Auschwitz: The Underground Guided Tour

.Introd uct:iQII, .
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I] '4' 15

The,Ca111p' Lay Out

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I(ltchuFL •.. '; ,.,."., ,. , ... The'C1tmpO~'L"hes;tr<i •. A [-&tory of the Orcile51l'<! ., ..
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The The~t<'r , . ,., .. , . The Swimming Poo1 . , .. , ,, ., , . , , , .....• 'The Hosp'iMl . The C,emarrnriLl]1] , , "'." ' . , • , , ••.•. , .'.•• , .. ;.. , Th~ 'V1orkshops' :" . , . "'. _. _ , ..•.... , R?tl:edtipna~ S'ports . ,,,' .
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The 1~.irJk.ellil11 COflJce.I1ti'ati:on ·(~!1I'IP The Ceotr!lJ1SJun"., ' D3'l:'gl'arJ:1 of BJrke.l'l:au [dInp Tb,~ Kkch~l~'..... '.. IYh.lsi'·& :M<'Jtin,~ ..• SportS'&! :IDccer.Ftfld
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AUllC['1jNitz,'lLl'kenal~ MemOlial

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SIO RY Y91lare told by .~pnl'g~LLdei!atAuschwitz-Birkenau, is astory woverrtl::nuugh with exaggeraitloh, distortion and oniission, These lies and omissicnsare not due. to IgnQrancea.I' mlsunderstandingJack of Information or the confusion of war,.but intentional This booklet ill toosmall to.tell the w.h.gle ..stoTy-lt is an introdl.i)ctwn onl~ to a massive fraud thai: continues today at the Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Mnseum in Poland. Byt]1€'~eil.dY199bs •.halfamtllionpeople "\v€l'e..isiting evell' yea I': It is now overa million, These milllons have been told some things but not told other things. They are also shown some. things, but n bt sh own 0ther things ..They havenow.ay of deterrnining.the truth of what theysee mid h ean Tlwy geller:qllY~l1t~the premises r \tl a.~tate of firm bel! t' fin "th t;_' holocau :;;t," and lePlve con'lrU1ced thatwh at they believed is correci-> [lrd @veliwbrEe than they thought.
THE

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'1111
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How~vt'.l', the. true stO[1 ·otAtLsch-· witz-Blrkeuau ls hot in auy way UJlusual considering Sa b race
)'OIJ rself

its wartithe'settiJ1g,.
{or an

or the three
C!11

E'Ji:':-9pe'tlin~i3 tour 10f the rea'! Auschwitz- Birkenau.

camps'bh~t made up the

'IMmjQcfiT61~A'riio~
si;IWS',E~Rl'l'. '.' ''1"b"lJng'iGhil<ir'~I'I"~tlld)1 ~rrl~~~~R.at thi);'
A\;I~o;hwit;l:, M~'l;e.llm

til'e:rylhat opel'<'l.te'd from 194b-1945, d,niy All.Sc.iTWritz.einains.irnaet r toda)j al:thdillgh with some rc!:;'OnirnlctirH1 s, and is' thecen ter o f bo omi1)g Auschw il:Z tourism ..Bij·l~enj~l.has f"e1v'elnJitung iQ~ildr [n.gs:,.and MQHswitz is cOl1-lpletdygone.
-C~R(j]}iN Y};,'\GWi

A Littlle History You IDon't Get

~wl1ij) ~j"(eir~8\!"iR.6<

from, the
Tour Guides

Fehruary!wm

Tiel~AU5ta-llwlt.Z:MAIN

CAMP

was fo,!I.lnded in vqd Py .G~'jTO.1l1s-thert'for.e "A"j~diwitz·is its 9rig1n~J 11<1111<:, ilofOswi~;:N:.iTI1" which is it~ Petish translation, AuscllWlt-l was in the Gef])1<tnk-rl:\lcd 1-lo:ly Ruman Empire un til k~57,when-it became part a ffhe [(lngdOlll of Poland, When Poland losr its independence in In']" Aus.cl:tw,it:.-; Gal1n'e urlaerAustrian rule and became ,~ priillre; location fOl' [ewish traders Wb.~khng ~"etW€ell Rlt1>~j~JP'r'tissiaand Amtfia, lnthe wake ofVV'Vl[".G;<Ilicia (whkh inc Iuded Ausdi.wi 1"7..) w,as g,h-!~Iito the new Jy
formed Republic: of I1'O]<llld. In 1939i it w,as annexed

THE rOWNI,fA1UlChwi'tt;

,crxr#!:e.S";N:i!"d¢;lJ.~ it\a
,5{!<':O£1d.larg,es-t. PGpI;IHi'

Eilr,d~~~"~iilw 9Hlv;l'A~c~~itz lIi;),fn!;~mp. ~ho;wj"!lg i:t1',{ fqrmllir ffd nfllnis~~·a.~ib<n hui.laJllg lfQd~y ,,~e'v.is:lt(;fr,cenrel':wJth par;ldng·Jot),at l'owCl-rright. Upp~r I'jgh~,.",wu.!d<) ~f>J~nce,i~,cli~ theater ~ Qtnild[I'lg;The.;roadle'aillnlg,if:!to tfle:~ahl"p \.Arb~it M,1.cht Fr~! G;w~) !~i!t 1,t>Wr;)r~ r;;~ntef lind rlt.lns .?lp~!,::j!~E: ~lt.~pe;'~'tl~1JlI.eitolt~. rjght,Th:e hospi~l itl"ld mfm<ltpf"iurn \'Ire (Ut 6ff1iUh~ lMg~ IqWl' F l~{t:pf,the" p'i(!tljt'~"lh'e c~.mp commllndltli.:s .re:s-id'eti~.e i~: i~re fqr left,. c~m~r. at

tio~I1',~Tql;JfXlivirlB.):n ~h~ t~WI1i,:6f~IJ¢lit.liib..

back In to the Greater Germ an Rf=i~h,' At that rime , ofa PPpw<lJion 6.f n,6ao ..over l1alfwere jewish, The next l<i..l'gestgro upwas rorna ~gyps i"~~l,

p,.'Gy-:fl'~''FamIlY ®a1iofi' :E\~q~p:[~f'I;f1:~~'I~~b~'
BitkMaLJ

begl;rinrllg"

Tn I N~~

.~l

Be~TUS';"tw<ls nne o.f the~il rgest ra ilroad june tions i EUJeipe(44 train Iines rarne inCo It), a camp for migl'a:ntwork~l'sv.I'~5;bu!lt by tl]:eAw~trim.:i8 in 19)i;i, Farm. workers 1\nm all over E~fOpE's!:ayed in the well-built; red-brick banach In 1919,the i~0Ie$LEBecl them as an armygarriSOi1! . Of'thezo banarks at thllt rime, 14W~(! 5:ingie"stDIY, When the Cermans took o-v·~ri\ftei:' 1939..they added $econd.stoliiE8·iln~ built eight Ile'''' nrarchingtwo-st.ory banacks,

·~II..,R0P.D'.lili;8 P.<lJI-~p .. nslo.(1oorned -}ifiy ,A;i))~~Wlg. i'~:~Q ,t!t~'
~Clrlctb::m'~f:i~fQ~

<an!i ~.'J.1~iie.~jp-~~t.~if·
'f9f <:I' m~.iC)' C!ii:rn,p;wh'e.r:e'i

pf.i~on§r;~ :w:er:e'1j'O
~an,.;(,didhf.,q~d -[rah.fef'·

f1a!.rl;

-bEflb~-

,1:ab'Q[

'c~m tB t'b-l.!g!~;;_ p~;

to 'l>l113\lil!l:'

'o·g,t 'Gl'~ndelltttn-liiilid,

ILi 1942., after thacorrstructienofBlrkensu
<I nd
'tQ

l1a(]gotp (s;imilar

H'IM'MbIEiR

ten un Q er way;' a camp ·d'liiSiAC:<l[io 11sy~te:lT.L wasdevised Al,l$chw itt was (i1e~ignated
iI.

AND
HO')ES$

(lass

1earn

Da~'h<llJl.Thiswasthe hi,ghe$tciass,

-whc~ecommon

KQNZE NT R(I._'r H;:tN81.AGE RAUSCH WITZ

Reicns-rLlehrer<SS Heinrich Himmlerannounced the plan tb J:'sfalbtish a POW earn p ij t Auschwitz. on Apt!! .27,194(t German CliininaJ.~ from the SathsenhausEli c9nCentr.Jti(m cam p "';"'ej·.e us:efl to convert ;the galTi ~~OIl . inso a :prjsm~~r; fif,war camp; -<I nd it epenedon Ju:rf:e14'f 1:940 with thearrlval Qf jiB prisoners of th ~ .~f)Li:sher sistanee transfsned frcm 'Iamow Rudolf H08SS was I'l.am:ed t~efits~t commal1dancof the earnp.

{:l'ilnillaiE;<iTltl-p:olitkal ilgi t<J.tO)'$ had a g0?d chance for iel!\la,~~,Thll'aim was refm_l.m, re-educationand J''i'bahiJitarloa Former .Au"cin\iitz. Museum Director Franciszek Piper wrotet hot 1,500 pri sene rswe [{)released from Aus,'hwi tt:, but t1ut d[')es.~'t lnr.hid,e those who were transferred elsewhere.and _tIU:It released. The
Arbeif

~e;[l¥luebr;ep H~~rltl'i
Him~\I~r~~II) ¥lM(~ie

frl'>tA~~I~,..rt:?- (;Or1l!]l~to.
dill)c :M,dolf

J:-[9es!.

Mru:hi- Fi'ei slogan C'1'uel irollY,

011

the !i\at~W<l$ only

LiB€:d.~t

Class [ camN, I~here~abo]' did hideed bri negfreedom:
jt'wa~ nora

spectal dF!.,Ys., 'some,lrf:e in ,All~chwil'z 'seemed lnxuFor
rions.eompared to theirown, strange as; that
SOUlld5'..

The attractive l'ed"lJdck .deepiLlg qum'[ers. contained bunkbedswlth mattresses, had tlul>h tiJi1et~ :pQrce!airuQQ;;·e.red'stoyes tQi' cozy h~46ng! and double-paned c,a.ementwiml,m<Js1 Tree-lin~d p<lLljw<l'\~ <lJld flti'4e.l's p I~t{'d in front 9"f ev,l"ry h~I'I)3('k~.i:ll the summer made
rOl',;J,

pleasant atmesphere.

At that time, ortlinilrjl people didn't have whatwe, take for gm,n teo. !ridil.): III Easter 11Eu l'ope the poorllved \'\iitllDut,eletttiCi,t'y, indoer plumbing and central h~1ing, F{jQq wa~ no t plentl6uJ [it Vii d ed. nor "~'EI.sdo thll,ig~ oj n d,they \VBl·e,(,}fl:ellat the Inercy;o:f (l?!i tical.fiictiorus, People labored.feom dawn to dusk, s:h,clily"S.~ week.
J

,"

Do'es'7~hiil:o-qk rlk:~:;, prl~p~d,9:.o r ~r th~
g;rte~w'.a' deat~,{'2ilfip/

A1l5{JJwi,[z tuJlctiqned a:5,a labol"il!lda.rtanSitciim1l, meanlng it wos also used as an intetrnediate destinatibll for prisoners beJ:t'ig ~er:i:t elsewhere, Inmates worked in lleal'by factories likel.C, Fa rben 01' on infra" stru cture p l'!)j~ct's,s.u<:h ~uHdtng ai r: mid bunkers and as 'Cutting trees, 'flte camp had prC)fcs~\QJlaJcarpenters,
~1~tttit;i<liJISl' boo1nn".k~J's,. tailors; inmates these tril,des learned

th ere, wi th

~.Q. to

30 merrs llpe],\~Be.d

'by ill

kapo (anpthe,r pris~ner)~Forty inmates worked . .L1) the kitcherL~TI)e workdays had been J·ol,t1I~H:1.eU;itllf1~8~ Q:nweekda)'s, work 1101.l.l"Swere TJ.~H2:DO noon and u<30-s:;('K), S~ti!i:d;J,ys,: 7:jQ·-u:OQ, 'siltutd<ty.<tftemooIJ ,and all iii' Sunday were freE., Inmates were ~flc(juraged to a tt~f'l d Cht:istian reJj gi O~ig. sirrvices an.d. toxHleit.t::m .the reasons for their j ml)nSOll i1if;'ilt. Pe~p:~ein the WWn DfAuschwit2.l.eported that durf rig the war it, was possi ble .1'0 taketours oflJ-te,cam 1? on

OPEN·AIRFAtll.ITY Workmcn
prepararlon

d !.l$lT the ;.~r~et ln fr,Qi1tef se"~:ral pf t~ e ~ lJiMi ~g~. t Au,sc h'Wltz;Ifl a DI tltle·60th il.[1llii~-ers1!1")1 the camif/s D.:bemtlc!'l in 1945'. of

10

AU:S~HWi1',(::THg

UND!:RGiR,OUI-.)D

GUIDE.D'

TQ.UR,

I]

The Unofficiial Tour
USING JOI-IN BALr::s i'lCC,lf<rte
phbtO!1;Fiqflhon dlaglam,

whJch

shows thecam p from the epposi te dlrscden as tbeaerial

l';;jge 6, the lmp.()'iti;1r.tt. f.a.dHdes can be

TYPICAL

S'ARRACKS

IN AUS;CHWITZ

II

TIre'&verage tl>11D-stoF)' (thiFd ·~tbl·Yunder the CDOf) b(!,_rnA:'~~
v."iilre w~ll-m"ircqin'~d roads ran b~;~.we'"l1 :~uid h~d p.:lil~'ty.of wi!ldo~~. tree-shadetl Pa.-::ed of

'~l1e th~ 1.R~ladc~ M-bnl ~h'B b.,jinnfr:ig.

F6W~

located, The tOUI' starts at dl~,<LdministJa_lIoll puilding, now tl1i!: vJlS,itnf~~flter. WheJi rliecampwas in opt!n'I.Hon, tllisbullcling housed J.g, dd'!'using cham bel'S tha 1: mecl..Zykioll"'B., The theater where visircrs watch Ihe· pr:OpOi gandafilrn te g<:t til em in the righ t anti" German frame of '~nindwasused beck then t~)shm·" films· and G~mli!lNIlad!' Lndil:~es 1:9the, ~llTrhHes,OLtlil;'b Felderer (see b(]'X~,~!. 011 f"lcing jl.qge) stflte!>that MusE'11m kem H i~tQrl.3Ji fl'arujszek Piper to ld ]1 j m that the seats in the clnerna '*~ ldentical to those used by the in ma res, After walking through the 15.il<te, offidaL tom

me

t~kt:lS-"(H.1 to· slJ'\IeJ.'albarracks, j

thOl.t

make up the actual

Di ~Ue[;F:eld(lrer.a ,Sw€id"i.who.w~!> .. tHl.l!<t in Da~i~h,NQ",.,..~gi:tll,Ge(nil~, ~ French ;mel EnglE h, pll;~s0nally inV'ClHig«tt;!d ~ II of tlle-M.i~ting Gennil n cOI1.t;entl1ltii:ln camps in fh~ 1970:1. H~ quezrl6n·ed
·from <ilir\l;l~t'Ot:~ to g~ar.cl~;·ir1ter ... ewed i

mu:~©ul1i1p.il.r:s:o·nn,\l!
a~·s~!WWou;.

lotal peopleaswell

read dW· Qfflc:ialhqloca.ust l!ter:~tMre~earched the gro\.mds and w~ot s
into~oj~,ry bu fld'~nghe GDul'd, t~~i1!l ph (:w;lg~'II~hk id~" a~. II r.,cord. He s1

p.urhlhhed'It baok, Auschwitz· bi!d=l ~wstifje(j for fo ur dilY~at the ErH·~t Ztln:pel
1;irl,;!t

in j9,~lJ

he 'took in the:

in t-.:!nada,d\Jr~ whlch 30Q ~fd1e ]{(O.\l@ sJld,,~ cam ps we ~·shQ.w(l ~o '~Ile I~,ty. Z.~n del was a:c,quitt(;)d.

museum, where the approved Itlsto I'¥ ofAu~(hwittBirkenau is told byenl . tI'g'ed P hQtqgraph~!h<jth text, d..awing$ i3,I1d itemsin 'glasSCa5f!l>, Ever)' gn ttl e.CUrl centrates ontbeir favbf'.lteexhi'bhs about which they b\ive memorized sornestories: th.ey (Lanot necessarily agree Qt.SllY the tlJ;iT\C' things, Oil my tour in 2ool},Qurguicie U1.endcm~d th-ilt.<l 1.ug~ ph!Jto:of liberatec.V(i1lldren W~~"ftll1~ li1oflth.$ after liberarien" Wh~Jl 1<ls~ed wnytbey.'were still wei'lr[ng I:hfstrired unlfbrms,'she ad mitt,~d the pliotOG WE'n~ tram propagandafilrns made larer by the So-

'O¥Elr. ~OO'i:ili!dr:e"
''''''ikci' a~ 8irke)\~L1.
wb,~n 't.h·eo

:f.I~~~JaIY5

fil;,lili!1~, Ut !il~' t"i:l.'~ a

.d]<!~tiikl!'tl-Ci. ~,or
'Ij;f:iil J~~s· resBed~p' ~
~Ori't~~

:la ;eri.~:P .

~!rn~Wliir~F)1ii:ls

pYr.J:n.g,(lj·~ Jr~~~fJ,6n
In J~l1Ua1~li'NS;

viet 5·,-a reenactmen r byadu.! ts a nd c ltd d reno dressed in the o!d uniforrns .. If I hadn't esksd, It would not h £i'€'b e:e'tl told.

BROTI:tEt & LIBRA.~:Y )ustlnside the main.gate of Al!:>chwi.tz 1.5' Block t4, ~.~a~ bui1dm,lfu!,.~da~8. brothelfor the inmates, h'was not a getter that the camp lId&. a InQt l~e];it was mentioned in books and its existe ncewa S.CO nflrm I;!d'by the Anschwltz M.liseum ofIklals, It W<1S sta.ffed.by illGsily Polish wam;ei1 Irom the dutslde who worked [her~ by choice, bW Ger.lllilnpro.s.ftqltes.<)re·said [(I,have a'l~o 'I'i'Ql'l~~.ha re, All pr:~s9neriii t \v¢n, ncj~<J,no\'\'~cl to- userhe

brothel: thliY had 'to rneereertain hygi€n1c: and other
standards, It was also
U;5,ed

as:II:reward for good hd1~ v~

iorer ex!rae !fart. On th ~ n.r~tlo6~ of the bror bel. 'vi' a:;; rhe I:amp 1if bf:lt)', dl;CCHdill:rl:oJOl:tner inmates, AUmain ca rnps had

libl'<I.ties, and as ~ (I ass I cam p All{>ch'rvit~ cert.<.Lllly had one, btll~the mnseu in Is mum. about it. There is·nafii;~n idenrifying't he buil ding ,15 once a b rothe lor Ij in<r.I)" and you cannot enter it-jt's !lOW the office of fhe museum direq:or <I nd hO'UB~S thc:'a~'i:hh:es.

18I~ c k.14 'iI1~~w.:s:eil ~
:brmh.il'L,;ll,.1i bm~y;.'Ct[.·
,r::h~.rtpr<iC:tl<;~a,m d
'C;Ofl4~l:t

1~111.1l,*1~

Itm,~~~1f!~.t, ~t~' 1lrid, aj:lde d~ri~~ rtc nll!o,;eUn1:

TIF!~ CA'Mf' LAY OUT .AT AUSCHWnZ ( I i.~ees~

{~lEdll'n1i[lI~~~<rtiC!l;1 b'.tJjldlng;

,(3.) r.ltnsplfc

d4~ one !'Ii

l~j~e"glJ".rtdto:i'~eF:&:X.5') ~i'.1llild 'Nifil~fur((;es;'16) AI'beit 1M ~ch Fr,ei

G~~'H7) (-Iill*J:~;

n~~~.p iii' rth'~\J',1l{~",I;[]~<8)~f<lrn<ltari~m;(~j""~rk,,.. lt1.1 it:
(l'Oibl'al:neI 'aDd li'i:fl1i~J:

sh~psio~wO[}Dwdi'kUig; ;mds~wj~:

wf1,erll.. me ,orclie%_.-l:qa ~J~:Y4:i:l;'1;2) I{rk~~~~ v(~ti1i U ( '1;.. ~I,fi~0d'~WW'l~11'3) r(;)$~ oIfke;tl"l;tttre'e"!'tQrriS!e~p!ng'b<I,~ ,( lilJ $Wimmll1~ p DO 1;,( 19) E1iretl A~I!lY (srRkl':11hali""l i i I'l) o::amp a~mji11s.~r~ O.o!1 pr~~e~; flO)' tamp' C,l:ii'f!ITf\J..J:I,~~~{~.~¢11d.\;.r\i;e~ {2 ~,) .SQ~a ~~veT road 'L~a,dingcJ;Q, t(llWtT.''IlJ A'Jschwiu: .~ ,l1;m),,: (22)' celn~~1t ~~ acotlfld tW?>~l:ffi~ ef2:0111p, ~ (":a '

""~~sJ (1:5)';ch\;:-;i\1i!:fqrmO~1ra:r~d (h~{ 16}$.ana4~d d

~I\il"~l.pi~~

AUSC

H W I TZ: T H EO hi'"!) E ItG RDU hi b:;G U I D'~D TOW', U

Israel, This sketch ~r Bacon \lii3~actually submitted as ccufinnarion or gas ,dtaml:i'er:s in Ausdr\.\'itz at l'11~Ad!Jlf Eichmann trialic jerusalem, 1951. dl18 the A.\Jsc.n\,,,.itz hi aI ~11 Frankfurt. 196.,~
Mlls.€nti1 in

Yqh~,da~cqrl.·! Gilt·

dfD-dib~i; 1'\S'-4S;Y~9
Va.sn.em Art"M~'se_~m,

J~I'u~!llem

lYr,k1lI'1IJ,,",WQ!'k
,c~{i~~~d·br,pri:S~rj~ry
~11AlI~(t;hwJtl an

THE AR,( MUSEUM

~a~~~._

B1'tlC 2.4 also held the Gl1np_d rt rntrssum, the-·ide'~ k carne from Pclish inruateand anlst fJ!'andszekTargo-s .., whose accorn plished sketches lmpressed Ccmmandan t Hoess, He named l'<lJ'gos:!. Ilt~~d of the museum, • rculide~i in Octo hetl941, ,,~~tliiil'WthOln~t~1 S.1rrack~ its 6:. It wasmoved to Hairacks 2.-4i11 Marcb 19"11, whE:·reit pc(;'upied tVitJ. !'O(rrr)'S'llUltn late Jau~,ary 194-5, Art matsrialswere supplied by the camp admlrustratlon, and classes too], plaee, Alt 0f:a~l kinds, includ ingsculp tu re, wasprsdueed and exlilblt(:'d for the, ~rLjaYl~ent of' the entire camp. Tal:gpsz·g!ll'\ot\'~d untll1979, DUriilg my tour iii zc (Jg,w.~~I'e shown a..i'oOI11 in one 0 f t lre m useum hui [ding~ d!;;i'0red tb"pris~hel' outwork." It con sis ted orcl_!'<IWLll~S de pktirig ext reme bruta Ii ry c<lITk>dout OIl helpless p risoners by 'SS'·gl1ards~ hirredible fiight..'1. (].I" fa~ias'l created by sUJ'vi~ol's (i'om m~l';rno),'y, fIerthe \WIJ' 'NilS' pve.I',p~ rha ps witl~'a Ii ttle €'U]a (o~l-tageme~it? EXamples0(thi~ cyp:e""n be fOlllici hl Z(i_~<lR'Oten!;tI;'t1l:tells DeigJ;r Cd!mpAII.\l'dnvf tz ill.bl)m and Y.dmda !3·,lcen's,-Cft1des.[,erches, thatare dated "about 1945'; and ei't~jbiteda l Yad Vashem Holocaust Mem 0 rial uror

AD.lt}n;ntic pdsQ!wr artwork which rOll. \\!qJ1't fuln in rh e museum room I ,\vil.s;nn,locks like this:
Leit> p!'~ri dS~lilt~ h:l;wl~~ki,P~wol! of St'dllr~·jQW· led.e" malia, ~143,
A.~lsr:.h~lt1;~

Birk~);l~ 5~1:e:
M~~~uln.

R.:rgh~, :M·I~qy:.l~w

KG,~deliiii\i!" ~ A
the Ea~<;-/,IS'4*l,

A[j~;;hw[!;i·
Bi'rkeEl u St~t~ a
.f1uEeurr:r.

AUSCHWITZ:

THE

tJ:NDiER.:Cru-,:JUjN'D

c

e T0tH.

Theyare portrai ts, still Hits, len dsca p.es 9 udcaricaIJIJr.es, t\:pi~a 1pf fl !' !:isl:;l;i;ve.l'1'ivher~, TneSt<l te ~vlus¢trn'l Ausd'!\'\!jh-Sj_L'lmnaut ln the- tD"i\'r(.dl' O:iWle{!jm dw:n~ some 1,470 ptecesand ezhihitsthem, YliltOnlY,lYCTY few de pict vie lenca or cruel ty~ THE KITCHEN
Across the e.nh"y road from tl1~ h~'othd/Uhtill.ry
\I'd';; the.kitdieu=the largest buHdling in the .ca-Il:J!1- It had 12 chimneys- for thesteves, and included a dletar)' section.a bakery and 'butchery; Forty iilmat~S'W01'ked in the k'itci;],J:'T1, 5:p61.;:1"ll diets were pie.p~rEd fQ;!' ~,atientsJ n rhe i iifix]1Jary (lJ:idlmspit.ci1. The Idtth'ern' ha~ nt~8htt)fk:t~, which were 1;1 nkrrown t(llhe Hi",t !~P\! let t>olcli~;rso alThl~! who l:hought thec~were plaees to t wash rlielr hands!

BCeta\/!,; V:i~w ~f the back of. .d1.~ kltcl'w:in

Iu.~~·nsjtle.thtl.!\iix!l:-~t i
tAe'rmca'jn camp ~f

A4~~I"w1tf~ ';?4S. (photo: IJSH Hrl
Ph6~; Ar.~11j~~J

The nuntoftb€ kitchen is not iden tifie.d for\.i;siters; ilttei"ition I~ dire cted at this spot to t he '0 klS~ntry 116:x: f1nd·th~gaJlo.\vs (iUs~d only once).l'he:li: are plans un-

ne. wiii~.elitl~~\l
kit!: 11en.,fi'O!ht1:m

fD;.n:r;dl,e t:Yl:O ill:~lf"h.
'Ing:t,ricl( hUH~d,nts~nre

dei'fOPt to convert rhe kitchen intp qn.arr musesra,
\vhir.h will further d€strdY'<lWMrmeS& of the l;anifUlI teedhlgofthe.prisoners. My [QUl" gtltcle only IJ(l~nted out w her"t;th e ordiestra p!ily:e,d alongs! de tll e .kirchen, by rlleelttry road, bHtSaid n9thi[[g:iilJ)Q1ittlu~ki[cheu:nl{" ~.elf.She tQ(!k,eY~ry.opfiolt).mltyto tell us th~t priSOl1ets \\:'e(e sta riled to <lea t h as: ';Ilbtne:r Wily o f-l)illing th em. THE CAMP ORCHESTRAS MallY musical g;roups. we.re formed by the imnares. ov-er th-e life of the camp. 'l'od,ll.ythesigns endgnides t€,il HS the only purpose-of "theorchestre' waS tQ k~ep the 'priS:Ori~rs,o'rd~r]y \oIi~hej]r:rl.ilrc:hii1g (jut to an,dbi)di. from work, TIley don'~ wantvisitors ill ~1l0W tlleC<lU\J.1' had a Ij(Jmi};hillg .cultural 1&_ ttl trut h, ~h O!-cln:'~t.ras· e g<tveregular SjJmlay concerts and p'la~icl on rn.any a rher

il'i'fli~Jll 6f.lh~:IQi& blJtl\::llf\g"s~e~orr~m~IHhe<:' r@il~Q~ the (Oilllh,j,

pa.gle~ itn~i"'l!:r '
t6ll~'t1~1'q, "

cccaslcos.
PI

more th<iJ11QO members,
~lll'\j~VOC acco urrts. SU( h. ;IS Fa.[ui.<l. Fetd(in'sP~yinf7 jor Time also spoke of the AO.8ch wi 1:7 erches rra. A krrge blow- LJ r of a photograph of tile c)I'Chestt1) playil1;~ du rin g rhe war was 0 nee diipJ~lyed at the Auschwi.tz' Museum ~tthe main elltJ:a:~it:o<!.

Anpthew vl¢W' >lr th~. ~~'ine"o.;teett, NNe'
th
8FI~Z·<!ro\.l(\d:, ~pj;

a., I~mat\i-,s ii:~~;J~9:bh"

mah:hrn:~ i.O'\';<q~k,

~tin,d~t'.~filiftf_o,;,onQ:~. t
c~n:·pr~ba.bl)'

rn

l;';i~~,

ge'P:!;I1lI?~r:19~42.rhGi
SD!'i~kq;~u:J~Wm'e P'ol·
:is,hinmate Ft'll~z' t\m~rychIQ.

D.4t~'~l'mtnly ;:'~~r

HISTORY or.rue QRCflI:lS'IR,A T11(" ft.r.s pi1s0Mr orchestra v.~~s et U]l ill the wint#T t s Of194J, -witll Franz Nter)'chkhilS·e!'ohdlictor. Theutigi. nal *fOUP of seven m usiei an s, p!i1ylngfi rs t with instruments fwm neighboring towns, included a violin, centtabass.acco nJj Q!~, tl',um pt" t,s.ClxophoneCl.nd per· CU,S$iol1" These we('E' l~teQ'w~plac~dwith.betterquallty il1St"l.me.ht~" S811W sent to the !nu$ldal1.~ by fictnill' [I~<'llihf'l'$'; Thf'ir' ferst fomral rehearsal was held in BJ 0:& 2.4,the basernentundel' the camp brothel, where.there ~\la5a smaU podhnnand a grand pl-ano. This room b.ec-amE J.q'Li)WLla.~,I:h~ concert hell, where the band gave sl~G'!,'\'.S pl'isQn~rs <1.1i wf;!rl as guardsand officials. The: .rill' audience would. stand alplltg the v\"aJh; the 'nim;idilns we.~12s'Ca!:l:et:'\i;d throughout the room , sitting whd·~er .... they wwd find aspace,Thewo~p rapicl:lyeXj??nd ("Uto

WO,Mt.N"S ORCH.E:S'JRA AT BJRKIENAU From: the. iregiuning of lJ)43-untH the ~w;t of' 19~4, thore, existed <r\-llcnneIl's Orchestrai n B~rke.J1,a~[.l~!1 (:(lIldlidor was v1011niEt Ahn2; ROSE, rhe nlf!ce of G u sta v 1\,1alller, orchestrasccn becam e a :p-~1'(n(Bnent-jnstiThe tnl:lonbfthe ~oda I life inrhe ,c:amp,Vi"i til ewer so muslcians and;! VariN)' !=,f i,11$trUlli~t~~ th~1[llayed classical mbti:d with .Ughtel' fareon iWll~\'a:1 aflleJI' prisoness, iII tho! :h:tfiT.Il1ill}' and the experimental station:

rri.

"I

di"-"
t'fl11 ,l!tI1rw-ILI~1

at concerts. which the SS attended
.

and

(II:

Christmas

l.:b· M~.M1q1loJtLn."t,,,
J~I

Ju,~h .... .~ }

partiesanddances (there ';I'<I'~ a J.lI.rge rcom in the "sauna' <lit Biik:1'illlu th",t was ~!)IrietiI11et>,lI8~d:,a,sa,ban~ mOlr~),TJie navel[JQ$ i\,1iji;lclle.n61'1;:lw~fciT 11:i;mAu,sO{b

witz, vtl'itteu by member Fa.llia Fel'~doll anti fif'%r
published in 1976,W,iI!S based on the-existence ofth.(;', Women'sOI]'chll!::tra. Every member of the 'orcbestra s:,~dthewi!1' ~x~mpt A lma Roo6.who succumbed [or to typ hus,
I . .

Nefllb"~':,,,hh'e

french

r~~i4_taITE~Jahi~:'GoJd"
s,t~~rl ,Yffls,,.:!.\O':pon,ed. "9 Bfr!fan~u Whtre she

OTJtER MUS] C .& TEl EAfER GRO UPS

Vl9iilllS[ SZY.lmlal Laks was co.nd ue tor ef the Birkerial!

Men~5C-an)p Orchestra in i9~4; The performances

pf tlte. Wornet:l:&,Q,r.t:he';" t~,;l:ti,'i!rth~~ V~~;$~&,
beii<'V'f'Ie ~
m~m~Ejf

tGo.ktli e' "';'Ine~~,rHi!n~ J:i~fi~I",~, IJe~irrlEl~,
wd l!;knoeWr.!X;;l baret

tQdk;pJ,q.ce in IIfuiOU5p~il~eSarql~ndthscamp. Bir!<:e!i.au also h~d it brass ba ndand J. camp c hoi!", Froman article ttl the jerlJ.>G.I«m 'Po~1 Jij.IlUitry 2.5., 1995:
ITh~ 1 J~clsh .~{hHdl'~n'schok<l t Auschw.iiZ- P;i~(e, nau: Iwas am~llibe:t rift~latd1Qil' .. , . I , . , rl;:me,llil'e!' niy. Al'fiLi;ng~gel11l'n t Wi th clll(ure~ \'~Jth ilistory; and j"i.tn m~18io--i 11the ('amp .• , , In: Mal'rn t9'14, ['Wol!li SEC I'fr.dy ill wit.h diphtheria arid j,'«1;;S~L"it to Ihl;t.1.ffij) ,Itospitat lhil[raci(s, My r1l'dtn~I"had ~sked tab e trans~f'CI'!T.d [ostay WI ell me In dw hOS]lfl'3l, , , . J>;iJTSeS, dotIm'S amlpiirie):LC$$\.jfviwd.,., , • One !'If tlle )'(lIl t.h .~elr1'del'sof [H:lf ~iJollP . , . a, ked loes.tID b! ish.<llY ~du~arl.hDl:t eeruer [01" chi ldrcn, He '.\',)1'£ given permission, anJu! il. ~h(lntlmeLhe e:dU9Ht,ll cerrtooJlbeoarnea spiritual and %)'('h.tlc~mer fm: the famiJycamp, ltW~l) thesoul ol'rhecamp, M.iJsica I a n d theatrical p¢1'ftrrfl1tl~l.U:~,. fui1\ldb'ig .achlld run's O~('I·.;i" ~j", held at th~Te[Wi't> 'f1w.re wel:~ W dit>.C!'''SjOlls"'{Jf yaiiou$.idfO!ogf,~s-Z:I(ln!sm, .Sori;}l= ism, Gech [l",dtin~lj''>ri1.,, ,Tliel'~wis a conductor named lmre . , ,\,:hoo~ganljl;ed tlie'ChiLdrc:n'ij'(ile.i.r,
Rdwiln;llh

nm Auscuwrrz

PO:STOTncE. " M }'OU walk past th~'fi'O!1:tOf 't he Idtcher.t, the In'Sf

Th;:f.(jn~~~Or'r· pp"~

affici~ i~~llirb'(il,dlilg
wltlnl.~ 8 t:I iif!<r<!!!t

~j#~:ei',~~d';ivr#~~ hifr ffiQmoir:-:aml:tMs Il'oveb

bnild:lng,to ~h.eTi;gl1tWitStl'iepQstofiite. Nmhin.?> in. the ml1::;'~ui1Liu!!';<1tme I mentions theposr office, thE"g~lides don't speak pT it, put [he Gen€v<L conven:tlon rules, 51cittly fo:1io\ved1vythe G~[l:nam, ~nf-Lll'edt'hesr;nding ,lJi,J !'~c(?i\;ling ~ai1 by all prLson~rs, The camps enof couraged inmates r;o.","'T'~Ve(j their !:d<lli~'e& by IH<!k:iflg t iJ:\'<IUable !;XN2"priIi~d cardsand I~tter fbUllS, This W[l~, ~heeked by the Md CT05:\l, who never fOUITd~TlY violat [(iIi: of tbi~ p rh/llleg~ ~tAus(!hwitz"R Id<f't'l<l,u. R€gllla!iJ:~n,s.prh1ted on the: a.ddreS:s'.side;u1:! dearh' stated, They t ransl ate"o~
[W~~'Y r-i'!soner Is aHovi:.'e,{] W r€l~hl~ I~ no se mG IWO letl'etS i}r ,ciIJd~ t"tt>m (t6.l his h6l:a~jvb saeh IiTQntl1, The l(,fter5.\(lpri:~on~j:'; mu~( be ei1;sily;;ead' able, be ":<],Ite-ell[nink, snd ~Olls1;rnrtl{J m'Or:e than

S~i);p~t1, rofii,

h!illdlog, 1'h-~'w.hli/J!i:

i!:l~t f1il'~r; t~e-Q~dSe~m:y iuhd QF1Bo.$'1t i"r,i:.itf,d'1:@n c:-' -.-:,"_ t_.!._ ..

ao"

tdt;a d\art A!J~ctiw~

PQs;~"bmt~,fpr'ifima~*,
·i:s. anll1!hCFl',a.:
:1:1.:>,

miJ:5:\!~m,<;iffld<LI~~

b:ec';J:Li~8'(;; do'W n't:

n~ 1~1 ·cti~ ;ir~ th'~' i{
~i;,llllig:'It h~:d to

[he~efi;l~ere I d~S<;~w.'l ~d,

were eld in .aJl1.1ge
,I.e!

!<lyatory barracks,

r

---=
[,

I]

lines en a S!11g11:' she-~!. 01')1 le~te.!' s h ifE: ra !:if th e y !l1JJ;iJlillsi)'~ ai~ <lrlf)w~d> Enve lopes' must lie·u[.l.Hned, Only 5 St.it1l1nS of n Pf each m~y be enclosed 'wJth e1LCh le I te i'. No, m 1M' Erll'l1(J,\J~S are perm] ttI!'d, and

.on the inside 0 f the fonn 1.51hcl etter fro'fn tbe prisoner, No lice that iI [~<lQ 5\ "PoM o.ffi<::E II"-itldicati r.,g ther£' was morel:nan,tl!1fl)Cst offb··~t AUs,ch\\ii.tt, .Addl'!:."'SSf:.dto: J osef N ovy, Fil kry Dama zttce, PLnteNwat~ of Bphc mia ~ncl. )I'fur3Vi 11
From: Jo.~~fr'Nov)i i)ats.!:'!f Birth:
2. 7'th

Let[tIF form!> gl~ern l'O;

~rl~¥lna~!t pro,~rq~i'l space f~J'bmg~r,-more' ~riviit~ ri1e.:i.t~ge,Uli~ii po;~I.car~s,::Th~J.~Ls:, nc r',"'1~Q~ '9iMUif.\~

witl beCDnfi8tilted'P~11:card~ tomi.! of 10 lin ~$'P.lw-· ttigra phs IQiilji ria t be used JSpr.JS teards. MOl1ey may be sen r, Ne\v~~'lpel's"~i'e ~IIGI~€J, but on!y if ordered lh ~"Ql;~gh ~.AlIs{,'ll'1!:iti> ~:'1ffiP tl.l PGS!.DJ~ f1~~-',m:els m'l)' Il~l be sen t, :~srh~priB()mrr,s: can buy ! e I'er~'t lling 011 camp. (.HDwe.... 111rhe i<'[tfi'. tl!e priser, 0!n~rthanl!s.ll'isfbmiiyftjl' LJ.1i th~kf1oi;kag.eS"~l!d!J.s,&~ jar rrm[<" Fromrnu.d! olflel' f?vi'del1ce, ~r se&m" this pw rticul« /' 1'eg.u/a trail gras ,q" r elt{urced. Tills a/Sf). f!'1'ilVeSrl;~,t ~\'ir!;~ ~lmj\\~ltm:for in!;f1rttes, IVh€~ the)(_ ('ould buy 1Mni;',iiith man:c:r5i€lit/rb'm hClme----'iiomi:th!ng d8~th{il i,' J'Ji?l!ET mcntioned in tlwnm8Ctmllitei·\.1~urt r ~y the ,5HJ idg:5) o Requ ssts ~Q C~I]1 P OW tI1<iriti:o<: [0:1' re] ~,a~e are s IXl] ntlrss, illsj f,'< to p'dSOJlel:,a re nO! Venn isil:1Jle. Signed. the Camp CClmm~ridi;lJlt.

!J:t~t JloQrm!llleo:,;;~ T;'I:!
alii d'li"ti!"n Jam(lle!;'WeNI'
~~,"r

Arci:~ ! gll
fJ,kll1. Blork'9<l,

d~~911'~'i~ip}y

P I~S(ln~r N'umbf;[:
COJ1 t'tnl! 1'l~[Qn

.ettrop,~LJcth ari'de:~:

C",m [;l fin~chwitz,P(j1;t

om ce []

0t!Schwll~.14Ih Fehl'\.I~lp'H3 MydelJrClI1~s! Tm in good hea~th, and I'm ail :ri!;:hi'- r hOpe t hI;' ~'am~<lrp~[,,<;!o,jio;u, [~I'~dved d1~'ecl~~nsau[hiX [lmo£cls: rom you rt'teJlt~'-:<lll in gO.(llJ shape. LiIclms f .:lnd parcel s rna y net be sent registered, j'l.!~~ :;.~J1d th~ pari:;~k a~pe r .(he fiJst ones, The A,.81·p" n.:"flR m~ de me "(try hopPY-ll<t"lirubdy the cl1.d.(olaw, honey and the, [Mnj1 $weel:>- plea.s~·~hd more like that ' My brethe rJa rde cillAaunr Mil ~atcjll!tl also 512lld me
A U.SC 1-1

w ~TZ: TIiU

U r-JP E.

r! G f.i;b U N

D G l) r DE 0 it\ U'.~

Theyare portrai ts, still Hits, len dsca p.es 9 udcaricaIJIJr.es, t\:pi~a 1pf fl !' !:isl:;l;i;ve.l'1'ivher~, TneSt<l te ~vlus¢trn'l Ausd'!\'\!jh-Sj_L'lmnaut ln the- tD"i\'r(.dl' O:iWle{!jm dw:n~ some 1,470 ptecesand ezhihitsthem, YliltOnlY,lYCTY few de pict vie lenca or cruel ty~ THE KITCHEN
Across the e.nh"y road from tl1~ h~'othd/Uhtill.ry
\I'd';; the.kitdieu=the largest buHdling in the .ca-Il:J!1- It had 12 chimneys- for thesteves, and included a dletar)' section.a bakery and 'butchery; Forty iilmat~S'W01'ked in the k'itci;],J:'T1, 5:p61.;:1"ll diets were pie.p~rEd fQ;!' ~,atientsJ n rhe i iifix]1Jary (lJ:idlmspit.ci1. The Idtth'ern' ha~ nt~8htt)fk:t~, which were 1;1 nkrrown t(llhe Hi",t !~P\! let t>olcli~;rso alThl~! who l:hought thec~were plaees to t wash rlielr hands!

BCeta\/!,; V:i~w ~f the back of. .d1.~ kltcl'w:in

Iu.~~·nsjtle.thtl.!\iix!l:-~t i
tAe'rmca'jn camp ~f

A4~~I"w1tf~ ';?4S. (photo: IJSH Hrl
Ph6~; Ar.~11j~~J

The nuntoftb€ kitchen is not iden tifie.d for\.i;siters; ilttei"ition I~ dire cted at this spot to t he '0 klS~ntry 116:x: f1nd·th~gaJlo.\vs (iUs~d only once).l'he:li: are plans un-

ne. wiii~.elitl~~\l
kit!: 11en.,fi'O!ht1:m

fD;.n:r;dl,e t:Yl:O ill:~lf"h.
'Ing:t,ricl( hUH~d,nts~nre

dei'fOPt to convert rhe kitchen intp qn.arr musesra,
\vhir.h will further d€strdY'<lWMrmeS& of the l;anifUlI teedhlgofthe.prisoners. My [QUl" gtltcle only IJ(l~nted out w her"t;th e ordiestra p!ily:e,d alongs! de tll e .kirchen, by rlleelttry road, bHtSaid n9thi[[g:iilJ)Q1ittlu~ki[cheu:nl{" ~.elf.She tQ(!k,eY~ry.opfiolt).mltyto tell us th~t priSOl1ets \\:'e(e sta riled to <lea t h as: ';Ilbtne:r Wily o f-l)illing th em. THE CAMP ORCHESTRAS MallY musical g;roups. we.re formed by the imnares. ov-er th-e life of the camp. 'l'od,ll.ythesigns endgnides t€,il HS the only purpose-of "theorchestre' waS tQ k~ep the 'priS:Ori~rs,o'rd~r]y \oIi~hej]r:rl.ilrc:hii1g (jut to an,dbi)di. from work, TIley don'~ wantvisitors ill ~1l0W tlleC<lU\J.1' had a Ij(Jmi};hillg .cultural 1&_ ttl trut h, ~h O!-cln:'~t.ras· e g<tveregular SjJmlay concerts and p'la~icl on rn.any a rher

il'i'fli~Jll 6f.lh~:IQi& blJtl\::llf\g"s~e~orr~m~IHhe<:' r@il~Q~ the (Oilllh,j,

pa.gle~ itn~i"'l!:r '
t6ll~'t1~1'q, "

cccaslcos.
PI

F!"9Tr~Cn~r,UKe' to the ~1teat~r. WNi;;h ·bl.ie ~'ri~~
a ho,rne
tW~~fl

IRI"'6(holJ,c.

Dflrrfdd filit 0 r the United Sta tss Arehives. Most lill'ge
German camps had concert halls'A!I;f're inmates argimized l-eg1l11ill' ~rl:!.lrday-n:ight theater J~rodll.eti.Q!ls. ope'ras S

he bdieved.W",& the theater building,

taken from the

C~r-rlll~ll~~~IJ nsbe-

r9'@Jwv:! ·l~'$Ia.

I~a.ve""lien Am.~i·I~\'lfi
j-ew"s;:p l'Qi:estl;l'd tire

Tlwy WiEr,dg.[)~Bd to

buil'd~l1g:nI~!l'8y tlltho!!!.':~.

Ff-Om ~~'MI!09K,PIi\l~SX;OM

by thQtl~.!1ds of fell qW-i fU'i1ate.s, Auschwitt \1i~S lt1>y} different. These co ncerts were t h.s .envy of vi-rlag_e,s outside. rhe.carnp.whe 'did not have the. insrrurne nts l)_r balls for'such gathcl'i ngs, Attlmes viIla8'~rs.\\:ere In"1ted anden joyetl the .prbdll ctions alm1~id;e csmp inmates. They and \,,(JrkeTs and f~rrij· H~~ frOI)l 'Munow!t+) Sld,el1-'<Ll! <Iud some sub-camps (:'ll:tel'Eld,;ll the main d.Qor at thefiont or lll('blJil~iH.f\. up ttl e i;g;hll:€'PBil!t pe [!iJl:ltiarICeB ~ dapv€ H' necessary to actOnllJ~{)dilte e ~'e"l'Yone. he only !arge:r ~allwas in T the Catholic Church in town .. l kms (r,;;lmH north
and ·dim(e:s.attfnd€.~l

Ti1~~deVffir il1ld:

.a~.tistr_c~I~~·d:e;;lg,ne!:l
-S,i;'NeUILofl 'Ilt

pl~vbN a ~iiJ 1ltnl¥lg 1'5 d~~ploy 1;'h:i1Ma(Jth",:(~.~(fn

memQ.rE;l1 ~'~'"e in
Au~tr1~,

pe!i~icidt',

by the StJvie'ts Ln.]ilimai·y 1945, Howev@r, rha t flies iu the face 9f repoJts of _fo rmer inrnstes who ten of bbem,my activities that tool, place in th~ theater an d th;n Zyld on 8 was stored i:J.~the Acl~tri Tili~tr~li.(Hl Bl(ild.JJ'Ig. Qavid Cole, ho[otatlst J~s.e,_t['c:het wrote: "The last pictures taken Lnside this buildmg shewed piJD.95 and wstl1tli'esar!(1 'il,'it21ge whete tlt~inIl.S1leF,Dtlf'd

mates used to put em p,()dut'tion~:"'

.

F~jJl1'ciS:((jk, Pi p~" wa:;::
',H

DH.Heb reJd€H.'1' restified under oath at the 19$8Ziindel tria'! tbal. the theille:r was used byrhe InrnatGc~ttl ]'Iu;tnn plaYS<Il1d e01H<lind a s tag~ a:nd- musical lnstrumel"! tS. Fel dei:'Zr '1,?cicted to inv,,~t i g<1t~ the large build· ing·8,fteran h.l:s~bl'1it~tDl1!' o .. !IUidetold liirn the buildins ". . .. ". . '. was uuirnportarxand WoW Qnlyu~edby the GenTl~n~ to putjuuk into: Heinrersiewed various museum officiili·
b

THE S,\VIMMING POOL Conttnuing a]ollgsirle the perlmerer fence tl:nd twulng l~nbnto'Sh<wy Birch AUt)' (nll'kel1.h~lJei),y0:U come to rbeswirnming pool. Tnt€I'eSI:Jn~)\ the!:pool few bnnates was not d~niIN:l by museum staff'urnli! a. f#w y~ars agn, .~ll'houg;h toiuls1:s "who, asked to ~ee_it 'Were told by gll.l.d 1$ :L11~it was "1Y£n~mits ," LocO'lted I' i.ght i11t $ide [,hi:'fenbe, the peel measureszy meters IQng}S~)( TIi~ ter5 WI de am:! three meters deep, According to Ditlieb FeldeuiI', Museum Historian .Plpfl' told IIIm t har the: p 00] had been used to reh ahilita teinrna te pat knts a nd ai) I'ec!ie;;ititm; W,att[-m e a.el:'ia1 p.hQt'!)gl'apns;t<J.JieIl by the Alli~p cr;mn.qned lts existeuee, Bo;aks written by former inTii<lrWs:M121' to thlii

'!:I1 ret;~or'ht~~orl;;t~~ aedguards,
~,hS':A,l.Aschw:itz

during which.time museum hlsterians

H(§mqrt~1 M~~euhl
from 1'96,5 until 1006.

FI~-antiszek Pip~and'Dalt~ib C~li'l;hconfimnsd ~p him tha t f:he:huik!ing.w<Ls-L,~ed ~S"<l the<:ltefclutin.gtiil" \\lal~ He s'howe:d a sli~l~0 f il Ukl'<UJ1 ian c h oir 1; lng-jng inwha t

hischwi tz;p<:ld: ~m~i'1ay they ';meake(ljI1toth~pooIM nigh t faN f>WIrn: others t.~iLt it WiI1i used fur water polo, Borexample:; Marc Kleif:l, a fnm.ch.ae:tainee,l'e(.a.lls·the swhnmin~,p0[)liK\ his booklet Observa'tiplls~.t rej7..r:xA.U:SCHWITZ! THE. UNDJ;:~:Gp"OUN[) GUIDED

T9lH\.

J\:)ns ..,u,r les

£;:(1

mps: de CO.RCt'1I

[Tat! em

nazis:

Au~~clwJjt;;:;1 w~, made up nf.lS blocks buil; of i(l\l1S ~et.wet'n viliidl TaL'pa.ved streets, A third street rau the l~IWb of the q!-l<1.qangle aricl \\,,1,5; plall~cd '~"ith_ birt.h lr~~~: the r J3.i:rKRnhill6'l· intended asa i"aikway fer the d('tain'ee;s. wi'~J i;:.~n('h~;the:t~· I'sow~.'"111 P~lN\irS\~irnming ~ iQ pool, tB(i(Jklftdrl2 pag-C:SI'J:iI1Nd jnCaeJ1,<918.lHO)

stone I~jdmu~jn Iln~e parallel

Me alsowrore.
._, _011 Sm1days and holidays __ , IrOOlba:~, baski;!t.b~ 11<Jnd wa~r'I)O~drna tch~ (-inan cpen-airpool buill Wltbi~ the ]Jerimd@ byd~taii1:~ts,)atb.'a~kd crowds,of onlookers, I'I)JJtversTte -GilX il1mps do.

m~

cartL'WlraUon:

r~lri-\!jt'glla.ges&!l'il,s-~pU.I'g~()g, P;lrt~,_

Th(!.sW'riii\n:ibg;~li;;'
19~6.Birc~A!II~ an ~h rl~hh~lle~,E'im~f~f ~ p f()nQ,n;on !lro:'l!ii!t.

!e,i [leU~... I€'ttl:~~; iM7, p, 453-) Inmateswere sometimes also sllewed to swim ln je-

the ne<1tby Soh Ri'v~r, according to interviewswith

hovil.h's \t~fltne.gst\i who had b~enJnter:nedl tndw.Glmp. :viti t in :l.POg, w~!:' it I~~ked at the '~'nfbrma ti on couim¢W the ~ociitidn rheswimming P~Ql, J was Ttl~t wltha of hi OInk.stare. Alle.r p:~I'Sifitihg, I was Rna 11 .answe red y \v1!h. "Oh; do you mean the fire brig<lcle re$en'oir?" the sign shown below. in Polish. Eilgli~h and Heb~ew'. wasplaced alongside the po'ol ~oni~tjm~after lpO). B irk{?J'i(lu also n,');s .~·poo],w hirh fGWh ",vi:' seen, !Jut IVhid] I,qw':;_p orts a Silnjl-ilt :srgil. The \\'.'1 re)' ill the pool wC),l,d:dh~rdl}l hj'f\,'e been snffu::iel1Uol' 6re-tightjng in ill ra.mp ·with JDG buildirrgs'

A:~~~J;\'Iltz.:.WIm1filQg, p@ol wkl1 ,st-1Ll'tin.:e),
bki!;~1' ~ [ld '!;l}it;ry'

JaI'Mar:~.Th ~·.dl\drl.i:

bq;lr-d ~:ed ~Q' be. ;rt"'<.1h~d;·{O~ l,nE!'t1i ~I ..e,m'Ii(,:! ~h'je:k,

AUEH';:HWliZ:

THE'

I.JNDERG·R-OUNO

GLJIDE'D

TQ.UR

his two c\augl'JIeI'S were !~:vacua ted (foUowLl1jit,t he'f'lLt~sof the Ce~'ew Cenventio nl , ,~IOl'l g wi th many othtrJ's,; rol'lergeli-E~Js~nc6n~enn;;_,ti_o[l, camp, away from the advancisg Soviet'drtny_ Ot:td:Pcill1.k Wil,S still there when the Soviets ajtrvE:o.
I}(:)spi taljz.r::d, wasin in:m<iJ~r Bile v\1]~sel,writes d1al he hospital in,AtI!ich\\~tE,recm-'e:ring:frOIn an a~,e.t',lti'on Oil an irlfl.~ted foot,,<Ii1d. h:ir,f.ithli'!' llitil beenalIm,<:~d [0 stay with .hirn ]11{he h[):spi:t~. }-lowe~el~ vVieseJ A,ll:otherfamo1l8.
CI

:B~J9w.;; vt1'i",!,of~rJte,
fr6ntQf~!! (S$'

H~*f~

tal ,ac:rot'; th~ ~S'c.\<~t, (ri\M "he F~'i:;tiih" ~lnI,J(itW';g~-~"hllmMr""oC: ra:iri~~j'lr-r:tJrn;
J : _,

Isn't

r~1~:O::(O"'~lSI;'(),!l!:r""

ht!.~~i 'W~i~<bn l1i(_rn~~,:;;)
iYluF,del"r'li!:ht ~l!:~tct:o tilr!!hJilq~!l w,i1"(o[e-,'

choSei:'o J E'iI.VI: the hosp ital to go Vi j th the t
aW<lY

60,Q~1 othe o

rs

wb 0 m allt'hedw~l>t with t_heG erm,ms to ''l11r5ther e.<'!mp.

~e OPF~ite!cI: tiil~irg.; p17~~~Ylrlg ri:¥(f.$ .
thf6Ngh 1¥!~,~it:~ll Il1til".'Ill>l~i,o[1r

fiorn the hnpendin~ S'oviet "liberarion" The gtlld"sat Auschwitz donlr show rhe hospital.

Th~~SfH~~l~Ual, II.I~t
o1:lt'!!lcle, the C1lmr No~",

TfL(2' HOS-PITAL By t'antinl.Uing <dong Birch Alleyand tU1'l1i:ng;l(eft t a the fenc€ p~dtlie(C,r,g(!iilg_ back t0ward the main gate. ¥(:\Ui;'Clt11~ to th e SS H,QtlpiCaI whkh s tandSOll the other side of the fenc,~! It had ~surgka] blo.-cIGls}veILlls 11 obstettioiligyllEcoJQgic,aJ blod~ [01' 'lnroi'lt¢~ lchHd1'etJ: were born at Au:schwitz)! The
t~,were

~tl~, ut.l~ ,fit~'~e'r:u,d;!; do
b~hJf11i1 ~b,;,b~,lldl~&1

lhe tl(~ifultor'imli <I!'Ie: '!g:i,~lthi:~'b~r'"-~_rJlj;G,~t
,a[i'oS8' tf'l e :$t~~-et 111

fr::bn~,llo(lih[J~Q. tf(~:
rollj~ded' 6I:Jfe"t~t,

19y.~'r'(~'n'~~r is, rl;~
eflt)I'<lm:..~¢'~'.QHe-

alse

qU<I1'itfltine al"~~Sj 11both

crunp:e fOf

pe(",s,bn ,air.,ylp ;.ItEl~~r"

Ilewly afFi\'iJ\~ IJrisoners, where they stt1y~cl-fOFa51()ng as.six wf{'l;:s tCi m,1,k(;sure they had no diseases that could be tra nsfen[ed to the re~~r()ftlte tamp popula rio n, Dr,las',d()~Ta-ub~l;,[I!]\'i a w~~lthy Ji~wj~!ll'a.liidjord in Wa&hirlgtoJ:j, D.C, wa,s the cllier sUI'g~on arthe inmates' hospital at Ausc,hwitz-Birl<i'!nil:U, ml'ku~!'!u Il~d several hos:pitilJ hui IdlTlgs , One well-known inn,.a;!e Otto Fi'a.nk,the:taJhcr,' nf Anne. Era 11k, st(ijrt:d there for !hre€ monthsin late :1944-'<!ill'IY,lCjiI5-, \vlth the eompIalll t ()Fs~11~rrng_ f fr.[)l1'l E'xha;ustiotL \II/hile he remain eel
l

_"-,
,~

..

Alis.c

H Vol I T z

r H E UN PER, G R Q UN

P

GUIID.I: D, T PUR

rho,a:abo¥.e,sbc~.~ .
th (l,br!([( c:him:rn'~'

.th:a~,"if.~ In ~iJ11~ ':b1!l i I:i:flhgi

1:947

r t 1:'10}' dever b~et'i ·QO·lme(~e.t1 i;Otlle r:~~j)n*[t~bt~T;I
QJI.Brryilto'rcy

ts'detadied £rail"l'ttlt;!

THE CREMATORIUM, Di rectl Y across the outJtT road fI:urn thee hospital is the' re GO 11st tU cte 0 C1'~ mil tori nm, known as the Gas C~a~1ib~l: Not~ the tall chimney and flat .rpC,i1' in the pkb.n'~011 the previ0U~ page, The official st()"ry is ·that thesmall vents in the. Loof allowed Zyklon E pellets to be fl(Jilled into thechambm below, thus "g,assin,~t the victims locked inside. [-{oweve.r~ il iT pll Otus: ~a.ke]:l .by U.s, remn11 fllS"Stinee pjaneslti 1944,not released un til~993i reveala pea ked roof' wi til two 0 nerueter high chin'll~eTS GIJ.€'.r the 1:\\'0 C!'ein;; tion rurnacf:s, no \I~ri.t.S:Dl' hoi es O'i,el: .[he alIege:d gaiS"Chamberand 11Q ~al'ge:Chj_i11.til;:y. It W<lS t hen admitted that the Soviets ehanged the ~'M~OJ I' the

Th~. \i~~hw1F' C nil.rn~ber" MS. !'~l~ry mQI"g.u.~,~ntH w;i',WgbJ(fr,rlli1Mi:(tfd 'i~iR:1f,n A "@}: a 'it ~il' rai<'lsh,"lt"'~ b.y~h(:!, Ge.nna~·s in Se·pt..1·9"i4. Con~idgr thilt ifthe'mClrgu:e~l'il1r3~J!M'dlfl,(r1ber"

i~Bte WiI.~.rio

morg~~ lQ score ~II tl,Qi;l;'
to

e~~~d b:oJf.[,fj.pri9l- tQ'#r\l~~o(ii. dB"~(~ tr1""
iW~:~.'~!P~~l'~f,.Q'
",0"~1~i:;:;rl:d:it,J Willi

I·e-;s·openlfi,g.~t lelt.'w11kh leads

the. room Wirh anly twO, cr,ematBo~:Pvell's, waSi"(:tl.

t~r'ou~h py.thti Rl.i~sl",n~in 1947.Befbremy ~U!' gmup w~n~\'lcld\ [0 remaln sile ~t "QU C'Df res pece" ,II wa-s roped: aN <l (ll d dark inside,
P;iCI{,QeJui de· again

w!rn

1\0 'o:ppor.ruI111;J'~o ask !1'~esli6nSo What

Ai:!tt~pPQi~itr;n~!14:':"f a:m~;1

w;lS~'~ tlle:only ene wl1{f felt tlla:~.

.'C"~f')fT~S'i~~.

Righ~-the!'wo
iWeri'j, :built

~\lIlII"I~

i.~ th~pj~r~'~t ~qtld!iill

'hOI~sand b.ujJ[the l'.hiJll:ll~i) in ~9~7;inether woids, th~MLTh""tilm wentalongwirh the lie until they were Co!.!11'd 0 ut, <Ina ~\1'tl <J.rt~rl¥afd For yeats the Museum staff used F photos tQ, ..ke p.a:s-s ~h{'reocnstmcted gas ehamber OffilS GJ:~g1naJ, 0)11y rece .tuJy did th~y € Nt t a,$ignollt;;[cie of the erelJ1iltociunn'hr:nvi1ig the post-war changes [h,~.Lwere mO\de~tJ,the buildiIlf_l interior, We were tMonned by our gui.d~ thet the reconstrudion i-s superficial and does not.:n~gat:~ the build>

bt±h(j

jug's previous use as {I. llIas ('h-,'1mb~r, iI(leI. in ,my case,

$'R';I'f~t~W~ t~~7
and b 1ll'e· lle'l"lM":
bl,{~fi 'u~~.d.

iesliow reported there w~ro relatively f&w g-as-sirtgs,a't
Ausduy~tz-th !:grf'(lt .maiQdty~v!2re'do ne a~Ghkena u. The-question, "Is tbisholoea ustl'evisidn,t,;m?"\;,<as met w lth $n~rK~, t OJ ppcar:s the Ausch wltz ';gas amI b er" myth is to o fr.agH.eto bear diny seru ti ny.

en

IfI~l,l.rbr~j·~nl~e~t

THE WO.RKSJ-JO PS
From the crematorium you {!iHI Sf;'€ the workshop bujldiligs wbt!r~ jnrnates both le;oU'~).~cl. wo~kecl at arid ~raqe:s'"bli t t h!!y itre notonthe .guicl ~d [0\.11'. Himml e!' .h,rd ordered Ihe to!lstr_utti OIl of worrk5hops fbr handi ~ craft pw'po~es;.StH)le \I:ere fbi' \~;DodWorking; at least one was fQrse\vi:ng, . !ean·e],mde Hre-ssac,anexterminationist historian, d aims ,tl1;lt WOIllen deportees bmug.(ll (h!iirS.01.'>'Jng rnad({nes alp:na\~~fh them, but thllt I~ ridiculous, The photographs of ardv~iigwQrn.e:n,shoVv' nOt one carLyirig, a Si?VI~:ng~aCilin e on her b~~kj Wdt:ert>.IikeP ressac and n th~ museum o:ft'id,l.'Ils dUn'tWantydu ttl know that the .National Soda.! lSj:s provided prcfess! enal work eq ui p-

WorK~!l¢r\1.t

..;..u;;~h~t$~.h(~r;~
Wo!ri¢f;i~jic)s,tt>~ -~. . '. . . ~~~~::l i m~~fX h
u;nHernil>~

~ECREATlONAl SPORTS Inmates eng<\ged in a vai'iety of ~pOJ:tS" at borh AtL~t:h~¢itl'lanclBi[}en<l.lL.III addition to the swimming pools,(] htge,,'lports piaying, field was dose to the-erematoruunsal Birkenau, w!ie:rl"soccer matches h)\6,~ pi,lC;;' 011 5li nd 8)i$... Pi rlle b FclF'e re I' rep orts that one uf the'ii1"s:[pfOGp.le.lfrtdlh1J:m tbat it w~:S used asasports gro und was one 0 f theguards of rhe artifac rs, <I MiI_ Wba niek At the J 988 .z~.nde ~trial I F" ldere ['sh owed .iIl slide of' a: .ITI.ap b; one of the main g:uidr.:boo.ks,nf }\u£tb\j'itz: which indic,ated that the 6E'~d.had oe.r:,.n <Ii SP(ltt~~ tad~J]m, S T<ld.eu~1i 130 ro I'ffki 1 "' ~J(lli-sh J!!\I'I,~h prison erat Birkemlf wrote a hooJr Dfsh[)~t stories in whkll he mentinned the soccer field "on the broad clearing be" hindthe hu'spi tal haWI e ks" (se~ w<lgr<l:m} Mid remerube red trJ(~ll h:e ''1''13 the goa Ik~ep('~in <1. game on 8 b~autiftll.sLUltmy a ftem9P1t He said ,(SiZE' able.r.I'O\i;rl,~rhQspltilJ orderlles atl~ nmval.esc('[[t parlents had g<'l.rhel'edto wa tell Ibe game_ VII illl a..In Schic leS<'lid in a. 2'006 iruerview with 1ft!! ;Sul1-Hera/(/ that h~ w(js.plac~.d in the Czech f~.lnilyCaTIlp at ..BiJ'kenau where he play,~cl in S9~cer matchEs, ~ndi\;ljid thiES9((t'i: field W'j,s lor;:~tlid
>

E'ii!yond the: niiils of.t;,r.e;m.~ lilllf.;:tlilf~~ ~gra;i.,/a~'AA-~1.i1ll'~~~
O:I)~e·t~~El\fR'e1i<W

"sa~(rii-I;~X~':

11 ear

l~t!3:maIlL
~"I(tn'Qi~M~~Geioo.~.·

meat
ale-as,

f'Qf.

the .i:nm~beJi;;l,l1d had clean, we~I"f1Lm work

Bo);irrg matches werealso pOpOI<1f arnongrheinmates, Sa:lamtl Aroueh was a bo:dng, champion in his hGm:'te t[lWIl 'Qf 8,ah:mjka" Greece: after arriviqg at Aust.hwJt:,dih~43, he parqdp~t~d in l1,1l'e·\vt>eklyhoxi_ngTI}atc:h~5; Fell[j[rg_W<L5, PQPu!ai:amDng'SO[}l~; at ~he Ernst Zijndd trial, Fl:!lderershq1;\<'ed " slide efinmztes l\endng. OnIGftUlla.:tdy, "r\'1\' don't hiJv~ EcteEstO)il1yof these slides tOI' this booklet.

,

The Birke:nau Concentration Camp
S.i~~¥[T n~fe:\i.fI"i; b~r.~h~lfl~fed ~~f~ :~i\.tfl-rtef,i. 11 .grQVJMI+_:the. 'i'I~,",[{'e~~ ~~~1~ji]1;~,

mRJ\E,NAU

[:s IOcat¢l;1threekjlnmeters

from

a pip e ran alQng the center of the Qi\i'mclk.& in!>i.ciea w\" brick stn:t'cture, keeping the entire barracks warm in winter; PriS9tr~rscoulcl ~Jrcon it, andseme said th.~y e\;enmo]<fKI em lt~ Each brick barraeksin thewcmens
section had ItKO',l'1llitlfatory.

"The _-'lji.uJOal'

f':~•

th<;i

mlme.·g~e!l'l<o

d,te ~j:g~_n~. ~j)irtlifj8::;'
be;~illu.tl; 01l~~'

AuS'chwitz I nn <l m ain road, Bull djj11tb Eg<m iL!. 1.94J . I'(J.I' a canrp to hold 2'.00,000 PE:I':;\OIlS, lna..in.ly non-werkees and these waiting to be trausferred.elsewhere, thus there Wilsa htgherpropot'lfr:m ofWPU~e:il, c!iBchell, dderlJiand.infirm than.atAusd1\i,sitz_ I t~wflrlU.ilUy cov~ned 4Z5 acres and had 30\1.buildings., A few LHi5(lI1~fS' worked in th~ warehouses, In the kiteh~iS.cllld in the crem:(ltoria, but most did notwm:k, if75~-(wf che:jews wreN killedon arrival; who lived ill all those b1UTilK.:ks7 No{ ot1ly tbat, ~u~theG~rJn~n$ were bl.lllding newbarr'a~lti:in the S€ctiOI1 the iJ'mle1 tell G)lIedJvfe:'tlr,l to house j
S9;Ol)(,f m(JJ~-W.tsQj1el:$,

Today j t's 11'\111St epenspsee wlth
buiHln;gs~[<ltt;eJ:erl
WOO',

Qlljya

few rS'()~ilt@d
(he year

TH.E·CENTRAl SAUNA This beamifitl, tnodemh}'gi€ne- building \.viU>hliln h In 19,43. arid contained !lncam chambers and hotaie .o!t-emifDrdisii1.fectIng~l!Jthing. Newarrlvals came h-e-;'e first, had! their hilh' shorn. showf'J'ed and wer-e gwen tJr::andotlitng< H.>1Wili:H';r, itclicln't haveasinglesaun«, ~n :didh<l.vea large main i~0Dnlthat was sQmetiJIie&used a~ 'a ballroom. Vi&iJOJ:$w Bh:keilau. i;It~ netshewn this building, rhe !argestin thecamp, . Extra do thin g lind val ll.ahl es the prisoners bi:olJgh.~

steam ;an~h~~ !iii" .;ll~I!]~e~tiQil ~~e~~.'1,'s"dffiitlle~d'Wi~n: tW¢'iQ~r)!I~<1,1 ~ijd tls"'~n'@ f.Qi"-I1'!~

~p!l."i:i!a·_ fi5r- vi'()f6~,rj, P-r.I~(;jl'lei""'~N"-· r ~:~L;i!iRtJt~ "~+o.r'
~bOy,reR;._

BeJ;:;W,one.DLd;\e

stb,..·iTJ·. ~l'iilfll ~fl.r;S·'ine
the ;C~ntIDlS.a),l!Flo .. fDr de'I'l?lJsijl;g;FI§(b. !rig; N\q~~ d(!).q~ .the
~t~ift~ e)':id,i

h1:1'€.and there, Prierto

there wt:n~'VE'ry few visitors to Birkenau. Tours d ldlJ 'tgo tIU! re: e"'-en l)et'SoJ1.aiguides WOU Itln'( take you there ..Now it'Ii tlre lesser P<Ht of a fi.nllo UJ', feil.n-1l'lng_" tr:)O k aL;3!5ampl~ slee pir,gand I avatQty h:iJ'~'qtlts, which are'in\~ry PQClI'CCll1cLftion,The·odgin~] l)al"!'acl~all had ,a}lorct'hd.ll-co!l'eJ'ecl brick stove ateneend 5'OIn whlrh

'\\1thtllem were. $;Jnr.e~~ ih€J(l Wti'Om.J.l \'I·"T~hO.li;e" in aCl"O~S the s.treet fr:1l.lI1uh~ sanna. I->:Mcbthe ·S(i\~.~ts
burned down <i£t:.erhey "'-!I'11Vt;Q, t . There aiiE' oth'<'!,smaller dWnrei;'ol;m buiidfng£( #20 on dl<1;gram em pag!l4(,j .at Biil'k~J1!)'u~ the guides but won't take you thereetthe1 Thedoors are locked, <mel no signs iilent:[fl1 the buildinss; J
i •

!J1.

DIAGRAMI OF BIRKE,NAU C,AMP
KEY TO DIAGRAM OF BI'RKENAU' CAMP'
TT~i~ <li~gr,;m.en the f.~in.!: ~a~,~ """s'drawff ~~~~i~!'lr Q,.,r['\g lB. Stfm[r,a,. !1a~~ il\iIJ1~H reo ~Qmo;l nn ~vi~~~~l1th,

b-t John
"

,C"B~116rl

!h.,W1~i~of~IT P'~O'"Q' QHo.~r'

"ih lch ,1'n~J\)' of them ~t·
",,!:til!!>, Ir. t.~U!}',It
plJr;rfbiiqn ~!~rtUor

,

'.

t~e~~tt3i~,~~~~ nW\U"I'~' 19~\'l-~ willi a~In,Ei!ti.
g;:.t·j.;;:i;rJ

Iribu'~~d 10' ~h. t r.m.,tI"rl., ()1'Ig)n~:<;d 'm[her Iromthe

~)rn(hi! .spo~
m~ij" cam.!',

z. A'~~;i"Q.i.;~ t.nh§
lar[h .. r W<'S1i..

I. pleld; pl6W;,d ami p~n~e;j In I <;tH,

Ih~ ?.ilIr'\Xl\emi<~1 p1Wtl'31,M'onowln:

! 3;rh~tw~d~I'g~ ~~~n'aWri3 II Dmllll;'i~i'e
v>IJbli!.[Q tl:i0ll,!l!f<d~

3. C~~~pool:l. ~l'iIj"l g Into Ihe, Sol, 1.3 '!em 'tTi1i1l i"l'Vl1it~ \-'louse," ',.,'Ii;ll'e ten~ of tho'~· ", " ,and" o~ P"~~" ~J'e :tupPO!.,oJ, te- lIay~ b,e~1I1 u 1:' m Qe~,J. "I'tn Z)',K!q~ iL ~.Tili'i~,w~.r. ,h."'vlttll".,, a,~.suppo~~.:1 oc>' Ij~vet1n~r:'i-.~ll, ~ltJ-;a~~h th"I'. here L~{o," ju<ie 194-1, 6,TrM;. Th Q P,h01})grnr1w [like" oi rh e Olbpve·menti(llieMLiur f"jr~n~'"[IO~ P~l,~::S,ttcIW~'Qn ~n~ Mll Sepoembj'r 1:~~"1SfN'II !1Qdlt~h!!!-s: rl,,-pll~_! of
IS' cI~IJ11(ld 'i;> .. ~

or P>~<I,ro·by

Ir.al'd~1I.nlJ

QU{'

~i<1etn. C~mp'-Ol'er rli"illess 'ije!d-sand irom thE\. In"'rr;;rDlJd:~T<><i<'s'111 th,;, calTljJ,lh($lr. th~

'''~r~
~;I.~€

<;inlJ"~uF'mYfld%~ wi!h ~ b~rbe:d wit~ (i!ojj<~" ..Hers

mer" '~5

an 0 r',"e51([I; m~d" ~p ~r

1~111~1_\Os, ,-'\1J3'(;hwit~,,,nQ Birk<lw.u~ who from
Surl~.t to~~~n~.

hQ

l:iullillng.

15.$ft{lrft: a~d foo[b~l!'tj~!cl~.
16. I nm~t" fIDsl1Jtd,

!]. V~~~t';l:;le !ptd<tr&
IS,-Can1f! eX$'~miQf' III ·~I!I.'~,llj 1urn::rt

nwntied by barbed ,wire (se'_'~30 and 231,.
19, K[t(hell~

bQ<li"~ .. r,d n~ srn<>'<", -.!tJ..,"'gh rt

th3t,

(I'lin@ In the men's ~amp and

thouwnd~'ol g;;'~ri~ "~tin'l' we re heing th!'do'lii
IlltCi tMg~dln:I1,e1" ~ ~d b,irM\'" e'II'eill d,,;,;', .lnc" lh. ctem~!o~l~ ""(i~; overloaded,

flou rlIi tt;'~ Wl')mOlI1's eamp:!.

'l:O.-BuJ,di,-ip wfllth cl::rrhin~,branbtNlld I~ f'iiltt~~~es Vi"f" O!I,lr'~tE~<I. I:'I , G~!~I'.d·et;lll'~<';,
21..TI,ri;e·niet,; ..-r,!'ghb~l'b~dwir'.·-I"n<.:

SiC i1itl't"oori~ IV and V. ~, ttnl'V ~lr"h!)5,'Ii!'!'l J<l;~t and Urn cI~c,p,
I'rich ~!"r '~rtiie bo;t"rn.
~'\IF!",

_J,l (mp. ~reil(o~P?t;}to'~ and .~~&~~I).I~$'
,14'\'Y"I'I1~n:3"Ql.mpl

10, C'i'llwal

bDn'iH.k~ of ,sl.q\~.=arrd

II

,GI'Ollp

of 3U b;lIl1'il~lI$, n'rkr!."-,.<lrCa".'d,,
ai'no'.., ~r·

wc~d.
~~.T""lfj platfofl'l'L

9Y

Inlf!~IESI \.,rh,21'~ the' pru~e:;iil;in~

'rlv~'I!:~l'e serxed and w~u:tiiiied, 12. Ro"nJhi'NI!;,~nd orll(ci1os TOI' water pu·
riifkiiti;on."A S:E!wiiE! p'urlflci'tJon p!::;nf Wii:1 a:lso

Z~,TQiji"t$ ;toll W;I$!1rQOlI1, ~"l, 1sn's qJmp. 1
28, Mliin '''ntr~,"'l~e,
'~~i

~"gJ,jn,~6,,~~'Iin,lo:ih?t """"11~~n~rru~tJan ~.,. l

P.a,!",,~y Ihc'K!;"

o

tOO lOO ==<==
1')jl

~ ~

tlon P,Qssess ~d ~ ,,~Yli!~: !)!~rttl~tla" F'1'l'l1'AiJ waste mt&J' ll(';.veQ'Ir;-t.o ~~ew in.. tSll~!ioo~ "wj,
the mere-or 1~;!;pL.ri'ijed ','!:;l!e-r~el'lll"",e~

300W~iQI' pmn~lng ~fi!<iioll' ] I, Camp ad'll!,n'IH,~~ioll.l~1a~e_d btlild i~lI-'

ilw,

n,T", B,rke~~u__

.Ju, ~""~'i r!l.!i~l, T:1~,j; ~jJ ~n"~,Ir~¥I'r~i' :r~II'i"tati';Hn

r~

~

I oro'illiYi
DoI4'~'

¥", '!I.ill~
m),

i,n~to~I,.tbnvp~r~, h3Vt>I'Q'Q,as,'1d [errlb!,~, odOr;!;

oil

SPORT &: SOCCER FIELD In m~:t~s wanted to eli:g<l,g~ ln sp pr ['s. 011 the i.r"d.ay~ gffr anc:!"th~gllardshad 119obj~ctibn-in fact, [twas an order IlQ,m: 1-1 irn rnle r to ~UQW thern SP01'ts because he th{)!~~!1tt would increase bodiLy srrength and i hellJm,ake them <I better labor force, The inmates, 'formed teaJTIS and enJoyed n·iel1dly.QompetitiaD em Sa tui,day a fte ('11'0QI1S ap,d Si..mddyS:,\\:'[th_~ntl1nsi(l;5tjr. ,che,eriilg sect Iens , Even duo' gl.lO'ln\s formed a tr.;:am and played, ag<liniJ:t the inmatesl It i:s reported that [earns sometimes used the crematorium grounds; when there was Ito mom on the main field- {It!) (H] aiagr,Hll0n P<1g~40).
,One;iJf_lli~eTIe,<k11
,odgl'~'I1 kltc~e.I'l~ilt Binkelr"uth1!"t W,rs ,~t:in $~fI~ll1~ ba~ldri ~9-7', r

'Ct:@,jmtRr:t~.rit iI-tri?B[rk~[l~~, ,5Iit ~ 'llp.p'e~i'~il'In Fe~;,I'9'4~,

;silll' unq",r,1cqI1Str\l,,:
'ti t1t.- l~~'pa.i:1!!l!lt \,Ill>

THE KITCl[ENS The kitchens are also do~¢d to the publk, qs:telis!bi:y f~Jrpt"esel.'vatiqn and to pre vent V<iIldali~fi:J: Butwhy is that a con,~~e-l'n, some buUdinSs .;IIDd il9t uthers? for Acconling to Ditlieb Feld€rer, his slides show seve ral ~xtremely hfrge moldrlg Wits 6,tJ1 inside the builditlgs·_ ,Ml)S1C & II1AIING A book!I'I'l'itt~'n by a focmer Inmate described how they put on sl1~rwswith mu,$,il'and dancing <l[]d skits at Bh'l{ena:iL Ruth Elias "Jl$o mentioned the music "holvsinh€r hook Triunlph ofHop~- The remark:iblE' thing-is that the iSSgUlII'ds-sar: in tbeandienee $ide by 'side "lith th~'inmates, C O.QP~ v-e"in1_te.l'actii;lll b~:rati tween ,~llllrds- and prisoners was not un USHal_ Fo rt n$t~nCt;, they worked tog~tltersQr~n.gclcthing ar rhe "Canaci'a"wiir!:,hol.lse5<lud even took the opportunity to h<lv~"ff<lirs, There were a few marriages between 8"LIjl.1'\,ls aod\Ji'01venpr]spnel:sat IlirlWF1<lli,althop.gh oIlly <Lfterthe \\1<Lt Pl'i~Qtie.\'S,hawevel", were'aHo-wed tel many each other, Some; marl'iag~s took plaee and children weH~bern,

.M~&ulld mprg!.t~,;, latijr \:-all~~f th'e·~~af fh§/n5:\J~:-',c~'~'J~~~#i1,
,~.tl!Fight ce,Yriil*)'ti'

CREMATORIUMS There Were four "l(rCtnl<is" at Bir!wnau~ o[ whlch you can see the rui rus,todtl.y, Kremas II and Ill aTe. at the end of the road that runs from the maim entrance, while TV {1i r~6;nls;tru;ruo.o) ,awl, V-a re <ll:e nu rhi.ng more than foundatlons, just north (If the Central Sauna, 11' they 1""ere g~.chilmhel'S, it means there '\,'i'€re no

'oV1±~~

,wa'~,~ix' G~e;; ,Of'~,OR. i~
U~t~1

I~~h ~f$fiown~~"e~r

'thr~~J¥)~f

·.'.bl'.lY~rr.n!M.~I)· :~~er'ili~(ZiWqb IS; i
h,~a~~'tI ,~~"W'iT~',

~;l;i~t;:~~,e~' t~·b,;""

llBlERATlONAS PltO'PA,GANDA ~Ije photograph 011 this 'page is n·om footage used Ina SClvj€t pl'Op<lgaJ.1.cia film, shot bYdPol±sh,soldierlibe.l'at(H', nd sh D~'Sthe Birken 8Iu,cio th:ing \var" houses a (known OIS "Canach:i") bunjjog, l'r1 the clis'!:iJ.JiC€We see tall ef'ematOr!urri t:hlrrmeys that h"dstlppo.s~dly been hlowfliip by theretreating Naz!,s Qil~.wl?~k,b'r;{bte., The ( story gQ~~ the S'5 1\ b'~ncloned th:e co m plflXon lauthat u.a:ry IS, hut gent a Cf-E\V b<1ck011 rhe aoth [.0 bl{)~' up Crematoriss 1[; ]11 and V befure the Rus.sians .<lidvanced on th.~ ca.:rnp"i Wf'lkh
turnedout r.{jbe on J::m:.,:&'7J

n1(rJ:SUCi;d LJ ring the ~IJ t:elT]bl.e typhus <':J;J!qemtes that struck.the camp, KT~mas IV end V bad shower rooms ~4'jia~¥\ilf~~;i,! ~~~. artd werecleseto the S<llmJ,which also had IlShOWeT il{ier ~lJe)l'had blcwn it room: The musaum-ssysthese shower roams WH~ re!jip,{jJ1~"g:!am~ It';:iil (lllyg~s chambers, which means there was-onlv one. tlj~('GkiTJ~~Jn :tQQ}: shower 1'0 om, in the Sa,U1)a, f61'9.>0"oQQpri s on-er;r f!'~~ ropei;l,_o:lf, With a' W M~'I~ ~i.~~I~i:i~iilg, There i~li ttla ,~Oll ht.a1} the Kp~:rTh18 El~deGtfoy~;d. it: i~',Un di3rg6ffig: by tile Soviets. ~holt]Y after their artivdit eveo.t It:Qugh a 1l:~~~~l;!~e' book liol11 the.Ausehwitz Museum 5a)'s that 'Crematoblre:SiervaIn'pn jYJ'.o:Jj",ass·: ri ~lw n arid Il d wem blown up by the Nazis on la 11, ~a. 1915, Yet the 6ffit~1!y aQc~ptiid date that tJ:H~ G~~'111anS a.btlJ'ldolie:d the ramp j~ Ianuary I$,-I:1iI'O difys earlier r----------~~ T11~ S9,,;iets 'fui,uid only i'J few tied,d, b6dj~ at-the BirbmalJ ,camp, pres(t'Ive:d by the t'r.'et!:zing weather,. The'c1;,~mBdon ovens had been G1S111a!llflea and taken fi'om the cJmp In November ~9-44:, ~fl:t!r rernovlng the roofs.

R.j!fJi If;O~ ~Gt~tri~tQI'tl~ rn II.phqtPtt'llpihll!d"br,~~.Q:

This: is: tb~ bi:~t.eyicl('Q,c,etha,ttheBaviet myth of th €Na1:':IS' des] rete ~!d'egt~oy
the traces of their crimes" is j ust thdt~a myth, ThE' SS had left behind a total of

~:a:ri~

survivors !.:'<I p.<lb I~ 'C)U te iliJ~g thdl' ,stQf)! ttl, the €'n~my) :;'0' what wmitd he the point-of demclishmg thecrematori um' bu:ildings1 The high iy pu bl icized Sovie t "liberatlnn" of AIJ30hwltz lsa.work of propaganda. The Red Arrnyhappened Up8Il tbs camp, told thi;:people found there th~y were £ree tole~vr:!, ·tindcominueil {in the.I:J' way West. THe prisoners were left to find the'lf'way hdm~ ~l)1de]'~ilpp<iJ1ing nditi'Qfi$~ Soviet intc.llige:llce m lJ,nits.then rrM)ve~ inand.dedded haw bsstto t\s'ew.bk1t
70G!]

ove r

~h.:c, ~rpillljiik;~ih?~1i'8' i.";,ii'
PIr(lit'$'~~QW$'
.. ~ ,.Q. .. ~' ~

at,>BJid{~ nau

a u rril~~'i

... "';!I~,

!tcmti'tit'n:ir,afwrcl'l'd ;;l~. dya,1'~t~b!e'1~~I:e~,~n
J'Zin:':!l:7 i wttfl'~ri;;iI)iI~¥' rl~'I:hinln~*~.s~ir! , Stit]:J13,logiil) thoe pittl&

they founa to advance their

0""11 Cd use.

left,l'llin,$.·.af re"Qnstw

~R!In.,

!V-~¥efnh!s It 11

ctlo n! Ail Elgediy,th 8:' Poljsl1 people 'll;r~ed off all t.he ol"l,t<rl~jhrid~$"

The' myth of t lw ALl~chw Itl; dea.th camp wa sea 11strurred, snd has undergone rn any >d\sl;iu'(lssj~j(i;' then, 1'11<=numbero] fOJ1rJlltWiJll "gafiS:ed'J-is pj)obflhly the InajO(Cil5~lilIty of his ~Qr~cal evisio nism=bu t there'll r(:' r m"ny others.

g:'i:).~nd,:Th~.$.~f~ll)fi

a1:e b!arj1d1ld for"oo -t1'1~
it.m>i;i!!h:.r1i.Jofsii'

~1l§'f!f'E:~'1.lfcl~r~J4~~~ ~I l'''~hdde;~U"Oyingtlhe': e

A'USCFIWn:Z~B lRKENAU MEM '0 RlAL
At the did Of fhe inaill road rhm u,gh ~Ilteriail!ust j p:a.r>t thel'uined c!'ell)1lltori lim S, I[and III (wbere ypu see

the number

i),em

the diagramon pa~e 40) is a lru:~e

sculpture and many plaques, each lna different Iangtj{!ge~ but '!!I:ith the same I:nsci:iptlon:: "FOr.ever. Iet th(~ pi9.O:: be a.cry of d:esp.ai.1' arid .1. wam:i1l.g t9 htm1,mit}';wheJ'~ the N~~~srnur-

dered about oneend a half million men,
womenandchildren, mil Ltlly ~e\vs; f["{)m vario us CQUIlt!:i ~ of Europe"
AUSfH'VVlTZ "BIRI(ENAU

'19¥H945 Howe~'er, previous to 1990' and the collapse ..ofthe50vi.et Union. this ii,J,s£r~ptiofl d<llmlf1g, 4' niillion.deathswas on theplaques.aud quite fam!)!]!t i1 \'1&, The dis9t~p<lJ1C)' b~~\;ee:ii.4 million aud 1.5 mlllien didll'Lr:es.ult in a eh~[lge in thc'ovbaH 6 million Srov~~tUnion, .Accordjngt!j Wil~t€t Staeglich in The Ausd'wft;,: Myt~J GeniJa;t1 ~nd A!1~trlansoldiers whO! were iruerned at dJ1e camp.as POW'$ bftheSaviets after the war reported they saw I1Q traees of alleged massm l;ir:d~t'.sarlrW~lel'etn the. ~JnJp5,"The SOlliets did n is l· pel'J:lJ it outsiders tO~lspeCt tl'l Ii: gwCi nds, u Tli,~ 46·v.tll11me,tl Of "D'eath BndkS· k~p1 btthe A LtS,chl>i'~b;p.ditic:a~ departmentaad ccm5,scateri by Ih~ Sovietswel'E turned ever to the In l::ematinnal Committee of the R-ed Cross in "9&9.-These r€cords show
around 69.01)0 pr.iSQ1't,€r:$. diedbetween -~?p~Bilfl~:~.i!l'~'i~_~'
'J! f,iJ;l~.L~e,,'N,k~~~!i!.,11~1i'I

"in:~crlptiQ')':l'1oriy~en't
i5JIJ'

ihepf,igjna,ll"la'Gluc:!,

in

~~e,,,c~[1i,e1' Ji:~t.

pt~tfl until 'I' ?:90',

~~~Ge-j [I rstf~p-~!'1i A

;]ifd it<?fI!J?RI"I,~1~~
,c3re;i~p''e~t'e!l'!:O'~

flgme, nor has. a.E1y.jlde!J)ll<l~e elf)JJat1atro.n bee n ~V(al mr the failul'l:. tOTtQUc€ the latter figure,
Such j s the oature of the Ausc owi t l":Bj do(cf;"Jl au

·fi¢'~t.~:~, H!i~"'~~~~, u .. _ r ~ .~ ~
'of MHa~,';':

exp~riE'n6:'. Th~ lastroll call, E~lmtTon ]alllliUy 17,19451 slrowtd! a t.ot<l] of 11?!;:q,6 PJi~i@ers; in A:usdiwi tz [-lo,,;o3G men and 6"L9.€iwomen .. The tor'll count fo!' ail threeeampswas 67.,011, aC(erdi11;g

lilly 29~ 1~;l41

to DanutaCzech,

.~~iiia(,~."..?

l'he;;pI'Menf pla"l~e

rlili~tt~ ri~pf
• .

·faulp mIJlh:m':Y.{ct!r,ns;

EVe(l WIth' the pub!idry of the Nuremberg Trials; Au~dl\~r-itzl'erl1ain~dvirrntllIy milplp,vri [0 th~ public fur a ~¢cade after t lie \o';~r,,111 d tt:'aJly did n't b~tQme tb(' phehtJlllenOn it is tQd~y l.mlil198~f,i'lI't~~~ f.flll of the. the

,TI!iid O<'C, 31, i941l~".5 yeilisI. T1i!.!'t!~~!it:~' deatb hpo~i; .itrE'1l1i~ssing, as are tho_~e'fClr 1944!3a~J{e<i;ill tlvilSe records, the Irttematiena] Red Cress 'h,1l)s'esriOl3;[€"d thin: a total of Mound 13~,oooI[tegistered! prisoners, Jf.!VIo'S nd nNl·i.ews, died in the thrEe a Auschwitz camps du;~'inglts.<'nti.r('exi;;tellQ~, These and other records.ere now avai1abJ~<lt the Internatiq:l1'~] TI:~titlgS~I,Ij:tei[1' Bad Am.lsp:n, Ge!'m.<lIhY,·

Get more copies-of this:ho:oIuet:

Auschwitz:
You hold In

The Underground Guided Tour
youe hands III remarkable study oft\uschwit~. thal is unlike anything )'!;t p uhlished. I'll ough it is purposely !1mal]

in.;sfz·e and fa:sy J:Gl"[j~(I, Itc<1r,rie@.<'Ilpowe.1'ful punch, The ..uthor ~riscite;d Auschwitzas.a tourist armed with a brQa:d.sruciyrif the literature. sl.l.I'l'Ol.lfldlng the world-famous site, a Ilq From that vis] t has; pmmf'~e.d to d~'i('iJ\Si'I"1,!ct the NlSCb:vvit.z 511own to n.;! L" and othel'Jl i3!S a "de/lt[," or "exterminaticn" camp. By calling the reader on ali i'Undef.'gl'o~l11dguicl~~tq~" around, AlDschlNltZl-.Bh'kenm.l, she t;Jearl}' demonstrate; it to, be', at varyi ng times and I'DC4:ltio.Mv.'itlliH the ptiriruetel'S, /3, ~inlpl e labor, roncentrarlonand Itr4b1:sit eamp fowpolitical prisoners, where the health of tb.e.hjJln.ne.'lwii1s,,~l.I! pr,i;mlE!tan(l~l'11, of the tOi Ii1p authorities, Sound unbeLieva:.blciA~r re?lding thi S c<ll'efLIU)' researched book, }1i11.1wi l~see the horror ::;wl'ies few SQ'lQ1J~ spread about Ausehwltz-Bi rkenau j11, a new nght, and:)'Qu rnay w;:!f,' well be 50 impressed you'll wa.l1t to share your newvislon with alb ·ers. 1'hi s eau tlllU:;Iy w rit,tJe.liwGrk: m m:~stmVo\!~d ~ ill rpri sl ng .eonclusion that leaYe51J:B p e nd.eI'lTI8 how. 50 tn uch that is not true has, seeped into QUI' 0Onstioll5;n€!SS <is "fact-" Auschwk~; The VnaEwgT'ound Guided Tour tsofknver, iI~ pages, #!B5, SlO) is available from l'BR, RLl Box L5877, W;;ishingto,n" nc. 2QOQ3';' Cit 11tell fl'ee at !':.'fj77-773-,)o'17 to ch:t1:~gecopies to V(~'a(l,l' Me. Np S&li.i:l1sid-e: V.S. B.ULK-P]St:OiJNTS~ 1-5 copies are $10 each: 6-49 copies are $7 each: 50-99 pi:JplC!.S,:tr-e each; lc:ltH)f more are redueecl ~o j~.lstS5 each. :ji6 ., em' s. FREE COpy DFTHT.S 1300ICl.ETwhE'1l fo-u'Subscribe to'THE
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't:)RS65 perre:arinCanad<l/Mexico OR$BO~I:yeaJ all ether ilal1lJillilfseni vi<l air mail, Respo'nd to address flbov~ and mention you subsrribed from the Ausdr.vlrz booklet. Call 1-877-773'-9077 tell freft ro charge, SUJ3;SOUBE.OR.ORJ)ER BOOKS ONllN.EAT \'l\'Y"\oV,BARN'ESREM E,W,qRG.