ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AMBI MALL – VASANT KUNJ, DELHI

Submitted to Ministry of Environment & Forests Through Delhi Pollution Control Committee

Ambience Developers Private Limited L-4, Green Park Extension, New Delhi 110016
March 2006

Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall -Vasant kunj, Delhi

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE NO.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.......................................................................................................... E-1 1.0 INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................. 1

1.1 Objective of the Study.................................................................................................. 3 1.2 Structure of the EIA report ........................................................................................... 3
2.0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION................................................................................................... 4

2.1 Site location and description......................................................................................... 9 2.2 Project Components ................................................................................................... 15 2.2.1 PROJECT LAYOUT AND DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT .......................... 15 2.2.2 LANDUSE .................................................................................................. 15 2.2.3 PROJECT INFRASTRUCTURE AND UTILITIES..................................... 16
3.0 LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE FRAME WORK........................................................ 21

3.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................... 21 3.2 Environmental policies ............................................................................................... 21 3.3 Legal provisions for environment related to construction and infrastructure development projects ......................................................................................................... 22 3.3.1 Urban planning and landuse ......................................................................... 23 3.3.2 Environmental Clearance of Developmental Projects ................................... 24 3.3.3 Usage of Water and Water Pollution ............................................................ 25 3.3.4 Air Quality................................................................................................... 26 3.3.5 Noise level ................................................................................................... 27 3.3.6 Solid and other waste management............................................................... 27 3.4 Institutional Framework ............................................................................................. 28 3.4.1 Ministry of Environment and Forests ........................................................... 28 3.4.2 Central and State Pollution Control Boards .................................................. 29 3.4.3 Municipalities and the municipal corporations ............................................. 29
4.0 BASELINE ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS OF PROJECT AREA .................................. 30

4.1 Methodology of conducting baseline study................................................................. 30 4.2 Air Environment......................................................................................................... 31 4.2.1 Meteorology................................................................................................. 33 4.2.2 Rainfall ........................................................................................................ 34 4.2.3 Temperature................................................................................................. 34 4.2.4 Relative Humidity........................................................................................ 34 4.2.5 Wind speeds and direction ........................................................................... 35 4.2.6 Ambient air quality ...................................................................................... 36 4.2.7 Noise environment ....................................................................................... 44 4.2.8 Traffic pattern and density ........................................................................... 46 4.3 Water Environment .................................................................................................... 48 4.3.1 Surface water resources................................................................................ 48 4.3.2 Hydro geology and groundwater resources................................................... 48 4.3.3 Water quality ............................................................................................... 50

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Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall -Vasant kunj, Delhi

4.4 Land Environment...................................................................................................... 55 4.4.1 Geology of the area ...................................................................................... 55 4.4.2 Seismo-tectonic appraisal of the area............................................................ 55 4.4.3 Soil ......................................................................................................... 55 4.4.4 Landuse pattern............................................................................................ 59 4.4.5 Solid waste disposal ..................................................................................... 59 4.5 Biological Environment.............................................................................................. 59 4.5.1 Habitat assessment ....................................................................................... 60 4.5.2 Terrestrial ecology ....................................................................................... 60 4.5.3 Aquatic ecology ........................................................................................... 62 4.6 Socio Economic Environment .................................................................................... 63 4.6.1 Demographic Profile .................................................................................... 63 4.6.2 Economic Activity and Livelihood Pattern ................................................... 65 4.6.3 Assessment of local community : primary survey......................................... 65 4.6.4 Perception of the community........................................................................ 69
5.0 POLLUTION SOURCES - CHARACTERISTICS, QUANTIFICATION AND PREDICTION ............................................................................................................................... 71

5.1 Pollution sources ........................................................................................................ 71 5.2 Air Emissions and Noise ............................................................................................ 72 5.2.1 Predicted air emissions from the site ............................................................ 72 5.2.2 Noise Emissions Sources.............................................................................. 75 5.3 Water and wastewater management ............................................................................ 77 5.3.1 Water Requirements..................................................................................... 77 5.3.2 WATER BALANCE.................................................................................... 85 5.3.3 Wastewater Quantification and characteristics.............................................. 88 5.4 Solid and other Wastes ............................................................................................... 90 5.4.1 Waste Sources and Quantification................................................................ 90 5.4.2 Waste Quantification.................................................................................... 92 5.4.3 Waste characterization ................................................................................. 93 5.5 Other stressors leading to Environmental Impacts....................................................... 94
6.0 IMPACT ASSESSMENT .................................................................................................... 95

6.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................... 95 6.2 Impact on Air Environment ........................................................................................ 96 6.2.1 Air dispersion model used.................................................................................. 97 6.2.2 Estimates of Ground Level Concentrations ........................................................ 99 6.3 Impact on Noise Environment .................................................................................. 104 6.5 Impacts on Land Environment.................................................................................. 109 6.5.1 Impacts on landuse and aesthetics .............................................................. 109 6.5.2 Impacts on Topography and Geology......................................................... 109 6.5.3 Impacts on Soils......................................................................................... 109 6.5.4 Impacts due to waste disposal .................................................................... 110 6.6 Impacts on Biological Environment.......................................................................... 111 6.7 Impacts on Socio-Economic Environment ................................................................ 113
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...........................6 EMP for Socio-economic environment..................................... 129 7.1..............2 Environmental Monitoring ...............................4 EMP for land environment ........1.................................. Delhi 7......... 138 7.............................................1 EMP for air environment..............................1.................................... 127 7... 141 7...........................2........... 144 7...................... 131 7........................2.......... 149 March 2006 iii Ambience Developers Private Ltd....3 Response in case of Fire ....................................... 147 8................. 142 7.......... 145 7.............................................................................................................1 Environmental Management Plan .....5 EMP for Biological Environment ..................................................... 120 7.......2..................................................3 Awareness and Training...........0 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN .2 Environmental Management System and Monitoring Plan..................2 EMP for noise environment.....................................1. 148 8.......... 146 7..... 136 7...........4 Record Keeping and Reporting .........................................................1 Response in Case of Earthquake ..................7 EMP for energy conservation ...........................0 EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN ...................................................................................................................1....................1................................. 127 7...... 146 8...................................................................2 Response of LPG Leakage......................................... ...............................1.................Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall -Vasant kunj.............. 147 8...............................3 EMP for water environment ..2......................5 Environmental Audits and Corrective Action Plans .............. 144 7............

......................... 40 Table 4....... 5 Table 2......22: Literacy Status........................................................................................................... 35 Table 4....8: Discharge Norms For Wastewater ........7: Monitoring Locations .................... Female And Sex Ratio............................ 45 Table 4................................................... New Delhi .........6: Estimate Of Rain Water Harvesting ...........................2: Project Implementation Schedule......8e: Monitoring Program Results .......... 37 Table 4.................................. 54 Table 4..................................................9: Primary Effects Of Noise Pollution From Construction And Operation Activities Of The Site...............................................9: Expected Waste Characteristics And Load........................................................................................Co.................. 58 Table 4............. 46 Table 4............... 41 Table 4.......8a: Monitoring Program Results ....................................................................... 63 Table 4.....................1: Pollutant Sources And Characteristics ............7: Expected Wastewater Characteristics And Pollution Load ......................8d: Monitoring Program Results ..........8c: Monitoring Program Results ........4: Relative Humidity Normals For Indira Gandhi Airport..2 – Diesel Generator Set Specifications ........................ 90 Table 5......1: Summary Of Environmental Legislation For Ambi Mall Project..................4: Noise Levels Generated From Construction Equipment ..15: Soil Sampling Location ........................................................................ 91 March 2006 iv Ambience Developers Private Ltd...................................................... Residential) ...................................... 64 Table 5............ 88 Table 5..................5 – Noise Limits For Appliances And Construction Equipment At Manufacturing Stage ..........................19: Common Avifauna Around The Site.................. 35 Table 4................................So2 .........5: Mean Wind Speed .21: Population – Male..............Spm..................................................................................... New Delhi............ 71 Table 5.............................................. 50 Table 4. New Delhi .....................................Rspm.. 64 Table 4....Emission Rates From Diesel Generator Set..... 61 Table 4.................................................................1: Building Details Chart ..... 76 Table 5......17: Soil Characteristic In The Study Area ..........Nox .......... 74 Table 5................ 46 Table 4............O................................... 32 Table 4..................................................................................18: Percentage Frequency Of Plant Species Recorded During Survey...........................8b: Monitoring Program Results .... Delhi LIST OF TABLES Table 2................................................14: Ground Water Quality In The Study Area....12: Chemical Analysis Of The Ground Water Samples. 74 Table 5........3: Temperature Normals For Indira Gandhi Airport................... 52 Table 4......10: Noise Monitoring Locations ...............................................16: Particle Size Distribution .................... 22 Table 4............ 75 Table 5..............2: Rainfall Normals For Indira Gandhi Airport.............. 34 Table 4...................................T...........................1: Primary Sources And Effects Of Air Pollutants Due To Proposed Project...............20:Number Of Households And Population ........ 40 Table 4........................................13: Water Quality Sampling Locations ............... 41 Table 4........................................................................................................................................................ 86 Table 5.......................................................................... .. 57 Table 4.....................Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall -Vasant kunj............... 62 Table 4..................................................................... 57 Table 4.....................6: Historical Air Quality In New Delhi (I....11: Monitoring Program Results – Noise .............. 8 Table 3................................ 40 Table 4................................................................3 ......... 38 Table 4................................................................................... 34 Table 4............

...............................................................................2: Noise Propagation From Construction Activities ............................................5: Suggested Monitoring Program For Ambi Mall ....1: Identification Of Impacts During Construction And Operation Phase............ 140 Table 7......... Delhi Table 5........ .......................7: Attenuation Of Resultant Noise Level Of Diesel Generator Sets......3: Summary Matrix Of Predicted Impacts Due To Ambi Mall Project ................................ 117 Table 7..........................................................1: Summary Of Potential Impacts And Mitigation Measures........................ 146 March 2006 v Ambience Developers Private Ltd...........................10: Estimated Waste Generation In Ambi Mall For Different Activities..........................................11: Waste Composition – Construction Phase .......................3 – Species To Be Used For Air Pollution Abatement Via Greenbelt Development .................... 95 Table 6....2: Dust Control Plan ............... 127 Table 7....... 92 Table 5................ 129 Table 7......6 Record Keeping Requirements...........4: Suggested Trees For Green Belt Development ...............................Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall -Vasant kunj........................... 145 Table 7............. 122 Table 7......... 105 Figure 6................... 106 Table 6......................................... 93 Table 6..................

..... 100 Figure 6........................................................................8 : Employment Pattern................ 36 Figure 4.....1: Location Of The Project Site ..........................................2: Status Of Developments In The Constraint Area ......................................... 10 Figure 2.....................................................................................................1 : Ater Balance Flow Chart ................... 2 Figure 2...................... 143 March 2006 vi Ambience Developers Private Ltd.......................... 51 Figure 4... 103 Figure 6... 135 Figure 7.............................................5 : Predicted Spatial Distribution Of Nox (µG/M3) From Dg-Sets ...................................................... 12 Figure 2.....................................................................7 : Soils Of Delhi .......................................................... 56 Figure 4.........2 : Flow Diagram For Energy Conservation............................................. ........................................ 98 Figure 6..............2 : Predicted Spatial Distribution Of Spm (µG/M3) During Construction Phase ........................... 47 Figure 4..................4: Percentage Wise Distribution Of Landuse ........5 : Ground Water Quality In The Area.............. Delhi LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1............ 104 Figure 7.................................................1 : Modeling Grid Of Ambi Mall Site....3 : Predicted Spatial Distribution Of Spm (µG/M3) From Dg-Sets........ 11 Figure 2........4 : Predicted Spatial Distribution Of So 2 (µG/M3) From Dg-Sets........................................1: Wind Rose ............ 53 Figure 4.................0: Land Use In Immediate Vicinity........................................................ 65 Figure 5..........................................................................6 : Predicted Spatial Distribution Of Co (µG/M3) From Dg-Sets................................ 101 Figure 6........... 102 Figure 6.Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall -Vasant kunj......3a: Traffic Count (To & Fro) Performed On Nelson Mandela Road On The 1st Day .......................................3: Surrounding Features Around The Site.......... 87 Figure 6..1 : Schematic Flow Diagram Of Treatment Facilities ..................................... 16 Figure 4......6 : Water Sampling Locations ......................................................................................

Nose & Throat Environment Protection Agency Environmental Public Hearing Environment Protection Rules Ground Level Concentration Government Safety Rules High School Intensive Care Unit Indian Meteorological Department Indian Standards Liquid Petroleum Gas Municipal Corporation of Delhi Ministry of Environment & Forests Middle School Mean Sea Level Motor Vehicle Act Motor Vehicle Rules Non Agricultural National Ambient Air Quality Standards National Air Monitoring Programme vii March 2006 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. .Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall -Vasant kunj. Delhi ABBREVIATIONS AQSRN BDL BIS BOD CAP CEC CGWB CHP CO COD CPCB CTE CTO dB dB(A) DDA DMP DOC DPCC DUAC EC ECC ECG EIA EMP EMS ENT EPA EPH EPR GLC GSR HS ICU IMD IS LPG MCD MoEF MS MSL MVA MVR NA NAAQS NAMP Air Quality Standards in Respect of Noise Below Detectable Limit Bureau of Indian Standards Biological Oxygen Demand Corrective Action Plan Cation Exchange Capacity Central Ground Water Board Combined Heat & Power Carbon Monoxide Chemical Oxygen Demand Central Pollution Control Board Consent To Establish Consent To Operate Decibel Empirical Measure for Noise. Decibel Delhi Development Authority Disaster Management Plan Diesel Oxidation Catalysts Delhi Pollution Control Committee Delhi Urban Art Commission Environmental Clearance Emergency Control Center Electro-Cardio Gram Environmental Impact Assessment Environment Management Plan Environment Management System Ear.

Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall -Vasant kunj. Information. Delhi NCEPC NCRPB NEP NH NIHL NOX NOC OSHA PHED PPE PRV PS PUCC REIA RMC RPM RSPM SAR SO2 SPL SPM SS STP SWM TDS TIFAC ULB UN VOC National Committee on Environmental Planning & Coordination National Capital Region Planning Board National Environment Policy National Highway Noise Induced Hearing Loss Oxides of Nitrogen No Objection Certificate Occupation Safety & Health Administration Public Health Engineering Department Personal Protective Equipment Pressure Relief Valve Primary School Pollution Under Control Certificate Rapid Environment Impact Assessment Ready Mix Concrete Respirable Particulate Matter Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter Sodium Absorption Ratio Sulphur Dioxide Sound Pressure Level Suspended Particulate Matter Suspended Solids Sewage Treatment Plant Solid Waste Management Total Dissolved Solids Technology. . Forecasting & Assessment Council Urban Local Bodies United Nations Volatile Organic Compound March 2006 viii Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

PROJECT LOCATION AND SETTINGS The proposed shopping mall site is located in the constraint area of 92 hectares of land at Vasant kunj. Ambi Mall is positioned to offer to its customer a complete family outing experience with a liberal throw of entertainment and eating out options. Delhi. 60(E) dated 27. The globally accepted norms have been used for services and communication infrastructure.6”N and longitude 77º09’20”E. The methodology for EIA first aims at establishing the baseline environmental setting of the delineated study area. and then assess the potential impacts of the proposed project components on different environmental components. New Delhi. Delhi EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION Ambience Developers Pvt. The approximate plot area of the mall is 33415 sq. working practices.1994 as amended vide Notification No. The Executive Summary summarizes the findings of the EIA study undertaken in accordance with the EIA guidelines on developmental projects provided by MoEF. adopting cleaner development mechanism or to compensate where appropriate) and to keep residual impacts within acceptable limits and develop monitoring and measures as and when necessary inorder to ensure successful implementation. The summary is intended to provide an overview of the key environmental issues and also list the measures recommended to attenuate the impacts. develop adequate and feasible mitigation measures (via revising of project design and layout.m and would be completed in a period of 24 months from the commencement of construction. The complex is planned on proper building concept. with state of art technology to optimize energy requirement. entitled user access and adequate safety of the premises.07. Ltd has engaged the services of SENES Consultants India Private Limited (SENES) for carrying out an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study incorporating Environmental Management Plan (EMP) and Emergency Response Plan (ERP) for their shopping mall project in Vasant Kunj. It has been claimed by DPCC that the project is a Designated Project under Schedule-I of the Environmental Impact Assessment Notification No. Ltd is developing a shopping mall (Ambi mall) at Vasant Kunj.2004 and requires Environmental Clearance from the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF).EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . . March 2006 E-1 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.801 (E) dated 07. The project will be developed according to the highest International standards and will offer well designed and comfortable retailing to its immediate catchment area as well as the area beyond.Vasant Kunj.01. Phase II situated between the latitude 28º32’24. Ambience Developers Pvt. Phase II area.

mt (8. TABLE E.Shopping. The infrastructure and facilities planned for the March 2006 E-2 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Restaurants.Shopping. Anand Niketan. Institute of Studies in Industrial Development etc. CRPF Auditorium. West: The vast expanse of the 650 acre Aravali Biodiversity Park lies in the west along with the 18m wide periphery road.Vasant Kunj.81% 10. The Table E.1 lies to the South of the Project site.No.19 sq. Shanti Niketan.Shopping. Map showing location of the project site and surrounding features is given in Figure E.Parking and Services (Multi-level Parking Block) . Vasant Kunj.Shopping. 1 2 3 Landuse Built up area Landscaping/Open Area Roads Area (sq. Family Entertainment Center and Cinema with Multiple Screens The Project would be designed as the most modern shopping mall building in India. Moti Bagh etc. It is surrounded by posh residential areas such as Vasant Vihar.8 sq.1 gives detail of the proposed landuse for the project. mt. The Jawaharlal Nehru University is situated within two km from the site. Food Court.1: PROPOSED LANDUSE OF THE PROJECT S. Entertainment and Cultural establishments planned for the building is detailed below: Basements Ground Floor First Floor Second Floor Third Floor .m. with state of art technology and infrastructure. The total covered area of the entire floors is 41960. South: Proposed office cum guest house for Maruti Udyog Limited and Bharti Enterprises (Air Tel) at Plot No.EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . Retail & Beverage . The proposed ground floor area including atrium area is 12599. North: Proposed shopping mall of DLF at Plot No 3 lies to the North of the site.) 12600 17315 3500 33415 % of the total 37. Delhi The project site comprises of the already existing Hotel Grand.25 acres) of land. mt excluding parking and service area in basements and multilevel car parking. The site is bounded on the 4 sides up in the immediate vicinity by the following: East: The Nelson Mandela road lies on the east alongwith the 18m wide periphery road which in turn is linked with the outer Ring road to the North and Mehrauli – NH-8 Link road to the South.1 PROJECT COMPONENTS The site for the shopping mall encompasses about 33415 sq. .70% 51. Sri Ram Vithal Siksha Sewa Samiti. International Centre of Alternate Dispute Resolution. Retail & Beverage . Retail & Beverage .47% 100 The Commercial.

Delhi Ambi Mall are highlighted below: COMMERCIAL Specific areas have been earmarked for shopping plazas as well as for restaurants and food and beverage joints. if required will be provided for the emergency back up power requirement through nine DG sets of 1500 KVA to be located in the basement of the complex. ground floor and the first floor of multilevel car block. The generators will be provided with scrubbers that will help in reduction of Sulphur content thereby improving the quality of air. PARKING Parking facility for 1772 vehicles would be provided in three successive basements. . POWER SUPPLY The power requirement for the complex is estimated to be at 10 MW.EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . CAPTIVE POWER GENERATION Captive power generation units. A multiplex having 4 screens has been planned. This is based on the following parameters: Building would be fully centrally air conditioned Cinema halls and other facilities.Vasant Kunj. It is assumed that BSES Rajdhani shall provide requisite power load through 11 KV HT supply through two independent (1 W + 1 SB) 11 KV underground service feeders from their existing 11 KV ring main terminating in HT panel. March 2006 E-3 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

Complete air distribution system shall be provided for all common areas. to recover the recycled water of quality suitable for use as make up water for flushing. wiring. landscaping and other purposes inside the project area. WATER SUPPLY AND SEWAGE SYSTEM As per assurance given by Delhi Development Authority (DDA) at the time of auction of the project under reference in December. Fire Fighting mechanism for the shopping mall comprises of six components i) Fire detection system ii) Fire fighting system iii) Fire Hydrant System (iv) Fire Department Connection v) Sprinkler System and vi) Portable Fire Extinguishers. March 2006 E-4 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. air handling units. electrical control panels. However. The process proposed to be adopted is high efficiency aerobic treatment scheme based on SAFF principal using fine bubble diffused aeration. It occupies less space and is an efficient process. COMMUNICATION SYSTEM The complex shall have latest communication infrastructure with both online and offline transmission facilities.50. primary chilled water and secondary chilled water pump sets (each including one as standby). 2003. which would be duly treated before use in the shopping mall complex otherwise it will be recharged to the ground to augment the water table in the area. scrubber system and other non-domestic requirements. HVAC AND BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM The air conditioning system shall be with air cooled chillers instead of water cooled chillers to restricts and conserve the water requirements of the complex. the complex falls under high occupancy category of group E.EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . water requirements are planned to be met partly by tankers and partly by rainwater harvesting by way of collecting the rain water in the specifically built reservoirs. Water tankers would supplement the water requirements in case of any emergency and/or failure of water supply by DJB. flushing. It shall comprise of multiple water chilling machines with screw compressors. landscaping.Vasant Kunj.000 litres per day. control wiring and earthing. The water distribution system for domestic. . Delhi Jal Board (DJB) would be supplying water to meet the requirements of the shopping mall complex. chilled water and condensate drain piping. Water recycling through treatment of wastewater would be used for flushing. in case of failure of DJB. air distribution system within the AHU room. It is proposed to install a sewage treatment plant of capacity 1. There will be separate pipelines for the domestic and flushing/other uses. cabling. diesel generator cooling system. washing and for other usages for lower floor in the complex shall be fed by gravity and the upper three floors by hydro-pneumatic system. These measures are meant to supplement the water requirements of the project. Delhi FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM As per the National building code.

Vasant Kunj. .1: LOCATION MAP OF PROJECT SITE OF AMBIENCE March 2006 E-5 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Delhi FIGURE E.EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall .

Landuse & cropping pattern. gravel. Water samples were collected from 3 locations. analysed and compared with IS:10500: 1991 standards. The surface beds are admixed with wind blown sediments of recent age. . The annual rainfall at most of the places of the district is around 794. The mean daily minimum temperature is in the month of January (6°C) while the mean daily maximum temperature occurs in June (27. Residential area (55dB (A) for daytime and within the prescribed limits (55 dB (A) and (45 dB (A) for night time. the following environmental components were incorporated: § Air Environment (Meteorology. which flows towards north and north-east.. though with a lesser degree of detail. The proposed site area is part of the Yamuna basin comprising of the newer alluvium.Vasant Kunj. The water-shed is slightly elongated aligning south to Ambient Air Quality Noise Levels Water Quality Ground Availability water March 2006 E-6 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. It comprises mainly of fine to medium sands. The high background of SPM levels can be attributed mainly to high vehicular traffic and dust blown by commercial activities. 2005.EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . Educational status. For this EIA study. clay and canker. SPM and RSPM & CO at all location were above the prescribed standards whereas all the other parameters were within the prescribed standards of CPCB. literacy status. Ambient air quality was monitored at 5 locations within 2 km radius of the project site. traffic pattern and profiling) § Water Environment (Potential water sources. Occupational structure. Health care facilities. etc.0 mm. silts.5°C). The area is drained by a small streamlet. noise levels. Noise levels at all locations are within the prescribed limits stipulated for commercial area (65 dB (A). These alluvial sediments are known to be underlined by hard formations of Delhi system of rock. ambient air quality. solid waste generation and characteristics) § Biological Environment (Flora & Fauna) § Socio-economic environment (Demographic profile. Surface and Groundwater Quality) § Land Environment (Geology. Further. Geo-hydrology.) The baseline status collated from analysis of secondary and primary data is summarized in the Table E-2 below. a buffer area extending to 10 km radii from the site has also been studied. The baseline study and primary data collection was carried out during the winter season. The general slope of the area is towards north and north-east. Total dissolved solids and total hardness exceeded the prescribed limits. TABLE E-2: BASELINE ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS ATTRIBUTE Climate BASELINE STATUS Delhi experiences an extreme type of climate. Delhi ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING OF THE STUDY AREA The study area for the proposed development is within a radius of 5 km from the center of the development site since most of the potential impacts are most likely to occur within this area.

8 sq. Delhi ATTRIBUTE BASELINE STATUS north direction. The major issues related to this project are summaried below: March 2006 E-7 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The soils of the Delhi area are mostly light with subordinate amount of medium texture soils. and the Bhangar (upper alluvial plain). According to 2001 census. There is no Reserve Forest in the 5 km radius.19 sq.8 million). A random survey was carried out in Vasant Vihar. Vasant Kunj. during and after recharge periods. The proposed project does not envisage the use of ground water at any stage. The project site soil profile shows the soil as effected having high table landssaline phase The study area does not show any significant development and diversity of flora and fauna. studies were undertaken to document the chemical quality of ground water before. loamy. whereas medium texture soils are represented by loam silty loam. mt.EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . Hotel Grand and in two settlements in the immediate vicinity. There are no endangered or rare species of flora or fauna The site for the Ambi Mall encompasses about 33415 sq.25 acres) of land. In the project area. The light texture soils are represented by sandy. Munirka. The results indicated that the water was suitable for drinking. Najafgarh zone comprises of a total population of 743116 persons.490 persons. mt excluding parking and service area in basement and multilevel car parking. Typical species of fauna & flora were recorded.Masoodpur Dairy (an urban village located within Vasant Kunj residential area) and Coolie camp (a Jhuggi Jhopadi Basti) to ascertain the socio-economic aspects of the people in the area and get their perspective on the proposed project. it is pertinent to highlight the major issues of concerns emerging from the analysis of prevailing baseline environmental conditions and all project activities planned during construction and operational stage. The proposed ground floor area including atrium area is 12599. the population of Vasant Kunj is 74. Soil Quality Biological Environment Land-use Socio-economy MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES Before impact assessment of different environmental components is undertaken. Vasant Continental. JNU Campus. . Physiographically. which is 5.Vasant Kunj. Majority of the areas is covered by fine to coarse loamy soils with different levels of moisture retention capacity. Vasant Kunj falls within the administrative confines of Najafgarh zone of South West Delhi.mt (8. sand and sandy loam. Major parts are covered by Yamuna alluvial soils. Delhi consists of Yamuna flood Plain. the old Khaddar (earlier flood plain). The total covered area of the entire floor is 41960. . Fauna in study area is not diverse in nature.3 % of the population of NCT Delhi (13. The major project activities can broadly be categorized under construction and operational phase of the project implementation. No presence of Wild animals in the area.

water requirements are planned to be met partly by tankers and partly by rainwater harvesting by way of collecting the rain water in the specifically built reservoirs. and noise barriers has been planned. the major air pollutant of prime concern is SPM/ RSPM as impacts of other emissions such as SO2. The construction period being two year duration mitigation requirement becomes significant. Water environment The main source of water for domestic use would be the water supply by Delhi Jal Board as per assurance given by DDA at the time of auction of plot for the project under reference. the SO2 and NOx emissions from DG sets (power back-up units) and NOx and CO emissions from vehicular tailpipe (particularly during peak hour) shall require mitigation planning in case impacts on GLC are significant. In addition. the generator sets will be provided with scrubbers. Noise The ambient noise levels within the proposed project area were found to be within permissible limits. use of natural dilution by raising stack height and/ or attenuating through landuse planning (higher attenuation due to green belt) have been planned. technologies. Besides this. During operational period the major noise pollution source will be DG sets and surrounding traffic activity. diesel sulphur contents. Besides this a signal free one way circular road has been provided by DDA around the complex. rainwater is also planned to be stored and treated before reuse for the project needs. The prevailing SPM/ RSPM concentrations are already high therefore dust emissions from construction activities shall require comprehensive mitigation measures and best construction practices.G. sets. However. which would be duly treated before use in the shopping mall complex otherwise it will be recharged to the ground to augment the water table in the area. With regards to concern from vehicular emissions. and CO will not be significant because the nature of sources is such that the emissions are distributed spatially and as well as temporal. The noise emitted from heavy duty construction equipments during construction period being high shall require occupational preventive measures and temporary noise barriers for noise attenuation. which would help in reducing the Sulphur content thereby improving the quality of air. . Delhi Air During construction phase.EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . acoustic enclosures. in case of failure of DJB. Water recycling through treatment of wastewater would be used for flushing.G. the exhaust emissions due to rise in peak hour traffic will be mitigated by adopting traffic demand management measures and additional road infrastructure has been planned by the DDA to meet the increased traffic loads by redesigning Nelson Mandela Road and making it signal free. Ground water will not be used at any stage of the project. landscaping and other purposes inside the project area. During operational period. March 2006 E-8 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj. optimal mix of mitigation measures such as low noise generation units. In order to prevent adverse noise exposure to the occupants. optimal cost effective mitigation measures comprising of established D. NOx. Thus for SO2 and NOx emissions from D.

sensor operated urinals with economical water closets to minimize the wastage of water. 2000.e. recycling. storage. whereas segregated bio-degradable waste and inert cum mixed waste shall be sent to the nearest landfill site for processing and final disposal. paint residues etc. reuse. Water tankers would supplement for water requirement in case of any emergency and/or failure of water supply from DJB. NonBiodegradable. Wastes. and Paper/Plastics etc. The philosophy of solid waste management at the shopping mall will be to encourage the four R’s of waste i.Vasant Kunj.Recoverable for STP . management of the solid waste will focus on the Segregation/Sorting. from the site would be collected separately & would be properly disposed off March 2006 E-9 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Regular public awareness meetings will be conducted to involve the occupants and the employees to ensure proper segregation. This will reduce in lesser reliance on land filling. Separate bins are planned to be maintained for various categories of wastes like Biodegradable. The water usage details are given below: • • • Domestic Water Demand Flushing Demand Process Water Demand . During the operational phase. .EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . collection and handling of domestic solid waste would be done as per provisions of the Municipal Solid Waste Rules. and recovery (materials & energy).Non Recoverable : : : : 77100 Litres per day 56200 Litres per day 12000 Litres per day 40000 Litres per day 52000 Litres per day 145300 Litres per day 123500 Litres per day 15300 Litres per day 43452 Litres per day 58752 Litres per day 18348 Litres per day • • • • • • Total Wastewater Generated Recovery from STP Water available for recharging to ground water table Rainwater Potential Total Water available for recharging to ground water table Net Water stress : : : : : : The project proponent have taken various steps for conservation of water like providing 3 litres capacity WC flushing cistern. treatment and disposal of waste. The Recyclables from the shopping mall would be given to the waste itinerant buyers or rag pickers. Delhi These measures are meant to supplement for the project water requirement. Storage at source and Collection of the wastes. collection. waste reduction. Waste Management During the construction and operational phase of the project. The shopping mall project has a potential to generate other waste besides solid waste during its construction and operational phases and such waste generation would be properly monitored and managed. such as spent oils.

However. Safety and Health issues • Energy conservation • Environmental monitoring • Emergency Response Plans for emergency scenarios • Environmental Management System For the effective and consistent functioning of the Ambi Mall complex. Impacts were also evaluated qualitatively using engineering judgment and best management practices.Vasant Kunj. construction and operating stages of the project to minimize any adverse environmental impact and assure sustainable development of the area. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Environmental impacts due to the construction and operation stages of the project were predicted quantitatively using models such as ISC3 for air dispersion calculations.EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . Delhi Biological Environment The prevailing biological environment in the study area (terrestrial/ aquatic) is not of significance as no forest of ecological value or surface water body is located within the impact zone. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN Adequate environmental management measures will be incorporated during the entire planning. The EMP’s that will be put into place consist of those during construction and operating stages of the project and includes the following elements: • Sewage Treatment and Management • Solid Waste Management • Air Pollution Control and Management • Noise Control and Management • Storm water management • Plantation. well planned green belt and open spaces so that it not only enhances the quality of life of the occupants but also improve the micro-climatic conditions. the project will provide quality ambience with natural setting. Summary of the EMP’s are also presented in Table E-3 along with the corresponding impacts. noise propagation equations for noise impacts. The EMS will include the following: March 2006 E-10 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Landscaping and Land Management • Management of Social Issues • Occupational. an Environmental Management System (EMS) will be established at the site. .

EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . It can be concluded from the impact matrix that the project will not have significant negative environmental impacts but would help in improving the socio-economic conditions in the surrounding area. CONCLUSION Based on the environmental assessment. .Vasant Kunj. the associated potential adverse environmental impacts can be mitigated to an acceptable level by adequate implementation of the measures as stated in the EIA and EMPs. Delhi § § § § § An Environmental Management cell Environmental Monitoring Program Personnel Training Regular Environmental Audits and Corrective Action Documentation – Standard operating procedures Environmental Management Plans and other records. March 2006 E-11 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

Surface Water Quality Surface water contamination Construction Phase § Surface runoff from site during construction activity. NO. No impact on ground water quantity envisaged as there would be no extraction of groundwater at any stage of the project. Operation Phase § Surface Water is the main source of water supply to the project during operation § No extraction of Ground water allowed Rain Water Harvesting Scheme Waste water treatment and reuse Storm water collection and water harvesting Awareness Campaign for reduced water use by employee and visitors Silt traps and other measures such as. Delhi TABLE E-3: SUMMARY MATRIX OF PREDICTED IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES SR. . Not significant 2.Vasant Kunj. No impact on ground water quantity envisaged. § § § § 3. Groundwater Quantity Ground Water Depletion Construction Phase § Use of Tanker Water for construction activity.EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . IMPACT EVALUATION No significant impact as negligible quantities generated as majority of laborers would be deployed locally Operation Phase § Sewage treatment through SAFF process § Sewage sludge to be used as manure for landscaping and greenbelt development No negative impact on ground water quality envisaged. March 2006 E-12 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS Groundwater Quality POTENTIAL IMPACTS Ground contamination water POTENTIAL SOURCE OF IMPACT Construction Phase § Waste water generated from Labor settlements § CONTROLS THROUGH EMP & DESIGN Wastewater channel from the site would be connected to the septic tank. additional on-site diversion ditches will be constructed to control surface run-off during site development. § No off site impact envisaged as no surface water receiving body nearby. 1.

EIA Executive Summary

Ambi Mall - Vasant Kunj, Delhi

SR. NO.

ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS

POTENTIAL IMPACTS

POTENTIAL SOURCE OF IMPACT Operation Phase § Discharge of domestic wastewater to surface water body. §

CONTROLS THROUGH EMP & DESIGN Domestic water treatment scheme developed to treat the wastewater so that it can be reused for greenbelt development and other activities

IMPACT EVALUATION

No off site impact envisaged

3.

Air Quality

Dust Emissions

Construction Phase All heavy construction activities.

Suitable control measures will be adopted as per a dust control plan.

Not significant because dust generation will be temporary and will settle fast due to dust suppression techniques used

Emissions of SPM, SO2, NOx and CO

Construction Phase Operation of construction equipment and vehicles during site development.

Emission control particle filters on construction equipment. Rapid on site construction and improved maintenance of equipment.

Not significant as majority of dust is generated from material handling, and tailpipe emissions from construction vehicles are minimal in comparison to nearby main road.

Operation Phase Power generation through D.G Set Operations.

Use of ultra low Sulphur diesel and NOx retarder if required. The DG sets would be provided with scrubbers, which will reduce the Sulphur content and thereby improve the quality of air. Green belt to be provided with specific species reducing SPM levels.

Not significant as D.G. set would be used as power back up (2-4 hours/ day). Individual stack with an increased height will lower all pollutant concentrations.

March 2006

E-13

Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

EIA Executive Summary

Ambi Mall - Vasant Kunj, Delhi

SR. NO. 4.

ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS Noise Environment

POTENTIAL IMPACTS Noise emissions

POTENTIAL SOURCE OF IMPACT Construction Phase Operation of construction equipment and vehicles during site development.

CONTROLS THROUGH EMP & DESIGN Use of well-maintained equipment fitted with silencers. Providing noise shields near the heavy construction operations Construction activity will be limited to daytime hours only.

IMPACT EVALUATION

Not significant as residential areas are located at least 450 m away from the site, and noise levels from construction mingle with background at a distance of 400 meters.

Operation Phase Noise from vehicles movement Noise from D.G. sets operations

Green Belt Development and development of silence zones for traffic movement. Providing acoustic enclosures and wall surrounding D.G sets

Not significant as increase is minimal.

Short-term exposure within permissible limit.

5.

Land Environment

Soil contamination

Construction Phase § Disposal of construction Debris Operation Phase § Dumping of municipal solid waste on land.

§

Construction debris will be collected and suitably used on site as per construction waste management plan. § Proposed solid waste management system for waste collection, Storage and Segregation. Waste will be transported to the municipal landfill site for treatment and disposal. § Waste oil generated will be sold to authorized recyclers

Impact will be local, as any waste generated will be reused for construction activities. Not significant. No Significant Impact

§

Waste oil handling from D.G sets

Negligible impact

March 2006

E-14

Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

EIA Executive Summary

Ambi Mall - Vasant Kunj, Delhi

SR. NO. 6.

ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS Biological Environment (Flora and Fauna)

POTENTIAL IMPACTS Displacement of Flora and Fauna on site

POTENTIAL SOURCE OF IMPACT Construction Phase § Site Development during construction. Operation Phase § Increase of Green Cover §

CONTROLS THROUGH EMP & DESIGN Any important plant species (if any) in the area will be identified and marked

IMPACT EVALUATION The proposed site is devoid of any vegetation. Surrounding areas have sparse vegetation. Positive Impact

7.

Socio-Economic Environment

Population displacement and loss of Income

Construction Phase § No displacement of population. Operation Phase § Site operation

Suitable green belt will be developed as per landscaping plan in and around the site using local flora, which will enhance the ecology. DDA is also planning a green belt of about 50m width in between the Nelson Mandela road §

No negative impact

§

8.

Traffic Pattern

Increase of Vehicular traffic

Construction Phase § Heavy Vehicular movement during construction

Project will provide employment opportunities during construction and operations phase. § Providing shopping and recreational space in Delhi § Heavy Vehicular movement will be restricted to day time only and adequate parking facility will be provided.

Beneficial Impact

No negative Impact

March 2006

E-15

Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

Three exit and entry points are planned.EIA Executive Summary Ambi Mall . ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS POTENTIAL IMPACTS POTENTIAL SOURCE OF IMPACT Operation Phase § Traffic due to people visiting the shopping mall once the site is operational. NO. § Nelson Mandela is being redesigned for easing the increasing traffic. . § CONTROLS THROUGH EMP & DESIGN Vehicular movement will be regulated inside the site with adequate roads and parking of 1772 vehicles in the 3 level basements and multilevel car parking.No of drop in and pick up points have been provided for free flow of traffic within the site. § . IMPACT EVALUATION No negative Impact March 2006 E-16 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj. Delhi SR. § Signal free circular road will be provided by DDA for entering the Vasant Kunj shopping mall complex.

A total of 92 hectares of land as plots in the Vasant Kunj area was allotted/auctioned by DDA in phases for commercial/institutional development purposes. Guest House for Govt. of Madhya Pradesh.801 (E) dated 07. The total cost of the project is approximately 750 crores including the cost of land of Rupees 352. The project will be developed according to the highest International standards and will offer well designed and comfortable retailing to its immediate catchment area as well as the area beyond. Birla Academy etc. Sri Ram Vithal Siksha Sewa Samiti. The landuse in the immediate vicinity showing the project site is given in Figure 1. Centre for Agriculture and Irrigation. National Book Trust. School of Planning and Architect. Ambi Mall is positioned to offer to its customer a complete family outing experience with a liberal throw of entertainment and eating out options. Institute of Studies in Industrial Development. K. International Center of Alternate Dispute Resolution. recreational facilities for adults and children.98crores.1994 as amended vide Notification No.K. food courts. The approximate plot area of the mall is 33415 sq m and would be completed in a period of about 24 months of commencement of construction. Ambi Mall will provide for the first time in India a top of the line experience of exclusiveness in shopping besides offering other things. It will have exclusive showrooms of International brands. CRPF Auditorium. during the construction and operation phase of the proposed project and related activities taking place concomitantly.0 INTRODUCTION Ambience Developers Pvt. landscaped green spaces and three level basement for parking and services that will fill the space. Phase II Area. The globally accepted norms have been used for services and communication infrastructure. 60(E) dated 27. entitled user access and adequate safety of the premises. . Kusumpur Village. The purpose of this Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study is to provide information on the nature and extent of potential environmental impacts. New Delhi. The project would have retail outlets.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . anchor stores.0. March 2006 1 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Hill View Apartments. Delhi 1. The complex is planned on proper building concept. multi screen cinemas.07. both negative & positive.01. with state of art technology to optimize energy requirement. Other existing complexes within this area are Hotel Grand.2004 and requires Environmental Clearance from the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF).Vasant Kunj. It has been claimed by DPCC that the project is a Designated Project under Schedule-I of the Environmental Impact Assessment Notification No. TERI School for Advanced Studies. Ltd with its foray into the world of real estate development is developing a shopping mall (Ambi mall) at Vasant Kunj.

.Environmental Impact Assessment FIGURE 1.0: LAND USE IN IMMEDIATE VICINITY Ambi Mall . Delhi March 2006 India 2 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj.

To design and specify the monitoring and audit requirements necessary to ensure the implementation and the effectiveness of the mitigation measures adopted. predict and evaluate environmental and social impacts during the construction and usage of the project in relation to the sensitive receptors.2 This EIA report presents the existing baseline scenario and the results from the assessment and evaluation of the environmental impacts that may arise during the construction and operation of the proposed development. Delhi 1. the requirement for mitigation measures to address any unacceptable environmental impacts are presented.1 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY The objectives of the EIA study are as follows: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) To describe the proposed project and associated works together with the requirements for carrying out the proposed development.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . environmental disturbance and nuisance during construction and operations of the development.Vasant Kunj. STRUCTURE OF THE EIA REPORT vii) 1. . To develop an Environmental Management Plan that identifies the negative impacts and develop mitigation measures so as to minimize pollution. The content of the report is as follows: Executive Summary: Summary of the EIA report Chapter 1: Introduction and Objective of the Study Chapter 2: Project Description Chapter 3: Legal and Administrative Framework Chapter 4: Baseline Environmental Status Chapter 5: Pollution Sources. To establish the baseline environmental and social scenario of the project site and its surroundings. To identify and quantify emission sources and determine the significance of impacts on sensitive receptors. To identify and describe the elements of the community and environment likely to be affected by the proposed developments. Following impact prediction. Characteristics and Quantification Chapter 6: Impact Prediction and Assessment Chapter 7: Environmental Management Plan (EMP) Chapter 8: Emergency Response Plan March 2006 3 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. To identify. This report also highlights the Environmental Monitoring Program considered to be necessary during the construction and operational phase.

Sri Ram Vithal Siksha Sewa Samiti. The complex will offer parking for about 1772 vehicles in the multi level parking zones with adequate entry points and spacious bays. Retail & Beverage Shopping. Entertainment and Cultural Establishments planned for the building is detailed below: Basements Ground Floor First Floor Second Floor Third Floor Parking and Services Shopping. Food Court. The upper floors will house the retail shops. The building will comprise of three basements and four upper floor complexes. toilets and washroom.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . which comprises of the already existing Hotel Grand. the project shall comprise of multi level car parking block and a good part of the plot area is to be developed as landscaped open greens. In addition to main building blocks. The basements will be meant for services and parking purposes. Shanti Niketan. It will have multi-level basement and independent multi level carparking area. keeping shops/restaurants facing the atrium and at the same time most of the shops will have external facades giving sufficient signage opportunity. . restaurants and multiplex. Retail & Beverage Shopping. International Centre of Alternate Dispute Resolution. building automation and advanced sewage treatment and water recycling system and water recharging facilities. Delhi 2. The plot under consideration is a narrow strip of land separated into two divisions. The Commercial.Vasant Kunj. entrance ramps. open parking bays. Retail & Beverage Shopping. Vasant Kunj. Phase II area. The smaller strip adjoins the Biodiversity Park and comprises of sub plot 6 and 7 as shown in Figure 1. Restaurants. The larger strip of land is about 800m long adjoining the Nelson Mandela road and comprises of sub plots 1 to 5B. as well as business and casual traffic through landscaping and traffic planning. Moti Bagh etc.0 PROJECT DESCRIPTION The proposed shopping mall site is located in the constraint area of 92 hectares of land at Vasant Kunj. It is surrounded by posh residential areas such as Vasant Vihar. CRPF Auditorium. Institute of Studies in Industrial Development etc. The building is further planned to segregate vehicular and pedestrian traffic. In the upper four floors. public circulation will be around full height (upto 4th floor level) atriums. Anand Niketan. March 2006 4 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Family Entertainment Center and Cinema with Multiple Screens The mall will have professional mall management and will be designed to ensure maximum footfalls. lifts. It will be centrally air-conditioned by air cooled chillers with power back up and will have electronic as well as manned security systems and intelligent fire-fighting system.

(Builtup Floor Area G+3) Ground Floor First Floor Second Floor Third Floor Projection Total Multilevel Block 2(P) 4160sqm x 2 Floors Ground Floor First Floor Total Basement (UB+LB1+LB2) Upper Basement Lower 1 Basement Lower 2 Basement Total Building Height Mandatory Parking Permissible (Sq.0 42000.0 11003. Delhi The building details are given in Table 2. TABLE 2.89 3 4 2127.0 8320. No compound wall around the plot separating two independent plots is envisaged and the continuity of landscape with specified pedestrian entry points is to be maintained as per control.45 344.18 10355.56 72615.91 10563.19 8320. building envelope).0 2127.1: BUILDING DETAILS CHART S.0 4160.No 1 2 Description Site Area Ground Coverage (Ground Floor Area + Atrium Area) Atrium Area F. .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .78 29853.1.0 17 m + Additional Height for Cinemas 1200 ECS 4160.m) 33415.0 8320.00 9693.Vasant Kunj. architectural features and internal atrium.0 5 42000.0 29875.e.9 17.00 m + (5m for Cinema) 1772 6 7 8 Architectural control will ensure pedestrian access to all buildings at the street as well as plaza level.R.0 Proposed to be achieved (Sq.0 12600.0 29875.64 41960.A.0 12908.0 12910. March 2006 5 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.0 72660.m) 12599.56 29853. The mandatory outer built form is guided by DDA including profile (i.

it is needed to give Indian retail an Indian face: The malls. the markets. Delhi The need for the proposed project arises to meet the commercial space requirements of the city and to stop the menace of unauthorized commercialization of the residential areas with the retail revolution that has spread geographically in India. Organized retail accounts for just 3% of the country’s total retail sales. To grow retail promotion of India as a shopping destination for International shoppers a lot needs to be done and to do that. More than 20 are in various stages of development in Delhi and Mumbai. Foreign direct investment will not only expand the market but will also bring in competition and business and it is likely to get more innovative. Developers and promoters of malls believe that the face of the industry is about to dramatically change. In two years there will be 360 malls across the country. though it is poised to grow by 97% per year in the next five years. it would ultimately benefit the consumer. which are increasingly challenging high street stores. As soon as the government allows foreign investors to get in on the act. March 2006 6 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. more than half of them are in the Metros.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . corner shops and village market alike.Vasant Kunj. Fuelling this growth are India’s sprawling shopping malls. . Just five years ago there were shopping arcades but no malls. the offerings etc. Today there are nearly 100 big shopping malls in the country.

98crores.Vasant Kunj. promoter’s contribution and with loans from banks and financial institutions.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . March 2006 7 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The project would be financed from Ambience Developers Private Ltd through its internal resources. The project will be implemented over a span of 24 months of commencement of construction. the detailed implementation schedule is provided in Table 2.2. The total cost of the project is approximately 750 crores including the cost of land of Rupees 352. Delhi The proposed shopping mall development has been planned as a result of the present boom in the retail market and need of planned and organized shopping areas in the city. .

2. 1. 3. Paint & Polish Electrical and lifts HVAC installation Fire Fighting Works Plumbing and Sanitation March 2006 8 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj. 4. 9. Building work Road work Horticulture and landscaping Aluminum work Water proofing work Interior work including POP. 8. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Activities M5 M6 M7 2005 M8 M9 M10 M11 M12 M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 2006 M6 2007 M7 M8 M9 M10 M11 M12 M1 M2 M3 M4 Mobilisation Earthwork Raft work Concrete work Brick work and plastering Wood work Steel work Flooring False Roofing Finishing Misc. . 11. 10. 5. No.2: PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE S. 7. Delhi TABLE 2. 6.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .

Phase II area in New Delhi and lies between the latitude 28º30’24. In 1996 DDA proposed to develop 315 hectares of land including the constraint area of 92 hectares as an International Hotel Complex. The map showing location of project site is gown in Figure 2.1. The Jawaharlal Nehru University is situated within two km from the site. North: Proposed Shopping Mall by DLF (Plot No 3) lies to the North of the site.Vasant Kunj.2. Delhi 2.6”N and longitude 77º09’20”E. A Special Leave Petition (SLP) was filed in the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India against the said proposal of DDA. being the constraint area undertaken for development by DDA earlier to above proposal of international hotel complex.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . South: Proposed head office complex of Maruti Udyog Limited and Bharti Enterprises (Plot No. The status of developments in the constraint area till date is given in Figure 2.1 SITE LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION The proposed shopping mall is located in the constraint area of 92 hectares at Vasant Kunj. March 2006 9 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. West: The vast expanse of the 650 acre Aravali Biodiversity Park lies in the West along with the 18m wide periphery road. The surrounding features of the project site are shown in Figure 2. The site is bounded on its four sides with immediate vicinity by the following: East: The Nelson Mandela road lies on the East which in turn is linked with the outer Ring road to the North and Mehrauli – NH-8 Link road to the South. The status of developments in the constraint area till date with relevant details is given in Annexure VI. . is not covered by its earlier order and there is no restriction on construction in the constraint area of 92 hectares. In the meantime in 1997 Hon’ble Supreme Court of India passed an order that 92 hectares of land. Directions were issued by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India to ascertain the environmental impacts of the proposal of DDA.1) lies to the South of the Project site.3 and some photographs showing the developments near the proposed site area are presented thereafter.

.1: LOCATION OF THE PROJECT SITE March 2006 10 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Delhi FIGURE 2.

2: STATUS OF DEVELOPMENTS IN THE CONSTRAINT AREA March 2006 11 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Delhi FIGURE 2.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . .Vasant Kunj.

Vasant Kunj. . Delhi FIGURE 2.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .3: SURROUNDING FEATURES AROUND THE SITE March 2006 12 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

Delhi Photographs of Developmental Activities Near the Project Site The Grand at Vasant Kunj. . Phase II March 2006 13 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Phase II International Center of Alternate Dispute Resolution at Vasant Kunj.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .Vasant Kunj.

. Vasant Kunj.Vasant Kunj. Phase II Sri Sri Shankaryacharya Research Center. Phase II March 2006 14 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Delhi Institute of Studies in Industrial Development at Vasant Kunj.

mt. will be financing the project through internal resources and with loans from banks and financial institutions.m Permissible FAR : 42.600 sq. The construction of the road as per the new plan has already commenced on the Nelson Mandela Road.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .1 PROJECT LAYOUT AND DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT The proposed shopping mall is being built on approximately 8. BSES have been duly obtained and development works were started thereafter. which was purchased from DDA in December 2003.m * 2 Floors All the required approvals from various authorities. The road will be made signal free. The total cost of the project is approximately 750 crores including the cost of land of Rupees 352.2 PROJECT COMPONENTS 2. mt excluding parking and service area in basements and multilevel car parking. Delhi Development Authority (DDA). which include Airport Authority of India. For other details please refer to Table 2. Plot Area : 33415 sq. .0 m AMSL Mandatory Parking : 1200 ECS Multi Level Block 2(P) Floor Area : 4160 sq.m (G+3) Basement Area : 72660 sq. The proposed ground floor area including atrium area is 12599. Ltd. DDA is conducting a traffic study at the Nelson Mandela road and preparing a traffic management plan to cope up with the traffic problem that may arise due to coming up of the establishments in the area.25 acres of land. Delhi 2.m ( B1+B2+B3) Atrium Area : 2127 sq. The total area details of the proposed shopping mall are given below.98 crores.25 acres) of land.2 LANDUSE The site for the shopping mall encompasses about 33415 sq. Table 2. The total covered area of the entire floors is 41960.000 sq.8 sq.mt (8. In conjunction with the various projects happening around the area.2. Ambience Developers Pvt.19 sq.m Ground Coverage : 12.m Maximum Height : 17 m + Required Additional Height for Cinema Plinth Level : 259. 2.4 gives detail of the proposed landuse for the project. March 2006 15 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. DCP (licensing). Project planning and development of the project is underway along with requisite environmental and other clearances. Delhi Urban Art Commission (DUAC).1.Vasant Kunj. Delhi Fire Service.2.

Delhi TABLE 2. m) 12600 17315 3500 33415 % of the total 37.2. 2.81% 10.70% 51.Vasant Kunj.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .4: PROPOSED LANDUSE OF THE PROJECT SN 1. The infrastructure and facilities planned for the Ambi Mall are highlighted below: COMMERCIAL Specific areas have been earmarked for shopping plazas as well as for restaurants and food and beverage joints.4: PERCENTAGE WISE DISTRIBUTION OF LANDUSE 10% 38% 52% Built up area Landscaping/Open Area Roads 2. .3 PROJECT INFRASTRUCTURE AND UTILITIES Project would be designed as the most modern shopping mall building in India.47% 100 FIGURE 2. with state of art technology and infrastructure. 3. Landuse Built up area Landscaping/Open Area Roads Total Area (sq. March 2006 16 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. A multiplex having 4 screens for 300 persons in total is also planned.

Provision for connectivity of detectors for interior spaces shall be made in fire alarm panel. Fire Detection System The fire detection system consists of the following components: Intelligent addressable type fire alarm system Smoke sensors. the complex falls under high occupancy category of group E. It is assumed that BSES Rajdhani shall provide requisite power load through 11 KV HT supply through two independent (1 W + 1 SB) 11 KV underground service feeders from their existing 11 KV ring main terminating in HT panel. The generators will be connected to individual stacks and each of them will be provided with scrubbers. hooters. and vi) Portable Fire Extinguishers. manual call stations.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . heat sensors.Vasant Kunj. Delhi PARKING Parking facility for 1772 vehicles would be provided in three successive basements. ground floor and the first floor of multilevel car parking. fault isolators. FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM As per the National building code. control and monitoring modules shall be provided as per codes. CAPTIVE POWER GENERATION Captive power generation units. POWER SUPPLY The power requirement for the complex is estimated to be at 10 MW. which will help in reducing the Sulphur content thereby improving the quality of air. . Fire fighting mechanism for the shopping mall comprises of six components i) Fire detection system ii) Fire fighting system iii) Fire Hydrant System iv) Fire Department Connection v) Sprinkler System. if required will be provided for the emergency back up power requirement through nine DG sets of 1500 KVA to be located in the basement of the complex. Common areas of the building and basements shall be provided with detectors. This is based on the following parameters: Building would be fully centrally air conditioned with air cooled chillers Cinema halls and other facilities. March 2006 17 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Fire Hydrant System The above system has the following sub tasks planned in case of emergency: Ø Wet riser shall be provided for each floor for the entire complex with separate wet riser. 65mm dia. Ø Diesel engine driven fire pump shall be of the same capacity and shall back up the electrically operated fire hydrant pump and sprinkler pump as per fire regulations. These Siamese connections shall be housed in special boxes.Vasant Kunj. there shall be a set of fire department inlet connections (siamese) with 4 Nos. fire man's axe. Necessary hosepipe and nozzles shall be placed in a closed cabinet with glass shutters at each yard hydrant. Fire Department Connection For each building. a fire fighting ring main shall be provided around the entire complex. 65 mm dia canvas hose and nozzles. This will be operated in case of total electrical power failure or electrical pump failure. tap off on each floor for connection to fire hydrant landing valve and fire hose cabinet containing first aid box. Delhi Fire Fighting System The fire fighting system shall consist of the following components: Ø Water shall be drawn from fire reserve tanks by electrically driven jockey pump. fire pump. . sprinkler pump & standby diesel engine driven pump for fire hydrants and sprinkler system. Ø Common Jockey pump shall operate intermittently in order to take care of hydraulic losses in the system and shall maintain the minimum pressure in wet risers & sprinkler system. swinging hose reel. These inlet connections shall feed to the wet risers and also to the firewater storage tanks. Ø The function of the pumps shall be such as to maintain 3. Ø Externally.5 Kg/Sqcm discharge pressure at the top most hydrant. In addition. March 2006 18 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. wall / floor mounted hand-held type fire extinguishers shall be placed at suitable locations. Ø All pumps shall have separate suction line from fire suction header and delivery shall be connected to the system by providing installation control valve with hydraulic alarm. External yard hydrants shall be suitably located 2 meter away from the building. male outlets. located near the entrance of each building.

Sprinklers shall be provided in the entire building for the purpose of getting approval from Chief Fire Officer. the final user as per his interior layout may relocate sprinklers in Shops.50. WATER SUPPLY AND SEWAGE SYSTEM City water supply from Delhi Jal Board (DJB) would be the major source of water for domestic use in the mall complex. carbon-di-oxide of 4.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . washing and other usages for the lower floor in the complex shall be fed by gravity and the upper three floors by hydro-pneumatic system. However. These risers shall be provided with installation control valves and hydraulic alarm in the basement. in case of failure of DJB. so that it would be possible to identify the location of effected area immediately. The water distribution system for domestic. However. landscaping and other purposes inside the project area. Food and Beverage and Anchor stores.5 kg and 5. Sprinklers shall be provided in all buildings through out the Complex with separate sprinkler risers.Vasant Kunj. The sprinkler pump shall be suitable for automatic operation when there is a drop of pressure in the system. An overhead tank will be provided on terrace of each tower to back the sprinkler system in case of failure of sprinkler system. for scrubber system and for March 2006 19 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. An electrical sensor switch shall be provided on each riser and connected to the fire control panel in the security room. . Delhi Sprinkler System Sprinklers shall be distributed so as to cover every 12 Sq.8 kg capacity. water requirements are planned to be met partly by tankers and partly by rainwater harvesting by way of collecting the rain water in the specifically built reservoirs. to recover the recycled water of quality suitable for use as make up water for diesel generator cooling system. foam type of 9 liters capacity and DCP type of 5 kg capacity shall be provided as first aid fire extinguishing appliances. which would be duly treated before use in the shopping mall complex otherwise it will be recharged to the ground to augment the water table in the area. flushing. Water recycling through treatment of wastewater would be used for flushing. It is proposed to install a sewage treatment plant of capacity 1.mt in basement and in all other occupied areas with one sprinkler. - - - - Portable Fire Extinguishers Portable fire extinguishers of water (Gas pressure) type of 9 liters capacity. These extinguishers shall be suitably distributed in the entire Complex in accordance with IS:2190. Water tankers would supplement for water requirement in case of any emergency and/or insufficient of water supply from DJB and rain harvesting. Multiplex. The common areas shall have concealed sprinklers. These measures are meant to supplement for project water requirement.000 litres per day. Car show rooms.

primary chilled water pump sets. pumps. regulating the flow of chilled water to that zone.5 March 2006 20 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The water chilling machines. These shall be FRP construction induced draft type. It is an efficient process utilizing lesser space. chilled/condensing water and condensate drain piping. This arrangement shall ensure optimum distribution of chilled water based on zonal load conditions. Secondary chilled water pumps shall draw chilled water from the header and pump chilled water to their respective zones. Depending on the load of each zone.Vasant Kunj. air distribution system within the AHU room. It is proposed to construct raw water storage reservoirs at the basement level and in the front. condenser water pump sets an the main AC control panel shall all be installed in the HVAC plant room in the third basement. primary chilled water and secondary chilled water pump sets (each including one as standby). HVAC AND BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM The air conditioning system shall comprise of multiple air cooled chilling machines with centrifugal compressor. air handling units. Chilled water on the secondary side shall be pumped through insulated chilled water piping installed in shafts and above false ceiling to air handling units at different locations through pumps operating on variable frequency drive. The Developers Services Management Company will manage them by entering into independent service contract with the suppliers/manufacturers of these equipments/plants. COMMUNICATION SYSTEM The complex shall have latest communication infrastructure with both online and offline transmission facilities. The detailed layout plan for the proposed project is given in Figure 2. thereby. Delhi horticultural requirements. cooling towers. All mechanical equipment such as chillers. cabling.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . the speed of the pump shall vary proportionately through variable frequency drive. The process proposed to be adopted is a high efficiency aerobic treatment scheme based on the SAFF principal using fine bubble diffused aeration. secondary chilled water pump sets. wiring. AHU's and large ventilation fans shall be provided with energy efficient motors in order to attain energy savings since all these equipment shall operate for extended periods of time. condenser water pump sets (each including one as standby). Complete air distribution system shall be provided for all common areas. electrical control panels. control wiring and earthing. . Cooling towers shall be located at terrace level of the building. thus conserving energy.000 kiloliters for the storage of rainwater and raw water prior to its treatment from STP. rear and side set backs at third and second level basements at the project site for capacity of 16.

3. Rules and Notifications aimed at management and protection of the environment. Despite these policy documents. a need for a comprehensive policy statement had been evident for some time in order to infuse a common approach to the various sectoral and cross-sectoral. National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development.2 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES Several environmental policy statements have been formulated in the last few decades as a part of the Governments’ approach to integrate environmental and developmental aspects of planning. protect the environment and ensures the health and well being of the people in India. approaches to environmental management. 1992.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . . 1988. The policies reflect a gradual shift in emphasis from pollution abatement and control to proactive and voluntary approaches for pollution prevention in keeping with global paradigm shifts and trends in environment management.Vasant Kunj. the Government of India has framed several policies and promulgated number of Acts. a National Environment Policy (NEP. Over the years. 1992. The policy is still in draft form and address environmental concerns in all-developmental activities. our country now has a fairly comprehensive set of environmental legislation aimed at ensuring that the development process meets the overall objective of promoting sustainability in the long run.0 3. strengthened by judicial interpretation of Article 21. the Indian Constitution has also incorporated specific articles to address environmental concerns through the 42nd Constitutional Amendment of 1976. it is the duty of the state (Article 48 A) to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country . mandated in the Constitution in Articles 48 A and 51 A (g). Following are some of the key policies that have been laid down by the Central Government: National Forest Policy. As a result. Reference to the environment has also been made in the Directive Principles of State Policy as well as the Fundamental Rights. 2004) has been drawn up as a response to our National commitment to a clean environment. As a result. March 2006 21 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Policy Statement on Abatement of Pollution. It imposes a duty on every citizen (Article 51 A) ‘to protect and improve the natural environment including forests. rivers and wildlife’. Moreover.1 LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE FRAME WORK INTRODUCTION The 1972 UN Conference on Human Development at Stockholm influenced the need for a well-developed legal mechanism to conserve resources. lakes. Delhi 3. As stated in the Constitution of India.

This legislation also invests authorities with regulatory powers to address specific issues affecting the environment. operation or process that discharge or emit any environmental pollutants in excess of standards prescribed under specific rules and notifications. specifications and guidelines of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and State level agencies also needs to be complied with. The overall purpose of EPA is to establish an overall coherent policy and provide a basis for the coordinated work of various government agencies with operational responsibility for the environment and natural resources. The Acts. 1974 with Rules. March 2006 . Noise) Standards issued under EPR Prepare EIA / EMP report Obtain Environmental Clearance from MoEF Take part in Environmental Public Hearing (EPH) Protection of Water Quality Discharge of sewage from the mall Obtaining Consent to Establish (NOC) for establishing and Consent to Operate (CTE) for activities causing water pollution from DPCC 22 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.3 LEGAL PROVISIONS FOR ENVIRONMENT RELATED TO CONSTRUCTION AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS Construction and Infrastructure development projects are governed by various Acts. called the Environment (Protection) Act. Various environmental standards. • • • Obtain permits and sanction for use of land for the shopping mall Develop shopping mall project in accordance with Landuse and Master plans and sanctioned building plans Overall Environment Protection Compliance to environmental (Air. The Act does not allow any person to establish an industry. TABLE 3. 1986 with Rules and EIA Notification.Vasant Kunj.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Delhi 3. • • • • • Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. 1994 (as amended). Water. Rules and Regulations set by Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) at the Central level and other regulatory agencies at the State and local level. Rules and Notifications applicable to environmental aspects of the construction and operational phases of the proposed shopping mall are summarized in the table below and described in the following sections.1: SUMMARY OF ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION FOR AMBI MALL PROJECT Legislation Areas / Activities Covered Delhi Master Plan Regulations • • Environment (Protection) Act. It is important to note that the Central government framed an ‘umbrella legislation’. 1986 to broadly encompass and regulate an array of environmental issues.

Manage the development of land according to Land Use and Development Control Plans. Central Govt. 1981 with Rules. Levy penalty for unauthorized development in nonconformity with plans. DFS. The provisions of such Acts generally regulate the following principal issues related to urban development: Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Declaration of Planning Areas and constitution of Planning and Development Authorities. 2000 Municipal Solid Waste Rules. • • • Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules. Phase-II. 1977 Centre/State Regulation Groundwater • • • Paying Water Cess to Local Body for sourcing of domestic water Conform to restriction for drawing of groundwater Arrange for recharge through Rainwater Harvesting Schemes (as applicable) Protection of Air Quality Consent to Establish (NOC) for establishing and Consent to Operate (CTE) for activities causing air pollution from DG sets from DPCC Compliance to National Ambient Air Quality Standard Compliance with Ambient Noise Standards in accordance to landuse of the area Management (Collection. DUAC.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Delhi Water Cess Act. March 2006 23 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. AAI. 1957 to undertake planning and development of urban areas under its jurisdiction. Intermediate Storage) of domestic waste.3. Formulation and statutory approval of Land Use and Development Control Plan. design and development of civic amenities (such as sewerage and waste disposal) and development of Master Plans for important urban areas in their respective States. commercial and industrial areas. The proposed Ambi mall project is being developed on land located in constraint area at Vasant Kunj. has established Delhi Development Authority (DDA) under the provisions of Delhi Development Act. 2000 • • 3. . DCP (Licensing) and BSES. control on slums and urban sprawl. Power to acquire land for urban development under the Land Acquisition Act. New Delhi earmarked for mixed use development as per Delhi Master Plan 2021. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. Handling. It needs to comply the provisions of the State level acts and local bylaws by obtaining approvals from DDA. Similarly for planned development of Delhi.1 URBAN PLANNING AND LANDUSE Planned urban development is encouraged by the Central and respective State Governments and have promulgated Urban Town Planning Acts to provide for proper land use zoning for residential.Vasant Kunj.

07. As per the procedures. subject to certain criteria requirements.1994 after Notification SO 801 (E) dated 07. expansion or modernization of any activity falling within the 32 categories of developmental and industrial activities shall be undertaken in any part of India only after it has been accorded environmental clearance by the MoEF in accordance with the procedures specified in the notification. New Delhi. 2004. 1994 by inserting entry at Sr. 50 crores have been recently brought under the ambit of the Notification through an amendment issued on 7th July. 1994 in compliance with directions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in respect of the area where the proposed shopping mall is located.Vasant Kunj.32 by Notification S. 60(E) dated 27. On receipt of application of Environmental Public Hearing (EPH) and Consent to Establish. Delhi Pollution Control Committee is insisting for Environment Impact Assessment Study for establishing the proposed shopping mall as per notification dated 27th January.01. the DPCC constitutes Public Hearing Panel comprising of members representing: Ø Ø Ø Delhi Pollution Control Committee.07.O. new.801 (E) dated 07. No. Delhi Additionally. In the year 1997. As per the EIA Notification No. State Government department dealing with the subject.2004.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . . However. Large Commercial / Office projects for 1000 persons or discharge 50 KLD of sewage or having an investment of Rs. 3. Projects requiring environmental clearance are subjected to environmental public hearing as part of EIA process per notification SO 318 (E) dated 10 April 1997. District Collector or his nominee.2 ENVIRONMENTAL CLEARANCE OF DEVELOPMENTAL PROJECTS The requirement involved in the setting up of select development projects (projects with potential to cause significant environmental impacts) in India is through the Environmental Clearance (EC) Process affected on the basis of an Environmental Impact Assessment study. As per the notification all projects listed under Schedule -1 are required to obtain prior environmental clearance from the MoEF. The EC process is mandated by the EIA notification dated 27th January 1994 and is administered by the State level regulatory and government bodies (as the State Pollution Control Board and the Environment Departments) and the Ministry of Environment and Forests at the Central Government level. the Constitution has recently empowered Urban Local Bodies (Municipalities and Corporations) through the 73 rd Amendment of the Constitution to play a crucial role in development and maintenance of environment related infrastructure.3.2004 and the environmental public hearing process shall be required for the grant of Consent to Establish (also termed as the No Objection Certificate or NOC) under the Air and Water Acts. March 2006 24 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. anybody who desires to undertake any project in any part of India or expansion or modernization of any existing industry shall submit an Environmental Impact Assessment study report along with a Detailed Project Report to the EIA Division of the Ministry of Environment Forests (MoEF). DDA got carried out an Environment Impact Assessment Study as prescribed in the notification dated 27th January.

furnishing of returns. DPCC releases notice for the EPH in two local newspapers inviting objections from the bonafide people likely to be affected by a project covered under the EIA notification. It also covers specifications on affixing of meters. Since the Board does not permit the extraction of groundwater resources from the project area also. its proceedings are then issued by DPCC to MoEF with a copy to the project proponent. Act. 1974. The Environment (Protection) Rules under the EPA also lays down specific standards for quality of water effluents to be discharged into different type of water bodies (sewers. Cess Act. The Act assigns functions and powers to the CPCB and DPCC for prevention and control of water pollution and all related matters.Vasant Kunj. Delhi State Government department dealing with the Environmental matters. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution).II). The Central Ground Water Board (CGWB). water tankers will be used only in case of an March 2006 25 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. the statutory authority set up by the Central Government has restricted the drilling of tube wells and bore wells in certain water scarce areas in the country.3 USAGE OF WATER AND WATER POLLUTION The use of water resources and the discharge of polluted water (sewerage) are primarily regulated by the Water Cess Act.Environmental Impact Assessment Ø Ø Ambi Mall . However. assessment of Cess. Following panel constitution. 1975 (as amended up to 1988) provides for the prevention and control of water pollution and maintaining or restoring good water quality for any establishment. The proposed Ambi mall will fall under the Act as they will source water from water supply schemes of Delhi Jal Board. 1977 and the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. water tankers and water recycling. The standards are presented in Appendix . 3. the potable water supplied for the proposed project during operation phase should also conform to the National Drinking Water Standard IS: 10500 (please refer Appendix . Additionally. Following conduct of EPH. . marine discharge). The Ambi Mall has planned the source of water from DJB water supply scheme and additionally from rainwater collection in the reservoirs. 1977 including Rules 1978 and 1991 provides for levy and collection of Cess on water consumed by the local authorities and by persons carrying on certain industries with a view to generate resources for prevention and control of water pollution.I. surface water bodies like lakes and rivers. 1974 including Rules.3. all other commercial developments in the area have planned their water usage from sources other than ground water. interest payable for delay in payment of Cess and penalties for non-payment of Cess within the specified time. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution). Senior Citizens from local area.

According to Section 21 of the Act. control and reduce air and noise pollution. The relevant standards are presented in Appendix -III. which can cause air pollution without obtaining Consent to Establish (CTE) as per the Air Act. vegetation and property for activities that can pollute the air. Adequate arrangements for groundwater recharging are being planned in the site area by having groundwater recharge pits for surface runoff rainwater collection.3.4 AIR QUALITY The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. . Carbon monoxide (CO) and Lead (Pb) with the intent of managing air quality for different category of areas (residential. Though the proposed shopping mall would not contribute much to air pollution. 3. The EPR also specifies source emission standards determined on the basis of the impact of pollutants on human health. Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx). Also. which is planned to be channelized to the reservoirs for project requirements and groundwater recharge. Delhi emergency or failure of water supply by DJB or in case of insufficiency of rain in a particular season. March 2006 26 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The DPCCs. DG sets as and when installed for power supply (as back-up only) will have to conform to source specific emission standards and stack height requirement as specified by the EPR. both during its construction as well as operational phase. It may be noted that normally the CTE for the Air and Water Act is provided in the form of a No Objection Certificate (NOC) to the project proponent when the project falls under the 32 categories of activities covered by the EIA notification. The NOC is generally provided after the submission of the EIA report and holding of the Public Hearing. 1981 including Rules 1982 and 1983 was enacted to prevent. The project proponents. The Act also lays down National ambient air quality standards for common pollutants like Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM). industrial and sensitive). The DDA too is constructing a rainwater collection drain in the area. on a case to case basis. can also make the emission standards more stringent on the considerations of the carrying capacity of a specific air shed and the existing pollution levels of ambient air quality. no person shall establish or operate any activity.Vasant Kunj.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Sulphur dioxide (SO2). There is no boundary wall around the project site and this will facilitate the natural flow of surface water runoff. would not be extracting ground water for any of its requirements. no compound wall around the plot separating two independent plots is planned and the continuity of landscape with specified pedestrian entry points is to be maintained as per control.

Paint residues during the painting of the buildings. The philosophy of solid waste management at the shopping mall will be to encourage the four R’s of waste i.3. Separate bins are planned to be maintained for various categories of wastes like Biodegradable. manage them as per the prescribed guidelines and obtain prior authorization from the DPCC for handling. 3. The following kinds of waste may be generated from the construction phase of the project: Ø Ø Ø Spent oil and lubricants from construction equipments. Regular public awareness meetings will be conducted to involve the occupants and the employees to ensure proper segregation. 2000 under the EPA. The rules require facilities to classify wastes into categories. the Central Government has notified the Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules. The shopping mall project has a potential to generate other waste besides solid waste during its construction and operational phases and such waste generation should be properly monitored and managed. and Paper/Plastics etc.Biodegradable.e.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . storage and disposal of Wastes. 2002 notified through notification GSR 371 (E) on 17 th May. Non. treatment and disposal of waste. reuse. 2000. March 2006 27 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. This will reduce in lesser reliance on land filling. collection and handling of domestic solid waste would be done as per provisions of the Municipal Solid Waste Rules. collection. Specific standards for control of noise from DG sets and measures to be taken for reduction of noise by using acoustic enclosures. . During the operational phase management of the solid waste will focus on the Segregation/Sorting. Spent oil and lubricants from DG sets. acoustic treatment of rooms or exhaust muffler have also been specified through the Environment (Protection) Second Amendment Rules. recycling. which would be in use for the proposed shopping mall project. The noise standards for different category of areas are based on the “A” weighted equivalent noise level (Leq) is as presented in Appendix – IV. Storage at source and Collection of the wastes (the details are discussed in the EMP chapter). Delhi 3.6 SOLID AND OTHER WASTE MANAGEMENT During the construction and operational phase of the project. storage. dated 26 th December 1989 and amended in February 14. The EPR also lays down equipment specific noise emission standards for DG Sets. and recovery (materials & energy). treatment.Vasant Kunj. waste reduction.5 NOISE LEVEL With the objective of regulating ambient noise level in the environment.3. 2002.

Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . voluntary organizations and professional bodies on environmental action plans. an effective mechanism of coordination and control is the responsibility of the central environmental agency so that environmental policies can be translated into action. it is the function of the executive branch (ministries. The Central and State Pollution Control Boards were set up and entrusted with the task of air and water pollution control in 1974. Policy-planning. Promotion of research and development.Vasant Kunj. . March 2006 28 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Also. The Department later renamed as the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) plays a pivotal role in environmental management for sustained development and looks into all environmental matters in the country.4 INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK Whereas the legislative branch of the Government (Parliament) is responsible for the enactment of environmental law and the judiciary for its enforcement in the case of transgression. Co-ordination with the other ministries and agencies. The Government of India took a major step in 1972 when it constituted the National Committee on Environmental Planning and Coordination (NCEPC). 3. manpower planning and training and creation of environmental awareness. Later in 1980. The MoEF appraises these statements/assessments and approves the project from the environmental angle. and that effluent discharged into the environment will not exceed permissible levels. The respective State Pollution Control Board is to give a No Objection Certificate (NOC) before the EIA exercise is undertaken. the Government of India established a new Department of Environment on the recommendation of a committee constituted by the Indian Parliament. regional and local authorities) to determine policies and administer environmental law in actual practice. Developmental project proponents are also required to submit Environmental Impact Statements/Assessments to establish that installing adequate pollution control and monitoring equipment plan preventive measures. since an environmental dimension has now become a part of all economic activities. the Government of India set up a Department in November 1980 under the portfolio of the Prime Minister. The major responsibilities of MoEF include: Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Environmental resource conservation and protection. Delhi 3.1 MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS In view of the growing importance of environmental affairs. Liaison and coordination with international agencies involved in environmental matters.4. including environmental impact assessment of developmental projects.

industrial plants.4. In addition to the control of air. gaseous emission standards from industrial plants. etc. with the enactment of air and water pollution laws.2 CENTRAL AND STATE POLLUTION CONTROL BOARDS The Central Pollution Control Board is directly responsible for pollution control throughout the National territory. 3. conservancy and solid waste management related activities. With the objective of bringing about a basic shift from the existing a “top down” management system to a “bottom up” decentralized and participatory planning approach. sanitation. Ø Inspection of control equipment.4.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . automobiles. The functions of the SPCB include: Ø The planning of comprehensive state programs for the prevention and control of air and water pollution and to ensure the implementation thereof. Ø Advising the State Government on siting of new polluting industry. Delhi 3.Vasant Kunj.3 MUNICIPALITIES AND THE MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS The Constitution (74th) Amendment Act of 1994 accorded constitutional status to the urban local bodies (ULBs) and recognized the Municipal governments as the third tier of governance. social and economic development. having regard to the quantity and composition of emissions into the atmosphere from such plants and the general pollution levels in the area. etc.. states have set-up their own Pollution Control Boards (SPCB) to monitor industrial emissions and effluents and to approve the operation of new industries after careful scrutiny.000 people. . The Amendment Act also provided for devolution of financial powers from the state government for strengthening of municipal finances. Additionally. The 12th Schedule of the 74th Amendment Act lists eighteen functions and responsibilities to be carried out by the ULBs including public health. While prescribing a uniform local governance structure that can be applicable across the country. Different emission standards may be laid down for different industrial plants. the amendment also provided for constitution of Ward Committees in municipalities with a population of more than 300. it provides a framework for elected local governments for their effective functioning to ensure provisions of urban services and infrastructure. Metropolitan Planning Committees and District Planning Committees for consolidation and preparation of plans for spatial. March 2006 29 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. noise and water pollution it is also responsible to ensure effective control on disposal of wastes and storage and handling of hazardous chemicals and substances. Ø Establishing norms in consultation with the Central Board and having regard to national air quality standards.

The various considerations that have gone into the formulation of a proper strategy for conducting the baseline studies are described in the next section. The major purposes of describing the environmental settings of the study area are: Ø To understand the project need and environmental characteristics of the area. and micro-meteorology were assessed by conducting field studies on-site monitoring and review of the past studies conducted. a buffer area extending to 10 km radii from the site has also been studied. Further. physiological characteristics. The study area for the proposed development is within a radius of 5 km from the center of the development site since most of the potential impacts are most likely to occur within this area.0 BASELINE ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS OF PROJECT AREA This chapter describes the existing environmental settings in the study area. soil. and socio-economic environment have been assessed by literature review of previous studies conducted by various Government publications etc. Delhi 4. noise. geology.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Primary attributes such as air environment. A reconnaissance survey was conducted to identify the sampling locations on the basis of: Ø Predominant wind directions in the study area as recorded by nearest IMD station for air sampling. Ø To assess the existing environmental quality. though with a lesser degree of detail. and Ø To identify environmentally significant factors or geographical areas that could preclude any future development. flora and fauna. and Ø Secondary attributes such as landuse studies. The baseline study and primary data collection was carried out during the post-monsoon season. . as well as the environmental impacts of the future developments being studied. The studies were conducted by considering the following: Ø The various environmental attributes were divided into primary and secondary studies. 4. water. 2005.1 METHODOLOGY OF CONDUCTING BASELINE STUDY The guiding factors for the present baseline study are the MoEF’s requirements for the Environmental Impact Assessment notification and local regulations and directives. March 2006 30 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj.

vegetation and materials. During the construction phase of the project. air pollution aggravates pre-existing diseases or degrades health status. by carbon monoxide) and olfactory (e.g. The scoping and the extent of data generation were formulated with interdisciplinary team discussions. 4. and Ø Areas that best represent the baseline conditions. by odors) systems in humans. the following pollutants are anticipated: Ø NOx. socio economics. These data can be used to prognosticate possible further impact on environment and lead to suggesting suitable measures to stem or minimize the adverse impact (if any) as far as possible. tanks. by fine dust).g. location of surface water bodies like nallahs. Although not a major contributor to air pollution. nitrogen oxides (NOx). It primarily affects the respiratory (e. SPM. In most cases. Environmental impacts from air pollution can include acidic deposition and reduction in visibility. Delhi Ø Existing topography.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . circulatory (e. various Government agencies were approached for obtaining information and relevant data.4 in Chapter 2. SPM and CO from vehicular traffic March 2006 31 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.2 AIR ENVIRONMENT Air pollution can cause significant effects on the environment. For secondary data source. The field data generated has been used to : Ø Identify extent of impacts on natural resources and nearby communities. . for water sampling. carbon monoxide (CO) and sulphur dioxide (SO2). A map depicting the 10 km radius from the site showing the various environmental attributes of the area is depicted in Figure 2.Vasant Kunj. CO and SO2 from diesel generator sets. pollution pockets in the area. and subsequently on humans. air. Ø Identify mitigation measures and monitoring equipment. Ø NOx. Ø Accessibility of power connection and security for monitoring equipment. animals. making people more susceptible to other infections or the development of chronic respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. criteria questions and professional judgment.g. During the operational phase of the project. the following pollutant is anticipated: Ø SPM from all construction activities. canals. Ø Locations of villages / towns / sensitive areas for noise. the institutional/commercial building sector often emit pollutants into the air during both construction and operational phases. rivers. Activities during these phases will primarily emit suspended particulate matter (SPM). etc.

Irritation of eyes Aggravation of respiratory diseases (asthma. textiles.e.1 provides the potential primary sources and effects of air pollutants during the construction and operational phases of the proposed project.2. coatings. emphysema) Aggravation of respiratory illness Reduced visibility Reduced plant growth Formation of acid rain Soiling Reduced visibility Aggravation of the effects of gaseous pollutants Increased cough and chest discomfort Reduced lung function Aggravation of respiratory and cardio-respiratory diseases Plant injury Reduced visibility Deterioration of metals.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . leather. textiles. diesel generator sets) - Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Motor vehicle exhaust Carbon (CO) Monoxide Motor vehicle exhaust - SPM Construction activities Motor vehicle exhaust - Primary Health Effects Plant injury Reduced visibility Deterioration of metals. Irritation of eyes Aggravation of respiratory diseases (asthma. noise pollution is also considered a contaminant within the air environment.1: PRIMARY SOURCES AND EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTANTS DUE TO PROPOSED PROJECT Pollutant Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) Source Combustion of Sulphurcontaining fossil fuels (i. CEQA Air Quality Handbook March 2006 32 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. finishes. .3. etc. Delhi In both phases. emphysema) Source: South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) 1993. finishes. Table 4.Vasant Kunj. TABLE 4. coatings. etc. and is discussed in Section 4. leather.

a critical aspect of assessing air quality. followed by the monsoon season. cloudiness. A pollutant dispersion model uses meteorological variables to spread out (dilute) gases and particles. and September) do air masses of oceanic origin reach New Delhi resulting in increased humidity. A) LONG TERM CLIMATE TRENDS – INDIRA GANDHI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT The climate of New Delhi is influenced by its inland location and is characterized by extreme dryness with intensely hot summers and cold winters.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . and precipitation.Vasant Kunj. August. 1999). October and November is the transition period between monsoon and winter. in New Delhi. Only in the monsoon season (July.1 METEOROLOGY Meteorology (weather) is the key to understanding air quality. therefore.2. located at the Indira Gandhi International Airport. The characterization of the existing climatological conditions in the vicinity of a source of pollutants is. which lasts till the end of September. Micrometeorological parameters are responsible for dispersion and diffusion of pollutants in the atmosphere. METEOROLOGICAL DATA Meteorological information is required for devising baseline ambient air quality monitoring plans and for the prediction of impacts from air quality modeling. Wind fluctuations over a very wide range of time and space scales accomplish dispersion and strongly influence other processes associated with them. . These variables can change dramatically from one hour to another and from one day to the next in response to the general weather patterns. March 2006 33 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The essential relationship between meteorology and atmospheric dispersion involves the wind in the broadest sense of the term. and for devising baseline ambient air quality monitoring plans. Long-term climate data is also used to predict the air pollution impacts during all meteorological conditions. Delhi 4. with good exposure (IMD. The surrounding area of this station is plain and instruments were located on the roof of the main building. New Delhi’s winter begins in late November and lasts until the beginning of March when the summer begins and extends until the end of June. Long-term climate trend data was obtained from the closest surface Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) station. Site-specific primary meteorological data over a period of one season was collected and employed for air quality modeling.

The distance from the oceans/seas results in extreme temperatures as the moderating effect of the seas is not present.2.2 37.6 Note: Period of Record = 1952 to 1980 4. The rainfall amounts vary significantly from year to year. January.8 6. During the winter months (December.2 25.4 RELATIVE HUMIDITY The relative humidity of New Delhi is governed by the monsoon.1 18. After the monsoon (i.2 11. March 2006 34 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.e.4 13.3 119. August.3 TEMPERATURE New Delhi is situated in the Gangetic Plains.4 27.Vasant Kunj. After February the temperatures begin to rise and generally peak in June.3: TEMPERATURE NORMALS FOR INDIRA GANDHI AIRPORT.0 mm.5 40. after which the moisture in the air decreases. The temperature normal is summarized in Table 4.1 30. the air is generally dry. NEW DELHI Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Rainfall Depth (mm) 14.1 33.2: RAINFALL NORMALS FOR INDIRA GANDHI AIRPORT.2. which is the hottest month of the year. located approximately 300 km to the north.3 22.4 16. With the monsoon arriving in July. October onwards) the daytime temperatures remain as usual but the nighttime temperatures begin to drop. and September.3. which is the source of moisture.0 24. with 81% of the rainfall occurring in the monsoon months of July.9 54. As can be seen in Table 4.2 35.8 14.2 RAINFALL The normal annual rainfall for New Delhi is 794. Delhi 4.7 7. During late November the temperature begin to drop rapidly with the setting in of winter.1 9.1 284.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . . particularly in the afternoons. there is a drop in the daytime temperatures with the nights remaining warm.0 24.6 20.2 241.0 Note: Period of Record = 1952 to 1980 January is typically the coldest month in New Delhi. with the relative humidity rising during the monsoon (June . 4. The rainfall normal is summarized in Table 4.2 28.4.5 26. and March) cold waves occur due to snowfall in the Himalayan ranges.3 23.3 6. NEW DELHI Temp Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec (oC) Max 21.2 18. TABLE 4.6 Min 6.7 33. The summer months are the driest part of the year when the relative humidity drops to 20%.2.2 33.4 Dec 8. far inland from the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.2. February.0 8.0 40. TABLE 4.September).

5 the wind speed is generally light during the post monsoon and winter months. Delhi TABLE 4.3 Feb 2.1.6 4. and September). the predominant wind is from the West and North West directions.5 2. During the monsoon months the wind blows from the East and South East.4: RELATIVE HUMIDITY NORMALS FOR INDIRA GANDHI AIRPORT.8 Oct 1. Calms are reported at an annual average of 9%.2.1 Note: Period of Record = 1952 to 1980 Except the monsoon months (July. .0 3.5: MEAN WIND SPEED Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept 3.8 Nov 1. March 2006 35 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.9 Dec 2. The wind speed increases during the summer and monsoon months. August. This use of a lower wind speed for modeling purposes will produce more conservative results.9 2.Vasant Kunj. B) METEOROLOGICAL MODELING DATA The meteorological data of one season (excluding monsoon). TABLE 4. Wind direction and wind speed during monitoring period is presented in Figure 4.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . NEW DELHI Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec @ 0830 hrs 79 72 61 41 38 53 77 84 78 65 64 75 @ 1730 hrs 48 38 30 21 21 36 63 72 59 42 41 50 Note: Period of Record = 1952 to 1980 4. exhibits trends of a lower wind speed than that of long-term climate trends.0 3.7 Jan Wind Speed (m/s) 2.1 2.5 WIND SPEEDS AND DIRECTION As can be seen in Table 4.

Historical and site–specific data were compared to the applicable National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). examining sources of air emissions within a 2 km radius of the proposed site (i. This assessment was accomplished by reviewing historical ambient air quality data.5 – 2.6 AMBIENT AIR QUALITY An assessment of baseline air quality was undertaken to establish the status of exposure of the major sensitive receptors and to assess the background air quality at the project location.Vasant Kunj. and by conducting a site–specific background–sampling program. the impact zone). background data collected was expected to be representative of all meteorological conditions.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . 4. In this manner. .8-1. where appropriate. March 2006 36 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Calms conditions are observed over 38 % during the monitoring period. Delhi FIGURE 4.e. The most predominant wind direction as observed from long term trend is North West with speed in the range of 1.9 m/s.2.1 m/sec.1: WIND ROSE The most predominant wind direction is observed to be South West with predominant wind speed in the range of 0.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Ambi Mall - Vasant Kunj, Delhi

The baseline concentration values to be used in the modeling exercises were conservatively identified from the site–specific measurements. HISTORICAL TRENDS OF AMBIENT AIR QUALITY IN DELHI Historical ambient air quality data for New Delhi was obtained from the National Air Monitoring Program (NAMP) of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). Trends obtained from the closest NAMP station (ITO residential) to the project site are shown in Table 4.6 below:
TABLE 4.6: HISTORICAL AIR QUALITY IN NEW DELHI (I.T.O . RESIDENTIAL)

Year

SO2

Frequency NO2 Frequency SPM Frequency RSPM Frequency of of of of Exceedence Exceedence Exceedence Exceedence (%) (%) (%) (%) 0 0 0 102 68 96 81 3 74 501 543 571 100 100 100 266 274 360 100 100 100

2004 2003 2002

10 6 12

All values in µg/m3 This data indicates that SPM and RSPM exceed the CPCB prescribed limit 100% of the time. The concentration of SO2 is well within the prescribed limit at all times, while on average, the NO2 concentration exceeds the prescribed limit more than 50% of the time. SOURCES OF AIR EMISSIONS SURROUNDING THE SITE The major source of air pollution is vehicular emission from heavy traffic near Nelson Mandela Road. The impacts from these sources are expected to be captured in the levels of pollutants measured in the site-specific background air quality monitoring study conducted within the impact zone. SITE– SPECIFIC BACKGROUND AIR QUALITY MONITORING PROGRAM A site–specific background air quality monitoring program was conducted for the proposed project during post-monsoon, 2005. Background data was collected for SPM, RSPM, SO2, NOx, and CO.

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Since the proposed site has no pollution intensive activities in its vicinity, five sampling stations located within two km of the site, were considered adequate to provide the surrounding baseline air quality. For the selection of the monitoring locations, long-term meteorological trends were taken into consideration to obtain the predominant wind direction during the sampling period. In this manner, five air quality monitors (AQ1, AQ2, AQ3, AQ4, AQ5) were placed around the site. Monitors were placed at sensitive receptors (preferably educational institutions, hospitals etc.), where safety and power were provided. Monitors were placed on one-storey dwellings, away from major roads and nearby flow obstructions (i.e. trees). The monitoring locations are specified in Table 4.7 and Figure 4.2. TABLE 4.7: MONITORING LOCATIONS Approximate Distance from Site (km)
-

Monitor AQ1 AQ2 AQ3 AQ4 AQ5

Description Proposed shopping mall site Grand Vasant, C-5 Munirika Gaon Masoodpur Dairy SES, JNU

0.8 2.3 1.2 2.0

Upwind/ Downwind from Site Downwind Upwind Downwind Upwind

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FIGURE 4.2 – AMBIENT AIR MONITORING LOCATIONS

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Air quality was monitored with five high volume samplers (i. Delhi The background monitoring program was carried out as per standard methodologies and accepted protocols as detailed by the MoEF.2 m3/min. Each sampler maintained a volumetric flow rate between 1.8E. 24 hourly values for all pollutants excepting CO. SO2. TABLE 4. Analysis of pollutants was done as per standard IS codes.e.8A to Table 4.8B: MONITORING PROGRAM RESULTS .SPM Monitoring Results Station AQ1 AQ2 AQ3 AQ4 AQ5 Area Designation Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Maximum 379 714 401 457 365 Mean 343 480 367 411 298 Minimum 275 311 340 330 269 Units: µg/m3 NAAQS Residential. NOx. Monitoring results (observed levels and ranges) of SPM.Vasant Kunj. . and CO.0 µg/m3 March 2006 40 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.SO2 Monitoring Results Station AQ1 AQ2 AQ3 AQ4 AQ5 Area Designation Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Maximum <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 Mean <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 Minimum <5 <5 <5 <5 <5 Units: µg/m3 NAAQS Residential. RSPM. where 1 hour values were collected). Sensitive Rural & Areas Other Areas 100 75 TABLE 4.8C: MONITORING PROGRAM RESULTS .8A: MONITORING PROGRAM RESULTS . are presented in Table 4. Sensitive Rural & Areas Other Areas 80 30 *Minimum detectable limit is 5.RSPM Monitoring Results Station AQ1 AQ2 AQ3 AQ4 AQ5 Area Maximum Designation Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential 194 363 213 298 182 Mean 150 226 150 212 153 Minimum 102 122 99 143 132 Units: µg/m3 NAAQS Residential. Sensitive Rural & Areas Other Areas 200 100 TABLE 4.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .0-1.

§ § § The monitoring trends are concurrent with historical data. 1. Levels of SO2 are within the prescribed limits at all receptors.8E: MONITORING PROGRAM RESULTS - CO Monitoring Results Station AQ1 AQ2 AQ3 AQ4 AQ5 Area Designation Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Maximum 2591 2675 2687 2559 1540 Mean 2542 2537 2600 2525 1405 Minimum 2472 2370 2517 2463 1246 Units: µg/m3 NAAQS Residential. Monitored SPM levels are high. Sensitive Rural & Areas Other Areas 80 30 TABLE 4. with NOx exhibiting lower concentrations. and Levels of CO are also within the NAAQS limits.NOX Monitoring Results Station AQ1 AQ2 AQ3 AQ4 AQ5 Area Designation Residential Residential Residential Residential Residential Maximum 42 31 38 34 45 Mean 34 25 26 28 35 Minimum 23 21 19 21 26 Units: µg/m3 NAAQS Residential. Sensitive Rural & Areas Other Areas 4000 2000 With respect to pollutants. Levels of NOx are within the prescribed limits. RSPM levels are also high with a maximum value of 194 µg / m3. This may be due to the redevelopment of adjoining Nelson- March 2006 41 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj. with NAAQS standards indicated on each graph.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . with a maximum value of 379 µg / m3. the results of the monitoring program indicated the following: § Levels of SPM and RSPM are high and exceed NAAQS at four locations including proposed project site. which may be due to the redevelopment of adjoining NelsonMandela Road and other developing activities in the close vicinity by DDA. The baseline conditions at each of the air quality monitors are described below. AQ-1: The monitor was placed at the project site. .8D: MONITORING PROGRAM RESULTS . Delhi TABLE 4.

Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . All other parameters are well within the prescribed limits. with a maximum concentration of 714 µg / m3.Vasant Kunj. . March 2006 42 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. AQ. Monitored SPM levels are high. RSPM levels are also high with a maximum value of 213 µg / m3. downwind to the site. This may be due to the development work near the Grand Hotel and the adjoining areas.2: The monitor was placed on a roof of Grand Vasant. Monitored SPM levels are high. Delhi Mandela Road in the close vicinity by DDA including the heavy vehicular emissions from traffic plying on the Nelson Mandela Marg bordering the site. AQ. with a maximum concentration of 401 µg / m3. All other parameters are well within the limits.3: The monitor was placed on a dwelling in Munirika Gaon. RSPM levels are also high with a maximum value of 363 µg / m3. Concentration (ug/m 3) Concentration (ug/m 3) 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 SPM RPM SO2 Maximum Minimum Mean NOX 3. 400 360 320 280 240 200 160 120 80 40 0 SPM RPM Maximum SO2 Minimum Mean NOX 2. This may be due to heavy traffic volumes on outer ring road bordering Munirka Gaon.

5: This monitor was located on the roof of SES. JNU. Values of SO2 are within the prescribed limit.Vasant Kunj. Monitored levels for SPM is very high with a maximum of 365 ug/m3 along with high RSPM levels at 182 ug/m3 and NOx with a maximum value of 45 ug/m3. This may be due to the fact that the Andheria-Mahipalpur road is a narrow stretch with slow traffic movement.Environmental Impact Assessment 400 360 320 280 240 200 160 120 80 40 0 SPM RPM Maximum Ambi Mall . 480 440 400 360 320 280 240 200 160 120 80 40 0 SPM RPM Maximum SO2 Minimum Mean NOX 5. AQ. All other pollutants are within the prescribed limits. AQ. Also the roads within Masoodpur Diary area are kutcha roads and lack planned development. Concentration (ug/m 3) March 2006 43 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Monitored levels for SPM is very high with a maximum of 457 ug/m3 along with high RSPM levels at 298 ug/m3.4: This monitor was located at a dwelling in Masoodpur Dairy downwind of the project site. Delhi Concentration (ug/m 3) SO2 Minimum Mean NOX 4. .

Environmental Impact Assessment

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400 360 320 280 240 200 160 120 80 40 0 SPM RPM Maximum SO2 Minimum Mean NOX

4.2.7 NOISE ENVIRONMENT Any unpleasant sound is classified as noise pollution. Sound possesses three definite properties: intensity, frequency and duration. Intensity is the loudness of a sound, or the pressure it exerts through the ear. It is measured in decibels (dB). In assessing noise, an empirical measure called "dBA" indicates damage to hearing. The higher the dB (A) number, the greater is the risk of damage to hearing. Loud noise may adversely affect people in many ways. For example noise may impede with sleep, speech, communication and can cause annoyance and other physiological problems. Occupational noise exposure, is also the most common cause of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL), threatens the hearing of individuals exposed to noise pollution for longer periods of time, at a less intense level. For example, repeated exposure to noise pollution at a construction site can cause NIHL to the construction workers, an effect that cannot be reversed. Major sources of noise pollution during the construction and operational phases of the site will be from construction equipment and diesel generator sets respectively. Table 4.9 provides potential primary sources and effects of noise pollution during the construction and operational phases of the site.

Concentration (ug/m 3)

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TABLE 4.9: PRIMARY EFFECTS OF NOISE POLLUTION FROM CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION
ACTIVITIES OF THE SITE

Pollutant Noise
Ø

Ø Ø

Source Construction activities Transport Human activities

Ø Ø

Ø Ø Ø

Ø Ø

Primary Effects Annoyance Interference with communication NIHL Interference with sleep Aural pan, nausea, and reduced muscular control Performance effects Effects on social behavior

Source: http://www.epa.nsw.gov.au/soe/97/ch1/15_3.htm
AMBIENT NOISE QUALITY

An assessment of baseline noise quality was undertaken to establish the status of exposure of the major sensitive receptors, and provide the background levels of noise at the project site area. This assessment was accomplished by conducting a site–specific background–monitoring program. Site–specific data were compared to the applicable Ambient Air Quality Standards in Respect of Noise (AAQSRN), where appropriate. The baseline concentration values to be used in the modeling exercises were conservatively identified from the site–specific measurements.
SOURCES OF NOISE EMISSIONS SURROUNDING THE SITE

The sound environment surrounding the site is characterized by an urban hum, primarily due to high levels of traffic at the Nelson Mandela Road. The impacts from these sources are expected to be captured in the levels of noise measured in the site-specific background noise monitoring study. SITE-SPECIFIC BACKGROUND NOISE QUALITY MONITORING Noise monitoring was conducted at four critical locations within the impact zone, wherever possible including the project site, approach roads, and sensitive locations such as residential areas. The background-monitoring program was done in accordance with the requirements of an EIA study. Sound pressure level (SPL) measurements were instantaneously recorded to give the
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equivalent sound pressure level (Leq) over the period of 24 hours. The monitoring locations are provided in Table 4.10.
TABLE 4.10: NOISE MONITORING LOCATIONS

Monitoring Station N1 N2 N3 N4

Description of Location Munirika Gaon Proposed Site Vasant Kunj, C-5 Masoodpur Dairy

Distance from Site (km) 2.3 0.8 1.2

Land Use Classification Residential Commercial Residential Residential

Table 4.11 provides equivalent noise levels viz., Leqday and Leqnight, at the noise monitoring locations, alongside noise standards as prescribed by the CPCB.
TABLE 4.11: MONITORING PROGRAM RESULTS – NOISE

Location N1 N2 N3 N4
1. 2.

Day Time Leq (dB (A)) Limit (dB (A)) 42.99 55 52.67 65 46.34 55 55.71 55

Night Time Leq (dB (A)) Limit (dB (A)) 35.50 45 47.58 55 38.61 45 43.61 45

Daytime shall mean from 6.00 a.m. to 10.00 p.m. Nighttime shall mean from 10.00 p.m. to 6.00 a.m.

The results of the monitoring program indicated that both daytime and nighttime levels of noise are within AAQSRN limits at all the four locations. 4.2.8 TRAFFIC PATTERN AND DENSITY Traffic counts were carried out for Nelson Mandela Marg, adjacent to the site, to provide background values of traffic density, and correlate such data to the levels of air pollution and noise along the road.
SITE-SPECIFIC TRAFFIC MONITORING

Vehicular traffic counts were performed on either side of the Nelson Mandela Marg. This dual carriage, two-way, road is approximately 45 meters in width. In total, the road was surveyed for 2 days. The hourly traffic variation is shown in Figure 4.3A and Figure 4.3B. Vehicular traffic included heavy vehicle, light vehicle, three wheelers, and two wheelers.

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3A: TRAFFIC COUNT (TO & FRO) PERFORMED ON NELSON MANDELA ROAD ON THE 1 ST DAY 3000 2500 2000 1 500 1 000 500 0 Heavy Vehicles Light Vehicles Two Wheelers Three Wheelers & Others FIGURE 4. Delhi FIGURE 4.Vasant Kunj. .3B: TRAFFIC COUNT (TO & FRO) PERFORMED ON NELSON MANDELA ROAD ON THE 2ND DAY 3000 2500 2000 1 500 1 000 500 0 Heavy Vehicles Two Wheelers Light Vehicles Three Wheelers & Others March 2006 47 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .

Out of the 315 Ha of land available with DDA at Vasant Kunj Phase II.1 SURFACE WATER RESOURCES The National Capital has been the fastest growing city in India because of increasing urbanization.2 HYDRO GEOLOGY AND GROUNDWATER RESOURCES The general slope of the proposed project site project site is towards north and north-east. DDA has requested the Central Ground Water Authority to prepare a scheme for utilizing the surplus runoff for recharging the ground water.4. The hydrogeology and ground water potential of Delhi encompassing Vasant Kunj area is shown in Figure 4. Rainwater collection in the reservoirs. and the aquifers have ample scope for accommodating the surplus monsoon runoff. The alarming situation raised because of declining water levels necessitates replenishment of ground water reservoirs through Artificial Recharge. Moreover. The data has been collected from various secondary sources mainly CGWB and primary survey carried out in the impact zone. utilization pattern of water resources for various activities in the study area. These details include water availability.3. which flows towards north and north-east.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . 4. Low traffic trend in the area suggest that Nelson Mandela Road is capable of handling the additional traffic load that will be generated from the proposed project. March 2006 48 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Surface water would be the main source of supply for the project through DJB water supply network. the Nelson Mandela road is being redesigned as a signal free road for enabling fast movement of vehicles. The area is drained by a small streamlet. The balance of 223 ha have been converted to a Biodiversity Park which have lots of crests and low lying area for rainwater recharging. only 92 Ha have been developed as per approved Master Plan and directions of Hon’ble Supreme Court of India.3 WATER ENVIRONMENT This section documents the baseline scenario of the water environment in the study area and discusses both water resources and quality. recycled water and water tanker (if required) would be used as an alternate source of water and would be used to meet the requirement of other activities. the quality of ground and surface water. 4. This natural streamlet has been channelised through concrete drains. As there is enough surplus monsoon runoff available in the area. .Vasant Kunj. 4. Rapid urbanization has had an adverse impact on the ground water resources of the area.3. Delhi Analysis: The two day traffic count show almost similar trend.

Vasant Kunj. 70-75m. 55-65m.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . 80-95m. The borewells when drilled and constructed within 80 to 120m depth tapering these fractional zones are capable of producing a well discharge of 150 to 250 lpm. About 4-5 prominent fractured zones are present in the area at depths varying between 40-50m. Delhi FIGURE 4. and 110-115m below ground level. . March 2006 49 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.4: GROUND WATER POTENTIAL Source: Central Ground Water Board Groundwater occurs in semi confined to confined conditions in fractured and jointed quartzitic formation.

3 WATER QUALITY In the project area.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .29 – 1. 4. TABLE 4.40 – 31 105 . The construction of check dam was completed before the onset of monsoon (1998) and it has been found that a total volume of 76800 cum of water has been recharged.3. the surrounding area is most suitable for the channelization of rainwater to arrest the surplus surface runoff generated in the area for recharging the ground water.7 percent. studies were undertaken earlier to document the chemical quality of ground water before. during and after recharge periods. Shallow water levels are observed towards Munirka Marg and deeper levels are observed in southern and central part of the area. the crests and low lying area in the biodiversity park can also be efficiently used as percolation pits for recharging the ground water regime with surplus surface runoff. seasonal fluctuation of 5-6m exists in this area.12 shows the chemical analysis of the ground water samples.29 – 7. Central Ground Water Board has carried out artificial recharge project on experimental basis in JNU-Sanjay Van and IIT area.562 March 2006 50 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Four check dams and one roof top rain water harvesting structure has been constructed to study the impact of Artificial recharge to ground water on ground water regime of the area. Water samples were collected from the existing water bearing structures during the Artificial Recharge project studies at JNUSanjay van and the results indicated variation in the ground water quality which is related to local effect. Delhi Depth of water level (April 2000) in this area is 26 to 30m bgl.4.Vasant Kunj. As per records of CGWB.12: CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF THE GROUND WATER SAMPLES Sl. The Table. Apart from this. .43 34 – 146 5 – 75 20 – 254 0. Thus. The efficiency of check dams has been found varying between 95 to 99.88 360 – 1164 212 – 1465 149 – 593 17 – 375 10 – 200 Nil – 49 0.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Parameters PH EC Micromhos/cm at 25° C TDS (ppm) Hco3 (ppm) Cl (ppm) SO4 (ppm) CO3 (ppm) F (ppm) Ca (ppm) Mg (ppm) Na (ppm) K (ppm) Total hardness as CaCO3 Values 7.

Vasant Kunj. chemical and bacteriological parameters. The concentration levels of other mandatory constituents like fluoride and TDS observed were also within permissible limits emphasizing the fact that the ground water in the area is suitable for drinking. Samples were collected from Ground water sources located in the vicinity of project site. Analysis has been done as per methods prescribed in “Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (20th Edition)”. Table 4. Delhi The ground water was characterized as sodium bi-carbonate type.5. March 2006 51 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Sampling has been done following standard guidelines for physical. FIGURE 4. The average nitrate concentrations ranged from 2 to 33 mg/l and sulphate level was well within the prescribed limit. irrigation and other purposes. .13 gives the details of the ground water sampling locations and is also depicted in Figure 4.6.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .5: GROUND WATER QUALITY IN THE AREA Source: Central Ground Water Board Water sampling has been done to determine the existing quality of water around the project area and also to assess the impact from the proposed project. This also highlights the suitability of water in the project area and it is shown in the Figure 4.

Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Delhi TABLE 4. March 2006 52 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. W-1 W-2 W-3 Description Water sample from Grand Vasant (Hand pump) Water sample from Masoodpur Dairy (Hand pump) Water sample from Munirka Gaon (Hand pump) Approximate Distance from Project Site (in km) 0. .3 Table 4.13: WATER QUALITY SAMPLING LOCATIONS Station No.Vasant Kunj.14 shows the physicochemical characteristics of surface and ground water samples collected from different sources as compared with the standard (IS 10500: Indian Standards/Specifications for Drinking Water) reference values.2 2.8 1.

Environmental Impact Assessment FIGURE 4. .Vasant Kunj.6: WATER SAMPLING LOCATIONS Ambi Mall . Delhi March 2006 53 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

5-8.2 (Min) When Chlorinated 250 1000 45 100 1.1 Nil 12.78 0. W-2: Ground water from Masoodpur Dairy.0 Agreeable 7.5 500 300 0. March 2006 54 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.0 Agreeable 7.01 W3 (Munirika Gaon) <5 Unobjectionable <1.0 1.Vasant Kunj. No Test Parameters Unit W1 (Grant Vasant) Hazen NTU mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L mg/L <5 Unobjectionable <1.05 0.26 0.01 <0.0 0.30 0.22 <0.12 <0. Delhi Results S.38 172 148 <0.3 Permissible limit (IS: 10500) 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 • • • Colour Odour Turbidity Taste pH value Total Dissolved Solids Total Hardness Iron as Fe Residual Free Chlorine Chloride as ClNitrate as NO3Fluoride as FLead as Pb Arsenic as As Cadmium as Cd 25 Unobjectionable 10 Agreeable 6.7 0.09 <0. .5 1.01 0.05 0.01 Desired limit as per IS: 10500 5 Unobjecti onable 5 Agreeable 6.2 2.5 0. W-3: Ground water from Munirika Gaon.02 <0.01 W2 (Masoodpur Dairy) <5 Unobjectionable <1.5 2000 600 1.14: GROUND WATER QUALITY IN THE STUDY AREA Ambi Mall .67 1124 572 0.Environmental Impact Assessment TABLE 4.01 <0.5-8.002 <0.0 Agreeable 7.02 <0.01 W-1: Ground water from Grand Vasant.01 <0.05 0.1 Nil 146.05 0.13 Nil 394.49 904 424 <0.

The light texture soils are represented by sandy. and the Bhangar (upper alluvial plain).4. the old Khaddar (earlier flood plain). whereas medium texture soils are represented by loam silty loam.1 GEOLOGY OF THE AREA The proposed site area is part of the Yamuna basin comprising of the newer alluvium. The general sequence of formations met within the area is given below: Recent to Sub-Recent: Post Delhi Intrusive: Algonkian (Delhi System): Alluvium Pegmatic and Basic Intrusive Alwar Quartzites 4.4. The earthquake history of Delhi region indicates fairly high seismicity for the city of Delhi. Major parts are covered by Yamuna alluvial soils. two of the three locations have exceeded the IS: 10500 desired limit for Total Dissolved Solids and Total Hardness. clay and canker.4. . Lahore-Delhi ridge and axis of Delhi folding.Vasant Kunj. The surface beds are admixed with wind blown sediments of recent age. zone is second in severity to zone V (the highest).Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Zone IV is also referred to as the High Damage Risk Zone. Delhi consists of Yamuna flood Plain. These alluvial sediments are known to be underlined by hard formations of Delhi system of rock. Delhi As given in above table.4 LAND ENVIRONMENT 4. silts. One out of three locations have exceeded the IS: 10500 desired limit for Chloride concentration. seismic zone map for India. sand and sandy loam. It comprises mainly of fine to medium sands. 4. loamy. The most active area of the region is considered to be the trijunction of the Delhi-Haridwar ridge. gravel. The soils of the Delhi area are mostly light with subordinate amount of medium texture soils. Earthquakes are highly probable in this area and are primarily attributed to plate tectonics and fault rupture induced by continuing drift of Indian plate towards the Asian plate. The tectonic elements of the area are considered capable of generating an earthquake of magnitude 7 on Richter scale1 4. This. Zone IV is defined as having a maximum intensity expected of around MSK VIII. Majority of the areas is covered by fine to coarse loamy soils with different levels of moisture retention capacity.2 SEISMO-TECTONIC APPRAISAL OF THE AREA Delhi is located in Zone IV of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) 2000.3 SOIL Physiographically. The high concentration level can be related to the geology of the area. The soils that occur in March 2006 55 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

high table lands. 1995 The above figure shows the project site soil as effected. .saline phase. FIGURE 4. Different soil series observed in the state of Delhi (1995) are depicted in the Figure 4.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Delhi all the blocks of Delhi are generally suitable for irrigating moderately salt resistant crops such as wheat.7.Vasant Kunj.7: SOILS OF DELHI Source: NEERI. barley and mustard. March 2006 56 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

8 A quantitative assessment of the particle size distribution in the soil was made by wet sieve analysis and sedimentation analysis using hydrometer.16.21 3 Silt & clay Based on the particle size distribution obtained from the soil analysis. TABLE 4. Soil samples have been collected using auger from a depth of 60 cm from the project site. The soil samples were collected from four locations and were mixed to prepare a composite sample for analysis.31 19. March 2006 57 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.075 mm 1 2 Gravel Sand Coarse Medium Fine Percentage composition (%) 20. the texture of soil at the project site is sandy and silty clay.425 – 2.22 22.17.Vasant Kunj. The physical and chemical characteristics of the soil samples collected are shown in Table 4. Details of the soil sampling location are shown in Table 4.15.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .15: SOIL SAMPLING LOCATION Station Code S1 S2 S3 S4 Sampling location Masoodpur Dairy Munirika Gaon Proposed Site Grand Vasant.0 0.16: PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION SN Soil Type Particle Size Range 4.0 mm 0.2 2. as per procedures laid down in IS: 2720 Part IV.75 mm 0. The particle sizes were designated according to the scale given in IS: 1498. Delhi Soil sampling was done to further establish the baseline characteristics and to assess the anticipated impacts due to proposed project. which is given in Table 4.075 – 0.75 – 20 mm 2.26 9.425 mm Less than 0. .3 0. TABLE 4.01 29. C-5 Distance from proposed site 1.0 – 4.

rendering the soil hard and resistant to water penetration.5 0.97 S.48 1.163 97. include nutrients such as ammonium.03 Silty clay 0.10 0.340 15. and sodium.24 Silty clay 0.05 349.99 9.97 67.5. Positively charged ions. The Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR) measures the relative proportion of sodium ions in a water sample to those of calcium and magnesium.18 S2 8. magnesium.13 71.60 0. calcium. The addition of biosolids can improve a soil's CEC value because biosolids are high in organic matter.34 58.71 40.34 11.02 21. High concentration of sodium disperses soil colloidal particles.095 7.06 S3 8.048 64.29 26.0-8.50 0. the greater the soil's ability to retain nutrients and the more fertile the soil is.0-7.64 14. Organic matter contributes to high CEC values.40.87 64.07 36. . The measure of the soil's ability to hold cations is the Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC). known as cations.06 2119.264 11. Delhi SOIL CHARACTERISTIC IN THE STUDY AREA Unit Milliohms/cm Meq/100gm mg/kg S1 8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Parameters pH Texture Electrical Conductivity Cation Capacity Potassium Sodium Ratio Porosity Nitrogen Phosphorous Water Capacity (%) Copper Zinc Holding Absorption Exchange 214.01 5.17: Ambi Mall .05 0.Vasant Kunj.793 25. Soil of the area is slightly basic with a pH in the range of 8. which is less.31 37.00 115. potassium.39 % % ppm % mg/kg mg/kg The result shows that the moisture retention capacity of the soil is less than 50 %.76 1.40 Silty clay 0.02 Sandy 0. The greater the CEC of a particular soil.738 61. No.76 31. Most crops grow best if the soil pH is in between 6. These are attracted to negatively charged soil particles.82 35.36 S4 8. The potential of sodium hazards increases in soil with higher SAR values.055 6.11 63. March 2006 58 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Environmental Impact Assessment TABLE 4. The SAR is used to predict the sodium hazard of high carbonate waters especially if they contain no residual alkali.385 23.

The waste from packaging would be separately collected and sent to recycling market. to develop adequate and feasible mitigation measures (via inputs to project design and layout.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . 4.4.5 SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL The waste generated from the various activities in the Mall such as packaging. 4. March 2006 59 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. DDA and BSES. kitchen and other miscellaneous activities shall be disposed off through suitable means so that proper material recovery can be accomplished along with high hygienic conditions ensuring environment protection. . Other waste generated through miscellaneous activities shall be stored in garbage tank and subsequently disposed off through municipal means.5 BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT The ecological survey has been done to establish the baseline ecological conditions of the study area (area within 10 Km radius of the project site). the proposed project has been cleared by all the foresaid agencies. Currently. It also enables to envisage the scenario emerging due to the increase in demand for land with increase in population and the impacts arising due to the interface with the various project activities. Kitchen waste comprising mostly of food waste will be sent for feeding animals in the breeding farms after storage at sub zero temperature.4. or compensate where appropriate) to keep residual ecological impacts with acceptable limits. as applicable. It was agreed to develop the shopping mall with all the project details conforming to the existing standards and norms. Delhi 4.4 LANDUSE PATTERN The objective of assessing the land use details of the area is to know the existing land use pattern of the area and enables one to know about the land that can be used for various development activities envisaged in post project scenario. This section of report presents ecological baseline of the area. to assess the potential ecological impacts of the proposed project upon ecology. National Airport Authority and Delhi Fire Service.Vasant Kunj. The project development was subject to the statutory clearance from the concerned organizations like DUAC. The current land use of the area is meant for the commercial development and was sold by DDA on an open auction basis. working practices. and also to develop ecological monitoring parameters.

Tephrosia purpurea were the speies having high frequencies followed by Adhatoda vasica. The existing vegetation shows the forest type of dry tropical thorn and scrub forests.1 HABITAT ASSESSMENT The term “habitat” has been used in broad sense for the general land cover and physiognomy rather than sensu stricto for a particular species. Croton achnocarpus. No species of botanical interest were either found or collected during the survey. 4. Parthenium sp. March 2006 60 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. 1968). Echinops echinatusentalis etc. if existing. hence. The information on prevailing baseline in the proposed project site is important because project activities might lead to loss of the ecological resources. A total of about 20 plant species were collected during the field survey. biotic pressure and changed landuse pattern. Phytosociological data revealed that Aristida purpurea. study was focused on identification of the understorey vascular plants. xerophytic and widely dispersed vegetation. The composition of vegetation of this part of Delhi comprises scanty. which fall under the sub group 5-E1 (Northern Dry Deciduous Forest).18.5. Delhi 4.Punjab Plains in terms of Biogeographic provinces (India). All the species observed were common and no threatened or endangered plant species are known to exist on or near the site.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . The proposed project area is located neither within an existing nor any proposed ecological sensitive zone.5.Vasant Kunj. . due to its climatic condition.Semi-Arid. (Champion and Seth. which are listed in Table 4.2 TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY (A) FLORAL PROFILE The proposed site falls under the 4A. The information will further enable to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of the mitigation options that are being proposed by environmentalist and conservationist to incorporate conservation concerns in mitigating the impacts of developmental project. during the floristic survey around the proposed project site.

(C) AVIFAUNA A few common bird species were recorded during the survey in the study area. babbler. (B) FAUNAL PROFILE As mentioned earlier. Hence. house crow. the proposed site and its urban set up surroundings do not support any habitat for any group of wild animals except a few small animals such as mongoose.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .05 %.Vasant Kunj. South-West 81. hoopoe. .3%. The East-West part had the lowest frequency of 66. pariah kite. red whiskered bulbul March 2006 61 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.67%. the proposed project site is insignificant from ecological point of view. squirrel and lizards and bird species those which well adapted to urban areas. Delhi TABLE 4. Saccharum spontaneum Solanum nigrum Tribulus terrestris Tridax procumbens Xanthium indicum Youngia japonica Zizyphus nummularia Northern 40 40 100 60 100 80 80 60 80 40 80 60 100 100 20 60 60 40 20 40 Southern 0 40 80 80 100 60 40 80 100 40 100 80 100 100 0 40 40 0 0 0 Eastern 0 60 80 80 100 40 0 80 100 0 100 80 80 100 40 0 0 40 20 0 Western 40 0 100 60 100 0 40 100 100 0 100 80 80 100 20 40 20 0 0 40 Sorensen’s Index on the frequency (%) of similarity of plant species amongst strata around the project site shows that North-East part had the highest frequency of 85% followed by NorthSouth and North-West 82. South-East 72. black drongo. These included house sparrow.18: PERCENTAGE FREQUENCY OF PLANT SPECIES RECORDED DURING SURVEY Scientific Names of Species Abutilon indica Achyranthes aspera Adhatoda vasica Aerva lanata Aristida purpurea Calotropis procera Cassia occidentalis Corchorus tridens Croton achnocarpus Datura metel Echinops echinatus Emilia sonchifolia Parthenium sp.73%.

3 AQUATIC ECOLOGY No water body is located within the 10 km radius of the proposed site.) and skink (Scincilla sp. Table 4.19 shows the common avifauna recorded from the study area. Three species of reptiles viz.. 12. The pariah kites were found in large numbers because of the presence of slaughterhouses at a distance of 1.19: COMMON AVIFAUNA AROUND THE SITE S. 9.5-2. 6. Plain tiger (Danaus genutia). 2. No. 1. (E) REPTILES Lizards and Snakes are commonly found both within forests and in non-forested areas.Common grass yellow (Eurema blanda). Peacock pansy (Precis almanac). 4. March 2006 62 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Common sailor (Neptis hylas) etc. 11.) were recorded in the project area during the survey. 13. TABLE 4.Vasant Kunj. No endangered. threatened or rare bird species were recorded from the study area.5.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . . 5. (D) Scientific Name Milvus migrans Dicrurus adsimilis Turdoides caudatus Corvus splendens Upupa epops Passer domesticus Pycnonotus cafer Acridotheres tristis Streptopelia decaocto Vanellus indicus Pavo cristatus Muscicapa westermanni Motacilla alba Dendrocitta vagabunda Pycnonotus jocosus Common Name Pariah kite Black drongo Common babbler House crow Hoopoe Indian sparrow Red vented bulbul Common myna Indian ring dove Redwattled lapwing Common peafowl Little pied fly catcher White wagtail Indian tree pie Red whiskered bulbul BUTTERFLIES The butterflies that were recorded from the study area include . garden lizard (Calotes sp. 10. Tawny coster (Acraea violae).0 Km from the proposed site. Agama (Agama tuberculata). 4. 7. 14. Delhi etc. 8. 15. 3.

4. Administratively.8 million). Delhi is divided into 9 districts and 27 sub divisions with a density of 9340 persons per square km. Najafgarh zone comprises of a total population of 743116 persons. etc. Haryana.31% from 1991 to 2001 as against the national average of 21. Major migration to Delhi is from the states of Uttar Pradesh.20:NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS AND POPULATION Number of households Population Population (1991) (2001) 13850507 743116 74490 2733383 9300000 Delhi 148256 Najafgarh zone 17730 57163 Ward no. their physical and psychological health and well being. economic activity.56. their economic status. Rajasthan and Bihar. The high growth rate of population in Delhi is on account of large-scale migration.1 DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE The baseline data for the population of the surrounding area is significant to the study as it enables to predict the population that may be impacted by the project. (2001) March 2006 63 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The issues under focus in this chapter are demographic pattern. 30. has been considered. in general showed an unprecedented growth rate in the last few decades. DMC (U) Part *Source: Census of India. It also enables us to appreciate the scenario emerging due to the increase in population and the impacts arising due to the interface with the various project activities. cultural heritage.3 % of the population of NCT Delhi (13. For the current study. education and literacy profile. . the population of Vasant Kunj is 74.e.34%.6 SOCIO ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT This chapter discusses the baseline scenario of the socio-economic environment in the study area and anticipated impacts of the proposed project on the socio-economic environment. The assessment attempts to predict and evaluate the future impacts of project upon people.3%. The decadal growth rate for entire Delhi was 46. according to 2001 census.490 persons.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .6. which is 5. demographic profile of Vasant Kunj ward (DMC 1 part-56) within which the project site is located. Vasant Kunj falls within the administrative confines of Najafgarh zone of South West Delhi. TABLE 4. As seen in the Table 20. Delhi 4. The decadal growth rate of Vasant kunj is comparatively lower than the zonal figures i. lifestyle and other value system. Punjab. Delhi.Vasant Kunj.

21: POPULATION – MALE. Overall literacy rate for the Najafgarh zone and Vasant kunj ward as per the 2001 census was 83. being as low as 818 females per 1000 males.58%. DMC (U) Part Total Male Female Population Population Pop 13850507 7607234 6243273 743116 411366 331750 74490 40971 33519 Total SC 2343255 91048 5232 Sex Ratio 821 810 818 Source: Census of India.2 85.Vasant Kunj. as against the National average of 933.42 % in 2000 whereas percentage of natural growth in 2000 was 49. . FEMALE AND SEX RATIO Name Delhi Najafgarh zone Ward no.7 83. The female literacy rate is comparable to male literacy rate in Vasant Kunj (i.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . The low sex ratio for the area can be attributed to large-scale migration of males to Delhi in search of work.56. TABLE 4. The locality is equipped with adequate private schools. Estimated percentage of migration in Delhi was 50.9 2 Number of females per 1000 males March 2006 64 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. For availing government school facility the children from weaker section groups travel upto Munirka (at a distance of one kilometer).2% and 85.22: LITERACY STATUS Name Delhi Najafgarh zone Ward no. 70%). 1 The National Sample Survey Organization collects data on the characteristics of Labour Force (Employed & Unemployed) through various rounds of the NSSO. DMC (U) Part Source: Census of India. Male literates 5700847 315900 32041 Female Literates 3963917 210503 23484 Literacy Rate 81.56. Delhi SEX RATIO The sex ratio2 for Najafgarh zone of South west Delhi is 810. (2001) LITERACY An understanding of education and literacy profile in the region is relevant in order to understand whether better jobs due to the proposed project could utilize the existing human resource in the area. TABLE 4. The percentage of Scheduled Caste (SCs) population is 7% and no Scheduled Tribes (STs) are found to inhabit the study area. This figure is also low in case of ward number 56.7% for Delhi. Since 1972-73 the survey on Employment – Unemployment has become a part of the periodic programme of NSSO surveys.e. (1991).9% as against the literacy rate of 81.

04% to 28. . Delhi 4.6% agricultural labourers.e. FIGURE 4.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .8: EMPLOYMENT PATTERN 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Delhi Najafgarh zone Ward no.6. DMC(U) Part Cultivators Agricultural Labourers Household Industries Other 4. However.1%).3 ASSESSMENT OF LOCAL COMMUNITY : PRIMARY SURVEY 3 The National Sample Survey Organization collects data on the characteristics of Labour Force (Employed & Unemployed) through various rounds of the NSSO. The female main workers in the ward account to 17. one can predict the impact of the project activity on the economy of the surrounding localities and the region. The percentage of marginal workers is less (1. during this period. March 2006 65 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. 97. Since 1972-73 the survey on Employment – Unemployment has become a part of the periodic programme of NSSO surveys.56.3 In Vasant kunj ward.2 ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AND LIVELIHOOD PATTERN The relevance of economic activity and livelihood pattern is important in the context of the study since one of the direct benefits of the proposed project is job opportunity and high economic activity during the construction as well as operational phase.6.1% cultivators and 0. with only 0.3% work for service. Depending on the existing situation. between the periods 1992 to 2000 the population increase was almost 20%. main workers constitute almost 38 % of the total population. trade and commerce or manufacturing sector. A study of the workforce participation in Delhi suggests that. The nonworkers constitute almost 62% of the total. Almost 2% of the workforce is also engaged in household industries.1% of the total labour force as very few women work out. Employment in activities such as cultivation is low. the percentage of employed persons (to the total population) reduced from 33.70%.Vasant Kunj. Main workers are primarily engaged in Secondary and Tertiary activities i.

Munirka. . The subsequent sections discusses the Socio – economic status of the neighboring localities based on the primary survey: MARKET AREA IN VASANT KUNJ March 2006 66 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Delhi Primary survey was conducted based on scientifically designed questionnaires covering various socio-economic attributes so as to know the baseline condition and assess the impact due to proposed project. Hotel Grand and in two settlements in the immediate vicinity. JNU Campus.Vasant Kunj. Vasant Kunj. Vasant Continental. A random survey was carried out in Vasant Vihar.Masoodpur Dairy (an urban village located within Vasant Kunj residential area) and Coolie camp (a Jhuggi Jhopadi Basti).Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .. The site has no settlements in its immediate vicinity.

.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .Vasant Kunj. Delhi CATTLE BREEDING IN MASUDPUR VILLAGE COOLIE CAMP LOCATED AT THE VASANT KUNJ MUNIRKA ROAD March 2006 67 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

Vasant Kunj. VASANT KUNJ RESIDENTIAL AREA AT VASANT KUNJ March 2006 68 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . . Delhi DELHI PUBLIC SCHOOL.

6. .Vasant Kunj. Delhi 4. Malls and Institutions undertaken would help elevate the socio-economic status in general of the overall area and thereby they view it as a positive influence in the area. March 2006 69 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The local residents during primary survey were of general view that the developmental projects such as Hotels.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .4 PERCEPTION OF THE COMMUNITY Consultations with stakeholder were carried out to determine socio-economic aspirations of the locals and also assess the people’s perception about the proposed shopping mall.

Delhi The residents also foresee scope of employment generation because of the projects. Since long. prohibiting installation of any Ground water abstraction structures. etc. National Book Trust. DDA has on its own taken up several measures for recharging the ground water in the area. which is supposedly scarce. In April 1999. Kusumpur village. DCP (Licensing) and BSES. Chapter 7). weathered rocks allow 85% percolation of rainwater. AAI.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Any developmental activity may adversely affect the Ground water regime in the area. The crests and low lying areas of the Biodiversity Park are being used for ground water recharging. The project proponents for Ambi Mall have obtained required approvals from DDA. Mahipalpur. March 2006 70 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Munirka and JNU Campus are of the general view that the setting up of such developmental projects would impact the ground water availability in the region. International Centre for Alternate Dispute Resolution. TERI School of Advanced Studies. Further it is sanctioning building plans of projects in the area only after incorporation of rainwater harvesting schemes. DFS.K. CRPF Auditorium. K. It is pertinent to mention that all the concerns mentioned are being addressed through the mitigation measures detailed in the Environment Management Plan (EMP. . Shri Ram Vithal Shiksha Sewa Samiti. DUAC. are already existing within very close proximity to the proposed project site. Institute for Studies in Industrial Development. The residential colonies like Hill View Apartments. Considering the shortage of water and prohibition of Ground Water extraction. Guest House for Govt. Birla Academy etc.Vasant Kunj. Center for Agriculture and Irrigation. It was also highlighted that the fractured. There is a general shortage of water during the summer season in the area. Vasant Kunj and Commercial and Institutional developments like Hotel Grand. development in the adjoining constraint area has been taking place and it has been well within the norms of the relevant agencies/authorities. Vasant Vihar. DDA has promised water supply from water supply scheme provided by DJB. However. of Madhya Pradesh. the educated residents of Vasant kunj. It was stated that this area is a vital“ water recharge area” for the surrounding colonies like Vasant Kunj. CGWA marked this area as water notified area.

Vehicular movement Diesel power generators Air emissions and noise Air emissions Noise Waste 3.CHARACTERISTICS. periodic or accidental. CO. QUANTIFICATION AND PREDICTION POLLUTION SOURCES 5. Periodic.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . SO2 Dust from construction activities and excavation. NOx. only during power failure Periodic Periodic. NOx. liquid and gaseous in nature.Vasant Kunj.1.1 Pollutants generated due to project activities during both the construction and operation phase are solid. Temporary – during the initial construction phase Temporary – during the initial construction phase Earth / solid waste Noise 2. NOx and CO from vehicle exhaust Temporary during construction phase only. Restaurants Wastewater Domestic Solid waste Sewage Domestic Solid Wastes Vehicle exhaust emissions SO2.0 POLLUTION SOURCES . Noise generated from construction equipment and machinery Sewage generated from temporary labour camps on site Solid Waste generated from temporary labour camps on site OPERATION PHASE 1. Shops and Offices March 2006 71 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Ground working and leveling Air emissions – SPM. SPM. Also the generation of pollution could be continuous. RSPM. Particulates. TABLE 5. . Sources of pollutants and their characteristics during the construction and operation phase are given below in Table 5.bulk of the emissions are expected from ground working and leveling activities. Delhi 5. Labour Camps Sewage Solid Waste Solid waste from construction activity and excavation. during oil changes Continuous / Periodic Continuous Continuous Continuous – small quantities 4. CO from fuel burning Noise due to running of equipment Used Oil Generation Wastewater containing waste food matter Garbage / Food waste Wastewater – BOD.S. 2. Pathogens Bio-degradable and nonbiodegradable wastes Continuous / Periodic Periodic. Temporary during initial construction phase. S.1: POLLUTANT SOURCES AND CHARACTERISTICS SN Activity / Area Pollutant Pollutant Characteristics Frequency CONSTRUCTION PHASE 1.

11.1 PREDICTED AIR EMISSIONS FROM THE SITE For the purposes of modeling the movement and dispersion of air emissions.2.Small quantities due to small pipe leaks Floor washing Used equipment parts and garden wastes Ozone Depleting Substance release Minor oil leaks in parking lot Contamination discharge from site – Mainly suspended solids Continuous Continuous Continuous Continuous – small quantities During rainy season 5. The modeling details are provided in Section 6. 12. The sources of air emission can be grouped into three categories of point. March 2006 72 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. 8. such as an industry. Delhi Frequency Continuous Continuous – small quantities Continuous Continuous Continuous Continuous Occasional Accidental / Only due to poor housekeeping 7. Pollutant Characteristics Wastewater – BOD. such as roads.2. Pathogens Bio-degradable and nonbiodegradable wastes Backwash water discharge Sludge from coagulation process Settled and stabilized sludge Treated sewage used for horticulture Settled sludge during tank cleaning Oil spillage – Accidental large spills due to pipe rupture Oil Spillage .Environmental Impact Assessment SN 5 Activity / Area Entertainment area and Cinema halls Pollutant Sewage Domestic Solid Waste 6.2 AIR EMISSIONS AND NOISE Air emissions have no boundaries and can migrate between areas depending upon the wind direction and speed. and A line source is when the sources of emissions from a number of fixed or moving facilities have relatively comparable significance. Raw water treatment Sewage treatment Plant Diesel Storage Wastewater Solid waste Solid waste Treated water Solid waste Oil Ambi Mall . Maintenance / housekeeping Air conditioners Vehicle Parking Area Storm water drains Wastewater Solid waste Air emission Oil Spills Wastewater 10. 5.S. An area source is when the sources of emission are many widely distributed point sources have relatively comparable significance. area and line sources: • • • A point source is a single source of emission with an identified location. .Vasant Kunj. 9. the following section details the potential emissions from the construction/operational activities at the proposed site. S.

OPERATIONAL PHASE During the operational phase. The total area of the site is approximately 8. Due to the confined nature of heavy construction activity during this limited period. SPM is expected to be the main pollutant associated with on-site roads (paved and unpaved).S. Emissions of SPM were conservatively calculated by estimating the emissions from the construction of the multi-storey tower. with most activities occurring in a progressive manner.144 × 10 -4 g/m2/s.3 (U. and semiarid climate (U.3.S. 1995). This emission factor is most useful for developing estimates of overall emissions from construction throughout a geographical area and most applicable to construction operations with medium activity level. The derivation of the factor assumes that construction activity occurs 30 days per month. pollution emission sources shall be distributed throughout the project site and shall fall under the category of area source.S.2. moderate silt contents. assuming 24 hours of construction activity. emission factors for construction activities were used for emissions estimates. 1995). EPA. the following pollutants are expected: • SO2. stockpiles and material handling. 1995). SPM. The entire site will not be simultaneously under heavy construction. with minimal cut and fill material to come from outside the site. so extensive formation work is not expected during this phase. In the absence of information regarding the quantity and type of construction equipment to be deployed at any particular time.2 tons SPM/month of activity/acre as per AP-42 Section 13.1 in Section 6.Vasant Kunj. From this point source.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . March 2006 73 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.25 acres. the diesel generator sets to be operated for back-up power supply are the major source of air pollution. and NOx emissions.0). In this case. an area of approximately 9700 m2 (was used (AS in Figure 6. at the centre of the site. . tailpipe emissions from construction equipment are assumed to be essentially negligible. CO. EPA. In this case. The overall SPM emitted from this area source with no control is 1. Overall SPM emissions were estimated using the emission factor of 1. It is assumed that most of the excavated material shall be used within the project.EPA. Delhi CONSTRUCTION PHASE During the construction phase. The land acquired is fairly flat. making the above estimate somewhat conservatively high for total suspended particulate (U.

These generators are to be located in the Electric Substation area located in the basement of the site (see PS-1 on Figure 6. The characteristics of the diesel generators are provided in the following table: TABLE 5. As a worst-case scenario.67 0.0).Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . . NOx.5 0. Each of them will be provided with scrubbers. The number of diesel generator sets operated shall be based on the load requirement.2 – DIESEL GENERATOR SET SPECIFICATIONS Sr.3 .40 0. NOx. emissions were predicted assuming an operation time of 24 hours. Delhi Diesel Generator Set Fuel Combustion Point Source To serve as a 100% back-up power supply.1 in Section 6.15 Emission rates of SPM.EMISSION RATES FROM DIESEL GENERATOR SET Pollutant Particulate matter (SPM) Sulphur dioxide (SO2) Nitrogen dioxide (NOx) Carbon monoxide (CO) Emission Rate (g/s) 0.Vasant Kunj.5 880 30 0.46 26. as March 2006 74 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.3.5 3. and CO.07 0. and CO were calculated using the MoEF emission limits for new diesel engines for generator sets (greater than 800 kW) in conjunction with the gas flow rate as specified in Table 5. SO2. nine diesel generators of 1500 KVA connected to individual stacks shall be installed. which will reduce the Sulphur content to quite an extent thereby improving the air quality. thus conserving fuel.4 The following table provides emission factors and corresponding emission rates of PM (used for SPM). The emission rate of SO2 was based on the oil consumption rate and the sulphur content in the fuel. TABLE 5. after incorporating the necessary temperature corrections. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Particulars No of DG sets No of stacks Oil consumption (L/hr) Sulphur content (%) Density of oil (kg/m3) Height of stack (m) Diameter of stack (m) Gas flow rate (m3/s) Exit velocity of gas (m/s) 1500 KVA 9 9 252.

2.1 (with regards to spatial phasing and type of sources) is also pertinent to the noise emissions emitted in the construction phase. General noise levels generated from the operation of equipment and machinery are provided in Table 5. which will help in reducing the sulphur content considerably in the emissions (0. 5. intermittent. and location of noise source with respect to noise sensitive receptor.gvrd.2.4: NOISE LEVELS GENERATED FROM CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT Noise Level at 16 m (50 ft) from Source in dB (A) 87 81 85 70 77 81 83 Not considered 86 88 100 80 Noise Level at 1 m from Source (calculated) in dB (A) 111 105 109 94 101 105 107 75 (as prescribed by CPCB) 110 112 124 104 Name of Source Air Compressor Back Hoe/Loader Concrete Mixer Truck Concrete Pumper Concrete Vibrators Cranes . the noise emission sources were examined during both construction and operational phases. CONSTRUCTION PHASE The description of construction activity as detailed in Section 5. with the latter contributing the least to noise pollution). March 2006 75 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. or continuous in nature. the limited information available is provided in Table 5. For the purposes of predicting noise emissions impacts from the site.mobile Dump Truck Generator Hammering Jackhammer Pile Driver Radial Arm Saw Source: www. However.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .Vasant Kunj.2 NOISE EMISSIONS SOURCES The assessment of the impacts of noise on the surrounding community depends upon: • • • characteristics of noise source (instantaneous.ca/education/pdf04/ColumbiaWorkshop1-ConstructionNoise. .bc. time of day at which noise occurs.05%) thereby improving the quality of the air. The generator sets would be provided with scrubbers. Sources of noise emissions are expected from various types of construction equipment.4 below: TABLE 5.pdf The MoEF has not yet prescribed noise emission specifications for construction equipment. Delhi provided by CPCB standards of Sulphur content in HSD (commercial grade) after the year 2005.5.

4 is 125 dB (A).Vasant Kunj. OPERATIONAL PHASE During the operational phase. the diesel power generators will be the major source of noise. Vibrators.. .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .. Front Loaders. Concrete Mixers.. this resultant noise level of 125 dB (A) was subsequently used to predict noise exposure patterns in Section 6. as calculated from information provided in Table 5.3. The total resultant sound pressure level of 9 diesel generator sets was determined to be 85 dB (A) by the addition of sound intensities. Diesel Generator Sets The diesel generators will be located in the multilevel basement of the shopping mall (see PS1 on Figure 6..5 – NOISE LIMITS FOR APPLIANCES AND CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT AT MANUFACTURING STAGE Equipment Window Air Conditioner Air Cooler Diesel Generators Compactors (rollers).1 in Section 6.T = 10 log1 / n ∑10 10    i =1   Where.0). Li = levels observed at n equally spaced times during interval T. Delhi TABLE 5.2. Cranes. using the following formulas: Ptotal Po 2 2 = P1 Po 2 2 + P2 Po 2 2 . The noise level of each diesel generator set will be 75 dB (A). using the following equation and considering all pertinent equipment to be in operation: Li n   Leq. as prescribed by the MoEF. and Saws Noise Limit dB (A) 68 60 85-90 75 The resultant noise emission level.... March 2006 76 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. As a worst-case scenario.

2. the leveling activities would result in very less water usage. Delhi  Ptotal 2 Sound Pressure (Total) in dB (A) = 10 log  P2  o Where: P = Sound Intensity (W/m2)     To keep the noise levels under permissible limits. groundwater reserves would not be exploited for the water requirement.3 WATER AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT 5. Site development: Development of site for the proposed development involves excavation.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . However as the project site is flat with no vegetation cover. The following section summarizes the water requirement. 5. Water requirement for any use at this stage would be provided from water tankers. the proponents are proposing backup with the aid of rainwater collection in the reservoirs which will be duly treated. Construction of building infrastructure: March 2006 77 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Similarly. The attenuation of this noise level is provided in Section 6.1 WATER REQUIREMENTS Water requirement during the construction phase will be met from water tankers to be arranged by the project developers. its sources and management of wastewater. the DG set manufacturer is to take sufficient measures to achieve the targets of noise as per laws. .3. in the event of nonavailability of water or for any excess requirement of water during the operational phase. It is also emphasized that at any stage of the project.Vasant Kunj.3. water recycling and water tankers (in case of water supply failure). However. DJB (Delhi Jal Board) is committed to cater to the water requirements of the project during the operational phase. leveling of the ground surface and stock piling. The water requirements during various phases of the project are discussed below: A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE The project implementation would involve various construction activities. the generation of domestic wastewater can be managed on site.

restaurants. entertainment block. food courts. Delhi The construction of building infrastructure that includes commercial and other units.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . cinema halls etc would require water and may generate waste water too. Water demand during construction phase would be for: March 2006 78 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj. .

superstructure development. Only foundation and superstructure development along with curing of the structure are water intensive. The water requirement is being met from the water tankers. foundation lying. anchor stores 7910 3000 14672 3560 2250 6602 4350 750 8070 6510 2930 3580 March 2006 79 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Ø Domestic use. Construction phase may last for a period of approximately two years in order to complete the earthwork.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Retail Shops 3 anchor stores Water requirement for Café Shop (L.Vasant Kunj.S. Ambience is carrying out concreting work with RMC procured from outside Delhi. service provision and finishing.) Water requirement @ 4 lit/person for 3668 visitors at Upper ground floor Total area 11004 sqmt occupant load @ 3 sqmt/visitor First Floor Water requirement @ 35 Lit/Person for 186 employees in 81 Retail Shops and 3 Nos. based on the number of users and for other services will be as follows: (i) Domestic Water Requirement Description Total Liters/ Day 1575 Domestic Liters/ Day 709 Flushing Liters/ Day 866 Three Level Basements Water requirement @ 35 Lit/Person for 45 employees for management and maintenance Ground Floor Water requirement @ 35 Lit/Person for 226 employees in 101 Nos. . B) OPERATIONAL PHASE DAILY WATER REQUIREMENT AND SOURCES : Daily requirement of water for the entire Complex as per NBC norms after taking allowance for conservation measures proposed for the complex. Delhi Ø Construction activities.

S.S.) Water requirement for 4 lit/person for 1616 visitors at Third Floor Total area 9693 sqmt occupant load @ 6 sqmt/visitor Water requirement for 7 Nos. Anchor store Water requirement for Disco (L.) Water requirement @ 4 lit/person for 1761 visitors at First floor Total area 10563 sqmt occupant load @ 6 sqmt/visitor Second Floor Water requirement @ 35 Lit/Person for 186 employees in 81 Retail Shops and 3 Nos. anchor stores Water requirement for Café shop (L.) Water requirement @ 4 lit/person for 1726 visitors at Second floor Total area 10355 sqmt occupant load @ 6 sqmt/visitor Third Floor Water requirement @ 35 Lit/Person for 106 employees in 49 Retail Shops and 1 No.S. Restaurants @ 50 lit/seat for 400 seats Water requirement for Food Courts with 8 Nos. stalls (L.S.) 3000 7044 2250 3170 750 3874 6510 2930 3580 3000 6904 2250 3107 750 3797 3710 1670 2040 5000 3000 6464 3750 2250 2909 1250 750 3555 20000 7500 15000 5625 5000 1875 March 2006 80 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. .Vasant Kunj.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .) Water requirement for Café Shop (L. Delhi Water requirement for Café shops (L.S.

sensor operated urinals and taps inorder to minimize the wastage of water. Multiplexes Water requirement for coffee shop in multi level 3000 car parking Water requirement for filter backwash working @ 5 5000 hr/day Fire Fighting make up 1500 Scrubber 12000 Wastage 1000 Total 145299 Lit/day Say 145300 Lit/day 3750 5625 2025 2250 -1500 -1000 77112 Lit/day Say 77100 Lit/day 1250 1875 2475 750 5000 -12000 -68187 Lit/day Say 68200 Lit/day As per suggestions of NBC. The project proponents for the proposed project has incorporated water requirement of 35 litres/day/person for the occupants and 4 litres/day/person for the visitors by providing 3 litres capacity WC flushing cistern. water requirement for occupants is 45 litres/day/ person and for visitors the requirement is 6 litres/day/person. Delhi Water requirement for Family Entertainment 5000 Centre (L.Vasant Kunj. Dry type urinals are also proposed to be used selectively. . The urinals shall also be provided with the economical water closets to further reduce water consumption.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .) Water requirement for Al Frasco Dining @ 50 7500 Lit/seat for 150 seats Water requirement @ 15 lit/seat for 300 seats in the 4500 4 Nos. March 2006 81 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.S.

Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall ./Day Irrigation water requirement @ 3 lit/sqmt/day for 6000 sqmt landscaped area Makeup for water body Total (1+2+3) 3 4000 lit/day 40000 lit/day March 2006 82 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. . 1 2 Description 9 Nos.No. DG Set assuming operation @ 2 Hr.Vasant Kunj. Delhi (ii) Process Water Requirement not available for Recycling Quantity 18000 lit/day 18000 lit/day S.

794 m 0.No. Description Quantity 1 2 Volume of water entering STP Treated water available from STP for recycle. Description Quantity Lit/Day 33415 Sqmt 27415 Sqmt 6000 Sqmt 1 2 3 4 Total Plot area Paved area (catchment area) Landscaped area Maximum amount of rainfall than can be harvested from paved area Paved area Annual rainfall Run off coefficient at tiles surface 5 6 7 27415 Sqmt 0. .No. Delhi iii) VOLUME OF WATER RECYCLED BY STP S.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . diversity @ 85% Water requirement for flushing & scrubber Water requirement for processes Water available for recharging to ground water table (2 – 3 – 4) 145300 Lit/Day 123505 Lit/Day Say 123500 Lit/Day 68200 Lit/Day 40000 Lit/Day 15300 Lit/Day 3 4 5 (iv) Rainwater Collection Potential for Reuse or Recharging S.Vasant Kunj.85 March 2006 83 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

825 = 15264.5 cum Total rain water collection for reuse/recharging/harvesting (I) + (II) 15264466 + 595500 595500 Lit (II) 15 15859966 Lit/Yr. spillage and first flush etc. Rain water collection per year 27415 x 0. Delhi 8 Coefficient for evaporation.85 x 0.125 = 595.466 cum 0.No.794 m 0.794 x 0.794 x 0.125 11 12 13 14 Rain water collection per year 6000 x 0.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . . Description 1 Water available for recharging from the complex iii (5) Water available for recharging from rain harvesting Total water available for recharging/harvesting Fresh water required for domestic use Net water stress (4-3) Quantity Liters/day 15300 lit/day 2 43452 Lit/Day 3 4 5 58752 Lit/Day 77100 lit/day 18348 Lit/Day Say 18300 Lit/Day March 2006 84 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj. Or 43452 Lit/Day (v) Net Water Stress S.825 9 15264466 Lit (I) 10 Maximum amount of rainfall that can be harvested from landscaped area Landscaped area Annual rainfall Run off coefficient per lawn 6000 Sqmt 0.

irrigation and water bodies etc. which includes the water requirement for DG sets cooling. which would be duly treated before use in the shopping mall complex otherwise it will be recharged to the ground to augment the water table in the area. using fixtures which are low flow and water efficient models such as 3 litre capacity WC flushing system. would be completely met from the recycled treated water. . alternate arrangements are planned by way of procuring water from tankers or rain water stored in the reservoir. in case of failure of DJB. As per the approved plans from DDA. In that case recharging to ground water table will remain at 16 KLD only. Delhi Hence the total water requirement of the proposed compelx is 185 KLD of which 77 KLD shall be met by Delhi Jal Board/Water Tanker and 123 KLD shall be available from STP thus leaving 15 KLD for recharging/reharvesting in the area and 44 KLD shall be added by rainwater collection/harvesting and therefore adding a total of about 59 KLD for adding to ground to augment the water table in the area. In such eventuality domestic requirements of 77 KLD will be met by way of 34 KLD by water tankers and 43 KLD from rain water stored in the reservoir. Water tankers will be used only in case of any emergency or failure of water supply by DJB or insufficiency of the water reservoir. Water conservation is an important part of sustainable living and in order to optimize the water requirement in the project. However. March 2006 85 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. DJB supply will be the main source of water for the mall complex catering to the domestic demand of 77 cum per day. landscaping and other purposes would be met from duly treated recycled water. Shortfall of domestic water requirements if any from DJB shall be met by Water Tankers/reuse of rainwater stored in the reservoir. but not on a daily basis. DG sets. It can be seen from the above table(s) that the total water demand for domestic consumption is estimated at 77 cum per day excluding flushing requirements during the operational phase.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . which is included in the domestic demand estimations. The water requirement for flushing. Water would be required for fire fighting system. Hence a fixed amount has been allocated in the reservoir dedicated to fire fighting system. net water stress shall remain unaffected at 18 KLD. scrubber and irrigation etc. which include flushing. sensor operated urinals and taps to minimize the wastage of water along with employee education and awareness programme and selective use of dry type urinals. However. There will not be any groundwater extraction at any stage of the project. water requirements are planned to be met partly by tankers and partly by rainwater harvesting by way of collecting the rain water in the specifically built reservoirs. Other demands. In the case of failure of city water supply and in emergency.3. The demand for process requirement has been calculated as 52 cum per day. various mitigative measures shall be proposed to further minimize the impacts.2 WATER BALANCE It has been mentioned before that the domestic water requirements will be met from the DJB Water supply scheme. 5. as there would be no groundwater exploitation for the project requirements..Vasant Kunj. the developers would incorporate the component of water conservation by means of rainwater harvesting and water recycling (discussed in detail in EMP).

Appropriate design considerations have been taken while designing the recharge pits. Please refer to Figure 5.825 spillage and first flush etc 4 Rainfall (M) 0. the construction of a storm water collection drain near the site by the DDA is already on. there will be free flowing surface runoff water.6: ESTIMATE OF RAIN WATER HARVESTING S No Particulars Paved Area 1 Area (Sq. Hence.5 15860 cum/year The total annual rainwater harvesting potential of the project site is 15860 cum. TABLE 5. Delhi Elaborate plans have been made for channelizing the storm water by constructing water drains leading to the reservoirs. Presently.1 for the schematic representation of project water requirement. There is no boundary wall surrounding the total project area including between the adjacent plots.794 5 Rainwater collection per year (cum) 15264. In order to minimize the surface runoff loss.466 Total Water Available from Rainwater Collection Landscaped Area 6000 0. 0. Hence. As discussed before. the project aims at optimizing the given water resources as well as augmenting the present groundwater resources during its operation phase. March 2006 86 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.125 0.85 3 Coefficient of Evaporation. which will be adequately channelized towards the reservoir/tanks to be used to compliment the project needs after due treatment and also for groundwater recharging.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . .M) 27415 2 Runoff Coefficient 0.794 595. groundwater recharging through groundwater recharge pits at the project site has been planned. the rainwater is proposed to be channelized for storage in reservoirs to be used for project needs after due treatment and also for groundwater recharging through the recharge pits. which amounts to about 43 cum of water harvested per day.Vasant Kunj.

Vasant Kunj.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . .1: WATER BALANCE FLOW CHART 185 M³/day Project Demand 18 M³/day 145 M³/day Domestic Process Water & Other Uses 22 M³/day Landscaping Net Water Stress/Requirement 19 M³/day 58 M³/day Ground Water Recharging Process Water & Other Uses 22 M³/day 18 M³/day Landscaping 68 M³/day Flushing 145 M³/day Water into STP 43 M³/Day Total Outside Requirement 77 M³/day Rain Water Harvesting Potential & Water Recycling for Project Uses 123 M³/day (Water from STP) + 43 M³/day (Treated rainwater) DJB SUPPLY WATER STP Tanker Water March 2006 87 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Delhi FIGURE 5.

preference would be given to the employment of labours local to the area. March 2006 88 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Since the project lies in an urban stretch. Wastewater generated is expected to have characteristics and pollution load as shown in Table 5. published by Government of India).3. .10 7 MPN 600-800 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 pH Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD3 at 27°C) mg/l Chemical.5-8. TABLE 5. Wastewater generation due to construction activities would be very less.3 WASTEWATER QUANTIFICATION AND CHARACTERISTICS The wastewater generation during construction and operational phase is described below: A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE As discussed earlier wastewater stream during construction period shall be from transit labour colonies and wastewater from construction activities.7.5 350 700 10 10 5 . Wastewater generation from labour colonies shall not exceed 8 m3 per day. oxygen Demand (COD) Detergents E Coli Suspended solids Total solids Oil and Grease * Calculated for wastewater generation of 165 m3 /day The wastewater with the foresaid characteristics can neither be discharged into inland surface water nor reused.7: EXPECTED WASTEWATER CHARACTERISTICS AND POLLUTION LOAD SN Parameter Concentration in wastewater Mg/l 7. Hence approximately 50 m3 per day of domestic effluent would be generated. it has been assumed that 80 % of the water supplied will be discharged as wastewater (Source: Manual on sewerage and sewage treatment. This would result in settlement of less labour colonies in the project site and hence less wastewater generation from the transit labour settlements. Suitable treatment would be given to the wastewater so as to meet CPCB requirements depending upon the end use. Delhi 5.Vasant Kunj.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . B) OPERATIONAL PHASE During this phase.

minimum maintenance and minimum space requirement.50. to recover the recycled water of quality suitable for use as make up water for the cooling towers of the air conditioning system.Vasant Kunj.8 gives the comparison of the standards that would be met by the treated wastewater and quality norms prescribed for discharge on land by irrigation. for diesel generator cooling system and for scrubber system. The proposed treatment plant would be a self operating system with low power consumption.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . The proposed process would be a high efficiency aerobic treatment scheme based on SAFF (Submerged Aerated Fixed Film) principal using fine bubble diffused aeration. March 2006 89 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Delhi It is proposed to install a sewage treatment plant of capacity 1. .000 litres per day. Table 5. The treated wastewater shall meet the standard required for discharge on land for horticulture.

.9.5 to 9. Delhi TABLE 5.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .8: DISCHARGE NORMS FOR WASTEWATER Parameters Quality Norms Quality Norms for Proposed Treated Discharge On land for Discharge in inland Effluent standard for irrigation surface water Ambi mall mg/l 5. 5.4 SOLID AND OTHER WASTES Waste quantification and characterization exercise is being carried out to estimate the quantum and type of waste that would be generated by different activities due to proposed project during construction and operation phase.1 WASTE SOURCES AND QUANTIFICATION Description of solid and other wastes generated from the site during construction and operation phases of the project is given in Table 5. March 2006 90 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The estimated quantity and quality of waste would serve as a baseline for designing collection. transportation.5 < 15 < 100 <30 < 10 pH Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD3 at 27°C) mg/l Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) mg/l Suspended Solids Oil and Grease 5.0 30 250 100 10 5.Vasant Kunj. treatment and disposal options for solid waste generated due to proposed project.0 100 200 10 mg/l 6.5 to 7.4.5-9.

The waste generation for each activity has been estimated based on National and International standards applicable in similar setting.Vasant Kunj.9: EXPECTED WASTE CHARACTERISTICS AND LOAD S. cardboard. 4.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Institutional area Domestic waste Biodegradable wastes (food waste) and non-biodegradable wastes (paper. No. leaves etc. lumber etc. Waste quantification and characterization exercise is being carried out to estimate the quantum and type of waste that would be generated by different activities at the shopping mall during the construction and operation phase. . OPERATION PHASE 1. March 2006 91 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.) Combustible (paper. Activity / Area Waste Generated and Quantity Waste Characteristics Frequency of Generation CONSTRUCTION PHASE 1. Dirt and dust. Delhi TABLE 5. The following section gives the details of the type of waste generated by different activity. Complex roads Utilities including Power generation Sewage Treatment Plant Street sweepings Waste from oil STP Sludge Daily Only during oil changes – six monthly. waste generation factors and assumptions used for estimating waste generation. Commercial areas Daily 3. Daily 2. 2. Waste quantification has been done based on the activities proposed in the project master plan. plastics etc. cloth. Waste oil Stabilized sludge – to be used as manure for the landscaping. Every week – after sludge drying operation. Temporary – during construction phase. Stones. plastic) etc. catch basin dirt. glass bottles. 5. packing material) and Noncombustible (metals. rags. bricks. Earth Working and Construction Labour camps Construction Wastes Domestic wastes – negligible quantity Earth. concrete. Mainly wastes wastes bio-degradable including food Larger quantities will be generated in construction phase.

restaurants. Waste generation factor for commercial waste as specified in the Manual on Municipal Solid Waste Management is 0. concrete.2 WASTE QUANTIFICATION A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE Construction activities create solid wastes that need to be disposed.0037 kg/ sq m /day. TABLE 5. Commercial waste: Commercial waste would be generated from the commercial area. paper. Following section outlines details of the type of waste generated by different activities. Based on the above. on average. Horticulture waste generated is based on the experience in other projects with similar setting.Vasant Kunj.600 people Discussion with Horticulturists 17315 Sq. Table 5. Forecasting.10 kg/cap/day Garden and open spaces: Waste from open spaces and garden comprise of horticultural waste that will be generated by periodical lawn mowing and trimming of trees. gravel.10 gives detail of the estimated waste generation in Ambi Mall. According to a report prepared by the Technology Information.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . m March 2006 92 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. metal and glass.4. estimated waste generation during construction and demolition operations is 60 kg/m2 and 500 kg/m2 respectively (TIFAC. Such wastes include sand. and Assessment Council (TIFAC). which includes food joints. approximately 2. stone. plastic. . Delhi 5. cinema halls. bricks. B) OPERATIONAL PHASE Waste quantification has been carried out based on the activities proposed in the project master plan. 2001).10 kg/cap/day area Garden & open 15 kg/Acre/day or space 0. Delhi. wood.75 MT of waste would be generated from the project site per day. Waste generation factors for each activity are as per the National and International standards applicable in similar setting. retail shops and other commercial activities. This waste after sorting can be used for backfilling in the basement and for leveling purposes.10: ESTIMATED WASTE GENERATION IN AMBI MALL FOR DIFFERENT ACTIVITIES Facilities Provided Waste generation norms per unit Basis of Assumption Unit Total Waste Generated (Kg /day) 1460 64 1524 Commercial 0. Assumed waste generation factor for horticulture waste is 15 kg/acre / day or .0037 kg/sq m/day Total Waste Generated (kg/day) 14.

A major portion of this waste will be used for backfilling the basement and other leveling purposes.99 2 Brick and Masonry 29.95 3 Concrete 24.11 gives an estimate of the average composition of waste that shall be generated from the onsite construction activities.3 WASTE CHARACTERIZATION Waste characterization for the proposed project has been carried out on the basis of waste characterization studies in similar settings. TABLE 5. A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE During the construction phase.02 Total 100 Source: Derived from TIFAC Report Utilization of Waste from Construction Industry . concrete. brick.04 7 Other 1. concrete block. which largely comprising of clay. pipes. conduits and light steel material. a) Biodegradable b) Recyclable c) Inert /non recyclable Table 5. Constituents Percentage Composition 1 Soil. Delhi 5. No. sand. a considerable quantum (90%) of waste generated at the project site would be inert waste. no paint). .97 5 Bitumen 2. gravel.12 shows the estimated composition of waste generated in Ambi Mall during operation phase.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . The following section details the estimated waste generation for proposed project during construction and operation phases. Table 5. untreated wood (natural wood.Vasant Kunj.98 4 Metal 4.04 6 Wood 2. 2001 B) OPERATIONAL PHASE Waste generated during this phase can be broadly subdivided into following waste streams. March 2006 93 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. asphalt. Sand and Gravel 34.4.11: WASTE COMPOSITION – CONSTRUCTION PHASE S.

DDA is preparing a detailed Traffic Management Plan for the area as a part of the proposed project. Areas that will be impacted include the Nelson Mandela Road. interconnected lawns and open green areas will change the aesthetics of the local area.5 OTHER STRESSORS LEADING TO ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS Change in Landscape of the site: The landscape of the area will change with the coming up of shopping mall project.12: ESTIMATED WASTE COMPOSITION FOR AMBI MALL SN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Characteristics of Waste Physical Characteristics Paper and paper board Glass /ceramics Metals Plastics Rubber and Leather Textile Wood Food waste Others (Garden and Inert) Total Units % % % % % % Percentage Composition 40 5 3 11 1 2 1 18 19 100 5. Delhi TABLE 5. March 2006 94 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The large vista. Site Traffic: The project may cause an increase in the traffic density around the proposed shopping mall complex.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . .Vasant Kunj.

Vasant Kunj. Short term Oil/fuel and waste spills. 7.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . material handling and other construction activities at site. Water quality 4 5 6. material supply etc. Economy related to commercial real estate development. . Delhi 6. operation No significant impact on ambient noise levels at sensitive receptors. excavation. local or regional and also reversible or irreversible. Landuse and Aesthetics Topography and Geology Soils Ecology Flora and Fauna Socio-economy March 2006 95 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.0 6. assess and evaluate the magnitude and their importance to develop an environmental management plan to mitigate the impacts. Short term Surface runoff from project site. Noise 3. of construction equipment. Ambient Quality Dust emissions from site Air preparation. The potential impacts have been identified in Table 6. direct or indirect. Improper debris disposal Discharge of sewage from labour camp. Environmental impacts could be positive or negative. Baseline environmental conditions at the proposed site for various parameters were provided in Chapter 4 whereas Chapter 5 provides the various pollution loads and stressors that could impact the environment.1 and their significance is discussed in Chapter 7 titled Environmental Management Plan. TABLE 6. This chapter discusses the incremental impacts on the environmental parameters during the construction and operation phases of the project.1 IMPACT ASSESSMENT INTRODUCTION The primary function of an environmental impact assessment study is to predict and quantify potential impacts. No significant negative impact.1: IDENTIFICATION OF IMPACTS DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION PHASE SN Components Aspect Potential Impact CONSTRUCTION PHASE 1. expected to boom. No Significant Impacts Minor negative impact No negative impact Overall positive impact 2. Habitat disturbance during construction activity Increased job opportunities. Land development Minor positive impact Site development Construction activity leading to topsoil removal and erosion. Minor negative impact outside shopping mall site. Short term Minor negative impact near noise Noise generated from generation sources inside premises. 8. construction activities. Minor negative impact inside shopping mall premises.

Delhi Potential Impact Minor negative impact OPERATIONAL PHASE Ambient Air Quality Particulate and gaseous emissions from DG sets during power failure and increased vehicular movement Noise from vehicle movement and operation of diesel generator sets during power failure.Vasant Kunj. 5 Water usage Soils No negative impact No negative impact 6. March 2006 96 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. 3. No significant impact at sensitive receptors. Discharge of contaminated storm water Use of 185 KLD of water at peak demand Storage and disposal of solid and other wastes Discharge of sewage Fuel and material spills Pesticides use § Landuse change § Use of Treated effluent for horticulture/greenbelt Increased job opportunity in the new commercial complex 1. Ecology Flora and Fauna No negative impact 7.2 IMPACT ON AIR ENVIRONMENT The impact on the air environment has been carried out by the use of USEPA approved models and is discussed in subsequent sections. Traffic Pattern The shopping mall is likely to Moderate negative Impact add significantly to the predicted traffic during peak hours. Oil/fuel and waste spills. No significant adverse impact 2. Ambi Mall . Components Traffic Pattern Aspect Haul Truck movement and possibility of traffic congestion. Noise Water Quality 4. . 6.Environmental Impact Assessment SN 9. Socio-economy Overall positive impact 8. Discharge of sewage. Minor negative impact Minor negative impact inside premises.

type of source (i.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . thereby providing the exposure risks for different receptors. The averaging periods used in this study are as follows: a) Maximum 24–Hour Concentrations under expected operating conditions. as described in Section 5. Delhi 6. 8–hour and 24–hour) based on the applicability of the NAAQS.2. and point). area. Predicted concentrations were calculated for the critical pollutants assessed in this study.2. over appropriate averaging times (i.1 AIR DISPERSION MODEL USED Air dispersion modeling can be used to predict atmospheric concentrations of pollutants at specific locations (receptors) over specific averaging times (i. and This averaging period is only used for carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations in this study. b) Maximum 8–Hour Concentrations under expected operating conditions.e. This case provides a prediction of the maximum concentrations of contaminants at each receptor for a 24–hour period during which meteorological conditions were least conducive to dispersing pollutants. and source emissions characteristics. and does not include the effect of precipitation. estimates how high into the atmosphere they will go. and hourly). March 2006 97 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.e.2. In order to model contaminants the ISC3 model required: § § § hourly meteorological data as described in Section 4. EPA Industrial Source Complex 3 (ISC3) air dispersion model was used to predict ground level concentrations of the contaminants emitted from area and point sources at the site during both construction and operational phases. The U. how widely they will spread and how far they will travel based on temporal meteorological data.1.e. An atmospheric dispersion model accounts for the emissions from a source. annual.S.1). designed based on the site coordinates. daily.1 the source description including emission rates of the various contaminants.Vasant Kunj. receptor locations and nature of sources. and outputs the pattern of concentrations that will occur for various exposure periods. . the receptor locations and grid (as indicated on Figure 6.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Ambi Mall - Vasant Kunj, Delhi

FIGURE 6.1: MODELING GRID OF AMBI MALL SITE

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Environmental Impact Assessment

Ambi Mall - Vasant Kunj, Delhi

6.2.2 ESTIMATES OF GROUND LEVEL CONCENTRATIONS The results of the air dispersion modeling exercises completed in ISC3 are presented during both phases of the project. The DG sets to be installed in the project complex would have scrubbers to help reduce the Suphur content in the emission gases. During each phase, the maximum modeled concentration along with the spatial distribution of pollutants concentrations are provided in the following subsections.

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Ambi Mall - Vasant Kunj, Delhi

A)

CONSTRUCTION PHASE

The maximum 24 hrs predicted ground level concentration of SPM is 36.4 µg/m3 and is occurred on the project site itself during the construction activity. Figure 6.2 shows the spatial distribution of the SPM around the construction activity. FIGURE 6.2: PREDICTED SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF SPM (µG/M3) DURING CONSTRUCTION
PHASE

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Delhi B) OPERATIONAL PHASE SUSPENDED PARTICULATE MATTER (SPM) The predicted 24 hrs averaged maximum ground level concentrations (GLCs) of SPM is 7. occurring inside the project premises. .3 – PREDICTED SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF SPM (µG/M3) FROM DG-SETS March 2006 101 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Figure 6. For the project premises. The predicted maximum concentrations for the above situations are well below the NAAQS limit of 200 µg/m3.3 shown below represents the predicted spatial distribution of pollutant concentration around the project site. predicted averaged maximum ground level concentrations (GLCs) is 0. occurring inside the project premises. as a worst-case scenario for DG sets operating for 4 hrs. FIGURE 6.Vasant Kunj.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .57 µg/m3.8 µg/m3.

as a worst-case scenario for DG sets operating for 4 hrs. Figure March 2006 102 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . For the project premises. . predicted averaged maximum ground level concentrations (GLCs) is 4. Figure 6.7 µg/m3. as a worst-case scenario for DG sets operating for 4 hrs.2 µg/m3. occurring inside the project premises. The predicted maximum concentrations for the above situations are well below the NAAQS limit of 80 µg/m3. occurring inside the project premises.4 – PREDICTED SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF SO2 (µG/M3) FROM DG-SETS NITROGEN OXIDES (NOX) The predicted 24 hrs averaged maximum ground level concentrations (GLCs) for NOx is 68. For the project premises.6 µg/m3. FIGURE 6. The predicted maximum concentrations for the above situations are well below the NAAQS limit of 80 µg/m3. predicted averaged maximum ground level concentrations (GLCs) is 7.Vasant Kunj. Delhi SULPHUR DIOXIDE (SO2) The predicted 24 hrs averaged maximum ground level concentrations (GLCs) is 40.4 shown below represents the predicted spatial distribution of pollutant concentration around the project site.5 µg/m3. occurring inside the project premises. occurring inside the project premises.

Figure 6. occurring inside the project premises.3 µg/m3. as a worst-case scenario for DG sets operating for 4 hrs.5 shown below represents the predicted spatial distribution of pollutant concentration around the project site. . FIGURE 6. occurring inside the project premises. For the project premises.5 – PREDICTED SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF NOX (µG/M3) FROM DG-SETS CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) The predicted 8 hrs averaged maximum ground level concentrations (GLCs) for CO is 34. The predicted maximum concentrations for the above situations are well below the NAAQS limit of 2000 µg/m3.Vasant Kunj. Delhi 6.8 µg/m3. March 2006 103 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . predicted averaged maximum ground level concentrations (GLCs) is 15.6 shown below represents the predicted spatial distribution of pollutant concentration around the project site.

The distances are provided March 2006 104 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.6 . Delhi FIGURE 6. . Based on this assumption.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .PREDICTED SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF CO (µG/M3) FROM DG-SETS 6. a standard mathematical model for sound wave propagation used is as follows: Noise (Receptor) = Noise (Source) .Vasant Kunj. A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE For an approximate estimation of propagation of noise in the ambient air from the area or point source. while additional environmental attenuation factors were not considered so as to formulate the worst-case scenario.2.3 IMPACT ON NOISE ENVIRONMENT The results of the noise modeling exercise are presented during construction and operational phases of the project. flat terrain were considered. the distances at which the resultant noise level of 125 dB (A) shall be mingled with ambient baseline noise levels are presented in Table 6.20 Log [distance (Receptor) / distance (Source)] For the modeling purposes.

i) Diesel Generator Sets The resultant noise level expected from all diesel generator sources in simultaneous operation is approximately 102 dB (A). . The noise levels presented above are without mitigation measures.2: NOISE PROPAGATION FROM CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES Noise Level (dB (A)) Distance from source (m) 75 125 70 225 65 400 55 1250 As determined from the site-specific Noise monitoring survey. The table below indicates the levels of noise experienced at respective distances from the construction site. Delhi considering ambient noise levels 75. labour colonies) must be located approximately 400 meters from the construction noise generating activities.e. for noise generated by construction activities to be reduced to background noise levels. However. Adherence to this standard will lower the resultant noise emission level from construction activities. the CPCB standards specified for limited construction equipment reflect that noise emission specifications for such equipment should not exceed 75 dB (A). March 2006 105 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. 65. The modeling results from a point source generating noise at approximately this level are shown in Figure 6. the daytime baseline noise level at the site is 54 dB (A) (see Table 4. 70. With respect to occupational exposure. noise pollution will be generated by the diesel generator sets.Vasant Kunj. uncontrolled noise levels generated from construction equipment (Chapter 5). It is assumed that with the adoption of the mitigation measures. noise levels will be further restricted within very short distances from the source.10). B) OPERATIONAL PHASE During the operational phase of the site. all sensitive receptors (i. the permissible threshold is 95 dB (A). in the range of 94-111 dB (A) have been considered for prediction purposes. and 55 dB (A). including measures related to occupational noise.7. as provided in the Environmental Management Plan (Chapter 7).Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Thus. TABLE 6. In addition.

Delhi FIGURE 6. March 2006 106 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The dedicated diesel generator houses will reduce the resultant noise level assuming all diesel generator sets to be in operation at the standard of 75 dB (A) as prescribed by the MoEF.e.4 IMPACT ON WATER RESOURCE This section describes the potential impacts on the water resource due to the proposed project. 1 MW). The potential impacts during construction and operation phases are assessed based on the various activities.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . . manufactured on or after July 1st. treated and used for landscaping activities and other requirements on the site. 2003. This standard is applicable to diesel generator sets with a rated capacity of 1. A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE Construction activities for the proposed development can have minor impact on hydrology and ground water quality of the area should the construction waste leaches into ground. 6. a daily average (equivalent) level of 45 dB (A) should be sufficient to protect the residential population from sleepless nights.Vasant Kunj.000 kVA (i. Potential impacts on the hydrology and ground water quality have been discussed as under. No impact on the surface water is expected since the wastewater from the site would be collected. From uncontrolled diesel generators.7: ATTENUATION OF RESULTANT NOISE LEVEL OF DIESEL GENERATOR SETS Attenuation of Noise Levels in Operation Phase 115 105 Noise Level dB(A) 95 85 75 65 55 45 35 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 Distance from Source (M) Resultant Noise Levels As per the US EPA. the distance required to achieve this noise level is approximately 450 meters. Typical mitigation measures of housing diesel generator sets in acoustic enclosures and the implementation of greenbelts are discussed in the Environmental Management Plan.

The availability of water can be estimated based on sources of water and the projected water usage in the project area. DG sets. Construction and Development of site Development of the proposed site could lead to stockpiling and excavation activity on site. Spillage of oil and grease from the vehicles and wastewater stream generated from on. Construction of Roads and Parking Areas The impact from the road construction depends on both the construction practices and the type of material used. The generation of wastewater can be estimated based on the water usage and consumptive pattern. The procurement of water for project activities is further related to availability of water while the safe discharge of wastewater is related to characteristic of the wastewater generated and disposal mechanism. Construction waste of electrical installation. Site workshop The repair and maintenance of equipments/vehicles on site would generate waste containing oil and grease. The impact can be mitigated to a great extent by installing oil and grease traps during construction phase. Labour Since most of the labours would be locally deployed from nearby villages. thereby causing erosion of base soil.site activities such as vehicles washing. . two basic activities related to water environment are: Procurement of water and release of wastewater. This type of waste would be stock piled and disposed properly. Delhi § § Unaccounted disposal of domestic wastewater from temporary labour camps. Further construction of garland drains will reduce the runoff from the stockpiles. The building structure is based upon the raft foundation. The run off from the site may contain high quantity of suspended solids (SS). The concreting is carried out with RMC procured from outside Delhi. workshop etc. The wastewater stream would also be generated from vehicle washing.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . the wastewater generated under this head would be very less.Vasant Kunj. Therefore the potential impacts on water environment could be as follows: March 2006 107 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. B) OPERATION PHASE During this phase. The impact of runoff may not be very significant except during rainy season. painting and flooring is likely to create significant impact.

In the process 15 KLD shall be available daily for recharging to the ground water table. solid waste and STP sludge spills etc. The treated effluent shall be used for flushing. proposed water requirement for shopping mall is 185KLD per day. the developers would incorporate the component of water conservation by means of rainwater collection in the reservoirs and water recycling (discussed in detail in EMP. Domestic water requirements are to be met by Delhi Jal Board. Considerable impact from wastewater would occur if it were not property treated before disposal or reuse. The sewage treatment plants are envisaged on the site to treat the effluent generated from the proposed project.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . various mitigative measures shall be proposed to further minimize the impacts. . in case of failure of DJB. Chapter 7). Waste Water Impact A large number of pollutants occur in waste water. 77KLD for domestic use and 108KLD for other uses. As per the approved plans from DDA. In any case no groundwater extraction is allowed in the area and hence. sensor operated urinals and taps together with employee education and awareness program coupled with selective use of dry type urinals. would be designed to meet CPCB norms with respect to the discharge limits. However. Other water requirements will be made from the duly treated sewage and other water available for recycling totaling 123 KLD. i. Water tanker would be used as an alternate supply. horticulture and landscape development and the sludge produced shall be disposed alongwith the solid waste or would be used as manure depending upon characteristics. only in case of emergency or failure by DJB to supply water for domestic use. The project proponents exhibit a general concern for water conservation and desire to operate in sustainable ways that would minimize any environmental impact.e. water requirements are planned to be met partly by tankers and partly by rainwater harvesting by way of collecting the rain water in the specifically built reservoirs. nutrients. By way of rain water harvesting further 44 KLD will be available for recharging to the ground water table making a total of 59KLD for recharging to the ground water table. Delhi Ø Reduced percolation to ground water due to increase in non permeable surfaces Ø Contamination of soil water sources from wastewater Ø Spills or leaks from various areas such as fuel and waste oil storage in DG room. which would be duly treated before use in the shopping mall complex otherwise it will be recharged to the ground to augment the water table in the area. March 2006 108 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. As discussed earlier. as approved by DDA. oil and grease and pathogenic microorganisms. the impacts during the operation phase would be related to wastewater disposal. which includes suspended and dissolved solids consisting of inorganic and organic matter.Vasant Kunj. impact of wastewater on the land or water sources would be negligible. The sewage treatment plant. Water conservation is an important part of sustainable living and in order to optimize the water utilization in the project. minimization of water requirement would be done by using water efficient fixtures such as 3 litres capacity WC flushing cistern. Hence.

Proposed development on the project site include development of large inter connected landscaped plazas and green areas at various levels which would enhance the overall aesthetics of the area.Vasant Kunj.3 IMPACTS ON SOILS A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE Impact on soil owing to the project construction activity includes soil erosion. Other factors contributing to soil erosion is increased runoff and decrease in permeability of the soil. however construction and associated activities would expedite erosion if not managed properly. Planned environment friendly development would create a positive impact on the aesthetics and visual appeal of the region.1 IMPACTS ON LAND ENVIRONMENT IMPACTS ON LANDUSE AND AESTHETICS The proposal to develop the shopping mall on the proposed site was developed in 2003 by DDA with the land use of the area marked for institutional/commercial development. Thus. Both physical and chemical desegregations of soil would occur during the construction phase. decrease in permeability and increased runoff. A 50 m wide green strip along the Nelson Mandela near the project site is being planned for further aesthetic up gradation of the area. Erosion of soil may occur on account of removal of vegetation and large-scale excavation activity for construction. Use of heavy machinery and storage of material compact the soil.5. No additional stresses will be imposed by the project on these parameters and hence no significant impacts are expected.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . hence impact owing to removal of vegetation would be minimal. sensitive use of stone. positive impact is anticipated on the land use pattern and aesthetics of the area. Currently the project site has no green areas and no vegetation. Since the proposed site is a plain land. Compaction of soil as well as mixing of construction material with soil would also lead to reduced infiltration of water. water and greenery to create an efficient and aesthetic work environment. physical and chemical desegregations and pollution of soil. The proposed facade of the complex was designed with climate responsive elements. Delhi 6.5 6. with a major amount of the land dedicated to landscaped and green areas.2 IMPACTS ON TOPOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY The proposed activity during the construction phase would involve excavation work and leveling of proposed site. The project was envisaged as a landmark commercial building. Physical desegregations would occur due to excavation of different layers of soil and subsequent mixing of different layers and would lead March 2006 109 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. the topography as well as geology is not anticipated to change due to proposed project. Site for the project has no vegetation. . Delhi Urban Arts Commission (DUAC) has also cleared the project.5.5. 6. 6. compaction.

air conditioning etc. Impact from construction waste may arise owing to the shortage of dumping sites. construction debris (including asbestos-containing material). The soil of the project site is degraded and compact. Ø Storm water will be used to recharge the aquifer after filtration of silt and sand and also be utilized for project water requirements. oil filters and batteries. Chemical desegregations and pollution of soil would be on account of spillage of oil from vehicles used for transportation of construction material and from the building material used for construction purposes. due to the following management measures: Ø All solid and other wastes from the mall complex will be properly collected. oil and other material storage areas. Hence no significant impact is expected on this parameter. carefully designed landscaped areas and plantation will be maintained. 6. Delhi to disruption of soil structure. No significant impact is expected on the soil in and around the site. Potential pollution problems during construction activities include improper dumping of construction debris. Ø The entire site area will be well paved and thus there will be no leaching of any substances in case of spills. solid waste generated will include biomass from land clearing activities. Pollution risks may arise from leakage and spillage of oil or fuel through March 2006 110 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. waste fuel and lubricants. construction and other waste. However. Ø Wastewater will be treated and disinfected and reused for various horticulture/green belt and other activities like flushing.Vasant Kunj. stored and disposed. B) OPERATION PHASE During the operation phase. Proposed mitigation plan suggest maximum reuse of construction waste on site and removal of waste non-reusable waste from the site and proper disposal. increase in transportation and disposal cost and environmental deterioration. waste from the labour camp.5. which would reduce the impact significantly (details in EMP Section). Ø Secondary containment will be provided in fuel.4 IMPACTS DUE TO WASTE DISPOSAL A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE During the construction phase. Other wastes generated during construction phase may include contaminated soil.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . An integrated solid management plan will be developed as per the details given in Chapter 7. environmental management measures will be implemented to reduce further degradation of soil. . These are described in Chapter 7. minimize erosion and construction of silt traps etc.

Storage at source and Collection of the wastes and sent to the nearest landfill site for disposal. and residual paints and solvents. Delhi poor protection. if not disposed properly can cause the following impact on environment. small changes in critical areas can make large areas unsuitable for animal habitat. Potential pollution problems may arise from storage. treatment and transportation of contaminated soils. management of the solid waste will focus on the Segregation/Sorting. Potential primary and secondary impacts from the proposed project on the biological environment has been identified and noted below: March 2006 111 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. ground water. vehicle damage or the accidental opening of valves. storage and collection of waste. Waste management measures for such wastes suggested in EMP would reduce the impact. surface water and air quality.6 IMPACTS ON BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT Prediction and assessment of impacts on the ecology entail a number of technical and professional considerations related to both the predictive aspects and the interpretation of the significance of anticipated changes. Hence. The waste generated within the complex would be disposed as per standard norms of MoEF. . Regular public awareness meetings will be conducted to involve the occupants and the employees to ensure proper segregation. Ø Ø Ø Ø Ground water contamination by leachate generated by non-scientific dumping Surface water contamination by the run off from the dumping site Bad odor.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . the destruction of vegetation and loss of soil usually results in reduction of habitat for animals. no negative impact on soil quality in the study area is anticipated during operational phase of the project Waste would be segregated and collected as per the Solid Waste (Management and Handling) rules. B) OPERATION PHASE During this phase. In the terrestrial environment. inadequate design and poor operation. The relationship between the extent of the physical disturbance on the area and the amount of habitat lost or degraded is nonlinear. During the operational phase. 2000. environmental impact from solid waste can typically include contamination of soil. Moreover. An ecologist would be able to correlate and conceptualize a risk based assessment on the available species and would be able to predict qualitatively if the species abundance could reduce or a susceptible species may become extinct from the habitat as a result of increased pollution load.Vasant Kunj.g. Pests. Solid waste. Methane) Impacts may also result from improper siting. 6. rodents and wind blown litter in and around the collection site Generation of inflammable gases (e. The simplest approach towards prediction of ecological impacts is based on species richness and abundance based comparisons.

Therefore. with little habitat loss. noise and visual disturbance may be generated during site development that can affect the behavior of fauna (especially bird. Delhi The significance of ecological impacts is evaluated based on the criteria set forth: Ø Habitat quality Ø Species affected Ø Size/abundance of habits/organisms affected Ø Duration of impacts Ø Magnitude of environmental changes However this being rapid EIA. March 2006 112 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. CONSTRUCTION STAGE The potential impacts of project construction on terrestrial ecological potential sources include: • Terrestrial Ecology . Air Pollution & other disturbances: Air. butterflies and other insects. potential impacts to flora are considered minimal. “moderate” or “severe”.Noise & disturbance. Aquatic Ecology • Site development: The existing land cover and physiognomy support plant species typical of habitats and having a low plant diversity and simple structure. All such species in the study area will be preserved.Site development. . impacts are ranked here as “minor”. reptiles and very small mammalian species) of the adjacent habitats. Due to commonness of the species recorded and small area of habitats to be lost. For example. although in a few cases a ranking may be minimal. whereas it might be ranked as “severe” if it affected rare species or habitat of large number of individuals or large area. . the proposed development scenarios at the project site will result in a less than significant biological resources impact.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . potential impacts to flora are considered minor. Loss of disturbed area will cause loss of mainly herbaceous species. an impact might be ranked as “minor” if it affected only common species and habitat. or if it affected small number of individuals or small area. The ranking of a given impact will vary based on the criteria used. A. The removal of herbaceous ground cover around the project site will be compensated by a peripheral green belt. Most fauna recorded or reported to occur in the study area are disturbance tolerant. Noise. The remaining agriculture and the open scrubs around the proposed site support either high bird and reptiles abundance or species richness. Therefore.Vasant Kunj. Potential impacts to flora are thus minimal.

This section discusses the extent of the potential impacts anticipated from the project activities. . Fauna inhabiting nearby areas of the construction site may be temporarily affected by noise and disturbance generated during site development and construction. these activities and the resulting impact on the existing ecology would be suitably compensated and mitigated adopting comprehensive EMP. alternative habitats are available in nearby areas. a green belt will be included in the development plan. Based on the limited fauna community and important flora observed in the buffer zone and the existing land use pattern of the surroundings. In addition. operational impacts are ranked as minimal. Since most terrestrial fauna recorded or reported to occur in the study area. parks and gardens. are disturbance tolerant and some are dwellers of typical rural setting hence. there is no permanent water body is located within the 10 km radius from the proposed site.e. 6. Delhi Construction will mainly take place in project areas. C) OPERATION STAGE This section of the report considers the potential impacts of project during the operation on terrestrial ecology and potential sources of impact include air. positive. and disturbance is going to be confined during the construction period only. where biodiversity is highly improvised. However. Potential impacts of project operation on terrestrial ecology include long-term air and noise pollution and disturbance generated by area lighting and traffic. the potential impacts to faunal groups from this source are ranked minor. This will provide habitats for wildlife in the study area.7 IMPACTS ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT The proposed site for the shopping mall is a part of the land auctioned by the DDA specified commercial establishments as per the Delhi Master Plan. This area does not form part of any ridge or forest area. Hence. No impact on the local ecology is expected from the background sources during the operational stage. the assessment has been divided into three category i. March 2006 113 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Besides. Hence. potential impacts to fauna from this source are ranked as minimal. the impact on aquatic ecosystem from the proposed project is considered as a non-issue. Based on the nature and type of impacts. noise pollution. negative and negligible impacts.Vasant Kunj. Aquatic Ecology As mentioned earlier. The treated wastewater will be reused in greenbelt. wastewater and other disturbances.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .

Jobs opportunities will happen in customer care. People from these areas. various manual-labouring activities can engulf residents of nearby settlements. Infrastructure Development The proposed project would enhance the existing infrastructure in the area by providing a cleaner and environment friendly office and commercial area. These include ancillary jobs like sanitary staff. Munirka residential areas suggests that young professionals will be a good source of workforce during the operation of the shopping mall. During the construction phase. The general development in the area will result in the overall appreciation of land value of the adjoining areas. . Delhi A) POSITIVE IMPACTS: Job Opportunity: The project activities are likely to generate employment opportunities both during construction and the operations phase. A green belt of about 50m width is planned in between the project site and the Nelson Mandela Road for better aesthetics of the area. This would benefit the existing residents of the area. sales.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Vasant Vihar. security staff. etc. cash counter management.Vasant Kunj. The 66 KVA overhead lines have been removed and replaced with underground cables for better safety of the nearby residents. will also have opportunities during the operation of the shopping mall. DDA is developing a rainwater drain for systematic collection of rainwater to be later used for groundwater recharge in the area. creating avenues for direct/indirect employment in the post project period. helpers. etc. Wider Economic Growth This project will increase the economic activities around the area. gardeners. like the coolie camp. Additional Revenues for Delhi Government March 2006 114 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The educational status of the Vasant kunj. There would be a wider economic impact in terms of generating opportunities for secondary occupation within and around the complex. The occupational profile of nearby settlements is such that the locals can be good source of labour during both phases. cleaners. Thus the impact on employment due to construction and operation of the shopping mall can be considered as “significantly positive”. The Nelson Mandela is being made signal free for efficient management of traffic. The community therefore can benefit from the jobs available.

Vasant kunj and Vasant Vihar is categorized as an area facing acute water shortage problems. In consideration to this the proposed project will help in preserving the environment through its mitigative measures. Factors related to the use and availability of water after the construction of shopping complex may possibly affect water availability in the area. the project proponents are planning extensive plantation and greening of the project site area. Property tax. The Environmental Management Plan. Loss of Vegetation and its impacts on people There is a concern among the residents of the area that developmental activities could lead to exploitation of vegetation cover in the area. the project proponents would not extract groundwater in compliance to the CGWB directions. All the above concerns are being addressed through the mitigation measures developed for the project. The increase in traffic may create congestion. The greenbelt development mentioned within the management plan explicates the adressal of this issue. The impact on the Government revenue due to construction can be considered as “no impact” while the operation of the Ambi Mall can have “significantly positive impact”. B) NEGATIVE IMPACTS Water Scarcity Problems The entire South Delhi. mitigative measures and emergency response plan. licenses and permits fee etc. . particularly during the operation phase. there will be no obstruction in the natural flow pattern of the rainwater. the traffic in the area is likely to increase. However. specifically the localities of Mahipalpur. Environmental Impact Assessment chapter gives a summary of potential impacts. Sufficient groundwater recharge pits are planned inside the project area. Traffic and Transport With the construction of the shopping mall. as a mitigative measure to address this issue. rainwater will be collected in the reservoir for water harvesting and to augment the water table in the area and if need arises will be used to compliment project water requirements together with treated recycled water after due treatement. Other commercial establishments around the area do not plan to utilize groundwater. did not have any vegetation cover or plantation thereof.g. a concern shared by residents of that area. which would compliment the groundwater resources along with the natural recharging in the landscaped areas of the project site. details the plans for construction of water recharge pits. Delhi The proposed development would act as a major source of revenue for Delhi Government from a variety of sources e. The project site.Vasant Kunj. as auctioned by the DDA. potential delays and inconvenience March 2006 115 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The project has been so designed to prevent any socio-economic negative impacts on the people directly involved in the project. For the proposed project. Munirka. population around the proposed site and the region in general.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . As no boundary wall is planned around the proposed project site. However.

Archeological and Architectural Sites: There are no historical or archeological monuments of significance within the project site and hence no negative impact in this regard is anticipated. March 2006 116 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. During the operation phase also. Transient Labour Population Labourers for the project would be from Delhi and surrounding areas. A very small fraction of people working in the complex may come and settle in the vicinity of the site. The majority of labours working on the site would be on a contract basis or from the neighbouring settlements.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Therefore the impact on demography due to construction and operation of the shopping mall can be considered as “no impact”. C) NEGLIGIBLE IMPACTS Demography Majority of the labour is likely to be recruited locally and only skilled workers would be required from outside. No significant pressure on local infrastructure is envisaged if a small percentage of labourers settle in and around the site during construction phase. However the probability of inconvenience faced due to the movement of trucks during construction phase would be negligible. Delhi for pedestrians and residents accessing the localities. Hence.3. Impact on Historical. .Vasant Kunj. The development of Nelson Mandela road by DDA for a signal free road is underway for better traffic management of the area. The traffic study and Traffic Management Plan being developed by DDA for the project areas would further reduce the negative impact of the traffic increment during the operation phase. the facility would not lead to migration or relocation of any group to the proposed site. Therefore the project is not likely to significantly alter the existing demographic profile and the existing population density. which is anticipated to be very small and will not alter the existing demographic profile of the area. since the trucks would be allowed to transport construction material during night and non-peak hours. D) SUMMARY OF IMPACTS A summary of likely impacts due to proposed project is noted in Table 6. negligible impacts are envisaged in traffic and transport of the area.

excavation. Water quality . No significant impact on ambient noise levels at sensitive receptors.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Delhi TABLE 6. material handling and other construction activities at Site. Soils Ecology Flora and Fauna - Minor negative impact Minor negative impact The site and adjacent areas does not have any significant flora and fauna diversity and density. Impacts will be confined to short distances. 1.Improper debris disposal Discharge of sewage from labour camp. interconnected lawns and with sustainable infrastructure plan will enhance the visual appeal of the area. Building will be designed as per IS standards for earthquake protection. Baseline noise level were within standards. Region is flat and hence no impacts on topography. - 2. . Complex encompasses major portion as open areas and green spaces. No perennial surface water resource adjacent to site.Vasant Kunj. Local labour will be employed to reduce size of labour camps. No blasting or other high intensity noise activities envisaged. Minimal due to effective EMP proposal 4 Landuse and Aesthetics - Land development Permanent positive impact 5 Topography and Geology - Existing site is flat Constructio n activity leading erosion. No negative impact outside the site. Noise Minor negative impact near noise generation sources inside premises. Impacts are temporary during construction phase. No 7. Contribution of noise from mall operation will be confined in time and space Impact will be temporary.3: SUMMARY MATRIX OF PREDICTED IMPACTS DUE TO AMBI MALL PROJECT Predicted impacts SN Components Activities Extent of Impacts CONSTRUCTION PHASE Ambient Air Quality Dust emissions from site preparation.Surface runoff from project site . as coarse particles will settle within the short distance from activities. 3. Habitat disturbance during construction activity No Significant Impacts 6. The landuse of the area is commercial. Temporary impacts during construction phase. March 2006 117 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Noise generated from construction activities and operation of construction equipment Minor negative impact inside mall site premises. Labour colonies shall be provided potable water for drinking.

real estate development.Vasant Kunj. which will help reduce the sulphur contents thereby improving the quality of air. Water Quality - 4. Delhi SN Components Activities Predicted impacts Extent of Impacts endangered recorded on site. Discharge of contaminated storm water Minor negative impact inside premises. - Overall positive impact Minor negative Impact OPERATIONAL PHASE Soundproof DG sets will be used only as back up and would be required for 2-4 hours a day. March 2006 118 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Socioeconomy 9. species 8. Noise Noise from vehicle movement and operation of diesel generator sets during power failure.Total water requirement will be 185 KLD Major Water supply for domestic use to the project would be from the supply water from DJB and no groundwater resources will be tapped at any stage of No negative impact the project. Alternate arrangement will be met with water tankers in case of any emergency or failure by DJB to supply water. material supply etc. The generators would be provided with scrubbers. . 1. 3. No significant impact at sensitive receptors. Economy related to commercial. Water Availability .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Traffic Pattern Increased job opportunity. Ambient Air Quality Particulate and gaseous emissions from DG sets Minor negative impact inside building and downwind of mall premises. Process water envisaged as no requirements will be met ground water is to from recycled water as well as treated rainwater if need be used be. 2. Haul Truck movement and possibility of traffic congestion outside site. No significant adverse impact Baseline noise is already higher than the standards.

Also a signal free one way circular road has been provided by DDA around the complex. Project will be landmark for commercial building in Delhi Predicted impacts Extent of Impacts No negative impact No negative impact No significant flora and fauna is recorded in impact zone - 7. . Minor Negative Impact Traffic management measures and additional road infrastructure has been planned by the DDA to meet the increased traffic loads by redesigning Nelson Mandela road and making it signal free. Traffic Pattern The complex is likely to add significantly to existing traffic levels.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Socioeconomy - Overall positive impact -- 8. Delhi SN Components 5 Soils 6. Ecology Flora and Fauna - Activities Storage and disposal of solid and other wastes during oil change Pesticides use Landuse change Discharge of wastewater to surface water bodies Increased job opportunity during construction and operation phase. March 2006 119 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj.

will strive to provide and implement the EMP that incorporates all issues related to air. Ø Implementation: This comprises of resources available to the developers. The other benefits include cost control as improved relations to the stakeholders. EMP includes four major elements. and Ø Plan that ensure remedial measures are implemented immediately. including consultants.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . training of operational staff associated with environmental control facilities and documentation of measures to be taken. EMP also ensures the project implementation is carried out in accordance with the design by taking appropriate mitigative actions to reduce adverse environmental impacts during its life cycle.Vasant Kunj. accountability of contractors. Ø Measurement & Evaluation: This includes monitoring. land and water for the project. legal requirements and setting environmental objectives. Ltd.0 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN The Environmental Management Plan (EMP) is a site specific plan developed to ensure that the project is implemented in an environmental sustainable manner where all contractors and subcontractors. The various potential impacts are discussed under Section 6. Ø To ensure that the component of facility are operated in accordance with the design. Ø Planning: This includes identification of environmental impacts. Ø Process that confirms proper operation through supervision and monitoring. The EMP is generally: Ø Prepared in accordance with rules and requirements of the MOEF and the Delhi Pollution Control Committee. and record keeping. understand the potential environmental risks arising from the proposed project and take appropriate actions to properly manage that risk. . corrective actions. March 2006 120 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The key benefits of the EMP are that it provides the organization with means of managing its environmental performance thereby allowing it to contribute to improved environmental quality. the plan outlines roles and responsibility of the key personnel and contractors who are charged with the responsibility to manage the Ambi Mall site.0. Ø Commitment & Policy: Ambience Developers Pvt. Delhi 7. Ø System that addresses public inconvenience during construction and operation of the facility. Also. The plan outlines existing and potential problems that may adversely impact the environment and recommends corrective measures where required.

The components of the environmental management plan. March 2006 121 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. a Monitoring Team should be formed by the project proponent comprising of the site in-charge.1. operation and management of the EMP including the regulatory compliance. potential impacts arising out of the project and remediation measures are summarized below in Table 7. This committee’s role would be to ensure proper.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . project planning group representative and project implementation team representative.Vasant Kunj. . Delhi It is suggested that as part of the EMP.

Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Not significant In an unlikely event of soil and ground water contamination.1: SUMMARY OF POTENTIAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES SR.Vasant Kunj. § Rain Water Harvesting Scheme § Waste water treatment and reuse § Storm water collection and water harvesting § Awareness Campaign for reduced water use by employee and visitors Ground water quantity will be augmented In an unlikely event of failure by supply water system. remediation measures shall be implemented. 1. 2. IMPACT EVALUATION No significant impact as negligible quantities generated as majority of laborers would be deployed locally REMEDIAL MEASURES Operation Phase § Sewage treatment through SAFF process § Sewage sludge to be used as manure for landscaping and greenbelt development No extraction of Ground water allowed No negative impact on ground water quality envisaged. Delhi TABLE 7. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS Groundwater Quality POTENTIAL IMPACTS Ground water contamination POTENTIAL SOURCE OF IMPACT Construction Phase § Waste water generated from Labor settlements § CONTROLS THROUGH EMP & DESIGN Wastewater channel from the site would be connected to the septic tank. Groundwater Quantity Ground Depletion Water Construction Phase § Use of Tanker Water for construction activity. NO. Operation Phase § Surface Water is the main source of water supply to the project during operation § No impact on ground water quantity envisaged. March 2006 122 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. . water will be brought using tankers and Ground water charging scheme will be started in neighboring areas too.

NO.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .Vasant Kunj. § CONTROLS THROUGH EMP & DESIGN Silt traps and other measures such as. additional on-site diversion ditches will be constructed to control surface run-off during site development. In case of any event of discharge of water from the site. SO2. Suitable control measures will be adopted as per a dust control plan. the applicable water quality standards will be maintained as per Water Act based on discharge location on Land /surface water body / sewer During construction phase the contractors are advised to use dust masks for the employed labour Water sprinkling for suppression of dust during construction phase. Delhi SR. Rapid on site construction and improved maintenance of equipment. 3. Emissions of SPM. Not significant because dust generation will be temporary and will settle fast due to dust suppression techniques used Not significant as majority of dust is generated from material handling. Emission control particle filters on construction equipment. IMPACT EVALUATION No off site impact envisaged as no surface water receiving body nearby. Air Quality Dust Emissions Construction Phase All heavy construction activities. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS Surface Water Quality POTENTIAL IMPACTS Surface water contamination POTENTIAL SOURCE OF IMPACT Construction Phase § Surface runoff from site during construction activity. and tailpipe emissions from construction vehicles are minimal in comparison to nearby main road. . REMEDIAL MEASURES Operation Phase § Discharge of domestic wastewater to surface water body. Regular monitoring of emissions and control measures to reduce the emission levels together with regular maintenance of construction equipment and vehicles March 2006 123 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. § Domestic water treatment scheme developed to treat the wastewater so that it can be reused for greenbelt development and other activities No off site impact envisaged 3. NOx and CO Construction Phase Operation of construction equipment and vehicles during site development.

Individual stack with an increased height will lower all pollutant concentrations. . Noise Environment Noise emissions Construction Phase Operation of construction equipment and vehicles during site development. set would be used as power back up (2-4 hours/ day). Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) like earmuffs and earplug during construction activities. Operation Phase Noise from vehicles movement Noise from D.G.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . and noise levels from construction mingle with background at a distance of 400 meters. March 2006 124 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.G. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS POTENTIAL IMPACTS POTENTIAL SOURCE OF IMPACT Operation Phase Power generation through D. Green belt to be provided with specific species reducing SPM levels. Delhi SR.G Set Operations. The DG sets would be provided with scrubbers.Vasant Kunj. Short-term exposure within permissible limit. Use of well-maintained equipment fitted with silencers. Providing noise shields near the heavy construction operations Construction activity will be limited to daytime hours only. Not significant as residential areas are located at least 450 m away from the site. NO. REMEDIAL MEASURES 4.G sets Not significant as increase is minimal. Providing acoustic enclosures and wall surrounding D. CONTROLS THROUGH EMP & DESIGN Use of ultra low Sulphur diesel and NOx retarder if required. which will reduce the Sulphur content and thereby improve the quality of air. sets operations Green Belt Development and development of silence zones for traffic movement. IMPACT EVALUATION Not significant as D.

which will enhance the ecology. § Proposed solid waste management system for waste collection.G sets 6. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS Land Environment POTENTIAL IMPACTS Soil contamination POTENTIAL SOURCE OF IMPACT Construction Phase § Disposal of construction Debris § CONTROLS THROUGH EMP & DESIGN Construction debris will be collected and suitably used on site as per construction waste management plan. DDA is also planning a green belt of about 50m width in between the Nelson Mandela road § Negligible impact The proposed site is devoid of any vegetation. Storage and Segregation. No Significant Impact § Waste oil handling from D. Delhi SR.Vasant Kunj. Socio-Economic Environment Population displacement and loss of Income Construction Phase § No displacement of population. Waste will be transported to the municipal landfill site for treatment and disposal. Surrounding areas have sparse vegetation. 5. REMEDIAL MEASURES Operation Phase § Dumping of municipal solid waste on land. Positive Impact . .-- No negative impact March 2006 125 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Operation Phase § Increase of Green Cover 7. § IMPACT EVALUATION Impact will be local. Not significant. Biological Environment (Flora and Fauna) Displacement of Flora and Fauna on site Construction Phase § Site Development during construction. as any waste generated will be reused for construction activities. Waste oil generated will be sold to authorized recyclers § Any important plant species (if any) in the area will be identified and marked Suitable green belt will be developed as per landscaping plan in and around the site using local flora. NO.

No of drop in and pick up points have been provided for free flow of traffic within the site. Delhi SR. NO. Traffic Pattern Increase of Vehicular traffic Construction Phase § Heavy Vehicular movement during construction No negative Impact -- Operation Phase § Traffic due to people visiting the shopping mall once the site is operational. § . Three exit and entry points are planned. . ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENTS POTENTIAL IMPACTS POTENTIAL SOURCE OF IMPACT Operation Phase § Site operation § CONTROLS THROUGH EMP & DESIGN Project will provide employment opportunities during construction and operations phase. No negative Impact March 2006 126 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . § Vehicular movement will be regulated inside the site with adequate roads and parking of 1772 vehicles in the 3 level basements and multilevel car parking. § Providing shopping and recreational space in Delhi § Heavy Vehicular movement will be restricted to day time only and adequate parking facility will be provided. § Signal free circular road will be provided by DDA for entering the Vasant Kunj shopping mall complex. IMPACT EVALUATION Beneficial Impact REMEDIAL MEASURES -- 8. § Nelson Mandela is being redesigned for easing the increasing traffic.Vasant Kunj.

Downwash of trucks (especially tyres) prior to departure from site. Apply water to at least 80 percent of the surface areas of all open storage piles on a daily basis when there is evidence of wind driven fugitive dust. 2c. 6. handheld sprays and automatic sprinkler systems. Dust Control Plan Table 7. For any earth moving which is more than 30m from all property lines. 5.2 during the construction phase of the proposed project. Areas. and Ø procedural changes to construction activities. they apply to all inactive disturbed surface areas. the following measures are recommended for implementation: Ø a dust control plan. TABLE 7. Water all roads used for any vehicular traffic at least twice per day of active operations.Vasant Kunj.2. incoming loads could be covered to avoid loss of material in transport. Delhi 7. 4a. . OR 3b.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . in total. Apply dust suppressants in sufficient quantity and frequency to maintain a stabilized surface. 2d. must have an application of water at least twice per day to at least 80 percent of the unstabilized area. Water all roads used for any vehicular traffic once daily and restrict vehicle speed to 15 mph. especially if material is transported off-site. 2a.1 EMP FOR AIR ENVIRONMENT A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE To mitigate the impact of SPM (dust) as discussed in Section 6. OR 4b.2: DUST CONTROL PLAN Fugitive Dust Source Category Earth-moving Disturbed surface areas (except completed grading areas) Disturbed surface areas (completed grading areas) Inactive disturbed surface areas Dust Control Actions 1a.1 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN An environmental management plan (EMP) will be required to mitigate the adverse environmental impacts during construction and operation phase of the project and these are as below: 7. specific to construction activities. Unpaved roads Open storage piles Track-out control The most cost-effective dust suppressant is water. Utilize any combination of control actions 2c.2 provides a dust control plan. Apply water to at least 80 percent of all inactive accessible disturbed surface areas on a daily basis when there is evidence of wind driven fugitive dust. which cannot be stabilized. Water can be applied using water trucks. because a source of water tends to be readily available on a construction site. as evidenced by wind driven dust.1. Apply dust suppression in a sufficient quantity and frequency to maintain a stabilized surface. Furthermore. 127 March 2006 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. or 3a such that. 3a. conduct watering as necessary to prevent visible dust emissions from exceeding 100m in length in any direction. 2b.

since catalytic converters cool down.2.Vasant Kunj. as the production takes place in controlled settings and external factors such as weather and traffic do not interfere.Recognizing that significant emission reductions can be achieved through regular equipment maintenance. All the DG sets would be March 2006 128 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Improved Maintenance . and Ø greenbelt development.Construction equipment is commonly left idling while the operators are on break or waiting for the completion of another task. as the impact of SO2 emission is minimal because of the use of low (~0.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Setting up temporary portable concrete plants and/or asphalt plants at construction sites can eliminate haulage of materials. Idling Time Reduction . .2 during the operational phase of the site the following measures are recommended for implementation: Ø diesel generator set emission control measures. Delhi Procedural Changes to Construction Activities Material Production . reduce emissions from traffic delay. and diesel oxidation catalysts (DOCs). A monetary incentive/disincentive provision will be established to encourage contractors to comply with regular maintenance requirements. Diesel Generator Set Emission Control Measures The most important pollutant requiring further control is NOx. Emissions from idling equipment tend to be high. Reduction of On-site Construction Time . thus reducing the efficiency of hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide oxidation. especially for sites that are relatively far from material manufacturers. Emission Control for Equipment Control equipment such as particle filters can be used to reduce diesel particulate matter emissions.The transport of materials such as concrete and asphalt to construction sites generate significant amounts of road dust. without intervention from the operators. Off-site fabrication of structural components can also enhance the quality of work. B) OPERATION PHASE To mitigate the impact of pollutants from diesel generator sets as discussed in Section 6. contractors will be asked to provide maintenance records for their fleet as part of the contract bid and at regular intervals throughout the life of the contract. Existing idling control technologies.Rapid on-site construction would reduce the duration of traffic interference and therefore.05%) Sulphur in diesel as fuel. which automatically shut the engine off after a preset time can reduce emissions.

e. The add-on emission control technologies are not considered as it leads to pollution transfer to another media and shall require further mitigative measures.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . The following mitigation measures are proposed for NOx reduction: Ø add-on emission control technologies. reduce the flow of dust and reduce noise pollution. inherent low NOx emissions technologies (i. Delhi provided with scrubbers.2 EMP FOR NOISE ENVIRONMENT A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE March 2006 129 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.1. Table 7.3 indicates various species to be used to reduce air pollution in greenbelt development: TABLE 7.Vasant Kunj. and Ø NOx retarder Among the above-mentioned options. Greenbelt Development Increasing vegetation in the form of greenbelt is one of the preferred methods to mitigate air pollution. which will help. reduce the Sulphur content thereby improving the quality of air. .3 – SPECIES TO BE USED FOR AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT VIA GREENBELT DEVELOPMENT General Pollution Air Pollution Attenuation Dust Absorbers Abatement Ficus glomerata (Guler) Teak Azadiarchta indica (Neem) Terminalia tomentosa (Asan) Melia azaderach Shisham Acacaia auriculiformis (Babul) (Mahaneem) Palash Polyalthia longifolia Butea monosperma Neem (Debdaru) (Palash) Amaltas Ficus benghalensis (Banyan) Cassia fistula (Amaltas) Kachnar Mangifera indica (Aam) Bauhinia variegata Nerium odorata (Kaner) (Kachnar) Terminalia Subabul arjuna (Arjun) Mohua Aam Karanj Imli Baheda Harda Saj Jamun 7. a temperature retarder) and better dilution through higher stack are preferred cost effective mitigation measures. Plants serve as a sink for pollutants.

Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . B) OPERATION PHASE To mitigate the impact of noise from diesel generator sets as discussed in Section 6. March 2006 130 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. approximately 3 meters in height. The diesel generator set housing will be equipped with walls and ceilings lined with glass wool to acoustically treat the noise levels. • Leucana leucocephala (Subabual).Vasant Kunj.Construction equipment producing the most amount of noise should be fitted with noise shields.Noisy construction equipment should not be permitted during night hours. Earplugs/muffs.2.3 during the operational phase the following measures are recommended for implementation: Ø noise emissions control technologies. and • Dalbergia Sissoo (Shisham).3 during the construction phase of the site the following measures are recommended for implementation: Noise Shields . Noise Emissions Control Technologies: All the diesel generators will be housed in a suitable acoustic enclosure so that noise levels at a distance of one meter do not exceed 75 dB(A) at 75% load (as per CPCB norms). • Mangifera indica (Aam). which will provide adequate noise attenuation. with a nonreflective internal plastering). Job Rotation and Hearing Protection . . This shield is a physical barrier (composed of brick and mud. Time of Operation .2. Delhi To mitigate the impact of noise from construction equipment as discussed in Section 6. and Ø greenbelt development.Workers employed in high noise areas will be rotated. This acoustic insulation shall be designed to meet the mandatory standards based on a 25 dB(A) insertion loss. Greenbelt Development: The following species can be used in a greenbelt to serve as noise breakers: • Tectona grandis (Teak). or other hearing protective wear will be provided to those working very close to the noise generating machinery. • Butea monosperma (Palash).

and prevention of soil loss and toxic releases from the construction site are necessary to minimize water pollution. adequate control measures have been proposed to check the surface run-off.3 EMP FOR WATER ENVIRONMENT A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE To prevent degradation and maintain the quality of the water source. as well as uncontrolled flow of water into any water body. .Construction activities generate disturbed soil.Avoid excavation during monsoon season. .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . and recycling of water. These could be in the form of the following: .Minimizing water consumption . reuse. .Promoting reuse of water after treatment and development of closed loop systems for different water streams.Spreading Methods March 2006 131 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.To prevent surface and ground water contamination by oil/grease.No discharge of treated wastewater to soil and ground water body. prohibition of equipment wash downs. leak proof containers should be used for storage and transportation of oil/grease. Following methods. B) OPERATION PHASE In the operation phase of the project. Delhi 7. fertilizer. Any wash off from the oil/grease handling area or workshop shall be drained through impervious drains.Vasant Kunj. water conservation and development measures need to be taken including all possible potential for conservation of water. . .All stacking and loading areas should be provided with proper garland drains equipped with baffles to prevent run off from the site to enter any water body. concrete fines. Water Source Development Water source development shall be practiced by installation of scientifically designed artificial water recharging structures.1.Area Treatment . Following management measures are suggested to protect the water quality during the construction phase. such that sustainable water supply to the proposed project is maintained. rainwater collection in reservoirs. Clarifiers or oil/water separators shall be constructed and effluent should be treated appropriately before releasing it. . .Water source Development . On-site collection and settling of storm water. The objective is to develop the water sources of the region. . normally do artificial recharge.Waste water channels from the site would be connected to septic tank during construction to prevent wastewater from entering the water bodies. oils and other wastes. The floors of oil/grease handling area should be kept effectively impervious.

and calibrate them during commissioning. Plants with similar water requirements shall be grouped on common zones to match precipitation heads and emitters. As new conservation efforts are implemented. - Select controllers with adjustable watering schedules and moisture sensors to account for seasonal variations. Use of low-volume. Place 3 to 5 in. water conservation methods being adopted in the complex and a list of essential and non-essential water uses. Office Manager will periodically remind the staff of water conservation efforts and notify staff of recurring problems with compliance or any changes in policy. an employee education and awareness programme will be introduced for the employee of the mall. to ensure ongoing water conservation. and using lawn chemicals and fertilizer sparingly also reduces watering needs.Vasant Kunj. The information should include water conservation plans. Proper methods of water use will be placed in the toilets and other areas of water consumption. Institutional and Commercial Usage: Use of water efficient plumbing fixtures (ultra flow toilets and urinals. Furthermore. To install water less W. of mulch on planting beds to minimize evaporation. It is envisaged that recharging to ground water will improve the water quality in the area. which shall implemented. Selecting a drought resistant grass. sensor operated urinals and taps to minimize the wastage of water together with other water conservation measures. . and urinals which will help in conserving sufficient quantity of water.). as the rainwater is fresh and without any pollution. Delhi - Open Well and Shafts Drilled wells and Bore Holes The suitability of a particular method is based on hydro-geological condition. groundwater recharge pits are planned for groundwater recharging. compared with other watering techniques. In the proposed project. Following section discusses the specific measures.C. Dry type urinals will also be used selectively. quality of source and proposed use of recharge water. Leak detection and repair techniques Sweep with a broom and pan where possible. Minimizing Water Consumption Water consumption will be minimized by implementing water efficient fixtures such as 3 litres WC flushing cistern. low-angle sprinklers for lawn areas. Drip irrigation can save between 15-40% of the water use. March 2006 132 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. rather than hose down for external areas.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . the manager will communicate these changes to the employees. - - - Horticulture: Drip irrigation system shall be used for the lawns and other green area. Awareness campaign to disseminate knowledge on strategies and technologies that can be used for water conservation New employees will be issued a standard water information packet. It is planned to effectively harvest water by rainwater harvesting mechanism. Water efficient plumbing fixtures use less water with no marked reduction in quality and service.

.G. and (ii) Storm water management scheme have been suggested. approximately 145300 litres per day of domestic and other wastewater will be treated in a state of the art sewage treatment plant. The treatment would be based on the SAFF process for meeting disposal standard. As described earlier. Delhi Promoting Reuse of Water after Treatment and Development of Closed Loop Systems To promote reuse and development of closed loop system for water. Following section details the wastewater treatment scheme suggested for the project. shall be utilized for artificial recharge of ground water sources as well as to augment the project water requirements. Sets. segregation of two schemes namely (i) Wastewater Treatment scheme. D. The overflow from this tank shall go to SAFF reactor. It is estimated that reusing wastewater will save approximately 30 to 35 % of portable water per day in the shopping mall. The brief process is given below: The waste water shall be collected by gravity in equalization tank.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . flushing and other uses after treatment.Vasant Kunj. Recycled wastewater shall be reused on site for horticulture. Harvested storm water as discussed in earlier section. Perforate bar screens shall be provided at the inlet of this tank to prevent any coarse material to enter in the STP. Separate pipelines will be laid for using this water. submersible type sewage lifting pumps to primary Tube settler shall pump sewage. Water level controllers shall be provided along with the pumps for on/off operation in auto mode. March 2006 133 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. From this tank. Waste Water Treatment Scheme: Sanitation infrastructure shall comprise of following: Wastewater collection and conveyance system Wastewater treatment and disposal arrangement Wastewater collection and conveyance system shall be an underground drainage network that will be designed to collect wastewater from the complex and convey it to one point for treatment. Air shall be provided in this tank to keep the suspended solids in suspension and to avoid any potential odor problem.

In this tank. Chlorinated water shall then be pumped to multigrade filter for the further removal of turbidity and traces of suspended solids.1. colour and odor etc. The secondary tube settler consists of PVC media to enhance the settling rate for separation of micro-organisms from the treated water. which will also serve to maintain the liquor in a completely mixed regime. The digested sludge will mechanically be dewatered through filter press and the sludge cakes can be disposed off. . Sludge shall be digested aerobically in the sludge holding tank. March 2006 134 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. The settled sludge at the bottom of secondary tube settler shall be removed by airlift pump and transferred to sludge holding tank. Schematic flow diagram of treatment facilities is given in Figure 7. which shall facilitate the attached fixed growth of micro-organisms. Delhi In SAFF reactor consisting of PVC fill media. chlorine will be added in the form of Sodium Hypochlorite solution to reduce the coliform count and destroy pathogenic bacteria. From this tank water will be pumped for feeding the softener and soft water will be collected in soft water tank.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .5mg/lt will be maintained.3 to 0. The aerobic environment in the SAFF reactor shall be achieved by the use of fine bubble diffused aeration. residual chlorine. The filtered water from multigrade filter shall then be sent to activated carbon filter to further reduce BOD. After this water will collect in the treated water tank. Excess sludge generated from secondary biological treatment shall be transferred to sludge holding tank. The clarified water from the secondary settling tank is collected by gravity in to the chloride contact tank.Vasant Kunj. A free residual chlorine level of 0. where the cells are separated from the treated water. After a specified period of time the treated sewage shall overflow into secondary tube settler.

1: SCHEMATIC FLOW DIAGRAM OF TREATMENT FACILITIES Chloride Contact Tank (Sodium Hypo chloride solution is added here) SEWAGE COLLECTION TANK EQUALISATION TANK AERATION TANK CLARIFIER CLEAR WATER TANK SAFF Reactor Secondary Tube Settler TERTIARY TREATMENT Sludge DISPOSAL March 2006 135 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Delhi FIG 7. .Vasant Kunj.

other waste. Provision of slit traps in storm water drains Good housekeeping in the above areas. recycling of this waste by conversion to aggregate can offer benefits of reduced landfill space and reduced extraction of raw material for new construction activity. Delhi Storm Water Management: As discussed earlier. biomass from land clearing activities (if any). The following section discusses management of each type of waste. Besides management of topsoil is an important area for which management measures are required. Avoid application of pesticides and herbicides before wet season Secondary containment and dykes in fuel/oil storage facilities Conducting routine inspections to ensure cleanliness Preparation of spill response plans. thus proper management of this resource is must to ensure that it is free of contamination. Clarifiers or oil/water separators shall be installed in all the parking areas.4 EMP FOR LAND ENVIRONMENT A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE Waste generated from construction activity includes construction debris. .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . As concrete and masonry constitute the majority of waste generated.1. Oil/water separators installed for parking areas and garages will be sized according to peak flow guidelines. - 7.Vasant Kunj. Cover waste storage areas. Contamination of storm water is possible from the following sources: Ø Oil spills and leaks in vehicle parking lots Ø Silt from soil erosion in gardens A detailed “Storm Water Management Plan” will be developed which will consider the above sources. most of the storm water produced on site will be harvested for ground water recharge. waste from the labour camp. Both clarifiers and oil/water separators must be periodically pumped in order to keep discharges within limits. Construction Debris Construction debris is bulky and heavy and re-utilization and recycling is an important strategy for management of such waste. and. This is particularly applicable to shopping mall project as the construction is to be completed in a phased manner. March 2006 136 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. particularly for fuel and oil storage areas. The plan will incorporate best management practices which will include following: Regular inspection and cleaning of storm drains.

as they are highly susceptible to contamination. or drainage systems.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . wood preservatives. which would be followed to prevent soil erosion and contamination include . March 2006 137 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. and as a sub-base for internal road construction. Recyclable wastes such as plastics. solvents. pesticides. A separate designation to earmark such waste will be made so that the waste storage areas are away from storm drains or watercourses.Working in a small area at a point of time (phase wise construction).Maximize use of organic fertilizer for landscaping and green belt development. Clearly label all such waste containers with the waste being stored and the date of generation. Solid and Other waste Construction sites are sources of many toxic substances. and will be given to recyclers. .To prevent soil contamination by oil/grease.Vegetation of bare areas after the project. Educate employees and subcontractors on waste storage and disposal procedures. A significant portion of wood scrap can be reused on site. Herbicides and pesticide will not be over applied (small-scale applications) and not applied prior to rain.Construction of erosion prevention troughs/berms. . piping. - - Soil Management Measures. . leak proof containers should be used for storage and transportation of oil/grease and wash off from the oil/grease handling area shall be drained through impervious drains and treated appropriately before disposal. plaster. adhesives and sealants. Adequate storage facilities for such waste shall be provided and the waste collection containers conveniently located. labeled. concrete reinforcement and sheet metal work from the site.Vasant Kunj. 2003). Some management practices to be developed are. and disposed of as required by the Hazardous Wastes Management and Handling Act Amendment Rules (MoEF. Paintbrushes and equipment for water and oil based paints shall be cleaned within a contained area and shall not be allowed to contaminate site soils. Mixed debris with high gypsum. Such wastes generated during construction phase shall be stored in sealed containers. . Construction contractors shall remove metal scrap from structural steel. Delhi Recycled aggregate will be used for filler application. shall not be used as fill. watercourses. glass fiber insulation. roofing etc shall be sold to recyclers. such as paints. .

1. recycling. whereas segregated bio-degradable waste and inert cum mixed waste shall be sent to the nearest landfill site for processing and final disposal. reuse. inert cum mixed waste. 7. from the site would be collected separately & would be properly disposed off. such as spent oils.Vasant Kunj. which are ecologically less sensitive.Restriction of construction activities to defined project areas. With segregation at source recyclables do not lose their commercial value due to cross contamination.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Wastes.5 EMP FOR BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT Construction activities change the natural environment. A) CONSTRUCTION PHASE . storage and collection of waste as per the municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2000. Collection The Recyclables from the shopping mall would be given to the waste itinerant buyers or rag pickers. Segregation and storage at source Segregation of waste at source should be made mandatory for the complex. Segregation or sorting waste at its source should be practiced in order to encourage reuse/recycling. recyclables and waste from changing oil. . Storage at source and Collection of the waste management system. waste reduction. paint residues etc. The entire waste stream from the complex should be stored and collected separately. The Environmental Management Plan for the solid waste focuses on the Segregation. Regular public awareness meetings will be conducted to involve the occupants and the employees to ensure proper segregation. The project requires the implementation of following choices exclusively or in combination. Waste generated at the complex should be segregated as: bio degradable. and recovery (materials & energy). March 2006 138 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. But it also creates a built environment for the surrounding. This will reduce in lesser reliance on land filling.e. Delhi B) OPERATIONAL PHASE The philosophy of solid waste management at the shopping mall will be to encourage the four R’s of waste i.

Plantation & landscaping Selection of the plant species will be based on their adaptability to the existing geographical conditions and the vegetation composition of the forest type of the region. 4. The plants should exhibit the following desirable characteristic in order to be selected for plantation. so that.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . The section below summarizes the techniques to be applied to achieve the above objective. coppicing of trees or small trees present in and around the project site for cooking. burning or heating purposes by the laborers will be prohibited and suitable alternatives for this purpose will be found. B) OPERATION PHASE Enhancement of current ecology at the proposed project site will entail the following measures: . The list of plant species. elevation and soil. The species should be permeable to help create air turbulence and mixing within the belt.4. it has to be emphasized that those native plant species should be planted which are having good ornamental values and fast growing with excellent canopy cover.Park & avenue plantation.Vasant Kunj. The species should form a dense canopy. 8. Selection of plant species for Green belt development The selection of plant species for the development depends on various factors such as climate. Cutting. 7. the species should be indigenous and locally available 5. uprooting. There should be no large gaps for the air to spill through. Trees with high foliage density. 3.Plantation & landscaping . Along the major construction work the peripheral greenbelt should be developed. The species should be fast growing and providing optimum penetrability. 1. and having significant importance are provided in Table 7. . which can be suitably planted. During the development of the green belt within the project area. Species tolerance to air pollutants like SPM. 6. SO2 and NOx should be preferred. it will grow to become a full-fledged green cover by the time the construction is over. leaves with larger leaf area and hairy on both the surfaces. Delhi - - - Restrictions on location of labour camps and offices for project staff near the project area to avoid human induced secondary additional impacts on the flora and fauna species.Green Belt Development . As far as possible. The species should be wind-firm and deep rooted. March 2006 139 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. 2.

rapidly decomposable leaf litter). March 2006 140 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Cassia alata.4: SUGGESTED TREES FOR GREEN BELT DEVELOPMENT SN 1. 2.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Acalypha hispida. 3. 12. 11. 5. 4. 20. Bird and insect attracting tree species. 10. 14. 6. 8. 19. The plan for plantation in parks and avenues is given below.Vasant Kunj.Ornamental trees with spreading branches. Attractive appearance with good flowering and fruit bearing. 12. 17. Cassia fistula. Scientific Name Ailanthus excelsa Albizia lebbeck Albizia procera Alstonia scholaris Anthocephalus cadamba Azadirachta indica Bauhinia variegata Butea monosperma Cassia fistula Emblica officinalis Erythrina indica Leucaena leucocephala Mangifera indica Nyctanthes arbortristis Peltophorum pterocarpum Pongamia pinnata Spathodea campanulata Syzygium cumini Tamarindus indica Terminalia arjuna Standard Name Maharuk Sirish Safed Sirish Chhatin Kadamb Neem Kanchan Palash Amaltas Amla Dadap Subabul Aam Harsingar Copper pod/ Yellow flame tree Karanj Rugtoora (African tulip) Jamun Imli Arjun Time when floweringfruiting occurs January-March January-March January-March January-April August. 9. Mimusops elengi. 7.October June-July May-June February-April March-June January July-August February-May April-July Throughout the year December-May February-May February-May June-July March-April April-July Landscaping and Avenue Plantation Parks or gardens maintained for recreational and ornamental purposes will not only improve the current ecology of the proposed site but also aesthetic value in the area. shade giving with colorful flowers for people to relax. Delhi 9. Caesalpinia pulcherrima. Parks/Gardens . Peltophorum pterocarpum. 13. 18. Sustainable green cover with minimal maintenance TABLE 7. Soil improving plants (Nitrogen fixing. Ability to withstand conditions like inundation and drought. Saraca asoca. 13. 16. (Alstonia scholaris. 10. Ailanthus excelsa. Callistemon citrinus. 11. 15. Tecoma stans. .

The main principles considered for employment and income generation opportunities are out lined below: Ø Employment strategy would prefer employment of local people. fatalities and diseases Ø Maintenance and beautifications of the Complex and the surrounding roads.6 EMP FOR SOCIO -ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT The Social management plan has been designed to take proactive steps and adopt best practices. Ø Less use of chemicals and biological agents with hazard potential Ø Developing a proper interface between the work and the human resource through a system of skill improvement Ø Measures to reduce the incidence of work related injuries. Ø General recruitment procedures will be transparent.Trees with colonial canopy with attractive flowering . The Social Management Plan for the Ambi Mall project will focus on the following components Income Generation Opportunity During Construction and Operation phase Ambi mall project would provide employment opportunity during construction and operation phase. Erythrina indica. Tabernaemontana divaricata etc) Suitable patches of lawns. There will be no discrimination on basis of gender. which are sensitive to the socio-cultural setting of the region. Cestrum nocturnum. caste or other factors. . Following measures should be taken to improve the working environment of the area.Fruit trees to be avoided because children may obstruct traffic and general movement of public. the complex will provide a new experience in working and recreation. Polyalthia longifolia. March 2006 141 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Delhi - Calliandra haematocephala. rocketry with cactus and other small flowering xerophytic plants. open to all and recruitment should be publicized in advance.Trees with medium spreading branches to avoid obstruction to the traffic . There would also be a wider economic impact in terms of generating opportunities for secondary occupation within and around the complex. Improved Working Environment for Employees Ambi mall project would provide safe and improved working conditions for the workers employed at the facility during construction and operation phase. Polyalthia pendula.Vasant Kunj. Avenue plantation . public. Plumeria acuminata.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Putranjiva roxburghii. With the proposed ambience and facilities provided. 7.1. Murraya paniculata.Trees with branching at 10 feet and above .

Conclusion Thus overall. the health and safety of pedestrians and residents accessing the communities is an issue of concern.Vasant Kunj. the increase in traffic would create congestion. cause potential delays and inconvenience for pedestrians. § Training to the drivers. so that any mishap due to traffic thenceforth can be avoided. Taking this into concern.7 EMP FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION Energy conservation program will be implemented through measures taken both on energy demand and supply as given in Figure 7. Considering this. Besides having an implication on their safety. MITIGATIVE MEASURES Transport and road safety: Since the project involves the movement of vehicles and machineries in the area. Delhi Ø Providing a system of incentives to employers and employees to achieve higher health and safety standards Ø Opportunities would be provided to the emerging and established artist to showcase their work Ø Handicraft and indigenous crafts from different states would be promoted by providing a platform for display and trade.2 March 2006 142 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. As discussed in the study. the project proponents shall mitigate the impact by drawing traffic management plans. The benefits along with mitigation measures to tackle any adverse impact on the socio-economic conditions should aim at creating most conducive situation for the project to operate and maximize benefits of the socio-economic status of the society and residents existing around the project site.1. . § Installation of adequate speed breakers at correct locations. appropriate measures would be taken to mitigate negative impacts on the residents.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . following aspects should be kept in mind: § Proper precautionary signage shall be installed. 7. it’s evident that the project aims at maximizing the project benefits to the people around the site. the region and the state in general.

The conservation efforts would consist of the following: Energy Saving Practices Ø Purchase of energy efficient appliances Ø Constant monitoring of energy consumption and defining targets for energy conservation Ø Adjusting the settings and illumination levels to ensure minimum energy used for desired comfort levels Ø Installing programmable on/off timers and sensors for low occupancy areas Ø Use of compact fluorescent lamps and low voltage lighting. Delhi FIGURE7. Ø Sunscreen films on windows to reduce heating inside the buildings Behavioral change on consumption .2: FLOW DIAGRAM FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION Supply Energy Conservation Demand § § Utilize energy-efficient diesel generators Exploring the possibilities of introducing renewable energy § § § Reduce consumption Use energy-efficient appliances Create Guest Awareness Energy conservation will be one of the focuses during the complex planning and operation stages. March 2006 143 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .Training staff on methods of energy conservation and to be vigilant to such opportunities.Vasant Kunj. .

2 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING The purpose of environmental monitoring is to evaluate the effectiveness of implementation of Environmental Management Plan (EMP) by periodically monitoring the important environmental parameters within the impact area. To ensure regular operation and maintenance of pollution control devices. the Ambi mall authorities will monitor ambient air quality.2. In consultation with the Delhi Pollution Control Committee. based on the predicted impacts. is given in Table 7.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Delhi 7. Maintain documentation of good environmental practices and applicable environmental laws as ready reference. A suggested monitoring protocol. external consultants. monitoring laboratories. it is necessary to have a permanent staff charged with the task of ensuring its effective implementation of mitigation measures and to conduct environmental monitoring. To assure regulatory compliance with all relevant rules and regulations.charge shall be as given below: Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø To implement the environmental management plan. The monitoring sampling program should be discussed and approved by DPCC. noise levels. The monitoring protocol and location selection will have to done carefully. Review and interpretation of monitored results and corrective measures in case monitored results are above the specified limit. .5. Maintain of log of public inconvenience and the action taken 7. To initiate environmental monitoring as per approved schedule. groundwater quality. March 2006 144 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. To minimize environmental impacts of operations by strict adherence to the EMP.2 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND MONITORING PLAN Apart from having an Environmental Management Plan. Maintain environmental related records. soil quality and solid wastes in accordance with an approved monitoring schedule. Coordination with regulatory agencies.Vasant Kunj. The major duties and responsibilities of the person – in . so that any adverse affects are detected and timely action can be taken.

Coliforms Period and Frequency Quarterly during operational phase Pre-monsoon and post-monsoon. For successful functioning of the project.Vasant Kunj. Segregation and Storage of the solid and waste generated during oil change. NOx. Type No.BOD. SPM.5: SUGGESTED MONITORING PROGRAM FOR AMBI MALL Sr. water quality Locations Stack of any one operating DG set. S.2. relevant EMP’s should be communicated to the following groups of people: Employees Employees must be made aware of the importance of waste segregation and storage.S. As per vendor specifications STP 7. CO Drinking water parameters as per IS 10500. § Functioning of the Environmental Management System including environmental monitoring. Stack emission 1. Site Staff Relevant personnel at site must be trained for the following: § Collection.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . reporting and documentation needs. March 2006 145 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Parameters for horticulture use . § Operation and maintenance of Sewage Treatment Plant and reclamation system § Requirements of the Emergency Response Plan in case of an emergency.3 AWARENESS AND TRAINING Training and human resource development is an important link to achieve sustainable operation of the facility and environmental management. (Potability testing) Treated sewage 3. . Project Site Parameters SO2. § Techniques for waste minimization. health and safety regulations and compliance requirements for the same. Delhi TABLE 7. This awareness can be provided through leaflets and periodic in house meetings. They should be informed of their responsibilities for successful operation of various environmental management schemes inside the premises. water and energy conservation. monitoring Groundwater 2. water conservation and energy conservation § Applicable environmental. pH.

6 RECORD KEEPING REQUIREMENTS Parameter Solid Waste Handling and Disposal Sewage Treatment • • • • • • • • • • • Particulars Daily quantity of waste generated and sent for disposal Daily quantity of raw and treated sewage Quantity and point of usage of treated wastewater Treated wastewater quality Environmental Permits / Consents from DPCC / MOEF Copy of Waste manifests as per requirement Records of all monitoring carried out as per the finalized monitoring protocol.5 ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITS AND CORRECTIVE ACTION PLANS To assess whether the implemented EMP is adequate.Vasant Kunj. March 2006 146 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.6.2.2. TABLE 7. monitoring and operational issues. Typical record keeping requirements for the Ambi Mall site is summarized in Table 7. Delhi 7. These audits will be followed by Corrective Action Plans (CAP) to correct various issues identified during the audits. where applicable Vehicle maintenance and inspection records Regulatory Licenses (Environmental) Monitoring and Survey Other 7. . the Ambi Mall Management Committee will conduct periodic environmental audits. Log book of compliance Employee environmental. Records should be maintained for regulatory.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .4 RECORD KEEPING AND REPORTING Record keeping and reporting of performance is an important management tool for ensuring sustainable operation of the Ambi Mall. health and safety records Equipment inspection and calibration records.

Preserve relevant records and equipment for the subsequent enquiry into the cause and circumstances of the emergency. Effect the rescue and medical treatment of casualties.1 RESPONSE IN CASE OF EARTHQUAKE Response Procedures for Employees and Visitors If indoors: . 8. maintenance and inspection are essential to reduce the probability of occurrence and consequential effect of such eventualities. 3. earthquake and LPG leakage and an ERP pertaining to this is described in the following section. 8. The overall objective of an emergency response plan (ERP) is to make use of the combined resources at the site and outside services to achieve the following: 1. . To localize the emergency and if possible eliminate it. 9. Informing and collaborating with statutory authorities.0 EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN Emergency prevention through good design. Safeguard other people. operation. Initially contain and ultimately bring the incident under control. Investigating and taking steps to prevent reoccurrence The ERP has therefore to be related to the identification of sources from which hazards can arise and the maximum credible loss scenario that can take place in the concerned area.Take cover under a piece of heavy furniture or against an inside wall and hold on.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . March 2006 147 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. An essential part of major hazard control has therefore. should the same occur. to be concerned with mitigating the effects of such Emergency and restoration of normalcy at the earliest. 6.Vasant Kunj. it is not possible to totally eliminate such eventualities and random failures of equipment or human errors. Main hazards identified for the project include hazards pertaining to fires in buildings and fire in diesel storage areas. To minimize the effects of the accident on people and property. 2. . The plan takes into account the maximum credible loss scenario . Delhi 8. 4. However. Evacuate people to safe areas.actions that can successfully mitigate the effects of losses/ Emergency need to be well planned so as they would require less effort and resources to control and terminate emergencies.Stay inside: The most dangerous thing to do during the shaking of an earthquake is to try to leave the building because objects can fall on you. omissions and unsafe acts cannot be ruled out. 5. 7.

Once in the open. away from buildings. Aftershocks can occur in the first hours. Inform the necessary authorities for aid Ensure no visitors or employees are stuck beneath any debris. aftershocks cause additional damage and may bring weakened structures down.Stay out of damaged buildings. Inform the nearby hospitals if there are any injuries. days.Use the telephone only for emergency calls.Remember to help those who may require special assistance--infants. . proceed with caution. . Call for help. Shut down the main valves in the gas bank. streetlights. . Delhi If outdoors: .Vasant Kunj. After the quake . Move to a clear area away from buildings. Response Procedure for Emergency Team 8. or utility wires.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .2 March 2006 Formulate an Ambi Mall Emergency Response Team for earthquake response Using the public address system. 148 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. if any in the restaurants and food courts. Ensure that all Employees and visitors standing outside near the buildings are taken to open areas. the elderly. in case of a structural failure. If in a moving vehicle: . inform viewers and staff of response procedures discussed above. . or even months after the quake.Give first aid where appropriate. and utility wires. stay there until the shaking stops. Help injured or trapped persons. RESPONSE OF LPG LEAKAGE The affected area should be evacuated and cordoned off immediately Initiate the Ambi Mall Emergency Response Team for LPG leakage.After the quake be prepared for aftershocks. .Stop quickly and stay in the vehicle. Ensure that the first aid ambulance and fire tender vehicles are summoned if necessary. .Although smaller than the main shock. Once the shaking has stopped. Do not move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of further injury. Check the utilities and storage tanks for any damage. Avoid bridges or ramps that might have been damaged by the quake. and people with disabilities. trees. overpasses. weeks.Move into the open.

o If there is too much smoke or fire in the hall. Initiate the Ambi Mall Emergency Response Team for fires. then open the door slowly. cover mouth with a cloth to avoid inhaling smoke and gases. - Instructions for Employees and Visitors Get out of buildings as quickly and as safely as possible. If required a fire tender should be summoned. also check if any personnel are unconscious in the area and immediately move them outside and provide first aid. March 2006 149 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Close doors in each room after escaping to delay the spread of the fire. RESPONSE IN CASE OF FIRE Required response during in the event of a fire should be described in signs located in the lobby. slam the door shut. Personnel in the nearby buildings to close all doors and windows to prevent entry of the leaked gas. And if required use pedestal fans to bring down the gas concentration. Use the stairs to escape. If possible. stay low to the ground.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .Vasant Kunj. Rescue trapped personnel. When evacuating. Delhi - 8. it should be immediately informed to the manager of the Ambi Mall giving the exact location and type of fire in detail. The Ambi Mall Emergency Response Team will provide immediate relief to the injured viewers and staff at the scene of incident. Guide the Ambi Mall Emergency Response Team staff to the emergency assembly point. If the fire is not controllable and spreads then the Ambi Mall manager in charge should inform the district authorities and call for external help. o If there is no smoke at the bottom or top and the door is not hot. . In case of a fire follow the instructions in case of fire. Any injured persons should be evacuated on priority to the dispensary or one of the nearest hospitals based on their condition. Ambulance should be summoned to take injured personnel to the nearest hospital. On sighting a fire. engage in extinguishing the fire using the nearest fire extinguisher. If in a room with a closed door. The Ambi Mall response team should immediately move to the point of fire and take all necessary steps to stop the fire. The Ambi Mall Emergency Response Team should immediately inform the nearest dispensary and security force. If the fire is small.3 - Ensure that only concerned personnel are present in the affected area and all other personnel and visitors are moved to the nearest assembly points. Source of leakage to be traced and isolated from all the other areas. o Open a window to escape or for fresh air while awaiting rescue. o If smoke is pouring in around the bottom of the door or if it feels hot. keep the door closed.

Vasant Kunj. Check that all wiring and utilities are safe. .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . March 2006 150 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Delhi - Stay out of damaged buildings.

Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .Vasant Kunj. . Delhi APPENDIX –I STANDARDS FOR EFFLUENT DISCHARGE March 2006 A-1 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

2 0.01 0.5 – 9.0 100 600 30 350 0.00 Ammonical Nitrogen (as N) 50 50 Cadmium (as Cd) 2.2 2.5 – 9.0 10 20 0 Not exceed 5 C of receiving body Cyanides (as CN) 0.2 Mercury (as Hg) 0. Delhi S.0 Nickel (as Ni) 3 3 Zinc (as Zn) 5. No Parameter Inland Surface Water Standards Public Sewer Land for Irrigation 5.0 5.0 3. Radioactivity March 2006 A-2 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.0 15 Copper (as Cu) 3.01 Selenium (as Se) 0.0 2.05 Fluoride (as F) 2 15 Sulphides (as S) 2 Phenolic Compounds (as 1 5 Phenols) Particle size of suspended Pass 850 micron solids sieve Free Ammonia (NH3) 5. Temp.05 0.0 Lead (as Pb) 0.1 1.2 pH Suspended Solids BOD3 at 270 C Hexavalent Chromium (Cr6+) Total Chromium (Cr) Oil & Grease Temperature 10 0.5 – 9. Particle Size.0 2.0 Iron (as Fe) 3 3 Total Residual Chlorine 1.1 2.2 0. .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .2 10-8 10-7 90% survival of fish after 96 hours in 100% effluent 30 * All the values in mg/l except pH.0 Total Nitrogen 100 COD 250 Arsenic (as As) 0.0 Dissolved phosphate (as P) 5 Radioactive Materials Alpha Emitters (UC/ml) max 10-6 10-6 10-6 Beta Emitters (UC/ml) max 10-6 Bio-assay test 90% survival of fish 90% survival of after 96 hours in fish after 96 hours 100% effluent in 100% effluent Vanadium (as V) 0.2 0.Vasant Kunj.0 200 100 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 5.0 1.

Delhi APPENDIX -II DRINKING WATER QUALITY STANDARD AS PER BIS 10500. .Vasant Kunj.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . 1991 March 2006 A-3 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

001 Absent 0.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .5 – 8.Vasant Kunj. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 19 Parameters Colour (Hz units) Turbidity (NTU) PH Total Hardness (CaCO3) Iron Chloride Alkalinity Boron Dissolved Solids Calcium Sulphate Nitrate Fluoride Phenolic Compound Pesticides Lead Zinc Chromium (hexavalent) Desirable Limit (mg/l) 5 5 6. .05 5 0.05 March 2006 A-4 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Delhi S.3 250 200 1 500 75 200 45 1 0.5 300 0.

Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . .Vasant Kunj. Delhi APPENDIX -III NATIONAL AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS March 2006 A-5 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

0 mg/m3 80 µg/m3 60 µg/m3 80 µg/m3 140 µg/m3 200 µg/m3 60 µg/m3 100 µg/m3 0.75 µg/m3 1.Vasant Kunj.1 mg/m3 0.00 µg/m3 0.1 mg/m3 0.0 mg/m3 2.4 mg/m3 1. 2% of the time.50 µg/m3 0.0 mg/m3 4.1 mg/m3 0.4 mg/m3 2.0 mg/m3 *Annual arithmetic mean of minimum 104 measurements in a year taken twice a week 24 hourly at uniform interval **24 hourly/8 hourly values should be met 98% of the time in a year. However. it may exceed but not on two consecutive days March 2006 A-6 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Sensitive Areas Areas Rural & other Areas 3 80 µg/m 60 µg/m3 15 µg/m3 120 µg/m3 80 µg/m3 120 µg/m3 360 µg/m3 500 µg/m3 120 µg/m3 150 µg/m3 1.75 µg/m3 0. Delhi Pollutants Timeweighted average Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) Annual Average* 24 hours** Oxides of Nitrogen as Annual NO2 Average* 24 hours** Suspended Particulate Annual Matter (SPM) Average* 24 hours** Respirable Particulate Annual Matter (RPM) (size Average* less than 10 microns) 24 hours** Lead (Pb) Annual Average* 24 hours** Ammonia Annual Average* 24 hours** Carbon Monoxide Annual (CO) Average* 24 hours** Concentration in Ambient Air Industrial Residential.0 µg/m3 1.5 µg/m3 0. .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .0 mg/m3 10.0 mg/m3 30 µg/m3 15 µg/m3 30 µg/m3 70 µg/m3 100 µg/m3 50 µg/m3 75 µg/m3 0.4 mg/m3 5.

IV NATIONAL AMBIENT NOISE STANDARDS March 2006 A-7 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.Vasant Kunj. . Delhi APPENDIX .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .

Vasant Kunj. .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . Delhi Area Code B C D NATIONAL AMBIENT NOISE STANDARDS Category of Area Limits in dB (A) Leq Day Time Night Time (0600 hrs – 2200 (2200 hrs – hrs) 0600hrs) Commercial Area 65 55 Residential Area 55 45 Silence Zone 50 40 NOISE EXPOSURE LIMITS AS PER FACTORY ACT Time (in hours) 8 6 4 3 2 1 Noise (in dB) 90 92 95 97 100 105 March 2006 A-8 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.

Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .V SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA TABLES March 2006 A-9 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. . Delhi APPENDIX .Vasant Kunj.

Delhi TABLE 1 POPULATION PATTERN Village name Delhi Najafgarh Zone Ward no-56 *Source: Census of India (2001) Population (in the year) 1991 2001 9300000 13850507 743116 57163 74490 TABLE 2 GENDER WISE POPULATION DISTRIBUTION Village name *Sex ratio Male population Female population Delhi 821 7607234 6243273 Najafgarh Zone 810 411366 331750 Ward no-56 818 40971 33519 *Source: Census of India (2001) TABLE 3 GENDER WISE LITERACY STATUS Village name Literate (male) Delhi 5700847 Najafgarh Zone 315900 Ward no-56 32041 Source: Census of India (2001) LITERATES Literate (Female) 3963917 210503 23484 TABLE 4 BREAK -UP OF MAIN.9 824 1. MARGINAL AND NON-WORKERS Total Marginal Main workers Non workers Village Name working workers population Number % Number % Number % Delhi 4545234 4317516 31. .1 46176 62 Source: Census of India (2001) March 2006 A-10 Ambience Developers Private Ltd.2 Najafgarh Zone 229633 218115 28.6 9305273 67.8 8829 2.2 227718 1.Vasant Kunj.2 513483 69 Ward no-56 28314 27490 36.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .

Transportation. 2-Agricultural labourers. 3household manufacturing industry. 4-Construction workers.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . . Trade and commerce. storage workers or Other services) TABLE 6 BREAK UP OF MALE WORKERS AND FEMALE WORKERS Village name Male workers Female workers 3960101 585133 Delhi 251075 31681 Najafgarh Zone 22356 5988 Ward no-56 Source: Census of India (2001) March 2006 A-11 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Delhi TABLE 5 NUMBER OF WORKERS ENGAGED IN VARIOUS ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES Village Name 1 2 3 4 Delhi 37431 15773 140032 4351998 Najafgarh Zone 418 403 6601 222104 Ward no-56 28 158 531 26773 Source: Census of India (2001) Note: (1-Cultivators.Vasant Kunj.

VI DETAILS OF THE DEVELOPMENTS IN THE CONSTRAINT AREA March 2006 A-12 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. Delhi APPENDIX .Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall . .Vasant Kunj.

87 92.00 Land allotted.A.81 Under construction 1. Name of Allottee RESIDENTIAL: Kussumpur Village Hill View Appartments Sub-Total 'A' PUBLIC & SEMI PUBLIC/INSTITUTIONAL School of Planning & Architects Area of Land (in hectare) - 12.50 Developed in 2003 1.00 Developed in 1996-97 19.00 Under construction 1.00 Developed in 1982 15. Delhi Status/Year of construction Plot No. construction yet to start 0.13 29.13 Under construction 23.Environmental Impact Assessment Ambi Mall .49 N. construction yet to start 0.00 4. (Hotel Grand) Shopping Mall Complex Sub-Total 'C' 7 8 9 10 11 12 - - Open area for circulation and recreation Sub-Total 'D' Grand Total (A+B+C+D) March 2006 A-13 Ambience Developers Private Ltd. construction yet to start 0.40 Under Construction 1.81 Construction completed in 2005 0. of Madhya Pradesh Balance area for recreational purposes Sub-Total 'B' COMMERCIAL M/s Unison Hotel Ltd. .84 Land allotted.00 8.Vasant Kunj.60 Developed in 1999 1.17 Land allotted.R.F Chaudhary Devi Lal Memorial Trust TE RI Hospital Site Govt.80 Under construction 1. construction yet to start 3. 24.37 Land allotted.87 Partly developed for public services 29.21 Construction completed in 2005 1.00 Old habitation 3.00 1 2 3 4 5 6 Birla Academy Ram Vithla Shiksha Sewa Samiti Instiute for Studies of Industrial Development Natonal Book Trust of India Institute for Centre of Alternative Disputes Resolution Shri Jagad Guru Shankracharya C.P.

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