SLIDE 1: Amman Imman Water is Life 1.

Today, we are going to tell you about Amman Imman which means “Water is Life.” 2. Q: What is Amman Imman? A: An organization that helps build wells for the Azawak people. Wells bring water from the ground up to the people A: Amman Imman involves kids like us to help Azawak kids like these two girls. 3. The big problem is that people in the Azawak do not have enough water. SLIDE 2: Who are the people of the Azawak 1. There are a lot of poor people in this world, and there is a lot of suffering. Why should we give special attention to the people of the Azawak? 2. We need to give special attention to the people of the Azawak because water is the most important thing people need to live. And the Azawak people do not have enough water to survive. 3. So who are the people of the Azawak?

SLIDE 3: Map 1. Before I tell you about the Azawak, and the problems that they have, I want to show you where they live on the map. 2. Niger is a country located in West Africa. It is one of the poorest countries in the world and the Azawak region can be considered THE poorest region in one of the POOREST countries in the world. 3. The Azawak region, which is highlighted in red on the bottom map, is in Niger and Mali. As you can see, it is a very large region covering 80,000 square miles (about the size of Florida) with 500,000 people (about the number of people living in Washington DC). SLIDE 4: How they live and work 1. Most of the Azawak people used to move from place to place and raise animals to live. But, rainy seasons are getting shorter and shorter. 15 years ago, the rainy season lasted about 5 months. Now, the rainy season lasts only 1.5 to 3 months.

Because of this, there is not enough water for the pastures to grow and feed animals. So the animals die. 2. Without animals, the people have to settle down in villages. But without a water source, they can’t grow food and make it a home. One man who used to have 300 cows and camel said, “A few years ago, my herd size went down from 150 animals to 20 animals. In 2005, I only had a few left. Today, I have none, and am starting to grow millet and other food. But without water or rain, this too is a real challenge.” 3. So the people of the Azawak aren’t just thirsty, but are hungry too. Many only eat less than one meal a day. SLIDE 5: Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world Remember I said that Niger is a poor country? Well, in most of the villages outside of the Azawak, people are poor, but they still have: キ Trails leading from one village to the next キ Health care centers within a days walk キ Schools within a few hours walk キ Most importantly, wells in practically every village But the Azawak villages: キ Have almost no paths or trails キ There are only a few schools and you’d have to walk for days to get to school. キ  A health center is at least a 2 day donkey ride away. Imagine being deathly ill, and having to ride a donkey for two days to get to a “health center”, where you would not find a real doctor. But the two biggest problems are: キ There are no permanent sources of water. In the Azawak, most people do not even have a cup of water to drink in a day. キ And even worse, there aren’t any organizations besides Amman Imman helping them with their water problem SLIDE 6: During the short rainy season 1. During the one month rainy season, it is the time of celebration and happiness because everyone has plenty of water to drink, cook, wash dishes and clothes, and bathe with. Animals are healthy and there’s lots of milk to drink.

2. During the rainy season, holes in the ground fill up with water but the water is full of dirt and other unhealthy things that we do not have in our water. 3. Yet this is the happy time…the best that they have!

SLIDE 7: Children traveling for water 1. The very hard times begin when these water holes dry out. That’s when people often have to travel over 35 miles to find other open wells or boreholes. 2. Everyone is in charge of fetching water, including young children. Children get on their donkeys at 4 in the morning and ride about 15 miles in 125 degree Farenheit weather without water or much food. In the afternoon, they arrive at one of the few water sources often to a very deep well usually dug the length of a football field (250-300 feet deep ). 3. If they are lucky, the well hasn’t been overused and they will be able to pull out water. Often, however, the well is dry, and not even mud can be pulled out. Since there are so few water sources in the region, children have to ride yet another 10 to 15 miles to the next water source, and often do not return home until one or two days later. 4. Sadly, more often than we’d like to imagine, the children return home too late with their five gallons of water, and come home to find out that one of their siblings has passed away from dehydration while waiting. SLIDE 8: Rainy Season and Dry Season These are some pictures to look at about how it is in the rainy season and the dry season. SLIDE 9: Half of the children die before the age of 5 1. In the Azawak, half of the children die before the age of five, from diseases caused by dirty water or simply because they do not have any water at all to drink. 2. Some will also die of simple infections. For example, a little girl had a pimple on her cheek. But because there was no water to clean her wound when her pimple burst, her entire face became extremely infected and swelled up. When the Amman Imman team found her, she could hardly breathe. The team rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was a day drive away, where she was able to get antibiotics to reduce her infection and swelling. This little girl survived. But how many

other children die for lack of water to treat their wounds? Imagine dying due to a simple pimple.

SLIDE 10: Wells of Love 1. Wells of Love is a program that teaches students like us to protect our earth and to help other people. We can all become a Hero of Compassion by starting with the people of the Azawak of West Africa. 2. Already, Amman Imman has worked with students in over 50 schools to help the people of the Azawak through the Wells of Love program. 3. Next, I’ll show some of the ways to become a Hero of Compassion. SLIDE 11: A Walk for Water 1. A Walk for Water is a group walk that symbolizes the 35 miles that a child living in the Azawak has to travel to get water for their family. Students walk a certain distance, often around 3 miles, and raise funds by asking their school community, friends, family, and local businesses to sponsor them, usually no less than $5.00 for each mile walked. SLIDE 12: Amman-a-Thon 1. Another action you can take with your school is to do an Amman-a-thon. This is an event which is fun and raises money to build a Well of Love for the Azawak. You can practice all kinds of activities like hopping on one leg, twirling a hula hoop, shooting baskets, jumping rope, doing jumping jacks and other activities. 2. At the same time, you ask family and friends to sponsor you by donating a certain amount of money for your activity. For example, they can give you 5 cents for each time you jump rope. On Amman-a- thon Day, you partner with a friend, listen for “go” from the teacher, and count each hop, jump, hula hoop and basket until the teacher shouts, “stop.” For example, I dribbled a basketball about 500 times and I jump roped about 100 times. SLIDE 13: Montessori Wells of Love With the money we raised, we helped build the Montessori Well of Love in the Village of Kijigari in the Azawak. SLIDE 14: Drilling equipment This is how they build the boreholes in the Azawak. It took five drilling rigs of equipment, and drilling 24 hours a day for a week to dig the borehole. That’s 168 hours!

SLIDE 15: Clean water all year With water, all other forms of life can sprout. In the place where one other well was built, these are the things that happened afterwards: 1) A school has been built and children are learning French and math and other subjects. 2) 3) The children have planted a school garden There are even classes for adults

4) And there are new programs to help them grow food SLIDE 16: How you can help I want you to help the children of the Azawak. Not many people are interested in helping them. These children deserve to live and have hope. In order to live and have hope, they need compassionate and caring people like you. There are so many fun and easy ways to help the Azawak people. I really hope that you can help!!!

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