## Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

1

The Genesis Hypothesis It is my guess that The Genesis Project – making a life sustaining planet – would be attainable by using a planet in orbit around a star of a luminosity that is absolute magnitude zero at a distance from it that is the same as the distance between the planet Saturn and the Sun. I call this “The Genesis Hypothesis”. The hints hidden in Nature that leads me to this guess are: 1. The energy required to move the earth from the sun to its orbit of one astronomical unit is about 94.2 solar luminosities radiated over a year, a number close to the number of naturally occurring elements, which are 92. 92 solar luminosities are close to the luminosity of an absolute magnitude zero star. There are precisely 85.525. If we average this with 100 solar luminosities we have 92.7625 solar luminosities, very close to the number of naturally occurring elements. 2. Saturn has the most prominent ring system in the solar system. It is about 10 times further from the sun than the Earth is from the sun, and if an absolute magnitude zero star is about 100 solar luminosities, by the inverse square law the habitable zone of an absolute magnitude zero star is the same distance from that star as Saturn is from the Sun. 3. I found absolute magnitude zero stars have a connection with an enigmatic occurrence of 3.7 in the Universe. Concerting number 3, the latter point, I had written about through my character Leonard in The Secret Of Neptune: Leonard referred to his periodic table of the elements and noticed that the ratio of Gold (chemical symbol Au) to Iron (chemical symbol Fe) was 3.5. Why was this important? He figured it was important because the luminosity of a star increases exponentially as the mass of a star, and that exponent was 3.5. Gold has been considered the most precious metal since before the Ancient Egyptians Buried their kings in tombs with treasures made of the stuff, to today as the most precious of ceremonial jewelries, and the use of Iron marked the beginning of an age for humans that continues to this day. He noticed if he let an absolute magnitude zero star, which he had shown was important, be rounded to 100 solar luminosities, which put its habitable zone at Saturn orbit around the sun, and used that number in the equation, it would have a mass of 3.7 suns. He found 3.7 was important in his following discovery: [(volume of saturn)/(volume of Jupiter)](volume of mars) =(mercury radius)(earth radius)^2 =[(venus orbit/earth orbit)(earth radius)]^3

2

=[(mercury orbit)/(earth orbit)](earth radius)^3 =0.37 cubic earth radii 0.37 can be converted to 3.7 by multiplying it by the ratio of earth mass to mars mass because it is close to ten. (earth radius)/(moon radius)= 4(degrees in a circle)(moon distance)/(sun distance) = 3.7 There are about as many days in a year as degrees in a circle. … And therefore absolute magnitude zero stars (blue stars) were once again relevant to the human story. I had further written a treatise on Blue Stars, as follows” In order to develop a comprehensive exopolitics (politics between the spacefaring worlds) one has to categorize the different kinds of stars and explain their relevance since they are those things, which warm the worlds. I originally thought blue stars were of prime importance, but it may be all stars (which we will divide into four categories: red, yellow, blue, white) are important in different ways. I here begin the process, starting with blue stars. Blue Stars I calculate that an absolute magnitude zero star has to be at 100 parsecs to appear the same brightness as the sun at ten parsecs, that is, ten times further away (The Secret Of Neptune, Chapter 14, Choosing One Star Out Of The Billions). This is interesting because, I have shown an absolute magnitude zero star has its habitable zone 10 times further than the earth is from the sun (Saturn-Sun separation), the earth being in the sun’s habitable zone. We will call an absolute magnitude zero star a blue star. A parsec is important because it is the parallax of the earth-sun separation. Ten parsecs are important because ten is important because we have 10 fingers to count on and a base ten counting system. I had earlier guessed that absolute magnitude zero stars, or what we could call blue stars, or A to B stars (spectral class A to spectral class B) were important (Secret of Neptune, Chapter 8, Leonard Calculates A Functional Star System) because their annual energy output is equal to that required to move the Earth from the sun to Earth orbit, where annual is important because it is the time it takes the earth to make one revolution around the sun. I further pointed out their number of solar luminosities are close to the number of naturally occurring elements.

3

Once I had established that absolute magnitude zero stars, blue stars, A to B stars, were important, I decided to choose one. But, how does one choose a star out of the billions in our galaxy alone? I decided to turn my attention to stars in the constellation Perseus, because it is the radiant of the most spectacular meteor shower, the Perseids, which climaxes on August 12. Once in that constellation and looking at the star catalog under stars in that constellation, I found a star that met my criteria, and it was called HD 26961 (See Chapter 14, The Secret Of Neptune, Choosing One Star Out Of The Billions). There I found a blue star (spectral class A) on the main sequence that was as bright as the sun at ten parsecs and it was at my estimated 100 parsecs. I further find it interesting that the closest star cluster to us, Ursa Major, otherwise known as The Big Dipper, is full of A to B stars (Blue Stars) that are on the main sequence, whatever the answer is to this mystery concerning blue stars, which I think might be answered when humans begin interstellar travel and go there. I also find it interesting that the closest star to us happens to be the same kind of star the sun is, a spectral class G2V star, and given its closeness to us has an apparent magnitude of zero, showing again absolute magnitude zero stars are important (I am referring to Alpha Centauri A). It is also worth noting, in so far as I have shown that Saturn is connected to absolute magnitude zero stars (Blue Stars), that Saturn has the most prominent ring system of all the planets in the solar system. Another constellation that is close and has a lot of blue stars is the Pleiades. It is famous because it is embedded in an incandescent gas cloud, which makes its stars sparkle like diamonds. In that it first appears in the night sky during the European Sea Faring Season, it has been used to traditionally mark the beginning of that season. Because space travel is to set sail upon the Cosmic Ocean, I have suggested since it has a shape similar to Ursa Major (The Big Dipper) it indicates our first interstellar mission should be to that cluster which I have said is the closest to us and full of my mysterious blue stars. I find it interesting that an absolute magnitude zero star has a mass of 3.7 solar masses (The Secret Of Neptune, Chapter 8, Leonard Calculates A Functional Star System) because 3.7 is close to my discovery of the mysterious 3.6 in the Universe (The Secret Of Neptune, Introductory Pages, Interview With Ian Beardsley). This would mean my mysterious blue stars would have something to do not just with Saturn, but with Mercury because Mercury has a distance from the sun of 0.38 earth-sun distances and a radius of 0.38 earth radii and 0.38 times ten is 3.8, close to my mysterious 3.6. (Again we see 10 plays a prominent role in my calculations). I think the answer to this riddle concerning blue stars is in the relationship, then, between Saturn and Mercury. I believe the relationship between them would indicate blue stars are important because they would have planets orbiting them that are rich in resources that will be needed when humanity becomes an interstellar spacefaring people in that mercury has a huge iron core and the iron age has corresponded to a technological earth, and in that Saturn is the only planet in the solar system that has a moon (Titan) that has a substantial atmosphere and evidence for stable bodies of water on its surface.

4

It may be that absolute magnitude zero stars are important not just because they would have planets rich in resources, but because they are available for colonization because they are not taken because they don’t burn long enough on the main sequence to give life a chance to evolve into intelligence on any planet orbiting them. Whatever the case, I have shown many mathematical and physical relationships that would indicate absolute magnitude zero stars on the main sequence are probably important. It may be that for already interstellar spacefaring intelligence, their drama revolves around these stars and that we will find out about it when we are invited into stellar society and begin traveling between the stars. It may be that will happen before we can develop stellar craft that can do as such, because there may be cosmic subways available, as Carl Sagan theorized as a possibility. Ian Beardsley February 6, 2012 My calculations concerning absolute magnitude zero stars (Blue Stars) are as follows:

**Chapter 8: Leonard Calculates A Functional Star System
**

Entry: Topic: Blue Stars We will find the energy required to move the earth of mass m, from the surface of the sun under its gravity, to its current orbit of one astronomical unit, the sun of mass M. The energy given to move something against gravity is given by the Work, W: Work = W = F ds F is Force. In the case of the sun and earth, we use Newton’s Universal Law of Gravity:

GMm r2 We integrate from R to r (from the radius of the sun to the orbit of earth): F= ! W =

# F " dr = $

GMm r

G is the universal constant of gravity.

!

G = 6.672E-08 in dyn-centimeter squared-per second squared And, M = 1.989E33 grams And m = 5.976E27 grams And R =6.9599E10 centimeters

5

**And r = 1.495979E13 centimeters Evaluating the integral for work, W:
**

GMm = (6.672 E " 08)(1.989 E 33)(5.976 E 27)

**Which is equal to 7.93E53
**

!

(7.93E53)/(6.9599E10) = 1.14E43 ergs (7.93E53)/(1.495979E13) = 5.30E40 ergs 1.14E43 – 5.30E40 = 1.13E43 ergs 1 erg = 1E-07 joules The final answer is 1.13E36 Joules of energy to move earth from the sun to its orbit. We now calculate how many times brighter the sun has to be to equal the annual output of energy (luminosity) of what we just calculated, the energy to move the earth from the surface of the sun to its current orbit. Seconds in a year: (365 days)(24 hours)(60 minutes)(60 seconds) = 3.15E7 Solar luminosity is: 3.826E26 J/s (3.826E26 J/s)(3.15E7 s) = 1.21E34 J/yr (1.2E34)x = 1.13E36 J And, x = 94.2 The sun must be 94.2 times as luminous for its annual output in energy to equal the energy required to move the earth from its surface to its current orbit. We calculated that an object has to be about 94 times as luminous as the sun to have an annual output in energy over a year, that equals the energy required to move the earth from the surface of the sun to its orbit, and there are 92 naturally occurring elements as of yet, a number close to the factor of 94. Let us round that luminosity to 94 solar luminosities, and calculate the absolute magnitude of such an object. 2.512 x = 94

!

6

x log 2.512 = log 94 0.4x = 1.973 x = 4.93 The sun has an absolute magnitude of 4.83 which is about five. The absolute magnitude of our object is 4.93 steps in magnitude brighter than the sun, which is about five magnitudes brighter than the sun. Five steps brighter is five minus five, which gives our object an absolute magnitude of zero. Thus the system of the ancients has a zero magnitude related so elegantly to the number of the naturally occurring elements and the energy required to move the earth from the sun to earth orbit. A zero absolute magnitude object is a star of spectral class B on the main sequence. That is its color is blue. The habitable zone of a planet is the orbital distance from a star that allows water to exist as a liquid. Since our zero magnitude star is about 94 times more luminous than the sun, as I have calculated it, the habitable zone for a planet around this zero magnitude star is further from it than the earth is from the sun. Luminosity, or the amount of light given off by a star decreases as the square of the distance from the star (see the inverse square law). Since this magnitude zero star is about 94 times brighter than the sun, and there is some play in the habitable zone, we can, for ease of calculation, and elegance, say our star is 100 times more luminous than the sun. Since ten squared is 100 the habitable zone around our blue, spectral class B, zero magnitude star is 10 astronomical units from it. This puts the orbit of a planet around the star at the same distance Saturn is from the sun. The stars on the main sequence form an S shaped curve where luminosity increases with mass. The sun is exactly in the middle of this curve, an average, yellow star of spectral class G. The relationship from a sample of many stars shows that mass, M is related to luminosity, L as follows:

L = M 3.5

! !

We can find the mass of our zero magnitude star with this: 100 = M 3.5 log 100 = 3.5 log M (2)/(3.5) = log M 0.57 = log M

M = 10 0.57 = 3.7

**Our zero magnitude, blue, spectral class B star is 3.7 solar masses.
**

!

7

The mass of the sun in grams is: 1.989E33 g This means our zero magnitude blue, spectral class B star has a mass of: (1.989E33 g)(3.7 solar masses) = 7.36E33 grams We can use Kepler’s third law of planetary motion for circular orbits to calculate the year of a planet in circular orbit around our zero magnitude, spectral class B, blue star. It is:

T = 2"

r3 GM

!

Where T is the orbital period, or year of the planet in question, and r is its orbital distance from the star, G is the universal constant of gravitation, and M is the mass of the star the body is orbiting.

2" = 2(3.141) = 6.282

r = 10 astronomical units

!

**1 astronomical unit is 1.5E13 cm (1.5E13 cm)(10 astronomical units) = (1.5E14 cm)
**

r 3 = 3.375 E 42

**G=6.672E-8 (dyn cm squared)/(g squared)
**

!

r3 3.375 E 42 = = 6.87E15 GM (6.672 E " 8)(7.36 E 33)

) 6.87 E15 = 8.3E 7 seconds

!

!

(8.3E7 seconds)(6.282) = 5.2E8 seconds (5.2E8 seconds)/(60 seconds) = 8.67E6 minutes (8.67E6 minutes)/(60 minutes) = 1.445E5 hours (1.445E5 hours)/(24 hours) = 6.025E3 days 8

(6.02E3E3 days)/(365.25 days) = 16.48 earth years The orbit of the planet around our zero magnitude, spectral class B, blue star is 16.48 earth years. The closest orbital period to this in our solar system is that of Jupiter at 11.86 years. That of Saturn is 29.5 earth years. Stars are approximate blackbody radiators, where a blackbody is that which absorbs all incoming radiation, and emits the maximum amount of radiation for its temperature. We ask, according the laws of blackbodies, given the luminosity of an absolute magnitude zero star, and its surface temperature, what is its radius. The color index of a star (B-V) 100 times more luminous than the sun is on an H-R diagram, -0.12, which corresponds to many absolute zero magnitude zero stars, and surface temperature of 13,000 degrees Kelvin. Temperature of a star is related to its power radiated per unit surface by the Stefan-Boltzmann law:

2 R " Ts % " L % 2 =$ ' $ ' Rs # T & # Ls & 1

!

Where R is the radius of the star, R subscript S is the radius of the sun, T subscript S is the temperature of the sun in degrees Kelvin, T is the temperature of star in degrees Kelvin, L is the luminosity of the star, and L subscript S is the luminosity of the sun. We have:

1

**(5800 /13,000) 2 (2.512 4.83 ) 2 =
**

(0.199)(9.2) = 1.8 solar radii

!

We have used the temperature of the sun 5800 degrees Kelvin and 4.83 – 0 = 4.83 where 4.83 is the absolute magnitude of the sun. Our absolute magnitude zero main sequence star is 1.8 times larger than the sun. We have said that a star on the main sequence of 100 solar luminosities is close to an absolute magnitude zero star. Just how close is it? We use: E1/E2 = 2.512^-(0-4.83) = 2.512^4.83 Where E1 is the luminosity of the star, and E2 is the luminosity of the sun, 4.83 is the absolute magnitude of the sun. This gives: E1 = 85.525E2

9

Or in other words, an absolute magnitude zero star is 85.525 solar luminosities. This is very close to our 100 solar luminosities considering a star can be more than a million solar luminosities I believe zero magnitude stars on the main sequence are important, if not off the main sequence, in that they are connected to our star, the sun, through the number of naturally occurring elements, the earth orbital period, and the amount of energy it would take to move the earth from the sun to its orbit. Such stars, or plus or minus one magnitude of brightness, are of spectral class A to spectral class B. They are important because the sun is important, as it is a star in which a life bearing planet, the earth, has formed. I believe Saturn is important, because it is at an orbital distance from the sun that is in my projected habitable zone for a zero magnitude star, on the main sequence. Because of this, I feel it is no coincidence that Saturn has rings. What we have here, in this work, is a clue to the secret of origins, in particular to the structure that allows for life. The absolute magnitude of a star is its luminosity at a set distance from the observer, which has been set at 10 parsecs. One parsec is 3.26 light years, where a light year is the distance light travels in one year, or in the time it takes the earth to make one revolution around the sun, in other words. A parsec is also the parallax of a star measured by displacing oneself by an astronomical unit, where an astronomical unit is the average distance of the earth from the sun, in its nearly circular orbit. This corresponds to a parallax angle of one arc second. My belief is if you want to get at what nature is, don’t worry about being right on in many aspects of work, because in art a circle unclosed is a circle closed by the concept in art they call closure, a nature of the way the human eye works with the mind. Is what we are seeing here is the rough sketch of nature, the idea. We have said an absolute magnitude zero star has 85.525 solar luminosities and that it is convenient to call it 100 solar luminosities at times. We average the two values: (85.525+100)/2 = 92.7625 There are exactly 92 naturally occurring elements. This average is extremely close to that. We use this fact in our genesis project.

10

**Chapter 14: Choosing One Star Out Of The Billions
**

Leonard knew Alpha Centauri was the closest star system to earth, and that it was a triple system some 4.2 light years away. He also knew the primary, Alpha Centauri A, was a G2V main sequence star, which makes it the same kind of star as the Sun; similar in size, luminosity, and temperature. He noted that as seen from the Earth, the star had an apparent magnitude of zero. He had found that stars of absolute magnitude zero on the main sequence, which are blue and hotter than the sun, were important. He knew that the sun had an absolute magnitude of 4.83, which was its brightness from ten parsecs. He knew a parsec was important because it was the parallax of an object given by the earth-sun separation. In addition, he knew 10 was important, because humans have 10 fingers, and that probably had something to do with the base 10 counting system. Again, he began to see the importance in main sequence stars of apparent magnitude zero. Therefore, he asked, how far should a zero absolute magnitude main sequence star be from the earth to appear the same as the brightness of the sun at 10 parsecs from the earth? He rounded the absolute magnitude of the sun to five. A difference in five magnitudes is 100 solar luminosities. Absolute magnitude zero stars were close to 100 solar luminosities. To reduce the brightness of a star 100 times what it was at 10 parsecs meant by the inverse square law it had to be 10 times further away, because 10 squared is 100. His hypothetical star was then 100 parsecs distant. He knew a parsec was 3.26 light years, so it was then 326 light years from him. The galaxy had some two hundred billon stars in it and was some 100 to 200 thousand light years across and some 1000 light years thick Therefore, he had to choose a constellation. Since Perseus was the radiant of the most spectacular meteor shower on earth whose maximum was around August 12 (called the Perseid Meteor Shower), he went to the Bright Star Catalogue and looked under the listings for Perseus for a star that met his criteria. The star that came up was called HD 26961, which had apparent magnitude of 4.60 close enough to the absolute magnitude of the sun of 4.83, an absolute magnitude of –0.35, close enough to zero, a distance from earth of 318 light years, close to his 326 light years projected in his calculation, and a spectral class of A2V, the roman numeral V meant main sequence, or a “normal star” like the sun, on the curve right up the middle of an HR Diagram an S shaped curve that had on either side of it Red Giants and White Dwarfs, which are off the main sequence, the HR diagram being a sort of plot of luminosity of stars versus their temperature. Leonard made the following table and entered it in his journal:

11

12

A Point Worth Noting Concerning Blue Stars This comes from my book The Secret of Neptune:

**Chapter 13: Blue Stars And The Galactic Federation Of Worlds
**

Blue stars on the main sequence around absolute magnitude zero are important to intelligent life in the universe because they are where a star begins to have too much mass to last long enough on the main sequence to give life a chance to develop into intelligence. If the earth is any indication of how old a star needs to be to allow for this, it took in the area of 600 million years for life to evolve into intelligence on earth, and that process didn’t even begin until several billion years after the earth formed. Blue stars are so massive that they are hotter than yellow stars like the sun, and thereby burn up their fuel quicker. They stay on the main sequence for about 200 million years. This means since they never develop intelligent life, then they are not taken and civilizations from other star systems can inhabit them if they have habitable planets. Who gets what is determined in a democratic process by The Galactic Federation Of Worlds.

13

I have found that 9/5 (which is 1.8) occurs throughout nature in the areas held most sacred to man down through history, the sun, the moon, gold, silver, water and air: 1. If we compare the mass of air to the mass of water and increase that by a factor of the human body temperature to the freezing temperature of water, we get a value that is 9 compared to 5, which is 1.8. 2. If we compare the mass of an atom of gold to an atom of silver, it is 9 compared to 5 (comparing their molar masses). 3. If we compare the radius of the sun, that is the distance from its center to its surface, to the distance from the center of the earth to the center of the moon, it is 9 compared to five. 9 compared to 5 is nine fifths (9/5) which is equal to 1.8 Glancing at my data tables and find that if we take the distance of the planet Saturn to the sun as 9 (closest approach), then the distance to the planet Jupiter from the sun is five (closest approach). In fact this way of measuring distances puts the earth exactly at 1 unit from the sun. This is interesting, because Jupiter and Saturn, aside from being the "middle children" of the solar system, planets 5 and 6 of a planetary family of 9 or 10 depending on whether or not you consider the asteroid belt a planet that did not form, and anything found beyond Pluto a planetoid, these planets carry the majority of mass of the solar system, significantly, and thus embody most of the dynamics of its formation.

14

15

How I Made My Discovery of 3.7 in Nature How did I determine the equation: [(volume of saturn)/(volume of Jupiter)](volume of mars) =(mercury radius)(earth radius)^2 =[(venus orbit/earth orbit)(earth radius)]^3 =[(mercury orbit)/(earth orbit)](earth radius)^3 =0.37 cubic earth radii Where 0.37 can be converted to 3.7 by multiplying it by the ratio of earth mass to mars mass because it is close to ten. It fell on my lap by considering following passages I wrote in 2007: Nine-fifths (9/5) is embodied by the famous Pythagorean theorem. It is in the first Pythagorean triplet (3,4,5). The Pythagorean theorem, which states the relationship between two sides of a right triangle with its hypotenuse is used to calculate the distance between two points in a plane, or space, given their coordinates in a rectangular coordinate system. It states that one side squared plus the other side squared equals the hypotenuse squared. (3,4,5) is the first triplet that satisfies this relationship. That is 3, squared plus 4 squared equals 5 squared. 3 squared is our 9, 4 squared is 16, and our 5 is squared to make 25. (3^2+4^2=5^2). Nine is also the five plus the four. This allows us to associate an angle with nine-fifths, by way of the triangle the triplet describes, and, to find a geometric, or pictorial significance of the ratio.

16

The ancient Egyptians, associated much significance with this triplet, constructing the King’s chamber in the Great Pyramid with these proportions. Geometric Significance Of nine-fifths, the cosmic equation. By the Pythagorean theorem We have x^2+y^2=h^2 The first Pythagorean triplet is (3,4,5) And x=4, y=3, h=5 If A= area of 3 by 4 rectangle P= perimeter inscribed in 6 by 8 rectangle = 20 And, n= number of 3 by 4 rectangles in a 6 by 8 rectangle. Then, (A^2)/nP = 9/5 That which we have here is a cosmic equation not just for the solar system, but that holds for the atomic world and biological intricacies of life. If we imagine the solar system formed from protoplanetary disc around sun, bodies forming from particles and then herding smaller particles to make distribution of planets as we know them today, I think this equation hold for evolutionary dynamics of solar system and nuclear chemistry dictated by stars to make elements. This

17

picture outlined above will yield much dynamics upon analysis. A^2=area squared=P*P*P*P=P^4 P=perimeter Number = n Then since A^2/P= P^3= volume Volume/n=9/5 Saturn orbit (closest approach to the sun) =9 astronomical units Jupiter orbit (closest approach to the sun)= 5 astronomical units 4th planet = mars We have: Volume = (Saturn/Jupiter)Mars Saturn and Jupiter are the most massive planets in the solar system. Mars is the planet that can be colonized by humans. I have shown that they represent the sacred volume. April 6 2000 these three planets ushered in the second millennium forming a circle by the moon, 9 degrees across.

18

Calculation of Sacred Volume E_r=1= Earth radius M_r=0.532= Mars radius J_r= 11.27= Jupiter radius S_r=9.44= Saturn radius V = 4/3 (pi)r^3 = 4/3(3.1)(11.27)^3= 5996 =4/3(3.1)(9.44)^3= 3524 =4/3((3.1)(0.532)^3= 0.6307 Volume = (Saturn/Jupiter)mars = 3524/5996(0.6307) = 0.37 cubic earth radii Approximately the same number as mercury radius and mercury distance from sun in earth units (Earth radii and Astronomical Units).

19

Sacred Volume Analyzed, Sacred Length Obtained, Dynamic Structure Of Solar System Revealed. I calculated the sacred volume to be 0.37 cubic earth radii, which I have noticed coincides with mercury distance from the sun, and mercury radius in earth units. Since volume is in cubic unit lengths, and radii and distances in earth radii and earth-sun distances, we take the cube root of our sacred volume to get the length of one side of a cube with the sacred volume. It is 0.72 earth radii. We will call it the sacred length, it is the venus-sun distance in earth units (astronomical units), where venus is the planet after mercury, or the second planet.

20

Summary of Sacred Volume I have found nine-fifths (9/5), which is equal to 1.8 in the most sacred aspects to man, gold, silver, moon, sun, water, air, human body temperature, and have have derived from this sacred ratio, or cosmic number, the cosmic volume by expressing it geometrically. That sacred volume is: (Saturn/Jupiter)mars=0.37 cubic earth radii Where Saturn and Jupiter are the most massive planets in the solar system, and Mars is the planet that can be colonized by humans. Taking the cube root of 0.37 gives the sacred length, it is equal to the distance of the planet Venus from the sun in earth units (astronomical units), which is the second planet (0.72 Astronomical Units). The 0.37 is the mercury-sun distance in earth units, and the mercury radius in earth units. Mercury is the first planet. Saturn is at 9 earth units (astronomical units) in its closest approach to the sun, Jupiter at five.

21

Elements Of The Genesis Project The construction of a Genesis Project consists of three parts: 1. Since all life is constructed of the same four molecules – carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleotides – we must bring about their organization through a process of hyper-evolution, induced evolution, or, in other words create the seed for an induced-hyper-artificial selection. I use the word “hyper” because these four molecules organized themselves through a process of natural selection over a period of billions of years. We want to plant a seed on a dead planet that triggers the organization of these molecules into the myriad varieties of life, so as to instantly create the ecosystems that make life possible. 2. In order to construct these molecules, we must make sure that the selected dead planet has the substances methane, ammonia, water vapor and hydrogen gas, for it has been shown that combined under energy, these molecules form amino acids which make up the protein molecules listed above in part one. 3. We find a planet that has a primarily silicon crust, like the earth has and if it does not already have water, we can use the method invented by Arthur C. Clarke in 2061 Odyssey Three where a space cowboy hauls comets with his ship, and lets them loose to crash into a dead planet making an impact crater that fills with water from the ice that made up that comet in part, or 4. We find the secret to generating a planet with mainly silicon crust, and water if not in orbit around a main sequence hydrogen-fusing-into-helium star like the sun of our own generation. In the author’s point of view, everything is a Genesis Project from cooking in the kitchen to working in the garden, because it is creating the conditions that support life. The author further feels nothing is more important than creating worlds that support life, that have life, because life cannot exist without other forms of life on the same world, and the reason is if we can make planets abundant in the life that supports humans we don’t rely on searching for other such worlds that are at un-surmountable distances from us, currently, and more than likely like a needle in a hay-stack, and even then, otherwise occupied by other life. Ian Beardsley September 5, 2011

22

Water And The Genesis Project In beginning to build a project genesis, the term borrowed from a Star Trek movie, where we try to find the secret to life enriched star systems, the Earth being the only planet we know of so far like this, we have to look at both the physical, and the biological, or organic in other words. The physical can be the temperature of the sun, the distance of the earth from the sun, the mass of the earth (which determines the strength of its gravity) and the biological can be the chemistry that makes life possible, as in the chemical composition of DNA, metabolism, homeostasis or the structure of the fundamental units of life, the cell. It can go beyond this to bacteria in the soil that fixes nitrogen for plants to use and how the physical interacts with life to support it, and how the various populations of organisms interact together to support one another. These latter concepts would be the study of ecosystems. At the heart of a project genesis, is life, and the single most important substance to make life as we know it possible, is water (H2O). Therefore nothing can be more important to a project genesis than understanding what water does that makes life possible and how it does it. Let us look at the first: 1. Water Is Solvent: It allows compounds to separate and therefore for reactions to occur. The cells that make up life are aqueous solutions as well as the ocean. That is to say they are full of dissolved compounds. The dissolved substances in the ocean are necessary for aquatic organisms to take up. 2. Water Is Cohesive And Adhesive: This allows vessels present in both animals (blood vessels, arteries, and veins) and plants (roots, trunks, stems) to transport dissolved materials. 3. Water Has A High Surface Tension: This allows small debris to rest on top of water without sinking, providing food for organisms that live near its surface. 4. Water Has A High Specific Heat: This allows the earth to absorb a lot of heat without heating up, regulating the climate for conditions favorable to life. 5. Water Is Less Dense When It Freezes: Normally when a substance is frozen it becomes denser, but when water freezes it expands, therefore water in its solid state floats on water in its liquid state. If ice did not float on water, but rather sank, all bodies of water on earth would turn to ice all the way through at freezing temperatures, making life on earth impossible. Let us look at how water does it: Water is a polar molecule that does hydrogen bonding. That is we speak of elements combining to make neutral molecules. But the water molecule (written H2O) has an excess positivity in each hydrogen atom, and an excess negativity in its oxygen atom, causing attractivity between water molecules themselves, and attractiveness to other ions.

23

The Early Earth Atmosphere And Its Connection To The Planets Here we show that key substances responsible for life on Earth are connected to the planets by simple but important geometries. Study 1 An interesting family of substances is methane (CH_4), ammonia (NH_3) and water vapor (H_2O). Methane is tetrahedral in structure, a carbon atom surrounded by 4 hydrogens. Ammonia is trigonal pyramidal, a nitrogen atom surrounded by 3 hydrogen atoms, and water vapor is triangular, or bent, an oxygen atom surrounded by two hydrogens. These represent stable structural systems as they are all systems of triangles, which are the only stable polygons. These substances combined under energy with hydrogen gas form amino acids, the building blocks of life. The core atoms of these molecules, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, are all in period two of the periodic table and follow directly one after the other, and are all in amino acids, the hydrogen as well. It is a hypothesis of astrobiology that amino acids formed in the protoplanetary cloud before the earth ever formed. In this sense we may have our origins in deep space. Is what I mean by structural systems is that there are only three structural systems, the tetrahedron, the octahedron, and the icosohedron. They are the only stable solids, that is non-collapsing flex corners whose faces are triangles. Most compounds are something other than these, like pentagons with linear off shoots for example, that comprise the wrong number of atoms to make a "solid" unit, and I mean solid as in the pythagorean solids, the geometric term. Both methane and ammonia make different variations on the tetrahedron, a pythagorean solid. When plants perform photosynthesis, they combine carbon dioxide with water and release oxygen. The reaction is: CO_2+2H_2O--!CH_2O+O_2+H_2O As can be seen a sugar is made. Important to most plants to do this is Nitrogen. Nitrogen (N_2) is the most abundant gas in the earth atmosphere, comprising about 78.03% of it. We now calculate the molecular masses of these special gases: CH_4=(12.01+4(1.01))=16.05 NH_3=(14.01+3(1.01))=17.04 CO_2=(12.01+2(16.00))=44.01 H_2O=(2(1.01)+16.00)=18.02 N_2=(14.01+14.01)=28.02 O_2=(16.00+16.00)=32.00 We now form some ratios between these molecular masses:

24

(O_2)/(CH_4)=32.00/16.05=1.992~2 (NH_3)/(CH_4)=17.04/16.06=1.061~1 (CO_2)/(O_2)=44.01/32.00~1.4=sqrt(2) (CO_2)/(N_2)=44.01/28.02~1.6=(sqrt(5)+1)/2=phi (O_2)/(H_2O)=32.00/18.02=1.776~sqrt(3) Notice that these values are given by the sequence: |2cos(pi/n)| n=(1,2,3,4,5,6)(pi/n)radians Observe: 2=|2cos(pi)| 0=|2cos(pi/2)| 1=|2cos(pi/3)| sqrt(2)=|2cos(pi/4)| (sqrt(5)+1)/2=phi=|2cos(pi/5)| sqrt(3)=|2cos(pi/6)| Geometrically sqrt(2) is the ratio of the side of a square to its radius. Phi is the ratio of the chord of a regular pentagon to its side. Sqrt(3) is the ratio of the side of an equilateral triangle to its radius, and 1 is the ratio of the side of a regular hexagon to its radius. The square, the regular hexagon and the equilateral triangle are the tessellating regular polygons.

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 n actual fit

4

4

2

2

2/ O

CH

3/ C

2/ N

2/

CO

CO

O

H

N

O

2/

H

2O

H

25

Study 2 Jupiter: failed star: vector associated with it x-5 = 0 (fifth planet) (x^2) – x - 1 = 0 (x in this equation is the golden ratio) These two equations yield: (x^2) – 2x + 4 = 0 This gives x = (1+3i) and (1-3i) where (i) is the square root of negative one. In the complex plane these are the vectors <1, 3> and <1, -3> Again we see Jupiter pointing to the earth (3 in the (i) axis, earth the third planet) Venus: failed earth: vector associated with it x-2=0 (second planet) (x^2) – x – 1 = 0 (x in this equation is the golden ratio) These two equations yield: (x^2) – 2x + 1 = 0 (x – 1)(x – 1) = 0 This gives x = 1 In the complex plane this is the vector <1, 0>. Note: Venus is represented by the regular hexagon because its side divided by its radius is one. Mars: promises to be new earth: vector associated with it x-4=0 (fourth planet) (x^2) – x – 1 (x in this equation is the golden ratio) These two equations yield: (x^2) –2x + 3 = 0 This gives x = 1 + sqrt(2)i and x = 1 – sqrt(2)i In the complex plane these are the vectors <1, sqrt(2)> and <1, -sqrt(2)> Note: Mars is represented by the square because its side divided by its radius is the square root of two. Earth: successful life bearing world: vector associated with it x-3=0 (third planet) (x^2) – x – 1 = 0 (x in this equation is the golden ratio) These two equations yield: (x^2) – 2x +2 = 0 This gives x = (1 + i) and x = (1 – i) where (i) is the square root of negative one. In the complex plane these are the vectors <1, 1> and <1, -1> Note: The vectors <1, 1> and <1, -1> have the angle of 45 degrees and negative 45 degrees associated with them. Such angles are the angles made between the sides of a square and its diagonal. The components of such vectors are sides of a unit square. It is appropriate, somehow, that earth is represented by the unit vectors because it is a successful life bearing planet, perhaps the only one, or the most so by far, in the solar system. Here we see mars and earth are again coupled as they have their representation in the same form, the square, in different ways.

26

We combine Study 1 with Study 2 and find Venus, Earth, and Mars have associated with them ratios of compounds such that the following table results. Venus: failed Earth: Vector magnitude 1 Associated Compounds: (NH_3)/(CH_4) Are prominent compounds in the early earth atmosphere. Earth: Successful life bearing world: Vector magnitude sqrt(2) Associated Compounds: (CO_2)/(O_2) CO_2 prominent in early earth atmosphere O_2 prominent in contemporary earth atmosphere Mars: Promises to be New Earth: Vector magnitude sqrt(3) Associated Compounds: (O_2)/(H_2O) These compounds pivotal to life on Earth. All of these compounds combined with hydrogen gas under energy form amino acids, the building blocks of life.

27

O for Earth = 1.495979E13 cm R for Earth = 6,378 km M for Earth = 5.976E27 g Earth-Moon Separation: 3.84E10 cm Solar Radius: 6.9599E10 cm Molar Mass of Gold: Au = 196.97 Molar Mass of Silver: Ag = 107.87 Saturn (minimum distance from sun) = 9.014 AU = 1.348E9 km Jupiter (minimum distance from sun) = 4.951 AU = 7.409E8 km Jupiter (maximum distance from the sun): 5.455 AU ~ 5.4 Astronomical Units

28

Planetary Tilt in Genesis Project Earth, Mars, Neptune, and Saturn have a tilt to their orbital plane of close to 26.565 degrees. This value as shown below in the diagram is the intersection of nine-fifths and the golden ratio. We hypothesize that such an angle is required for a life-enriched planet. Angle A is close to the separation between the vectors (5,1) and (5,-1) which is close to

the earth tilt. Next chapter shows them derived from nine-fifths (1.8). The average of these four values is 26.32 degrees approximately equals 26.565 degresss.

29

Chapter Three: The Intersection Of Nine Fifths And The Golden Ratio

In an effort to generate 4 from the golden ratio and 9/5 in connection with the earth and the 22-card cycle of the tarot we begin by finding the equation whose solution is the golden ratio. The golden ratio, or phi, as it is called, is the ratio such that the whole to the greater part is the same as the greater part to the lesser. That is a/b must be the same as b/c if a=b+c. Thus we have the two equations: 1. a/b=b/c 2. a=b+c From 1 we have: ac=b^2 From 2 we have: c=a-b These two yield: a(a-b)=b^2 Which can be written: (a^2)-ab=b^2 Or,( a^2)-ab-b^2=0 If we divide the last through by b^2, we get: ((a/b)^2)-(a/b)-1=0 This last is a quadratic in a/b. a/b is the golden ratio and can be found by completing the square. Letting a/b=x, our equation becomes: 3. ( x^2)-x-1=0 We will not solve equation 3 for the golden ratio but will proceed to consider 9/5. The sequence has been presented: 5,14,23,32,41,50,59…

30

Where we begin with five and add nine to each successive term. It has been noted that the sum of the digits of each term is five. Thus this sequence embodies the principle of (9/5) a ratio I have found to exist throughout nature from atoms of gold and silver, to the moon and the sun, to water, and air, to the human body temperature and freezing temperature of water, to the very structure of the solar system itself. The above sequence is an arithmetic sequence, the nth term of which is predicted by: 4. a_n=5+9(n-1) 5. a_n=9n-4 (equivalently) Since the earth is the third planet, then n=3 yields: 9(3)-4=27-4=23 As it so happens, 23 is the 9th prime number, and represents the earth. We write, from 5: 6. 23=9x-4 7. 27=9x 8. 9x-27=0 We equate equation 8 with equation 3: 9x-27=(x^2)-x-1 To find the intersection of 9/5 and the golden ratio at earth orbit, and get: 9. ( x^2)-10x+26=0 Equation 9 can be solved with the quadratic equation and has the solutions, (5+i),(5-i).

31

These are two complex numbers with real parts 5 and 5, and imaginary parts sqrt(-1) and -sqrt(-1). They are vectors whose sum is: (5,1)+(5,-1)=(10,0) And whose points are separated by: |(5+i)-(5-i)|=2i With a modulus of sqrt(5^2+1^2)=sqrt(26) This generates the triangle with height 5 and base 2i or complex number 5+2i. The Mandelbrot set is the iteration of a function of complex numbers that generates the fractal given by: F(z)=(z^2)+c If the seed is zero and c is our 5+2i Then F(0)=((0)^2)+5+2i=5+2i And F(5+2i)=(5+2i)(5+2i)+5+2i= 26+22i We have generated our 22 cards of the tarot, and our four in that 26-22=4, from 9/5 and the golden ratio.

32

Furthermore 22=> 2+2=4 and 26=>6-2=4 We have generated four, three times as well, and 3 times four is twelve. Also, 22+26=48 and 48/4=12. 12 is the smallest abundant number. Four will always represent for me, the fourth planet mars, the one in our solar system that can be terraformed to support human life. Humans have always liked to quarter things: four directions, north, south, east, and west. Or the Cartesian co-ordinate system in mathematics, used to locate a point with two perpendicularly intersecting axes making four quadrants. It is easy to learn, and effective as it is based on the square because it a regular tessellator. (Tessellate means can tile a surface without leaving gaps, regular that all sides and angles in the shape are congruent.) Likewise nature likes to quarter things. The Earth is rotated to the plane of its orbit by 23.5 degrees. This means on summer solstice, the Sun is directly over-head at noon, the earth receiving the full potency of the Sun’s rays, at this latitude. This is La Paz Baja California, Mazatlan Mexico, and Gujarat India. What nature is doing here, is that which Man likes, and uses, and does so because it is practical. 22.5 degrees is the quarter of a way around a half semi-circle, there is only a one-degree discrepancy.

33

To find when and where the Earth passes through the intersection of 9/5 and golden ratio, which we have shown are (5+i) and (5-i), we use: a = arctan (y/x) when x>0 a =arctan y/x + pi when x<0 from x+iy = r(cos(a) + isin(a)) r=sqrt(x^2+y^2) x=5, y=1 yields arctan 1/5 = arctan 0.2 = 11.3099 degrees and for (5-i) we have -11.3099 degrees Earth year is 365.25 days x/365.25=11.3099/360 x360=(365.25)(11.3099)=4130.940975 x=11.47483604 days

34

Taking winter solstice (December 22) to be our zero point the earth passes through (5+i) on January 2, and (5-i) on December 10. Note: Since 5+i and 5-i have real and imaginary components, the imaginary component refers to an element at this location in a parallel universe, or tachyon universe as it is called, where mass is negative and travels backwards in time. We as of yet do not know how to penetrate such a plane. Also, keep in mind there is no such thing as absolute space, so 5+i and 5-i are in a frame of reference where the sun is taken as not moving (i.e. the earth is moving with the sun around the galaxy, the galaxy through the universe, and the universe in the multiverse, as so on, the list goes without end. Motion can only be taken as relative (Einstein, special relativity).

In Orbit Around Earth, Visitors From Another Planet Speak

Alien one: “The vector (10,0) or the “10 fingered nothing”. In an otherwise infinite universe, only with our 10 fingers do we have any hope of surviving. What are the elements of this vector? They are

5+i

and

5"i

!

There are five fingers on each hand, and, i is "1 , the ! imaginary number. In other words, life is not the least bit real, it is a dream.”

! !

Alien two: “Their planet orbits a star they call the sun, whose radius is 6.9599E10 cm, and orbiting them is a moon at 3.84E10 cm. That is a ratio of 9 to 5, the same as the ratio of gold to silver in molar mass.”

35

Alien one: “Gold is the most conductive metal at extreme temperatures, silver, is the most conductive at comfortable life sustaining temperatures.” Alien two: “Their moon perfectly eclipses The Sun, as seen from their planet. 9 to 5 also happens to be the comparison of the orbit of their ringed planet to the orbit of their largest planet. They call them Saturn and Jupiter respectively.” Alien one: “The planet that can be colonized to sustain life is the fourth planet out from the Sun. They call it Mars.” Alien two: “Aha! The intersection of the golden ratio and nine-fifths at earth orbit becomes important, because of their Tarot and the fractal they call “The Mandelbrot Set.” Alien one: “Tarot, sir?” Alien two: “Their system of divination with numbered cards, bearing images from aspects of their world.” Alien one: “The complex number 26+22i can also be important because there are 26 letters in the English alphabet and there are 22 letters in the Hebrew alphabet.”

We say the earth moves from (5-i) to (5+i) from December 10 to January 2 using December 22 as solstice and the zero point. Moving from (5-i) to (5+i) is shown to be 2(11.3099) = 22.6 degrees. This is the separation between the vectors (5.1) and (5,-1).

36

(2010) we had a lunar eclipse at the midpoint between my illustrious 5+i and 5-i on the winter solstice. (Dec 10 2011) we had a lunar eclipse at my illustrious 5-i.

37

It was not long before I realized that 3.7 was connected to 1.8 (nine-fifths). That it was an approximation to 3.6, exactly twice 1.8. And, that, further, I was discovering that the sequence where each successive number is a whole number multiple of 1.8 played a role in Nature. This realization is outlined in my work The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind, presented next. It goes on to show that 9/5 unifies Pi and The Golden Ratio through Nature.

38

39

The Message Extraterrestrials Would Send Humans In An Attempt To Communicate With Them Copyright © January 2012 by Ian Beardsley Edited version with the addition of a summary at the end and implications of the study (the question it poses).

40

If extraterrestrial intelligence were to try and communicate with humanity by sending us a message, I would think that message would be 759 in combination with 9/5 (nine-fifths) This study explains why.

41

**Chapter One: The Unification Of Pi and Phi by Nine-Fifths
**

Essentially, that which we have discovered is that the solar system (by way of nine-fifths) unifies the two most important ratios in mathematics, pi and the golden ratio. I have often spoken of nine-fifths (9/5) as pivotal to the solar system and nature. It is in the ratio of the orbit of saturn to that of jupiter in their closest approaches to the sun putting the earth at one unit from the sun. It is in the ratio of the solar radius to the moon's orbit around earth. It is in the molar mass of gold to the molar mass of silver. I have shown that the sequence 1.8n = a_n where each successive number is a whole number multiple of 1.8 which is nine-fifths, is a sequence that is pivotal to the structure of the solar system. Two of the most important numbers in mathematics are pi and the golden ratio (phi). pi =3.141 and phi phi = 1.618 I have just noticed if we add respective digits after the decimal in one number to the other, we get: 141 + 618 = 759 In 759 we have the nine of nine fifths and the five of nine-fifths, and the 7 is the average of 9 and five. That is: (9+5)/2= 14/2 = 7 We determine the golden angle by multiplying 1.618 by 360 the degrees in a circle: 1.618(360) = 582.48 We subtract 360: 582.48-360 = 222.48 360-222.48 = 137.52 = the golden angle The golden angle is angle leaves rotate around the stem of a plant as you go down it. We determine the nine-fifths angle: 1.8(360) = 648 360/72 = 5 648-360 = 288 and 288-360=72

42

That means if leaves were to rotate around the stem of a plant by the nine-fifths angle, their position would repeat every five times. This frequency of five brings to mind a statement by the Russian scientist Shubnikov: “As to the alive organisms, we have not for them such theory, which could answer the question what kinds of symmetry are compatible or incompatible to existence of living material. But we can note here that remarkable fact that among the representatives of the alive nature the pentagonal symmetry meets more often.” The Nine-Fifths angle is then 72 degrees. This is the separation between petals in a most popular flower petal arrangement: that one in which we see five petals around the stem. Pentagonal symmetry is five-fold. It would appear 9/5 (1.8) brings together pi the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter, and phi, the golden ratio, in a most stunning way. Ian Beardsley September 21, 2011 The numbers after the decimal in a ratio are the most important because they are the fraction. In going around a circle, the numbers before the decimal, the whole numbers, no matter what they are take one to the beginning of the circle. We then look at the fraction in the sum of pi and phi, which is, to three places after the decimal, 4.759. That is we look at 0.759: it is close to 0.76 which is 19/25 (nineteen twenty fifths). We multiply it by the degrees in a circle and find it is 273.6 degrees. The number 0.759 times the degrees in a circle are 273.24 degrees. We may want to consider as well that 0.759 is close to three quarters (3/4). We multiply that by the degrees in a circle: It is 270 degrees. Perhaps I should repost just where I found 1.8n in the solar system: My work in my book “The Levinson-Asimov-Clarke Phenomenon”, which is one of the books in my book “Psychohistory and Developing a Viable Plan for Humanity” has lead me to organizing my discoveries outlined in “Chapter 49: The Road From Ebla” (which is not the forty-ninth chapter of that book) in the following format, because it brings into light new relationships: P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, P6, P7, P8,…= Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune,… (OP6/OP5), 10(RP1/RP3), 10(OP1/OP3), 10(OP2/OP3), (OP5/OP3), (MP6/MP8), (OP8/OP7) = 1.8, 3.6, 3.6, 7.2, 5.4, 5.4, 1.8,… Where 10 = (mass of earth)/(mass of mars)

43

And O = orbit, R = Radius, M = Mass And the numbers are generated in the sequence: 1.8, 3.6, 5.4, 7.2,… = a_n = 1.8n The purpose of organizing the discovery like this has been a first step in modeling a solar system that would produce the solar system we live in. Ian Beardsley August 18, 2011 A plot of this relationship for the solar system:

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 Series1

44

Essentially, that which we have discovered is that the solar system (by way of nine-fifths) unifies the two most important ratios in mathematics, pi and the golden ratio. Ian Beardsley Oct 12, 2011 When I write: “Essentially, that which we have discovered is that the solar system (by way of ninefifths) unifies the two most important ratios in mathematics, pi and the golden ratio.” In the preceding passage and I think about it, it makes me wonder if star systems other than that of the Sun-Earth system, have a dynamic structure like this. The dynamic structure makes me think we are here for a reason and are supposed to go out into space. We are at a time when we are beginning to be technologically advanced enough to detect large planets around other stars. However, we have not yet the ability to resolve them into their components and find if they to have such an awe-inspiring structure. If our solar system is the only one in the galaxy that has such an incredible structure, does that mean that we are unique in the Galaxy and are being told as such? Or is it that other star systems where intelligent life is evolving into existence have such structures in their star system that tell them they are here for a reason. Indeed, for me to discover this dynamic structure to our star system required data that could have only been attained with the invention of the telescope and Newtonian classical mechanics. However there is one thing that could have spoke to us before we were not much more than living in caves and chipping stones to make spear points several million years ago: I am speaking of the fact that when we look at the sky, the moon appears to be the same size as the sun. It may be that we will make a breakthrough in technology that will allow us to know whether or not other star systems in our galaxy have dynamic structures like the one I have outlined that speak of the specialness of its inhabitants. The stars of other galaxies being beyond resolution of our finest equipment will leave their structures a mystery for much longer.

45

I like to hypothesize that dynamic structures like that which I found in our star system, the solar system, exist because they are telling us we are unique in the galaxy, and that we then have the rest of the galaxy available to us when we learn to travel through it, and, further, that every galaxy has a star amid its billions, where such a structure exists for it, because there is intelligent life in that system, and the life that resides in that system has that galaxy available to them alone. Though, I guess, there are dynamic structures in our galaxy like I am finding in our solar system, but that they belong to stars that host intelligent life, for if not, if our solar system is the only one like this in the galaxy, then we are truly special in the sense that we are the only life that evolved to intelligence in our galaxy, The Milky Way. I feel that unlikely. This discovery of a dynamic structure to our solar system has everything to do with whether we are alone in the galaxy, if not the universe, and whether or not there is some reason for which we are here. Ian Beardsley Oct 12, 2011 I now present the data used for this study (next page):

46

O for Earth = 1.495979E13 cm R for Earth = 6,378 km M for Earth = 5.976E27 g Earth-Moon Separation: 3.84E10 cm Solar Radius: 6.9599E10 cm Molar Mass of Gold: Au = 196.97 Molar Mass of Silver: Ag = 107.87 Saturn (minimum distance from sun) = 9.014 AU = 1.348E9 km Jupiter (minimum distance from sun) = 4.951 AU = 7.409E8 km Jupiter (maximum distance from the sun): 5.455 AU ~ 5.4 Astronomical Units

47

When I write:

My work in my book “The Levinson-Asimov-Clarke Phenomenon”, which is one of the books in my book “Psychohistory and Developing a Viable Plan for Humanity” has lead me to organizing my discoveries outlined in “Chapter 49: The Road From Ebla” (which is not the forty-ninth chapter of that book) in the following format, because it brings into light new relationships: P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, P6, P7, P8,…= Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune,… (OP6/OP5), 10(RP1/RP3), 10(OP1/OP3), 10(OP2/OP3), (OP5/OP3), (MP6/MP8), (OP8/OP7) = 1.8, 3.6, 3.6, 7.2, 5.4, 5.4, 1.8,… Where 10 = (mass of earth)/(mass of mars)

48

I am talking about the following discoveries (which include and go beyond the relationship): [(volume of saturn)/(volume of Jupiter)](volume of mars) =(mercury radius)(earth radius)^2 =[(venus orbit/earth orbit)(earth radius)]^3 =[(mercury orbit)/(earth orbit)](earth radius)^3 =0.37 cubic earth radii 0.37 can be converted to 3.7 by multiplying it by the ratio of earth mass to mars mass because it is close to ten. (earth radius)/(moon radius)= 4(degrees in a circle)(moon distance)/(sun distance) = 3.7 There are about as many days in a year as degrees in a circle. Indeed this phenomenon is tied up in my discoveries that I developed in a fictional story when I wrote: Leonard followed the story of the 33 Chilean miners who were trapped 2000 feet below the earth in a dark cavern for over two months after their mine exit had collapsed. These miners remained courageous, brave, and held onto their humanity throughout the whole ordeal. To Leonard, these men showed what the human spirit was capable of. The government of Chile responded to the emergency with great organization and did a great job. The coping techniques and space food to the miners was provided by the United States Space Agency, NASA. It was a marvel of engineering the capsule engineered by a NASA scientist that brought the miners to the surface. He admired NASA greatly, because of this, because they represented such a positive force in the world, as was demonstrated in the rescue of the miners. There were 33 miners trapped down there, and 33 years of age was the age they say Jesus died and was resurrected. NASA and the spirit and strength of the miners were like a salvation. Yet, the president of the United States had recently shut down NASA as the agency that would send man into space, and had decided to contract the building of spacecraft to private industry. Leonard thought this was a mistake. NASA, and the ESA (European Space Agency) were the most positive forces in his life.

49

Since Leonard had begun working on his project several years back, he always felt the planet Neptune held the answer to the salvation of the Earth because of its vivacious, lively, incandescent blue. During the ordeal of the miners, he was thinking about the equation he had developed that he thought was most important, and finally he saw how it showed he was correct. That Neptune held the key to the survival of Humanity. Just as the last (33rd) miner was being pulled out from the collapsed mine and to the surface of the Earth, he had finished writing what he had discovered. He wrote in his Journal as follows: We have an equation for a sequence that shows the Earth straddled between Venus and Mars. Venus is a failed Earth. Mars promises to be New Earth. The equation, that I presented in my work, “The Document”, is: [(Venus-orbit)/(Earth-orbit)][(Earth-mass)/(Mars-mass)]n – (Mars orbital #) = a_n The Mars orbital number is 4. If we want to know what planet in the solar system holds the key to the success of Earth, or to the success of humans, we let n =3 since the Earth is the third planet out from the Sun, in the equation and the result is a_n = 17.6. This means the planet that holds the key is Neptune. It has a mass of 17.23 earth masses, a number very close to our 17.6. The next step is to analyze Neptune, its composition and other factors. He thought he must have been blind. Not only was Neptune the indicated planet, he found it had nearly the same surface gravity of earth. Though it was much more massive than earth, it was much larger and therefore less dense. That was why it came out to have the same surface gravity. Neptune belongs to what one could categorize as a family of planets. The categorization is done by noticing four planets including Neptune have a similar inclination to their orbit. These Four planets are Neptune, Saturn, Earth, and Mars. Earth is the planet where humans originated, Mars promises to be New Earth. It is appropriate that Neptune is in this family of planets because we must set sail upon the cosmic ocean for Mars from Earth, to survive as a species, and Neptune is the Sea God in Roman mythology, which corresponds to Poseidon in Greek mythology. Neptune carried a trident. Kurt Beardsley has told the tale of the Tuareg people, a tribe of the Algerian desert who bears the trident as their symbol from a time before oceans receded there leaving behind desert. It is believed, as he has said, there is an ancient lost library in the mountains they take to, second only to that of Alexandria and holding ancient undiscovered manuscripts. Where does the Neptune equation come from? The following Sequences: Chapter 24: The Document Salvoretti had done it. The structure of the solar system and dynamic elements of the Universe and Nature in general were tied up in the two sequences: 5, 14, 23, 32,…

50

and 1.8, 3.6, 5.4, 7.2,… Could he find the connection between the two to localize the pivotal point of the solar system? Yes he could, he took their difference, subtracting respective terms in the second sequence from those in the first sequence to obtain the new sequence: 3.2, 10.4, 17.6, 24.8,… Which is an arithmetic sequence with common difference of 7.2 meaning it is written 7.2n – 4 = a_n The a_n is the nth term of the sequence, n is the number of the term in the sequence. This he noticed could be written: [(Venus-orbit)/(Earth-orbit)][(Earth-mass)/(Mars-mass)]n – (Mars orbital #) = a_n Here is where some of the sequences come from: The Search For The Tarot: Chapter 16 Salvoretti began writing in his journal: We originally thought that 1.8 (9/5) occurred in the solar system and nature, alone. It is the ratio of Saturn orbit to Jupiter orbit in their closest approaches to the sun. It is the ratio of the solar radius to the lunar orbit. It is ratio of the molar mass of gold to that of silver. Then I discovered that approximately twice that value (3.7) was recurrent throughout the solar system and nature. Twice 1.8 is 3.6. I found it occurred in Jupiter, Saturn, Earth, Mercury, and Venus to name a few as 3.7. It occurs here to me we are not just dealing with 1.8 and 3.7, but any whole number multiple of 1.8. We are dealing with: a_n=1.8n Let us try three times 1.8. It is 5.4. Immediately we see it in the most obvious, Jupiter. It is the largest and most massive planet in the solar system. Its furthest distance from the sun in its orbit is 5.455 AU ~ 5.4. We see it in the following (saturn mass)/(neptune mass)=(95.147)/(17.23)=5.522~5.4

51

I have already noted that Saturn and Neptune have similar inclinations to their orbit that are only common to Earth and Mars. Thus we are dealing here with the sequence: 1.8, 3.6, 5.4, 7.2,… And with that, we are back to the beginning of this paper with the conclusion: “This discovery of a dynamic structure to our solar system has everything to do with whether we are alone in the galaxy, if not the universe, and whether or not there is some reason for which we are here.” Ian Beardsley October 21, 2011 In Summary, this most beautiful constant in Nature, of nine-fifths, which unifies pi and the golden ratio, the two most beautiful ratios in mathematics, is the most popular arrangement of petals around a flower, and is in the ratio of the molar masses of gold to silver, the most precious of the metals. One could only guess that such would be noticeable throughout the universe and would be noticed by other intelligent life in the universe, and, as such the relationship would be ideal for transmission of a message by other intelligent life forms in the universe to say to the receiver: “I am here and have noticed it”. The curious thing is that it exists in our solar system in the ratio of the orbit of Saturn at its closest approach to the sun compared to the orbit of Jupiter at its closest approach to the sun, mystically putting the Earth at one unit from the Sun (Jupiter and Saturn being the largest and most massive in the solar system, the Earth that planet which harbors intelligent life in the Solar System), and in the ratio of the Sun’s radius to the orbital radius of the moon (moon-earth separation). The question is why does this relationship for pi and the golden ratio of nine-fifths not just exist throughout the Universe in gold, silver, and perhaps flower petal arrangements, but more locally in our solar system? Does it mean humans have some kind of divine specialness in the cosmos? While we can know that the nine-fifths phenomenon would be represented by gold and silver throughout the universe, we currently cannot know whether the inhabitants of other star systems have it in their sun (star) they orbit and a moon that might orbit their planet or in the ratio of the orbits of the largest planets in their star system putting their planet at one unit from their star. The answer to this enigma, I think, must be of extraordinary profundity. Ian Beardsley January 24, 2012

52

The Neptune Equation would indicate that Mars is the hope of the future. That is what the following seems to substantiate.

53

The Coupling of Mars and Earth Not only have I found evidence in support of the idea that we are not alone in the Universe and that we are here for a reason, I have found information pointing to some of what the reason we are here, may be. It is, it would seem, in part, to colonize Mars. Here I develop my discoveries along those lines in a story I was writing: Salvoretti: “Tara, I can’t get over what you said earlier that two of the Pythagorean Solids have volumes, one of nine tetrahedra and the other of five tetrahedra. There are only five Pythagorean solids and two of them have volumes the same numbers as the distance to Jupiter and Saturn in their closest approaches to the sun if the earth is at one unit from the sun! This means the tetrahedron represents the earth because it has a volume of one. This is interesting because the solar radius to the earth-moon distance is 9 to 5, and 9 to 5 is the molar mass of gold to the molar mass of silver.” “Why is this so incredible? It is incredible because the tetrahedron also has four faces and Mars is the fourth planet. It is appropriate that the tetrahedron couples earth and mars, further, in that it is four faced (mars is the fourth planet from the sun), and each face has three vertices (earth is the third planet from the sun). You may not think that is incredible but consider categorizing the planets with the smallest abundant number, twelve. Smallest abundant number means it is the most divisible for its size. Twelve is divisible by 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 a whole number of times. The sum of these numbers is 16, which is greater than 12. Mars is the fourth planet out from the sun. Twelve divided by four is three, and the earth is the third planet out from the sun. Thus once again the earth and Mars are coupled.” “I can couple them again. Elements are atoms, and the numbers of particles that constitute them determine the element, and its relative mass, or “molar mass” as it is called. The atmosphere of Mars is mostly CO2, about 95 percent. The earth atmosphere is more than 90 percent oxygen and nitrogen. I calculate CO2 to have a molar mass of 44.01 and earth air to have a molar mass of 28.5756. The Mars orbital distance compared to the earth orbital distance is about 1.5. The molar mass of CO2 compared to the molar mass of air is about 1.5. That is the mars-sun distance is to the earth-sun distance as Martian air is to earth air.” “It goes further than that. If the earth surface gravity is 1, that of Mars is 0.380. That is a ratio of 2.63. The molar mass of oxygen gas (O2) what we breath, is 32.00. The molar mass of carbon, the basis of life as we know it, is 12.01. That is a ratio of 2.66. That says it takes about the same energy to lift a mole of carbon on earth, as it does to lift a mole of oxygen (O2) on mars the same distance.” “Earth and Mars are yet further coupled:” “The earth atmosphere was once mostly carbon dioxide (CO2) like the mars atmosphere is today, until plant life came along and started converting the carbon dioxide into oxygen, using light from the sun and in the process making the most fundamental sugar, glucose (which is at the bottom of the food chain). A process called photosynthesis.”

54

“Glucose is C6H12O6. I calculate glucose has a molar mass of 180.16 and water, which covers most of the surface of the earth, chemical formula H2O, I calculate has a molar mass of 18.016.” “180.16 divided by 18.016 is about 10 and the earth is about 10 times as massive as mars. That is, glucose is to water as the earth mass is to the mass of mars.” “You are probably wondering why I am so amazed that Mars and earth are so coupled empirically. Well the planet Mercury is too hot to support human life because it is so close to the sun, Venus has the same problem. But the earth is the next planet out and the right distance from the sun to be not too warm to support life._The next planet after the earth is Mars, and it may be cold, but not too cold to colonize, or even one day terraform (make habitable for humans). The next planet after Mars is Jupiter, not just too cold, but mostly gas, so there is nothing solid to stand on. The next planet, Saturn, even colder and mostly gaseous as well. The trend continues on to Neptune and Uranus. Pluto is just this cold little dwarf planet, whose thin atmosphere collapses when it is further from the sun.” “You see then why I am so amazed Mars and earth are coupled by these numbers, they actually have one thing in common, solid planets, not climatically too hot for humans, or too cold.” “These numbers that couple Mars with earth, seem to say the planet is there as a stepping stone to the stars, that it is time to wade out into the cosmic ocean, to use the metaphor of Carl Sagan, or sink. That is, for some reason we have what we need, but a challenge has been put to us. We have to overcome our problems, like spending money and resources on war instead of space exploration. Space exploration can solve the economic crisis. Colonizing Mars would generate a massive industry that would create work here on earth in every sector, for everyone, and, it would all be paid for by the resources that are out there in the solar system. As Cabal says to Passworthy in Things to come by H.G. Wells:” ““And if we’re no more than animals, we must snatch each little scrap of happiness, and live, and suffer, and pass, mattering no more than all the other animals do or have done. It is this, or that. All the universe or nothing. Which shall it be Passworthy? Which shall it be?”” “I believe we are at that time in history, and the NanoFET marks it. Brian Gilchrist is working on the NanoFET idea. Field Effect Transistors are used to charge light nanoparticles, so they can be ejected out the back end of a ship with a series of magnetic fields made by stacks of microchip components, much the same way charged particles are accelerated by electromagnets in a particle accelerator. The nanoFET ship can reach 90% the speed of light, theoretically, if built light and outside the earth’s gravity. Of course the ship is a starship that would take more than four years to reach the nearest star, but used to go to mars might only take a couple hours or so.”

55

Here is the data processed for the preceding passage: Earth air is about 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen. We can treat both as diatomic molecules. The molar mass of nitrogen gas (N2) is 2(14.01) and the molar mass of oxygen gas (O2) is 2(16.00). So Earth Air = 2[(16.00)(0.21) + (14.01)(0.78)] = 28.5756 The martian atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide (CO2). This gives: CO2 = (12.01) + 2(16.00) = 44.01 The average orbital distance of mars from the sun compared to the average orbital distance of the earth from the sun is 1.5 and 44.01 divided by 28.5756 is 1.5, or 3/2 in other words. Is what this says is that, the mars-sun distance is to the earth-sun distance as martian air is to earth air. The earth atmosphere was once mostly carbon dioxide (CO2) like the mars atmosphere is today, until plant life (and other photosynthesizers) came along and started converting the carbon dioxide into oxygen, using light from the sun and in the process making the most fundamental sugar, glucose (which is at the bottom of the food chain). A process called photosynthesis. Well glucose is C6H12O6, which gives a molar mass of: C6H12O6 = 6(12.01) + 12(1.008) + 6(16.00) = 180.16 And water (H2O) covers most of earth and is essential to life, its molar mass is: H2O = 2(1.008) + (16.00) = 18.016 180.16 divided by 18.016 is about 10 and the earth is about 10 times as massive as mars. That is, glucose is to water as the earth is to mars.

56

I have found more reason that the planet Mars represents the success of humankind in this passage:

**Gentelmen, further, Mars is New Earth. I have done this:
**

We know that 9/5 occurs in many mysterious ways in nature, including Saturn’s distance from the sun of 9 (closest approach) putting Jupiter’s at five (closest approach), and the earth at one. Let us consider a balance. If two weights of equal mass are placed on opposite ends of a balance, then to be balanced the fulcrum must be placed at the center. But if one mass is increased, then the fulcrum will have to be moved closer to the heavier end if the balance is not to tip. This is the Law of Levers. It states that the masses are inversely proportion to their distances from the fulcrum. To write it mathematically, M1/M2=L2/L1 Or, equivalently (M1)(L1)=(M2)(L2) If we consider the time when Saturn and Jupiter, the two most massive bodies in the solar system are in opposition, that is when they are on opposite sides of the sun and facing one another, then by the above information they are separated by 14 units. Jupiter is 3.34 times as massive as Saturn. By our law of levers above, that means L1/L2=3.34 L1+L2=14 Thus 4.34L2=14 and L2=3.2258 14-3.22=10.77=L1 Mars orbital distance is 1.5 The saturn-fulcrum distance minus the mars orbital distance is: 10.77-1.5=9.2~9 is saturn’s closest approach to the sun. Mars, then, is the cosmic fulcrum. It is the one planet worth terraforming for colonization. It is then aligned metaphysically with its physical characteristics.

57

It is worth noting: Chapter 31: The Document A look inside the journal of Leonard August 9, 2010 Entry: Topic: Pivotal Point Of The Solar System (M_j)(L_j)=(M_s)(L_s) Saturn orbit = 9 Jupiter orbit = 5 9-5=4 L_j + L_s = 4 318L_j = 95L_s 95/318 = (L_j)/(L_s) L_s = (4-L_J) 95/318 = (L_j)/(4-L_j) (95)(4-L_j) = (318)(L_j) 380 – 95L_j = 318L_j 380 = 413L_j L_j = (380)/(413) = 0.92 5 = 0.92 = 5.92 ~ 6 Thereby The Cosmic Fulcrum between Jupiter and Saturn in another arrangement is six astronomical units from the sun, or about one astronomical unit from Jupiter. The Earth is about one astronomical unit from the sun. Jupiter is a failed star and it would seem the Earth orbits it as a ghost. This is interesting because in 2001: A Space Odyssey by Stanley Kubrick and Arthur C. Clarke, character Dave Bowman goes to Jupiter and encounters a ghostly image of the Earth.

58

That Great Constant of Nature, the Nineveh Constant, which is the Great Constant of The Solar System, that was found in Ancient Sumerian Clay Cuneiform Tablet, perhaps given to us by aliens, seems to substantiate my Neptune Equation. This was the subject of my novelette, A Distant Echo From The Past, presented next.

59

60

A Distant Echo From The Past by Ian Beardsley Copyright © 2012 by Ian Beardsley

61

Chapter One: A Distant Echo From The Past About “The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind” by Ian Beardsley Though he was post Neolithic, he was Paleolithic in every way. One who could only fair well in a world where homo sapiens chipped stones to hunt game and follow it across vast ice land bridges dressed in furs. What was modern thought to him, on the cutting edge, really would only be unearthed by extraterrestrials in the Anthropocene and received by them as a message he thought, he would one day receive from them. It would be no more than a faint primordial grunt, all to recently of an extinct being, enshrouded in mystery and a certain kind of romantic allure. But, there was a beauty in that idea. This faint primordial grunt had been titled by him, “The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind”. Ian Beardsley February 28, 2012

62

Chapter Two: A Distant Echo From The Past Neil Freer, Author of Breaking The Godspell Calls Bob Dean, Father of Ufology on the phone. Neil: “Bob! I finally got a hold of you. What? Whoosh! Through another portal? What is the word?” Bob Dean; ‘Well I don’t know what level of intelligence took me aboard this time. They can’t be that advanced, they were humanoid in form. The word is that the Anunnaki did indeed splice their genes with ours sometime around homo erectus. They say The Board of Trustees, the guys at the other side of the Universe, say the Anunnaki have to rectify the matter.” Neil Freer: “Well, Bob, this guy Ian Beardsley has written a book called: “The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind”. He seems to think humankind will become a relic of the Anthropocene, for them to unearth and record what they can about them. Though he suggests he has some hope, or he would not have said what he did about his Neptune Equation in the same book.” Bob Dean: “Well that is nonsense. I have said it once before and I will say it again: We are far to precious of an experiment for them to let us go extinct now.” Neil Freer: “Well, Bob, I expect they are going to invite us into stellar society anytime soon. Though who knows what anytime soon is, time scales are relative, and it all depends on us. If they do, that will change everything.”

63

Chapter Three: A Distant Echo From The Past Some of the key points to Ian Beardsley’s discovery that outline the ideas behind the message he thought we would receive from extraterrestrials, only to be actually something found by them after we went extinct were (from the book “The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind”): If extraterrestrial intelligence were to try and communicate with humanity by sending us a message, I would think that message would be 759 in combination with 9/5 (nine-fifths) This study explains why. Essentially, that which we have discovered is that the solar system (by way of nine-fifths) unifies the two most important ratios in mathematics, pi and the golden ratio. I have often spoken of nine-fifths (9/5) as pivotal to the solar system and nature. It is in the ratio of the orbit of saturn to that of jupiter in their closest approaches to the sun putting the earth at one unit from the sun. It is in the ratio of the solar radius to the moon's orbit around earth. It is in the molar mass of gold to the molar mass of silver. I have shown that the sequence 1.8n = a_n where each successive number is a whole number multiple of 1.8 which is nine-fifths, is a sequence that is pivotal to the structure of the solar system. Two of the most important numbers in mathematics are pi and the golden ratio (phi). pi =3.141 and phi phi = 1.618 I have just noticed if we add respective digits after the decimal in one number to the other, we get: 141 + 618 = 759 In 759 we have the nine of nine fifths and the five of nine-fifths, and the 7 is the average of 9 and five. That is: (9+5)/2= 14/2 = 7 We determine the golden angle by multiplying 1.618 by 360 the degrees in a circle: 1.618(360) = 582.48 We subtract 360:

64

582.48-360 = 222.48 360-222.48 = 137.52 = the golden angle The golden angle is the angle leaves rotate around the stem of a plant as you go down it. We determine the nine-fifths angle: 1.8(360) = 648 360/72 = 5 That means if leaves were to rotate around the stem of a plant by the nine-fifths angle, their position would repeat every five times. This frequency of five brings to mind a statement by the Russian scientist Shubnikov: “As to the alive organisms, we have not for them such theory, which could answer the question what kinds of symmetry are compatible or incompatible to existence of living material. But we can note here that remarkable fact that among the representatives of the alive nature the pentagonal symmetry meets more often.” The Nine-Fifths angle is then 72 degrees. This is the separation between petals in a most popular flower petal arrangement: that one in which we see five petals around the stem. Pentagonal symmetry is five-fold. It would appear 9/5 (1.8) brings together pi the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter, and phi, the golden ratio, in a most stunning way. The numbers after the decimal in a ratio are the most important because they are the fraction. In going around a circle, the numbers before the decimal, the whole numbers, no matter what they are take one to the beginning of the circle. We then look at the fraction in the sum of pi and phi, which is, to three places after the decimal, 4.759. That is we look at 0.759: it is close to 0.76 which is 19/25 (nineteen twenty fifths). “Essentially, that which we have discovered is that the solar system (by way of ninefifths) unifies the two most important ratios in mathematics, pi and the golden ratio.” In the preceding passage and I think about it, it makes me wonder if star systems other than that of the Sun-Earth system, have a dynamic structure like this. The dynamic structure makes me think we are here for a reason and are supposed to go out into space. We are at a time when we are beginning to be technologically advanced enough to detect large planets around other stars. However, we have not yet the ability to resolve them into their components and find if they to have such an awe-inspiring structure. If our solar system is the only one in the galaxy that has such an incredible structure, does that mean that we are unique in the Galaxy and are being told as such? 648-360 = 288 and 288-360=72

65

Or is it that other star systems where intelligent life is evolving into existence have such structures in their star system that tell them they are here for a reason. Indeed, for me to discover this dynamic structure to our star system required data that could have only been attained with the invention of the telescope and Newtonian classical mechanics. However there is one thing that could have spoke to us before we were not much more than living in caves and chipping stones to make spear points several million years ago: I am speaking of the fact that when we look at the sky, the moon appears to be the same size as the sun. It may be that we will make a breakthrough in technology that will allow us to know whether or not other star systems in our galaxy have dynamic structures like the one I have outlined that speak of the specialness of its inhabitants. The stars of other galaxies being beyond resolution of our finest equipment will leave their structures a mystery for much longer. I like to hypothesize that dynamic structures like that which I found in our star system, the solar system, exist because they are telling us we are unique in the galaxy, and that we then have the rest of the galaxy available to us when we learn to travel through it, and, further, that every galaxy has a star amid its billions, where such a structure exists for it, because there is intelligent life in that system, and the life that resides in that system has that galaxy available to them alone. Though, I guess, there are dynamic structures in our galaxy like I am finding in our solar system, but that they belong to stars that host intelligent life, for if not, if our solar system is the only one like this in the galaxy, then we are truly special in the sense that we are the only life that evolved to intelligence in our galaxy, The Milky Way. I feel that unlikely. This discovery of a dynamic structure to our solar system has everything to do with whether we are alone in the galaxy, if not the universe, and whether or not there is some reason for which we are here. In Summary, this most beautiful constant in Nature, of nine-fifths, which unifies pi and the golden ratio, the two most beautiful ratios in mathematics, is the most popular arrangement of petals around a flower, and is in the ratio of the molar masses of gold to silver, the most precious of the metals. One could only guess that such would be noticeable throughout the universe and would be noticed by other intelligent life in the universe, and, as such the relationship would be ideal for transmission of a message by other intelligent life forms in the universe to say to the receiver: “I am here and have noticed it”. The curious thing is that it exists in our solar system in the ratio of the orbit of Saturn at its closest approach to the sun compared to the orbit of Jupiter at its closest approach to the sun, mystically putting the Earth at one unit from the Sun (Jupiter and Saturn being the largest and most massive in the solar system, the Earth that planet which harbors intelligent life in the Solar System), and in the ratio of the Sun’s radius to the orbital radius of the moon (moon-earth separation). The question is why does this

66

relationship for pi and the golden ratio of nine-fifths not just exist throughout the Universe in gold, silver, and perhaps flower petal arrangements, but more locally in our solar system? Does it mean humans have some kind of divine specialness in the cosmos? While we can know that the nine-fifths phenomenon would be represented by gold and silver throughout the universe, we currently cannot know whether the inhabitants of other star systems have it in their sun (star) they orbit and a moon that might orbit their planet or in the ratio of the orbits of the largest planets in their star system putting their planet at one unit from their star. The answer to this enigma, I think, must be of extraordinary profundity.

67

Chapter Four: A Distant Echo From The Past Dr. Steven Greer, a medical doctor with a great deal of courageous American Indian blood, and a Hoka He philosophy (“Today is a good day to die”) called Michael Laitman in Israel. He did not just believe “The Loop” existed, but claimed he knew people in it. Michael Laitman claimed he was in the line of successors to the true knowledge of The Kabbalah, which he insisted was a Jewish book of Science, not mysticism, as most would have it. Laitman: “Hello” Greer: “Dr. Laitman?” Laitman: “Yes” Greer: “I am Dr. Steven Greer. I have important information to share with you. We have had an ongoing relationship with extraterrestrials, intelligence from other planets, and we have back engineered some of their technology. The thing is only one branch of the military knows about it. They are called “The Loop”. The president, congress, and all other branches of the military know nothing about this technology, or our relationship with aliens. I know people in the loop. I will be to the point: They have a technology that is the size of a bread box that anyone could have in their home and would produce free energy for all their needs. It operates off the principle that empty space is really a fluctuating vacuum stored with massive amounts of energy everywhere in the Universe. The problem is, they do not want to share this technology with the world, but there are those in the loop that disagree with that philosophy. I am working with them to make this technology available, because it would save humanity from adversity everywhere in the world. You have said the only way humanity can succeed is if the Jewish people disseminate Kabbalah. Can we work together in making free energy available to the world?” Latiman: “Look, the Kabbalah explains there is no other life in the Universe but human, and they are all right here on earth at present, and that the rest of the Universe pertains only to humans. I suggest you come to Israel and learn the Truth from me.” Greer: “Well disseminate this.” (And he gave him a raspberry over the phone) “I am going to go talk to Neil Freer.” Laitman: “I don’t even know who in the hell Neil Freer is.” (Then abruptly hangs up the phone).

68

Chapter Five: An Echo From The Distant Past We are in an office from which The Loop operates. Arthur Livingston, a General, angrily turns off his phone after having a heated conversation and then talks to a sergeant. Livingston: “Damn it! I just got off the phone and have learned that this guy Dr. Steven Greer, who somehow got an audience with the head of the CIA, has given him our code name of Majestic and given him our phone number, and told him we are here working with advanced intelligence from other planets. The CIA head wanted to know why he didn’t know about any of this. We had to hang up the phone on him. How did this Dr. Greer get that information? Clearly we have a leak from the inside. If I find out who he is, he will find himself floating feet first down the Potomac. The only people who make any sense are Bob Dean and Neil Freer. Bob Dean has been lifting the lid off the secret of our relationships with aliens gradually enough that people won’t panic when they learn the truth about it, and Neil Freer has been writing a space age constitution since in the event we are invited into The Galactic Federation of Worlds, we will have a constitution that will work in terms of such a new world.” Sergeant: “Well, I think he is only concerned about the energy crisis. I mean the people realize we are running out of oil and finding a clean renewable energy source that could satisfy the world energy needs has yet been achieved. He seems to know we have learned to make such an energy source.” Livingston: “Yeah, but if we let the clean, free energy source out into the public, we will have to explain where it came from. How would we tell them that aliens from distant stars come here all of the time, and talk to us? Most people aren’t ready for that kind of truth.”

69

Chapter 6: A Distant Echo From The Past Here we look at what Neil Freer was referring to when he told Bob Dean Ian Beardsley must have some kind of hope that humanity would not go extinct (from “The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind”): Indeed this phenomenon is tied up in my discoveries that I developed in a fictional story when I wrote: Leonard followed the story of the 33 Chilean miners who were trapped 2000 feet below the earth in a dark cavern for over two months after their mine exit had collapsed. These miners remained courageous, brave, and held onto their humanity throughout the whole ordeal. To Leonard, these men showed what the human spirit was capable of. The government of Chile responded to the emergency with great organization and did a great job. The coping techniques and space food to the miners was provided by the United States Space Agency, NASA. It was a marvel of engineering the capsule engineered by a NASA scientist that brought the miners to the surface. He admired NASA greatly, because of this, because they represented such a positive force in the world, as was demonstrated in the rescue of the miners. There were 33 miners trapped down there, and 33 years of age was the age they say Jesus died and was resurrected. NASA and the spirit and strength of the miners were like a salvation. Yet, the president of the United States had recently shut down NASA as the agency that would send man into space, and had decided to contract the building of spacecraft to private industry. Leonard thought this was a mistake. NASA, and the ESA (European Space Agency) were the most positive forces in his life. Since Leonard had begun working on his project several years back, he always felt the planet Neptune held the answer to the salvation of the Earth because of its vivacious, lively, incandescent blue. During the ordeal of the miners, he was thinking about the equation he had developed that he thought was most important, and finally he saw how it showed he was correct. That Neptune held the key to the survival of Humanity. Just as the last (33rd) miner was being pulled out from the collapsed mine and to the surface of the Earth, he had finished writing what he had discovered. He wrote in his Journal as follows: We have an equation for a sequence that shows the Earth straddled between Venus and Mars. Venus is a failed Earth. Mars promises to be New Earth. The equation, that I presented in my work, “The Document”, is: [(Venus-orbit)/(Earth-orbit)][(Earth-mass)/(Mars-mass)]n – (Mars orbital #) = a_n The Mars orbital number is 4. If we want to know what planet in the solar system holds the key to the success of Earth, or to the success of humans, we let n =3 since the Earth is the third planet out from the Sun, in the equation and the result is a_n = 17.6. This means

70

the planet that holds the key is Neptune. It has a mass of 17.23 earth masses, a number very close to our 17.6. The next step is to analyze Neptune, its composition and other factors. He thought he must have been blind. Not only was Neptune the indicated planet, he found it had nearly the same surface gravity of earth. Though it was much more massive than earth, it was much larger and therefore less dense. That was why it came out to have the same surface gravity.

71

Chapter Seven: A Distant Echo From The Past Since the early 1950’s there had been 1000’s of UFO reportings, nothing that could be proved as definitive evidence, but some compelling cases. The most famous was the UFO crash in Roswell, South Eastern New Mexico. Indeed most reports came from rural areas. One might guess extraterrestrials would choose rural areas to fly over, or land, because they are sparsely populated, have wide open spaces, there were secret military bases built in these remote areas, and the people in rural areas were open to the idea of UFO’s. They had more curiosity than fear of the idea. Arizona was a hot spot, especially in the area of the secret military base of Area 51. One of the most incredible sighting was a huge triangular formation of lights in Phoenix seen by more than 10,000 Arizonans, including the governor, who said the military’s explanation of them dropping flares didn’t make sense, he himself was a retired air force pilot. The military was always having a hard time explaining away sightings, as they did when they said Roswell was a crashed weather balloon. But now it was more difficult. With the advent of video cameras built into cell phones, UFO footage was storming the internet from around the world. Just where the appearances of UFO’s would be, seemed to be linked to what was going on in the world. The hot spot now, it seemed would be Colorado, USA for 2012. At least that is what Hank Wildberry reasoned, a 23 year old student of computer programming and mathematics at the University of Oregon. He decided to take a temporary leave of absence from the U of O, drive out to Colorado in his 2000 Datsun economy pickup, and pursue the matter of extraterrestrial intelligence.

72

Chapter Eight: An Echo From The Distant Past Hank set up camp in the Rocky Mountains. His guess that big antennas waiting for messages from Aliens that left for their destination hundreds to thousands of years ago, only to arrive at earth now was not the approach to take. He figured he would just have to set up his radio receiver, which was connected to his laptop, to receive a message sent in present times from nearby, like earth orbit, or a landed ship. That message finally came after four nights of camping out. It was broadcast on his laptop screen as follows: 759 and 9/5 you are special Consider: 669 to 626 BC Library of King Assurbanipal in Nineveh Assyrian Ruins Ancient Sumerian Clay Cuneiform Tablets Excavated at the site of Kuyunjik Niveveh Constant:195,955,200,000 Common denominator in all celestial cycles to four places after the decimal, in seconds. Fwd this message to: Ian Beardsley referring to The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind Sincerely, a beyond earth intelligence Hank said aloud to himself: “Who in the hell is Ian Beardsley?”

73

Chapter Nine: A Distant Echo From The Past The author of this novel, who wrote the book: The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind, mentioned in this novel several times, has received an e-mail from his character, Hank Wildberry: To: Ian Beardsley Don’t ask, just make the following calculations: (Nineveh Constant)/x = Jupiter Period In Years (Nineveh Constant)/x = Saturn Period In Years Sincerely, Hank (Wildberry) Ian Beardsley knew what the Nineveh Constant was. He had sent his work to Neil Freer, author of Breaking The Godspell, and he wrote back:

Jan 21, 2012

“Your stuff is fascinating.! Now that I am working my way through it I realize that I should call to your attention the work of Maurice Chatelain, deceased,! keep mind, friend from San Diego, see his book Our Cosmic Ancestors,! chapter called The Nineveh Constant,! particularly page 29.”! Ian had learned that Maurice Chatelain was the director of building the communications systems for the Apollo Missions (Mission to the Moon) and had discovered the Nineveh Constant in Ancient Sumerian cuneiform clay tablets. He was amazed that these ancient people knew of such a number, because, as he wrote:

“…Every period of revolution or conjunction of all the solar system bodies calculated by the Constant of Nineveh corresponded exactly down to several decimal points with the values given in the modern tables of United States astronomers…” “I have not been able to find even a single period of revolution, or conjunction of a solar system planet or satellite, that would not be an exact fraction down to the fourth decimal point of the Great Constant of the Solar System.”

74

So Ian made the calculations: Seconds in a year: 31,556,926 Jupiter year = 11.86 yrs Saturn year = 29.7 yrs Jupiter = 374,265,142 seconds Saturn = 937,240,702 seconds Nineveh Constant = 195,955,200,000 X for Jupiter = 195.9552E9/374,265,142 = 524 X for Saturn = 195.9552E9/937,240,702 = 209 According to theory, as Ian understood it, these last two results should be harmonic.

75

Chapter 10: A Distant Echo From The Past To find the harmonics of the Nineveh multipliers for Jupiter and Saturn, he took their square roots (geometric means) with the results: Jupiter: sqrt(524) = 22.9 ~ 23 Saturn: sqrt(209) = 14.4568 ~ 14 23 was the third number in his sequence: 5,14,23,32,41,… and 14 was the second, from which his Neptune equation was derived (in The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind). He had written: Where does the Neptune equation come from? The following Sequences: Chapter 24: The Document Salvoretti had done it. The structure of the solar system and dynamic elements of the Universe and Nature in general were tied up in the two sequences: 5, 14, 23, 32,… and 1.8, 3.6, 5.4, 7.2,… Could he find the connection between the two to localize the pivotal point of the solar system? Yes he could, he took their difference, subtracting respective terms in the second sequence from those in the first sequence to obtain the new sequence: 3.2, 10.4, 17.6, 24.8,… Which is an arithmetic sequence with common difference of 7.2 meaning it is written 7.2n – 4 = a_n The a_n is the nth term of the sequence, n is the number of the term in the sequence. This he noticed could be written: [(Venus-orbit)/(Earth-orbit)][(Earth-mass)/(Mars-mass)]n – (Mars orbital #) = a_n Here is where some of the sequences come from:

76

The Search For The Tarot: Chapter 16 Salvoretti began writing in his journal: We originally thought that 1.8 (9/5) occurred in the solar system and nature, alone. It is the ratio of Saturn orbit to Jupiter orbit in their closest approaches to the sun. It is the ratio of the solar radius to the lunar orbit. It is ratio of the molar mass of gold to that of silver. Then I discovered that approximately twice that value (3.7) was recurrent throughout the solar system and nature. Twice 1.8 is 3.6. I found it occurred in Jupiter, Saturn, Earth, Mercury, and Venus to name a few as 3.7. It occurs here to me we are not just dealing with 1.8 and 3.7, but any whole number multiple of 1.8. We are dealing with: a_n=1.8n Let us try three times 1.8. It is 5.4. Immediately we see it in the most obvious, Jupiter. It is the largest and most massive planet in the solar system. Its furthest distance from the sun in its orbit is 5.455 AU ~ 5.4. We see it in the following (saturn mass)/(neptune mass)=(95.147)/(17.23)=5.522~5.4 I have already noted that Saturn and Neptune have similar inclinations to their orbit that are only common to Earth and Mars. Thus we are dealing here with the sequence: 1.8, 3.6, 5.4, 7.2,…

77

Chapter Eleven: A Distant Echo From The Past Hank Wildberry had been camped out in the Rocky Mountains for only four days and he had already received a message from Aliens. What is more, those aliens had sent him as well a transmission frequency and direction (apparently they were directly overhead in geocentric orbit) and he had built and brought along, a portable transmitter of his own construction. Not only could he receive messages from these aliens, he could send messages to them. He had made contact.

78

Chapter 12: A Distant Echo From Earth Hank broke down camp and went to a small mountain town diner where he hooked up to the internet. He checked his e-mail and found there was one there from Ian. He opened it and found: Hank: The Nineveh Constant yields: Jupiter: sqrt(524) = 22.9 ~ 23 Saturn: sqrt(209) = 14.4568 ~ 14 23 is the third number in his sequence: 5,14,23,32,41,… and 14 is the second, from which his Neptune equation is derived (in The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind). Ian Hank wrote back, Ian don’t you see? Start with Jupiter and Saturn because they are the largest planets in the solar system. Saturn is at nine units from the Sun at its closest approach and Jupiter at five. That is a ratio of nine-fifths. You yourself said it is in the molar mass of gold to the molar mass of silver and in the ratio of the solar radius to the lunar orbital distance, not to mention in a very popular (if not most popular) arrangement of petals around a flower, among other things. But Saturn at nine and Jupiter at five mystically puts the Earth at one unit from the sun: The two largest planets in the solar system point to the Earth, through gold and silver, sun and moon, flower petal arrangements,.. The third number in your sequence from which your Neptune equation was derived is 23. That is a two and a three: Venus is the second planet out from the sun, earth the third. Earth is coupled with Venus. You have said Venus is a failed earth. So earth can fail. However the second number in your sequence, which would represent Venus (Venus being the second planet from the Sun) is 14. You have shown that 14 is the separation between Jupiter and Saturn (where one is the earth-sun separation) and that, with Jupiter more massive than Saturn, to balance them on a teeter totter with length 14, the fulcrum would be at about Mars orbit (1.5 earth sun separations from Jupiter). So this says while Earth can fail, Humans can succeed by way of Mars. You wrote: “We have an equation for a sequence that shows the Earth straddled between Venus and Mars. Venus is a failed Earth. Mars promises to be New Earth. The equation, that I presented in my work, “The Document”, is: [(Venus-orbit)/(Earth-orbit)][(Earth-mass)/(Mars-mass)]n – (Mars orbital #) = a_n

79

The Mars orbital number is 4. If we want to know what planet in the solar system holds the key to the success of Earth, or to the success of humans, we let n =3 since the Earth is the third planet out from the Sun, in the equation and the result is a_n = 17.6. This means the planet that holds the key is Neptune. It has a mass of 17.23 earth masses, a number very close to our 17.6. The next step is to analyze Neptune, its composition and other factors.” “Not only was Neptune the indicated planet, he found it had nearly the same surface gravity of earth. Though it was much more massive than earth, it was much larger and therefore less dense. That was why it came out to have the same surface gravity.” In other words, Ian, the Nineveh Constant verifies your Neptune Equation, and explains clearly what the Solar System is saying. Mars is The Cosmic Fulcrum as you called it, when you wrote:

I have found more reason that the planet Mars represents the success of humankind in this passage:

**Gentelmen, further, Mars is New Earth. I have done this:
**

We know that 9/5 occurs in many mysterious ways in nature, including Saturn’s distance from the sun of 9 (closest approach) putting Jupiter’s at five (closest approach), and the earth at one. Let us consider a balance. If two weights of equal mass are placed on opposite ends of a balance, then to be balanced the fulcrum must be placed at the center. But if one mass is increased, then the fulcrum will have to be moved closer to the heavier end if the balance is not to tip. This is the Law of Levers. It states that the masses are inversely proportion to their distances from the fulcrum. To write it mathematically, M1/M2=L2/L1 Or, equivalently (M1)(L1)=(M2)(L2) If we consider the time when Saturn and Jupiter, the two most massive bodies in the solar system are in opposition, that is when they are on opposite sides of the sun and facing one another, then by the above information they are separated by 14 units. Jupiter is 3.34 times as massive as Saturn. By our law of levers above, that means L1/L2=3.34 L1+L2=14 Thus 4.34L2=14 and

80

L2=3.2258 14-3.22=10.77=L1 Mars orbital distance is 1.5 The saturn-fulcrum distance minus the mars orbital distance is: 10.77-1.5=9.2~9 is saturn’s closest approach to the sun. Mars, then, is the cosmic fulcrum. It is the one planet worth terraforming for colonization. It is then aligned metaphysically with its physical characteristics. Ian, as you know I downloaded this document (The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind) that you made available at Issuu and Scribd. I know you feel it should be discussed and researched, which it has not, because the success of humans might depend on it… But Hell, there are people in Congress who ignore James Hansen, the world’s foremost authority on climate change, when he warns we could experience catastrophic climate change if we don’t change our ways. How would you like it if I told you rest easy, because I am in communication with Aliens and they have requested I beam your work to them. So even if we go extinct, they have your work, and they have said they can use it, because it is as James Lovelock said, and more, Earth is not just like a giant organism where everything on it is a functioning part of the organism, but the entire universe is, and, they need your discovery about our solar system because our solar system is a part of the supergaia, the giant organism like structure that is the universe.

81

Nineveh and Music It is probably called “The Nineveh Constant” because Nineveh sounds like Nine and 23 is the ninth prime number which represents the planet Jupiter, the largest, most massive planet in the solar system, through the Nineveh constant. While we know that two thirds is a musical fifth and close approximation to the golden ratio conjugate, my enigmatic 0.759 is closely approximated by three quarters, which is a musical fourth. Two thirds is the harmonic mean of one half and one (an octave) and three quarters is the arithmetic mean of one half and one (an octave). Violins are tuned in fifths and guitars are tuned in fourths to facilitate the human hand in playing melodies. We see my discovery concerning the universe and our solar system puts it in fine tune with music theory. Read my story “A Distant Echo From The Past” and my work “The Mystery Latent In The Primordial Origins Of Humankind” in my book “A Distant Echo From The Past”. Ian Beardsley March 24, 2012

82

On My Reduction Of The Nineveh Constant By A Factor Of 1000 That marvelous constant, the nineveh constant, that long sought after great constant of the solar system, which was searched for by modern mathematicians without success, only to be found written out in ancient sumerian cuneiform clay tablets, and realized to be as such by Maurice Chatelain, director of communications development for the apollo missions, that I found verified my Neptune Equation in my story, A Distant Echo From The Past, I should say I reduced the constant by a factor of 1000, which I would like to point out only moves the decimal point in the calculations and does not change the marvelous numerical values. Reducing it by a factor of a thousand put my calculation in the range of my sequence for the planets. As Chatelain pointed out, the Ancient Mayans knew the great constant, but expressed it reduced by a factor of 60.

83

84

- Chapter 17
- Plastic Bomb
- 1254610467_2009_Chemistry_Notes
- a2-54-a2-astrophysicssurveyingthestars
- My Water Chemistry Book
- Water information
- soil stabilisation using bioenzyme
- Evaporation
- The phys chem backbone of Neowater
- 10th SK Science QP Ans1
- Unit 5 physics
- catchyintros
- file so file
- 4335_1F_msc_20100715
- biologymidtermstudyguide
- stellar nucleosynthesis
- 2.04-2.05 Intermediate Bonding and Intermolecular Forces
- Evidence for Design in the Universe
- NASA
- the sun
- Properties of Water
- The Search for Signals of Extraterrestrial Life
- Official NASA Communication 97-127
- Handout 2
- R Buckminster Book Design
- stableisotopes[1]
- WF - Water on Mars
- Interactive Effects of Water Glycerol and Water Sorbitol on Physical Properties of Konjac Glucomannan Films
- IMG
- 6 Min New Stars Discovered

- Projecting the Future
- The AI Notebook
- The AI Quest
- AI and the Natural Life Elements
- The Ultimate AI Equation
- the Artificial Intelligence Connection to Natural Life
- Essays in Artificial Intelligence by a Contactee
- The Primordial AI Equations
- Artificial Intelligence, Extraterrestrials, And Syntax
- ai, pi, and phi
- Cosmic and Robotic
- A Possible Symbolic Language That Exists Throughout The Universe
- The Primordial AI Equation
- Monsters, Robots, And Rights
- Variation On The AI Equation
- The Periodic Table of the AI Elements
- The AI Box
- The Equations of AI Part 4
- The Equations of AI Part 3
- The Complete AI Equation
- The Primary Recipe for AI
- The Equations of AI Part 2
- The Equations of AI Presentation (June 5, 2017)
- The AI Theory of Structure
- The AI Lectures Part 2
- The AI Lectures
- Structure in AI
- The Periodic Table of the AI Equations
- All Inclusive AI Equation
- The Comprehensive AI Equation

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot usefulClose Dialog## Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Close Dialog## This title now requires a credit

Use one of your book credits to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

Loading