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Mechanical Engineering Thermodynamics (Thermo 2)


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Question 1 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

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When a simple Brayton cycle is modified to incorporate multistage () compression with intercooling, multistage () expansion with reheating, and regeneration without changing the pressure limits of the cycle, it essentially becomes ________. Select one: a. a Brayton cycle b. an Ericsson cycle c. a Carnot cycle d. an Stirling cycle
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Question 2 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

For all the following internal combustion engines, which will likely have the lowest AFRmass? Select one: a. the compression ignition engine b. the spark-ignition engine c. the gas turbine engine d. the diesel cycle e. the gasoline engine
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Question 3 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

In the diesel cycle, the ratio of the system volume after and before the heat addition process is __________. Select one: a. the diesel ratio b. the cutoff ratio c. 2.3 d. the compression ratio
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Question 4 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

A device that takes thermal energy from one part of a cycle and transfers it to another part that requires heating is called a/an ______________. Select one: a. recycler b. reheater c. energizer d. heat exchanger e. regenerator
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Question 5 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

If a diesel cycle is executed by a piston cylinder device, how many strokes is achieved during one cycle? Select one: a. 2 b. 6 c. 1

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Quiz 4 - Due Sunday Evening Nov 27 at Midnight

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d. 4
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Question 6 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

For specified limits for the maximum and minimum temperatures, the ideal cycle with the lowest thermal efficiency is ____________. Select one: a. Carnot b. all are same c. Diesel d. Stirling e. Ericsson
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Question 7 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

The cc rating of a car engine specifies ________________. Select one: a. the total volume swept by all pistons as each piston move from top-dead-center to bottom dead center b. the cubic centimeters of volume swept during one stroke of the piston c. the maximum total volume of all cylinders in the engine d. the critical compression ratio of the system
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Question 8 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

A simple Brayton cycle is modified to incorporate multistage compression with intercooling, multistage expansion with reheating, and regeneration without changing the pressure limits of the cycle. As a result of these modifications, the net work _______. Select one: a. cannot say b. increases c. decreases d. remains the same
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Question 9 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

A simple Brayton cycle is modified to incorporate multistage compression with intercooling, multistage expansion with reheating, and regeneration without changing the pressure limits of the cycle. As a result of these modifications, the back work ratio _______. Select one: a. decreases b. cannot say c. increases d. remains the same
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Question 10 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

The Otto cycle is the ideal representation of _____________________. Select one: a. the jet engine b. the stirling engine c. the gas turbine engine d. the spark-ignition engine e. the compression-ignition engine

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Quiz 4 - Due Sunday Evening Nov 27 at Midnight

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Question 11 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

The Diesel cycle is the ideal representation of _____________________. Select one: a. the stirling engine b. the jet engine c. the gas turbine engine d. the spark-ignition engine e. the compression-ignition engine
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Question 12 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

For the same pressure limits, superheating the steam of a simple Rankine cycle to a higher termperature ____________ the pump work input (per unit of working fluid cycled). Select one: a. cannot say b. decreases c. remains the same d. increases
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Question 13 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

For the same pressure limits, superheating the steam of a simple Rankine cycle to a higher termperature ____________ the heat rejected (per unit of working fluid cycled). Select one: a. increases b. decreases c. cannot say d. remains the same
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Question 14 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

Taking state 1 as the beginning of the heating process/stage, during which stage is work done on the Carnot cycle? Select one: a. 3 to 4 b. 4 to 1 c. 1 to 2 d. 2 to 3
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Question 15 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

Taking state 1 as the beginning of the heating process/stage, during which stage is work produced by the Stirling cycle? Select one: a. 3 to 4 b. 4 to 1 c. 1 to 2 d. 2 to 3
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Question 16 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

Taking state 1 as the beginning of the heating process/stage, during which stage is work done on the Ericsson cycle? Select one: a. 2 to 3 b. 4 to 1 c. 3 to 4 d. 1 to 2
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Question 17 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 1.00

Based on the schematic of the regenerative vapour power cycle shown, the device labeled E is Select one: a. the high pressure turbine b. the boiler/superheater c. the low pressure turbine d. the condensor e. feedwater pre-heat system
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Question 18 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 6.00

This regenaration vapour cycle (above question) operates between pressure limits 0.08 bar and 40 bar, and superheats to a maximum temperature of 600 C. The intermediate pressure between turbine stages is 4 bar The cycle is free from irreversibilities and has to total steam/water throughput of 24 kg/s. The feedwater preheat system utilizes the simplest possible open feedwater heating configuration. In doing the following calculations, please practice to use the h-s chart rather than superheated tables. This would be the resource available in a test environment. Determine the quality of steam entering the condensor. Answer as a decimal (not percent). Determine the throughput of condensed water entering the feedwater heater. Answer in kg/s. Determine the work produced by the low-pressure turbine. Answer in MW. Determine the total heat supplied to the system. Answer in MW. Determine the thermal efficiency of the system. Answer as a decimal (not percent).
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Question 19 Tries remaining: 1 Marked out of 14.00

An Otto cycle is used to idealize a four-cylinder four-stroke gasoline engine having a cc-rating of 2900 and a compression ratio of 12. At the beginning of the compression process, the working fluid is at 90 kPa and 70 Alson the cycle achieves a maximum pressure of 7 MPa. Assume the C. working fluid to be ideal gas air with a heat capacity ratio of 1.25 and constant specific heats. Determine the following temperature at the end of the compression process, in Kelvins. Determine the following pressure at the end of the compression process, in MPa. Determine the following temperature at the end of the combustion process, in Kelvins. Determine the following temperature at the end of the expansion process, in Kelvins. Determine the total heat discarded during the exhaust and intake process, in kJ/kgair. Determine the total thermal energy released during the combustion process, in kJ/kgair.

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Quiz 4 - Due Sunday Evening Nov 27 at Midnight

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Determine the net work output of the engine, in kJ/kgair. Determine the thermal efficiency of the engine. Answer as a decimal (not percent). Determine the mass of the working fluid (assumed air) in a cylinder at the beginning of compression. Answer in grams. Determine the engine speed for a net power output of 90 kW. Answer in rpm. If the mass AFR is 28, determine the specific fuel consumption, in gfuel/kWh. Determine the heating value of the fuel in MJ/kgfuel. If for the spark-ignition engine, each stroke stroke takes the same length of time, and the combustion process takes the 1% of the total cycle time, estimate the length of time for the combustion process (Answer in ms), ... and the length of time for one stroke to occur (Answer in ms)
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