# Accelerated Motion: Analyzing Velocity-Time Graphs Printer Friendly Version Refer to the following information for the

next six questions. Match the description provided about the behavior of a cart along a linear track to its best graphical representation. Remember that:
    

velocities are positive when the graph is in I quadrant I velocities are negative when the graph is in quadrant IV velocity-time graphs sloping towards the x-axis represent losing speed velocity-time graphs sloping away from the x-axis represent gaining speed the slope of a velocity-time graph represents its acceleration

moving in a negative direction and losing speed A B C D no match

moving in a positive direction and gaining speed at a slow rate A B C D no match

traveling at a steady rate in a positive direction A B C D no match

at rest for an extended time A B C D no match

moving in a positive direction but losing speed A B C D no match

moving in a positive direction and gaining speed at a rapid rate A B C D no match

Refer to the following information for the next two questions. Given below is a velocity-time graph displaying the behavior of a race cart along a linear track.

answer these questions regarding how far the cart traveled. and its displacement.During which time interval(s) did it travel in a positive direction? 0-10 min 10-15 min 15-30 min 30-40 min 40-55 min During which time interval(s) did it travel in a negative direction? 0-10 min 10-15 min 15-30 min 30-40 min 40-55 min Refer to the following information for the next eight questions. its average speeds during each interval. Using the same velocity-graph as in section two above. Remember that:       velocity is determined by the height of the graph (the y-axis coordinate) acceleration is determined by the slope of the graph displacement is found by calculating the area bounded by the velocity-graph and the x-axis distance traveled would be the absolute value of each sectional area since it is a scalar quantity that does not depend on the direction of travel average speed during a time interval is defined as the total distance it traveled divided by the total time taken average velocity during a time interval is defined as the net displacement divided by the total time taken .

How far did the cart travel in the first 10 minutes? What was its average acceleration during this time interval? Briefly describe its behavior between 10 and 15 minutes? What was its average acceleration between 10 and 15 minutes? How far did it travel between 15 and 30 minutes? What was its average acceleration during this time interval? How far did it travel between 30 and 40 minutes? What was its average acceleration during this time interval? How far did it travel between 40 and 55 minutes? What was its average acceleration during this time interval? What was the total distance it traveled? What was its final displacement? What was the cart's average speed for the entire 55 minutes? its average velocity? .

the free encyclopedia Ionizing radiation hazard symbol 2007 ISO radioactivity danger logo. which are atoms or molecules containing unpaired electrons. These tend to be especially chemically reactive. In the case of organic compounds or certain other small molecules.Related Documents Ionizing radiation From Wikipedia. and they account for most of . this ionization produces free radicals. designed in part for long-term radioactive waste depositories which might survive into a far future time in which all knowledge of the meaning of present common radiation danger symbols and signs has been lost Ionizing (or ionising) radiation is radiation composed of particles that individually can liberate an electron from an atom or molecule.

but all UV may cause molecular damage in a somewhat similar way. In order for a particle to be ionizing. Muons contribute to background radiation due to . Photons interact electromagnetically with charged particles. which slow and/or capture them. muons. Charged particles such as electrons. Beta (β) radiation.Alpha (α) radiation consists of a fast moving helium-4 (4 He) nucleus and is stopped by a sheet of paper. As noted above. protons. alpha particles. positrons. nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. and thus all UV (like ionizing radiation) is more biologically harmful than expected from its heating effect and simple energy deposition. and heavy atomic nuclei from accelerators or cosmic rays also interact electromagnetically with electrons of an atom or molecule. and all may cause ionization. consisting of energetic photons. and by particle accelerators and naturally occurring cosmic rays. The energy at which this begins to happen with photons (light) lies in the high-frequency end of the ultraviolet (UV) region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Gamma (γ) radiation. it must both have a high enough energy and interact with the atoms of a target. most UV is not ionizing. is halted by an aluminium plate. Muons and many types of mesons (in particular charged pions) are also ionizing. consisting of electrons. so photons of sufficiently high energy also are ionizing. is eventually absorbed as it penetrates a dense material. like hydrogen. Neutron (n) radiation consists of free neutrons that are blocked using light elements. Various types of ionizing radiation may be produced by radioactive decay.

which are then subject to heavy security. depending on the situation. secondary neutrons may produce nuclear chain reactions. Neutrons. The little circles show where ionization processes occur. are quickly decelerated by surrounding matter." which translates to "braking radiation". Types of radiation . fast neutrons will interact with the protons in hydrogen (in the manner of a billiard ball hitting another. but rather interact with matter in one of three ways: the photoelectric effect. However. having zero electrical charge. are charged. and interact with the electrons in matter. An ionization event normally produces a positive atomic ion and an electron. both can ionize in turn. These protons are ionizing because they are of high energy.gamma rays are represented by wavy lines. do not interact electromagnetically with electrons. and so they cannot directly cause ionization by this mechanism. which produce ionizing radiation when they decay. Unlike alpha or beta particles (see particle radiation). on the other hand. but by themelves are thought to be of little hazard-importance. due to their relatively low dose.cosmic rays. head on. The intensity of bremsstrahlung increases with the increase in energy of the electrons and the atomic number of the absorbing medium. depending on the nucleus and the neutron's velocity. Neutron interactions in this manner often produce radioactive nuclei. Bremsstrahlung is of concern when shielding beta emitters. Pions (another very short-lived sometimes-charged particle) may be produced in large amounts in the largest particle accelerators. The energy lost to deceleration is emitted in the form of Xrays called "bremsstrahlung. and this mechanism produces proton radiation (fast protons). or secondary electrons (δelectrons). like those emitted by 32P. the Compton effect. and pair production. By way of example. sometimes causing a larger amount of ionization. the figure shows Compton effect: two Compton . gamma rays do not ionize all along their path. Pions are not a theoretical biological hazard except near such operating accelerator machines. High-energy beta particles may produce bremsstrahlung as they pass through matter. In fissile materials. A neutron can also interact with other atomic nuclei. charged particles and neutrons by straight lines. Energetic Beta-particles. sending it away with all of the first ball's energy of motion). these reactions happen with fast neutrons and slow neutrons.