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‫تقرير الفساد الصادر عن مركز‬

‫ بتاريخ‬-‫المصداقية للشفافية السياسية‬


2008 ‫دسمبر عام‬15

‫ احمد قرة‬: ‫اعداد‬


‫افغانستان‬
Corruption holds back Afghan army expansion
KABUL (Reuters) - Endemic corruption is one of the main
obstacles to the Afghan army and police being able to take over
their country's security duties, the U.S. general in charge of
their training said Thursday.
The United States is considering sending an extra 20,000 troops
to Afghanistan in the next two years to try to beat back a
Taliban insurgency that is growing in strength and scope.
But commanders recognize that any "surge" in foreign troops
can ultimately only buy time to expand for the Afghan army
and police to learn to stand on their own feet.
"The final point is corruption, corruption, corruption; it is
endemic," U.S. General Robert Cone, commander of the force
that trains the Afghan army and police, told Reuters in an
interview.
"It has amazed me in my time here how Afghans will hurt
other Afghans -- when they have been given a great
opportunity to ... run a program that is going to help so many
-- ... and (instead) basically take care of themselves first."
U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates said on a visit to
Afghanistan Thursday that he wanted to speed up efforts to
double the size of the 68,000-strong Afghan army.
"I'm often asked 'How fast you can grow the Afghan army and
police?'," Cone said.
"I will tell you that one of my hard and fast rules is that we
have to do it in a responsible manner. We have to know where
the weapons are ... We have to know where the equipment is.
"There has to be accountability and a payroll system ... I think
it holds us back from really going as fast as we would like
because we have responsibilities to our taxpayers," he said at
his Kabul headquarters.
UNAFFORDABLE?
The Afghan army is due to be expended to 134,000 troops by
2012, at a cost of $17 billion, to take over security duties from a
NATO-led force spearheaded by the United States, Britain,
Germany, Canada, France and Italy.
The cost of sustaining the force will rise to $3 billion a year
from $2.2 billion at present, Cone said, while Afghan
government revenues totaled only $715 million last year.
"Clearly Afghanistan cannot afford the army it has right now
... so why give them more?" Cone asked.
"Well there are some pretty good arguments that having an
Afghan do it is a heck of a lot cheaper than having a Westerner
do it ... Can we really afford not to develop them?"
Cone said the Afghan army was a "huge success," and now
carrying out more than half the combat in Afghanistan
‫المانيا‬
Siemens close to SEC corruption settlement
MUNICH, Germany (AP) — Industrial
conglomerate Siemens AG is close to reaching a
settlement with U.S. and German authorities over
its long-standing corruption scandal, daily
Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported Thursday.
Munich-based Siemens would not comment on the
report.
"We're hoping on an agreement with the SEC
before Christmas," a Siemens supervisory board
member told the newspaper, referring to the U.S.
Securities and Exchange Commission. "If
necessary, we'll meet December 23rd."
Siemens is subject to fines in the U.S. because it's
also listed on the New York Stock Exchange.
Siemens, which makes everything from trains to
light bulbs, was first rocked by claims of
corruption in 2006. Evidence began to surface in
2007 and the company has since acknowledged
dubious payments to secure business around the
world of up to euro1.3 billion ($1.7 billion).
In November, Siemens said it had set aside
approximately euro1 billion to be booked in the
last quarter of its 2008 fiscal year for any
settlements related to the case. The company's
fiscal year ended in September.
Siemens has said including the provision last fiscal
year, the total cost of the corruption scandal is
about euro2.5 billion to date.
Shares of Siemens closed down less than 1 percent
at euro48.81 ($65.21) in Frankfurt.

‫نيجيريا‬
World's most valuable resource, a
curse for most Nigerians
Trash litters its cities. Electricity is
sporadic at best. There is no clean
water. Medical and educational
services are limited. Basic
infrastructure is severely lacking
These are not conditions that should
plague one of the richest oil states in
the world. Hundreds of billions of
dollars has been made from the Niger
Delta's oil reserves and many people
have gotten very rich. Conversely, the
average Nigerian has suffered as a
result of the country's oil prosperity.
The United States Agency for
International Development says more
than 70 percent of the country lives
on less than a dollar a day -- the
population is among the 20 poorest in
the world.
Oil companies are only part of the
equation. The other is the Nigerian
government. Transparency
International, a global organization
intent on stamping out corruption,
has consistently rated Nigeria's
government one of the most corrupt
in the world.
federal government and oil
companies split oil profits roughly 60-
40. The money is then supposed to
make its way down to the local
governments to fund various
projects. Somehow, little money
actually reaches its intended
destination. Nigeria's own corruption
agency estimates between $300
billion to $400 billion has been stolen
or wasted
Gov. Rotimi Amaechi of Rivers state,
one of the largest producers of
Nigeria's 36 states, acknowledges
past problems with corruption, but
thinks progress is being made.
"There's a lot of improvement,"
Amaechi said. "The work being done
by the corruption agency and the
federal government has somehow
been able to control the level of
corruption in government."
Over the last few years, a culture of
militancy and violence has arisen in
the absence of jobs and services.
Kidnappings for ransom, robberies
and even murder happen with
regularity.
The biggest and most powerful armed
group is the Movement for the
Emancipation of the Niger Delta, .
They say they are at war against the
Nigerian military and the oil
companies operating there.
MEND, formed in 2005, said it has
more than 30 camps throughout
Nigeria. Members are armed with
high-tech weaponry they said was
obtained from "foreign sources."
Hundreds of people have been killed
on both sides and countless oil
workers have been kidnapped.
Over the years, MEND's attacks on oil
pipelines have halted oil production
and, therefore, raised the price of oil
around the world. They demand oil
profits be distributed to average
Nigerians of the Niger Delta and said
they will not stop their attacks until
their objectives have been fulfilled.
‫تايوان‬
Taiwan Indicts Ex-President and
Family for Corruption
Former Taiwan President Chen
Shui- bian, his wife and their son were
indicted for money-laundering, forgery and
corruption, the island's first leader to be
prosecuted after leaving office.
Chen ``committed serious crimes, with the
amount of illegally gotten money the highest
on record,'' prosecution spokesman Chen
Yun-nan said at a Taipei briefing. Officials
are seeking the ``maximum punishment'' for
Chen, among 14 people charged, he said. He
was detained on Nov. 12 and has denied any
wrongdoing, claiming his arrest was
politically motivated.
The indictments, which include allegations
Chen, 57, embezzled NT$104 million ($3.1
million) of government funds, undermine the
opposition Democratic Progressive Party's
attempts to restore public confidence after an
election defeat in March. Chen led the DPP to
power in 2000, ending more than 50 years of
Kuomintang rule, after promising to stamp
out corruption.
The former president's moves toward
independence during his eight years in office
set him against mainland China, which has
signed transport and economic accords with
Taiwan since President Ma Ying-jeou took
office May 20. Chen, who published a poem
last month lamenting his detention, has said
he would die for Taiwan's independence.
Chen will surely say he's ``a political victim,
but most people won't believe that anymore,''
said Liu Bih-rong, a political science
professor at Soochow University in Taipei.
The former president faces a maximum of 30
years if given the most severe sentence for
every charge against him, Richard Lee,
Chen's former lawyer, said by telephone.
Family Indicted
Chen can be held for two months and
prosecutors can request an extension of two
months. Chen retired in May after serving
two terms as president.
Chen's wife, Wu Shu-chen, son Chen Chih-
chung and daughter in-law Huang Jui-ching
were also indicted. Wu was charged in
November 2006 with embezzling from a state
affairs fund. She denied the charges and the
trial is continuing.
Prosecutors also allege Chen accepted bribes
for facilitating two property deals, and then
laundered the proceeds overseas. Charges
against Wu today include taking bribes of
$2.7 million.
Chen resigned from the DPP on Aug. 15, a
day after disclosing that he had failed to
declare some funds contributed to his various
election campaigns, and that his wife had
wired $21 million abroad without his
knowledge.
Prosecutors said in August their investigation
showed more than $30 million was remitted
to accounts in Singapore and the Cayman
Islands and then moved to Swiss bank
accounts.
The former first family on Nov. 27 agreed to
return $21 million held in three Swiss bank
accounts to Taiwan to help settle the
investigation.
China claims sovereignty over Taiwan,
though the island has been administered
separately since 1949, when the Kuomintang
government fled the mainland to escape Mao
Zedong's Communist forces.
‫الوليات المتحدة‬
contenders for Senate seat
walking fine line
People interested in succeeding
President-elect Barack Obama in
the Senate find themselves in a
delicate position: How do you
campaign for a seat tainted by an
allegedly corrupt governor?
You could go on offense, like Rep.
Jesse Jackson Jr. did, choking up
as he denied promising Gov. Rod
Blagojevich anything in exchange
for a Senate appointment — but
not backing off his obvious
interest in the seat.
You could prepare quietly. Rep.
Jan Schakowsky, who had talked
to Blagojevich before this week's
arrest, said Thursday that she's
still interested in the job and
already has "called some people
to see if we can have supporters
in place and thinking what kind of
team I would assemble."
But nobody is quite sure how to
promote themselves for a seat
now seemingly in limbo after
Blagojevich's arrest on charges
that he tried to sell the seat to
line his pockets. And few are
stating their intentions publicly,
not until they know whether Lt.
Gov. Patrick Quinn will appoint
someone to the job or whether it
will be filled by a special election.
"We're making this up as we go
along," said Chris Mooney, a
political science professor at the
University of Illinois at
Springfield. "You have to be
careful but you have to make it
known you're interested."
‫نيوزلندا‬
Balkenende states
debt relief terms
The
Netherlands will
take over 1.5
billion euros of
the debt of the
Netherlands
Antilles, but
only if the
islands comply
with all the
requirements
such as
corruption
control, a sound
financial
management
and a better
maintenance of
law and order.
Dutch Prime
Minister Jan
Peter
Balkenende
emphasised this
on the eve of
the Round Table
Conference
(RTC) in a
deliberation
with the Second
Chamber. “It is
making an
equal
exchange,” he
said.
This coming
Monday in
Curaçao the
Prime Minister
will chair the
RTC about the
dismantling of
the Netherlands
Antilles. He was
urged not to
take irreversible
steps.
Balkenende
indicated that
he could not do
that without
Parliament.
A majority of
the Second
Chamber is not
convinced that
St. Maarten can
obtain an
autonomous
status, because
this island still
has big
problems. Also
Balkenende said
there were “a
lot of concerns”
and “a whole lot
of problems” in
St. Maarten.
“That will have
to be
improved,” he
said. He
promised that
he would not
raise false
expectations
about St.
Maarten’s
status.
The agenda for
the Round Table
Conference will
be determined
today, Friday.
State Secretary
of Kingdom
Relations Ank
Bijleveld-
Schouten (CDA)
will represent
the Netherlands
during the
negotiations.
Balkenende,
who will lead
the conference
in his capacity
as Chairman of
the Kingdom
Council of
Ministers, said
he would make
sure existing
arrangements
were complied
with.