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SYLLABUS FOR 2011 BAR EXAMINATIONS
A. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. B. The Constitution Definition, Nature and Concepts Parts Amendments and Revisions Self-Executing and Non-Self-Executing Provisions General Provisions General Considerations 1. National Territory a. Archipelagic Doctrine 2. State Immunity 3. Principles and Policies 4. Separation of Powers 5. Checks and Balances 6. Delegation of Powers 7. Forms of Government C. Legislative Department 1. Who May Exercise Legislative Power a. Initiative and Referendum 2. Houses of Congress a. Senate b. House of Representatives (1) District Representatives and Questions of Apportionment (2) Party-List System 3. 4. 5. 6. Legislative Privileges, Inhibitions and Disqualifications Quorum and Voting Majorities Discipline of Members Electoral Tribunals and the Commission on Appointments a. Nature b. Powers
7. Powers of Congress a. Legislative -1-
Presidential Privilege 2. E. Inhibitions and Disqualifications a. Presidential Immunity b. Concepts a. Non-Legislative (1) Informing Function D. Judicial Department 1. f.com . Powers a. g. Judicial Review (1) Operative Fact Doctrine (2) Moot Questions (3) Political Question Doctrine www.chanrobles. Power of Control and Supervision (1) Doctrine of Qualified Political Agency (2) Executive Departments and Offices (3) Local Government Units Military Powers Pardoning Power (1) Nature and Limitations (2) Forms of Executive Clemency Diplomatic Power Residual Powers d. Appropriations and Tariff Measures (b) Presidential Veto and Congressional Override b. Judicial Power b. Executive Department 1. Power of Appointment (1) In General (2) Commission on Appointments Confirmation (3) Midnight Appointments (4) Power of Removal c. Executive and Administrative Powers in General b.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library (1) (2) (3) Legislative Inquiries and the Oversight Functions Bicameral Conference Committee Limitations on Legislative Power (a) Limitations on Revenue. Privileges. e.
Bill of Rights 1. Judicial Standards of Review f. Constitutional and Statutory Due Process d. Administrative Supervision Over Lower Courts Constitutional Commissions F. Requisites for Valid Classification 5. Judicial Review a. 1.com . Due Process a.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library 2. Alcohol and Blood Tests www. 3. Judicial Independence Safeguards Judicial Restraint Appointments to the Judiciary Supreme Court a. Concept and Application b. Void-for-Vagueness Doctrine 4. 5. Administrative Arrests f. Institutional Independence Safeguards 2. Quasi-Judicial Functions b. En Banc and Division Cases b. Similarities and Differences d. Warrantless Searches d. Administrative G. Requisites for Valid Exercise c. Procedural and Substantive Due Process c. Private Acts and the Bill of Rights 3. Hierarchy of Rights e. Relativity of Due Process b. Concept b. Searches and Seizures a. Procedural Rule Making c. 4. Delegation 2. Drug. Equal Protection a. Powers and Functions 3. Concept b. Warrantless Arrests e.chanrobles. Fundamental Powers of the State a. Warrant Requirement (1) Requisites c.
Just Compensation (1) Determination (2) Effect of Delay d. Right to Information a. Return to One’s County 10. Concept and Scope (1) Prior Restraint (Censorship) (2) Subsequent Punishment b. Access to Court Records d. Freedom of Expression a.com . Liberty of Abode and Freedom of Movement a. Privacy of Communications and Correspondence a. Content-Based and Content-Neutral Regulations Facial Challenges and the Overbreadth Doctrine Tests State Regulation of Different Types of Mass Media Commercial Speech Private v. e.chanrobles. Non-Establishment Clause b. Eminent Domain a. Concept b. Limitations b. h. Government Speech Heckler’s Veto 8. f.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library 6. Publication of Laws and Regulations c. d. Writ of Habeas Data 7. g. Right of Association 12. e. Expansive Concept of “Public Use” c. Private and Public Communications b. c. Free Exercise Clause 9. Abandonment of Intended Use and Right of Repurchase Miscellaneous Application www. Limitations b. Freedom of Religion a. Right to Information Relative to (1) Government Contract Negotiations (2) Diplomatic Negotiations 11.
Loss of Citizenship www. Right to be Heard e.com . Natural-Born Citizens and Public Office 2. Impartial and Public Trial h. Writ of Habeas Corpus a. Criminal Due Process b. Bail c. Right to be Informed g. Involuntary Servitude and Political Prisoners 20. Contract Clause a. Trials In Absentia 17. Rights of Suspects a. Dismissal with Consent of Accused 23. Requisites c. Right to Speedy. Excessive Fines and Cruel and Inhuman Punishments 21. Naturalization and Denaturalization 3. Right of Confrontation i.chanrobles. Assistance of Counsel f. Contemporary Application of the Contract Clause 14. Compulsory Process j. Legal Assistance and Free Access to Courts 15. Scope and Coverage (1) Foreign Laws b. Motions for Reconsideration and Appeals c. Rights of the Accused a. Non-Imprisonment for Debts 22. Self-Incrimination Clause a. Citizenship 1. Availability b. Waiver 16. Presumption of Innocence d. Writ of Amparo 18.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library 13. Immunity Statutes 19. Double Jeopardy a. Requisites b. Ex Post Facto Laws and Bills of Attainder H. Application c.
General Principles 2. 8. Administrative Agencies 3. Illegal Dismissal. 4. 3. Repatriation I. Appointments to the Civil Service c. 5. 2.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library 4. 1. Reinstatement and Back Salaries 9. Immunity of Public Officers 10. Term Limits J. Preventive Suspension and Back Salaries b. d. The Civil Service a. Ombudsman (1) Judicial Review in Administrative Proceedings (2) Judicial Review in Penal Proceedings c. De Facto Officers 11. Law on Public Officers General Principles Modes of Acquiring Title to Public Office Modes and Kinds of Appointment Eligibility and Qualification Requirements Disabilities and Inhibitions of Public Officers Powers and Duties of Public Officers Rights of Public Officers Liabilities of Public Officers a. Impeachment b. Administrative Law 1. Termination of Official Relation 12.com . Scope b. Sandiganbayan Ill-Gotten Wealth 14.chanrobles. 6. www. Quasi-Legislative (Rule Making) Power (1) Kinds of Administrative Rules and Regulations (2) Requisites for Validity Quasi-Judicial (Adjudicatory) Power b. Personnel Actions 13. Accountability of Public Officers a. 7. Powers of Administrative Agencies a.
Public Corporations www. Remedies and Jurisdiction in Election Law a. 1. Licensing and Rate-Fixing Powers 4. Pre-Proclamation Controversy d. Doctrine of Primary Administrative Jurisdiction b. 2. Doctrine of Finality of Administrative Action K. Doctrine of Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies c. Petition Not to Give Due Course to Certificate of Candidacy b. Premature Campaigning b. Filing of Certificates of Candidacy (1) Effect of Filing (2) Substitution of Candidates (3) Nuisance Candidates (4) Petition to Deny or Cancel Certificates of Candidacy (5) Effect of Disqualification (6) Withdrawal of Candidates 7. 3. 6. Qualifications of Candidates b. Local Governments 1. Administrative Due Process Administrative Appeal and Review Administrative Res Judicata Fact-Finding. Board of Canvassers 9. Campaign a. Investigative. Election Law Suffrage Qualification and Disqualification of Voters Registration of Voters Inclusion and Exclusion Proceedings Political Parties Candidacy a. Petition to Declare Failure of Elections c.chanrobles. 4.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library (1) (2) (3) c. Prohibited Contributions 8. 5.com . Quo Warranto 10. Prosecution of Election Offenses L. Judicial Recourse and Review a. Election Protest e.
h. Concept (1) Distinguished from Government-Owned or Controlled Corporations (GOCCs) b. Taxing Power d. Merger or Dissolution 3. Powers of Local Government Units (LGUs) a. www. Requisites for Creation. Nature and Functions c. Classifications (1) Quasi-Corporations (2) Municipal Corporations 2. k.com . i. Division. Elements b. Corporate Powers (1) To Sue and Be Sued (2) To Acquire and Sell Property (3) To Enter Into Contracts (a) Requisites (b) Ultra Vires Contracts Liability of LGUs Settlement of Boundary Disputes Succession of Elective Officials Discipline of Local Officials (1) Elective Officials (a) Grounds (b) Jurisdiction (c) Preventive Suspension (d) Removal (e) Administrative Appeal (f) Doctrine of Condonation (2) Appointive Officials Recall Term Limits g. Principles of Local Autonomy 4. Police Power (General Welfare Clause) b. Eminent Domain c. l. j. Conversion. Municipal Corporations a. Closure and Opening of Roads e. Legislative Power (1) Requisites for Valid Ordinance (2) Local Initiative and Referendum f.chanrobles.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library a.
Science. 5. International and National Law 3.chanrobles. 8. International Human Rights Law a. Education. 1. Concept of Social Justice 2. 6. Jus Cogens c. States b. Concept of Aeguo Et Bono 2. Extradition (1) Fundamental Principles (2) Procedure (3) Distinguished from Deportation 9. 2. Private and Public Monopolies. 3. Sources 4. Authority and Certificates for Public Utilities Acquisition. Diplomatic and Consular Law Treaties Nationality and Statelessness Treatment of Aliens a. Universal Declaration of Human Rights www. Arts. 7. Public International Law 1. Culture and Sports 1. Development and Utilization of Natural Resources Franchises. 4.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library M. 6. Commission on Human Rights O. Obligations Erga Omnes b. International Organizations c. Concepts a. 8.com . N. Subjects a. Restraint of Trade and Unfair Competition Social Justice and Human Rights 1. 7. Individuals 5. Technology. Ownership and Transfer of Public and Private Lands Practice of Professions Organization and Regulation of Corporations. National Economy and Patrimony Regalian Doctrine Nationalist and Citizenship Requirement Provisions Exploration. Academic Freedom P.
com . Law of the Sea a. c.chanrobles. 11. More is required for excellent and distinguished work as members of the Bar. and principles they need to know and be able to use correctly before they can be licensed to practice law. Baselines b. Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) 10. Categories of Armed Conflicts (1) International Armed Conflicts (2) Internal or Non-International Armed Conflict (3) War of National Liberation b. d. It has been drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that candidates reviewing for the bar examinations are guided on what basic and minimum amounts of laws. International Environment Law a. e. c. Core International Obligations of States in IHL Principles of IHL (1) Treatment of Civilians (2) Prisoners of War Law on Neutrality d. Principle 21 of Stockholm Declaration IMPORTANT NOTE: This bar coverage description is not intended and should not be used by law schools as a syllabus or course outline in the covered subjects. doctrines. www. f. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) International Covenant on Economic. Internal Waters Territorial Sea Exclusive Economic Zone Continental Shelf (1) Extended Continental Shelf g. International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and Neutrality a. Archipelagic States (1) Straight Archipelagic Baselines (2) Archipelagic Waters (3) Archipelagic Sea Lanes Passage c.Chan Robles Virtual Law Library b. Tribunal of the Law of the Sea 12.
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