# POWER ELECTRONICS LABORATORY

SINGLE PHASE INVERTER USING IGBT

A REPORT BY JASSIM NAZEEB 107109032

THE FULL-BRIDGE CONVERTER The full-bridge converter is the basic circuit used to convert dc to ac. or zero.Vdc S1 and S3 0 S2 and S4 0 . In this application. Switches Closed Output Voltage vo S1 and S2 Vdc S3 and S4 . In other applications. More precisely. The output voltage vo can be _Vdc. Inverters are used in applications such as adjustable-speed ac motor drives. the objective is to create an ac voltage when only a dc voltage source is available. _Vdc.Date:20/03/2012 EXPERIMENT-08 AIM: To simulate the operation of a single phase inverter using IGBT with MATLAB. an ac output is synthesized from a dc input by closing and opening the switches in an appropriate sequence. depending on which switches are closed. uninterruptible power supplies (UPS). SOFTWARE REQUIRED: MATLAB THEORY: Inverters are circuits that convert dc to ac. The focus of this chapter is on inverters that produce an ac output from a dc input. inverters transfer power from a dc source to an ac load. Figure 8-1b to e shows the equivalent circuits for switch combinations. and running ac appliances from an automobile battery. .

For resistive loads. PROCEDURE: The simulation of Full Bridge single phase inverter is performed using Simulink block in Matlab software. The four IGBTs will be sufficient because load current and load voltage will always be in phase with each other. it may be an adequate ac waveform for some applications. The periodic switching of the load voltage between +Vdc and -Vdc produces a square wave voltage across the load. Although this alternating output is non-sinusoidal.SQUARE WAVE INVERTER The simplest switching scheme for the full-bridge converter produces a square wave output voltage. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: MAIN CIRCUIT DIAGRAM . The switches connect the load to +Vdc when S1 and S2 are closed or to -Vdc when S3 and S4 are closed.

Continuous powergui In1 In3 Out1 Out2 Out3 Out4 Switch Firing Circuit Switch1 Scope1 g C g C E Sine wave for SPWM IGBT/Diode2 m IGBT/Diode3 m E 0 Give 1 for SPWM Give 0 for PWM + .v DC Voltage Source + i - Voltage Measurement1 Current Measurement Series RLC Branch g C g C E IGBT/Diode m IGBT/Diode1 m E 5 Give DC value for PWM FIRING CIRCUIT .

Scope1 20 Sawtooth > Add Relational Operator 1 In1 5 Constant2 Switched transport delay for linearization 2 Out2 Gain 1 Out1 Scope 2 In3 > Relational Operator1 20 Gain2 3 Out3 4 Out4 Switched transport delay for linearization1 MODEL GRAPHS: Pulses for Switch S1 & S2 .

Pulses for Switch S3 & S4 .

OUTPUT VOLTAGE VS TIME FOR R LOAD OUTPUT CURRENT VS TIME FOR R LOAD .

OUTPUT CURRRET VS TIME FOR L LOAD OUTPUT VOLTAGE VS TIME FOR L LOAD .

The frequency of the output AC voltage is decided by time period of the gate pulse to the switches. .WAVEFORM FOR SPWM CONCLUSION: The single phase full bridge inverter uses four switches to invert the input DC voltage. Different techniques can be used to provide gate pulse to the switches.