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Holistic approach to management: Holistic approach to management is based on spiritual principle of unity, oneness, nondual or Advaita concept. Under this principle of unity the universe is an undivided whole where every particle is connected with every other particle. The Divine interpenetrates this Jagat like pearls on a string. Hence, entire humanity is one. Management must recognize oneness of humanity. Respect the divine in all beings. See your own self in all selves. It is said, “Do unto others as thou wish that others should do unto you.” This is the yoga of highest order. Management is called upon to follow whole-man approach to management and leadership. An integrated human personality of self-developed manager and worker can assure best and competent management of any enterprise, involving collective works and efforts. The refined or higher consciousness will adopt holistic attitude. It will bring out the divine in the man. It will achieve perfection or excellence in whatever sector you work. We shall achieve peace, harmony and prosperity within and without, i.e., in our internal world simultaneously. This is the ideal of Indian ethos: „Atmano Mokshartham Jagat Hitaya Cha‟. This is the motto of Ramakrishna Order founded by Swami Vivekananda. This is the message for all managers and workers given by the Indian ethos for management. Under the holistic approach management will not exploit shareholders, employees, customers, society and nature. If holistic approach of management is followed by the organization then the following things can happen: 1. All work is an opportunity for doing good to the world and thus gaining materiality and spirituality in our lives. 2. Worship people not only with material things but also by showing respect to their everpresent divinity within. 3. Strength and inspiration for excelling in work comes from the Divine. God within, through prayer, holy readings and unselfish work. 4. He who works with calm and even mind achieves the most. 5. As we think, so we succeed, so we become. Attention to means ensures the end. 6. By mutual co-operation, respect and fellow feeling all of us will enjoy the highest good both material and spiritual. 7. Infinite happiness and infinite peace come to them who see the divine in all beings.
8. Regard the other person as a divine being. All of us have the same consciousness through our packages or containers are different. Hence it can be said that if holistic approach to management is followed it can help in curbing the exploitation of nature.
Q.2 Discuss the impact of Indian Cultural heritage on the youth today? There are many diverse definitions of culture. The Assembly of First Nations defines culture as the customs, history, values, and languages that make up the heritage of a person or people, and contribute to that person's or people's identity. A concept of culture must include specific reference points in the historical experiences of a people. The social sciences provide the categories of investigation. One area for consideration is the relationship between a society and its environment. The society's economic lifestyles which are based upon resource development, whether it be hunting, trapping, fishing, mining or mineral development, is also a key consideration. Social structures and interactions affect education, family, and community roles of individual members of the society. These, shaped by the environment, often determine aspects of social life such as recreation, physical fitness, moral, and spiritual development. Respect for nature and the individual are requisites for a compassionate, tolerant, and healthy society. When people interact with nature and each other, they use tools, higher level thinking skills and language. The Aboriginal peoples tend to perceive themselves in harmony with nature while Euro-Canadian peoples tend to see nature as a resource to be exploited for individual or collective gain. In modern times, the philosophies of Indigenous peoples have been applied to problems of waste and pollution, giving rise to environmental movements. The relationship between nature and humanity has become a matter of life or death. Four main components of culture may be said to include people, technology and objects, relations, and institutions. A culturally sensitive curricula must respect these aspects of a society and present them accurately, avoiding the pitfalls of anthropological interpretation, bias, stereotyping, and racism. A people's concept of themselves is the most valid form of group identity. Self-determination is a struggle crucial to all societies. How the society meets this challenge defines its cultural identity.
He who works with calm and even mind achieves the most. Worship people not only with material things but also by showing respect to their everpresent divinity within. Infinite happiness and infinite peace come to them who see the divine in all beings. and social skills. . Cultural and community interaction is therefore vital if students are to develop fully their potential. By mutual co-operation. holy readings and unselfish work. It is the function of education. alters the structure of society which may force evolutionary changes upon a culture. so we become. 2. Collective action. or changes (processes). What the individual then creates (products). Strength and inspiration for excelling in work comes from the Divine. Attention to means ensures the end. depending upon how these products and processes impact upon the individual and society. Cultures alter. whether in a society. The retention of traditional aspects of culture allows individuals and students to be aware of their ancestry. 6. law. and languages will determine the identity and culture of future generations. customs. All work is an opportunity for doing good to the world and thus gaining materiality and spirituality in our lives. community. philosophy. and religion are the processes of change. respect and fellow feeling all of us will enjoy the highest good both material and spiritual. ethics. so we succeed. 3. to ensure that interactions are positive and productive for the individual and society. and society. whether it be natural. public or private. Interaction with these processes and products may be positive or negative. ceremonies. or classroom influences the development of an individual's beliefs. Thus Indian culture had influenced Indian youth. cultural. Q3) How do Indian Management thoughts promote sustainable development? Indian Management Thoughts: 1. God within. That potential strengthens and supplements all aspects of the culture of the student and the society in which the student interacts. Technology is the product. actions. the arts. 5. community.The retention or loss of traditions. and the value and accomplishments of their race. This historical and cultural awareness enhances the concept of self and social worth. 4. social. As we think. 7. through prayer. and politics.
Sustainable Development: Sustainable development is a process in which development can be sustained for generations. Indian society is such that we worship trees over here and we respect every component of the biosphere hence we can say that people who work in the organizations will definitely take care of the environment. Every generation of mankind creates as well as destroys certain amount of resources for its development purpose. which affords to the future generations the same if not more capacity to prosper as the present generation has. it is apprehended that there would not only no further development but there might be economic stagnation or even disaster.8. Indian Management thoughts promote sustainable development: According to Indian management thoughts all work is an opportunity to do good and thus gain materiality and spirituality and thus if this is practiced the organizations will take care that the environment around them is not polluted and also they will take care that they utilize the available resources properly because by doing this they will do a good job for the coming generations. It is development. But the nature and rate of present development are such that the rate of destruction of resources is greater than the rate of creation. All of us have the same consciousness through our packages or containers are different. Regard the other person as a divine being. . If this trend continues beyond a century or so. Hence it can be said that Indian management thoughts can promote sustainable development. In Indian management thoughts it is believed that infinite happiness and infinite peace come to them who see the divine in all beings and according to it every person working in every organization will consider every other person and thing present in the and around the organization as divine and will never pollute the atmosphere around him. Thus sustainable focuses on inter generational fairness in the development opportunities.
We saw personality as composed of three structures. Id. is to be managed as a whole and not in parts. Business activities supply goods and services for the satisfaction of human wants. Business has to accept legal and moral responsibility for maintaining clean environment and take suitable measures for this purpose. It is assumed that unless all the five . which is the storehouse of impulses. obeys no rules and remains basic to the individual. Ego and Superego. (iii) the intellect. It knows no laws. Pollution problem is the result of unplanned industrial growth. The Superego represents the internalized values and morals of society as learnt. Ecology and business are very closely related. present at birth and fixed in the individual‟s constitution. (iv) the mind and (v) the indestructible soul. the larger mass being the unconscious. that affect our thoughts and behaviour. every person has (i) the gross physical body. That is why. In Indian view. (ii) the energy system. Every person is operating simultaneously at all levels. which is based on the hypothesis that the conscious mind is only the tip of the iceberg. They are also responsible for disturbing ecology. contains everything inherited. Each level is subtler than the earlier one and allows more freedom of movement through time and space. passions and primitive instincts. in the Ayurvedic system of medicine and in other Indian practices like yoga or meditation. Explain. especially instincts.Q4) ‘Not ego-management but eco-management is what modern management’. the focus is on all the five. The whole person. who is really the integration of five constituents. Ego develops out of the Id because of the need to deal with the real world. Id is the pleasure principle that seeks immediate tension reduction. Ego Management: Freud developed the first comprehensive personality theory.
are in proper co-ordination and harmony. employment opportunities and higher standard of living. for better physical and mental health. greed. This means industrial growth should not disturb ecological balance and peaceful life of people. Even legal provisions relating to pollution control are not honoured honestly. suitable preventive and positive measures should be taken at the government and business levels. water and sound pollution) in different ways but business enterprises do not give much attention to their complaints and hardships. The negative energy created by thoughts like anger. the process of industrial should move in a well-planned manner. This situation exists in India and also in many other countries. Development without clean environment is socially and economically undesirable. For this. Unplanned industrialisation is dangerous to ecology: Industrial growth without proper planning leads to ecological imbalance and pollution of water. The following points suggest relationship between business and ecology: 1. etc. the person will be disjointed and ill. Unplanned industrialization disturbs the entire ecosystem and ecological balance. However. But in today‟s context it is eco-management that it is of utmost importance. For this. This is ego management. Ecology and development go together. air and sound. This the present position in many industrial townships. 2. Environment sets the limit to business activities and business activities should be conducted within such safe limits. Adverse effects of industrial growth should be avoided / minimized. etc. Its importance is universally accepted for economic growth. industrial areas and industrial estates in India. Industrialisation should be without tears. It is desirable to have industrial development without adverse effects or at least minimum undesirable effects on ecology. Planned industrial growth is needed for maintaining ecological balance: No one is against industrial growth. Avoiding pollution for better social welfare: All necessary measures should be taken at the business level for avoiding pollution and other adverse effects of industrial growth. 3. passion. satisfaction. jealously. It should offer positive benefits with minimum adverse effects. have to be replaced by positive energies created by love. . Local people suffer (due to air. Physical illness comes from an unhealthy mind.
6. 7. efforts should be made to bring proper balance between clean environment and industrial development. 5. now. efforts should be made to plant more trees near the plant or in the vicinity so that the greenery of the area is not adversely affected. are useful. is not a problem worth bothering about. Awareness among businessmen required for ecology protection: Ecological consciousness in business means to make businessmen and business enterprises conscious of their responsibilities as regards pollution control and clean environment. Environment protection. Business must accept social / moral responsibility as regards pollution control. clean environment and ecology balance. Business has to bring in ecology balance: The responsibility for controlling environment lies particularly on those who disturb it. This is urgently required for the protection of life and welfare citizens. if trees are cut in order to establish a new plant. For this. clean environment. For this. seminars. Social organisations (e.g. necessary to have co-operation and meaningful participation of business for solving the problem. treated as an outdated one and also socially dangerous. In other words. . Environment protection responsibility of all but particularly of the business enterprises: Ecological balance is a matter of serious concern.additional on the part of industrial enterprises will be necessary but it should be treated as an investment for the protection of ecological balance.g. according to them. etc.. The problem of ecological imbalance is spreading like AIDS all over the world. it is argued that industrial growth should not create any adverse effect on ecological balance. The business associations can also motivate their members. suitable steps should be taken by the business enterprises themselves in the initial period and thereafter as they should not be allowed to run the enterprises at the cost of the society. etc. For e. It is also necessary to give proper education. 4. association of tree lovers. It is therefore. argue that they are concerned with the establishment and orderly running of their industrial units and are not concerned with pollution and ecological imbalance. meetings.. Sharing responsibility by business for ecological balance: Businessmen. guidance and training to top level managers regarding pollution control and ecological balance. This idea is. It is for the government to take suitable steps for the protection of environment and ecological balance. Hariyali.) and government can also play an important role in maintaining ecological balance.
limited natural resource. but land is a finite. water. regulates body temperature. and depends upon the factors. WATER Water is one of the principle sources that sustain life on earth. which can either affect the stability of the ecosystem or are capable of bringing about change in the environment. The environmental degradation which. there has been a drastic change in the quality of environment. It is a medium in which all living processes occur. It is an expression of the total responses among and between its components. As the components of the environment are inter-linked and mutually interdependent.Q5) How does nature help in building human wealth? Give illustrative examples? The survival of man depends upon how effectively and judiciously he manages the earth and maintains the quality of his overall environment. increased further due to addition of various gases and particulate matters resulting from various industrial and mining activities which. the same land was sufficient enough to satisfy all the needs of people at that time. The quality of universally available resources i. Water has the potential for being reused . But if we use them we would lose them before becoming aware of what we have lost.e. structures and remove waste products. During early times. but today with alarming growth of population the same land is insufficient to meet our requirements. started with advent and use of fire and agriculture in the initial stages. land. have taken millions of years to exist in various life forms on the earth. which have also changed with time and technology. We can use them rationally and enjoy these treasures for centuries together. Water dissolves nutrients and distributes them to cells.. air has deteriorated to a significant extent. LAND Most of the treasures in the land available to us. For all this it is man with his technology and activity has to be blamed for. Since the time man has started modifying the environment to suit his requirements. a variety of energy sources and other abiotic components. by keeping them even for our future generations. the change in any of them may lead to a sort of chain reaction in other components of the environment. has reached its peak. Land is the basic resource for providing the needs of the people.
many times. ENERGY Energy is the capacity to do work. With the invention of steam engine and industrialization process. controlling surface runoff. preserve cultural and historical values that are to be preserved and protected from ecological point of view. Water is used by three major sectors i.. agriculture. Most of the industries use energy in one form or another. All industrial units make use of wood in some form or the other. rivers and aquifers for many purposes. VEGETATION Forest plays a crucial role in regulating climate. The ability of human beings. Water is used in agriculture sector for irrigation and other such purposes. to use external source of energy. They provide scenic beauty. Fire was probably the first non-human energy technology used by man. industry. Thus it helps in developing the tourism industry. use of coal as major energy source increased in the 19th century. Hence Nature helps in building Human Wealth. either in its manufacturing process or in marketing activities. Later wind and water were the external energy sources. . It provides timber. which is a major source of revenue for the nation. shelter and food for wild life and purifying the earth. providing natural habitat. changing the physical state or motion of an object. Water is taken from lakes.e. which plays important role in modern industry. to do useful work. public. allows us to make our environment more comfortable and hospitable.
The partnership of god and man can bring about extraordinary or miraculous results. God helps those who help themselves. happiness but also prosperity of his own organization and the society without injustice to others. Divine Grace works only when your self-help and self-efforts are maximum. a human being has tremendous potential power of energy for self-development. Under this principle of unity the universe is an undivided whole where every particle is connected with every other particle. entire humanity is one. your physical. Only if man chooses willingly to collaborate with god and actively participate in the affairs of the society by right action under his guidance and grace. The Divine interpenetrates this Jagat like pearls on a string. which is always behind you. See your own self in all selves. Harmony. Holistic Approach: Holistic approach to management is based on spiritual principle of unity. It is said. He can bring about only personal development. When the God Touch is there (in form of Divine Grace). vital. wisdom and power. a spark of the divine. oneness. God‟s help comes as a rescue boat in the form of unseen hand. Management must recognize oneness of humanity.” This is the yoga of highest order. God‟s grace is the power of God in man. Hence. “Do unto others as thou wish that others should do unto you. Of course. human efforts can achieve even as apparently impossible goal and convert the impossible into a reality. Management is called upon to follow whole-man approach to management and leadership. .Q6) Define and explain Indian Ethos. In this way you can achieve extraordinary results. Each soul is a potential god: A human being has a soul. Respect the divine in all beings. nondual or Advaita concept. Let the inner being or higher consciousness assumes the managerial leadership to manage and lead effectively and efficiently (by combining both values and skills). The divine means perfection in knowledge. The divine resides in the heart of a person. Therefore.
integrity. This is the motto of Ramakrishna Order founded by Swami Vivekananda. This is the ideal of Indian ethos: „Atmano Mokshartham Jagat Hitaya Cha‟. These subjective or subtle qualities are as important as money. machines. truth. to combine subjective and objective phenomenon. pure and clear mind. vision. Subject is subtle and intangible. Such an integrated human personality of self-developed manager and worker can assure best and competent management of any enterprise. We have concept of the third eye. information or data as well as human skills. business and trade due to optimum utilization of inner resources.. Value-based management is essential. customers. Equal importance to subjectivity and objectivity: Indian ethos for management distinguishes subject and object.. the eye of wisdom. It will bring out the divine in the man. harmony and prosperity within and without. mineral and petroleum. India has adequate material and natural resources. which have immense potential power. Japan does not have coal. It will achieve perfection or excellence in whatever sector you work. These represents divine wealth.e. Fortunately. Your inner being is the delegate of the Divine. We shall achieve peace. Under the holistic approach management will not exploit shareholders. employees. society and nature. It can see even that which the normal two eyes cannot. This is the message for all managers and workers given by the Indian ethos for management. fearlessness. Japan could prosper in industry.mental. are subjective. involving collective works and efforts. i. Object is gross or concrete and tangible or visible. Human and ethical values and qualities such as courage. Inner resources of human beings are more powerful than external resources. Let us develop now our human resources. in our internal world simultaneously. It can see the intangible. The refined or higher consciousness will adopt holistic attitude.e. i. etc. intellectual entities. invisible. subtle and intangible concepts. It is a minute portion of the whole. social awareness. materials. Holistic and valueoriented management based on Indian wisdom alone can secure managerial effectiveness and .
Hence. Karma Yoga is a golden means. mind. It preserves the spirit of renunciation without abandoning activity. are objective. It will also assure total quality management. Gita evolves the moral and ethical theory of human conduct and expounds the ort of right living – the doctrine of duty with discipline and devotion without attachment to work and agency (egoistic pride) and / or its results i.e. Concentrate your attention only on your present job. Develop the healthy attitude that fruit (Karma Fala) is given to you as Prasad from the divine. Creation is objective. Creator is subjective. Pour your heart and soul in the performance of your assigned duty. do not be attached to inaction also. Let not the fruits of action motivate you. seen. It brings about union of human being with the divine. The memorable words of Gita “To work only you have the right (as as agent of the divine dwelling in your heart) and you have no right to the fruits of the work. Do your duty without ego and without calculations of gain and loss. subtlest and subjective. fruits of work. Similarly. .. etc. Karma Yoga: It is yoga of moral endeavour. Do your best and actively live every moment of the present with the firm belief that future shall take care of itself. But our soul is unseen. Hence do not waste the precious time in useless dreams of future hopes and fears present actions. Work is done as worship to the divine in human beings who is also all pervading in the universe (which is a projection of the divine).. You have no control over the future. wisdom manager/manager/worker is much more important and valuable than knowledge manager/worker. Our body. Accept it with Prasad Bhavana. self-less service to others.e.. creator is more important than Outsight i.e. Insight i.. intellect. intangible. creation.quality of worklife and work ethic. and tangible. senses. Let not the fruits divert your concentration on work.
The idea of cut-throat competition is found on the concept of struggle for existence and survival of the fittest. You have no anticipation of reward. Any work carried out with full concentration. especially business success. Yogah Karamasu Kaushalam: Yoga means excellence at work. . play a very minor role as motivators. You do not hanker over the fruits of the action. safeguarding her grand ecological balance. Kaushalam denotes doing work with devotion ands without attachment. determination and ability. as our offering to god. Co-operation: Healthy competition is a powerful motivator for excellence and success. Gita emphasizes that Swadharma (one‟s duty based on one‟s swabhava – inclination and aptitude – on for the general welfare of society and as worship of divine. This call to work in the true Yajna spirit is an exhortation to support and actively co-operate in the Divine‟s evolutionary design and to live with the mother earth. or personal gains. dedication and with all abilities that a person ha.g. other perks. becomes valuable and the worker also becomes valuable to others as well as to society. Your head. Seek to perform your assigned duty or work in an excellent manner. heart and soul co-operate with your hands. You become a tool of god to perform the work. In TQM Karma Yoga and Karmasu Kaushalam provide valuable contribution. The extrinsic incentives e. You work with smartness. Such detached attitude enhances its value and improves the concentration and skill of the worker.. etc. money.It is a life of intense activity and serenity without selfish impulses.
These work for a while and need to be repeated. motivation is internal and not external. Infact GEETA itself is example of wonderful motivation provided by Lord Krishna to Arjuna. “to move”. They worked for their own development and growth. It says that it says that work is very natural for living human beings. We are human beings having mind and power of discrimination. Definition: 'An urge to perform certain act(s) willingly and enthusiastically toward the attainment of some common objectives. perform in an excellent manner will manifest the best of qualities in us.' From this definition. It will uplift the doer and produce maximum happiness to greatest number of people. motivation refers to a person's inner urge and feeling.One can get a donkey move by using a carrot or a stick . three points emerge prominently: (a) First. (b) Second. the term motivation has its origin in the Latin word “movere” which means. . Q7) WORK MOTIVATION Introduction: Technically.With people one can use incentives.Indian ethos says that for human beings (not animals) the royal road is co-operation as a powerful motive for teamwork. So Vedanta insists that let good actions flow out of us naturally. the person's urge or feeling must result into some sort of willing and enthusiastic action. or threats or reprimands however these only have a limited effect. Thus the word motivation stands for movement . increased or reinforced to secure further movement Motivation is also very nicely described in Vedanta. Right action. Thus.
‟ Stephen Robbins:‟ work motivation as a willingness to exert high level of efforts towards organization goals. He is potential God. but it is one‟s duty makes him realize his true nature. duration. Supreme Being. intensity. vices and struggling for satiation of his material or selfish motives. behavior and suggest to him that organization is very much concern with his attempt to satisfy his personal goal. He may be ignorant of his true self like he is potential god. orgnisational goals 3. direction. conditioned by the effort‟s ability to satisfy some individual needs. It is necessary to give a person patience listening. to initiate work related behavior and to determine its form.(c) Third. that achieving organizational will increase his chances of attainment of his personal goal. should not be treated merely as a bundle of animal instinct. Once e realizes his true self. The person should be clear idea as to what is expected of him. He is on the path of selfrealization. he will approach towards other human being sand the organization with a sense of service and dedication. what skills he should develop to attain his . Thus there are 3 key elements in this definition: 1. Needs Indian approach to motivation: Indian approach assumes that every human being is an integral part of supreme creator. Personal goal and organizational goal should be aligned harmoniously. understanding his problem and difficulties. the action(s) of the person must be goal-oriented Work motivation: Craig Pinder:‟work motivation is set of energetic process that originate both within as well as beyond an individual being. God or nature. Effort 2. In the sense that is setting his true identity and aims towards being one with God naturally.
conscious level being related to the material world. He should believe that work would help him self-realization. ranging from basic need or from physical or biological needs like food. Western thinking is predominantly based on the theory of mind. social need. proposed by sigmund Freud and other psychologist like Alfred Adler. Super ego or conscience is developed due to cultural upbringing and it determines which need could be satiated as per the socially approved norms or pattern of behavior. Abraham Maslow etc. e. security needs. Man is by nature motivated by the cravings for satisfaction of his needs. . which are unrelated to he reality ego i. Every person is at particular level of needs craving for satisfaction.own goals and through his efforts for attaining Personal goals attaining the organizational goals. It is holistic approach of motivation. Approach person mind is working at three level i. Mostly approach person cannot be motivated for higher type of work unless This present needs are satisfied. The work should be meaningful organization him.e. it tries to seek opportunities to allow satiation of the basic instinct suppressed in the Id. unconscious level. Sigmund Freud gave more importance to the sexual and aggressive cravings contained in the Id (unconscious level of mind). Western approach to motivation : Western approach to motivation believes that a person is motivated by a hierarchy of needs. conscious level and superconscious level or conscience. He is approach bundle of physical and psycho.social needs. Jung. skinner. B F. clothing and shelter. they are ever increasing and after satiation of one needs another need crave for satisfaction. ego needs and self actualization needs (Abraham Maslow) The needs are insatiable.
It is possible when the leader recognizes them as dignified men and women. so leader or manager has to earn these qualities. and number of other factors that affects culture. between north. It is result of the lessons (beliefs. In Indian ethos three paths are suggested in these regard Path of knowledge (gyan yoga) . he can motivate them easily. respect and faith of his subordinates. The subordinates expect equality and justice from their leader.because India is multicultural. Application of Indian ethos in motivating the people: . with integrity of character (charitra). normal. but it is behavior i.multiethnic. e. To retain the spirit of Indian ethos we should have used the word “Inspiration” rather than motivation. The only basic truth which has developed into the vast Indian ethos is that there is profound spiritual dimension in every human being over and above the physical and psychic dimension. The workers like to be recognized as self-respecting human beings. As per Indian ethos to motivate the employees trust (vishwas). south. multireligious. east and west.INDIAN ETHOS AND MOTIVATION : Ethos has nothing to do with ethics. They like to see their leader as honesty (satyta) that is truthfulness. Behavior differ considerably between metropolitan cities and villages. If he can command the love. Indian ethos is not Hinduism. discussions at home. and respect (shradha) is needed. from the variety of experiences from childhood onwards like grandma‟s tales. values) that have been stored in the subconscious. spontaneous. Motivation basically means to bring a change in approach & behavior in a person. unplanned. Ethos may be behavior that is not desirable. according to different religious persuasions. At the same time workers like to see their leaders as person above average.
his irrational deep-rooted beliefs. Make him aware of this and say that he can achieve greater things. 5) Consequences or the results of the action are also to be discussed so that he can have the clear idea of end results. 4) Now tell him the action step to be taken to achieve the goal. .When one understands the right and wrong paths and intellectually understands the importance of change. This first hand experience can bring approach change in him There are five steps to motivate somebody1) Listen to him. not in the abstract sense but in a concrete form. Training to employees can help in this regard Moving one emotionally (Bhakti yoga) When some body is emotionally aroused or feels that he will achieve psychological fulfillment if he takes particular step.e. Note his feelings first and then his thoughts (i. Discuss the pros and cons of his approach. he will do it. Only this step should be towards change Path of action (karma yoga) When some one does something he sees that every action produces certain results or consequences-both good and bad. From experience he learns the cost effect relationship and he tries to take the right step. Only understanding some thing intellectually may not help one unless one starts working on it. and help him to set the right kind of goal. one takes action on this line. Treat him on the emotional plane (earlier we had referred top this as “Bhakti yoga” 3) Now proceed from the intellectual angle. 2) Put stress on his strengths or good sides. He must have specific goals. his value system). Try to understand him.
influences. They must follow their own dharma (collective heart/soul). Follow your Dharma and it will protect you or stand by you.Q8) Dharma. Divine touch is enough to convert difficulties into opportunities. and fearlessness are the three divine elements of Dharma given explained below: Dharma is spirit (or evolves from spirit) in Indian ethos. be good and the whole chamber of our heart shines with Light of Consciousness‟. which are the invaluable assets of the credibility and goodwill of individuals. Dharma stresses fearlessness. e. No wonder we feel missing and incomplete. righteousness (godliness). In dharma. Each one has his/ her own dharma. institutions. not mere action but rightness is given great emphasis. Our degeneration is sure. The traits of dharma or integrity.g. We feel isolated. as our offering to god. having heart. The openly spirit. the observance of which secures the double object of happiness in your own life and also the happiness in others life. the moment we are unconscious or ignore that inner law. Swadharma and Detachment DHARMA: Dharma is the law of right living. One has to comply with his own Dharma. „Do right thing („Dharman Chara). organization and management. and the ways of life and conduct that shape the character and evolution of man both as an individual and as a member of the society. otherwise pay the price. do good. This call to work in the true Yajna spirit is an exhortation to support and actively . soul and Dharma. Nobody has ever violated Dharma without ultimately courting disaster. purposes. our life is paralyzed. goodness. Courage. The inclusion of dharma is like rediscovering a vacant upstair room in one‟s heat chamber. Dharma Of Management/ Organization Each organization and management is considered by Indian ethos as a living entity. Dharma is ethics and spirituality combined. self discipline. Of course one should know the truth about oneself. A soul less company has no life. Dharma is the „inner law of one‟s life‟. SWADHARMA: Gita emphasizes that Swadharma (one‟s duty based on one‟s swabhava – inclination and aptitude – on the work that falls to one‟s lot by virtue of one‟s placement in society) should be carried on for the general welfare of society and as worship of Divine. The spirit is the root or ultimate source of all values and character. righteousness and all other essential and ethical values constitute the character of management / organization just as they are of the individual character. It stands for all those ideals.
then you: Will have people. Willingness to accept that you cannot change or control a person. and caring without the negative results of rescuing. or controlling. fixing. at places. places. Will most probably become powerless in the face of the demands of the people. Might become caught up with your idealistic need to make everything perfect for people. or things. Developing and maintaining of a safe. which you do not really want to do. Disengaging from an over-enmeshed or dependent relationship with people. abused. places.'' Ability to avoid being hurt. or things. Ability to maintain an emotional bond of love. Can become an obsessive ``fix it'' who needs to fix everything you perceive to be imperfect. are the uncontrollable and unchangeable you need to let go of if you are to become a fully healthy. which become over-dependent on you. or thing. taken advantage of by people who in the past have been overly dependent or enmeshed with you. coping individual. enabling. or things the freedom to be themselves. Ability to allow people to be who they "really are'' rather than who you "want them to be. or thing. What are the negative effects not detaching? If you are unable to detach from people. or things important to you even if it means your own life becomes unhealthy. or things. place. places. places. or with things. or things that you have given the power to control you. . DETACHMENT: Detachment is the: Ability to allow people. Run the risk of being manipulated to do things for people. results are an inevitable consequence of wrong Karma. Ability to exercise emotional self-protection and prevention so as not to experience greater emotional devastation from having hung on beyond a reasonable and rational point. place. places. places. which control you. Run the risk of losing your autonomy and independence and derive your value or worth solely from the unhealthy relationship you continue in with the unhealthy person. concern. Run the risk of becoming out of control of yourself and experience greater low self-esteem as a result. safeguarding her grand ecological balance.co-operate in the Divine‟s evolutionary design and to live with the mother earth. emotional distance from someone whom you have previously given a lot of power to affect your emotional outlook on life. Will be blind to the reality that the people. Giving another person "the space'' to be him or herself.
mind. intellect and spirit or soul. heart. Holistic approach to Personality Ancient Greek and Indian wisdom and insight considered the human individual. Creating an environment that promotes balance will result in more productive. It involves creating an opportunity for employees to excel by taking the time to place the best people for the job. Employees have an opportunity to not merely pursue economic gain. but to also contribute meaningfully from the depths of their being to the organization‟s success. loyal employees. She practices the fundamental formula: The new leader seeks and promotes balance as a practical weapon to improve the bottom line. a unique living entity having self-consciousness and human self a complex of body. This doesn‟t mean. enhance material prosperity and increase the speed of innovation over the long haul. The new generations of leaders are not satisfied with wealth creation alone. 2. We have to pay equal attention to all the aspects of human personality and consider him as a whole or complete being. Dharmic leadership involves placing the satisfaction of employees as a key goal and developing company policies and processes around it. there are many such visionaries in some not-yet-visible companies. such leadership fully empowers individuals. but we do not have many visible examples of leaders who have done this with balance at a personal and organizational level. For many long-suffering employees. The new leader is wealthy. Based on love and a desire to uplift the quality of life for all. having practically unlimited potential energy and power to develop himself and acquire perfection so that he can enjoy all round internal and external harmony and progress. Dharmic Leadership Dharmic Leadership at Work In business organisation Dharmic Leadership means the torchbearers as to the ethical practices to be followed by the subordinate. soon. however. it cannot be soon enough. there can‟t or won‟t be. . This is called holistic approach in self management and management of any enterprise as well. Already. She is not a slave to technology but masters it to enhance the quality of life. Our industry has several inspiring examples of leaders (and entrepreneurs) who have created great wealth and opportunity. fulfilling. balanced and wise.1.