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1. In what three ways did the mountains of mainland Greece protect and isolate the Greek people? a. b. c. 2. Name three characteristics of Minoan civilization. a. b. c. 3. What were the four physical features of each Mycenaean kingdom? a. b. c. d. 4. What are four things that happened to Greek civilization during the “dark ages”? a. b. c. d. 5. What two epic poems is the poet Homer famous for? a. b. 6. What are four values that were taught in Greek schools? a. b. c. d. 7. In what unique ways did the Greeks view their deities? a. b. 8. What two Greek festivals, originally religious celebrations, continue to this day? a. b. 9. Odysseus wandered for ________ years after the Trojan War before returning to his home in Greece. 10._______ was the ruler of the gods and goddesses on Mount Olympus. 11.The ___________ were tricked by a huge, wooden horse they believed was a gift from the gods.
World History Chapter 4 – The Rise of Ancient Greece Hasquin – Fall 2008 12.The Mycenaens were conquered by the _______________, which initiated the “dark ages” in Ancient Greece. 13.What is a labyrinth?
14.What are the characteristics of a polis?
15.What is an agora? 16.In a polis, the temple of the local deity was built on top of the _____________________, a fortified hill. 17.People who were allowed to take part in the governing of the polis were known as ________________. 18.Each Greek colony kept close ties with its “parent city,” known as its _________________. 19.What are the social and political functions of an acropolis and an agora in a Greek polis? 20.Describe a phalanx.
21.Define citizen. 22.Use citizen in a sentence.
24.Use tyrant in a sentence. 25.What is an aristocrat? 26.The Ionians were able to make a purple dye for wool by learning the skill from the ________________. 27.Define democracy. 28.Define oligarchy.
World History Chapter 4 – The Rise of Ancient Greece Hasquin – Fall 2008 29.As a result of a growing population and a shortage of grain, _______________ were established by each polis along the coastlines of the Mediterranean and Black Seas. 30.The city-state of Sparta was located in southern Greece, on a peninsula called the _________________________. 31.Sparta was founded by descendants of the __________________. 32.Sparta was ruled by _____ kings at the same time. 33.Free artisans and merchants who lived in Sparta were known as _________________. 34.On which peninsula would you find the polis of Athens? 35.What effect did Sparta’s emphasis on military values have on its development as a city-state?
36.What are two similarities in the education of young people in Athens and Sparta?
37.What are two differences in their educations in these two city-states? 38.What are two similarities in the political structure of Athens and Sparta? 39.What are two differences that can be identified in the political structure of these two city-states? 40.What are two differences in the roles of women in Athens and Sparta?
41.What is the similarity in women’s roles in Athens and Sparta?
42.What are two reasons why the Ionians disliked their Persian conquerors? a. b.
World History Chapter 4 – The Rise of Ancient Greece Hasquin – Fall 2008 43. Why did the Persians attack the mainland Greeks?
44. What two Greek victories, nearly ten years apart, marked the end of the Persian attempts to control the Greek mainland? a. b.
45. What were three components of a typical Athenian house? a. b. c. 46. What is the Delian League? 47. What four policies of Pericles helped transform the Delian League into an Athenian Empire? a. b. c. d. 48. What three factors gave Sparta an advantage over Athens during the Peloponnesian War? a. b. c. 49. What were four effects of the Peloponnesian War? a. b. c. d. 50. What three groups controlled Greece after the Peloponnesian War? a. b. c.
51. The first Persian invasion was ended when Darius I was defeated at ______________________.
World History Chapter 4 – The Rise of Ancient Greece Hasquin – Fall 2008 52. King _______________ lost the Battle of Thermopylae but helped the Greeks win the Persian War.