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For Official Use Only

Army Air Force Integration Forum The Army of 2020


COL Mark Elfendahl 15 March 2012
as of 13 1630 Mar 2012

For Official Use Only

For Official Use Only (FOUO)

The Army of 2020


The Structural Transition
Strategy
NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY

Capabilities
Capstone Concept for Joint Operations

Structure

Organization

Modernization

The Human Transition


The Army Profession Leader Development
Leader Development

Doctrine 2015
ADP 3-0 Unified Land Operations

Army Learning Model

The Squad

Education

Experience

Training

ADRP 3-0 Unified Land Operations

Army Capstone Concept

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Problem Statement
CSA to CG, TRADOC (July 2011):
How do we transition from todays force to the Army of 2020 in an era of fiscal austerity and still accomplish all that the Army must do as part of the Joint force?

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What must the Army of 2020 do? Can we eliminate entire C2 echelons? Can we justify EAB C2 overhead after reducing BCTs? What is the role of the Corps and Division? Can we create a common structure to reduce affordability issues with the current mix of H-, I-, and SBCTs? Is it a BCT- or Division-based solution? Are Brigades assigned to Divisions and Corps? How do we tie in an affordable Modernization Strategy to force designs? How do we keep the Army expansible? How do we resolve the unsustainable officer grade plate? How do we link regional alignment to training? How do we generate readiness and tie this process to a regional alignment strategy? How do we leverage Joint interdependencies to identify and eliminate redundancy?
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Army 2020 Operational Environment


Prevent Shape Win
Counter Terrorism and Irregular Warfare Deter and Defeat Aggression Project Power Despite AntiAccess/Area Denial Challenges Counter Weapons of Mass Destruction Operate Effectively in Cyberspace and Space Maintain a Safe, Secure, and Effective Nuclear Deterrent Defend the Homeland and Provide Support to Civil Authorities Provide a Stabilizing Presence Conduct Stability and Counterinsurgency Operations Conduct Humanitarian, Disaster Relief, and Other Operations

Futures
The Probable
Episodic Terror Attack Persistent Cyber Conflict Humanitarian Crisis WMD Proliferation Communist Cuba Fails

The Possible
Iran Conflict India - Pak Conflict Korea Conflict Chem/Bio/Rad Attack in CONUS Failed State with Loose Nukes Arab - Israeli Conflict Iran-Arab Conflict Kurdish Nation Hostile Pakistan China-Taiwan Conflict Genocide Mass Migrations

Global Trends
Cyber Resource Competition
Pacific focus

The Unthinkable
Pandemic Fall of the House of Saud Nuclear Incident in CONUS Destruction of Panama Canal Russia-NATO Conflict Central American Narco States Hostile Turkish Regime

Dynamic and rapidly changing security environment


08 1500 MAR 12

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Hybrid Threats in 2020


Three components of Hybrid Threats Nation States or Proxies with a range of capabilities Desire to preclude U.S. from executing its way of war Capabilities that affect the strategic calculus, missiles, nuclear weapons and terror sponsorship specifically designed to impact U.S. actions JOAC ASB Capabilities:
SAMs MANPADS ATGMs Missiles

Anti-access and area denial campaigns strategic thru tactical levels Engage at small unit level where they perceive a greater chance to obtain overmatch and achieve success Use violence, intimidation and coercion against U.S. supporters WMD capable but still seeking nuclear Avoid detection and targeting by operating among the people Slow down or halt our momentum using anti-tank missiles, IEDs, air defense and SOF Increased use of robotics and unmanned aerial systems Employ electronic warfare to counter US precision Conduct sophisticated information campaigns designed to erode US will over time

GMA Hybrid Threats

Threats require effective combined arms fire and maneuver


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What the Army Must Do:


Through the Lens of Defense Strategy
Army also did missions outside this narrow lens

Narrow Lens

Deter Defeat

Hybrid Threats
States Criminals
Presence Cyber & Space HADR
Project Power

Wide Lens
HD/ DSCA Deter & Defeat CT/IW Nuclear
Deterrence

Terrorists

Specific Threat Specific Location Specific threat, degree of certainty and location drove:
Doctrine Equipment Training Organizational Structure Force Posture

Insurgents
Counter WMD Stability/ COIN

Defeat A2/AD

Gain and Maintain Access Unified Land Operations

Historic Examples: 1920-30s Rainbow Planning Airmobile Active Defense AirLand Battle Now: Gain and Maintain Access
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What the Army Must Do: Prevent, Shape, and Win: Strategic guidance requires the Army to conduct a wide range of missions while retaining the ability to focus more narrowly on projecting power to deter and defeat aggression once a specific threat emerges. The combination of a narrow focus within a wide lens allows the Army to adjust more rapidly to potential threats.
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The Army must maintain aOfficial Use of operational adaptability For high level Only

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The Dynamics of Change


Today
Current Force

Army 2020

Future Force

Close Fight

Main Battle Area - POM

Deep Fight

Shaping Opns

Leading Change Integrating Change Current Doctrine Acquisition Procurement / 6.5

Anticipating Change Creating Opportunities


Army concepts timeframe

Concepts
Research & Development 6.4 / 6.3 Experiments/Wargames Projected POM Force (Army 2020)
2017 2018 2019 2020 38th CSA Impacts out to POM 16-20

Concepts / Big Ideas


Science & Technology 6.2 / 6.1 Wargames Force After Next

Test, Evaluate, Exercise Current/Program Force


2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028

POM 13-17 POM 14-18 POM 15-19 POM 16-20 29 1300 FEB 12

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Historical Perspective on Army Concepts


Challenge
Nuclear battlefield Difficult terrain WWII / Korea lessons learned Soviet threat Soviet threat Digital Technology

Major Ideas
Pentomic Army Air Mobility

Announced
1956 1960 1961 1976 1982 1994

Timeframe
1957-1959 1965-1972 1961-1979 1977-1982 1982-1992 2000-2010

Outcome
Inadequate technology Employed in Vietnam Employed in Vietnam Inadequate revised Employed in ODS Employed in OIF/OEF

Reorganized Objective Army Division (ROAD) Active Defense AirLand Battle Force XXI

Op. maneuver strategic distance


Deployability

Army After Next


Objective Force

1996
2002 2004 2009

2010-2025
2002-2009 2005 2016-2028

Led to Objective Force


Network/Bde-based Army Employed in OIF/OEF Ongoing

Increased lethality, Modularity mobility, dispersion Hybrid threats Operational Adaptability

Changes in strategy, resources, and the operating environment drive the need for new Army concepts
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The Army Concept Framework


Ends Ways Means
Army Functional Army Concepts Functional Army SeptemberArmy Concepts Functional SeptemberArmy 2010 Functional Concepts Mission September 2010 Functional Concepts Command September 2010Functional Concepts September 2010 Concept 2010 December 2012

Army Capstone Concept April 2012

Army Operating Concept August 2012

Capability Development: Considers gaps in: Doctrine Organization Training Material Leadership and Education Personnel Facilities Moderated by: Cost / Affordability Risk

The Army determines its required capabilities starting with concepts Current concept work focused on 2016-2028; refreshed every two years

The Army organizes its concepts through the warfighting functions:


Mission Command Intelligence Movement and Maneuver Fires Protection Sustainment
Army Army Functional Functional Army Concepts Army Concepts Functional September BPC Concept September Concepts 2010 Human Dimension September 2010 Concept 2011 2010
June 2008
Learning Concept

Additional concepts address Building Partner Capacity, Learning, Training, the Human Dimension, and Gaining and Maintaining Access (Army-USMC) White papers being developed for Cyber, Special Operations, and Aviation

Training Concept

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Concepts drive capabilities development


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TRADOC CGDirected Concepts

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2012 Campaign of Learning Execution


Combined Arms Maneuver Combined Arms Maneuver / / Wide Area Security (CAM Wide Area Security (CAM / / WAS) WAS) Experiment Experiment 8-19 Aug 2011 8-19 Aug 2011 Ft. Benning, GA Ft. Benning, GA

Alternative Futures Symposium 24-28 OCT 2011 Chantilly, VA

The Army Profession 15-18 NOV 2011 Fort Sill, OK


Engagement Experiment Phase 0/1 Nov 2011 Ft. Leavenworth

AUG 11
USN Global 11 14-22 Jul 2011 CCJO Writing CCJO Wargame Workshop #2 May 2012 21-22 MAR 2012 Washington, DC BAH McLean, VA CCJO Multinational & Think Tank 9 MAR 2012 JB Andrews, MD

SEP 11

OCT 11
ACF Revision DP

NOV 11
Army Expeditionary Warrior Experiment 18 Oct-17Nov 2011 Ft. Benning, GA

Building Partners and Capacity 7-10 FEB 2012 Potomac, MD

MAR 12
Human Dimension Workshop 17-20 April 2012 Fort Bragg, NC
USMC Expeditionary Warrior 5 - 9 Mar 2012

FEB 12

Set Conditions For Phase 2/3 Event Jan 2012 Ft. Leavenwort h

How the Army Fights 9-12 JAN 2012 Potomac, MD

What the Army Must Do 5-9 DEC 2011 Washington, DC

JAN 12

Campaign of Learning Conference 26-27 APR 2012 Carlisle, PA

Army Future Game Planning Conference (STAFFEX) 30 APR-4 MAY 2012 Carlisle, PA

Army Future Game 3-8 JUN 2012 Carlisle, PA

Army Science and Technology Advisory Group (ASTAG) DEC 11 Gain & Maintain Access Experiment Senior Phase 2/3 11-22 Jun 2012 and 23-27 Jul 2012 Distributed

DEC 11

Leader Seminar 13 JUL 2012 Arlington, VA

Build & Prepare Experiment Phase 4/5 13-17 Aug 2012 Ft. Leavenworth

APR 12
ACC Published

MAY 12
CCJO Seminar Wargame 6-11 May 2012 JB Andrews, MD

JUN 12

JUL 12
Joint Warfighter Outcomes Warfighting Challenges DP DP Campaign of Learning DP

08 1500 MAR 12

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Army of 2020 CoL Capstone Event 21 Sep 2012 Ft. Leavenworth

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What the Army Must Do


as Part of the Joint Force (UQ 2012 Recommendation)

Prepare for and conduct a wide range of important missions:


Train, equip, and posture forces to deter adversaries and prevent conflict Provide support to civil authorities as directed Conduct operations to counter weapons of mass destruction Provide strategic and theater missile defense Modernize units to meet the requirements of the future operating environment

Shape the operational environment:


Provide a sustained, stabilizing presence to gain access, understand the environment, build partner

capacity, and set conditions for operations Support combatant commander theater security cooperation activities Conduct integrated SOF and Conventional Force operations and activities Perform Title 10, executive agent, and Army support to other service responsibilities Conduct humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, and other operations

Prevail in war and defend the homeland in support of Joint Force Commanders:
Deter and defeat aggression through unified land operations Conduct combined arms maneuver to seize and exploit the initiative, and win decisively Conduct wide area security to retain the initiative and protect populations, forces, activities and

infrastructure Conduct counter terrorism and irregular warfare Conduct counterinsurgency and other stability operations Conduct sustained campaigns to achieve favorable conflict termination Maintain a reserve and generate forces to mitigate strategic risks Implement reversibility and expansibility to counter unexpected crises

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What the Army Must Do


as Part of the Joint Force (UQ 2012 Recommendation)
Project military power despite anti-access/area denial (A2AD) challenges:
Maintain a capable and rapidly deployable Global Response Force Conduct entry operations, including forcible entry, to defeat anti-access/area denial strategies Open and set theaters of operations to enable joint military action Provide deployable joint and coalition-capable headquarters

Operate effectively in cyberspace and space:


Maintain a robust cyber network to enable land force dominance Operate, Defend and attack within, through, and from cyberspace Remain able to operate in degraded mode Defend space-based systems and operate their supporting ground-based infrastructure

Preserve and enhance the All Volunteer Force:


Recruit and retain quality Soldiers Promote a positive environment for Soldiers and their families

The Army must be able to Prevent, Shape, and Win as part of a Joint Force
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Ideas for Army 2020 and Beyond


Shaping to provide a stabilizing forward presence BPC is an element of shaping that develops and expands enduring defense relationships to enables access to achieve national interest Integration of SOF and conventional force - Develop support relationships across ROMO to include IW Overcoming Anti-Access and Area Denial Army role as part of the Joint Force in defeating enemy capabilities and enabling action in other domains (sea, air, space, cyber) in both the global commons and foreign territories Counter-Proliferation Role of Army forces in securing WMD weapons, fissile material and sensitive sites in permissive and hostile scenarios Ground-Littoral Maneuver Mutually reinforcing employment of maritime and land forces in entry and maneuver operations to defeat enemy forces Decentralized Operations Enabling decentralized operations at Battalion level vice BCT Autonomous Brigade Dominant combat power, strategic mobility, expanded umbrella of force protection; reduced logistics Mounted Vertical Maneuver Ability to project mounted forces by air across extended distances to strike directly against critical enemy objectives Seabasing Ability to conduct joint operations without reliance on shore-based infrastructure Increased Autonomy for Robots Artificial intelligence in armored vehicles and elsewhere; realistic approaches replacing soldiers instead of just using them Power and Energy Enhancements From personal power generation to new generation systems, directed energy, EM gun, and other power generation technologies

Selected ideas to be explored during the FY2013 Campaign of Learning


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Major Army of 2020 Ideas


Collapse an Echelon of C2 at Echelons Above Division (EAD) Assign / Align Brigades to Divisions and Corps Align Corps / Divisions / Brigades Regionally Adapt ARFORGEN to a Selective Mission Readiness Model Establish an Operational Reserve Redesign Brigade Combat Teams Implement a New Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Strategy Create Reconnaissance and Surveillance Brigades Improve Army Advisory Capability:
Organic to ASCCs Regionally Aligned Forces (apportioned for planning)

Integrate Special Operations and Conventional Forces Ensure Reversibility and Expansibility
Significant changes to how the Army organizes and does business

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Questions

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Back up

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The Campaign of Learning


Rolling Assessment
Emerging Trends in the OE Wargames Experiments Studies Scenarios / Modeling & Simulations Enabled S&T Warfighter Outcomes

AWFCs

Insights/findings/ Evaluations recommendations/ interim solution strategy Informs how the Army Informs Key Ideas operates, refines required capabilities

Capability Based Assessments


Focused detail on how we fight and further refines required capabilities

Strategic Guidance

Army Operating Concept

Army Functional Concepts

Special Concepts

Mission Command

Mission Command

6 x Warfighting Functions
QDR NMS GEF GDF

What the Army Must Do

How the Army Fights

BPC HD etc.

Integration (Continuity of Key Ideas and Required Capabilities) 2 Year Revision Cycle Experiments, Wargames, Seminars, and Studies
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Collapse an Echelon of C2 at EAD


The Idea Merge Corps/Theater Armies PACOM/CENTCOM
Six HQs assume JTF and ASCC/Theater Army staff functions
Two Field Army HQs (with organic OCPs) assigned to GCCs (CENTCOM & PACOM) One Corps HQs globally available (located in CONUS) Four Theater Army HQs have MCP and CCP capability only (NORTHCOM, EUCOM, SOUTHCOM & AFRICOM) EUSA HQs exists as a separate ARFOR command in ROK

XXXX/XXX
USARCENT

XXXX/XXX
USARPAC

XXXX/XXX
ARNORTH

XXXX/XXX
USAREUR

XXXX/XXX
USARSO

XXXX/XXX
USARAF

XXXX/XXX
EUSA
MTOE: 577

XXX
Contingency Corps

MCP (ASCC) (535) HHB (49) OCP (523) TAC CP(62) HHB (173)

MCP (ASCC) (535) HHB (49) OCP (523) TAC CP(62) HHB (173)

MCP (ASCC) (535) CCP (96) HHB (60)

MCP (ASCC) (535)


CCP(96) HHB (60)

MCP (ASCC) (535) CCP(96) HHB (60)

MCP (ASCC) (535) CCP(96) HHB (60)

MCP (523) TAC CP(62) HHB (173) 08 1500 MAR 12

Spaces are preliminary estimates of requirements; requires more detailed analysis


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Assign / Align Brigades to Divisions and Corps


XXXX / XXX

Theater / Corps HQ
Fires Protection Sustainment Intel
III

Mission Command

Maneuver
X X

+
AAMDC
X

++
EN
X

++
MP
X

++
TSC

+
CA
X

++
Signal Command
X

III

TIG
III

IO

EN
X

MP
X

+
ESC X MED III TASMG X SUST III RSG FMC HRSC X AFSB X CSB

MIG
I

ADA
X

CA

TAC
X

SIG STRAT
X

BCD

CM
III

MEB

MIB
(Exp) II

SIG TAC

EOD

AEB
(Exp)

XX

Division
X

DIV
X X

Brigades are assigned (AC) or aligned (RC) to Corps and Divisions


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Align Corps, Divisions, and Brigades Regionally (Illustrative Model)

PACOM

GLOBALLY AVAILABLE

CENTCOM

XXX
I 1

III
SF

XXX
XVIII

XX
82
EUCOM

X
11 III

XXX
5

III
SF

XX
2 19

III
SF

XX
1 20

III
SF

XX
4 2

X
1

XX
10

III
SF

III
TEG

XX
3 3

X III
TEG

XX
25

III
TEG

SOUTHCOM

XX III
TEG

XX
10 7

III
SF

XX
40

XX
29

AFRICOM

XX
101 3

III
SF

III
TEG

Alignment enhances access, focuses training, and improves wartime responsiveness


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Adapt ARFORGEN to a Selective Mission Readiness Model


Key Elements: Rotational Pool. The majority of forces move through reset, train/ready, and available phases of progressive readiness. Taken together, these phases encompass 27 months (nine deployed) and may eventually decrease to 24 total months.
Readiness phases are progressive over time, generating a third of the AC force and a fifth of the RC force at any time. Units in the available phase are also able to be assigned to the mission pool as a surge force based on requirements. Rotational pool units train to the level commensurate with their directed mission or that of specific mission pool units. Units that do not deploy reset on a significantly shortened timeline depending on their mission and individual unit requirements.
Strategic Requirements
Mission Pool Reset Train Ready Available

Time
Ready Forces

Rotational Pool Reserve Pool

Mission Pool. Select AC and RC forces (including critical RC enablers) are assigned to a mission pool. These forces remain in a constant state of readiness and are maintained using individual replacements. They never drop into the rotational pool. Reserve Force Pool. The reserve force pool is comprised of forces that are not organized, trained, or equipped to deploy rapidly, such as the generating force units and select RC units.
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Establish an Operational Reserve


Mission Pool

Strategic Requirements

Reset

Train Ready

Available

Time
Ready Forces
Rotational Pool
Reserve Pool

Things we are considering: Determining force mix (AC/RC) for each element of the model Establishing readiness levels required for AC/RC units in each pool Leveraging existing ARNG state partnership programs and adapting as necessary Synchronizing with enduring shaping requirements

Sustains total force readiness for the Army


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Army 2020 Base Case at 30 BCTs for COA Comparison


Fields 30 AC BCTs and 90 Maneuver Bns 28 RC BCTs and 84 Maneuver Bns 174 total Maneuver Bns

Base Case derived from TAA 14-18 Alternate Case Excursion (at 490K)
ABCT X IBCT X SBCT X

10/7/0//17

12/20/0//32

8/1/0//9

The Alternate Case at 490k:


Adopts 3-Bn Design for ABCT and IBCT Fields Brigade Engineer Battalion to BCTs Implements other Force Design /Force Mix proposed changes (e.g., Signal FDU, etc) Retains 10 active and 8 National Guard Divisions Fields Fires Bde, Aiation Bde and MEB for all Divisions
ABCT CAB IBCT IN Bn SBCT Stryker Bn

AC 10 30 12 36 8 24

RC 7 21 20 60 1 3 DIV HQ Fires AV MEB

AC 10 10 11 3

RC 8 8 8 15

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Armored Brigade Combat Team


Proposed x3 Bn and BEB Design (3X4)
FMS 3 Bn w/ BEB E/S: 4869
X
427
I Current Design without Changes address identified gaps: Add additional combat capability (3rd Bn) Add additional Engineer capability (BEB) Add additional Fires (3x6 Composite Fires)

359/43/4288//4691

173

II

443

II

427

II

1893

II

394

II

1359
BSB Removals: Remove Fuel Haul - 30 Remove Distro 16 Remove Water Production - 8 BEB FSC Offsets 9 Total Offsets = 63

HHC
43/17/113//173
HHC removals: - COLTS HHC (12)

BEB
34/8/403//445 28/0/399//427
BEB HHC removals: - MP Platoon (42)
13/1/78//92

BSB
49/0/582//631 29/2/363//394
I

71/16/1272//1359

HHC
16/1/59//76

HHC
17/2/67//86

I
3/0/42//45 0/2/30//32 5/2/137//144 270

MI
4/6/61//71 0/2/25//27 TUAV PLT

I
4/6/92//102

5/0/85//90
CBT

6/0/141//147

CONST

4/0/60//64

MP
1/0/41//42

Personnel Removed from BCTs: Vertical PLT from Const CO: SPT SQD from Horizontal PLT: MP PLT (detainee, police actions): COLTS (Targeting and Direction): Fuel Haul: Distro: Water Production: FSC Offsets: MICO TAA Informed TOTAL:

-24 -16 -42 -12 -30 -16 -8 -9 -48 -178

FSC

(x3) CAB FSC: 5/1/174//180 BEB FSC: 5/1/129//135 FIRES FSC: 5/1/144//150 RECON FSC: 5/1/113//119

15/0/68//83

CBRN
08 1500 MAR 12
1/0/11//12

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Infantry Brigade Combat Team


Proposed x3 Bn and BEB Design (3x4)
FMS 3 Bn w/ BEB E/S: 4645
X 345/44/4042//4431
Current Design without Changes address identified gaps: Add additional combat capability (3rd Bn) Add additional Engineer capability (BEB) Add additional Fires (3x6 Composite Fires)

166

II

423

II

404

II

2094

II

410

II

933

HHC
45/16/105//166
HHC removals: - COLTS HHC (12)

BEB
34/9/383//423 37/0/367//404
BEB HHC removals: - MP Platoon (42)

BSB
32/2/376//410

44/0/654//698

65/17/851//933
HHC

I
14/1/74//88

BSB Removals: Infantry Transport - 96 Fuel Haul - 10 Distro 20 Water Production - 7 BEB FSC Offsets - 9

HHC
16/1/56//73

I
3/0/42//45

17/2/64//83

0/2/30//32

I
155T 6/0/108//114

5/2/99//106

MI
4/6/61//71 0/2/25//27 TUAV PLT

I
105T

176

5/6/81//91

CBT

6/0/123//129

CONST

4/0/64//68

MP
1/0/41//42

CBRN
1/0/11//12

Personnel Removed from BCTs: Vertical PLT from Const CO: SPT SQD from Horizontal PLT: MP PLT (detainee, police actions): COLTS (Targeting and Direction): Infantry Transport: Fuel Haul: Distro: Water Production: BEB FSC Offsets : MICO TAA Informed TOTAL:

-24 -13 -42 -12 -96 -10 -20 -7 -9 -48 -281

6/0/82//88

FSC

(x3) IN FSC: 4/1/86//91 BEB FSC: 4/2/114//120 FIRES FSC: 4/1/97//102 RECON FSC: 4/1/80//85

15/0/58//73

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Stryker Brigade Combat Team Proposed x3 Bns and BEB Design


FMS 3Bn w/ BEB E/S: 4438 X 317/43/4013//4373
Current Design without Changes address identified gaps: Add additional Engineer capability (BEB)

170

II

483

II
36/0/367//403

403

HHC
45/15/110//170 HHC removals: - COLTS HHC (12)

BEB
33/10/440//483 BEB HHC removals: - MP Platoon (42)

II II

2088

II
31/2/360//393

393

II

839

BSB
43/16/780//839

43/0/653//696

BEB Removals: Remove FSSP Equipment Only Add Distro/Haul - +52 Remove Water Production - 4 BEB FSC Offsets - 9

HHC
16/1/57//74

HHC
17/2/148//167

16/0/78//94

I
3/0/42//45 0/2/27//29

5/2/198//205

MI
4/7/78//89 0/2/25//27 TUAV PLT

5/12/363//380

5/0/85//90
CBT

5/0/114//119
CONST

4/0/60//64

I
6/0/47//53

MP
1/0/41//42

CBRN
08 0800 MAR 12
1/0/11//12

Personnel Removed from BCTs: Vertical PLT from Const CO: SPT SQD from Horizontal PLT: MP PLT (detainee, police actions): CBRNE: COLTS (Targeting and Direction): FSSP Equipment Only Add Distro/Haul: Water Production: BEB FSC Offsets: MICO TAA Informed TOTAL:

16/0/71//87

-24 -19 -42 -12 -12

+52 -4 -9 -30 -100


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TRADOC Army 2020 Operational Based TWV Reductions


CSA Goal = 170,000 TWVs *233,203 170,000 = 63,203 (Preliminary Reduction Target)
*Start Point FY17 Oct 11 SACs File = 233,203 (DAMO-FM)

Preliminary Target Minus TDA Reductions Minus TAA 14-18 (estimate) New Estimated Target

63,203 2,199 61,004 11,000 50,004

Redesign and Pool for Offensive & Defensive Opns


Phase I: TOE Operational Assessment & Re-baselining Phase II: Pooling

Protected Mobility for Stability Opns Phase III: Augmentation Pool for Stability Operations

Pool Common User and Task Truck TWVs

TOEs Designed for Offensive and Defensive Operations


01 1000 MAR 12

Retain in Unit TWVs that are Minimum Mission Essential for Training, Low Density, etc

Mix of MRAP and TWV


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Army-wide scope of effort working within the 2020 construct to get down to 170K trucks not just BCT focused

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Future R&S Brigade Requirements


Recent operations and future projections indicate need for capable reconnaissance at EAB:
IED problem: a lack of area security, despite effective collection capability Better intelligence via intensive and repetitive ground patrolling to secure wide areas Improved route recon and route clearance TTPs and equipment More than collection and fusion: Must engage hybrid threats and interact with the population

Current doctrine and formations are not adequate:


Doctrinal revisions or modest organizational fixes will not address the gap Sensors or lightly-armed troops alone cannot conduct effective recon operations at EAB

The Army needs a new operational concept for a reconnaissance formation at corps / division:
Conduct intelligence collection; answer PIR Fight for information in close contact with the population and the enemy Direct and employ joint fires as required Act as a light-to-medium weight strike force (e.g., following forcible entry and lodgement seizure)

An enhanced reconnaissance and security formation could provide:


Traditional recon functions for a division / corps engaged in combat and stability missions A mix of capabilities that support combined arms maneuver and wide area security Offensive operations: screen the front or flank of a maneuvering division or corps; early entry force after forcible entry; act as an advanced guard to protect a corps or division main effort Defensive operations: conduct a counter-recon fight; provide area and route security Stability operations or DCSA: secure wide areas and operate in an economy of force role in corps and division unassigned areas to allow the concentration of effort elsewhere
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R&S Brigade Designs


X 1026 with 1x MI Bn Current 1701 with FDU Applied 2742

HHC 177

MI

281
*

324

40

BSC 175

HHC 27
TUAS

54 101

HHT

94 SPT 46 X 2 46

Tech
Collect

(Future fielding)

C&E

53

138
LRS

CI/ HUMINT

73

Base Case Design: 1026

FDU Adds - 3RD Mounted Recon Troop - Increase Scouts PLTs from 4 to 6 - 3 120mm Mortar Sections - Sustainment enablers
FDU Adds Design: 1701

Add Capability to Fix and Finish - 2nd Mounted Recon SQDN - Artillery Battalion - Sustainment enablers
Proposed Design: 2742

Enables future Army forces to fight for information at echelons above brigade
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R&S Brigade Employment Options


Operates in Area Assigned by Corps Operates in Area Assigned by Div Operates Across the Division Area

The R & S BDE conducts Reconnaissance and Surveillance in the DIV or Corps AO based on METT-TC. It can operate in an area assigned by the supported commander or operate in an unassigned area within the Division or Corps AO. The R & S BDE enables the understanding of the networks and operational environment. Finds key network elements and their vulnerabilities Fuses intelligence: In conjunction with Div / Corps / BCTs and extended intelligence enterprise; to enable network exploitation / attack. The R & S BDE conducts fix and finish missions based on METT-C factors and augmentation (Maneuver BN, Fires, AV) The R & S BDE provides Flexibility and Versatility to the DIV & Corps. METT-TC considerations will determine the operational reach of the R&S BDE; the Corps or Division Commander may focus the R & S BDE into one or more tactical operating areas to answer PIR and / or identify enemy network elements.

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X

R&S Brigade Proposed Design


Current Design
Solution (Base Case) 3rd Troop per Squadron

Gap Insufficient reconnaissance capability Insufficient intelligence capability Insufficient fires Limited capability to fix and finish

Redesigned MI (P&E) BN (DP 142) Organic mortars Augment or task with organize elements of Maneuver, Aviation, or Fires

Base Case Design: 1026

Proposed Changes
Transform the BFSB into the R&S BDE Approve the R&S Squadron BDE FDU and MI redesign initiative: enhances analytical capability , enhances ability for combat information collection, increases the ability to actively engage the local population. Consider adding the capability to fix and finish Add mounted reconnaissance squadron and organic artillery

Proposed Design: 2742


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Integrate Special Operations and Conventional Forces


Decisive Action
Shaping Operations Offense Defense Offense Defense

Stability / DSCA

Stability / DSCA

Current ADP 3-0

Proposed Construct

Shape by integrating SOF and conventional forces in a new construct for Irregular Warfare (includes CT, UW, FID, COIN, Stability Ops, SFA) Determine conventional force support to SOF and SOF support to conventional force Synchronize training and leader development Gain authorities and policies to employ AC and RC forces in more predictable ways Facilitate integration with regionally aligned conventional forces Consider a 7th warfighting function to drive operational and institutional integration (will require the addition of a new functional concept to the AFC revisions in late Summer 2012)

01 1000 MAR 12

Capture and sustain a high level of SOF-conventional integration


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Improve Army Advisory Capability


What do we need?

Priorities of 21st Century Defense: Whenever possible, we will develop innovative, low-cost, and smallfootprint approaches to achieve our security objectives, relying on exercises, rotational presence, and advisory capabilities. 38th CSA Marching Orders: The Army shapes the environment by sustaining strong relationships with other Armies, building their capacity, and facilitating strategic access. ASCC Engagements: Corps has to hunt for a Theater Engagement Group/Theater Engagement Section, (TEG/TES) capability prior to deployment; it should be provided to them. Emphasizes the role of regionally-focused engagement to command's success, particularly in shaping and preventing. General Officer Operational Assessment: Provides a separate subordinate organization to provide mission command over Army forces engaged in theater security cooperation activities in Host Nations, and provide Army institutional development advice and expertise to HN land forces.

Potential Solutions:
Use regionally aligned forces (through GFM process) Assign advisory element to ASCC (with organic TTs) Assign advisory element to ASCC (and use regionally aligned forces for TTs) Employ a centralized structure adapted from current organizations (e.g. 162nd, AEG)
13 1000 MAR 12

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Reversibility and Expansibility


Problem Statement: How does the Army ensure it is able to restore needed
capabilities and capacity to meet future contingencies after beginning force reductions and in response to the current strategic environment and budget constraints?

Key Definitions: Reversibility:


The ability of the Army to slow and reverse a planned drawdown in the force through the use of specific strategies, policies, and selected investments. Reversibility requires the Army to make and sustain selected investments and put policies in place to mitigate risk and posture the force to respond quickly to unforeseen requirements or changes in the National Defense Strategy.

Expansibility:

The ability of the Army to grow capabilities and capacity not resident in the existing Total Army. Expansibility employs reorganization and mobilization of the existing Army, coupled with regeneration and capabilities development to reconstitute or produce new capabilities and capacity. Expansibility combines intellectual capital, concepts, and methods to produce increased capabilities and capacity in response to operational demands.
Zero Sum Gain Strategies, Policies, and Investments Enabling Expansibility
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01 1000 MAR 12

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Reversibility and Expansibility in the Army of 2020


Current Force: 569K A/C, 358.2K ARNG, and 206K USAR

Strategic Risk
E n d S t r e n g t h
New capabilities for a specific future conflict

Demand Increase

Reorganize / Mobilize

BCT Enabler Growth Capabilities and capacities lost in Drawdown Growth Target: 15K per year

X# of BCT Reduction

Make maximum use of the existing Total Force

Planned Reduction: 490K A/C, 350.2.2K ARNG, and 205K USAR


Drawdown Decision Points

Time
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Reversibility focuses on preparation Expansibility focuses on execution

01 1000 MAR 12

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Gain and Maintain Access Operational Access Concept Space

Air Sea Battle Focus

Focus of the Army/Marine Gain and Maintain Access Concept

Sustained Land Ops

29 1300 Feb 2012

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Army 2020 Project Design


JAN
SRC and URS REVIEW TAA 14-18 TAA/POM 14-18 3-star GOSC
TAA 14-18 2-star GOSC

FEB
TAA 14-18 01 FEB FDU (SRC) CCJO Recc Seminar TAA 15-19 Wargame GFMB Resourcing

MAR
POM Mid-year Review SecArmy Decision 2 vs 3 Bn (27 MAR)

APR

MAY
OMA Mid-year Review FMR 15-19

JUN
POM 14-18 LOCK

JUL
FDU (SRC) Approval

AUG
3-star Cap Demand 2-star GOSC GOS CoC C

SEP

OCT
TAA 15-19 Resourcing 2-star 3-star CoC GOSC GOS C

ARSTRUC 14-18 Signed

SRC and URS REVIEW


CCJO Seminar Wargame GFMB (26-27 APR) CCJO Wargame

TAA/POM 15-19

SRC and URS REVIEW


FORSCOM Sourcing (14-18 MAR) HQDA/FORSCOM W/S (4-8 JUN)

TAA 16-20 FY2013

SASC A-L SC (28 MAR)

CF SOF (28-30 AUG) (10-14 SEP)

J33 Sourcing W/S JIA&JMD (18-20 SEP) (15-19 OCT)

1/2 Strategic Engagement and Star GOSC (FORGEN) 01 MAR Communication LoE

(TRADOC ARCIC-F)

FORSCOM-USASOC Winter AUSA 31 JAN 22-24 FEB Sr Cmd ASCC ARCIC/ARNG Engagements Working Group 04-29 NOV USA-USAF Talks 10 JAN 07 FEB

ASCC & Corps Cdr Eng GO Cyber Summit 28MAR 24 MAR XVIII ABN USA-USMC Talks USA-USAF Corps 05 APR Integration Council 14 MAR Army Fellows USA-USN Talks Engagement MAR 24 MAR ARCIC/ARNG Working Group 18 APR ARCIC/ARNG Working Group 18 JUL

Army 2020 FD/FM 14


01 OCT

Campaign of Learning LoE


(Force Design/Mix/Concepts) (TRADOC ARCIC-CDL)
BCT 2020

Force Gen/ Operational Reserve

2
23 APR

1
BCT Support Concept 15 27 MAR

ACC 2012 17 MAY SOF-CF Interdependence 9

EAD Mission Command

AOC 2012

An integrated plan for transition to Army 2020 A well-grounded proposal to guide Army redesign for an Army 2020 force that is: affordable, agile, capable, networked, responsive and adaptive, able to address the complex future operating environment characterized by complex, hybrid threats, and demanding missions.
KEY Decision Point Event Event/Process

12
15 AUG

05 JUN

08 FEB

R&S 3 Brigade 27 APR Best Practices Requirements & Acquisition 5 27 APR UQ 12 Human Dimension Excursion 16-20 APR

17 MAY Regional 7 Force Alignment 17 MAY Reversibility/ Expansibility

10

Assign/Align Bde/Div/Corps

13

TA/Corps Design

30 AUG

27 JUN

Force Modernization and Investment LoE


(Force Capabilities) (TRADOC ARCIC-RID)

Tactical Wheeled

6
17 MAY

11 Vehicle Strategy
16 JUL Transition Actions to the Army Campaign Plan 16 JUL

Operational Analysis LoE


(TRADOC ANALYSIS CENTER-TRAC)
TWV Analysis Support BCT Design Analysis BCT Design Alternatives Modeling F/MF Cdr Conf 3-4 DEC BCT Cdr Conf 13-15 DEC GO Opnl Assessment 25 JAN TRAC FT LEE

OSD CAPE Visit TRAC FT LEE

TWV Analysis Support

TWV Analysis Support

Expansibility Analysis ARFORGEN Model Dev BCT Mix Analysis

Key Enabler Sufficiency Analysis

Signific

Key De

13 0830 MAR 12

An integrated For Official Use Only Army 2020 plan to design the

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Gain and Maintain Access Links to Joint Concepts


Joint Operational Access Concept 17 Jan 2012
Air-Sea Battle Concept

Joint Concept for Entry Operations


Gain and Maintain Access Concept Swarm Boats Surface to Air Missiles Rotary Wing Aircraft Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Sea Mines

CONUS

SPOE Space and cyber attack against critical deployment, C2, and support networks.

APOE Terror attack Cyber attack Propaganda Misinformation Media manipulation Political attack

Anti-Ship Ballistic Missiles Surface Combatants

Theater Ballistic Missiles Submarines

Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles 3rd/4th/5th Gen Attack Aircraft

Paramilitary/Proxy Conventional/Forces Mines and IED Infantry weapons Anti-tank Missiles G-RAMM Cyber/network attack

The Joint Staff J7 is developing the Joint Concept for Entry Operations.

Gaining and Maintaining Access is Critical to Projecting Power


08 1500 Mar 2012

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Gain and Maintain Access Problem Statement


Adversaries will employ anti-access/area-denial capabilities using tactics intended to offset U.S. advantages in joint integration, hightech sensors, and stand-off, precision weaponry. For example:

Hiding sophisticated weapon systems in complex terrainparticularly in heavily populated urban areasin order to counter the U.S. ability to find and target them via technical means; Denying use of fixed airfield and ports to U.S. forces by creating unacceptable risk; Creating periods of air, cyber, or sea superiority.

How will the Joint Force Commander set conditions and employ Army-Marine forces to defeat area denial capabilities and maintain access throughout a campaign?
08 1500 Mar 2012

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Gain and Maintain Access Central Idea


Army and Marine Corps forces contribute to the Joint Force Commanders effort to gain and maintain operational access by entering hostile territory, without benefit of domain dominance, and employing combined arms maneuver to locate and defeat area-denial capabilities. U.S. Army and Marine Corps forces must be capable of:

Conducting simultaneous force projection and sustainment to multiple, unexpected, austere locations.
Countering the effects of adversary actions against the air, sea, space and cyberspace domains by locating, seizing, neutralizing, or destroying land-based capabilities, thereby enabling cross domain synergy. Seizing key terrain to facilitate the entry of follow-on forces.

Army and Marine Forces Contribute to Freedom of Action in all Domains


08 1500 Mar 2012

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Gain and Maintain Access Supporting Ideas

Exploit the Sea as Maneuver Space.


Army forces operate through and from the Seabase. Marine forces conduct Ship to Objective Maneuver.

Access and Operate in Austere Locations


Forces must sustain initial operations independent of local infrastructure.

Integrate Special Operations Forces with Conventional Forces


Critical to setting conditions prior to entry, continuing operations at depth, and assisting in maintaining access during follow on operations.

Reduce Force Vulnerability


Army and Marine force developers must seek innovative ways to reduce signatures and logistics demands.

Operate From Intermediate Staging Bases


Key action required for increased speed of force flow/build up in the joint operational area.

Fight for Information


Entry forces seek joint integration of communication, navigation, intelligence, reconnaissance, targeting processes, and command and control.

Conduct Mounted Vertical Maneuver


The maneuver by air and vertical insertion of mobile armor protected combined arms forces.

Key tasks required to project power and conduct entry operations given an active area denial environment
08 1500 Mar 2012

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