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List of psychologist and their works 1.

Psychologist Works
2.Alfred Adler departed from Freud's theories and developed his own perspective, which he called Individual Psychology. He had a strong influence on a number of other eminent psychologists, including Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow and Karen Horney. He is a psychologist known for his famous "Bobo doll" experiment as well as his concepts of self efficacy and social learning. Banduras work is considered part of the cognitive revolution in psychology that began in the late 1960s. His theories have had tremendous impact on personality psychology, cognitive psychology, education, and therapy. He is aiso known for his theory on observational Learning He was a French psychologist that is famous for his development of the first widely used intelligence test. He is often described as one of the most influential thinkers in psychology history and his original test still serves as the basis for modern tests of intelligence. He became one of the leaders ofbehaviorism and his work contributed immensely to experimental psychology. He also invented the 'Skinner box,' in which a rat learns to obtain food by pressing a lever. He placed emphasis on human potential, which had an enormous influence on both psychology and education. He became one of the major humanist thinkers and an eponymous influence in therapy with his "Rogerian therapy." Carl Rogers is best-known for his nondirective approach to treatment known as client-centered therapy,His concept of the actualizing tendency and Developing the concept of the fully-functioning person

3.Albert Bandura

4.Alfred Binet

5.B. F. Skinner

6.Carl Rogers

7.Erik Erikson

His stage theory of psychosocial development helped create interest and research on human development through the lifespan. An ego psychologist who studied with Anna Freud, Erikson expanded psychoanalytic theory by exploring development throughout the life, including events of childhood, adulthood, and old age. While Freuds theory had focused on the psychosexual aspects of development, Eriksons addition of other influences helped to broaden and expand psychoanalytic theory. He also contributed to our understanding of personality as it is developed and shaped over the course of the lifespan.

8.Jean Pieget
His work had a profound influence on psychology, especially our understanding children's intellectual development. His research contributed to the growth of developmental psychology, cognitive psychology, genetic epistemology, and education reform. Piaget provided support for the idea that children think differently than adults and his research identified several important milestones in the mental development of children. His work also generated interest in cognitive and developmental psychology. Piaget's theories are widely studied today by students of both psychology and education.

9.Ivan Pavlov

He was a Russian physiologist whose research on conditioned reflexes influenced the rise of behaviorism in psychology. Pavlov's experimental methods helped move psychology away from introspection and subjective assessments to objective measurement of behavior. While Ivan Pavlov was not a psychologist, and reportedly disliked the field of psychology altogether, his work had a major influence on the field, particularly on the development ofbehaviorism. His discovery and research on reflexes influenced the growing behaviorist movement. His research also demonstrated techniques of studying reactions to the environment in an objective, scientific method.

10.Kurt Lewin

Lewin is known as the father of modern social psychology because of his pioneering work that utilized scientific methods and experimentation to look as social behavior. Kurt Lewin contributed to Gestalt psychology by expanding on gestalt theories and applying them to human behavior. He was also one of the first psychologists to systematically test human behavior, influencing experimental psychology, social psychology and personality psychology.

11.Sigmund Freud

He is the master of psychoanalysis.His ideas had such a strong impact on psychology that an entire school of thought emerged from his work. While it was eventually replaced by the rise of behaviorism, psychoanalysis had a lasting impact on both psychology and psychotherapy. Freud wrote and theorized about a broad range of subjects including sex, dreams, religion, women and culture. However, his ideas have become interwoven into the fabric of our culture, with terms such as "Freudian slip," "repression" and "denial" appearing regularly in everyday language.The Conscious and Unconscious Mind,The Id, Ego, and Superego, Life and Death Instincts,Psychosexual Development,Defense Mechanisms

12.Abraham Maslow

Maslow is a humanistic psychologist. Abraham Maslow has been

considered the Father of Humanistic Psychology. Maslow's theory is based on the notion that experience is the primary phenomenon in the study of human learning and behavior. He placed emphasis on choice, creativity, values, self-realization, all distinctively human qualities, and believed that meaningfulness and subjectivity were more important than objectivity. For Maslow, development of human potential, dignity and worth are ultimate concerns. He is famous for proposing that human motivation is based on a hierarchy of needs. The lowest level of needs are physiological and survival needs such as hunger and thirst. Further levels include belonging and love, self-esteem, and self-actualization.
Humanists dont believe that humans are pushed and pulled by mechanical forces, either of stimuli and reinforcements (behaviorism) or of unconscious instinctual urges (psychoanalysis). Humanists center on potentials. They believe that humans reach for a high-level of capabilities. Humans look for the frontiers of creativity, the highest reaches of consciousness and wiseness. This has been labeled fully functioning person, healthy personality, or as Maslow calls this level, self-actualizing person.