Definition of the Internet Industry : The Internet market includes an Internet infrastructure service segment and an Internet application

service segment. Internet infrastructure services mainly include Internet access services, domain name registration services, Internet data center (IDC) services and CDN services, while Internet application services mainly embrace E-mail box, search engine, instant messaging, online games, online advertising, E-business and other new application services. Polices:
South Korea has emerged to become the world leader in Internet connectivity and speed. The government had established policies and programs that facilitated a rapid expansion and use of broadband.

Real name policy: There is a government-level proposal to stamp out anonymity in the South Korean internet environment. The KCC(Knowledge Consistency Checker) considers to stop the real name policy. Wireless broadband policy:
South Korea offers wireless broadband in major cities. Wibro and HSDPA is the most common technology used in South Korea's wireless broadband. Many public restaurants offer free Wi-Fi Internet during business hours.

Internet in South Korea
South Korea has emerged to become the world leader in Internet connectivity and speed. The government had established policies and programs that facilitated a rapid expansion and use of broadban

it became the first country to achieve over 50% broadband penetration per capita. as does a high penetration of consumer electronics in general. about 8. Many public restaurants offer free Wi-Fi Internet during business hours. such as Seoul and Incheon. ADSL is standard.[2] Particularly Seoul.[5] It also has the cheapest.[3] In January 2006. and the government actively supports this.8% of South Korean mobile phones had Internet access.[10] The KCC considers to stop the real name policy. ADSL commonly offers speeds of 2 Mbit/s to 8 Mbit/s. VDSL is commonly found in newer apartments while ADSL is normally found in landed properties where the telephone exchange is far away. Criticism Then CEO of Google. has been called "the bandwidth capital of the world". Many apartment buildings in built-up metropolitan areas. The Internet has a higher status for many Koreans than it does in the West. Now there are experiments with speeds of 1 Gigabit per second. and President Lee Myung-bak. but VDSL has started growing quickly.[6] Wireless broadband South Korea offers wireless broadband in major cities. it was the first country to complete the conversion from dial-up to broadband. The large proportion of South Korea's population living in apartment blocks helps the spread of DSL. in 2005 96.[9] Real name policy There is a government-level proposal to stamp out anonymity in the South Korean internet environment. Eric Schmidt. the nation's capital. a major ISP provider in South Korea has started a campaign named "Happy Internet Mentoring" in 2010 for Korean middle school students in order to solve the Internet addiction problem in Korea.[4] By 2005. Internet addiction It is estimated that South Korea has over 2 million Internet addicts. . Wibro and HSDPA is the most common technology used in South Korea's wireless broadband.National program South Korea leads in the number of DSL connections per head worldwide. with VDSL accordingly faster. Additionally. fastest broadband in the world. South Korea's broadband network is the fastest [1] and according to the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation the most developed in the world. due to their desire to spend an average of 10 hours per day playing online games in Internet cafes.[7] In one incident a couple were convicted after starving their baby to death.[8]SK Broadband. have speeds of up to 100 Mbit/s. made a negative remark on the South Korean internet environment for falling "a little bit behind" due to governmental regulations during a conference with Choi See-Joong.5% of the Korean web users. chairman of Korea Communications Commission.

violence. China and South Korea. on Australia [4] and on the European Union [5]. economic security (fraud. protection of privacy (unauthorized communication of personal data. pornography). illegal drug production. Instead. protection of human dignity (incitement to racial hatred or racial discrimination). A recent survey by Georgia Tech showed that censorship is the number one concern of Net users [1]. the power of the Internet is precisely the reason that governments want to regulate it. Singapore. intellectual property (unauthorized distribution of copyrighted works. Can countries considering regulating the Internet learn from the new rules developed by those that have blazed the trail? Or must each country. a comparison of Japan and the USA. unlawful comparative advertising). electronic harassment). [3]. as it were. instructions on pirating credit cards). Country-specific studies raise the question of how widely applicable the new rules might be. This paper does not argue the merits or demerits of Internet content regulation: the demerits are too often pronounced although tangible proof tends to be sparse.Norms Introduction Content regulation of the Internet has recently come to the fore of public debate as an issue that both governments and Net users are concerned about. Lessons are drawn from what each of these countries has deemed illegal. This paper aims to answer those questions by analyzing the approaches adopted by countries that have attempted to regulate Internet content. In the above instances. . The European Union paper on "Illegal and harmful content on the Internet" probably best sums up the fears of governments about the Internet: • • • • • • • • national security (instructions on bomb-making. this paper simply studies instances of regulation in the following countries: United States. the studies were country-specific and probably necessarily so. terrorist activities). How widely these fears serve as a rationale for censorship is considered below. reinvent the wheel. the merits are often defended by regulators who equally lack tangible proofs. Often users say that the Net is a powerful medium that will be stifled by regulation. Pressures to regulate the Internet Net users appear puzzled by governments' intention to regulate the Internet. protection of minors (abusive forms of marketing. protection of reputation (libel. France. The concern is reflected in the recent focus of papers from private and public sectors on Singapore [2]. However. software or music) [ibid]. information security (malicious hacking). Regulation in this area is new and so those who seek to regulate the area have to study the wider implications of even minor changes in law.

the Interior Ministry has the power to monitor contents. the labeling and filtering systems are not compatible. By one count. In Vietnam. In 1995. at least one person has been denied access to the Internet under South Korea's National Security Law to prevent such contact [23]. Second. The Office has broad powers to censor: its scope of coverage encompasses material on bulletin-board services (BBS). This is similar to the French idea of having more Franco space. Anyone can be arrested for speaking in favor of North Korea (Kim citing NYT). The European Commission has recommended a voluntary code of conduct on the Internet. flowing over the Internet. Prosecutors in South Korea have stated that stern measures would be taken against anybody trying to access North Korean home pages on the World Wide Web [21]." "may cause a loss of national sovereignty. A newspaper reported a government official as declaring that should a South Korean meet a North Korean on the Internet. emotions and the sense of value. chat rooms. According to a nonprofit activist group. the Minister of Communication can order an information provider to delete and restrict the material. instead of the telecommunication regulator because the police monitor data coming into the country [29]. First. Internet users are held legally responsible for any information they provide or receive [21]. including e-mail. Under the There are however. In the recent grounding of the North Korean submarine.isoc. and other "public domain services" that "encroaches on public morals.HTM#s9 . at least two problems. the European Union has to develop a framework to clarify the administrative rules and regulations that apply to access and content providers [27]." Under the law. he would have to report to police within seven days [22]. and suggests using labeling and filtering along the lines of PICS (Platform for Internet Content Selection). South Koreans who went online and questioned the official version were investigated [24]. South Korea stands out for its unique regulation of political speech: contact with and even expressions of sympathy toward North Korea are forbidden. Recently. a spokesperson from the Middle East state of United Arab Emirates was reported as attempting to censor the Internet using Singapore as a model: it wanted to use proxy servers as filters and issue Internet access licenses through the police. Canada's federal regulator says it may regulate content on the Internet to provide for more Canadian content [28]." and "information that may harm youths' character. which established the Information & Communication Ethics Office. one of the three service providers for online and Internet content counted more than 220. Others Several Internet regulations and proposals for regulations should also be noted.South Korea Probably the first country to have any Internet-specific censorship law is South Korea.000 deleted messages in the first eight months of 1996 [20]. South Korea passed the Electronic Communication Business Law. http://www.

Moreover. Individuals and organizations may engage in self-censorship for moral. due to intimidation. http://en. While some countries have little Internet censorship. or business reasons. or access to information on the Internet. to conform to societal norms. Opinions on the topic of Internet censorship vary. and . with arguments being made both for and against censorship. An example is the increased censorship due to the events of the Arab Spring. the extent of Internet censorship varies on a country-to-country basis.wikipedia. religious. regulators.Internet censorship is the control or suppression of the publishing of. protests. or on their own initiative. other countries go as far as to limit the access of information such as news and suppress discussion among citizens. It may be carried out by governments or by private organizations at the behest of government. or out of fear of legal or other consequences. Internet censorship also occurs in response to or in anticipation of events such as elections.