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PARTNERSHIP APPROACHES TO ICZM - A

VISION AND ACTION PLAN


2003

LGA Coastal
Interest Group
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

CoastNET wishes to thank the following for sponsoring the workshop:

Defra
English Nature
LGA Coastal Interest Group
Scottish Coastal Forum

We would also like to thank Sue James of Sustainability Matters for preparation of the
programme for the workshop, providing professional facilitation and guidance during the day,
and for collating the information gathered during the workshop.

In addition thanks go to the speakers Alex Midlen (Chair of CoastNET and Essex Estuaries
Initiative, Sam Rowbury (Defra), Martyn Cox (Scottish Coastal Forum) and Roger Morris
(English Nature) and to the facilitators who supported Sue James during the day: Alex
Midlen, Jane Taussik, Theresa Redding, Vanessa Scott and Natasha Barker.

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Introduction

Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) focused Coastal Partnerships were


promoted in the UK as part of English Nature’s Estuaries Initiative, which was
launched in 1992 and Scottish Natural Heritage’s Firth’s Project, launched in 1993.
Since then over 40 estuary and firth partnerships have been established. All these
have been established voluntarily, relying on partner financial support and receive no
direct government support. This has always been cited by these partnerships as a
key constraint to effective service delivery, and over the years various partnerships
have risen and fallen in response to varying levels of financial commitment. A range
of other Coastal Partnerships has also emerged (see below) most of which are also
voluntary. However, some i.e. coastal groups, receive government grants for their
work.

In 1999 English Nature commissioned a study to review the effectiveness of the


Estuaries Initiative. Its main conclusion was that there were no nationally agreed
measures in place by which to assess their performance and the review was,
therefore, inconclusive. A subsequent report attempted to identify suitable indicators,
but its recommendations were not implemented.

In 2002, in association with the Scottish Coastal Forum, a report for the Scottish
Executive assessed the effectiveness of firth partnerships and coastal fora as a
delivery mechanism for ICZM. It concluded that the partnerships had been an
effective mechanism to progress ICZM to its current state but also pointed out the
need for indicators. The Scottish Coastal Forum is still considering how best to take
forward the recommendations from this report. An earlier report in 2001 had reviewed
ICZM indicators and found that it is very much an emerging topic.

Now that attention has again focused on ICZM, as a result of the ratification of the
EU Recommendation on integrated coastal zone management which commits the
UK to the production of a national strategy for ICZM, it is timely to consider the role of
coastal partnerships in the delivery of integrated management on the coast.

A number of organisations having a keen interest in this issue agreed that a


workshop would be an efficient and effective way of addressing some critical issues.

The objectives of the workshop, which was organised and delivered by CoastNET,
were to:

• develop a collective vision for Coastal Partnerships


• generate a set of clear objectives (e.g. where are we now, where do we want
to get to and indicators of achievement)
• develop an Action Plan
• build collective evidence of how Partnerships have, and will, deliver ICZM.

As well as contributing to the workshop, Partnerships are also completing proformas


to provide tangible evidence of how they have added value locally. This will form the
basis of a separate directory of good practice to be compiled and published by
CoastNET.

This report presents the outcomes of the CoastNET Partnership Workshop held in
March 2003. It contains the vision for Coastal ICZM Partnerships in 2010, and an
Action Plan which sets out tasks to achieve that vision: for Government, for
CoastNET and for Partnerships.

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Coastal Partnership categories

Whilst Estuary and Firth Partnerships are usually the focus of attention in the context
of Coastal Partnerships, there is in fact a broad range of other partnerships. Many of
these have a sectoral focus, but nonetheless have an important role in delivering
sustainable development (through the pursuit of integrated solutions).

Estuary and Firth Partnerships and Coastal Fora - These are broad based
voluntary groups focused on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) covering
from small areas to major estuaries and firths. They are usually set up by statutory
bodies in the first instance, although maintaining a neutral role is an important
feature. A number now have charitable status.

‘Coastal Groups’ – these usually comprise technical officers who are involved in
shoreline management. These are usually linked to shoreline management planning
of a recognised coastal sediment cell and have a sectoral approach i.e. coastal
defence, to sustainable development on the coast.

European Marine Sites - These have been set up under the EU Habitats and Birds
Directives and are managed by voluntary partnerships of Relevant Authorities and
user groups. They have a nature conservation focus although integration is the key to
the management objectives. Some are established under the umbrella of an estuary
or firth partnership.

Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty/Heritage Coasts – Established to managed


Countryside Commission (now Countryside Agency) designations, they typically
comprise a management structure led by local authorities, but including other
relevant interests (statutory and non-statutory).

Marine National Parks – at present there is provision for the establishment of


Marine National Parks in Scotland under the National Parks of Scotland Act although
none have yet been designated. There is currently no legislation in England and
Wales for the establishment of Marine National Parks. However, the level of
consensus which would be needed to establish such parks makes a partnership
approach essential.

Voluntary Marine Nature Reserves – Again a partnership approach reflects the


need to bring organisations together to provide for effective management.

Other coastal projects – Many ad hoc projects are taken forward through
partnerships of service providers, e.g. South West Coastal Path.

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Coastal Partnerships Vision, 2010

The workshop developed a vision for Coastal Partnerships and 2010 was considered
to be an appropriate reference date for realising this vision.

“Coastal Partnerships have consistently proved their leading role in


coastal zone management in the years up to 2010 and are now
accepted by all as the main mechanism for promoting sustainable
development on the coast through ICZM.

Government and other institutions which are active on the coast


recognise this, and a clear purpose and role for Coastal Partnerships is
defined within a national policy framework. This purpose and role
addresses: conflicts between sectors, strategic planning, community
involvement, public and institutional understanding of coastal issues,
and management of information. Adequate support over the long term
for partnership activities is provided for, and performance of
Partnerships is measured against a national set of partnership
indicators.”

Evidence of added value

An important question is; ‘have Coastal Partnerships have delivered outcomes which
would not have been achieved in their absence’. The workshop aimed to draw
together tangible evidence of such outcomes under the headings: ‘outputs and
outcome’s, ‘delivery of ICZM’, and ‘Partnership objectives’.

Outcomes - Partnerships identified outcomes of their activities. That is, tangible


achievements resulting in a change to the system, be it beneficial changes to a local
development plan or improvements to environmental quality for example. This is in
contrast to outputs (projects, plans, strategies etc). Outcomes generally result from
the outputs over the longer term. A selection of examples are detailed below:

OUTPUTS Examples of OUTCOMES


Blackwater Management Plan – Maldon District Improved enforcement of powered boat speed
Council and Colchester Borough Council limits and the reduction of conflict with other users

Integrated Management Strategy by the Dart Improved integration and harmonizing of


Estuary Partnership development control through a formal system

Dredging liaison group set up by the Thames Informed maintenance dredging in the Thames
Estuary Partnership taking account of environmental and other users
interests

Report – ‘A comparative review of the coast and Better integration of management and planning in
estuaries initiative on the NW coast of England Regional Planning Guidance
(North West Partnership - PISCES)
Tamar Estuary Management Plan produced by Provided a framework for conflict resolution, better
the Tamar Estuary Consultative Forum. understanding of issues and management.
Contributed to the delivery of European Marine
Site management plans

Working group of local representatives formed by Raised awareness on issues related to sensitive
the Colne Estuary Partnership to develop waterside Brownfield development sites and aided

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Supplementary Planning Guidance appropriate sustainable development

Pembrokeshire information database developed Enabled better decision making and led to
by the Pembrokeshire Coastal Forum financial savings (joint research)

Pembrokeshire Marine Code of Practice The process highlighted opportunities for joint
developed by the Pembrokeshire Coastal Forum working and added value. It avoids the use of
statutory mechanisms

A management scheme for a European Marine The scheme allowed streamlining of complex
site developed by ASERA (Association of Severn implementation of legislation e.g. Habitats
Estuary Relevant Authorities). Regulations. Simplification of a mix of unrelated
management measures in one area.
Habitats Regulation training day improved
awareness and understanding of the roles and
responsibilities for relevant authorities.

A single signage methodology for coastal When introduced this resulted in financial savings
byelaws produced by the Tamar Estuary for the responsible organisations
Partnership

Management Strategy for the Dart Estuary -Dart Partnership became a ‘contact point’ and acts as
Estuary Partnership a clearing house – putting people in touch.

Managed Realignment study by Forth Estuary Increased awareness and understanding of issues
Forum by the community and the steering group

Pembrokeshire ‘CoastCare’ project developed by Engaging community groups in managing the


the Pembrokeshire Coastal Forum coast, e.g. helping the Environment Agency (EA)
in pollution monitoring

Bathing only Zones Policy developed through a 8 bathing only zones established, improved safety
coordinated process by the Dorset Coast Forum on beaches through incident logs, zoning and
feedback mechanisms.

Firth of Forth Geographic Information System Improved the quality/speed of decision making
report– Forth Estuary Forum (through the realisation of differences between
policies and organisations), and improved
integration between authorities

Facilitation of stakeholder involvement in an Involvement resulted in stakeholder acceptance of


offshore wind farm application - Solway Firth the decision for development
Partnership

Coordinated an application for a shellfish Improved shellfish management, cross-border


Regulating Order on both sides of the firth, liaison and co-operation
Solway Firth Partnership

Co-ordination of the NATURA 2000 Management Integrated management of the European Marine
Scheme -Tamar Estuary Partnership, Moray Site
Firth Partnership, Solway Firth Partnership Used the existing partnership network to deliver
statutory requirements

Dorset Central Marine Database developed by Working database of 2000 habitat and species
Dorset Coast Forum records produced providing increased knowledge
of seabed and marine life, generation of research
activity and raised public awareness.

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Delivery of ICZM (according to EU Coastal Strategy principles) - Partnerships were
asked to assess their delivery of ICZM against the eight principles which have been
adopted by the EU as part of its coastal strategy, and which are commended to
Member States through the Recommendation on ICZM. Five illustrative examples of
actual delivery by partnerships against each of these principles are:

1 A broad holistic perspective


• Enabling a cross border approach between devolved administrations (Severn
Estuary, Solway Firth)
• Involving all sectors and looking at the whole coast and links with the national
planning process (Pembrokeshire Coastal Forum)
• Making a positive effort to work with Small and Medium Enterprises to balance the
focus (Essex Estuaries, e.g. ‘Essex for Seafood’ brand) in a Natura 2000 site.
• Mersey Basin Campaign and Source to Sea (Ribble) looks at the whole of the river
catchment, estuary and coast. North West Coastal Forum involves everyone in the
region involved with water and coastal issues.
• Building a Coastal Strategy to look at the whole coast and all sectors and is focusing
on integration (Scottish Coastal Forum).

2 A long term objective


• Working on a managed realignment project (Forth Estuary forum)
• Working on a Strategy with a 25 year view (Scottish Coastal Forum)
• Setting up a new Harbour Authority (Exe Estuary Partnership)
• Partnership has adopted a long-term vision and set of policies for the next 10 years
(Severn Estuary Partnership)
• Partnership persuaded the Harbour Authority to commission a study on the options
for evolution of the port, beyond the horizon of the Local Plan (Dart Estuary
Partnership)

3 Adaptive management during a gradual period


• Introduction of harbour dues – the ‘user pays’ principle (Exe Estuary)
• Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG) was developed to shape new uses for
redundant shipyards and wharves (Colne Estuary Partnership)
• The Blackwater Plan identified need to rationalise speed boat restrictions to reflect
the changing nature of boating (Blackwater Estuary Partnership)
• The Wash Estuary Management Plan is being renewed this year (Wash Estuary
Partnership).
• Review of management arrangements in the Moray Firth resulted in a merger of the
Moray Firth Partnership and Cromarty Firth Liaison Group.

4 Reflect local specificity


• Branding local places and products as a marketing tool to tackle regeneration on the
coast (SAIL Partnership)
• Local issues are recognised in Wash Estuary Management Plan and work is
undertaken with local groups, e.g. Local Heritage Initiative-funded project for the
Wash lifestyle (Wash Estuary Partnership)
• The Scottish Coastal Forum and other Scottish Partnerships reflect Scottish law and
Scottish issues (Scottish Coastal Forum)
• Local issues have arisen mostly via Advisory Groups [on European Marine Sites] and
have heightened awareness and is leading to a search for solutions e.g, voluntary
codes of practice where relevant authorities have no direct regulatory powers
• Local group involves local councilors (not just officials), ferry operators and others to
address perceived difficulties with fast ferry wash (Loch Ryan Advisory Management
Forum)

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5 Work with natural processes
• Developing a scheme of management for a Natura 2000 site which relates human
activity to natural environment (Essex Estuaries Initiative)
• The Dart Estuary Project ‘Sustainable Dredging for Habitat Protection’ will specifically
work with natural processes (Dart Estuary Partnership)
• Review of dredging and habitat disturbance (Forth Estuary Forum)
• Process and output of the Management Scheme looks at how organisations activities
affect natural processes (ASERA)
• Individual authorities already researching natural processes. Discussion and sharing
of activities is already taking place (through the Partnership) leading to heightened
awareness of need for better information – currently, discussion on Humber on how
data can be better shared or made available. (Humber European Marine Site)

6 Participatory planning
• Wide public consultation/participation at all stages of the development of the Severn
Estuary Strategy documentation (Severn Estuary Partnership)
• Developing Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG) with local community groups
(Colne Estuary Partnership)
• Co-ordination of the Harbour Authority and Local Authority in processing ‘common
interest’ planning applications (Dart Estuary Partnership)
• Development of successful management guidelines and an action programme as well
as an SAC Management Scheme experienced a high level of participation (Moray
Firth Partnership)
• Providing 100 year vision/strategic framework/coherent approach to strategic
planning Tower bridge to Gravesham (Thames Estuary Partnership)

7 Support and involvement of all relevant administrative bodies


• Established a Concordat Group which is a Partnership representing ALL statutory
interests and identified a memorandum of understanding for implementation of ICZM
(Pembrokeshire Coastal Forum)
• Members include 95% of organisations with statutory duty, and an Advisory Group
includes most existing networks and interest groups (Association of Severn Estuary
Relevant Authorities (ASERA))
• The European Marine Site Management group involves all relevant statutory bodies
in the management of a nature conservation area (Essex Estuaries Initiative)
• Partnership recently extended to include wider range of organisations (Colne Estuary
Partnership)
• A number of different tools for involvement are in place, e.g, coastal surgeries,
coastal workshops, topic group workshops (Pembrokeshire Coastal Forum)

8 Use of a combination of instruments


• The Management scheme for European Marine Sites (EMS) includes a variety of
mechanisms/instruments for the delivery of conservation objectives – voluntary codes
of conduct, statutory functions, legislation (Assoc. Severn Estuary Relevant
Authorities)
• Partnership has adopted an umbrella body role to coordinate the activities of all
estuary wide groups with remits for SAC (Special Area of Conservation)
management, pollution management, planning and development issues – these
groups and the Partnership previously had weaker links (Severn Estuary Partnership
(SEP))
• Coastal strategy will suggest actions that require a number of instruments (Scottish
Coastal Forum)
• Partnership can mobilise voluntary groups as well as involving byelaws and
regulatory authorities. Also they have developed agreed ‘codes of conduct’ (Dart
Estuary Partnership)
• Through using local management. Using carrots before sticks - thus encouraging
cooperation before bye-laws are instated.

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Partnership Objectives - Participants recognised that there was no nationally
agreed role or purpose for coastal partnerships save the initial remit to develop
integrated management strategies and plans flowing from the Estuaries Initiative and
Firths Project in the early 1990’s. Whilst it was desirable that partnerships reflect
local needs, a certain consistency of approach would ensure that integration and
value-added remained central to Partnership activity. This would aid the assessment
of Partnership performance. This is reflected in the key actions identified in the Action
Plan in the next section.

Action plan

The participants at the workshop completed the day’s tasks with the compilation of
suggested actions into a prioritised Action Plan. The plan assigned responsibility for
actions between the Partnerships themselves (both individually and working
together), to CoastNET (as a neutral facilitator), and to Government.

The following actions are regarded as being the most critical to achieving the
Partnership vision and sustainable development on the coast.

ACTION SUGGESTED
RESPONSIBILITY
Action by Government
[Create] a national coastal agency (perhaps a Government
government department?)
Government should to deliver a National Coastal Government
Strategy that dictates who should take the lead in
implementing ICZM
Give an agency/group a statutory role to support Government
coastal partnership work – and the funding to deliver
Identification of National and Regional priorities for Government
ICZM and duties and powers imposed at relevant
levels
Research and review options for delivery of ICZM Government
(international and national experience and a range of
measures e.g. statutory, single lead body, voluntary
partnerships)
Agree and establish a clear framework for/of Government
information need. National – metadata, Regional –
within a functional cell, Local – site specific
Implement a statutory mechanism to ensure Government
particular core organisations (Statutory agencies and
non-governmental public bodies etc), fund
partnerships
Action by CoastNET
Develop a national set of indicators for evaluating CoastNET (CoastNET
ICZM (or as part of wider sustainable development comment: this should be
indicators) Government led)
Define and agree nationally a clear purpose for CoastNET
Partnerships
Hold an annual standing conference (forum) for CoastNET
Coastal Partnerships
Develop ‘indicators of success’ (of partnerships) and CoastNET
promote these nationwide
Work to increase awareness and understanding of CoastNET
what ICZM is to all and how it can benefit in terms of
service delivery
Action by Partnerships
Set up an annual regional coastal forum in the UK Joint action by Partnerships
in conjunction with CoastNET

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Identify/quantify benefits of ICZM partnerships Individual Partnerships
(generically with specific reference to individual with CoastNET collecting and
projects) and outputs and outcomes publishing the outputs
Identify/quantify benefits of ICZM partnerships Individual Partnerships (with
(generically with specific reference to individual CoastNET)
projects) and outputs and outcomes
Marketing, newsletters, website, leaflets, Individual Partnerships
presentations, workshops – to develop for community
and within responsible authorities
Agree a set of objectives for the Partnership; Terms Individual Partnerships
of Reference for a Partnership and develop a method
of joint working between Partnerships

Conclusions and Recommendations

1. There is a considerable body of evidence within Coastal Partnerships which


demonstrates their ability to deliver sustainable development on the coast
through ICZM and ‘value-added’ activity. Further work is planned to bring this
information together in a comprehensive form.

2. The lack of a national framework for ICZM hampers the efforts of Coastal
Partnerships to deliver, and during the workshop many potential actions were
identified for Government in order to fill this vacuum. The National
Stocktaking presently underway as part of the EU ICZM Recommendation
and preparation of a national coastal strategy should consider this issue in
detail.

3. Coastal Partnerships recognise the need for a clearly defined role and
purpose, and practical performance indicators. The development of such is an
urgent priority.

4. Coastal Partnerships could improve their performance further by improved


exchange of information between such groups. As a first step a Standing
Conference for Coastal Partnerships will be organised and a Good Practice
Directory will be published.

5. CoastNET has been identified as the organisation best placed to take a lead
on behalf of Coastal Partnerships in certain key areas. CoastNET will respond
to the Action Plan with a statement of what and how it can deliver.

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APPENDIX 1 – Transcript VISIONS

VISIONS FOR ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

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• Sustainable industry, economically • Blackwater estuary jet ski user group agree
environmentally and socially revised code of practice through Blackwater
• Major development proposal on site of forum
Bradwell Power Station debated by • Less dependence on sea walls and greater
Blackwater Forum at pre-planning stage public acceptance of need to go with the flow
• Environmental quality recognised as of coastal erosion – more managed
fundamental to economy realignment
• Agriculture and mariculture working in • Large numbers of visitors within limits of
harmony carrying capacity
• Maximised use of space in ports – no need • Reduced recreation at sensitive sites,
for further land claim enhanced recreation provision elsewhere
• Self supporting pan – sub- regional =sea • Examples of real sustainable development
actions, eg, oil spills, response to marine projects having been delivered (on the
pollution ground)
• An enhancement of the natural beauty and • A profitable, well used ferry service linking
cultural heritage of the estuary different parts of the estuaries
• Increased coastal and marine tourism in • ‘A sustainable estuary’ happy partners
Solway area working together to bring added value and
• Cleaner Thames, less litter, CSO project achieve real benefit to physical and social
installed and economics
• Cleaner beaches more welcoming to local • A more fully engaged private/business sector
people and tourists. Better image therefore strengthen sustainable
• A better quality coastal environment valued development credentials
by all
• Reduction in pollution – source and diffuse

VISIONS FOR EFFECTIVE PARTNERSHIP WORKING

• On the ground flagship projects (best • Partnership policies to influence sectoral


practice) that have had an impact on issues policy and actions including translation into
• Streamlined process for identifying issues statutory plans and programmes
and actions (s0cial/economic/environmental) • Recognised and supported outputs (5 year
on a continuous basis achievement)
• Fewer plans more integration • Network for partnerships to engage and
• Making a real difference on the ground share information with each other
• Effective/efficient growth • Coastal partnerships offer value for money
• Good quality deliverables • Able to respond quickly and effectively to
• ICZM partnerships working with other change in the ICZM market???
partnerships; bringing resource; best value • Successful mechanisms/platforms for
indicators etc engaging local communities/business
• To have overcome/resolved issues related to interests
not being a legal entity. • 1 vision for D and G, Solway and Cumbria
• A more democratically accountable process • Partnership seen as the key ‘player’ on the
for coastal partnerships coast
• Creating an effective bridge between • 1 vision for D and L and Cumbria
scientific and technical community and end • An Estuary Officer with Admin Support! And a
users nice warm office!!
• Hierarchy of coastal partnership type • A set of ICZM innovative projects which
approaches from national – regional – local prove the value of working in partnership
levels (complete coverage) • Users in the coastal zone work in harmony!
• Continued proactive involvement of all key, • Secondments between staff in all
relevant partners organisations so that they can see the other
• Recognition that Partnership is a central organisations perspective!
delivery mechanism • All actions identified in Strategy implemented
• Memo of agreement between parties – long • Coast NET delivers annual programme of
term commitment training for Partnership Officers and Partner
• A larger membership working as a series of representatives
interest groups • Long term agreement between partners
• Beacon status achieved for Colchester • Full commitment to Action plan by all partners
Borough Council through recognition of • Partnership being used effectively by bodies
success of estuary Partnership, measured not yet truly engaged (eg EA)
against national ICZM indicators • Motivating forum meetings hitting the real
• UK ICZM partnerships influencing EU policy issues
– always invited to the table • Dedicated partners
• Recognition as decision making/’political’ • Bringing interests together and creating
entity harmony from diverse interests

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• To still have a Partnership Officer and still be • Professional recognition for Partnership
meeting regularly and setting new goals officers as facilitators and initiators
• Willingness amongst staff from big • Team of helpers
businesses to accept economic benefits of a • Partners eagerly await the next meeting!!?
healthy estuarine environment • Partners and other organisations coming to
• A happy group of staff, well supported with the Partnership – benefit of Partnership is
good working condition and training recognised by many
opportunities • Policies being translated into actions which,
• Career progression for partnership staff make a difference (improved environmental
• Motivated staff team of 3 core posts 1) and social benefits)
coordinator 2) marine manager 3)
Administrator and SLA with GNV records
centre

VISIONS FOR LOCAL AND NATIONAL STRATEGY/POLICY

Local Strategy

• ‘Natural capital’ principles adopted as real this. Have a system of monitoring to evaluate
element in cost benefit analysis – lip service the effectiveness of this.
no longer tolerated • Local Authorities given duty/power to prepare
• Habitats and species of Humber Estuary management schemes for CZ and convene
maintained in favourable condition partnerships (within national/regional
• Clear strategy for the next 5, 10 and 20 years Strategy
• Humber Management Scheme Action Plan • A coastline covered with ICZM P’s –
actively being used and reviewed annually addressing local issues in a national context
• A strategy and Action Plan for PCZ which is • requiring minimum £ because Partners have
delivered in detail fully bought in
• Created a Strategic overview for promotion of • requiring minimum staff because Partners do
the Firth of Forth with all bodies signing up much of the work
and co-coordinating efforts on a consensual • learning form others
basis. (LA’s, tourist boards, statutory bodies) • all sectors engaged
• Clearly defined local structure for ICZM • facilitating numerous initiatives, eg economic
delivery projects, managed re-alignment
• Have clear links written between all relevant • Completion of visitor facilities in Sefton and
plans (structure/local/river basin/fisheries etc) interpretive provision (mid term)
• Adoption/acknowledgment of the SES within • Reduction of long – term view of coastal
DP’s, UDP’s, statutory plans products and acceptance by community of
• Review of bathing water standards and adaptive management approach
designations • Agreement on and implementation of
• More concise and attractive management SAC/SPD management plans
plan/strategy available widely and referred to! • Establishment of effective research methods
• Effective working with piste??? Partnership with demonstrable results
(PISCES, NWCF) Irish Sea forum… • Establishment of effective way of monitoring
• Effective evaluation of ??? role of coast, sustainability of management
(tourism etc) and relation to other • Reinforcement of environments education
regeneration initiatives capacity
• Agreed holistic vision for managed • Roll out of ‘virtual coast’ ICT – based
realignment/habitat creation interpretation project
• Competition for places at meetings! • Full political recognition of role of
• Local delivery of the ICZM strategy Partnership
• All relevant bodies given duty to participate • Focused guidance to facilitate an
on partnerships improvement in industry
• Within all strategic/structure plans, a
paragraph relating to FEF Management
Strategy and the relevant objectives within

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National Strategy

• Leading the European agenda for how to do • ICZM to be fully integrated into ALL
ICZM effectively strategies/policy across UK
• ICZM champions voted for MBE/OBE • All development plans around the estuary
parliamentary positions – public recognition with consistent policies towards coastal
• A national coastal strategy development/recreation, dredging etc
• Putting into place SPP’s on ICZM beyond • Linkage to an overarching approach
‘talk shop’. Planning guidance for ICZM (national) so there is less of a ‘perception’ of
• A sustainable, strategic balanced, adaptive ‘local for a’
and holistic management approach for all • An holistic, strategic planning system, trans-
coastal areas boundary for The Wash, eg, an overseeing
• Public and political support for integrated planning person/section for all developments
coastal management and secure funding to in The Wash to represent all authorities – this
deliver specifically links to the fact ‘The Wash’ and
• A sound framework for managing and neighboring
maintaining the coast as a dynamic entity • Having a statutory function or recognition by
• Well supported national (Uk and home government + ‘more clout’ beyond talk shop’
county) approach to coastal partnerships • Delivering the shared vision
(including guidelines, funding support, • A thriving ‘green tourism’ industry
transfer of expertise and training) • More access to coast with right use in right
• Sustainable planning policy within coastal place
zone • A thriving mariculture industry sustainable in
• Forum recognised as key in a national environmental and economic terms
framework for delivery • Essex Estuaries management scheme
• To integrate the outcomes from our own (Natura 2000) promotes new fishing
partnership with others to form a holistic opportunities and marine tourism
CZMP • A balanced sustainable use of our estuary,
• Mainstreaming of ICZM into ongoing statutory agreed and supported by the community
processes and work of key bodies • A willingness amongst people representing
• Evaluation of Coastal Strategy conservation or local authority interests to try
• Planning authorities reduce planning harder to integrate better with big businesses
consents in flood risk areas due to public and willingness to learn about business
demand (ie, public awareness so great and needs
enlightened) • Offshore resource map and strategy for
• Integration locally, regionally, nationally within sustainable use
national strategic framework • Real cost of development in flood risk areas
• Joined up government on coastal and marine pushed onto the developers for the long-term
management, data standards, R and D (maintenance of defences not taken over by
• Clear statutory framework for ICZM delivery local authorities for mid-long term)
across UK • Sustainable fishery for Solway
• Effective demand for further iteration of the • Diffuse pollution reduced to a minimum and
Southern North Sea Forum no toxic inputs
• A fully adopted ICZM strategy for UK with • A thriving sustainable local fishing industry
clear actions • Industry involved in creating and promoting
• A series of coastal/established for a in Wales nature conservation features of site
with all rep on WCMP
• Government policy mandates private sector
to invest in partnerships to deliver sustainable
development agenda (and other agendas)
• A confirmed/established focus for European
Site Management
• Single national coastal commission (as ‘on
the edge’) partnership
• Widespread acceptance of concept and
active work towards establishing Southern
North Sea Coastal and Marine Pool???
• An integrated UK and national government
• More integration of management plans at all
scales (non stat) to reduce quantities of
reports produced that may not get used
• International, national and regional
partnerships identified and given legal basis
and funding ‘teeth’!
• 1 spatial planning framework for the UK
• Action at local, regional, national, EU levels
supporting each other
• 1 strategy for Solway ‘region’

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VISIONS FOR UNDERSTANDING/AWARENESS RAISING/INVOLVEMENT

• Strong community base – involvement in • Excellent public awareness and


decision making and management understanding of shoreline management
• Review of local bye laws on estuary options
• Created the International Centre for Estuarine • Wide public and government appreciation of
Development with conference facilities and the value of the coast – economic, natural,
flash, expensive office facilities next door to environment, as a play space, beautiful place
new aquarium extension of North Queens etc
ferry. So I can have an office with a view into • SPG implemented for waterside areas
a huge fish tank! (through involvement of local communities)
• Continued support form partners in the Colne • Greater, more participatory community
• Achievements of projects ‘on the ground’ involvement
particularly relating to access and • More widespread
interpretation around estuary recognition/consciousness/pride in coastal
• Greater awareness of coast and its value. heritage connections
Everyone to realise the consequences of • Involving all the stakeholders effectively and
their own actions with sign up throughout their organisations
• Better understanding of archeological • To understand where the outcomes of
features recently discovered in estuaries Partnership will fit with others so it forms
mud! joined up thinking
• True and effective involvement of the public • To further promote and a key group in the
• Essex Shoreline Management Plan agreed creation of the coastal Ministry
without conflict following successful • Amongst partners greater understanding of
consultation through estuary partnerships aspirations of other authorities and
• Greater involvement of the community stakeholders
• Increased public awareness of Thames as a • Greater awareness and understanding of
reliable natural resource and associated estuarine ecosystem
issues • Amongst stakeholders greater understanding
• Measurably raised level of awareness of of UK and European legislation relating to
marine/coastal issues in the local community coastal area
• Respect of all stakeholder groups • Developed a series of learning materials
• A local slot on radio and TV for the related to the National Curriculum in schools
partnership drawing on partnership outcomes
• Coast NET to provide all training and • Tourism promotion and related interpretation
exchanges of info etc consistent around the estuary
• Full community involvement in ICZM • Bigger influence in local planning
• A series of awards from the partnership to • Coastal communities actively involved in
reward a variety of ‘good’ outcomes managing their area
• Greater involvement in (water courses) and • Cross sectoral understanding and policy
coast through adoption schemes integration
• An environment that attracts people to want • Acknowledgement of the SEP around the
to visit, enjoy and learn about estuary, with its aims and objectives known
• Better understanding of/commitment to/within • Involvement in implementation of Water
partner organisations of the three equal legs framework Directive through coordinating
of sustainable development public participation
• Education of partners on all the issues in the • To have a better understanding of the effects
Coastal Zone of climate change
• Local/regional press reporting on partnership • To have clearly illustrated the benefits of
outputs/outcomes Partnership to the community and this to
• Promoting awareness of the coast and of have been understood
ICZM in general – the public need to be • Acceptance that expertise does not solely
made more aware (in particular) rest with professionals
• Greater awareness of legislation by all • Delivery of projects which enhance the
partners eg Habitat Regulations, Modernising estuary and improve knowledge of it
Trust Ports • Improved and sustained communication and
• Understanding what ICZM means by cooperation between partners and also all
everyone on coast stakeholders in the estuary
• High profile of coast as destination for visitors • Friends of the Colne Estuary meet for third
and residents AGM – 500 attend in a packed hall
• • Greater ownership – less need to be ‘led by
• More local people/communities aware of Exe hand’
Estuary Partnership and its role

15
VISIONS FOR INFORMATION, RESEARCH AND INDICATORS
• Full ICZMAP data coverage throughout the • Improved access to coastal data
UK with a scientific resolution of the vertical • Various research programmes being
datum issue undertaken in partnership
• Improved sharing of information, knowledge • National database of coastal information –
and data information sources – link to UKHO ICZM mapping??
environmental database? • Relevant authorities continuing/undertaking
• All decisions made by Partnerships are appropriate monitoring
based on factual evidence rather than • Better understanding of natural dynamic
personal perceptions coastal processes and ecosystems
• Centres of knowledge/excellence • Established an informal working group
• A research programme supporting the coordinating a suite of research in the region
partnership work and outcomes covering social, economic and environmental
• Networked marine data centre delivered aspects
through environmental record centre • Clear indicators of benefits of ICZM
available on-line • Partnership delivers well on all nationally
• Central source of information related to the agreed indicators
Estuary • Clear indicators of success of project with
• To be perceived as a provider of high quality, time frame
unbiased, reliable data on which to make • Demonstrable evidence of real additionality
management decisions about the estuary tested against soft and hard performance
• GIS to identify conflicts more readily to indicators
enable solutions/resolutions • Developing monitoring or an assessment
• Produce state of the estuary report and approach to try and quantify the benefits of
review annually (and fill gaps in knowledge management
that arise) • Hub for research initiatives in the Thames
• Harmonised transnational GIS and
metadatabase
• Strategy for research needs and a plan for its
achievement

VISIONS FOR RESOURCES AND SUPPORT

• Local Authorities and funding partners signed • Government and big industry asking to fund
to a funding formula to allow for long term partnerships because they are The only way
perspective to effectively integrate and deliver
• Partnership to secure funding for next 10 • Direct funding for partnerships from
years + from more secure financial avenue government
• Full buy in and commitment • Balanced payment for estuary facilities
• More consistency in funding for partnerships • A fully operational WCMP with full time PO
• Long term partner commitment and political • Educational funding promoting and linking
support with coastal partnerships driving scholarships
• Funding security. More secure allocated in this area
budgets rather than constantly chasing funds • National funding available specifically to
• Government marine department(s) fund and promote set –up, management, success of
participate in marine programme partnerships
• An element of Government funding and
associated responsibility and accountability
• Long term stability
• Viable mechanism for on-going core funding
• Essex Coastal Forum agrees 10 year joint
funding arrangements for all estuary
partnerships
• A well supported, professional and
sustainable partnership office (including
finance, human resources etc)
• Financially sustainable
• A secure foundation on which to base the
long –term future of the estuary partnership
• Self sustaining in terms of funding and own
premises rather than having host
organisation
• Much bigger, well resourced ICZM<
partnership work
• Secure funding

16
APPENDIX 2 – Transcript MEDIUM AND LOW PRIORITY ACTIONS

UNDERSTANDING/AWARENESS RAISING/INVOLVEMENT
PRIORITY ACTIONS BY JOINT ACTION BY ACTION BY COASTNET ACTION BY
ACTIONS INDIVIDUAL PARTNERSHIPS GOVERNMENT
PARTNERSHIPS
MEDIUM Reduce conflict by; Provide simple • Awareness and Improve formal
Arranging meetings leaflet for forum understanding education on
between conflicting members to have to ICZM and coastal and marine
parties eg, developers distribute to their partnerships by HAP’s/SAP’s.
and environmentalist members website linking this to the
Arrange education • Jobs on website local BAP and field
events eg, for business • Publicise studies
on biodiversity issues partnerships on
and visa versa. other websites as
Educate developers on links
flood risk measures • CoastNET logo
on things,
posters
• Radio adverts on
particular
campaigns
Set up issue groups Lobby Government • Best practice Undertaking formal
where identified need to aggressively but with promotion research into the
undertake activities on clarity and • Website relevant social and
the coast understanding of and up to date economic value of
Whitehall machinery • Press releases the coast and seas
(political recognition • Communication
of coast) and publicity
strategy

Press releases for every Ensure reporting of Advertising


substantial piece of achievements to campaign Eg by
work and Forum senior/political level well known
meeting within partners personality
Ensure high quality
effectively distributed
newsletter and website
for Forum
Talk with
community/recreation
groups and commercial
companies about
different groups interest
in the coast and their
issues and how to
compromise with each
other
Establish community
projects
Work with local
communities through
community planning to
ensure their
engagement in decision
making which affects
the coast Eg,
developing shoreline
management plans
designating SAC’s.
SSSI’s, developing
tourism strategy
Develop the role off
‘honest broker’ through
targeted dealing with
challenging issues AND
opportunities
Involve community
groups in projects they
would be interested
School visits to talk
about value of coast –

17
PRIORITY ACTIONS BY JOINT ACTION BY ACTION BY COASTNET ACTION BY
ACTIONS INDIVIDUAL PARTNERSHIPS GOVERNMENT
PARTNERSHIPS
fully funded project and
individual
LOW Encourage involvement Public debate (for Produce /research
in ICZM by raising committed in to value of coast
awareness of forum community/stakeholder to ensure
involvement) recognition

PARTNERSHIPS AND PROCESSES


PRIORITY ACTIONS BY INDIVIDUAL JOINT ACTION BY PARTNERSHIPS ACTION BY COASTNET
ACTIONS FOR PARTNERSHIPS
PARTNERSHIP
S AND
PROCESSES

MEDIUM Partnerships need to demonstrate that CoastNET/LGA


there are issues and opportunities Lobby for recognition of project
within an area and that no other officers within partnerships as
partnership will address them facilitators of ICZM at a national,
regional and local level
Partnerships must use information [Coastal Awards] CoastNET publicity
and communications technology more campaign on Coastal Issues =
effectively. Use Government’s e- increased support through public and
government initiative and follow government awareness
example
Disseminate and inform all partners
within each partnership of ICZM so
each partner’s organisation can
practice it through their duties and
pressure Central Government for
suitable resources and Primary
Legislation for Coast / Marine ICZM
Raise awareness of effectiveness of
partnerships, show added value,
outcomes

18
ACTIONS FOR REGIONAL AND NATIONAL POLICY/STRATEGY

PRIORITY ACTIONS BY INDIVIDUAL JOINT ACTION BY PARTNERSHIPS ACTION BY COASTNET ACTION BY GOVERNMENT
ACTIONS FOPR PARTNERSHIPS
NATIONAL AND
REGIONAL
POLICY
MEDIUM Determination of common and good Creation of linkages from National Determination of common and Collaboration of different
practices to deliver ICZM down to local levels with good good practices to deliver ICZM partnerships to discuss and
[i.e. not process – more towards information exchange and policy determine a national vision
implementation] alignment
Ensure clear linkages from national Review of existing powers and
down to local levels with good duties to identify what’s good and
information exchange and policy what’s needed
alignment ^^^^^^
Scope powers and duties and
identify gaps (and fill them when
needed)
Government ensures clear linkages
from National down to local levels
with good information exchange
and policy alignment (see regional
links?)
LOW Coastal Partnerships need to ensure CoastNET needs to produce guidance Establishment of national ICZM
that strategies are kept relevant and on what makes a good coastal forum with representatives of all
meaningful and have the support of all strategy based on work done in bodies delivering ICZM
stakeholders Coastal partnerships
Partners need to implement the Representatives @ EU CZM Level Regional CZM councils feeding into
actions attributed to them in Coastal national body providing steerage of
Strategies. Need to formally sign up national CZM plans
Government to form dedicated
ICZM department or national ICZM
commission (case to be proven)

19
INFORMATION/RESEARCH/INDICATORS
PRIORITY ACTIONS BY INDIVIDUAL JOINT ACTION BY ACTION BY ACTION BY
ACTIONS FOR PARTNERSHIPS PARTNERSHIPS COASTNET GOVERNMENT
INFORMATION
/RESEARCH
/INDICATORS
MEDIUM Identify need for further data – Securing costs Use existing Identify most
long-term thinking – look associated with research appropriate facility
beyond current issues setting-up and management (national system)
(Humber Management maintaining a system like for coordination of
Scheme – it is already clear database BIDS, which data dissemination
that a number of organisations currently only e.g .local authority
would benefit from further allows you to GIS, national
research into estuarine search service
processes) Discussion group published
on issues including funding. scientific
journals. Could
this not be
expanded to
allow access to
wider (non-
academic)
audience and to
include
consultants’
reports and in-
house research
papers
1. Agree a relevant set Need to ensure To ensure
of indicators which quality research. coherence:
measure the health of the Need to have a Set of national
coastal system being means of ICZM indicators
managed approving the (nested with EV)
2. Agree methods of funding of a Regional
acquiring information on project in terms Local indicator sets
(1) to enable monitoring of of it being ‘real’ (nested with
system on a regular basis research with a national)
sound
methodology –
Ethics
Committee Link
with the
‘national’
database to
record work
being
undertaken and
completed.
Better sharing of
research
findings – the
development of
a journal
Database of research users /
providers
LOW Annual review of
action plan with
discussion of
actions achieved,
including
monitoring
programmes and
timescales
reviewed
TBC Who owns data?
Scoping study to establish
parameters of data needs for
ICZM

[Agree is important but may


already be happening]
[Should come out of National
Stocktake?]

20
PRIORITY ACTIONS BY INDIVIDUAL JOINT ACTION BY ACTION BY ACTION BY
ACTIONS FOR PARTNERSHIPS PARTNERSHIPS COASTNET GOVERNMENT
INFORMATION
/RESEARCH
/INDICATORS
Database to include research
outcomes
- Data
managem
ent issue
- Research
outcomes
Issues about quality of data
Ensuring reliable quality of
data – audit of data
ICZMap project to contact and
get data from smaller
organisations like ports (not
usual key players) because
these do a lot of research and
don’t usually share it with
anyone else
[Issue of commercial
sensitivity]

RESOURCES AND SUPPORT


PRIORITY ACTIONS BY INDIVIDUAL JOINT ACTION BY PARTNERSIPS ACTION BY COASTNET
ACTIONS FOR PARTNERSHIPS
RESOURCES
AND SUPPORT
MEDIUM Develop and enhance existing ICZM Develop and enhance existing ICZM Focus on effective communication
PRIORITY technical ability (training) technical ability (training) strategy and marketing of
Partnerships internally and externally
Focus on effective communications Focus on effective communications Develop and enhance existing ICZM
and marketing of what the and marketing of Partnerships technical ability (TRAINING)
Partnerships are and what they can internally and externally
do.
Communications internally (broad
across the organisations involved so
all staff know)
and externally (public, other
partnerships, authorities, industry,
etc)
Provide training for partnership Better marketing of ICZM and what Provide training for partnership
officers so as to improve their level of partnerships can do officers so as to improve their level of
skills and their effectiveness skills and their effectiveness
Better promotion and marketing of Partnerships form own partnership to Better promotion and marketing of
ICZM and what partnerships can do. share information and speak as one ICZM and what partnerships can do
Sell it better!

Get the right people round the table in Lobbying for political commitment at Lobbying for political commitment at
the partnership to secure commitment National and Regional level to National and Regional level to
partnerships Partnerships

Raise the status of partnership Better evaluation and monitoring (with CoastNET/joint partnerships to
officers so they work at a more senior indicators) to prove worth/ value of develop indicators. Partnerships
level within partners Partnerships (Best values = gather data. Better evaluation and
‘CoastNET values’) monitoring 9indicators0 to prove
worth/value of partnerships (Best
Value; ‘CoastNET values’)
Engage coastal community at all Develop indicators for partnerships so Highlight and disseminate widely
levels that they can measure performance benefits (including financial,
and better make the case for support procedural and on ground) from ICZM
partnerships in other countries
Use external, skilled project Develop indicators for partnerships so
managers to run the partnerships to that they can measure performance
enable members to focus on adding and better make the case for support
value in their own skilled area and not
waste their resource on managing the
partnership
Provision of real commitment both in Engage coastal community at all
terms of time and resources by stat levels
bodies and Government to local

21
PRIORITY ACTIONS BY INDIVIDUAL JOINT ACTION BY PARTNERSIPS ACTION BY COASTNET
ACTIONS FOR PARTNERSHIPS
RESOURCES
AND SUPPORT
partnerships working on ICZM
Improve recruiting policy and Coordinating body to drive
procedure for those involved in Partnerships and aid in
partnerships and require formal communication, training, sharing
contract between ‘home’ organisation experiences, developing best practice
and the partnership, ie, formal guidance
commitment pf X hours and X £s over
a set period eg 1 year contract
LOW PRIORITY Have good broad based set of
trustees and directors who are all
helping to gather resources

LENGTHY DISCUSSION/DISAGREEMENT
Ensure partnerships have a long term funding strategy and Individual partnerships writer to DEFRA officers and
are self sustaining ministers, MEP’s and elected members in local area
Establish a legitimate role for partnerships in Europe (if not A recognised funding route for partnerships defined
already achieved) Directive from central government
Sharing how get funding
Support role
Encourage appropriate participation Partnership must learn from others so as not to
reinvent the wheel
Need to find the most efficient way of working with
minimum number of staff
Need to consider how best to give informal structure
Need to consider how to get partner representatives
to keep their organisations well informed and on-side
New UK legislation: coast as unique and special area (eg
equivalent to National park status)

22