the page (see Appendix E). the abstract should describe the problem under investigation. findings. As much as possible. a good title has 10 to 12 words (APA. The Abstract APA Manual (5th ed. coherent. data collection. recommendations or implications or applications.

if a particular section heading is long and requires more than one line. The text is centered on the page and can be shown in italic or regular type. The table of contents is double-spaced. This is where the writer affirms the assistance and support of any sort given by many. the adviser. Only the page number of each mandatory section and/or subheading is written and not a range of page numbers. The page heading and the mandatory section headings are set in bold while the sub-headings and page numbers (Roman and Arabic) are not. The heading is centered in the page. This consists of two columns – the mandatory sections and sub-sections on the left and page numbers at right. the advisory committee.In the event that the head is also a member of the advisory committee.50 inches from the top edge. the researcher’s organization. only the page headings are set in bold. such as 13–22. Figure/illustration/table numbering must be continuous throughout the © 2010 AGOlandria .g. List of Tables and Figures Pages The “LIST OF TABLES” and “LIST of FIGURES” pages (see Appendices H and I) follow the same format as that of the Table of Contents. the same is singlespaced. the Vice President for Academic Affairs shall take his/her stead. Dedication Page This is an optional page. A sub-heading of more than one line is flushed left and singlespaced. Acknowledgement Page The acknowledgment page may be presented in the first-person. his family. bold and set in all capital letters as “ACKNOWLEDGMENTS” or “ACKNOWLEDGMENTS”. Table of Contents Pages The page heading in all caps – “TABLE OF CONTENTS” (see Appendices G1-G3) is centered. However.50 inches from the top edge. However. When included. 1. respondents. the title is not required. e. This is purposely and commonly a page for the writer’s loved ones. friends and sponsors/funding institutions and several others. Other language medium can be used on this special section. 1.

The font type for both is Arial while the font size may vary depending on the size of the table or figure.) and the caption. the caption for a figure also begins with “Figure” and <number> followed by a period (.g.g. Place at the center of the page.. List of Abbreviations As a page heading. Descriptions are set in lower case. This page is composed of two columns: abbreviations and/or acronyms on the left and the corresponding description on the right. All illustrations other than table are treated as figures. 1.5 inches from the top edge.) and the caption itself. …). use “LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS / ACRONYMS”. The Body and Finale This section contains the following mandatory parts: Chapter I INTRODUCTION  Background  Statement of the Problem  Objectives of the Study  Significance of the Study  Scope and Limitation  Definition of Terms Chapter II REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THEORETICAL (or CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK)  Literature and Studies  Theory Base  Conceptual Framework © 2010 AGOlandria . It is important to note that the font size used for the table and figure must be the same. This is left-aligned (and not justified) with respect to the table and not of the left margin. 1. all caps and set in bold. On the other hand. 3. and the first letter must be capitalized. 4. The word “Table” or “Figure” must be spelled out (not abbreviated). 2. This is placed at the bottom of the figure and is centered with respect to the picture. Only the first letter and proper names are set in capitals.thesis (e. 1) followed by a period (. Table and Figure Captions A table caption (see Appendices J and K) starts with for “Table” and <number> (e. All captions are single-spaced. First column starts at 2.0 inches from left edge.

and definition of terms.Chapter III METHODOLOGY  Design  Sampling  Collection  Data  Presentation  Analysis Chapter IV RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Chapter V SUMMARY. It generally consists of the background. Introduction This is the first chapter of the manuscript. This is followed by the objectives of the study which exposes the purposes the research wants to achieve. A declarative general statement is presented first while the specific statements (in interrogative form) come next. its implication to policy and utility of the output?. Second is a clear. and the scope and limitation of the study. b) what are its potential contribution to the existing body of knowledge. objectives of the study. Firstly. e) does it relate to previous work?. accurate and precise statement of the problem. c) how do the hypotheses and the design relate to the problem?. d) does the study have theoretical implications?. A connection among the contemporary situations or circumstances from local to international must be established. It describes the rationale and justification for its conception or selection. significance of the study. approval from the thesis adviser. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS  Summary  Conclusion  Recommendations These parts may vary depending on the kind of study undertaken by the student. important or significant?. In the event these contents are changed. the background of the study (about 2 pages in length) tells very briefly the origin or basis of the problem. f) © 2010 AGOlandria . statement of the problem. the advisory committee and GS head must be sought prior to its implementation. Subsequent to that is the part which gives the answers to the questions: a) why the problem being studied is very relevant.

In this part of the manuscript. methods. This is usually composed of diagrams which show the possible relationships of the different variables involved in the research problem. policies.e. and b) the theories and/or concepts which are presented in a framework or diagrams where the variables and relationships involved are fully explained.g. the conceptual scheme of the study is framed. theories. laws. Conceptual Framework. This covers known and longaccepted concepts. and g) who will benefit and what benefit will they get from the study? The next item focuses on the clear and specific definition of the boundaries.e. the terms of reference or scope that include among others the limitations on the methods. This is so since many terms are subject to a variety of interpretations. the population or sample. within ten years) and related literature and or studies. It typically consists of: a) the review of recent (i. pointing out the weaknesses and strengths. Other terms like the variables and those that are the intent of treatments and measurements should also be defined according to its intended meaning (see Appendix L). Terms used in the title should firstly be defined. those which were finished and has not been explored on the topic. It should be fully understood by the researchers or thesis writers that the review must only cover those which have relationship with the current endeavor in terms of objectives. and principles which form the legal basis where the current study is anchored upon. Specifically. This part discusses the very foundation or rationale why the study is conducted. Review of Related Literature and Theoretical/Conceptual Framework This second chapter gives the readers a broad perspective of the research at hand. A very clear transition between the old works to the current undertaking should be established. and implications or interventions. conclusions. For further elucidation of the models © 2010 AGOlandria .are there testable theoretical propositions?. The last part of the chapter operationally defines the terms as they are used in the research (and not those words as revealed in standard dictionary). findings. this part of the paper: (a) reviews the studies. instruments and design used. Critical analysis is the approach utilized in this section (e. and (b) discusses clearly the theoretical bases of the research problem. Theoretical Basis/es. treatments.. i.

experimental. or their contribution recognized. Hence. presentation and analyses. a straightforward discussion of the same should follow. a detailed description of the research design used in the study (e. Design. a one-page brief (see Appendix _) that answers the following queries: a) what the research is all about?. etc) is presented. and © 2010 AGOlandria . its reliability and validity processes and outputs as well as the use of other related tests must be explained. the population frame. Respondents or subjects to non-experimental research can help greatly in minimizing errors of the research if they understand what the study is all about. survey method. Collection. collection. Methodology This third chapter of the manuscript describes in detail how the study is to be conducted. descriptive method.or frameworks presented. f) how will the collected information be used?. This includes a thorough description of the population. d) what are the risks and benefits of participating?. b) who are the participants of the research?. data. In this section. From the preceding process. a great deal of narrative rationale or justification is required. This description can tell the readers how appropriate the methods are and whether the results can be reliable and valid or not. are clearly detailed next. This basically includes detailed descriptions of: design. If the instrument and/or criteria are adapted or used. Else. it is ethical and a fitting that for data collection methods like the use of questionnaire or interview guide. a rationale is required and author’s or owner’s permission is expected. Sampling. the process of arriving at the estimates should also be elucidated. their privacy respected. This part exhaustively discusses in detail how the sample is being arrived at. Communications through e-mail or purchase receipts placed as attachment to the final manuscript may be sufficient proof for its compliance. If for instance an instrument is constructed and utilized. Moreover. It also helps others decide whether the study is attracts future replication. the sampling technique/s as well as the bases if any. that is if their consent is sought. respondents/participants/subjects of the study.g. the data collection method or a combination thereof. e) how will privacy be protected?. c) do respondents / participants have choice?.

it is found appropriate to reveal how data are presented (e. Other pertinent procedures may also be mentioned. their specifications and attributes should correspondingly be identified.. illustrations are recommended. the taxonomy. for reference purposes by new researchers. tools. Local and international guidelines in proper handling and treatment of these subjects must be taken into consideration and fully discussed in this section. polygons. tests and techniques used. data types. For new or unfamiliar statistical techniques for example.g) what would the participants/respondents must do?. after which a detailed narrative of the procedure or a narrative on how the tool or process is used. and measurements scales generated from data collection. contingencies. This section tells the reader what the researcher has done and how he/she did one or all. frequencies. in sufficient detail so replication is reasonably doable. must be presented first. Presentation. This is very important since the appropriateness of the tools and analyses is dependent on the types of data or measurement scales being generated from the data collection method employed.g. the presentation corresponds to the problem statements or objectives order as shown in Chapter I. the collected data are being manipulated or treated in order to satisfy the objectives are presented. Analyses. stocks identifications and other relevant information should properly be recorded. in cases where devices and equipment are used. frequency distributions. the method of translation should be specifically described (e. Also. This could include an explicit mention of what statistical methods. pie chart. © 2010 AGOlandria . For non-human subjects. cross-tabulations.g. This section discusses the data sources. formula is required to be shown and explained. This is considered the core of the chapter. back translation). attributes. Data. pictographs). but details maybe given in the Appendices section. If the instrument is translated into a different language or dialect. Preferably. While this part may be simple. For specialized or custom-made instruments. suppliers. In here.

Since the mere presentation of table or charts may not be fully grasped by the readers. the collected data and the statistical techniques being used are described and/or summarized. Furthermore. Numbering is sequential. Moreover. Opinions and biases are unwelcome. Conclusions and Recommendations This chapter presents recommendations of the study. the summary. The results are presented and reported in an as-is-where-is basis. Complete data or other tables may however be placed in the Appendix for ready reference. In here. objective and logical. the procedures and the findings. tables and figures should follow right after its introduction. avoid redundant presentations. e) suggestions for improvement of instruments and procedures. only the summary of findings and not the numerical data are presented in this part of the manuscript. For a specific case. d) conditions that limit the generalization of the findings so that the reader can judge the validity of the conclusions and inferences. a brief statement of the problem. conclusion and © 2010 AGOlandria . Summary. information may be presented in either a table or a figure but never both.Results and Discussion This is Chapter IV. data interpretation must include: a) antecedents of what has been found. and f) differences and/or similarities between the findings and conclusions of the study and those of other investigations including its justifications. Summary The summary is a brief recapitulation and/or narrative that includes an overview of the research. Finally. b) consequences or implications drawn from the findings. Definitely no new information is allowed in this section. as such salient information like patterns. Also. variations or contradictions and not individual data or restatements should be clearly presented. c) practical applications or uses of the findings. This shall be straightforward when done sequentially with respect to the problem statements or objectives and the hypotheses.

If an intervention is recommended. To ensure accuracy. no reference should be earlier than 2011. accurate. © 2010 AGOlandria . hanging-indented (6 characters from left margin). and/or suppositions which are solely based from the results and findings of the study. In the latest edition. inferences. Honest declarations for the incorrigible weaknesses of the investigation like design flaws. sources of information must be within ten years – meaning. tools. Recommendations This reveals the recommended activities to be undertaken by stakeholders as a response to the findings of the study and to be able to address fully the problem statements/objectives. Appendices. citation in the manuscript) must have a counterpart in reference list or bibliography pages. alphabetical.e. hence. This may also be the section for suggestions in terms of techniques. Others: References. Bibliography Bibliography (or References or Works Cited) Bibliography or references are single-spaced. fault in the techniques. must be avoided. complete and useful to other investigators. a brief outline of the strategy may be shared. Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) are already in use. the detail of which can be attached in the Appendix part of the manuscript. Baseless or weak generalizations – those not adequately supported by data. as much as possible. strategies and the likes that could have been implemented to check the flaws and errors and eventually contribute to a high degree of efficiency. All in-text citations (i. take note of this whenever browsing e-documents / websites. familiarity of APA 5th/6th Edition Style Guide) or the guide from the DOSCST-Research Division is required. if the researcher intends to conduct the study in 2020. reliability and validity of study outcomes. or sampling errors and the likes which have bearing in the research outcomes can be also discussed in this section. Unless the study requires otherwise. succinct.Conclusions This is also a narrative about the deductions.

As a page heading. © 2010 AGOlandria . centered on the page. i) communications. Biographical Sketch (Curriculum Vitae) The biographical sketch is a narrative written in third-person voice and contains among others the educational background of the researcher. he/she may use ready-made forms or CV templates. or inappropriate to be included in the body of the manuscript. (b) new or unfamiliar procedures. The order of listing is not alphabetical but in accordance with their appearance in the text. (c) mathematical proofs. It may contain additional biographical facts. (d) detailed description of a complex piece of equipment e) long/additional tables. Examples of these are (a) computer program or codes or algorithms. Its font is still Bookman Old but the font size may be smaller. Page heading must be centered and in the format: Appendix <letter A-Z>: <Title of document> (see Appendix). and several others. If the researcher chooses the Curriculum Vitae. use “BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH” in all capital letters. h) plates/slides.Appendices The appendices serve as repository of materials that are too long or quite detailed rendering them distractive.

APPENDICES © 2010 AGOlandria .

Cover Page LEADERSHIP PRACTICES AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY OF SOUTHEASTERN MINDANAO PUBLIC SCHOOLS JOHN P.Appendix A. GAYOD April 2020 © 2010 AGOlandria .

Sample Academic Integrity Declaration Page Republic of the Philippines DAVAO ORIENTAL STATE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Graduate School Dahican. this investigation was treated with utmost care to adhere integrity. With the best of my ability.Appendix B. Most stipulations presented herein are mine alone. JUNIO. JULIO T. 8200 Mati. to internationally known standards/policies on academic _____________________________ Researcher _____________________________ Date © 2010 AGOlandria . Davao Oriental ACADEMIC INTEGRITY DECLARATION I. I attest further that this piece of academic requirement has not been submitted previously for an academic credit in this or in any other course. declare that this research is my own original work. Borrowed ideas are given due recognition and are properly acknowledged.

Appendix C. Aromplio © 2010 AGOlandria . Sample Copyright Page © 2020 Arianne Denielle T.

abstract is a summary of the contents of the research. Graduate School. the conc1usions and the implications or applications. the findings. EFFECTIVENESS OF SCHOOL-BASED MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION – DAVAO ORIENTAL DIVISION SCHOOLS Adviser: Jose P. Self-contained since it defines all abbreviations. Abstracts starts with the most important information. Furthermore. Philippines. Accurate meaning it should reflect its purpose and content. it should describe the problem under investigation. It is coherent and readable for it utilizes the active voice. the third person rather than the first person. It is accurate. Information not found in the body of the paper should not be included. It paraphrases ideas and properly cites authors. it is concise and specific while making each sentence maximally informative. © 2010 AGOlandria . Readers more often read the abstract first and decide from there whether to read the entire thesis or not. non-evaluative. A useful way of verifying accuracy is through comparison with the outline of the paper. Davao Oriental. unique terms. the methods and materials. past tense in describing methods being used. 8200 Mati. For empirical studies. the present tense in describing results. It is non-evaluative since the paper is expected to be based from facts and is free from any comment. According to APA Manual (2001). consists ideally from 300 to 400 words or no more than one page. data-collection procedures. April 2020. the respondents or subjects and their pertinent attributes. Magtatambag The text of this page is single-spaced.Appendix D. acronyms. concise and specific. coherent and readable. Sample Abstract ABSTRACT AROMPLIO. self-contained. Davao Oriental State College of Science and Technology. JULIUS CAEZAR. Dahican.

Philippines In Full Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Education in Educational Management JOHN P. GAYOD April 2025 © 2010 AGOlandria . Title Page EFFECTIVENESS OF SCHOOL-BASED MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION – DAVAO ORIENTAL DIVISION SCHOOLS A Thesis Presented to The Faculty of the Graduate School Davao Oriental State College of Science and Technology Dahican. 8200 Mati.Appendix E. Davao Oriental.

is hereby recommended for approval and acceptance. “Effectiveness of School-based Management Programs of the Department of Education .Davao Oriental Division Schools”. ANTOLIHAW Head. PUNO Chairperson ROY A. Master of Education. JOSE P. this thesis entitled. INOCENCIO C. Graduate School / Vice President for Academic Affairs © 2010 AGOlandria . MAGTATAMBAG Adviser Approved by the Thesis Advisory Committee: ANDRES D. Aromplio. BOOTAN Member Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree.Appendix F. prepared and submitted by TJ Trex T. major in Educational Management. Sample Approval Sheet APPROVAL SHEET In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree. MIEMBRO Member MARIA C. Master of Education. KAUBANAN Member PEDRO Y. major in Educational Management.

Appendix G1. Sample Table of Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ACADEMIC INTEGRITY DECLARATION COPYRIGHT PAGE (optional) ABSTRACT TITLE PAGE APPROVAL SHEET ACKNOWLEDGMENT DEDICATION TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS (optional) LIST OF FIGURES Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION Background Statement of the Problem Objectives of the Study Significance of the Study Scope and De/Limitation Definition of Terms 1 6 7 8 10 10 i ii iii iv v vi vii viii xiv xv xvi xvii © 2010 AGOlandria .

80 91 109 .Appendix G2. . . . Topic X / Problem X 5 . Sample Table of Contents 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND FRAMEWORK Literature and Studies Theory Base Conceptual Framework 3 METHODOLOGY Design Sampling Collection Data Presentation Analyses 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Topic 1 / Problem 1 Topic 2 / Problem 1 Topic 3 / Problem 1 . 114 58 58 60 63 64 79 18 55 56 SUMMARY. . CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Summary Conclusions Recommendations 132 137 139 142 © 2010 AGOlandria REFERENCES (BIBLIOGRAPHY) . . .

. . . Appendix X BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH (CURRICULUM VITAE) . . 145 146 147 .Appendix G3. . . 160 161 © 2010 AGOlandria . Sample Table of Contents APPENDICES Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C .

List of Figures LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1 2 Monthly Income of School Heads Attendance to In-Service Trainings . . X Distribution of Respondents . . Page 12 15 . . . . 66 Appendix I. . 57 © 2010 AGOlandria . List of Tables LIST OF TABLES Table 1 2 Age and Gender of Respondents Civil Status and Educational Attainment of Public School Administrators . . Page 22 15 . X Annual Budget of the Division .Appendix H. . . . . .

2020 Appendix K.00 Source: Arianne D Research.Appendix J.45 10 21.48 25 46. University of Newcastle Source: Google Earth 2010 © 2010 AGOlandria .00 54 100.96 Total 46 100.74 7 12. Sample Graphical Presentation (if figure is not on a box) Figure 1..74 36 . Ages of Respondents by Gender Respondents Age Male Female f % f % 16 – 25 20 43. Sample Tabular Presentation Table 1.30 26 – 35 16 34. Ltd.78 22 40. Aerial View of Huxley Library. Arc Length of the Function Figure 2.

effectiveness is determined without reference to costs. along with the corresponding decision-making power." School-based Management is a research based. structured. based upon a differentiated per pupil allocation to be spent irrespective of source in the best interests of the students in those schools according to a creative local school plan and local school budget developed by the principal collaboratively with trained staff. Definition of Terms Page Definition of Terms The following terms are defined operationally in this study: Effectiveness refers to the degree to which objectives are achieved and the extent to which targeted problems are resolved. Department of Education refers to … © 2010 AGOlandria . also means "doing the right thing. In contrast to efficiency. and approved by the superintendent.Appendix L. parents and students as stakeholders. committed. to the local schools on an equitable lump-sum basis. and decentralized method of operating the school district within understood parameters and staff role to maximize resource effectiveness by transferring the preponderant share of the entire school system's budget.

North Carolina State University. University of Michigan. Washington. School of Graduate Studies. http://www. Doctoral Dissertation and Master’s Thesis Guide. Department of Graduate Studies. University of Vermont. http://www. FL USA.postgrad.edu/guides/honesty.edu Organization and Formatting Guidelines for Theses. The University of Auckland. (2001).d.4. New Zealand. Duke University Graduate School. 5th ed. University of Miami.edu Guide to Theses and Dissertations (2004). The Graduate School.3 Dissertation and Theses Format Guide: Instructions for Preparation and Submission (2009).nz Implementing Rules and Regulation (n. Durham. Manual of Operations.umd. http://etd. D.miami.ac.html Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.auckland.C.edu/OARD Academic Integrity and You. Auckland. Horace H.umich. University of Maryland Libraries.3. http://etd. University of California Riverside.library. Rackham School of Graduate Studies. Graduate Academic Affairs. Graduate Division.gradschool. Davao Oriental State College of Science and Technology.rackham. Philippines NCSU Graduate School Guideline and Requirements for Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations (2009). Graduate School. Coral Gables. The Graduate Centre. Retrieved http://www. Electronic Theses and Dissertation Guide. North Carolina. http://www.3. Mati City. Formatting.edu/students. Cornell University Graduate School. Policy V.duke. Production and Submission Requirements.org © 2010 AGOlandria .). USA. Dissertations and Doctoral Essays (2009).ncsu.html Code of Academic Integrity (2009). http://www. Davao Oriental.REFERENCES Abstract and Dissertation Format Guidelines.apa. Michigan. Guide for the Electronic Submission of Thesis and Dissertation (2010).

USA Thesis and Dissertation Format Guide (2007). College of Governance. Graduate School. University of Wyoming.edu/uwgrad Thesis and Dissertation Format. WY. © 2010 AGOlandria . USA. University of Southeastern Philippines. Student Handbook. Cornell University. http://www. Office of the University Faculty.uwyo.The Code of Academic Integrity and Acknowledging the Work of Others (2006). Business and Economics (USEP-CGBE). Laramie.

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