This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Television Group division of The Walt Disney Company. It is under the direction of Disney-ABC Television Group President Anne Sweeney. The channel's headquarters is located on West Alameda Ave. in Burbank, California. Disney Channel International Networks, currently run by President Carolina Lightcap, is a global portfolio of more than 90 kid-driven, family inclusive entertainment channels and/or channel feeds available in over 160 countries and 30 languages. The platform brands are Disney Channel, Disney XD, Disney Junior, Disney Cinemagic, Hungama TV and Radio Disney. The channel specializes in television programming for children through original children's television series and movies, as well as third-party programming. It is marketed mostly toward young children, with the exception of their weekend primetime block that is aimed at pre-teens and teenagers ages 9–14, and the Disney Junior programming block aimed towards children ages 2–5. In recent years, the diversity of viewers has increased with an older audience, typically teenagers, young adults and young families. Since November 19, 2010, the channel is offered with an alternate Spanish-language audio feed, either via a separate channel as part of a Spanish-language network package sold by cable and satellite providers or via a separate audio track with the SAP option, depending on the system. History 1977–1983: Conception and launch In early 1977, Jim Jimirro of Walt Disney Productions brought forth the idea of a cable television network with material   from the studio. Since the company was focusing on the Epcot Center, Disney chairman Card Walker turned  down the proposal. Disney tried again in 1982, planning a partnership with the satellite unit of Group W, though the  deal never came to fruition. In late 1982, the Disney Channel was formed under the leadership of its first  president, Alan Wagner. Disney later invested US$11 million on two transponders of Galaxy 1, a Hughes  Communications satellite, and spent US$20 million on programming. In 1983, Walt Disney Productions announced its launch of the family-oriented cable channel. The Disney Channel  launched nationally on April 18, 1983 at 7 am ET with the Disney Channel-produced series Good Morning,  Mickey! The channel's programming during its run as a premium channel, carrying through to its transition to a basic cable channel, targeted children and teenagers during the daytime, families during primetime and adults at  night. At the time of its launch, Disney Channel was a premium channel that aired for 16 hours a day, from 7 a.m. 11 p.m. ET/PT (6 a.m.-10 p.m. CT, 8 a.m.-midnight MT). During its first full year, the channel was available to more  than 532,000 subscribers in the U.S. In April 1984, the channel extended its programming day to 18 hours a day by  adding two hours to its late night schedule (7 a.m.-1 a.m. ET/PT, 6 a.m.-midnight CT, 8 a.m.-2 a.m. MT). 1983–1997: Early years In the channel's first years, shows that aired during its broadcast day included Welcome to Pooh Corner and You and Me Kid along with several foreign animated series and movies including Asterix,The Raccoons, Paddington Bear, and the Australian western Five Mile Creek; the original late night schedule featured reruns of The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet. As filler material, the channel also featured D-TV, a series of MTV-style music videos which showed popular music interwoven with classic Disney animation. Subscribers initially received a monthly program guide/magazine, though it was phased out by the time the channel  began targeting itself as a commercial-free basic channel. Disney Channel received a special citation from  the United States president Ronald Reagan in 1984. As a premium channel, The Disney Channel would air week-long previews four times a year, as well as two free preview weekends periodically (with ads targeted to non-subscribers), in the same manner as other premium channels such as HBO, Cinemax and Showtime. On  December 1, 1986, Disney Channel began broadcasting on a 24-hour-a-day schedule. Outside of daytime programs for children, the network also aired movies and original specials (largely concert specials), largely during the nighttime hours. Early in 1986, the musical sitcom Kids Incorporated, about a pre-teen (and later teen-to-young adult) gang of friends who formed a pop group, mixing their everyday situations with variety-show and music video style performances. It became a hit for the channel, spawning many future stars in both music and acting during its 9-year run, including Martika (who went by her real name of Marta Marrero in the show's first season), eventual Party of Fivecostars Scott Wolf and Jennifer Love Hewitt (billed as Love Hewitt), and Stacy Ferguson, nicknamed Fergie, of The Black Eyed Peas). In 1988, Good Morning, Miss Bliss, a starring vehicle for Hayley Mills of Polyanna and The Parent Trap fame, made its debut; the series was cancelled after 13 episodes due to low ratings. NBC picked up the series in 1989, retooled as Saved by the Bell, with Miss Bliss actors Mark-Paul Gosselaar,Dustin Diamond, Lark Voorhies and Dennis Haskins carried over to the new show; Saved by the Bell achieved major success on NBC's Saturday morning lineup (producing two spinoffs in the process) and in worldwide syndication. In early 1989, the channel revived one of the company's early TV staples with The All-New Mickey Mouse Club, which was an immediate hit that proved Disney's basic variety show formula could still work, unlike in the short-lived 1970s revival. The latest version contained many of the classic elements from "theme days" to updated mouseketeer jackets, but the scripted and musical segments were more contemporary. MMC had a stellar young cast, launching
Even Stevens. featuring classic Disney material such as Zorro. Keri Russell and others. with a more three-dimensional design and mature voices. either as an experiment or full-time. Vault. By this time. other cable  systems began to transition the channel to their basic tiers. largely consisting of those who already received the channel via a basic tier as well as what remained of  the subscribers that paid an additional fee for the channel. . The Mickey Mouse Club. promos often referred to the channel as simply "Disney" and the logo often omitted the "Channel" in the network's name). 2002–2007: Disney Channel relaunched  By 2002. JC Chasez. who resembled robots (but the Zoog characters were given human voices) as its hosts. Anne  Sweeney was appointed to oversee The Disney Channel. but  continued to cater to families at night. 1997–2002: Split into Zoog. rather than broadcast three channels of its service like HBO did that same year. older television specials and features such as The Love Bug. Though Disney Channel was no longer considered a premium channel. and split the network into three programming blocks: Playhouse Disney. 1997. The "Zoog" brand name was phased out from on-air usage. In 1996. shortly after the Toon Disney cable channel was launched. comprising shows aimed at  preschoolers. and the most distinct one. The original Disney Channel still airs between Playhouse Disney and Zoog Disney. when it was merged with Disney Channel's main website. the entire weekend lineup (except for the Vault Disney and Playhouse Disney lineups) was branded as "Zoog Weekendz". In 1991. Walt Disney Company executives continued to deny any plans to convert the channel to an adsupported basic service. The Disney Channel had a total of about five million pay subscribers nationwide. but promos for network programming and eventually promotions for Disneyproduced feature film and home video releases). Disney Channel was available to approximately 70 million cable and satellite subscribers. the Walt Disney anthology television series. The Zoogs' original looks were two-dimensional. Disney Channel does utilize underwriter sponsorship by  companies such as Best Western and Mattel for its programs). saying it would not renew retransmission contracts with providers that would choose to carry the network as a pay service. initially carried on  the Basic Plus tier on its Fort Myers and Broward County. soon after. the reasons for the channel's decision not to include traditional advertising in its programming include the possible confusion to younger viewers as to the difference between its programming and advertisements. The Disney Channel's subscriber base had expanded to 15 million cable   homes. though they were redesigned in 2001. The Disney Channel experimented with multiplexing its service. Ryan Gosling. That September. the National Cable & Telecommunications Association had long continued to rank the channel's subscriber base among all U. Soon after. By 1992. Lizzie McGuire. Disney Channel began notifying the remaining cable operators who still offered the network as a premium service that they must begin carrying it on their basic cable tier or cease to carry it altogether.  The Zoog Disney block was introduced in August 1998. Disney Channel took on a revamped look and dropped the word "The" in the network's name (however. Around this time. but were phased out after less than a year. referring to the switches to basic on some systems as part of a five-year "hybrid" strategy. the channel continued its transition from a premium cable channel to being offered via expanded basic  cable. among others. In 1999. eight million of which received the channel through a premium subscription. It was at this time that the channel started to increase its viewership.the careers of future stars Christina Aguilera. this included Time Warner Cable and Comcast that were the last remaining major cable providers offering the channel as  a premium service. Disney Channel's original programming during this period began with Flash Forward in 1997 and continued with shows like The Famous Jett Jackson. citing the inability to receive a stake in the revenue from  artists' CD sales and lack of exclusivity for the videos. instead of offering it as a premium channel. From September 2001 to August 2002. Disney Channel was gradually remodeled once more. By 2001. On January 1. and Playhouse Disney In 1997. was also introduced in 1997. the music videos and concert specials that the channel ran since the 1997 rebrand were dropped. The Disney Channel instead tested a two-channel multiplex service to two  cable systems. Nielsen Media Research estimated that a third of its subscriber base were adults without  children in the home. transitioning fully to basic cable as late as 2004 in some markets. though it continued under separate website until 2003. and to prevent increases in license fees for the channel to broadcast feature films (however while the channel does not air standard ads. premium channels in its cable subscription total rankings rather than among basic cable networks (this total is now ranked in the NCTA's basic cable subscriber rankings). A new channel logo (which featured a 1930s-era Mickey Mouse on a black Mickey ear-shaped TV). Even as larger multiple system operators such as Cox Communications and Marcus Cable began to offer The Disney Channel on their basic tiers. On September 16. the channel began to shift its target audience more toward kids. Also in 1991. Vault Disney. Disney Channel was seen in 80 million cable homes nationwide. running from afternoon to late evening for teenagers. The channel also began to carry break interruptions (not featuring commercial advertisements. which used anthropomorphic characters called "Zoogs".  allowing providers to offer it as either a pay service or a basic service. So Weird. By 1989. called Zoog Disney. and by 1995. Florida systems as a test run. Jones Intercable was the first provider to carry the channel as a basic network. Britney Spears. eight cable providers volunteered to move The Disney Channel to their expanded basic cable packages. Justin Timberlake. and the channel began offering a nightly primetime film. and Kim Possible.S. the channel began to incorporate music videos from songs featured in Disney's feature films and performed by artists on Radio Disney and signed by Disney's inhouse record companies Hollywood Records andWalt Disney Records.
m. Playhouse Disney was the only one of the three blocks introduced in 1997 to continue airing.m. and aggressively cross-promote teen music stars whose style and image were carefully targeted to pre-teens and teenagers. That's So Suite Life of Hannah Montana (involving That's So Raven. a veteran cable executive. families and adults at night. becoming a hit for the channel. Disney Channel partnered with corporate sister ABC to run the channel's programming on ABC's Saturday morning block. After that. Disney Channel did not feature any programming targeted at adult audiences – with the only programming that intentionally targets the entire family being the channel's primetime feature films (as of June 2011. and another ribbon swirled out with the message.2002. Anne Sweeney. The font was changed from Digital to Placard MT Bold and the "Hip" image was deleted completely. Primetime movies were  also cut to one each night (from two). It also unveiled its new graphics designed to fit the network's new look. A month later. on October 1. After these changes. 2006 saw the debut of the hit original movie High School Musical. Instead of the Disney Channel logo popping up into a bumper and delivering a message. it received 84 million viewers worldwide. formed the logo. Nickelodeon. becoming the channel's longest-running original series and became the first to spawn a spin-off (Cory in the House. ET on that same day. in favor of same-day repeats of the channel's original programming and off-network series. The channel abandoned its uniform schedules for weekday and weekend afternoons (with the exception of the 7–8 p. Disney Channel is the only one out of the four largest children's cable networks in the United States that does not target a dual audience: kids in the daytime. took control of Disney-ABC Television Group in 2004 and successfully  remade Disney Channel into "the major profit driver in the company. Every character must introduce themselves and most character will say which series or movies are they from. Though Disney Channel has increased its viewership to rival that of Nickelodeon. ET on January 1. however.m. which launched the career of its star Miley Cyrus. primarily to contribute to the network's then-upcoming "hip" image. that year also saw the debut of Hannah Montana." and also  called the Channel "the greatest teen-star incubator since the NBA stopped drafting high schoolers. at 12:01 a. The channel also ceased producing drama and reality series. Promos for shows that were made during the 2000-2002 era and music videos closed out the last five minutes of the 2000-2002 era and at 5:59 a.2 million viewers. Disney Channel has yet to unseat Nickelodeon in the Nielsen ratings as the highest-rated basic cable channel among total viewers (ages 2+) and all kid demos. when Disney Channel's on-air presentation changed that day. it was rebranded as Disney Junior in 2011. the series eventually hit 100 episodes. 2007–present: Disney Channel today In 2007. Also. ET time period). Promo cards and bumpers were changed to an abstract atmosphere with ribbon theming and themed to the programs. who co-stars in the series. which it will be adopted internationally in May 2003. herself the daughter of popular 1990s country singer Billy Ray Cyrus. they will say: "You're watching Disney Channel"(except for animated characters) and draw the Disney Channel logo. Disney Channel started a bumper which is still used today. swirling around the screen until forming the Disney Channel logo instead of bouncing around the screen. though this rule is no longer enforced). At 2:00 p. Beginning around that time while Disney Channel's intended target audience are preschoolers. pre-teens and young adolescents.m. to run a five-hour (at one point six-hour) schedule featuring hour-long blocks of various original series (and the off-network programming that remained on the channel) with the schedule changing each day. as opposed to abstract objects bouncing and moving in the screen. Also. The Suite Life of Zack & Cody and Hannah Montana). at 5:30 a. The Hub and Cartoon Network each feature program blocks that target such a dual audience)." Sweeney's successful strategy was to discover. On July 28 of that year. The success of The Cheetah Girls led to the creation of other music-themed original programming such as the original movie High School Musical and the original sitcom Hannah Montana. That's So Raven became the network's highest-rated series since the network's move to basic cable. the 2000 version of the 1997 Disney Channel logo and the 2000-2002 look (which featured kids doing activites and a colorful background changing colors) were shown for one last time before the handover to Playhouse Disney's Monday morning schedule. The Suite Life of Zack & Cody also debuted in 2005. for the first time in the channel's history. Moreover. nurture. Disney Channel released its first ever musical made-for-cable movie called The Cheetah Girls. the channel saw the debut of the its first multiple-series crossover. the ribbon swirled up. ET. that guaranteed that any original series would end after 65 episodes as a move to prevent production cost increases. the highest-rated scripted cable telecast ever. the channel modified its on-air presentation.Condé Nast Portfolio was able to note that the Channel "has been adding a million viewers a month—every month—for the last five years. The most successful Disney Channel Original Movie to date is High School Musical 2 which premiered on August 17 of that year to 17. the female announcer was dropped . the channel began to quickly gain in popularity and created increased competition with Viacomowned Nickelodeon and the channel began to add viewers outside the main target audience and make teen idols out of some of the channel's stars. ET. Around the same time. Disney Channel limited the number of original movie and series premieres to four movies and two series premiering over the course of the calendar year. the Vault Disney block was discontinued. as a result of Vault Disney's discontinuance. Disney Channel's new logo (designed by CA Square) made its first appearance by being introduced. In 2005. as well as being the first Disney Channel Original Series to beat the 65-episode limit (the channel had formerly imposed a highly controversial programming rule in 1998. In 2003. 2002. shifting focus to live-action sitcoms and animated series. 2007. the last show to air under the 2000-2002 era was The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh." By 2008. using a glow stick. which was cancelled midway through its second season). Its logo turned into a ribbon.m.
The Friday block is preempted when a Disney Channel Original Movie is scheduled to premiere that night. Den Brother. but with the 2002 logo. debuted in 2008. and Austin & Ally. New movies in 2009 included: Dadnapped. Fish Hooks. mostly the live-action shows. Phineas and Ferb The Movie: Across the 2nd Dimension. 2010. the channel launched its first original sitcom intentionally targeted at family audiences: Good Luck Charlie. and Austin & Ally. Jessie. Five series were announced to be added to the lineup in 2011: So Random!. and bumpers in between shows. It's Christmas!. So Random!. and at the time was exclusively used on the weekend evening lineup. After these changes. ET.N. My Babysitter's a Vampire. starring Selena Gomez. though the logo was first seen in March 2010. Disney Channel premiered  a new short series. Repeats of former Disney Channel original series include The Suite Life on Deck and Wizards of Waverly Place. Minutemen and The Cheetah Girls: One World. Lemonade Mouth. Wizards of Waverly Place ended it's run on the channel. Geek Charming. and Avalon High. the second animated series. Two other made-for-TV movies produced for Disney Channel in association with Canadian cable channels debuted as well: Harriet the Spy: Blog Wars (produced in association with pay services Movie Central and The Movie Network) and 16 Wishes (produced in association with Family Channel). ET. In September 2008. 2011. a series some have compared to the shows on sister network ABC's former TGIF comedy lineup of the 1990s. The first of which premiered on October 26.Hatching Pete. and The Suite Life of Zack & Cody spin-off. dropping the primetime movie. and the buddy sitcom Shake It Up were introduced. In 2011.Phineas and Ferb.m. and JONAS starring the Jonas Brothers in May. Jonas returned as Jonas L. Disney Channel launched two new series in 2009: Sonny with a Chance starring Demi Lovato in February. with a slow roll-out of a new imaging campaign that was completed in that month's Memorial Day weekend. In October 2009. David Henrie and Jake T. which features 4 to 5-minute segments including re-dubbed versions of classic Disney cartoons. Sonny with a Chance was retooled due to Demi Lovato's announcement that she would not return to the series. which caused freshman or sophomore series whose production was interrupted midway through the season to eventually be canceled). Disney also started their campaign "It's On!" in June as part of their Summer 2010 lineup. and Wizards of Waverly Place: The Movie. the first original animated series to broadcast in HD. Hannah Montana.PrankStars. the male announcer was kept as the sole announcer of Disney Channel. The Saturday block has aired on a periodic basis since the change and now serves as a block repeating the previous week's new episodes. which was mostly dropped in March 2010. Good Luck Charlie. In July 2009. that premiered June 27. Two series debuted in 2007.N. premiering to 11. the That's So Raven spin-off Cory in the House which ended after two seasons (a possible casualty of the 2007 Writer's Guild strike.m. Camp Rock 2: The Final Jam. premiered on June 10. Farm. while a ribbon banner promoting the current program and the two programs afterwards now appeared on the bottom of the screen after the end of each promo break from 11 a. and The Suite Life on Deck. Reruns of Disney XD original series . The Suite Life on Deck and Hannah Montana) also beat out its competition (both cable and broadcast network programming) on the night of its premiere with 9. released May 2010.m. Disney Channel no longer has its "Disney Channel Original Series" vanity card tagged onto the end of its series when aired on television.4 million viewers and becoming the second highest-rated DCOM premiere in history. 2009: Lonesome Ghosts. The final season of Hannah Montana premiered. PrankStars. The new logo. though it ended that October. Have a Laugh!. A. The Sunday block was added in January 2008. A. Austin. The Teletoon original movie.m. The Suite Life  on Deck became the number one series in kids ages 6–12 in 2008.A. The Suite Life on Deck. Princess Protection Program. The 2002 logo is still used sometimes in old promos for shows (shows that started before the new logo). As of mid-2011. In 2010.entirely so that she could commentate with Playhouse Disney. 2011 with its spin-off series. and Good Luck Charlie. The premiere of the crossover special Wizards on Deck with Hannah Montana (involving Wizards of Waverly Place.-8 p. Fish Hooks. in order to focus on her music career. ET. Four original movies premiered: Starstruck. along with Disney Channel Original Movies such as Camp Rock. The four original movies for 2009 each featured at least two stars from Disney Channel's original series. Disney Channel extended its Friday lineup to two hours in prime time from 8–10 p. is the Disney Channel logo encased in a rounded box (which looks like a smartphone application icon).1 million viewers (making it the highest-rated episodes of Wizards and On Deck to date). branded as Hannah Montana Forever for the final season. Promos for the next program began to only advertise the program airing afterwards and were moved from between shows to near the end of the final promo break of an episode. slightly modified versions of these graphics were introduced for high definition. Programming Main articles: List of programs broadcast by Disney Channel and List of Disney Channel series Disney Channel broadcasts original series such as Phineas and Ferb. A double-movie feature which was added on Saturday nights. [who?] starring Bridgit Mendler and Jason Dolley.T. three popular original series ended: Sonny with a Chance (later becoming So Random!). the point was so that Disney could put the logo more towards the middle of the screen (like they did with the 2008 logo). from late afternoon to prime time on weekends from 8–9 p. In 2012 the longest running Disney Channel Original Series with 106 episodes. That fall. Shake It Up. It came into use on May 7. Farm..T. and the popular Wizards of Waverly Place. The channel also moved its original series. also called My Babysitter's a Vampire.Wizards of Waverly Place: The Movie also became the highestrated cable program of 2009 (excluding sporting events). Jessie. Seven Disney Channel Original Movies have also been confirmed for 2011: The Suite Life Movie. Sharpay's Fabulous Adventure.
g. Shake It Up.. including those on the former Playhouse Disney block. Special Agent Oso. the block ends at 9 am ET/PT on weekdays. Imagination Movers. with the explosion of Disney Channel Original Series. they were largely removed from the lineup in 2000. The programs that premiered on Disney Channel in 2010 are the family sitcom Good Luck Charlie. Future original series include Gravity Falls. A. though the full versions of these music videos typically air only during the video's premiere and as filler between programs. the animated series Fish Hooks and the dance-centric sitcom Shake It Up. another preschool-targeted block which debuted in September 1997. Disney Channel has aired some programming more appealing to teenage boys with Aaron Stone and other such Disney XD shows in 2009. During the summer months. The Disney Junior channel will become a direct competitor to Nickelodeon's Nick Jr. The Friday night schedule features Wizards of Waverly Place. while Sunday nights feature Good Luck Charlie. 2008. episode premieres of all of Disney Channel's original series are subject to being rotated on and off the schedule depending on which episodes are scheduled for that week as they usually air as part of a 90minute block from 8–9:30 pm ET/PT on Friday and Sunday evenings. Disney Channel mostly produces and airs original sitcoms that are geared toward teenage girls and also airs a moderate amount of animated series geared more towards upper-elementary and middle school-age children.N. Handy Manny. As of 2010.-2 p. Jungle Junction and My Friends Tigger & Pooh. Video Tape Operators and Technical Directors listed in the closing credits) and use a simulated film look. Toonin' Saturdays Main article: Toonin' Saturdays .m. Programming on both night's schedules (since October 2010) is somewhat fluid. Jessie and Fish Hooks. Series produced by Walt Disney Television or production companies unrelated to the Walt Disney Company used to make up most of the schedule. The animated block was added to Disney Channel during the late night hours after Christmas Day 2008.m. The channel also airs short-form programs known as "short shows". Phineas & Ferb. channel and PBS and  Comcast's PBS Kids Sprout. and the Have a Laugh! short films on the network itself. 2011. as while all series have a permanent place on the Friday and Sunday primetime schedules. Disney Junior will become its own digital cable and satellite channel on March 23. with So Weird being the last series before 2003 to have more than six cast members. 2012. That's So Raven. while shorter versions usually air during promo breaks during the current program). etc. Kickin' It. PrankStars new episodes premiere on either Friday or Sunday.m. are shot on videotape (note that these shows have Video Control Operators. called Disney Junior. Some of Disney Channel's programming seems to appeal to teenage girls with shows like Hannah Montana and Lizzie McGuire. Music videos. its series also have only between 6 and 8 credited staff writers (fewer than the 8 to 11 writers standard with most scripted television series).Little Einsteins. these series have almost completely been dropped from the channel. In the 1980s and 1990s. Programming in this block includes Jake and the Never Land Pirates. However. are broadcast in high definition and use the HD-compatible 'filmizing' technique. Acquired programing from other networks includes My Babysitter's a Vampire. Cory in the House. Farm. reducing the videotape frame rate to 24 frames per second. replacing Soapnet.m. Disney Channel aired classic Disney animated shorts (that were largely made when Walt Disney headed his namesake company). which debuted on February 14.) used the FilmLook image processing. Mickey Mouse Clubhouse. Disney Junior is the successor to Playhouse Disney. it was announced that Disney Channel in the U.m. which air more commonly on the Disney Junior block. Since 2003. after an attempt in early 2009 to use the night to launch a beachhead against Nickelodeon's Saturday night block with the premiere of JONAS and the move of Wizards of Waverly Place from Fridays to Saturdays proved unsuccessful. Current Disney Junior Main article: Disney Junior Disney Channel currently programs shows targeted at preschool-age children on Monday through Fridays from 4 a.S. Disney Channel typically imposes an unwritten "6-to-a-cast" rule as its original series generally have no more than six contract cast members. ET/PT. would bring back the animated block. The Suite Life of Zack & Cody. timeslot each night in reverse fashion. and weekends from 4–9 a. nowadays. So Random!. The Saturday night schedule usually features repeats of recent episodes of the channel's original series and occasional airings of movies. all of Disney Channel's original scripted programs.includes Pair of Kings. branded as "Disney Channel (day of week) Night". which use the classic studio audience/laugh track format. Its multi-camera sitcoms. all original series that debuted either as a new series or with a new season from 2009 onward. Shake It Up is the first series to receive seven contract cast members in season two. which aired from 12–6 a. mainly featuring Walt Disney Records and Hollywood Records artists as well as songs featured in newer Disney feature films are frequently aired. Unlike the majority of cable channels. ET. however their presence has returned as of 2009 with the addition of the short series have a laugh!. the only programming featuring classic Disney characters is Mickey Mouse Clubhouse on Disney Junior. Multi-camera series that debuted and/or ran between 2003 and 2008 (e. Encores of each night's programs typically air during the midnight-3 a. feature tag scenes during the closing credits. and Kick Buttowski.T. On December 14. Weekend evening blocks Disney Channel airs first-run or recent episodes of its original series over the course of three nights. and Austin & Ally.
A Christmas in July week with encores of Christmas-themed programming is featured in that summer month. The hosts for the block were "Zoogs". new first-run episodes of either series will be featured in the block. but given human voices. the network airs a marathon into the early morning of New Year's Day of programs. Spin and Marty. unlike the nighttime content aired on the channel's then-competitor premium channels at the time of its launch. and Wizards of Waverly Place: The Movie. It's Christmas! have premiered in this month. Disney's Friends For Change Games Main article: Disney's Friends for Change Games The Disney's Friends for Change Games are Olympic-based televised games aired on Disney Channel and part of the station's Friends for Change initiative. New Year's events A tradition going back to the Zoog Disney days in 2000. and aired late nights from midnight to 6 am ET (except on Sunday nights from 1997 to 1999. Originally a Sunday-only block. Christmas films such as the The Christmas Visitor. The Scream Team. along with older Disney television specials. television or video-related list is incomplete. The Mickey Mouse Club and the Walt Disney anthology  television series. with the title of the branding changing every year. animated anthropomorphic characters resembling robots. films and moments deemed the best by viewer vote on disneychannel. and Good Luck Charlie.Toonin' Saturdays is a Saturday morning animation block that debuted on June 17. but aired in a reduced capacity. It replaces the Disney Channel Games and premiered on June 24. with encores of Halloweenthemed programming is featured in that month. the "Toonin' Saturdays" lineup primarily consists of double-episode airings of Disney Channel original animated series Fish Hooks and Phineas and Ferb. Disney Nighttime featured older feature films (similar to those seen at the time on American Movie Classics. generally most of the network's series run new episodes through the summer and original movies premiere in these months to take advantage of the largest possible children's audience. during the nighttime hours under the banner name "Disney Nighttime". The Ultimate Christmas Present. Seasonal programming blocks Summer The network runs summer programming blocks every year with differing themes and names. Twitches Too. This film. The Zoogs were given a more three-dimensional redesign and mature voices in 2001. Saturday and Sunday afternoon and primetime lineup was branded as "Zoog Weekendz". Halloween films such as the Halloweentown series have premiered in this month. The block tied television and the internet together. The classic programming changed to feature only Disney-produced television series and specials such as Zorro. Occasionally. and several So Random! Christmas Specials.com's online games to be aired on the channel during regular programming in a ticker format (which the channel continued to use after the block  was discontinued.com. and is used in a significantly decreased capacity as of May 2010). featuring classic Disney animated shorts. Vault Disney – Disney Nighttime was reworked into "Vault Disney" in September 1997. the New Year's block has a name change yearly. Zoog Disney was a program block that aired on weekend afternoons. when the block had a 9 pm ET start time on Sundays). 'Twas the Night. Christmas The network's December schedule usually focuses on Christmas programming. the "adult" programming featured on Disney Channel was devoid of sexual and violent content. 2011 on Disney Channel. which became the only remaining program on the channel to feature these shorts by 1999. Former Zoog Disney – Launched in August 1998. With the entire block phased out by September 2002. upon the removal of Quack Pack from the schedule. followed by an original series marathon on New Year's Day. Beethoven's Christmas Adventure. the entire Friday. Vault Disney expanded to seven nights a week by 1999. . older Disney feature films also were part of the lineup from 1997 to 2000. Disney Channel. 2011. during the premium channel era featured programming aimed at adult audiences. along with Christmas episodes of the network's original series such as Phineas and Ferb Christmas Vacation. along with Halloween episodes of the network's original series. Halloween The network's October schedule usually focuses on Halloween programming. though new episodes may also sometimes air in their original Friday night time slots. with most of the Zoog characters acting like teenagers. Disney Nighttime – From 1983 to 1997. with the title of the branding changing every year. allowing viewer comments and scores from players of ZoogDisney. Mostly Ghostly. as do most children's networks. From September 2001 to August 2002. The block also featured The Ink and Paint Club. and eventually Turner Classic Movies. along with Twitches. upon Disney Channel's first major rebrand. you can help by expanding it with reliably sourced additions. A Halloween in April week. As with summer and Halloween. with both Disney and non-Disney titles mixed in) and the traditional premium channel fare of original concert specials from artists ranging from Rick Springfield to Elton John. but were phased out after less than a year.
1 for the 63rd consecutive month in the Kids 6–11 demographic and for the 62nd straight month among Tweens 9–14.000 viewers with a 1. . replacing predecessor Toon Disney. Disney Channel ranked No. Toon Disney was an advertiser-supported cable channel. The channel carries the same name as an unrelated mini-site and  media player onDisney. broadcasting a moderate amount of Disney Channel's programming in 720p HD (Disney/ABC Television Group's standard resolution format for its HD simulcast channels). was aimed at children ages 6–12. which stood for Disney Xtreme Digital. Disney Channel ran a sampler block of Toon Disney programming on Sunday nights for interested subscribers. Most of the channel's post-2009 program content is broadcast in high definition. which is aimed at males aged 7–14. which is set to premiere on March 23. The channel will feature programs from Disney Channel's existing library of preschool programs and movies from the Walt Disney Pictures film library. Disney Channel original movies made after 2005 and select episodes.com. along with 590. that launched on April 18. among the first two demos. the channel debuted a nighttime program block aimed at children ages 7–14 called Jetix. and Disney XD) will compete with other preschooler-skewing cable channels such as Nick Jr. though the "XD" in the channel's name is said to not have an actual meaning. Former networks Toon Disney Main article: Toon Disney  This television channel. Disney XD is advertiser-supported.S. Disney Junior will take over the channel space currently held by Disney-ABC Television Group-owned SOAPnet (a channel airing soap operas). which it is replacing. the network's main competition were Turner Broadcasting/Time Warner's Cartoon Network andBoomerang.  The channel was launched on February 13. along with some third-party programming. in 2001. Disney Channel is ranked as the second most watched cable channel among total viewers during primetime. Other services Disney Channel HD is a high definition simulcast feed. which featured action-oriented animated and live-action series. Wizards of Waverly Place and Good Luck Charlieearned six of television’s top 10 telecasts that month in key child demographics. 2009. and PBS Kids  Sprout. though dedicated Playhouse Disney Channels did launch internationally. animated films and original programming. 2011. featuring a broader array of programming. earning an average of 1. along with feature films produced by Walt Disney Pictures and other film studios. and the 22 existing cable channels and program blocks bearing the Playhouse Disney name outside the United States have been in the process of rebranding under the Disney Junior   name. In 2002. 2010 Disney-ABC Television Group announced the launch of a new 24-hour preschool-targeted digital cable and satellite channel called Disney Junior. films and series produced before 2009. behind USA Network in first place with an average of 2. with Phineas and Ferb ranked as the No. The network ceased operations and was relaunched as the preteen male-oriented Disney XD.1 rating share among Kids 6–11 and 459. carrying action and comedy programming from Disney Channel and the former Jetix block from Toon Disney along with some first-run original programming and off-network syndicated shows. it began broadcasting on March 19. 1998. 2009. however the planned Playhouse Disney Channel did not come to fruition. The former Playhouse Disney block on Disney Channel was rebranded as Disney Junior on February 14. During Toon Disney's first year on the air.Ratings In the May 2010 Nielsen ratings. Sister networks Current networks Disney XD Main article: Disney XD Disney XD is a digital cable and satellite television channel in the United States. Like its predecessor Toon Disney and unlike parent network Disney Channel. 9–15. and Viacom/MTV Networks' Nicktoons. like parent network Disney Channel but unlike SOAPnet. on February 13. with the closure of SOAPnet citing the continued decrease in popularity of the soap opera genre on broadcast television and the growth of video on demand (including the online streaming availability for soap operas) and digital video recorders negating the need for a linear channel devoted to the format.8 million people. the channel posted its 14th consecutive month of year-to-year gains in both demos.000 viewers with a 2. Unlike Disney Channel.1 animated series on TV among Kids 6–11 and Tweens 9–14 for that month and Mickey Mouse Clubhouse ranked among TV’s top 10 programs for that month in Playhouse Disney's Kids 2–5 target demographic. Upcoming networks Disney Junior Main article: Disney Junior On May 26. Disney had previously announced plans for a preschool-targeted network in the U.7 million viewers among Total Viewers. According to Nielsen Media Research. 2008. The channel carried a format of reruns of Walt Disney Television Animation and Disney Channel-produced animated programming.9 rating share among Tweens 6–9. the Disney Junior channel (which will be commercial-free. the month of February 2011 had finished as Disney Channel’s most-watched February sweeps period in Total Day ratings in the network's history ever. First-run episodes of Shake It Up. 2012.
Handy Manny. Imagination Movers. Tinga Tinga Tales and Babar and the Adventures of Badou. History  In May 2010. an automated version of Soapnet's program schedule will continue on some cable and satellite services. Soapnet's definite closing date (March 23. replacing Playhouse Disney. along with DirecTV. there are commercials for Disney properties as there are for other Disney Channel programs. offering select episodes of the channel's original series and Disney Junior programming. On the day before that time. 2012) was announced by Disney-ABC on January 9. etc. Disney Junior delivered Disney Channel’s best ratings ever in the daypart among Kids 2-5 (474. replacing Soapnet. in its lineup when the channel launches. shows from the Playhouse Disney library (that are currently airing on the block) (Mickey Mouse Clubhouse. 2012: Stanley. Veterans Day. Chuggington. Former shows on the former Playhouse Disney block will air reruns by popular demand on the Disney Junior channel in its launch on March 23. being a commercial-free cable channel. Martin Luther King Jr. Between 4:00 and 6:00. 3rd & Bird. replacing the soap opera channel. Rolie Polie Olie. Disney Junior first launched as a programming block on February 14. andTimmy Time. Little Einsteins. 2012. Easter. Special Agent Oso. it utilizes underwriter sponsorship by companies such as Chuck E. They feature 25-minute standard length shows. Special Agent Oso. does not air regular commercials anyway). it was announced that Playhouse Disney and Soapnet will rebrand as Disney Junior. 2011. 2012. but on July 28. and Timmy Time. Jungle Junction. in reruns. and from 6:00 am to 9:00 am ET. JoJo's Circus. Soapnet. Special Agent Oso. Dish Network currently does not carry the Disney/ABC Cable Networks' HD simulcast channels due to a retransmission consent dispute with the Walt Disney Company. 2011. On June 17. etc. (5:00 am to 8:00 am CT) on weekends and also during major holidays (Christmas. The channel was originally set to debut in January 2012. and later in 2011. 2011.000/2. all popular Playhouse Disney series. there are no commercials played during Disney Junior (though Disney Channel. Cheese's and Best Western for its programs. Handy Manny. Although Disney Junior does not air standard ads. . to February 2012. replacing Playhouse Disney. interspersed with short 5 minute shorts and music videos. The Koala Brothers and Higglytown Heroes. Disney Junior Disney Junior is a current program block on Disney Channel and an upcoming American basic cable and satellite  television network intended to replaceSoapnet on March 23. Handy Manny.).Many cable providers carry the HD simulcast feed. It began airing on February 14. In its first week since its debut. The first new programs were Jake and the Never Land Pirates. as deals for Disney Junior are  finalized. 2011. Labor Day. When the channel launches. Carrying over from Playhouse Disney were Mickey Mouse Clubhouse. Disney Junior broadcasts from September until late May from 6:00 am to 2:00 pm ET (5:00 am to 1:00 pm CT) on weekdays.8 rating). AT&T U-verse and Verizon FIOS. along with select original movies and behind-thescenes features to digital cable and IPTV providers. Day) and also 6:00 am to 10:00 am ET (5:00 am to 9:00 am CT) on weekdays from late May (post-Memorial Day through Labor Day). like the transitions from Nick GAS to TeenNick and Fox Reality to Nat Geo Wild. Jungle Junction. 2012. were moved to the block and continue to broadcast. Playhouse Disney's Ooh and Aah mascots and programs were deleted completely during the process of the transition from Playhouse Disney to Disney Junior. Disney Channel On Demand is the channel's video-on-demand service. Five such Playhouse Disney series have been confirmed as of January 9. though short "promotional spots" do run every so often. when Disney Channel animated programs air under the regular Disney Channel branding. Cable and satellite channel  A 24-hour basic cable and satellite channel for Disney Junior will launch on March 23. it will also provide video on demand. Between these times. The channel is expecting its original series (Jake and the Never Land Pirates. 2012. it has been confirmed that the Disney Junior channel will include previously  discontinued Playhouse Disney series. a high-definition version (Disney Junior HD) and  a Spanish language SAP audio track. such as often seen on PBS. each running a different schedule. Chuggington. Little Einsteins. Imagination Movers.). soap opera-focused websites listed  the launch date as moving from January to a more non-specific date in late-spring 2012. The first program was Jake and the Never Land Pirates. Programming Main article: List of programs broadcast by Disney Junior Mickey Mouse Clubhouse. Columbus Day. a programming block titled The Magical World of Disney Junior and short-form series in its lineup. However.
2012. Disney Junior HD appears to be a block on the HD feed version on Disney Channel.The Playhouse Disney preschool programming block is being remade this week as Disney Junior. They are not afraid to be delighted with simple pleasures.Chosen by Asker Disney's target audience is families." with social skills — such as learning to share — and health habits as part of the curriculum." an animated series with poems set to scenes from Disney films." You can see the multigenerational focus if you watch commercials for Walt Disney World. Disney Junior On Demand Disney Junior On Demand is the video-on-demand service. which expands the Playhouse target audience from ages 2-5 to ages 2-7. and they have a degree of contentment with what life has brought . ET weekdays and from 4 a. They're people who don't give a hang what the Joneses do. Currently. HD versions of Disney Junior had already launched in Canada. with a revamped lineup as well as name.m. Walt Disney's original idea for Disneyland came from hours sitting on a bench watching his kids ride the carousel at the local park. Disney Junior. "It's all about storytelling and the learning derived from storytelling...some are aimed at parents. anyway. . It will begin broadcasting on March 23." "Why do we have to grow up? I know more adults who have the children's approach to life.sometimes it isn't much." Lightcap said. Hook and Smee (of 1950s "Peter Pan" film vintage) into a new story. Adults are only kids grown up." and the animated series "Jake and the Never Land Pirates. The Disney Junior programming block airs on Disney Channel from 4 a. Bing: Disney Junior "We were basically looking to redefine the brand image" to convey what the programming offers. Disney target audience? Best Answer . president of Disney Channels Worldwide..m.a family park where parents and children could have fun. LOS ANGELES (AP) -. along with DirecTV." "Your dead if you aim only for kids. said Carolina Lightcap." Short-form shows airing between series include "Special Agent Oso: Three Healthy Steps" and "A Poem Is .m..Related services Disney Junior HD Logo for Disney Junior HD in 2012. to 9 a. "'Playhouse' really meant just fun. Disney Junior's goal is to engage children with magical tales that have "heart. Asia and France.. and parents didn't perceive a lot of learning value in the name. Familiar Disney "heritage" characters will be featured in Disney Junior shows.together. "Babar and the Adventures of Badou" and "Tinga Tinga Tales" are among other new full-length programs that will be part of a lineup that includes the previous Playhouse Disney series "Mickey Mouse Clubhouse.m. Here's some of his quotes about it: "We believed in our idea . AT&T U-verse and Verizon FIOS. Dish Network does not carry the Disney/ABC Cable Networks' HD simulcast channels due to a retransmission consent dispute with the Walt Disney Company. Disney Junior HD will be a high definition simulcast feed. she said. He wanted to develop a park that the entire family could enjoy. either. including the short-form segment "Mickey Mousekersize. broadcasting a moderate amount of Disney Junior's programming in 720p HD. including "Dumbo" and "Bambi. to 2 p. Many cable providers will carry the HD simulcast feed. which offers select episodes of Disney Junior's original series. You see them at Disneyland every time you go there. There's also a companion website. so it will probably not carry the channel. Currently." Besides reaching slightly older viewers." "Handy Manny" and "Imagination Movers." Katie Holmes and Jennifer Garner are among the celebrity narrators. ET weekends. the new lineup will also draw more heavily on what Lightcap called Disney's "brand vision" as it vies with front-runners Nickelodeon and PBS in the contest for the sippy-cup-and-up crowd. is a precursor to a 24-hour basic cable and satellite channel that is set to replace Disney's SOAPnet in 2012. It is available to most digital cable and IPTV providers." which drops characters Capt. Most have something that appeals to both. some are aimed at children.
the Backyardigans. I don’t have subscription to the channel simply because we’re not home most of the time. and Johnny and the Sprites. Those 2 days. Parents can rest as ease when their children are watching these shows which have proven over time their effectiveness in child development. Other shows offered by Nickelodeon are: Blues Clues. The Bernstein Bears. Roger's Neighborhood. Word Girl. Each show offers life lessons such as working hard to achieve goals. Chuggington. and Dragon Tales. and have made them into more modern day characters with a better developed educational purpose. 2011 by selenaquah After catching Under the Baobab Tree. Another show offered on Playhouse Disney is Handy Manny. I’m always interested to know what he watches. Some of the shows use traditional Disney icons. has not had quite the long history as PBS. Manny is a "handy man" who. how do parents know which shows to allow their children to watch? Parents need to be active in choosing the programs that are watched by young children. the main character in this show. she said. and I’ve thought on more than one occasion that these people certainly know what they’re doing. The Doodlebops. Lightcap said the expansion will be a boon to parents: As a mother herself. and takes along her trusty map to find the way. you can find the popular series. Mornings on Nickelodeon are just for young children and preschoolers. Dora. Super Why. such as Sesame Street. Some may dispute the educational benefits television offers. Barney and Friends. With so many options available. PBS. So it was good to hear Nancy Kanter. The new Disney Junior channel replaces Playhouse Disney. These programs should be analyzed by the parent and then decided upon. Reading Rainbow. With all of these programs available it can be difficult to determine which one is most valuable for children to watch. Sid the Science Kid. these shows may be said to be superb in the young children's field of television. and Arthur. The one time I had the chance to really check out the programmes was when we changed our Starhub box and had access to all the channels for 2 days while they configured the new box. With the channel being known for its overall purpose of educating the public. There are new programmes in the works like Jake and the Neverland Pirates. Whatever was showing was…well…lets just say it didn’t compel me to subscribe to the channel. Nick Jr. On Nick Jr. such as Mickey Mouse and Winnie the Pooh. and to provide such programming outside of the morning hours – which is when kids are at preschool anyway. the all day breakfast place. friendship. make phone calls. For . In fact. Disney Junior Hatched May 31. and some characters in the show speak Spanish which allows children to learn simple words in another language. Other newer shows include: Word World. and many more. Yo Gabba Gabba. but for the moment Asher is still most familiar with Mickey. and Little Einsteins. fixes things that are broken around town. Playhouse Disney is very attractive for young children and publicized as one would expect Disney to be. It is the parent who knows which milestones the child is nearing and what learning level they are at. Little Einsteins is a very informative show that incorporates classical pieces of art into a learning adventure with four imaginative children as the main characters. there are some shows that are developed just for toddlers. with the help of his tools. acknowledge that there was a need to make programming more appropriate for preschool children. and Max and Ruby. Parents are able to watch this show with their children while remembering their youth and watching the same program. she knows the value of having a child happily distracted in the early evening while she handles dinner or other tasks. or even sit and relax while enjoying the show with their child. and has expanded it’s target audience to 2 to 7 year olds. Each channel that offers these shows has a web site with information for parents about their programs.Although young viewers seem unlikely to need a 24-hour cable channel. VP for the new Disney Junior brand worldwide. Asher kept saying. is a young girl who spends each show taking children on an adventure. This show offers lessons in spelling. PBS has a long line up of classic television shows such as Mr. but some parent find that the shows they offer are equally educational. There are several other shows on Playhouse Disney such as: Imagination Movers. the world famous characters on Sesame Street made their debut almost 40 years ago in 1969. But I know that Asher watches TV at our neighbour’s house. PBS Kids is a channel with long lasting shows that are sure to spark a child's imagination. and though most are geared to pre-schoolers. but unlike shows in the past. And I’m the kind who’d rather my kid not watch any TV at all than watch bad TV. Shows. She uses a backpack to carry the items needed on the adventure. “I want to watch Mickey!” hildren's' shows on channels such as Disney. Wonder Pets. Each program offers different learning. Then there are some shows which some feel would send children several steps back in their development. counting. Dora the Explorer. It’s amazing how Disney has created characters that appeal to kids. these programs are created with the child's development in mind. his cousin’s place and at my parent’s house. have been on the air for generations. Throughout the presentation while Nancy showed snippets of the new programmes. Dora also speaks Spanish and teaches children how to pronounce common words in Spanish. but offer educational and informative lessons as well. Del invited us to go check out a Disney Junior event at Hatched. These shows also offer parents a few moments to tidy up the house. Even without the channel at home Asher is familiar with Mickey Mouse and his friends. Bunny Town. Asher got to watch a lot of TV in the evening. It seemed as if there were no good programmes available for his age group in the evening at all. Honestly. and Nickelodeon are not only entertaining and stimulating for children. and I distinctly remember thinking that a lot of what was showing on the various kids channels wasn’t very good.
speech language pathologists. classroom teachers. Research also indicates that parents' beliefs. This is why monitoring what your child is watching is very important. Greater insight into both issues will allow these professionals to provide more effective and scientifically sound advice to parents. "There is no scientific evidence to date . 1998. Pruett. In order to better inform early childhood professionals. 2000). some parents argue that the show Wonder Pets on Nick Jr. as most children eventually become English dominant or even monolingual in English (Wong Fillmore. 2002. and contact information to a representative for the channel. Such sources frequently note that acquisition of two languages can result in "language delay. upbeat music. n." though many also suggest that the long-term benefits of bilingualism are important (e. and bad the next. the findings of our investigation in light of the current research literature on bilingual development: • Although many parents believe that bilingualism results in language delay. What should parents look for in a child's program? While searching for the right television shows for a child to watch parents need to look for certain aspects of the show that are consistent.). 1997). As De Houwer (1999) summarizes. 2003. we conducted individual in-depth interviews with 24 economically and culturally diverse families in Washington. and enjoy the show!. there is no research evidence to support this. By visiting the web sites of each channel that offers programs that may interest your child you can find the answers to many questions. yet this is best considered a fun source of secondary support for language learning. all of whom aimed to raise their children (then ages 0 to 5) as Spanish-English bilinguals (King & Fogle. DC. The same view is prevalent in the popular parenting literature.. The reasons for this trend include a desire to maintain ties to the parents' heritage language and culture. attitudes. to provide children with academic and cognitive advantages. The show may be good one day. and interactions with their children are important in helping children become bilingual (De Houwer. Others argue that other shows. Raising Bilingual Children: Common Parental Concerns and Current Research Kendall King and Lyn Fogle. such as Sesame Street on PBS Kids. Yet research indicates that success in raising children to be bilingual remains the exception in the United States. Some sites also allow interaction between parents. Terminology issues aside. research suggests that monolingual and bilingual children meet major language developmental milestones at similar times. Here we summarize. such as greater understanding of language as an abstract system.d. 2003. who can play a key role in shaping parents' beliefs and behaviors. It is important to differentiate between the popular use of the term language delay in reference to a child who is perceived to take longer than average to begin to speak but who is well within the normal range of productive vocabulary development (Fenson et al." parents more realistically can expect their bilingual children to gain specific advantages in targeted areas. Human interaction is the best method for fostering language learning. • Many parents rely heavily on television to teach the second language. offer false concepts because of their "over-the-top" characters. in press). Georgetown University Download a PDF of this digest.. which can be either primary (not associated with another disorder) or secondary (associated with conditions such as autism). Take advantage of these features offered to you. The purpose of this digest is to help pediatricians. the research is quite clear: No empirical evidence links bilingualism to language delay of any sort. encourages children to use words incorrectly because one of the characters does not speak well. use of two languages in the same conversation has been found to be a sign of mastery of both languages. parents view bilingualism as a laudable family goal.instance. 1994) and the clinical use of the term to refer to significant delays in the development of language. better brains. This is due at least in part to the high status of English and the limited number of opportunities available for children to learn languages other than English. and to promote cross-cultural understanding and communication. Fabian.S. and unbiased curriculum. Murkoff. On the contrary. Bilingualism and Language Delay Many of the parents we interviewed believed that their children had experienced or were likely to experience language delay as a result of their dual language environment. and other professionals who work with bilingual children and their parents understand common parental concerns related to bilingual childrearing and become familiar with the current science on bilingual child development. Lanza.g. • Despite many parents' fear that using two languages will result in confusion for their children. A lack of understanding of the different uses of the term may result in undue concern for some parents interested in raising their children with two languages. in four key points. • Contrary to the widespread notion among parents that bilingualism results in "bigger. The show should offer stimulating content. Foreman. A growing number of U.
However. This approach is one option for raising bilingual children.g. infants' gradual loss of the ability to perceive sounds unlike those in the language(s) to which they are regularly exposed. In particular. not a sign of language confusion. in which children understand both languages but speak only the majority language (i. the high status language of the wider community). Some believed that language delay was the result of this confusion. & Huei-Mei. one-language approach to bilingual childrearing.. human interaction is the best method for fostering both first and second language development. 2003). Many. with the type and amount of code-switching depending on environmental factors. 1989. but it should not be viewed as an overall indicator of greater intelligence or as a predictor of high academic performance. 1992). is a sign of mastery of two linguistic systems.d. often providing long lists of language learning television and video programs (Eisenberg et al. noting.g. . for instance. but it can also result in passive bilingualism (Döpke. However. Honig. 1999. leading researchers (e. and this is true regarding each of the young bilingual's two native languages" (p. Bilingualism and Language Confusion Many of the parents interviewed worried that their children would experience confusion due to exposure to two languages.g. Murkoff.. 1995). 1992. Likewise. while our knowledge is far from complete. Petitto and Holowka's (2002) extensive literature review leads them to argue that "very early simultaneous language exposure does not cause a young child to be delayed with respect to the semantic and conceptual underpinnings at the heart of all natural language. research suggests advantages only in very specific areas. Bilingualism and Intelligence None of the parents in our survey feared any negative impact of bilingualism on their children's intelligence. videos. for older children. Yet research clearly indicates that some activities are more effective than others in promoting second language acquisition and bilingualism. reading or talking to a child) is more effective than exposure to recorded sounds (e.). 2002). that bilingualism will make children smarter overall.. also influence the benefits derived from being bilingual. while audio and video materials can serve as a positive and entertaining source of support for language learning. there is evidence that it can lead to the development of children's active competence in two languages. and that children as young as 2 are able to code-switch in socially appropriate ways (Lanza. Other studies have found that. For instance. television) in reversing the narrowing process (Kuhl.. when in fact. we know a growing amount about the limits of television and video as instructional aides with young children. Eisenberg. 1989. in which each caregiver uses only one language with the child and parents refrain from using two languages in the same conversation. much of the popular press and advice literature stresses the value of books and videos. that is. 23). such as using only the minority language in the home or using both languages in the same contexts. and music CDs to help their children learn a second language. such as how much the parents or wider community engage in code-switching. recent studies have examined the process of perceptual narrowing in infants. As to the effectiveness of the one-parent. 2001) have been careful to identify the benefits of bilingualism in specific areas such as metalinguistic awareness (awareness about language as a system) and cognitive processing. Likewise. Bialystok.d. being read aloud to in the second language increases second language vocabulary much more than watching television in that language (Patterson.) suggest that confusion could be avoided by using the one-parent.. n. In fact. n. Parents instead should be encouraged to think about the total quantity and quality of exposure to both languages that their children receive. many felt that their children would benefit cognitively from being bilingual. Feng-Ming. 1). Lichtenberger.. research indicates that the ability to switch back and forth between languages.g. both parents and the popular press overstate the known cognitive advantages of bilingualism. Langley. one-language approach. Several advice publications (e.that hearing two or more languages leads to delays or disorders in language acquisition. Language Learning and Television Many parents we interviewed relied heavily on commercial language materials such as books. For instance. In short. but parents do not need to fear language confusion if they opt for another approach. & Hathaway. sometimes called code-switching. Research also shows that many normally developing bilingual children mix their two languages. such as the child's level of mastery of each language and the child's literacy skills. Researchers have found that live interaction (e. Therefore bilingualism may contribute to the strengthening of some specific cognitive skills for some children.e. They note that other factors. Yamamoto. television programs. many children throughout the world grow up with two or more languages from infancy without showing any signs of language delays or disorder" (p.
listening to music. Cambridge. Two.. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Fabian.D. family. S. he'll begin to pick up the . 59(5. and we lose the capacity to hear and produce certain sounds if we aren't exposed to them early on." And you don't need to enroll your child in formal language classes to hear her repeat words and songs in a new tongue -. Dale.com) and the Why. 1990) as well as in promoting bilingualism. S. "Kids this age are developing language skills rapidly. J. (1998). Eisenberg. (1999).. Environmental factors in early bilingual development: The role of parental beliefs and attitudes.. DC: Center for Applied Linguistics. which teach basic Spanish words to the preschool set. Health sense: The evidence speaks well of bilingualism's effect on kids. De Houwer. (1989). director of the Language Workshop for Children. S. Start now. Here's how to get your little linguist to begin learning.pdf). Why are so many families jumping on the bilingual bandwagon? "In our increasingly global world.. from www. S. professionals should warmly encourage the use of two languages in the home. New York: Mouton de Gruyter. S1. 75–96). Washington. E. So just before Camille turned 3.cal. director of foreignlanguageeducation at the Center for Applied Linguistics. Two or more languages in early childhood: Some general points and practical recommendations. Fenson. Reznick." says Erika Levy. literacy. 2005. UK: Cambridge University Press. Bates. J.C. & Hathaway. March). (2002. at 3 1/2. Thal. So just hearing a television show." Exposing your child to a second language will help him learn about other cultures. Los Angeles Times. The ability to hear different phonetic pronunciations is sharpest before age 3. We know that parents' use of their first language is important in providing children a rich linguistic environment (Snow. in Washington.bilingualfamilynewsletter. Join the Bilingual Bandwagon When Louise Sanders adopted her daughter. Parents should be directed to practical resources such as The Bilingual Family Newsletter(www. which can become an important resource for the child. K. E. the easier it will be for your child to pick up its unique sounds. Retrieved March 4.and 3-year-olds are not only increasing their vocabularies.). and they quickly absorb whatever they hear." says Nancy Rhodes. The earlier you introduce a second language. References Bialystok . Research has shown that bilinguals tend to be more creative thinkers than those who speak one language. from Panama.org/resources/digest/earlychild. J. and wider community. assistant professor of speech and language pathology at Columbia University Teachers College.Summary In responding to parents' questions or concerns about raising bilingual children. p. A. How. or learning a few words in a second language will give your child essential tools for appreciating it now and learning to speak it later. If he's exposed to conversations. toys. Go! and Sesame Street. D.html Döpke. Arizona. Create a casual learning environment. parents should be encouraged to be aware of the quantity and quality of their children's exposure to both languages and to think about creating a "safe space" for the minority language to flourish at home. Ph. and CDs. (2003.. in New York City. October 7). Go. Variability in early communicative development. Diego. community. De Houwer. Extra & L. in New York City.org/resources/brochures/whyhowwhen_brochure. Is your child late to speak? Parenting. parents realize that their kids will benefit from knowing more than one language. Camille. (1992). E. says Thibaut. according to François Thibaut. and one study suggests that their brain functions may stay sharper as they age. One parent one language: An interactional approach. Now. Serial No. Bilingualism and migration (pp. Camille loves to sing Spanish songs. The best way for a child to learn to understand a new language is for him to hear people speaking it fluently. What to expect the first year. "There's definitely been a grassroots push for more bilingual education in preschools... P. and When Should My Child Learn a Second Language? brochure (www. Verhoeven (Eds. In G. New York: Workman. H.cal. L. and cognition. A. S.just listen in when she's watching television shows like Dora the Explorer. D. (1994). Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. Louise enrolled her in a Spanish-language school in their Tucson. they're starting to recognize the speech patterns they've been hearing since birth. A. and sometimes she even answers questions more quickly when her teachers ask her in Spanish rather than in English. (2001). 93. "They can learn to understand new words in two different languages at an incredibly fast rate. she thought it was important to teach her about her heritage. J. 242). Lots of parents are also supplementing this elementary knowledge with bilingual books. Bilingualism in development: Language. Murkoff. & Pethick. Perhaps most importantly. Foreman.
but if you add in the words she knows in her second language. New Hampshire. one language. that is not the case. says Dr. encourage her to speak her native language to your child exclusively. Play and Learn When you shop for bilingual toys. you can introduce bilingual basics by pointing out to your child that objects can have two names -. he'll say 'spider' to me in English and then say it in Greek to my husband. He'll quickly learn to separate the languages. make sure the words are spoken clearly and by a native speaker with a proper accent. Here are some things to remember in a bilingual household. But simply being exposed to a language will help her understand phrases when she hears them." As your child learns new words. watching videos. Your little one might say fewer English words than other kids her age. Your child will have a fiesta learning a new language with these. So even though you probably won't be having a French conversation with your child very soon. "He knows they mean the same thing.one in each language. ." It's helpful to have one adult speak only the second language to your child so she doesn't get just pieces of it. she'll figure out what you mean. Erika Levy. if you say "bonne nuit" every night at bedtime. sees a spider.and 3-yearolds love to mimic what they hear. If you don't want to do formal lessons. a child won't learn to speak another language fluently from hearing words. Two. Teach a word at a time. Of course. It's natural for a child to confuse the word order or use words from both languages in the same sentence. Choose a language that is spoken in your neighborhood. and CDs. tell him what they're called in a second language too. Try "one person. "If you have a bilingual babysitter." says Cassandra Attard. on a television show your child can watch regularly. her total number of words will probably be more than that of her peers. and soon they'll begin to understand the meanings of short words and phrases." says Rhodes. or one that is offered in classes or playgroups in your area. Have reasonable expectations. Even though many people think learning two languages causes speech delays. or singing songs. Expect minor mix-ups. "When my 2-year-old son. When Mom or Dad Is Bilingual The only way a child can truly master a second language is if she is frequently around someone who speaks it fluently. Don't underestimate her progress. Constantinos. of Nottingham. games.sounds and the natural accent.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.