Department of Electronics and Communication

DSCE, Bangalore‐78

POWER ELECTRONICS LAB
Subject Code: 06ECL78 No. of Practical Hrs/Week: 03 Total no. of Practical Hrs: 42
1. Static characteristics of DIAC 2. Static characteristics of SCR 3. Static characteristics of MOSFET 4. Static characteristics of IGBT 5. Controlled HWR and FWR using RC triggering circuit 6. SCR turn off using LC circuit 7. SCR turn off using Auxiliary Commutation 8. UJT firing circuit for HWR and FWR circuits 9. Generation of firing signals for thyristors/ trials using digital circuits/ Microprocessor 10. AC voltage controller using TRIAC – DIAC combination 11. Single phase Fully Controlled Bridge Converter with R and R‐L loads 12. Voltage (Impulse) commutated chopper both constant frequency and Variable frequency operations 13. Speed control of a separately exited DC motor 14. Speed control of universal motor 15. Speed control of stepper motor 16. Parallel / series inverter

IA Marks : 25 Exam Hours : 03 Exam Marks : 50

Power Electronics Laboratory

Page 1

Department of Electronics and Communication

DSCE, Bangalore‐78

Set of Experiment I ‐ Cycle
1. Static characteristics of DIAC 2. Static characteristics of SCR 3. Static characteristics of IGBT 4. Controlled HWR and FWR using RC triggering circuit 5. Speed control of a separately exited DC motor 6. Single phase Fully Controlled Bridge Converter with R and R‐L loads 7. Generation of firing signals for Thyristors/ trials using digital circuits/ Microprocessor 8. SCR turn off using LC circuit

II‐Cycle

1. Static characteristics of MOSFET 2. UJT firing circuit for HWR and FWR circuits 3. Voltage (Impulse) commutated chopper constant frequency and variable frequency Operations 4. Parallel / series inverter 5. Speed control of stepper motor 6. SCR turn off using Auxiliary Commutation 7. AC voltage controller using TRIAC – DIAC combination 8. Speed control of universal motor

Power Electronics Laboratory

Page 2

Department of Electronics and Communication

DSCE, Bangalore‐78

Experiment No.1
Static characteristics of DIAC
Aim : To determine the forward and reverse characteristic of DIAC Apparatus Required: Resistor 1kΩ‐1No, Voltmeter (0‐60v)‐1 No, DIAC‐1No, Ammeter (0‐250mA)‐1No, Connecting Wires, Connecting Board‐1No.

Circuit Diagram:

Procedure:
(1). Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2). Switch on the Regulated power supply by keeping the voltage course fine in minimum position (3). Increase the voltage in steps and note down the corresponding voltage and Current in the tabular column (4). Reduce the voltage to the minimum position and switch off the power supply (5). To determine the reverse characteristics interchange the DIAC terminals and repeat the above steps (6). Plot the graph of Voltage versus Current

Applications:

Power Electronics Laboratory

Page 3

Department of Electronics and Communication

DSCE, Bangalore‐78

Tabular Column: Forward V ( volts) I (ma) Reverse V ( volts) I (ma)

Graph:

Result:

Power Electronics Laboratory

Page 4

Set Ig=7ma. Keeping Ig constant.2 Static characteristics of SCR Aim: To determine the V‐I characteristics of the given SCR Apparatus Required: Resistor 1kΩ. vary the anode voltage VAK and note down the anode current Ia and anode voltage Vak (3). Tabulate the readings and plot the graph of Vak Versus Ia (4). Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2). connecting Board‐1No. From the graph determine holding current (IH). Bangalore‐78 Experiment No. Voltmeter (0‐60v)‐1 No. Connecting Wires. Ammeter (0‐100mA)‐2No. SYMBOL: Circuit Diagram: Procedure: (1). Repeat the above steps for for different gate current (Ig) (5). Latching current (IL) and Forward Break over voltage (VBO) Power Electronics Laboratory Page 5 .Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. SCR TYN604/410‐1No. 470E/5w ‐1No.

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Applications: Graph: Tabular Column: I g =_____________ma V ak (volts) I a (mA) IL = ____________ma IH =____________ma Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 6 .

Tabulate the readings plot the graph of V ds v/s Id for different Vgs determine Rd Power Electronics Laboratory Page 7 . MOSFET (IRF 450)‐1No. Connecting Board‐1No.3V etc) (3).Switch on the power supply and keep Vgs to a constant value (1. 50E/5w ‐1No.By varying the voltage across drain and source and note down the corresponding voltage Vds and current Id (4). SYMBOL: Circuit Diagram: Procedure: (1). Voltmeter (0‐60v)‐1 No. Bangalore‐78 Experiment No.3 Static characteristics of MOSFET Aim: To obtain the drain and transfer characteristics of MOSFET Apparatus Required: Resistor 10kΩ. Ammeter (0‐100mA)‐2No.Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2). Connecting Wires. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.

For each variations of Vgs note down the drain current Id. Determine the Tran conductance Gm and Amplification factor (µ) Rd = V ds / Id Gm= Id / Vgs µ = Gm* Rd Applications: Graph: Output Characteristics: Transfer Characteristics Tabular Column: Vgs1= V ds (volts) I d (mA) Output Characteristics Vgs2= V ds (volts) I d (mA) Transfer Characteristics Vds= V gs(volts) I d (mA) Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 8 .To determine the transfer characteristics set Vds to a specified value and vary Vgs (6). Bangalore‐78 (5). tabulate the readings and plot the graph of Vgs v/s Id for constant Vds (7).Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.

4 t Static characteristics of IGB BT Aim: To plot the V‐I and Transfer characteristics of IGBT A t s Apparatus Required: IGBT. Circuit Diag C gram: ower Electron Laborato nics ory Po Page 9 . Co onnecting W Wires. Amm v)‐1 meter (0‐100 0mA)‐1No. Voltm A meter (0‐60v No.Department of Electron and Communication D t nics DSCE. Ba angalore‐78 8 Ex xperiment No.

By increasing Vge in steps note down the corresponding values of Ic and plot the graph of Vge versus Ic for constant Vce Applications: Graph: Transfer Characteristics: Output Characteristics: Tabular Column: V‐I Characteristics Vge1= V ce (volts) I c(mA) Transfer Characteristics Vge2= Vce1= V ge(volts) I d(mA) Vce2= Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 10 . Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2). Bangalore‐78 Procedure: (1). Set the value for Vge=5.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.Tabulate the readings plot the graph of Ic versus Vce (6).32v (4).To determine the transfer characteristics set Vce to a specified value (7). Switch on the supply by keeping in minimum position of Vge and Vce (3). Increase Vce in steps and note down the corresponding voltage of Vce and Current Ic (5).

Transformer (12‐0‐12) Voltmeter(0‐60v). Pot 1M.5 Controlled HWR and FWR using RC triggering Circuit Aim: To rig up a circuit for controlled HWR and FWR using RC Triggering circuit Apparatus Required: SCR (2P4M)‐2No. Bangalore‐78 Experiment No. Resistor 100E/5W. Connecting Wires and CRO probe.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.47µF). Capacitor (0. Diode (BY127)‐2No. Connecting Board. Circuit Diagram: HALF WAVE RECTIFIER v FULL WAVE RECTIFIER v 230V 50HZ Power Electronics Laboratory Page 11 .

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. By varying the potentiometer (1M) note down the delay angle and output voltage (5). Vdc=Vm [1+cosα]/π for FWR Tabular Column: Delay Angle(α) V practical (volts) V theoretical (volts) Applications: Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 12 . Observe the wave forms across SCR and Load for HWR and FWR (4). Bangalore‐78 INPUT AND OUTPUT WAVEFORMS: Procedure: (1). Switch on the Power supply (3).Compare the results with the theoretical value Vdc=Vm [1+cosα]/2π for HWR. Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2).

Capacitor(0.Connectin Board. CRO Circuit Diag C gram: ower Electron Laborato nics ory Po Page 13 . Pulse Transf P former. for HWR and FW WR Circuit t Apparatus Required: SCR (2P4M) A )‐2No. and C probe. ng Connecting W C Wires. Voltm meter(0‐60v v).47µF F).Department of Electron and Communication D t nics DSCE.Transform mer(12‐0‐12).UJT(2N2646).Po 1 ot100K.6 t SCR turn‐on cir t rcuit using Synchronized UJT re elaxation o oscillator Aim: To stud the turn o of SCR using UJT in Sy A dy on ynchronous mode.Diod de(BY127)‐3No. 100E/5W.Resistor1 1k. Ba angalore‐78 8 Ex xperiment No.

VSCR and across the load (4).C supply (3).47MF SCR 230V 50Hz 6V/12V Z6. Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2). Switch on the A. Va.5 VC FULL WAVE CONTROLLER D VS 6V/12V 230V/50HZ Z 6. By varying the potentiometer (100K) note down the delay angle and output voltage Applications: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 14 .Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Vc Vb1.47MF VC VA R8 1k VZ Vz 1k 1k B2 100k E 2N2646 B1 VB1 SCR2 100E/5W SCR1 Procedure: (1). Vz. Bangalore‐78 HALF WAVE CONTROLLER R5 100E/5W 1k VS 6V/12V VA Vz 1k 1k 100k B2 E 2N2646 B! VB1 0. Observe the wave forms at Vs.5 6V/12V D 0.

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 15 .

CRO probes Circuit Diagram: Procedure: (1). Duty cycle and Plot the graph Tabular Column: VL (volts) Ton (ms) Toff (ms) T (ms) Duty Cycle Applications: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 16 . Switch on the triggering circuit and observe the triggering pulses with the help of CRO (3). Switch on the chopper switch keeping the potentiometer of the triggering circuit in Minimum position (4). Bangalore‐78 Experiment No. Patch chords. Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2). Note down the output Voltage.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.7 SCR turn‐off using LC circuit Aim: To study the basic working of LC Commutation Apparatus Required: Multimeter.

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Graph: VL Duty cycle Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 17 .

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Experiment No.8 SCR turn‐off using Auxilliary Commutation Aim: To study the SCR Turn Off using Auxilliary Commutation Apparatus Required: Multimeter. Circuit Diagram: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 18 . Lamp load. Patch chords. CRO probes.

Vdc=Ton/T x Vin. Switch on the DC supply of the firing circuit keeping the chopper switch in the Off Position (5).Plot the graph of Duty cycle v/s output voltage Tabular Column: VL (volts) Ton (ms) Toff (ms) T (ms) Duty Cycle Applications: Graph: Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 19 . Bangalore‐78 Procedure: (1). Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2). By varying the firing pulses measure Ton. Vdc = duty cycle x Vin (9). Switch on the chopper switch keeping the potentiometer of the triggering circuit in the Minimum position (6). Toff and output voltage across the Load (8). Compare the practical value with the theoretical value Vdc=Ton/Ton+Toff x Vin.e.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Keep the selector switch of the DC supply in the second position i. 30V (4). capacitor and Load (7). Switch on the triggering circuit and observe the triggering pulses with the help of CRO (3). Observe the waveforms across the SCR.

Patch chords.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.9 Digital Triggering of SCR Aim: To study the triggering of SCR using digital triggering Method Apparatus Required: Multimeter. Circuit Diagram: To HWR Power Electronics Laboratory Page 20 . Transformer (12‐0‐12). CRO probes. Bangalore‐78 Experiment No. Resistor 100E/5w.

Note down the wave forms at different terminal points of the module [A.C. Bring back the Triggering angle to zero and switch off the module (6).Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Switch on the Digital Triggering circuit module and check the Triggering pulses of the digital triggering using CRO (2). Plot the graph of vdc v/s α Tabular Column: Load Voltage (volts) Delay angle (α) Applications: Graph: Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 21 . Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (4). Tn] (3). Tp. Vary the Triggering angle in steps and note down the output voltage [vdc] across the load (5). Bangalore‐78 Procedure: (1).

Plot the graph of delay angle versus voltage Tabular Column: Load Voltage (volts) Delay angle (α) Applications: Graph: Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 22 . Bangalore‐78 Experiment No. BNC to BNC probe. Switch on the power supply to the circuit (3). Circuit Diagram: Procedure: (1). Vary the potentiometer and note down the load voltage and delay angle (4). Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2). Lamp. differential module. Multimeter.10 AC voltage controller using TRIAC‐DIAC combination Aim: To study AC voltage controller Apparatus Required: TRIAC module.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.

Con O nnecting wir res. Ba angalore‐78 8 Ex xperiment No.Department of Electron and Communication D t nics DSCE.11 Single phase fully controlle Bridge Converter with R an RL loads ed r nd s Aim: To stud the conve A dy ersion of AC to DC using single phase fully contro e olled Bridge Conver with R and RL loads rter Apparatus Required: Multimeter Patch card Transform [12‐0‐12 100e/5w. CRO Probe. mer 2] In nductor. A r. Circuit Diag C gram: ower Electron Laborato nics ory Po Page 23 . ds.

By varying the Triggering pulses note down the corresponding output voltage and Delay angle (4). Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2). Bangalore‐78 Procedure: (1).Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Switch on the Triggering circuit and check the Triggering pulses with the help of CRO Keeping the potentiometer in minimum position (3). Decrease the Triggering pulses to the minimum position and switch off the circuit Tabular Column: Load Voltage (volts) Delay angle (α) Applications: Graph: Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 24 . Plot the graph of delay angle V/s output voltage (5).

Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2).Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Circuit Diagram: Procedure: (1). Switch on the firing circuit and check the firing pulses with the help of CRO (3). By varying the firing circuit note down the output voltage and speed Tabular Column: Load Voltage (volts) Speed (rpm) Applications: Graph: Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 25 . patch cords. Switch on the AC supply of the isolation transformer (4). Bangalore‐78 Experiment No.12 Speed control of separately excited DC Motor Aim: To study the speed control of separately excited DC motor using single phase full Wave half controlled rectifier Apparatus Required: Isolation transformer. and Tachometer. Multimeter.

Procedure: (1). Multimeter.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Vary the potentiometer and note down the load voltage and speed (4). Bangalore‐78 Experiment No. Rig up the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram (2). differential module. Switch on the power supply to the circuit (3).13 Speed Control of Universal Motor Aim: To study the speed control of Universal Motor Apparatus Required: TRIAC module. Plot the graph of voltage v/s speed Tabular Column: Load Voltage (volts) Speed (rpm) Graph: Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 26 . Universal motor.

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Experiment No. Stepper motor controller.14 Stepper Motor Aim: To study the speed control of stepper motor Apparatus Required: Stepper motor. Circuit Diagram: LOGIC CONTROLLER FREEWHEELING DIODES RED WHITE GREEN -ve BLUE BLACK BLACK RS + ve RS SWITCHING TRANSISTORS SWITCHING LOGIC SEQUENCE Half Step A1 Red 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 A2 B1 B2 Green Blue Black 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 A1 Red 0 0 1 1 Q1 Full Step A2 B1 B2 Green Blue Black 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 27 .

Connect A1.m = 13.0 OZ – in Applications: Graph: Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 28 . Bangalore‐78 Procedure: (1). B1 and B2 leads of stepper motor to the corresponding Terminals of the Control module (2). Observe the rotation of the motor for different type of settings Motor Ratings: Permanent magnet. 3 kg. of Leads : 06 Step angle : 1.80 + 02 – 0.10 non cumulative. A2. Set the appropriate number of steps (3). Set the stepper motor to operate in half step or full step mode (4).1 N. bifilar wound two phase Steps per revaluation : 200 No.cm = 0.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.

CRO probes. Bring back the triggering angle to zero and switch off the module Tabular Column: Inductance (H) Capacitance(µf) Frequency (Hz) VL (volts) Power Electronics Laboratory Page 29 . Measure the output voltage and output frequency by varying the frequency of the triggering circuits (5). Rig up the circuits as shown in the circuits diagram (3). Switch on the module to check the triggering pulses on the CRO (2). Multimeter.15 Series Inverter Aim: To study the basic working of series Inverter Apparatus Required: Inverter module. Resistor 50 Ω/5w. Patch chord. Switch on the power supply and observe the wave forms across the load (4). Circuit Diagram: T1 Firing Circuit T2 G K G K Procedure: (1). Repeat the above procedure for different values of Inductance and Capacitance (6). Bangalore‐78 Experiment No.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. DC Power supply.

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Applications: Graph: Resonance Frequency [Fr] = Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 30 .

Patch chords.16 Parallel Inverter Aim: To study the basic working of parallel Inverter Apparatus Required: Inverter module.Connect the gate of SCR1 and SCR2 to the triggering circuit and oscilloscope to the load (4).Observe the waveform and measure the frequency across the load Applications: Graph: Result: Power Electronics Laboratory Page 31 . Triggering module. Rig up the circuits as shown in the circuits diagram (2). Check the output of the trigger circuit at various points (3). Gnd and supply to the Triggering circuit. Circuit Diagram: D1 T1 Firing Circuit T2 G L SCR1 C KVL RL K G K Vdc + SCR2 D2 Procedure: (1). ‐15.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.Connect the +15. Bangalore‐78 Experiment No.

Draw the output voltage v/s duty cycle [5] Conduct a suitable experiment to obtain an output voltage of a fully controlled bridge rectifier using resistive load. gm [16]Conduct a suitable experiment to draw VI characteristics of the given IGBT and comment on its switching characteristics [17]Conduct a suitable experiment to draw transfer and output characteristics of given IGBT [18]Conduct a suitable experiment to control intensity of light using bidirectional switch and plot output voltage v/s delay angle [19]Conduct a suitable experiment to control the speed of a single phase universal motor and plot the graph of output voltage v/s speed [20]Conduct a suitable experiment to trigger SCR using a UJT relaxation oscillator [21]Using RC only rig up a suitable experiment to trigger SCR and hence obtain the output voltages for different angles Power Electronics Laboratory Page 32 . Plot the output voltage v/s delay angle for R load [7] Conduct a suitable experiment to convert fixed DC voltage to variable DC voltage with the duty cycle of ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐ and verify [8] Conduct a suitable experiment to convert fixed DC voltage to variable DC voltage with a fixed frequency [9] Conduct a suitable experiment to control the speed of a given DC motor using single phase half controlled bridge rectifier. Determine breakdown voltage and holding current [3] Obtain a variable DC output voltage using LC communication and plot the graph of Duty cycle v/s output voltage [4] Rig up and test an oscillator chopper circuit to produce variable DC output. Bangalore‐78 MODEL QUESTION BANK [1] Obtain the static characteristics of SCR and hence determine the holding current [2] Conduct a suitable experiment to determine VI‐ characteristics of uni‐directional four layer switches. µ. Draw the speed v/s output voltage [10]Control the RPM and step size of a stepper motor tabulate the readings for different settings [11]Conduct a suitable experiment to obtain the AC output from a DC input using a basic series inverter [12]Conduct a suitable experiment to verify the operating principle of a single phase series inverter [13]For single phase fully controlled bridge rectifier circuit with R load plot the graph of Alpha v/s output voltage using digital firing circuit [14]By conducting suitable experiment on a given MOSFET obtain the drain and transfer characteristics [15]By conducting suitable experiment on a given MOSFET determine Rd.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Plot the output voltage v/s delay angle [6] Conduct a suitable experiment to obtain an output voltage of a fully controlled bridge rectifier for R and RL load with and without free wheeling diode.

Bangalore‐78 [22]Using RC triggering for HWR and FWR obtain firing angle v/s output voltage.Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Find the breakdown voltage for both directions Power Electronics Laboratory Page 33 . Study the relevant waveforms [23]Conduct a suitable experiment to obtain V‐I characteristics of a given 4‐layer 2 terminal device.

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 34 .

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 35 .

Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 36 .Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.

Department of Electronics and Communication ````````````````` DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 37 .

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 38 .

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 39 .

Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 40 .Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.

Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 41 .Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 42 .

Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 43 .Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE.

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 44 .

Department of Electronics and Communication DSCE. Bangalore‐78 Power Electronics Laboratory Page 45 .

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