What was the significance of Justinian Code?

It stated that there is a unity between church and state and that anyone that was not a connect to Christianity was declared a non-citizen. It also put up laws against certain pagan practices. Jews could not testify against a christian, they could not hold public offices. There civil and religious rights restricted and they couldn't speak Hebrew, which is important in many of there prayers. These laws would have a oppressive impact on Jews for hundreds of years to follow. Justinian gave orders to collect legal materials of various kinds into several new codes, spurred on by the revival of interest in the study of Roman law in the Middle Ages. This revived Roman law, in turn, became the foundation of law in all civil law jurisdictions. The provisions of the Corpus Juris Civilis also influenced the Canon Law of the church since it was said that ecclesia vivit lege romana — the church lives under Roman law. Justinian's law resulted the Corpus juris Civilis (Body of Civil Law) called the Justinian Code. It consists of 4 parts: 1 Codex (a collection of Imperial statutes) 2 Digest (writings and interpretations of Roman jurists) 3Institutes (a textbook for students) 4Novels (the laws enacted after the publication of the Codex) Suspended during the Middle Ages (500-1350) it was kept alive in Cannon law of the Church. It forms the basis of modern civil law in Europe and in other non-English-speaking countries, as well as in the state of Louisiana. Describe the significance of Justinian's reign? What was his legacy? The reign of Justinian marked the final end of the Roman empire; the establishment of the new, Byzantine empire; the beginning of Western Europe's unique position within the civilizations of the Old World; and made possible the spread of Islam and the rise of the Franks. Justinian rebuilt Constantinople, as well as bridges, aqueducts and many churches. The Justinian Code was a code of laws that served as the foundation of international law that is still used today.
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Justinian is important because he recreate the Roman Empire in his Byzantine Empire. he also rebuilt Constantinople He built aqueducts, bridges, and more than 25 churches including the great Hagia Sophia, a church of Holy wisdom hagia Sophia is known to be considered an architectural wonders of the world.

As a result the Byzantine served to preserve much of the Greek and Roman advancements for Western Europe.Not only did the Byzantine help preserve Roman and Greek culture and Christianity but the Empire also spread these ideas to other parts of the world. However in 1054. many libraries and places of learning were destroyed in the chaos and much of the knowledge that had been gained under the Greek and Roman civilizations was lost. there was a dispute over the worship of icons. Significance The Byzantine Empire served two very important historical functions: 1. Western Europeans making their way to the holy land had to first pass through the Byzantine Empire. Christianity Since the Byzantine Empire had once been part of the Roman Empire its peoples were also Christians. like the US. 2.When the Roman Empire in the West collapsed in 476. As a result they brought many of those ancient Greek and Roman accomplishments back to Western Europe. Most significant was the preservation of Roman law by Emperor Justinian. As a result. When the western half of the Roman Empire fell in 476. these law codes were preserved and have become the basis for the legal systems of many Western countries. Cultural Diffusion . survived. the Eastern half survived and thrived. Two missionaries from the Byzantine Empire. However. Preservation of Roman and Greek Culture . The Christian authorities in the Byzantine disagreed with Rome and did not believe that it was proper to worship icons. the eastern half of the empire was pretty stable and so Emperor Constantine decided to create a new capital at the former Greek city of Byzantium. with the West continuing to practice Catholicism and the Byzantines practicing Eastern Orthodox. while civil war ravaged the western half of the Empire. During the Crusades of the 11th and 12th centuries. which he renamed Constantinople (present-day Istanbul).Byzantine Empire Origins When the Roman Empire was declining. the emperor decided to divide the empire in half because he thought that it would make it easier to govern. the Byzantine's greatest emperor. Justinian codified and deciphered the Roman law codes and also expanded upon the existing codes. However the eastern half of the Roman Empire. named Cyril and Methodius. the Byzantine. This Eastern half of the Roman Empire later became known as the Byzantine Empire. As a result the first split in Christianity occurred. Cyril and Methodius could not teach the Slavs to read the Bible since they had no written . Later divisions of Christianity would come about with the Protestant Reformation in Europe in the 1500s. traveled into Central and Eastern Europe to spread the ideas of Christianity to the Slavic people. Later on.

men and materiel in their Western wars. before the empire had had a chance to recover from its exertions. they had to regard the Sassanids as equals . leaving the Persians besieging Constantinople. the Romans and the Byzantines could not ignore the might and influence of such a large empire. Sassanid territories stretched from south-western Pakistan to Turkey. and Justinian's adoption of it was a disaster.became deeply resentful. Succeeding the Parthian Empire in 224.language. As a result the two missionaries created an alphabet that eventually formed the basis for the Cyrillic alphabet.who saw no benefits coming from the emperor's Western conquests . This sort of policy is almost always a mistake. By 632. the Byzantines were triumphant. but both the Persian and Byzantine peoples and economies were exhausted and were quite unready to fight the confident and dedicated Muslim armies who soon appeared on their frontiers. and attacked the empire soon after Justinian's death in 565. The Byzantine Empire finally collapsed in 1453 due to invasions by the Ottomans. At the height of its power. he took what troops he could gather and. The government had to become more and more aggressive in collecting taxes from a economically exhausted people. The Eastern empire was steadily drained of coinage and its economy began to falter. he went by sea to Syria and marched overland to capture the virtually undefended Persian capitals of Persepolis and Ctesiphon. The Persians recognized that the Eastern empire had been badly weakened by the Gothic Wars. In their diplomatic relations. but fortunately by that time it had served its important function as a bridge to the past and to the achievements of the Muslims. the Sassanid era lasted till 651 when it fell to the Muslims. and the oppressed taxpayers . In a brilliant action. which many peoples in Central and Eastern Europe still use. the Persians sat back and allowed Byzantine bullion to swell their treasury. Naturally. While the Byzantines poured out money. The Persians managed to devastate and/or occupy much of the Byzantine empire until the emperor Heraclius turned the tide of battle against them. Justinian had bought peace with the Persians through regular payments of gold. Relation to Persians During his Western wars. The Sassanid Persian Empire The Sassanid Persian Empire was a constant thorn in the side of the Roman and later the Byzantine Empire for centuries.

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