Islam

2/5/07 1:01 PM

Doest arrive until the 7th century and on the Arabian peninsula •tribal and nomadic society of Bedouins •mostly orally communicative society Mecca was important because it was an oasis and the location of a Ka’ba stone •it was controlled by one of the Bedouin tribes of the peninsula •they were not very popular because they would tax others to pilgramage through mecca •this is where mohammed is born people do stuff in mecca that they wouldn’t do at home •was a hotbed of corruption mohammed growing up in mecca an orphan marries a wealthy widow •he spends sometime in a cave in solitude and pray and meditate •he becomes very concerned about hats happening in his city •he starts to tlak about him which does not ake him bery popular •in 610, mohammed starts to hear a voice who he identifies as Allah •these recitations continue and are written down in the Qur'an (recitation) oemphasize the greatness of god ogod's mercy oand obligations to go oand a certainty that there is a judgement day oit also has a retelling of the history of all of the stories of the Jewish and Christian traditions omohammed is the seal of the prophets, he is the last one •it was a legal, moral code by which to live by oit is no longer the tribe that’s important, it’s the family •individual belief and adherence, no intermediaries like church, priest, or bishops •mohammed who is already not popular brings in more converts gets followers but also angers a lot of people •in 622 mohammed leaves mecca and goes to medina-this is the beginning of the muslim calendar •it is this flight to edina that is the starting point omohammed is recognized as a religious leader and increases his numbers ofconverts ostarts to establish the instituions of the new religion ohe also defines the faith in this time ohe really thought that jews would join him, but they don't oHow d we define “we” versus “they” islam is differently than Christianity •jesus dies early, while mohammed doesn’t

ohe has a lot more time to answer questions and to prosteltyze •all muslims are taxed for charity oit is essential to give to charity •required to fast for rammmadan oif you are weak you do not have to fast •Muslims are expected to make at least one pilgramage to mecca in their lifetime •formal worship, 3 times a day, later 5 times a day oyou are supposed to pray facing mecca oif you are in mecca then you are supposed to pray towards the Kaba stone •arabs are barbaric hy do not live like the Greeks and romans , general attitude towards muslims •it was an important point of unity for this society •the adoption of islam, the community becomes bound by religionrather than bound by clan •the qur’an enhances the status of women •en could have four wives but they would have to all be treated equally opeople who are vulnerable are protected •after mohamed’s death we see the expansion of the isllamic epire from spain to India othe Islamic warriors enter byzanthium and gain a little bit of cultural foothold and the other societies a relatively weak omost welcomed the Islamic warriors oeveryone wasn’t forced to convert to islam, although there were benefits to being muslim oMuslims>Christians Jews>Everyone else oyou get a lot of conversion for political reasons •we sart to see a faction in the Islamic empire oshi’ite and suni it was about followers nd the Kalephs who are the leaders should it be a diect lineal the followers of Ali are the Shia faction and the others are the suni oin this islmic empire it I broken up owe start to see a lot of the same things that occurred in the Byzantine empire however the intellectual tradition is not interrupted

2/5/07 1:01 PM

2/5/07 1:01 PM