PERIODICAL EXAMINATION ST1 1.

The names of the continents that diverged from Pangaea were Laurasia and Gondwana. a. True b. False c. Both d. none 2.It separates the Earth's crust from the rocks of different composition in the mantle below. a. Mohorovicic Discontinuity b. Asthenosphere c. Gutenburg Discontinuity d. Coral difference 3.Which of the following is fine? a. clay b. cobble c. boulder d. pebble 4. Why was Wegener's theory of continental drift not taken more seriously in early part of his century? a.Wegener did not have enough evidence to support his theory. b. Wegener's work was plagiarized by many people so the scientific community thought that his theory is just a make-up. c. Wegener was unable to elaborate his theory further. d. Wegener failed to produce a suitable driving mechanism to support his theory. 5.From the center of the Earth outward, what are the three layers of Earth? a. core - mantle - crust b. core - crust - mantle c.mantle - crust - core d.crust - mantle - core 6. Which of the following is the thinnest Earth shell? a. crust b. outer core c. mantle d. inner core 7. The oceanic crust is composed of dark igneous rocks called __________; whereas the upper continental crust has an average composition of a __________ rock. a. granite/secondary b. basalt/granitic c. shale/basaltic d. limestone/metamorphic

8.What is the scientific name for when there is a break in the crust in which movement occurs? A~ semtic cracks

in the S wave shadow zone 16.Earthquakes can occur with _________ faulting.dip b. a.slip d.reverse c. Who developed the procedure used to measure the size of an earthquake? a.thrust d. The point where movement occurred which triggered the earthquake is the _______ .3 d.focus d. The amount of ground displacement in an earthquake is called the _________ . the principle of superposition d. the most destructive earthquake waves are the __________ .directly above the epicenter c.B~faults C~ cracks D~ none of the above 9.P waves b. Q waves 15. strike 12. Where is the focus with respect to the epicenter: a.James Hutton . the elastic rebound theory c.the travel time difference 10.2 c.4 13.1 b.S waves c.How many seismograph stations are needed to locate the epicenter of an earthquake? a. a. Which of the following describes the build up and release of stress during an earthquake? a.epicenter c.normal b.all of these 14. in the P wave shadow zone d.Surface waves d.focus 11.directly below the epicenter b. a.epicenter b.dip c. Edward Sheridan c.Charles Richter b.the Modified Mercalli Scale b. In general. a.

Which of the following waves is the slowest? a. This weather instrument measures air pressure. all of these 19. Art Smith 17. Which of the following can trigger a tsunami? a. Modified Mercalli scale c.undersea landslides c. rain gauge D. tsunami 21. thermometer 22. Which of the following can be triggered by an earthquake? a. wind vane B. thermometer 24. wind vane B. anemometer E. barometer C. anemometer E. barometer . tsunami b. This type of weather instrument measures wind direction. barometer B. anemometer D.the moment magnitude scale 18.undersea earthquakes b. Richter scale b. thermometer 23. A. This type of instrument measures the amount of precipitation. rain gauge C. Which of the following measures an earthquake's intensity based on the observed effects on people and structures? a. barometer C. all of these 20. This type of weather instrument measures air temperature. A.P waves b. S waves c. wind vane B.the eruption of an oceanic volcano d.d. A. a landslide d.Surface waves d. intense ground shaking c. the Centigrade scale d. A. rain gauge D.

C. Which is true of the continental slope? A) it marks the boundary of continental crust B) it has variable width C) it descends into great depths D) all of these 27. 30. B. C) mid-ocean ridges. C) continental slope. 29. D) all of these 31.C. D) a wedge of sediment at the base of the continental slope. . C) shells of microscopic organisms. Pelagic sediment could be composed of A) calcareous ooze. C) Active continental margins. B) abyssal plains. E. The continental shelves of the world are typically covered by relatively young sediments is derived from: A) precipitation from seawater. A. D. rain gauge anemometer thermometer In what direction does a wind point? where the wind is blowing to where the wind is coming from where the wind was yesterday where the wind will be tomorrow 26. C) an uplifted portion of the continent. Active volcanoes are associated with: A) Ocean islands. C) red clay. D) the erosion of the continents. The portion of the continental margin that marks the true edge of the continent is A) abyssal plain. B) continental rise. B) siliceous ooze. D. D) ocean trenches. 32. B) a portion of the mid-ocean ridge. The continental rise is: A) a flat-topped seamount. D) continental shelf. The deepest portions of the ocean basins are: A) continental slopes. B) Mid-Ocean Ridges. 28. B) from volcanic eruptions. 25.

volcano 39.. ocean crust 37... cinder cone C.. A.Most magma forms in. A.. A. A rock is: A) B) C) D) all of these a naturally occurring. What is formed when a magma chamber empties and collapses? A. The chemical element found in dolomite that is not found in limestone is: Need a Hint? A) calcium B) carbon C) magnesium D) oxygen 36. trench C. rift D. Compaction and cementation are two common processes associated with: A) B) C) D) erosion transportation sedimentation lithification 35. solid substance any hard. a crater B.The broad volcanic feature formed by quiet eruptions on thin lava flows is called a . strato-volcano 40. the asthenosphere D.D) 33. An opening on the earth's surface through which molten rock flows and the material that builds up around the opening together form a. fault 38. caldera C.. shield zone B. subduction zone B. mantle D. continental crust B. vent B. convergent boundary D. a fissure . An opening in the earth's surface through which molten rock flows is called a . solid substance on earth an aggregate of minerals only produced by cooling of magma 34.. the lithosphere C. A. hard..

carbon dioxide D. troposphere C.What type of radiation is trapped on the earth's surface by the greenhouse effect? . argon C. a caldera D. stratosphere D. oxygen B. nitrogen B. A population explosion of phytoplankton is called a(n) a) Red Tide b) Algal Bloom c) Algae Bloom d) Green Tide 42. water vapor 45. troposphere B. stratosphere 47. thermosphere C. hydrogen D. a vent 41.Ozone is a type of A. mesosphere 48.What percentage of the Earth's surface is covered with water? a) 60% b) 70% c) 75% d) 80% 43.The most abundant element in the earth's atmosphere is A. oxygen C. nitrogen 46. thermosphere D. mesosphere B. In which layer of the earth's atmosphere is most ozone found? A.The layer of the atmosphere in which weather change occurs is the A.What unit of measurement is usually used to measure wind speed on the oceans? a) miles per hour b) kilometers per hour c) knots d) none of these 44.C.

forest fires B. gamma rays D.Which of the following adds oxygen to the atmosphere? A. photosynthesis C. conduction C. reflection B. infrared rays 49. The transfer of heat that takes place when fluids (gases and liquids) are unevenly heated is called A. life processes of animals . X rays C. weathering of rocks D. ultraviolet rays B. radiation D. convection 50.A.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.