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# MICROWAVE and RF ENGINEERING E&CE 493/671 Assignment #1

## Problem #1 (25 marks)

(a) (b) Obtain expressions for the voltage and current standing-wave patterns on a lossless opencircuited transmission line. Sketch these patterns. A transmission line with Zc = 50 ohms is terminated in an impedance 75 j50 ohms. Find the reflection coefficient, standing-wave ratio, and fraction of the incident power delivered to the load. On a transmission line with Zc = 50 ohms, the voltage at a distance 0.30 from the load is 4 - j3. The corresponding current is 2 amp. Determine the normalized load impedance.

(c)

## Problem #2 (25 Marks)

For a discontinuity in a microstrip, the following scattering-matrix parameters were measured: 1 2 2 1 2 SA11 = j SA12 = j SA22 = + j 3 3 3 3 3 (a) Find the parameters of an equivalent ZA network that will represent the 2-port network whose scattering matrix is SA. (b) Find the overall scattering matrix of the following network: SA
0.25

SA

0.5

SA

( c ) If the overall network is terminated by a load with a reflection coefficient L . Find the reflection coefficient at the input of network #4 and network #1. #1-SA
0.25

#2-SA

0.5

#3-SA

0.25

#4-SA

## Problem #3 (25 Marks)

A four-port network has the scattering matrix shown below. (a) Is this network lossless? (b) Is this network reciprocal? (c) What is the return loss at port 1 when all other ports are matched? (d) What is the scattering matrix between ports 2 and 4, when all other ports are matched? (e) What is the reflection coefficient seen at port 1 if an open circuit is placed at the terminal plane of port 3, and all other ports are matched?

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0.1 1 [S ] = 2 1 2

/ 90 o / 45o / 45o 0

1 2

/ 45o 0 0

1 2 0 0 1 2

/ 45o

1 2

/ 45o

/ 45o

1 o / 45 2 1 o / 45 2 0 0

Problem #4 ( 25 Marks)
A four-port network has the scattering matrix shown below. a) If ports 3 and 4 are connected together with a lossless matched transmission line with an electrical length of 135, find the scattering matrix between ports 1 and 2.

## 0.6 / 90o 0 [S ] = 0 0.8 / 0

0 0.707 / 45 0.707 / 45 0
o o

## 0 0.707 / 45 0.707 / 45o 0

o

0.8 / 0

0 0 o 0.6 / 90

b) Find the reflection coefficient at port 1 if port 3 is matched, port 2 is terminated by a short circuit and port 4 is terminated by an open circuit. c) Find the scattering matrix between ports 1 and 2 if ports 3 and 4 are connected by a network having the following scattering matrix Sc: 2 1 3 j 3 Sc= j2 3 1 2 + j 3 3 j 2 3

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## Problem #5 (10 Marks -Bonus)

5a) Calculate the S-parameters of the following 2port network. Za= j50, Zb= j100 and Zc=j100. The impedance input and output ports are 50 .

5b) Calculate the scattering matrix of the 2-port network shown below.

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