INTRODUCTION The Cold War was a continuing state of political and military tension between the powers of the

Western world, led by the United States and its NATO allies, and the communist world, led by the Soviet Union, its satellite states and allies.1 This began after the success of their temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the USSR and the US as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences. The Soviet Union created the Eastern Bloc with the eastern European countries it occupied, maintaining these as satellite states. The post-war recovery of Western Europe was facilitated by the United States' Marshall Plan, while the Soviet Union, wary of the conditions attached, declined and set up COMECON with its Eastern allies. The United States forged NATO, a military alliance using containment of communism as a main strategy through the Truman Doctrine, in 1949, while the Soviet bloc formed the Warsaw Pact in 1955.2 Some countries aligned with either of the two powers, whilst others chose to remain neutral with the Non-Aligned Movement. Globalization refers to the increasingly global relationships of culture, people, and economic activity. It is generally used to refer to economic globalization such as the global distribution of the production of goods and services, through reduction of barriers to international trade such as tariffs, export fees, and import quotas and the reduction of restrictions on the movement of capital and on investment.3 It began towards the end of the nineteenth century, but it slowed down during the period from the start of the First World War until the third quarter of the twentieth century. This slowdown can be attributed to the inward-looking policies pursued by a number of countries in order to protect their respective industries. However, the pace of globalization picked up rapidly during the fourth quarter of the twentieth century. Globalization may contribute to economic growth in developed and developing countries through increased specialization and the principle of comparative advantage. The term can also refer to the transnational circulation of ideas, languages, and popular culture. The term was rarely used before 1989 but it had become popular after the cold war. Globalization can be described as one world system where all actors have to play by the same economic rules. Globalization has also become master discourse of the governments all around the world.
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www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/coldwar/ David S. Painter, 1999, The Cold War: An International History, page 89 3 Roland Robertson, 1992, Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture, page 176

increased economic interdependence. United Nations and the European Union to focus more on the challenge of facilitating the transition in countries that had little experience of running market democracies. page 72 Ibid. especially in core areas located in North America. US applied their power into international institutions can be seen as one of the most effective and acceptable way for them exercising hegemony. Economic powers are usually known as the growth. Steve Smith & Patricia Owens.4 Globalizations also had destroyed the logic of anarchy and promote the capitalism on the global system. page 75 . That means globalization had made the international system more secure and the US become more powerful. The US can be count as a superpower without mission. The spread of democracy in an increasingly interdependent world economy would make the international system consider as a safer place. The impact of globalization also had effected on the world economy.Post-Cold War has made NATO. Globalization after the Cold War has been assumed as undermining borders and states. Economic powers provide special advantages to the new US hegemony under conditions of unipolarity. Their objective was to help these countries to develop and gain more experience and become more independent to run their market democracies in the future. 2008. Europe and East Asia. climate changes and also the more general distribution of power in the international system.5 4 5 John Baylis. quite literally abolishing the Westphalian system. and also massive wealth creation. The Globalization of World Politics. The impact of globalization had effected on the global inequality.

co. 1992. Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture. The Globalization of World Politics. www. 2008. page 72 & 75 . Steve Smith & Patricia Owens. Painter.uk/history/worldwars/coldwar/ 2. David S.REFERENCES 1. John Baylis. page 89 3.bbc. Roland Robertson. The Cold War: An International History. 1999. page 176 4.

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