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CE 479 Fall 2006 Wood Design Example Find the allowable design values in accordance with the NDS

S specifications for the following member:


2x8 No. 1 Douglas Fir Larch (DF-L) Load combination dead load plus snow load (DL + SL) Wet service condition prevails (moisture content > 19%) Normal temperature condition For bending, assume strong axis bending and that the member is adequately braced to prevent lateral torsional buckling For compression, assume the member is supported throughout its length to prevent lateral displacement in all directions

1. Bending (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.1) Fb = FbCDCMCtCLCFCfuCiCrCf Fb = 1000 psi (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) CD = 1.15 (NDS 01 Spec. Table 2.3.2) CF = 1.2 (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) CM = 0.85 or (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) = 1.0 if FbCF 1150psi since FbCF = (1000psi)(1.2)=1200psi -> not applicable therefore, CM = 0.85 Ct = 1.0 (NDS 01 Spec. Table 2.3.3) CL = 1.0 (since adequately braced) (NDS 01 Spec. Section 3.3.3) Cfu = 1.0 (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) (since strong axis bending, ie. load is applied to narrow face) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.8) Ci = 1.0 (no mention of member being incised) Cr = 1.0 (no mention of repetitive use) (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) Cf = 1.0 (member is not round or diamond shaped) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 3.3.4) Fb = (1000psi)(1.15)(0.85)(1.0)(1.0)(1.2)(1.0)(1.0)(1.0)(1.0) = 1173 psi 2. Tension parallel to grain Ft = FtCDCMCtCFCi Ft = 675 psi CD = 1.15 CM = 1.0 Ct = 1.0 CF = 1.2 Ci = 1.0 (no mention of member being incised) Ft = (675psi)(1.15)(1.0)(1.0)(1.2)(1.0) = 932 psi (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.1) (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 2.3.2) (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 2.3.3) (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.8)

3. Shear parallel to grain Fv = FvCDCMCtCi Fv = 180 psi CD = 1.15 CM = 0.97 Ct = 1.0 Ci = 1.0 (no mention of member being incised) Fv = (180psi)(1.15)(0.97)(1.0)(1.0) = 201 psi

(NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.1) (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 2.3.2) (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 2.3.3) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.8)

4. Compression perpendicular to grain Fc = FcCMCtCiCb (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.1) Fc = 625 psi (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) CM = 0.67 Ct = 1.0 (NDS 01 Spec. Table 2.3.3) Ci = 1.0 (no mention of member being incised) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.8) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 3.10.4) Cb = 1.0 (no info given on bearing length - assume lb6 ) Fc = (625psi)(0.67)(1.0)(1.0)(1.0) = 419 psi 5. Compression parallel to grain Fc = FcCDCMCtCFCiCp (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.1) Fc = 1500 psi (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) CD = 1.15 (NDS 01 Spec. Table 2.3.2) CF = 1.05 (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) CM = 0.8 or (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) = 1.0 if FbCF 750psi since FbCF = (1500psi)(1.05)=1575psi -> not applicable therefore, CM = 0.8 (NDS 01 Spec. Table 2.3.3) Ct = 1.0 Ci = 1.0 (no mention of member being incised) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.8) Cp = 1.0 (member is supported along its length) (NDS 01 Spec. 3.7.1) Fc = (1500psi)(1.15)(0.8)(1.0)(1.05)(1.0)(1.0) = 1449 psi 6. Modulus of Elasticity E = ECMCtCiCT E = 1,700,000 psi CM = 0.9 Ct = 1.0 Ci = 1.0 (no mention of member being incised) CT = 1.0 (no info given no increase in stiffness ) E = (1,700,000psi)(0.9)(1.0)(1.0)(1.0) = 1,530,000 psi (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.1) (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) (NDS 01 Supp. Table 4A) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 2.3.3) (NDS 01 Spec. Table 4.3.8) (NDS 01 Spec. 4.4.2)