ECN 6240 Labor Economics

Gerald A. Collins, Instructor

A Reflective Paper

On the Topic: OSHA: the Occupational Health and Safety Administration

By: Katrina Kruszka School of Business Madonna University

April 3, 2012

Watch your step! Heads up! OSHA is the Occupational Health and Safety Administration. OSHA is part of the US Department of Labor. The administrator

public employees. Employers must follow all relevant OSHA safety and health standards. except miners. State programs must meet or exceed federal OSHA standards for workplace safety and health. which sets and enforces protective workplace safety and health standards. OSHA also provides information. and incentives.100 inspectors on the job through more than 200 offices nationwide. employers have the responsibility to provide a safe workplace. training. It partners with states to put 1. find and correct safety and health hazards.for OSHA is the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health. (OSH Act of 1970). and the self-employed. The agency was created in 1971 by the Occupational Health and Safety Act. They . who is a member of the cabinet of the President of the United States. training. The OSH Act of 1970 covers employers and their employees either directly through federal OSHA programs or through an OSHA-approved state program. labels. chemical information sheets and other methods. inform employees about chemical hazards through training. color-coded systems. All workers. and assistance to employers and workers. alarms. OSHA's administrator answers to the Secretary of Labor. fall under the protection of OSHA. OSHA establishes safety standards and provides enforcement. The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) was passed to prevent workers from being killed or seriously harmed at work. Under the OSH Act. transportation workers. This law created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). OSHA is on a mission to assure the safety and health of the American workforce.

Keep accurate records of work-related injuries and illnesses. This complaint must be filed within 30 days of the alleged discrimination. Employees can also use their rights under the law without the fear of retaliation or discrimination. Although. If an employee is fired. methods to prevent harm. post OSHA citations. To file a complaint asking OSHA to inspect their workplace if they believe there is a serious hazard or that their employer is not following OSHA rules. Nor can they discriminate or retaliate against any worker for using their rights under the law. . employees also have rights under the OSH Act. Employees also have the right to review records of work-related injuries and illnesses. Provide required personal protective equipment at no cost to workers. To get copies of test results done to find and measure hazards in the workplace. transferred or discriminated against in any way for using their rights under the law. injury and illness summary data. demoted. OSHA will keep all identities confidential.It’s The Law” poster in the workplace where workers will see them. the right receive information and training (in a language workers can understand) about chemical and other hazards. and OSHA standards that apply to their workplace. these rights include: the right working conditions that do not pose a risk of serious harm. When requested.must notify OSHA within 8 hours of a workplace fatality or when three or more workers are hospitalized (1-800-321-OSHA [6742]). they can file a complaint with OSHA. and the OSHA “Job Safety and Health .

comply with the Occupational Safety and Health Act. Kentucky. There are currently 22 States and jurisdictions operating complete State plans (covering both the private sector and State and local government employees) and 5 .Connecticut.which cover public employees only. Maryland. Compliance assistance is available through the website at http://www.osha. New Jersey.html. Michigan. they may be held to slightly different or additional requirements. California. Tennessee. OSHA approves and monitors State plans and provides up to 50 percent of an approved plan's operating costs. Vermont.OSHA provides resources to help employers prevent occupational injuries and illnesses. North Carolina. Washington and Wyoming. Iowa. Section 18 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (the Act) encourages States to develop and operate their own job safety and health programs. New York. Utah. New Mexico. . Minnesota. New York and the Virgin Islands . the Virgin Islands. Virginia. Illinois. South Carolina. this page provides resources to help employers comply with and workers understand OSHA requirements and learn about OSHA's cooperative programs. and learn about OSHA's cooperative programs. Puerto Rico. Oregon. Connecticut. Illinois. These states include: Alaska. New Jersey. Indiana. If your employer is involved in an OSHA-approved state program. Hawaii. Arizona. OSHA is committed to helping employers and workers get the information they need for safe and healthy workplaces.

and operate occupational safety and health training and education programs. cover public (State and local government) employees. Such consultation may be provided either under the plan or through a special agreement of the Act.States must set job safety and health standards that are "at least as effective as" comparable federal standards. most States provide free on-site consultation to help employers identify and correct workplace hazards. targeted inspections – such as particular hazards or high injury rate and follow up inspections. Often the best and fastest way to get a hazard corrected is to notify your supervisor or employer. These inspections can either be done on-site or by phone and fax. . On-site inspections can be triggered by a complaint from a current worker or their representative if they believe there is a serious hazard or that their employer is not following OSHA standards or rules. worker complaints and referrals. OSHA can initiate an inspection without any advance notice. States have the option to publicize standards covering hazards not addressed by federal standards. In addition. A State must conduct inspections to enforce its standards. The investigations are based on the following priorities: imminent danger. Most States adopt standards identical to federal ones. catastrophes – fatalities or hospitalizations. they are conducted are performed by highly trained compliance officers.

All in all. the OSH Act and OSHA were established to set standards for safety in the workplace. I think workers and employers are better off with OSHA around to keep watch. no matter the workplace. .

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