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IIIL-HDBIC-1l90
1 SEP'fEM!lER 1987
SUPERSEDIIIC ALL
PRBVIOUS ISSUES OF
DOD .270.1-11
IttLITARY IWIIlBOOIC
FACILITY PLAJlllIIIC AIID DESICIf CUIDE
..

pISTRIBUTIOB STATEKERI A. APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE: DISTRIBUTIOII IS


UlllLIIIITBD
AREA FACll
t -:'
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KIL-HDBK-1l90
PREFACE
Tbis handbook is divided into tvo parts. Part I is a reprint of DoD
4 2 7 0 . 1 ~ , 'Policy Guideliaes for lI1Stallatioa PlaaDiaa, Del1gn,
Constructioa and Upkeep,' wbicb outliaes the iustallatioa commander 'a "role
and respoaaibility for tbe developmeat and care of tbe iuatallatioa.
Part II, TecbDical Guidaace, ia a compilatioD of ataudards, refereacea,
aad detailed techoical guidance that ia provided aa a tool to ..aiat
iaatallatioa commaadera, tbeir ataffa, their dea1gu end coustructioa
a.eata, and tbeir cbaia-of-eommand ia this developllent aad care. While
theae criteria ere DOt developed primarily for use in review of military
eoaatructioa program and budget aubmisaioaa, it i. recognized they may be
lI..d for that purpoae. Projects ahould aot, bowever, be approved or
disapproved aOlely on the bUia of theae criteria. All requir_au, and
particularly those which escead this guidance, must therefore be flilly
ezplained end j'lstifiad in accordance with otber applicable DoD aad
Service progr--.lng/budget directivea to ell8ure understanding by the
revieWing officials.
lecommendatious for improvement to this handbook are encouraged and
frequent deviations from the included criteria ahould be reported on the
DD From 1426 provided iaaide the beck cover to Heval Facilities
Engineering Command, Code 04, 200 Stovall Street, Aleuadria, VA 22332.
(Lead activity for mainteusace of this haadbook).
Tbia haadbook may be used aa a refereace dOCWHat for procuremeat
activities auch as coatracting for professiooal design services. However,
thb !!a!!l!book !!!!al! not l!!! Yael! g !! referege doc_eat in Ia1litary or
federal .pec:ificatioaa, for procurement of material, or 1n otber II1l1l1lar
procurement activitie

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HIL-HDBIt-1l90
TABLE OF COIlTENTS
PART I
DoD 4270.1-H POLICY GlJlJlELINES POI. INSTAI,I.ATION
PLAHNlNC. DESIGN. COIlSTBUCTION A!lIl UPDU
IIlSTALLATION COMMANDERS' COIDE
Pase
Section A.
B.
c.
D.
E.
F.
C.
B.
I.
lDtroduc.tloD................
Objective. , ....... " .
General G\lidance ........
Security aDd Surviv.bility
Cost BeDefit ADalyst........
51&
Upkeep
WOrld War II Vood Building
Detailed techu1cal Guid.nce
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-4
CBAPTEII. 1.
PART II
TECHNICAL CUIIWlCE
Page
Section A.
B.
c.
D.
hrpose ...........................................
Design COnalderatlona
Coostruction Levele and Building Type
OCcupational safety aDd Health Act Cooai4eratiooa
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-4
CHAPTER 2. ENVUONMENTAL QUALIn
Section A.
B.
c.
D.
E.
F.
General .......
Q.s1dellDea ....
PunDing and Jle.ip for !Dviro_ental Quell ty
Preparation of Environmental Document
PollutioD A.bat_eDt ~
Eoviroamental Protection During Cooatruction
Operat1oll8 .....
2-1
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-5
2-6
CBAPTEII. 3. KASTER. Pi.ANNINc A!lIl SIttNG CIllTnlA
Section A.
B.
c.
D.
General ........... _,
lDatallatiOD ~ e c u r i t y
S1tiDl of Buildings .......... :.
Land Use ae.triction8 for Runway Clearaace. aDd
Nois. Abatement ..............
lAtdaeapiDg ...........
S1t1Dg of Utilities .......
i
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5

MlL-lIDBK-1l90
Pase
G. of aa.ardoue 3-5
B. Parklag for Vehiclas............. 3-6
I. Resard1as Uee
of Airspace...................................... ),-10
J. 1D Floodpla1118 or OD lIeUaDde......... 3-10
K. PlaDn1as Procedurlla for National Capital
aegion...... ..... , .. . . ....... 3-13
C1IAPTEJ, 4. BUILDING ABD FACILITY PLAlfNING FACTORS

Sect10D A. General ...


B. Code 600)
C. lJDaccc-.pan1ed PeraoDDel Bousias aDd D1n1as
Code 720)
D. ... Repair aDd OperatioD
(Cateaory Code 219) ...............
E. Fac1UUea - Pereolme1 aDd
.Service Code 730)
F. e-ity Fac1l1Uea - Morale, lIelfare aDd
Recr.. - (Exchaase aDd S1m1lar
Code 740)
G. CommuDlry FacillUes - Morale. lIelfare aDd
- Exchaase aDd
St.1lar Code 740)
B. CCllIIaJDlry Facilitiee - Morale. lIelfare aDd
- Code 7S0)
CHAPTER 5. ARCHITECTURAL CRITEIUA
4-1
4-3
4-3
4-12
4-13
4-26
e
4-50
4-81
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
P.
Geueral Design PrOY1.1oua.
Interior Fini.hes..
&ad Other Glazed Areas .
VeDdias Prosram for B11Dd
Provl.1oDa for Phyelcally BaDd1capped Pereona
_. --- - -"
'1re
5-1
5-2
5-4
5-4
5-4
5-5
CHAPTER 6. S'r1l1lCTURAL CRITERIA
A. of aDd 6-1
B. De8ign &equiremeuts................................ 6-2
CHAPTER 7. PROTECTIVE CONSTRUCTION CRITEIUA
Section A. Definitiona..............'..
B. Policy for Providing Protection..........
C. of POL .....
D. 'Fallout Protection................................
11
7-1
7-1
7-2
7-2
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KlL-HDBK-1190
E. DeSign AgaiDBt the Effects of Nuclear or
High Explo81ve8
P. PhYsical Security ...........................
C. Decoam1ee10Diag of Nuclear F.cil1ties
Pase
7-3
7-3
7-3
CBAP'l'B1l 8. EHEllGY COHSEIlVATION CIlITEJl1A
Section A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Purpose .......
General Requirement
Step-By-Step Procedure for Thirty-rive
Perceat De.isn
P1Dal Design PTocedure...
Spe.cial Studiee......................
8-1
8-1
8-1
8-3
8-3
CBAP'rE1l 9. ELECTIllCAL CRITEIl1A
Sectiol1 A.
B.
C.
L1sbtiq..............................
Interior Electrical F.ciliti .
!stertor Blectrical '.cillti
9-1
9-7
9-10
CBAPTEB. 10. All CONDITIONING. DEHIIK1DIFICATION. BVAPOIlATtVE OOOL1!IG.
BUTINC. MECIWlICAL VENTILATION. AND IEl'IllQEIlATION
Section A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
P.
General Pollcy " ..
Space CoDd.1tlo111na De8ip ..
Evaporative Cooliag De.llD
Industrial HechaDical De.tID
Specialized Criterl. for Air-CoDditioned
'acllities in Humid Are........................................ '.....
Ell,ibility of racil1tiea for Air CoDd!tloDiD8.
DehUll1d1flcaUon. Ev.por.tive Cool1ag. ae.Uq.
or MechaDical V.otil.tion
10-1
10-2
10-7
10-7
10-8
10-9

CBAPTEll 11. EHEIlGY SOUilCE SELECTION AND CEHTJW. BEATING CIlITEJl1A


Section A. Energy Source Selection &lid Application Crlterl.
(DefeDSe racll1tiea in the ContilUoua
United St.t) ..........
B. Application Criteri
C. Central aeatina Criteri
D. Beat TrauamisBiol1 aDd Distribution Line
E.. AutOllUlted Beat.1o.s Plant " ..
C1IAPTE1l 12. PLUKBING EQUIPMENT CIlITEJl1A
Pol1cy ..
111
11-1
11-2
11-3'
11-4
11-4
12-1
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MIL-llDlllt-1190
CBAPrEJL 13. 'AHlLY ROUSING fACILITIES cnTERIA
Page
1
L_
Section A.
B.
C.
D.
B.
,.
G'.
Applicabl11ty. ....................
Objective................................
ad Space aDd Cosc
De.lgn Staadard. aDd Criteria
Utili t.ie...................
Project Deve10,.Dt .....
School r.cillci .
1v
13-1
13-1
13-1
13-3
13-10
13-10
13-11


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KlL-BDBK-1190
FIGURES
Figure
Title
4-1 -2 Plus 2- PereOD Rooms Module.............................. 4-6
4-2 -2 Plus 2- PeraoD Rooms Modul 4-7
TAlLIS
T.ble
3-1
Title
P.rk1ag Space Guidelin. For RoaorD1aatioaa! Veh1c1e 3-7 3-10
4-1
4-1
4-3
4-4
4-9
4-10
4..,11
4-11
4-13
4-14
4-15
4-16
4-17
4..,18
4-19
4-10
4-11
4-11
4-13
4-14
4-25
4-26
4-17
4-18
4-19
4-30
Space Criteria ADd AccoaaoclatioDS For UKPS
Ser:viq l.equireaaeut ......
Space Criteria For Bnlisted PersoDDel DiD1ag F.ciliti
Space Criteria ror lIaillteDaDCe-Illstallatioll, Ilepa1r
And O1'erat1oD...........
Space 'Criteria ror Bread ADd Pastry Bakeri;
Space Criceria Por Pr1.ouer
Space Crit.eria Por Bclucat.1oD. Ceutera.. '.
Space Criteria ror ramily ADd COGDUDiry Support/S.rvic.
. Centera ... " !'
Spac. Criteria ror LaUlldry ADd' Dry Cl.aD11l1 PlAllt
Space Criteria"Por Central Poet. Olf1c.. :
Humber of Ch.pel St
Space Crit.ria .ror IDdividual Cbapei..
Numb.r of Theat.rs ADd Multipurpose Audicoriuma
Space CrI,ur:1a For fbatar..aDd HulUpurpo.e AwUtorluma ;.
Space Criteria For B.ak. !.
Space Criteria Por Credit Ua1oaa
Spaee 'or Credit Uuioaa ; :
Space Criteria ror B:a:chaage Alluaaellt C.llt.rs .
Space Crit.ria ror Automobil. Parts Sal.s Stor
Space Criteria lor Br.nCh azchaD8e8
Spece Crit.ria ror Iutallatioll bchallle Food S.rvic
Space Criteria ror E:a:challle FoOd S.rVic. At At,. .
Community Shoppiaa Ceuter Over .
Spac. Criteria Bach.llIe Suppleaelltary Pood Servic
Space Criteria lor Plight Lin. Snack ..r
Space Crit.ria ror Eachalll. Food Stor.s, Ov.rs .
Space Criteria ror Ga.olille .Ild S.rvice St.tloll&
.Dd Service C.Dt.r
Space Criteria ror Suppl".lltal Gasolill. Statioll8
Space Criteria Por C.r W.sh r.cllltle:
Space Criteria For Eachaage LaUlldry Apd Dry Clll1ag
Pl.llts .................... ..............
Space Criteria ror Bachallle Maillt.ullc. Shop
v
4-4
4-10
4-11
4-12
4-14
4-15
4-16 4-17
4-18
.4-20
4-21 4-22
4-12 4-23
4-24
. 4-15
4-16 .
4-17 4-28
4-19 .
4-3ii
4-34
4-35
4-36
4-37
4-38
4-39
4-39
4-40
4-41
4-41 4-42
4-41
4-43
4-44
KIL-BDBlt-1l90
TABLES (continued)
Table Title
4-31 Space Criteria For Service OUtlets - Gross S ~ u a r e
root Area
4-32 Space Criteria For Service OUtlets - Gross S ~ u a r e
Keter Area............... ................
4-33 Space Criterie For EEcheose Besuty Shops
4-34 Space Criteria Por Thrift Shop......
4-35 BDviroamentel Adjuatment Factor. For Thrift Shops
4-36 Space Criteria For Aero Club Facilitie
4-37 Space Criteria For Art. And Crafta/Skill
Develop1l8Dt CeDter
4-38 Space Criteria For Automotive/Skill Development Center
4-39 Spac.e Criteria Por Bov11aa Ceater .
4-40 Space Criteria For" Child Development Centers
4-41 Space Criteria For Kultipurpoae Recreation Buildioss
4-42 Space Criteria For Drama Cantara And Music Centers .
4-43 Space Criteria Por Golf Facilities......
4-44 Space Criteria For Gun, Skeet, And Trap Facilities
4-45 Space Criteria For Phy.icel Fitnes. Centers (Gymnasiums)
4-46 Criteria Por Indoor Courts ..................
4-47 Space Criteria For Main Librarie..............
4-48 Space Criteria For Library Service Centers
4-49 Space Criteria For Karins Support Center
4-50 Space Criteria For He/Club For Lover Grade Enlisted
Pereo!!w= == == == == == == == = == == == == == == == = == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == == ==
4-51 Space Criteria For Noncommi ioned Officers' Kess/Club
4-52 Space Criteria For Officers' Kess/Club
4-53 Space Criteria For KWR/Recreation Supply/Support Facilitiea.
4-54 Space Criteria For Outdoor Recreation Operations Activity
Ceat.era
4-55 Space Criteria For Outdoor Recreation Pavilions
4-56 Space Criteria For Package Beverage Stores/Class VI
4-57 Spaee Criteria Por RecreatioD Ceater.
4-58 Space Criteria For Installation Re.t.urants
4-S9 Space Criteria Por Rldiog Stable
4-60 Space Criteria Por Skating RiDka
4-61 Criteria For Installation Indoor And Outdoor Swimming Pool
4-62 Space Criteria For Youth Centers
6-1 Structural Design Methods And Stress Allowances
8-1 Department Of Defense Design Energy Targets - (000)
BTU/SQ n/n .
9-1 DOD - IES Cross-Reference Of Facilities
9-2 Illuminstion In Warehouses ......
vi

Pase
4-45
4-46 4-47
4-47
4-49
4-50
4-51
4-52
4-53
4-54 4-55
4-56
4-57
A_e.G
"'-"1
4-60
4-61
4-62
4-63
4-64
4-65
4-66
4-67
4-68 4-69
4-69 4-70
4-70 4-71
4-72
4-72 4-73
4-74
4-75
4-76
4-77
4-78
4-79 4-80
4-81
6-5
8-4
8-7
9-3
9-4

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KIL-IlDBlt-1190
TABLBS (coatinued)
Table Title Page
9-3 IES Sports Clase1flcatloua.......... 9-5
9-4 IlluaiaaCioD Ia Puactioaa! Areas Of Otber P.ciliti.......... 9-5 9-6
13-1 Kaztmua S1&e Of Llv1D1 Units 13-3
13-2 I4IthroCIIIB 13-7
vii
AAFES
ACl
A-E
AFK
Al1l
AlSC
AISI
A&L
ANSI
AlU
ASIJRAE
AStK
A&tBCB
AVG
BU
BLAST
Btu
Btuh I
C
(C)
CAC
CAC
CDD
CEGS
CERCLA
CPA
cf.
cpa
c.
c.
2
CO
COE
CONUS
CPO
DAEN-ECE-A
DASD(I)
DEQPPK
KIL-llDBK-1l90
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACllON'lMS
Army aDd Air Porce Exchange' Service
American Concrete Institute
.& _ ....... n D a .. ftG
_ v_.. __...... v ..
Architect-Engineer
Air Porce Manual
Air Porce Regulation
American Institute'of Steel Construction
American Iron aDd Steel Institute
aDd Logiatics
American National Standards Inatitute
Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Inatitute
American Society of Heating, &egrigeration
and Air Conditioning Engineers
American Society of Testing aDd Katerials
Architectural and Transportation Barriers
Compliance Board
Americsn Vire Gauge
Brick Institute of America
Building Loads Analysis and System
ThenoDynlllll1cs
British Thermal Unit
British Thermal Unit per Hour
Centigrade
Confidential
Community Activity Centers (see chapter S,
paragraph G.8.b.)
Career Advisory and Counseling (see chapter
S, paragraph E.S.b.)
Cooling Degree Days
Corps of Engineers Guide SpecificaUon
Comprehensive EnviroDlllental Response
Compensetion and Liahility Act
Commission of Pine Arta
Cubic Paet per Minute
Code of 1'ederal Regulations
Centimeter or Centimeters

Commanding Officer
Chief of Engineers
Continental United States
Chief Petty Officers
Architectural and Building Systems Branch,
Engineering DiVision, Office of the Chief
of Engineers
Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense
(Inatallations)
Defense Environmental Quality Program Policy
Itemoranda
viii
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KIL-lDlBK-1190
ABIlllEVIATIORS AND ACllOIl!MS (coDUDUed)

DD
DDUR
DK
DoD
DOE
UP
ZDP
Edu. Ctr.
lIS
B!ft
1.0.
IP
EPA
F
FAHCAHPS
FeGS
FIMA
FBKP
PI.
P.R..
ft
ft
Z
"
GED
grm
GSA
BDD
BND
Bq.
BQDA
BVAC
Ba
lES
1&L
tHC
loc.
JCS
Kg
Km
kPa
L
LPG
LIS
m
ra2
mJ/h
a3/h-m2
DepartlUlDt of Defeuse
DepartlUlot of DefeDle E&plo.ives Safety Board
Dedgn !tallll8l
Departmeot of DefeDle
DepartaeDt of &Dergy
Bavira_Dtal AdjuatllleDt Facton
0' __ ._ ft o- f __
Q4a""' .... ""..... .....0 5 .. "'....... a .....
&ducatioD CeDter
BavirouaeDtal Impact StatemeDt
Blectrical HatalUc: Tub1118
bac:utlve Order
BD11ated PenoDDal
BavlroDmeDtal ProtectloD AseDCY
Fahrenheit .
F&II1ly c.p.
0 ........1 ......... f.f pf""..... D.a-.. 1 .,f",...
__ --0-------
Federal CouatructloD Guide Spec1ficatioD
Federal ImerseDCY Haa.ag_Dt &ceDCY
Federal &Dergy !taus_eDt Proar..
Federal lasieter
Flre-blllltaDCe
Foot or Feet
Square Feet
Fhcal Year
GeDllral IducatioD DevelopmaDt
c.J.loDl par IUDUte
Gaoer&! Service. Adm1D1l1tratioD
HeetiDs Degree Day.
1lDua1118 aDd UrbaD DeveloplleDt
.Headquarten
Headquarten, DepartllleDt of the Army
Heet1l18, VeDtUetloD aDd Air-CoDd1t1oDiUS
Berta
llluaduatiug Eus1Deerlug Society
luatallatioD aDd Logietic.
Ketal CoDduit
lDcorporated
JolDt Chief. of Staff
tilogr.. or tilogras
tiloaeter or tiloaeter.
tilopaac:al
Liter or Liten
Gae
Litera par SecoDd
Hater or Hater.
Square Haters
Cubic Haters per lour
Cubic Haten per lour per Square Hater
MlL-RDBlt-1l90
ABBREVUtlONS AND ACROIl'lHS (conUnued)
al/s
Kaz.
!iCtii
MEGA
MILCOH
Min.
MRA&1
PmfC
Mva
NAtO
NAVAlDS
NAVPAC
NBS
NCMA
NCO
NCPC
NCB.
NEPA
NFGS
NFPA
No.
NFDES
NSI
OASD
ODASD(I)
OJt
06M
OMB
OSHA
PCB
P.L.
P.O.
POL
psi
B.CB.A
aDF
B.TrP
ROTC
SE
SF
SIR
SJl
SiL
SQ FT
StAt
Stu
Milliliter per SecoDd .
Mui_
MeaD Co1ne1dent We t Bulb
MilliollB
Military CollBtructioa
Mim-
Manpower, Reserve Affa1r.s aDd InstallaUou
Military traffic Management C_Dd
Morale, Welfare aDd Recreational
North Atlantic treaty OrgaD1aatlon
Air aDd Sea HaviptioDal Aids
Naval Facilities Engineerias CommaDd
NatiOnal Bureau of Standards
National Coacrete Kasonry Associatioa
Houcoam1ssioned Officers
HatioDal Capital PlanD1aa Commission
National Capital Reglon
NatloDal EDV1roamental Policy Act
Naval Fac11ities Guide Specificatioa
NatiOnal Flre Protection Associetioa
Nulllber
National Pollutaot Discharge E11lll1aation
Systea
NatioDal Standards Iastltute
Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defenae
Office of the Deputy Assistaat Secretary of
Defenae (Inatallations)
Qa-the-Job-tra1D1ag
OperatiollB aDd Kaintenance
Office of Management aDd Budget
Occupational Safety aDd Health Act
PolYchlorinated Biphenols
Public Lev
Post Office
Petroleum, Oile, aDd Lubricants
Pounds per Square Inch
B.esource ConaervatioD aDd B.ecovery Act
B.efU8e Derived Fuel
Requests for TechD1cal Proposals
Reserve Officers Tra1D1as Corps
Selective Energy
Square Feet
Saviass to Invest1llent Ratio
Steel Joist Institute
Shipbuildias aDd Logistics
Square 'P eet
Statute
StaDdard
x

I ~
I
..
TDA
TDt
TE
T1.P
TK
TOE
TV
(U)
U
Ua
UBC
lIEPB
UPAS
UL
UOPB
U.S.
USACE
USAP
U.S.C.
USMC
USPS
V
WECS
YIl
KlL-BDBlt-U 90
AllllllEVlATlONS AND ACRONYMS (coDtinued)
Table of DlstrlbutloD aDd AllowaDces
Temporary Duty
Total EDersy
Temporary Lodglog Faclllties
TechD.1cal Manual
Table of OrSaD1aatlOD aDd Equ1paeDt
TelevldoD
UDclaaaUled
Therul TrallnHuoce
Therul Tr&Dam1ttaoce - Boof
UD1fom Bulld10g Code
Ull8ccoapaD1ed Ellliated Peuoual Boua1og
Ull1fom Federal Accelblllty Staodarda
Undervrltera' Laboratorlea, Illc.
Ull8ccoapall1ed Off1cera Peraouel Boudog
UD1ted Sut..
Ulllted States Amy Corps of El181Deera
Ulllted Statea Air Force
UD1ted Stat.. Code
.UD1ted Statu MarlDe CarpI
UD1ted States Poatal Service
VatU
Wlnd EDergy CoaveraloD Syat_
Year
..
. KIL-BDBK-U90
PAJlT I
POLICY GUIDELINES POll tNSTALLATIOH PLAlfH1!iC,
DESIGN, COHSTlWCTION AND ll1'1tEEP
- - -------------------

.. .
000 4270.1-M
SEPTEMBER 1987
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
POLICY GUIDELINES FOR INSTALLATION
PLANNING, DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION
AND UPKEEP
OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY
ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
(INSTALLATIONS)
EXCELLENT INSTALLATIONS - THE FOUNDATION OF DEFENSE

..
THE OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
WASHINGTON, D. C. lOJOI- 1000
"RODUCTION AND
"OOISTICS
Septeaber I, 1987
fOlEIIOllD
Tb1. "'m,.l 18 b.ued gDder tbe autbority of DoD Directhe 4270.1,
CoutructiOI1 Criteria," July 11, 1983. It nper.ede. all pre-doua edlti0D8
of DoD "ConstructiOI1 Criteri" It c-..Ue. tritb tba policy of DoD
Dlrectift 4001.1, "lIIstallstiol1 lIaDq_el1t," dated sept_bel' 4, 1986, wIl1cb
11ft. lutallatiol1 c_Dden brud autbority to decide bow beat to acc-..U.b
their II1sdol1, aud iutruce. baadquarter. to cucel reaulstiou that Uait
iucallatiol1 c_Dders' freed.,
nu. ""m,.t appU88 to the Office of the secretar,r of Defeue (OSD), tbe
II1Utazy Departllel1u, tbe 0llaDiAtiol1 of tbe JOint Chief. of .taff (OJCS),
tile UDiUed ad Specified e:-.pcI., tbe Defeue "encle.; aud acti-dt1e.
eda1Distrathely supported by OSD (bareafter referred to collectiftly .. "DoD
eo.poael1u"). It doe. DOt apply to bedtb care fac1l1tie
S_ detailed tecbD1cal criteria are required tbat affect aore than 0_
Service; web criteria trill be developed tbrovab a 1'rt-Service effort ..
1==11:::= 1: =h8octlctl D.2. of DeD D1reet1v= 4270.1. !r1-!.mce &Dr! ey
otber iDd1ridual Serv1ce dlrective. trill contora to tbe bulc poUcy luldllllCe
of this llenual.
DoD eo.pOl1el1U ..y obtain copla. of thi. IIaI1ua1 tbroUlb thelr _ publicatin
cba_la. Otbar Pederal AseDCle. aDd tbe pubUc ..y obtail1 cople. the
Office of the Deputy As.btant Secretazy of Dafeue for Iutallatlou,
Va.hil18tol1, D.C. 20301-8000.
Robart A. Sto..
Depaty Assistant Secretary of Dafeue
(lIIstallatiou)
Excellent Installations" The Foundation of Defense

, '
,

&. mnoDucnoN
t'h.1. Kanual 1. written fer 1Dat&ll=.t!c: c==:=:!ere. It 1. tbe.!r r..!de to
pronde acelleat facU1U88 throuah new coutnICUoa aDd throuah aUateDAlICe.
repa1r. aad rellDvaUoa of abUIII pemaneat aad taporery faciUU.. _ that
the iutallaUoa caa .ccoapU.h ita abeloa lIDW .ad ia the futun.
The KaDual 1. baaed oa the principle that aa iaVII.taeat ia ac:elleat .
faciUUe. 18 lID iaVII.taeot 1a people-our aoat valuable re.ourca.
I. OBJBcrIVB'
The objective of all iutallaUoa plallll1aa. d"iaa. coutmct1oa. aad
apbep for the Defenee Departaeat 18 to pronde acelleat placa. to work aad
Uva for the eoldiera...Uor air-a. aDd _riDe. wbo dafaad
lawameat la acel1eat faciUtle. qa1ckly P81. off ia t.proftd capabiUty aDd
of our caabat torc... beall.at tacWtie. alll.ader prid.-tlle
fuel of bIaaa accoapU.laeat.
c. GERDA! CUmAHCE
KiUtar)' ba are bmletovae. They .bould haWl all the faciUtu. a lood
tOft b.u-aot juet bouelq. but laad aad buildlq. d.a1Iae4 for l'eCl'IIetioa.
cultaral aad nlialou. actintiea. educatioa. baalth cu.bopP1al. aad
1IIIn. K1Utary ba... ouabt to be the kiad of t_ you would _t your eou
aad uuahtera to writ aod 11ve la.
You ClUlIlOt plall. deaiaa. or build aa acel1eat facWry ualaa. you
tborolllbly uaderetaad wbat tbll cuat_n ..at. Sp.ad a lot of tllla fiad1111
out. Aalt the UD1.t e....ader the lICO tile youaa offican aad eDUeted
aad-thelr -faiU tXw-to ..b' thilll_ batter. Pay e lot Of atteatioa
to f ..tur... flu.be.. aad furaiahi1l8. bec.a. they _ quallry to your
cut_ra. The faclllty 1e a:cel1eat Daly if the cuataa.ra NY it b.
IlICour-ae aad eaable your peOple to t.proft their _ warkiaa aad Uvias
plac... They set better facUitie. far .oouer aad a lreat.r f.aUIII of pride
aad _r.b.1p. To He it done well. vielt the U-Ilo-It Ston at rt. Lee.
Vlqill1a. or the ODe Stop Shop at r .1. Warna Ur force ..... Ilyaailll.
If your iaatall.tioa baa All architectural t .....tick to it. U you are
atarUas With hoc!aepoc!ae. pick a theu aad 1IIIrIt t_rII it. You aiaht fiDd
it ueful to hire a ba.e .rchitact to OWln.a the aad t.pta_au to
aU ba1ld1as. ".ar after year. Ilea_her, tha.. faciUtla. Will ha atauDd for
a 10118 t1ae. We heft All opportull1ty to aab tbea All alllluriaa aourca of prida.
De.1g1l to cat eDerBY uee. vb.1le prov1d1q plaa..at. cCortable llvilll aDd
wilrki1l8 eanro_eata. Wbea you nbabllitata a facWty. you CAll let a.raY
(aad co.t) ..viq. ia the baqaia. h aUataill1l11 !acUitie bep a_raY
couUll1q eyet.a ia 8cod repair; apply our ._ ahared .Deqy ..villi. .
lea1alatioa; revard 1DDoVlltioa. ADd rea_ber the fint rule of e_tIY .
coaaarvatioa-doa' t baaele the troop.. Give tbaa pleaty of l1ght aad lat t'"
edjuat the temperature. U you baWl people warkhs 1a the dark or if tbiaY'ra
too cold or too bot. you .re ...t1q a re.ource tar Bra coetly aad valuable
tbaa eDeqy.
n
Pay cIon attelltioll to protectiaa the Datural ellvirOlllllellt alld historical
lUId archaeolOllical sites. CoIIpllauce with eavirollllleatal lava aud reguJ.atiou ..
18 IIOt oaly a statutory requiremeat; it _kes good sellSe .for protectiDB the
_l1-be1aa of your people alld the eavirolllellt. If you are IIOt familiar with
utioul aDd local lav. lUId rule., 8et apert advice. Pollowiq the rulea
W111 be1p you to produce u:celleat facilitiea.
Pbj'81cally handicapped people are elltitled to use llUlay facilities 011
II1litary illatallatiollll. A. a geoeral rule, _ke buildiaas accessible to
pb,y81cally haDdicapped people uale.. the buildiaa 18 to be used oaly by
able-bodied II1litary penoDDel. Kake at leaat five percellt of your family
bouaiaa UIliU (110 le.. thall ooe boun) acce..ible. .
D. SEaJRITr AID SURVIVABILITr .
Build 8IIrvivebility ia, ao that II1litary operatiollS CaD cOlltime after
attacks. DOll't foqet to build protectioll illto dorll1todea, diuiaa halls, aDd
officea, ea _U aa iuto buildiaae vbare equip_ut 18 stored aDd lII&1utaiaed.
S_ tecJm1quea are quite inapeuaive, like desi8u1aa buildiaaa ao that people
W111 IIIlt he apoaed to flyiaa wiDdov gla... CDiCs aDd IlUljor COllllD8Dd. will
deterll1ae the appropriate level of protectioa.
ll. COST lIENDI'r AlIALYSIS
The 80&1 ia IIOt to Jaill1m1ze the life-cycle coat of the facilities, but to
1IG1II1ze the perf'O'"mauce of the people vbo un tba facilltie.. Ezc:elleat
facilitie. are worth more thall they cost.
libell you do coat-heaefit aulyna of DeV facilitiea versua old, dou't
forget abaut the people who un the facilitiea. KIDedcal auly81a CaD oever
predict the atra perfomauce of people vbon pride aDd efficieucy are booated
by acallellt facilitie.. But, IlUIUIdcal &ulys18 call demollStrate that oaly a
very ..11 iucrea.. iu the output of people vho wortia a buildiaa is aeeded
to pay for the atra cost of au acellellt buildiaa. Use this sllllple formula:
The atra output (ia percellt) Deeded to pay for escelleace (A-B) :II: 100
Ciii
where: A 18 the illetlllle coat of creatiaa alld maiuta1u1aa aa eKcelleat
facility
B 18 the Ufet1lle coat of aaiutaiu1aa the old facility
C 18 the yeera of life
D 18 the aDDU&1 cost of the people vbo uae the facility

I2
;
..
P. SIZES
'l'be beat guide to d&1118 18 an G18till8 facl11ty that 18 nt18fyllll1 tile
dedre. of tbe people vbo UM It. Wbetever tile facUlty. fiDd the be.t
Gaple you C:aD and ...It the people vbo u.e It bow to ..ke the _t 0_
better. U po.dble. un Gaple. frOla Aaerk.' a be.t run. prof1t-.ald.q
c:c.paD1e
....ber to a.1t the c:uatCllUlr.--the c:_Dden, the ROO., the troopa-ut
'tHy _nt. DOIl't ..ke bu.11d11ll1a too...u. All W1dera1ud bu1ld1111 18
..tetal tball aD over.lud 0_ bec:au.. peopla are -ore tUIl
bu1ld1118
Domitory llv1118 .pac:e 18, by law, .et by OSD. Don1toriea auat be Iu1lt
vitia tile part1c:ular UIl1t In atDd. Cou14er tbB type of UIl1t, ita ataaloll, Ita
equt...nt, and Ita loc:atlon. V1I1.1a there auat be a c:_ul1ty III tbB .t
119111I .pace, tile vbole domitory c:.-pla _.t add to, DOt detrKt tc., tile
UIl1t'. atloll. Bare are the c:urrent ataDdard. III Mt llv1111 apac:.:
StaDdard Ret Llv1y Spac:e for OUC:C:C!!!J?aDied Offic:en aDd Illl1ated

03 aDd above
01 aDd 02
B7 to is
IS aDd 86
11 to 84
11 recruita
Ret Square Peet
460
330


180
90 (2 to a 180 .quare foot
ro.)
72 (opell bay)
r1lla11y, the goal 18 to provide our .0Ulen, aa1lon, ainllln, aDd urt..a
vitia a taa.e. Illc:lude place. to c:lean aDd atore ...r (tlle.e dOIl't C:OUllt a.
llvillll .pac:e), aple parld.lI8. telephDne aDd c:able book-up., aDd ll111oor' aDd
outdoor 10uIIlJe areaa, place. to prepare food, allll Iota of privacy.
G. OPDBP
TIle obj.c:tive of fac:l11ty upkeep 18 to ellballc:e aDd aalntaill the pride of
atlltary uDita. Wbell palnt p.el., tile bare wood ....lu to d.t.riorate aDd ao
do.. UIl1t pride. When pa_nt c:rKU, It "lu to erode aDd .0 doe. UIl1t
pride.
You kDav that lload UllkeeD Dreaervea fac:llltl fro. deen that III the
--- - -- - - -.-----. ------ - ------. - ... ----- --
loIlrt.m would be aore c:oat1y to repair. IIore t.portallt, .0Dd fac:l11ty
upkeep preserve. UIl1t pride; pride, llke the facll1Uea, 18 far le.. co.tl,. to
aaliltain tball to ,rebuild. Blllc:e pride 18 .0 ....IlUal to a1l1tary readl.a.,
It uke. aeue to lnveat beav1ly In It.
D
B. WILD WAR II WOOD BUILDINGS, TEKPOIWlIES, AND REtDCATABLES
wood b&11ldill!. fraa tbe 1940. JUke lip a al'lle proportioa of
carnat fMlillt1e.. Wa Ifill aeed tbea for. 10118 tae to cexae. But that
doea IilIt _ .. IlU8t cexaprcxa1.. oar loal of Dcelleat iaatallaCiou. Bere
ere ._ polatara:
1. IIaU tbell aafa; doa' t put people ia fire trap
2. Keep tb8 paiated, afta U thar are progr_ed to cexaa doVD .exae
cIq. People ara ulaa tbea. or at lea.t loold.aa at tbell; tbelr Pride i. at
&tab.
3. Gift tbell a cc.plate fMle lift. lIodara reDOvaCioa _terial. CUl work
wolldan. Go ... what'. beaD dOIl8 at Hood)' An. Georgia; Belll. An, BevU.;
or 8aftl Air StatiOD, Brauallick. lfa1ae. You wa't be able to tall tile 1940.
1la1ld111lJ. froa the bra1ld llIlW ollea.
I. DEnnn TIlaIRICAL GUmAlfCZ
tbe IU11tary Depan-aDU u, ba_ detailed laidaDCe to aaatat
iUtallatiOD c_adera iD P1aJm1118, de.18l11aa, allli bu114ill8 DceUeDt
fac1l1tiaa. However... IIIICh of thi. gu1daace a. po..i ble llhould be ia tile
fOal of advica aad aa&1&tauca ratber thaD coatrol aad directioD. The
c_.adilll officer ia raapoUibla for lICcexapll.hill8 the II1I1&1oa of tile
1utallatioa aad 1& accountabla for all resources appl1ed to the II1Sll10ll, aDd .-
_t haft the authority to _ke iavelltIHDt dec1&1oDS.

14
.
KIL-BDiIt-1l90
PAU II
DCBHICAL GlJI'lABt:B
.
KIL-llDB1t-1190
CBAP'l'D 1
GBNBBAL
A PllII.POSE
1. General. Thb pan pr..cribu criteria to .eIVe .. a
pide ill dulln aDd of biab fac:1l1Ue. are
durable, ecouca1cal, eare, e.tbetically pl...iaa, aDd have
r __ble operaUIIll aDd _te. While criteria are
to ..IVe .. a plde aDd offer couUerable flaibillty, tho.e
eecUou .. ba.ed OD lev, Order, DoD Directive.,
Federal aad aoverD1as _t be tr..
acc:orciiaaly.
2. AppUcability. The CODtaiaed ill baDdboolr. ..y be
ueed ill coulderias all faciliUe. u .tUtary ill
aDd, to a:teDt practicable, ia otber loc:aUoaa IIOrldlr1de. 1'ba
criteria uy al.o be uaed .. a bualiae iD the plaDD1118 aDd de.taD of:
a. Sew fac:1l1t:iu iD the .uttary _trucUOD proar-.
c. Major alteraUoaa to aiat:1q .tructure. for the purpo.e of
rehabilitaUoll or coaveraioa illto perllaDellt fac:111U...
d. Certaill DODperuUllt coaatructloll, a. 1Ild1cated.
3. I!prov_at of En.Uy Pac1UUu. Iaprov_llt of aiat:1q
facilitie. for. the eole purpo.e of ..etias the.e .hould DOt be
alldertalr.ea.
I. IESIGB CORSIIEEArl0RS
1. ECODClIIic, ElIlliDeeriDf. eM EDdroDlUlat:al Stadt... 1'ba de.taD of
.tUtary laciliti...hould be eupported b.r
e1l8iDeerias, aDd eaviro_llt:al .tudie
a. Deeigll Peature.. Th..e .t:wl1e. ehould iDC1ude, bat DOt be
U.tted to, tho.e 4e.181l feature. of the thet contribute Ua
.oet to tbe coutructlon quality, life cycle co.t, eaergy effici8DCY,
eaviro_ntal aDd parfoEllaQCe of paople aDd the lIi.atOD. .
b. Life Cycle Co.te.. Dea1ga decia1OQ8 for all type. of
project. .hould c0llll1der Ufe cycle coat &ad the !apact on
productivity llIId operatiy effic1eacy of the fuDctioaa witb1D the .
facility. Stadies .hould be Mde that _ider tbe Ufe cycle coat of tbe
facility eo .. to arrive at &II e:oDClll1cal co.t Uat UIr.e. iIlto
1-1
MIL-llDBK-1l90
coua1deratioD DOt oaly tbe iD1tial cODBtructioD cost, but also tbe
operatiag aDd aa1DteDaOCe coats of tbe buildiag aDd associated impact 00
tba la1ae1oD perfonaed vithiD it over tbe aDticipated life of tbe facil1ty.
2. Dallip RequirellleDts. The dedp of lII111tary facilities should:
a. Be based OD the actual requirelUDtB of the project.
b. CoDtribute to tbe pride of tbe people who work there.
c. Meet the operatiag requiremeDtB of the uaiag activit:y aDd
provide reasoaable flaibil1ty to foreseeable challlles iD
requiremeDta by tbe uaiag activity.
d. Provide hiahly fuactioDal facilities at the lowest
practicable coaatructioD aad acquisitioD costs cODsisteDt with total life
cycle ecODay.
e. Be appropriate for the type or lIIIportaDce of the facility aDd
tbe local surrOUDdiags, aDd meet the Deceasary euviroameDtal
requireaeDta, iocludiag applicable federal, at:ate, aDd local pollutioD
cODtrol criteria aad ItaDdards.
3. Coaat:ructioD Qualities. The quality of cODstructioD should be as
biab .. Deceaaary to provide coaatructioD auitable for tbe actual Deeda of
the iDteDded occupaocy. For iDdustrial aDd service facilities, aucb sa
shopa aDd atorese facilities, aD austere quality of cODstructioD with .
reduced fiD1sbes ...y be provided. For buildilllls of IIlOre sophisticated
occupaDCY, IUCh as laboratories aDd ujor headquarters buildiags, e hiaber
quality of cODBtruct:ioD with better fiD1shes should be cODBidered.
4. Uae of Local COD8truCtiOD Methods, Meterials. aDd Skills.
Desisaa should coaaider ecoDomies that: caD be effect:ed by t:be uae of
suitable local coaat:ruct:ioD met:hoda, mat:erials, aDd skills t:hat are
coaaist:eDt wit:h t:be iDteDt: of t:heae criteria.
5. Usa of Staiiilard or Stodt Produets. COIIImiire1ally av.ll.bla
staDdard or st:ock equiplBeDt. f1xt:ures. aDd mat:erials should be used vheD
practicable.
C. CONSTRUCTION UlVBLS AND BUILDING TYPES
1. Bulldi!!l! DefiD1tioQ8. The dafiD1t:ioDB provided below are used iD
this baDdbook aDd used by t:be M1lit:ary Depart:meDt:s aDd DoD CompoDeDt:s t:o
describe t:be levels eDd t:ypes of conat:ruct:ioD of IIIOSt: DoD buildiags aDd

a. PermeDeDt CODBt:ruct:ioD. Buildiags sDdfacilit:1es designed
aDd COQ8t:ruct:ed to serve a life expect:aDcy of IIIOre t:haD 25 years, should
be eDersy efficieDt:. aDd should have fiD1shes, mat:erials, aDd syst:eme
select:ed for low maiDt:eDaDCe aDd low life cycle cost:.
1-2
,
KlL-llDBK-1l90
b. Sem1perunent Construction, BUildings and facUil:1es
des1aned aDd constructed to serve a life Gtlecuncy of Imre than five
years but leas than 25 years, should be energy efficient, aDd sbould have
finisbes, Il8teria1s, aDd syst_ selected for a mderate degree of
maintenance ll8ing tbe life cycle approach.
c. Tt!IIporary Construction. Buildings aDd facilil:1es de81aned
aDd CODStruCted to serve a life apectancy of flve years or le..
ualng low coat cODStruction, aDd v1th flD1shes, saterlals, aDd .,st_
selected v1tb malntenance factors belng a secondary consideratlon.
d. Ifobil1l18tloa aDd Bmergency Construcl:1on. Buildings aDd
fac1liti88 deslgned aDd CODStruCted to a.rve a speclfic ~ b 1 1 1 a a t l o n or
..ergeDcy requirement. Builcl1D8s sbould be _8I:ere to Ja1D1a1ae
construction time aDd maximiae cODServatloa of critlcal materlals.
Maintenance factors aDd 10D8av1l:y sbould be se.condary considerations.
e. Buildiag System aDd Suhyst_. A buildiD8 sy8l:_ ls aD
assembly of cI1aensionally aDd functlonally precoordinsted subsyst...
vblcb, when cCllllbiaed, produces an e..entially cDllplete aDd fuDcl:1oDal
building. A subsystem is one of saay bu1ldiD8 cc.ponenu dasiBDed aDd
uaufactured to be combiaed aDd lntegrated v1th otber Eypes of subsyat_
to produce aD entire bulldlng system.
f. IDduatdalbed BUildings. BuildiD8s In whicb _jor components
aDd _e aubaysteme are coutructed at a factory, trauported to tbe
jobaite aDd erected. AD _pIe is factory conatruction of 1Ddlvldual
.aUs v1th tbe plumbiD8 aDd electrical vlriD8 already luta1lad.
g. Kallllfscturecl BuUdlngs. Buildings CODStructed frca bole
building modules tbat are cODStructed at a factory, traDSported to the
jobsite aDd coaaected to otber modules to fora an enl:1re stnicture. AD
example 1& multistory unaccompaD1ed persODDel boua1ng in whlch each
living uD1t 1& factory constructed wltb valla, floors, ce111118s,
plwablng, aDd alectrlcal v1rlng.
h. Pre-Bngiaeered BU11dings. BuUdings coutrucud entlrely
trDII a manufacturer's aystem of standard stodt It_. rr_nglaaerad
buildings often rely on a modular cI1l1enslon .,att!ll aDd can be
constructed in a vide range of configurations aDd sla.s. .
i. Ilelocatable BuildingS. Buildings dea1ped to be di_ntled
to facilltate relocetlon aDd noraally purchased .. equilDent to fUI a
temporary requiremeat. .
..
intact.
j. Portable BUildings. Buildings dea1aned to be esa1Iy .oved
1-3

KlL-HDBK-1l90
2. Criteria for BUilding Systems .Construction.
a. SUDdards aDd Quality. The standards and level of .quality
authorized in thJ.s handbook apply to industrialized, manufactured,
pre-engineered, and other types of building systems construction.
b. COlIponent Parte. The component parte should be readily
available and be abi. to be procured cOlDpetitively. In other 1IIlrda. it
18 IIllt intended that daaigna, or availability of specified or offered
coaponent parta, be aubject to further research or development, or both,
but rather that the cOlDponent parte be standard, off-the-shelf stoclt
it_.
c. Manufactured and Pra-ElUlioeered Bu1ldilUls. .These types
of CODatruction may be used for milItary bu1ldings :tten such use is
indicated by life cycle cost to be econOll1cal; when they will _et the
functional and performance requirements of the project; and when they
can be architecturally compatible .with the environment in whicb they will
be erected. BeCAUse of the great variance in the coet and quality of
auch atructures on the market, extreme care IIIlst be used in selection to
eneure that the quality of the facility to be provided 18 c_nsurate
with the project requirements and ezpected longeVity of the mission to be
aerved.
d. Relocatabl1ity. Relocatab1lity should be specified only
when the project justificetion certifies that the facility involved is of
uncertain teaure aDd the provisions of this feature will not result in a
degradation of proven atandards of design, architecture and engineering,
or result in increaeed operating and maintenance costs. When
re10catabi1ity is tbe primary design consideration, 000 Instruction
416S.S6 (reference (la shall apply.
D. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND IlE.ALTli Ac:r CONSIDERATIONS
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (reference (lb
requires that eafety standards issued by the Secretary of Labor be
followed in tbe work place. Section 19 of this Act requires federal
agencies to establish and maintain effective and comprehensive programs,
consistent witb the standards issued by the Secretary of Labor. Those
standards issued by the Secretary of Labor that affect the design of
buildings are principally found in the General Industry Standards, 20 CPR
1910 (reference (lc. The design of all military facilities that serve
as places of 8IIlp10yment shall conform to, or be consistent with, all
applicable standards published under the Occupational Safety and Health
Act (OSHA) of 1970 (reference Ib. .
1-4

I ~
KIL-BDBIt-1190
IW'ERENCES
(la) DoD Instruction 4165.56, -Belocatable BUildings,- April 3, 1981
(lb) Occupational Safety end Health Act of 1970-
(lc) General Industry Standards, 20 cn. 1910, Occupational Safety and
Healtb Adm1ailltraUoa, 1Iepartlleat of Labor, 200 Coutitutioa
AvellUe, H.Il., llaah1ngtoa, D. C. 20210
1-5
KIL-llDBIt-1190
RNVIB.ONKEN'tAL QUALITY
A. GENEIlAL
In kaepina with this utioav1de concern for the euvirolllUlnt, the
Conar.aa and the Administration have enunciated several policies for ita
preservation and enhancement. In general, elNiromaental legislation
requirea that federal agenciea COlllply with procedural as _11 as
auhatantive requirements of the designated regulatory agenciea, includina
the payment of appropriate feea. The documents issuina theae polici.. are
diacu..ed belov, and key peraonnel at all levels should be lIIBde aware of
their contenta so as to aasist in the decision making process.
1. 4Z U.S.C. 4321-436l The National EnvirolllUlntal Polic Act (NEPA)
(reference a This Act declares a national.policy to 1) encourage
productiv. and enjoyable harmony herveen people and their elNirolllUlnt,
(2\ ftPnvid. fnr thA nrVAntion or Alim1ution of damaRe to the elNironment
,-, r--"--- --- --- r - - ~ - ~ - - - - -- ------ -- - -- _
and bioaphere, and stimulate the health and welfare of people, and (3)
enrich the underatanding of the ecological systems and utural resourcea
ilqlOrtant to the ution. This Act requires, among other it81118, that every
recommendation or report on proposals for legislation and other major
federal actioua significantly affectina the quality of the natural
eaviroument, include a detailed five-point statement on the elNiroumental
i1ap8Ct of the intended action. The Council on EnvirolllUlntal QuaUty haa
iaaued 1Iapl_ntina regulations for NEPA (reference (2b that provide
specific information concerning the preparation and coordination of
eaviroumental documentation.
2. Ezecutive Order 11514 (reference (2c. This Executive Order
directa federal agenciea to implement the National Environmental Policy
Act (NEPA) (reference (2a. Further, it requires that federal agencies
provide leadership in protectina and enhancina' the quality of the
nation'a elNiroument to suatain and enrich human life. Amana other
itlllU, the Executive Order requires that federal agencies moo1tor,
evaluate, and control, on a continuina basis, activities so aa to protect
and enhance the quality of the elNiroument.
3. Executive Order 11593 (reference (2d. This Executive Order
requires that 0) the federal agenciea provide leadership 10 preservina,
restoring, and maintainina the historic and cultural eaviromaent of the
nation, (2) federal agencies initiate measures necessary to direct
policies, plans, and programs in such a way that federally-owned sites,
structures, and objects of historical, architectural, or archaeological
sigo1ficance are preserved, restored, and maintsined for the inspiration
and beliefi t of the people.
4. Clean ~ a t e r Act of 1977, Public Law (P.L.) 95-217, as amended
(reference (2e. Amana other it81118, this Act establishes the National
Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) snd requires federal
2-1

"
KIL-lIDBIt-1190
asencies to apply for a permit for each point acurce of vastewater
dischArse &lid comply with the coDditious of each permit. Wastewatllr sent
to a publicly-owned treatment plant must ..et pretreataent standards
prescribed by this Act &lid of the agency that CIIIllS the treataent p1ant.
the Act also reqw.ras that coustruCtiOD of facilities for treatmeDt of
.aatewater at federal facilities after Septeaber 30, 1979, not be
ia1t1ated unle.. alternaUve _tboda for _stewater traat.ent uaill8
iDIUIVaUve treatmeDt proceeaes &lid techniques are uaed. Th1a reqw.r_Dt
111 DOt epplicable wheD the life cycle coat of the alternative traatllent
works ezceeds the life cycle cost of the moat coat-effective alteraative
by IIOre thaD 15 perceDt. Th1a Act alao requires that for certa1n
pollutanU, poiDt acurce discharl88 ahall be treated ua1q the beat
available techDol081 ecoDomically achievable.
5. CleaD Air Act, Public Lav (P.L.) 95-90, &II _Dded referance
q at u items, t is Act requires fe eral ..eDC188 to apply
10FPemits to operate aDd to CODStruet facilitiea to control atat101l8ry
air pollutaDt sources &lid to comply with tbe coDd1tioDa of aac:h peralt.
6. Solid Waste Diapoaal Act, Public LaY (P.L.) aa _Ddad by
the Resource Cousetvation aDd Recove Act aDd '-eDdmeats refereace
S AmoUS ot er it_, this Act requires ederal agencies to properly
_1188e hazardous vaste fr-c. its Uae at leneratioa tei its dispoaai. .
Alenc1es IllUst obta1n permits for their bA&ardoua ..ste treatment,
atorage, aDd dispoaal facilities. Proper ahippiq papers (..DifeaU),
packsSiq, aDd labeliq IllUst be used when trauaport1q bA&ardoua _ate.
the 1984 _DdmeDU apply the requir_nu to peraoua WIlo senerate ..
little as 100 IdloBrlllllll of bA&ardous vaste in auy !IOnth, aDd require
relistratioD &lid controls OD uaderlrouud tanka uaed for atoriq oil aDd
hazardous vaste.
7. Toxic SubstaDCes Control Act, Public Lav (P.L.) 94-469, aa
ameDded (reference (2 h. AIIoq other it_, thia Act requiraa Pederal
Alenc1es to properly UDaBe tbe use &lid dispoaal of all toxic aubatances
aDd specif1cally requirea aueb ..neB_nt of Polycblor1uted B1pheDOla
(PCB) aDd it_ that contain PCB.
8. Safe DriDlt1 Water Act Public Lav P.L.) 95-190 aa _Dded
(refereDCe 2i). AmaUS other it_, thi. Act requirea federal ..eDCies
vho CIIIll or operate dr1D1t1US vater distribution ayat_ to eneue that tbe
vater _eU pr1lllary driDltiq vater ataDdarda, aDd where required, that
auch a,.t_ are resistered, l1ceuaed, or pemitted. Th1a 4ct alao
reqw.res that spec1al attention be pa1d to the protacUon of daa1gD.ated
aole source aquifers dudUS cODStruction &lid operation of Department of
Defeuse fac11ities.
9. Executive Order 12088 (reference (2j. Th1s Executive Order
outlines tbe policies that are to BOveru coapliance witb federal,
atate, aDd local euviroumeatal standards by federal fac111t1es. the head
of each aecudve asency 1& respousible to euue that faderal facilities

",
MIL-BDBK-1l90
are at all tillleS designed. conatructed. operated. aDd maintained in
co.pliance With all federal. state. aDd local eaviro_ental requir_nu.
The Executive Order further requires that a plan be" sent aam.s!ly to the
Office of Management aDd Budget (O!OI) to provide for 1mprovemente
neceaaary to 1II8et appliceble stan.dards. EXl!IIIptiODB from applicabla "
control standards may only be granted by the President. Furthermore. the
construction or operation of federal facilities outside the United States
shall caaply With the eaviroDDental pollution control standards of
aeneral applicability in the bost country or jurisdiction.
10. Executive Order 12114 (reference (2k. This Executive Ordar
requires that responsible officials of federal agencies take into
consideration pertinent eaviroDmental considerations when making
decisiona on major federal actions outside the geogrsphic borders of the
United States aDd its territories aDd possessions.
11. Executive Order 12316 (reference (21. This Executive Order
delegates to tbe Secretary of Defeuse the responsibility for
iavestigation and removal of hazardous substance releases from DoD
facilities and vessels.
12. Protection of Historic aDd Cultural PrOperties. Policies are
1a.uad by tbe
a. Executive Order 11593 (reference (2d.
b. National Historic Preservation Act, Public Lav (P.L.) 89-665
(reference (2m.
c Archaeological Resources Protection Act. Public Lav (P.L.)
96-95 (reference (2n.
13. Comprehenaive Environmental Res
Act of 19 t "-ndllente PL 9
su ects e er agenc es co courses 0 Bet on to C eaa-up
agencies 1II8y have beeu wholly or partially responsible for
the soU or groundwater. Also. the Act requires reporting
substance releases and previous disposal actions.
B. GUlDBLIHES
1u consonance With the cougressional aDd administration guidance
provided in Section A above. the folloWing general guide11nes ou
enviro_ental quality apply to construction:
1. Necessary lIleasures shall be taken to minimize all forms of
eaviroDlllental pollution and meet federal. state. and local eavirolllllental
quality standards. Environmental pollution is that coadition that
results frOlll the presence of chemical. physical. or biol08ical agents in
the air. vater, or 80il that 80 alter the DBtural enviroDlllent that an
2-3
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KlL-BDBIt-1l90
adverae effect la created oa humaa health or comfort, flah and wildlife,
other aquatlc resources, plaat life, alld atructures aDd equiplleat to the
Kteat of produclng ecoaomlc loas, lmpalrlng recreatioDal opportunlty, or
marrlng aatural beeuty.
2. avlroDlleaUl factors ahall be carefully U&II1aed vbea developi1l8
projecta &ad atudylng alteraatlve ..aaa of ..et1118 the requir...ata.
3. The _lateaaace aDd ellhaac_at of eanr_atal quaUty ahall lie
givea full c0D81deratioa 1D decldoa 1ISk1118 al01l8 with ecoaomlc, sodal,
aDd techD1cal factors.
4. IecommelldatioD8 oa projecta ahall lie .aed on a belaaced
evaluatioa of military requtr_ats aDd tile ecoDCllaic allli eaviromaeutal
factors iavolved.
5. Historical alld archaeologlcal placea lUleU1I8 the criteria of the
Datloaal reglater aDd other areas of apeclal latereat relati1l8 to aatural
wildlife aDd plaat life rill lie preaerved to the exteat poaalble aDd ia
accordaace rith appropriate public lava.
6. Whea practlcable, the eavlro_at of the c_lty or locaUty 1D
WhICb the public. works are situated ehoulci be enb.ueed au U to liiC.i'...e
ita value to the public. Necesasry coordiaatioa ahall, lie ..lataiaed with
the atate aDd local communlty la accordaace With the requir...ata of
.0. 12371 (refereace (2p}) a. lmplBlUlated by DoD Directlve 4165.61
(refereace (2q.
C. PLANNING AND DESIGN lOR ENVIRO!lKEHUL QUALITY
1. Eanroameatal Pactora. Ia keeplng with the above auldeUaea.
apeclal atteatloa ~ s t be glvea to eanro_atal factora 1a the
developmeat, desiga, aad coaatructloa ot .J.Utary tadUtl... The
folloWing factors, vblch are covered ia other chaptera ot thi. haDdbook,
aball be givea lacreaaecl .tteatioa ia project develo,.eat:
a. Compatlbility with the ex1aU1I8 &lid plallDed adjace.at
C_U1S ties (chapter 3).
b. Developmeat of II1Utary lastallatioa ...ter plaas .bould take
into account env1roamantal quality ecc=14=rat1c:: (chapter 3)=
c. Flood hazard coaaideraUoaa (chapter 3).
d' Geaeral archltectural dealga provialoas (chapter 5) .
e. Grading, draiaage, eroaloa, aad duat coatrol (chapter 3).
f. Lalldacaplng aDd opea apace dtatr1buUoa, arrangBlUlllta, aDd
u.e (chapter 3).
2-4
MIL-BDBK-1l90
8' Noise (chapter 3).
h. Provisioa. for the physically handicapped (chapter 5).
i. Sitins of baaardous materials facilities (chspter 3).
j. Sitins, orientation, and arransement of buildinss within an
overall planning and design framework (chapter 3).
k. Sitins of utilities (chapter 3).
1. Topo8raphy. natural beauty considerationa , and hazards and
nuisance effects (chapter 3)
Effects on historic places and archaeological sites (chapter 2).
2. Environmental Effects of Alternative Approaches. Environmental
effects of alternative approaches to providiog required facilities shall
be analysed and ev.lusted with a view toverd enhancing the environment
and ain1a1ains any detrimental environmental effects.
D. PlEPABArION Of ENVIllONKENTAL DOCUMENTS
In accordance with the requirements of NEPA, implementins regulations
from tha Council on Eavironmental Quality and DoD Directive 6050.1
(referenee (2r and DoD Directive 6050.7 (reference (2s, eov
l
ironme
Th
ntal l1li."
effects _at be considered when plannins projects and proposa a. e ""
appropriate documentation shall be developed as soon as sufficient
project information is available. The military aervices should strive to
complete the environmental documents for military construction projects
before subm!ttins the annual military construction program to Consress.
E. POLLUTION ABATEHENT
1. General Policy on Pollution Abatement. Overall policy guidance
for abatement of pollution at 1I.111tary installations is covered in DoD
Directive 5100.50 (reference (2t. Accordins to the requirements of
E.O. 12088, (reference (2j, the design of military conatruction
projects _st include provisions for meetins the applicable standards for
controllins pollution. Accordingly, the anaual submission of the
military coa.tructlon program shall include a statement indicatins that
the necessary provisions for the control of pollution have been included
in the project designs.
2. Control of Water Pollution. Control of vater pollution at
military Inst81l&tions must be provided according to E.O. 12088 (reference
(2J, as implemented by DoD Directive 5100.50 (reference (2t.
Preliainary ensineerins studies and desi8ns reqUired for the construction,
alteration, and additions of water pollution control facilities should be
started in sufficient time to ensure sound cost estimates for bud8etary
2-5

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KIL-HDBK-1190
purposes, compliance with applicable vater quality atandards, and with
installation spill prevention control and countermeasures plans, Title 40,
U.S.C., CFR, Part 112 (reference (2u.
3. Control of Air Pollution. Control of air pollution at military
installations shall be in accordance with E.O. 12088 (reference (2j, as
1.aplaented by DoD Directive 5100.50 (reference (2t.
a. Planning of Air Pollution Control Projects. It 18 .ential
that planning for all air pollution abatement facilitiea be atarted far
enough in advance to obtain proper engineering reviev of all applicable
ataDdards aD4 all alternative aolutions to the prob18lll8. Adequate lead
time ia also necessary to develop au1table deaians that'Vill provide tbe
re&li8t1c coat .. t ~ t e a neceaaary to eD8ure a reliable budget progr...
b. Eogineeriag Considerations of Air Pollution Control Projecta.
Vhile air pollution control facilities must be provided to ..et current
ellisaion standards Within the time limit established in .0. 12088
(reference (2j, it is essential that full engineering consideratiOD be
aiven to poseible future requir8lllente. To the atent poalible for current
projects, engineering deciaions shall be made to accommodate future
additions or 1IlOdifications at minisD coat. It 18 ....nUal that tbe
design engineer be fully kDowledseable of pollution control requirement a
beiDS considered for future adoption, especially at the atate and local
levels.
r. ENVIllONKENTAL PIlOTECTION DURING CONST1IDCTION OPDA1'IONS
Vhen daaigning a project in accordance Vith P.L. 91-190 (reference
(2v, aDd E.O. 12088 (reference (2j aDd .0. 11514 (reference (2c,
aDd P.L. 89-665 (reference (2v, necessary aeaaurea ahall be taken to
eliminate or minillize degradation of the environment during construction
operations
1. Rev1ev of Cooatruction Projects. Construction projecU ahall be
reviewed to Identify any potential aourcea of pollution or other 4aDaae to
the BDvirolllUlnt that ..y occur during the conatruction of the ailitary
facilities. The scope of eoviro_ntal considerations during cooatruction
actiVities concerns potential pollution of the air, land aDd .vater, aDd
involvea hazardous vaate, noiae, radiant enerlY, aolid veate, aDd other
pollutants. It alao includes the effects on arcbaeololical aitea,
hiatoric places, and the preservation and eobanceaent of general aesthetic
values during and after conatruction.
2. Technical Specifications for Enviroaaental quality. Upon a
determination that there i8 8 potential source of dearadation to the.
environment during construction operationa, ~ i t a b l e provisions ahall be
included in the technical specificationa of the project to eliminate or
ainillize the damele. When developing theae apecificationa, particular
attention shall be liven to:
2-6
KIL-RDBK-1190
a. Compliance. EDsuriq that federal, state, and local laws
perta1niq to eaviroamental pollution and hiatoric and archaeological
preeervation are complied with duriq construction operations.
b. Construction Operations. Providiq coverage in the
.pediic.atioG8 to aairdmi.ae pollution awi adverse. e.ffe.eti fram
operations, includiq:

(1)
..terials, such
escavstion, and
Air pollution caused by open burniq; use of volatile
sa saphalts and paints; and dust caused by cleariq,
grubbiq.
(2) Destruction of land foraa, vegetation, archaeological
raaource. and historic buildiqs or atructure
(3) Hoise pollution.
(4) Sediment control.
(5) Water pollution caused by spillage of bitumen, fuels,
gr...e, aDd o11s; erosion; c_nt and concrete spillage; aggregete
washiq; and sanitary and other vaste disposal.
REFERENCES
(2&)
(2b)
(2c)
(2d)
(28)
(2)
(28)
(2h)
(21)
(2j)
(2k)
(21)
(2m)
(211)
42 U.S.C. 4321--4361, The National Enviroamental Policy Act of
1969
Title 40, Code of Federal ReguLationD (CFR) 1501-1506, Council
on Enviroamel1tal Quality Regulations on Implementiq National
Enviroamental Policy Act Procedures
Executive Order 11514, Protection and Enhancement of Enviroamental
Quality, Karch 5, 1970 (as amended by Executive Order 11991,
Kay 24, 1977)
Executive Order 11593, "Protection and Enhancement of the Cultural
Environment," Kay 13, 1971
Public Law 95-217, "Clean Water Act of 1977," a. amended
Public Law 95-90, Clean Air Act," aa amended
Public Law 94-580, Solid Waste Disposal Act," as amended
Public Law 94-469, Toxic Substances Control Act," as amended
Public Law 95-190, Safe Drinldng Water Act," as amended
Executive Order 12088, Federal Compliance with Pollution Control
Standards, OCtober 13, 1978
Executive Order 12114, "Enviroamental Effects Abroad of Kajor
Federal Actions," Jenuary 4, 1979
Executive Order 12316, "Responses to Enviroamental Damage,"
Auguat 14, 1981
Public Law 89-665, "National Historic Preservation Act of 1966,
October 15, 1966, as amended by Public Law 95-515,
December 12, 1980
Public Law 96-95, 93 StAT-721, "Archaeological Resources Protection
Act of 1979"
2-7

,
(20)
(2p)
(2q)
(21')
(2s)
(2t)
(2u)
(Zv)
(Zv)
f
,
KIL-BDBlt-U90
REFERENCES (continued)
42 U.S.C. 9601, "CoIIlprebeDB1ve !Dvi1'o_eDtal Response, eo.peDBatioo
aDd Liabillty Act of 1980" as .mmeDded by PL 99-499, "SuperfuDd
AmmeadmeDt and Reauthorizatioo Act of 1986"
!aecutive Order 12371, Revlew of Pederal
ProsrlllU," July 16, 1982
DoD Directlve 4165.61, CoordinatioD of DoD
Federal Developmeot Prosr... and Activiti ," August 9, 1983
DoD Directlve 6050.1, "IDviroDaeotal Effects in the UDited Stetea
of DoD Actlons," July 30, 1979
DoD Directlve 6050.7, "!DvlroDDeDtal Bffects Abroad of Kajor
DepartaeDt of Defeue ActioDa, - Karc:b 31, 1979
DoD Directlve 5100.50, "ProtectloD and BDbencemeDt of BDv1roDDeDtal
Quality,- May 24, 1973
Tltle 40, U.S.C., Code of Federal &eSulatioDa, en, pert 112, -011
PollutioD PreveDtloo" .
Public Lav 91-190, -Hatlooal BvQirOaaeDtal Policy Act of 1969-
Public Lav 89-665, -Bistorlc Propertiee PreservetioD Prosr..-
2-8
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KlL-BDBK-1l90
CHAPTER 3
KASTER PLANNING AND SITING CRITERIA
1. Master Plallll. Comprehensive master plans are developed to provide
auidance for management of the resources of D e p a r ~ n t of Defenae
illlltallatiollll aDd to provide a systematic process to control orderly
growtb of tbe installations. Kaster plans shall document ez1sting aueta
aDd conditions, and identify future development plans aDd capabilities for
reaponse to changing conditions.
2. Security Threats. Threats to the security of military
installations and facilities may greatly affect operations by requiring
an increase in protective measures. The threats include espionage,
aabotase, terrori_, aDd tbeft. Pl.DOing and design of m1litary
installations aDd facilities should consider tbe vulnerability to th..e
threats, using the 88SeSll1llents of intelligence cOlll1lll1nity ageucies, aDd
should provide installation laDd use, facility sites, site development,
aDd facilities deaisu appropriate to the assessed threat.
3. Coordinstion. Development of I118ster plans should provide for _
consideration of tbe plaDOing goals aDd objectives of the cOlDllll1Dities
aurrounding the militsry installation, coordinsted in compliance witb B.O.
12372 (reference (3& as implemented by DoD Directive 4165.61 (reference
(3b
B. INSTALLATION SECURITY
1. Installation Planuing. Threats to military installations are of
tva major types: natural and human.
a. Natural Threats. The nstural threats are the consequence of
natural pbenomena and normally are not preventable by physical security
meaaures. Esamples include earthquakes, fires, fogs, floods, storm. aud
wiDda, and ice and snov. While these threats cannot be prevented,
effective plaDOing and desisu can be used to reduce the impact of natural
disastera on the operations aDd security of the military illlltallation.
b. Human Threats. Effective plaDOing and desisu can mitigate or
prevent espionage, sabotage, terrori81ll, and theft. PlaDOing for laud
use, circulation, and site development should incorporate measures that
enhauce military installations and fscility security. In general, the
number of points of access to the military installation aud facilitiea
should be limited aDd physical sacurity emphasized for fscilities that
house large numbers of personnel. These are critical to operations (bullt
fuel storage, communication facilities, hangars, I118gazines, piers, power
plants, vater plants), or havs great symbolic value (headquarters ~
offices). These facilities are at greater risk for sabotage or terrorist .
action.
3-1
,
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KIL-BDBK-1l90
;Z. Fencing. The \MIe of fencll1!! to enclose IIliUtary installatiol18
or to enclose aDd separate araaa within a IIlilitary 1Datallation ahould be
limited to those conditions reqUiring pbYlic:al aecurity or protection
of life, except .. stipulated for fllll11y houaing. Vbere fencing 11
reqUired, sttention sbould be given during deaign to ensure tbat tbe
feac1us selected is functionally adequate and architecturally compatible
with tbe aurroundings.
C. SITING OF BUILDINGS
1. Loc:ation.
a. Fuactional Relationships. Buildings ahould be aited in proper
functional relationship to each other for conveaience, operatioaal
efficiency, pbysical security, and in consonance with long tera
develoPlllent plana.
b. Loc:atioual Relationships. Buildinga lhould be located 111
conaonance with the topography for construction economy and prelervltion
of the character of the site. 'acilities ahould be grouped by function
to ..Iiat 1a lIaintalning phYl1cal lecurlty. ParUus sbould be placed
vbere lurveillance exists in the DOrmal courle of activity.
2. Orientation. Buildings ahould be oriented to take advantase of
pusive solar heating and cooling. Air-conditioned buildingl lbould be
lited ao that the long axia of the building 18 iD aD ..at_It plana as
pOllsible.
3. Pbysical Character of the Site.
a. Natural Resource Considerations. AD active concern for
natural resource values should be considered in the aiting of facilities
in accordance With DoD Directive 4700.1 (raference (3d. The propoaed
ule viII be matcbed to tbe natural relource c:apability and ecological
compatibility of the site. Installation natural relource manasement plana
abould be conaulted when making tbele deterainatioDa.
b. Soil aDd Foundation Conditiona. Soil and fOUDdation
conditioal l&QuId be lDveltliaud to enaure aUitability for econClllcal
axcavation, aite preparation, bUilding fouadationa, utility liaea,
,rading, and planting. Bearing capacity teata ahould be lUde to anaure
ecoaolll1c:al and atable foundations for buildiUSI and otber atructurea.
c. Hazards and Nuiaance Effecta. llazards and au1sauce effacta,
auch as axcesllive dust, aOll1e, odora, and smokei ezploaivea storage or
electromagnetic radiatioa or iDterference, or both; created by the land
Ulell adjacent to the project aite, should be given careful conaideration
in site selection and development.
4. Vebicular and Pedeatrian Circulation.
a. Street Network. Plal1D1ng and deaign of the atreet lI8cwork.
.within each project area should be coordinated witb the overall traffic
master plan for tbe IIlilitary installation. Plac_nt of new facilities
3-2
KlL-BDBK-1l90
ahould aot interfere with the plalllled street system. Coavell1ent and safe
vehicular accea. and circulation. cOll8istent with security objectivea.
ahould be _jor cOIl81deratioll8 duriD8 the a1te location and dea1gn phases
of the project. Additional guidance dealiD8 with the planll1D8 and
geGaetric design for roadwaya serviD8 abuttiD8 land uses is avsilable in
Kil1tary Traffic Management C_nd. KTKC Pamphlet 55-10 (reference
(3e. PlallS should al.o 1Ilclude euential vehicular services such as
cargo deliveriea. fire protection, maintenance needs. and trash
ecllact1c:. !cut:: should be laid cut Which are e ~ ~ r t . direct, aDd
contiauously under 80me form of surveillance. Appropriate design
tec!mJ.ques ahould discourage through traffic use of the ill8tallation
a traet 81ateal.
b. ParkiDi Pacilitiea.
(1) Off and On Street ParkiDi' Off street parkiD8
ahould be provided for both orgall1zational and nonorgall1zational vehicles.
Except for reSidential areas. parkiD8 on the street is highly discouraged
due to the greater accident potential.
(2) Joint Use Pacilities. In the interest of ecollOmY and
efficiency of land use. joint use parkiD8 facUities should be designed
where fe.aible. The best opportunity for such application occurs where a
predominately daytime activity adjoill8 a predominately avell1D8 hour
activity. In this CAse, the use of the parkiD8 facilities by patroll8 of
both activities should permit a substantial reduction in parkiD8 area with
little or ao loss of space svailability snd convell1ence.
(3) Space Pactors. Pactors and criteria for
nonorgall1zational vehicle parkill8 spaces in table 3-1 may be used to make
iD1t1al estimatas of park11l8 requiraenta.
c. Sidewalks. Sidewalks should be designed to provide
coavell1ent and safe pedestrian access and necessary circulation. Their
width should be based on the pedestrian traffic volume. When steps are
required. provide at least three risers. If sidewalks serve facilities
that are accessible to the physically handicapped or may be used by the
phydcally handicapped. no steps should be provided. See chapter 5.
D. LAND USE IlESTlUCTIOHS FOB. llDtlIIAY CL!.AlWlCES AND NOISE ABATllHENT
1. B.unway Clearances. Pscilities should be sited in accordance with
the Joint Service Manual. AFB. 86-14. TH 5-803-7. NAVPAC P-971
(reference (3f.
2. Acceptable Noise Levels from Aircraft and Other Loud Noiae
Sources. Whenever possible. facilities should be sited in accordance with
the rec0mm8ndatiOIl8 of the Joint Service Manual, TH 5-803-2, NAVFAC P-970.
AFK 19-10 (refereDce (3g. Otherwise. they should be provided with sound
atteauation features to. achieve at least the souDd level reductions
3-3

inpact on tbe
Of these, it
,
,
,

HIL-BDBX-1l90
specified in chapter 4 of that maauai. The objective is to obtain the
aaximum practicable acoustic separation between objectionable noise
sources and all facilities not directly aasociated with tbe noise
producing activity. The purpose aDd type of conatruction of a propOsed
facility and probable reaction to noise of persona uaing it are factors
that !lUst be g1ven equal aportaDce and couideratioD with ecoDOII1cs, laud
availability, aud function when detemiaing siting. A8 an example, the
higb interaal noise of BOlle sbops, cOllbined Vitb the type of activity
being carried on, teud to aske theae facilities relatively iaaeaaitive to
enemal souDds.- Whereas, adlIl1aistrative facilities are generally quite
seaaitive to intrusive noise. These subjects are addressed in detail in
tbe Joint Service Kauual, tM S-803-2, HAVFAC P-970, Al'K 19-10 (reference
(3a
3. Noise Suppressors (Rush Rousea aDd Test Cells).
a. SitiDg. The purpoae for husb bouses aDd engine teat cella is
to allow essential aircrsft engine mainteDance to be perfor1led on fully
operating engines in the uear proxilll1ty of aainteDance and adlll1aistrative
facilities without objectionable or harmful ooise levels reacbing nearby
workers. The aiting of noise suppresaora, therefore, in addition to otber
fac:tora (e.a., savings in land use tbrouah Doise suppression versus open
air teating), muat couider tbe noise levels aeaerated in adjacent
buildinga aa in paraaraph 2. above. -
b. Standard Design. Ilecogn1l:ing that changi,ng tecbnology in
acoustics engineering cauaes the desian of noise suppressors to evolve
over time, deaigna should be standardised within a service and across
services to tbe eztent practical.
c. Justification Criteria. Certain local factors
justification for acquiring one or more ooise suppressors.
1& easential that the following be cODllidered:
(1) Workload. The aumbers of engines or aircraft being or
plaaned to be tested should be deterlll1ned Vithtbe a1m of efficient use
of each ooise suppressor.
(2) Environment. The noise levels Benerated in adjacent
buildiqs (both on aud off tbe facillty) during engine tesUng !alst be s
consideration. In _e casss cl1l118tic colld1 tiona 11111 fnm a portion of
noise suppreasor justification.
E. LANDSCAPING
Complete laudscape des1Bns ahould follow the auidance io tbe Joint
Service Hanual, nt 5-803-5, IlAVFAC P-960, APK 88-43 (reference (3c)') aud
be an intearal part of the project aite development.
3-4
"
KIL-BDBK-1190
., SITING or 1l'1'ILITIES
1. EEl.ti
as
aDd Required Utility Services. Utilities which are
nt1al tg @ff1c1ent ODe ration aDd adeauatelv sized to serve future
requir_nts should be in the 'planning stages. This will
avoid conflict. in the deaign and layout of the various utility lines aDd
pamit the early recognition of the need for additional production or
aupply capacity, or both. All projects should addreas the adequacy of
existing utilitiee support and include any additional needs.
lnatallation-v1de IIIIIster plan st.udies should include a _jor aaalyais of
the integration of ezisting utility systems aDd future requirements. The
planning of utility lines should miD1m1ze utility easements, capital
iuveatments, aDd operational cost for _intensnce aDd repair.
2. Planni
as
Considerations.
a. Appearance. Ketera, poles, transformers, vaults, pressure
reducing station piping and valving, aDd other utility itl!lU should be
located ao that they do DOt detract frOID the building I a appearance.
Deaign should also reduce the negative visual impact of utility itt!lllB aDd
c_ication linea in accordance witb the Joint ServiceMalll1&l.tK
5-803-5, KAVPAC P-960, AFH 88-43 (reference (3c.
b. Security. Since utilities are essential to tbe operation of a
military installation, their design, location, visibility, and access
ahould be considered for protective construction measures to reduce their
vulnerability to enl!llly action or sabotage. Psrticular attention should be
given to commercial power access points and communication lines.
c. UndergrouDd Lines. Underground distribution lines should be
located to min1lll1ze cost and effort of performing lIIIIinteunce. Normally,
utility lines of all types should not be under buildiDgs, parting
Iota, paved terraces, sidevallts, and other paved areas. All underground
utility lines, maina, and conduits should be located at tbe minilllwa depth
necessary aDd when possible, in common corridors to allow for ready access
aDd _intenance.
G. SITING or BAZABDOUS MATERIALS FACILITIES
1. Hazardous Materials. Special conaideration should be given to tbe
design and location of facilities that iavolve the handling,
118nufacture, storage, and transportation of hazardous materials such as
ammunition, explosives, hazardous chl!lllicsls, and liquid propellants.
Site planDing for such facilities should be done as soon as tbe .
requirement is known with the siting being incorporsted into the IIBster
plan of the military installation.
2. DoD Explosives Safety Board (DDESB). Fscility deslgns lncludlng
siting for the construction or modiflcation of fixed or movable
ammunition and explosives facilities, including facilities in their
3-5
..
HIL-BDBK-1l90
prouIIH". !lUst be reviewed aud approved by DDESB in accordanc:e with DoD
Directive 6055.9 (reference (3h.
3. DoD Staudsrd. POl' guidance in accClllplish1as this plalU11as, .refer
to DoD Staadsrd 6055.9-STD (reference (3i.
B. PAUING POB NONORGANIZATIONAL VEBICLBS
1. Criteria for Parlllll! Stalla. At a facility, the ~ e r of parllas '
stalls Deeded depeuds aD bow II&Dy people drive to the facility. Criteria
for e.timatiag tbe appropriate DUIIber of parllas atalla for
Doaor,uJ.aational veb1cles are Uated in table 3-1. The.e criteria are
baaed OD historical data from traffic aaalyaea II&de at DUll8roua a1l1cary
iaatallatioas. However, dudas tbe plalU11as of a DeW facUity traffic
eagiDeeriag analY8e8 of parllas needs lISy be nece..ary to utabUah the
actual required DWIlber of parllag atalla. Where traffic nsineerias
analyses are required or wheD the type of facUity UDder deatan 18 aot
listed in tbe table, the aecessary parllas stalls ahall be detel'll1Ded
bssed on tbe estimated emplOymeDt or DUIIber of uaer8, or both, for the
facUity, level cif ride surias, avaUable pubUc traasportatioD,
poteDtial future growtb, aud average aployae abaeDce.
2. Normal Space Criteria. Normally, 350 to 400 ft2 (32.5 to 37.2 .z)
per vehicle (low turnover venU8 hiah turnover parllag lata, rupectively)
ahall be used. These Ugure8 1Dclude allowancea for the parllas stall,
one-half of the &1s1e widtb beMud eacb apace, eDd al2d illterior
circulation aisle8, dead &ones for islaDd8 aDd laDdacepill8, aDd drivewaya.
Space that is provided for le88 thaD tbeae recOllll8Ddad critaria ia aaually
falae economy due to increased accident potelltial, difficult traffic
circulat10ll pattel'DB, aDd encroacbllellt by parked vehicle8 on adjacellt
parllas 8talla
3. Layout. P81'llas areas ahall be desiJl1ed for easy entraDCe aDd
eUt. Park1as stalla arraased at 90 degrees to tbe 81alell provide the
aGst efficient de81p aDd tbe efficienc:y decreaaea .. tbe parllaa aaale
decrease8. With 90-dearee parllas atalla, traffic circulation 1&
lenerally eva_ay within the park11l8 lot aieles. At parllas atall analas
less tun.90 dearees, a18le circulation ahall be OII8""Way. Diaeaaioaa of
tbe variou8 park1as stalla aDd a18lea depeDd all the padt1as anale aDd
traffic circulation pattern. The IIiIl1llull parllll8 atall width ahould lIIIVer
be leu thaD 9 ft (2.-7 III) Vide. Where biBh turnover parllas atata, auch
aa at commi88arie8 aud child development centers, parllas atall widths of
from 9 ft 6 iDche8 to 10 ft (2.9 III to 3 II) are necea'ary for efficiancy
aDd safety. The Joint Service KallUal, 1M 5-803-5, IL\VFAC P-960, AlK 88-43
(reference (3c, ahould be used for detailed guidanee.
3-6
KIL-llDBlt-1l90
TABLE 3-1
PA1lltIHG SPACE GUIDELINES PCB HOHORGANIZATIOIlAI. VEHICLES 1
",

PacUity
AdII1a1stration, Headquarters, aDd
Office Build1ags
BaJr.eriee
Balik aDd Credit Ua1on, vben not
included in a C01IIIIIIIDi ty Shoppiq
Center
Cafeteria, Civilian, vben not
included 10 C01IIIIIIIDity Shoppiq
Canter
Central Pood Preparation Pacilitiea
Chapela
Child Development Centers
Commis.ary Storea, Pood Sale., vben
DOt locluded in a C01IIIIIlIIli ty
Shoppiag Center
Community Shoppiq Center, includiq
such elelUlnta as Main Ezchaqe,
Miscellaneous Shops, Restaurant,
Commissary Stores, Pood Salea,
Balik, Theater, Post Office
Enlisted Personnel Dia1ag Pacilities
for:
Basic aDd recruit traia1ag,
advanced i lIdividual tra1a1q ,
service schools, recruit
reception stationa
3-7
HWIlber of Parlt1ag Spacea
60 percent of asaigned peraonoel
38 percent of civilian employees,
largeat sMft
2 percent of authorized
customers served
15 percent of seatiag capacity
38 percent of m111tary aDd
civilian food service operatiq
peraoonel, largest aMft
30 percent of seat1ag capacity
8 percent of children, 80 percent
of ataff
2.5 percent of authorized
cuatomera aerved
4 percent of authorized cuatomers
aerved
38 percent of m1litary aDd
civilian food aervice operatiag
parsoonel, largest shift

-.
..
MlL-IlDBK-1l90
TABLE 3-1 (cont1aued)
PAllUNG SPACE GUIDELINES FOR NONORGANIZATIONAL VEHICLES 1
FacU1ty
ED11sted Personnel D1ning Fac1l1t1es
for: (Cont1auat10n)
Permanent party. garr1aon
(1nclud1ng Army Table of
Organization aDd Equ1p1118nt (TOE)
and Table of D1str1but10n aDd
Allowances (TDA) units) a1r
1nstallations (stations). support
wUts. construct10n battal10ns.
ah1pyards. weapon plente.
peraonnel transfer and averseaa
proceas1ng centers
Exchangea. Ha1n, when DOt 1ncluded
in s Commun1ty Shopp1ng CeDter
Family Houa1ng
F1eld Bouse. comb1Ded with
Football aDd Baseball Fac1l1t1es
Fire Stations
ODe-Company
t'vo-COllpaoy
Guard Bouses. Brigs. Military
Pollce Stat10ns
Gymnaa1ums (1f oo1y one at a Dil1tary
1JIatal.laUOD)
GymDaB1U11l. Area (reg1meDtal)
Laundr1es aDd Dry Cleaning PleDta
Humber of Psrk.1ng Spaces
38 percent of mil1tary aDd
c1v1.l1aD food aerv1ce operatlog
personnel. largest abift. plus
8 percent of eD11ated personnel
(patron parking) to be ..rved
during a Ileal per10d
2.5 percent of author1zed
custcnaers served
2 apaces per llving unit
1 perceDt of II1l1tary strength
7 apaces
10 apaces
30 perceDt of guard and ataff
. atrength
1 perceDt of mil1tary atreogth
aerved
10 spaces
38 perceDt of c1v111aD 811Pl,oyeea.
largeat abift
, ,
3-8
HlL-RDBlt-1190
TABLE 3-1 (continued)
PAJUtING SPACE GUIDELINES FOR NONORGANIZATlONAL VEHICLES 1
... ..
",

'acility
Libraries
Central
Braneb
!!aillt.nanee Shops
Scboola, Dependent
Without auditoriUID
With auditoriUID
,
Security Offices (at gates)
for military installations of:
100 to 2,000 population
2,001 to 4,000 population
4,001 to 6,000 population
6,001 to 10,000 population
-10,001 and over
Service Clubs
Svillllll10g Poola
Temporary Lodglog Facilities
Theaters, when not included in a
Community Shopping Center
Unaccc=pan1ed Enlisted Personnel
Bousing
Unaccompanied Officers Personael
Bousiog
3-9
NUlDber of Parkiog Spaces
1 space for each 500 ft
2
(46.5 m2) gross area of floor
area
a spaces
3a percent of assigned personael,
largest shift
2 spaces per classroCIII
2 spaces per claasroCIII, plus
15 percent of auditorium seats
5 spaces
10 spaces
15 spaces
20 spaces
To be based on a special study
2 percent of enlisted personael
or officer
streogth served
20 percent of design capacity of
the avi1lllll1.og poo1
100 percent of bedroCIIIS
25 percent of seatiog capacity
70 percent of design capacity
100 percent of l1viog suites

,
..
KIL-BDBK-1l90
TABLE 3-1 (cont1aued)
PABXING SPACE GUIDI!LINES FOil RONOllGANIZATIOIlAL VEHICLES 1
Facility Rllllber of Parlt1q Space.
Warehou.es 1 .pace for each 500 ft2
[46.5 .zj gros, area of office
area. p1u. one .pace for 4
persona aas1ped to .tor...
act1vit1e.
1 This table should be used ollly for broad .ster p1aDD1q purposes.
PlaDD1q for individual facU1ties should be based on actual requ1r_nte.
I. SO'fUICATION BECAllDING PROJECTS AFFECTING THE OSE OP AIIlSPACE
COlUltruct1on. expalUl10n or recolUltruct1on of airf1alda and 1I111e
or rocket launchiq facilities require tbe f1l1ng of certain not1f1cat1olU1
as .tated in DoD Directive 5030.17 (reference (3j. -
J CORStRDCTION IN FLOODPLAINS Oil ON WE'llANllS
1. General. E.O. 11988 (reference (3k and E.O. 11990 (ref.reuce
(31 41rect federal agencie. to recognize tbe full value of f10odp1a11U1
and vetlands and. to tbe atent possible. avoid adverse effece. that
would re'ult frCllll federal activities in .uch areas. These aecutive
ordera vere prCllllU1gated for two 41fferent but coap1_ntary reasolUl:
a. to lII1D11111ze tbe destruction. degradation. or 10,. of
vet1ands. and to eDbance and pre'erve tbe beneficial and natural values
of fiUaiidii_.
-b. to reduce tbe rlsk of flood los. and to lII1n1m1ae tbe tmpact
of f100da on human healtbafety. and ve1fare.
2. ConatrucUon Projects. To acb1eve tbeae objectlve conatruct1on
projecta end subatant1al rehab111tet1on or mo41f1cat1on project.
(including Military Coastruct1on (KILCON). Operation aDd Maintenance
(O&K). nonappropr1ated fund (NAP). otber than appropriated fund. aDd
contractor cOlUltruct1on when DoD funding is involved) should conform to
the follovtq cr1terta. Civl1 works projects and civil von. acUons of
tbe U.S. Army Corps of Eng1lleers should be governed bY separate 11l1unce
1uued bY tbe Secretary of tbe Army. The pbraee colUltrucd,on projects
and substantial rehabilitation or mo41f1cat1on projects include.
cballDB1lng. diking. dra1D1na. dred,1na. 1I11JlOUIld1q. f1lling. aDd related
activities in ad41t1on to fac111tles and structures.
3-10
,
~ KIL-BDBK-1190
3. Def1D1tioas.
a. Ploodplaias. Floodplaias are lovlaDd aDd relatively flat
area. adjoiu1ng coa,tal aDd inland waters including flood prone areas of
offabore ialaDds including, at a 1111n1mua, areas subject to a one
percent or greater chance of flooding in any -given yesr (the 100-year
flood). For critical fadlities such as bulk hazardous chelll1cal or fuel
ator..a, or boapitala where evacuation of patients would be difficult, the
floodplaiD 18 aDy are. 8ubject to 0.2 percent or greater chance of
flooding in any given year (the SOQ-year flood).
b. WetlaDd,. Wetlands sre ereas illUndated by ground or surface
vater v1th a frequency sufficient to support or to potentially support, e
prevalence of aquatic or vesetative life. Wetlands generally include
boss, ...rsh.., swamps. and 1I111111ar areaa such as potholes, river outflows,
slouShs, vet meadova, aDd flats aDd natural ponds. WetlaDda l118y be, but
are DOt nec..sarUy, located in floodplaias. -
a. Sitiua. Before undertakina a construction project, the
reapoDllible Military Depart.-nt or DefeDlle C01IIponent DUst determine
vhether or DOt the project vill be sited in a floodplain or on vetlaDda. ~
Appropriate guidance is contained in the Floodplain Management Guidelines ,..,
published by the Water Resources Council (reference (3m.
b. Alternatives. If the proposed siting is in a floodplain or
on wetlanda, the conatruction project may be undertaken only if DOne of
the follaw1na alternatives are practicable:
(1) Carryina out the proposed action at a location outside
of the floodplain or wetlaDd (alternative sites).
(2) Other _aDa that accQlllpl1sh the purpose of the proposed
action (alternative actiona).
(3) No aetioii.
c. National Flood InauraDce Progr81ll. In evaluatina these
alternatives, the bead of tbe reapouaible agency must take into account
economic, euvironmental, aDd other pertinent factors. If the project is
uDder taken , it must be in accordance with -the criteria aDd standards aDd
coasistent with the intent of the National Flood Insurance Progr81ll.
Title 44, CPR S9-79 (reference (3n, aDd mey deviate frQlll this only to
"the extent that the standsrda of the National Flood Insurance Prosr81ll are
demonstrably inappropriate fer the project; ! ~ ~ e meane that projects
'hall be dea1aned aDd carried out as they would be to _et tbe full
requirements for eliSibility under this prosr81ll. Individual projects
must be separately assessed, but tva examples of "demonatrably
inappropriate" criteria could be (1) an aircraft hangar that cannot be
3-11

Itt
..
KIL-lDlBlt-1l90
raised above the apron elevat100 at ao utst108 ml1tary iutallat100 io a
floodplaio, or (2) a waterfroot piuto aupport oaval ships. Bovever,
eveo io auch cases, all reaaooable actiooa _st be takeo to -flood proof-
the project aDd to design or lI041fy it to ad.nim1l:e poteotial ham to or
withio the floodplaio. Elevatioo of the atructure above the flood level
18 alvays to be preferred to f111108 io tha laDd.
d. Required Actioll8. lIefore plallD108 or UDdertaki08 a project
io a floodplaio, certaio other actiooa _st be taken aa follows:
(1) Public Notice. A notice aplaini08 why the projact is
, proposed to be located ill the floodplaio .at be prepared aDd circulated
at en early date to ensure that public s'==iWint 11 couMer
Ad
in the
dec1a1oo IUld08 process. The Federal !.agister ia appropriate for projects
of oatiooal importaoce, but local advertisi08 sst alwaya be used to
euure DOtificatioo to those areaa laOat affacted. AD opportUDity for
early public review of the plaoa aod propoaala togetber vitb tbe iapaeta
of the proposed project 00 the floodplaio sat be provided io accordaoce
with Sectioo 2(b) of E.O. 11S14 (refereDce (30, aa ..eDded, eveo if the
project 18 DOt significaot eDOugh to require the preparatioo of aD
Boviroameotal Impact Statemeot (EIS) UDder P.L. 91-190, Section 102(2) (c)
of tbe Natiooal EoviroDm8otal Policy Act of 1969 (reference (Jp, aa
&IIleDded. BnviroDm8otal llIIpact Statemeota are required for projects
aeetiog the criteria of DoD Directive 60S0.1 (referenee (3q aDd ,the E15
procees, if used, is cooaidered to meet tbe circularizatioo aDd review
requiremeots prescribed by thia subparaaraph.
(2) Coordioatioo. For proar... aubject to B.O. 12372,
(refereoce (3a, a ootice, oOt exceedi08 three pages 10 1e08th, _at be
seot to atate aDd area vide cleari08houlles. The DOtiee _at iDc:lude the
ra._DB vbv the or01ect is to be sited io a floodDlaio: a atatement
tb; actioa atate or local
floodplaio protectioo staadarda: aDd a list of 'alternative. eooaidered.
DoD Directive 416S.61 (refereDce (3b, provides the policy 00 the
coor41oatioo process.
(3) Reevaluatioo of Alternativea. After public review, the
BIS procesa, aDd coor41oatioo bave' been accompliahed, all alteruatives
ahall be reevaluated aDd if the decia1011 18 to proceed with the project
ill a floodplsill or watlaDd, a further DOtice .st be aent to all
coorcUllaC108 ageocies' aDd requesters, staUDB that the decisioll baa beell
_de, esplaiD10g vhy, aDd allov108 lS to 30 days for aoy further
S. Proaramad.!II' Wheo all of the above actiou have been
completed, aDd a dec1s1011 to proceed v1tb the project io the floodplaio
or 011 watlaDd has been l118de, 'requests for authori.atioDB or
appropriatiooa for that project aellt to the Office of Kall8gemeot aDd
Budaet (OKB) (DD Form 1391, FY 19 Mil1tary Cooatruetioll Proar_) _st
iadicste that tbe proposed prOjeee-ia located io a floodplaio or OD a
vetlaud, aDd that it baa cOGpl1ed witb tbe requiremeots of thia aectioll
It., aDd E.O. 11988 (refereoce (31t, aDd B.,O. 11990 (refereoce (31.
3-12
HIL-BDBK-1l90
It. PLAHHlNG PROCEDllBES FOR TIlE Il&TIONAL CAPITAL REGION
This sectlon prescrlbes procedures to be followed wlth respect to the
preparatlon of fsclllty plana withln the Natlonal Capltal Reglon (NCR).
The RCB. 18 deflned as the D1atrlct of Columbla; Prlnce George8 and
KoatgO\Ury Couatlea la KerylaDd; Arl1l18ton, Falrfax, Loudoun, sDd PrlDee
VllU.. CounUes In VlrglD1a; aDd all cittee aDd tOVD8 lncluded nthln the
outer boundarles of the forsgolas countle8.
1. Ratlonal Ca ltal PlaDDi Commisslon (NCPC) aDd the Commissloa of
Flne Arts A. Masur facil1ty plaDB for 1II11Hary lDBtallatioDB withln
the NCB. sball be sent to the RCPC or the CFA, or both, as required by the
policles lssued by the ca.m1ss10na.
2. Requests for ExceptloDB. Projects nOZ'lllally should not be
advertlsed before the resolutlon of say serlous objectloDB b7 elther
ca.a1ss10a. Requests for elI:ceptloDB should be sent to the DASD(I) aloas
nth a ststement on the special circumstances la9olved.
3. Budget-prop08als. The provls10DB of OKS Clrcular 11.-11 (reference
(3r require conaultaUon by the Ktlltary Departments aDd Defenae
Ccnaponenu with the RCPC sDd CVA, ubere appropriate, of all plana aDd
progr_ In the NCB..
REFERENCES
"

(3a)
(3b)
(3c)
(3d)
(3e)
(3f)
(3g)
(3h)
(31)
(3j)
(31l)
(31)
(3m)
EucuUve Order 12372, -lntergoveramental ReView of Federal
Programs,- July 14, 1982, 47 Federal Reglster 30959
DoD Dlrectlve 416S.61, -Intergoveramental Coordinatlon of DoD
Federal Development Progrlllllll aDd Activitle8, - August 9, 1983
Jolnt Servlce Kaaual, TK S-803-S, NAVPAC P-960, Al'K 88-43,
-Inatallatlo11 De!!1gu. - Karch 1. 1981
DoD Dlrectlve 4700.1, -Natural Resource8-Conaervatlon aDd
Management,- November 6, 1978
MTKC Pemphlet S5-10, -Trafflc Eas1neerlas for Better Roads,-
June 1978
Jolnt Servlce Kaaual, AFll 86-14, 1M 5-803-7, NAVFAC P-971,
-Atrfleld aDd Bellport P18DDlas Crlterla,- Kay 12, 1981
Jolnt Service Kaaual, TK S-803-2, NAVPAC 1-970, Al'K 19-10,
-PlanD1as In the Nolse Envlronment,- June IS, 1978
DoD Directlve 60SS.9, -The DoD Exploslves Safety Board,-
November 2S, 1983
DoD Stsndard 60SS.9-STD, -DoD Ammunltion and Explosives Safety
Standards,- July 1984, authorlzed by DoD Directive 60SS.9,
November 2S, 1983
DoD Directlve 5030.17, -Development aDd Use of Ktlitary
Facl1ltles Affectlas the Use of Airspace,- November _6, 1978
ElI:8cutlve Order 11988, -FloodplalDB,- Kay 24, 1977
Executlve Order 11990, -Protectlon of WetlaDds,- Kay 24, 1977
-Floodplaln Kanagemeat Guidelines,- 43F&6030, February 10, 1978
3-13

.,
..
(3D)
(30)
(3p)
(3q)
(3r)
KIL-BDBIC-1l90
BEFEIIBHCES (conUDUed)
Title 44, CFl 59-79, -National Plood Insurance Program-
Executive Order 11514, -Protection aodEnbaDC8ment of EnviromQental
Quality, - Karch 5, 1970 (aa mellded by Executive Order 11991,
May 24, 1977)
Public Law 91-190,-Hatioaal Eaviraa.ent&1 Policy Act of 1969.-
JallUary 1. 1970
DoD Directive 6050.1. Bffects in the United States of
DoD Action,- July 30, 1979
OHa Circular A-ll, -Preparation aDd Submisaion of Budget
Eatimates,- Kay 27, 1979
3-14
KIL-IIllBlt-1190
CHAPTER 4
BUILDING AND FACILITY PLANNING PACTOIlS
A. GBNElW.
Thia chapter providea apece aDd other apecial criteria applicable to
iD41v1dual repetitive-type bu1ldilllla aDd facUities. Category codea, vben
abovD, for the varioua bu1ldilllla aDd faciliti.. are in accordance witb DoD
Instruction 4165.3 (reference (4&.
1. Space Criteria.
a. Requlr_Dte. Space criteria in thia cbapter repreaent the
buic aquare footage aDd are provided for seneral guidance. The..
criteria are baaed on typical installetioD aDd historical data but ahould
be altered .. local aDd apec1albed conditiona warraDt. FacUitiea ahould
be planned to meet the apecific rellulr_nte of the particular lII1Utery
installation rather then arbitrarily planned to meet theae criteria.
Obvioualy, not every al11tary inatallation v1ll be provided all of tbe
fac111tiea 11ated in thia chapter. \/hen apace criteria are not available,
accepted design aDd esperieDce factora ahould be used to determine apace
allocatlona for the varioua functional cOlllponents of the faeillty.
b. Solar Energy Systems. P.L. 95-82, Section 607 (reference
(4b author1&e. vari.tiona in coat aDd floor area l1D1tationa for the use
of solar energy syatems. The uae of solar energy 1& encouraged when it 1&
ecollCllll1cally feaaible aDd practical. Increaaes in apace allowance. are
allowed wben .uch increaae. are requlred to permit solar ellergy .y.tems.
2. Ba.i. of Space Criteria.
Kllitary Streagth. Except aa otherv1se Doted. the space
criteria shovn in thia chepter are based on the authorized projected
la111tary sttellllth ass1sned to the lIl111tary inatallation concened. In
aome caaes, "military population" i. used in lieu of "military strellllth"
atll! 1& defined aa the 'lIWIlber of active duty miUtary personnel aas1811ed to
a military inatallation plus a perceDtage of their depeDdents aDd others.
ItIl!ividual facility descriptioll8 aDd footDotes to space criteria table
hould be conaulted for variationa in the methods of calculatillll the
military strellllth or IIl1litary population.
b. Satellite Military IDstallat1ona. \/hen other lIl111tary
inatallationa in the vicinity are satellited f o ~ specific support, the
1II111tary strellllth or lII111tery population of the satellited lII111tary
inatallation may be added to the lIl111tary strellllth or 111111 tary population
of the support mi11tary inatallation. However, when a III1mber of military
inatallationa or concentrationa of military personnel are located in
proximity to ODe another, as in a metropolitan area, the faCilities
provided should be related to, and governed by, the aggregate 1Il111tary
strellllth or IIl1litary population in the area.
4-1

.
KIL-BDBK-1190
c. Tra1l81entB. When a 1I111tary l118tallation nrv.. a
aubetaotial _bar of tre1l81euta (auch aa fleet baaed teehuiclau, .
tralDeea, Temporary Duty (TDY) studeDta of &..erve aDd NatioDAl Guard
perao1111el aD actlve duty tralll1ag aealaDmanta), the ~ e r a a e dal1y
tra1l81ent atrllagth baeed aD a fim projection of the total yearly load of
auch tra1l81entll ..y be added with the _ber of the permanent party
perao1111al to arrive at a total 1I111tary .creuath. When the trau1ent'
load 1a clearly perlodic rather than coutant year rouud, the ~ a r a a e
dal1y .Ultary IItreagth ahould be baaed on a fie. projection of the total
budget.
d. Overaeea Areas. In ov.r.... areaa, wen civilian ..ploye..
and thelr depeDdeDta are authorlsed full use of certa10 fac1l1tiea, .uch
clvlllaD employees aDd thelr dependenta .hould be COUDted 10 d.terll1uing
the lII1l1tary populatioD for tho.. facUltle.. Fore1au 1I111tary perao1111el
a"1&ned or teunted aD the 1I111tary 11l8tallation .hould be cOUDted vben
country-to-couDtry lI8reementB stipulate the authorised use of facUlties
aD the 1I111tary 1IlStallatlo11.
3. CO!f!utatioo of Areae. Croea aDd net areae of faclUtiae (other
than falll1ly houa1118) ahould be COlDputed according to paraarapba A.3.a
through 6 helow. Unless othGrv1ac act=!. tba grose area criteria in
this chapter do DOt 1uclude the required _chauical tfluiplllnt r_ apace.
Kechauical equipment raCIal spacea ahould be added eD DOt otherwiae DOted
In the footnotes to each of the tables provlded 1n thi. chapter, to tbe
gro.. area crHerla to e1l8ure that the project DD Fora 1391, FY 19
1U11tary Coastructlon Proar... reU.cta the toul required buUcl1qaro"
area. A duale aro" area figure .hould be Uentlfied on the project DD
Fora 1391 for all required epacea. Separate central energy plante or
utl1ity bu.1ldiags aervl118 large cOlDpluea ehould be 111 additioD to the
Iroas area er1terla pf'uy:1d&d 1ii tt"a1a ehaptar aDd _bould be proar==ed sa
eeparate llne ltem on the proj.ct DD Form 1391.
a. Bocioaed S ~ . The arollll area iucludea tbe total area of
all floor., luciUdlag liainents, zuuinea. aDd penthouaee aDd otber
aucloeed .paces as deterll1Ded by the effective outelde d1ae1l810118 of the
builcl1ug.
b. O11e-&alf Sp.ce.. One-half of th. area .ball be included in
the aro;a area fer halccn1== =.d pcrc.hee, c.overed rnsed load1!!g
platforms, covered around level or depreed loadl118 facil1tle covered
but DOt encloeed panaaawaya or walke, covered aDd U11cov.red blat open
.taira, aDd covered rape.
c. Excluded Spaces., Crawl epace.; aurlor U11covereci 10"1118
platforms or facllitles 1tber depr.s.ed. grOUDd level or raised;
exterior lasulat10n applled to uieti118 buildi118s; open courtyards; ,open
paved terracee; roof overha118a aod aoffits for weatb.r protection;
uncovered ramps; UDcovered stoope; aDd util1ty tunnel. aDd racewaya should
be excluded from the arolle area.
4-2
KIL-llDBK-1l90
d. Net Floor Area. The net floor area includes the tota! gro.s
area Bltc1udiag:
(1) Basement. not suited as office space.
(2) Elevator shafts and machinery space.
(3) bterior valla.
(4) Interior partitions.
(5) KechaDical equipment and water supply equipment apace.
(6) Permanent corridors and hallways.
(7) Stairs and stair towers.
(8) Toilet and cleaDiag gear space.
e. Net Office Area. Net office area is defined in Section B.,
balow.
B. AmlINIS1'BArtVE FACILITIES (Category Code 600)
I
1. Space Criteria.
a. The bu11cl1ag aross floor area per occupant normally should not
exceed 162 ft
2
[15 .-2] Bltcept when special purpose spaces are required.
The bu11cl1ag net floor area per occupant normally should not be less than
115 ft
2
[10.7 ml] and not esceed 130 ft
2
[12.1 ml]. The net to aross
coaveraion for adadDiscrative facilities normally should be 20 to 30
percent. The nec office area per occupant normally should DOC be less
then 80 ft
Z
[7.4 m2] and not exceed 90 ft
Z
[8.4 m2].
b. Special purpose space. are those areas needed in adlll1nistrative
facilities in addition to the basic functional requirements of aD office.
Special purpose epaces, should be in addition to che 162 ft2 [15 ml] gross
area per occupant, if properly justified as operational requir8lllenta, and
should be included in an adlll1Distrative facilU:y.
2. Space Occupancy in the Washil!8ton, D.C. National Capital Region.
Criteria and policies for the occupancy of adm1Discrative space in the
National Capital Region (NCR) shall be stated in DoD Instruction 5305.3
(reference (4c.
C. UNACCOMPANIED PERSONNEL HOUSING AND DINING FACILITIES (Category .code
720)
1.
721).
UnaccompaDied Enlisted Personnel Housing (UlPB) (Category Code
4-3
..
KIL-BDBlt-1l90
a. Space Crl terla aDd Acc_daUoD8. The space crlterla glveD
iD column 2 of table 4-1 were established by the Secretary of Defel18e lD
ASD(Kll&L) KeIIIoral1dum (referel1Ce (441. panusDt to public lav.
TABLE 4-1
SPACE ClITEJUA AHJ) ACCOMMODATIONS fOB. UEPB
Grade 1 Accommodatioas aDd 2 Bathroom Facilities
lIet Livll18 Areas
11 Jlecruiu OpeD bay with IUD1IIuIa CeDtral bethrOClll
Det 1191\181aleepil18 area
of 72 ft
2
[6.7 .2) per
penoD 1
11 to 14 A rOClll with Det Cozmectil18 bathroom for the
11VtI18I aleapl\18 area of two rooms (See flaUru 4-1
180 ft
2
[17 .2) baaed OD aDd 4-2}
a 2-persoD OCCUpaDcy
2
,
IS aDd 16 The sa.e Det bathrOClll for the
li91Dg/aleepll18 area per two roCllls (See figure. 4-1
roCllll a. above but band aDd 4-2)
aii l-perauii Oc;C1ipAiiey
17 to 19 A roOla or roCllls with a Col1Dectil18 bathroClll for the
360 ft
2
[34 .2) area. two rooms (See f1guru 4-1
livl118/a1eepl118 rOClll. aDd 4-2)
l-peraoo occupallcy
1 Set li91l18 ares ls defiDed .. ODe equal ahare per recruit of the
l1vlag/aleepll18 roCllll area. The U91l18/aleepiDg roClll area should be
asured to. the il181de face of the peripheral ..lb.
2 Net li91l18 area is defiDed as the clear area io the room available for
beds aDd other furulture, wardrobe apace aDd leDeral 1191118. but acluslve
of bathroOlll8. eDtry foyer. aDd lavatory area.
b. Dea1811
. (1) GeDeral GuldaDce. UEPB facUlties I1Qmally abauld be
cCIIlposed of stal1dard roCllll modules aDd C_D uae area.. All tlEPB
facliltles. except those for recruits. should be des1811ed u8iDg the
ataDdard bu11dll18 module .hoWD 111 flgure 4-1. Thb sodule ahould be uaed
4-4
KIL-llDBlt-1l90
for cIev.lopiq the boua1q portion of the facUity. Figure 4-Z l18y b.
ueed .. a aub.Utute for figure 4-1 at the di.cnUoll of the K111taty
Depart_nta. All c1edgna ahould be approldmately 564 ttZ [5Z.4 ml]
man- aro area for the standard "Z plus Z" persall roOlll IIIOdule. Th.
aroaa area shall be _asured frOlll the centerlines of the IIIOdule' a
eneloaiq illterior valla aDd to tbe outaide face of the ext.rior vall.
(2) ComDOll 0 Ar.... Dev.lopmelltof UEPB facilitl ahall
be OD providing -2 plYI Z perIOD room modn1@@ Add appropriAte
apace allocated for c_n use and s.rvice type fwctiona auch as
admini.trativ. spac., c.lltral otfic.a, c.ntral stor..e. c.ntral toilet
clreulatloll. cleaniq equipaellt roOlll8 ntri.s. individual .tIlr....
l8UDdty rocaa. ll1l8l1 roOlllS. lOUll8.S. latlchanical equipm.llt. UIlit equipaent
star.... velldlq IDllChinea. alld s1la1lar itl!lU as Ilecessaty. Th spaces
abould be arouped With atalldard -Z plus Z" p.noll ro_ IIIOdules to pend.t
max
1
.."m eeol1OlUes vb.n devalopiq UEPR buildiqs.
(3) Capacity of UEPH Proj.ct.. In tbe int.rest of
lJEPH buildiqa Ilormally shall be of larae capacity (300 or IlIOn persons).
Iner...lltal construction of small capacity facilltles shall Ilot be
undertak.n vb.1l lona-raq. requir...llta can be cOll8olldated by
adjuatment. in jProaramiq
c. I!JII'ov_nt Projects for UEPB. The objective for all
ll1Prov_llt proj.cts for UEPH should be to achleve, approulI8t.ly. Ilev
apac. crlterla constructlon .tandard.. Eacb proj.ct .hall be besed on
.oulld eqillrlq Judaaellt to .ll8ur. the maximum us. of ezl.tlq ast.
compatlbl. With reaaoll8bl. costs. It i. recoanlz.d. however, that due to
the architectural configuratloll of ezistiq buildiqs alld other
considerations. it Will Ilot be pos.ible ill all cases to _et Ilew space
criteria alld cOll8truction standards. Accordil18ly, in those situatio1l8 the
folloV1l18 additiolla1 guidance i. provided to assist ill project
dev.loplll.nt:
(1) WhU. the 8Oal18 to achieve 90 ftZ [8.4 arz] n.tarea
per penon for E1 to E4 personnal, UIld.r no c1rcuutancas shall roOlllS for
.. L_ .. "--_ .... __ II __ "l ..
graaes De L.SS 10 Ilet area per persall.
(Z) Wher. two persall roOma for E1 to E4 penonn.l cannot be
f.asibly provided, tbe maximum number of personnel to be boused ill a ro_
shall be llmited to four.
4-5
",
I
_I

. .
. ..
UJ I
' ..
,
.
I . '. ,
,
I ~ d I
1'-------==-=-------t
"2 Plu. 2" per.oD rooms .adul.
10'
-- ----------------=-
KlL-BDBlt-1l90
Figure 4-1. "2 Plus 2" person rooms module.
4-6
"

.. .
L
Ul'lrT& .::::plo
I"UIl"T-'N
o
-
I
I zf!i-o'

,

"2 P1UII 2" perioD roOlU lIOdule


20r 2
KIL-lIDBlt-1190
Figure 4-2. "2 Plus 2 persoD rooms module.
4-7

..

,
.1
KIL-BDBK-1190
2.
724).
OnaccCllllpanied Of ficers Personnel Baud. (UOPR) (Catesory Code
a. Space Criterla. Space criteria and accommodatioDe sball be
as follovs:
(1) Grades 02 aDd Belov. The net living area of eacb
private suite eball closely approximate 330 ft
2
[30.6 aa2). The all_ble
sross bul1ding area sball approxill8te 475 ft
2
[44.1 m2) per offlcer.
AccCllllOdatloas shall consist of a cCllllbination living roCllll aDd bedr_,
batbroCIIII, aDd pullman-type ki tcben.
(2) Grades 03 aDd Above. The Det livina area of each
private suite sball clOsely approld.llate 460 ft2 [42.7 aa2). The all_ble
sross building sras sball approximate 650 ft2 [60.4 aZ) per offlcer.
Acc_dationa shall couist of a livina r_, bedroCllll, batbr_, aDd
ldtcben.
area aball be .asured frCllll
tbe private autte aDd lncludea
Des1gu.
(3) Net Lld. Area. The nat
face of tbe periplUlral valla of
aDd partitiou ancloaad.
tbe lulde
all apacee
I
(1) COIIIIIIDn Ose aDd Service=Type FaciUtiae. When dee1gn1ng
apecific projects, appropriate apace abould be allocated for c_n ue
aDd servlce-type facl1itlea. These lnclude central atarage linen r_,
cleanina equipment roome, control officea, antri.. and
lounges, meChanical equipulnt r_, vendina macbines, aDd otber a1milar'
it_ that may be required, eo that the cCllllplete facility rel1ecta tbe
lowest practicable groes area cCllllpatible witb adequate accOIDDDdatiou.
,
(2) capacity of OOPR Bu11diya. In the interest of ecoDCllllY,
UOPR buildings sball normally be of larse capacity (100 or mE'e peraou).
Incraental conatruction of 811&11 capacity faciliti.. should not be
undertaken vben long-range requir_nta can be couolldated bY
adjustments in prosr8lD1ng.
c. I!IIJ>rove_nt Projects. The objactive for all 1aprov_nt .
projects abould be to achieve new coutructlon atandarda. Improvementa
abauld meet tbe criteria contained 1n this. ilandbooit.

3. Bullated Personnel lIiniy Facilities (categog Code 722) .


a. General
(1) Bstablisblllent. The establisbllent of central balter.ies,
central food preparation facilities, central kitcbens, central paatry
kitcheDe, and meateutting facUities for the appropriated fund food
4-8
I.
"
KIL-BDBIt-1190
aenice prosr.. on a II1lltary inatallation should be subject
pollciea contained in DoD Directive 1338.10 (reference (4e
Ill8truction 4100.33 (reference (4f.
to the
aDd DoD
(2) Policies aDd Procedures. Tbe policies aDd p r o ~ e d u r e s
for Kilitary Coll8truction (KILCON), Operatioll8 aDd Kaintell8nce (O&K), and
II1nor cOll8truction prosraaillS established in DoD Directivea aDd
Inatructioll8 should be followed for elll1ated persollllel dinillS facilities.
(3) Coll8olidation. Ku1mwa effort should be directed ill
plalll11llS elll1sted persollllel diD11lS facil1t1ea toward eM cOllllolidat101l
aDd modernisation of eatatillS permanent facilitie., and the replacement
of CK1stillS temporary facllitie. with permanent cOll8olidated facilitiea,
vhen appropriate.
(4) ColIVerll1oll8. EXistillS elll1sted persOllllel dill1llS
fac1Utiea no 10llSer required to aupport the misll10n of a lI1litary
ill8tallation should be cOlIVerted to other use, When the necessary fundillS
is authorized for cOlIVersion.
(5) Nev Facilitiea. Nev eIll1sted persollllel diD11l8 facil1tiea
ahould IlOt be plalllled solely to support an additional llEPB incr_nt but
ahould be justified on the basis of an evaluation of the capacities aDd
projected use of eatstillS dinill8 facilities. ~
(6) Type of Service. DiD11lS facilities for elll1sted
peraollll8l ahould employ cafeteria-atyle senice and should be equipped' to
all_ for aenice of both a regular 1D81lU aDd short order or fast food
type of l118al. '
b. Plannil!l! Guidance.
(1) Operatione! Criteria. The desi8ll of elll1sted persollllel
diD11lS aDd suPportillS food senice facilities should be baaed on the DoD
Food Senice Prosraa aDd operational procedures and policies established
by the appropriate food service 118l18selnt offices of the military
depart1llents.
(2) Servil!l! Requirelll8n't. The maxilllWll DWIIber of elll1ar:ed
personnel to be served durillS s lIl8al period should be deterllined by
multiplyillS the normal UEpa bousillS capacity by the appropriate
percentase(s) ss provided table 4-2 belovo However, elll1sted persollllel
on separate ratiollll should not be included in the servillS requirement When
plannillS new dinill8 facilities, or retainillS aDd moderll1zill8 permanent
enatillS dininS facUities. Officers aDd civUiall8 should not be included
in the servill8 requirement when plannillS, retainillS, or moderll1&11lS '
elll1sted personnel dinillS facilities, except in overseas or remote
10catioll8 where support is authorized.
4-9
.
KIL-BIlllK-1190
TABL! 4-2
SERVING IlEQlJDJ!HE1l'1'
type of Miss10n .Dd Operat1on
traiD111ll
Bade aDd \lecruit TraiD1118
MObilia.tioa aDd Annual Tra1D111ll
Advanced Ind1vidual Tra1D1118
Service Scboola, Recruit
B:ceptloD Stations
'.rlMaeat '.rty
1l.mIote LocatioDS
Garr1son (includillll Army Table
of OrgaD1a.tion aDd Equipment
(TOB) .Dd T.ble of Distr1but10
aDd Allovances (TDA) Unita),
Air IlI8tallatiODB (ScatiOIl8),
Support Ua1ts, CoDStruct1on
BattaliODS, Sb1pyards,
Wespon Planes
PersoDDel TraD8fer .Dd Over
Proces.iug Centers
Percentage of UnaccoapaDied
Balisted 'ersoanel 1n VIPS To
Be Sened Durillll a Heal 'eriod
95 percent
95 percent
90 percent
85 percent
90 percent
I
70 percent
50 percent
CoDfi_ot 1 110 perc.nt
1..... 11- ,
1 Tbe percentage of' 110 ahould be .pplied againat Cba -n- fac1l1ty
capacity for adll1nbtrative, conf1DelUnt, .Dd aecur1ty peraoDDal., Co
deterll1ne the servill8 requireaent.
c. Space Criteria. AD esc1llata of the groaa floor ar... needed
may be IIllde from tsble 4-3. Spece for cov.r.d valta aDd otber "
devices for cllmate aDd comfon .re DOt included in cable
4-3. Spece for 1n-fligbt kitcbea 18 DOt included io cable 4-3.
4-10
KIL-BDBK-1190
TABLE ~ - 3
SPACE C1UTE1lIA POR ENLISTEl) PERSONNEL DINING FACILITIES
Gras Area
1
Servill8 lequir_nt
ft2 [a2] lI_ber of Enlisted Personnel to be Served
40 to 80 3,700 344
81 to 150 5,300 492
1S1 to 250 6,800 632
251 to 400 8,900 827
401 to 650 12,900 1,198
651 to
1.000 17,200 1,598
-. ~ - -
1,001 to 1,500 20,800 1,932
1,501 to 2,200 29,500 2,741
2,201 to 3,000 36,300 3,372
3,001 to 4,000 44,900 4,171
4,001 to 5,000 52,000 4,831
1 Mechanical equipment ro_ space as required should be added to the gro..
ereaa shown wen determining. a single 1Jr0" area Usura for each facility.
",

d. Design.
(1) Functional Requirements. Designs for c:afetaria-style
dinill8 fac:1l1t1es should ia.c:lude servill8 11ne(s) capability for rqular
full _nu and short order or fast food lIllals and self-service areas for
beveraaes, deserts, and salads. The _jor functional areas to be
prov1ded in dinill8 faci11ty designs are dinill8, dishvash1I18, employee
locker. and toilets, food preparation and cookill8, sarbase and trash
disposal, nonprovision storase, patron toilets, office(s), pot aDd pan
vasb1I18, receivill8 platform, referiserated and dry storaae, servill8, and
siga.ature-headcoua.t and cashier station(s). The interior decor should be
a part of the basic design.
(2) No SmokiDg Area. No slllDlda.a area shouJ.d be provided in
accordance with DoD Inetruction 6015.18 (reference (4S'
(3) Health aDd Sanitation. All facets of des1sn and
construction of dinia.a tacilities should conform to the standards of the
National Sanitation Foundation.
4-11

.

D. MAINTENANCE-INSTALLATION. REPAIR AND OPBIATION (Category Code 119)
1. Space Criteria.
a. Cross Arus. The &roes arsas for _illteDaIlCe alad ill8tallatioll.
repair aIld operation facilities. includiaa apace for beatiaa alad aechall1cal
equip.ent. hased on the _ber of civilian or lI111tary ..,101.... or both.
peElUDently a..igued to the _iuteul1Ce orsall1aation are aho1nl ill table
4-4.
SPACE C1UTERIA POll MAIHTEHAHCE-INS'tALLATIOH.
UPAIJl AND OPEIATIOH
Croaa Ar..
1
Total Ro. of Maintenance Pereoanel
ft1 [Ja1)
I
Up to 30
8.700 808
31 to 50 11.100 1.114
51 to 100
.........

.LQ.IUU
101 to 150 11.100 1,960
151 to 300
18.300 1.619
301 to 500 34.800 3,134
1 eroas area fisur'e. include required aechall1cal equiJlll8nt ro_ apacea.
Additiollal apace ahould not be added.
b. P-.mctlo::&1 Arc:_ Th. criteria cbcVc 1:: teble 4-4 provide
for the follov1aa factiou. If other than the follDV11l8 fUDctious .re
requiracl. apace _y be appropri.tely iller..aad if the juatif1catioD 18
do_nteei.
(1) AdDdll1atrative officea. includiaa draftiaa ro_ apace. alad
toilet aIld locker r_.
(2) Air coladitioll1aa aDd refriseratioD shop.
(3) Central tool iasue. abop atore alad shop toileta, alad
locker tDOGlI.
(4) Electric ahap.
(5) Beatina aDd plUlllbiaa ahap.
4-11
KI1.-BDBK-1190
(6) Metal work ahop, lacludill8 blacklllll1th, 11'00 work,
ilachloe, aheet _tal, aDd veldill8 facUlties.
(7) Palot ahop.
(8) Routioe uJ.oteuoce aDd servlce ahope, lacludll18
cuatodial, _rgeacy eervlc., iuect aDd rodeot cootrol, _vill8 and
rill1l18, preveotive _ioteuac., refue. cOllectioo, aDd road _ioteDance
,hapt.
(9) Woodwork1118 shop, includll18 furniture repalr, aDd
pack10g aDd cratll18 facilltlea.
2. CeUiog Helghts. For adll1D1atrative apace, toilets and other
oooahop areas, the effective ceilill8 height ahouldoot Gceed 10 ft
[3.0 _I. The effectlve .cellill8 helght 10 shop areas should be 11111ted
to that esseotlal to the fUDctioDB of each shop.
E. COMMUNITY FACI1.ITIES - PERSONNEl. SUPPORT AND SERVICE FACILITIES
(category Code 730)
1. Space Crlteria. Space Criteria for persoonel aupport and aervice
facilitiea are tabulated io thia sectioo.
I
a. Eatabl1abllleot. Eatablishllleot of bakeries, laundries, aDd dry
cleaD1118 plaots are subject to the prOV1sioDB for c_rclal aDd
iDdustrial activiti.. of DoD lDatructloo 4100.33 (refereoce (4f.
b. Space Criterla. Space criteria for peraoonel support and
aervice facilities are provided io the follovill8 subaectioDB. MechaD1cal
equipmeot 1'00111 space should be added to these space criteria aa iDd1cated
io the footootes to the tablea.
2 .! ! ~ g ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ d ~ ~ ~ g . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . Grosa floor areas for
bakeries, e served, are abovo io table
4-5.
4-13
.,

KIL-lIDBIt-1l90
TAiLll 4-5
.
SPACE CRITERIA POll. BREAD AND PASTRY BADRIES
Grose Baltery Area 1 lated c.pac.1ty of 8-bour Operation 2
Bread Putry Bread Pa.cry
Ro. of
S
erri
ll8
8
Peraol1ll
Setved ft
2
(m2) ft2 (.-2) PowuJs (lt1lo,r_)
2,500
....
... 1,800 167
....
5,000
3.000 4,500 418
....
... 1,500 680
.....
5,000
....
...
2,950 274
....
10,000
8.400 5.200 483

... 4.200 1,905 .....
10,000
....
... 3,350 311 .. ...
....
20,000
16,000
8,200 762

... 8,400 "3,810

20,000
....
... 4,850 451
....

40,000"
26,900 10,000 929

...
13.425 6,090
.....
I
1 Kechauical equiplleDt ro01ll epace as required ebould be added to the ~ o u
areas ehow weD detel'll1uill8 a 81l18le sr0811 arlle figure for each
facUity.
2
VbeD operated 16 boure per day, plantll will eetve double the _bar of
paraoN abow.
3. CoDfiDeaent 'acUtti.. (Guard Bouses or Brl,e). The arose arn per"
prlaoaer ahould not Gceed the criteria aboVD lD table 4-6. Theae arosa
areas 1Dclwle facUlties for adll1uiatration, boua1I18, traill1l18, aDd
.elfare. When facUities are to iaclude space for _plo,..ent, they abou1d
be proarlllMd on the baata of equipllllDt requir_DtII, but abould DOt Bcead
7S ft
2
(7 aZ) &rosa araa per prlao"Der.
4-14
KIL-IIIIBK-1190
SPACE CRITERIA FOR PRISONERS
Gross
Araa Par Pr1eoner
1
lfwDber
of
Priaoners
2
ft
2
1m2)
Up to 25 550 51
26 to 50 440 41
51 to 150 350 33
151 to 250 330 31
251 to 400 300 28
___.,.....- l
1 Mechanical equip.-nt ro_ space as required abould be added to the
gross areas SboVD vben de temining a sinala groBS area figure for each
facility.
2 Includes administration, bousing, training, aDd welfare. When desigua
are for capacities not SboVD, space allovancea may ba based on the
near.at capacity.
4. DepeDdent School Facilities.
a. Pla_iag aDd Program1ag. The planning aDd programing of
depeDdent school facUi Uas sbould be based on projected enrollment aDd
should be diractly related to the educatioDe1 specifications stipulatina
the program to be carried out. Appropriate educatioDe1 specifications
should be deVeloped before atart1na the programing action for a nev
facility, or an addition to or major reuavatlon of aD uisUng building.
These specificstions sbould reflect the requirements of the program aDd
the required space to lD8et the progrlllll needs.
b. Desi(Q. DesigDs sbould incorporate fluibUlty 1D order that
fscilities can be adapted to a chanaina educational program with a
III1D1111w11 requiremant for addiUoDe1 capital investment. Overseas DoD
schools can bec_e excallent facilities for medical use during
continaency operations if minimal conaiderations are taken before
designina them. Therefora, before such schools are designed, their future
naa aA " ' A " " " ~ . ' f=a,..of'f"of.a ~ " 'fn,",1"d__ IlMII'" ho. I"t'IInattl,:lll".-tI h t t ~ nnt lUI!
~ g __ , w _
11lll1ted to, such items as doorways vide enough for litter patients;
elevators in multistory schools aDd additional electrical considerations
with hookups for emergency generators aDd survivability. When feasible
4-15

. .
KIL-tmBK-1l90
within the educational program, general purpoae claurooms should be
configured to pendt IIII11tiple level, cooperative, iadlvidualbed, aDd t_
o teachina by us1na acouatically appropriate -:lvable _lle in lieu of fbed
partitioQ8.
5. Bducation Centers (Na Education Services Officea. The
apace cr1ter1a abaWD 1n table - for educat10n centera are 1ut.aded to
provide facU1 tiea for the advancillll of the ac:adl!ll1c, technical, aDd
vOClltional education of at11tary peraoDDe1 of all gradea and ranks 1n
order to enhance their potential to the atl1tary aervlcea. Theae criteria
are baaed on the total functional requir_nts of ceDtera for varioua aiae
aiUtary iaatallatioaa, aDd repreaent groea arua that 1nclude apace for
tbe bu11cl11l8 atructure, builcl11l8 service fac.111ti.s, aDd circulation.
a. Joint Uaage Facilltles. Iducatlon centera ahould eake j01nt
uae of atatill8 classroou or otber suitable facUities OD a lI111tary
inatallatioD to the 1UZ1_ atent practicable.
'.

b. Nev Conatruct1on. All nw1y coaatructed education ceutera


should provide, in addition to the aroaa areas ladlcated In table 4-7,
office apace for the peraoDDal Wbo -aaa. the .u.1tary iaata1lation level
functioll8 of the OD-tbe-Job-'rra1D11l8 (OJT) Activity, Career Adviaory aDd
Counael1ll8 (CAC) SectioD, aDd the Claaa1f1catioD aDd ,Teatillll function.
WheD justified by mil1tary 1aatallation requirements, provla1oaa ahould be
_de to acc_date a branch library accorcl111ll to the criteria couta1Ded in
paragraph C.14.b., balov.
c. Space Criteria. The follClViIll apace criteria aoru11y ahould
be enougb for complete and aeparate education centera. Boveger, tbe
criteria _y DOt be accurate for iaatallatlona that have educatioG.
prograu that ere III.ICh greater or 1eea thaD the DoD average.
TAJlta 4-7
SPACE CIlITBIlIA roR IDUCAnOlf CUTBRS
Croaa Aru
2
Military Strelllltb
1
Bdu. Ctr. OJT 3 CAC4
.
ft
2
[a2) ft
2 (11
2
)
ft
2
[ ~ J
Up to 250 Note 5 Bote 5 Bone Bone Bone Bone
251 to 1,000 4,125 383 300 28 500 46
1,001 to 3,000 8,700 808 500 46 500 46
4-16
-. ..
"
.KIL-HDBK-1l90
I'
TABLE 4-7 (contiaued)
SPACE CRITERIA FOR EDUCATION CENTERS
r
Gross Area
2
H1litary Strensth 1 Edu. Ctr. OJT 3 CAC4
ft
2
[m2) ft
2 [m2)
ft
2 [a2)
3,001 to 5,000 13,500 1,254 700 65 500 46
5,001 to 7,000 16,100 1,496 900 84 500 46
7,001 to 10,000 19,800 1,839 1,200 111 500 46
10,001 to 15,000 26,300 2,443 1,700 i58 500 46
15,001 to 20,000 31,800 2,954 2,200 204 500 46
20,001 to 25,000 36,300 3,372 2,700 251 500 46
25,001 to 30,000 40,500 3,762 3,200 297 500 46
30,001 to ,40,000 48,000 4,459 3,700 344 500 46
An nn,
.-
c.n nnn 1:1: ft"ft Ii!! ",,1'\
L ... ""
.ftft .-
.. JV,VVV

;J,I..LU
;>UU
"0
50,001 to '60,000 60,000 5,574 4,700 437 500 46
1 Military strensth is defined as active duty military personnel assigned
to a military installation.
2 KechaD1cal equiplllent roOlll space as required should be added to the gross
areas shown when determiD1ns a sinsle groas area figure for each
facility.
3 Added apace permitted only for new construction.
4 Added space permitted only for nBV construction. If IIIOre than one
counselor is required, 80 ft2 [7.4 m2) groas area should be added per
counselor.
5 Accommodate in other facilities.
6. Pamily aDd CommUnit rt/Service Centers. Pamily and
. community support service centers may be established as required to
provide services to military personnel and their dependents. These
services may include providins information on career counselins, emergency
leave, family advocacy, grants, handicapped children, housing, insurance,
legal matters, loans, military separation, passports, personal financial
maaaaement, social work services, transportation, and voting.
The facility should include space for administration, conference room,
counselins rooms, household loan items, reception, storage, toilets
4-17
.
KIL-HDBIl:-1190
facilities,-and vaitins room. Space for loaa closets may be aeparate from
tbe maia facility but IlUst be COUDted as a part of tbe total requir_at.
Space criteria for family and community aupport/aervice ceaters are abovn
ia table 4-8.
TABLE 4-8
I I
SPACE i:jj ii'EiUA FOi iAKILi AiiD COiiiGlh'ITt
"YrII_nfll .........DC!
......
Groas Area 2
Military Populatioa
1
ft
2

Up to 1,000 Hote 3 Hote 3
1,001 to 3,500 4,500 418
3,501 to 7,000 6,500 604
7,001 to 10,000 8,000 743
10,001 to 15,000 9,500 883
15,001 aDd over 11,000
I
1,022
1 Military populatioa is defiaed as active duty ailitary peraolUlel
eee1o"Ued to the s!!1tery !DetAllat!OD
i
ply. 25 percellt gf their
dependeats. !leeds uy vary greatly at iutallatiou with UDOnal. lII1ses
of urried/WIIIIIlrried persOlUlel, or large awabers of studeats or large
n_bers of Ull&cc_paDied urried perllGaIlel. AD edditioDal 900 ft2 [83.6
.zl Iross ar...y be provleled for a claaarac. at llilitary iDtallationa
vbea the llil1tary iutallatioa a:ceeds 7,000 persoallel.
2 MechaDical rac. apace as required should be added to the gro..
ar.._ ebovn wea deterll1Dins a ainsle grOBS area figure for eacb
fac!l!ty=
3 Aceoaaadate ia other faciliti.a.
7. Fire Stationa. The space criteria ahovn below should apply to
fire atadou ntb structural aDd bru_b fire llisdoDS and ahould be used
aa guidance wea plalUlins fire atatioDB for air crasb rescue ..h8ioDB.
a. Olle-ColllpBay Satellite Fire StatiODS. Olle-cOllJlany aatellite
fire etatioua ahould provide two atalla for two or .are pieces of fire
fightins equiplent; llla1e aad felllale shover aDd toilet facilities; aDd
dormitory r_ for one fire company. The facility ahould alao provide aD
alam r_; combillBtiOD dsyroOll and traiDins area; diU1ns area; exereiae
roOlll; fire iuapector'a office; boe. dryer apace; kitcbea; IIedical aupply
storage area; abift aupervillGr'a office; workroom; aDd storage space
4-18
"
KIL-BDBlt-1190
required for these fuuctioaal areas. The gross area for these functioUll
8hould not lDtceed 5,400 f t
2
[501.7 m2].
b. O D ~ o m p a a y Headquarters l'1re Stations. ODrc_pany
headquarters fi:re statioD8 aboulci prOVide all of the functioDS listed in
paragraph K.7.a., above, plqs a bedroom, office, and shower and toilet
facllitiea for the fire chief. The gross area for these fQDctioDS shoud
not lDtceed 5,800 ft2 [538.8 m
2
].
c. Tvo-Compaay Satellite Fire StatioUll. Two-compaay satellite
fire atatioUll ahoqld provide three stalla for three or more pieces of fire
f1ghUq eqQ1pg8nt; 1II&1e and female shover and toUet facilities; aDd
domitory rooms for two fire compauies. The facUity should also provide
an alara_ room; dsyroom; diniq sres; exercise room; fire inspector' a
office; hoae dryer space; kitchen; medical sqpply storage area; shift
aqperv1eor'a office; trainiq room; workroom; and storage space reqQ1red
for these functioaal areas. The gross aree for-these functioDB should not
exceed 7,800 ft
2
[724.6 .2].
d. Tvo-Compaay Headquarters Fire Stations. Two-compallY
beadqqarters fire statioDS ahould provide all of tha functions listed in-
paragraph E.7.c., above, plus a bedroom, office, aDd shover aDd toilet
facilities for the fire chief. The gr088 area for the8e functiQna should ~
not lDtceed 8,200 ft2 [761.8 m2].
e. Mechanical Equipment Hoom Space. This type of space aa reqQ1red
should be added to the gross areaa shovn above when determiniq a dql.
groas area figqre for esch facility.
8. LauDdry aDd Dg Cleaning Plants. Laqndry aDd dry cleaning
operaUoDB shoqld normally be cCllllbined into one facility. Gross aress for
lauDdries aDd dry cleaniQl plants, exclusive of boUer plants, are shovn
in table 4-9.
TABLE 4-9
SPACE CRITERIA FOR LAUNDRY AND DRY CLEANING PLAN'l'S
Ares Exclqsive of Boiler Plants
2
NUlllber of Laundry aDd Dry Cleaniq Plants
Persons
Served 1
.
ft2
[m2]
2,001 to 4,000 8,500 790
7,001 to 10,000 11,000 1,022
15,001 to 30,000 45,000 4,181
4-19

. .
IUL-BDBK-1190
TABLE 4-9 (contiaued)
1 For intermediate numbers, the next amaller plant with a two-shift
operation ahould be uaed.
2 Mechanical equipment rOOlD space, includill8 holler plant space as
required, ahould be added to the groas areas ahova when deteminill8 a
aill8le groes area fisure for each facility.
9. Post Offices.
a. Central Post Offices. Space criteria for central poat offices
are shova in table 4-10. These Uaures repreaent the basic central poat
office aquare footage aad ara provided for seneral suidance. Additional
space ..y be provided if a central poat office serves apecialised
fuuctiona located on the 1II1litary inatallet1on, auch as:
(1) Activitiea seaeratill8 a hiSh volume of accountable uU
that requires overaJ.sht vault storage.
(2) Carr1er delivery to II1Utary faily houl1l18 11111u.
(3) Kajar aad subordinate headquarters, c_Dds, pereoDDe1
centers, service schools, hosp1tals, air material areas, aDd supply
depots.
(4) Nonres1dent schoole.
(5) Post directory.
(6) Self-service postal wits inatalled within the lobby of
the facility.
b. Postal Serv1ce Coordination. Detera1aationa of apecific
total requirBlaenta aad space prov1s10DB for apecialised fUllctiona, aa
liated ebove, ahould be coordinated with tha u.S. Poatal Serv1ce &es101l&1
Poat..ster General. This should be done durill8 the initial plaDD1118
atage to arrive at a _tually agreeable groas area. The coordination
w1th the U.S. Poatal Service ReS10nal Poatmaster General ahould be
annotated on the project DD FOrD 1391, FY 19 Military Conetruetion
Prosru. -
c. Branch Poat Off1cea. Branch poat ofUces. each not a:ceed1q
1.500 ft
2
[139.4 mzj srosa aree...y be prov1ded aa required at lerse .
II1litary inatallet10na to serve concentrationa of personnel located at
auch a distance from the central poat office that aervice through the
latter 18 impracticeble. .
4-20
KlL-HDBK-1l90
TABLE 4-10
SPACE CRITERIA FOR CENTRAL POST OFFICES 1
Postal Service Center
1
Central Post Officl Per Mailbox Area
lutallation 2
Population Gross Area 3 CONUS 4 Overaeas 5
ft
Z
[.-2] ft
2 . [em2]
ft
2
[aa2]
Up to 500 400 37 0.60 557 0.60 557
501 to 1,000 600 56 0.60 557 0.60 557
1,001 to 2,500 1,755 163 0.60 557 0.50 465
2,501 to 4,500 . 2,925
272 0.60 557 0.50 465
4,501 to 7,500 4,500 418 0.60 557 0.45 418
7,501 to 11,500 6,325 588 0.60 557 0.40 372
11,501 to 16,500 8,250 766 0.60 557 0.40 372
16,501 to 22,500 10,125 941 0.60 557 0.40 372
22,501 to 28,500 12,525 1,164 0.60 557 0.40 372
28,501 to
34,500 14,925 1,387 0.60 557 0.40 372
34,501 to 40,500
17,325 1,609 0.60 557 0.40 372
40,501 to 46,500 19,725 1,832 0.60 557 0.40 372
46,501 to 52,500 22,125 2,055 0.60 557 0.40 372
52,501 to 58,500 24,525 2,278 0.60 557 0.40 372
1 When jllstified, a postal service center may be provided at which ....il
..y be picked lip by indiVidual post office mailbox holders, as opposed to
bulk distribution of ....il to the various elements on a military
iutallation. A postal service center ..y be combined with, or separate
frea. a central or branch poee office. lne IILUIlber of ma11botiii iibauld iiUt
eKceed the DUlIlber of unmarried and unaccompanied married military aDd
civilian personuel a..igned to a military il1Stallation, pllls 25 percent to
accommodate tbe official needs of specific key military aDd civilian
personnel, and to cOlllpel1Sate for the vacancy period required by tbe U.S.
Postal Service before reassignment of a ..ilbox.
2 Installation population is defined as active duty military persounel
asaigned to the IIl1litary iuatallatiou in CONUS aud active duty m.1litary
personnel aud ciVilian employees assigned the military personnel in
overseas areas.
4-21
. -..
.1
I

..
HIL-HDBIC-1190
TABLE 4-10 (contiaued)
3 Hechanical equipuaent roOlll space and loading platforma as required should
be added to the gl:Oll8 areas shown wben determining a single gross area
figure for each facility.
4 CONUS includes tbe 50 states aDd all other geographical ar... in Vbich
tbe U.S. Poatal Service operates.
5 Use 0.60 of a square foot (557 cm
2
J gross area per mailboz When the
poatal service center is geographically aeparated from tbe central poat
office.
10. Religious Activities Facilitiee.
a. Chapels.
(1) Size and Number. Space criteria for chapels should be
based on the inatallacion population as defined in Note 1 of table 4-11.
The 111Ies of chapels .bould coDfon to table 4-12 balled on the _ber of
chapel lIeatll authorized by table 4-11.
(2) Administrative Spaces. Adequate and appropriate
illd.1v1dual offices and clllUlOn adminilltrative spaces required for
chaplains of the varioull faithll llhould be provided within the criteria
illd.1cated here.
TABLE 4-11
NUHBER or CllAPBL SEArs
lnatallation Population
1
NUlllber of ellapel Seau
2
Up to 500 Note 3
.501 to 1,000 200
1,001 to 2,000 300
2,001 to 2,500 400
2,501 to 3,000 500
3,001 to 4,000 600
4,001 to 5,000 800
5,001 to 6,000 900
.
6,001 to 7,000 1,000
7,001 to 8,000 1,200
8,001 to 9,000 1,300
9,001 to 10,000 1,400
10,001 to 11,000 1,500
4-22
MlL-BDBK-1l90
TABLE 4-11 (contlnued)
IlUKBER OF CHAPEL SEATS
Iutallation Population
1
Humber of Chapel Seats 2
11,001 to 12,000 1,600
12,001 to 13,000 1,700
13,001 to 14,000 1,800
14,001 to 15,000 2,000
U,OOl to 17 ,000
2_100
-.---
17,001 to 19,000 2,200
19,001 to 20,000 2,300
20,001 to 22,000 2,400
22,001 to 24,000 2,500
24,001 to 25,000 2,600
25,001 to 27,000 2,700
27,001 to 28,000 2,800
28,001 to 29,000 2,900
29,001 to 30,000 3,000
For each add! tioaal
1,000, add 60
1 Iutallatlon population is defined as the milltary strength assigned to
the military laatallation, plus thelr dependents. For tralning
iutallatioaa, a weighted COUllt of scudents at any given t1llle should be
included in the military strength. Civilian personnel may be included
when they are dependent on the military installatlon for religious
support.
2 See table 4-12 for space criteria for individual chapela.
3 850 ft2 (79 m
2
} gross area ahould be provided for the chaplain, enlisted
aupport personnel, and storaae space for ecclesiastical material in a
facility with a room or auditorium of sufficient size for
weekly divine servic... Additioaally, a small medltation chapel space of
30 to 35 seats should be prOVided.
(3) Chapel Space Criterla. Table 4-12 should be used to
couvert the chapel seating to square footag, requirements. Each chapel
abe should be calculated lndependently. The total military iaatallation
seating requirements should be the.sum of the component chapels.
4-23

'.

I
I
I
I
I

,
,
..
KIL-BDBK-1190
TABLE 4-12
.
SPACE C1UTElUA POll INDIVIDUAL CllAPELS
Grosa Area fotal
Authorlsed Per Seat Gron Area
1
liulaber of Seata ft2
(..zj fc
2
(.zj
200 32.5 3.0 6,500 604
300 28.5 2.6 8,550 794
400 15.5 2.4 10,200 948
500 23.0 2.1 11,500 1,068
600 22.2 2.1 13,320 1,237
700 21.0 2.0 14,700 1,366
800 20.0 1.9 16,000 1,486
900 19.0 1.8 17,100 1,589
1,000 18.0 1.7 18,000 1,672
1,100 17.0 1.6 18,700 1,737
1,200 17.0 1.6 20,400 1,895
1 Hechall1cal equipment rOCllll apace as required ahould be added. to the grOlis
araaa aboVD when detena1ll1ng a dngle gro.. area Usure for eacb
fadUcy.
b. llaUgioua Educational 'adUtiea. Tbe groea area of reUI1_
education facUltles, calculated independently of and acluaive of chapel
requir_nte, chat may be provided aC a lI111tal'y installation, should be
bssed 011 tbe Cocal 1118tallatioll populacloll aa defilled above. Theae
facUities are lIOrmally operaced 111 cOlljUllctioll rich a chapel alld
preferably should be attached ~ or ill prold.lI1ty to a chapel. For_
iucallatloll populatioll of up ~ 1,000, tbe groes area of tbe r&11g1_
educatioll facUity should be 4,000 ft2 (371 ,.z j. For eacb additional
1,000 1118tallatioll populat1oll, 840 ft2 (78 a
2
) grou area should be added.
(1) Tbe grosa area crlterla ll1dlcated ill cabl., 4-12 apply to
reUgloua educatloll facllltles ollly. Chapel and rellgloua edueatloll
apacea ahould be calculated aeparately alld illdepelldellt1y of each otber.
(2) Mechanical equipmellt room space aa required ahoul!! be
added to the groes areas illliicated above whell determ.1l11ng ., 'dngle gross
area flgure for each faclllty.
4-24
KIL-BDBK-1l90
11. Th.at.ra aDd Multipurpose Auditoriums.
NWIb.r aDd C.pacity. At III1litary installations vbere
.at.rcaJ.ma.at IIIDtioa picture s.rvic. has beea established, theat.r. vtth
.t.... lIIIly b. provid.d accordiag to t.bl. 4-13.
TAIll.E 4-13
IfUMBER or THEA1'!llS AND MULTIPURPOSE AUDITOlUUKS
NWIb.r of capacity of Authoriz.d
Military Populatioa 1,2 Th.at.rs Theat.rs
"-
Up to 300 1 Note 3
301 to 1,000 1 Gea.ral purpose facility
1,001 to 2,000 1 3SG-eeat vtth dressiag roOlU
2,001 to 3,000 1 SOG-eeat vtth dressiag rOOlU
3,001 to 7,000 1 l,OOo-seat vtth drsaaiDS roOllS
7,001 to 10,000 1 l,OOO-seat vtth dr.asiag rooms
I
1 Sao-s.at vtthout dressiag rooas
10,001 to 15,000 1 l,OOO-seat vtth dressiag rooms
2 SOo-seat vtthout dresdag roOllla
15,001 to 20,000 1 l,OOO-seat vtth dressiag rooms
3 SOo-seat vt thout dress1ag rooms
20,001 to 25,000 1 l,OOO-s.at vtth dr.ssiag rooms
1 l,OOO-seat vtthout dr.ssiag rooms
2 SOo-seat vtthout dressiDS roOllll
1 Military population is defined as active duty military personnel
s.sigaed to a military iaatallatioa, plus SO of th.ir dep.Ddeats.
2 VbeD the ailitery streagth exc.eds 25,000, th. numb.r aDd siz. of
tht.r faciliti.s authorized (that exc.eds four theaters), should be
det.rIII1aed by th. coDditioDS obtaiaed at the 1II111tary installatioa.
Relevaat factora, iacludiag dispersal of UEPB aDd 1II111tary family hou.iag
are.a, should coastitute the basis for the requiremeat for additioaal
facilitias. The justific.tioa should be coordinsted with the Army aDd Air
Force Exchaage Service (AAl'!S). Auditoriums, drama c.aters, aDd theaters
.should be combiDed use facilities practicable.
3 Accommodate ia other facilities.
b. Space Criteria. The gross areas of the theaters indicated
above should Dot exceed the space criteria ShoWD ia table 4-14.
4-25

..
KIL-IlDBK-1190
TAIlLE 4-14
.
SPACE CRITERIA FOB. THEATERS AND MULTIPl1IlPOSE AI1DItOIlIUKS
Groas Theater Area 1
Witb Dresdllg Witbout Drese1118
lo_ Bo_
theaur Capaci ty ft
Z
[m2) ft
Z
[m2)
General purpose facility 3.500 325 3.500 325
350 seats 6.500 604 5.800 539
500 aeats 10.900 1.013 9.600 892
1.000 aeatll 17.200 1.598 15.500 1.440
1 Kechauical equipmellt rOOlll .!i!lNlce aa required llbauld be added to the grolla
areall llbow when de termiuJ.lIg a II1l18le groell area figUre for each
facility. '
F. COKlfl1NITY FACILITIES - KORALE. lIEUAIlE AND UCUATIOHAL - IN'l'EB.IOB.
(EXCHANGE AND SIKILAB. FACILITIES) (category Code 740)
1. Space Criteria. Space eriteria for Bltchal18e aDd 1I111dlar
facilitiBII are tabulated ill thill lIection.
2. Baalt1l18 Offices. Baalt1l1g iJUJUtutioas 118y be autborized to
operate bealt1l18 offices on aailitary iastallaUons by their regulatory
agencies or the Treaaury Departaent V1tb the concurrence of the head of
the DoD COaponent concerned aDd accordiag to DoD Directive 1000.11
(reference (4b and DoD Iastrucdon 1000.12 (reference (41. lIor.ally.
there sbould be only one baalt1l1g institution at nch iJUJtallation unle811
the installation c_Dder feela mra sre needed. lIDvever. there 18 110
reatriction on the IIWIber of ballldag ofUces that lIBy be authorized for
operation by that baalt1l1g inatitution.
a. Adequacy of Space. . It 111 iIIIporunt thet the baalt1l1g office
be located in a buildillg that is accenible to the IIBjodty of perBODllel
on the III1Utary inatallation aDd is 110 located aa to permit -xi_
lIecudty. Adequate apace should be lIIIlde available to include apace for:
(1) Burglar alarm systlllll aDd otber aecurity features .
normally used by bsalt1118 ill8titutiona.
4-26
- ------
HIL-llDBK-1l90
(2) COUDurs aDd ee1ler space.
(3) InUniev space.
(4) Lobby aDd recepUon apace.
(5) Kana8_ne office apace.
(6) Operaeion (..chine or record, or boeh) space.
(7) Ilecord-holdins space.
(8) Safea or a vaule, or boeh.
b. Space Criteria. Space crieeria for bankins offices operaeins
in federal buildtnss, on eieber a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basia,
ars ahown in eable 4-15.
c. ConatrucUon froa Privaee Funds. When a bankins inaUtuUon
ia authorised eo conaerucc its 0VIl bul1dins, at its 0V11 expenae, on
80veraaent-ovned land, the apace criCeria specified in table 4-15 do noe
. apply. The bul1dins should coDfor1ll to the iD8eallBUon _ster plan. It
ahould be confined to the needa of the bankins inatitution only and may
not hou.e ocher commercial enterpriaes or 80verDment instrumentalities
unleaa approved by the iD8tallaUon c_nder. Land required for approved
c0118trucUon at the hankins inatltuUon'a ezpenae shall be _de available
by a real eatate leese accordins to DoD Directive 4165.6 (reference (4j
and DoD lnatruction 1000.12, Section B., enclosure 2.
TABLE 4-15
SPACE CIllTEllIA FOil BANKS
Groas Area 2
Population Served
1
fc
2
1m2)
Up to 1,000
1,500 139
1,001 to 2,000 2,375 221
2,001 to 3,000
3,250 302
.
3,001 to 4,000
3,625 337
A n"'1
.-
Ill;; nnn
4,000 J72 ~ . v v . ~ u
J,"'''''''
5,001 to 6,000 4,375 406
6,001 to 7,000 4,750 441
7,001 eo 9,000 5,560 517
4-27
' .

.
KIL-llDBK-1190
TABLE 4-15 (contiaued)
SPACE CRITERIA FOR BANKS
Groell Area 2
Population Served
1
ft
2
(m2J
9,001 to 11,000 6,375 592
11,001 to 13,000 7,190 668
13,001 to 15,000 8,000 743
15,001 to 17,000 10,000 929
17,001 to 20,000 13,000 1,208
For aach additional
_______ _ II:
IImIaUL 1l"lI&;
3,000, or portion tbereof, add 1,000 93
'.
1 Population lIerved is defined as active duty military perllonnel lIlIlIigned
to a military installation and lItationed Within a arell DOt
served by another military beDk1ng office, plus civilian ..ployeell on tbe
mil1tary installation, aad other persons autboriced to use tbe beDk1ng
ofUce.
2 Mechanical equipment room space aa required lIbould be added to the aroall
areall sbovu when determining a single 11'0" area Usure for each
facUity.
3. Credit Union FadUties. Altbougb credit _iODS are private
orgaD1caUoll8 that are DOt under the direct control of the military
departments, a properly chartered credit lIDiOD ..y be elltabUlhed au lID1
military iuetallation to lerve military persoDDel aDd tbeir depeadents,
aad otber persoDDel as permitted in the approvad b71a.. of the credit
union. If tbe credit union on a mil1tary ioatallatioD faUs or refuees
to permit unrestricted _bership of ioat'allation peraoDDel, it shall be
daD1ed free use of military iDlltallatiOD facUitias. In aucb ioataDcell,
anotber credit uD100 that _eta tbe DoD requir..entll _y be eatabUshed au
tbe military installatioa, and thua be quallfied for autbor1&ed loglsticll
support. Normally, credit uniooa vill be a part of the c_lty sbopping
ceuter. Where epace 1u the c_u1ty sbopping ceuter 18 DOt avaUable,
space sbould be provided in a nearby coaveD1ent araa. DoD lDstruction
'1.000.10 (reference (41t ..tabUshes tbe policy loveruiq the functioD1I13
of credit uD10ns on military installations.
a. Space Criteria. Space criteria for credit uniooa operating in
federal buildings are abavu in table 4-16. Tbe total factor ia tbe sum of
tbe factors determined by tbe slce of the credit unloa's membersblp, the
4-28
KlL-BDBK-1l90
number of traasactioll8 haDdled per clay, aDd the DUIIlber of peraona
employed, as sllovu in table 4-17. Data used to determine these factora
ahould relate eo1ely to the 1II111tary iastallation pt'ov1dill8 space and
should not be an aggreaate of the total membership, traasactiona, and
employeea of a credit union that function at other aitea not located on
the installation or that haa a broad membership located lNay froa the
aeoareph1cal area senerally aerved by that lII1l1tary iastallation. A
credit UD10n _y be to operate at IIIOre than one location 011 a
mil1tary iastallation. Rovner, wben thl8 is done, the apace criteria
authorised UDder tables 4-16 aDd 4-17 applies in aaaresate (aee DoD
Instruction 1000.10, enclosure 3, paragraph E.8.). The area _y be
increased by 10 percsnt to allow for future businesa expaasion.
b. Construction frOID Private Funda. When a credit .union 18
author1&ed to coastruct ita own building, at its own expease, on
goveruillent-ovued laDd, tables 4-16 aDd 4-17 do not apply. Land required
for approved coastruction at credit union expense should be lllade
available.
TABLE 4-16
SPACE ClUTEllIA FOR CREDiT UNIONS
I
Gro.s Area
1
Grose Area 1
Factor Total. ft
2
[ml ) Factor Totals ft
2
[ml)
IUnimum 800 74 18 6,200 576
5 1,000 93 19 7,200 669
6 1,300 121 20 8,200 762
7 1,700 158 21 9,200 855
8 2,200 204 22 10,200 948
,n
'" ann
1Ln 11
" "nn
, ,u.n
AV ... VUY ..VV ..... ...... ,4VV .... v .....
12 3,500 325 24 12,200 1,133
14 4,300 399 25 13,200 1,226
16 5,200 483 For each
additional
factor, add 1,000 93
1 Hechaa.1cal equipment roOlD space as required should be added to the gross
areas ShoWD when a single groll area figure for each
facUity.
4-29
"

..
KIL-BDBK-1l90
TABLE 4-17
SPACE CRITERIA FOR CREDIT UNIONS
-_.,
He1Ilbers Factora Bmployees Factora Trauactiou racton
Par Day
Up to 1.000 2 2 co 5 1 Up co 99 1
1.001 to 2.500 4 6 to 9 2 100 to 299 2
2.501 to 7.500 6 10 to 13 3 300 to 499 3
7.501 to 12.000 8 14 to 17 4 sao to 749 4
12.001 to 20.000 10 18 to 21 5 750 to 999 5
22 to 25 6
For 'each
For each
' .
I For each
additioDal 10.000
additioDal ' addi tioDal
or portion
3. add 1 500. add 1
thereof. add 2
4. Bxchange Facilities.
a. General.
(1) Autbor1&ed FscUitiea. The achallle facUitiea Uated
below are authorized by DoD Directive 1330.9 (refereDCe (41 aa
facUitiea that l118y be achallle-operated.
Ca> Adminiatrative facilities.
(b) Amuaement centera.
(c) Automobile parta aalea atores.
(d) Brancll acllallles (Havy: Location acllalllea)
(e> Cafeterias. anack bara. aDd anack stauds.
~
(f) Central aupport facilities.
(8) Food stores. overseas.
4-30
KlL-BDBK-1190

(b) Gasoline aad service stations, service centers, aDd


,car _ah facilitiea.
(i) Laundry aDd dry cleaning plante, exchanae-operated.
(j) Main retail stores.
(k) Maintenance shops, iaatallation.
(1) Service outlets.
(III)' Warehouses (iutallation aad central).
",

(2) Bads ot Space Criteria. Space criteria should be based


on aubparagraph F.4.a.(3), below, aug_nted as follovs:
(a) Subordinate Exchange Facilities. Subordinate
exchaDge tacilities operated for the convenience of separate specialized
activities, aDd eatablished as an integral part of these activities, such
as barber shops in clubs; food, retail aad personnel services in air
tsr-1nals and hospitals; food service in acadSlll1c buildings, collegea,
aDd depeadent achoola; food service in bowling alleys, operationa
buildings, and; service clubs; aad snack facilities in theaters should be ;a".
provided out of the space allowances authorized for the separate
specialized activities themselves, rather than deducted from the
autborized space criteria.
(b) MUtary Strength ill Overseas COIIIIII8adS. When
cOllputing tbe III1litary strength figure for an overseas cOllllllBad, as
outlined in subsection A.2.
o
above, the number of civilian employees
(U.S. aad other than hos t COWltry utiona1s), including their depeadents,
paid frOlll eitber appropriated or nonappropriated U.S. dollar funds aDd
afforded full exchange service privileges should be illcluded.
(c) Temporary Exchange Facilities. Space criteria for
construction of permanent exchange facilities should be based on the
authorized projected assigned III1litary atrength. Hovever, space criteria
for temporary exchange facilities to be located in buildings of temporary
conatruction, relocatable buildings, or available sSlll1permanent or
pemanent buildinga, excess to all requirements, other than exchange,
recreational aad velfare facility needs of the s8llle priority, may be based
011 the current or 1IIIpeading 1II111tary strength provided the selected
III1litary strength is not projected to materially decline for at least 24
1II0nths.
(3)' Application of Space Criteria. Application of these
space criteria should conform with subparagraph F.4.a.(2), above,
augmented as follows:
4-31
-I
KIL-llDBK-1l90
(a) Space AdjustllentB. Except vben otherwise exempted
or limited here, incresses not to exceed 20 percent of the space criteria
outlined in subparsgrsph F.4.a.(2), above, may be made in the size of the
vsrious types of Bltcbaage faciUties prOVided the aggregate total
authorized for all types of escbaage facilities at tbe military
installation is not aceeded.
(b) Coavers1oos. When an aistiq bulldillB 18 converted
to use as an IIltchauge faci11ty, the apace cr1ter1a l18y be lncreased by DOt
aore tban 20 percent when necessary to effect economical aDd efflc1ent use
of the aist10g buildiag. Such an increue should not affect cr1ter1a,
but .y be coablned rith the apace djuataent perm.1tted In aubparagraph
F.4.a.(3)(a), above.
(c) Covered aDd Bnclosed IUlla aDd Sidewallts. When
ele_nu of a clllDDllJ!l1 ty shopp1ug center, auch as the balik, cCllllll1saary,
credit un1on, exchange main retail store, eltcbaoge aerv1ce outlets, aDd
snack bar, are combined 1nto c_n structure aDd cODDected by an
enclosed aall, space occupled by the lUll should not be charged agaioat
(deducted from) space criteria for the respective aleaenu. Likev1se,
vhen auch elBlUnta are in prOlt1a1ty to each other all4 are e.o_ted by a
covered walkway, space occupied by the covered valltvay should Mt be
charged agalnst space cr1ter1a for the respective elam..nJ:8. S1JI.1larly,
apace occupled by public toilet rooms aDd jaD1tor closeta located off
the malls shall not be charged agalust (deducted from) space criteria
for the reapective elements.
(d) Blevators, Eae.alators, aDd Stairs. Bemally, .
exchange facilities rill be conatructed on a single level. When aistiq
building conflgurstious or slte conatraints, or both, dictate multlstory
atores, space occupled by elevators, escalators, atairs, aDd other
vertical traosportation systems should not be charged lIBaiASt apae.e
crlterla for the respective elements.
(e) Kechan1cal Equipment Rooms. ne grose aree cdteria
in aubaection F.4. do not 1nclude the required aecbaD1cal equipll8nt rOOlll
apace. neae apaces should be added to the grosa area criterla.
(4) Construction fram Private Funda.
(a) Private Funda. The conatruction of exchange
fadUties on aiUtaey iDStallatio08 _, be ace.OIlIpUahed frOlll funda of
commerclal concerns or pr1vate 1ndlv1duala aubject to the approval of .the
Secretary of the cogn1zant Mi11tary Department, vben pertlnent contracta
between commercial conceroa or pr1vate iDdiv1duals and the achaoge
specifies that immediately uPon campletion title thereto paasea to the
govel'lllllent and stipulate conditions and rsstrictions that should prevent
any future conf11ct rith mil1tary requirements, all4 el1minate any future
obligatioDS agaiDSI: sppropdated funds. The requirement for paaaage of
the title should not apply to portable or relocatsble buildings.
4-32
KIL-llIIBK-1l90
Cb) Commercial Space Practices. Buildiuss for regular
ezchause service outlets. aDd special sales aDd service outlets are DOt
liaited by space criteria vben tbey are erected as excbause concession
facilities from private funds. Bavever. tbe slziUS of these facilities
sbDuld be cOQ81stent vitb c_rcial practices. Space occupied by these
concession facilities should not be deducted from otber space provided for
in these criteria. escept that facilities authorized bere should DOt
duplicate activities directly operated by &schauses.

(5) Be10catable Bu1ldlgs. Ralocatable bulldluss provided


from acbause DOQApproprlated fuuds for tellJlOrary use as exchause
facilities should be maintained aDd operated entirely from excbaaae
nouppropriated funds. OvD.ersb1p of these relocatable bu1ldluss should
r_in With the exchause service (AAFES. Navy. or MarIne Corps). aDd
shall be so reported in real property inventorIes required by DoD
luatruction 4165.14 (referencB (4_.
b. COlaZmity Shoppi!!8 Centers.
(1) e-n Structure. Por opt1lllulll availab1lity aDd
convenience. major excbaaae facilities should be planned. vben
practicable. &8 elaenu of a III1litary IDStallstion cOlllllWliry shoppiaa
center, aDd combined for economy when feasible into a common structure ~
boua1US other elements of tbe shoppiaa center.
(2) Overseas Area COmD1nity Shopping Centeno In overseas
c_Dds where a group of III1litary iQ8ullstiou are located vitbin a .
seogr.pbi4:A1 area vitb rAd.!\UI of up to 25 mi.leB (40 lml]. u area c ~ 1 t y
shoppiaa center may be provided to serve tbese III1litary iQ8tellstlons. The
coamuuity shopping center should preferably be located at one of the
.tlitary iQ8tallatioDS in the center of the area aDd ahould obviate the need
. for other comparable lIlIlin exchange facilities at that 1II111tary iQ8tallstion.
The exchange lIlIlin retall store at the area cOllllllUnity shopping center should
feature a CClIIIplete selection of mercbandise. thus permitting the retail
stores at the served III1litary iustallatioQ8 to feature limited selectiona.
such sa itl!lllll of generel convenience aDd necessity. This should serve to
reduce space requirements for these secondary stores which should be planned
to meet the specific requirements at the particular military iustallstion
rather than arbitrarily plaoued to the maximum space criteria.
c. Admiu1strative Facilities. Excha!l8e. Space required for the
central administrative facilities of a III1litary iustallation exchaaae.
area ezchange, or regioaal exchange should be provided under section B.
above. Administrative space required for an indiVidual exchange
facility. such as office space in the main retail store or branch (or
location exchange), should be provided out of the space criteria for the
indiVidual facility.
4-33
.
KIL-lIDBK-1l90
d. Amusement Centers. Amusement centers are entertainment
activities tbat combine coln-opersted gaDea snd refreshments. They
basically consist of a drink and food vending machine area, a game area
(pinball, pool tables, and sldll gBIIIes) , a lla1ted snack counter in
laraer activities, and toilet facilities. Amusement centers may be
provided as independent activities or operated within a branch eschange,
cafeteria, or snack bar. Total groes areaa for -.us_nt centers sbould
not esceed tbe space criteria abovn in table 4-18, unless 10eal eonditioDB
varrant.
TABLE 4-18
SPACE CRITEIUA FOil !XCHA8GE AHIlSEKENT CENTEIlS
Gross
Area 1,2
Militsry Strength ft
2
ra21
Sal to 1,000 1,200 111
1,001 to 3,000 1,800
I
167
3,001 to 5,000 2,400 223
5,001 to 7,000 3,800 353
7,001 to 10,000 5,000 465
10,001 to 15,000 6,500 604
15,001 to 20,000 8,500 790
20,001 to 25,000 11,000 1,022
25,001 to 30,000 12,800 1,189
lor each edditional 5,000, add 1,800 167
1 If tbe eschsnge amusement center ia DOt located contiguous to a branch
escbatl8e, cafeteria, or mack bar, then l:be lpace for a food aarvice
facUity, if required, should be provided out of tbe apaeeedterie for
exchange -'sement ceDcera. .
2 Kecheucal equipalllDt roOlD space as required ahould be added to tbe groas
areas shown when de teraUnill8 a a11181e groas araa figure for each
fat111cy.
e. Automobile Parta Sales Stores. Automobile parts' sales
'storea may' be operated independently or vitb other retail outlete,
service stations, or IlBraaes. Total floor areas for ..,tomobi1e parra
eales stores ahould not escead the epace criteria shovn in table 4-19.
4-34
KIL-BDBK-1l90
TABLE 4-19
SPACE CRlTElUA PaR EXCHANGE AUTOMOBILE
PAilTS SALES STORES
lfulllber of Groas Area 1
Beaistered Vehicle.
OvDed by
ft
2
[atZ) Authorized Customers
Up to 300 1,000 93
301 to 600 1,750 163
601 to 1,800 3,100 288
1,801 to 3,000 4,300 399
3,001 to 4,300 5,800 539
4,301 to 6,100 7,650 711
6,101 and over 10,000 929

1 MechaDical equipllent roOlll space aa required should be added to the ar08ll


aree. shown when a sinale gross area fiaure for each
faciUty.
f. Branch Exchanges (Navy: Location Exchange.).
(1) At military inatallatioDS havina a military atnnath of
2,500 or 1IIDre peraonnel, a branch exchanae (Navy: Location exchanae),
located so a. to provide conveDient exchanae coverage of the military
inatallation may be provided as shown in table 4-20.
(2) A gross area of 7,000 ft2 [650.3 q2) is authorized for
each branch -chanae. Bovever, space criteria for individual branch
exchanae facilities may be adjusted upward or downward provided the total
space authorized for ell branch cchanaea ia not exceeded. Branch exchanae
facilities may be used for any of tbe exchanae activities or service outlets
as required.

4-35
KIL-fDlBIC-1l90
TABLE 4-20
SPACE CUTEB.IA FOR BRANCH EXCHANGES
Gro.. Area 1
lI_ber of
Military Strength Authorised
(111
2
]
Braneh hehanges
1
ft
2
2,500 to 5,000 1 7,000 650
5,001 to 7,500 2 14,000 1,300
7,501 to 10,000 3 21,000 1,951
For each addit10aal
increment of 2,500
or portion thereof,
add 1 7,000 650
1 !techaDieal e q u i ~ n t r_ space as required should be addell to the araa
are.. ahoVII vben determ1n1ng a single aroas area Usure for eacb
faell1ty.
S. Central aupport
facll1t1es aot ot eMse 1dent tied here ceatral Idtchene, and imbUe
and vend1ng un1ta, aad in overaeas areaa: bakeries, central repair
ahopa, depots, proeeas1ng plant., and rafr1serated etorqe punta) .bDl&1d
be eou1dered on an indiVidual buis. The.. type. of fac.111dea ahould be
louted and dzed according to the dispera10n and lUBn1tude of the
exchange activities to be aupported. It 1a recosn1J:ed that these
detem1nat1ou are balled on a CClllb1natioa of acollaa1c, _aas_at, and
operating factors; therefore. requeata for the eatabliab1us of tbese
fac.1Udes lIhould be aellt to an Assistaat Secretary of the MiUtary
Departlllllat eoncemed for approval.
h. Food Serv1ee Fa<:1111:1.., behaDle.
(1) Exchange Food Serv1ee. These types of fadUdes
1Dc.l.ucie. out are aot lim1eea. to. bKa iihop., e.f.t.rt.i, lee cream ibopi,
fUsht Uae anack bara (for air tem1nal food ..rviee aee aubparqraph
,.4.a.(2)(a, saack bars, lIIlaek atands, and speCialty ahops s1m1lar to
deli, fast food fraach1ses, aad pizza (aee subparasraph ,.4.a.(4) for
cOll8tructioa frCIID private fUDda). The total space ahould not exceed tbe
criteria shoVII.1n tables 4-21, 4-22, 4-23, and 4-24. Space occupied
for food serv1ee facilities in facilities such all adm1n1strat1ve
buildings, air tem1nals, bovUng alleys, solt club houses, hospitals,
and tra1Ding buildings should be provided frOlll apace criteria establillhed
for that facUity alld not deducted frCIID space critllria prodded for thoae
types of fae1l1t1es.
4-36
KIL-lIDBIt-1l90
"

I
UBLI 4-21
SPACE CBITDIA lOa IHSTALLATION BltCHABGE FOOD SERVICE
f
Gr088 Area 1
K1liCary Streaatb CORtlS av.ra... 2
ft2 [uaZ) ft2 [.z)
Up to 500 1,850 172 2,200 204
501 to 1,000 2,700 251 3,200 297
1,001 to 3,000 5,400 502 6,300 585
3,001 to 5,000 7,400 687 8,000 743
S,ool to 7,000 9,300 864 9,800 910
7,001 to 10,000 10,700 994 11,300 1,050
10,001 to 15,000 12,600 1,171 13,300 1,236
15,001 to 20,000 16,800 1,561 17,800 1,654
20,001 to 30,000
.-
18,600 1,728 19,600 1,821
'or eacb add1t1oll&1 5,000, add 500 46 SOD 46
1 Hecball1c:al equiPMDt r_ .pac required ahould be added to tbe 11'0"
ar....bow vbeD detemiDilll a ailllla gr08. area Usure for eacb
facUity.
2 Spac. for ov.r.eu area CCllllaUll ty .boppll11 ceDter food aervlce lbould be
provided accorcU.lII to tabla 4-zz aDd .hall Dot be deducted frOll tile space
crit.ria lbow abovi.
(2) 'ood S.rvlce at Area Comaunlcy Shopplaa CeDter,
av.r..... 'ood Ilrvlcy be provlded aa aD el_Dt of aD overs.sa area
co mity .hopp1aa c'Dt.r (.ee .ubparaarapb '.4.b.(2)(b. Space
crit.ria are .ho_ iD tabla 4-22.
4-37

, . . .
MlL-BllBK-1l90
TABLE 4-22
r
ft.t. __Y_nY -.n BV...-n.......__""'.. It''lPftn'9' ....
Sr A \.oJ:l \.oAJ, J. 6VVU
AT AlEA COMMUNITY SIi01'PING CENTERS, OVEII.SEAS
Crou Area 2
Ilwaber of
Autborized Customers
In the Area 1
ft
2
[m2]
1,000 to 3,000 S,400 S02
3,001 to S,OOO 6,300 S8S
S,OOl to 7,000 8,000 743
7,001 to 10,000 9,800 910
10,001 and over 11,300 1,050
1 Autbor1&ed customers ia defined aa the 1I111tary atrell8th, autbor1ae4
civlliana, and all of their dependents within the area served by the
'area community shopping center (10 or 25 mil.. [16 or 40 km]).
2 Mechanical equiPlll8nt room space aa required abould be added to the gro..
areas sbow vben determill1l18 a aingle grosa area Up!:e for ..ch facUity.
(3) Ib:chaaae Supp181lentary 'ood Service. Suppl_ntary food
service may be prOVide at 1I111tary inat81l&tiODB bAvill8 a c.l1tary ,
atrell8th of 3,000 or IIIlre personnel. A ,ro811 area of 900 ft2 (83.6 m2]
11 for eacb unit of food rvice. Iowever;
apace criteria for individual unita of aupplementary food ,service ..y
be adjusted upward or dowuvsrd. Supp181lentary food service unite ...y be
used for any of the authorized activities all required. The total apace
allocated for supplementary food service abould IIOt be deducted from the
apace criteria shown in table 4-23.
4-38
..
KIL-BDBK-1190
TABLE 4-23
SPACE CRITEllIA POll EXCHANGE SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD SEIlVICE
liwIber of Total Gr08s Area
1
Supplementary Food
II1litary Stnlllth Service Units.
ft
Z
(mZ)
900 ft
2
[83.6-.2) esch
3,000 to 5,.000 1 900 84
S,OOl to 10,000
2 1,800 167
10,001 to 20,000
3 2,700 251
20,001 . to 30,000 4 3,600 334
For each add1tioDal
10,000, add 1 900 84
1 Mechanical equ1pl1l8nt room space as requ1red should be added to the grOIlS
are.. shovo when detera1nioa s s1oa1e srosa ares Usure for each
facUlty.
I
(4) F11tht Llne Snack Bars. In add1t10n to other authorized
food aervice fac11lt es, each aIrfIeld la authorized one f11sht line
aoack. bar ln, or. adjacent to, the operatioos bulld1OS. Food service
apace provlded for fUSht line 80sck bars should not exceed the criteria
,boWD io table 4-24. (See subparagraph F.4.h.(1.
TABLE 4-24
,
I
SPACE CRITKllIA FOil FLIGHT LINE SNACK BAIlS I
f--------.---
Gross Area 1

1I11itary Streoath ft
2
[.2)
Up to 1,000
500 46
1,001 to 5,000
1,100 102
5,001 to 10,000
2,090
194
In nnl -_..
--P
., L"I\
"". a
.... ,--...
q ~ v . ~ ...
".VI\I .... Q
1 Kechanical equipment room space as requ1red should be added to the gross
areas shown when deteraill10a a sioale gross area USUre for each
facU1ty.
L-- -.--_L- L-- l
4-39
,
..
HlL-lIDBIC.-1190
i. Pood Stores, Ov'erseu. Pood retail sales outlets ., be
provided vitb otber uchaage retail outleta,food facilities, aDd suck
bar., or as iDdepeDdent sales stores. The total apace provided for these
.ales outlets should oot exceed tbe criteria sbovo in table 4-25.
TABLE 4-25
SPACE ClUTEIlL\ FOB. EXClWfGE FOOD STOUS, OVERSEAS
Groaa Area 1
Military Streagtb
ft2 .
[..zj
SOO to 1,000 1,000 93
1,001 to 3,000 1.400 130
3,001 to 5,000
1.800 167
5,001 to 7,000
2.600 . 242
~ .... _.
to
..... A ........ "Il AftA ......
'."'1.1.
.LU.UUU -'.UUU 17
10,001 to 15,000 3,500 325
15,001 to 20,000 3,850 358
20,001 to 25,000 4,000 372
25,001 aDd over 4,100 381
I
1 Kechau1cal eqv.1pment rOQlla apace aa reqv.1red ahould be added to the Itoaa
arau show lIheo detem1D1ag a aill81e Ito.. area fipre for each
f.eWty.
j. Gasoline, Car W..b, aDd Service Stations aDd Service
Centers.
(1) Space Cr1l:er1a. Space cdteda for psoline aDd aervice
atationa aDd aervice centars, auppl_otal pBOliDe acationa. aad car .ah
fadUtl...y be o.n tbe basis of either tbe inatallatioo IIIlIU:ary
atreagtb or tbe DUmber of reglatered vehicles owned by autborlaed
eii.tGiiera whail this iiUiiber UD bG ;ubstantiated. !U.11t:ry =t:=cath :hculd
oaly be ~ e d as a basis vbeo the llUlRber of reg1atared vehiclea owned by
autborbed cust_ers C&DIlOt be aubataotlat4ll1. Space crlteria are abo_
10 tablea 4-26, 4-27, aDd 4-28.
4-40
KlL-BDBlt-1190
TABLE 4-26
SPACK CBITElllA roa. GASOLINE AND SEaVICE STATIONS AND SERVICE CKNTE1tS
1
Gaeol1naaDd
Service Service
Area Adcl1 t10ual Area
NuJaber of
Vebicles
1
OWed By Groas Ares

[m2)
[m
2
)
Up to 500 Up to 300 600 56 1I0l1e Ilona
501 1,000 301 600 1,740 162 None 1I0ne
1,001 to 3,000 601 to 1,800 2,160 201 380 35
3,001 to 5,000 1,801 to 3,000 2,830 263 950 88
5,001 to 7,000 3,001 to 4,300 3,250 302 1,140 106
7,001 to 10,000 4,301 6,100 4,140 385 2,100 195
10,001 15,000 6,101 to 9,100 4,560 424 4,300 399
15,001 20,000 9,101 to 12,200 6,500 604 4,610 428
20,001 and over 12,201 and over 9,750 906 4,800 446
1 Kecbal11cal room space as required should be added to tbe gross
areu abow when a sins1e gross area figure for each
facUity.
TABLE 4-27
SPACE CBITElllA POR SUPPLEMENTAL GASOLINE STATIONS
1

Number of Number of Gross Area
1
Vebic1es StatiOI1S

OWed by
.
at 600 ft
2
Strel18tb [56m
2
) each ft
2
[m2)
3,000 7,000 1,800 to 4,300 1 600 56
7,OOlto 15,000 4,301 to 9,100 2 1,200 111
15,001 aDd over 9,101 aDd over 3 1,800 167
4-41
.-
9
.
MlL-BDBIt-1l90
TABLE 4-27 (contlaued)
1 Mecbanical equip1lll!nt roOlll space as required should be added to tbe aross
areas ahow when determiniD8 a dua1e ar088 area figure for eacb
faCUlty.
TABLE 4-28
,
OR
Total
Hwaber of Gross ArM
1
aegistered Vebicles
Military OVIIedby !IuIIber of
Streaatb Author1&ed CuatOlllers Wasb lays ft2
{aZl
800 to 3,000 500 to 1,800 1 710 67
3,001 to 5,000 1,801 to 3,000 2 1,180 110
5,001 to 7,000 3,001 to 4,000 3 1,640 152
7,001 to 10,000 4,001 to 6,000 4 2,100 195
10,001 to 15,000 6,001 to 9,000 5 2,560 238
15,001 to 20,000 9,001 to 12,000 6 3,020 281
20,001 alld over 12,001 alll! over 7 3,480 323
I SPACE CRITERIA FOR CAR VASH FACILITIBS ....,I
1 r_ space as requited sbould be added to the aross
area. ShoWll when determiD1ua a aiuale aroSll area Ugure for aacb
facility.
(2) Canopies. Canopies required to protect tbe puap blands
frca bcleaent watber .y be provided rithout a deduction 1D tbe apace
crlteria .110_ above In table 4-26. Autborbed .pace crlteri. for
esc!JllD8e ..rvice atations aDd aervlce centera ...y be lncrea.ed by DOt
.ore tbat 20 percent vben a -drive-tbru- dedp 18 uaed ben ClIIIl
to aDd one tadt !rca a c_n interior drlveway aerv all
rapalr bays.
It. Laundry aad Dry Cleatdllll Plants, E1tcballlle-opereted. Laundry
and dry cleauD8 plants, vblcb 111&1 be operated lIDder tbe achaD8e
aervice, normally should be UlII1ted to the performance of other than
appropriated f\Slld laulldedui and dry cleatdua. Space crlteria are
ahow In table 4-29.
4-42
KIL-BDBK-1190
TABLE 4-29
.....
.,
SPACE CRITElUA FOR UCHANG! UUNIlIlY AND DRY CLEANINC PlANTS 1
Laune!ry Plant Dry Cleaaill8 Plant
Gross Ares
2
K1litary Strell8th
ft2 1m2}
ft
2
(,.2}
Up to :SOO 3,000 279 1,000 93
:SOL to 1,000 6,000 "557 1,000 93
1,001 to 3,000 7,000 650 1,000 93
3,001 to 5,000 8,000 743 2,000 186
5,001 to 7,000 9,000 836 3,000 279
7,001 to 10,000 9,500 883 3,500 325
10,001 to 15,000 10,000 929 4,000 372
15,001 to 30,000 15,000 1,394 7,000 650
I For each acle!1 1,000 I
93
1 500 1__
4
_
6
__1
1 On tbose military ill8tallatioae vbere both appropriated fund eac!
uOUAppropriated fune! facilities are to be provided, the total space sbould
not BEceed the criteria eatablished for appropriated fund facilities
sbova in table 4-10.
2 Mechanical equipment room space aa required shoule! be aclded "to the gross
areas .hova vben determiaill8 a sill81e gross area figure for each
facUity.
1. Main Retat1 Stores. 'rhe BEcball8e _in retail store is
basicallY comprised of entrance facilities, office space, sales area,
stock area, aacl toilet facUities, as required. Space criteria for lUin
retail storea are projected by the Servicea' Exchange Agencies.
II. Maintenance Shops, Iastallation. The rac_nclee! 8IIIOuot of
ahop space provided on a military iastai..latlon for the maintenance aacl
repair of exchange equipment aac! fixtures 1& shova in table 4-30.
4-43
. .
KIL-BDBK-1190
'tABLE 4-30
r
L-- "__-J- '-- l
SPACE i1ilTERIA FOil EXc-dANGE
u ........--ao"'A.",..".
nA..Ll'I.l.Q.aAl1"-A
Gross Area 1
Military Snenstb ftZ
(aZl
Up to 500 HODe HODe
501 to 1,000 380 35
1,001 to 3,000 600 56
3,001 to 5,000 750 70
5,001 to 7,000 1,100 102
7,001 to 10,000 1,500 139
10,001 to 15,000 2.250 209
15.001 to 20,000 3,000 279
20.001 to 30,000
3.700 344
ror eacb add! tionA] 5-000- add JSQ 33
,
1 KecbaDical equipment roOlll space as required should be added to the grose
areas show vben determ.1Ding a single grose area figure for each
fac:1l1ty.
n. Servlce Outlets.
(1) General. Servlce outlete fac:1l1tles _y be prcrvlded ae
show ln tables 4-31, 4-32. and 4-33 for the aervlcea lndleated.
normally .. adjuncts of tbe IIIlIln retaU atore. When a aenlee outlet ill
being lnatalled ln an lDd.etlng building, the epace _y be bereased by 20
percent or 100 ft
2
[9.3 ell arolle area. whichevsr le greater. lf eucb
increase ls neceaeary to effect economical aDd efficlent uae of the
ezlllUns building. Addlcloaal aervlce outlets ewer and above those llllted
in tablell4-31, 4-32, and 4-33 _y be prcrvlded according to lIUbllectlon P.4.
4-44
KlL-BDBK-1190
'IABl.! 4-31
SPACE CRITERIA POR SERVICE OurUTS - GROSS SQUARE POOT AREA 1
Barber
Sbops 3 CoiD-operated
LauDdry
Sboe and Dry
K1litary Strensth 2 lat 2nd Repair Tailor 4 Valet 4
CleaDins
Up to 500 300 NODe NODe 200 300 NODe
501 to 1,000
390 NOD 225 200 650 1 ea 750
1,001 to 3,000 580 NOD 350 220 1,100 1 ea1,150
3,001 to 5,000 680 300 500 400 1,100 1 ea 1,150
5,001 to 7,000 780 390 625 650 1,300 1 aa 1,900
7.001
to
10.000
840 460 750 700
1.300
1
... '-.150
- ,,--- --,--- -,--- -- -,---
10,001 to 15,000 900 580 900 800 1,300 1 ee 2,150
15,001
to 20,000 960 680 900 900 1,500 2 ea 1,190
20,001 to 25,000 960 780 900 900 1,500 2 ea 1,900
25,001 to 30,000 960 840 900 900 1,500 2 ea 2,150
Por each additional
5,000, add 60 60 50 50 100 1 ea 1,150
Radio-TV Portrait Watch Optical Personal
5
Military Strensth 2 Repair Studio Repair Sbop Services
Up to 500 !lODe !lODe NODe NODe !lODe
501 to 1,000 460 740 150 460 150
1,001 to 3,000 600 740 240 460 240
3,001 to 5,000 840 740 310 460 310
5,001 to 7,000 1,060 740 310 460 310
7,001 to 10,000 1,280 930 400 460 400
10,001 to 15,000 1,280 930 400 600 400
15,001 to 20,000 1,480 1,010 460 780 460
20,001 to 25,000 1,480 1,010 460 780 460
25,001 to 30,000 1,680 1,010 460 910 460
Por each additioDal
5,000, add 120 80 60 130 60
4-45
.,
. ..

..
KIL-HDBK-1190
TABLE 4-32
SPACE CRItERIA FOR SERVICE OtrfLETS - GROSS SQUARE MEtER AIlEA 1
Barber
Sbops 3
Coin-operatad
Shoe LauueSry aDd
Military Streogtb 2 1st 2Dd Repair TaUor Valet Dry Cleauoa
Up to SOO
Z8 Nont Ilone it 28 ilone
501 to 1,000 36 1I0nt 2l 19 60 1 sa 70
1,001 to 3,000 54 lion 33 20 102 lee 107
3,001 to 5,000 63 28 46 37 102 1 ea 107
5,001 to 7,000 72 36 58 60 121 lea 177
7,001 to 10,000 78 43 70 65 121 1 ea 200
10,001 to 15,000 84 54 84 74 121 1 ea 200
15,001 to 20,000
89 63 84 84 139 2 ea Ul
20,001 to 25,000 89 72 84 84 139 2 ea 177
25,001 to 30,000
89 78 84 84 139 2 ea 200
For eacb ac!c!1tiooal
5,000, aeSeS 6 6 5 5 9 1 ea 107
Radio-tv Portrait Watch Optical Persooal
4
Military Streogtb 2
Repair Studio Repair Shop SerVices
Up to 500 lIone lIone Roue Boue lIoue
501 to 1,000 43 69 14 43 14
1,001 to 3,000 56 69 22 43 22
3,001 to 5,000 78 69 29 43 29
5,001 to 7,000 98 69 29 43 29
7,001 to 10,000 119 86 37 43 37
10,001 to 15,000 119 86 37 56 37
15,001 to 20,000 137 94 43 71 43
20,001 to 25,000 137 94 43 72 43
25,001 to 30,000 156 94 43 85 43
For eacb adc!1 tiooal
5,000, add U 7 6 12 6
1 Kecbaucal equipment roOlll space as required should be added to the &r088
areas shown vben detenduog a dogle gr08S area figure for each
facility.
4-46
KIL-IIDBK-1190
TABLE 4-32 (continued)
2 Total customer .treasth in overseas aress.
3 Por IIilltarv iQ8tallatiol18 over 2.500 strellgth. additioaal barber shops
llla1-be Fovided wi thin the criteria for branch exchaases. Barber ahops
need DOt be colloc:ated alld may vary in s1l:e within the total space
allowances.
4 Includes gift alld package vrappias, flower alld fruit orderiq. _DeY
orders, newspaper alld periodical subscriptions, telegraph, theater
tickets, traveler'a checks, alld services of a s1lllilar Dature.
(2) Eschaqe Beauty Shops. Eschange beauty shops should be
sized sa shown in table 4-33.
TABLE 4-33
SPACE CRITERIA FOR EXCHANGE BEAUTY SHOPS
Gross Area 1
CONUS alld Overseas Cuatomers ft
2
[m2)
Up to 250 400 37
251 to 500 800 74
501 to 1,000 1,200 111
1,001 to 1,500 1,750 163
1,501 to
... ftftft
......... " ~ " L
",UUU ,-'U
~ u "
2,001 to 2,500 2,480 230
Por each additional 500, add 250 23
1 Mechanical equipment ro.. space as required should be added to the gross
areas ahown wen determiniq a single gross area figure for each
facility.
(3) Special Sales and Service Outlets.
,
.

(a) Outlet Activities. SpeCial sales and service


outlets may include exchange or other activities as needed. Typical
esamples of these activities include, but are not limited to, automobile
repair garages, baggage checkpoints, bus alld tasicab service, flower
shops, garages, toylallds; and in the overseas areas exclusively: book
and furniture stores, new car sales points, steam bath facilities, and
stock investment offices.
4-47


KIL-BDBK-1l90
(b) CoDditioaal Requirements. 'acilities for special
sales aDd service outlets l114y be provided vIIen the follCJViIl8 coDdiu.ons
are met:
1 When it has been firmly estabUshed thet DO
appropriated funds rill be expeDded aDd that no future obUgation of
appropriated funds viII be involved in the _inteuuce and operation of
ellcha1l8e-fu=1shed operaUng equipaent aDd finishes, Dcept that utility
services should be provided in werse.. areas without re1llburs_nt.
2 When the UIIB of an aisting facility b involved,
tbe space to be occupied should be the 1I1u- needed for efficient
operatiollll. Thb space should be surplus to all nquiraenu otber than
ellchall8e, recreational, aDd velfare facility needs of the s... priority.
3 When the facUity is to be provided througb new
cOlllltruction from DODappropriated funds aDd vhen the project has been
autllorued under such proviaioDB as the Secretary of tbe cogniaent
KiUtary Departlaent may direct.
When the faclli ty b to be prirvided through new
conetruction from privete funds and vhen the provbioD8 of subparagraph
'.4.a.(4), abwe, heve been complied vith. . ..
(c) Deduction Restriction. Space occupied by special
sales aDd service outlets should not be deducted from the otber space
allowances provided for in these criteria.
o. Warehouses (InstallaUoa aDd Central). Eschange-operated
are categorized ss illlltallation Dchange warehouses aDd
central varehouses. Mezzanines created as part of a self-supported
fixture should noC be charged agaiaat space criteria for the respective
el_nts. The space authorized for these warehouses should be deterllined
by the follCJViIl8:
(1) Installation Excha,e Warehouses. The total storage
apace prwided for installation Dchange warehouses used to ace_elate
backup storage for a lII&in excbange on a Clitary iDStallation should be
COllPUted in CONUS at 33 percent; aDd in Ala8ka, Bawail, aDd overaeas at
50 percent of the space author1zed for the 1natallation _change _1n
retail atore. Whenever pract1cable, the 1I111tary inetallat10n exchange
varehouse should be located cont1guoul to tbe exchange _in retail store
in order to reduce tbe cost of !IOv1ng stodt from tbe varehoulIB to. tb8c
exchange 1II81n store sales area.
(2) Ceatral Wsrehouse. Thia type of warehouse _y be
provided for bulk backup storage (exchange stodt aDd operat1, supplies)
to 8IIpply achall8e activities OD several II1litary installations witbin a
certein geographical area, or at ODe activity vIIeD tbe installation is
4-48
KIL-IIIIBIC-1l90
iaolated geographically frOlll other lIl1litary installaUollll within COHtlS.
This central varehouae criteria doea not void the need for the lIl1litary
installation ezchamse warehouse, preferably located contiguous to the
eKcbamsa main retail ators. Space criteria for central varehousea should
I... dAtArodned bv the SAnices' EKcballlle ARsueV.
-- --------- -, --- ~ - - - - - - - - - -
s. 'l'brift Shops. Thrift shopa _y be established according to
the criteria ahOwn in table 4-34 to provide a nonprofit fae11iry for the
purchaae and aale by military personnel and their dependenta of uaed
apparel and houaehold furniture, equipment, furn1sh1msa, and other it8lU.
TABLE 4-34
SPACE CRITERIA FOR 'l'HRIFT SHOPS
Groas Area
2,3
Military Population
1
ft
2
[ 1Il
2
)
Up to 2,000 1,400 130
2,001 to 4,000 2,000 186
4,001 to 6,000 2,700 251
6,001 to 8,000 3,400 316
8,001 to 10,000 4,000 372
10,001 to 12,000 4,500 418
12,001 to 14,000 4,905 456
14,001 and over 4
5,350 497
1 Military population is defined as active duty military personnel, plus
50 percent of their dependents.
2 Kechanical equipment room space as required should be added to the gr0811
area. shown when detsrlll1n1ng a sims1e gross figure for each facility.
3 The EnviroDllental Adjustment Pactora (UP) for thrift ahopa shown in
table 4-35 should be applied to space criteria shown in table 4-34 for thoae
II1litary installations having a lIl1litary suemsth of over 2,000. These UP
are predicated on the availability of military family housing on the
military installation.
4 Only one thrift shop 1& authorized per lIl1litary installation.
4-49

KlL-lIDBK-1l90
TABLE 4-35
ENVIRONMENTAL ADJUStMENT FACTOU POll TBllIl'T saops
PerceDt L1viaa OD lutallatiOD 1 EaviroDaental Adjuac.ent ractors
Up to 51 0.70
52 to 7S 0.80
76 to 90 0.95
91 to 100 1.00
1 'l'be Ullllllrded aDd l' aily IIDu81aa Survey IIblluld be used to detemi1lll
theae percentages.
G. COHHDNIT'l FAClLITIIlS - HOIlALIl WELPAlll AND IlEC1lIlATlOIlAL - lRTElUOIl
(uCiPf iXCiiANGE AND SIKIW FACltITlIlS) (CategOry Code 740)
1. Criter
i
Spac@ cr1t@r1a for morale, welfare aDd
recreatioD facilities are tabulated in tbie aection, acept for excbauge
aDd similar facilities (See lIection ,.).
a. ApplicatioD of Space Criteria.
(1) Becauae of the ever
increaalaa need for pru ent expe tue 0 appropriated, nouappropr1ated ..
aDd OperatioQB aDd Maintenance (O&K) fwdll, ellViromaeDtal adjuatlleDt
f:.:t.c== have been included. nth the space criteriA for .e!ecte4 lfare
aDd recreatioD faciUtiell. Theae factora llhould be \IlIed in a1&iaa the
aubject facilities vbeD the availability of aimilar ex1atiaa aad
civilian community support-type faciliti.. make such an adjuatment
po..tble.
(2) Co_erdoD of Bzhtiag Facilitiea. Kaz1_1D pracUcable
uae ahould be ...de of extatiaa facUiti... A ntIV facility should be
provided oaly vben DO extstiaa available faciliti .. will utiafy the
requir.ent. Vben an ailltiaa facUlty 18 cOllVerted to uae u a _lare
or recreation facility, the apace criteria authorised here may be
iDcreaaed by not lmre than 20 percent Vben neceaaary to effect ecoDGdcal
aDd efficient \IlIe of the exiatiaa facility.
(3) C01IIpuution or liro.. areaa. -X-De gro... Uu of . .
facUities llhould be c_puted accordiaa to the definition in aubaecUoD
A.3., above. Unlesa otherwise QOted, IDIIchanical equiplDllDt ra- apace as
required should be addad to the gro.. areas abovD 10 thia nCUon vben
deteminiaa a 81aale gross area figure for a project DD Fom 1391, "
19_ JUl1ury Conatruct1on Proar8lll.
4-50
. KIL-BllBK-1190
b. Approval of Facilities Not Listed. The space criteria .hown
belov are cOD8idered ample IIIlder I10rmal cirCUlllStances to provide the
number alld types of facilities aIld space required for adequate welfare
eud recreation activities at military ill8tallatioll&.
2. Pulldiy Policy. Pundina for the establisblllent, COD8truction,
..1nt8D&llce, and operation of certain welfare alld recreation facilities
shall be accordina to DoD Directive 1015.6 (referellee (4n.
3. Aero Club Facilities. An Armed Porces Aero Club is a
ncreatioDal flyina activity located on or near military ill8tallatiOllB,
used by authorized personnel, aDd apptoved by the Military Departlllent
concerDed. The Armed Porces Aero Club space criteria shown in table
4-36 are intellded to provide hausar space to be used to maintain aircraft
alld for aircraft storaga durina illClement weather, alld to ptovide
multipurpose space for admill1stration, classrooms, flight plallll1US,
operatloll&, safety lUletinas, schedulina, and traill1na. Space
requirements are baaed on the awaber of aircraft operated by the club.
TABLS 4-36

I SPACE CRITERIA POll AEllO CLUB PACILITIES


Gross Area 1
Hana
ar Space Kultipurpose Space
Humber of
Aircraft ft
2
[m2) ft
2
(uaZ)
1 900 84 500 46
2 to 5 2,300 214 1,000 93
6 to 10 3,800 3S3 1,200 111
11 to 15 5,300 492 1,500 139
16 to 20 6,800 632 1,700 158
For each additioll&1
5 aircraft, add 1,500 139 375
35
I
l
1 Kechall1cal equipatent room space as required should be added to the gross
areas shovn when detenill1na a sina1e gross area Ugure for each
facility.
4. Arts and Crafts/Skill Davelo ent Centers. The space criteria
shown in table 4-3 for arts and crafts skill development centers are
intended to provide facilities for the free time pursuit of ceramic and
4-51

HlL-BDBK-1190
pottery and peintill8, jewelry and _tal
model desi81' and construction, and

TAllLE 4-37
SPACE CUTEIIA FOR ARTS AND CRAFTS/SKILL IlEVELOPKENT CENTEIlS
Area 2
Military Populatioa
1
ft
Z
(al)
Up to 100 Note 3 Note 3
ft.
to
,,,,,,
'I nnn ,....

...."
,v........ 6WW
251 to 500 3,000 279
501 to 1,000 4,000 372
1,001 to 3,000 6,000 557
3,001 to 5,000 '7,5.00 697
5,001 to 7,000 10,000 929
7,001 to 10,000 14,000 1,301
10,001 to 15,000 20,000 1,858
15,001 to 20,000 25,000 2,323
4ft An'
to
.. c "'''''11''\ nnn ., '7"''7
6.A."VU v,
25,001 to 30,000 35,000 3,252
30,001 to 40,000 40,000 3,716
40,001 to 50,000 45,000 4,181
50,001 to 60,000 50,000 4,645
60,001 to 70,000 55,000 5,110
70,001 to 80,000 60,000 5,574
80,001 to 90,000 65,000 6,039
90,001 to 100,000 70,000 6,503
1 Military popul&tion 111 defined as active duty ail1tary etrell8th
...1gued to the lIilitary laatallatlon, plus 70 percent of thelr
dependents.
2 Mechanical equlpllleat space es requlred should be added to the
.reas s!lowa vben determ1n1l18 a dll8le aroas area for each faclllty.
3 ",,"'fa P.Il'II:.i ..__ ahllo.. 1..t .......,.ftlRftlftA........ 4n ftt'h... ..
w ... __...... .. _
5. AutolllOtive/Sk111 Developunt Centers. Aut01lOtive/sk111
development ceaters are intended to provlde facllitles for the self-help
improvement, maintenance, modiflcatlon, and of automob1les
4-52
KIL-lIDBK-1190
belonging to the lI1litary population. A sull classroOlll lIIlly be added
when deB1red. Space criteria are abown 10 table 4-38. In overseas
locations more space l118y be appropriate.
TABLE 4-38
SPACE C1UTEllIA POB. AllTOKOTIVE/SnLL DEVELOPMENT CENTEB.S
Gross Area 2,3,4
Military population
1
ft
2
!m2]
Up to 25 None None
26 to 50 1,000 93
51 to 100 1,500 139
101 to 250 2,250 209
251 to 500 3,000 279
501 to 1,000 4,200 390
1,001 to 3,000 6,000 557
3,001
tf
5,000 9,000 836
5,001 to 7,000 12,000 1,115
7,001 to 10,000 15,000 1,394
10,001 to 15,000 18,000 1,672
15,001 to 20,000 21,000 1,951
20,001 to 30,000 24,000 2,230
30,001 to 40,000 30,000 2,787
40,001 to 50,000 36,000 3,344
50,001 to 60,000 42,000 3,902
L...- I.... ....L- l
1 Kilitary population is defined as active duty military strength
assigned to the military installation, plus 10 percent of their
dependents.
2 KechaD1cal equipent room space as requir'ed should be added to the gross
arua shown vhen detsrmiD1ng a single gross area figure for each
facility.
3 Gross areas are based OD 500 ftZ (46.5 m
2
} per autOlllObile for fully
enclosed automotive/skill development c ~ n t e r s .
4 Outside automotive work stalls either covered, open, or shielded sre
not chargeable to the authorized space.
6. Bowling Centers. The gross area aDd number of lanes' that IIIllY
be prOVided for bowling centers may be estimated from table 4-39.
4-53

. .
KIL-llDBK-1l90

,
However, local demand for bowllag varles greatly; check the market before
buildiaa a bovllag center.
'!A!!LE 4-39
SPACE ClUt'EIlIA FOB. BOWLING CBHTERS
Groes Area 3,4,5
Number
of
Killtary Populatlon 1,2 Lanes ft
2
(11
2
)
All Locatlol18
Up to 250 2 2,700 251
251 to 1,000 4 4,500 418
1,001 to 1,800 6 6,600 613
1,801 to 2,500 8 8,500 790
2,501, to 3,200 1,0
10, no 999
3,201 to 3,800 12 12,800
I
1,189
I
CONUS
3,801 to 4,900 14 14,600 1,356
4,901 to 6,300 16 16,500 1,533
6,301 to 7,700 18 18,400 1,709
7.701
to 9,800 24 24,700 2,295
, ' . ' -
9,801 to 12,600 30 31,000 2,880
Overaeas
3,801 to 4,900 16 16,500 1,533
4,901 to 6,300 20 20,500 1,904
6,301 to 7,700 24 24,700 2,295
7,701 to 9,800 32 32,800 3,047
9,801 to 12,600 40 40,700 3,781
1 Kil1tery populatlon 1& defined as actlve cluty lI1l1tary personnel
auiped to ths mil1tary ll18tallatlon, plus 40 percent of their
dependellte
2 For aach l n c r ~ n t lncrease of 700 milltary population abOve 12,600,
two additional lanes totallag 1,900 ft2 [177 m2) gro.. area lilly be
prcwUed. Additional lalles should not be prcwided for any lncrease below
4-54
.
KlL-BDBK-1l90
TABLE 4-39 (coDclaued)
a full lDcr_DC aDd DO add1C1ooal laDeS should be provided ac lII111Cary
loacallaC1oQ8 lD che 48 cODC1guous scaUs v1chouc s cOlllpleu and full
e ~ ~ d y ot the needs and tbe economic factors involved;
3 HechaD1cal equipllleDC rODII space as required should be added co che gross
ar..a show vbeD decera1D1118 a e10ale gross area figure for each
facJ.l1cy.
4 CONUS lDcludes space for equipmeDC aDd scorage. For each locremeDC of
four laDes, aD add1clooal 300 fc2 [27.9 m
2
) gross area may be added for a
8ame room for emuS_DC games, bl1l1ards, aDd pool.
5 Overseas Includes space for equipmeDC eDdscorage. For each lnc:remenc
of four lsnes, 500 fc2 [46.5 m
2
) gross area may be added for a game room
for 8ImS_DC games, b1ll1ards, aDd pool.
7. Child Deve10pmeDc Cencers. Ch1ld developmeDc cenUrs may be
eacabl1shed as required co provide chUd care for ch11dren ages four
veeta co 12 years of age for full-day, parc-day, aDd hourly care.
a. H1D1mwa aDd KaxllDU1D Shes. The lII1D11DU1D size of fac1liCy
should accOllliDodaca DO less chaD 25 childreD. The lIlBXlmum size of fac111Cy .-
should DOC exceed a capaciCy of 305 ch1ldreD. If che projecced lII11iCary
loacallaclon requiremenc exceeds 305 chl1dreD, chen a sufflcleDc uumber
of slcee should be se1ecced so chac DO slce supporcs more ChaD 305
children.
b. FUDcclooal Areas. Space crlcerla should be provided for
food service; lDfaDc, coddler, preschool age, school age acclvlcy r_
aDd spaces; laolacloD area; laundry; lobby and recepcloD; offices; scaff
workroOlll; scorage; and coilec faciI1cles.
c. ExperleDce Daca. The capaciCy of cbe fac1l1ry should be based
OD hi.corlca1 experleDce vbeD applicable. WheD DO previous experience
daca are available, cbe aumber of aDclclpaced chUdreD should be
decermiDed by ODe of che follov1118 mechods:
(1) The aumber of married lII1l1Cary fSlll111es receivlog d1recc
loacallaClOD supporc, mulclplled by 20 perceDc, plus che aumber of
chi1dreD of single pareDc lII1l1cary families recelvloa dlrecc lQ8callacloD
supporc; or
(2) A Deeds aBSeSSmeDc chac locludes a survey of cbe
millcary lQ8cal1aC1oD populaC1oD aDd aD exalll1oatl0D of the 1DstallaC1on
demographics, to iDc1ude hiscorlcal data as well as valting 1iscs and the
unmet demand; projecced lII11itsry lQ8tallstloD populacloD; changes lD
missloD; and aD excrapolacloD of eligible carget users.
4-55
d. Space Cr1ter1a.
are ahoWD 1n table 4-40.
KIL-BDBK-1l90
Space cr1ter1a for child development centers
TABLE 4-40
SPACE C1UTBllIA 'OR aULD DEVELOPMENT CENTERS
Gr08s Ana Per CbUd 1
Humber of Children ft2
(a21
2S to 60 90 8
61 to 100 80 7
101 to 305 75 7
1 !techanical equipllleDt roOlD space as required sbould be added to the gross
areas SboWD when determ1ning a ..00ngle groas area figUre for each
facllity.
e. Playgrounds. A alD1Jlum of 100 ft2 [9.3 m21 of outdoor play
area should be provided par child ualng the playground during any period.
this area should be capable of suppordng s 1I1.u- of SO percent of the
cbUdren in a center witb s capacity of 100 or Ere children. and all of
the cbUdren in amaller centers.
8. Combined 'acilities. In general. cOlUltl"UCtlon and ...intellllnce
costs sbould be l_ered and cOD'1enience to the users eahanced in
recreation facilities if the use of multipurpoae recreation and fitnesa
and athletic centers is encouraged. The follav1q general guidance on
types of combined facilities is furnished:
. a.. Multipurpose Recreation Bulldllll!' A multlpurpoaa recreation
bu1ld1111 provides apace for recreational activities that are DOt
autborized any space criteria at allitary inatallatloDll with a ailitary
atranatb of 500 or leas and wben aeparate bu1ld1qa are DOt authorized or
ecoDOlDically advantageous to the gover-8nt for coDlltl"UCtion. energy
aavinas. operation. and user convenience.
(1) Korale. Welfare and Recreation (KWII.) Activitiea. .The
bulld1na 1I8y include apace for KWB. acdvltiea auch as clubs. dr... and
auaic center. library. physical fitness. recreation center. tbeater.
youth center. aDd other activities depending on tbe ail1tary atranstb to
4-56
KIL-BDBlt-1l90
be "ned. The fac:llity ahould sene as a physic:al fitnes.,
aDd soc:1al activities to eahaace the Ufe of the III1litary
iutallation.
(2) Space Criteria. The sin of the bu1l41Dg should be.
determined a study of the actual needs of the military installation.
In the abaenc:e of other data, table 4-41 should be used as a guide for
a..11 II1Utary iutallatiou.
TABLE 4-41
SPACE C1UTEllIA 'OR Mlfi.TIPllRPOSE
RECREATION BUILDINGS
Gross Area 2
Hilitary StreDgth
1
ft
2
[.2]
!
Up to 49 Note 3 Note 3
SO to 100 7,000 6S0
,
101 to 200 8,000 743
201 to 300 9,000 836
301 to 400 10,500 975
401 to SOO 12,SOO 1,161

1 Hilitary streDgth is defined as active duty military persoanel as.igned


to the III1litary iustallation.
2 Kec:haU1cal equip1lent 1'001II spac:e as required should be added to the groas
ar... show nen determiU1Dg a siDgle gross area figure for each
facility.
3 Provide in othsr facilities. If new construction is required, the
area should not exceed 100 ft
2
[9.3 .2) per the III1litary etreugth.
b. COIIIIIIUI11ty Activity Centers. COIIIIIIUnity Activity Centers (CAC)
are GUltipurpose rec:reetion fac:ilities III1litary installatioua With
a military atreugth of 501 or more. The concept of e CAC is the same aa
a mltipurpose recreation bull41Dg in that there are econOldc: saviDgs in
construction, energy, and operatiDg coats through the joint use of
space When KWR activities are collocated in the saae facility.
Another benefit is user coaveU1ence and the synergistic effect of uny
varied activities beiug coaducted in the s&llle place. 1& no
specific c:oabiuation of KWa ac:tivities prescribed for a CAC. The types
ot' actiVities should be based on the needs of the 1II11itary installation,
4-S7

KIL-HDBIt-1190
coDdition of esisting facilities, aDd the ..eter plan. There are DO
specific space criteria for CAC facilitiee. Space criteria abould contora
to the autborizatious for each MWR facility type aDd cateaory code at a
military iustallation to be included in a CAC.
c. 'hydcal Pitnees aDd Athletic C_11U:. Theee ccaplaes are a
cOllbillaUon of pbysical fitness aDd athletlCacJ.l1Uaa at larBe II1litary
iustallaUoll8.
(1) Typee of Activities. Theee typee of faclliUaa ccabiae
tosather auch activitiee as admiaietrative aupport areas, asereiae aDd
weiSht coDd1tioaing roOll8, SyalDASiWl, iDdoor ,aporta couru, loc:br aDd
toilet facilitiee, etonse space, aDd ..n-iua pool. lIovling, jOIBiua
tracks. aod lkatitlg riBS (fee _ad roller) -1 De added eo tbB eu-jilaiii
at larse II1liury iustallatious. These typee of acUvitiee ccabined with
outdoor couru aDd fields, atadilllD, or R1IUI1ng pool ebould craate an
athletic cOlllpla. These types of facilities abould be the location for
intra aDd inter mural competitious, touruaaente, aDd other epectator
events. Therefore, appropriate seating aDd aupport fuactioll8 abould be
provided
(2) Space Criteria. Space criteria abell contora to the
authoruaUoll8 for eacb MWR facility type aDd cateaory code at a II1litary
iustallation to be included in a phyaical fitnaea aDd athletic ccaplez.
9. Drlllll8 Centere alld Muaic Cenura. The apace criteria ahova in
table 4-42 for drama centers aDd music centere are inteDded to provide
facilities for the preparation aDd perfora&nca of theatrical aDd DUsical
prosr8118, ebove, aDd actiVities that are produced aDd perforaed as part
of the military iustallaUon drama alld -.ic proBras. Only one cl.r.-
center aDd one DUsic center sbould be coustructed at a II1litary' ,
__ ._ _.4 __,_ __ 4. f f __ ha
DUll Uu.L7 .nau "Pilla-a uw 1 ..ug. _
used for these purpoees on a joint uee heeia. When both are built, they
abell be cOlllbiaad into a duale performiua arta center. Prosrwua of
theee facilities abould be acccapaaied b1 a COGplete juatificatton that
atipulates vhy ez1stins faciliti.. callDOt be uaed on a joint uae heaia.
"
a. Dr81118 Centers. Theae fac1li tiaa abould include awli toriU118
witb aeating, director'a office, equipaent checkout, practice aDd
rehearaal rooms, projection bootha for multimedia use, property atorage,
rocee. sound aDd lighting boothe j .tage! j and tecbfti.cel acene
aDd coatwae sbops.
b. Music 'Centers. These facilities abould include auditoriwaa
with aeatins aDd etase, coatume storage, director'a office, sroup ,aDd
individual practice rooms, iustrlllD8nt repair abop, lieteaing areas, auaic
education room, lIusical iustrlllD8nt aDd equipaent checkout rooms,
recorcl.1ng area, aad audiovieual rooms.
4-58
KlL-BDBlt-1l90
TABLE 4-42
SPACE ClUTEIUA POR IlILAHA CENTERS AND HllSIC CENTERS
Gross Area 2
Dr... Center HIIdc Center
Milltary Populatlon 1
ft
2
[..2) ft
2
[m2)
Up to 500 Comblne Wlth Recreational Center
501 to 5,000 Provlded By Unlt Entertainment Centers
5,001 to 15,000 14,000 1,301 14,000 1,301
15,001 aDd over 20,000 1,858 20,000 1,858
J. Military populatlon ls deflDed as active duty IIL1litary peraollllel
aaa1gDed to the military 11l8tallatlon, plus 25 percent of thelr
dependents
"' -- . - - -
.. Kecb8D1cal equipment room space as required should be added to the groas
areaa aboWD when deterllL1D1D8 a s1D8le gross aree figure for each
facUlty.
-10. Golf Facllities. At military 11l8tallatloll8 where the
necessary land ls avallable for the purpoae and when there are no
foreaeeable operatloD&1 requirements for the land, 80lf facllltles
...y be provlded a. SbaWD 111 table 4-43. Each military -lll8tallation
1. autborlaed a drlvlag raage in additlon to the 801f facilltles
abovD In table 4-43.
4-59

..
KIL-llDBK-U90
TABLE 4-43
SPACE CRITERIA POll GOLF PACILITIES
r
! .4t
Golf Club Bqui,.ent
Bouae 3,4,5 BuildiD8 3,4
Military Golf Course 2
Population
1
No. of 110188 ft
2
(.z) ft
2
(.2)
Up to 2,000 !lone !lone Rone !loue Bone
2,001 to 4,000
9 6,500 604 1,500 139
4,001 to 8,000
18 .
8,000 743 2,000 186
8,001 to 12,000 27 9,000 836 2,500 232
12,001 and over
~ 6
10,000 929 3,000 279
1 Hilitary populatioQ ia defined as active duty .tlitary persoUDel
a..isued to the .U1tary illatallatioQ, plua 3S percent of tbeir
c1epe!!dent!!, plus 25 percent of retired p8noUDel served by tbe til1tary
illatallation.
2 A piteb-aDd-putt course ahould be cOlUlidered as tbe equivalent of a aolf
course of the aae lIWIlber of bolea.
3 Mechanical equiplllent roOll space aa required sbould be edded to the ara..
areas abow when determ1D1D8 a a1D81e arosa area Usure for each
facility.
4 Separate facilities _y be provided for each ..parate aolf couree.
However, the total clllllbined apace shall DOt a:ceed these allowances.
5 AdditioDAl area all required l118y be provided in soU club bous.. for
the storage of carta.
11. Gun, Skeet, aDd Trap Pacilities. Space.y be provided 10
one facility or diVided between facilities. Thia faCility includes SUD
aDd .-munition ..inteDance, louD8e, operator's office, projector area,
salell and atorage areas, aDd tollet facilities. Space criteria are
show in table 4-44.
4-60
KIL-llDBlt-1190
TABLE 4-44
I
SPACE CIllTBRU FOa GUN, SUET, AND TRAP FACILITIES
r
Laud Area 2
IU.Utery Groe. Area
Population
1
Skeet Rallle Trep Rallle
of F.e11:1. ty
3
Up to 100 None Rone Hone
101 to 10,000 1,100 ft z 2,400 ft 1,100 ft z 1,800 ft 3,950 ft
2
(335 II Z 732 II) (335 II Z 548 II) (367 111
2
)
10,001 to 15,000 1,100 ft Z 2,400 ft 1,100 ft Z 1,890 ft 4,300 ft
2
(335 II Z 732 II) (335 II Z 576 IS) (399 .2)
15,001 to 20,000 1,100 ft Z 2,400 ft 1,100 ft Z 1,980 ft 4,550 ft
2
(335 IS Z 732 .) (335 III Z 604 II) (423 m2)
20,001 to
1,100 ft Z 2,400 ft 1,100 ft Z 2,070 ft 4,800 ft
2
(335 IS Z 732 II) (335 II Z 631 II)
(446 .2)
25,001 to 30,000 1,100 ft Z 2,400 ft 1,100 ft Z 2,160 ft 5,100 ft
2
(335 II Z 732 II) (335 II x 658 II) (474 1112)
30,001 to 40,000 1,100 ft Z 2,550 ft 1,100 ft Z 2,250 ft 5,300 ft
2
(335 II Z 777 II) (335 II x 686 II) (492 111
2
)
40,001 aad over 1,100 ft Z 2,700 ft 1,100 ft Z 2,340 ft 5,500 ft
2
(335 II Z 823 II) (335 II Z 713 II) (511 m2)
1 Hilitary population i. defined as active duty 1D111tary strellltb ..slgned
to tbe military los tallation, plus percent of tbeir depeudents, plus 15
percent of retired 1D11itary supported by tbe lD8tallation.
2 Laad erea recommeodatloos were made by tbe RatioDal Sboot1111 Sports
Fouodation aDd RstloDal Rifle Associatlon.
3 HecbaD1cal roOlD space as required should be added to tbe gross
arees shown vben deterlD1D1111 a sl1111e gross area figure for eacb
facUity.
12. Physlcal. Fltness Centers (Gymnsslums). Space crlterla for
physlcal fltness centers lD&y be est1lllated from table 4-45. Rowever,
demaad for use of gymnaslulD8 lDSy vary greatly accordlng to cl1lDSte and to
4-61
r
KIL-BDBr.-1190
the availability of other placea to exerciae oearby. Such facilities
senerally include gear issue control, gymnasium, locker rooaa, oftice,
esercise room(s). spectstor area, storage, and toilet facilities. Thia
type of facility is intended to be capable of supporting basic physical
fitnesa skill training requirements.
1'ABL! 4-45
SPACE CRlTllRIA FOR PHYSICAL FITNESS CENTERS (GtMHASIlIMS)
Gross Area for Bach
2
Military Population 1 Ro. of Gyms ft
2
(..2)
Up to 250 Hate 3 Hone Hone
251 to 1,000 1 15,000 1,394
1,001 to 3,000 1 21,000 1,951
3,001 to 6,000 2 21,000 1,951
6,001 to 10,000 3 21,000 1,951
10,001 to 15,000 4 4 21,000 1,951
1 Military population 18 defined as active duty lail1tary
a ..iped to tbe 1II111tary installation, plua 25 percent of tbs1r
dependents.
2 Mechanical equiplllent roOla space as required should be added to tbe gro.a
areas shown when deterlll1ning a aingle gross area figure for eacb facility.
3 Hone authorized, pbye1cal activities ahould be combined witb a
recreation builcl1ng.
4 Por each active duty III1litary atrength incraent of 3,300 peraollD81
above 15,000, an adcl1tional of 21,000 ft
2
(1,951 sro.. aru
...y be provided. .
13. Indoor Courts. Combined criteria for indoor handhall,
racquetball, aad squasb courts are .hown in table 4-46.
4-62
MIL-BDBK.-1l90
TABLE 4-46

CRITEBIA POB. INDOOB. CXlUltTS
(
Active Duty
1
Total Number of Courts 2,3 Hilitary Streogtb
Up to 100 1
101 to 250 2
251 to 1,000 4
1,001 to 2,000 6
2,001
to_
3,500 8
3,501 to 5,500 10
5,501 to 7,500 12
7,501 to 10,000 14
For eacb additioaal
-3,000, add 2
1 Military atracath.1a defined as active duty military personnal a==1gnc4
to tbe military icstallation.
2 Eacb court facility should not exceed 1,200 ft
2
[111.5 ml] grosa area,
aDd, when posaible, bave c_n valle. These courts are in addition to
tbe space author1&ed when cOlllbined with a g)'1IllISs1U11l aDd physical fitness
center. Any cOlDbiution of indoor courts is allowed. Rovever, tbe
cOllbined total for the military ilUltalletion should not exceed the DWIlber
of courts authorized in table 4-46.
3 When there are separate indoor court buildings of four or more courts,
an additioaal 1,500 ft2 [139.4 mll gross area is authorized for
exercise space, lockers, storage, toilet facilities,- aDd
viewing area fuoctioaa. For each additioaal increment of two courts, an
additioaal 250 ft
2
[23.2 .2] gross area is authorized.
14. Libraries.
a. Kain Libraries. Space criteria for main libraries are shovo
in table 4-47. Space criteria may be increased by 10 percent When the
facility is designated as a command reference center. Space criteria
include provisions for a military installation library service center for
centralized processing of library materials. If one or more bookmobiles
are operated from the main library, a minimum of 300 ft
2
[27.9 .21 gross
area per bookmobile should be required 1n addition for sorting the
bookmobile co11ectioaa, book trucks, and work space for the bookmobile
staff
4-63
.
KIL-HDBK-1l90
TABLE 4-47
SPACE ClUTERIA FOB. MAIN UBIWUBS
:ro.. Area 2
Military PopulatioD 1 ft
2
1m
2
)
Up to 500 3 2,500 232
501 to 1,500 4,500 418
1,501 to 2,500 6,250 581
2,501 to 4,000 8,000 743
4,001 to 6,000 10,500 975
6,001 to 8,000 12,000 1,115
8,001 to 12,000 18,000 1,672
12,001 to 16,000 20,000 1,858
16,001 to 20,000 24,000 2,230
20,001 to 26,000 30,000 2,787
26,001 to 32,000 36,000 3,344
32,001 to 40,000 44,000 4,,088
40,001 to 50,000 54,000 5,017
50,001 to 60,000 64,000 5,946
60,001 .to 70,000 72,800 6,763
70,001 to 80,000 81,000 7,525
80,001 to 90,000 90,000 8,361
90,001 to 100,000 98,000 9,104
1 Military populatioD is defiDed as active duty Ia1litary persollDSl
aasigDed to tbe iaatallatioD, plus 40 perceDt of tbair
depeadeDts.
2 KecbaDical equipllleDt roOll apace .. required abould be added to tbe Iron
areas abo_ vbeD determiaJ.aa a &1aale aroas area figure for each facility.
3 Accommodate iD otber facilities.
b. Brauch Libraries. WheD justitiad by the requir_DU of a
particular .alitary llU1taiiitioD, braoch libraries, Dot _ceecliaa 4,000
f t
2
[371.6 a2) iD groas ar.a, ..y be provid.d iD aupport of &Il educatioD
center or for Hch incr....nt of 3,000 Ia1litary streaath ovar 10,000.
When Ia1litary CODc.ntratiODa consolidation, tb. lll'O" area .
aotboriaed for .acb increment of 3,000 1a111tary atr.aatb over 10,000 .y
b. cOlIbiDed iDtO ODe braDch library. The apace allocatioD for branch
librari.s are iD addition to tbe spac. criteria for maiD libraries.
4-64
' ..
KIL-BDBK-1l90
c. L1brary Service Centers. When justified by the requirements
of a particuJ.ar ares or COlllMnd, a library service center .y be
authorued. This is a specialhed activity and the functions vary frCllll
oDe center to another. Baaically, a library service center is a place
where library materiala are received, cstaloged, processed, recorded,
distributed, aDd redistributed to library outlets and also held in
reserve for uae .. needed. The building sue should be detenained by
the px
1

111
quantity of library materiala to be on hend at lUIy one t1Jae
(that ia, the total number of booka or other it... held in reaerv., plus
the number of items on hand to be processed for distribution). Space
criteria for library. service centers are shown in table 4-48.
TABLE 4-48
SPACE Cll.ITERIA POR LIBIWlY SERVICE CEN'IEB.S
Gross Area 1
Library Katerials to be
Housed by Volumes
ft2 ( 1Il
2
)
I
--
Up to 40,000 6,000 557
40,001 to 60,000 10,000 929
60,001 to 80,000 13,000 1,208
80,001 to 100,000 16,000 1,486
100,001 to 120,000 19,000 1,765
120,001 to 140,000 22,000 2,044
140,001 to 160,000 24,000 2,230
160,001 to 180,000 26,000 2,415
180,001 to 200,000 28,000 2,601
1 KecheD1cal equipment room space as required should be added to the grOIl
arcas &hccm whee dGta::.1n1cg a cicala ;rca: area f1S".:re for each
facility.
15. Karina Support Centers. This facUity provides Space for an
office, and equipment checkout, repair and storsge. It does DOt include
doclte, marina slips, and wslkways that are subject to a special
requirments study. This is a special facUity, required only at outdoor
recreational areas, that have waterfront faCilities available for boating
activities. Space criteria are shown in table 4-49.
4-65

KIL-BDBK-1l90
TABLE 4-49
SPACE C1UTE1lIA FOR KAIlIKA SUPPORT CENTERS
Gras Araa 2
Military Populatiou
1
ft2 [.2]
Up to 100 Roue Roue
.M
to
.. ftftft .. eftA .... c
.L t VUV

1,001 to 3,000 5,800 539
3,001 to 5,000 8,450 785
5,001 to 7,000 10,500 975
7,001 to 10,000 12,650 1,175
10,001 to 15,000 15,600 1,449
15,001 to 20,000 18,700 1,737
20,001 to 25,000 20,800 1,932
25,001 to 30,000 22,000 2,044
30,001 to 40,000 23,600 2.192
40,001 to 50,000 25,400 2,360
50,001 to 60,000 27,000 2,508
60,001 to 70,000 28,300 2,629
70,001 to 80,000 29,500 2,741
80,001 to 90,000 30,600 2,843
90,001 to 100,000 31,600 2,936
1 population is defined as actlve duty military personnel
a"iaUed to the iuatallaUoo, plu. 15 perceut of their
depeDdeotll
2 MechaD1cal equipGent r_ IOpace as required .hould be edded to the gro
areas .hovu bao a dlll1e gro area Usura for each facUiry.
16. Mes./Club for Enllllted Pereonuel. Space criteria for laver
,rede enliated peraoonel me/club. are .hovu io table 4-50, but local
c1_Dd 1I8y vary
4-66
MIL-BDBlt-1190
TABLE.4-50
SPACE CIllTEUA FOR HESS/CLUB FOR
LOllER GRAIl! IILISTBD PERSONNEL
Area 2
Kilitary Population 1
ft
2
(mIl El tbrouah 3
Up to 500 Rote 3 Rote 3
501 to 1,000 10,000 929
1,001 to 3,000 19,000 1,765
3,001 to 5,000 30;000 2,787
5,001 to 7,000 40,000 3,716
7,001 to 10,000 50,000 4,645
10,001 to 15,000 60,000 5,574
15,001 to 20,000 70,000 6,503
20,001 to 25,000 80,000 7,432
25,001 to 30,000 90,000 8,361
30,001 to 40,000 110,000 10,219
40,001 to 50,000 130,000 12,077
50,001 to 60,000 150,000 13,935
1 Kllitary population i. defined a. active duty ealisted personael
assiped to the 1II111tary iDlltallatton, arades 1 throuah 3, plus 50
percent of their .pouses. An eali.ted personael 1Illlss/club operattas an
anaez or branch to accommodate noncommissioned officers (aradee above 3
or 4) may use the combined space allowaaces for the aoncOGDdssioned
officers' mess/club aDd ealisted persoaae1 mess/club to deterlll1ae the
total al1owaace.
2 Kechaa1cal equip1llllat roOli space as required should be added to the aro.s
area. show When deterlll1a1as a arosa area Usura for each facil1ty.
3 Space vill be accommodated ia other facilities at 30 ft2
(2.8 mIl aross area per member.
17. Kess/Club For Noacommissioaed Officers. Space criteria for
aoacommissioaed officers' messes/clubs are show 1n table 4-51, but local
dBlll8Dd l118y vary.
4-67
-
. .
., .
MIL-BDBK-1190
'rABLE 4-51
SPACE CRITERIA FOlI. NONCOHKISSIONED OFFICERS I MESS/CLUB
Groae un 2,3
Military Population
1
ft
2
[.2)
Up to 50 Hote 4 Hote 4
51 to 150 4,400 409
151 to 250 6,500 604
251 to 400 8,000 743
401 to 750 14,000 1,301
, 751 to 16,800 1,561
1,251 to 2,000 22,000 2,044
2',001 to 3,000 27,800 2,583
3,001 to 4,000 36,000 3,344
4,001 to 5,000 42,000 3,902
5,001 to 6,000 49,000
,
4,552
6,001 to 8,000 59,200
I
5,500
8,001 to 10,000 68,000 6,317
10,001 to 12,000 78,100 7,255
12,001
to 14,000 87,800 8,157
--Jl---
14,001 to 16,000 98,800 9,179
16,001 to 18,000 105,400 9,792
18,001 to "20,000 113,100 10,507
20,001 to 22,000 120,800 11,222
22,001 to 24,000 128.800 11,966
24,001 to 26,000 136,300 '12.662
26.001 to 28,000 141.800 13,173
28,001 to 30,000 149,000 13,842
,
,
1 Military. population is defined .. active duty noncaamisaioned officers
ia tbe top su: aselaaed to tbs II1Utary ill8tallatlon. plull 50
perceat of tbeir apouses. plua 50 percent of the retireeasupported
the militsry installation. A noncOlllDl1ss1oned officers' _as/club
operstiaa aD annu or branch to acc_date lover arade ell11ltecl
peraonDel (srades El r:o E3) or as a combined _sa/club for all euJJ.aeed
.rades (vbich 1& rec_oded) _y use the coabiaed spece allowancea for
the DOncommissioned officers' _ss/club aDd the enlisted peraollDel .
....I club to determ1ne apace allowances. Space criterie .y be divided
to provide separate facilities for 17 tbrOUSh 19, if nquired.
2 Mechanical equipment roOlll space &8 required should be added to tbe aroaa
areas shova vben determ1n1aa a s1aale ar088 ares figure for each
facility.
4-68
KIL-BDBIt-1l90
4-51 (continued)
3 The .pace criteria .bould be reduced by the follow1ag factors depeadiag
on the dietaace. to major metropolitan areas:
.'
Dietaace to a metropolitan center
with a population of 100,000 or mre
More thaD 30 alle. [48 lei]
Le than 30 alles [48 lei], but mre
thaD 15 alle. [24 leIl.
Le.. thaD 15 alle. [24 lei]
Perceat Reduction
o
5
10
4 Provide in other facilities at 44 ft
2
[4.1 m2] groas area per member.
18. Kese/Club for Officer.. Space criteria for officers' messes/
club. are i.n table 4-52, but low cielland may vary.
TABLE 4-52
SPACE CRITERIA FOR OFFICERS' HESS/CLUB
Gross Area
2,3
Military Population
1
ft
2
[m
2
]
Up to 50 Note 4 Note 4
51 to 150 4,400 409
151 to 250 8,000 743
251 to 400 12,000 1,115
An, ..
7S0
H;' nnn
1 . All" _W6 _w
--,---

751 to 1,000 22,000 2,044
1,001 to 2,000
27,800 2,583
2,001 to 3,000 36,000 3,344
3,001 to 4,000
42,500 3,948
4,001 to 5,000 48,500 4,506
5,001 to 6,000 53,900 5,007
6,001 to 7,000 59,500 5,528
7,001 to 8,000 64,000 5,946
8,001 to 9,000 68,000 6,317
9,001 to 10,000 72,700 6,754
4-69

. .
MlL-BDBIt-1l90
tABLE 4-52 (cOQtiuued)
1 Kilitary population is defined aa active duty officers ..aigned to tbe
ail1tary installation, plus 50 percent of their apouses, plus 50 percent
of tbe retired officers supported by the adlitary installation.
2 KecbaDical eqUiplllllnt roClll space as required ahould be -.lded ~ tbe F08S
areas aba_ wen determiDiq a &1qle aroea area figure for eacb
facility.
3 tbe space criteria ahall be reduced by tbe follov1q factors depelld1q
on tbe distances ~ IIlIljor 1Ietropol1tSD areaa:
4 Provide in otber facillties at 44 ft
2
(4.1 m
2
] I r o ~ s area per ..-bar.
19. KWl/Recreation Supply/Support 'aclliti... Space crlteria for
KWl, recreatlon supply aDd support facillties include admiDistratlve,
checlr.-out, eqUipment a ~ r a s e , aad recreational aupport facilltl.. are
abo_ in table 4-53.
Distance to e metropolitan centar
witb a populatlon of 100,000 or more
Kore than 30 1Il1l88 (48 Iaa)
Leas than 30 1Il1les (48 Iaa], but not mre
than 15 II1les [24 Iaa]
Less than 15 II1les [24 Iaa]
Percent Reductlon
o
5
10
tABLE 4-53
SPACE CB.ITtlUA POll KWl/IlECIlEAtION SUPPLY/SUl'PORt FACILItIES
G'rou Area 2
Hilltary Populatlon
1
Supply rac1l1tl.. AdII1Discrative
fc
2
[a
Z
] ft
Z
[.ZJ
Up to 1,000 3,500 325
1,001 to 2,000 5,000 465 Not less than
2,001 to 4,000 7,500 697 80 ft
Z
[7.4 m
2
]
4,001 to 8,000 10,000 929 aDd not mre chan
4-70
KIL-RDBK-1l90
tABLE 4-SJ.(continued)
SPACE CRITERIA FOR KWa/BECBEATION SUPPLY/SUPPORT FACILITIES
Gross Area
2
Military Population 1 Supply Faclli ties Adm1n1atrative
ft
2
(111
2
) ft
2
(111
2
)
8,001 to 12,000 12,500 1,161 90 ft
2
[8.4 m2)
12,001 to 20,000 16,000 1,486 of net space per
20,001 to 50,000 20,500 1,904 office I!IIlPloyee.
50,001 to 100,000 30,000 2,787
.
1 Military population is defined as active duty 1Il11itary persouuel
assigued to tbe IIl1litary iustallation, plua 25 percent of tbeir
dependents
2 Kecban1cal equipment roOlll space as required should be added to tbe
groBs areas sbovu when deterlll1n1ng a single gross area figure for each
facllity.
20. Outdoor Recreation Operat1ous Activity Center. This type of
facility includes adlll1Distrative space, display area, storage,.classrOOlll8,
delllOustration areas, and meeting roOlllB for use in conducting iustructioUB
forbegiuuers and more advanced participants in outdoor recreation
activities such 88 archery, camping, kayaking, nature interpretation, aud
rapelUng; and subject areas such 88 firearms safety, lifesaVing, and
wilderness survival. Space criteria for outdoor recreation operations
activity centers are shown in table 4-54.
4-71
-'
, "
~ KIL-BDBK-1190
SPACE CRITERIA FOR OUTDOOR RECREATION OPERATIONS ACTIVITY CENTERS
CrDaa Area 2
Military Populatioo 1 ft2 [_2]
Up to 100 300 28
101 to 500 600 56
501 to 1,000 1,250 116
1,001 to 5,000 2,500 232
5,001 to 10,000 5,000 465
10,001 to 30,000 10,000 929
30,001 to 60,000 15,000 1,394
60,001 to 100,000 20,000 1,858
1 1U11tary populatioo 1s def10ed as aetive duty ailitary peraoanel
aaaigned to the military i08tallatioo, plua 25 percent of their
dependents.
2 Mechaatcal equipllleot room space as required ahould be added to the srDaa
areaa ahova tltuin deteraioiaa a daale gro.. area Usure for neh facility.
21. Outdoor Recreation Pav11ions. The purpose of thia facility 18
to aupport recreational areaa auch as beachea, parka, picatc areaa, and
playsrounda. This facility _y include a conc...ion atand, louaae, auck
bara, atorase areaa, aDd toilet facilitiea, or all of thoae fac11itiea
for Ua1ted and related items aa requirad. Space eriteria _y be used
io varyiaa _bers and a1&ea of pav1110u. Space criteria are abDvD io
table 4-55.
SPACE CRITERIA FOR OUTDOOR RECREATION PAVILIONS
Grosa Area 2
Military Population 1 ft
2
[a
2
l
Up to 1,000 800 74
1,001 to 3,000 1,350 125
4-72
KlL-BDBK-1190
TABLE 4-55 (continued)
SPACE CRITEIlIA FOB. OUTDOOB. BEClEATlON PAVILIONS
Groas Area 2
Militsry Population 1 ft
2
(11
2
)
3,001 to 7,000 2,600 242
7,001 "ft
In nnn
3,200 297 ~ v
.-.... --
10,001 to 15,000 4,000 372
15,001 to 20,000 4,900 455
20,001 to 25,000 5,600 520
25,001 to 30,000 6,300 585
30,001 to 40,000 7,300 678
40,001 to 50,000 8,500 790
50,001 to 60,000 9,600 892
60,001 to 70,000 10,600 985
70,OeH to 80,000 H,5oo 1,068
80,001 to 90,000 12,400 1,152
90,001 to 100,000 13,300 1,236
1 Militsry population is defined as active duty lD11itary perBouuel
assigned to the lD1l1tary iuatallation, plUB 50 percent of their
depeudenu.
2 Mechauical equip1llent roCllll Bpace as required should be added to the gross
areas .hovu when deterlD1u1ug a Biugle grOBS ares figure for each facility.
22. Package Beveraga Stores/Class VI. This type of facility provides
for retail sales to authorized custOlDarB sud the trauafer (Wholesale) of
alcoholic beveraaeB to clubB eud open _BBeB. Space criteria for theBe
facilitieB are Bhovu in table 4-56.
4-73

.'
KIL-II1lBK-1190
TABLE 4-56
SPACE CUTEBIA POR l ' A ~ G ! BEVElWZ mUS/ClASS VI
Grosa Area 3
CONUS/ADaual Overseas/Authoriaed
Casas Sales 1 Cuatomers 2 ftZ [.2)
2.000 500 900 84
5.000 1,000 1,950 181
10,000 1,500 2,950 274
15,000 2,000 3,900 362
20,000 3.000 5,900 548
30.000
A ftftn ., ann
.... "
.. ,vvv , ,UVV '6J
40,000 6,000 10.000 929
1 l ~ l u d .. Alaaka aDd lla"aU. Anaual total c:&8e MJ.ea both retaU alid
traaaferred to clubs aDd opea aeaaea.
2 Authorbed cueto.ers lIhould be 8S defined by MiUtary Departllent
regulatloas.
3 Kecbaaical equipmeat room lIpace aa required lIbould be added to the gro..
areall ahown Yhea deteIlll1aiaa a a1aale Fosll araa figure for each faciUty.
23. Recreation Ceaters. Thia type of facUity aervell as a center
for recreatioa to eahaace the Ufe of the cUtary c....mity thrOUSh
leisure t1me actlvitlea: cOllpetitive, cultural, educatioilal, aDd aocial.
Pr08raas Yill be provlded to aerve iDdivlduala, failies. groupa. uaita.
aDd c_unlty-vide lnteresta. At lOme cUtary iaatallatiou, otbar
recrntion progr... auch .. arta &lid crafta, librari.., or sale aDd
theater, uy be collocated becauae of ecODOll1ea of coutruction aDd
coaveaieace of the uaers. 111 euch caaea. space allocated to theae other
prosr... mullt coatora to the total military iaatallation autborlaation
for each type of faciUty iacluded. Space criteria for recrntion centen
are aboYD 1a table 4-57.
4-74
KlL-flIlBK-1190
TAIlLI! 4-57
SPACE caITElUA FOR IlECIlEATION CENTERS
Gro.s
Area 2,3
Military Population 1
ft2 [..2]
Up to 250 Note 4 Hote 4
.. n
to
cnn
5
J. nnn
.. .,..
.. JVV
",""'"'"
.....
501 to 2,000 12,700 1,180
2,001 to 4,000 19.800 1,839
4,001 to 5,000 27,800 2,583
5,001 to 10,000 55,600 5,165
10,001 to 15,000 83,400 7,748
For each e4d1tioual 5,000 27,800 2,583
to tbe
,
2 Mechauical equipment room space as required should be added to the 81:0.s
areas shown when determiuing s single gro.s area figure for each faciliry.
3 Groe. areas uy be provided in IIIlre than one faclliry provided the
total maximum authorized area is aot ezceeded.
4 Accommodate in other facilitiea.
5 Gro.s area should be combiued with other recreation facilities when
possible.
24. Recreation Lodging. Th1a type of facility provides space for
private, semiprivate, or dormitory-type, or all three types of aleeping
quarters plus bathrooaa, diuing and kitchen facilities, louuge, aDd
storage areas. Space allowance. lI&y be used in varying DWRben and sues
of build1aas such as cabiua, cottages, and dormitories to support outdoor
activities and recreation sress. The number of authorized users should be
determined for individual militsry iuatallatioDS based on a survey and
analysis that will establiah the average number of users requ1riaa lodging
the recreation area duriaa an average week of the season. The
determinatioo of the number of users should take into account the
limitations on the occupancy of the recreation area resulting from its.
physical and recreation characteristics. The total gross area of lodging
facilities for each military installation recreation area should not
4-75
.
KIL-lUlBK-1190
exceed that derived by mult1ply1ag the projected user requirement by tbe
area criteria for each peraoo correspoa41ag to that provided 10 UEPH for
enlisted peraoDDel 10 the grades E2 throuah E4.
25. Restauraou, laatallatioo (Post). Wheo a lIubataotial _ber of
c1v11iaDll are regularly employed et a military 1D8tallat1oo aDd it baa
beeo deteraioed that adequate food aerv1ce facilitiea are DDt available
for thea, a II1litary iDatallatioo rellt8llraot _y be establiahed.
J!cr=&lly. 1=:t:llat1cu r==taureute 'ebou!d !lot be eetabUsbed when the
oumber of civiliaos to be aerved is lellll thao 500. Bovever, cou1deratioo
ahoUld be gt.veo to prov1dioa soack bar or vea4iag _ch1ae aerv1ce, or
both. When it becOlles oecea..ry to provide food lIervice for mre thao
5,000 c1viliao employees, cwo or mre raat8llraau My be provlded aa
deceraioed by ao ecooOla1c atudy to eosure f1oaocial stability. Space
criteria for iD8talletioo rescauraots are abavo 10 table 4-58.
I
TABLE 4-58
SPACE CRITERIA POR INSTALLATION
lESTAlJBAJlTS
Grose Area 1 .
N\UIlber of C1viliao
Employees
ft
2
{1II2)
Up to 500 Nooe Nooe
501 to 700 4,900 455
701 to 1,000 8,700 808
1,001 to l,SOO 12,500 1,161
1,501 to 2,000 15,700 1,459
2,001 to 2,500 19,200 1,784
, "101
CO
'1.000 ".Ano '.l1A
-,--.. -,---
--,---
-.---
3,001 to 3,500 27,000 2,508
3,501 to 4,000 30,500 2,833
4,001 t'o 4,500 33,900 3,149
4,501' aDd over 37,000 3,437
I
1 Kechaoical equiptDeot rOOlll space as required ahould be added to ~ h e grose
areas abaWD. vbeo deterlll1oioa a a10ale grosa eras figure for each facility.
26. B.1di08 Stables. nase types of facilities provide apace for
aclm1D1l1tratloo offices, box or double atalla, araio room, hay atorage
area, quaraotioe areas, quarters for Doe operator, aioale atalla, eveat
pad aod bleaket 4ryiag area, tack lockers, tack room, toilet facilitiea,
aOli treatllllot stails. Local cie1ll&04 varies; estillates 1II&y be ...cie irom
table 4-59.
4-76
KIL-BDBK-1190
"

I
TABLE 4-59
SPACE CRITERIA FOil. RIDINC STABLES
I
Cras Area
2
Military Population 1 NUllber of Stalb
tt2 [.-2)
Up to 100 None NOlle None
101 to 1,000 5 2,100 195
1,001 to 3,000 7 2,500 232
3,001 to 5,000 12 3,600 334
5,001 to 7,000 16 4,700 337
7,001 to 10,000 21 5,900 548
10,001 to 15,000 29 7,700 715
15,001 to 20,000 37 9,600 892
20,001 to 25,000 43 11,250 1,045
25,001 to 30,000 SO 12,800 1,189
30,001 to 40,000 60 17 ,800 1,654
40,001 to 50,000 72 18,600 1,728
50,001 to 60,000 85 20,400 1,895
60,001 to 70,000 91 22,800 2,118
70,001 to 80,000 lOS 24,900 2,313
80,001 to 90,000 110 27,000 2,508
90,001 to 100,000 124 29,000 2,694
1 ~ l i t a r y population ia defined as active duty military personnel
aas1alled to tbe military laatallation, plus 25 percent of their
depelldents
2 tlechaD1cal equipment room space as required should be added to tbe groaa
arna sbova when'determiD1111 a 81l11le gross area Ugure for each
facUity.
27. Sketis lI.1aka. th1s type of facU1 ty serves as aa ice alld
roller akeUIII riok requir1111 a bard surface floor with a potential for
aultipurpoae use. The facUity _y include adlll1D1strat1ve ofUces,
equipment storage area, locker roOla8, 1IUlinte1l4nce area, s1l4ck bar witb
kiteben area, aad spectator areas. The m1n1mwll riok size should be 10,000
ft
2
[929 .2) gross area V1tb add1tioUJ. space as required for support
functioll8 alld any 1ncreases based on the m1l1tary population as shoVD 1n
table 4-60.
4-77

. .
KIL-flDBK.-1l90
TABLE 4-60
SPACE CRITERIA FOR SKATING aI!IKS
GrOll. Aru 3
Hilltary Populatlon 1,2
ft
2
[ ~ )
Up to 2,000 10,000 4 929 4
2,001 to 20,000 15,000 5 1,394 5
20,001 aud over 20,000 5 1,858 5
1 K111tary population 18 defineel aa active duty 1I111tary .creaatb ...ipeel
to tbe 1I111tary lnstallation, plus 50 percent of thelr "peadenta.
2 Oue .kat1aa rtDk per 1d.11tary lD8tallation 18 88urally sufflclent.
3 KechaD1cal equipment r_ .pace a. requireel should 'be added to tbe arose
areahow vben detel'lll1n1aa a 81aa1e aros. area tisure for each facl11ty.
4 Add1t:lonal .pace aa requireel .ball be provided for support: functione.
5 Theae grosa areaa lnc1ude .pace for support: funct:lona.
. 28. Swillllll1aa hc111tl88 (tndoor Pool and Out:door Pool/Bucbea).
a. Indoor Sv1lIIIII1l11 Pool. One lnatallation av1lUl1aa pool 118y be
enclosed to allow for year around use. The building ahould DOt ezceeel
14,200 ft
2
[1,319 1J12J ,roes area for a 25__ter ev11Jl1111aa pool witb loc:ker
rOOll18 aDd ahou1d not eKceeel 22,800 ft
Z
[2,118 a2) 8ros. ar.a for a
5o-.eter 8V1IJlIII1aa pool ezclue1ve of tbe loc:ker ~ .
b. Barhboulle. A bathhouse should lnclude a check-ln area,
equipllllut storaae area, lUesuard ro_, offlce, sbowers, .tol1et
facl1ltle. and drea.lng r_ ar.... lnc1udlaa vall lockers for botb ..le
aad f8ll181e av1_rB. One batbhouse DOt to eKceeel 4,000 ft2 [371.6 .-2)
8r08a area lIlay be provlded for .acb lI111tary loatallatlon witb a .beacb.
One batbhou.e of 4,000 ft2 [371.6 aZ) 8ros. ar.. may be provlded with
each 25-meter outdoor sv1l11111ng pool. One batbhou.e of 6,500 ft
2
(603.9
.2) ,ro88 area 11181 be provided witb eaeh 5G-111eter outdoor ev1lJllJll.q pool
A bat:hbouBe 1. normally required only at: outdoor recreatlon are.. that
bave an outdoor av1llllll1ng pool or beach facl11t1e
4-78
KIL-BDBK-1l90
c. D1v1111 Areas aDd lioareis. iliviq area ailocatioas are
surface areas shOwn ln 4-61. Dlvll11 areae of
evimD1111 poola lIl8y be equipped from one div1111 boards.
d. Svillllll1ag Lanes. The specified sv1IIIlII1l11 pool dilleaslollll 1n
table 4-61 of s1:l:- or
e. Safety Deck. Min1mwa eafe deck of 12 [3.7 m)
lndoore and 1S [4.6 mJ a 15 [4.6 II) indoor and 20
[6.1 m) clearance div1111 board and of sv1111ll11111 pool
should be crlur1a for overall s1z:1111 of
pool
f. Wadlaa and splash poola lIl8y be added each
av1IIIlII1aa pool and are addi Uves to the badc svillllll1l11 pool area.
shown ln 4-61.
a.
pouli bathhouses
The DUIIber of authorized size sv1mll1aa
normally prC"..11dcd 1: abewn tn table 4-61.
TAILB 4-61
CRITERIA FOR INSTALI.\TION INDOOR AND
OUTDOOR SWIHKING
Humber of Pooll
25-Keter 5O-Keter
1 [20.7 m x 25 II) [20.7 II x 50 II)
68 ft x 82 ft 2 in 68 x 164 ft
Up to 250 Note 2 Note 2
251 to 3,000 1 None
3,001 to 6,000 1
1 3
6,001 to 10,000 4
2 1
1 K1litary populatlon i. deflned as actlve milltary personnel
a.slaDed the milltary lastallatlon, plus 70 percent of the1r
dependenrs
2 One sv1111l111111 pool lIXceed 1,250 ft
2
[116.1 11
2
) of vater surface
area and an 800 [74.3 m2) aross area bathhouse may be provlded as
required.
3 pool only.
4-79

. .
MlL-!DBK-1l90
tABLE 5-69 (coneiaued)
4 Oue Z5-.eeer ouedoor pool wieh a 4,000 feZ [371.6 .Z) gro.s
.rea baebouse .y be provlded for each l11cr_Dt of 5,000 milie.ry
population over 10,000. In Ueu of Z5-.eeer ouedoor ftilllll1q pool, one
50-.eter outdoor wimm1q pool with a 6,500 ft
Z
(603.9 .Z) aroee .rea
bathbDuae .y be provided for each incr_ne of 10,000 m11ie.ry
population over 10,000. Por lI111tary lnua1laUol18 aceediq ZO,OOO
_- .' ... f__ .....""' ...._ ...A........ --,--t""e """' 1 f. uof .. h hatohhftt
.... &.7 U...., _V""'. -UrO r- -- .... -------
..y be provided.
29. Temporary Pacillties (TLP) .Dd Guen Bouse.. Tnpor.ry
lodgiq f.cillties lnCLie Uvlq units eo prOl11de sbore-tam
houslq acc_datiOI18 .s stipulated 1D DoD Directive 4165.55 (reference
(40. When such facillties are autborised for new cOl18truction, the
fac:1lities should be botal- or mtal-type unlte with bathro_, with or
wlthout lL1echenettes, as required.
Lin;, Area. Liviq unlts with IL1tcheneetea should contain 110
aore tban 450 ft [41.8 m2) of groea Uviq .re. per unlt lnclUAl1118 the
bathroom, .Dd those l1viq uu1ts without IL1tchel1ettes should contain DO
more than 4Z5 ftZ (39.5 .Z) of gross l1vi1l8 area per &lDit 1DclUAllq the
b.tbroaa.
b. Supporti. Space. In addition eo the l8U1Iaual gron are.
stipulated per Uv1.118 unlt, .pproprl.te .upporUq .pace should be
provided fer :4=1n1stret!oD offices. circulation epase, lounges,
..chaD1cal aDd facl1ity service requirement., .Dd recre.tional .r....
The apace required for the support functioua will v.ry depeDdiq Oil the
number of liviq uuits, buildiq configuration, aDd the av.U.bility of
nearby facilities to support the required functioll8.
c. Exception. TheslI criteria sbou1d not .pply to
8overoaent-owDed or lea.ed-commercial f.cilities C01lStructed before this
h.Ddbook vas issued.
30. Unit Entereaiament Center.. Tbe .pace criteria for anit
centera .re inteDded to provide f.cilities for the
oraaD1satioa, prepar.tioa, .Dd perfarmaace of unit entertaiament
.ctiviti.. aDd sbould inclUAle aa auditarium with seatiq aDd a staae,
equipment cbeckout aDd repair, office, pr.ctice rOOllll, aDd tecbD1cal
shops. The provision of f.cilltie. should be based on the _ber aDd
dlllpoa1tion of miUtary unite on tbe particular milit.ry iuatallatlon.
one 9,000 ft
Z
[836.1 aZ) 8rOSS area center plus _cbaD1cal .
eql!!pmADt rOO!! !pace !h<>yld be I'rgv1ded for e"b OEPB cQq!plex of 3,000
military persoDDel, or one 3.500 ft2 [3Z5.Z m2) 8ros. area cellter plus
aecbaD1cal equiplllent room space for a complex of 8S0 penoDDal, except
that this f.c:ility l18y be provided oaly weD it has beeD conclusively
demonstrated that no fscl1ity exists that can meet the requirement OIl a
joint use basis.
4-80
KlL-RDBK-1190
31. Youtb Center.. ~ o u t h centera may be established as required to
lIcc_date tbe cultural, pbys1cal, and social activities of youtbs su
to 19 yesrs old. -The spice criteria shovn in table 4-62 are intended
to provide facilities for classes, dancing, listeDing to DUsic, meetiDgs,
movies, parties, sports, "watchiDg television, and other related cultural
and salf-development youth activities.
TABLE 4-62
,
i
"SPACE CRIttlllA POll YOllTH CENTERS 1
Gross Area 3
Youth Population 2
ft
2
[m2}
Up to 250 Rate 4 Rate 4
251 to 600 6,700 622
601 to 1,200 9,000 836
1,201 to 2,400 11,340 1,053
2,401 to 4,800 18,500 1,719
For each additioDe1
600, add 2,310 115
1 Environmental Adjustment Factor. This table provides maximum criteria
when DO such facUi ths are available in the local COUlUDi ty FacUi ties
in the local cOlll_ity should be conaidered 10 justif1cationa for youth
centers.
2 Youtb population should be established by determia1ng the school
enrollment of the active duty military perBoanel assigned to the military
inatallation aDd the authorized civilian employee dependent youths ages
sLK to 19 in the local school districta, on or off the military
iaatallation.
3 HecbaDical equipment room space as required should be added to the gross
areas shovn when determiD1Dg a single gross area figure for each
facUity.
4 Accommodate in other facilities.
!!, COHKlJlUTY FACILITUS - HOIlAI.P:. WELV,\RE #lD RECRE.\rIONAL - EXTl!!UOIl.
(Category Code 750)
1. Criteria. Criteria for exterior morale, velfare aDd recreatioDe1
faCilities are prOVided in this section.
4-81
,

I
Itt
..
KlL-IlDBlt-1l90
2. Family Camps (FAKCAHPS)/Travel CopslB.ecreation CupsrouDds.
These types of facilities are family e&apsites located on ..
sovenuDent-ovned laPd aDd used by authorised personnel for brief C8IIIping
tours. FAKCAKPS may be established when there is a justifiable demaDd
for the acc_datiou. Factora to couider in detemining a requireaellt
are 1aPd lIVailabilHy, average daily "&Uiant populatiOll, recreational
rUOUl'ces aDd attractiou within the surrOUDcl1I11 pogrspbical aru, aDd
acce.. to aD interatate highway .,.st
3. Off-Iutalution Ilecreation Ar.... Vben aovernaent laDd 18
avallable, couideraUon .y be given to the cleveloJlll8l1t of rscraatlonal
ar... off tbe 1I1litary iutallation aubject to a speeial study aDd the
approval of tbe heacl of tbe q1litary C_P0DeDt lavolved. Vben such
recreation areas are developed, they should be available on a
firat-c_e-first-aerve basis to ..mbera of all q1litary departaeats.
4. Parks, traUs, allcl AthleUc FaeiliU... On q1litary iutallatiou
where the 1&Dd area 18 availabla, the developlll8at of parka should be
couidered. Parks ...y range frOlll ...11 play ar... to larse II1litary
iutallation parks aDd should be ehe subject of special stucl1es.
CouUerstion ...y be given to developing tralls for archery, bicycles or
off roacl vehicles, fitaesa, b1k1ng, horaeback riding, jo,Biaa, nature
study, or other use, either With or separate frOlll other outdoor athletic
faciliUes.
,. Outdoor AthleUc Facilities. AlthoUSh local aeed. vary ,reatly,
for a 1I1litary population (active duty 1I111tary peraonnel uelped to the
II1liUry iDBtallaUon, plus 35 percent of their clapeDdentB) up to 500, Olle
teDDia court ahould be sufficieat. ODe aclclitional teDDia court should be
provided for each 500 II1liUry population up to '000 population. For
each aclclitional 1,000 military populatioa above 5,000, oae aclclitional
teDDis court ahould be couidered. Other facilities should be couidered
a. follova.
a. Ilunning Track aDd Ba.eball Field. ODe 4DO-mater (1,312 ft)
ruDDina track aDd oae regulaUon baseball field .y be provided at
allitary iutellaUou witb a lI111tary atreoath of 1,000 aDd over.
b. Athletic' 'acilitiea. For active duty allitery 8trength
asa1gned to the lI111tary iastallation up to 750, aDd for each 1Dcrement
of 1,000 thereafter, the follovioa facilitiea ..y be provided:
1 Baclm1nton Court
'.2 Baaketball Courts
1 CombiDBtion Football aDel Soccer Field
1 BaDdball aDd &acqueeball Court
2 Regulation Softball Fialda
2 Volleyball Courts
4-82
KIL-BDBIC-1l90
c. Baaeball Pield ..ad Soccer Pield. Por a depeadent population,
_ses ais to 19, up to 500 aad for each lncrement of 500 thereafter up to
2,500, one youth baseball fteld aad oue youth soccer field 1II8y be
provided. AD add1tioaal YO\lth baaeball aad soccer field 1liiy be provlded
for each adcl1t1oaal 1Dcrement of 750 depeadent popul.. Uon egea ais to 19.
6. Stadiums. At lI111tery ill8tallaUODS V1th .. 1I111tery strelllth
over 10,000, a atad.1U11 with .. aeaUIII cap..city .not to Dceed oue-third of
the luatallaUon lI111tary strelllth ..y be provlded for .. cOllbluUon
football aad aoccer field ( ...e paragraph K.5.b....bove). In additlon,
bleachers rith .. aeaUIII capac1ty DOt to Dceed one-thlrd of the
luatallatlon milltary streoath may be provlded for a aeparate regulatlon
baaeball fleld (aee parasraph K.5 .... ). Both the stadlum aadbasaball
Uald ..y be provided with lI1Sht USht1111'
REl'!IlENCES

(4a) DoD IDStructlon 4165.3, -Department of DefaDSe 'ac.11lty Classes


aDd CoaatructioG Catesoriee, October ~ ~ . l ~ I G
(4b) Publ1c Law 95-82. Section 607. -H.111t..ry CoDStruction AuthorbaUon
Act of 1978-
(4c) DoD Instruction 5305.3, Departllent of Defense Space Occupauey
Guide for the Natloual CapHol Reslon, Kay 23, 1966 e
(4d) ASD(!lIl&L) KemoraadUII, -Desip of UlI8ccOllpall1ed Enl1sted PersoUDel
Kousll11. April 1, 1983
(4e) DoD Dlrective 1338.10, -Department of Defense Pood Servlce
Prosr... June 12, 1979
(4f) DoD IlI8tructlon 4100.33. -Operatlon of Commerc.1al ..ad
Iadustrlal-Type ActiVitles.- September 9. 1985
(4S) DoD Instructlon 6015.18, SIIlOIdIll in DoD Occupled Bulldillls aad
Pacl1ltlea.- August 18. 1977
(4h) DoD Directlve 1000.11. -Bankilll Offlces aD DoD 1Dstallatioua,-
September 27. 1982
(41) DoD Dlrective 1000.12. -Procedures Goveruing Banking Offices au
DoD IustallatloDS. September 27. 1982
(4j) DoD Dlrectlve 4165.6, -Real Property Acquisitlon, KaD4sement aud
Dleposal, December 22. 1976
Costs. September 1, 1966
(4k) DoD Dlrective 1000.10. -Credlt UD.1ons Servilll DoD PersoUDel,-
December 23. 1981
(41) DoD Dlrective 1330.9, -Armed Servlces Exchange Regulatlons.-
Kay 12, 1982
(4m) DoD Instruction 4165.14, -Inventory of Milltary Real Property,-
December 21, 1966
(40) DoD Directive 1015.6, Punding of Korale. Welfare aad Recreatlon
(KWR) Prosrama-. August 3. 1984
(40) DoD Directlve 4165.55. Temporary LodSlng Pacilities (TLFa),
December 1, 1972

4-83

.
KIL-HDBK-1190
CHAPTER 5
AJlCBITECTUJlAL C1UTElUA
A. GENERAL DESIGN PROVISIONS
1. Dede Ezcellence. Achievellll!nt of acelleDCe In architectural
dedp ahould be a prlae SOal for all 1I111cary coutruction projecta.
laachiag thls goal requires a commte.&nt by admtD1atratora aDd 4ea1gners
to archltectural quallty, whlch 10cludes the relatlonehlp of architecture
to the aurroUDdlag community, aa vell .. the detal1s of deslp that
affect the uaers of the bldldt1l8.' hoper attention ahould be pald to
architectural compatiblllty vlth the local anvlroaaent, economy of
coutruetion, energy couervation, functlonal requirementa, lnterlor aDd
exterlor details, Ufe-cycle coat, aDd alti1l8' !lev facUlt1ea ahell be
dealped In barmony vlth the architectural character of those atatlag
faciUtlea that are to remaln aDd that are couldered to be hiatorically
alpiflcant or archltecturally proper for tha environment. Special
eaphaais ehould be placed ou the qualiey af the areh1teetural design siDee
lt vltally affects the attractlveness, economica, efflcleDCY, livabllity,
101l8evlty, aDd usefulness of moat facllltlea. It ahould be recoplaed
that quality dealp does DOt lIaply added upeue aDd often reaulta 10
aconomiea.
2. Functional Dee1gn. All 1I111tary facillty plannl1l8 should employ
economical, functional arcbitectural aDd e1l8ineerlag dedp. nab deaip
ahould be closely tallored to ths actual requirements of the project, vlth
part1eular attention to the selection of ::tar1cr and interior flnisbee.
aDd to the aunt aDd type of equipment and services to be provided.
Speclal atudtes may be Decessary for speclflc projecta to determine the
most ecOnomical equip1llent, finishes, materlals, _thods of coutructlon,
.ervlcea, aDd practlcal structure to be provided. Dealgn. abould be
.ovened by functlolUll requir_ent8, conform to ezlatlag crlteria aDd
.taDdards, aDd be conslstent vltb appllcable c01l8re.slonal coat
11ll1tatloDS. Facllltles should be provlded at the loveat rea.onable
coutructlon coat vb1le achlevl1l8 the optimum life-cycle coat.
3. Deale for Flexlblliry. Plez1b1l1ty 10 arcbltectural dedp b
the ability of an ez1stiag structure to accoaDOdate a chaage In uae vitb
a atD1mum of cost. The Department of Defeue uaually operate. aDd _
lta facl1ltle. from the time of coutruction until the eDd of the uaeful
life of the structure. Duriag thi. loag tanure of use, lt i. inevltable
thet the functlonal requiremsnts of a buildtag vill chaage aDd often
drastically, fOT _ple, UDder lIOblll.atlon coDdl tl0DS, potential
modlflcatlolUl thst would have to be accomplished quickly .hould be
cODSldered. For tbls reason, flezlblllty ls a ..jor deslp requirement
for all bulldtags, ucept for those vlth highly spec1alhed functloDll that
are prevented for economic reason
5-1

4. De.ian Criteria aDd Standard.. Designs for 8e111e1e&
ahould follow noraal iudustry practices aud standards for s1Ddlar
facilities acept wen specific requir_Dts are stipulated io this
handbook. The military departlleDts should provide appropriate dedgn
criteria to suppl_nt the criuria iDcluded iD this haudbook. Defiu1tive
dravioas, _dular dedp., aDd ahe adaptioD of previous project designs
ahould be used for proJect a iuvolvtoa repetitive-type facilities. The
ua. of ataDdard dea1goa ahould be eneouraaed by the II1litary deparauDts
.hell there are coat benefits.
5. Space Allocatiou. Space allocatioD uudiea ahall include a
detailed aDalYs1a of- the functional requir_Dta of the activitiea to be
housad to deurmill8 the actusl space required. Functional areaa sba1l
be orgau1aed to obtaiD the mDst ecoDOmical aud efficieDt use of space.
6. Soler Desip. All projects ahall conform to P.L. 97-214, Sectioll
2857 (referenee (Sa. Thia lev requires that the use of solar eurgy
ayat... should be couidered for all coostruetiOD projects vbeD practical
eud ecoDOaically feasible. See chapter 11 for specific criteria.
B. INTD10R FINISHES
1. Fiu1shea aDd Kauriala. Interior fiu1shes should be appropriate
for the design function of the buildioa aud spaces. Low mainteoaDce
_terials should be used to the aUDt possible with the selectioD beioa
baaed OD the anticipated use, fire and other safety requirements,
life-cycle coat, aDd suitability for the eavirollllUlnt beioa created.
2. Carpet. Carpet _y be prcwided for the facUity types and
functiooal areaa Usted belovo The UsUoa of facility types or areas
does DOt iudicate that carpet is Decessarily the most appropriate floor
coverioa for all such facilities aDd areas. The selectioD of the most
appropriate floor ccwerioa ahould be the product of aD evaluation of the
requiremeDts of each project. The quality of carpet will be selected
usioa u.S. Army Corps of Eoaineers Guide SpecificatioD CEGS 09682,
-Carpet" (refereDce (Sb, aDd Naval Facilitiea Guide SpecificatioD8 NYGS
09682, "Carpet", aDd NYGS 09690, "Carpet Tile" (reference (Sc.
S-2
..
.'

KIL-tIIlDlt-1l90
I ~
I
,
I
I
.
AdmiDistrat1ve Faci11t1es (10clud1ng
adm1Distrat1ve areas 10 other
facUity types
Closed Private Offices
Conference aoaas
Corridors
OpeD Plaa Offices
ADP aDd C01Ilputer Support Areas,
Dedicated
(Applies only to dedicated ADP
aDd cOlllPuter support spaces.
The praseoce of illOlated ADP or
computer equip1llflot incideotal
to tbe primary purpose aDd usa
of tbe space does Dot justify
the ,use of carpet if Dot
otherwise permissible.)
BaDb aDd Credit UI110DS
Entrance and C u e ~ e r lank Space
Offices
OpeD Spaces
Bowling Alleys
Concourse (acluding food service
vorJd.q .nd etorqe rag)
Chapels,aDd Other aeli8iouS
FacUities
Educatioll81 WiQg'
Worship Areas
Child DeveloplD8ot Centers
Clubs - Officers', CPO, NCO,
Enlisted Personnel eDd Service
5-3
Ealisted Peraoauel Diu1Qg FaciliU..
(excluding worlt spaces. aDd servill8
araas)
DiI11Qg Areaa
Ezchaaae Facilities
Offic::
Restauraot aDd Cateteria Din1ua
Areas
Sales Areas
Golt Course Clubhouse
Din11l8 Areas
Pro Shop aDd AdlIill1strative
Spacas
Librariea
Huaic or Drama Centers, or both
Temporary LodS!ua rad.l1Uu (a.c;ept
kitcheo aDd dill10a arau)
CoIIIbiDStion LiviQg aDd Sleepill8
Ioaas .
Public Areas (Lobbias)
Theatars
Trall11ll8 Bulldillls aDd Educatioul
'acilities. includiJ18 DepeDdent
Schoola
Claaaroaas
Corridors
Staff Offices
Ull8cc_paDied Enlisted Pl!rSOIlllU
Bous1Qg (UlPa)
.'
KlL-lIIlDlt-1l90

.
.
.

Offlces
Publ1c Are.. (lobbies, lllUDies .
aDd TV roaas)
Sleepill8 Iloaas
I1DaCCc.pan1ed Officsrs PersollDel
Bouaiq (DOPa)
CaabiuatloD Liv1118 aDd
Sleepill8 r_
C. WIBDOWS AllD 0TIIEJl GU.ZBJ) AREAS
D1n1aa Pacllltles
Offlces
Publ1c Areas (lobbies. louaaes.
aDd TV roaas)
Sleepill8 RoOll8
Youtb CeDtera
1. SelectloD of WiDdc:NS. Appearance. fUDcUon. beat pln aDd loss.
maiDteDance aDd operation experience. safety. structural requirements.
aDd Su1tsbil1ty for tbe eaviroDllent should be cODSldered vbeD selectill8
.-tiidG1r.. Staa ... -tiiilow a1zes &hvuld be used t.o the maximu= extant
pracUcable. The quality of WiDdows should be selected cOIlll1atent With
tbe fuDctloD. life cycle cost. aDd quallty of tbe buildill8'
2. Operable Wll1dovs. All DEPa, UOPa. aDd military faily houslll8
.should be provided with operable WiDdows 10 the a:tedor walls of 11v1118
aDd aJ.eepill8 areas. Ths aash. wheD fully opened. should allow for
_ergeDcy egress. Fixed viDdows lII&y be used in fully sir-coDditiooed
buildlq are... ucept DEPa. UOPB. aDd military faily houslll8. provided
the preper meana of emergency earess is furnished = LftVeveri operable
villdovs should be cODSidered for all bulldlll8s where c11l11&tlc coDdltloDll
offer tbe poteDtial for sllll1ficaDt energy savlqs by usll18 DlItural
ventilation. aDd vhen natural ventilation can be compatible with the
heatill8. veDtilatioD. aDd air-coDditioDll18 system desll1l'
D. VENDING PACILITY PROGRAK FOR TIlE BLIND
ADy DoD acquired (conatructecl. leased. purchased. or rentecl) or
8ubetaDtially altered or reDOVated building should have oDe or IIOre
satisfactory site. for a bliDd-operated veDdill8 facility if sucb buildill8
will have 100 or IIOre federal employeea located therein or is 15.000 ft
2
[1.394 .zl or IIOre iD gross area except iD certain speciflc caaes.
SpeciUcs of the velldill8 progr_ for the bUDd are stated ID DoD
Directive 1125.3 (reference (5d. This Directive should be cODSulted
before developll18 desillls for any bu1ldill8 that might be affected.
E. PROVISIONS FOR PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED PEasONS
1. General: Facil1ties of the Department of Defeosa required to be
accessible to pbysically haDdicspped persoDS shall be desigDed and
cODStructed or retrofitted In accordance With the Unlform Federal
Accessibility Standards (UFAS). Federal Register. (49 FB. 31528 dated
5-4

I
[".,
I
KIL-HDBK-1190
August 7, 1984, as amended by 51 Fa 18647 dated Kay 21, 1 9 ~ 6 ) (reference
(5e. Requirements for new construction, additions, and alterations vary
and are specified in the standards. In general, all facilities worldwide
which are open to the public, or to limited segments of the public, or
which may be visited by the public in the conduct of normal business,
shall be designed and constructed to be accessible to physically
hsndicapped persons includios facilities constructed with DODBppropriated
funds, privately financed facilities on military installations, and
contractor_ed faeilU:ies vhere the Departllent of Defense is fundina all
or any part of the construction. 10 fact, every facility ahould be
designed to assute access to physically handicapped persons unleas its
intended use is specifically restricted to able-bodied military personnel.
Able-bodied militsry personnel. is defined as those military personnel
conaidered to be phySically fit for duty. At lesst 5 percent of fam1.ly
housina units at an installation and not leas than 1 unit ahall be
acceasible.
2. General Exclusions for Certain Overseas Buildings and Facilities.
Buildinas ana facilities for which the UnitedStates contributes a portion
of the construction cost but does not control tbe design criteria (such as
North Atlsntic Tresty Organization (NATO) funded faCilities) need not be
accesaible. Buildings and fscilities funded by host nations, or beina
leaaed by the United States in other coutries, need not be accessible.
Bowever, every effort should be ude to obtain the cooperation required to
provide accessibility in the buildinas and facilities that VDuld be
covered by the UFAS if they vere located in the United States.
3 Waivers. If a waiver of theBe requirements is considered
neceaaary, the waiver shall be obtaJ.ned through tbe military department
from ODASD (I) spee1tiyina the full particulars. Waivers will be granted
only in a:traordinary circumstances.
P. FIllE PROTECTION aefer to Military Handbook, KIL-BDBIt-1OO8 Fi,re
Protection Fnr Facilities Engineerina, Desi8O, and Construction (reference
(Sf.
IlEFEaENCES
(Sa)
(5b)
(Sc)
(5d)
(5e)
(Sf)
Public Law 97-214, Section 2857, Uae of Solar Energy Systems"
U.S. Army Corps of EnaiDeers Guide .Specification CEGS 09682
"Carpet," JaDUBry 1986 (available from l1SACE Publication Depot,
2803 S2nd Avenue, Hyattsville, KD 20181)
Naval Facilities Guide Specifications, NFGS 09682, "carpet,"
January 1983, NFGS 09690, =earpet Tile," July 1961 (available from
C_nder, NAVFAC, Alexandria, VA 22332)
DoD Directive 1125.3, "Vendina Facility'Program for the Blind on
Federal Property," April 7, 1978
Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards in Federal aegister,. (49 Fa
31528 dated August 7, 1984, as amended by 51 Fa 18647 dated Kay 21,
1986
HIL-BBX-I008, Fire Protection for Facilities Enaineering, Design, and
Construction
5-5
I
..
~ KIL-BDBK-1190
CHAPTER 6
STRUCTURAL CRITERIA
A. SELECTION OP STRUCTUIlAL SYSTEMS AND MATERIALS
The structural syst_ aDd _terlals to be selected for des1aD of
lI1Utary facUltiell at Departllellt of Debue 11l8tallatioll8 should be
sultable for permanent-type cOll8tructlon; capable of carrylD8 the
required loeds; lind c_patible v1tb flre protection requir_lltll. aDd
archll:ectural aDd functional concepts. Matar1als used .y be any of those
listed in table 6-1. or any COlab1ll8tioll thereof. aelected for dedrabU1ty.
ecollOlll)'. selleral avallab1l1ty. 1_ ruillteunce coata over the deatsn Ufe
of the facUlty. aDd rea1atance to Ure.
1. Dee1R COll8ideratioll8. It 18 1IIIponallt at the lnc8ptioll of the
dulan tliAt t e atructural syat_ layout be coord1ll8ted proparly v1th the
archltect to develop an overall effectlve plano Thill jolnt effort 18
particularly ..lIelltial 111 ae1aa1c aDd lUsh v1Dd areas where the
dll1tributlon of lateral forcea aDd layout of load-realatant aleaenta are
critical In ..tabUllh1ns the earthquake aDd ViDd r ..l8tance for
structures.
2. Coat ConelderaUone. III aelecUD8 the type ~ f IItructural lIyat_.
the tot&! facllity shoUld be c0ll81dered. dnce the Choice will lnflnence
the coat of lIuch felltur.... heatiD8. ventllation or a1r-c:olld1tioIl1D8. or
all three. as vell as architectural. UshtiD8. aDd utUlty requir_nta.
3. Structural Matedals. Vh8ll chOOlllD8 structural _terlala for a
apeclf1c project. conelderlltlon should be given to:
b. Deslp Ufe of the faciUty aDd ._lntell8nce costs over tbb
pedod.
c. Expedellce of dsdp aDd lf18pection perSOllllel.
d. Expedence aDd aldll of prospective contractors.
6. Feasibility of preas;&iibll. or precas::!. =jor' atr-uc:tural
el_ntll.
f. Site envlromaent. lncludlD8 acceae1b1l1ty. cUrute. aalDic
10ediD88. subsurface cond:l. t1one. aDd v:l.Dd velocity.
4. Tests of Structural Syst_. When the structural syst_ c&llDOt
be analysad on a rat101l&1 basill. acceptabl1ity of the load carrylD8
6-1
MIL-BDBK-1l90
capacity of the systea shall be determined by suitsble load or IIIldel
teat
a. DESIGN IEQUIRBHEHTS
1. Codes. De8i811 methods aDd stress all_ances or load
factore for te vadou. structural ..terials should be in accordauc. with
tlla current editioua of th. cod.a aDd specificatioua liated in tabla 6-1,
ascept vIlera thea. codea aDd specificatioua are IIIldified or apaDd.d by
publiahed desi811 crit.ria of the Military Departm.nts.
2. Dade Load.. Th. load "SlmPtioue for th. ded811 of buildiaa.
alld oth.r atructur , iucludiaa chimneys, tanks, aDd related atructur
ahould coulon to th. guidauc. provided in the Joint Army-llr Forc.
Manual, 1M 5-809-1, AFK 88-3, Chapter 1 (ref.rence (6a, aDd to th.
correilpoudiaa guidauc. contained in NAVPAC ded811 manuale.
3. Seinic Des1gu. Th. sainic de8i811 of fscilities .hould be in
accordanc. Vith th. guidauc.. The saislllic desi811 requirements
for ....ntial facilitiea other tbau h.alth care facilities in high
.aiaccity ar....hould be required to hav. post-disaster recovery aDd
continuous operation capability duriag aDd after a major eartbquake.
a. Nev Couetruction. The saialllic desi811 should be in accordallCe
with the Joint Services Manual, tK 5-809-10, NAVFAC 1'-355, UK 88-3,
Chapter 10 (refarauee (6b, escept new essential fsciliti.s in s.ialllic
aoue 3 or gr.at.r ahould be in accordauc. with th. Joint Services
Guidelines Mauual, tK 5-809-10.1, NAVFAC 1'-355.1, UK 88-3, Chapter 13,
Section A (ref.renc. (6c.
b. Hodificatioue to Exist1!l1 Structures. Major additions,
alterations, aDd mo4eru1aation of aistiag structures should be in
coulormBnce with the criteria in the Joint Servicea Manual (refereuce
(6b. Wh.n the basic structur. to vIlich the modification is beiaa made
does DOt meet currant seismic criteria, the project should include funds
for iaproviaa th. structure to witbataDd seislllic forces as fo11_:
(1) Critical Operational Facilities. Faciliti that ara
critical frClla an operational viewpoint should be provided s.ismic
streagtheuiag for structural aDd nouatructural elements to that dearee
feasible aDd practicabl. for sssuriag life safety aDd continued
post-earthquake operations. Ess.ntial facilities in s.ismic 80nes 3 aDd 4
shall be in accordance with the Joint-Service.Guidelines Hanual, Uparadins
Eld.stiaa Buildinss, 1M 5-809-10.2, NAVFAC 1'-355.2, AFH 88-3, Chapter 13,
Section B (refereuc. 6d). .
(2) Oth.r Facilities. For other than the above facilities,
as a the safety of personnel should be assured by structural
6-2

.
" .' .
KIL-llDBK-1l90
i.prove-nts tbat will preveat build1ng collapae under se1S11l1c forces
and preclude cIa_ge to equipaeat or utility IIYstema tbat lIOuld endanger
11fe.
c. Existing Structures. For aistlng structures having s bigb
lou potential or baving critical operational require-ata aue.h as
CJ mfcat10na centera, deftia.e .1881oa ea..atial facilities, and fire
atationa, studies should be UIIdertalten in order to deteraine tbe required
atrengthening to withstand earthquake forcea. 'rbese imeaUg.tiona ahould
be initiated in areas where tbe seiSlll1c risk is greatest aDd proceed to
areas of lover risk to tbe ezteat warraated. A pbaaed sad orderly plaa
ahould be developed for providing tbe structural 1Iaprov_ntB for tbese
hiah loaa critical facilities and esaeatial poat-earthquake operational
facilities.
d. Design Development of New FacUities.
(1) BUild1ag Dedgn. SeiSlll1c structural 4ea1an and aiting
coas1c!eratioQ8 aay conflict witb functiOnal coaaideratioas ia building
des1ga. For iastance, abear valls ..y limt hort&ontal flu1bility aDd
cl1apbraps lIBy limt vertical circulation. 'aults or soU iutability
..,. preclude sltill8s that otherwise uauld be deairab1e. Therefore, for
all ..jor or coaplu: buildings, including, but not lill1ted to, large
a4a1n1strat1ve buildings, coaaand centera, commun1cstioDB centera,
all4 other s1a1lar facilities, and for iastallatioa ..ster plaas, concept
atucl1ea at the start of design should include ae1Ba1c coasiderationa.,
In addition, they should include functional, flezibility, and'aiting
coasideratioas in order that all requir_atB ..y be optiaally iategrated.
Where necesllary, tra4e-off studiea baaed oa 11fe cycle coating should be '
..de to deterll1ae tbe opt1mulll building dea1an. In auch atudies, tbe cost
of loat efficiency through le.a thaa deairable functional desian aad tbe
r18k coat of le88 than ideal seiSlll1c desian abould be icelwled-if
quantificatioa of such costs ia feasible. '
(2) Buildiag CoftfiauraUoll. Seiaa1c coaaideratioQ8 ..y
require l1II1ta on the height of structures aDd deslan coftflauratioDB.
COQ8olidatlon of several small facilities, poasibly aerving widely
different ,fUllctloQ8, _y be dea1rable 1a UII1ting atructural all4
foundation costs. Since different fUllcUoQ8 la the a_ building uy be
of different criticallty (SOlie required to operate poat-earthquake, aDd
aOlDe DOt), functloQ8 'should be atudled to group those of greater or leaser
crlticality la order to separate the building lato different oecup&cey
typea for seiSlll1c deB1ga. It ahould be DOted that tbe building
conflauratioa pleys an 1IIIportant role ia the perforlDllnce of tbe
atructure vbea subjected to se1aa1c grouad lIOtlon. To obtein opU.-l
aelsll1c reslstance aad perfol"lDllace, a aymmetrlcal configuratlon of the
structural lIyatem wlth properly placed lateral relllsting structured,
e181111!nts should be coasldere4. Furtber, the noastructural el_aU ahould
be aelsll1c resistant In order to ..lntain a poat-eartbquake operational
cspabillty.
6-3
KIL-llDBlt.-1l90
.(3) SitiDl' Structures ... bould normally not be sited over
active gaological faulta, in ar..s of inatability subject to landalides,
wbere ao11 Uquefaction is Ukely to occur, or in areas subject to taUDaai
d_ge. In se1wc Kon.. 3 aDd 4, a aeiwc geotechnical report ahould be
pnpareci only vben the aei81a1c cieeian requir_ou for the fa.:1111;,. an
baaed on the Joint Servicea Guidelines Manual (raference (6c.
(4) Haater Plana. 'l'he &bon aeiaic desian raquir_nta
abould be conaidered vith the functional requir_nts in devalopins .ster
plaDa of aiUtary ill8tallations.

4. CU_tic ConaideraUona. llind loeds, snov loada, aDd frost


penetration ahould be carafully eatabUshed for each structure accordins
to the Joint At1IIy-Air Forca Manual, Df 5-S09-1, AFK S8-3, Chapter 1
(reference (6s, and vith the local cU_tic coDditions as appropriate.
5. Dee1an for Typhoon aDd Hurricane Areas. Structures to be
conatructed in typhoon aDd hurricane areas should be desianed 80 that
atructural integrity aDd continuity are provided from the foundation to
the roof, irreapectiva of tbe materials selected for tbe facility. All
ca.ponents of tbe atructure should be positively tied together in order to
eatabUab an overall integrated raabtance to high viDd effecta. In .
:::;;: or
pulaating forces on sucb structures, 1lIUst be considered. Desian criteria
for atructural frlllll1ng, openings, aDd flashing should confOtll to the
provisions of tbe Joint Atlly-Air Force Manual, Df 5-S09-11, ArK 88-3,
Cbapter 14 (reference (6e, or corresponding guidsnce contained in
NAVFAC desian _nuals.
6. Deaian for E losivea Whea it is necessary
to dasign exp osives atorage aci ities in such a unner as to ensure
against propagatioa of explosiona between adjacent or nearby facilities,
desian ahould conform to tbe Joiat At1IIy-Navy-Air Force Manual, 'D( 5-1300,
NAVFAC P-397, ArK 88-22 (reference (6f.

. .
Hatedab
Alwa1DW11
CGiierete
Masonry
KIL-tIllBIt 1190
tABU 6-1
Codes or Spec1ficatiou
The Alwa1DW11 Association, -Spec1ficatioQB
for AlUll1DW11 Stl'llCtures-
Aaar1can Concrete I==tltut: (ACI).
-aulldillll Code llequirements for lle1Dforced
Concrete-
Americen National StaDderda Inatitute
(ANSI), -American Buildillll Code
llequiraents for I.unforced Masonry-
Brick Inatitute of America (BlA),
....commeDded-Buildillll Code I.equirements
for ElIllluered Brick Maaonry-
National Concrete Masonry Assoc1ation
(NeMA), -Speciflcationa for the Deaign
aDd Construction of Load Bearll1ll Concrete
Masonry-

Steel
Steel Jolllts
Wood
American Instltute of Steel Coutruction
'(AISC). Speslflcatlon the DeI!!D.
Pabrication aDd Erection of Structural
Steel for Buildll1llll-
Steel Joist IDlItitute (SJt), -Standard
Spec1f1cat1ou aDd Load table., Open Web
Steel Jolst. -and Lollll.pan Steel Joi.t.,-
aDd 81l111lar pubUcatlona covedllll deep
lOllllapan steel jol.ts
American Iron aDd Steel Institute (AISI),
-Speciflcatiou for the Deslgn of
Cold-Pormed Steal Structural Members- -
National Forest Product. Association,
-'tional Deslgn Spec1flcatloDll for Stra.s
Grade LUllber aDd lts FaateDllllls-
6-S
KIL-llDBlt-1190
IlEPERENCES
(6a) Joiut Army-Air Porce Hauua1, tM 5-809-1, AFH 88-3, Chepter 1,
Load AaBUlDpUODII for BulldiJl8e, September 27, 1966
(6b) Joiut Service. Hauual, tK 5-809-10, NAVFAC P-3SS, AFH 88-3,
Chapter 13, Seismic Design for BuildiJl8s, Pebruary 15, 1982
(6c) Joiut Service. Guidel1ues Mauual, tM 5-809-10.1, NAVPAC P-3SS.1,
APM 88-3, Chapter 13, Sectiou A, Se1lll11c Design GuilleUuea for
EaaeDtial BUildioa, 1986
(6dj J016 Serv1ees Guidelines Manual, TM NAVPAC P-355.2.
APM 88-3, Chapter 13, Sectiou 13, Se1lll11c lles1gu GuideUDes for
Upgradioa EZ1.Uoa Bui1dioas, 1987
(6e) Joiut Army-Air Porce Mauual, tK 5-809-11, APK 88-3, Chapter 14,
De.1gn Critaria for Pacilitie. in Areas Subject to Typbooua and
HurricaDe., Juce 21, 1983
(6f) Joint Army-Navy-Air Porce Mauual, tK 5-1300, NAVPAC P-397,-
APK 88-22, Structures to Resist the Effects of Accidental
ExploaioDB, Karch 1, 1971
6-6
:
Ie
I
KIL-HDBK-1l90
C1IAPTER 7
PROTECTIVE CONSTRUCTION CRITERIA
A. DBPINITI0NS
1. p..sive Meellurea. ProtecUve CODatructlol1 1e c1efllUld .. thoae
pue1ve _asurell that call be effacted by CODatrucUon-related acUvitiea
to reduce or DUllify the effectll of all attack UPOIl Departaellt of Detaue
1l1l1tal1&tlollll or ellhance tbe recouperablllty ot tbe .tlltary 1l1l1tal1&tlol1
after 811 attack. or botb. The tetlll lncludea c:.aouflage or -toae-dllWll-
paillUII8; pbydcal IITotectlol1 ...111l1 t biologlcal. cbtlll1cal. aad
radlologlcal agellta; pbyalcal aacurlty or alltl-terrorlsm protactloll; and
atrell8thenill8 (hardenill8) of lItructures. It doea DOt fully _brace all
alaMllta of paslllve defeDae auch as cOlltrol of electroDic -.1l1alou.
'_!!Ilzation progr_. and protective clotb1l18.
2. TyPfa of Facilitiell. SCI1I8 of tbe facllitiell thet aho'.l1d be
cOllllldered or protective colllltructloll are:
a. Alrcraft sbelure.
b. Am=Jnitioll and veapollll lItorage facllitle. accordiag to
DoD 60S5.9-5TD (refarellce (7a. I
c. CcnaIIIand and COlltrol f.clli tle
d. Cmm'lllcatlollll faeilitiaa.
e. Petroleum. all., aDd lubrlcanta (POL) facl1ltles.
fii Other facilities heD e requiremeDt 11 established by the
re.polllllble Kllltary Depare.&lIt.
B. POLICY POR PROVIDING PROTECTION
Protectlve coutructlol1 1. one alternativa -lIB -IIY that are
available to reduce the vulllerability to att.ck all forces and .tae1ou.
When IITeparll18 project1ou of future force requir_nte and po.turaa, tbe
uaed for protective cOlllltructioll ....ur.. and tbe benefita to lie derived
therefr_ ahould be cOllllldered. Protective COll8tructiOIl coate vary fr_
llear sero for lIuch iteaa aa proper aite aelectlol1 for new tacl11tlea and
the proper choice of colore for painl:1ag to reduce tbe aue witb whlcb 811
attacker call ldelltify targeta, to tbe cetr_ apelllle of auch lteaa .. the
hardaDiag of command POlite to withetaad direct or aaar diract lapaCtll of
large aeale DUclear veapollll." When plaaulll8 facll1tl.., a cCllplete rall8e
of probable hostile acUOIlll lhould be couldared al01l8 with coetly
alternativea and tbe importance of tbe tacility to be protected.
18pOrtauce of facl1ltlel call flrat be detetlll1ned uliag tbe crlterla abova
111 paragraph 060506, JCS Publicatlol1 3. V o l ~ 1 (referellce (7b. Theil a
7-1
HlL-BDBIt-1l90
realistic enemy attack should be assumed that is consistent with
-intelligence iufom.eUon aDd extrapolaUollS to the time perlod during
vhlch the fscll1ty is to funcUon effecUvely. It should be noted that a
enemy attsck changes with protective measures employed, aDd is
related to the total enemy capability as veil aa other targets that could
be attacked. llavever, cOll8ideration should be given to prcwiding II1l11ul
protective meaaures ill all facilities where there is s significant risk to
perSOllllel.
C. PROTECTION or POL PACILITIES
All future cOll8trucUon of Ia1Utary bulk petrol_ iaatallatioaa aDd
related facUities should provide suitable protection agaiaat 8Il_y
action or sabotage, or both. The facilities covered include rail aDd
vater terminal facilities, tsnkage, trsnsfer facilities, sDd the major
appurtenances thereto that are necessary to ensure a contiuued
- operational capability c_nsurate with the overall protection afforded.
:

1. ExlsUng Military PaciliUes. Each Militsry Department should


e:um1ne its existing lII111tary bUlk petroleUll iastallatiollS aDd related
facilities to deterll1ne if protection is required, the degree necessary,
aDd a relative priority for accomplishment.
2. Exlsuhg Leased Pacilities. Each MUitary Department should ...
e:um1ne its existing leesed c_rcial bulk' petroleWl 11l8tallaUollS aDd
related facilities in lII11itary use to (1) the feasibility of
addill8 protective measures, (2) the degree required, aDd (3) the relative
priority for accomplishment, or the tranafer of petroleWl products to
otber dispersed or protected facilities according to DoD Directive 4140.25
(reference (7c.
D. PALLOUT PROTECTION
1. Policy Guidance. Fallout protection for Department of Defell8e
personnel, their depeDdents, aDd the general public should be provided 1D
military facUiUes according to the policy guidance given in DoD
Directive 3020.35 (reference (7d. This directive implements the
applicable lavs and executive orders that require, with certain
esceptiollS, that all military faciliUes be dee1gned ue1ng techniques
developed bY the Pederal Emergency Management Agency (FEKA), to
opt1lll1&e tbe fallout protection that can be provided by the facility.
TbJ.s requirement 1a not lilll1ted to the protection of Department of
DefellSe persoDDel, but is inteDded to furtber tbe inclusion of fallout
protection in all nev facilities aDd to make such protection available to
tbe public at large when lII1l1tary cOl18ideratiollS permit.
2. Arcbltect-Ell8ineer Pirma. Because of tbe training aDd
educational progr_ of the F!HA, IIlOSt Architect-Engineer (A-E) firma
bave developed a familiarity aDd competence with these design techniques,
as have tbe architectural aDd engineeriag orgaD1zatiollS of the Military
7-2

\.
,
MIL-IIIlBIt-1190
Departments. It 111 necesaary, bovever, wen ensag1ns an A-E flrm to
deslgn a facl1ity conta1nins fallout protectlon, to determine that the
A-E firm does, lnfact, have the required technical cOlllpetence in thls
ares and, when required. & high c!e;ree of cQ!!pet8ucy in r
ad
1at!oll
abieldins technology. The fallout protecUon lUI&1yda abDuld be _de by
a quallfied archltect or ansineer wo hae been certlfied by tbe FEMA aa
be1ns proflclent 1n fallout ahaltar analyala.
E. DESIGN AGAINST TIlE EFFECTS OF HUCLEAlI. OR. HIGB EXPLOSIVES
Almost any design whlch lncludes atreagtbenlns of a facillty to
protect qa1ll8t the effecta of lII1clear or bigh aploa1ve veapoll8 will
require atructural strenstb of a degree eo far beyond llOr.al design that
no nanderd or well undaratood technique will be avaUable. The lack of
raallstlc aavlronments in wlch to teat deslgns hae resulred In.a .uch
hlgbar degree of dependance on analyUc techniques and _th.....Ucal
aodellns 111 parmi tted In IlOl"IIl&1 design. The tendency 11 to be very
cOllllanat1ve In tbe approach to deslgn, vhich ls 11lCCllIIpadbla with the
achievement of Il&UlIUlD econCDY. Hearly every probleID ls unlque and
requires tbe b1ghest degree of lIechanlcal cCDpetence and _tb_tlcal
facility in both deslgn and revlew. The td-5ervlceHaaual, nl: 5-1300,
HAVPAC 1'-397, AFH 88-22 (retereaee (7a abDuld be dudns tbe dealgu
of adlltary facl11tles.
F. l'IIYSICAL SECUB.ITY
Physical security sbDuld be couldered in tlla desi8l1 ol all new
adl1tary facUlties. DoD Sloo.76-tt (referellCe (7f and DoD 5210.41-ti
(refarellCe (78 provlda requirements for ...,apollll sr:orage facUltles.
All facl11tles vhlch bandle. lIl81ntaln, produce, store, or \l8e
radloactlve materials sllould be deslgned to decommissionlns at
tbe end of lts uaeful life. The facility and ,lte _at be aecured to
protect public lIealth and aafety or decont&lD1nated to acceptable realdual
cont&lD1nation levela.
REFERENCES
(7a) DoD -DoD Ammunltlon and Exploalvea Safety StaDdarde,-
July 31, 1984, Authorlzed by DoD Directlve 6055.9,
November 25, 1983
(7b) JCS Publication 3, Volume 1, -(C) Jolnt Loglstlcs and Per.oUllel
PoUcy and Guidance (U)- (&'Vallable through 1II111tary publ1cacloQ
channels on a need-to-know hasls)
(7c) DoD Dlrectlve 4140.25, of Bulk PetrOleum Product.,
Storage, and Dlstrlbutlon Facl1ltles,- Kay 15, 1980
(7d) DoD Directive 3020;]5. -Development, Uee. .nd Stock!ns of
Fallout Shelters,- July 31, 1972
7-3
KIL-BDBK-1l90
REFEIlENCES (contimed)
(7e) 'rd-Service HaDUal, '1M S-1300, RAVFAC 1'-397, UK 88-22,
-Structures to aesist the Effects of Accidental ExplosioDS,-
March 17, 1971
(7f) DoD Sl00.76-K, -Physical Security of Sensitive Coaveational Arma,
"_mition, aad Exploshes, - February 1983, Autborbed by DoD
Directive 5100.76, 1 JUDe 1978
{7a> DoD 5210.41-K (C), -Nuclear Veapone Security Kamal (U),-
March 9, 1983, Autborized by DoD Directive S210.41,
Sept.-ber 12, 1978
7-4
- KIL-BDBK-1l90
CHAPTER 8
ENERGY CONSERVATION CRITEUA
A. PllllPOSE
. Tb1s cbapter referellCes pollcy, staDdarcla, aad 111D1m= criteria to
euure that enersy cOllSenins dedps are 4eveloped for new cOllatNction
aad ..jor renovat10n projects. Inersy cOllaenation features required 1n
other chapters of this baDdbook should be illCorporated into project desigas
unle.s a llfe cycle cost aDalysis indicates that other alternatives are
aore effective. Enersy efficient desiBD8 shall satisfy tbe requir...nts
for human comfort aDd the operstional requirements of facilities at the
lawait l1fe eyele eost.
I. GENIlBAL REqUIREMENTS
1. Within tbe 111111.ts of. fUDctionality aDd life cycle cost
effectiveness, all fac11ities shall be desiped to .et the Dedp EnerBY
Tarsets shown in table 8-1.
2. Bacb desip project shall illClude all life cycle cost effective
energy coneerv1n; alternatives which do !lot advereelt affeet the
fUDctiollS of the facility.
3. Bacb diaa1p project shall IIIlIZ1I111.Iie tbe use of rnewable enerBY
sources aDd II1n11111.ze foss11 eneray usass to the -nmwa aUnt of llfe
cycle cost-effectiveness.
4. Tbe eneray life cycle cost aaalyses for aay new bu11diQ8 or
major renovation project that is heated aad exceeds 20,000 ft2
[l,8S8 1Il
2
J, or is beated aad air-e:oadHioned ollly aad u:ceeds 8,000 ft
2
[743.2 a2J shall be perfor.ed usins a recoga1&ed aDd
proven COIIlputer progr8lll that allova for the intasration of architectural
features aad beaUns aad air coadiUoD1ns eyet_ to deterll1ne that eucb
features aDd syst_ vill result 1n the l_st life cycle cost.
C. STEP-IY-STEP PIlOCIlDURE FOil TllIRTY-FIVE PBIlCBNT IIBSIGR
Tbe proCedures 1adieated below should he fo11_d to euure that each
des1p includes all cost-effective enerBY eonservaUon alternatives.
Steps one tbrough three of tbe 11fe cycle cost analysis should reflect the
actual use of the fae111 ty, illCludins the buildins OCCUpallCy, hours of
operat10n, internal loeds, aDd proc..s loads. Step four of the eDa1yais
1s a measure of tbe eneray .ff1cleDCY of the 4eslp for cOlllparison
purposes. This analysis shall not illClude proce.. loads but sball be
based OD tbe hours of operation .how 10 table 8-1.
8-1
- MIL-BDBK-1l90
1. Step=ODe Aoalysis.
a. StaDdard 90A. The all81ysis sbau1d be based OD the eDerIY
coaaervatioD criteria of the latest editioD of ASBRAE/IES StaDdard 90A
(reference (8a, ucept tut tllUlll1uaUoD levels aDd clesip temperature
criteria should be iD accordaDce v1th chapters 9 aDd 10 respectively of
tllis IlaDdbook.
b. Basaline Dedr. lD ..sditioD, the analysis should evaluate
otller traditional dedID optioaa, luch as tile bulldillS orientatioD, type
of beatillS, veDtUat10D aDd air coDditioullS (BVAC) syatea, type of
w1DdClllrl, aDd horuoDtal aDd vertical projectioDB, to deteraUDe the mst
COlt-effective baleline dedID. Life cycle coat studiel coDducted .a
part of tile nep-one analys1a shall be based OD the general ecoDOII1c
studies criteria of OKB Circular A-94 (referaDce (ab (that is. 10
perceDt diSCOUDt rate. couataDt-do1lars approach, project calendar aDd
t1aea coats iDcurred based 00 actual projections). Previous energy life
cycle coat analysea that are updated or revised, or both, or analYlea
prepared of geoeric-type eaergy alternatives may be used for tbe stap-oDe
all81ysis to the uteDt tbat tbey are applicable to the project under
desip. The step-ODe analysis should be tbe baaeliDe desiID for the
atep-evo analysts.
2. Analyeis. The analysis should use tile cledlD tll8lll
approacbcompare the baseliDe desiID from step-Due to all special
eDarIY couaervil1S features and systeas that appear eppropriate to tile
project under dedID. The features aDd systems should ioclude ill8ulatioo
tll1ckDesa (roof aDd vall), 1lIIproved electrical aDd 1I8cheu1cal equiplleot,
aDd palll1va solar alternatives aucb as natural UgbtillS. The Ufe cycle
coet analysis shall be based 00 Deparblent of EDergy (DOE) Federal Energy
MausgeaeDt Progr.. (FEKP) criterie accordillS to the provisions of the
lateat versiOD of 10 cra 436A (refereoce (8c. Guidance OIl the
IIlSthodology l118y be obtaiDed from NBS HaDdbook 135 (reference (ad.
Previoua energy Ufa cycle COlt analyses l118y be updated or rev1.sed, or
both, or geDeric studies may be uled for the step-eva analysis to the
exteDt that they are applicable to the project under desip. The resulu
of tll1s auelysis should lIDdify the "baseliDe desigD of step-oDe. Thb
aodified cledlD should beCOlUl the DeW basel1De dedp for the step-three
enalysis.
3. Step-Three Aualya1e. The "baseliDe dedp frOlll step-eva shall
be COIIlpared to a s1lll1lar desiID, 1Dc1udillS active Bolar domestic bot
vater aDd space heaUlIS systems. The Ufe cycle cost aualys1s shall use
tbe FEKP criteria. The SavillSB to IDvestmeDt Ratio (SIll) aDd the
diacouoted payback period shall also be calculated. If active solar is
shoWD to be cost effective, the step-eva basel1De" design shall be
modified accordillSly aDd becOllle the Dew baseliDe design. Previous Ufe
cycls cost aoalyses of active solar dOlll8stic hot vater aud heatillg
8-2
."

"
MlL-lUlIli.-1190
'ySUIIIS may be Ilpdated 01' revi,ed, 01' both, 01' seDeric studies may be
u.ed for the step-three &Da1ysb to the ateDt that they are applicab.le
to the project UDder desian
4. Step-lour ADalysis. The Dedp EDergy Target for tbe bulldiDll
,ball be calculated aDd compared vith the a,sisned Dellian BDergy Tar,et
in table 6-1. Nonpurchued euergy, aueh as active solar, aball DOt be
iDCluded in the c_parisoa of ulcu1llted aDd asaianed DesiJD Baergy
Targets.
D. PINAL DESIGN PROCEDlJRE
Tbe coacept le"el Ufe cycle co.t aulyaes for the 3.5 perceat dea1JD
.hould be reviewed aDd revised as aec.aaary. ky euersy cOUllenation
feature identified duriug flDal des1an aDd not addressed lD the 3.5
percent de.ian aDalyses should be iDYeatigated. If co.t effective, the 3S
percent dedp Ufe cycle cost 4Da1ysia, lue1udiug calculation of tbe
Deslp Energy Target, shall be re.rised accordiaaly aDd the feature
iacorporated lato the deslJD.
B. SPECIAL S'1'U1lIES
1.' l'boto"oltaic. A photo"oltaic pover seDeratioa .tudy cOllPadDll
tbe -hasaUne- desip with prospectlve photovolta1c apPlicatiou .ball be
performed for applicable projects. Sllcb project. iaclude cathodic
protectlon of pipeliaes, cathodic protectloa of brld,e. aDd vater tovere,
data l1Dks, emergeacy aDd resclle commuuicatioue, lightiug, load ceater
pover, urk1ug aDd varD1ug devices, lI111tary rauge lIllD1toriug aDd
coDdltioniug eqll1pment, lIOD1todug aDd aeueiug devicaa, aav1getioDSl
aids, perimeter security devices, rellOte cosmun1catioD aitu, r.-ote
iutruaentat10D, remote weatber .tatioDS aDd trauam1tters, repeater
atatioue. aDd vater p_piug aDd pur1ficatioa. The l1fe cycle cost
aDalysls shall uee the PEKP crlterla.
2. WiDd BDergy Coavers1oD Systems (WECS). fie usa of wiDd power
.hould be coueidered only if an evaluation demonatrate. that a .Ilfficieat
_an _1 viDd exist, for WEeS to ecoDOll1cally _et all 01' a
.iJD1f1cant fractioa of the load ~ D d . The lIll.t ecoDOll1cal appl1catiou
of wes ls the geDeratioD of electricity u.lug .-11 viDd turblDe
,eneratora. with 01' withollt .torage. located at r_te aites. The lack
of a demouetrated reliability of these ..chlDes to date lDdlcate. that
..treme cautloa .hollld be Ilsed before applicatioD, e.pecially for
critical loeds at r8lllOte .ltes. Also, co.t project10DS for lIainteDSDCe
aDd repalr are critlcal 1tems in the econaa1c aualysis.
3. Geothel'lD&1 Bnergy. The use of seothermal euergy .hollld be
coueiderea lu areas of provea reserves 01' 1D areas that have a high.
poteatlal for ,eothermal resources.
8-3
I,
CD
I
&-
TAILIl 8-1
...lt1IlIllft C1I ..rosa
..SIGIf IIlBIIGT UIGftS - (000) ItU/SQ ",n 1
....100 1 "1100 2 "'100 3 "1100 4 "1100 5 "1100 6
.
"1100 7
CDD (2000 <2000 <2000 <2000 <2000 )2000 )2000
5500- 4000- 2000- 2000-
IUILDIIlG CATEGORt BOD )7000 7000 5500 4000 0-2000 0-2000 4000
BOUSIIIO 7
710 hall, 60 50 45 U 40 60 60
720 Uoacco.paoled '.r.oooal 60 50 U U 40 55 60
INDUSTRIAL 6 85 80 U 70 60 65 75
220 'rocluctloo
890 Otber (U Local
De.crlpUoo)
IIISTlrinlOllAL
730 Co.-uolt, 'acilitle. - 65 60 50 U 35 40 45
'.r.oooal 6,
,ir. 8taUoo 7
740 Co.-uolt, 'acilltl - 65 60 50 U 40 45 45
Hord. 6,
Welfare allll
IecreaUooal,
.Ioterlor
c,.n..l .... 8 55 55 50 50 45 50 50
Club. 8 70 70 70 65 60 70 70
TIIeat.n 9 60 60 55 55 50 55, 55
Dlolne 'acilltl 8 70 U U 60 60 70 75'
Audltorlu.. 12 50 U 40 30 30 30 35
760 Hu.e.... aDd
HlOIIorlala 3,6 50 U 35 30 20 25 3D

~
t"
I
,
...
...
'"
o
"
TABLI 1-1 (cootlaue4)
"'AI1IlII1r Of ..rusl
..SICll IIlIICt TAICITB - (000) ITIJ/aq "'ft 1
...100 1 100 Z
"'100 ) ...100 ..
"'100 5 "'100 6 ...100 7
CDD (ZOOO (2000 (ZOOO (ZOOO
0000 >2000 >2000
55DO- ..000- ZOOO-
ZOOO-
IUILDIHG CA!ICOIt HOD >7000 7000
55110 .. O-ZOOO O-ZOOO ..000
OrrlCl 6
(Le.. Th.o 50 50 ..0 ..0 ..0
'" '"
1,000 ftZ
I1U.Z .zu
(Cr.atu Th.o U
'"
..0 ..0 )5
"0
..0
1,000 ftZ
(7U.Z .zu
610 ...lot.tr.tl.. 114..
6Z0 ....ot.tr.tl
Structur
lhI4er.rouo4
690 Other (U Locel
De.cdptloo)
PlISOI
55 55 SO 50 U SO 55
710 Coofl....ot 'ocl1lt,
.
(Stocb4e) Z,7
U8U1Q1 AIlD "'IILOftIlIII 6
7S 7S 60 55 U 50 65
110 UD ..... Te.t 'ocllltl..
190 Other (U.. Local
De.crlptloo)
90 10 70 60 55 60 70
210 Metoteuac.
'eclUtl 10
1)0 .....04r, .04
Dr, ",6
7..0 C.....r, 5, 1 .
7S 7S 70 60 60 60 70
is
)'
8
'"

....
....
..,
o
0>
I
0'
TAILI 8-1 (coDtlaued)
DIPAIlTIlIlIrf or DlnlSI
DlSICII 1II1G1 TAICITS - (000) IITU/llQ nlft 1
IelloD 1 lelloD 2 IelloD ] lellDD 4 lellon 5 lellon 6 lellon 7
COO (2000 (2000 (2000 (2000 (2000 )2000 )2000
55DO- 4IlOO- 2000- 2000-
BUILDING CATBllOI'f BDo )7000 7000 5SDO 4000 0-2000 0-2000 4000
SCHDOL 6 65 60 50 40 40 4S 50
171 Tralnlos racilitlaa
(Includea rlllht
SI.alatloD racilitlee
7]0 Dependent luree.,
School
7]0 Dependent llnderaerten
School
7]0 Dependent Grade School
1]0 Dependent Hllh School
STOIlAGll 7
440 (Heated or Hu.Ult, 60 55 45 40 ]0 ]5 50
Control, or loth)
4]0 Cold Stou8e 95 95 95 90 80 85 100
440 (Kinl... HeaU... and ]) ]0 25 15 15 20 20
Ventilation to Protec
Itora,ed Kerchaodiee)
UTlLlTlIS 7 ]0 25 20 20 15 20 25
811 Electric Power
820 Heat and lefrl,eratlon
(Air-COndltlonl ...)
\
~
r;'
8
'"
~
...
...
'" o
~ :
"
"
MIL-BDBK-1l90
tABLE 8-1 (eontlaued)
1 Applies only to energy consumed within tbe building 5-ft [l.S-m] line,
based on tbe Department of Energy (DOE) building categories allCl weatber
aGnes.
2 Uee OI11y that portion relating to eODfi_nt faeilitiea. Uee
applicable Military Department flve- or au-d1git "tqory code to
identify. For ezample, tbe Air Force will use 730 831 aIlCI otber
appropriate aubcategory code
3 Uae OI11y that portion relating to bu11ding8. Uae applicable Mil1tary
Department five- or aix-digit category code to identify.
4 Use OI11y that portion pertaiDing to laundry and dry deaDing
fae11itlea. Uae applicable Military Departaent five- aDd six-digit
category code to identify.
S Uae only that portion pertaiDing to uebange aDd cOllllll1aaary faeilitiea.
Uee applicable Mili tary Department five- or a1z-d1s1t catesory code to
identify.
Operatioaal hours upon which Deslan Energy Tarseta hAve been based are ae
follows. Enersy tarset caleulatioDB abell be baaed on tbeae operatiJla
tt.es, even though actual oparatiaa times uy differ.
6 10
hours per day, 5 days per week.
7 24
hours per day, 7 day. per week.
8 16
hours per day, 7 days per week.
9, a'hours per day, 7 day. per week.
10 24
hours per day, 6 days per week.
11 12 hoUri per day, 6 days per _ek.
12 3 hours per day,' 5 days per week.
a-7
KIL-BDBI.-1l90
(8&) ASHIlAE/IES StaDdard 90A (Ava1lable fro. the Alaerican Soc1ecy of
Beatina, Befriaeration and Air ConditloDina Enaiaeers)
(8b) OKB Circular No. A-94, -DhcOUDt Rates to be Used 1n Eva1l&atina
T1me-D1strlbuted Costa and Benefits,- Karch 27, 1972, Office of
Manas_nt and Budaet, Waabilllton, D.C. 20500
(8c) Coda of Federal Ilqulatiou (en), TiUe 10 (Bner.y), Part 436,
Subpart A
(Sci) NBS iialldbook 133, ~ L i f a Cycla Coat iiallU&l for the Federal EiierllY
MalUla_nt Proar.., - lIational Bureau of Standards, Bulldil18 101,
Route 270, Gaithersbur., KD 20899
8-8

.
..

KIL-llDBK-1l90
ELECTRICAL CRITERIA
A. LIGHTING
1. DeB1p Ilequiremenu. The dedlJD of interior, uurior, aDd
sporte ligbt1Dg sbould be accord1Dg to tbe f,md_ntals of the US
LiS!!t!.::; !!a!!.dhook (reference (9.. puhlllMd by the Illullliaat1as
EDgineeriDg Society (IES).
2. L1
g
ht16! InteD8it1es for Facilities.
required for til predCliillDSnt specific visual
pravided by tbe general illumination for tbe
llecocaeDded iateDeities
tub in aa area 11&1 be
area.
I ~
s. CODaenation Ilequiremente. IllumiD8tion levels, 111
conjunction witb energy cODaervation, should be obtained by the moet life
sysle s08t-effective techDiquss iucludiaa, but not limited to, tbe
folIOViDg:
(1) Multiple svitchiDg of IIU1til.-p future. or raaltiple
sv1tchiDg of future groups in large rooms, or both, to pem1t lights to
be turned off et unoccupied vorlt .statioDS aDd iDStall1Dg two 1aJIIps in
four-lamp fixtures hsviDg integral toggle avitches capable of
diecoDDectiDg one ballast (two lamps) frOID tbe supply lIOurce.
(2) Time clock or photoelectric cOQtrol, or botb, of gell8ral
iDdoor aDd outdoor l1ghtiDg.
(3) Kultilevel lIVitched ballasu to provide aOlWlliform
general ligbtiDg.
(4) Kore efficient lightiDg sources, futures, lamps, aDd
use of solid-state ballasts.
(S) Grid-type ceiliDgs with tbe capability of interchaDgiJ18
reloutable panels aDd l1ght1118 f1stures without rev1r1.Dg. Thla type of
ce1liDg should provide the fluibllity to acc_date cbaug88 1.D
functioual requirements at tbe occupants.
(6) Lover vauage lamps (3S-vaU versUB 4o-att fluorescent
lampa).
b. Special ReqUirements. If an lntetll!llty greater than 75
footcaDdles [807 lux) is required for a particular taak, the add1tioDaJ.
footcsDdles should be provided by local1l:ed (supplementary) llaht1q. The
ratio between general aDd supplementary IllumiDStlon should not uceed
those rec_Dded by the IES. Supplementary lightiDg normally should be
pravlded by tbe user of tbe facility. However, pover for such lightlDg
should be provided.
9-1
KIL-BDBIt-1190
c. Env1rollllllntal Factors. The f1nish sad color of surround1D8
-aurfacea, equipment, aad furniture should be selected for reduced glare,
increased light use, aad acceptable brightaess balaace; L1ght1D8
equipmeat aad layout should be coordinated With other buildiD8 design
features to preveat iaterfereaces aDd to promote a good appearance.
d. Cra.s-Refereuce of DoD Fadlities to IES tables. In 110_
iustances, the aaaes aDd functioua of facilities used by the Department
of Defeass are GOt tbe s... a&mas sad functions of similar faciliti..
given in the IES tables of Recommeaded Levels of Illumination IES
Ligbtill8 Haadbook (reference (98)>. For the purpose of cOlllparillOn, the
following cross-references of types of facilities are sbovu in table
9-1.
9-2

. ..
. .
KIL-BDBK-1l90
TABLE 9-1
DOD - US CROSS JEFERE!lCE OF F ~ I L I T I E S r
DoD Facility Designation -
Name or Function
&dm1D1strstive Areas
Chapels
ClaasroCllll Buildiaas
DiD1aa Facilities
Exchaaae Facilities
Guard Bouses aDd Br18s
'ark1aa for IUl1tary
Vehicles (with lIl1nor
repair areas)
Service Clubs
Unacc_paDied 'ersonnel
Bousiaa
Vehicle Kaintenance
FaciUties
Warehouses
9-3
IES Table. DignatioD -
Name or Function
Office., Draftiq, Conference,
aDd ACCOUDting IloClllll
Churches aDd Synqogues
Schools
Food Service racilitiea
Stores
-Municipal Buildings -
Pire aDd PoUce
'ark1ng Areas aDd Sarvice
Stationa
AppUcable Areas of
Auditoriums, Pood Service
Pacilities, Ofticea,
School., aDd Stores
Garage. aDd Service
StatiolUl
Storage IloCllll8 or Varehou
------
----- -
MIL-BDBK-1l90
e. Bayar Illum1utioD. The U1Dtatlled general lllUlll1natioD
leval of hall8ars sbould Dot Bc:ead 75 foot c:alldles [807 lWt).
f. Warebouse IllWl1natioD. The geDeral illuminatioD level iD
varehouses should Dot ac:eeel the values sbova ill table 9-2 as lIlflasured st
4 ft [1.2 m) above the f1Dished floor.
TABLE 9-2
ILLDKINATIOR IN lWlEBOUSES
IDtellllity
Type. of Warehoudll8
Footc:sDdles (LWt)
Active-Bulk
1
10 108
BiD 2
5 54
Iuc:tive 5 54
,
Hec:haDic:al Material HaDdllll8:
Acc:umulatioD COlIVeyor Lines
(Ull1II&llDed ) 10 108
CODtrol Centers aDd StatioDB 30 323
Loadtag aDd UDload1118 Areas 20 215
Hac:k 20 215
1 MaiD alsles may be lighted to IS footc:aadles [161 lWt).
2 Spec:ialil:ed llghtiag dea1ped to U1Wll1nate the bill8, as required,'
ahall be provided by the bulldtll8 user.
g. Exterior Sports IlIWll1natioo. Outdoor sports l1ght1118 shall
c:onform tn the c:lasB1f1c:atioll8 stated in the !ES L1ghtill8 Handbook
(referenc:e (9a, as shova io table 9-3.
9-4
_..
o

MlL-HDBK-1190
TABLE 9-3
.
rES SPORTS CLASSIFICATIONS
Sports Act:ivi ty
lIaseball
Pootball
Softball
Otbar
rES Classification
Municipal and Semiprofessional
Class III or IV
Industrial League
Recreational
I.

b. Illumination in Functional Areas of Otber Pacilities. The .


leneral illumination levels in functional areas of otber facilities sbould
not aceed the intensities sbovll in table 9-4.
TABLE 9-4
ILLDMlNATION IN FUNCTIONAL All!AS OP OTHER PACILITIES
Intensity
Functional Aress
Pootcandles [LU.1t)
Account1na Rooms is aOi
AuditoriUlllS 20 215
Cafeterias 25 269
Computer Rooms 50 538
Conference Rooms 30 323
Corridors 10 108
Drat tina Rooms 75 807
Elevator Machine ROODS 15 161
Emergency Generator Rooms 15 161
. 9-5
KlL-llDBIt-1190

'IAIlLB 9-4 (col1t1nued)


D.LDKINATIOH IN FUNCTIONAL A1lEAS OF OTHER FACIL1TUS
lzIteuity
Functioaal Areae
Footcaadle. (La)
Garase DriviD8 aud ParldD8 Areaa 5 54
Garage Entrancea 30 323
General OfUce Space 50 538
Janitor'a CloaeU 5 54
&itcheu 70 753
Lobb1ea 15 161
ft
I
Loungea 15 161
Kec:hanical aud Electrical Equipment Rooms 15 161
ParldD8 Lote 0.5 5
Stairwaya 20 215
Storese Rooms 5 54
Switchgear RoOlllS 15 161
Toilet Facilitiea 20 215
Tranaformer Vaulta 15 161
i. Special Facility 1l1Ulll1naUon. Wheu fluoresceut or
high-iutenaity discharge l1ghtiD8 is prohibited aad the required
iutenaity exceeds 30 footcandles [323 lux]. the geueral l1ghti118 system
.hould be desigued for iucaadesceut l1ghti118 of 30 footcaadlea [323 lUX]
with aupple.entary iucaadesceut l1ghti118 for specific taaks where
required.
3. E.ergency Light1!1!l. ElIlergeucy l1ghti118 aystems should be provided
in accordance with the requirellleuts of NFPA 101 (referel1ce (9b. lu ~
9-6

HlL-BDBK-1190
buildiags vitti urge electrical loads, full cODllideratioa should be givea
t.o t.he poaalble ecoaomies fl:om t.he use of higher volt.saes or fl:ell\lllDd.es,
or botb, for the light.iag system.
4. Ent Lighting' Ex1 t lightiag aDd uit sigDs should coDfol'lll t.o
NFPA 101 (refereace (9b.
B INTEIlIOIl ELECTIliCAL FACILITIES
1. Codes. !lect.l:ic light.iDg aDd power .yat._ wit.hia buUditl8s aDd
facU1Ues .hou1d be lDat.al1ed accordiag to t.be ut.est rnisiou to t.he
applicable NatioDa! Fire Protect.ioa Associat.ioa (RFPA) Codes (refereace
(9b
2. System Charact.erhtics. Syst._ dlaract.edstics should provide for
t.he most ecoaomic81 aDd efficieat distributioa of eaergy.
a. Volt.ages. Volt.ages should be of t.he highest. odel: couiat.ent.
wit.b t.be load served. Siagle-phase 120/240 or t.hree-phsse 20SY/120 volt.s
ehould geaerally be used t.o serve clllllbiDlld iDeaDdeaceat aDd fluorescent,
. high-iateuity discharge lightiag, aDd nall power loads. Where
practical aDd economically feasible, a three-phase 48OY/277-volt. syst.em
should be used. Ot.her volt.ages .y be used Where required.
b. Frequencies. Where ot.her t.haa 60 liz power 18 supplied, for
esample 50 liz, the frequeacy .upplied should be used were pract.ical.
Where frequeacies otber t.haa t.hat locally avaUable are required for
t.eclmical purposes, frequeacy coaveraioa elluipmeat. .y be provided, or if
ecoaoaically just.ified, geaeratioa equipmeat. .y be iDllt.alled. Such
eqUiplaat. aorully should be provided by t.he user of t.be facUity. For
spedal faciliU88 were la-bouse prime geaerat.ioa _st. be provided aDd
ga. turbiaes are used, cODllideraUoa ehould be gi"ea t.o higber frequeacy
gaaerat.ioa, for example 800 Hz, to acbieve great.er efficieacy frlllll
fluoresceat. lightiag aDd t.o .1IIIpl1fy t.he apeed reduct.ioa frOlll t.urbiae to
aeaerat.or.
3. Alt.erast.ive Pover Sources.
a. General. Various .yst._ sad flmct.iou require alteraste
pover sources aDd relat.ed wiriag syst.ems t.o provide emergeacy power to
...eatial loads duriag periocia of iDt.errupt1oa of normal power sources.
b. Types. Alt.erasn power sou-cces .y couist of fued Ilr
port.able pr1llle-mover-drivea electric power geaerators or bat.teries. The
t.ypes of sources select.ed should be based on t.he ecoaomics, feasibility,
aud reqUirement.s of t.be appiicat.lon. Spare geuerat.or set.s, f!zed or
port.able t.ypes, are not. aut.ho-c1aed fOl: backup to alt.e'ClLat.e power I O ~ - c c e s
9-7
KIL-BDBlt-1190
c. Provill1oDB. The syst_ aad functioas listed below are
authorized to have alteraate power sources aad related viriag systema for
aerviag saaeDtial loads:
(1) Air aad Sea Navigational Aids (NAVAlDS), both visual aDd
electroll1cs.
(2) Air traffic CODtrol towers.
(3) Aircraft aDd aircrev alert facilities.
(4) Celltral fire statiODB, lllcludiag aaaoCiated
communicatioD8 aad celltral statioll equipmellt.
(5) Cold storage warehouses aDd major refrigerated storage
areas ..
(6) CommaDd aDd cOlltrol facilities.
(7) Commuuicatioll8 facilities, iucludiag bese celltral
telepholle eschaage facilities.
( 8 ~ Critical computer aDd automatic data processiaa syst_.
I
(9) Critical DUllitioDB aDd research processing syst_,
illcludiaa usociated safety, alam, aDd sbutdOVll s1st_.
(10) Critical utUity plallte.
(11) Dill1aa fecilities, olle per overseas military
iutallatiOD.
(12) Director of EDgilleeriag aad Housiag, base civil
eagilleeriag. aDd public works office cODtrol cellters.
(13) Disaster preparedlless cellters.
(14) Fire protectioD aDd alarm sys t8lll8.
(15) Hospitala.
(16) Law eaforeemeut aad saeur1ty police facilities.
illcludiaa 88sociated communicatioll8 syst8lll8.
(17) KissioD, property, aDd life support facilities at
remote aud llOt readily accessible sites, such as "top camps" for aircraft
warll1Dg aDd surveillauce ill8tallatiolls.
(18) Nuclear pover plaDts.
9-8

.
KIL-BDBlt-1l90
(19) Pbotosraphic laboratories providius critical and
e.-ential aupport to tactical lII1aaioDS.
(20) Petroleum. oila. and lubricanta (POL) storaae and
diapeDSiD8 facilities.
(21) Security USbtill8. and surveillance and vanill8
(22) WeapoDS ayat...
(23) Weather atations.
d. Loads Served. Loads eerved by alternate power sources ahould
be l1m1ted to those required to cI1rsctly npport ..sential or
miaaion-critical equipment. illuminstion. eaviroDmental control. aafety
lam. sbutdovn and start up equipment oec....ry for lI1asion
ae-Co.pli8ffiiea.t. Laada within differant atrtJCturu: or at var10-.:e
lOCStioDS .hould be conaoUdated so .s to be aerved by the .ame alternate
pover source when prscticable.
e. Ezistill8 Load CODSol1dation. Load conaoUdstion .hould occur
when (1) COlt effective aDd practicable (2) eld.stius .alternate paver
aourcea are to be replaced for lucb reasoDS U -ae oi insufficient
capacity. or (3) lII1adon chauses result in an S1UrseDcy load decrease
beyond 50 percent of the initial requirement upon which the alternate
.ource capacity for that mieaion vaa based. The practic.bility of load
consoUclation ahould be ba.ed upon a eurvey of all _rsency loads .nd
other alternate sources in the immediate .rea of the affected &Ource
When load consolidation i8 practicable, excess alternate paver &ources
ehould be removed. When load conaoUdation 1a DOt practicable, alternate
pover eource capacity ehould be appropriately reduced.
f. Alternative Pover Supply. For facilitiee haviUS _rsency
leneratius syatems vith capacities in exCe.. of 200 ldlCNau., or when
central aupervisory. _nitoriUS. aDd control ayateme exiat or are plaD11e4
for a II1Utary iDStallation. an ecoDOlll1c aD&lya1a .hall be pertor-d,
and. when co.t effective, installation of a delIand controller ahall be
considered. Coat-effectiveness .hall be baaed upon tbe practicality of
reducina deIlI&nd charles by pealt-ahavius Vith the _rlency lenerator or
seneratora normally provided for auch facilities as communications
inatallatioDS.
4. SpecificatioDS. Equipment aDd materiala .hall conform to' federal
apec1ficatioDS, or c_rc1al .Undards as prOlllU1pted by such
organicatioDS as the Underwritera' taboratoriel. Inc (reference 9ci
National Electrical Manufacturera Associationi lDatitute of Electrical and
Electronic'Eoaineersi and American National Standards lnatitute.
9-9
HIL-flDBlt-1l90
S. liirilll.
e. General. In general, viring should consist of insulated
conductor. installed in rigid conduit, intermediate metal conduit (IKC),
or electrical metallic tubing (EKT). Alulll1num conduit should DOt be used
underground or nbedded in concrete or 1II8sonty. Ketal-enclosed feeder or
plug-in bunays or aurfsce metal rac_ya 1II8y be uaed when required.
Flaible metallic armored or nonmetallic sheathed cablea _y be provided
for concealed branch circuits installed in areas not subject to
_chanical injury in fr_ and hollow block cOll8truction above finiahed
grade. Conductors shall be copper, escept that alulll1l1W11 _y be used in
sUes equivalent to' No.6 AWe copper and larger.
b. Ductil!l! and Cablil!l! System. Underfloor ducts or overhead
rac_ys for electrical viring, telephone and office aut01ll8tion cabling
sy8teIU shall be provided in adlll1Diatrative facilities. UDderfloor
electric41 duces, calJI" space, or rused floors ahall be used in
electronic data proceaaing (EDP) Or autOlUted data procesaing (ADP)
machine rooms and in research facilities when anticipated changes or
large equipment requirements can justify their use.
6. Telephone Service. Telephone service 1II8y be provided as
required.
C. EXTE1ll01l ELECTRICAL FACILITIES
1. Codes. Sys t_ and facilities should be according to the National.
Electrical Safety Code and the NFPA National Electrical Code (reference
(9d
2. Enerior Appearance and Location. Underground service should be
provided to those buildings on a III1litaty ill8tallation when overhead
service would conflict Vifo tbe desired architeetural effecf; to avoid
interference vitb overhead equipment, such as cranes; or when the building
aervice aceeds 600 volta. Tranefonaera, substatioll8, poles, _tel's, and
otber electrical equipllllnt should be located outside of buildings so as to
not detract from the appearance of tbe facility, particularly nonindustrial
facilities. When necessaty, architectural screening l118y be used to provide
a pleasiDg appearance, but the screening should assure no loas in the
equipment efficiency. Electrical equipalent should be mounted to tbe
vindward lI1de of vater apray or heat-produc1Dg mechanical equipll8nt, such
as cooliDg tovers, evaporative colldell8ers, and air-cooled condell8ers.
3. Distribution.

a. Overhead and Underground. When practicable, overhead


electriCal distribution lines shOuld be located along roads and streets to
avoid the use of separate poles for street lights (see subsection C.2.,
above). Underground distribution shall conform to chapter J. New
distribution systems aDd extell8iOIlB of uisting systems should provide for
tbe proper coordination of protective devices.
9-10
Itt
I
.,
KIL-HDBIt-1190
b. T'r:aDSformers. Power traDSformers normally ahould not be
1DStalled v1th1n bu1ld1ngs unlesa the s1ae of the loads and length of the
aecoDdary feeders would make the arrang8lllent advantaaeous. Air-cooled
traDSformers may be 1nstalled 1n adequately vent1lated spaces vhere
required.
4. Power Supply. the design of the power aupply for all faclliUu
ahould eDSure uzilllum continu1ty of operation, eapecially for priaary
a18810n requir_entB. Prov1a10Da ahould be .ade for 1Ia1nteD8DCe Deeda aDd
for cODllectiODS to portable generators Where required.
a. Total Energy (TE) Syst8llls. When tbe staDdby pover
raquireDenta of aDy nev facility or complex exceed 70 percent of the
total POVIlr raquir_ent aDd tbe atandby pover 18 redundant, a atudy ahould
be IUds to determine 1f it would be !IOU econGllical to prov1de 100
parcsnt atandby and a TE syst8lll. Such ayst.. should be provided 11
ecoDOlllicsl. A realistic review should abo be made of the long-tem
a"a1labU1ty of electr1c energy 1n the area of the propoaed CODatruct101l.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commiss10n sbould be regardias the
availabil1ty of electr1c power in any part1cular area. CollBideration
should be g1ven to TE for I118jor add1t1oDa aDd alterat10DS of ez1at11l8
facilitiea or complexes that operate 24 hours per day and use large
amounts of electr1c pover.
b. Select1ve Energy (SE) Syst81118. In any ar.a where (1) laseouB
or liquid fuels are 1n relat10n to electr1c energy; (2) there
..y be a question regardias the reserves of the c_rcial source; (3)
natural disasters auch as high winds, 1ce aad sleet are frequent
probl81118,.and 1n ae1B1111c aones; a atudy should be made to determ1ne
wether the cr1tical requir_enta should be aerved by a SE ayat_ w1tb the
remainder of the fac1l1ty served by a c_rcial source. The selected
syat_ ahould be besed on the results of tbe study.
REFEIWlCES
(9a) -IllUlll1ut1ng Eng1neer1ng Society (IES) Ught11l8 Handbook,-
IllUlll1DSt1ng Eng1neer1ng Soc1ety, 345 East 47tb Street,
Hev York, IlY 10017
(9b) HFPA 101, -National Pire Protection Associstion Ufe Safety Code,-
National F1re Protection Association, Batterymarch Park,
Quincy, MA 02269
(9c) Underwriters' Laboratoriea, Inc., PublicatioDS (available from
Ha"al Publ1cat101lB and Forma Center, 5801 Tabor Avenue,
Philadelphia, PA 19120) .
(9d) HFPA 70, "Hational Electrical Code, - Hatioul Fire Protection.
Asaociation, See reference (9b) above
9-11
MIL-BDBK-1190
AIR CONDITIONING. DEHUKIDUICATION. EVAPORATIVE COOLING. IlEATING.
MECHANICAL VENTILATiON. iNil atFRIGEBATION
A. GEllERAL POLICY
1. Criteria Intent.
Objective. The basic objective of these criteria is to
provide an appropriate level of environmental coD4itioDina at the o p t ~
cost.
b. Ufe Cycle Cost.
(1) All practical architectural aDd _chanical cClIIDponent
alternatives. aDd associated mainteDance and operational costs should be
included 1D life cycle coat analy.... Alcarnate choices ahould be based
O'll llfe cycle casts. i'iithe.r thaD first COlt. All =chan1e:l equipment
should be ill8talled with future mainteDance needs taken into account. such
as adequate accessibillty. aDd accordill8 to eatabUshed c_rc1al
practices.
(1) The Ufe cycle cost analyses should be conducted as
,
prescribed In chapter 8.
c Work Classification. AzJy dae space conditionill8 equiJllllent
1. 1"W pruperty aod the 1natallat1cD of = ~ h aqU1l==nt eball he f'wmded
as conatruction work for nev facilities aDd altaratlon work for calstlna
facillties. In existill8 facilities the work 18 classified ..
1l0acoll8tructlon (reference (lOk uDder the follovill8 c1rcUlUtancee:
(1) Clesn Rooms. Por prefabrlcated cleall rooms inataIled 111
nODSlr-conditioaed spaces or vben the central ayatem of the facility
caDDOt meet the humidity aDd temperature requlrements of the clean room
operatioa.
(2) Equlp1llent Operatioll. Por typ.. of equipmeat v1iere the
..uufacturer of the equlpll8at specifically states that the equlpll8llt IlUSt
be operated ia an air-conditiolled space.
(3) Operator Comfort. Por operator comfort vben the
equlJlllent to be iasWled Will bcrease the humidity or temperature
beyond raasoDSble comfort levele in the 1mmediate area of such equipment.
d. Eaers, CoMetvaUon. Air conditf.oDiIl8. dehUll1d1ficatlon,
evaporative coo11l18. heatina. _chanical veatilatioa, aDd refrigeration
ahould be selected. desiglled. aDd installed accordill8 to the requiresellts
for energy cOll8ervatioD. \/here a history of air temperature. prevailina
wiDd direction aDd speed are such that a detailed ell8ineerill8 analysis
ahows that satisfactory comfort coaditioDB can be maintained without air
coDditiooll18. mechanical ventilation or natural geatllatioa should be
provided.
10-1
MIL-BDBK-1l90
2. Weather nate. Weather data !!hgy14 be gbta1Ded frOlll the curreDt
editioD of the J01Dt Serv1ces Manual, 1M 5-785, NAVPAC P-89, AFH 88-29
(reference (lOa.
. 3. Use of Mechanical
OCcupants. e
or air-conditioned
ASBBAE Ventilation
for
a red
curreDt
4. Energy MDnitorilll and Control Syst_s. Cona1derat1on ahould be
g1ven to des1gDilll all nev facilities to be compatible with the future
applicatioD of eDergy monitorilll and control systems.
5. Special bcept10n to Policy in Ha_11. Prior to the start of
design. a ventilatIon feasibility study shOuld be conducted for all
facilities over 5.000 ft2 [464.5 m
2
) gross area. The study should
evaluate the feasibility of U8illl mechanical or natural ventilatioD. or
both, in lieu of air conditionilll. Ambient no18e levels and the
availability of .prevailing viDds should be addressed in the study. Where
found feadble, mechanical or natural ventilation, or botb. should be
iutul_d in lieu of air conditioDing.
B. SPACE CONDITIONING DESIGN
1. Design Basis.
a. ASBBAE Handbook of Fwdamentals. Beat gain and loea
calculations should be sa a minimum accordilll to the current edition of
the American Society of lleat1I11, Befrigerat10D and Atr ConditioDiIll
Engineers (ASII1IAE) Handbook of Fundamentals (refereDce (lOd. The U
or overall heat tranam1ssion factor should be determined as prescribed in
chapter 8.
b. Comfort Coolilll. The air-conditioned inside design
temperature for personnel comfort should be 15 degrees F [9.4 degreea C)
lass than the 2-1/2 percent outside dry bulb weather coDdition, (6ee
subsection A.5., above), but should not eKceed 78 degrees F [25.6 degrees
C) dry bulb or be less than 75 degrees [23.9 degrees C) dry bulb. The
dea1gn relative humidi ty should be 50 percent minimum or the design
temperature equal to the outside air' dew point design temperature, .
Whichever is less. (See section E., below).
c. Comfort lleatiUS. The heatilll inside design temperature for
personnel comfort should be 68 degrees F [20 degrees C) for administrative
(inactive employment) and liVing areas, 55 degrees F [12.8 degrees C) for
workilll areas (active employment), and 40 degrees F [4.4 degrees C) for
__ ft.aftft #fth. ffte_
D,-",.aaS; ,-,us;; _ -----0-
10-2

KIL-BDBK-1l90
d. General Purpo.e Warehou.e.. Warehou.e f.cilitie. for the
atorase of material. DOt aubject to freedna ahould not be heated .
Warebou.e facilities containina materials subject to freezina .hould be
deaigned to maintain an inside temperature of 40 degree. F {4.4 degrees
Cj. Varehouse areas with active empioymeot .hould De del1guea to ..iDeain
an inside temperature of 55 degree. F (12.8 degrees C). Areaa with
inactive employment or where ada1nistrative functiona are .hould
be partitioned and maintained at 68 degrees F {20 degrees C].
e. Facilitie. With and Without Attic Space.
(1) FaCilities With Attic Space. All facilities with
attic apace. which are to be air-conditionedbould be deaigned to
achieve mu:illUlD natural ventilation. Wh.n air conditionina la to be edded
to ui.atina facilities with Attie apaee. insulation ahoul4 be ed4e4 in the
attic space to meet the current requirem.nta.
(2) !xl.tina 'aciliti Without Attic Space.
(a) Droppe4 Ceiliag.. Wh.n air conditioning i. to be
added to uhtina facilitie. without attic apac and wh.r. there 1a a
dropped ceiling. inaulation ahauld be added above the eeilina to lleet the
eUrrciit requirmea.tii. I.u. add1t1oii.. the space hatnen t ... ..e hung ceiling
aDd the roof ahauld be ventilated vben poibl. to achiev. a minimum
of 1.S cfm/ft
2
(28 .3/h-m
2
J of ceiling area. When th';re are .naineerina
rea.ona for not ventUating an .ntire area. v.ntilation .boul4 be ua.4 to
tbe uz1mum extent poaalble. Attic area. betwe.n fire valla .boul4 be
v.ntilated individually.
(b) II1gh-Bay Bulldiaga. Wh.n Mngara bop
..rebou or other high-bay bU!14inaa are modified in part. or as a
Whole. by the 1nta:-ual iuatallat1cn of :cr=:l cc1l1:g heights to create
ada1niatr.tion. training or .imilar f.cilitiea. tb. ceilinaa .bould be
inaulated according to curr.nt r.quireaenta.
f. UEPH and UOPB. Air conditioning cOllpr...or or
chill.4 vuer .upply trOll a e.ntral plant for air conditioning 111 UEPB
aDd VOPa ahould be dud an th. ba.la of the apected Ulhting aDd
occupancy load
I. Chilled Water Syatems. All COIafort air conditioning .yateme
ua1ng chUl.a vater a6Duld use tii. cwo-pipy.telll only. Generally.
thr.e- and four-pipe syateme eannot be justified for cOllfort .pplieationa
and sbould DOt be used unlesa sbovn to be Ufe-cycl.-c:ost eff.ctiv.
through a d.tailed comput.r analysi
h. Corridors. Corridors in all new eonatruction .hould col1fotlll
to NFPA 90A (uference (10e. In ex.1ating beiliUe uclu41na _dieal
faciliti corridora may be used aa return air plenums for air
coad1tioll!!!8 .y. temA. Whell corddon an 110 !&led i.1l !!Epa _IllS von,
10-3
HIL-BDBIt-1l90
producu of cCllllbust1o'll-type deeecun should be insealled at straregic
10caeio'118 'IIoe more ehaD 50 fe [15.2 _I apare i'll corridors. Deeeceots
should be elecerically i'lleerlocked 80 as eo aceivate ehe facility fir.
alam a'lld eo secure ehe air ha'lldli'118 equipme'llt.
i. Duct Work a'lld Tem1ticides. The follov1'118 types of
cO'll8eruceio'll are prohibieed where subterranea'll tem1ee i'llfesueioaa are
UOVIl eo a1se:
(1) Buildi'll8s vieh subalab or i'llera-slab Reaei'll8.
VeneUaUou. or Air-Co'lldit1oni'118 (BVAC) duces.
(2) Bulldi'll8s vieh ple_eype. subfloor BVAC syse_. as
currently defined in Pederal Rousing Adminiseration minimum acceptable
construction criteria guids'IICe.
(3) Buildi'll8s vith BVAC ducts in enclosed crawl spaces
that sre exposed to the ground.
(4) Buildi'll8s vitb oeher BVAC system where any part of the
ducU'118 is in contact vith or exposed to the ground.
..

2. Weather Design Co'llditiona. Air conditioning for all facilities


ahould be desilllled on the baBis of a 2.5 perce'llt dry bulb temperature a'lld .---
correapondi'118 2.5 perceot llleao coincident vet bulb temperature as
apecified in the Joiot Services Mauual. TIt 5-785. NAVPAC P-89, AFK 88-29
(refere'IICe (lOa. except for ehoee crieical areas where specialized
eechnical requiremeoes demand exact humidity or temperature control. or
both. at all e1llles. Areas for specialized eechnical requirements should
be baaed ou ehe one percene dry bulb eemperaeure and o'lle percene _au
coincideoe vee bulb eemperaeure. Reaei'118 for all facilieies should be
desigued 00 ehe basis of a 97.5 perceot dry bulb eemperaeure. excepe for
ehoae crieical areas where specialized eechnical requiremeoes demand
ezace eemperaeure at all eimes. Areas for specialized eechnical
requirements should be based on ehe 99 percent dry bulb eemperature.
3. Mechanical Equipmene Design' A ce'lleral plant normally should be
provided UDless specific eugineeriug cose analyses ind1caee subceueral
pla'llU eo be more eco'llOlll1cal on a life cycle cose basis. Critical
facilieies. such as commuuicaeio'll or compueer areas. or similar unique
loads ehae require year around. highly reliable air cO'lldieio'lling and are
served by i. central system, may he provided with an auxiliary system so
'ehae ehe crieical pareial load cau be provided wheu the ce'lleral syseem ia
down for repaira.
4. NO'llpermaneut CO'll8eruceio'll. The desigu of air coudie10ning for
sem1pema'llene or eemporary (acllieies should be 00 a minimum cose basill
wieh exposed duce work. electr1cal work, and refr1geraut or water p1p1ng
and all oeher poITS1ble eco'llom1es used. Every cons1derae10u should be
given to ehe use. or exp6'11810u. of exiseing central pls'lles in adjacene
permanent facilieies ehat are air-condie10'lled.
10-4
HIL-BDBK-1l90
S. Comblned Sl1IIIIIIer aDd Wioter Air Conditioning Loads.
a. EquiPlllllot Slns aDd Zoning' In facUlties wheo there i. a
cOlllblnatioo of normal a_r all' coDdl tloung loada aDd y.ar around air
conditloung loads, car.ful C01181d.ratloo abould be giveo to the aizlng of
.quipllent aDd zoung 80 that the c.ntral plaot cao support the entire
facillty load durlng varm v.ather and a portioo of the c.ntral plant may
be ....oUally fully loaded during Vint.r op.raU0118.
b. Refrlgeratloo Systems. In facll1tles where, becaule of the
.lIIall aize of the off-hour. or tbe 8111&11 Vioter load, it 1. impractical
to operate th. priDary equipaent 111 the central plant, a aecondary
Caus1liary) r.frlg.ratioo .y.tam may be provid.d.
(1) Chilled Wat.r. When the c.ntral plaot uaea chilled
vater, this awd.liary ayat_ al.o ahould be a .chllied vat.r ayatam ao t h a ~
it lII&y be croes cODDected Vi th the prilllllry equipmeot In the plant. In
5\ieh eases, dur1ng the summer operation, the auxiliary :y;l:= should be
shed to be needed only at night .Dd over wekeDda, and otber periode
. vheo the c.otral plaut is oot be1ng operated for re&80118 of eco_y or
inadequate load1118'
(2) Dlrect Expa118100. Wheu the c.ntral plaot us.a dir.ct
ezpa11810n, the aux:Uiary .yatam alao may be d1rect apanaLoo, but the
de81gn should be based 00 using th. same duct work.
(3) Cdtical 0perati0118. ror critical operatlo118 requiring
e aeparate all' conditioning .yatam, the need for back-up equipll8nt can be
avoided by proper dea1go of the central .yat_ so that lt can i_ctlon ..
the alternate system by .hedd1ng ooncrltlcal loads during eaerg.nclea.
6. Equipllent Lll111taUoUs and She Selection. Air-c:onditioniq
r.frigeration I118chioes .bould be abaorptlou, centrifugal, belical
rotary .crew or reciprocating type. bas.d on life cyc:le coat aualy.u.
Individual r.ciprocatlng ucb1uu ahould not ac.ed 200 t0118 capadty, alld.
the tote! capacity of all reciprocating gr.h!!UlI Yl!ed for air-
conditioning a 811181. f.cillty .hall not. aceed 400 t0118. When packaged
air conditiOning unit., packag.d air-c:ooled all' condit1oUII8 IIIl1ta, or
pac:kaged vat.r chiller. are equipped Vith reciprocating cOlllpraor., the
total capacity of any one packaged unit ahDuld not IIltceed 200 tou. A
81ngle packaged unit of allY type .bould. not contaio IIK)re than eight
cOlllprealiora. A l1f. cycle coat atudy .ball be _de t.o detemine vbether
IIUlUple centrifugal or helical rotary acr_ uc:hiuea lII&y be !KIn
econolll1cal .than a II1ngle machine. In no cae., Wben only peraoDDel comfort
1. iavolved. .bould c01181deration be aiven to a atandbY machine.
-- --r --_. - - - -- - . _ - _
Silll1larly, .taDdby chilled vat.r aDd c:ondeuaiug vater pump. are DOt
appropriate.
7. Locatioo of Equipment. To the greatest extent possible, air
conditioning equipllent. including air handlers, C:OIIIpressors, pump. aDd
aasociated equipment, should be of tbe weatherized-type aDd ioata1led
10-5
KIL-BDBK-1l90
outaide of the facility. Such exterior installations aave costly
iaterior I118cbaa1cal equipmeat roOlll space ia Ilev construction. or
eltataate the requtrement for erectill8 a mechau1cal equipmeat roOlll for
iaatallatioaa ia ezlaUll8 facllitiea. Proper dell1gu is required in auch
caae. for vater chill1118 or vater coolill8 equipment. or both. to e118ure
adequate drainage for v1nterid118' lull conaideration should be gtven to
the exterior installation of all direct espal18ion air-cooled ayatema.
a. Encloaurea. When it 18 e..ential that air cOl1dit1ou1118
equiPllent be covered or protected. a aimple aheet metal encloaure a1ll11ar
to that nov used by the iuduatry for packaged roof-top unita ahould be
,iven firat consideration. Air-cooled coudel1Bera. evaporative
colldeuera. alld cool1118 tovera should be l o ~ t e d on the ezterior aud
ahould not be encloaed escept whera heavy anowfalla or v1l1dbloVl1 particlea
(saud) could prevent operation o ~ aystems for critical facilities required
to operate year around. In such caaea. the enclosure ahould be the
l D 1 ~ necesaary to prevent anov or saud frOlll clogging the coudenser aud
fan.
. b. Corrosion. Special co118ideration of corroaion problema ahould
be made for any air-couditioning (including heating and ventilat1q)
equiPlllent that 18 to be i118 tal led v1thb 10 lD11es [16 laDI of the ocean
or other salt vater body.
8. Beat Pumps. Air-to-air heat pumpa up to 60.000 Btuh [17.584 WI
cool1l18 capacity may be uaed prOVided such unita are certified uader the
Beat Pump Pro,ram of the Air Conditioning aud Refrigeration Institute
(ARl) (reference (10f. Either air or vater source 60.000 Btuh
{17,S84 VI up to 135.000 Btub {39,565 WI shoUld meet the requirements of
the Air Couditiou1118 aud Refrigeration Inatitute certification program
aa vell sa Section 6 of NSI/ASBBAE/IES 90A (reference (lOg, ualesa
a detailed life cycle cost aaa1ysis iudicatea selectioa of a less
efficient unit would be more coat-effective. Larger systems, includi118
built-up ayatema. ahould be used where ecooOlD1cally feaaible. Air-to-air
heat pumpa ahould be used ouly in 10cati0118 v1th heating des1gu
temperatures <97.5 perceot baais) greater thaa 12 degrees l {-11.1
degrees CI. Thia reatrictioa ahould aot apply to those locatiol18 ia which
30 perceat or more of the total aaaual heati118 hours below 65 degreea l
(18 degreea CI occur during the period of Kay through October. Beatill8
oaly air-to-air heat pumpa may be used in areas Ilot authorized air
couditiou1118 based 011 the loweat life-cycle-cost analyais.
a. Replacemeot Voita. AI1y ex1Btiaa air-to-air beat pump that
faila should be replaced ouly v1th a unit meeting the requirements
outlilled ebove. Beplacemeat of 80y III&jor cOlllpaoeat or any modification
01 ezisting air-to-air heat pumpa should be dooe only according to the
written recommeDdati0118 of the manufacturer. The requirementa of
subsection B.1 above. apply to the installatioll of heat pumps as vall
as to air eoadi tioning.
10-6
- --------
I ._

,.
KIL-BDiK-1190
b. Water Source Beat Pumps. 111e IIlIlS.t efficient aethod of usiq
electric pover for beating ie tbe vater source"beat pump while the air
source heat pump is secoad cboice. Accordiagly, whea coasideration is
being givea to the use of heat pumps, the vater source shauld be
evaluated first_ Water source units arc vell suited for use
in beating the perilll8ter spaces of buildings that have iaterior spaces
that _st be cooled concurrently. In such cases, the heat rejected fr_
the iaterior space is carried in a closed vater loop to serve .. the heat
source for the hest pumpa.
c. Air-fo-Air Beat Pumps. 111e use of air-to-air heat pumps
should be allowed oOly After a thOrough augiueering analysis of all
available energy .ources aDd .,.stUlS. 111e curreat, shart-tera (five
yun) aDd long-ten! IIvllll11b1Uty of po1Ier shol.Jld be carefully
evaluated. Full coaa1deration should be given to the requiremeat for auy
additional pover traasminioa aad substation capedty etther by the
ailitary iaatallatioa or a public utility. Similarly, the po..ib1e need
for additional distributioa liaes or facilities on the ai1itary
iastallatioa ahould be considered aad casted. When calculating energy
coats, the added ilIlpact of demaad charges should receive special
consideration. Eatilllated peak. demands and power coaaumptioa of air-to-air
haat pumps for aev militery iastallatioas shoUld be bUed oaly oa the
records of such units at other lII1Utery iaatallatioaa. Whea applied to
heat pump applications, aunliary electric heat ahau1d be liaited to the
I
capacity aeeded to supplemeat the heat pump. Whea pover suppliers use
aatural gas to geaerate over 10 perceat of the total aaaual output, the
probability of iacreased -fuel adjustlll8at charges- caused by coaveni_
to higher priced fue1a should be a cost coaaideratioa.
9. lDsulatioa of Underground Lines. In those cases when a central
chilled vater system is supplying other facilities through direct burial
uudersround liaes, en analysis should be made to deter1ll1ne the 1Illat
thickaess of insulation for the supply aDd retura.linea.
C. EVAPORATIVE COOLING DESIGN
Evaporative cooling should be desigaed to provide AD iadoor condit10n
of 80 degrees F [26.7 degrees C) dry bulb..
D. INIlUSntiL KECBANlCAL VENTILATION DESIGR
1. l..iidu&tr1al Meehiiii1eiil VEiiit11at1Gii. Sy_t&ii& .hould be
iaatalled, aad protected eccording to the applicable volume of I$RRAB
Guide aDd Data Book. (refereace (lOh or Industrial Veatilation, A MaauaJ.
of Il.ecOlllllleaded Practices (reference (10i. Mechanical ventilation aDd
exhaust systems for flammable,. hasardous, and toxic gaaes or fumes should
follow the codes of practice of the National Fire Protection Assodation
(RFPA) (refereace (lOj.
10-7
.'
MIL-BDBK-1l90
2. Beat Recovery for Di1l13 Pacilities. Heat recovery syst81118 should
be coaaidered to reduce tbe cost of heaUq dill1q faclliUes aad
It1tebeaa. Vben heat in !dtcheo.s rejected by refrigeraUon equipment
ezceeda 36,000 Btuh [10,551 W), hest recovery systems should be cOD.8idered
to aU8lll8nt the buildiQg heaUq system, vater heaUIl8 requirement, or to
aupply uke-up air to tbe kitchen 81thsuat hoods.
B. SPBClALIZBD CBI'l'BlUA POll PACILITIES IN BIlK1D ABBAS
1. iiesip Criteria. The fallaw"1.iii er1ter1a ioould. he used in the
design of &lr-coDdit1oned facUities located in anas hsviq over 3,000
bours of 67 degrees P [19.4 degrees C] vet bulb temperature in
combination with an outside design condition of 50 percent design
relaUve hUlll1dity or bigher, or 1,500 hours of over 73 degrees P [22.8
degreea C) vet bulb temperature in cexabill8Uon with all outside design
colld1tion of 50 percent relative hUlll1dity or higher, based on 2.5 percent
dry bulb and correspolld1ng Kean Coincident Wet Bulb (KCWB) temperatures.
2. Mechanical Equipll!nt Criteda.
a. Pao.-Coll Units. 1lo01ll fan-coll units should not be used unless
dehUlll1dified ventilation air is supplied to each unit aad positive
pressure is maintained in the space. Optionally, conditioned ventilation
air may be supplied into the space aeparately.
b. Air-Type Systa. Air conditioning should be provided by an
all air-type syata. The systlllll may be a central air-bandling type with
chilled vater coil! or a unitary (mu1tiple or single) direct
ezpao.sion-type unit capable of controlling the dew pOint of tbe supply
air for all condiUoll8 of load. Pace and by-pass clampers should not be
used for temperature Reheat, when required, should be applied
centrally using recovared heat.
c. Air Haadling Units. Air haadling units should be the drav
through type in order to use the fan energy for reheat. Colla ahall
have low by-pass factors.
d. Outside Air. Outside air should be conditioned at all times
through a continuously operating air conditioning system. Outside air
ahould be adequate in quantity to slightly pressuriae the building under
varying ezternal and internal loads.
e. Calculations. In addition to calculating the cooling
load at mazimum design temperature, cooling load calculatiollS should also
be made for the low temperature, high hUlll1dity conditiollS to determine
the greatest dehUlll1dification load that may be encountered on cloudy and
hUlll1d days.
..

I
I

f. Air aDd Water Temperatures. The supply air temperature aDd


quantity, and chilled vater temperature should be based on the sensible
heat factor, coil by-pass factor, and apparatus dew point.
10-8

~ KIL-HDBK-1190
g. Lateot-Ileat Gab.. Lateot heat gaio due to vater vapor flow
through roofs aDd valls should be included io tbe cooling load allA1y81a
vheo the _bieot deB1gu dev poiot exceeda the room desigo dew poiDt
by aore tbao 20 degrees F [11.1 degrees C].
b. Lateot Cooliag Load. The ooe percent vet bulb tl!lllpeuture
frClll the approved veather data 80urce of aubaection &.2 above, should be
used 10 calculating the latent cooling load aDd for equipient ddng.
...

i. Chilled Water Syateas. The cooling capacity of chilled vater


ayatema of 100 1:0118 a'Od over abould be divided between DfO or _~ r e
chillera to e118ute reliability aDd cooataDl: chilled vater aupply Vitbout
tpPflral:ure fluctuadoDS. to preveot abort cycliq. aDd to lI1D1a1ae hot
gas by-pass. The cClllbioed capacity of the chillers ahould DOt _ceed the
total requiremeot iocluding diversity. The aelectioo of the _bel' of
chillers ebould be based 00 the aIIA1ya1a of part load operat:1ng hours for
exteoded perioda of low load coodit10118.
j. Packaged Uoi t:8. Packaged UDitary UDiu Vi tb IIIl1tiple
reciprocating cOlDpressors (oot to Gceed ei8bt) ahould be used for syat_
betveeo 3S t0118 aod 200 t0118. Each cOllpr...or ahould have aeparate,
independeot, refrigeraot circuits aDd cycles to provide multiple atepe of
capac!ty cootrol. Two cCllllprusora _y be coabined ioto ODe iDdepeDdeot_
refrigeraot circuit. For ayetema up to 3S t0118 iagle coapr.aaora Vith
a aiD1mum of three-step capacity UDloadill8 _y be used.
F. ELIGIBILITY C1l' FACILITIES FOR AIR COIiDITIORIN
a
DEIIllK1DIPlCATION.
EVAPOliAfM COOLING, BEATING, OIL MECiWilCAL VlNTITION
1. Peraonal C01IIfort. Space coDdi tioDiIlS oOZ'lllally ta UIlDeceaaary for
comfort cooling aDd heatillS io facilities indicated below escept where
aimilar facilities off-poet are conditioned.
a. Air cOnd1tioDing 18 oot oorully appropriate for tbe following
typea of facilitiea io areas whera the vet bulb temperatute is 67 degreea F
[19.4 degrees C] or bigher for leaa thaD 800 boura aDd the dry bulb
temperature is 80 degreee F [26.7 degreea C] or bigber for leaa thaD 6S0
houra durillS the &ill: vamest !moths of tha ,.ar.
(1) Auditori\lllll.
(2) Baalta.
(3) Bovling alleys.
(4) Chapels

(5) Child developmeot ceoters.


(6) Cloth1ag salee atoras.
10-9
MIL-BDBIt-1l90
(7) ComII1aeary stores. oUr conditiooiog aray be provided for
huaid1ty cootrol wheo "Ieatial to efficieat display caee operatioo.
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16)
( 17)
J
Bolilted perloooel clubs snd opeo meslea.
Exchange facilithe.
Ubrariu.
NCO aDd officerl' clubs aDd opeo 288ses.
Pan officea.
Service cluba.
Fire statLoo dormitories.
Hilitary family houaing.
Uaaccompanied eo1isted persoooel hou8ing.
Uoaccompanied officer per8000el bouaias.
(18) Temporary lodging facilities (iocludias the
adD1niatrative areas).
b. oUr cooditioo101 ia oat normally appropriate for the folloviOl
typea of facLlities io area. where the dry bulb temperature i8 80 degreea P
[26.7 degree8 C) or higher for Ie thao 350 hours per year:
(1) Administrative facilitie8.
(2) Pining facil!ties:
(3) Geoeral ClaSsr00lll8.
(4) Indoor target ranges.
2. Indu8trial aDd Other Facilities. IDdu8trial and other facilitiee
may be eppropriate for air conditiooing except: (Induatrial facilitiee are
ba.ed 00 fuoctiooal uae aDd do oat specifically ideotify each type of
facility io the Departmeot of Defeose.)
a. UIIl1ted Requirement. The following type8 of facili tie8
haVing limited aIr conditioning requirements:
10-10
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - -- -- - - - ~ -

KIL-BDBK-1190
(1) Active Warehouses. Evaporative coolill8 lUy be provided
where the effective temperature control can be maintained.
(2) Aircraft Ma1ntenance Shops (A.v10nics). Evaporative
"""li,,,. ia a""r""riat:e where effective. Limited air coll41tionill.ll: may be
----"""""l1;lI -- -...-...---...------ ----- - ---- - - - - _ _
provided for those functional area. that require a1r coll4itiou1ug for
quality control of equipment, lUurial, aDd task. III all cases,
localiaed OT .pot air coDdit1oniug ..y be provided at 1lI41vidual lIOTk
etatloll8; boWlver, the entire sbop area .hould not be aiT-coll41tloned
cool1ug 18
Evapora tive
I
I ....
I.
(4) Di111 Utchell8 ,
Area., and Fat-Be er 118 ad it es. Evaporative coo ill8 lUy ed
When effective for special localbed or .pot cool1l18 to pTovide
teaperature reduction in the immediate area of the hot equipment. Spot
air coDditionill8 may be provided from the central system for work
atatioQB if the main portion of the facility is eligible for air
conditioDiIl8 and the criteria for exhaust ventilation are ..t.
(5) 9zauasiuas.
(a) BaDdba11 , squash, and .1m1lar 8IIl8.11 and cOlllpletely
enclosed plaYill8 aress may be air-coDdi tioned on the s_ bed. as
peraonnel liv1118 spaces in paragraph F.1.a., above.
(b) Air cOnditioD1118 abould be provided in II8V gYIIDUi-.
when 93 degrees F (33.9 degrees Cl dry bulb pceeda 1,300 hour. aDd 73
degrees F [22.8 degrees Cj vet bulb aceed. 800 bour. durill8 the year, or
When the vet bulb aceeds 73 deareea F (22.8 deare.. Clover 4,000 houra
duriq the year. .. ..
(6) Bobby Shopa aDd Youth Centera. Arta aDd crafts
facilities of bobby ahop areas lIl8y be air-conditioned provided that the
fUDctioDa requiTing .bove aillJJaum ventilation rat (..tal and
voodworkill8 abop.) aDd bavill8 ac..dv. beat ral..... (Ulu aDd veld1q
.quipeent) an not air conditioned. ..
(7) Kaintell8nce Shopa. Kainteunce abop. not requiriug
huaidity and t_perature control. Maiu1atrative officea 1D maintenance
abop. are authorized air coll41tion1llll for c.-fort cooliug.
(8) Special hoce.. SniM;. Special procea. apaces .
r.quiring a areater digree of vent at on than can be provided by gravity
aethod. because of dus t, gases, or vapors injur10us to the health of
personnel. Machau1cal ventUation 18 appToprlate.
10-11
...
KlL-BDBIt-1l90
bo, Hot CoDditioaacl, The follov1l18 types of fac:il1 ties are DOt
ordinarily air-c:onditioQed regard1e of weatber coDditlona:
(1) BoUer plaQU aDd roOll
(2) Bui1dll18 IIecball1c:a1 equipIHQt roOllls.
(3) Debumidifled ahops aDd warehouses where temperature
COQtro1 I, DOt eeQtia!.
(5) IDdoor av1aIm1l18 poola,
(6) Locker r_,
(7) Kotor vehlc1e .torage garage
(9) Special areas requidll8 higb veQtUation rates.
(10) Vehicle .torage areas of crasb aDd fire statlona.
ILEnllENCES
..
..
~ ~ - - -
(108)
(tOb)
(tOe)
(tOIl)
(10e)
(l0)
(lOg)
JolDt Service. Manual, 1H 5-785, NAVFAC 1'-89, Ant 88-29,
-Engineering WeAther Data.- Jqly 1978. ( t h ~ . reference may be
obtalDed frCllll: The U.S. Army AdjutaDt GaQerd PubUcatloD.
CeDter, 2800 Eastern Boulevard, Baltimore, Kb 21220)
ASBRAE Ventilation Standard 62 (Latest Edition), Americ:aD Society
of Beatiug, BafrigeratioD and Air Couditionil18 Engineers
DoD Directive 7040.2, "Program for Improvement 1D FiDancia1
. Management 111 the Area of AppropriatioDS for Acquistion aud
Couatruc:tlon of Milltary Real Property," January 18, 1961 with
Change.
ASBIlAE BaDdboolt of Pundamental American Soc:ietv of BeatiDa,
Refr1geratiOll- aucl Air CoDd1t10111ag Easineers' _.
Natioual Pire ProteetioQ Association, NPPA 90A (See IefereDc:e
(13k) below)
Air CoDd1tioll1118 allll Refrigeration Institute (AIlI) Baat Pump
Progr8111 l118y be obtalDed frOlll: Air CoDd1tloniag aDd Bafdgeration
IDat1tute, 1501 Wilson Boulevard, Arl1agtoo, VA 22209
NSl/ASBRAE/IES 90A: Section 6, "Energy CooservatioQ 1n Nev
Buildings"
10-12
..
(lOb)
(lOi)
(10j)
(lOk)
KIL-BD8lt-1l90
ASBRAE Guide aDd Data Book (System., Fundamentals, Applicatioos,
Equipment), American Socisty of Heatina. Refrigerstion aDd Air
Co'll4itioD1q Engineeu
ASIIllAE "lIIdu8trial VentUatioD, Ii. MalW&l of lee_oded
Practices," American Society of Heatiq, Refrigeration aDd Air
CoaditioDina EngiDeers
National Fire Protection Aasoc1ation (HFPIi.) Codes may be obtaiDed
frQa: National Fire Protection li.aaoc1ation, latterr-arch Park,
Quincy, IlA . 02269
IloD lDatruc:t101l 7040.5, "DefiD1t1oD8 of bpeuae UI4 1 D v " ~ l l t
Coata," september 1966 with chanaea
10-13

.'
KIL-BDBK-1l90
CllAPTEB. 11
ENERGY SOURCE SELECTION AND CENTRAL
BEIUNG CRITERIA
A. EHEllG'l SOtlllCE SELECTION AND APPLICATION ClUTElUA (DEFENSE rACXLITIES
LOCAi'kb IN 'l'HE CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES)
1. Geaeral. All faciUUu abould be Ued into inatallation11de
heat diatribution systems unless economically or operationally
uuj... tif1ed. The primary energy &Ource aelected for all DeV Defenae
facility uaea (includina ..jor rehabilitation efforts which provide an
opportunity to evaluate energy alteruativea) abould be the l_t Ufe
cycle coat!y alternative which aeets the beaic quantity, quality and
reliability requirementa of the miasion aupported, Within apecific llmita
and pideUnes 1mpoaed by law.
2. Pollution Abatl!ll8Dt: All Federal, State, local and Boat Hation
pol1ut1ou .biit.. shall be CGiiiplled with in all 6ilo;riY
applicationa, new snd exhtina, to the extent poeeible. (See
chapter 2).
3. Fuels Ulle Act: The Fuels Vae Act, Public Law 95-62, whicb required
that all new plinu- for use in tbe United States witb a cCllllbined total
input aurgy ratina of 100 aegs Btu or greater be deallped and coutructd
to burD c:a.l, bas been reac1nded by Public Law 100-42. Preeent fuel
uae poUcy ia contained in tbe FY 1987 Defenae Autbori.ation Act (Section
1205 of PL-99-661) whlcb requirea that the priaary fuel &Ource to be uaed
in any aew heatina ayat_ conatructed on laDds UDder the judHiction of
the Military Departlll8nt be the allat coat efffecUve fuel for that beaUII8
ayatem over tbe Ufe cycle of the system. The corollary to tbis .
requirement whicb pertaius to fuel couveraioDB 18 found in the " 1987
Defenae AppropristioDB Act (Section 9099 of PL-99-500) Which alao requirea
tbat converaion fuel aelectioa be the IIIIlSt llfe-cycle-c:oet effective for
tbe proposed syatea.
4 Ii !!cnc:ctlvec.t1ce&l !cera,. !curce:: !he usc of =DCouveet1oDal r..er&y
aourees (aolar, geotbermal, wind, tidal, bi_.s, ref...e or refuae derived
fuel, vaate 011 aDd synthetic fuela) ia atronaly encouraged wherever
life cycle cost effective and where there ia confidence ia the abiliey of
tbe techaology or source of aupply to provide adequate miaaion aupport
raliabl11ty
5. EcoDaDic Analysis: Eoergy related econOll1c aaalysis proceduru
have beea directed 6y tbe Nat10aal Energy Conaervat10a Policy Act, 92
Seae., 3275 and by ebe Ratioaal Bureau of Standard, handbook
135, -Life-Cycle Cost Ia order to detendae the allat Ufe cycle
cOllt effective alternative eaergy aource aD ecoaOll1c aaalys14 from
perllpecUve of cash flov to the Federal Govermaeat abell be perforaed for
each viable alternaUve, 1acludill8 the scetue quo if appropr1ate. The
follovill8 criteria sbould be followed in coDduct1Dg the anlysie:
11-1
"
KIL-RDBIt-1l90
IN-BOUSE CONSTRUCTION ALTEllNATIVES:
e,CouataDt present 1IIlrth discounting of all alternatives should be
done using a 10 percent discount factor.
e The actual curreat eoergy costs paid, or which would be expected to be
paid, at the iaatallatioa vill be Wled u the startill8 poiat of all ,
aconaa1c aaalysis. The stock fund rate charged 'by DFSC to facilities
purchasing products under a DFSC coatract should Dot be used.
e The latest official ragioaal iDdustrial sector, eaergy cost
escallatioa rates provided by the Eaergy Iaformatioa AdadDistratioa viII
be used for projecting future costs aDd developing appropriate
preseat worth valuss.
TllIll.Il PAB.TY CONTRACtS:
Title 10 USC sectioa 2394 permits military to eater iato
long term (up to 30 yean) with a third perty who l118y build, ova aDd
operate with veature capital, a plaat to furDish energy
or fuel to a military iaatallation. The Bouae of Repreaentatives ia its
Confereace Report oa the 1984 Military Coastruction Authorisation Act,
stated that the Services are to aggressively pursue third party
fiaaac1ng before aay future scale hesting pover plaats are
authorised. Because of the disparate vievpoiats of various
Congressiooal aDd AdmiDistrative groups it is aecessary to evaluste
these alternative fiaaucing projects using a range of ecoaomic aoalysis
criteria. lD additioa to an analysis using the factors above for
in-house coaatructioa, a Ufe cycle cOllparisoa of such third party
coatracts ia COIIparilOn with budgeted cooatructioa or the status quo muat
be conducted using the follo1ag constraints;
e A current pre88nt _nh discounting aoalysis should be done using
the most currel1t 30 year Treasury Securities rate from Federal Reserve
ststistical release B.1S.
e In tight of the Tax Ileform Act of 1986, iacome taxes paid by
the veature capital proposer of third party coatracta vill be cOl18idered
as beaefits to the Government aDd shall be calculated uSiag the I118Zillllllll
corporate rate of the appropriate period, i.e., 40 perceat ia 1987 aDd
34 perceat ia 1988 aDd beyoDd.
e A seuaitivity aaalysis IllUst be developed to easble approving officials
to evaluate the 1IIIpact on the econOlllic ranking of alternatives brought
about by the changes in pertil1eat cost elSlll8ats.
B. APPLICATION CRITERIA
, 1. !DertT Storage. In order to preveat III1ssion support disruptioa
frOlll liquiduel supply problelll8, Defense liquid fueled thermal plaats
'vill be provided with a lII1aimlllll supply level of ao less than 30 days of
the lll8Zilllua cont1Duous expected delDd. All coal fired plaats shall be
provided with s minilllua supply level of no less than 90 days.
2. Dual Fuel Capability. Siace the priury objective of Defease
beating and power plaats is to provide III1ssion support during all
coDditioas. all major plants aDd syst81118 shall be installed with dual (or
triple fuel capability where ecoDOmically This backup
11-2
"


KlL-HDBK-1l90
will allow tha iaatallatloll flez1bllity to pTovide
1I.181110n lIupport durll18 fuel 8upply lnterTuptlo118 and to take .,
advallt:ase of telllPOrary fuel COli t sav1l18s.
3. Puel Substitution. Puel ahort-ae. have ill the past cTaated
sltuatloaa Tequirina the coaaideTatlon of alternatlve aubstltut:e fuela foT
pOVST leneTatlon, cOll8tT\lctloo, tT&ll&poTtatioll and beat1ua puTpoaes.
If.-roua tau aDd at:ell81ve opeTatlna apenenee have deIIoaatrated that
aucce8llful substltute fuels are avallable for 41aal fuel, beatina oil and
la&Ol111e. It ls 1IIIportaot that eacb laatallatloo deterllJ.ne thoae
alternatlve fuels vblcb caD be acceptably find in a1st:lna equipmeDt and
what aTe naeded to implement tbe eubat1tut10n. talt:&llatlon
contingency plane :bculd include eD plen deta1lin: the
acllaDical sys telll alteratlo118 aDd cllauaaa 10 _loteMnce pollcy Tequired
to uae alteTnatlve fuela.
C. CENTJW. REATING CBITERIA
1. and Ilequirementa. !be Fovla1oaa conta1Ded In tbb
aactlon ap y to Dev all4 alstiua facl11tlea at military
iutallatiou all4 activlties, DoD-opeTated iaduatTlal plaote, aDd. .
nro1acta accDaDllahed bv eitber aDDTODriated OT OOll&DDTODTiated funds
r--... -- - - ---.-------- -,. -... ._
when allOT paTt of tbe equipmellt 1Illl11t:ell&UCe aDd operat1ua coata are
funded fTCllII apFopTiated funds. I
2. Weather Data.
a. Bash. Weatbu data uaed accodlna to tbese criteria abould
be obtaloed oo1y frCllll tbe curTellt edltion of tha JOillt S.rvlcea Manual,
TK 5-785, NAVPAC P-89, AFK 88-29 (nferenee (114. 1lav1lled veatber data
or natber e1ata for nev military l118tallatiou should be auppl1ed oo1y by
tbe beadquarters of tbe siuale authorised veatbeT servlce for tbe
1I111t:ary deparl:lllen cOl1cened. Local OT' TqloDal vaatheT activ1tiea
abould 110t be used as a source of data IIIll.aa aucb data or applicable elata
frOD a climatololically aeaTby milltary lutallation aT. DOt COllta111ed ill
tbe JOi11t Services Manual.
b. Wioter Deale ruperature. llaatina fOT all fadl1t1ea abould
b!, dedllled OIl tbe bash of 97.5 peTceot Wioter nea1SD Data BeaUna
of tbe Jolot Senicu llaaual, _cept fOT thoae cTlt1cal areas
vbere apeclal1aed technlcal Tequireaeota d_ad all IIltIIct tlllllperature.
3. Bestlng Plsnt Capaclty.
a. Design.
(1) Central plaots c0ll81stl118 of beat gel1eratoTs or multlple
boUen ahould be dedilled to be apandable, vben facillties are apected
to require future expaaaioll.
11-3
KIL-IIIlBit-1190
(2) The DUmber aDd size of units should be selected to
efficiently baDdle botb tbe mazimum winter design load and the minimum
e_r load. With one unit off the Une, the remainina unit or uniu
should be capable of carryilll not Ie.. than 65 percent or IIOre thaD 75
parcent of the l118Ximum'v1.nter dedp load. Values above 75 percent of
the -n
f
_ Winter load should be justified by s study thet should be
forwarded to the headquarters of the military department involved for
approval.
b. Beat1!11 Load. Beat lo..es should be calculated accorcl1D8 to
the ..tbod specified in the American Society of Beati!ll, lefrigeration
alld Air ConditioD1!11 EaaiDeere (ASIDlAE) Guide and Data Book (refereuee
(Ub. For buildina interior dadp taperatures, see c:luIpter 10. 22ze
U or overall Best Trauemisaion Factore should be in accordance With
chapter 8.
,
c. StaDdby Beatij8 EquiPlllent. Beat generatore, heatina pumps,
aad standby SOlIers sLOul not be provided unless approved by the 1I111tary
departaent.
D. IIEAT TIlANSKISSION AND DISTIUBUTION LINES
Steam aad medium or high temperature (above 200 F) vater distribution
alld tranam1ssion Un84 from the source to points of use Within a facility
for new or rsplacement Unes should preferably be installed above ground.
If iDatalled underground, direct-buried Unes shall conform to the Federal
Couetruction Guide Specification FCGS 15705 (reference (llc, or military
service equivalent 1llIplelll8ntation specification. PCGS 15705 should ba used
for determiD1na site coDditiollS aoorooriate for COncrete trenches. CorDa
of Eaaineera (reference (lid, should b8
uaed for concrete shallow trench systems. Por low temperature heet (200F
aDd balow) Corps of Eagineers Guide Specification 15704 maybe used.
E. AUTOMATED BEATING PLANTS
Gas-fired aDd oil-fired heatina unita shall be equipped with
automatic controls and firina syatems, and safety devices to the estent
neceasary to provide DOuattended operation as practicable. Such plants
ahall be equipped with surveillance equipment for IllOnitorina operst!oDS
at a centrally manned location as practicable.
REFEUNCES
(lls) Joint Services Kanusl, TK 5-785, NAVPAC P-89, ArK 88-29,
Eagineerina Weather Data, July 1978
American SOciety of Beatina, Refrigeration and Air Couditioniag
Enaineers (ASHRAE) Guide and Data Book
(llc) Federal CoDStruction Guide Specification FCGS 15705, Underground
Heat Distribution Systems (Prefabricated or Pre-Enaineered Types)'
(lId) Corps of Engineers Guide Specification CEGS 15709, Beat
Distribution Systems Outside of Buildings, Concrete Shallow Trench
Systems-
11-4
"

I
I
I
!
Itt
I
KlL-BDBK-1190
CIW'TER 12
PLUMBING !QUIPKBNT CB.ITBIUA
POLICY
Water wpply, bacltflOllll prevention, and clraillalJe at DepartMnt of
Defenee inecallatioDS sbould coaply rith the lIIationaJ. Standard P1Ul1blll8
Code (reference (12& and other national codes as approved' by the uaill8
Military DeparCllent. PlUIDblll8 flztures abould conform generally to
Pederal Speciflcaclon W-P-,41 (reference (Ub or American National
Standards Iutitute (ANSI) Standarda (reference (l2c.
IlEPUNCES
(12&) "National Standard P1UIDblll8 Code," National Association of
Plumblng-Beatill8-COol1l18 Coacractors. P.O. Bos 6808, :ralla Church,
VA 22046
(Ub) federal Specificatiou W-P-S41 (avaUable frOfll Naval Publlcatiou
and Parma Center, 5801 Tabar Aveaue, PhUadelpb1a, PA 19120)
(12c) American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway,
Nev Yorlt. NY 10018
12-1
"
I. '
HIL-aDBK-1l90
CHAPTER 13
PAMILY HOUSING PACILITIES CRlT!lUA
A. APPLICABILITY
1, StaDdards aDd Criteria. This chapter outlines the atso4ards aad
criteria pertainill8 to the acquidtion. deatan. construction. aad
improvement of -tlitary faaily hDusia.a ia the Uaited Statea. lta
posle..ions. aad foreign couatries. Geaeral criter:ia presented in the
preced1118 chapters are applicable Where lpecific crlteria are DOt included
in this chapter.
2. lmDrovemeats Based oa Criteria. Curreat crlteria lhould be
used to the exteat that it corrects or remedies health and safety or
..jar UvablUty probleas, or both. Projects that are created for tbe
aole purposs of meetill8 the criteria in this baadboolt should be
diacouraaed.
B. OBJECTIVES
The SOal of tbe mUitary faaily bousill8 COll.ltructioa progr_ is to
prcwide at tbe earliest practical beneficial occupancy date. a ... houal'aa of
bigh quality withia the space aad cost UlII1tationa elltabUshed by Coa.aress.
aad at tbe most reaaoaeble cost coaaiderlaa botb 1D.1tlal l D g e l ~ a t and the
life cycle coat of operaUon aad _intensace. Special emphads should be
plaCed on obtainill8 tbe best, practical, functloaal, aad estbetlc deslga for
eacb project. botb with respect to Uvll18 units and tbe dte. " Anotber SOal
18 to pursue a vigorous progrlllll for the 1IIIprov_nt of lIX1st1Dg 1I11itary
f4ll11y houda.a in order that obaolelceace .y be avoided.
C. LIMITA'I:10NS ON SPACE AND COST
Title 10 U.S.C., Sectioa 2826 (refereace (13& estabUshes net area
lilll1tatloD.8 for mUtary family houdll8' An iacrease of 5 percent is
allowed to perlll1t award of turaltey cOll.ltructloa contracta. The intent is to
pem1t turaltey proposers to lUIe off-tlle-sbelf deataas currently beiaa"
COll.ltructed ia tbe c_rcial lIllrketp1ace. This 5 percent lncr..ae 11 DOt
peraitted vben plaas sub1ll1tted by turaltey" proposers ere destaaed
specifically for the III1Utary faaily houa1aa project or were dedgns are
not curreatly be1118 offered la the COlDmerclal _rltetplace. Propoaers'
sublDis.ioDS retlectill8 a decresse ia tbe statutory net areas that are DOt
areater thsn 5 percent are allo coaaldered fully acceptable and ahould aot
be peaa1iaed for the lesser area. Where solar enerBY syltems are economical
aDd fessible, area criteria lilly be eaceeded to the ext eat required by a
aolar enugy system 1 it 11 to be ill.ltalled.
a. Net Area Deflnition. Net area 18 deUaed as tbat lpace"
inalde the eaterior aad party valls. The Det area excludes:
(1) Carports.
13-1
HIL-HDBK-1l90
(2) Common stairways, halls, aDd eotries io multifaJll1ly
l1viag units.
(3) Garages.
(4) Open or screened porclles.
(S) Passive solar trOlllbe aDd I118SS valls, aDd SUll space( a) ,
or both.
(6) Scairwella aDd laDdiags.
(7) Unfinished atCics.
(8) Unfinished base_nu, or service aDd bulk storage space,
in lieu of a basement.
b. Enclosed Porches. In localities subject to adverse vaather
CgDdit1gaa, I!uch II.!! >dDd driven mist Qr noxious atmosphere, or boch, open
porches may be encloeed vith apprQpriate fenescracion or screening, or
both, and not cODSUered to increaae the net area of the Uviag units,
prClVided that air conditioning or heating, or both, 18 not added aDd che
basic character of the enclosed area 18 still that of a porch.
,
,
c. Size of Living Unics by BedrOOlll Count. Stacucory floor area
limitaCions for living units shall be aa shown 1n table 13-1.
13-2
..

I. ~

KIL-BDBK-1190
Table 13-'1
HAXlMllM SIZE OF LIVING llNlTS
Pay Grade HuIIlber !lec Floor Area 1
of
Bedroom.!
fc2
[ ~ 1
~ 7 aDd above .4
2,100 195
~ 4 1,700
1.58
()-4 aDd ~ 5 4 1,550 144
3 1,400 130
.
0-1 Co 0-3, \/-1 Co \/-4, ,
aDd K7 co K9 5 1,550 144
4 1,450 135
3 1,350 125
2 950 88
Rl CbrOllgh 86 5 1,550 144
4 1,350 125
3 1,200 111
2 950 88
1 Hec floor area _y be bcreased by 10 perceaC for officers bol41ag
special command posic1oaa as desigaaCe4 bY cbe Secrecary of DefeUse,
c_ad1ag officers of 1II111cary 1aatallaUoaa. aDd seDior D01lcOllll1sll1oaed
officers of Ja1l1tary iaatallaUoas. The cCllllb1ae4 cotal of tbe 1acrease
allowed for tbe above des1gaaUoaa and turukey aball DOt exceed 10
perceat.
D. DESIGN STANllUDS AND CUTE1lIA
1. Site Plaaa1l1g.
a. Master Plana. Family boua1ag projects sball be aited
accor41ag to current 1aatallaUon ..ster plaas. When sited beyond tbe
boundaries of the III1l1tary 1astallat1on, family hous1ag projects sball
conform co .local laDd use pracUce or &oDiag.
b. Off-Iastallat1oa Rousing. Site aelect10a procedures for
off-1astallat1on s1ces sbould coaa1der rusb hour commuter times as a major
evaluation criteria. Sire shall coaa1der commut1ag t1llle and 41staace
criteria for private hou81ag in DoD Instruction 4165.45 (or DoD 4165.63-M).
13-'3
c. Off Street Parking.
street to the extent possible.
be for two vehicles, one in the
sause.
MlL-BDBK-1190
L1vina unit parkina should be located off
The III1nilllWll parkiUS per livins unit llhould
driveway and one in the carport or
d; Garbllse and Traah Collection. Appropriate
treated acreeDIns of sarb8se aDd trash containers should be provided.
Calla abauld be IItored in a _nner to prevent the attraction of rodentll.
e. Recreational 'aeil1tiea. Ilecreational facUities l118y be
provided for tile excluB.1ve use of 111111 tary flllll1l1es when the II1litary
flllll1ly housins area ill located outside of a military installation aDd
when there are no camparable public faCilities available, or when the
walkins dilltance fram the on-installation houains project to installation
recreational faci11tiell ill excessive. Indoor or sbeltered recreational
faciliti.. may be provided when extreme weather conditions prohibit the
ulle of outdoor facilitiea for the majority of the time.
2. Types of Living Units. Multistory, row-type townhouses,
dnsle-.tory or two-story duplex, or all four, or individual livins units,
_y be provided. Sinsle-lltory l1v1ns un1cs l118y be either in duplex
collfisurlltions or connected to the enda of two-story, row-type or
tOVllhouaell, and apartment structures. When three-story, flat-type
buildinss are couemplated, the deB1sn should be such that entry to any
livtns unit does not exceed one flight of stairs. At project sitell
iavolvtns steep gradients, extreme care should be taken to lIelect livins
unit types that economically and efficiently adapt to the site With a
lD1u1mw1 chanse ill ez111t1ns contours. Sinsle livins unics and apartment
unitll are suggllsted when:
a. Single LiVing Units. Sinsle livins units l118y be appropriate in
all caaell where' land is available.
b. Apartment House.. Consideration should be &iven to
apartment-type Uvins units at 1II111tary installations With miSSions that
include schools or special training activities, or both, requirina
permanent chanae of nation, but less than a full lensth tour.
3. Complete Projects of Basic Adequacy. A completely adequate, aDd
fully equipped military flllll1ly housing project according to the
provillions of this chapter, including all reqUired elements, equipment,
flii1iiDii8. aUd. basie site aprOV6mants. al'-aQuld be prO"';1ded 1n all easas.
a. LiVing Units., Living units should include the follovins
it_:
(1) Air coDditioning or IIIllchanical ventilation when susgested
in chapter 10.
13-4
..;... .
.-
~ HIL-BDBK-1190
(2) Bulk ,torsae
(3) Dishwasher.
(4) Double awiag or atom viDdows vIIen autllorbed.
(5) Garbaae diapoaer, escapt at thoae 1I111tary iaatallatlo'llll
witb iDadequate aevaae diapoaal .yat....
(6) Kitchen counters aDd cabineta.
;
(7) Kitchen esbauat faD to the estedor.
(8) Patio or balcony, Privacy acreeniag, paViag, aDd
laDdacapiag.
'.
-
...,
(9) Provia1oaa for future _teriag of energy couUlIptlon.
(10) bage.
(11) Refriaerator.
(12) Seamless reailient or ceraaic tile floor finiah in
kitchen, batb(s), aDd powder rOOlU.
(13) Smoke detector(a).
(14) Telephone outlete aDd virina
(15) Utility connections aDd dryer vent for occupant
prodded vasher. dryer, eDd upriaht freuer.
(16) Venetian bUDds, vlDdow ahadea, or drape
(17) WiDdow acreeaa.
b. Site Iliprov81Unta. Site 1IIprov_nte ahould include tbe
follovlag features:
(1) Adequate drainase.
(2) BaBlc laDdacapiag.
(3) Complete utility .ervicea.
(4) Project master _tel" for electric, aaa, aDd vater
utilities vben required to obtain "bulk- utility rates.
(5) Required roads. drivevaya, parlciag, valka, aDd street
13-5
KIL-IlDBK-1l90
(6) Safety feneill8 when required.
(7) Screeoed peds or racks, aDd eaclosures for refuse call1l.
4. Arcbitectural Coasiderstiol18.
a. Bas_ents. Bas_nts should be coasidered when sites aDd
coata permit, eapecially for tva-atory livill8 units sad in cold climates
requiriag deep footiags. .
b. Car Shelters. carports should be provided at tbe rste of one
per liv1118 unit. Gar..... in lieu of carporta are appropriate in
locatioDB where the winter desiga temperature is -10 degrees P
[-23.3 desreea Cj or colder, aDd in locatioas where coastant apoaure to
aalt ldr or higb wiDda require eaclosed sbelters. Garages offered by
turnkey proposers in otber climates are acceptable provided tbey do
'not peael1ae tbe other ..aential it-a of the project.
c. Outdoor Livill8' A patio or balcony, screened for vhual
privacy, may be provided for eacb l1vill8 uait.
d. Bulk Storage B.equirementB. General storage space l118y be
provided for l1viag unita that do not have bas_ents, or have basements
without easy outdoor access, or do nor have usable attic space. The
storage space should be divided between the exterior aDd interior of tbe
11vi118 UD1 t.
e. BathroClllS. The DUmber of bathroOlll8 in any s1l18le l1viag unit
should be as show in table 13-2.
13-6

..

KlL-IIJlBK-1l90
TABLE 13-2
BATHROOMS
oLiv1US oUnit Size
Huaber of BatbrOOlU 1
or
Designatioo
Olle-Story Two-Story
Two Badr_ 1 Full 1 1/2
Tbree, Four, or Flve 2 Full 2 1/2
BedroClllS
06 (CO) aDd 07 (CO)
aDd above 3 Full 3 1/2
1 AD 1/2 batbroOlll 111 equivaleot to a powdar rOQa witb a _ter closet aDd
a lavatory.
f. Eouay Cooservatioo. Appropriate eoergy coo..rvaUoo
coosideratioos aDd criterla vIIeD avaUable ahould be iocluded iD all oev
cooatructloo aDd major rehabilitatloo projects Vbeo they are coat-
effective DO a life cycle baals.
I Occupaot Provlded Freezer. Floor apace aDd aD alectrical
outlet for aD occupant provlded vertical atyle food freezer ahould be
provided 10 all l1vill8 uni.ta.
5. Electrical Crlteria. ColIIpleted projects ahould COllPly ritb all
applicable requirements of tbe Natiooal Electrical Code (reference
(Ub. 0
6. TelevisioD (TV) Anteona C r i t e r l a ~
a. Kaater Televisioo (TV) AnteDDS Syst8lll. A _ater talevisioD
{XV} anteDDa 8Y. taa ...,. be PT.uvlde.d .11en adequate rc;cept1c: of t!le
Dearest TV atatloD(a) caonot be oObtaiDed 00 tbe 80st efflcieDt type of
iDdoor TV aDteDDS. 0 0
b. Communlty AnteDna TelevisioD or Cable TeleviaioD Facilities.
Tbe provialoo of TV distrIbUtIoo servlce to II1liury peraoDDel on
1I111ury loatallaUona is Dol'lll&11y a _tter betweeo local buaiaaaa 0
iotereata aDd occupants of 1I111tary fall1ly bDuaill8. As a leneral rule,
wbere tbeoservice ls provided, it 111 paid for by tbe iDdividuaJ, aubscriber
io e maDDer a1lll1lar to tbe paYldnt for telephooe service; Appropriated
fUDda muat DOt be used io prov1c!ill8 this service.
13-7
KIL-BDBK-1190
. 7. Telephone Facilitiea. The furnishina of telephone facilities for
II1litery family hous1q is excluded from the Defense Family Hous1na
Property Account. However, thin_all conduit may be provided to a
telephone outlet plate to facUitate the future installation of a
telephone. .
a. Telephone CCllIIpauy Participation. Eltperience iDd1catea that
normally ben the local telephone company is given notice of the
tortbcaaiq construction. the telephone company viII vire the outlete at
no coat to the contractor or to the sovernment duriq construction. This
practice is encouraaed.
b. Government-Furnished Telephone Service. Government-furnisbed
telephone service to family housiq units may be provided be accordiq to
DOD Directive 4640.3 (retereace (13c and DoD Directive. 4640.4 (refereace
(13d
8. Ileatiag, Coolilll, and Ventilatioa Criteria. Heatiq syst8IU aDd
air coDd1t!oniq systems should be combiaed in locations bere air
coDd1tioD1q is appropriate (see chapter 10).

a. Heatil!8. Selection of tbe I118thod of beatiq for 1II111tary .


f&ll1ly houa1q should be based upoa an econCllll1c study of all locally .a
ava1lable tuels iacluding electricity, and accordiag to the provisioaa of ~
chapter 11 aad available systems iacludiq heat pumps where permitted.
The local public utilities commission or appropriate regulatory saency
should be coaaulted regarding the history of rate increases aDd the
poasibility of increases in the foreseeable future. The lowest life
cycle cost source of beat, consideriq all factors, should be selected.
b. Cooling and Ventilation. Air coaditioD1q (central-type) or
1IlechaD1cal ventilation lDay be prOVided in accordaace vith chapter 10.
c. Humidification. Humidification equip1llent l118y be ilUltalled
in all varm air heatiq systems in lI111tery f8lll1ly houa11!8 unite located
in areas baViag IIIOre than 3,000 F (1,648 C) heatiq-degree days.
Humidistats or direct on-off controls may be provided.
d. Solar. All n8V construction and major rehabilitation
projects should be analyzed for both passive and active solar energy
use, aad if found to be life-cycle-cost effective may be iacluded in
the project.
(1) Passive Solar. Passive eolar architectural application
should be routiaely considered as a part of all project designs.
Elaborate or unique applicatioaa such as attached sun spaces; earth
shelteriq; mass or vater "trombe" valls; solar chimneys; solar
dehumidifer; solar envelopes; aDd other innovations may be provided if
supported by the same rigorous life-cycle-cost analysis as an active S y s t ~ .
13-8
~ KIL-BDBK-1190
(2) Active Solar. Active solar applicat10us pToposed for
domestic vater heatiug, space heatiaa, or a ce.binatioa, should be
evaluated for life cycle cost-effectiveae.s uaiaa a recogo1.ed process
de81go prosr8lll. The a081y81s should be _de for 25 years or the movo
u.eful life of the system, whichever 18 le.s, uaiug the IIDSt curreat
cODlli.teat guidaace oa discouot factors, e.calatioa rate., aDd other
factors to be iacluded. The .ystem .hould be dedsaed ba.ed oa the opt1lln=
co.t-effective .i.e aDd perceatage of load provided oa a year around
ba.i.. Becauae of the state of curreat techDolosy, .olar coo1iog IYltems
Deed DOt be couidered.
(3) MaiateDeace aDd ColDpatib11ity. Whether dte .aUDted or
UDit .aUDted, .yatems should be de.iSaed for uz1aUII ease of ..iateDaDce
aDd to be architecturally cOlDpatible with the total military family
housiug eaviroaDeat.
9. Pl_bib! Criterla. The .p1l111biug sy.t8111 .hould be iutalled
accordlug to t e provlslou of chapter 12.
I
I

10. Termite Protectloa. In .ress of mow iafeetatloa, po.itive


....urehOuld tie tuea to protect UViog units agdut .s-ge by
termites. Sol1 treatllleat aDd the trestlleat of l_ber are the pTeferred
.Dd lIOat effective methods. Sub-.lab or ia-.lab ducts for be.t1og aDd
cooliug should Dot be provided wh.re so11 treatllleat will be proVided.
11. 'eadl!l.
Saf.ty aDd Per1lllet.r 'eacil!l. Safety f.a.dug _y be
iutalled 10 III1litary family boualug are.... a feguard ag.iut
phydc.l baa.rds or to discourag. vaDdalin. Plr1aet.r feDdaa .hould
aot be iaatalled merely to defiae ,overaaeat property or to .epar,t.
priv.te sector bousiaa fre. military family bou.iug.
b. Priv.cy Feadl!l . Priv.cy feadaa or screea f.aciug should
be .11 illt.sral part of the project d.81go but be aill1ll1aed to the
aKt.llt Decry to .chieve. the required privacy.
12. Kaster Met_diS of Milit.ry Pamily Boudl!l. Maner _terhoUld
coatillu. to tie lusu11e sa a part 'of &11 _ c o u t ~ c t 1 o a project., ill
additioll to lDdiVidual UViug UDit _t.rs (.eubp.ragr.ph 1I.3.b.(4),
.bov.) follove:
1Dd1Vidual Utility Met.rs. All II d.tach.d dogl. ail1t.ry
faaily hou.iaa UD1tbould bave 1ad1vidual utility ..ters.
b. Master Meters. It 1s iDteDded that ailitary family hOUlliog
projecta, both ex1stiag aDd plaDD.d, .bould be _at.r _t.red to the
aaximum esteat that is ecooomically pr.cticable. Ma.ter electric ..t.r.
13-9.
KIL-BDBK-1190
ahould have an iategrated demaad iadicator. Normally for aay oae project,
ao .are tbaa two-liae maters ahould be provided for tbe materias of a
specific utility.
c. Alteratioa or Rehabilitatioa Pro ects. All sigaificaat
alteratioa or re tat oa pro ects s u provide electric meter drops
aad heatias fuel mater poiat8 for each liV1as unit.
d. Coatiauoua SaIIIpl1!11' Whea aiatias military fsa1ly houdas
\lUits are aot covered by master meters, couideratioa should be givea to
coatiauoua aaaplias of electrical coaaumptioa by use of a portable
recordias .att-hour Detar.
13. Fire Protectioa. Bousias project. should be designed to euure
the mawimgg f@88161e f1r@ prot@ct1oQ to l1fa aad property. Protective
feature. .bould be provided accordias to the requiremeats of pertiaeat
recosnized fire safety codea. NoacOlDbuatible materials should be _ployed
for iaterior fiaisbea to the greateat atent practicable. Adequate ..aaa
of ez1t to afford prompt aad \lUobstructed egress should be proVided for
each liV1as unit. Refer to Military Baadboolt KIL-BDBK-1008, Fire
Protection for Fscilities Easiaeerias neaiga aad Coaatructioa (refereace
(13e.
B. UTILITIES
Electric, gaa, aad water utilities for military.family housias should
be provided sccordias to the policy stated ia DoD lastructioa 4165.37
(ratereace (13f.
F PROJECT DEVELOPMENT
1. Geaeral.
a. Maadatory Features. Each project should be cOlllplete accorclias
to aubaection D.3., above. Withia this framework, it i8 desirable to
provide, to the ataat practicable, comparable aad adequate military
family housias unite at all locatioaa military service vide. Deductive
bid items may be developed to permit flesibility of coatract award ia the
event the lowest bid aceeda the goverameat eatimate.
b. Deductive Bid Items. Whea establishias deductive bid itema,
apactal coaaIderatIoa shOuld be givea to the impact on Operation aad
Kainteaaace (06H) costa, aad to the requiremeats of the area based oa
climatic coaditioaa and local customs ia housias coastructioa aad site
developllleat. Deductive bid items should be oaly for those items that _y
be el1m1aated without jeopardizias functioa and Without aa undue adverse
impact upoa 06H coatI.
2. Coaaolidatioa of Projects. Coaaolidatioa of projects in sreas of
dual or tri-service needs should be coasidered for development as joiat
coaatructioa projects. The advertisemeat of groupiags of projects 00 a
13-10
'--------------'--'-------------- ------------
.
KIL-BIlBJ:.-1l90
cCllllb1ned bade 1n an effort to get the ben biclcliaa effort, all ve11 as
expeclit1aa clevelopment of the program, _y have consiclerable _rit.
. .
3. Conventional aacl Iadulltdalizecl Kethocls. Hili tary tamily hous1aa
projectll lIhoulcl permit construction by conventional (Itick-builcl) or
iaclulltrializecl (prefabricated or cCllllponent1&ecl) _thoclll.
4. Value Project review tor collVenUo118lly clea1g11ed
projects lIbOU11nclUde value eaaiaeeriaa as a rout111e procaclure aDcl such
review Iboulcl be applicable to the eite cleveloplUlnt portioD, as _11 as to
the liviaa unitll.
5. ProcureaeDt Proceclures. Turaltey (one-step) aclvertia11l8 (s.e
FAa 14-501 (also DoD FAa Supplemeat 14.5) (refer811CS (138) procur...nt
procecluree will normally be used in military tsaily housiaa.
G. . SCHOOL FACILITIES
1. Plaaniag. Concurrent with the plaaniaa ot aev ailitary family
bousiaa projectll, coaaicleration 8boulcl be given to the reaultiaa
iucreaaecl clemaacl placed on ailltiaa educaUonal faciliU... For ailitary
faally houlIill8 projects withiD the UUited States. it is that
representatives of the Hilitary Department concerned, iDclucl1aa the
raiUtary iastallation c_Deler, tIOrk closely with tecleral, state, aacl
local authorities;
2. Coorcl111sUoD. aacl Schedulillg. In those 111BtaDCSlI where aclcl.itional
school facilities are cleterm1necl to be required, the neces..ryactiollS,
includill8 site selection aDel required application to federal or state
ageDcies, or botb, lIboulcl be ucle at the earliest poslible elate to ellSure .
the availability of adequate school facilitiell at the t1lDe ot bell8l1c:1al
occupancy of the DeW aI1Utary tlllR1ly houaiaa units. For overseas
projects, the proper Hilitary Department represeDtative sboulcl conault
with tbe scbool area supednteacleDt regarcliag the Deed for adcl1tional
eclucational facilities.
(138)
(13b)
(13c)
(134)
(13e)
Public Law 97-214, Title 10 U.S.C., SeCtiOD 2826
"National Electrical eode,"RatioDal Fire ProteCtiOD Association.
Ilatterymarcb Park, Quincy, KA 02269
DoD Directive 4640.3, -Unofficial Telephone Service at DoD
Activities, August 20, 1979
DoD Directive 4640.4, "StSDdarcl Bates tor Unofficial TelephoDe
Service at DoD Innallations," Dec_bar 22, 1982
KIL-BDBK-1008, Fire Protection for Facilitiell &agineerill8, Design,
aacl CoDBtruction
13-11
(13f)
(13&)
CUSTODIANS:
AllKY - CE
NAVY - YO
AF - 04
KIL-BDBIt-1l90
REPEllE!lCES (continued)
DoD 1DBtruction 4165.37, "Policy for Provieion of Utility Services
for K1litary Family Bousina," January 17, 1961
"'ftIe Federal kquidtiona Regulation (FAR)," for sale by the
Superintendent of Document., Wasbinaton, D.C. 20402
PREPARING ACTIVITY
NAVY - YO
PROJECT NO.
FACR - 0195
13-12

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"INALTY '0" .'''VAT. USI POD
111111
BUSINESS REPLY MAIL
'IIIIST CLASS ,."MIT NO. WASHINGTON o. c.
POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
COMMANDER. NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING COMMAND
200 STOVALL STREET (CODE 04)
ALEXANDRIA. VA 22332
MOOO.TAo.
N.C......".,
... MAILID
... TN_
UNIT.onAT