An effort by Stockyard in association with mantra consulting group
25th May 2008
Infallible economy and terror free society
From editor’s Desk
This issue of towards has been dedicated to the theme “infallible Economy, terrorfree society”. We believe that a resilient economy and terror –free society are the two most important ingredients for a prosperous, developed and strong India in the global arena. We can not boost or enjoy the economic growth unless our society is fearfree and every one has equal opportunity to grow and bloom. Rising Crude has been most disturbing element to the global economy. We are presenting an in-depth analysis of crude oil in this issue. We have also included all other regular columns of World economy, Indian economy and Corporate Analysis. Our guest Mrs Anu Garg, HR, K. Raheja Corporate Services has contributed a very beautiful article on Forgiveness, a tender human feeling which is very much lacking in our day-to day life.
With Love & Affection
Corrigendum In our last issue (4
) published on 10th may2008, article by Diya deb “The journey of the volunteers of Inclusive Education campaign of CRY” misquoted the name of organization as CRY foundation in place of “Child Rights and You”. CRY should be read as “Child Rights and you”.
JP Morgan Chase Bank has lowered its forecast for 2008 from 39 to 40 per dollar. This has been on the back of a widening current account deficit and fund outflow. Given the central bank’s stance of non-intervention and the slowdown in capital inflows, the rupee is only likely to weaken in the near term. There is very little scope for the rupee to appreciate, in the absence of high foreign portfolio inflows. Though chances of inflows resuming are quite high, considering the drop in global risk aversion, Inflows haven’t picked up yet because of the inflationary and growth concerns surrounding the economy.
Indian Oil Demand-Supply Scenario
India’s agricultural season pushed diesel demand up adding 100 tb/d to total oil consumption in March. While total Indian Oil demand growth increased in March by 6.3% or 180 tb/d YOY to average 3.0 mb/d. First quarter Indian oil demand grew by a strong 5.8% or 0.17 mb/d YOY. The forecast for the Indian oil demand is set at 0.14 mb/d for the entire year. The industrial, transport, and agricultural sectors are pushing the oil demand higher.
Indian Economy: In years to come
GDP($ Billion) Rs/$ 40 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008E 2009E 2010E 2011E 2012E 2013E 2014E 2015E 2016E 2017E 0.525 0.570 0.614 0.691 0.781 0.892 1.031 1.171 1.316 1.486 1.657 1.848 2.060 2.297 2.562 2.856 3.185 Financial Savings 62.1 74.15 80.65 94.35 108.57 148.8 189.7 218.4 248.75 284.525 321.4 362.975 409.85 462.72 522.35 589.55 665.32 Financial Savings/GDP 11.8 13.0 13.1 13.6 13.9 16.7 18.4 18.6 18.9 19.1 19.4 19.6 19.9 20.1 20.4 20.6 20.9 Equities/Financial savings 4.1 2.7 1.7 0.1 1.1 4.9 6.3 6.6 7.3 7.8 8.3 8.8 9.3 9.6 10.3 10.8 11.3
GDP Growth & Inflation:
World Bank warning
The World Bank warned that is expects the cost of staple foods such as rice to stay high for a number of years. World Bank Managing Director Juan Jose Daboub told reporters that the recent spike in food prices was not a short-term, temporary phenomenon that would go away within months.
FDI in India
Foreign Direct Investment into India has surged to over USD 25 billion in 2007-08 and the country's Foreign Exchange Reserve crossed USD 341 billion
Morgan Stanley: India Strategy Report
India’s long-term growth story is an interplay of the DRG factors-Demographics, Reforms, and Globalisation. Long Term Equity Market Story: 4 advantages: Strong dividend growth Falling volatility in growth A structural liquidity story A robust capital market
Infallible Economy & terror free Society May be most of you won’t agree
on this. But I do give credit to him of being the great visionary. I perceive Mr P.V.Narsimha Rao, the father of Modern India who brought in the waves of liberalization and privatization, opened up the long closed doors to new world, new challenges and new promises. A series of changes including infrastructural, financial, policies, reforms, institutions and a robust framework which transformed one of the most backward and failing economicalpolitical-social system into world’s fastest growing and most promising nation. This change was not just an economical transformation. This changed the way, we Indians look to the world, it also changed the way, the world looks to us….it changed everything…from thereafter…. Indian Economy, growing at 7% + has promises to deliver, courage to boost and perseverance to contain all its bottlenecks and hiccups. The promise is not just to 1 million millionaires, 350 million+ middle class or few TATA, Birla, Ambani or Bajaj. This promise is also to the rest of 650million+ people who are still below the poverty line….
I still remember the years of 1991, 92, 93 and there after. As a child of 11+ years, those were my formative years. Our economy had only 2 weeks of foreign reserves to buy Oil; I remember the time when we had to mortgage gold from RBI’s reserves….
In Rajasthan, 21 people killed in Police firing against Gujjar community who were protesting for getting ST status. Similar protests last year took life of 26 people in similar kind of incidence. With the toll crossing 38 in two days and scores of people in hospitals, the Army was called out to douse fires over Gujjar demands for inclusion in the Scheduled Tribes list. Gujjar has been simmering since the BJP government at the Centre inducted Jatts into the OBC category in 1999.
Death, dance and tap your feet dance on bomb blast tune we are just immune, Earlier we cried, now the tears have dried our eyes open and red, we are but, dead. We have indeed become immune; we hardly seem to bat an eyelid; I guess our senses are numb. Yesterday Hubli, today Jaipur, tomorrow.........where????????????? Our apathy is shameful. Ajith Nambiar
These words are from a much unknown person named Ajith Nambiar, I do not know him…I just got these lines on net, on an unknown blog…. But these lines tell a lot….and what tells so profound is about the world, we live in……. How many more lives will have to be crucified on hypocrisy and malicious agendas of perpetrators of barbarism, cruelty and shamelessness? And how many times our shameless, corrupt and irresponsible government will shed its crocodile tears with a very shallow promise that the harbingers of terrorism and cruelty will not be let free…. It is utter shame and inattentiveness on the part of government and our very own elected institution that every time few headless and criminal minded beasts rape the common civil society and just escape away without being caught…. How many times, we need to witness, Bombay, Godhra, Hyderabad, Jammu, Akshardham, Ajmer and Jaipur and when shall be the offenders of humanity are brought under the column of justice. Terrorism needs no stronger word to condemn. But this condemnation should not limit to perpetrators of these heinous acts. Rather if one scrutinizes the events that lead to series of happenings and activities around it…few telling truths only get exposed. Our soldiers die guarding our borders against terrorists and infiltrators at, within and beyond our borders….and more often than not…..sacrifice for motherland…. What tribute this land pays them? When a terrorist gets killed, our very own Mehbuba mufti and Farooq Abdullah visit their home to console the family: News on 14th May…all media publications and channels….. When our own people like Sarabjit Singh get caught in Pakistan….and trialed on utterly false claim of terrorism(which their own system denies several times),do you know ,what our Minister of Homes Affeirs, Mr Sivraj Patil says? I quote Mr Sivraj Patil, Minister for Home Affairs.. ” If we insist on clemency of Sarabjit from Pakistan, why should we not pardon terrorists caught in Parliament blast case like Altaf” These are the words of our Minister no.2 in North Block, responsible for nation’s security.
Our politicians and people at the helm of affairs are much more responsible for the sorry state of affairs, we are in….. And statistics are very dangerous. Do you know that more than 2 crore Bangladeshis have been imported by Governments of West Bengal , Assam and Former Prime Minister V.P.Singh in various parts of country……. Only because they could turn to their vote Bank…..Entire Assam has seen significant demographic changes…..same in most of the West Bengal…. Left front Government in past 20+ years has distributed Ration Cards, Voter ID cards and permanent resident certificates…..Mr V.P.Singh has stood at the Charminar maidan and distributed Voter ID cards to millions of Bangladeshis……just to convert a vote bank…. More than 1 crore Bangladeshis vote for left front government in West Bengal to perpetuate their throne there. Whenever our security agencies and forces ask for more muscles and power to deal with terror points, they are deliberately stopped from doing so…….We do not have a single legislature to fight with terror suspects…….POTA was withdrawn, TADA was repealed…… It might look to you as a mere political stunt to win elections and gain extra political and tactical millage….But believe me…game is not so simple….it is far more heinous and meticulously worked out……. There are people. at the top echelons of power corridors ho would leave no stone unturned to destroy, spoil or more accurately sell off this country….so many times…the interest of this country has been compromised ,sold for personal benefits and vote bank politics……. And why to blame them…? What are I and You doing ….? Nothing...Literally nothing…… Remember tomorrow, it could be your city, your people, your mom, dad, brother, sister…or simply you….. …to be sacrificed at the alter of terrorism……believe me…They are not outsiders..somewhere in Pakistan….but the real terrorists are comfortably sitting in your Parliament, North Block, South Block…..and ministries…..and if you could believe me little more……you are very much the target for the next time….you, me our families, our children…. For if the nation is not safe, we are not safe For if Borders are not tight guarded, our Air-Conditioned homes are next to be infiltrated. For…it is not for the great cause of nation, but for very own survival of yours…i am calling you….do something…time is really running out…..save your life..And also of your loved ones. There are people who are thirsty of your blood…their thirst for blood and appetite for power is ever-ending…….save this nation …save yourself.
World Economy at a glance
Global Commodity price movements
The IMF commodity index reported slower growth of 4.7% in April month –on-month, essentially linked to the negative World economy growth forecast in growth in the non-energy commodity index as the energy 2008 is at 3.9% sector rose by 7% supported by crude oil and natural gas There are definite signs of credit crisis prices. easing Non-Energy Commodity prices rose by 2.1% in April from previous month, on account of inclusion of fertilizer prices. Japan is improving its economic outlook while Euro Zone seems to get into Fertilizer prices are increasing strongly due to plantation in worsening outlook. Northern Hemisphere and high crude prices. Natural gas prices in Europe increased by 10.4% in March US economy seems to grow at 1.1% for the year 2008. relative to previous month. US natural gas prices rose 8.2% compared to 10% during March/February. This is attributed Advance figures for US GDP in first to the colder-than-normal temperature patterns, restricted quarter still indicate positive growth, LNG imports from Canada and production constraints in the albeit at a meager 0.6% Yearly, mainly on account of continued strength in Gulf of Mexico. exports and rise in inventories. Industrial metal prices saw negative growth (1%) m-0-m in April,6% lower than in March in response to growing US Payrolls in April fell for the 4th month continuously. inventories, temporary weaker Chinese demand and pessimism over global demand and US Economy. Job loss claims of 20,000 was much Zinc fell by 9.9% in April due to rising inventories, weak lesser than the average of 80,000/month in the first quarter of demand and recovery of Chinese production. 2008. Nickel prices dropped 7.4% due to higher stocks and poor recovery in Chinese production. PMI service index surprised on the Copper performed better due to lower stocks and strike – upside, rising above 50 for the first time in 3 months. related developments. IMF food price index fell by 0.2% while World Bank food The better than expected data and signs prices rose by2.2%The slower growth of the food price that the Fed’s easing cycle is at an end, helped lift the dollar from its lows index was mainly caused by the negative 17% m-o-m versus the Euro and Yen. growth in Wheat in April on expectation of higher global production especially from Australia. Palm Oil prices declined 6% owing to expectations of higher production and exports in Asia. Rice prices surged 51% to $1,015/mt in April from March, 215% higher than the year-ago level fueled by strong import demand, export restrictions in a number of countries and growing worries over a world food price rally. The most important feature about rice is that only 7% of global production is exported and exports are declining due to several obstacles such as hoarding and export restrictions with growing government concern about food security. China passed on a 5% export tax at the start of the year. Corn prices continued to increase, rising 6% in April m-o-m sustained by supply constraints related to expected lower 2008 US corn planting and recent unfavorable weather conditions in the US. Growing demand in the US food, fuel and feed sectors along with a rally in crude oil prices, strong Chinese demand, competing acreage allocation, and low inventories have also had an impact.
Monthly changes in selected commodity prices, 2007-08
Lessened negative sentiment prevalent in the first quarter; US slowdown is expected to be mild. Continued deep contraction in the Housing sector and easing but still existent financial market tensions. Slowdown might be U-shaped rather than V-shaped and recovery might not be forthcoming before 2009. According to Fed Senior Loans Officer’s Survey: Share of bank tightening credit conditions for companies & consumers approached a record 70% in April compared to 45% in January. 0.6% seasonally adjusted growth. Continued strength in exports (+5.5%) A build in industrial inventories, positive outlook. Housing sector still in deep recession: Residential investments fell by 26.7%,Subtracting 1.23 % from growth in Q1, New and existing homes sales slipped further in March, New home sales fell 8.5% on the month (36% YOY), Seasonally adjusted annual rate of 526,000, down 13.3% from year earlier. The National Association of Realtors (NAR) Reporting: Existing home sales fell by 2% in March to an annual pace of 4.93 million or 19.3% below 6.11 million a year earlier. Supply available for 10 months demand, compared to an average 6 months 1st Quarter GDP : Marked slowdown in private consumption expenditure growth of 1%,the slowest pace since 2001. Retail sales (50% of private consumption) fell by 0.2% in April. Excluding Autos( -- 2.8% in April backed by 0.5% fall in March) & Parts, sales rose by higher-thanexpected 0.5%=> + Outlook In April, Cars & LCVs sold at an annual pace of 14.4 million in April, Lowest in a decade.( Negative Industrial Outlook) Consumer confidence continued to fall: Cons.Con.Index at 5 year low 62.3, down from 65.9 in March (base 1985=100). Present Situation Index : decreased to 80.7 from 90.6 Expectation Index virtually unchanged at 50.1 versus 49.4 in March. Payrolls in April fell for the 4th month continuously. Although with milder pace(20,000 compared with 80,000) Unemployment rate dropped by 0.1% to 5%. ISM Index for Non-Manufacturing Sector (Services), representing bulk of the economy, surprised on the upside. The overall diffusion Index in April rose to 52 from 49.6 in March, rising above 505 levels, 1st time in 3 months. The index covers retail, transportation, health care, finance, real estate and construction. The service sector employment sub-index rose an encouraging 3.9 points to 50.8 ISM Manufacturing Index (12% of GDP) stagnated at 48.6, below the 50% threshold.
Overall, the better-than – expected data and possible end of Fed’s easing cycle helped Dollar to appreciate versus Euro and Yen.
Other World: Japan:
Bank of Japan remains concerned about Japanese economic prospects; monetary policy to remain on watch. Benchmark rate at 0.5% Virtuous cycle of higher production feeding into Income and spending has been weakening. Growth forecast: 1.5% (below 2.1% earlier)
Economic slowdown evident as retail sales contract while German exports fall for a second month.
Revised GDP in 2007 to 8.1% Inflation to reach 10% in 2008
GDP growth in 1st quarter of 2008 10.6 %.( Slowdown from 11.9%) Inflation 8.5% in April. Trade surplus narrowed as export slowed down to 22% in April from 31% in March. Shipments to the US 11% (DOWN from 16% in March). Industrial Output at 15.7% growth (March 17.8%).
World Economy is at Cross-road. And only one path goes ahead from here. World leaders, Analysts and think tanks are clueless about the short-term outlook of World Economy. We have never been so uncertain about our future. It seems to come out of the tunnel of
Where is the global Economy heading…..?
Towards…an uncertain future which is hostage to so many factors and outcomes…. We, team towards…? Have tried to analyze various variables of global economy.
credit crunch and subprime issues, at least for the time being. However before it could fully be salvaged from the repercussions of US Capital systems wrong- doings, it found itself in an entirely new set of issues. Crude oil at all time exponential peak of $138+ /bbl. Commodity prices shooting up their record highs
Crude Oil: Boiling to evaporate
The OPEC Reference Basket reached a record high, 7% over previous month to $ 105.20/b Geopolitical developments in the Middle East and Supply disruptions in West Africa and Europe. The weakening US dollar and economic uncertainty added to market volatility, along with sharp downward revisions to demand forecasts which were offset by signs of healthy demand in China. World oil demand growth in 2008 is forecast at 1.2 mbd yoy to average 86.95 mbd. Non OPEC supply growth in 2008 is expected to average 0.7 mbd, representing a slight downward revision from the previous month. OPEC crude production averaged 31.70 mbd for the month of April, a decline of 393 bd from previous month as production in Nigeria and Iraq witnesses disruptions. Downward revisions made to Mexico, Norway, UK, Denmark, Australia, New Zealand, Brazil and Russia were partially offset by upward adjustments to India, Syria and Chad.
Emerging markets, so called growth engines of new world order, are all slowing down substantially OECD & G8 demand-supply getting skewed Global food crisis getting prolonged pushing more than 1 billion people at the verge of hunger crisis. On a technical note, we would be tracking various parameters of global economy in our coming issues, beginning with current issue. The global economic indicators, we would be tracking are: Crude Oil Dollar viz a viz Euro, Yen, Yuan, Pound sterling & Rupee Gold Movement World trade and balance of payments of various economies along with trade surpluses/deficits World GDP Growth rate Commodity prices Metals viz a viz Agrocommodities
Oil Demand: 95% of the growth in demand for oil since 2003 has come from emerging parts of global economies, such as India and China that are far less efficient in the use of oil than the developed economies. There is a huge increase in oil consumption on account of an explosion in the use of private transport in the developing economies. Oil is priced in US dollars. The dollar has depreciated by 25% in real effective terms since 2002. A falling dollar reduces returns in dollar denominated financial assets which causes a switch to commodities as an investment class. The imbalance between global supply and demand was modest in 2007 by mere 0.2 million barrels a day or 0.2% of total supply.
Crude Worries: Outside Saudi Arabia, there is no spare capacity. Sanctions on Iran have meant that no new outside funds have come to bolster the current production of around 4 millions bpd. Iraqi Oil wells, despite US efforts, have not been able to reach production levels of the pre-war era. England and Norway are seeing a downward production of their North Sea reserve. Venezuela does not have the will and expertise to increase production. Russia, which increased production by 4 millions bpd from 1996 to 2007, is unable to produce more. Its production, which peaked at 9.9 million bpd, is gradually dipping. Russia has been biggest contribution to growth in Crude capacity outside OPEC over past many years. On a YOY basis, all major Oil producers are seeing a dip in their production capacity. BP’s production fell by 2%, Shell’s Fell by 6%, and Exxon Mobile by 10%. Overall world production is likely to fall by 2% compared with last year. Rising unrest in Nigeria and nationalization of Oil fields in Venezuela and Russia are adding to crude worries and supply concerns.
Retail Prices (Cents Per Gallon)
Retail Data 05/19/08 Gasoline 379.1
Changes From Retail Data Week Year 05/19/08 6.9 57.3 Diesel Fuel 449.7
Changes From Week Year 16.6 169.4
Spot Prices (Cents Per Gallon)
Spot Data Changes From 05/16/08 Week Year 0.56 61.57 Crude Oil WTI 126.50 1.7 74.4 Gasoline (NY) 310.9 5.7 181.1 Diesel Fuel (NY) 385.2 5.9 178.6 Heating Oil (NY) 370.2 -1.8 56.1 Propane Gulf Coast 172.7 Note: Crude Oil WTI Price in Dollars per Barrel.
Stocks (Million Barrels)
Stocks Data 05/16/08 Crude Oil 320.4 Gasoline 209.4
Changes From Stocks Data Week Year 05/16/08 -5.4 -23.8 Distillate 107.8 -0.8 12.7 Propane 34.028
Changes From Week Year 0.7 -12.5 2.725 1.120
Crude Oil Spot and Estimated Contract Prices (Dollars per Barrel) more
Year Ago data 05/09/08 125.94 123.54 05/16/08 126.50 122.98 05/18/07 64.93 69.26 Year Ago 05/02/08 110.25 110.16 110.21 108.98 05/09/08 114.94 115.32 115.11 112.96 05/16/08 120.12 119.66 119.91 116.32 05/18/07 64.90 62.75 63.92 60.29
Crude Oil Spot Prices Most Recent
04/04/08 04/11/08 WTI Cushing Brent 106.09 102.21 110.14 107.15 04/18/08 116.56 110.67 04/25/08 119.64 116.62 Most Recent 04/04/08 04/11/08 Total OPEC Total NonOPEC Total World United States 98.88 97.79 98.39 95.56 103.17 103.27 103.22 101.22 04/18/08 107.12 107.48 107.28 105.27 04/25/08 110.96 111.12 111.03 109.25 05/02/08 116.36 111.92
Crude Oil Estimated Contract Prices
Crude Oil Stocks (Million Barrels) and Days of Supply
Crude Oil Stocks
Most Recent U.S. East Coast (PADD I) Midwest (PADD II) Cushing, Oklahoma Gulf Coast (PADD III) Rocky Mountain (PADD IV) West Coast (PADD V) 316.0 14.8 65.1 17.5 167.1 14.2 54.8 313.7 16.0 64.4 18.4 167.5 13.8 52.1 316.1 15.8 64.4 19.1 167.5 13.7 54.7 319.9 14.7 65.5 19.3 168.5 13.8 57.5 325.6 16.0 67.1 20.2 170.6 13.8 58.0
Year Ago 325.8 15.6 67.4 20.4 172.0 13.9 57.0 320.4 14.8 67.4 20.6 165.7 13.8 58.8 344.2 15.8 74.7 27.4 181.6 13.5 58.6
04/04/08 04/11/08 04/18/08 04/25/08 05/02/08 05/09/08 05/16/08 05/18/07
Days of Supply (number of days)
04/04/08 04/11/08 04/18/08 04/25/08 05/02/08 05/09/08 05/16/08 05/18/07 U.S. 22.1 22.0 21.9 22.0 22.3 22.0 21.5 22.4 Note: Days of Supply calculated as: U.S. Crude Oil Stocks / Four-Week Average U.S. Crude Oil Refinery Inputs
Crude Oil Production and Imports (Million Barrels per Day) Crude Oil Production
Four-Week Averages 05/02/08 05/09/08 05/16/08 U.S. Production 5.099 5.107 5.093 Year Ago 05/18/07 5.157 Week Ending 05/02/08 05/09/08 05/16/08 5.099 5.128 5.045
Year Ago 05/18/07 5.207
Crude Oil Imports
Four-Week Averages 05/02/08 05/09/08 05/16/08 Crude Oil, Excluding SPR 9.941 10.204 10.003 Year Ago 05/18/07 10.620 Week Ending 05/02/08 05/09/08 05/16/08 10.628 9.933 9.237
Year Ago 05/18/07 10.892
Crude Oil Refinery Inputs (Million Barrels per Day) Crude Oil Refinery Inputs
Four-Week Averages 05/02/08 U.S. East Coast (PADD I) Midwest (PADD II) Gulf Coast (PADD III) Rocky Mountai n (PADD IV) West Coast (PADD V) 14.615 1.343 05/09/08 14.820 1.369 05/16/08 14.884 1.386 Year Ago 05/18/07 15.367 1.486 Week Ending 05/02/08 14.649 1.316 05/09/08 15.054 1.498
Year Ago 05/16/0 05/18/07 8 15.083 1.374 15.691 1.472
The Chinese Factor:
To contain inflationary pressures on Economy, China is taking measures to freeze prices of domestic oil products. Government has suspended the import tax on diesel and gasoline for the 2nd quarter. Chinese oil demand growth will be at 430 tb/d y-o-y in 2008.China’s oil imports for the 1st quarter increased by 0.44 mb/d y-o-y. China’s agricultural season along with the massive increase in diesel vehicles and strategic storage will hike the demand for diesel in the coming quarters. China’s apparent oil demand for March increased strongly to reach 8.0 mb/d, adding 617 tb/d Y-O-Y.
World Oil Supply:
Non-OPEC supply is estimated to have increased by 0.56 mb/d over the previous year to reach 49.43 mb/d.
Non-OPEC supply is expected to average 50.18 mb/d in 2008, an increase of 0.74 mb/d over the previous year. On a quarterly basis, on-OPEC supply is expected to average 49.86 mb/d, 49.76 mb/d and 51.16 mb/d respectively. Total OECD oil supply is expected to reach 19.90 mb/d, a drop of 0.25 mb/d from the previous year. On quarterly basis, OECD supply is expected to average 20.13 mb/d, 19.69 mb/d, 19.46 mb/d and 20.33 mb/d respectively. According to preliminary data, total OECD supply averaged 20.04 mb/d in April.
Monnet Global, the overseas subsidiary of steel maker Monnet Ispat and Energy (MIEL), is set to acquire mining rights for a 250 MT coal reserve in Indonesia from PT Anzawara. The deal would enable the company to start coal trading and look for lucrative markets in China, South East Asia and India. Company has reached an understanding with PT Anzawara to sign a 25 year agreement to exploit coal resources for sales both in local and overseas markets. The deal would involve a royalty payment to the original mining lease holders. It is expected that the mine would yield a production of 1 MT by July this year. This would progressively increase to 3 MT in next couple of years. While the company would trade this coal initially, it is also looking at option of setting up a coastal power plant based on the imported Indonesian thermal coal from its mines. Company sources said that more acquisitions of coal and iron ore mining assets were likely in coming months in Africa and South East Asia. The company expects to pump in over $ 400 million into its overseas subsidiary to manage funds for these acquisitions. Monnet Global currently has a capital of $100 million. The acquisitions of coal mines would serve the company’s 2 power plants that are likely to come up in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh with a joint capacity of 4,000 MW. The power plants would entail an investment of close to Rs 15,000 crore. MIEL has commissioned a power plant of 1,000 MW in Orissa with an investment of Rs 4,200 crore. It expects a total power plant capacity of 5000 MW by 2014-15. Monnet Ispat is also diversifying its metal business by starting manufacture of long and flat (branded products) steel products besides sponge iron. The company’s turnover has almost doubled to Rs 1,200 crore during 2007-08 as against Rs 670 crore during the previous year. Management: M S Gujral , Sandeep Jajodia Monnet Ispat (MIL) promoted jointly by Sandeep Jajodia and Jindal Strips in 1990 to manufacture sponge iron has set up a plant to manufacture 1 lac tonnes of sponge iron per annum at Village Kurd in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Shareholding: Foreign Investment: 39.77% Promoter: 39.29%
The company manufactures sponge iron with an installed capacity of 2.10 lakh tonnes in Jharkhand. Company had been suffering on account of high prices of coal and iron ore. The company is supposed to have been allotted an iron ore mine spread over 406 acres, which will be operational by August. This is expected to save on raw material costs to the tune of Rs 3,000 per tonne as iron ore prices are expected to rise further. The company is likely to increase its capacity of sponge iron.
TATA, VALE coal mine expansión
TATA Steel and Vale have announced to undertake a large scale expansion of the Carborough Downs Coal mines in Queensland, Australia with total capex of A$ 401 MILLION. It is being done to ensure annual production of 4.9 million tonnes raw material to yield 3.7 MT of coking coal and PCI coal from 3rd quarter of 2009. This step by TATA Steel is in accordance with the company’s stated strategy of progressing towards raw material security for its global business. The decision on expansion of production at Carborough Down Coal mines gives TATA Steel an opportunity to explore larger areas for coal deposits.
Fiat AUTO –Component
Fiat group has announced to set up an international purchasing office in New Delhi that can support its global production facilities in Europe, North America and Latin America. Company is sourcing auto parts worth Euro 30 million at present from India and by 2010; the target is to increase the number to Euro 50 million. India, along with China at presents roughly around 12 – 15 % cost advantage over European or American facilities.
Heavy Electricals Ltd, India's state-run energy equipment maker, has taken over engineering firm Bharat Heavy Plate and Vessels Ltd. The company also signed a memorandum of understanding with Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corp Ltd for setting up a 125 megawatt coal-based power plant. The government on Sunday notified imposition of up to 15 per cent export duty on various steel products to contain rise of prices of alloy, a move that will hit the industry hard. Exports of cold rolled (CR) coils, hot rolled (HR) coils and galvanised sheets would be allowed only after paying a duty of 15 per cent, 10 per cent and five per cent respectively and this would come into effect from midnight today. Consequent rise in steel prices have been contributing over 21 per cent to the current inflation in the country. Demand for steel growing at around 12 per cent annually, the Government has planned to create more than 250 million tonnes of additional steel making capacity.
TATA Nano to be run on Cuban roads
Joining the list of nations that are keen to have the Nano ply on their roads, Cuba said the world's cheapest car from the house of Tatas has huge potential in the Caribbean nation. Cuban Deputy Minister of Foreign Trade Eduardo Escandell Amador, who is leading a 19member delegation to India, would meet senior officials from Tata Motors in Mumbai next week to explore business tie-ups. Besides Nano, Ramos said there is huge potential for Tata trucks and buses in that country. Cuba is looking at increasing its trade with India to 300 million dollars over the next three years on the back of enhanced cooperation in sectors like auto, power, oil and gas.
Telecom sector revenue to touch $35 bn by 2010: Assocham & PWC research
Current revenue: $ 22 billion in 2007. Nearly double subscriber base of 250 million During 11th plan, the sector would attract investment upto $76.6 billion. Rollout of the 3G services will make sector more attractive with high speed data transfer facilities.
Bio –Fuel major -Praj Industries bags British contract
Praj Industries Ltd, a leading biofuels technology company with a number of processes and systems for ethanol and biodiesel production to its credit, has received a contract for supply of key equipment to Vivergo Fuels, UK through its subsidiary, BioCnergy Europa B V (a joint venture with Aker Solutions, Netherlands).The plant is designed to produce approximately 400 million litres of fuel ethanol a year (1,200,000 litres per day).The contract value for Praj is approximately Rs 120 crore (GBP 15 million). This will be the fourth bioethanol plant by Praj in Western Europe. Coal Ministry & SAIL forming SPV to explore and buy coal assets abroad
UTV Softwares: Acqusition of IMPL
IMPL has technology based consumer and trade focussed business model positioned as an "Online Technology Infomediary" in India. This business model focuses on the target age group of 15-35 and the Company finds this highly synergistic to its business. The acquisition by UNVML of IT Nation was through a combination of acquisition of equity shares from the existing promoters of IT Nation and subscription to fresh equity shares of IT Nation. Post completion of acquisition process UNMVL will hold 80% of IMPL.
BNP Paribas acquiring 35% stake in Geojit Technologies for Rs 60 crore. Net profit for FY 2007-08 went up by 133% to Rs 58.66 crore Consolidated revenue up by 78% to Rs 238.31 crores. Q4 Cons. Revenue rose by 78% to Rs 64.35 crore and net profit up by 106% to Rs 11.82 crore. Q4 PATM at 18% from 16% last year Future growth: Overseas Business Ventures and distribution business:Growing at more than 100% a year.
ITC Q4 Results
The Company has posted a profit after tax of Rs 7356.40 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2008 as compared to Rs 6506.90 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2007. Total Income has increased from Rs 34741.40 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2007 to Rs 40980.70 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2008. For the FY 2008, The Company has posted a profit after tax of Rs 31201.00 million for the year ended March 31, 2008 as compared to Rs 26999.70 million for the year ended March 31, 2007. Total Income has increased from Rs 125007.80 million for the year ended March 31, 2007 to Rs 145584.30 million for the year ended March 31, 2008. Consolidated Result: The Group has posted a net profit (after Minority Interest) of Rs 31577.60 million for the year ended March 31, 2008 as compared to Rs 27552.60 million for the year ended March 31, 2007. Total Income has increased from Rs 130294.80 million for the year ended March 31, 2007 to Rs 152452.90 million for the year ended March 31, 2008.
Company on May 23, 2008 has taken delivery of a 2008 built vessel (Dredger). This is the fourth Dredger in its fleet. Mercator reports close to 3-fold jump in Net Profit to Rs 370 Crore, supported by growing fleet, buoyant shipping demand and firm freight rates in Dry Carriers Segment
The Group has posted a net profit of Rs 14098.40 million for the year ended March 31, 2008 as compared to Rs 5480.00 million for the year ended March 31, 2007. Total Revenue has increased from Rs 12247.90 million for the year ended March 31, 2007 to Rs 24332.90 million for the year ended March 31, 2008.
Forgiveness- A Catch-22
Forgiveness is probably a “physiological dilemma” for all of us. One can be in a big mental catch-22 situation where own ego makes this simple looking word “forgive” more complex than it is. I am emphasizing here more on this word because one simple word makes a lot of change in life. Forgiveness makes life Easy and Quick More over it requires no Therapy or Digging up the past. To experience this feeling of forgiveness requires to see the world quite differently and to open to a whole new way of looking at life. It is to become free, joyous and empowered. Although forgiveness brings many benefits, particularly to the ‘forgiver,’ to forgive is not always easy. In fact, many people who would like to let go of anger and forgive, are stumped with the question of how to forgive. While everyone may have an unique perspective on this. Forgiveness is a Step by Step Process: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Remembering in detail what happened and how it made you feel Understanding the other person, hearing what they thought happened and how they felt as they experienced it Identifying the reasons that prevent you from reaching forgiveness, your expectations of how you would have liked them to have acted Choosing to accept responsibility for your life and choosing to release yourself from your expectations and the reasons that keep you from forgiving. Creating a ritual act of release, of letting go and forgiving, as for example, shaking hands, burning lists of what the others person did wrong.
The following strategies have been proven effective for a variety of people. People don’t need to know that you’ve forgiven them; forgiveness is more for you than for the other person. In contemplating how to forgive someone, it may or may not help to express your feelings to the other person. If the relationship is important to you and you would like to maintain it, it may be very useful for you to tell the other person -- in non-threatening language -- how their actions affected you. if the person is no longer in your life, if you want to cut off the relationship, or if you have reason to believe that things will get much worse if you address the situation directly, you may want to just write a letter and tear it up (or burn it) and move on. It still may help to put your feelings into words as part of letting go.
The way you write about it and what you choose to focus on can make all the means go for positive
difference - it
Research shows that journaling about the benefits you’ve gotten from a negative situation rather than focusing on the emotions you have surrounding the event, or writing about something unrelated -- can actually help you to forgive and move on more easily. Put yourself in their shoes Instead of seeing them as ‘the enemy,’ try to understand the factors that they were dealing with. Were they going through a particularly difficult time in their lives? Have you ever made similar mistakes? Try to remember the other person’s good qualities, assume that their motives were not to purposely cause you pain (unless you have clear indicators otherwise), and you may find it easier to forgive. First time, shame on you; Second time, shame on me. ‘Sometimes it’s difficult to forgive if you feel that forgiveness leaves you open to the future repeats of same negative treatment. It’s important to understand that forgiveness is not the same as condoning the offending action, and its ok (and sometimes vital) to include selfprotective plans for the future as part of your forgiveness process. For example, if you have a co-worker who continually steals your ideas, belittles you in front of the group, or gossips about you, such ongoing negative behavior can be difficult to forgive. In fact, blanket forgiveness of someone who is continually hurting you isn’t necessarily a good idea for your emotional health anyway. However, if you make a plan to address the behavior with human resources, move to another department, or switch jobs to get out of the negative situation, releasing your anger and trying to forgive will bring the benefits of forgiveness without opening you up to further abuse. You don’t need to hold a grudge in order to protect yourself. Using the very simple technology of forgiveness, will help you let go of the anger, blame, resentment and judgment around the situations that have kept your energy blocked. You will come to see how, even though it doesn't always feel like it, the universe is truly supporting you in healing your victim stories so you can become who you were meant to be, and that the universe is constantly moving you in the direction of healing and spiritual growth. You may even become open to seeing that the people who seem to be the biggest problems in your life are the very ones who are your greatest teachers, and who are offering you healing opportunities. From the moment your awareness is 'turned on,' all the pain of the past will evaporate, your life will begin to work better, your relationships will improve and you will be so much happier. You will be forever changed by this experience, for it is profound and long lasting. After forgiveness comes reconciliation, the ability to be in the presence of the other person without feeling angry or vulnerable. It is the highest point of healing. Reconciliation may or may not take place following forgiveness, since it requires direct contact with the other person to eliminate old patterns and create a basis for healthy emotional interaction.
Anu Garg HR, K. Raheja Corporate Services
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