# DSE-PHY-MK4-121

HKDSE Physics Mock Paper Series
Set 4 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Paper Paper 1: Multiple Choices questions Total: 40 Marks Time Limit: 1 hour

IV: Part IV: Electricity and Magnetism (100%): 1. Electrostatics (20%) 2. Circuit and Domestics Electricity (40%) 3. Electromagnetism (40%)

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2012 HKDSE Physics Paper I – Set 4 Suggested Answers
1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 26. 31. 36. A C D B C C C A 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. 27. 32. 37. A C A C C A C A 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. 28. 33. 38. B D D C D B B B 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. 29. 34. 39. D B C B D C B D 5. 10. 15. 20. 25. 30. 35. 40. B C A C C C A A

* Super Challenge answer: Question no. 24: The direction of the current is from B to A, the size is 3A.

Physics is easy! No pains! No gains!

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electric field point 5 and electrical potential point 3) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. the electric potential energy per unit charge of a test charge placed at that point. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV a. What is the magnitude of electric field and electric potential at the centre of the square? A. the electric potential energy per unit charge of a negative test charge placed at that point. Electric field: N/C 16πε ° C.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P. Electric field: Q N/C 16πε ° Q 4πε ° N/C Electric potential: 0 V Electric potential: 0 V Electric potential: Electric potential: Q 4πε ° Q 4πε ° (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV a. The origin of the axes is at the centre of the square.andylai. D. www. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Electric field: 0 N/C Q B. the electric potential energy per unit charge of a positive test charge placed at that point. The electric potential at a point is defined as A. Electric field: D. Each side is 2 2 meters. B. the electric potential energy of a positive test charge placed at that point. electrical potential point 2) 2. Two positive and two negative point charges of equal magnitude are placed at the vertices of a square as shown below. 1 . C.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 Part I: Multiple choices Questions: 1.

www. B. The +2Q are equidistant from point B and point C. D. The diagram below shows the uniform electric parallel field lines in a region of space. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV a.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 3.andylai. Potential energy of a particle: increases Change in potential between P and Q: negative Change in potential between P and Q: zero Change in potential between P and Q: positive Change in potential between P and Q: negative (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV a. C. electrical potential point 5) P. A. The direction of electric field at point C is to the left while that at point D is to the right. The magnitude of electric field at point C is the largest. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. electrical field point 5) 4. The diagram below shows two stationary point charges +2Q and –Q. Potential energy of a particle: decreases B. Potential energy of a particle: increases D. 2 ©2011 A Lai learning Center. The magnitude of electric field at point B is larger than that at point C. A negatively charged particle moves from P to Q. The magnitude of electric field at point A is the smallest.hk Prepared by Andy Lai . Potential energy of a particle: decreases C. Which of the following statement must be correct? A.

Find the gain in kinetic energy of the –q charge. − B. The sketch graph shows the variation with the distance d from the centre of a charged sphere of potential V. The magnitude of the electric field is uniform and its magnitude is E. C. X is positively charged and Y is negatively charged. The distance between the plates is d.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P. The slope of the tangent line of the graph at P D. qE d2 D. electric potential point 5) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. It cannot be determined. A particle with charge –q is accelerated from rest from plate Y to plate X.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 5. The diagram below shows two charged parallel plates X and Y in a vacuum.andylai. The radius of the sphere is R. 3 . q Ed B. qEd A. The magnitude of electric field strength at a point P a distance D from the centre may be defined as VD D A. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. www. The negative slope of the tangent line of the graph at P (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV a. − VD D2 C. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV a. electrical potential point 2) 6.

If the potential at P is +200V. The diagram shows 3 charges which is -2 coulombs each. A.hk Prepared by Andy Lai . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. (1) only (2) only (1) and (3) only None of the above (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV a. it will accelerate towards Q and R with no force.andylai. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV a. 4 ©2011 A Lai learning Center. (3) If a positive charge is placed at P. The potential at R would be lesson than -200 V. electric field point 2 electrical potential point 5) 8. (2) The electric field strength at P is larger than Q and R. The figure shows a pattern of electric field lines in which P. electrical potential point 3) P. B. www. 1 πε ° 3 4πε ° 3 4πε ° 3 2πε ° C. C.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 7. D. B. − D. What is the electrical potential energy of the system below? A. which of the following statements is/are correct? (1) If the potential at Q is 0 V. Q and R are points marked on one of the lines with PQ = QR.

what is the change in the potential difference between the terminals of the voltmeter reading? A. 5 . if the resistance of each resistor is the identical and the internal resistance inside the battery is significant and cannot be negligible. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. B.andylai. R/5 ohms (Hints: Same point ⇒ Same potential!) (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b. If there is one more identical resistor connected in parallel with the battery. R/4 ohms D. series and parallel circuits point 2) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. the resistance of each resistor is R. C. What is the equivalent resistance between A and B? A. Increase Decrease Remains unchanged Cannot be determined (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b. R/3 ohms C.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P. In the circuit below. R/2 ohms B. www. series and parallel circuits point 2 simple circuits point 3 4) 10. D. In the figure below.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 9.

(2) and (3) (Hints: This is a straight line but NOT passing through zero!) (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b. (1) only B. The graph shows the current-voltage (I-V) characteristic of an electrical component. What is the size of current I? (Assume there is no internal resistance inside the battery) A. 1A B.5A C. (1) and (2) only C. A. 6 ©2011 A Lai learning Center. Which of the following statement is / are correct? (1) The resistance of the electrical component is decreasing as current increases. (2) The physical meaning of the slope of the graph is the reciprocal of its resistance. resistance point 1 2 3) P. (2) and (3) only D. 1.andylai.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 11. (1). 6A D. www.hk Prepared by Andy Lai . series and parallel circuits point 2 simple circuits point 5) 12. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 9A (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b. (3) The electrical component obeys ohm’s law since the I-V graph is a straight line.

andylai.2 V B. series and parallel circuits point 2 simple circuits point 2 5) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. V1 and V2 are both 10 V C. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.3 V Point Y: 2. Point X: 0 V Point Y: 3. Point X: 4. 7 .5 V Point Y: 3. Point X: 0 V D. What is the potential at point X and point Y respectively? A.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P. www. If the battery is 10 V and the resistance of R1 and R2 are of the same resistance.3 V (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 13. V1 is zero V while V2 is 5 V (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b. Point X: 4. simple circuits point 5) 14.2 V C. V1 and V2 are both 5 V B.5 V Point Y: 2. What will be the reading of the voltmeters if the switch S is closed? A. V1 is 10 V while V2 is 5 V D.

D. The circuit below shows an experiment to measure the resistance. The graph shows the I-V characteristic of two light bulbs X and Y.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 15. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV simple circuits point 4) P. X: 20 W X: 45 W X: 7. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. B.5 W X: 50 W Y: 10 W Y: 45 W Y: 22. C. C. series and parallel circuits point 2 simple circuits point 3 4) 16. If X and Y are connected in series with a 30 V battery with negligible internal resistance. The measured value of the resistance will be more accurate if its resistance is comparable to that of the ammeter. what is the approximate power dissipated in each bulb? (Hints: the slope of the I-V graph is not constant. 8 ©2011 A Lai learning Center. B. The resistance measured is larger than its actual value. The resistance measured is smaller than its actual value.hk Prepared by Andy Lai . Assume the resistance of the ammeter is small but not zero and the resistance of the voltmeter is large but not infinite. The measured value of the resistance will be less accurate if its resistance is comparable to that of the voltmeter.andylai.5 W Y: 45 W (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b. D. www. Which of the following statement is correct? A.) A.

B. its reading is 6 V. What is the power consumed by the voltmeter? Assume there is no internal resistance inside the battery. suffer collisions with each other in the conductor. under the influence of the electric field.5 mW 6 mW 12 mW (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b.andylai. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. D. The moving lattice ions. Some of electrons lose part of their kinetic energy to those electrons they collided with and make them vibrate more vigorously and generate heat. When a voltmeter with resistance R connected across the Q and R. under the influence of the electric field. under the influence of the electric field. series and parallel circuits point 2 simple circuit point 4 electric power point 2) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. Which of the following is the reason to explain the heating effect when a current passes through a conductor? A. The moving free electrons. suffer collisions with the free electrons in the conductor. The moving free electrons. D. suffer collisions with each other in the conductor. B. The moving free electrons. suffer collisions with the atoms in the conductor. 9 . www. C. Some of electrons lose part of their kinetic energy which is transferred to the lattice ions to make them vibrate more vigorously and generate heat. A. 2 mW 37.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P. Some of electrons lose part of their kinetic energy to the lattice ions and make them vibrate more vigorously and generate heat. electric power point 1) 18. under the influence of the electric field. Some of electrons lose part of their kinetic energy to those lattice ions they collided with and make them vibrate more vigorously and generate heat. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 17. C.

www.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 19. 10 ©2011 A Lai learning Center. The resistance of a light bulb of normal rating “220 V.hk Prepared by Andy Lai . (2) The ammeter reading will decreases as times goes by. (1) only B. The resistance of the ammeter and voltmeter is negligible and infinite respectively. A. 60W” is measured by using the voltmeter-ammeter method. At time = 0 s.9. D. HKD 9. The temperature of the light bulb is increasing for a while. Which of the following statements is / are correct? (1) The measured resistance is about 50 ohms. domestic electricity point 2 3) P. (2) and (3) only D. The ammeter reads 200 mA when the voltmeter reads 10 V. A. (1) and (2) only C. Suppose each light bulb is rated at “22V.2 HKD 88. 1100W” and the international standard of voltage supplied in Hong Kong is 220V.andylai. (1). C.8 HKD 79. Andy wants to decorate his house by switch on 10 neon light bulbs. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.0 (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b. How much does it cost to switch on 10 neon light bulbs for 8 hours at its rating? Assume each unit of electrical energy costs HKD 0.9 HKD 15. B. (3) The instantaneous power dissipated in the light bulb is 60W at time = 0 s. (2) and (3) (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b. resistance point 5 electric power point 2 domestic electricity point 1) 20. During Christmas holidays.

B. B. D. C. C. 11 . A.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 21.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P. (3) There is current leakage in the electrical appliance. (3) Three-pin plug is required for all electrical appliances including double-insulated electrical products to fix the plug in its socket. (2) The fuse rating is lower than the normal working rating when the electrical appliance is working normally. D. A. www.andylai. (2) Electrical appliances should be installed with an earth wire to earth all accessible conductive parts to eliminate the risk of electric shock except for some double-insulated electrical products. domestic electricity point 6) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. (2) and (3) (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. (1) and (2) only (1) and (3) only (2) and (3) only (1). Which of the following electrical safety rules is / are correct? (1) Electrical appliances should be installed a fuse in the earth wire with appropriate ratings to prevent getting electric shock in case of current leakage. Which of the following is / are most likely reason for blowing the fuse in a 3-pin plug? (1) The fuse rating is higher than the normal working rating when the electrical appliance is working normally. (1) and (3) only (1) and (2) only (2) and (3) only (1). (2) and (3) (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b. domestic electricity point 4) 22.

) Which of the following statements is / are correct? (1) A resistor with very large resistance must be used to limit a current to a very small value which is safe to normal human body. (1) only (1) and (2) only (2) and (3) only (1). If there is current leakage.” (An extract of lecture conducted by Andy Lai on 18th October. www. (2) and (3) (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b.hk Prepared by Andy Lai . The resistance of the resistor used in the screwdriver is very large.andylai. Read the following passage carefully to answer question no. C. domestic electricity point 4) P. (2) The neon lamp is used instead of a light bulb because the current is limited to a very small value. D. A. 12 ©2011 A Lai learning Center. the neon lamp will light on. B.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 23. “The diagram below showing a circuit design of an standard electric tester screwdriver. 23. (3) There is a potential hazard of getting electric shock since there is a tiny current flowing through the electrician’s body. The electrician should use his finger to touch the metal cap (stated in the diagram below) and touch the tip of the screwdriver to the metal case of the electrical appliance. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 2008. It is used to test if an electrical appliance is leaking current.

What is value of R1 and R2 if both L1 and L2 have to work as rated values stated above? A. had random motion until the switch was closed but now move along the wire with constant acceleration due to the electric field present in the wire. the rating of filament lamps L1 and L2 are “8V 32W” and “4V 4W” respectively. had random motion onto which was imposed a velocity of a few millimeters per second when the switch was closed. www.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P. In the circuit below. B.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 24. R1: 26. C. D. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. were at rest until the switch was closed but now move along the wire with a velocity of a few millimetres per second.21 ohms (Super challenge: What is the size and the direction of current between point A and point B?) (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV b.67 ohms D. Hall effect point 1) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. An electric current is flowing in a copper wire in a circuit. R1: 2 ohms R2: 1 ohms B. series and parallel circuits point 2 electric power point 2 domestic electricity point 5) 25. R1: 0. had random motion until the switch was closed but now move along the wire at a speed approaching the speed of light.2 ohms R2: 1.andylai. R1: 2 ohms R2: 4 ohms C. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 13 .28 ohms R2: 1. The electrons in the copper wire A.

andylai. (2) There is a current 2I passing from R to P through X. www. A.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 26. a current I is passed from S to Q through Y and two flexible conducting ribbons are identical. Two flexible conducting ribbons are suspended from points P and Q. D. a current I is passed from Q to S through Y and two flexible conducting ribbons are with same masses. The bottom parts of the ribbons lie in dishes of a conducting liquid at R and S respectively. 14 ©2011 A Lai learning Center. (3) There is a current I passing from R to P through X. Which is / are a possible reason(s) to explain the changes at time = 10 s? Time = 0 s Time = 10 s (1) There is a current 2I passing from R to P through X. B. (1) only (2) only (3) only (2) and (3) only (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. Current-carrying conductor in magnetic field point 1) P. a current I is passed from Q to S through Y and two flexible conducting ribbons are with different masses.hk Prepared by Andy Lai . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. C.

10 × 10 −3 T D. 15 .5 × 10−3 T C. There is a no net force acting on the coil ABCD. Magnetic effect of electric current point 3 current-carrying conductor in magnetic field point 2) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. Which of the following statement is / are correct? A. C. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.5 × 10−3 T B. There is a net force acting on the coil ABCD upwards D. There is a net force acting on the coil ABCD to the left. A rectangular coil ABCD whose edges are parallel to the wire carries a current in the clockwise direction ABCD. of turns of coil and length L which is uniformly wound is 9 × 10 −3 T at the center and 1 × 10 −3 at point Y as shown below. Magnetic effect of electric current point 3) 28. The magnetic field due to a steady current in the long air-core solenoid with N no. There is a net force acting on the coil ABCD to the right. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. the magnetic field at X will then be A.andylai. B. 9. If an identical solenoid is connected to the end of the first so as to extend it to as far as Y.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 27. A long straight wire XY carries a direct current in the direction from X to Y.5 × 10 −3 T (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. and the same current as before is passed through the complete solenoid. www. 5. 13.

Which of the following statements about the motor below is / are correct? (1) The direction of the current in the external circuit will change when the coil is vertical in order to make the coil rotating in the same direction. P Q S None of the above (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. 16 ©2011 A Lai learning Center. Which of the following is NOT a possible location when the moving negative charge leave the magnetic field? A.hk Prepared by Andy Lai .andylai. (2) and (3) (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. D. (3) only (1) and (3) only (2) and (3) only (1). C.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 29. a moving negative charge with velocity “v” upwards is entering a magnetic field which is into the paper at point A. (3) The turning effect of the coil is the largest when the coil is horizontal. (2) The net force acting on the coil is the zero when the coil is horizontal. D. C. B. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. current-carrying conductor in magnetic field point 2) 30. In the diagram below. its velocity at point A is in x-direction. B. current-carrying conductor in magnetic field point 5) P. www. A.

(Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P. They carry equal current in the same direction. a voltage is induced across PQ and Q will be at a higher potential.andylai. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 31. C.) A. 17 . B. the iron rod PQ will accelerates with a magnitude equal to F / m. The following figure shows an iron rod with mass m which is pulled along conducting wires by a force F in a uniform magnetic field. current flows from P to Q across the rod. B. magnetic effect of electric current point 3) 32. Two long conducting wires are placed in parallel as shown. D. www. D. electromagnetic induction point 1 2 3 5) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. C. a steady voltage will be induced across the iron rod if it is moving with uniform speed. Which of the following graph best shows the variation of magnetic field along PQ? (Take the direction into the paper to be positive. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. A. P and Q are points in between the wires and PQ is a line perpendicular to both wires. When the iron rod PQ is pulling by a force F along conducting wires in a uniform magnetic field which is into paper.

A Hall voltage is developed between the face AB and face CD of the specimen. (2) The Hall voltage will be reversed if the specimen is replaced by another semiconductor containing negative charge carriers. A. (3) The Hall voltage will become larger if the thickness t is reduced. B. C. Which of the following statements is / are correct? (1) The Hall effect can be used to determine the flux density of the magnetic field due to an alternating current. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. D. (1) only (2) only (1) and (2) only (2) and (3) only (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. It has a constant current flowing to the right and is perpendicular to a magnetic field point downwards. Hall effect point 3 4) P. The figure shows a semiconductor specimen containing positive charge carriers. 18 ©2011 A Lai learning Center. This is the “Hall effect”. www.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 33.andylai.hk Prepared by Andy Lai .

B. The resistance of the circuit ADCB is 1. A circular frame and a square frame. are placed in a uniform magnetic field as shown. l = 2 m and v = 50 cm/s. 8 × 10 −4 W D. None of the above. 3 × 10 −4 W B.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P. There is no induced current flowing inside the square frame. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. 10 × 10 −4 W (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 34. electromagnetic induction point 5 resistance point 4) 35.2 × 10 −5 ohms. www. The rod AB is pulled by an external applied force to the right with uniform velocity v. The induced current is in squared coil is larger than that in the circular frame. C. B is the magnetic field directed perpendicularly out of paper and its magnitude is 6 × 10 −5 T. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. A. Calculate the power supply by the external applied force. current-carry conductor in magnetic field point 2 electromagnetic induction point 1) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. In the figure below. 19 .andylai. Andy is pulling the square frame and the circular frame to the left with same uniform speed respectively. 4 × 10 −4 W C. Which of the following MUST be correct? A. made from the same type of insulated metal wires with same thickness. The resistance of the circular frame is larger than that of the square frame. D.

The solenoids and the coil ABCD are connected in parallel to a battery. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 36. PQ and RS are solenoids. 20 ©2011 A Lai learning Center. www. the coil cannot continue to rotate in the same direction when the coil passes through the vertical plane since component E can only work with d. 3) If the battery in the circuit above is replaced by a 50 Hz a. A. D. Which of the following statements is / are correct? 1) The polarity of magnetism at end P is north while that at end R is south.andylai. supply. 2) The component E is used to reverse the direction of current flowing through the coil whenever the coil passes through the vertical plane to make the coil continue to rotate in the same direction.hk Prepared by Andy Lai .) P. In the figure above shows a type of motor.c. (2) and (3) (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c.c. supply. C. (1) and (2) only (1) and (3) only (2) and (3) only (1). B.

By varying the turns ratio. 21 . High voltage is easier to step up and down than low voltage. R B. A. high voltage transmission of electricity will lead to a high power loss. high voltage transmission of electrical energy point 1) ©2011 A Lai learning Center. By V = IR and P = VI . www. Which of the following statements describing the transformer is / are correct? (1) If the output voltage changes from 6 V to 12 V. the no.hk Prepared by Andy Lai P. transformer point 2) 38. the power loss of high voltage transmission of electricity cannot be determined. of turns in secondary coil should be doubled given that the no. of turns of primary coil remains unchanged (2) The input current should be four times than before if the output voltage is changed from 6 V to 12 V. (2) and (3) only D. (3) The output power should be doubled if the output voltage is changed from 6 V to 12 V. (1) and (3) only C.andylai. By P = V2 . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. By V = IR and P = I 2 R . its output voltage can changed to either 6 V or 12 V. (1). The figure below shows a portable transformer. (2) and (3) (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. (1) and (2) only B. It is only connected to the main supply voltage of 220 V in Hong Kong as input voltage.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 37. D. high voltage transmission of electricity will lead to a low power loss. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. Which of the following is the reason for high voltage transmission of electricity for long distance? A. C.

the eddy currents induced in the iron core can be greatly reduced by laminating iron core parallel the coil cross-section surface area. is applied to the same resistor R? Figure 1. (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c. alternating current point 2 3) The end. B. There is an eddy current induced on the bottom of the cooking bowl to oppose the change in the magnetic field caused by direct current (d. Therefore. What is the mean power rate of heat production when a square wave of the same frequency and amplitude shown in the Figure 2. None of the above.3 W 40 W It cannot be determined since the resistance of the resistor is not given. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. B. Figure 2.hk Prepared by Andy Lai . Eddy current induced in the iron core of the transformer will increase its efficiency since eddy current will increase the total output current. peak value (Hints: root-mean-square value of sinusoidal wave = ) 2 (Reference: HKDSE Physics syllabus part IV c.黎 sir 教室 2012 HKDSE Physics Mock Exam Set 4 – Paper 1 DSE-PHY-MK4-121 39. electromagnetic induction point 8) 40. 20 W 28. 22 ©2011 A Lai learning Center.c) flowing through the coil inside the induction stove. C. a heating effect is created to cook the food inside the cooking bowl. When the sinusoidal alternating current shown in Figure 1. P. A. www. it produces heat at a mean power rate of 20 W. D. C. D. Is applied to a resistor R. Inside the transformer. Which of the following about the eddy current is correct? A.andylai.