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1 Table of Contents PRECALCULUS REVIEW. 1 Algebra 61 12 Functions © 7 1.3 Trigonometry © 16 LIMITS OF FUNCTIONS .. 2.1 Introduction to Limits « 23 2.2 Definition of Limit » 28 2.3. . Techniques for Finding Limits « 33 2.4 Limits Involving Infinity © 38 2.5 Continuous Funetions » 41 2.6 Review Exercises e 43 ‘THE DERIVATIVE 3.1 Tangent Lines and Rates of Change » 47 3.2 Definition of Derivative ¢ 51 3.3 Techniques of Differentiation © 67 3.4 Derivatives of the Trigonometric Functions e 63 3.5 Increments and Differentials © 66 3.6 ‘The Chain Rule « 71 3.7 Implicit Differentiation © 76 3.8 Related Rates e 79 3.9 Review Exercises 85 APPLICATIONS OF THE DERIVATIVE. 4.1 Extrema of Functions « 93 4.2 The Mean Value Theorem © 98 4.3 The First Derivative Test © 101 44 — Concavity and the Second Derivative Test » 109 4.5 Summary of Graphical Methods « 117 4.6 Optimization Problems © 126 4.7 Rectilinear Motion and Other Applications © 137 4.8 Newton’s Method 141 4.9 Review Exercises # 147 5 INTEGRALS. 6.1 52 53 54 55 5.6 57 58 6 APPLICATIONS OF THE DEFINITE INTEGRAL.. 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 67 6.8 6.9 7 LOGARITHMIC AND EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS. MW 12 13 14 16 16 17 8 INVERSE TRIGONOMETRIC AND HYPERBOLIC FUNCTIONS 8.1 8.2 8.3 84 8.5 Antiderivatives and Indefinite Integration © 155 Change of Variables in Indefinite Integrals © 158 Summation Notation and Area © 161 ‘The Definite Integral © 168 Properties of the Definite Integral © 170 ‘The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus » 173 Numerical Integration © 177 Review Exercises © 183 . 187 ‘Area # 187 Solids of Revolution « 194 Volumes by Cylindrical Shells © 203 ‘Volumes by Cross Sections * 209 Are Length and Surfaces of Revolution # 214 Work » 220 Moments and Centers of Mass » 223 Other Applications © 229 Review Exercises « 233 Inverse Functions © 239 ‘The Natural Logarithmic Function # 242 ‘The Natural Exponential Function « 246 Integration « 253 General Exponential and Logarithmic Functions © 257 Laws of Growth and Decay # 262 Review Exercises « 265 Inverse Trigonometrie Functions © 273 Derivatives and Integrals # 278 Hyperbolic Functions » 283 Inverse Hyperbolic Functions « 289 Review Exercises © 203