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Teachers Name ………………………

..

Student Name………………….

Sydney Boys High School

Teachers Name ……………………… .. Student Name …………………. Sydney Boys High School YEAR 11 2 UNIT PHYSICS

YEAR 11

2 UNIT PHYSICS PRELIMINARY COURSE

HALF YEARLY EXAM

2011

Time allowed 75 MINUTES

INSTRUCTIONS

  • 1. Write your name on each page of the answer sheets.

  • 2. Show all working.

  • 3. A periodic table and data sheet is supplied.

PART A:

10 multiple-choice (1 MARK EACH)

PART B:

free response questions (35 MARKS )

PART A

Select the alternative A, B, C, D that best answers the question.

 

A

B

C

D

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SECTION A: Multiple Choice (10 Marks)

Student Name………………….

  • 1. What is the period of a wave with a velocity of 3 x 10 8 ms -1 and a wavelength of 6 x 10 -3 m?

    • (A) 1.8 x 10 6 seconds

    • (B) 5 x 10 10 seconds

    • (C) 2 x 10 -11 seconds

    • (D) 1.8 x 10 6 Hz

  • 2. For which journey is the average velocity the greatest?

    • (A) A jet plane flies from Sydney to Brisbane (800 km one way) and returns to Sydney in 3 hours.

    • (B) A runner wins a 42 km marathon race, starting and finishing in the same stadium, in 2 hours and 14 minutes.

    • (C) The Earth makes one complete revolution around the Sun in one year.

    • (D) A sailing boat sails from Sydney to Hobart (1200 km) in 8 days and 3 hours.

    • 3 The wavelength and amplitude of the wave shown on the axes below are:

    NOT TO SCALE

    3.0cm 0 18cm -3.0cm
    3.0cm
    0
    18cm
    -3.0cm
    • (A) 6.0 cm and 6.0 cm respectively

    • (B) 2.0 cm and 3.0 cm respectively

    • (C) 4.0 cm and 3.0 cm respectively

    • (D) 4.5 cm and 6.0 cm respectively

    2

    Student Name………………….

    • 4. A 1500 kg car is moving at 16 ms -1 when a net force of 300 N acts to slow the car. This force acts while the car moves through a distance of 120 m. The new speed of the car is:

      • (A) 19.5 ms -1

      • (B) 17.4 ms -1

      • (C) 14.0 ms -1

      • (D) 11.0 ms -1

    • 5 The following graph shows the displacement of a bicycle with respect to time.

    Student Name …………………. 4. A 1500 kg car is moving at 16 ms when a net

    The average velocity for the bicycle between 12 s and 20 s was

    • (A) 0.0 ms -1

    • (B) 2.0 ms -1

    • (C) 4.2 ms -1

    • (D) 6.3 ms -1

    • 6. A bird is travelling north with a velocity of 0.4 m.s -1 . After 5 seconds it is found to be travelling east at 0.3 m.s -1 . The acceleration of the bird is

      • (A) -0.62 ms -2

      • (B) 0.94 ms -2 E 57° S

      • (C) 0.5 ms -2 E 53° S

      • (D) 0.5 ms -2 N 36° E

  • 7. When two cars travelling in opposite directions at 60 kmh -1 collide, it is always true that this crash will be worse for the occupants if the occupants’ car:

    • (A) has air bags

    • (B) has more mass than the other vehicle

    • (C) has no crumple zone

    • (D) has a combination of all of the above

  • 3

    Student Name………………….

    • 8. Which of the following statements about the transmission of sound is true?

      • (A) Sound waves travel faster in a medium where the particles are further apart.

      • (B) Sound waves do not require a medium to propagate.

      • (C) The speed of sound at 25 o C and at sea level is 340 ms -1 regardless of the medium in which it is travelling.

      • (D) Sound waves will generally travel faster in a denser medium.

  • 9. A car engine exerts a force of 500 N in moving the car 1000 m in 200 s. The work done by the engine is:

    • (A) 500 000 J

    • (B) 1 000 J

    • (C) 100 000 J

    • (D) 200 000 J

  • 10. During a trip to Mars, a space probe’s booster rocket is fired, doubling the speed and halving the mass. If the original momentum was p units, the new momentum is:

    • (A) p/8 units

    • (B) p/4 units

    • (C) p/2 units

    • (D) p units

    4

    PART B

    (35 marks)

    Show all working for questions with calculations.

    Question 11 (6 marks)

    Student Name………………….

    A bullet is fired horizontally at 900 ms -1 and strikes and sticks to the bob of a pendulum of mass 5.0 kg. After the impact the bob rises through a vertical height of 10 cm. Take g = 9.8 ms -2 .

    [Note:

    loss of E k = gain of E p

    E p

    = mgh

    ]

    Calculate:

    • (a) the velocity of the bullet and pendulum bob after the impact;

    3

     
     
    • (b) the mass of the bullet, m b

     

    3

    Question 12 (7 marks)

    The passage below describes the motion of a vehicle.

    The vehicle commences from rest and undergoes constant acceleration to reach a speed of 20 m s -1 in 8.0 s. It then continues with a constant speed for 4.0 s before undergoing constant deceleration, coming to a complete stop in a further 6.0 s.

    • (a) Use the grid below to draw a velocity versus time graph of this motion.

    5

    3

    Student Name………………….

    Student Name …………………. (b) Calculate the total distance travelled by the vehicle during this time. 2
    • (b) Calculate the total distance travelled by the vehicle during this time.

    2

     
     
    • (c) Determine the acceleration of the vehicle during the first 8.0 s of its motion.

    2

    6

    Question 13 (2 marks)

    Student Name………………….

    A man in an elevator is holding a mass on the end of a spring balance. When the elevator is stationary, the spring balance reads 8 kg. The elevator starts to move and the spring balance reads 9.2 kg. What is the magnitude and direction of the elevator’s acceleration?

    Question 14 (4 marks)

    A force of 12 N acts on two bodies in contact as shown below

         

    12 N

    9 kg

    6 kg

     
    Question 13 (2 marks) Student Name …………………. A man in an elevator is holding a mass

    The surface is frictionless and horizontal. Calculate:

    • (a) the acceleration of each object;

    2

     
    • (b) the force applied by the 9 kg mass to the 6 kg mass.

    2

    7

    Question 15 (4 marks)

    Student Name………………….

    A 1500 kg vehicle travelling 3 ms -1 West collides with a 1200 kg vehicle travelling 7 ms -1 East. The vehicles lock together. The collision takes 0.12 s to occur. Determine the average force of the 1200 kg vehicle on the 1500 kg vehicle.

    Question 16 (3 marks)

    A swimmer in a simple transverse surf wavemoved from a crest to a trough in 1.5 s. Following crests in the wave were 6 m apart. Calculate:

    • (a) the period;

    • (b) the frequency;

    • (c) the velocity of the wave.

    Question 17 (5 marks)

    • (a) State Newton’s First Law of Motion and describe how it applies in a real world situation.

    2

    Student Name………………….

    • (b) Delivery vans owned by Australia Post have a thick wire mesh protection screen installed behind the driver’s seat. By referring to the concepts of inertia and Newton’s

    Laws of Motion, explain the reasons why this protection is now added to all similar commercial delivery vans.

    3

    Laws of Motion, explain the reasons why this protection is now added to all similar commercial
     
     
     

    Question 18 (2 marks)

    Explain the terms pitch and amplitude as they apply to the characteristics of sound waves.

     
     
     

    Question 19 (2 marks)

    • (a) How many compressions occur within four wavelengths of a sound wave?

    1

    • (b) If the wavelengths of sounds of a woman’s voice ranges from 60 cm to 120 cm,

    determine the frequency range of this sound. Take the speed of sound in air to

    be 340 ms -1 .

    1

    Student Name………………….

    Sydney Boys High 2010 Prelim Physics

    Marking Guidelines and model Answers.

    Part A

    Multiple Choice

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 C D C B A C
    1
    2
    3 4
    5
    6
    7 8
    9 10
    C
    D
    C
    B
    A
    C
    C D
    A
    D
    Part B
    11
    a.
    Marking Criteria
    Marks
    Energy is conserved so loss of E k = gain of E p
    AND
    3
    ½
    V 2
    =
    AND
    m bullet + block x
    m bullet + block x g x h
    V
    =
    √(2 x g x h)
    = √(1.96)
    =
    1.4 ms -1
    Two of the above
    2
    Correct numerical answer only
    1
    11
    b.
    Marking Criteria
    Marks
    Momentum before the collision equals momentum after…………… AND
    ..
    3
    m b v 1
    =
    m b+p v 2
    900m b =
    1.4(5 + m b )
    AND
    m b =
    7.8 g
    (0.0078 kg)
    Two of the above
    2
    Correct numerical answer only
    1

    10

    12

    Student Name………………….

    a. Marking Criteria Marks Graph with stated units; linear scales; correct labelled axes; correct points plotted;
    a.
    Marking Criteria
    Marks
    Graph with stated units; linear scales; correct labelled axes; correct points plotted; points joined correctly
    3
    Graph with TWO of the points below
    Graph with EITHER:
    2
    1
    stated units OR
    correct labelled axes with linear scales OR
    points plotted and joined correctly
    speed
    (m s -1 )
    20
    16
    12
    8
    4
    0
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    11
    12
    13
    14 15
    16
    17
    18
    19
    20
    time (s)
    b.
    Marking Criteria
    Marks
    Correct calculations to arrive at correct answer
    2
    An appropriate (correct) technique is identified
    1
    Distance travelled = area under graph
    1
    1
    =
     
    8
    20
    4
    20
     
    6
    20
    2
    2
    80
    80
    60
    220 m
    c.
    Marking Criteria
    Marks
    Correct substitution into correct equation to arrive at correct answer with or without correct units
    2
    Correct definition or equation for acceleration identified
    1
    change in speed
    acceleration =
    time taken
    20 m s
    -1
    8.0 s
     2.5 m s
    -2
    13
    Marking Criteria
    Marks
    Correct magnitude and direction
    2

    11

    Student Name………………….

    Calculates tension only OR no direction OR correct direction but no magnitude 1 Tension in string
    Calculates tension only OR no direction OR correct direction but no magnitude
    1
    Tension in string = 9.2 kg x 9.8
    =
    90.2 N
    T = mg + ma
    a = (T – mg)/m
    = (90.2 – 78.4)/8
    = 1.47 ms -2 upwards
    14a
    Marking Criteria
    Gives equation and substitutes values. Calculates the correct acceleration with correct units
    Gives the correct acceleration with correct units only
    Marks
    2
    1
    a = F/m
    = 12/(9+6)
    = 0.8 ms -2
    14b
    Marking Criteria
    Calculates the correct force with correct units
    Marks
    Gives equation and substitutes values.
    2
    Gives the correct force with correct units only
    1
    F = ma
    =
    6 x 0.8
    =
    4.8 N
    15
    Marking Criteria
    Marks
    Writes out a conservation of momentum equation and substitutes values
    Correct calculation of the speed.
    Writes out an impulse equation and substitutes values
    Correct calculation of the force.
    4
    3
    of above correct
    3
    2
    of above correct
    2
    1
    of above correct
    1
    v = (m 1 u 1 + m 2 u 2 )/(m 1 + m 2 )
    v = (1500 x 3 – 1200 x 7)/2700
    v = -4.44
    F = m(v – u)/t
    F = 1500 (-1.44 – 3)/0.12
    F = 56000 N East
    16
    Correct calculation.
    T
    =
    2 x 1.5 s
    Correct calculation.
    f
    =
    1/T
    Correct calculation
    v
    =
    f x λ
    Marking Criteria
    = 3 s
    = 0.33 Hz
    0.33 x 6 m
    Marks
    1
    1
    =
    =
    2 ms -1
    1
    17
    a.
    Marking Criteria
    Marks
    Defines the first law.
    Gives a clear description a real-world application.
    2
    Only one of the above.
    OR
    Description not clear.
    1
    An object’s state of rest or of uniform motion in a straight line is constant unless it is acted upon by an external net force.
    E.g. A book on a table remains at rest unless a net unbalanced force acts in it.
    17b.
    Marking Criteria
    Marks
    Response displays a thorough understanding of the physics involved, including the incorporation of
    3
    Newton’s laws, (at least two)
    Response displays a good understanding of the physics involved, including at least one of Newton’s
    laws
    2
    Some physics included in response; limited or no reference to Newton’s laws.
    1

    In the event of a crash, parcels in the van will continue to move forward due to their inertia (Newton’s First Law), possibly striking the driver’s head causing injury. They will only be stopped by having a force applied to them, causing deceleration (F=ma, Newton’s Second Law). The wire mesh can exert this force on the parcels, rather than the driver’s head or the windscreen of the van.

    12

    Student Name………………….

    18

    a.

     

    Marking Criteria

     

    Marks

    Relates frequency to pitch or how high or low the sound is.

     

    AND

    2

    Relates amplitude to loudness. Missing half the answer above

     

    1

    19

    a.

     

    Marking Criteria

     

    Marks

    Correct answer

     

    4 compressions

     

    1

    19b

     
     

    Marking Criteria

     

    Marks

    Correct calculation of frequency range.

     

    1

    λ = 0.6 m

    to

    1.2 m

    f = v/ λ

    = 340/0.6

    = 566.6 Hz

    to

    340/1.2

    = 283.3 Hz

    13