SAER-6028 STRUCTURAL CALCULATIONS FOR

THE STANDARD 15 METRE WIDE PRECAST
CONCRETE SUBSTATION BUILDING

Prepared for the
Saudi Arabian Oil Company

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Consulting Report No. 1282017-R-02
Issue 3
February 2006

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

DOCUMENT REVISION HISTORY
ISSUE

DESCRIPTION

Issue 1

Final Issue

Issue 2

Second formal issue, incorporating additional design data in accordance with client
comments

Issue 3

Third formal issue, incorporating missing Appendix info from Issue 2

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
DOCUMENT APPROVAL SHEET .........................................................................................................................II
1

INTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................................................1

2

DESIGN REQUIREMENTS .............................................................................................................................2
2.1
2.2
2.3

3

STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS.....................................................................................................................4
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7

4

CONVENTIONAL LOADS ..............................................................................................................................7
BLAST LOADS .............................................................................................................................................7

MATERIALS ....................................................................................................................................................10
5.1
5.2
5.3

6

WALLS ........................................................................................................................................................4
ROOF ..........................................................................................................................................................4
FOUNDATIONS ............................................................................................................................................4
BLAST DOORS ............................................................................................................................................4
CABLE TRAY OPENINGS .............................................................................................................................4
HVAC.........................................................................................................................................................4
EQUIPMENT AND INTERNALLY MOUNTED ITEMS ........................................................................................5

ANALYSIS METHODS ....................................................................................................................................7
4.1
4.2

5

DESIGN LOADS ...........................................................................................................................................2
PERFORMANCE CRITERIA ..........................................................................................................................2
LOAD COMBINATIONS .................................................................................................................................3

CONCRETE ...............................................................................................................................................10
STRUCTURAL STEEL CONNECTIONS ........................................................................................................11
RESPONSE CRITERIA ...............................................................................................................................11

MEMBER DESIGN .........................................................................................................................................13
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4

PRECAST CONCRETE WALL DESIGN .......................................................................................................13
PRECAST CONCRETE ROOF DESIGN .......................................................................................................14
STEEL CONNECTION DESIGN ...................................................................................................................14
FOUNDATION DESIGN ...............................................................................................................................16

7

MODULAR DESIGN.......................................................................................................................................17

8

PRESSURE-IMPULSE DIAGRAMS............................................................................................................18

9

CONCLUSIONS..............................................................................................................................................19

10

REFERENCES ................................................................................................................................................20

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List of Figures
Figure 2.1: Blast Load Shape
Figure 2.2: Plan and Elevation showing Blast Load striking the building
Figure 3.1: Overview – Structural Components of Modular Blast Resistant Substation
Figure 4.1: Structural Load Paths of Modular Blast Resistant Substation
Figure 7.1: Minimum Floor Plan Size
Figure 7.2: Maximum Floor Plan Size
List of Tables
Table 5.1: Dynamic Properties for Precast Reinforced Concrete
Table 5.2: Dynamic Properties for Structural Steel
Table 5.3: Deformation Limits for Structural Steel
Table 5.4: Deformation Limits for Concrete
Table 6.1: Shear Wall Configurations
Table 6.2: Foundation Design Loads
Table 8.1: Response Levels Used for P-I Diagram Development for Low Response
Table 8.2: Response Levels Used for P-I Diagram Development for Medium Response
List of Appendices
A

Dynamic Analysis Calculations (incl. Pressure-Impulse Diagrams)

B

Connection Design Calculations

C

Construction Drawings
C.1 General Layout Drawings
C.2 Wall Panel Drawings
C.3 Reinforcement Drawings
C.4 Roof Slab Drawings
C.5 Connection Details
C.6 Standard Embedment Details

D

SAES-M-09 Appendix A, Blast Design Requirements (BRD) Data Sheet

E

Supplementary Design Calculations for Aramco Comments, ABS Calculation
1282017-CALC-01

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1 INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this report is to present the detailed design carried out solely by Saudconsult
and Qanbar Dywidag Precast Concrete Ltd. for a 47.5m by 10m wide blast resistant precast
concrete substation to accommodate the specific requirements of the Saudi Arabian Oil
Company (Saudi Aramco).
This report factually presents the designers calculations and drawings in an ordered manner
and ABS Consulting accept no responsibility or liability for the technical content or numerical
accuracy contained therein.
The modular design has been based on the design calculations and construction drawings
for two types of blast resistant substations at Saudi Aramco’s Abu Ali Plant.
The dimensions of these structures, which have been designed in accordance with the
relevant blast design codes and ARAMCO Standard SAES-M-009, are:

a 10m-wide and 47.5m long substation with and an internal clearance to the underside of
the beams of 6m.

a 15m-wide and 40m long substation with and an internal clearance to the underside of
the beams of 6m.

The following document provides initial design substantiation for modular design of a 10m
wide precast concrete substation between 10m and 50m in length.
However note that the design calculations submitted only consider the Abu Ali 47.5m long
substation and no substantiation has been provided for lengths other than a 47.5m long
building.
Following receipt of Issue 1 of this report Saudi Aramco raised several queries (Reference
10). Issue 2 of this report addresses the additional design queries raised, specifically:

The provision of substantiated P.I. diagram;

the modification of many of the connection details in order to reduce the level of site
welding;

the inclusion of service attachments;

the tabulation of the foundation loads.

The additional work was concluded and issued 3rd February 2005 (see appendix E) such that
the construction drawings could be amended. The revised structural drawings, issued by
Al-Osais are included within Appendix C of this report. It is highlighted, however, that the
standard details for the Embedded Plates are currently being finalised. These will be
included into Appendix C within Report Issue 3.

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2 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
2.1 Design Loads
The building is designed to resist blast loads with a peak side-on pressure of 2.0 psi and an
impulse of 200 psi-ms. Where the actual design condition is different from the above, P-I
diagrams have been produced to indicate the building performance under the varying load
condition. Figure 2.1 illustrates the time history curve and shape for the blast loading.
p
2 psi

t
200 ms

Fig 2.1: Blast Load Shape
As a blast wave strikes a structure facing the source, it creates an increase in the pressure
applied at the interface. This is commonly known as a reflected blast pressure. The
reflected pressure is a function of the angle at which the blast wave strikes the surface and
the magnitude of the incident pressure. Normally reflected pressures are of the order of
two to three times the side-on values for this pressure range. The reflected pressure
predicted for this structure was 4.2 psi. Both the side-on and reflected blast loads were
conservatively assumed to have a triangular pressure-time history.
P

α
P

Fig 2.2: Plan and Elevation showing Blast Load striking the building
In a typical scenario, only walls facing the blast will receive reflected loading. However, the
explosion loading is to be taken as potentially happening from any direction, which is
conservative and consistent with a modular design concept.
The roof was assumed to be uniformly loaded by the incident or side-on pressures. If this
design is used for a situation where the explosion source is elevated, the structural system
should be reanalysed to determine if the roof can resist a reflected load.
2.2 Performance Criteria
An overall response criterion of “Low” was used as defined within Saudi Aramco SAES-M009 dated 30th April 2002, Design Criteria for Blast Resistant Buildings, Reference 1.

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This response criterion indicates localised building/component damage during the blast
load. Following the blast the building can be used, however repairs are likely to be
required to restore the integrity of the structure. The total cost of repairs is likely to be
moderate. Also life-safety hazards due to collapse would be prevented.
2.3 Load Combinations
Dead loads were combined with blast loads to evaluate the effects of a decreased
resistance of the roof members to an external load. Note a load factor of 1.0 was used for
all blast load combinations and is consistent with ARAMCO requirements.
Live load from surfacing and cable trays was been taken as 1kN/m2 at roof level.
The following service load combinations were considered in the blast design:
a) (DL + LL)

where

DL = Dead Load

b) (DL + LL + WL)

LL = Live Load

c) (DL + BL)

WL = Wind Load
BL = time dependent Blast Load

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3 STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS
The principal structural components for modular construction of the substation are shown in
Figure 3.1. The components are constructed from pre-cast wall panels and roof slabs with
steel plate inserts that are connected together to form the integral structure.
3.1 Walls
The walls will be formed from insulated precast panels approximately 7.35m tall by 2.5m
wide. The walls will have a sandwich construction consisting of an inner 250mm thick
structural section, a 50mm insulated layer and a 60mm concrete outer skin. The panel will
be thickened locally where there is a requirement to have a structural connection to the
inside such as at the roof or foundation connection. These will be joined to adjacent panels
by a bolted connection on the inner face of the wall. This is required to create a composite
action between the panels in order to sustain the blast loading.
3.2 Roof
The roof panels will comprise of reinforced concrete double tee beams, 2.5m wide with a
150mm deep flange. The beam will initially rest on a reinforced concrete corbel during
construction. However a bolted connection to the wall panel will be used to resist
downward and rebound blast loading forces in the final condition. The possibility of using
prestressed roof beams was investigated but it was found that the beams could not
withstand the significant re-bound forces. This induces a significant hogging moment into
the beams, which the prestressed design cannot withstand.
3.3 Foundations
The foundation comprises 950mm deep, 2500mm wide strip footings around the perimeter
of the building and below all internal walls. The strip footings are each cast-in-situ integral
with the 450mm deep ground slab.
3.4 Blast Doors
There are two types of blast doors personnel doors and equipment doors. The personnel
doors are placed centrally within a panel on the long side of the building. The equipment
doors are located centrally between two panels on the short side. All blast doors and
anchored steel plate framing shall be designed in accordance with ARAMCO Standard
SAES-M-009 and the relevant blast design codes.
3.5 Cable Tray Openings
Cable tray openings are positioned at approximately 4m above ground level along the front
and rear elevations of the building to allow the intake of equipment ducts into the
substation. These openings in the building envelope shall be designed to prevent entry of
blast pressures in accordance with ARAMCO Standard SAES-M-009 and the relevant blast
design codes.
Blast valves, blast attenuators, or other devices shall be used where required to limit blast
pressure entry into the structure. The performance of the blast valve or attenuator shall be
substantiated by test data and calculation.
3.6 HVAC
HVAC equipment shall be designed in accordance with ARAMCO Standard SAES-M-009
and the relevant blast design codes. Ductwork suspended from the roof inside the building
shall be secured to structural framing members. Anchorage shall be designed to resist a

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peak, statically applied force equal to the mass of the item times the maximum acceleration
of the roof or 5 times the weight of the item, whichever is less.
3.7 Equipment and Internally Mounted Items
Equipment and Internally Mounted Items shall be designed in accordance with ARAMCO
Standard SAES-M-009 and the relevant blast design codes. Instrumentation or electrical
equipment shall not be mounted on the interior face of walls subjected to blast loads
without prior written approval from the Manager, Consulting Services Department.
All fixed floor supported items, such as lockers, electrical cabinets, racks, etc. shall have a
minimum clearance from exterior walls equal to the maximum calculated lateral blast load
deflection. The maximum deflection shall consider both the overall building side sway plus
deflection of any wall component(s) and shall be computed based on the maximum design
blast load defined in Chapter 2.1. Supports and anchorage for such equipment shall be
designed to resist a lateral force equal to 20% of the equipment weight.

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Figure 3.1: Overview – Structural Components of Modular Blast Resistant Substation

4

ANALYSIS METHODS

4.1 Conventional Loads
Conventional loads such as dead, live and wind loads have also been combined in the load
combinations with blast and are presented in the final design calculations in Appendix A of
this document.
4.2 Blast Loads
Horizontal blast loads are resisted by the wall panels acting in bending and shear to
transfer the loads to the foundations (at the base of the panel) and to the roof plate (at the
top of the panel). The welded double-tee pre-cast roof panels form the horizontal
diaphragm that transmits these loads in bending to the end shear walls and down to the
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foundations. Figure 4.1 illustrates this concept and the expected structural load paths
under blast loading.
Each member of the structure, including precast roof and wall elements, was designed for
the blast loads applied to the structure as described in Chapter 2.1. The components were
analysed by computing equivalent single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) properties and
determining dynamic response through the use of a numerical integration procedure. This
method computes the time history response of a critical point on the member to the
transient blast load. Response at this critical point is used to evaluate the adequacy of the
structures through the use of response limits.
Maximum reactions at the end of each component were computed as a function of the
maximum resistance of the member. Peak values for these reactions were used to design
the connections rather than the peak value of the applied load. Using the peak value of the
applied load could produce an unworkable connection design. The design philosophy for
the connections is to provide sufficient resistance to develop the full flexural capacity of the
member while preventing premature failure of the member at the connection.
The SDOF response of each of the components was determined using methods presented
in the following documents: Saudi Aramco Engineering Standard Design Criteria for Blast
Resistant Buildings (SAE-M-009), Design of Blast Resistant Buildings in Petrochemical
Facilities (ASCE, 1998) and Structures to Resist the Effects of Accidental Explosions (TM51300). These documents are widely accepted as standard design guides for accidental
explosions throughout the petrochemical industry.

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Figure 4.1: Structural Load Paths of Modular Blast Resistant Substation

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5 MATERIALS
Design strengths for material properties were based on minimum specified values for
commonly available materials used in this type of construction. These minimum values were
used for computing member capacities for resistance to conventional static loads. However,
elements subjected to blast loads are deformed or strained at a very rapid rate because of
the short duration of the load. Because the material cannot respond as rapidly as the load is
applied, it exhibits an apparent increase in yield strength or tensile strength. This strength
increase occurs in both reinforced concrete and structural steel. The magnitude of the
increase is dependent upon the type of stress being evaluated (flexure, shear, tension, or
compression), and the magnitude of the load. The higher the applied load, the greater the
strain rate effects on yield and ultimate strength.
The ASCE guideline contains
recommended values for dynamic increase factors for both concrete and steel as a function
of load range and stress type. Values selected for use in the blast design are described in
the sections below.
Material properties specified as minimum values in ASTM and other specifications are
generally lower than the actual material properties produced by the manufacturer. The
ASCE guideline recommends taking advantage of this fact by increasing the static yield
strength of materials by approximately 10%. It recommends this strength increase on the
yield strength of Grade 60 reinforcing bars and structural steel with a yield strength of 50 ksi
or less. A dynamic design stress was used to compute member capacities by applying the
dynamic increase factor and the strength increase factor to the minimum specified static
strength for the material.
5.1 Concrete
A minimum 28-day compressive cylinder strength of 5,000 psi was used for all precast
concrete elements. All cast-in-place concrete (i.e. foundations) was designed using a
compressive strength of 4,000 psi. ASTM A615, Grade 60 reinforcing was used
throughout the design. This material has a yield stress of 60,000 psi. The table below
contains the dynamic increase factors, material strength increase factor and resulting
dynamic design strengths for the precast concrete and reinforcing used in the design. The
values for dynamic increase factors are based on recommendations given in the ASCE
guideline.
Stress Type

Concrete
DIF

Flexure
Diagonal Tension
Direct Shear
Bond
Compression

1.19
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.12

F’dc
(psi)
5,950
5,000
5,500
5,500
5,600

Reinforcing
DIFyield
1.17
1.0
1.1
1.17
1.1

Fdy
(psi)
77,200
66,000
72,600
77,200
72,600

DIFult

Fdu (psi)

Fds (psi)

1.05
-1.0
1.05
--

94,500
-90,000
94,500
--

77,200
66,000
72,600
77,200
72,600

Table 5.1:Dynamic Properties for Precast Reinforced Concrete (f’c=5000 psi, fy=60000 psi)
Where

DIF
F`dc =
DIFyield
Fdy
DIFult
Fdu
Fds

= Dynamic Increase Factor,
dynamic compressive strength of concrete,
= Dynamic Increase Factor to yield strength of reinforcement,
= dynamic yield stress of reinforcement,
= Dynamic Increase Factor to ultimate strength of reinforcement,
= dynamic ultimate stress of reinforcement,
= dynamic design stress of reinforcement.

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5.2 Structural Steel Connections
The building is primarily a reinforced concrete design with structural steel plate inserts used
for connections between different precast members and in the roof diaphragm to take the
in-plane tension chord loads. For connections mild steel was used for all structural steel
elements. Static properties for this material include a yield strength of 320MPa and an
ultimate strength of 504MPa.
It is noted that the designer has utilised a strength increase factor of 1.1 however this is not
considered strictly applicable on the steel connection checks since the yield stress used is
a lower bound stress from the test results.
Dynamic increase factors were applied to the static properties to determine dynamic yield
and ultimate strength design stresses. Since the assumed ductility ratio was less than 10
for this design, the dynamic design stress, Fds was set equal to Fdy. The dynamic shear
stress was taken to be equal to 0.55 *Fds. The table below contains the dynamic increase
factors and dynamic design stresses for structural steel.
Element
Type
Beam

Stress Type

DIFyield

Fdy

DIFult

Fdu

Fds

Flexure
Shear
Tension/Compression

1.19
1.19
1.12

381
381
358

1.05
1.05
1.05

529
529
529

381
381
358

Table 5.2: Dynamic Properties for Structural Steel
Where DIFyield
Fdy
DIFult
Fdu
Fds

=
=
=
=
=

Dynamic Increase Factor yield strength
dynamic yield stress,
Dynamic Increase Factor ultimate strength
dynamic ultimate stress
dynamic design stress

The blast design assumes the connections will carry only direct shear or tension loads i.e.
no moment connections.
5.3 Response Criteria
Response limits for structural members subjected to blast loads were determined based on
material type, element type, and element function as laid out in Reference 1. Values
selected were based on “Low Response” criteria provided in the guideline. The tables
below show the response limits used for design of steel and concrete elements. The limits
are selected to avoid undue conservatism in limiting the response of the structure while still
maintaining adequate protection against failure of the members and collapse of the
building.
Response Range(1)
Element Type
Beams, Girts, Purlins
Frame Members
Cold-Formed Panels
Open-Web Joists
Plates

Low
µ
3
1.5
1.75
1
5

Medium
θ
2
1
1.25
1
3

µ
10
2
3
2
10

θ
6
1.5
2
1.5
6

Table 5.3: Deformation Limits for Structural Steel
(1) Response parameter:

µ

= ductility ratio,

θ

= support rotation (degrees)

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Element
Type

Beams

Slabs

BeamColumns
Shear Walls,
Diaphragms

Controlling
Stress

Ductility
Ratio, µ

Flexure
Shear: (1)
- Concrete Only
- Concrete + Stirrups
- Stirrups Only
Compression

N/A

Flexure
Shear: (1)

Support Rotation, θ (2)
Low
Medium
1

2

N/A
1.3

2

4

Flexure
Compression
Tension
Shear (1)

N/A
1.3
(3)
1.3

1

2

Flexure
Shear (1)

3
1.5

1

1.5

1.3
1.6
3.0
1.3

Table 5.4: Deformation Limits for Concrete
Where

(1) Shear controls when shear resistance is less than 120% of flexural resistance.
(2) Stirrups are required for support rotations greater than 2 degrees.
(3) Ductility ratio = 0.05 (ρ - ρ') < 10, where ρ and ρ' are the tension and compression
reinforcement ratios, respectively.)

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6 MEMBER DESIGN
6.1 Precast Concrete Wall Design
The 2.5m wide precast reinforced concrete wall panels have been designed for reflected
blast loads using ultimate strength methods. SDOF properties were determined for the
walls based on section thickness, reinforcing, span, and boundary conditions. A time
history response was then computed using numerical integration techniques. Results of
this analysis included maximum deflection of the walls, maximum reactions, and shear
capacity checks. The final design calculations and analysis are presented in the
Appendices of this document.
To sustain the reflected blast loads the precast concrete walls have been designed as oneway members, simply supported at the base and roof. The walls have reinforcement on
each face of the section. A 6.775m span for the walls was analysed and it was determined
that T25 bars at 300mm centres would provide sufficient resistance to sustain the blast
load. Maximum shear stress for the walls was determined to be less than the capacity of
the walls as long as 5,000 psi concrete was used for the precast construction. Therefore,
no shear reinforcing is required in the typical panel. Additionally, support rotations were
held below 2° to meet the requirements of the ASCE guideline for concrete elements
without stirrups. For higher loads, which necessitate a medium response, stirrups are
required.
Three types of precast panel details have been developed that allowed for installation of
doorways and transit openings. The first detail allows for a standard 625mm high by
1200mm wide cable tray opening at a height of 4m above ground. The second detail allows
for a 2200mm high by 925mm wide Personnel doorway and the third a 2800mm high by
1380mm wide (1/2 door width) Equipment doorway. At each edge of the doorways, an inwall beam-column has been designed to resist the blast loads from its own tributary width
as well as one-half the width of the doorway.
The precast concrete walls have also been designed as shear walls to distribute loads from
the roof diaphragm into the foundation (see Figure 2). The loads are transferred from the
roof to the walls via bolted steel connection plates embedded between the wall and roof
panels. To ensure the wall panels act together in shear, they are also attached together
with inter-panel connections consisting of flat steel plates bolted to the embedded angles
across the gap between the panels. In the case of the intersection of two panels at the
corners of the building, a welded angle detail is substituted for the bolted flat plates.
Connections have been designed to provide the transfer of all loads from the walls into the
roof diaphragm and foundations. Details of the precast wall connections are provided in the
drawings shown in Appendix C, and calculations in Appendix B and E for the welded and
bolted connections respectively. (Note: Appendix B includes designs for all connections,
although most are now superseded by the details in Appendix E)
Depending on the direction of the blast load (i.e. the elevation parallel to the blast wave)
and the chosen length of the building, the shear walls shall have the following minimum
configurations:

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Elevation
Side
Front
Rear

No. of Wall
Panels
4
4
up to 6
7 to 19

Building Length
L ≤ 10m
10m < L ≤ 50m
L ≤ 15m
15m < L ≤ 50m

Shear Wall Connection Detail
(Drawing Ref Appendix C)
979-BD-SB2-07-1/2, Detail 02 & 04
979-BD-SB2-07-1/2, Detail 01 & 05
979-BD-SB2-07-1/2, Detail 01 & 05
979-BD-SB2-07-1/2, Detail 02 & 04

up to 6
7 to 19

L ≤ 15m
15m < L ≤ 50m

979-BD-SB2-07-1/2, Detail 01 & 05
979-BD-SB2-07-1/2, Detail 02 & 04

Table 6.1: Shear Wall Configurations
The precast concrete walls also serve to support the weight of the roof panels. Initially
during construction this will be by use of a corbel onto which the roof panel will rest.
Following installation, the web of the tee section will be bolted to the wall insert designed to
carry the full downward and rebound forces. The wall panel is thickened locally to sustain
this loading.
6.2 Precast Concrete Roof Design
The precast reinforced concrete roof panels have been designed for side-on blast loads
using ultimate strength methods for prediction of its blast capacity. SDOF properties were
determined for the slab based on section thickness, reinforcing, span, and boundary
conditions. A time history response was then computed using numerical integration
techniques. Results of this analysis included maximum deflection of the slab at mid span,
maximum reactions, and shear capacity checks.
The roof panels have been designed as a double tee beam one-way spanning, pinnedpinned member. The flange is 150mm thick and 2500mm wide with the tee sections at
1250mm centreline spacing. The analysis confirmed that a 500mm deep (650mm overall)
and 200mm wide beam web with 4 No. T25 bars would provide sufficient resistance to
sustain the blast load.
The roof panels are connected together in the same way as the wall panels using flat steel
plates bolted to embedded angles in the panels to allow the overall roof to act as a
diaphragm to distribute the blast load reactions at the top of the walls back to the shear
walls. Additional reinforcing steel plate is also provided along the longer edges of the roof
to act as tensile chords for the moments induced in the diaphragm. This consists of three
continuous steel strips welded to the embedded steel plates in the panels.
6.3 Steel Connection Design
Simple connections are provided at the intersection of the wall panels, roof panels,
foundation and inter-panel joints. The use of the precast concrete roof panels as
diaphragms and precast concrete wall panels as shear walls eliminated the need for
moment resisting frames. An overview of these connections is shown in Figure 3.1.
Connection 1: Wall Panel to Wall Panel Connection (Long Wall)
This is a flat steel plate bolted to cast-in-place angle inserts at the outer edge of the wall
panels. This is used to: •

Ensure a rigid shear wall action by transferring in-plane shear forces between the wall
panels

Connection 2: Roof Panel to Wall Panel Flange Detail
This is a flat steel plate bolted to cast-in-place inserts at the top flange at the end of the
roof panels and a cast-in-place insert at the upper level of the wall panels. This is used to:

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Transfer out of plane reaction forces at the top of the wall panels into the roof
diaphragm

Transfer loads from the roof diaphragm into the end shear wall panels

Connection 3: Roof Panel to Wall Panel Web Detail
This is a flat steel plate bolted to cast-in-place inserts at the web of the roof panels tee
beams and cast-in-place inserts at the upper level of the wall panels. This is used to: •

Transfer out of plane reaction forces from the roof panel into the load bearing wall
panel.

Connection 4: End Roof Panel to Wall Panel
These are 2 flat steel plates bolted to cast-in-place inserts at the top and bottom flange at
the side of the roof panels and cast-in-place inserts at the upper level of the end wall
panels. This is used to: •

Transfer out of plane reaction forces from the wall panel back into the roof diaphragm.

Transfer loads from the roof diaphragm into the end shear wall panels

Connection 5: Wall Panel to Foundation (Long Wall)
This is an angle section bolted to cast-in-place inserts at the bottom of the wall panels and
bolted to the foundation using cast-in-place anchors. This is used to: •

Transfer out of plane reaction forces from the wall panel into the foundation.

Transfer in-plane shear wall forces to the foundation

Transfer vertical uplift forces to the foundation

Connection 6: Wall Panel to Foundation (Short Wall)
These are two angle sections bolted to cast-in-place inserts at the bottom of the wall
panels and cast-in-place inserts at the foundation. This is used to: •

Transfer out of plane reaction forces from the wall panel into the foundation.

Transfer in-plane shear wall forces to the foundation

Transfer vertical uplift forces to the foundation

Connection 7: Roof Panel to Roof Panel Connection
This is a flat steel plate bolted to cast-in-place inserts at the top flange down the side of the
roof panels. This is used to: •

Ensure a rigid roof diaphragm by transferring in-plane shear forces between the roof
panels

Connection 8: Wall Panel Corner Connection
This is a steel angle welded to cast-in-place angle inserts at the inner corner of the main
wall panels. This is used to: •

Ensure a rigid shear connection between the long and short walls at their intersection.

Connection 9: Roof Panel Tension Chord
These are 2.5m long flat steel embedded plates located along the edge of the roof plate
and used to transfer the tension chord forces between roof panels and ensure the roof acts
as a diaphragm. These are bolted together by a connecting splice plate.

Page 15 of 20

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

6.4 Foundation Design
The foundation design has been undertaken for the arrangement highlighted within the
contained design calculations and drawings. The design adopted an energy balance
method which has shown the performance of both the SS#1 and SS#2 foundations to
respond adequately. The assessment assumed that the:

allowable bearing capacity exceeds 130kN/m2.

foundation depth is 1m below ground level

building base slab is a single unit with a slab depth of 450mm and 950mm at its
perimeter

suitable reinforcement is placed ed around the anchors such that their loading is
transferred without the risk of edge bursting of the concrete.

Where the above assumptions are not valid or that the building floor level is raised due to
the area classification, site specific foundation calculations shall be undertaken. The site
specific design calculations shall use the loading provided in Table 2.

Substation

Maximum
Vertical
Loading

Maximum Loading
Perpendicular to the
Long Wall

Maximum
Loading
Parallel to the
Long Wall

Maximum
Anchor Loads

SS1

40m long x 15m wide

907kN

365kN

174kN

65kN

SS2

47.5m long x 10m
wide

1732kN

606kN

338kN

65kN

Table 6.2: Foundation Design Loads

Page 16 of 20

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

7 MODULAR DESIGN
The design basis dimension of the 15m wide, blast resistant substation is between 15m to
50m. The calculations for this are presented in Appendix A and B. The modular precast
concrete designs for the walls and roof sections will allow for the lengthening and shortening
of the overall building floor plans without requiring a change in the typical wall or roof design.
Depending on the chosen length of the building the requirements for the shear wall
connection details may vary and as a minimum should be in line with those given in
Table 6.1. Since the roof sections are designed to span across the width of the building,
these widths should be kept constant for the buildings. Otherwise a new roof T-beam section
design would be required.
The typical width of the T-beam roof sections and precast walls is 2.5m. The coordination of
the roof and wall sections will therefore allow for the overall length of the building to be
lengthened or shortened in 2.5m sections. Changes in the length of the building will not
affect the local blast response of any of the precast components. The global response of the
building including diaphragm/shear wall connections and overturning/sliding response are the
major technical concerns in changing length of the buildings.
The global response of the substation for lengths of the building ranging from 15m to 50m
with a fixed width of 15m in 2.5m increments has been assessed. Floor plans falling within
these limits can be implemented with minimal structural modifications. It was considered
impractical to shorten the building beyond a square footprint and lengthening the building
beyond 50m will likely require additional internal shear walls and strengthening of
connections.
The following sketch shows the minimum and maximum lengths of the Substation floor plan
modularization. Please note doorways are shown for illustrative purposes only and these
locations may be altered to suit the client’s needs.

Figure 7.1: Minimum Floor Plan Size

Figure 7.2: Maximum Floor Plan
Si

Page 17 of 20

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

8 PRESSURE-IMPULSE DIAGRAMS
P-I diagrams were developed for the Substation and are shown in Appendix E as part of the
Dynamic Analysis. Individual diagrams for each major building component including roof
T-beam sections, typical walls, walls with personnel doors, and walls with equipment doors
were produced. An overall building P-I diagram was then constructed based on the
controlling individual pressure and impulse values.
P-I diagrams were developed for response levels of Low and Medium as defined in
SAES-M-009. For Low Response the following response criteria were used to develop the
individual component diagrams:
Component

Rotation Limit
(Degrees)

Roof T-Beam Sections

1

Precast Wall Sections

2

Table 8.1: Response Levels Used for P-I Diagram Development for Low Response
For Medium Response the following response criteria were used to develop the individual
component diagrams:
Component

Rotation Limit
(Degrees)

Roof T-Beam Sections

2

Precast Wall Sections

4*

* Requires stirrups

Table 8.2: Response Levels Used for P-I Diagram Development for Medium
Response
Medium Response level for the precast wall sections was set at 4 degrees assuming that
stirrups will be added to the designs. However, while, it is possible to include stirrups in
precast concrete walls, in most cases it is not economical and can cause constructability
problems. If stirrups are not provided, wall rotation limits shall not exceed 2 degrees, i.e. low
response only.
The P-I diagrams developed for the substation can be used in conjunction with the
standardised building sizes. Roof and diaphragms are designed to withstand the maximum
plastic response of the roof and precast wall reactions. Lengthening the buildings will only
affect the global response of the buildings. Therefore, these diagrams can be used to
represent the substations in all of the floor plans within the limits described in the
standardisation discussion.

Page 18 of 20

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

9 CONCLUSIONS
The final design package for the 10m wide precast concrete, blast resistant substation
building has been prepared for Saudi Aramco. These substations will be constructed initially
at the Abu Ali Plant and then used as a modular design for multiple company sites. The
defined blast loads on the standard buildings are specified as a peak side-on pressure of 2.0
psi with an impulse of 200psi-ms.
The standard substation buildings are to be a single storey, 10m wide and of variable length.
The structure utilises an in-situ reinforced concrete foundation and precast reinforced
concrete wall and roof panels. The walls are load bearing, which removes the requirement
for beam and column construction and the roof beams are single spans removing any
internal columns.
The structural performance goal for the design of the building is defined as “Low” for a
Multi-Unit Substation and as “Medium” for a Single Unit Substation. The “Low” response
criterion indicates localised building/component damage during the blast. Following the blast
the building can be used, however repairs are likely to be required to restore the integrity of
structure. The total cost of repairs is likely to be moderate. Pressure Impulse diagrams have
been produced which can be used for the design of the buildings under varying
pressure/impulse values for low response.
The design is modular in nature and analysis and can be constructed from a short “square”
shape up to approx 50m in length.
However the design substantiation for building lengths other than the 47.5m length for Abu
Ali have not been provided within this submission.

Page 19 of 20

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

10 REFERENCES
1. Saudi Aramco SAES-M-009, Design Criteria for Blast Resistant Buildings, dated 30th
April 2002.
2. Departments of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force, “Structure to Resist the Effects
of Accidental Explosions,” Department of the Army Technical Manual TM 5-1300,
Department of the Navy Publication NAVFAC P-397, Department of the Air Force
Manual AFM 88-22, Revision 1, November 1990.
3. “Design of Blast Resistant Buildings in Petrochemical Facilities,” Prepared by the Task
Committee on Blast Resistant Design, Published by American Society of Civil
Engineers, 1997.
4. "PCI Design Handbook", Precast / Prestressed Concrete Institute, 1992.
5. ASCE Standard, "Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and other Structures", ANSI
Approved November 1998.
6. ICBO, Uniform Building Code, International Conference of Building Officials, Whittier,
CA, 1997.
7. AISC, Manual Of Steel Construction; Load Factor and Resistance Design LRFD (2nd
Edition), American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, IL, 1994.
8. ACI Committee 318, "Building Code Requirements for Reinforced Concrete (ACI 31889) and Commentary (ACI 318R-89)", American Concrete Institute, Detroit, MI, 1989.

9. ACI Committee 349, " Nuclear Safety Structures Code (ACI 349-01) and Commentary
(ACI 349R-01)", American Concrete Institute, Detroit, MI, 2001.

10. E-mail from Perry Catmunan (Al-Osais) to Alistair Moat (ABS Consulting), dated
21/11/04.

Page 20 of 20

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX A

Dynamic Analysis Calculations
(incl. Pressure-Impulse Diagrams)

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DESCRIPTION

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STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION
NEW SUBSTATION NO. 1 & 2

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FINAL SUBMITTAL

DATE:
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Prepared by

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Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia

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REPLACE SUBSTATION 472, 321 & F07

ABU ALI

DWG.TYPE PLANT NO. INDEX

DOC

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-

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DRAWING NO.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
DESIGN CRITERIA
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LOAD CALCULATION
------------------------------------------------------------------------------FRAME LOAD CALCULATION
BLAST LOAD CALCULATION
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
7
9

SUBSTATION # 1
FRAME ANALYSIS (STAAD ANALYSIS)
--------------------------------------------------------------------FOUNDATION ANALYSIS (PCAMATS)
--------------------------------------------------------------------REBAR REQUIREMENT ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

12
26
536

SUBSTATION # 2
FRAME ANALYSIS (STAAD ANALYSIS)
--------------------------------------------------------------------FOUNDATION ANALYSIS (PCAMATS)
--------------------------------------------------------------------REBAR REQUIREMENT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

560
575
928

DYNAMIC ANALYSIS (NUMERICAL INTEGRATION)
REFLECTED WALL PANELS SS # 1 AND SS # 2 (TYP)
TYPICAL WALL PANELS
------------------------------------------------------------------------------WALL PANELS WITH CABLE TRAY OPENING
-----------------------------------------------------WALL PANELS WITH PERSONNEL DOOR OPENING
------------------------------------------------WALL PANELS WITH EQUIPMENT DOOR OPENING
-------------------------------------------------

945
960
975
990

REAR WALL PANELS
TYPICAL WALL PANELS ; SS # 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------TYPICAL WALL PANELS ; SS # 2 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

1006
1021

ROOF DOUBLE TEE - BEAMS ; SS # 1
ROOF DOUBLE TEE - BEAMS ; SS # 2

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1036
1052

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1069
1070

SHEARWALL CHECK

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1071

CORBEL DESIGN

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1078

OVERALL DYNAMIC STABILITY -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1081

PRESSURE - IMPULSE ( PI ) DIAGRAMS
PI - DIAGRAM (SUBSTATION 1)
PI - DIAGRAM (SUBSTATION 2)

1

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DESIGN CRITERIA

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DESIGN CRITERIA
A.

CODES AND STANDARDS

Saudi Aramco Building Code

2.

SAES-Q-001

-

Criteria for Design & Construction of Concrete Structures

3.

SAES-Q-005

-

Concrete Foundation

4.

SAES-M-001

-

Structural Design Criteria for Non-Building Structures

5.

SAES-M-009

-

Design Criteria for Blast Resistant Building

6.

SAES-A-112

-

Meteorological and Seismic Design Data

7.

SAES-B-014

-

Safety Requirement for Plant & Operation Support Building

8.

SAES-O-109

-

Buildings Housing Sensitive or Vital Equipment

9.

UBC

-

Uniform Building Code

ACI 318

-

American Concrete Institute

11.

AISC

-

American Institute of Steel Construction

ASCE 7

-

American Society of Civil Engineers (Min. Design Loads for Buildings
& Others Structures)

10.
12.

A

REV
NO.

BI3039

-

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SAES-M-100

DATE

1.

09/2003

DESCRIPTION

The latest edition of the following codes & standards shall constitute the minimum requirement:

DISCIPLINE
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MINIMUM DESIGN LOADS

1.

DATE:
PROJECT
ENGINEER

Dead Load
a) Concrete
=
24.0 kN/m3
b) Utilities (Refer to itemized loadings)

SAK
DATE:

CERTIFIED

2.

Live Load
a)
b)
c)
d)

DATE:

CONSTRUCTION
AGENCY

Roof
Battery Room
Switchgear Room
Mechanical Room

=
=
=
=

1.0 kN/m2
6.0 kN/m2
6.0 kN/m2
7.2 kN/m2

DATE:

OPERATIONS

C.

DESIGN STRENGTH
Concrete
a) Structural Concrete ;

DATE:
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1.) Precast Wall Panels ;

ƒ’c = 34.5 MPa

2.) Precast Roof Double Tee Beam Panels ;

ƒ’c = 34.5 MPa

3.) Foundation (Building and Equipment) ;

ƒ’c = 27.5 MPa

DSRUCTURAL CALCULATION- BUILDING FOUNDATION
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DWG.TYPE PLANT NO. INDEX

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2.

Reinforcing Bars

3.

a) Deformed Bars ;

ƒy = 420 MPa

Structural Steel ;

Fy = 248 MPa

ITEMIZED LOADING

1.

Roof Loads (DL)

DESCRIPTION

Roofing Memberane
Gravel 50 mm thk Bedding
Rigid Roof Insulation
Insulating Concrete Screed 100mm thk
Airconditioning Utilities
Lighting Fixtures
Electrical Cable Trays

JO/EWO

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Ground Floor Loads (DL)
Floor Finishes
Equipment Weight
AHU (39G1725)
AHU (39G1724)

A

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2.

= 0.20 KPa
= 1.00 KPa
= 0.10 KPa
= 1.00 KPa
= 0.20 KPa
= 0.05 KPa
= 0.25 KPa

= 0.60 KPa
= 2.30 KPa
= 1.98 KPa

DISCIPLINE
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WIND LOAD

DATE:
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Design Wind Pressure

SAK

as per UBC-1997

P = Ce Cq qs Iw

DATE:

eq. 20-1 of UBC-1997

CERTIFIED

Where :
Ce = 1.13 (Exposure C)

DATE:

CONSTRUCTION
AGENCY

UBC Table 16-G

Cq = 1.3 (Horizontal, any direction)

UBC Table 16-H

qs = 0.78 kPa

DATE:

OPERATIONS

Iw =1.15 (Essential Facilities)

UBC Table 16-K

DATE:
(DCC) NO. _____________________

BY:

P= 1.13 (1.3) (0.78) (1.15)
P= 1.32 KPa

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BLAST LOAD

Peak Side-On Overpressure
Front Wall Impulse

= 13.8 KPa
( 2.0 psi )
= 1380 KPa –msec. (200 psi-msec )

SOIL PROPERTIES

Allowable Net Soil Bearing Capacity ; (Refer attached)

DESCRIPTION

1.) Substation # 1
2.) Substation # 2

; qa =
; qa =

40 kPa
90 kPa

Ultimate Net Soil Bearing Capacity ;
qa = qu / SF ;
SF = 3.0

JO/EWO

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; qu =
; qu =

120 kPa
270 kPa

LOAD COMBINATIONS

1.

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3.) Substation # 1
4.) Substation # 2

qu = SF. qa

DISCIPLINE
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2.

DATE:
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Service Loads
a) (DL+LL)
b) (DL + LL+WL)
c) (DL + BL)

Where :
DL
LL
WL
BL

=
=
=
=

Dead Load
Live Load
Wind Load
Blast Load

Factored Loads
a) (1.4 DL+ 1.7 LL)
b) 0.75 (1.4 DL+ 1.7 LL+ 1.7 WL)

SAK
DATE:

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ALLOWABLE DEFLECTION
DATE:

1.

CONSTRUCTION
AGENCY

DATE:

y

OPERATIONS

y

L
- live load only
360
L
- dead load and live load
240

Lateral drift
Dmax =

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Vertical deflection – as per UBC Table 16-D

h
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DESIGN CONCEPT OF STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

The proposed substation buildings shall utilize combination of precast concrete panel (ie, Wall and Roof
Double Tee Beam)and cast in situ concrete mat foundation. Each component of the structure were analyzed
by computing the equivalent single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) properties and determined dynamic response
using numerical integration method.

The model in the STAAD analysis for foundation evaluation used the finite element model to model the
precast wall panel. The roof tee beam are modeled as a beam, however a dummy model of a four node
element was used to model the diaphragm effect of the tee beam flange. A dummy beam member was also
used around the perimeter walls to take the uniform loads of the parapet. Only the applicable and appropriate
properties are used on all dummy members otherwise near to zero for densities are inputted. Pinned model for
the support is used.

A

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DATE

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DESCRIPTION

Equivalent static design method was used for the foundation. Proposed new substations are analyzed as a
Shear Wall System framing. Lateral loads (ie. Wind, Blast) shall be resisted by the diaphragm action of the
roof to transfer loads at the end walls. The mat foundation was analyzed and designed using the finite element
method from PCAMATS software where the loads applied are from the reactions of the STAAD analysis. In
the equivalent static design method, the blast downward force from the overpressure on the roof is applied
simultaneously with the horizontal force from the peak reflected pressure on the front wall. The negating
effect on the rear wall is neglected.

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BY:

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DWG.TYPE PLANT NO. INDEX

DOC

AT ABU ALI
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JO / EWO:

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LOAD CALCULATION

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STRUCTURAL FRAME LOADING CALCULATION

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1. DEAD LOAD:
1.1 @ ROOF LEVEL:
MEMBER LOAD:
PARAPET WALL = 24 x 0.36 x 0.45
MEMB: 141 TO 184 UNI GY - 3 . 89 (SS# 1 )
PARAPET WALL = 24 x 0.36 x 0.55
MEMB: 123 TO 168 UNI GY - 4 . 752 (SS# 2 )
ELEMENT LOAD (AREA LOAD):
ROOFING MEMBRANE
GRAVEL 50MM THK. BEDDING
75 mm RIGID ROOFING INSULATION
INSULATING CONC. SCREED @ 100mm THK.
PRECAST ROOF PANEL
AIR CONDITIONING DUCTING
LIGHTING FIXTURES
ELECTRICAL CABLE TRAYS

=

3.888 KN/m

=

4.752 KN/m

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

SS # 1
2
0.20 KN/m
2
1.00 KN/m
2
0.10 KN/m
2
1.00 KN/m
2
5.67 KN/m
2
0.20 KN/m
2
0.05 KN/m
2
0.25 KN/m
2
8.47 KN/m

SS # 2
2
0.20 KN/m
2
1.00 KN/m
2
0.10 KN/m
2
1.00 KN/m
2
5.41 KN/m
2
0.20 KN/m
2
0.05 KN/m
2
0.25 KN/m
2
8.21 KN/m

ELEM: 45 TO 140 PRESSURE 8 . 47 (SS# 1 )
ELEM: 47 TO 122 PRESSURE 8 . 21 (SS# 2 )
1.2 @ FLOOR LEVEL:
1. INTERIOR 200 MM THK PRECAST WALL PANEL PARTITION = 24 x 0.2 x 6.5
TO BE APPLIED ON FOUNDATION DESIGN AND ANALYSIS ( PCAMATS )
2. EXTERIOR 250 MM THK PRECAST WALL PANEL = 24 x 0.25 x 6.5
APPLIED AS SELFWEIGHT IN STAAD
2
0.60 KN/m
3. FLOOR FINISHES W/ 1" THK. SCREED
=
TO BE APPLIED ON FOUNDATION DESIGN AND ANALYSIS ( PCAMATS )
2
2.30 KN/m
4. AHU (39G1725) @ MECHANICAL ROOM
=
2
AHU (39G1724) @ MECHANICAL ROOM
=
1.98 KN/m
5. SWITCHGEAR & @BATTERY ROOM

NOTE:

=

2
2.00 KN/m

=

31.20 KN/m

=

39.00 KN/m

; SUBSTATION # 1
; SUBSTATION # 2
; SUBSTATION # 1 & 2

THE PRECAST WALL PANEL SELFWEIGHT IS DIRECTLY CALCULATED
BY STAAD PROGRAM THRU " SELFWEIGHT " COMMAND.

7 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
STRUCTURAL FRAME LOADING CALCULATION

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

of
2-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

2. LIVE LOAD:
2.1 @ ROOF LEVEL:
ELEMENT LOAD: ( 1 . 0 KN / m 2 )
ELEM: 45 TO 140 PRESSURE 1 . 0 (SS# 1 )
ELEM: 47 TO 122 PRESSURE 1 . 0 (SS# 2 )
2.2 @ FLOOR LEVEL:
ELEMENT LOAD:
@ MECHANICAL / AHU ROOM : ( 7 . 20 KN/m 2 )
@ SWITCHGEAR AND BATTERY ROOM : ( 6 . 0 KN/m 2 )
TO BE APPLIED ON FOUNDATION DESIGN AND ANALYSIS AS SURFACE LOAD( PCAMATS )

3. WIND LOAD (z-DIRECTION):
3.1 @ EL. 0.15 TO EL. 7.35
Pe = Ce Cq Qs Iw
=
Where:
Ce =
Cq =
Iw
=
Qs =
ELEMENT LOAD:
ELEM: 17 TO 32 PRESSURE
ELEM: 20 TO 38 PRESSURE

2
1.32 KN/m
1.13
1.30
1.15
2
0.78 KN/m

1 . 32 (SS# 1 )
1 . 32 (SS# 2 )

NOTE:
THIS CALCULATION CONSIDER ONLY THE WIND AT Z-DIRECTION, OBVIOUSLY BECAUSE THIS IS THE WEAK AXIS
OF THE BLDG.STRUCTURAL FRAME WHICH WILL PRODUCED THE MAX. MEMBER REACTIONS.

8 of 1089

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Sheet no. :
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Check'd by :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
BLAST LOADING CALCULATION SUBSTATION # 1

of
13-Nov-03
MGG
SAK

BLAST LOAD
DATA:
PEAK SIDE-ON OVERPRESSURE ,
Pso
POSITIVE PHASE IMPULSE,
Io
BLAST TIME DURATION,
Td
BUILDING DATA:
BLDG. WIDTH NORMAL TO BLAST DIR., B
BLDG. LENGTH ALONG BLAST DIRECTION, L
BLDG. HEIGHT, H

=
=
=

13.79 Kpa
1379 Kpa-msec.
200 msec.

(
(

2.00 psi )
200.0 psi-msec )

=
=
=

40 m
15.72 m
7.2 m

(
(
(

131.2 ft )
51.58 ft )
23.62 ft )

CALCULATION :
REFERRENCE : ASCE REPORT " DESIGN OF BLAST RESISTANT BLDG."
SHOCK FRONT VELOCITY, U = 1130 ( 1 + 0.058 Pso )0.5
PEAK DYNAMIC WIND PRESSURE, qo = 0.022 Pso2
CLEARANCE DISTANCE, S = (MIN. OF H OR B/2 )
LENGTH OF PRESSURE WAVE, Lw = U ( Td )

= 1193.7 ft/sec.
=
0.09 psi
= 23.623 ft
= 238.75 ft

(

0.6067 kPa )

FRONT WALL DESIGN LOAD PRESSURE:
FRONT WALL DRAG COEFFICIENT, Cd
FRONT STAGNATION PRESSURE, Ps =Pso + Cd qo
REFLECTED OVERPRESSURE CLEARING TIME, Tc = 3 ( S / U )
REFLECTED OVERPRESSURE, Pr = ( 2 + 0.05 Pso ) Pso
FRONT WALL IMPULSE, Iw = 0.5 ( Pr - Ps ) Tc + 0.5 Ps Td
EFFECTIVE TIME DURATION, Te = 2 Iw / Pr

=
1.00
=
(
2.09 psi
59.4 msec
=
4.2 psi
=
(
= 271.49 psi-msec(
= 129.28 msec (

28.958 kPa )
1871.9 Kpa-sec. )
0.129 sec. )

SIDE WALL DESIGN LOAD PRESSURE:
SIDE WALL DRAG COEFFICIENT, Cd
EQUIVALENT LOAD COEFFICIENT, CL
SIDE WALL EQUIVALENT OVERPRESSURE, Ps = CL Pso + Cd qo

=
-0.40
=
1.00
= 1.9648 psi

(

13.547 kPa )

= 0.838 msec
= 200.84 msec

(
(

0.001 sec. )
0.201 sec. )

=
-0.40
=
1.00
= 1.9648 psi

FIG 3.9
(
13.547 kPa )

= 0.838 msec
= 200.84 msec

(
(

Rise Time, tr = L1 / U, WHERE L1 =
ft
1
TOTAL POSITIVE PHASE DURATION, To = Td + Tr
ROOF SLAB DESIGN LOAD PRESSURE:
ROOF SLAB DRAG COEFFICIENT, Cd
EQUIVALENT LOAD COEFFICIENT, CL
ROOF SLAB EQUIVALENT OVERPRESSURE, Ps = CL Pso + Cd qo
Rise Time, tr = L1 / U, WHERE L1 =
ft
1
TOTAL POSITIVE PHASE DURATION, To = Td + Tr

REAR WALL DESIGN LOAD PRESSURE:
REAR WALL DRAG COEFFICIENT, Cd
EQUIVALENT LOAD COEFFICIENT, CL
REAR WALL EQUIVALENT OVERPRESSURE, Ps = CL Pso + Cd qo
Arrival Time, ta = L1 / U, WHERE L1 = 51.577 ft
Risel Time, tr = S / U, WHERE S =
23.623 ft
TOTAL POSITIVE PHASE DURATION, To = Td + Tr

=
=

-0.40
1.00

=
1.96
= 43.21
= 19.79
= 219.79

14.396 kPa )

0.001 sec. )
0.201 sec. )

FIG 3.9
psi
msec
msec
msec

(
(
(
(

13.547
0.043
0.020
0.220

kPa )
sec. )
sec. )
sec. )

9 of 1089

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Sheet no. :
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BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
BLAST LOADING CALCULATION SUBSTATION # 2

of
13-Nov-03
MGG
SAK

BLAST LOAD
DATA:
PEAK SIDE-ON OVERPRESSURE ,
Pso
POSITIVE PHASE IMPULSE,
Io
BLAST TIME DURATION,
Td
BUILDING DATA:
BLDG. WIDTH NORMAL TO BLAST DIR., B
BLDG. LENGTH ALONG BLAST DIRECTION, L
BLDG. HEIGHT, H

=
=
=

13.79 Kpa
1379 Kpa-msec.
200 msec.

(
(

2.00 psi )
200.0 psi-msec )

=
=
=

47.5 m
10.72 m
7.2 m

(
(
(

155.8 ft )
35.17 ft )
23.62 ft )

CALCULATION :
REFERRENCE : ASCE REPORT " DESIGN OF BLAST RESISTANT BLDG."
SHOCK FRONT VELOCITY, U = 1130 ( 1 + 0.058 Pso )0.5
PEAK DYNAMIC WIND PRESSURE, qo = 0.022 Pso2
CLEARANCE DISTANCE, S = (MIN. OF H OR B/2 )
LENGTH OF PRESSURE WAVE, Lw = U ( Td )

= 1193.7 ft/sec.
=
0.09 psi
= 23.623 ft
= 324.09 ft

(

0.6067 kPa )

FRONT WALL DESIGN LOAD PRESSURE:
FRONT WALL DRAG COEFFICIENT, Cd
FRONT STAGNATION PRESSURE, Ps =Pso + Cd qo
REFLECTED OVERPRESSURE CLEARING TIME, Tc = 3 ( S / U )
REFLECTED OVERPRESSURE, Pr = ( 2 + 0.05 Pso ) Pso
FRONT WALL IMPULSE, Iw = 0.5 ( Pr - Ps ) Tc + 0.5 Ps Td
EFFECTIVE TIME DURATION, Te = 2 Iw / Pr

=
1.00
=
(
2.09 psi
59.4 msec
=
4.2 psi
=
(
= 271.49 psi-msec(
= 129.28 msec (

28.958 kPa )
1871.9 Kpa-sec. )
0.129 sec. )

SIDE WALL DESIGN LOAD PRESSURE:
SIDE WALL DRAG COEFFICIENT, Cd
EQUIVALENT LOAD COEFFICIENT, CL
SIDE WALL EQUIVALENT OVERPRESSURE, Ps = CL Pso + Cd qo

=
-0.40
=
1.00
= 1.9648 psi

(

13.547 kPa )

= 0.838 msec
= 200.84 msec

(
(

0.001 sec. )
0.201 sec. )

=
-0.40
=
1.00
= 1.9648 psi

FIG 3.9
(
13.547 kPa )

= 0.838 msec
= 200.84 msec

(
(

Rise Time, tr = L1 / U, WHERE L1 =
ft
1
TOTAL POSITIVE PHASE DURATION, To = Td + Tr
ROOF SLAB DESIGN LOAD PRESSURE:
ROOF SLAB DRAG COEFFICIENT, Cd
EQUIVALENT LOAD COEFFICIENT, CL
ROOF SLAB EQUIVALENT OVERPRESSURE, Ps = CL Pso + Cd qo
Rise Time, tr = L1 / U, WHERE L1 =
ft
1
TOTAL POSITIVE PHASE DURATION, To = Td + Tr

REAR WALL DESIGN LOAD PRESSURE:
REAR WALL DRAG COEFFICIENT, Cd
EQUIVALENT LOAD COEFFICIENT, CL
REAR WALL EQUIVALENT OVERPRESSURE, Ps = CL Pso + Cd qo
Arrival Time, ta = L1 / U, WHERE L1 = 35.172 ft
Risel Time, tr = S / U, WHERE S =
23.623 ft
TOTAL POSITIVE PHASE DURATION, To = Td + Tr

=
=

-0.40
1.00

=
1.96
= 29.46
= 19.79
= 219.79

14.396 kPa )

0.001 sec. )
0.201 sec. )

FIG 3.9
psi
msec
msec
msec

(
(
(
(

13.547
0.029
0.020
0.220

kPa )
sec. )
sec. )
sec. )

10 of 1089

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:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
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Design by :
Check'd by:

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2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

SUBSTATION # 1

11 of 1089

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:
:
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BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
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Design by :
Check'd by:

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2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

STAAD III - ANALYSIS

12 of 1089

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:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
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2/10/2004
MGG
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PRECAST ROOF PANEL DOUBLE TEE BEAM
CROSS SECTION ; SS # 1

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Sheet no. :
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BI-3039
REPLACEMENT OF SUBSTATION 472, 321 & F07, ABU ALI
CROSS SECTION PROPERTIES, SUBSTATION # 1

of 3
18/11/03
MGG
SAK

PRECAST ROOF PANEL DOUBLE TEE BEAM CROSS SECTION
2490
220

1
150

YTOP
N. A.

600

2
160
1250
SECTION

ELEMENT
1
2

AREA (A)
373500
228000

TOTAL

601500

Y
75.00
434.21

AxY
28012500
99000000

Io
7.0E+08
6.8E+09

127012500

7.5E+09

YTOP =

2

AxD
6924479699
11343391085
18267870784

127012500
601500
211.159601 MM

=

4

Ix =

2.5751E+10

MM

Ix =

0.0258

M4

WEIGHT PER 2.5 M WIDTH PANEL

D
136.160
223.051

=
=
=

( TOTAL AREA x 23.56 KN/M3 ) / 2.5 M
0.6015

5.669

X
2.5

23.56

Kpa

14 of 1089

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Job No.
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:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

STAAD III - MODEL

15 of 1089

Job No

Software licensed to SC
Job Title

Print Time/Date: 10/02/2004 11:04

Rev

1

Part
Ref
By

Client

Sheet No

File

Date 20-Sep-03

SS1Af.std

STAAD/Pro for Windows Release 3.1

Date/Time

Chd

27-Jan-2004 17:20

Print Run 1 of 1

16 of 1089

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Project
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:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

STAAD III - OUTPUT

17 of 1089

PAGE NO.

1

**************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD/Pro STAAD-III
*
*
Revision 3.1
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
RESEARCH ENGINEERS, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JAN 27, 2004
*
*
Time=
17:20:14
*
*
*
*
USER ID: SC
*
**************************************************

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
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23.
24.
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30.
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32.
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35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.

STAAD SPACE SUBSTATION # 1
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 20-SEP-03
******************************************************
*****
SUB-STATION NO. 1
*****
*****
BI-3039
*****
*****
SAUDI CONSULTING SERVICES
*****
*****
SAUDCONSULT
*****
*****
CIVIL/STRUCTURAL DEPARTMENT
*****
*****
DATE: JAN 27, 2004
*****
*****
REVISION 2
*****
******************************************************
** THIS RUN IS CONSIDERED ONLY TO GET THE SUPPORT REACTION
** FOR THE FOUNDATION DESIGN. PRECAST ROOF AND WALL PANELS
** ARE BASE ON THE MANUFACTURERS DATA
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 2.5 0 0; 3 5 0 0; 4 7.5 0 0; 5 10 0 0; 6 12.5 0 0; 7 15 0 0
8 17.5 0 0; 9 20 0 0; 10 22.5 0 0; 11 25 0 0; 12 27.5 0 0; 13 30 0 0
14 32.5 0 0; 15 35 0 0; 16 37.5 0 0; 17 40 0 0; 18 0 6.5 0; 19 2.5 6.5 0
20 5 6.5 0; 21 7.5 6.5 0; 22 10 6.5 0; 23 12.5 6.5 0; 24 15 6.5 0
25 17.5 6.5 0; 26 20 6.5 0; 27 22.5 6.5 0; 28 25 6.5 0; 29 27.5 6.5 0
30 30 6.5 0; 31 32.5 6.5 0; 32 35 6.5 0; 33 37.5 6.5 0; 34 40 6.5 0; 35 0 0 15
36 2.5 0 15; 37 5 0 15; 38 7.5 0 15; 39 10 0 15; 40 12.5 0 15; 41 15 0 15
42 17.5 0 15; 43 20 0 15; 44 22.5 0 15; 45 25 0 15; 46 27.5 0 15; 47 30 0 15
48 32.5 0 15; 49 35 0 15; 50 37.5 0 15; 51 40 0 15; 52 0 6.5 15; 53 2.5 6.5 15
54 5 6.5 15; 55 7.5 6.5 15; 56 10 6.5 15; 57 12.5 6.5 15; 58 15 6.5 15
59 17.5 6.5 15; 60 20 6.5 15; 61 22.5 6.5 15; 62 25 6.5 15; 63 27.5 6.5 15
64 30 6.5 15; 65 32.5 6.5 15; 66 35 6.5 15; 67 37.5 6.5 15; 68 40 6.5 15
69 0 0 2.5; 70 0 6.5 2.5; 71 0 0 5; 72 0 6.5 5; 73 0 0 7.5; 74 0 6.5 7.5
75 0 0 10; 76 0 6.5 10; 77 0 0 12.5; 78 0 6.5 12.5; 79 40 0 2.5; 80 40 6.5 2.5
81 40 0 5; 82 40 6.5 5; 83 40 0 7.5; 84 40 6.5 7.5; 85 40 0 10; 86 40 6.5 10
87 40 0 12.5; 88 40 6.5 12.5; 89 2.5 6.5 2.5; 90 2.5 6.5 5; 91 2.5 6.5 7.5
92 2.5 6.5 10; 93 2.5 6.5 12.5; 94 5 6.5 2.5; 95 5 6.5 5; 96 5 6.5 7.5
97 5 6.5 10; 98 5 6.5 12.5; 99 7.5 6.5 2.5; 100 7.5 6.5 5; 101 7.5 6.5 7.5
102 7.5 6.5 10; 103 7.5 6.5 12.5; 104 10 6.5 2.5; 105 10 6.5 5; 106 10 6.5 7.5
107 10 6.5 10; 108 10 6.5 12.5; 109 12.5 6.5 2.5; 110 12.5 6.5 5
111 12.5 6.5 7.5; 112 12.5 6.5 10; 113 12.5 6.5 12.5; 114 15 6.5 2.5
115 15 6.5 5; 116 15 6.5 7.5; 117 15 6.5 10; 118 15 6.5 12.5; 119 17.5 6.5 2.5

18 of 1089

SUBSTATION # 1
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.

-- PAGE NO.

2

120 17.5 6.5 5; 121 17.5 6.5 7.5; 122 17.5 6.5 10; 123 17.5 6.5 12.5
124 20 6.5 2.5; 125 20 6.5 5; 126 20 6.5 7.5; 127 20 6.5 10; 128 20 6.5 12.5
129 22.5 6.5 2.5; 130 22.5 6.5 5; 131 22.5 6.5 7.5; 132 22.5 6.5 10
133 22.5 6.5 12.5; 134 25 6.5 2.5; 135 25 6.5 5; 136 25 6.5 7.5; 137 25 6.5 10
138 25 6.5 12.5; 139 27.5 6.5 2.5; 140 27.5 6.5 5; 141 27.5 6.5 7.5
142 27.5 6.5 10; 143 27.5 6.5 12.5; 144 30 6.5 2.5; 145 30 6.5 5
146 30 6.5 7.5; 147 30 6.5 10; 148 30 6.5 12.5; 149 32.5 6.5 2.5
150 32.5 6.5 5; 151 32.5 6.5 7.5; 152 32.5 6.5 10; 153 32.5 6.5 12.5
154 35 6.5 2.5; 155 35 6.5 5; 156 35 6.5 7.5; 157 35 6.5 10; 158 35 6.5 12.5
159 37.5 6.5 2.5; 160 37.5 6.5 5; 161 37.5 6.5 7.5; 162 37.5 6.5 10
163 37.5 6.5 12.5
MEMBER INCIDENCES
141 18 19; 142 19 20; 143 20 21; 144 21 22; 145 22 23; 146 23 24; 147 24 25
148 25 26; 149 26 27; 150 27 28; 151 28 29; 152 29 30; 153 30 31; 154 31 32
155 32 33; 156 33 34; 157 52 53; 158 53 54; 159 54 55; 160 55 56; 161 56 57
162 57 58; 163 58 59; 164 59 60; 165 60 61; 166 61 62; 167 62 63; 168 63 64
169 64 65; 170 65 66; 171 66 67; 172 67 68; 173 18 70; 174 70 72; 175 72 74
176 74 76; 177 76 78; 178 78 52; 179 34 80; 180 80 82; 181 82 84; 182 84 86
183 86 88; 184 88 68; 185 19 89; 186 89 90; 187 90 91; 188 91 92; 189 92 93
190 93 53; 191 20 94; 192 94 95; 193 95 96; 194 96 97; 195 97 98; 196 98 54
197 21 99; 198 99 100; 199 100 101; 200 101 102; 201 102 103; 202 103 55
203 22 104; 204 104 105; 205 105 106; 206 106 107; 207 107 108; 208 108 56
209 23 109; 210 109 110; 211 110 111; 212 111 112; 213 112 113; 214 113 57
215 24 114; 216 114 115; 217 115 116; 218 116 117; 219 117 118; 220 118 58
221 25 119; 222 119 120; 223 120 121; 224 121 122; 225 122 123; 226 123 59
227 26 124; 228 124 125; 229 125 126; 230 126 127; 231 127 128; 232 128 60
233 27 129; 234 129 130; 235 130 131; 236 131 132; 237 132 133; 238 133 61
239 28 134; 240 134 135; 241 136 137; 242 135 136; 243 137 138; 244 138 62
245 29 139; 246 139 140; 247 140 141; 248 141 142; 249 142 143; 250 143 63
251 30 144; 252 144 145; 253 145 146; 254 146 147; 255 147 148; 256 148 64
257 31 149; 258 149 150; 259 150 151; 260 151 152; 261 152 153; 262 153 65
263 32 154; 264 154 155; 265 155 156; 266 156 157; 267 157 158; 268 158 66
269 33 159; 270 159 160; 271 160 161; 272 161 162; 273 162 163; 274 163 67
ELEMENT INCIDENCES SHELL
1 1 18 19 2; 2 2 19 20 3; 3 3 20 21 4; 4 4 21 22 5; 5 5 22 23 6; 6 6 23 24 7
7 7 24 25 8; 8 8 25 26 9; 9 9 26 27 10; 10 10 27 28 11; 11 11 28 29 12
12 12 29 30 13; 13 13 30 31 14; 14 14 31 32 15; 15 15 32 33 16; 16 16 33 34 17
17 35 52 53 36; 18 36 53 54 37; 19 37 54 55 38; 20 38 55 56 39; 21 39 56 57 40
22 40 57 58 41; 23 41 58 59 42; 24 42 59 60 43; 25 43 60 61 44; 26 44 61 62 45
27 45 62 63 46; 28 46 63 64 47; 29 47 64 65 48; 30 48 65 66 49; 31 49 66 67 50
32 50 67 68 51; 33 1 18 70 69; 34 69 70 72 71; 35 71 72 74 73; 36 73 74 76 75
37 75 76 78 77; 38 77 78 52 35; 39 17 34 80 79; 40 79 80 82 81; 41 81 82 84 83
42 83 84 86 85; 43 85 86 88 87; 44 87 88 68 51; 45 18 19 89 70; 46 19 20 94 89
47 20 21 99 94; 48 21 22 104 99; 49 22 23 109 104; 50 23 24 114 109
51 24 25 119 114; 52 25 26 124 119; 53 26 27 129 124; 54 27 28 134 129
55 28 29 139 134; 56 29 30 144 139; 57 30 31 149 144; 58 31 32 154 149
59 32 33 159 154; 60 33 34 80 159; 61 70 89 90 72; 62 89 94 95 90
63 94 99 100 95; 64 99 104 105 100; 65 104 109 110 105; 66 109 114 115 110
67 114 119 120 115; 68 119 124 125 120; 69 124 129 130 125; 70 129 134 135 130
71 134 139 140 135; 72 139 144 145 140; 73 144 149 150 145; 74 149 154 155 150
75 154 159 160 155; 76 159 80 82 160; 77 72 90 91 74; 78 90 95 96 91
79 95 100 101 96; 80 100 105 106 101; 81 105 110 111 106; 82 110 115 116 111
83 115 120 121 116; 84 120 125 126 121; 85 125 130 131 126; 86 130 135 136 131
87 135 140 141 136; 88 140 145 146 141; 89 145 150 151 146; 90 150 155 156 151
91 155 160 161 156; 92 160 82 84 161; 93 74 91 92 76; 94 91 96 97 92
95 96 101 102 97; 96 101 106 107 102; 97 106 111 112 107; 98 111 116 117 112

19 of 1089

SUBSTATION # 1
98.
99.
100.
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112.
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120.
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134.
135.
136.
137.
138.
139.
140.
141.
142.
143.
144.
145.
146.
147.
148.
149.
150.
151.
152.
153.

-- PAGE NO.

3

99 116 121 122 117; 100 121 126 127 122; 101 126 131 132 127
102 131 136 137 132; 103 136 141 142 137; 104 141 146 147 142
105 146 151 152 147; 106 151 156 157 152; 107 156 161 162 157
108 161 84 86 162; 109 76 92 93 78; 110 92 97 98 93; 111 97 102 103 98
112 102 107 108 103; 113 107 112 113 108; 114 112 117 118 113
115 117 122 123 118; 116 122 127 128 123; 117 127 132 133 128
118 132 137 138 133; 119 137 142 143 138; 120 142 147 148 143
121 147 152 153 148; 122 152 157 158 153; 123 157 162 163 158
124 162 86 88 163; 125 78 93 53 52; 126 93 98 54 53; 127 98 103 55 54
128 103 108 56 55; 129 108 113 57 56; 130 113 118 58 57; 131 118 123 59 58
132 123 128 60 59; 133 128 133 61 60; 134 133 138 62 61; 135 138 143 63 62
136 143 148 64 63; 137 148 153 65 64; 138 153 158 66 65; 139 158 163 67 66
140 163 88 68 67
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
141 TO 184 PRIS AX 1E-005 IX 1E-005 IY 1E-005 IZ 1E-005
185 TO 274 PRIS AX 0.228 IX 1E-005 IY 1E-005 IZ 0.0258
ELEMENT PROPERTY
1 TO 44 THICKNESS 0.25
45 TO 140 THICKNESS 0.15
CONSTANTS
E 2.5E+007 MEMB 1 TO 274
DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 44
DENSITY 1E-005 MEMB 45 TO 274
POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 274
ALPHA CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 274
SUPPORTS
1 TO 17 35 TO 51 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 PINNED
MEMBER RELEASE
185 191 197 203 209 215 221 227 233 239 245 251 257 263 269 START MZ
190 196 202 208 214 220 226 232 238 244 250 256 262 268 274 END MZ
LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD (DL)
SELFWEIGHT Y -1
MEMBER LOAD
* PARAPET WALL WEIGHT
141 TO 184 UNI GY -2.7
ELEMENT LOAD
45 TO 140 PR 8.78
LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD (LL)
ELEMENT LOAD
45 TO 140 PR 1
* THIS RUN CONSIDER ONLY LATERAL LOAD ALONG THE WEAK AXIS
LOAD 3 WIND LOAD (WL)
ELEMENT LOAD
17 TO 32 PR 1.32
LOAD 4 BLAST LOAD (BL)
ELEMENT LOAD
*FRONT WALL BLAST LOAD
17 TO 32 PR 28.99
140 139 138 137 136 135 134 133 132 131 130 129 128 127 126 125 124 123 122 121 120 119 117 116 115 114 112 111 110 109 108 107 105 104 102 101 100 99 97 95 93 92 90 88 87 86 85 83 82 80 79 78 77 76 75 74 73 72 71 70 69 68 67 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 PR GY -13.547
LOAD COMB 5 DL + LL
1 1.0 2 1.0
LOAD COMB 6 DL + LL + WL
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 1.0

20 of 1089

SUBSTATION # 1
154.
155.
156.
157.
158.
159.

-- PAGE NO.

4

LOAD COMB 7 0.9DL + WL
1 0.9 3 1.0
*REFER TO SECT. 6.2.4 OF ASCE REPORT
LOAD COMB 8 DL + BL
1 1.0 4 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
163/ 274/
44
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH = 127/
14
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
4, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
978
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
88020 DOUBLE PREC. WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE = 13.44/ 880.8 MB, EXMEM = 389.2 MB
++
++
++
++
++

Processing Element Stiffness Matrix.
Processing Global Stiffness Matrix.
Processing Triangular Factorization.
Calculating Joint Displacements.
Calculating Member Forces.

17:20:15
17:20:15
17:20:15
17:20:15
17:20:15

160. LOAD LIST 1 TO 4
161. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

21 of 1089

SUBSTATION # 1

-- PAGE NO.

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
-----------------

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1

1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

35.97
2.50
6.49
173.89
34.77
4.08
2.23
97.31
24.95
2.67
5.31
146.47
12.61
1.26
6.57
156.99
4.16
0.34
6.07
136.33
0.40
-0.05
4.82
105.10
-0.60
-0.13
3.29
72.47
-0.46
-0.08
1.66
38.42
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.71
0.46
0.08
-1.66
-34.96
0.60
0.13
-3.29
-71.83
-0.40
0.05
-4.82
-107.68

207.99
11.58
34.65
907.14
184.87
9.21
12.19
382.98
222.69
13.79
0.77
185.41
252.12
17.15
-2.94
140.94
265.35
18.64
-3.99
133.14
268.99
19.04
-4.29
130.48
269.27
19.07
-4.39
129.83
268.97
19.03
-4.42
133.09
268.84
19.01
-4.43
136.84
268.97
19.03
-4.42
138.96
269.27
19.07
-4.39
139.20
268.99
19.04
-4.29
138.32

21.40
0.90
10.23
236.61
-3.27
-0.37
-0.05
-5.65
7.78
0.89
0.02
10.31
11.83
1.35
0.03
15.39
12.61
1.44
0.03
16.28
12.43
1.42
0.03
16.02
12.16
1.38
0.04
15.81
12.04
1.37
0.04
16.49
12.01
1.37
0.04
17.08
12.04
1.37
0.04
17.19
12.16
1.38
0.04
17.20
12.43
1.42
0.03
17.06

0.00
0.00
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0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
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0.00
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0.00

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

5

22 of 1089

SUBSTATION # 1

-- PAGE NO.

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
-----------------

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

13

1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

-4.16
-0.34
-6.07
-139.12
-12.61
-1.26
-6.57
-159.75
-24.95
-2.67
-5.31
-147.89
-34.77
-4.08
-2.23
-95.36
-35.97
-2.50
-6.49
-172.17
35.97
2.50
-6.42
-110.48
34.77
4.08
-1.80
6.63
24.95
2.67
-4.76
-76.98
12.61
1.26
-6.32
-127.41
4.16
0.34
-5.93
-126.64
0.40
-0.05
-4.70
-101.84
-0.60
-0.13
-3.20
-67.54

265.35
18.64
-3.99
136.63
252.12
17.15
-2.94
139.45
222.69
13.79
0.77
180.62
184.87
9.21
12.19
377.54
207.99
11.58
34.65
898.35
207.99
11.58
-35.27
-630.92
184.87
9.21
-13.31
-180.56
222.69
13.79
-0.99
138.80
252.12
17.15
2.95
257.12
265.35
18.64
3.95
294.66
268.99
19.04
4.18
305.56
269.27
19.07
4.24
310.91

12.61
1.44
0.03
16.74
11.83
1.35
0.03
15.62
7.78
0.89
0.02
10.06
-3.27
-0.37
-0.05
-5.44
21.40
0.90
10.23
236.64
-21.40
-0.90
17.19
365.26
3.27
0.37
10.69
239.01
-7.78
-0.89
10.74
226.30
-11.83
-1.35
10.76
222.11
-12.61
-1.44
10.76
221.22
-12.43
-1.42
10.76
221.40
-12.16
-1.38
10.76
221.51

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00
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0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
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0.00
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0.00

14

15

16

17

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

6

23 of 1089

SUBSTATION # 1

-- PAGE NO.

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
-----------------

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

42

1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

-0.46
-0.08
-1.61
-33.32
0.00
0.00
0.00
-0.16
0.46
0.08
1.61
35.35
0.60
0.13
3.20
70.77
-0.40
0.05
4.70
103.42
-4.16
-0.34
5.93
126.95
-12.61
-1.26
6.32
124.69
-24.95
-2.67
4.76
72.78
-34.77
-4.08
1.80
-7.69
-35.97
-2.50
6.42
110.83
-3.95
-0.45
-0.05
-6.52
6.08
0.69
-0.01
8.16

268.97
19.03
4.26
317.43
268.84
19.01
4.27
319.01
268.97
19.03
4.26
320.52
269.27
19.07
4.24
318.94
268.99
19.04
4.18
314.54
265.35
18.64
3.95
306.18
252.12
17.15
2.95
269.55
222.69
13.79
-0.99
144.37
184.87
9.21
-13.31
-180.95
207.99
11.58
-35.27
-632.85
143.57
4.53
14.19
370.67
149.15
5.47
4.23
163.26

-12.04
-1.37
10.76
220.92
-12.01
-1.37
10.77
220.46
-12.04
-1.37
10.76
220.30
-12.16
-1.38
10.76
220.23
-12.43
-1.42
10.76
220.44
-12.61
-1.44
10.76
220.53
-11.83
-1.35
10.76
221.21
-7.78
-0.89
10.74
226.15
3.27
0.37
10.69
239.18
-21.40
-0.90
17.19
364.93
16.21
2.10
10.45
254.13
9.46
1.07
14.02
320.41

0.00
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0.00
0.00

0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00
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0.00
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0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
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43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

51

69

71

7

24 of 1089

SUBSTATION # 1

-- PAGE NO.

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
-----------------

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

73

1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

8.70
0.99
0.00
11.83
6.08
0.69
0.00
8.26
-3.95
-0.45
0.08
-3.51
3.95
0.45
0.05
5.94
-6.08
-0.69
0.01
-7.68
-8.70
-0.99
0.00
-11.16
-6.08
-0.69
0.00
-7.82
3.95
0.45
-0.08
3.22

153.51
6.00
0.86
95.84
149.15
5.47
-2.68
11.49
143.57
4.53
-14.10
-250.66
143.57
4.53
14.19
369.01
149.15
5.47
4.23
161.79
153.51
6.00
0.86
94.37
149.15
5.47
-2.68
10.62
143.57
4.53
-14.10
-250.79

0.00
0.00
15.69
344.16
-9.46
-1.07
14.14
297.33
-16.21
-2.10
9.11
175.10
16.21
2.10
10.45
252.77
9.46
1.07
14.02
319.98
0.00
0.00
15.69
344.30
-9.46
-1.07
14.14
298.06
-16.21
-2.10
9.11
176.60

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0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

75

77

79

81

83

85

87

8

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************
162. FINISH
*************** END OF STAAD-III ***************
**** DATE= JAN 27,2004

TIME= 17:20:18 ****

*********************************************************
* FOR QUESTIONS REGARDING THIS VERSION OF PROGRAM
*
*
RESEARCH ENGINEERS, Inc at
*
* West Coast: Ph- (714) 974-2500 Fax- (714) 921-2543 *
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SUBSTATION # 2

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STAAD III - ANALYSIS

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2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

PRECAST ROOF PANEL DOUBLE TEE BEAM
CROSS SECTION ; SS # 2

561 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

BI-3039
REPLACEMENT OF SUBSTATION 472, 321 & F07, ABU ALI
CROSS SECTION PROPERTIES, SUBSTATION # 2

of 3
18/11/03
MGG
SAK

PRECAST ROOF PANEL DOUBLE TEE BEAM CROSS SECTION
2490
220

1
150

YTOP
N. A.

500

2
170
1250
SECTION

ELEMENT
1
2

AREA (A)
373500
195000

TOTAL

568500

Y
75.00
389.32

AxY
28012500
75916666.67

Io
7.0E+08
4.0E+09

103929166.7

4.7E+09

YTOP =

2

AxD
4341427273
8315503007
12656930279

103929166.7
568500
182.8129581 MM

=
Ix =

1.7397E+10

MM4

Ix =

0.0174

M4

WEIGHT PER 2.5 M WIDTH PANEL

D
107.813
206.503

=
=
=

( TOTAL AREA x 23.56 KN/M3 ) / 2.5 M
0.5685

5.358

X
2.5

23.56

Kpa

562 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

STAAD III - MODEL

563 of 1089

Print Time/Date: 10/02/2004 11:13

Client

Job Title

Software licensed to SC

STAAD/Pro for Windows Release 3.1

File

By

Ref

Part

SS2Af.std

Job No

1

Date/Time

Date 20-Sep-03

Sheet No

564 of 1089

Print Run 1 of 1

02-Feb-2004 15:31

Chd

Rev

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

STAAD III - OUTPUT

565 of 1089

PAGE NO.

1

**************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD/Pro STAAD-III
*
*
Revision 3.1
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
RESEARCH ENGINEERS, Inc.
*
*
Date=
JUN 2, 2004
*
*
Time=
15:35:33
*
*
*
*
USER ID: SC
*
**************************************************

1.
2.
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STAAD SPACE SUBSTATION # 2
START JOB INFORMATION
ENGINEER DATE 2-JUNE-04
******************************************************
*****
SUB-STATION NO. 2
*****
*****
BI-3039
*****
*****
SAUDI CONSULTING SERVICES
*****
*****
SAUDCONSULT
*****
*****
CIVIL/STRUCTURAL DEPARTMENT
*****
*****
DATE: JUNE 2, 2004
*****
*****
REVISION 2A
*****
******************************************************
** THIS RUN IS CONSIDERED ONLY TO GET THE SUPPORT REACTION
** FOR THE FOUNDATION DESIGN. PRECAST ROOF AND WALL PANELS
** ARE BASE ON THE MANUFACTURERS DATA
END JOB INFORMATION
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 2.5 0 0; 3 5 0 0; 4 7.5 0 0; 5 10 0 0; 6 12.5 0 0; 7 15 0 0
8 17.5 0 0; 9 20 0 0; 10 22.5 0 0; 11 25 0 0; 12 27.5 0 0; 13 30 0 0
14 32.5 0 0; 15 35 0 0; 16 37.5 0 0; 17 40 0 0; 18 42.5 0 0; 19 45 0 0
20 47.5 0 0; 21 0 0 10; 22 2.5 0 10; 23 5 0 10; 24 7.5 0 10; 25 10 0 10
26 12.5 0 10; 27 15 0 10; 28 17.5 0 10; 29 20 0 10; 30 22.5 0 10; 31 25 0 10
32 27.5 0 10; 33 30 0 10; 34 32.5 0 10; 35 35 0 10; 36 37.5 0 10; 37 40 0 10
38 42.5 0 10; 39 45 0 10; 40 47.5 0 10; 41 0 0 2.5; 42 47.5 0 2.5; 43 0 0 5
44 47.5 0 5; 45 0 0 7.5; 46 47.5 0 7.5; 47 0 6.65 0; 48 2.5 6.65 0
49 5 6.65 0; 50 7.5 6.65 0; 51 10 6.65 0; 52 12.5 6.65 0; 53 15 6.65 0
54 17.5 6.65 0; 55 20 6.65 0; 56 22.5 6.65 0; 57 25 6.65 0; 58 27.5 6.65 0
59 30 6.65 0; 60 32.5 6.65 0; 61 35 6.65 0; 62 37.5 6.65 0; 63 40 6.65 0
64 42.5 6.65 0; 65 45 6.65 0; 66 47.5 6.65 0; 67 0 6.65 10; 68 2.5 6.65 10
69 5 6.65 10; 70 7.5 6.65 10; 71 10 6.65 10; 72 12.5 6.65 10; 73 15 6.65 10
74 17.5 6.65 10; 75 20 6.65 10; 76 22.5 6.65 10; 77 25 6.65 10
78 27.5 6.65 10; 79 30 6.65 10; 80 32.5 6.65 10; 81 35 6.65 10
82 37.5 6.65 10; 83 40 6.65 10; 84 42.5 6.65 10; 85 45 6.65 10
86 47.5 6.65 10; 87 0 6.65 2.5; 88 47.5 6.65 2.5; 89 0 6.65 5; 90 47.5 6.65 5
91 0 6.65 7.5; 92 47.5 6.65 7.5; 93 2.5 6.65 2.5; 94 2.5 6.65 5
95 2.5 6.65 7.5; 96 5 6.65 2.5; 97 5 6.65 5; 98 5 6.65 7.5; 99 7.5 6.65 2.5
100 7.5 6.65 5; 101 7.5 6.65 7.5; 102 10 6.65 2.5; 103 10 6.65 5
104 10 6.65 7.5; 105 12.5 6.65 2.5; 106 12.5 6.65 5; 107 12.5 6.65 7.5
108 15 6.65 2.5; 109 15 6.65 5; 110 15 6.65 7.5; 111 17.5 6.65 2.5

SUBSTATION # 2
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.

-- PAGE NO.

2

112 17.5 6.65 5; 113 17.5 6.65 7.5; 114 20 6.65 2.5; 115 20 6.65 5
116 20 6.65 7.5; 117 22.5 6.65 2.5; 118 22.5 6.65 5; 119 22.5 6.65 7.5
120 25 6.65 2.5; 121 25 6.65 5; 122 25 6.65 7.5; 123 27.5 6.65 2.5
124 27.5 6.65 5; 125 27.5 6.65 7.5; 126 30 6.65 2.5; 127 30 6.65 5
128 30 6.65 7.5; 129 32.5 6.65 2.5; 130 32.5 6.65 5; 131 32.5 6.65 7.5
132 35 6.65 2.5; 133 35 6.65 5; 134 35 6.65 7.5; 135 37.5 6.65 2.5
136 37.5 6.65 5; 137 37.5 6.65 7.5; 138 40 6.65 2.5; 139 40 6.65 5
140 40 6.65 7.5; 141 42.5 6.65 2.5; 142 42.5 6.65 5; 143 42.5 6.65 7.5
144 45 6.65 2.5; 145 45 6.65 5; 146 45 6.65 7.5
MEMBER INCIDENCES
123 47 48; 124 48 49; 125 49 50; 126 50 51; 127 51 52; 128 52 53; 129 53 54
130 54 55; 131 55 56; 132 56 57; 133 57 58; 134 58 59; 135 59 60; 136 60 61
137 61 62; 138 62 63; 139 63 64; 140 64 65; 141 65 66; 142 67 68; 143 68 69
144 69 70; 145 70 71; 146 71 72; 147 72 73; 148 73 74; 149 74 75; 150 75 76
151 76 77; 152 77 78; 153 78 79; 154 79 80; 155 80 81; 156 81 82; 157 82 83
158 83 84; 159 84 85; 160 85 86; 161 47 87; 162 87 89; 163 89 91; 164 91 67
165 66 88; 166 88 90; 167 90 92; 168 92 86; 169 48 93; 170 93 94; 171 94 95
172 95 68; 173 49 96; 174 96 97; 175 97 98; 176 98 69; 177 50 99; 178 99 100
179 100 101; 180 101 70; 181 51 102; 182 102 103; 183 103 104; 184 104 71
185 52 105; 186 105 106; 187 106 107; 188 107 72; 189 53 108; 190 108 109
191 109 110; 192 110 73; 193 54 111; 194 111 112; 195 112 113; 196 113 74
197 55 114; 198 114 115; 199 115 116; 200 116 75; 201 56 117; 202 117 118
203 118 119; 204 119 76; 205 57 120; 206 120 121; 207 121 122; 208 122 77
209 58 123; 210 123 124; 211 124 125; 212 125 78; 213 59 126; 214 126 127
215 127 128; 216 128 79; 217 60 129; 218 129 130; 219 130 131; 220 131 80
221 61 132; 222 132 133; 223 133 134; 224 134 81; 225 62 135; 226 135 136
227 136 137; 228 137 82; 229 63 138; 230 138 139; 231 139 140; 232 140 83
233 64 141; 234 141 142; 235 142 143; 236 143 84; 237 65 144; 238 144 145
239 145 146; 240 146 85
ELEMENT INCIDENCES SHELL
1 47 48 2 1; 2 48 49 3 2; 3 49 50 4 3; 4 50 51 5 4; 5 51 52 6 5; 6 52 53 7 6
7 53 54 8 7; 8 54 55 9 8; 9 55 56 10 9; 10 56 57 11 10; 11 57 58 12 11
12 58 59 13 12; 13 59 60 14 13; 14 60 61 15 14; 15 61 62 16 15; 16 62 63 17 16
17 63 64 18 17; 18 64 65 19 18; 19 65 66 20 19; 20 67 68 22 21; 21 68 69 23 22
22 69 70 24 23; 23 70 71 25 24; 24 71 72 26 25; 25 72 73 27 26; 26 73 74 28 27
27 74 75 29 28; 28 75 76 30 29; 29 76 77 31 30; 30 77 78 32 31; 31 78 79 33 32
32 79 80 34 33; 33 80 81 35 34; 34 81 82 36 35; 35 82 83 37 36; 36 83 84 38 37
37 84 85 39 38; 38 85 86 40 39; 39 47 87 41 1; 40 87 89 43 41; 41 89 91 45 43
42 91 67 21 45; 43 66 88 42 20; 44 88 90 44 42; 45 90 92 46 44; 46 92 86 40 46
47 47 48 93 87; 48 48 49 96 93; 49 49 50 99 96; 50 50 51 102 99
51 51 52 105 102; 52 52 53 108 105; 53 53 54 111 108; 54 54 55 114 111
55 55 56 117 114; 56 56 57 120 117; 57 57 58 123 120; 58 58 59 126 123
59 59 60 129 126; 60 60 61 132 129; 61 61 62 135 132; 62 62 63 138 135
63 63 64 141 138; 64 64 65 144 141; 65 65 66 88 144; 66 87 93 94 89
67 93 96 97 94; 68 96 99 100 97; 69 99 102 103 100; 70 102 105 106 103
71 105 108 109 106; 72 108 111 112 109; 73 111 114 115 112; 74 114 117 118 115
75 117 120 121 118; 76 120 123 124 121; 77 123 126 127 124; 78 126 129 130 127
79 129 132 133 130; 80 132 135 136 133; 81 135 138 139 136; 82 138 141 142 139
83 141 144 145 142; 84 144 88 90 145; 85 89 94 95 91; 86 94 97 98 95
87 97 100 101 98; 88 100 103 104 101; 89 103 106 107 104; 90 106 109 110 107
91 109 112 113 110; 92 112 115 116 113; 93 115 118 119 116; 94 118 121 122 119
95 121 124 125 122; 96 124 127 128 125; 97 127 130 131 128; 98 130 133 134 131
99 133 136 137 134; 100 136 139 140 137; 101 139 142 143 140
102 142 145 146 143; 103 145 90 92 146; 104 91 95 68 67; 105 95 98 69 68
106 98 101 70 69; 107 101 104 71 70; 108 104 107 72 71; 109 107 110 73 72
110 110 113 74 73; 111 113 116 75 74; 112 116 119 76 75; 113 119 122 77 76

SUBSTATION # 2
98.
99.
100.
101.
102.
103.
104.
105.
106.
107.
108.
109.
110.
111.
112.
113.
114.
115.
116.
117.
118.
119.
120.
121.
122.
123.
124.
125.
126.
127.
128.
129.
130.
131.
132.
133.
134.
135.
136.
137.
138.
139.
140.
141.
142.
143.
144.
145.
146.
147.
148.
149.

-- PAGE NO.

3

114 122 125 78 77; 115 125 128 79 78; 116 128 131 80 79; 117 131 134 81 80
118 134 137 82 81; 119 137 140 83 82; 120 140 143 84 83; 121 143 146 85 84
122 146 92 86 85
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
123 TO 168 PRIS AX 1E-005 IX 1E-005 IY 1E-005 IZ 1E-005
169 TO 240 PRIS AX 0.195 IX 1E-005 IY 1E-005 IZ 0.0174
ELEMENT PROPERTY
1 TO 46 THICKNESS 0.31
*250MM STRUCTURAL WALL PANEL + 60MM SKIN
47 TO 122 THICKNESS 0.15
CONSTANTS
E 2.5E+007 MEMB 1 TO 240
DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 46
DENSITY 1E-005 MEMB 47 TO 240
POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 240
ALPHA CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 240
SUPPORTS
1 TO 46 PINNED
MEMBER RELEASE
237 233 229 225 221 217 213 209 205 201 197 193 189 185 181 177 173 169 START MZ
172 176 180 184 188 192 196 200 204 208 212 216 220 224 228 232 236 240 END MZ
LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD (DL)
SELFWEIGHT Y -1
MEMBER LOAD
* PARAPET WALL WEIGHT
123 TO 168 UNI GY -4.752
ELEMENT LOAD
47 TO 122 PR 8.21
LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD (LL)
ELEMENT LOAD
47 TO 122 PR 1
* THIS RUN CONSIDER ONLY LATERAL LOAD ALONG THE WEAK AXIS
LOAD 3 WIND LOAD (WL)
ELEMENT LOAD
20 TO 38 PR 1.32
LOAD 4 BLAST LOAD (BL)
ELEMENT LOAD
*FRONT WALL BLAST LOAD
20 TO 38 PR 28.99
*ROOF SLAB BLAST LOAD
47 TO 76 78 TO 93 95 TO 122 PR GY -13.457
LOAD COMB 5 DL + LL
1 1.0 2 1.0
LOAD COMB 6 DL + LL + WL
1 1.0 2 1.0 3 1.0
LOAD COMB 7 0.9DL + WL
1 0.9 3 1.0
*REFER TO SECT. 6.2.4 OF ASCE REPORT
LOAD COMB 8 DL + BL
1 1.0 4 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS

SUBSTATION # 2

-- PAGE NO.

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
146/ 240/
46
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH =
86/
10
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
4, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
876
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
57816 DOUBLE PREC. WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE = 13.15/ 3746.8 MB, EXMEM = 311.4 MB

++
++
++
++
++

Processing Element Stiffness Matrix.
Processing Global Stiffness Matrix.
Processing Triangular Factorization.
Calculating Joint Displacements.
Calculating Member Forces.

150. LOAD LIST 1 TO 4
151. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

15:35:34
15:35:34
15:35:34
15:35:34
15:35:34

4

SUBSTATION # 2

-- PAGE NO.

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
-----------------

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1

1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

35.29
1.99
14.17
337.97
19.27
2.45
4.81
138.63
16.16
1.66
11.28
270.22
8.01
0.66
14.53
328.15
2.90
0.11
14.08
310.78
1.01
-0.06
12.05
263.69
0.35
-0.09
9.50
206.54
0.11
-0.07
6.80
146.49
0.02
-0.05
4.08
86.60
0.00
-0.02
1.36
26.66
0.00
0.02
-1.36
-31.70
-0.02
0.05
-4.08
-88.24

210.24
8.73
73.50
1731.73
193.09
7.03
26.57
678.10
212.87
9.85
2.39
185.05
229.16
11.86
-5.23
44.69
234.58
12.49
-7.03
13.65
235.74
12.60
-7.27
9.77
235.99
12.61
-7.22
10.39
236.07
12.60
-7.15
9.31
236.10
12.60
-7.11
6.71
236.11
12.59
-7.10
2.49
236.11
12.59
-7.10
-2.70
236.10
12.60
-7.11
-2.76

24.18
0.82
21.28
478.43
-1.77
-0.21
-0.18
-6.68
3.54
0.43
0.05
6.96
5.81
0.71
0.08
11.27
5.92
0.72
0.08
11.56
5.78
0.70
0.09
11.48
5.68
0.69
0.10
11.45
5.65
0.69
0.10
11.20
5.64
0.69
0.10
10.91
5.64
0.69
0.10
10.57
5.64
0.69
0.10
10.16
5.64
0.69
0.10
10.16

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

5

SUBSTATION # 2

-- PAGE NO.

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
-----------------

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

13

1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

-0.11
0.07
-6.80
-146.31
-0.35
0.09
-9.50
-204.28
-1.01
0.06
-12.05
-260.89
-2.90
-0.11
-14.08
-309.56
-8.01
-0.66
-14.53
-327.85
-16.16
-1.66
-11.28
-270.19
-19.27
-2.45
-4.81
-138.65
-35.29
-1.99
-14.17
-338.01
35.29
1.99
-14.07
-282.32
19.27
2.45
-4.41
-63.84
16.16
1.66
-10.73
-213.31
8.01
0.66
-14.26
-304.33

236.07
12.60
-7.15
-1.19
235.99
12.61
-7.22
0.29
235.74
12.60
-7.27
4.85
234.58
12.49
-7.03
12.41
229.16
11.86
-5.23
44.49
212.87
9.85
2.39
185.06
193.09
7.03
26.57
678.20
210.24
8.73
73.50
1731.93
210.24
8.73
-73.09
-1487.50
193.09
7.03
-27.44
-508.07
212.87
9.85
-2.64
74.72
229.16
11.86
5.15
272.66

5.65
0.69
0.10
10.44
5.68
0.69
0.10
10.64
5.78
0.70
0.09
11.10
5.92
0.72
0.08
11.60
5.81
0.71
0.08
11.32
3.54
0.43
0.05
6.98
-1.77
-0.21
-0.18
-6.67
24.18
0.82
21.28
478.46
-24.18
-0.82
28.11
606.27
1.77
0.21
10.82
240.44
-3.54
-0.43
11.01
236.05
-5.81
-0.71
11.05
233.23

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

6

SUBSTATION # 2

-- PAGE NO.

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
-----------------

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

25

1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

2.90
0.11
-13.91
-304.02
1.01
-0.06
-11.90
-262.45
0.35
-0.09
-9.37
-208.23
0.11
-0.07
-6.71
-151.37
0.02
-0.05
-4.03
-92.18
0.00
-0.02
-1.34
-31.78
0.00
0.02
1.34
28.91
-0.02
0.05
4.03
91.11
-0.11
0.07
6.71
151.35
-0.35
0.09
9.37
209.39
-1.01
0.06
11.90
264.07
-2.90
-0.11
13.91
304.84

234.58
12.49
6.93
320.24
235.74
12.60
7.15
326.52
235.99
12.61
7.10
324.45
236.07
12.60
7.05
319.42
236.10
12.60
7.02
312.85
236.11
12.59
7.01
309.74
236.11
12.59
7.01
307.44
236.10
12.60
7.02
307.47
236.07
12.60
7.05
313.33
235.99
12.61
7.10
319.08
235.74
12.60
7.15
323.42
234.58
12.49
6.93
319.40

-5.92
-0.72
11.06
233.14
-5.78
-0.70
11.06
233.46
-5.68
-0.69
11.07
233.75
-5.65
-0.69
11.07
234.29
-5.64
-0.69
11.08
234.81
-5.64
-0.69
11.08
235.11
-5.64
-0.69
11.08
235.44
-5.64
-0.69
11.08
235.43
-5.65
-0.69
11.07
234.94
-5.68
-0.69
11.07
234.41
-5.78
-0.70
11.06
233.79
-5.92
-0.72
11.06
233.12

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

7

SUBSTATION # 2

-- PAGE NO.

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
-----------------

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

37

1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

-8.01
-0.66
14.26
304.56
-16.16
-1.66
10.73
213.36
-19.27
-2.45
4.41
63.85
-35.29
-1.99
14.07
282.33
-2.00
-0.24
-0.14
-6.42
2.00
0.24
0.14
6.43
0.85
0.11
-0.01
1.19
-0.85
-0.11
0.01
-1.19
-2.00
-0.24
0.19
0.78
2.00
0.24
-0.19
-0.78

229.16
11.86
5.15
272.52
212.87
9.85
-2.64
74.70
193.09
7.03
-27.44
-508.06
210.24
8.73
-73.09
-1487.51
166.56
3.88
28.82
685.07
166.56
3.88
28.82
685.14
162.98
3.85
0.87
70.96
162.98
3.85
0.87
70.95
166.56
3.88
-28.28
-568.77
166.56
3.88
-28.28
-568.77

-5.81
-0.71
11.05
233.18
-3.54
-0.43
11.01
236.03
1.77
0.21
10.82
240.44
-24.18
-0.82
28.11
606.28
2.40
0.77
19.52
439.06
2.40
0.77
19.52
439.05
0.00
0.00
22.07
484.64
0.00
0.00
22.07
484.66
-2.40
-0.77
17.66
377.39
-2.40
-0.77
17.66
377.43

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

8

SUBSTATION # 2

-- PAGE NO.

152. FINISH

*************** END OF STAAD-III ***************
**** DATE= JUN

2,2004

TIME= 15:35:37 ****

*********************************************************
* FOR QUESTIONS REGARDING THIS VERSION OF PROGRAM
*
*
RESEARCH ENGINEERS, Inc at
*
* West Coast: Ph- (714) 974-2500 Fax- (714) 921-2543 *
* East Coast: Ph- (978) 688-3636 Fax- (978) 685-7230 *
*********************************************************

9

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

DYNAMIC ANALYSIS (NUMERICAL INTEGRATION)

943 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

REFLECTED WALL PANELS
TYPICAL FOR SS # 1 AND SS # 2

944 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

TYPICAL SOLID WALL PANELS

945 of 1089

Slenderness
Approximate Evaluation of Slenderness Effect
For Compression members braced against sidesway, the effect of
slenderness may be neglected when,
klu
r
M1b
M2b

<
=
=
=
=

34

value of smaller end moment on compression members
due to gravity loads
value of larger end moment on compression members
due to gravity loads

DL = Roof DL x unit width x 1/2 roof span
e=
6.5 in
Moment = DL x e =
1571.94 lb-in

=

241.84

lbs

where :
lu = unsupported length of compression members
lu = 6630.000 mm
lu = 261.024 in
k LONG = effective length factor
k=
1
thk =
9.843 in
w =
12 in
Ig =

4
953.49600 in

Ag = 118.11024 in2
r = radius of gyration
= sqrt ( I / A)
= 2.84129069
M1 =
M2 =

1571.94
1571.94
klu
r

kl
u

lb-in
lb-in

= 91.868

>

34

Magnified design moment
Mslender = GMu

Therefore, consider slenderness effect.

where :
Cm
< 1.0
Pu
1 IPc
For members braced against sidesway and without transverse loads between
supports, Cm may be taken as
Cm = 0.60 + 0.40 ( M1b / M2b )
but not less than 0.40

Gb

for this case use Cm = 1.0, for all other cases
then, Cm = 1.00
Pu =
Pu =
I=

1.0*PD
242 lb
factored axial load
0.700 strength reduction factor
S EI
( k lu )2

Pc

Euler's buckling load

Ec = 4032041 psi

4
Ig= 953.496 in

Ed = absolute value of ratio of maximum deadload moment to
maximum total moment, always positive

MmaxDL
Mmax TOT

=

1571.94
1572

=

1.000

Max. Mom =

1572

EI =

KN-m

Ec Ig
2.5
1 + Ed
768906324.8

then,

Pc =
=

S EI
( k lu )2
111381.6264

Gb

Cm
Pu
1
IPc 
GMu

> 1.

1.0031

1576.828

lb-in

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
REFLECTED WALL PROPERTIES

DESIGN LOADS ( UNFACTORED ) :
Roof Dead Load
DESIGN STRESSES :
Conc., fc'
Reinf., fy
PANEL DATA :
Panel Width, width
Long Span, lb
Wall, t TRIAL

of
8-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

=
=

2
8.470 KN/m
176.90 psf

=
=

34.5 Mpa
414 Mpa

=
=
=

2500 mm
6630 mm
250 mm

250 mm

CONFIGURATION :

Roof span :
10 m
6630 mm

CHECK DYNAMIC REQUIRED RESISTANCE:
Design overpressure,
Ps
Effective blast time duration,
Te
Consider 1ft. width slab:
Moment of Inertia,
Ig
25
Area of Bar ( Ø ),
mm Ø
Ab
Rebar Spacing for top & bottom,
S
Area of Rebar PER 1ft. unit width,
As
Effective Slab Depth,
dc = ds
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for bending)
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for shear)
f'dy = (SIF) x (DIF) x fy
Modulus of Elasticity,
Edc = 57000 x (f'c) 1 / 2
Steel ratio,
p = As / b x d
Stress block,
a = As x fdy / 0.85 x f'dc x b
Modular ratio,
n = Es / Edm

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

4.20
129
1.0000
953.50
0.7609
12.0000
0.7609
8.3425
5954.3
5504.0
77276
4032041
0.0076
0.9681
7.1940

a.) BENDING RESISTANCE
Mgnified Moment = M (slender)
Max. Moment, Mp = Mpc = Mps = As x fdy [ d - a / 2 ]
Net Moment, = Mp - M (slender)
Resistance at cracked moment,
Rb = 8 x Mp / L
Unit Resistance,
rb = Rb / L x unit width

=
=
=
=
=

1576.828
462046.175
460469.346
14112.73
4.5056

lb-in
lb-in
lb-in
lb
psi

( 178 KN-m
( 52202 KN-m
( 52023 KN-m
( 62.77 KN
)
( 0.0311 Mpa. )

b.) SHEAR RESISTANCE
Shear,
At Support,
Unit Resistance,

=
=
=

14854.1
31737
10.132

lb
lb
psi

( 66 KN
( 141 KN
( 0.0699 Mpa.

=

4.5056
14.1127

psi >
kips

n x As =
/b =
=

5.4736
2.3401
248.47

in2
in2
in4

Vn = 2 x b x d x ( f'dc ) 0 . 5
Rs = Vn x L / ( 0.5 x L - tw )
rs = Rs / L x unit width

? Dynamic Resistance Controlled by Bending,

Ru

psi
( SEE LOADING CALCULATION)
msec
ft.
4
in4
( 396875000 mm
)
2
2
in
( 491 mm
)
in
( 305 mm
)
2
in2
( 491 mm
)
in
( 212 mm
)
psi
( 41 Mpa. )
psi
( 38 Mpa. )
psi
( 533 Mpa. )
27801 Mpa. )
psi
(
> 200 / f'dy = 0.003
in
( 25 mm
)

4.20
13.16

)
)
)

)
)
)

? O.K!
kips

Cracked Moment of Inertia:
C = -n x As + [ n x As * ( n x As + 2 x b x d ) ]
I cr = b x C 3 / 3 + n x As * ( d - C ) 2

0.5

2
( 3531 mm
)
2
mm
( 1510
4
( 103419712 mm

)
)

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
REFLECTED WALL PROPERTIES

I a = ( I g + I cr ) / 2 =
K = 384 x Edc x I a / 5 L 3 =
Yeild Deflection,
Ye = Ru / K =
Wall Mass = J c x tw x unit width x span / gravity acc.
=
Roof Mass = Roof DL x unit width x 1/2 roof span / gravity acc. =
Total Mass, M
=
Average Stiffnes,
K LM =
Equivalent Mass,
Me = K LM x Beam Mass
=
Period of Vibration,
tn = 2 x S x ( Me / K ) 0 . 5
=
Time increment , tn/10
¨t =
td / tn
=
Ru / Ps =
=

Average Moment of Inertia,
Effective Stiffness,

600.981
10.4642
1.34866
0.00693
0.00752
0.01445
0.72000
0.01040

4
in4
( 250147356 mm
kips / in
in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
FROM ASCE TABLE 6.1
kip-sec2 / in

0.19813
0.01981
0.65252
1.07276

sec
sec

;

use ¨t

of
8-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

)

=

0.00200

sec

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION METHOD
INPUT

RESULTS
Blast Load

Stiffness

K

=

Mass

M

=

Tension resistance

Rut

=

Compression resistance

Ruc

=

C

=

Forcing function

Damping co-efficient

F(t)

=

Time start

Ts

=

Time end

Te

=

Time increment

¨t

=

Reaction resistance (R) coeff.

a

=

Reaction force (f) coeff.
Key0

b
Key0

y

10.464 kips / in
0.0145 kip-sec2 / in
14.11 kips

load (kip)

time (sec)

13.16

0

0

0.1293

0 kips
0

Length
y max =

13.16 kips
0 sec

r max =
P=

1.193

0.1293 sec
0.002 sec

T=

0.691 degrees

=

0.385
0.115

=

0

Rut/Fo =

266.732 in
1.608 in
14.113 kips

1.073

T= < 2 degrees
low response

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.000

13.16

0.000

0.000

910.3373

0.00

1.51

0.002

12.95

0.002

1.805

894.9434

0.02

1.50

0.004

12.75

0.007

3.577

876.9587

0.08

1.50

0.006

12.55

0.016

5.311

856.4351

0.17

1.51

0.008

12.34

0.028

7.000

833.4321

0.30

1.53

0.010

12.14

0.044

8.642

808.0164

0.46

1.57

0.012

11.93

0.063

10.230

780.2614

0.66

1.63

0.014

11.73

0.085

11.761

750.2476

0.89

1.69

0.016

11.53

0.110

13.229

718.0618

1.15

1.77

0.018

11.32

0.138

14.631

683.7972

1.44

1.86

0.020

11.12

0.168

15.962

647.5530

1.76

1.96

0.022

10.92

0.202

17.219

609.4341

2.11

2.07

0.024

10.71

0.237

18.398

569.5509

2.48

2.19

0.026
0.028
0.030
0.032
0.034
0.036
0.038
0.040
0.042
0.044
0.046
0.048
0.050
0.052
0.054
0.056
0.058
0.060
0.062

10.51
10.31
10.10
9.90
9.70
9.49
9.29
9.09
8.88
8.68
8.47
8.27
8.07
7.86
7.66
7.46
7.25
7.05
6.85

0.275
0.315
0.357
0.401
0.446
0.493
0.541
0.590
0.639
0.690
0.740
0.791
0.842
0.893
0.943
0.993
1.042
1.090
1.136

19.496
20.509
21.434
22.269
23.012
23.660
24.211
24.664
25.017
25.270
25.422
25.472
25.419
25.266
25.010
24.655
24.199
23.646
22.996

528.0188
484.9582
440.4935
394.7537
347.8710
299.9812
251.2230
201.7375
151.6679
101.1593
50.3578
-0.5894
-51.5350
-102.3314
-152.8315
-202.8892
-252.3595
-301.0992
-348.9672

2.88
3.30
3.74
4.19
4.67
5.16
5.66
6.17
6.69
7.22
7.75
8.28
8.81
9.34
9.87
10.39
10.90
11.40
11.89

2.32
2.45
2.60
2.75
2.91
3.08
3.25
3.42
3.60
3.78
3.96
4.14
4.32
4.50
4.68
4.86
5.03
5.20
5.36

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.064
0.066
0.068
0.070
0.072
0.074
0.076
0.078
0.080
0.082
0.084
0.086
0.088
0.090
0.092
0.094
0.096
0.098
0.100
0.102
0.104
0.106
0.108
0.110
0.112
0.114
0.116
0.118
0.120
0.122
0.124
0.126
0.128
0.130
0.132
0.134
0.136
0.138
0.140
0.142
0.144
0.146
0.148
0.150
0.152
0.154
0.156
0.158
0.160
0.162
0.164
0.166

6.64
6.44
6.24
6.03
5.83
5.63
5.42
5.22
5.01
4.81
4.61
4.40
4.20
4.00
3.79
3.59
3.39
3.18
2.98
2.78
2.57
2.37
2.17
1.96
1.76
1.56
1.35
1.15
0.94
0.74
0.54
0.33
0.13
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

1.181
1.225
1.267
1.307
1.345
1.380
1.414
1.444
1.473
1.499
1.522
1.542
1.560
1.576
1.588
1.597
1.604
1.608
1.608
1.606
1.600
1.591
1.580
1.564
1.546
1.524
1.499
1.471
1.440
1.406
1.368
1.327
1.284
1.237
1.188
1.136
1.081
1.024
0.965
0.904
0.841
0.776
0.710
0.642
0.573
0.504
0.433
0.363
0.292
0.220
0.149
0.079

22.251
21.414
20.486
19.471
18.372
17.191
16.002
14.785
13.540
12.267
10.966
9.636
8.279
6.893
5.479
4.037
2.566
1.068
-0.459
-2.012
-3.587
-5.180
-6.787
-8.402
-10.020
-11.638
-13.250
-14.852
-16.439
-18.007
-19.551
-21.066
-22.549
-23.989
-25.369
-26.675
-27.905
-29.053
-30.117
-31.095
-31.982
-32.776
-33.476
-34.079
-34.583
-34.987
-35.289
-35.490
-35.588
-35.582
-35.474
-35.263

-395.8250
-441.5368
-485.9704
-528.9972
-570.4924
-587.3016
-601.3845
-615.4675
-629.5505
-643.6335
-657.7164
-671.7994
-685.8824
-699.9654
-714.0483
-728.1313
-742.2143
-756.2972
-770.3802
-782.6770
-792.7080
-800.4440
-805.8628
-808.9486
-809.6924
-808.0922
-804.1526
-797.8849
-789.3074
-778.4448
-765.3286
-749.9967
-732.4936
-707.8165
-672.0675
-634.3729
-594.8418
-553.5886
-510.7327
-466.3983
-420.7136
-373.8110
-325.8261
-276.8980
-227.1683
-176.7809
-125.8818
-74.6182
-23.1386
28.4080
79.8723
131.1054

12.36
12.82
13.26
13.68
14.07
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.09
14.03
13.94
13.81
13.65
13.46
13.23
12.97
12.68
12.35
11.99
11.60
11.17
10.72
10.23
9.71
9.17
8.60
8.00
7.38
6.74
6.08
5.40
4.71
4.00
3.28
2.55
1.82
1.08
0.33
-0.41
-1.15
-1.89

5.52
5.68
5.82
5.96
6.09
6.08
6.06
6.03
6.01
5.99
5.96
5.94
5.92
5.89
5.87
5.85
5.82
5.80
5.78
5.74
5.70
5.64
5.57
5.48
5.38
5.27
5.15
5.01
4.86
4.70
4.53
4.34
4.14
3.94
3.74
3.53
3.31
3.08
2.84
2.59
2.34
2.08
1.81
1.54
1.26
0.98
0.70
0.42
0.13
-0.16
-0.44
-0.73

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.168
0.170
0.172
0.174
0.176
0.178
0.180
0.182
0.184
0.186
0.188
0.190
0.192
0.194
0.196
0.198
0.200
0.202
0.204
0.206
0.208
0.210
0.212
0.214
0.216
0.218
0.220
0.222
0.224
0.226
0.228
0.230
0.232
0.234
0.236
0.238
0.240
0.242
0.244
0.246
0.248
0.250
0.252
0.254
0.256
0.258
0.260
0.262
0.264
0.266
0.268
0.270

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.008
-0.061
-0.130
-0.197
-0.263
-0.328
-0.391
-0.452
-0.511
-0.568
-0.622
-0.674
-0.723
-0.769
-0.812
-0.852
-0.889
-0.923
-0.953
-0.980
-1.003
-1.022
-1.038
-1.050
-1.058
-1.063
-1.063
-1.060
-1.053
-1.042
-1.027
-1.009
-0.987
-0.961
-0.932
-0.899
-0.863
-0.824
-0.781
-0.736
-0.688
-0.637
-0.583
-0.527
-0.468
-0.408
-0.346
-0.281
-0.216
-0.149
-0.080
-0.011

-34.950
-34.536
-34.021
-33.409
-32.699
-31.895
-30.999
-30.013
-28.939
-27.783
-26.545
-25.231
-23.844
-22.388
-20.867
-19.285
-17.648
-15.960
-14.225
-12.450
-10.638
-8.795
-6.927
-5.039
-3.136
-1.225
0.691
2.604
4.510
6.402
8.277
10.127
11.948
13.734
15.481
17.182
18.834
20.432
21.970
23.445
24.852
26.186
27.446
28.625
29.722
30.733
31.654
32.484
33.221
33.860
34.402
34.845

181.9590
232.2858
281.9401
330.7782
378.6587
425.4430
470.9956
515.1847
557.8823
598.9648
638.3134
675.8140
711.3581
744.8428
776.1712
805.2526
832.0027
856.3442
878.2066
897.5266
914.2482
928.3230
939.7104
948.3773
954.2986
957.4572
957.8439
955.4577
950.3055
942.4020
931.7704
918.4412
902.4532
883.8525
862.6930
839.0361
812.9502
784.5107
753.8001
720.9072
685.9273
648.9616
610.1172
569.5064
527.2470
483.4611
438.2757
391.8214
344.2328
295.6476
246.2066
196.0527

-2.63
-3.36
-4.07
-4.78
-5.47
-6.15
-6.81
-7.45
-8.06
-8.66
-9.22
-9.77
-10.28
-10.76
-11.22
-11.64
-12.02
-12.38
-12.69
-12.97
-13.21
-13.42
-13.58
-13.71
-13.79
-13.84
-13.84
-13.81
-13.73
-13.62
-13.47
-13.27
-13.04
-12.77
-12.47
-12.13
-11.75
-11.34
-10.89
-10.42
-9.91
-9.38
-8.82
-8.23
-7.62
-6.99
-6.33
-5.66
-4.97
-4.27
-3.56
-2.83

-1.01
-1.29
-1.57
-1.84
-2.11
-2.37
-2.62
-2.87
-3.10
-3.33
-3.55
-3.76
-3.96
-4.14
-4.32
-4.48
-4.63
-4.76
-4.89
-4.99
-5.09
-5.16
-5.23
-5.28
-5.31
-5.33
-5.33
-5.32
-5.29
-5.24
-5.18
-5.11
-5.02
-4.92
-4.80
-4.67
-4.52
-4.36
-4.19
-4.01
-3.82
-3.61
-3.39
-3.17
-2.93
-2.69
-2.44
-2.18
-1.92
-1.64
-1.37
-1.09

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.272
0.274
0.276
0.278
0.280
0.282
0.284
0.286
0.288
0.290
0.292
0.294
0.296
0.298
0.300
0.302
0.304
0.306
0.308
0.310
0.312
0.314
0.316
0.318
0.320
0.322
0.324
0.326
0.328
0.330
0.332
0.334
0.336
0.338
0.340
0.342
0.344
0.346
0.348
0.350
0.352
0.354
0.356
0.358
0.360
0.362
0.364
0.366
0.368
0.370
0.372
0.374

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.059
0.130
0.201
0.272
0.343
0.414
0.484
0.554
0.623
0.691
0.758
0.823
0.886
0.948
1.008
1.065
1.121
1.174
1.224
1.271
1.315
1.357
1.395
1.430
1.461
1.489
1.514
1.535
1.552
1.565
1.575
1.581
1.583
1.581
1.575
1.566
1.552
1.535
1.515
1.490
1.463
1.431
1.396
1.358
1.317
1.273
1.226
1.176
1.123
1.068
1.010
0.951

35.186
35.425
35.562
35.596
35.527
35.355
35.081
34.705
34.229
33.654
32.981
32.213
31.351
30.399
29.359
28.233
27.026
25.741
24.381
22.951
21.454
19.895
18.278
16.609
14.891
13.131
11.332
9.501
7.642
5.761
3.863
1.954
0.039
-1.875
-3.785
-5.683
-7.565
-9.425
-11.258
-13.058
-14.820
-16.539
-18.211
-19.830
-21.391
-22.890
-24.324
-25.686
-26.975
-28.185
-29.314
-30.358

145.3313
94.1892
42.7744
-8.7643
-60.2776
-111.6164
-162.6320
-213.1769
-263.1045
-312.2705
-360.5325
-407.7507
-453.7885
-498.5125
-541.7934
-583.5057
-623.5288
-661.7468
-698.0490
-732.3304
-764.4916
-794.4397
-822.0878
-847.3560
-870.1710
-890.4670
-908.1850
-923.2738
-935.6897
-945.3968
-952.3669
-956.5799
-958.0237
-956.6939
-952.5945
-945.7373
-936.1422
-923.8370
-908.8573
-891.2464
-871.0553
-848.3425
-823.1738
-795.6219
-765.7667
-733.6947
-699.4985
-663.2773
-625.1360
-585.1848
-543.5395
-500.3207

-2.10
-1.36
-0.62
0.13
0.87
1.61
2.35
3.08
3.80
4.51
5.21
5.89
6.56
7.20
7.83
8.43
9.01
9.56
10.09
10.58
11.05
11.48
11.88
12.25
12.58
12.87
13.12
13.34
13.52
13.66
13.76
13.82
13.84
13.83
13.77
13.67
13.53
13.35
13.13
12.88
12.59
12.26
11.90
11.50
11.07
10.60
10.11
9.59
9.03
8.46
7.85
7.23

-0.81
-0.52
-0.24
0.05
0.34
0.62
0.90
1.19
1.46
1.74
2.01
2.27
2.52
2.77
3.01
3.25
3.47
3.68
3.88
4.07
4.25
4.42
4.57
4.71
4.84
4.95
5.05
5.14
5.21
5.26
5.30
5.32
5.33
5.32
5.30
5.26
5.21
5.14
5.06
4.96
4.85
4.72
4.58
4.43
4.26
4.08
3.89
3.69
3.48
3.26
3.02
2.78

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.376
0.378
0.380
0.382
0.384
0.386
0.388
0.390
0.392
0.394
0.396
0.398
0.400
0.402
0.404
0.406
0.408
0.410
0.412
0.414
0.416
0.418
0.420
0.422
0.424
0.426
0.428
0.430
0.432
0.434
0.436
0.438
0.440
0.442
0.444
0.446
0.448
0.450
0.452
0.454
0.456
0.458
0.460
0.462
0.464
0.466
0.468
0.470
0.472
0.474
0.476
0.478
0.480
0.482
0.484
0.486
0.488
0.490
0.492
0.494

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.889
0.825
0.760
0.694
0.626
0.557
0.487
0.417
0.346
0.275
0.203
0.132
0.062
-0.008
-0.078
-0.146
-0.213
-0.279
-0.343
-0.406
-0.466
-0.525
-0.581
-0.634
-0.686
-0.734
-0.780
-0.822
-0.862
-0.898
-0.930
-0.960
-0.986
-1.008
-1.026
-1.041
-1.052
-1.060
-1.063
-1.063
-1.059
-1.050
-1.039
-1.023
-1.004
-0.981
-0.954
-0.924
-0.891
-0.854
-0.814
-0.771
-0.725
-0.676
-0.624
-0.570
-0.513
-0.454
-0.393
-0.331

-31.314
-32.179
-32.951
-33.628
-34.207
-34.688
-35.068
-35.346
-35.522
-35.596
-35.566
-35.433
-35.198
-34.861
-34.422
-33.885
-33.249
-32.517
-31.690
-30.772
-29.765
-28.672
-27.496
-26.240
-24.908
-23.504
-22.032
-20.496
-18.901
-17.251
-15.551
-13.807
-12.022
-10.202
-8.353
-6.480
-4.588
-2.682
-0.769
1.146
3.058
4.961
6.850
8.719
10.563
12.376
14.153
15.889
17.580
19.219
20.803
22.327
23.786
25.176
26.493
27.733
28.894
29.970
30.960
31.860

-455.6534
-409.6671
-362.4947
-314.2729
-265.1413
-215.2421
-164.7197
-113.7205
-62.3921
-10.8831
40.6575
92.0804
143.2366
193.9782
244.1583
293.6315
342.2546
389.8869
436.3905
481.6307
525.4766
567.8012
608.4821
647.4013
684.4464
719.5100
752.4905
783.2926
811.8271
838.0113
861.7695
883.0328
901.7398
917.8362
931.2755
942.0187
950.0347
955.3004
957.8005
957.5277
954.4829
948.6749
940.1204
928.8443
914.8791
898.2654
879.0512
857.2921
833.0511
806.3985
777.4113
746.1735
712.7756
677.3141
639.8918
600.6170
559.6035
516.9698
472.8396
427.3404

6.58
5.92
5.24
4.54
3.83
3.11
2.38
1.64
0.90
0.16
-0.59
-1.33
-2.07
-2.80
-3.53
-4.24
-4.95
-5.63
-6.31
-6.96
-7.59
-8.21
-8.79
-9.36
-9.89
-10.40
-10.87
-11.32
-11.73
-12.11
-12.45
-12.76
-13.03
-13.26
-13.46
-13.61
-13.73
-13.81
-13.84
-13.84
-13.79
-13.71
-13.59
-13.42
-13.22
-12.98
-12.70
-12.39
-12.04
-11.65
-11.23
-10.78
-10.30
-9.79
-9.25
-8.68
-8.09
-7.47
-6.83
-6.18

2.54
2.28
2.02
1.75
1.48
1.20
0.92
0.63
0.35
0.06
-0.23
-0.51
-0.80
-1.08
-1.36
-1.63
-1.90
-2.17
-2.43
-2.68
-2.92
-3.16
-3.39
-3.60
-3.81
-4.00
-4.19
-4.36
-4.52
-4.66
-4.79
-4.91
-5.02
-5.11
-5.18
-5.24
-5.29
-5.32
-5.33
-5.33
-5.31
-5.28
-5.23
-5.17
-5.09
-5.00
-4.89
-4.77
-4.63
-4.49
-4.33
-4.15
-3.97
-3.77
-3.56
-3.34
-3.11
-2.88
-2.63
-2.38

Time
(sec)
0.496
0.498
0.500
0.502
0.504
0.506
0.508
0.510
0.512
0.514
0.516
0.518
0.520
0.522
0.524
0.526
0.528
0.530
0.532
0.534
0.536
0.538
0.540
0.542
0.544
0.546
0.548
0.550
0.552
0.554
0.556
0.558
0.560
0.562
0.564
0.566
0.568
0.570
0.572
0.574
0.576
0.578
0.580
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.592
0.594
0.596
0.598
0.600
0.602
0.604
0.606
0.608
0.610
0.612
0.614
0.616

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-0.266
-0.200
-0.133
-0.064
0.005
0.076
0.146
0.217
0.289
0.360
0.431
0.501
0.571
0.639
0.707
0.773
0.838
0.901
0.962
1.022
1.079
1.134
1.186
1.235
1.282
1.326
1.366
1.404
1.438
1.468
1.496
1.519
1.539
1.555
1.568
1.577
1.582
1.583
1.580
1.573
1.563
1.549
1.531
1.509
1.484
1.455
1.423
1.388
1.349
1.307
1.262
1.214
1.163
1.110
1.054
0.996
0.936
0.874
0.810
0.745
0.678

v
(in/sec)
32.668
33.381
33.998
34.516
34.935
35.252
35.467
35.580
35.589
35.496
35.300
35.001
34.601
34.101
33.503
32.807
32.016
31.133
30.159
29.099
27.954
26.728
25.424
24.047
22.601
21.089
19.516
17.886
16.205
14.477
12.706
10.900
9.061
7.196
5.311
3.410
1.499
-0.416
-2.330
-4.237
-6.132
-8.009
-9.863
-11.689
-13.480
-15.233
-16.941
-18.601
-20.206
-21.753
-23.237
-24.654
-26.000
-27.270
-28.461
-29.570
-30.593
-31.528
-32.371
-33.121
-33.775

a
(in/sec2)
380.6041
332.7660
283.9645
234.3409
184.0389
133.2040
81.9836
30.5258
-21.0203
-72.5056
-123.7810
-174.6980
-225.1093
-274.8689
-323.8328
-371.8591
-418.8089
-464.5463
-508.9388
-551.8579
-593.1794
-632.7836
-670.5559
-706.3869
-740.1730
-771.8162
-801.2250
-828.3142
-853.0055
-875.2273
-894.9154
-912.0126
-926.4695
-938.2443
-947.3029
-953.6191
-957.1745
-957.9588
-955.9699
-951.2134
-943.7031
-933.4609
-920.5162
-904.9066
-886.6773
-865.8811
-842.5782
-816.8359
-788.7290
-758.3386
-725.7528
-691.0660
-654.3786
-615.7967
-575.4320
-533.4015
-489.8268
-444.8340
-398.5535
-351.1191
-302.6682

resistance
(kips)
-5.50
-4.81
-4.10
-3.39
-2.66
-1.92
-1.18
-0.44
0.30
1.05
1.79
2.52
3.25
3.97
4.68
5.37
6.05
6.71
7.35
7.98
8.57
9.14
9.69
10.21
10.70
11.15
11.58
11.97
12.33
12.65
12.93
13.18
13.39
13.56
13.69
13.78
13.83
13.84
13.82
13.75
13.64
13.49
13.30
13.08
12.81
12.51
12.18
11.80
11.40
10.96
10.49
9.99
9.46
8.90
8.32
7.71
7.08
6.43
5.76
5.07
4.37

reaction
(kips)
-2.12
-1.85
-1.58
-1.30
-1.02
-0.74
-0.46
-0.17
0.12
0.40
0.69
0.97
1.25
1.53
1.80
2.07
2.33
2.58
2.83
3.07
3.30
3.52
3.73
3.93
4.12
4.29
4.46
4.61
4.75
4.87
4.98
5.07
5.15
5.22
5.27
5.31
5.33
5.33
5.32
5.29
5.25
5.19
5.12
5.03
4.93
4.82
4.69
4.54
4.39
4.22
4.04
3.84
3.64
3.43
3.20
2.97
2.73
2.47
2.22
1.95
1.68

Time
(sec)
0.618
0.620
0.622
0.624
0.626
0.628
0.630
0.632
0.634
0.636
0.638
0.640
0.642
0.644
0.646
0.648
0.650
0.652
0.654
0.656
0.658
0.660
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.668
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.676
0.678
0.680
0.682
0.684
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.696
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.712
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.722
0.724
0.726
0.728
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.736
0.738

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.610
0.540
0.470
0.400
0.329
0.258
0.187
0.116
0.045
-0.025
-0.094
-0.162
-0.229
-0.294
-0.358
-0.420
-0.480
-0.538
-0.594
-0.647
-0.697
-0.745
-0.790
-0.832
-0.870
-0.906
-0.938
-0.966
-0.991
-1.013
-1.030
-1.044
-1.054
-1.061
-1.063
-1.062
-1.057
-1.048
-1.035
-1.019
-0.999
-0.975
-0.948
-0.917
-0.882
-0.845
-0.804
-0.760
-0.713
-0.664
-0.611
-0.557
-0.499
-0.440
-0.379
-0.315
-0.250
-0.184
-0.116
-0.048
0.022

v
(in/sec)
-34.331
-34.787
-35.143
-35.397
-35.549
-35.598
-35.544
-35.386
-35.127
-34.765
-34.304
-33.742
-33.083
-32.329
-31.480
-30.541
-29.513
-28.400
-27.204
-25.930
-24.580
-23.160
-21.672
-20.122
-18.514
-16.851
-15.140
-13.386
-11.592
-9.765
-7.910
-6.031
-4.136
-2.228
-0.314
1.601
3.511
5.412
7.296
9.160
10.997
12.802
14.570
16.296
17.974
19.601
21.171
22.680
24.122
25.496
26.795
28.017
29.157
30.213
31.182
32.061
32.846
33.537
34.130
34.625
35.020

a
(in/sec2)
-253.3411
-203.2806
-152.6315
-101.5406
-50.1558
1.3743
52.9004
104.2733
155.3444
205.9657
255.9908
305.2748
353.6750
401.0513
447.2665
492.1869
535.6825
577.6272
617.8997
656.3834
692.9668
727.5441
760.0151
790.2859
818.2688
843.8828
867.0537
887.7145
905.8054
921.2740
934.0754
944.1727
951.5366
956.1458
957.9870
957.0548
953.3519
946.8890
937.6848
925.7661
911.1673
893.9306
874.1060
851.7508
826.9298
799.7149
770.1847
738.4249
704.5273
668.5901
630.7173
591.0186
549.6089
506.6080
462.1406
416.3352
369.3245
321.2447
272.2348
222.4368
171.9948

resistance
(kips)
3.66
2.94
2.21
1.47
0.72
-0.02
-0.76
-1.51
-2.24
-2.98
-3.70
-4.41
-5.11
-5.80
-6.46
-7.11
-7.74
-8.35
-8.93
-9.49
-10.01
-10.51
-10.98
-11.42
-11.83
-12.20
-12.53
-12.83
-13.09
-13.31
-13.50
-13.64
-13.75
-13.82
-13.84
-13.83
-13.78
-13.68
-13.55
-13.38
-13.17
-12.92
-12.63
-12.31
-11.95
-11.56
-11.13
-10.67
-10.18
-9.66
-9.11
-8.54
-7.94
-7.32
-6.68
-6.02
-5.34
-4.64
-3.93
-3.21
-2.49

reaction
(kips)
1.41
1.13
0.85
0.56
0.28
-0.01
-0.29
-0.58
-0.86
-1.15
-1.42
-1.70
-1.97
-2.23
-2.49
-2.74
-2.98
-3.21
-3.44
-3.65
-3.86
-4.05
-4.23
-4.40
-4.55
-4.70
-4.82
-4.94
-5.04
-5.13
-5.20
-5.25
-5.29
-5.32
-5.33
-5.32
-5.30
-5.27
-5.22
-5.15
-5.07
-4.97
-4.86
-4.74
-4.60
-4.45
-4.29
-4.11
-3.92
-3.72
-3.51
-3.29
-3.06
-2.82
-2.57
-2.32
-2.05
-1.79
-1.51
-1.24
-0.96

Time
(sec)
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.764
0.766
0.768
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.784
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.792
0.794
0.796
0.798
0.800
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.808
0.810
0.812
0.814
0.816
0.818
0.820
0.822
0.824
0.826
0.828
0.830
0.832
0.834
0.836
0.838
0.840
0.842
0.844
0.846
0.848
0.850
0.852
0.854
0.856
0.858
0.860

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.092
0.163
0.234
0.306
0.377
0.447
0.518
0.587
0.655
0.723
0.789
0.853
0.916
0.977
1.036
1.092
1.146
1.198
1.247
1.292
1.335
1.375
1.412
1.445
1.475
1.501
1.524
1.543
1.559
1.570
1.578
1.582
1.582
1.579
1.571
1.560
1.545
1.526
1.504
1.478
1.448
1.415
1.379
1.339
1.296
1.251
1.202
1.151
1.097
1.041
0.982
0.921
0.859
0.795
0.729
0.662
0.593
0.524
0.454
0.383
0.312

v
(in/sec)
35.313
35.503
35.591
35.576
35.458
35.238
34.915
34.491
33.968
33.346
32.627
31.814
30.909
29.915
28.834
27.669
26.425
25.103
23.709
22.247
20.720
19.133
17.491
15.798
14.059
12.280
10.465
8.620
6.750
4.860
2.956
1.044
-0.871
-2.784
-4.689
-6.580
-8.452
-10.300
-12.118
-13.901
-15.643
-17.340
-18.988
-20.580
-22.112
-23.581
-24.981
-26.309
-27.560
-28.732
-29.821
-30.824
-31.737
-32.558
-33.285
-33.916
-34.448
-34.881
-35.213
-35.443
-35.570

a
(in/sec2)
121.0550
69.7646
18.2723
-33.2729
-84.7218
-135.9254
-186.7355
-237.0050
-286.5883
-335.3420
-383.1249
-429.7986
-475.2281
-519.2818
-561.8321
-602.7559
-641.9348
-679.2552
-714.6092
-747.8944
-779.0144
-807.8791
-834.4051
-858.5154
-880.1403
-899.2172
-915.6909
-929.5136
-940.6454
-949.0540
-954.7151
-957.6123
-957.7371
-955.0893
-949.6766
-941.5145
-930.6267
-917.0447
-900.8079
-881.9632
-860.5652
-836.6759
-810.3644
-781.7069
-750.7863
-717.6922
-682.5204
-645.3727
-606.3566
-565.5851
-523.1762
-479.2527
-433.9418
-387.3746
-339.6860
-291.0140
-241.4995
-191.2858
-140.5184
-89.3441
-37.9112

resistance
(kips)
-1.75
-1.01
-0.26
0.48
1.22
1.96
2.70
3.43
4.14
4.85
5.54
6.21
6.87
7.50
8.12
8.71
9.28
9.82
10.33
10.81
11.26
11.67
12.06
12.41
12.72
12.99
13.23
13.43
13.59
13.72
13.80
13.84
13.84
13.80
13.72
13.61
13.45
13.25
13.02
12.75
12.44
12.09
11.71
11.30
10.85
10.37
9.86
9.33
8.76
8.17
7.56
6.93
6.27
5.60
4.91
4.21
3.49
2.76
2.03
1.29
0.55

reaction
(kips)
-0.67
-0.39
-0.10
0.19
0.47
0.76
1.04
1.32
1.59
1.87
2.13
2.39
2.64
2.89
3.13
3.35
3.57
3.78
3.98
4.16
4.33
4.49
4.64
4.78
4.90
5.00
5.09
5.17
5.23
5.28
5.31
5.33
5.33
5.31
5.28
5.24
5.18
5.10
5.01
4.91
4.79
4.66
4.51
4.35
4.18
3.99
3.80
3.59
3.37
3.15
2.91
2.67
2.41
2.16
1.89
1.62
1.34
1.06
0.78
0.50
0.21

Time
(sec)
0.862
0.864
0.866
0.868
0.870
0.872
0.874
0.876
0.878
0.880
0.882
0.884
0.886
0.888
0.890
0.892
0.894
0.896
0.898
0.900
0.902
0.904
0.906
0.908
0.910
0.912
0.914
0.916
0.918
0.920
0.922
0.924
0.926
0.928
0.930
0.932
0.934
0.936
0.938
0.940
0.942
0.944
0.946
0.948
0.950
0.952
0.954
0.956
0.958
0.960
0.962
0.964
0.966
0.968
0.970
0.972
0.974
0.976
0.978
0.980
0.982

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.241
0.170
0.099
0.028
-0.041
-0.110
-0.178
-0.244
-0.310
-0.373
-0.435
-0.494
-0.552
-0.607
-0.659
-0.709
-0.756
-0.800
-0.841
-0.879
-0.914
-0.945
-0.973
-0.997
-1.017
-1.034
-1.047
-1.056
-1.062
-1.063
-1.061
-1.055
-1.045
-1.032
-1.014
-0.993
-0.969
-0.940
-0.909
-0.874
-0.835
-0.794
-0.749
-0.702
-0.651
-0.599
-0.543
-0.485
-0.426
-0.364
-0.300
-0.235
-0.168
-0.100
-0.031
0.039
0.109
0.180
0.251
0.323
0.393

v
(in/sec)
-35.594
-35.516
-35.334
-35.050
-34.665
-34.179
-33.594
-32.912
-32.135
-31.265
-30.304
-29.256
-28.123
-26.908
-25.616
-24.249
-22.812
-21.309
-19.745
-18.123
-16.449
-14.727
-12.963
-11.161
-9.326
-7.465
-5.582
-3.683
-1.773
0.141
2.056
3.964
5.861
7.741
9.599
11.429
13.226
14.984
16.699
18.366
19.980
21.535
23.029
24.455
25.811
27.093
28.295
29.416
30.452
31.399
32.256
33.019
33.687
34.257
34.728
35.098
35.367
35.534
35.597
35.558
35.415

a
(in/sec2)
13.6314
65.1346
116.4492
167.4267
217.9195
267.7814
316.8681
365.0374
412.1500
458.0694
502.6626
545.8007
587.3586
627.2162
665.2579
701.3737
735.4591
767.4152
797.1497
824.5765
849.6160
872.1960
892.2509
909.7227
924.5609
936.7225
946.1722
952.8828
956.8348
958.0167
956.4251
952.0647
944.9481
935.0958
922.5364
907.3063
889.4494
869.0177
846.0701
820.6731
792.9003
762.8320
730.5553
696.1637
659.7566
621.4395
581.3234
539.5243
496.1633
451.3659
405.2618
357.9845
309.6708
260.4606
210.4963
159.9227
108.8861
57.5342
6.0158
-45.5200
-96.9240

resistance
(kips)
-0.20
-0.94
-1.68
-2.42
-3.15
-3.87
-4.58
-5.28
-5.96
-6.62
-7.26
-7.89
-8.49
-9.06
-9.61
-10.14
-10.63
-11.09
-11.52
-11.92
-12.28
-12.60
-12.89
-13.15
-13.36
-13.54
-13.67
-13.77
-13.83
-13.84
-13.82
-13.76
-13.66
-13.51
-13.33
-13.11
-12.85
-12.56
-12.23
-11.86
-11.46
-11.02
-10.56
-10.06
-9.53
-8.98
-8.40
-7.80
-7.17
-6.52
-5.86
-5.17
-4.48
-3.76
-3.04
-2.31
-1.57
-0.83
-0.09
0.66
1.40

reaction
(kips)
-0.08
-0.36
-0.65
-0.93
-1.21
-1.49
-1.76
-2.03
-2.29
-2.55
-2.80
-3.04
-3.27
-3.49
-3.70
-3.90
-4.09
-4.27
-4.44
-4.59
-4.73
-4.85
-4.96
-5.06
-5.14
-5.21
-5.26
-5.30
-5.32
-5.33
-5.32
-5.30
-5.26
-5.20
-5.13
-5.05
-4.95
-4.84
-4.71
-4.57
-4.41
-4.24
-4.06
-3.87
-3.67
-3.46
-3.23
-3.00
-2.76
-2.51
-2.25
-1.99
-1.72
-1.45
-1.17
-0.89
-0.61
-0.32
-0.03
0.25
0.54

Time
(sec)
0.984
0.986
0.988
0.990
0.992
0.994
0.996
0.998
1.000
1.002
1.004
1.006
1.008
1.010
1.012
1.014
1.016
1.018
1.020
1.022
1.024
1.026
1.028
1.030
1.032
1.034
1.036
1.038
1.040
1.042
1.044
1.046
1.048
1.050
1.052
1.054
1.056
1.058
1.060
1.062
1.064
1.066
1.068
1.070
1.072
1.074
1.076
1.078
1.080

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.464
0.534
0.603
0.672
0.739
0.804
0.868
0.931
0.991
1.049
1.105
1.159
1.210
1.258
1.303
1.345
1.384
1.420
1.453
1.482
1.507
1.529
1.547
1.562
1.573
1.579
1.583
1.582
1.577
1.569
1.557
1.541
1.521
1.498
1.471
1.441
1.407
1.370
1.329
1.286
1.239
1.190
1.138
1.084
1.027
0.968
0.907
0.844
0.779

v
(in/sec)
35.170
34.823
34.376
33.829
33.184
32.443
31.608
30.681
29.666
28.564
27.380
26.117
24.778
23.368
21.890
20.348
18.748
17.093
15.389
13.640
11.851
10.029
8.177
6.302
4.408
2.502
0.589
-1.327
-3.238
-5.140
-7.027
-8.894
-10.735
-12.545
-14.319
-16.051
-17.737
-19.371
-20.950
-22.467
-23.920
-25.303
-26.613
-27.846
-28.999
-30.067
-31.049
-31.940
-32.740

a
(in/sec2)
-148.0475
-198.7423
-248.8618
-298.2608
-346.7964
-394.3280
-440.7180
-485.8321
-529.5397
-571.7143
-612.2338
-650.9808
-687.8433
-722.7144
-755.4933
-786.0850
-814.4010
-840.3593
-863.8848
-884.9093
-903.3719
-919.2193
-932.4056
-942.8925
-950.6498
-955.6548
-957.8933
-957.3587
-954.0525
-947.9843
-939.1716
-927.6401
-913.4231
-896.5616
-877.1046
-855.1084
-830.6367
-803.7602
-774.5568
-743.1111
-709.5141
-673.8630
-636.2611
-596.8172
-555.6455
-512.8652
-468.6002
-422.9786
-376.1324

resistance
(kips)
2.14
2.87
3.60
4.31
5.01
5.70
6.37
7.02
7.65
8.26
8.85
9.41
9.94
10.44
10.92
11.36
11.77
12.14
12.48
12.79
13.05
13.28
13.47
13.63
13.74
13.81
13.84
13.84
13.79
13.70
13.57
13.41
13.20
12.96
12.68
12.36
12.00
11.62
11.19
10.74
10.25
9.74
9.19
8.62
8.03
7.41
6.77
6.11
5.44

reaction
(kips)
0.82
1.11
1.38
1.66
1.93
2.19
2.45
2.70
2.95
3.18
3.41
3.62
3.83
4.02
4.20
4.37
4.53
4.68
4.81
4.92
5.03
5.11
5.19
5.25
5.29
5.32
5.33
5.33
5.31
5.27
5.23
5.16
5.08
4.99
4.88
4.76
4.62
4.47
4.31
4.13
3.95
3.75
3.54
3.32
3.09
2.85
2.61
2.35
2.09

Displacement vs. Time
2.000

Displacement (in)

1.500
1.000
0.500
0.000
-0.500
-1.000
-1.500
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600

0.800

1.000

1.200

0.800

1.000

1.200

Time (sec)

Resistance vs. Time
20.00
15.00

Resistance (kips)

10.00
5.00
0.00
-5.00
-10.00
-15.00
-20.00
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600
Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
14.00

Applied Force (kips)

12.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
2.00
0.00
-2.00
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
8.00
6.00

Reaction (kips)

4.00
2.00
0.00
-2.00
-4.00
-6.00
0.00

0.20

0.40

0.60
Time (sec)

0.80

1.00

1.20

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

WALL PANELS W/ CABLE TRAY OPENING

Slenderness
Approximate Evaluation of Slenderness Effect
For Compression members braced against sidesway, the effect of
slenderness may be neglected when,
klu
r
M1b
M2b

<
=
=
=
=

34

value of smaller end moment on compression members
due to gravity loads
value of larger end moment on compression members
due to gravity loads

DL = Roof DL x unit width x 1/2 roof span
e=
6.5 in
Moment = DL x e =
1571.94 lb-in

=

241.84

lbs

where :
lu = unsupported length of compression members
lu = 6630.000 mm
lu = 261.024 in
k LONG = effective length factor
k=
1
thk =
9.843 in
w =
51.181 in
4
Ig = 4066.74804 in

Ag = 503.75101 in2
r = radius of gyration
= sqrt ( I / A)
= 2.84129069
M1 =
M2 =

1571.94
1571.94
klu
r

kl
u

lb-in
lb-in

= 91.868

>

34

Magnified design moment
Mslender = GMu

Therefore, consider slenderness effect.

where :
Cm
< 1.0
Pu
1 IPc
For members braced against sidesway and without transverse loads between
supports, Cm may be taken as
Cm = 0.60 + 0.40 ( M1b / M2b )
but not less than 0.40

Gb

for this case use Cm = 1.0, for all other cases
then, Cm = 1.00
Pu =
Pu =
I=

1.0*PD
242 lb
factored axial load
0.700 strength reduction factor
S EI
( k lu )2

Pc

Euler's buckling load

Ec = 4032041 psi

4
Ig= 4066.75 in

Ed = absolute value of ratio of maximum deadload moment to
maximum total moment, always positive

MmaxDL
Mmax TOT

=

1571.94
1572

=

1.000

Max. Mom =

1572

EI =

KN-m

Ec Ig
2.5
1 + Ed
3279456110

then,

Pc =

=

S EI
( k lu )2
475052.8684

Gb

Cm
Pu
1
IPc 
GMu

> 1.

1.0007

1573.081

lb-in

Saudconsult
BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
WALL PROPERTIES WITH CABLE TRAY OPENING

DESIGN LOADS ( UNFACTORED ) :
Roof Dead Load
DESIGN STRESSES :
Conc., fc'
Reinf., fy
PANEL DATA :
Panel Width, width
Wall Span, lb
Wall, t TRIAL
(Panel Width - Opening) ; b
Roof span :

=
=

2
8.470 KN/m
176.90 psf

=
=

34.5 Mpa
414 Mpa

=
=
=
=
=

2500
6630
250
1300
10

CONFIGURATION :
250 mm

6630 mm

CHECK DYNAMIC REQUIRED RESISTANCE:
Design overpressure,
Effective blast time duration,

2500
1200

625

Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

mm
mm
mm
mm
m

650

=
=

4.20
129

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

4066.75
0.7609
10.0000
7.6086
8.3425
5954.3
5504.0
77276
4032041
0.0178
2.2698
7.1940

=
=
=
=
=

1573.081
4237786.57
4236213.49
129882.09
5.0555

lb-in
lb-in
lb-in
lb
psi

( 178 KN-m
( 478782 KN-m
( 478604 KN-m
( 577.72 KN
)
( 0.0349 Mpa. )

=
=
=

63354.2
135361
5.269

lb
lb
psi

( 282 KN
( 602 KN
( 0.0363 Mpa.

=

5.0555
15.8352

psi >
kips

n x As =
C = -n x As + [ n x As * ( n x As + 2 x b x d ) ] 0 . 5 / b =

54.7360
3.2880

in2
in2

Ps
Te

Moment of Inertia,
Ig
25
Area of Bar ( Ø ),
mm Ø
Ab
Number of Bars per side of opening
N
Area of Rebar PER side,
As
Effective Depth,
dc = ds
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for bending)
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for shear)
f'dy = (SIF) x (DIF) x fy
Modulus of Elasticity,
Edc = 57000 x (f'c) 1 / 2
Steel ratio,
p = As / b x d
Stress block,
a = As x fdy / 0.85 x f'dc x b
Modular ratio,
n = Es / Edm
a.) BENDING RESISTANCE
Mgnified Moment = M (slender)
Max. Moment, Mp = Mpc = Mps = As x fdy [ d - a / 2 ]
Net Moment, = Mp - M (slender)
Resistance at cracked moment,
Rb = 8 x Mp / L
Unit Resistance,
rb = Rb / (L x panel width)
b.) SHEAR RESISTANCE
Shear,
Vn = 2 x b x d x ( f'dc ) 0 . 5
At Support,
Rs = Vn x L / ( 0.5 x L - tw )
Unit Resistance,
rs = Rs /( L x panel width)
? Consider 1 ft strip
? Dynamic Resistance Controlled by Bending,
Ru

of
8-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

psi
msec

( SEE LOADING CALCULATION)

4
in4
( 1692708333 mm )
2
2
in
( 491 mm
)
in
2
in2
( 4909 mm
)
in
( 212 mm
)
psi
( 41 Mpa. )
psi
( 38 Mpa. )
psi
( 533 Mpa. )
27801 Mpa. )
psi
(
> 200 / f'dy = 0.003
in
( 58 mm
)

4.20
13.16

)
)
)

)
)
)

? O.K!
kips

Cracked Moment of Inertia:
2
( 35313 mm
2
( 2121 mm

)
)

mm

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
WALL PROPERTIES WITH CABLE TRAY OPENING
I cr = b x C 3 / 3 + n x As * ( d - C ) 2

=

2004.84

I a = ( I g + I cr ) / 2 =
K = 384 x Edc x I a / 5 L 3 =
Yeild Deflection,
Ye = Ru / K =
Wall Mass = wall total weight / panel width /gravity acc.
=
Roof Mass = Roof DL x unit width x 1/2 roof span / gravity acc. =
Total Mass, M
=
Average Stiffnes,
K LM =
Equivalent Mass,
Me = K LM x Beam Mass
=
Period of Vibration,
tn = 2 x S x ( Me / K ) 0 . 5
=
Time increment , tn/10
¨t =
td / tn
=
Ru / Ps =
=

3035.794
6.4446
2.45714
0.00662
0.00752
0.01414
0.72000
0.01018

Average Moment of Inertia,
Effective Stiffness,

0.24971
0.02497
0.51773
1.20369

in4

4
( 834477277 mm

of
8-Jun-04
MGG
SAK
)

4
in4
( 1263592805.1 mm )
kips / in
(per 1 ft strip)
in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
FROM ASCE TABLE 6.1
kip-sec2 / in

sec
sec

;

use ¨t

=

0.00200

sec

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
WALL PROPERTIES WITH CABLE TRAY OPENING

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

of
8-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION METHOD
INPUT

RESULTS
Blast Load

Stiffness

K

=

Mass

M

=

Tension resistance

Rut

=

Compression resistance

Ruc

=

C

=

Forcing function

Damping co-efficient

F(t)

=

Time start

Ts

=

Time end

Te

=

Time increment

¨t

=

Reaction resistance (R) coeff.

a

=

Reaction force (f) coeff.
Key0

b
Key0

y

10.464 kips / in
0.0145 kip-sec2 / in
14.11 kips

load (kip)

time (sec)

13.16

0

0

0.1293

0 kips
0

Length
y max =

13.16 kips
0 sec

r max =
P=

1.193

0.1293 sec
0.002 sec

T=

0.691 degrees

=

0.385
0.115

=

0

Rut/Fo =

266.732 in
1.608 in
14.113 kips

1.073

T= < 2 degrees
low response

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.000

13.16

0.000

0.000

910.3373

0.00

1.51

0.002

12.95

0.002

1.805

894.9434

0.02

1.50

0.004

12.75

0.007

3.577

876.9587

0.08

1.50

0.006

12.55

0.016

5.311

856.4351

0.17

1.51

0.008

12.34

0.028

7.000

833.4321

0.30

1.53

0.010

12.14

0.044

8.642

808.0164

0.46

1.57

0.012

11.93

0.063

10.230

780.2614

0.66

1.63

0.014

11.73

0.085

11.761

750.2476

0.89

1.69

0.016

11.53

0.110

13.229

718.0618

1.15

1.77

0.018

11.32

0.138

14.631

683.7972

1.44

1.86

0.020

11.12

0.168

15.962

647.5530

1.76

1.96

0.022

10.92

0.202

17.219

609.4341

2.11

2.07

0.024

10.71

0.237

18.398

569.5509

2.48

2.19

0.026
0.028
0.030
0.032
0.034
0.036
0.038
0.040
0.042
0.044
0.046
0.048
0.050
0.052
0.054
0.056
0.058
0.060
0.062

10.51
10.31
10.10
9.90
9.70
9.49
9.29
9.09
8.88
8.68
8.47
8.27
8.07
7.86
7.66
7.46
7.25
7.05
6.85

0.275
0.315
0.357
0.401
0.446
0.493
0.541
0.590
0.639
0.690
0.740
0.791
0.842
0.893
0.943
0.993
1.042
1.090
1.136

19.496
20.509
21.434
22.269
23.012
23.660
24.211
24.664
25.017
25.270
25.422
25.472
25.419
25.266
25.010
24.655
24.199
23.646
22.996

528.0188
484.9582
440.4935
394.7537
347.8710
299.9812
251.2230
201.7375
151.6679
101.1593
50.3578
-0.5894
-51.5350
-102.3314
-152.8315
-202.8892
-252.3595
-301.0992
-348.9672

2.88
3.30
3.74
4.19
4.67
5.16
5.66
6.17
6.69
7.22
7.75
8.28
8.81
9.34
9.87
10.39
10.90
11.40
11.89

2.32
2.45
2.60
2.75
2.91
3.08
3.25
3.42
3.60
3.78
3.96
4.14
4.32
4.50
4.68
4.86
5.03
5.20
5.36

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.064
0.066
0.068
0.070
0.072
0.074
0.076
0.078
0.080
0.082
0.084
0.086
0.088
0.090
0.092
0.094
0.096
0.098
0.100
0.102
0.104
0.106
0.108
0.110
0.112
0.114
0.116
0.118
0.120
0.122
0.124
0.126
0.128
0.130
0.132
0.134
0.136
0.138
0.140
0.142
0.144
0.146
0.148
0.150
0.152
0.154
0.156
0.158
0.160
0.162
0.164
0.166

6.64
6.44
6.24
6.03
5.83
5.63
5.42
5.22
5.01
4.81
4.61
4.40
4.20
4.00
3.79
3.59
3.39
3.18
2.98
2.78
2.57
2.37
2.17
1.96
1.76
1.56
1.35
1.15
0.94
0.74
0.54
0.33
0.13
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

1.181
1.225
1.267
1.307
1.345
1.380
1.414
1.444
1.473
1.499
1.522
1.542
1.560
1.576
1.588
1.597
1.604
1.608
1.608
1.606
1.600
1.591
1.580
1.564
1.546
1.524
1.499
1.471
1.440
1.406
1.368
1.327
1.284
1.237
1.188
1.136
1.081
1.024
0.965
0.904
0.841
0.776
0.710
0.642
0.573
0.504
0.433
0.363
0.292
0.220
0.149
0.079

22.251
21.414
20.486
19.471
18.372
17.191
16.002
14.785
13.540
12.267
10.966
9.636
8.279
6.893
5.479
4.037
2.566
1.068
-0.459
-2.012
-3.587
-5.180
-6.787
-8.402
-10.020
-11.638
-13.250
-14.852
-16.439
-18.007
-19.551
-21.066
-22.549
-23.989
-25.369
-26.675
-27.905
-29.053
-30.117
-31.095
-31.982
-32.776
-33.476
-34.079
-34.583
-34.987
-35.289
-35.490
-35.588
-35.582
-35.474
-35.263

-395.8250
-441.5368
-485.9704
-528.9972
-570.4924
-587.3016
-601.3845
-615.4675
-629.5505
-643.6335
-657.7164
-671.7994
-685.8824
-699.9654
-714.0483
-728.1313
-742.2143
-756.2972
-770.3802
-782.6770
-792.7080
-800.4440
-805.8628
-808.9486
-809.6924
-808.0922
-804.1526
-797.8849
-789.3074
-778.4448
-765.3286
-749.9967
-732.4936
-707.8165
-672.0675
-634.3729
-594.8418
-553.5886
-510.7327
-466.3983
-420.7136
-373.8110
-325.8261
-276.8980
-227.1683
-176.7809
-125.8818
-74.6182
-23.1386
28.4080
79.8723
131.1054

12.36
12.82
13.26
13.68
14.07
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.11
14.09
14.03
13.94
13.81
13.65
13.46
13.23
12.97
12.68
12.35
11.99
11.60
11.17
10.72
10.23
9.71
9.17
8.60
8.00
7.38
6.74
6.08
5.40
4.71
4.00
3.28
2.55
1.82
1.08
0.33
-0.41
-1.15
-1.89

5.52
5.68
5.82
5.96
6.09
6.08
6.06
6.03
6.01
5.99
5.96
5.94
5.92
5.89
5.87
5.85
5.82
5.80
5.78
5.74
5.70
5.64
5.57
5.48
5.38
5.27
5.15
5.01
4.86
4.70
4.53
4.34
4.14
3.94
3.74
3.53
3.31
3.08
2.84
2.59
2.34
2.08
1.81
1.54
1.26
0.98
0.70
0.42
0.13
-0.16
-0.44
-0.73

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.168
0.170
0.172
0.174
0.176
0.178
0.180
0.182
0.184
0.186
0.188
0.190
0.192
0.194
0.196
0.198
0.200
0.202
0.204
0.206
0.208
0.210
0.212
0.214
0.216
0.218
0.220
0.222
0.224
0.226
0.228
0.230
0.232
0.234
0.236
0.238
0.240
0.242
0.244
0.246
0.248
0.250
0.252
0.254
0.256
0.258
0.260
0.262
0.264
0.266
0.268
0.270

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.008
-0.061
-0.130
-0.197
-0.263
-0.328
-0.391
-0.452
-0.511
-0.568
-0.622
-0.674
-0.723
-0.769
-0.812
-0.852
-0.889
-0.923
-0.953
-0.980
-1.003
-1.022
-1.038
-1.050
-1.058
-1.063
-1.063
-1.060
-1.053
-1.042
-1.027
-1.009
-0.987
-0.961
-0.932
-0.899
-0.863
-0.824
-0.781
-0.736
-0.688
-0.637
-0.583
-0.527
-0.468
-0.408
-0.346
-0.281
-0.216
-0.149
-0.080
-0.011

-34.950
-34.536
-34.021
-33.409
-32.699
-31.895
-30.999
-30.013
-28.939
-27.783
-26.545
-25.231
-23.844
-22.388
-20.867
-19.285
-17.648
-15.960
-14.225
-12.450
-10.638
-8.795
-6.927
-5.039
-3.136
-1.225
0.691
2.604
4.510
6.402
8.277
10.127
11.948
13.734
15.481
17.182
18.834
20.432
21.970
23.445
24.852
26.186
27.446
28.625
29.722
30.733
31.654
32.484
33.221
33.860
34.402
34.845

181.9590
232.2858
281.9401
330.7782
378.6587
425.4430
470.9956
515.1847
557.8823
598.9648
638.3134
675.8140
711.3581
744.8428
776.1712
805.2526
832.0027
856.3442
878.2066
897.5266
914.2482
928.3230
939.7104
948.3773
954.2986
957.4572
957.8439
955.4577
950.3055
942.4020
931.7704
918.4412
902.4532
883.8525
862.6930
839.0361
812.9502
784.5107
753.8001
720.9072
685.9273
648.9616
610.1172
569.5064
527.2470
483.4611
438.2757
391.8214
344.2328
295.6476
246.2066
196.0527

-2.63
-3.36
-4.07
-4.78
-5.47
-6.15
-6.81
-7.45
-8.06
-8.66
-9.22
-9.77
-10.28
-10.76
-11.22
-11.64
-12.02
-12.38
-12.69
-12.97
-13.21
-13.42
-13.58
-13.71
-13.79
-13.84
-13.84
-13.81
-13.73
-13.62
-13.47
-13.27
-13.04
-12.77
-12.47
-12.13
-11.75
-11.34
-10.89
-10.42
-9.91
-9.38
-8.82
-8.23
-7.62
-6.99
-6.33
-5.66
-4.97
-4.27
-3.56
-2.83

-1.01
-1.29
-1.57
-1.84
-2.11
-2.37
-2.62
-2.87
-3.10
-3.33
-3.55
-3.76
-3.96
-4.14
-4.32
-4.48
-4.63
-4.76
-4.89
-4.99
-5.09
-5.16
-5.23
-5.28
-5.31
-5.33
-5.33
-5.32
-5.29
-5.24
-5.18
-5.11
-5.02
-4.92
-4.80
-4.67
-4.52
-4.36
-4.19
-4.01
-3.82
-3.61
-3.39
-3.17
-2.93
-2.69
-2.44
-2.18
-1.92
-1.64
-1.37
-1.09

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.272
0.274
0.276
0.278
0.280
0.282
0.284
0.286
0.288
0.290
0.292
0.294
0.296
0.298
0.300
0.302
0.304
0.306
0.308
0.310
0.312
0.314
0.316
0.318
0.320
0.322
0.324
0.326
0.328
0.330
0.332
0.334
0.336
0.338
0.340
0.342
0.344
0.346
0.348
0.350
0.352
0.354
0.356
0.358
0.360
0.362
0.364
0.366
0.368
0.370
0.372
0.374

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.059
0.130
0.201
0.272
0.343
0.414
0.484
0.554
0.623
0.691
0.758
0.823
0.886
0.948
1.008
1.065
1.121
1.174
1.224
1.271
1.315
1.357
1.395
1.430
1.461
1.489
1.514
1.535
1.552
1.565
1.575
1.581
1.583
1.581
1.575
1.566
1.552
1.535
1.515
1.490
1.463
1.431
1.396
1.358
1.317
1.273
1.226
1.176
1.123
1.068
1.010
0.951

35.186
35.425
35.562
35.596
35.527
35.355
35.081
34.705
34.229
33.654
32.981
32.213
31.351
30.399
29.359
28.233
27.026
25.741
24.381
22.951
21.454
19.895
18.278
16.609
14.891
13.131
11.332
9.501
7.642
5.761
3.863
1.954
0.039
-1.875
-3.785
-5.683
-7.565
-9.425
-11.258
-13.058
-14.820
-16.539
-18.211
-19.830
-21.391
-22.890
-24.324
-25.686
-26.975
-28.185
-29.314
-30.358

145.3313
94.1892
42.7744
-8.7643
-60.2776
-111.6164
-162.6320
-213.1769
-263.1045
-312.2705
-360.5325
-407.7507
-453.7885
-498.5125
-541.7934
-583.5057
-623.5288
-661.7468
-698.0490
-732.3304
-764.4916
-794.4397
-822.0878
-847.3560
-870.1710
-890.4670
-908.1850
-923.2738
-935.6897
-945.3968
-952.3669
-956.5799
-958.0237
-956.6939
-952.5945
-945.7373
-936.1422
-923.8370
-908.8573
-891.2464
-871.0553
-848.3425
-823.1738
-795.6219
-765.7667
-733.6947
-699.4985
-663.2773
-625.1360
-585.1848
-543.5395
-500.3207

-2.10
-1.36
-0.62
0.13
0.87
1.61
2.35
3.08
3.80
4.51
5.21
5.89
6.56
7.20
7.83
8.43
9.01
9.56
10.09
10.58
11.05
11.48
11.88
12.25
12.58
12.87
13.12
13.34
13.52
13.66
13.76
13.82
13.84
13.83
13.77
13.67
13.53
13.35
13.13
12.88
12.59
12.26
11.90
11.50
11.07
10.60
10.11
9.59
9.03
8.46
7.85
7.23

-0.81
-0.52
-0.24
0.05
0.34
0.62
0.90
1.19
1.46
1.74
2.01
2.27
2.52
2.77
3.01
3.25
3.47
3.68
3.88
4.07
4.25
4.42
4.57
4.71
4.84
4.95
5.05
5.14
5.21
5.26
5.30
5.32
5.33
5.32
5.30
5.26
5.21
5.14
5.06
4.96
4.85
4.72
4.58
4.43
4.26
4.08
3.89
3.69
3.48
3.26
3.02
2.78

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.376
0.378
0.380
0.382
0.384
0.386
0.388
0.390
0.392
0.394
0.396
0.398
0.400
0.402
0.404
0.406
0.408
0.410
0.412
0.414
0.416
0.418
0.420
0.422
0.424
0.426
0.428
0.430
0.432
0.434
0.436
0.438
0.440
0.442
0.444
0.446
0.448
0.450
0.452
0.454
0.456
0.458
0.460
0.462
0.464
0.466
0.468
0.470
0.472
0.474
0.476
0.478
0.480
0.482
0.484
0.486
0.488
0.490
0.492
0.494

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.889
0.825
0.760
0.694
0.626
0.557
0.487
0.417
0.346
0.275
0.203
0.132
0.062
-0.008
-0.078
-0.146
-0.213
-0.279
-0.343
-0.406
-0.466
-0.525
-0.581
-0.634
-0.686
-0.734
-0.780
-0.822
-0.862
-0.898
-0.930
-0.960
-0.986
-1.008
-1.026
-1.041
-1.052
-1.060
-1.063
-1.063
-1.059
-1.050
-1.039
-1.023
-1.004
-0.981
-0.954
-0.924
-0.891
-0.854
-0.814
-0.771
-0.725
-0.676
-0.624
-0.570
-0.513
-0.454
-0.393
-0.331

-31.314
-32.179
-32.951
-33.628
-34.207
-34.688
-35.068
-35.346
-35.522
-35.596
-35.566
-35.433
-35.198
-34.861
-34.422
-33.885
-33.249
-32.517
-31.690
-30.772
-29.765
-28.672
-27.496
-26.240
-24.908
-23.504
-22.032
-20.496
-18.901
-17.251
-15.551
-13.807
-12.022
-10.202
-8.353
-6.480
-4.588
-2.682
-0.769
1.146
3.058
4.961
6.850
8.719
10.563
12.376
14.153
15.889
17.580
19.219
20.803
22.327
23.786
25.176
26.493
27.733
28.894
29.970
30.960
31.860

-455.6534
-409.6671
-362.4947
-314.2729
-265.1413
-215.2421
-164.7197
-113.7205
-62.3921
-10.8831
40.6575
92.0804
143.2366
193.9782
244.1583
293.6315
342.2546
389.8869
436.3905
481.6307
525.4766
567.8012
608.4821
647.4013
684.4464
719.5100
752.4905
783.2926
811.8271
838.0113
861.7695
883.0328
901.7398
917.8362
931.2755
942.0187
950.0347
955.3004
957.8005
957.5277
954.4829
948.6749
940.1204
928.8443
914.8791
898.2654
879.0512
857.2921
833.0511
806.3985
777.4113
746.1735
712.7756
677.3141
639.8918
600.6170
559.6035
516.9698
472.8396
427.3404

6.58
5.92
5.24
4.54
3.83
3.11
2.38
1.64
0.90
0.16
-0.59
-1.33
-2.07
-2.80
-3.53
-4.24
-4.95
-5.63
-6.31
-6.96
-7.59
-8.21
-8.79
-9.36
-9.89
-10.40
-10.87
-11.32
-11.73
-12.11
-12.45
-12.76
-13.03
-13.26
-13.46
-13.61
-13.73
-13.81
-13.84
-13.84
-13.79
-13.71
-13.59
-13.42
-13.22
-12.98
-12.70
-12.39
-12.04
-11.65
-11.23
-10.78
-10.30
-9.79
-9.25
-8.68
-8.09
-7.47
-6.83
-6.18

2.54
2.28
2.02
1.75
1.48
1.20
0.92
0.63
0.35
0.06
-0.23
-0.51
-0.80
-1.08
-1.36
-1.63
-1.90
-2.17
-2.43
-2.68
-2.92
-3.16
-3.39
-3.60
-3.81
-4.00
-4.19
-4.36
-4.52
-4.66
-4.79
-4.91
-5.02
-5.11
-5.18
-5.24
-5.29
-5.32
-5.33
-5.33
-5.31
-5.28
-5.23
-5.17
-5.09
-5.00
-4.89
-4.77
-4.63
-4.49
-4.33
-4.15
-3.97
-3.77
-3.56
-3.34
-3.11
-2.88
-2.63
-2.38

Time
(sec)
0.496
0.498
0.500
0.502
0.504
0.506
0.508
0.510
0.512
0.514
0.516
0.518
0.520
0.522
0.524
0.526
0.528
0.530
0.532
0.534
0.536
0.538
0.540
0.542
0.544
0.546
0.548
0.550
0.552
0.554
0.556
0.558
0.560
0.562
0.564
0.566
0.568
0.570
0.572
0.574
0.576
0.578
0.580
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.592
0.594
0.596
0.598
0.600
0.602
0.604
0.606
0.608
0.610
0.612
0.614
0.616

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-0.266
-0.200
-0.133
-0.064
0.005
0.076
0.146
0.217
0.289
0.360
0.431
0.501
0.571
0.639
0.707
0.773
0.838
0.901
0.962
1.022
1.079
1.134
1.186
1.235
1.282
1.326
1.366
1.404
1.438
1.468
1.496
1.519
1.539
1.555
1.568
1.577
1.582
1.583
1.580
1.573
1.563
1.549
1.531
1.509
1.484
1.455
1.423
1.388
1.349
1.307
1.262
1.214
1.163
1.110
1.054
0.996
0.936
0.874
0.810
0.745
0.678

v
(in/sec)
32.668
33.381
33.998
34.516
34.935
35.252
35.467
35.580
35.589
35.496
35.300
35.001
34.601
34.101
33.503
32.807
32.016
31.133
30.159
29.099
27.954
26.728
25.424
24.047
22.601
21.089
19.516
17.886
16.205
14.477
12.706
10.900
9.061
7.196
5.311
3.410
1.499
-0.416
-2.330
-4.237
-6.132
-8.009
-9.863
-11.689
-13.480
-15.233
-16.941
-18.601
-20.206
-21.753
-23.237
-24.654
-26.000
-27.270
-28.461
-29.570
-30.593
-31.528
-32.371
-33.121
-33.775

a
(in/sec2)
380.6041
332.7660
283.9645
234.3409
184.0389
133.2040
81.9836
30.5258
-21.0203
-72.5056
-123.7810
-174.6980
-225.1093
-274.8689
-323.8328
-371.8591
-418.8089
-464.5463
-508.9388
-551.8579
-593.1794
-632.7836
-670.5559
-706.3869
-740.1730
-771.8162
-801.2250
-828.3142
-853.0055
-875.2273
-894.9154
-912.0126
-926.4695
-938.2443
-947.3029
-953.6191
-957.1745
-957.9588
-955.9699
-951.2134
-943.7031
-933.4609
-920.5162
-904.9066
-886.6773
-865.8811
-842.5782
-816.8359
-788.7290
-758.3386
-725.7528
-691.0660
-654.3786
-615.7967
-575.4320
-533.4015
-489.8268
-444.8340
-398.5535
-351.1191
-302.6682

resistance
(kips)
-5.50
-4.81
-4.10
-3.39
-2.66
-1.92
-1.18
-0.44
0.30
1.05
1.79
2.52
3.25
3.97
4.68
5.37
6.05
6.71
7.35
7.98
8.57
9.14
9.69
10.21
10.70
11.15
11.58
11.97
12.33
12.65
12.93
13.18
13.39
13.56
13.69
13.78
13.83
13.84
13.82
13.75
13.64
13.49
13.30
13.08
12.81
12.51
12.18
11.80
11.40
10.96
10.49
9.99
9.46
8.90
8.32
7.71
7.08
6.43
5.76
5.07
4.37

reaction
(kips)
-2.12
-1.85
-1.58
-1.30
-1.02
-0.74
-0.46
-0.17
0.12
0.40
0.69
0.97
1.25
1.53
1.80
2.07
2.33
2.58
2.83
3.07
3.30
3.52
3.73
3.93
4.12
4.29
4.46
4.61
4.75
4.87
4.98
5.07
5.15
5.22
5.27
5.31
5.33
5.33
5.32
5.29
5.25
5.19
5.12
5.03
4.93
4.82
4.69
4.54
4.39
4.22
4.04
3.84
3.64
3.43
3.20
2.97
2.73
2.47
2.22
1.95
1.68

Time
(sec)
0.618
0.620
0.622
0.624
0.626
0.628
0.630
0.632
0.634
0.636
0.638
0.640
0.642
0.644
0.646
0.648
0.650
0.652
0.654
0.656
0.658
0.660
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.668
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.676
0.678
0.680
0.682
0.684
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.696
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.712
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.722
0.724
0.726
0.728
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.736
0.738

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.610
0.540
0.470
0.400
0.329
0.258
0.187
0.116
0.045
-0.025
-0.094
-0.162
-0.229
-0.294
-0.358
-0.420
-0.480
-0.538
-0.594
-0.647
-0.697
-0.745
-0.790
-0.832
-0.870
-0.906
-0.938
-0.966
-0.991
-1.013
-1.030
-1.044
-1.054
-1.061
-1.063
-1.062
-1.057
-1.048
-1.035
-1.019
-0.999
-0.975
-0.948
-0.917
-0.882
-0.845
-0.804
-0.760
-0.713
-0.664
-0.611
-0.557
-0.499
-0.440
-0.379
-0.315
-0.250
-0.184
-0.116
-0.048
0.022

v
(in/sec)
-34.331
-34.787
-35.143
-35.397
-35.549
-35.598
-35.544
-35.386
-35.127
-34.765
-34.304
-33.742
-33.083
-32.329
-31.480
-30.541
-29.513
-28.400
-27.204
-25.930
-24.580
-23.160
-21.672
-20.122
-18.514
-16.851
-15.140
-13.386
-11.592
-9.765
-7.910
-6.031
-4.136
-2.228
-0.314
1.601
3.511
5.412
7.296
9.160
10.997
12.802
14.570
16.296
17.974
19.601
21.171
22.680
24.122
25.496
26.795
28.017
29.157
30.213
31.182
32.061
32.846
33.537
34.130
34.625
35.020

a
(in/sec2)
-253.3411
-203.2806
-152.6315
-101.5406
-50.1558
1.3743
52.9004
104.2733
155.3444
205.9657
255.9908
305.2748
353.6750
401.0513
447.2665
492.1869
535.6825
577.6272
617.8997
656.3834
692.9668
727.5441
760.0151
790.2859
818.2688
843.8828
867.0537
887.7145
905.8054
921.2740
934.0754
944.1727
951.5366
956.1458
957.9870
957.0548
953.3519
946.8890
937.6848
925.7661
911.1673
893.9306
874.1060
851.7508
826.9298
799.7149
770.1847
738.4249
704.5273
668.5901
630.7173
591.0186
549.6089
506.6080
462.1406
416.3352
369.3245
321.2447
272.2348
222.4368
171.9948

resistance
(kips)
3.66
2.94
2.21
1.47
0.72
-0.02
-0.76
-1.51
-2.24
-2.98
-3.70
-4.41
-5.11
-5.80
-6.46
-7.11
-7.74
-8.35
-8.93
-9.49
-10.01
-10.51
-10.98
-11.42
-11.83
-12.20
-12.53
-12.83
-13.09
-13.31
-13.50
-13.64
-13.75
-13.82
-13.84
-13.83
-13.78
-13.68
-13.55
-13.38
-13.17
-12.92
-12.63
-12.31
-11.95
-11.56
-11.13
-10.67
-10.18
-9.66
-9.11
-8.54
-7.94
-7.32
-6.68
-6.02
-5.34
-4.64
-3.93
-3.21
-2.49

reaction
(kips)
1.41
1.13
0.85
0.56
0.28
-0.01
-0.29
-0.58
-0.86
-1.15
-1.42
-1.70
-1.97
-2.23
-2.49
-2.74
-2.98
-3.21
-3.44
-3.65
-3.86
-4.05
-4.23
-4.40
-4.55
-4.70
-4.82
-4.94
-5.04
-5.13
-5.20
-5.25
-5.29
-5.32
-5.33
-5.32
-5.30
-5.27
-5.22
-5.15
-5.07
-4.97
-4.86
-4.74
-4.60
-4.45
-4.29
-4.11
-3.92
-3.72
-3.51
-3.29
-3.06
-2.82
-2.57
-2.32
-2.05
-1.79
-1.51
-1.24
-0.96

Time
(sec)
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.764
0.766
0.768
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.784
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.792
0.794
0.796
0.798
0.800
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.808
0.810
0.812
0.814
0.816
0.818
0.820
0.822
0.824
0.826
0.828
0.830
0.832
0.834
0.836
0.838
0.840
0.842
0.844
0.846
0.848
0.850
0.852
0.854
0.856
0.858
0.860

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.092
0.163
0.234
0.306
0.377
0.447
0.518
0.587
0.655
0.723
0.789
0.853
0.916
0.977
1.036
1.092
1.146
1.198
1.247
1.292
1.335
1.375
1.412
1.445
1.475
1.501
1.524
1.543
1.559
1.570
1.578
1.582
1.582
1.579
1.571
1.560
1.545
1.526
1.504
1.478
1.448
1.415
1.379
1.339
1.296
1.251
1.202
1.151
1.097
1.041
0.982
0.921
0.859
0.795
0.729
0.662
0.593
0.524
0.454
0.383
0.312

v
(in/sec)
35.313
35.503
35.591
35.576
35.458
35.238
34.915
34.491
33.968
33.346
32.627
31.814
30.909
29.915
28.834
27.669
26.425
25.103
23.709
22.247
20.720
19.133
17.491
15.798
14.059
12.280
10.465
8.620
6.750
4.860
2.956
1.044
-0.871
-2.784
-4.689
-6.580
-8.452
-10.300
-12.118
-13.901
-15.643
-17.340
-18.988
-20.580
-22.112
-23.581
-24.981
-26.309
-27.560
-28.732
-29.821
-30.824
-31.737
-32.558
-33.285
-33.916
-34.448
-34.881
-35.213
-35.443
-35.570

a
(in/sec2)
121.0550
69.7646
18.2723
-33.2729
-84.7218
-135.9254
-186.7355
-237.0050
-286.5883
-335.3420
-383.1249
-429.7986
-475.2281
-519.2818
-561.8321
-602.7559
-641.9348
-679.2552
-714.6092
-747.8944
-779.0144
-807.8791
-834.4051
-858.5154
-880.1403
-899.2172
-915.6909
-929.5136
-940.6454
-949.0540
-954.7151
-957.6123
-957.7371
-955.0893
-949.6766
-941.5145
-930.6267
-917.0447
-900.8079
-881.9632
-860.5652
-836.6759
-810.3644
-781.7069
-750.7863
-717.6922
-682.5204
-645.3727
-606.3566
-565.5851
-523.1762
-479.2527
-433.9418
-387.3746
-339.6860
-291.0140
-241.4995
-191.2858
-140.5184
-89.3441
-37.9112

resistance
(kips)
-1.75
-1.01
-0.26
0.48
1.22
1.96
2.70
3.43
4.14
4.85
5.54
6.21
6.87
7.50
8.12
8.71
9.28
9.82
10.33
10.81
11.26
11.67
12.06
12.41
12.72
12.99
13.23
13.43
13.59
13.72
13.80
13.84
13.84
13.80
13.72
13.61
13.45
13.25
13.02
12.75
12.44
12.09
11.71
11.30
10.85
10.37
9.86
9.33
8.76
8.17
7.56
6.93
6.27
5.60
4.91
4.21
3.49
2.76
2.03
1.29
0.55

reaction
(kips)
-0.67
-0.39
-0.10
0.19
0.47
0.76
1.04
1.32
1.59
1.87
2.13
2.39
2.64
2.89
3.13
3.35
3.57
3.78
3.98
4.16
4.33
4.49
4.64
4.78
4.90
5.00
5.09
5.17
5.23
5.28
5.31
5.33
5.33
5.31
5.28
5.24
5.18
5.10
5.01
4.91
4.79
4.66
4.51
4.35
4.18
3.99
3.80
3.59
3.37
3.15
2.91
2.67
2.41
2.16
1.89
1.62
1.34
1.06
0.78
0.50
0.21

Time
(sec)
0.862
0.864
0.866
0.868
0.870
0.872
0.874
0.876
0.878
0.880
0.882
0.884
0.886
0.888
0.890
0.892
0.894
0.896
0.898
0.900
0.902
0.904
0.906
0.908
0.910
0.912
0.914
0.916
0.918
0.920
0.922
0.924
0.926
0.928
0.930
0.932
0.934
0.936
0.938
0.940
0.942
0.944
0.946
0.948
0.950
0.952
0.954
0.956
0.958
0.960
0.962
0.964
0.966
0.968
0.970
0.972
0.974
0.976
0.978
0.980
0.982

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.241
0.170
0.099
0.028
-0.041
-0.110
-0.178
-0.244
-0.310
-0.373
-0.435
-0.494
-0.552
-0.607
-0.659
-0.709
-0.756
-0.800
-0.841
-0.879
-0.914
-0.945
-0.973
-0.997
-1.017
-1.034
-1.047
-1.056
-1.062
-1.063
-1.061
-1.055
-1.045
-1.032
-1.014
-0.993
-0.969
-0.940
-0.909
-0.874
-0.835
-0.794
-0.749
-0.702
-0.651
-0.599
-0.543
-0.485
-0.426
-0.364
-0.300
-0.235
-0.168
-0.100
-0.031
0.039
0.109
0.180
0.251
0.323
0.393

v
(in/sec)
-35.594
-35.516
-35.334
-35.050
-34.665
-34.179
-33.594
-32.912
-32.135
-31.265
-30.304
-29.256
-28.123
-26.908
-25.616
-24.249
-22.812
-21.309
-19.745
-18.123
-16.449
-14.727
-12.963
-11.161
-9.326
-7.465
-5.582
-3.683
-1.773
0.141
2.056
3.964
5.861
7.741
9.599
11.429
13.226
14.984
16.699
18.366
19.980
21.535
23.029
24.455
25.811
27.093
28.295
29.416
30.452
31.399
32.256
33.019
33.687
34.257
34.728
35.098
35.367
35.534
35.597
35.558
35.415

a
(in/sec2)
13.6314
65.1346
116.4492
167.4267
217.9195
267.7814
316.8681
365.0374
412.1500
458.0694
502.6626
545.8007
587.3586
627.2162
665.2579
701.3737
735.4591
767.4152
797.1497
824.5765
849.6160
872.1960
892.2509
909.7227
924.5609
936.7225
946.1722
952.8828
956.8348
958.0167
956.4251
952.0647
944.9481
935.0958
922.5364
907.3063
889.4494
869.0177
846.0701
820.6731
792.9003
762.8320
730.5553
696.1637
659.7566
621.4395
581.3234
539.5243
496.1633
451.3659
405.2618
357.9845
309.6708
260.4606
210.4963
159.9227
108.8861
57.5342
6.0158
-45.5200
-96.9240

resistance
(kips)
-0.20
-0.94
-1.68
-2.42
-3.15
-3.87
-4.58
-5.28
-5.96
-6.62
-7.26
-7.89
-8.49
-9.06
-9.61
-10.14
-10.63
-11.09
-11.52
-11.92
-12.28
-12.60
-12.89
-13.15
-13.36
-13.54
-13.67
-13.77
-13.83
-13.84
-13.82
-13.76
-13.66
-13.51
-13.33
-13.11
-12.85
-12.56
-12.23
-11.86
-11.46
-11.02
-10.56
-10.06
-9.53
-8.98
-8.40
-7.80
-7.17
-6.52
-5.86
-5.17
-4.48
-3.76
-3.04
-2.31
-1.57
-0.83
-0.09
0.66
1.40

reaction
(kips)
-0.08
-0.36
-0.65
-0.93
-1.21
-1.49
-1.76
-2.03
-2.29
-2.55
-2.80
-3.04
-3.27
-3.49
-3.70
-3.90
-4.09
-4.27
-4.44
-4.59
-4.73
-4.85
-4.96
-5.06
-5.14
-5.21
-5.26
-5.30
-5.32
-5.33
-5.32
-5.30
-5.26
-5.20
-5.13
-5.05
-4.95
-4.84
-4.71
-4.57
-4.41
-4.24
-4.06
-3.87
-3.67
-3.46
-3.23
-3.00
-2.76
-2.51
-2.25
-1.99
-1.72
-1.45
-1.17
-0.89
-0.61
-0.32
-0.03
0.25
0.54

Time
(sec)
0.984
0.986
0.988
0.990
0.992
0.994
0.996
0.998
1.000
1.002
1.004
1.006
1.008
1.010
1.012
1.014
1.016
1.018
1.020
1.022
1.024
1.026
1.028
1.030
1.032
1.034
1.036
1.038
1.040
1.042
1.044
1.046
1.048
1.050
1.052
1.054
1.056
1.058
1.060
1.062
1.064
1.066
1.068
1.070
1.072
1.074
1.076
1.078
1.080

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.464
0.534
0.603
0.672
0.739
0.804
0.868
0.931
0.991
1.049
1.105
1.159
1.210
1.258
1.303
1.345
1.384
1.420
1.453
1.482
1.507
1.529
1.547
1.562
1.573
1.579
1.583
1.582
1.577
1.569
1.557
1.541
1.521
1.498
1.471
1.441
1.407
1.370
1.329
1.286
1.239
1.190
1.138
1.084
1.027
0.968
0.907
0.844
0.779

v
(in/sec)
35.170
34.823
34.376
33.829
33.184
32.443
31.608
30.681
29.666
28.564
27.380
26.117
24.778
23.368
21.890
20.348
18.748
17.093
15.389
13.640
11.851
10.029
8.177
6.302
4.408
2.502
0.589
-1.327
-3.238
-5.140
-7.027
-8.894
-10.735
-12.545
-14.319
-16.051
-17.737
-19.371
-20.950
-22.467
-23.920
-25.303
-26.613
-27.846
-28.999
-30.067
-31.049
-31.940
-32.740

a
(in/sec2)
-148.0475
-198.7423
-248.8618
-298.2608
-346.7964
-394.3280
-440.7180
-485.8321
-529.5397
-571.7143
-612.2338
-650.9808
-687.8433
-722.7144
-755.4933
-786.0850
-814.4010
-840.3593
-863.8848
-884.9093
-903.3719
-919.2193
-932.4056
-942.8925
-950.6498
-955.6548
-957.8933
-957.3587
-954.0525
-947.9843
-939.1716
-927.6401
-913.4231
-896.5616
-877.1046
-855.1084
-830.6367
-803.7602
-774.5568
-743.1111
-709.5141
-673.8630
-636.2611
-596.8172
-555.6455
-512.8652
-468.6002
-422.9786
-376.1324

resistance
(kips)
2.14
2.87
3.60
4.31
5.01
5.70
6.37
7.02
7.65
8.26
8.85
9.41
9.94
10.44
10.92
11.36
11.77
12.14
12.48
12.79
13.05
13.28
13.47
13.63
13.74
13.81
13.84
13.84
13.79
13.70
13.57
13.41
13.20
12.96
12.68
12.36
12.00
11.62
11.19
10.74
10.25
9.74
9.19
8.62
8.03
7.41
6.77
6.11
5.44

reaction
(kips)
0.82
1.11
1.38
1.66
1.93
2.19
2.45
2.70
2.95
3.18
3.41
3.62
3.83
4.02
4.20
4.37
4.53
4.68
4.81
4.92
5.03
5.11
5.19
5.25
5.29
5.32
5.33
5.33
5.31
5.27
5.23
5.16
5.08
4.99
4.88
4.76
4.62
4.47
4.31
4.13
3.95
3.75
3.54
3.32
3.09
2.85
2.61
2.35
2.09

Displacement vs. Time
3.000

Displacement (in)

2.000
1.000
0.000
-1.000
-2.000
-3.000
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600

0.800

1.000

1.200

0.800

1.000

1.200

Time (sec)

Resistance vs. Time
20.00
15.00

Resistance (kips)

10.00
5.00
0.00
-5.00
-10.00
-15.00
-20.00
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600
Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
14.00

Applied Force (kips)

12.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
2.00
0.00
-2.00
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
8.00
6.00

Reaction (kips)

4.00
2.00
0.00
-2.00
-4.00
-6.00
-8.00
0.00

0.20

0.40

0.60
Time (sec)

0.80

1.00

1.20

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

WALL PANELS W/ PERSONNEL DOOR OPENING

Saudconsult
BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
WALL PROPERTIES WITH PERSONNEL DOOR

DESIGN LOADS ( UNFACTORED ) :
Roof Dead Load
DESIGN STRESSES :
Conc., fc'
Reinf., fy
PANEL DATA :
Panel Width, width
Wall Span, lb
Wall, t TRIAL
(Panel Width - Opening) ; b
Roof span :

=
=

2
8.470 KN/m
176.90 psf

=
=

34.5 Mpa
414 Mpa

CONFIGURATION :
250 mm

2500
1125

6630 mm
=
=
=
=
=

2500
6630
250
1500
15.22

mm
mm
mm
mm
m

CHECK DYNAMIC REQUIRED RESISTANCE:
Design overpressure,
Effective blast time duration,

750
2180

Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

of
6-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

Ps
Te

Moment of Inertia,
Ig
25
Area of Bar ( Ø ),
mm Ø
Ab
Number of Bars per side of opening
N
Area of Rebar PER side,
As
Effective Depth,
dc = ds
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for bending)
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for shear)
f'dy = (SIF) x (DIF) x fy
Modulus of Elasticity,
Edc = 57000 x (f'c) 1 / 2
Steel ratio,
p = As / b x d
Stress block,
a = As x fdy / 0.85 x f'dc x b
Modular ratio,
n = Es / Edm

=
=

4.20
129

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

4692.40
0.7609
10.0000
7.6086
8.3425
5954.3
5504.0
77276
4032041
0.0154
1.9672
7.1940

a.) BENDING RESISTANCE
Max. Moment, Mp = Mpc = Mps = As x fdy [ d - a / 2 ]
=
Resistance at cracked moment,
Rb = 8 x Mp / L
=
Unit Resistance,
rb = Rb / (L x panel width) =
b.) SHEAR RESISTANCE
Shear,
Vn = 2 x b x d x ( f'dc ) 0 . 5
At Support,
Rs = Vn x L / ( 0.5 x L - tw )
Unit Resistance,
rs = Rs /( L x panel width)
? Consider 1 ft strip
? Dynamic Resistance Controlled by Bending,
Ru

psi
msec

( SEE LOADING CALCULATION)

4
in4
( 1953125000 mm )
2
2
in
( 491 mm
)
in
2
in2
( 4909 mm
)
in
( 212 mm
)
psi
( 41 Mpa. )
psi
( 38 Mpa. )
psi
( 533 Mpa. )
27801 Mpa. )
psi
(
> 200 / f'dy = 0.003
in
( 50 mm
)

4326756.36 lb-in
132608.88 lb
5.1616 psi

=
=
=

73101.0
156186
6.079

lb
lb
psi

=

5.1616
16.1677

psi >
kips

n x As =
/b =
=

54.7360
3.1134
2090.76

in2
in2
in4

( 488833 KN-m
( 589.84 KN
)
( 0.0356 Mpa. )

( 325 KN
( 695 KN
( 0.0419 Mpa.
4.20
13.16

)

)
)
)

? O.K!
kips

Cracked Moment of Inertia:
C = -n x As + [ n x As * ( n x As + 2 x b x d ) ]
I cr = b x C 3 / 3 + n x As * ( d - C ) 2

0.5

2
( 35313 mm
)
2
( 2009 mm
4
( 870239940 mm

)
)

mm

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
WALL PROPERTIES WITH PERSONNEL DOOR

I a = ( I g + I cr ) / 2 =
K = 384 x Edc x I a / 5 L 3 =
Yeild Deflection,
Ye = Ru / K =
Wall Mass = wall total weight / panel width /gravity acc.
=
Roof Mass = Roof DL x unit width x 1/2 roof span / gravity acc. =
Total Mass, M
=
Average Stiffnes,
K LM =
Equivalent Mass,
Me = K LM x Beam Mass
=
0.5
Period of Vibration,
tn = 2 x S x ( Me / K )
=
Time increment , tn/10
¨t =
td / tn
=
Ru / Ps =
=

Average Moment of Inertia,
Effective Stiffness,

3391.581
7.1999
2.24556
0.00591
0.01144
0.01735
0.72000
0.01249
0.26172
0.02617
0.49397
1.22896

of
6-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

4
in4
( 1411682470.0 mm )
kips / in
(per 1 ft strip)
in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
FROM ASCE TABLE 6.1
kip-sec2 / in

sec
sec

;

use ¨t

=

0.00200

sec

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION METHOD
INPUT

RESULTS
Blast Load

Stiffness

K

=

Mass

M

=

Tension resistance

Rut

=

Compression resistance

Ruc

=

C

=

Forcing function

Damping co-efficient

F(t)

=

Time start

Ts

=

Time end

Te

=

Time increment

¨t

=

Reaction resistance (R) coeff.

a

=

Reaction force (f) coeff.
Key0

b
Key0

y

7.200 kips / in
0.0174 kip-sec2 / in
16.17 kips

load (kip)

time (sec)

13.16

0

0

0.1293

0 kips
0

Length
y max =

13.16 kips
0 sec

r max =
P=

0.881

0.1293 sec
0.002 sec

T=

0.850 degrees

=

0.385
0.115

=

0

Rut/Fo =

266.732 in
1.978 in
14.242 kips

1.229

T= < 2 degrees
low response

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.000

13.16

0.000

0.000

758.2470

0.00

1.51

0.002

12.95

0.002

1.504

745.8910

0.01

1.49

0.004

12.75

0.006

2.982

732.2972

0.04

1.48

0.006

12.55

0.013

4.432

717.4882

0.10

1.48

0.008

12.34

0.024

5.851

701.4886

0.17

1.48

0.010

12.14

0.037

7.237

684.3249

0.26

1.50

0.012

11.93

0.053

8.587

666.0256

0.38

1.52

0.014

11.73

0.071

9.900

646.6210

0.51

1.55

0.016

11.53

0.092

11.173

626.1434

0.66

1.58

0.018

11.32

0.116

12.403

604.6268

0.83

1.62

0.020

11.12

0.142

13.590

582.1068

1.02

1.67

0.022

10.92

0.170

14.731

558.6208

1.22

1.73

0.024

10.71

0.201

15.824

534.2078

1.44

1.79

0.026
0.028
0.030
0.032
0.034
0.036
0.038
0.040
0.042
0.044
0.046
0.048
0.050
0.052
0.054
0.056
0.058
0.060
0.062

10.51
10.31
10.10
9.90
9.70
9.49
9.29
9.09
8.88
8.68
8.47
8.27
8.07
7.86
7.66
7.46
7.25
7.05
6.85

0.233
0.268
0.305
0.343
0.383
0.425
0.469
0.513
0.559
0.606
0.654
0.703
0.753
0.803
0.853
0.905
0.956
1.007
1.058

16.867
17.859
18.797
19.681
20.509
21.279
21.991
22.642
23.233
23.762
24.227
24.629
24.967
25.240
25.447
25.589
25.665
25.675
25.619

508.9084
482.7644
455.8193
428.1178
399.7059
370.6306
340.9404
310.6843
279.9127
248.6766
217.0278
185.0189
152.7029
120.1335
87.3648
54.4511
21.4471
-11.5926
-44.6130

1.68
1.93
2.19
2.47
2.76
3.06
3.37
3.69
4.03
4.36
4.71
5.06
5.42
5.78
6.14
6.51
6.88
7.25
7.62

1.86
1.93
2.01
2.09
2.18
2.27
2.37
2.47
2.57
2.68
2.79
2.90
3.01
3.13
3.25
3.36
3.48
3.60
3.72

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.064
0.066
0.068
0.070
0.072
0.074
0.076
0.078
0.080
0.082
0.084
0.086
0.088
0.090
0.092
0.094
0.096
0.098
0.100
0.102
0.104
0.106
0.108
0.110
0.112
0.114
0.116
0.118
0.120
0.122
0.124
0.126
0.128
0.130
0.132
0.134
0.136
0.138
0.140
0.142
0.144
0.146
0.148
0.150
0.152
0.154
0.156
0.158
0.160
0.162
0.164
0.166

6.64
6.44
6.24
6.03
5.83
5.63
5.42
5.22
5.01
4.81
4.61
4.40
4.20
4.00
3.79
3.59
3.39
3.18
2.98
2.78
2.57
2.37
2.17
1.96
1.76
1.56
1.35
1.15
0.94
0.74
0.54
0.33
0.13
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

1.110
1.160
1.211
1.261
1.310
1.358
1.405
1.451
1.497
1.540
1.582
1.623
1.662
1.699
1.735
1.768
1.799
1.828
1.855
1.879
1.901
1.920
1.937
1.951
1.962
1.970
1.976
1.978
1.977
1.974
1.967
1.957
1.944
1.928
1.908
1.886
1.860
1.831
1.799
1.764
1.726
1.686
1.642
1.596
1.547
1.496
1.442
1.386
1.327
1.266
1.203
1.138

25.497
25.309
25.055
24.737
24.354
23.907
23.397
22.825
22.191
21.498
20.745
19.934
19.067
18.144
17.168
16.140
15.062
13.935
12.762
11.544
10.284
8.983
7.644
6.268
4.859
3.418
1.948
0.451
-1.070
-2.612
-4.174
-5.752
-7.344
-8.943
-10.535
-12.109
-13.664
-15.195
-16.702
-18.180
-19.629
-21.045
-22.426
-23.769
-25.074
-26.336
-27.555
-28.729
-29.854
-30.930
-31.955
-32.927

-77.5593
-110.3770
-143.0115
-175.4087
-207.5148
-239.2765
-270.6412
-301.5568
-331.9719
-361.8361
-391.0999
-419.7147
-447.6330
-474.8085
-501.1960
-526.7519
-551.4336
-575.2002
-598.0124
-619.8321
-640.6233
-660.3514
-678.9837
-696.4892
-712.8390
-728.0058
-741.9645
-754.6920
-766.1671
-776.3708
-785.2862
-792.8984
-799.1948
-799.9550
-791.8709
-782.4726
-771.7759
-759.7985
-746.5602
-732.0831
-716.3911
-699.5102
-681.4686
-662.2961
-642.0246
-620.6877
-598.3207
-574.9609
-550.6469
-525.4192
-499.3196
-472.3914

7.99
8.35
8.72
9.08
9.43
9.78
10.12
10.45
10.77
11.09
11.39
11.69
11.97
12.24
12.49
12.73
12.95
13.16
13.36
13.53
13.69
13.83
13.95
14.05
14.13
14.19
14.22
14.24
14.24
14.21
14.16
14.09
14.00
13.88
13.74
13.58
13.39
13.18
12.95
12.70
12.43
12.14
11.82
11.49
11.14
10.77
10.38
9.98
9.55
9.12
8.66
8.20

3.84
3.96
4.07
4.19
4.30
4.41
4.52
4.62
4.72
4.82
4.92
5.01
5.09
5.17
5.24
5.31
5.38
5.43
5.48
5.53
5.57
5.60
5.62
5.63
5.64
5.64
5.63
5.62
5.59
5.56
5.51
5.46
5.40
5.34
5.29
5.23
5.16
5.08
4.99
4.89
4.79
4.67
4.55
4.42
4.29
4.15
4.00
3.84
3.68
3.51
3.34
3.16

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.168
0.170
0.172
0.174
0.176
0.178
0.180
0.182
0.184
0.186
0.188
0.190
0.192
0.194
0.196
0.198
0.200
0.202
0.204
0.206
0.208
0.210
0.212
0.214
0.216
0.218
0.220
0.222
0.224
0.226
0.228
0.230
0.232
0.234
0.236
0.238
0.240
0.242
0.244
0.246
0.248
0.250
0.252
0.254
0.256
0.258
0.260
0.262
0.264
0.266
0.268
0.270

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

1.072
1.003
0.933
0.861
0.788
0.713
0.638
0.561
0.483
0.405
0.326
0.246
0.166
0.085
0.005
-0.076
-0.156
-0.236
-0.316
-0.395
-0.474
-0.552
-0.628
-0.704
-0.779
-0.852
-0.924
-0.995
-1.063
-1.130
-1.195
-1.259
-1.320
-1.379
-1.435
-1.489
-1.541
-1.590
-1.637
-1.681
-1.722
-1.760
-1.795
-1.827
-1.856
-1.883
-1.906
-1.926
-1.942
-1.956
-1.966
-1.973

-33.844
-34.705
-35.508
-36.252
-36.937
-37.560
-38.120
-38.618
-39.051
-39.419
-39.722
-39.960
-40.130
-40.235
-40.272
-40.243
-40.147
-39.984
-39.755
-39.460
-39.099
-38.674
-38.184
-37.631
-37.015
-36.339
-35.601
-34.805
-33.951
-33.041
-32.076
-31.057
-29.987
-28.868
-27.700
-26.486
-25.229
-23.929
-22.590
-21.214
-19.802
-18.357
-16.882
-15.379
-13.850
-12.299
-10.727
-9.137
-7.532
-5.914
-4.287
-2.653

-444.6793
-416.2292
-387.0885
-357.3054
-326.9293
-296.0107
-264.6010
-232.7521
-200.5170
-167.9491
-135.1026
-102.0318
-68.7917
-35.4375
-2.0244
31.3919
64.7563
98.0131
131.1073
163.9839
196.5884
228.8667
260.7652
292.2310
323.2118
353.6563
383.5138
412.7350
441.2713
469.0753
496.1008
522.3032
547.6388
572.0656
595.5431
618.0323
639.4959
659.8983
679.2057
697.3859
714.4089
730.2463
744.8720
758.2615
770.3928
781.2456
790.8020
799.0461
805.9643
811.5449
815.7789
818.6591

7.72
7.22
6.72
6.20
5.67
5.14
4.59
4.04
3.48
2.91
2.34
1.77
1.19
0.61
0.04
-0.54
-1.12
-1.70
-2.27
-2.85
-3.41
-3.97
-4.52
-5.07
-5.61
-6.14
-6.65
-7.16
-7.66
-8.14
-8.61
-9.06
-9.50
-9.93
-10.33
-10.72
-11.10
-11.45
-11.78
-12.10
-12.39
-12.67
-12.92
-13.16
-13.37
-13.55
-13.72
-13.86
-13.98
-14.08
-14.15
-14.20

2.97
2.78
2.59
2.39
2.18
1.98
1.77
1.55
1.34
1.12
0.90
0.68
0.46
0.24
0.01
-0.21
-0.43
-0.65
-0.88
-1.10
-1.31
-1.53
-1.74
-1.95
-2.16
-2.36
-2.56
-2.76
-2.95
-3.13
-3.31
-3.49
-3.66
-3.82
-3.98
-4.13
-4.27
-4.41
-4.54
-4.66
-4.77
-4.88
-4.98
-5.06
-5.15
-5.22
-5.28
-5.34
-5.38
-5.42
-5.45
-5.47

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.272
0.274
0.276
0.278
0.280
0.282
0.284
0.286
0.288
0.290
0.292
0.294
0.296
0.298
0.300
0.302
0.304
0.306
0.308
0.310
0.312
0.314
0.316
0.318
0.320
0.322
0.324
0.326
0.328
0.330
0.332
0.334
0.336
0.338
0.340
0.342
0.344
0.346
0.348
0.350
0.352
0.354
0.356
0.358
0.360
0.362
0.364
0.366
0.368
0.370
0.372
0.374

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-1.976
-1.977
-1.974
-1.968
-1.958
-1.946
-1.930
-1.911
-1.888
-1.863
-1.834
-1.803
-1.768
-1.731
-1.690
-1.647
-1.601
-1.553
-1.502
-1.448
-1.392
-1.334
-1.273
-1.211
-1.146
-1.079
-1.011
-0.941
-0.869
-0.796
-0.722
-0.646
-0.570
-0.492
-0.414
-0.335
-0.255
-0.175
-0.095
-0.014
0.066
0.147
0.227
0.307
0.386
0.465
0.543
0.620
0.696
0.770
0.844
0.916

-1.014
0.627
2.266
3.902
5.531
7.151
8.759
10.353
11.930
13.486
15.021
16.530
18.012
19.464
20.884
22.269
23.617
24.926
26.194
27.418
28.596
29.728
30.809
31.840
32.818
33.741
34.609
35.419
36.170
36.861
37.491
38.059
38.564
39.004
39.380
39.691
39.936
40.114
40.226
40.271
40.249
40.161
40.006
39.784
39.497
39.144
38.726
38.243
37.698
37.089
36.419
35.689

820.1808
820.3414
819.1407
816.5807
812.6656
807.4020
800.7985
792.8661
783.6180
773.0695
761.2381
748.1436
733.8075
718.2537
701.5079
683.5981
664.5539
644.4069
623.1905
600.9399
577.6922
553.4858
528.3609
502.3592
475.5239
447.8994
419.5317
390.4678
360.7560
330.4455
299.5866
268.2306
236.4295
204.2360
171.7036
138.8863
105.8385
72.6150
39.2711
5.8620
-27.5568
-60.9299
-94.2019
-127.3176
-160.2220
-192.8605
-225.1790
-257.1238
-288.6419
-319.6810
-350.1896
-380.1172

-14.23
-14.23
-14.21
-14.17
-14.10
-14.01
-13.89
-13.76
-13.60
-13.41
-13.21
-12.98
-12.73
-12.46
-12.17
-11.86
-11.53
-11.18
-10.81
-10.43
-10.02
-9.60
-9.17
-8.72
-8.25
-7.77
-7.28
-6.77
-6.26
-5.73
-5.20
-4.65
-4.10
-3.54
-2.98
-2.41
-1.84
-1.26
-0.68
-0.10
0.48
1.06
1.63
2.21
2.78
3.35
3.91
4.46
5.01
5.55
6.08
6.60

-5.48
-5.48
-5.47
-5.45
-5.43
-5.39
-5.35
-5.30
-5.23
-5.16
-5.08
-5.00
-4.90
-4.80
-4.69
-4.57
-4.44
-4.30
-4.16
-4.01
-3.86
-3.70
-3.53
-3.36
-3.18
-2.99
-2.80
-2.61
-2.41
-2.21
-2.00
-1.79
-1.58
-1.36
-1.15
-0.93
-0.71
-0.49
-0.26
-0.04
0.18
0.41
0.63
0.85
1.07
1.29
1.50
1.72
1.93
2.14
2.34
2.54

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.376
0.378
0.380
0.382
0.384
0.386
0.388
0.390
0.392
0.394
0.396
0.398
0.400
0.402
0.404
0.406
0.408
0.410
0.412
0.414
0.416
0.418
0.420
0.422
0.424
0.426
0.428
0.430
0.432
0.434
0.436
0.438
0.440
0.442
0.444
0.446
0.448
0.450
0.452
0.454
0.456
0.458
0.460
0.462
0.464
0.466
0.468
0.470
0.472
0.474
0.476
0.478
0.480
0.482
0.484
0.486
0.488
0.490
0.492
0.494

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.987
1.056
1.123
1.188
1.251
1.313
1.372
1.429
1.483
1.535
1.585
1.632
1.676
1.717
1.755
1.791
1.824
1.853
1.880
1.903
1.923
1.940
1.954
1.965
1.972
1.976
1.977
1.974
1.969
1.960
1.947
1.932
1.913
1.891
1.866
1.838
1.807
1.772
1.735
1.695
1.652
1.607
1.559
1.508
1.454
1.399
1.341
1.280
1.218
1.153
1.087
1.019
0.949
0.878
0.805
0.731
0.655
0.579
0.501
0.423

34.900
34.052
33.148
32.189
31.177
30.113
28.999
27.836
26.628
25.375
24.081
22.746
21.374
19.966
18.525
17.053
15.553
14.027
12.478
10.908
9.320
7.717
6.101
4.474
2.841
1.202
-0.438
-2.078
-3.714
-5.345
-6.966
-8.576
-10.171
-11.750
-13.309
-14.846
-16.358
-17.843
-19.299
-20.722
-22.112
-23.464
-24.778
-26.050
-27.279
-28.463
-29.600
-30.688
-31.724
-32.708
-33.638
-34.512
-35.329
-36.087
-36.785
-37.422
-37.997
-38.509
-38.957
-39.341

-409.4139
-438.0312
-465.9216
-493.0389
-519.3380
-544.7752
-569.3085
-592.8970
-615.5016
-637.0848
-657.6109
-677.0456
-695.3568
-712.5141
-728.4891
-743.2551
-756.7878
-769.0646
-780.0651
-789.7712
-798.1667
-805.2377
-810.9725
-815.3614
-818.3973
-820.0752
-820.3921
-819.3477
-816.9436
-813.1838
-808.0746
-801.6244
-793.8440
-784.7462
-774.3462
-762.6611
-749.7105
-735.5158
-720.1005
-703.4903
-685.7127
-666.7971
-646.7750
-625.6797
-603.5460
-580.4108
-556.3125
-531.2909
-505.3878
-478.6459
-451.1098
-422.8250
-393.8387
-364.1987
-333.9544
-303.1559
-271.8543
-240.1016
-207.9505
-175.4543

7.10
7.60
8.08
8.55
9.01
9.45
9.88
10.29
10.68
11.05
11.41
11.75
12.06
12.36
12.64
12.90
13.13
13.34
13.53
13.70
13.85
13.97
14.07
14.15
14.20
14.23
14.23
14.22
14.17
14.11
14.02
13.91
13.77
13.62
13.43
13.23
13.01
12.76
12.49
12.21
11.90
11.57
11.22
10.86
10.47
10.07
9.65
9.22
8.77
8.30
7.83
7.34
6.83
6.32
5.79
5.26
4.72
4.17
3.61
3.04

2.73
2.93
3.11
3.29
3.47
3.64
3.80
3.96
4.11
4.26
4.39
4.52
4.64
4.76
4.87
4.96
5.06
5.14
5.21
5.28
5.33
5.38
5.42
5.45
5.47
5.48
5.48
5.47
5.46
5.43
5.40
5.35
5.30
5.24
5.17
5.09
5.01
4.91
4.81
4.70
4.58
4.45
4.32
4.18
4.03
3.88
3.72
3.55
3.38
3.20
3.01
2.82
2.63
2.43
2.23
2.03
1.82
1.60
1.39
1.17

Time
(sec)
0.496
0.498
0.500
0.502
0.504
0.506
0.508
0.510
0.512
0.514
0.516
0.518
0.520
0.522
0.524
0.526
0.528
0.530
0.532
0.534
0.536
0.538
0.540
0.542
0.544
0.546
0.548
0.550
0.552
0.554
0.556
0.558
0.560
0.562
0.564
0.566
0.568
0.570
0.572
0.574
0.576
0.578
0.580
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.592
0.594
0.596
0.598
0.600
0.602
0.604
0.606
0.608
0.610
0.612
0.614
0.616

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.344
0.264
0.184
0.104
0.023
-0.057
-0.138
-0.218
-0.298
-0.377
-0.456
-0.534
-0.611
-0.687
-0.762
-0.836
-0.908
-0.979
-1.048
-1.115
-1.181
-1.244
-1.306
-1.365
-1.422
-1.477
-1.529
-1.579
-1.626
-1.671
-1.712
-1.751
-1.787
-1.820
-1.850
-1.877
-1.901
-1.921
-1.939
-1.953
-1.964
-1.971
-1.976
-1.977
-1.975
-1.969
-1.961
-1.949
-1.934
-1.915
-1.894
-1.869
-1.841
-1.810
-1.777
-1.740
-1.700
-1.657
-1.612
-1.564
-1.514

v
(in/sec)
-39.659
-39.911
-40.097
-40.217
-40.269
-40.255
-40.175
-40.027
-39.813
-39.533
-39.188
-38.777
-38.302
-37.763
-37.162
-36.499
-35.776
-34.993
-34.152
-33.255
-32.302
-31.296
-30.237
-29.129
-27.972
-26.769
-25.521
-24.231
-22.901
-21.533
-20.129
-18.692
-17.224
-15.727
-14.204
-12.657
-11.089
-9.503
-7.902
-6.287
-4.661
-3.028
-1.390
0.250
1.890
3.527
5.158
6.780
8.391
9.989
11.569
13.131
14.670
16.186
17.674
19.133
20.561
21.954
23.311
24.629
25.906

a
(in/sec2)
-142.6669
-109.6428
-76.4367
-43.1038
-9.6994
23.7211
57.1023
90.3887
123.5251
156.4566
189.1284
221.4863
253.4767
285.0465
316.1432
346.7154
376.7122
406.0838
434.7816
462.7578
489.9662
516.3614
541.8998
566.5390
590.2380
612.9575
634.6598
655.3090
674.8707
693.3125
710.6038
726.7159
741.6220
755.2974
767.7195
778.8676
788.7231
797.2699
804.4936
810.3823
814.9261
818.1177
819.9517
820.4249
819.5368
817.2886
813.6842
808.7295
802.4328
794.8045
785.8572
775.6059
764.0675
751.2611
737.2081
721.9317
705.4573
687.8122
669.0257
649.1291
628.1552

resistance
(kips)
2.48
1.90
1.33
0.75
0.17
-0.41
-0.99
-1.57
-2.14
-2.71
-3.28
-3.84
-4.40
-4.95
-5.49
-6.02
-6.54
-7.05
-7.54
-8.03
-8.50
-8.96
-9.40
-9.83
-10.24
-10.63
-11.01
-11.37
-11.71
-12.03
-12.33
-12.61
-12.87
-13.10
-13.32
-13.51
-13.68
-13.83
-13.96
-14.06
-14.14
-14.19
-14.23
-14.23
-14.22
-14.18
-14.12
-14.03
-13.92
-13.79
-13.63
-13.46
-13.26
-13.03
-12.79
-12.53
-12.24
-11.93
-11.61
-11.26
-10.90

reaction
(kips)
0.95
0.73
0.51
0.29
0.06
-0.16
-0.38
-0.60
-0.83
-1.05
-1.26
-1.48
-1.69
-1.90
-2.11
-2.32
-2.52
-2.71
-2.90
-3.09
-3.27
-3.45
-3.62
-3.78
-3.94
-4.09
-4.24
-4.38
-4.51
-4.63
-4.75
-4.85
-4.95
-5.05
-5.13
-5.20
-5.27
-5.33
-5.37
-5.41
-5.44
-5.46
-5.48
-5.48
-5.47
-5.46
-5.44
-5.40
-5.36
-5.31
-5.25
-5.18
-5.10
-5.02
-4.92
-4.82
-4.71
-4.59
-4.47
-4.34
-4.20

Time
(sec)
0.618
0.620
0.622
0.624
0.626
0.628
0.630
0.632
0.634
0.636
0.638
0.640
0.642
0.644
0.646
0.648
0.650
0.652
0.654
0.656
0.658
0.660
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.668
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.676
0.678
0.680
0.682
0.684
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.696
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.712
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.722
0.724
0.726
0.728
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.736
0.738

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-1.461
-1.405
-1.347
-1.287
-1.225
-1.161
-1.095
-1.027
-0.957
-0.886
-0.813
-0.739
-0.664
-0.587
-0.510
-0.432
-0.353
-0.273
-0.193
-0.113
-0.033
0.048
0.128
0.209
0.289
0.368
0.447
0.525
0.602
0.678
0.753
0.827
0.900
0.971
1.040
1.107
1.173
1.237
1.299
1.359
1.416
1.471
1.524
1.574
1.621
1.666
1.708
1.747
1.783
1.816
1.847
1.874
1.898
1.919
1.937
1.951
1.963
1.971
1.976
1.977
1.975

v
(in/sec)
27.141
28.330
29.472
30.565
31.608
32.598
33.534
34.415
35.238
36.003
36.708
37.352
37.934
38.454
38.909
39.300
39.625
39.885
40.079
40.206
40.267
40.260
40.187
40.047
39.841
39.569
39.231
38.827
38.360
37.828
37.234
36.579
35.862
35.086
34.252
33.361
32.414
31.414
30.362
29.259
28.107
26.909
25.667
24.382
23.056
21.692
20.292
18.859
17.394
15.900
14.380
12.836
11.270
9.686
8.086
6.473
4.849
3.216
1.579
-0.062
-1.702

a
(in/sec2)
606.1389
583.1168
559.1270
534.2094
508.4053
481.7575
454.3102
426.1091
397.2009
367.6335
337.4560
306.7186
275.4721
243.7686
211.6605
179.2012
146.4445
113.4448
80.2568
46.9356
13.5366
-19.8849
-53.2734
-86.5735
-119.7300
-152.6877
-185.3921
-217.7888
-249.8241
-281.4449
-312.5986
-343.2335
-373.2989
-402.7448
-431.5224
-459.5839
-486.8827
-513.3736
-539.0125
-563.7570
-587.5660
-610.3999
-632.2209
-652.9928
-672.6810
-691.2530
-708.6779
-724.9267
-739.9726
-753.7906
-766.3576
-777.6529
-787.6578
-796.3556
-803.7318
-809.7743
-814.4730
-817.8202
-819.8102
-820.4398
-819.7079

resistance
(kips)
-10.52
-10.12
-9.70
-9.27
-8.82
-8.36
-7.88
-7.39
-6.89
-6.38
-5.85
-5.32
-4.78
-4.23
-3.67
-3.11
-2.54
-1.97
-1.39
-0.81
-0.23
0.35
0.92
1.50
2.08
2.65
3.22
3.78
4.33
4.88
5.42
5.96
6.48
6.99
7.49
7.97
8.45
8.91
9.35
9.78
10.19
10.59
10.97
11.33
11.67
11.99
12.30
12.58
12.84
13.08
13.30
13.49
13.67
13.82
13.94
14.05
14.13
14.19
14.22
14.23
14.22

reaction
(kips)
-4.05
-3.90
-3.73
-3.57
-3.40
-3.22
-3.03
-2.85
-2.65
-2.46
-2.25
-2.05
-1.84
-1.63
-1.41
-1.20
-0.98
-0.76
-0.54
-0.31
-0.09
0.13
0.36
0.58
0.80
1.02
1.24
1.45
1.67
1.88
2.09
2.29
2.49
2.69
2.88
3.07
3.25
3.43
3.60
3.77
3.92
4.08
4.22
4.36
4.49
4.62
4.73
4.84
4.94
5.04
5.12
5.19
5.26
5.32
5.37
5.41
5.44
5.46
5.48
5.48
5.48

Time
(sec)
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.764
0.766
0.768
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.784
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.792
0.794
0.796
0.798
0.800
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.808
0.810
0.812
0.814
0.816
0.818
0.820
0.822
0.824
0.826
0.828
0.830
0.832
0.834
0.836
0.838
0.840
0.842
0.844
0.846
0.848
0.850
0.852
0.854
0.856
0.858
0.860

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
1.970
1.962
1.950
1.936
1.918
1.896
1.872
1.845
1.814
1.781
1.744
1.705
1.662
1.618
1.570
1.520
1.467
1.412
1.354
1.294
1.232
1.168
1.102
1.035
0.965
0.894
0.822
0.748
0.673
0.596
0.519
0.441
0.362
0.283
0.203
0.122
0.042
-0.039
-0.119
-0.199
-0.279
-0.359
-0.438
-0.516
-0.593
-0.670
-0.745
-0.819
-0.891
-0.962
-1.032
-1.100
-1.166
-1.230
-1.292
-1.352
-1.409
-1.465
-1.518
-1.568
-1.616

v
(in/sec)
-3.339
-4.971
-6.594
-8.207
-9.806
-11.389
-12.953
-14.495
-16.013
-17.505
-18.967
-20.399
-21.796
-23.157
-24.480
-25.762
-27.001
-28.196
-29.343
-30.442
-31.491
-32.487
-33.430
-34.316
-35.146
-35.918
-36.630
-37.281
-37.871
-38.397
-38.860
-39.258
-39.591
-39.859
-40.060
-40.195
-40.263
-40.264
-40.199
-40.067
-39.868
-39.603
-39.273
-38.877
-38.417
-37.893
-37.306
-36.657
-35.947
-35.178
-34.350
-33.466
-32.526
-31.531
-30.485
-29.388
-28.242
-27.049
-25.812
-24.531
-23.210

a
(in/sec2)
-817.6157
-814.1668
-809.3668
-803.2236
-795.7476
-786.9511
-776.8486
-765.4571
-752.7952
-738.8842
-723.7470
-707.4088
-689.8967
-671.2397
-651.4689
-630.6169
-608.7185
-585.8100
-561.9293
-537.1161
-511.4117
-484.8585
-457.5008
-429.3838
-400.5544
-371.0602
-340.9502
-310.2745
-279.0839
-247.4302
-215.3658
-182.9441
-150.2188
-117.2442
-84.0751
-50.7664
-17.3735
16.0483
49.4434
82.7564
115.9322
148.9155
181.6517
214.0865
246.1661
277.8371
309.0470
339.7442
369.8775
399.3970
428.2538
456.3999
483.7886
510.3745
536.1135
560.9628
584.8812
607.8290
629.7682
650.6623
670.4767

resistance
(kips)
14.19
14.13
14.04
13.94
13.81
13.65
13.48
13.28
13.06
12.82
12.56
12.27
11.97
11.65
11.30
10.94
10.56
10.16
9.75
9.32
8.87
8.41
7.94
7.45
6.95
6.44
5.92
5.38
4.84
4.29
3.74
3.17
2.61
2.03
1.46
0.88
0.30
-0.28
-0.86
-1.44
-2.01
-2.58
-3.15
-3.71
-4.27
-4.82
-5.36
-5.89
-6.42
-6.93
-7.43
-7.92
-8.39
-8.86
-9.30
-9.73
-10.15
-10.55
-10.93
-11.29
-11.63

reaction
(kips)
5.46
5.44
5.41
5.37
5.32
5.26
5.19
5.11
5.03
4.94
4.83
4.73
4.61
4.48
4.35
4.21
4.07
3.91
3.75
3.59
3.42
3.24
3.06
2.87
2.68
2.48
2.28
2.07
1.86
1.65
1.44
1.22
1.00
0.78
0.56
0.34
0.12
-0.11
-0.33
-0.55
-0.77
-0.99
-1.21
-1.43
-1.64
-1.86
-2.06
-2.27
-2.47
-2.67
-2.86
-3.05
-3.23
-3.41
-3.58
-3.75
-3.91
-4.06
-4.21
-4.35
-4.48

Time
(sec)
0.862
0.864
0.866
0.868
0.870
0.872
0.874
0.876
0.878
0.880
0.882
0.884
0.886
0.888
0.890
0.892
0.894
0.896
0.898
0.900
0.902
0.904
0.906
0.908
0.910
0.912
0.914
0.916
0.918
0.920
0.922
0.924
0.926
0.928
0.930
0.932
0.934
0.936
0.938
0.940
0.942
0.944
0.946
0.948
0.950
0.952
0.954
0.956
0.958
0.960
0.962
0.964
0.966
0.968
0.970
0.972
0.974
0.976
0.978
0.980
0.982

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-1.661
-1.703
-1.743
-1.779
-1.813
-1.843
-1.871
-1.895
-1.917
-1.935
-1.950
-1.962
-1.970
-1.975
-1.977
-1.976
-1.971
-1.963
-1.952
-1.937
-1.920
-1.899
-1.875
-1.848
-1.818
-1.785
-1.748
-1.709
-1.667
-1.623
-1.575
-1.526
-1.473
-1.418
-1.361
-1.301
-1.240
-1.176
-1.110
-1.043
-0.973
-0.902
-0.830
-0.756
-0.681
-0.605
-0.528
-0.450
-0.371
-0.292
-0.212
-0.132
-0.051
0.029
0.110
0.190
0.270
0.350
0.429
0.507
0.584

v
(in/sec)
-21.851
-20.455
-19.025
-17.563
-16.073
-14.555
-13.014
-11.451
-9.869
-8.271
-6.659
-5.035
-3.404
-1.767
-0.127
1.514
3.151
4.784
6.409
8.023
9.623
11.208
12.774
14.319
15.840
17.335
18.801
20.236
21.637
23.003
24.330
25.617
26.861
28.061
29.214
30.319
31.373
32.376
33.324
34.217
35.054
35.832
36.551
37.210
37.806
38.340
38.810
39.216
39.556
39.831
40.040
40.183
40.259
40.268
40.210
40.085
39.894
39.637
39.314
38.926
38.473

a
(in/sec2)
689.1784
706.7365
723.1218
738.3071
752.2672
764.9790
776.4213
786.5752
795.4238
802.9525
809.1487
814.0021
817.5048
819.6508
820.4367
819.8611
817.9250
814.6316
809.9863
803.9969
796.6733
788.0277
778.0744
766.8299
754.3129
740.5442
725.5465
709.3449
691.9661
673.4390
653.7944
633.0649
611.2848
588.4904
564.7193
540.0112
514.4069
487.9490
460.6813
432.6492
403.8991
374.4788
344.4370
313.8237
282.6896
251.0864
219.0665
186.6831
153.9899
121.0411
87.8915
54.5961
21.2100
-12.2112
-45.6122
-78.9375
-112.1318
-145.1401
-177.9074
-210.3796
-242.5026

resistance
(kips)
-11.96
-12.26
-12.55
-12.81
-13.05
-13.27
-13.47
-13.65
-13.80
-13.93
-14.04
-14.12
-14.18
-14.22
-14.23
-14.22
-14.19
-14.13
-14.05
-13.95
-13.82
-13.67
-13.50
-13.30
-13.09
-12.85
-12.59
-12.31
-12.01
-11.68
-11.34
-10.98
-10.61
-10.21
-9.80
-9.37
-8.92
-8.47
-7.99
-7.51
-7.01
-6.50
-5.98
-5.44
-4.90
-4.36
-3.80
-3.24
-2.67
-2.10
-1.52
-0.95
-0.37
0.21
0.79
1.37
1.95
2.52
3.09
3.65
4.21

reaction
(kips)
-4.60
-4.72
-4.83
-4.93
-5.02
-5.11
-5.19
-5.25
-5.31
-5.36
-5.40
-5.44
-5.46
-5.48
-5.48
-5.48
-5.46
-5.44
-5.41
-5.37
-5.32
-5.26
-5.20
-5.12
-5.04
-4.95
-4.85
-4.74
-4.62
-4.50
-4.37
-4.23
-4.08
-3.93
-3.77
-3.61
-3.44
-3.26
-3.08
-2.89
-2.70
-2.50
-2.30
-2.10
-1.89
-1.68
-1.46
-1.25
-1.03
-0.81
-0.59
-0.36
-0.14
0.08
0.30
0.53
0.75
0.97
1.19
1.41
1.62

Time
(sec)
0.984
0.986
0.988
0.990
0.992
0.994
0.996
0.998
1.000
1.002
1.004
1.006
1.008
1.010
1.012
1.014
1.016
1.018
1.020
1.022
1.024
1.026
1.028
1.030
1.032
1.034
1.036
1.038
1.040
1.042
1.044
1.046
1.048
1.050
1.052
1.054
1.056
1.058
1.060
1.062
1.064
1.066
1.068
1.070
1.072
1.074
1.076
1.078
1.080

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.661
0.736
0.810
0.883
0.954
1.024
1.092
1.158
1.223
1.285
1.345
1.403
1.459
1.512
1.562
1.610
1.656
1.698
1.738
1.775
1.809
1.840
1.868
1.893
1.915
1.933
1.948
1.960
1.969
1.975
1.977
1.976
1.972
1.964
1.953
1.939
1.922
1.902
1.878
1.851
1.821
1.789
1.753
1.714
1.672
1.628
1.581
1.531
1.479

v
(in/sec)
37.956
37.376
36.735
36.032
35.269
34.448
33.570
32.636
31.648
30.608
29.516
28.376
27.189
25.956
24.680
23.364
22.009
20.617
19.191
17.733
16.245
14.731
13.192
11.632
10.052
8.455
6.844
5.222
3.592
1.955
0.315
-1.325
-2.964
-4.597
-6.222
-7.838
-9.440
-11.027
-12.595
-14.143
-15.667
-17.165
-18.634
-20.073
-21.478
-22.848
-24.179
-25.471
-26.720

a
(in/sec2)
-274.2232
-305.4888
-336.2474
-366.4480
-396.0405
-424.9758
-453.2059
-480.6839
-507.3643
-533.2027
-558.1562
-582.1836
-605.2448
-627.3017
-648.3176
-668.2576
-687.0887
-704.7796
-721.3010
-736.6254
-750.7274
-763.5836
-775.1727
-785.4754
-794.4747
-802.1556
-808.5053
-813.5134
-817.1715
-819.4735
-820.4156
-819.9964
-818.2163
-815.0785
-810.5881
-804.7526
-797.5816
-789.0871
-779.2831
-768.1860
-755.8141
-742.1879
-727.3301
-711.2654
-694.0203
-675.6236
-656.1057
-635.4990
-613.8377

resistance
(kips)
4.76
5.30
5.83
6.36
6.87
7.37
7.86
8.34
8.80
9.25
9.68
10.10
10.50
10.88
11.25
11.59
11.92
12.23
12.51
12.78
13.03
13.25
13.45
13.63
13.78
13.92
14.03
14.11
14.18
14.22
14.23
14.23
14.20
14.14
14.06
13.96
13.84
13.69
13.52
13.33
13.11
12.88
12.62
12.34
12.04
11.72
11.38
11.03
10.65

reaction
(kips)
1.83
2.04
2.25
2.45
2.65
2.84
3.03
3.21
3.39
3.56
3.73
3.89
4.04
4.19
4.33
4.46
4.59
4.71
4.82
4.92
5.01
5.10
5.18
5.25
5.31
5.36
5.40
5.43
5.46
5.47
5.48
5.48
5.47
5.44
5.41
5.38
5.33
5.27
5.21
5.13
5.05
4.96
4.86
4.75
4.64
4.51
4.38
4.24
4.10

Displacement vs. Time
2.500
2.000

Displacement (in)

1.500
1.000
0.500
0.000
-0.500
-1.000
-1.500
-2.000
-2.500
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600

0.800

1.000

1.200

0.800

1.000

1.200

Time (sec)

Resistance vs. Time
20.00
15.00

Resistance (kips)

10.00
5.00
0.00
-5.00
-10.00
-15.00
-20.00
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600
Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
14.00

Applied Force (kips)

12.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
2.00
0.00
-2.00
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
8.00
6.00

Reaction (kips)

4.00
2.00
0.00
-2.00
-4.00
-6.00
-8.00
0.00

0.20

0.40

0.60
Time (sec)

0.80

1.00

1.20

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

WALL PANELS W/ EQUIPMENT DOOR OPENING

Saudconsult
BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
WALL PROPERTIES WITH EQUIPMENT DOOR

DESIGN LOADS ( UNFACTORED ) :
Roof Dead Load
DESIGN STRESSES :
Conc., fc'
Reinf., fy
PANEL DATA :
Panel Width, width
Wall Span, lb
Wall, t TRIAL
(Panel Width - Opening) ; b
Roof span :

=
=

2
8.470 KN/m
176.90 psf

=
=

34.5 Mpa
414 Mpa

CONFIGURATION :
250 mm

2500
1500

6630 mm
=
=
=
=
=

2500
6630
250
1000
15.22

mm
mm
mm
mm
m

CHECK DYNAMIC REQUIRED RESISTANCE:
Design overpressure,
Effective blast time duration,

1000 mm
3580

Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

of
6-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

Ps
Te

Moment of Inertia,
Ig
25
Area of Bar ( Ø ),
mm Ø
Ab
Number of Bars per side of opening
N
Area of Rebar PER side,
As
Effective Depth,
dc = ds
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for bending)
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for shear)
f'dy = (SIF) x (DIF) x fy
Modulus of Elasticity,
Edc = 57000 x (f'c) 1 / 2
Steel ratio,
p = As / b x d
Stress block,
a = As x fdy / 0.85 x f'dc x b
Modular ratio,
n = Es / Edm

=
=

4.20
129

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

3128.27
0.7609
9.0000
6.8477
8.3425
5954.3
5504.0
77276
4032041
0.0208
2.6557
7.1940

a.) BENDING RESISTANCE
Max. Moment, Mp = Mpc = Mps = As x fdy [ d - a / 2 ]
=
Resistance at cracked moment,
Rb = 8 x Mp / L
=
Unit Resistance,
rb = Rb / (L x panel width) =
b.) SHEAR RESISTANCE
Shear,
Vn = 2 x b x d x ( f'dc ) 0 . 5
At Support,
Rs = Vn x L / ( 0.5 x L - tw )
Unit Resistance,
rs = Rs /( L x panel width)
? Consider 1 ft strip
? Dynamic Resistance Controlled by Bending,
Ru

psi
msec
in4
in2

( SEE LOADING CALCULATION)

(
(

1302083333
2
491 mm

mm4)
)

2
in2
( 4418 mm
)
in
( 212 mm
)
psi
( 41 Mpa. )
psi
( 38 Mpa. )
psi
( 533 Mpa. )
27801 Mpa.
psi
(
> 200 / f'dy = 0.003
in
( 67 mm
)

3711915.08 lb-in
113764.88 lb
4.4281 psi

=
=
=

48734.0
104124
4.053

lb
lb
psi

=

4.0529
12.6948

psi <
kips

49.2624
3.4861
1717.83

in2
in2
in4

( 419369 KN-m
( 506.03 KN
)
( 0.0305 Mpa. )

( 217 KN
( 463 KN
( 0.0279 Mpa.
4.20
13.16

)

)

)
)
)

?
kips

USE 13.16

Cracked Moment of Inertia:
C = -n x As + [ n x As * ( n x As + 2 x b x d ) ]
I cr = b x C 3 / 3 + n x As * ( d - C ) 2

0.5

n x As =
/b =
=

2
( 31782 mm
)
2
( 2249 mm
4
( 715015635 mm

)
)

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
WALL PROPERTIES WITH EQUIPMENT DOOR

I a = ( I g + I cr ) / 2 =
K = 384 x Edc x I a / 5 L 3 =
Yeild Deflection,
Ye = Ru / K =
Wall Mass = wall total weight / panel width /gravity acc.
=
Roof Mass = Roof DL x unit width x 1/2 roof span / gravity acc. =
Total Mass, M
=
Average Stiffnes,
K LM =
Equivalent Mass,
Me = K LM x Beam Mass
=
0.5
Period of Vibration,
tn = 2 x S x ( Me / K )
=
Time increment , tn/10
¨t =
td / tn
=
Ru / Ps =
=

Average Moment of Inertia,
Effective Stiffness,

2423.050
5.1438
2.46798
0.00469
0.01144
0.01613
0.72000
0.01161
0.29855
0.02985
0.43303
0.96497

of
6-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

4
in4
( 1008549484.1 mm )
kips / in
(per 1 ft strip)
in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
FROM ASCE TABLE 6.1
kip-sec2 / in

sec
sec

;

use ¨t

=

0.00200

sec

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION METHOD
INPUT

RESULTS
Blast Load

Stiffness

K

=

Mass

M

=

Tension resistance

Rut

=

Compression resistance

Ruc

=

C

=

Forcing function

Damping co-efficient

F(t)

=

Time start

Ts

=

Time end

Te

=

Time increment

¨t

=

Reaction resistance (R) coeff.

a

=

Reaction force (f) coeff.
Key0

b
Key0

y

5.144 kips / in
0.0116 kip-sec2 / in
13.16 kips

load (kip)

time (sec)

13.16

0

0

0.1293

0 kips
0

Length
y max =

13.16 kips
0 sec

r max =
P=

1.110

0.1293 sec
0.002 sec

T=

1.220 degrees

=

0.385
0.115

=

0

Rut/Fo =

266.732 in
2.840 in
13.156 kips

1.000

T= < 2 degrees
low response

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.000

13.16

0.000

0.000

1132.7988

0.00

1.51

0.002

12.95

0.002

2.247

1114.2763

0.01

1.49

0.004

12.75

0.009

4.455

1093.7803

0.05

1.48

0.006

12.55

0.020

6.620

1071.3470

0.10

1.48

0.008

12.34

0.035

8.739

1047.0162

0.18

1.49

0.010

12.14

0.055

10.806

1020.8309

0.28

1.50

0.012

11.93

0.079

12.820

992.8376

0.40

1.53

0.014

11.73

0.106

14.776

963.0858

0.55

1.56

0.016

11.53

0.138

16.671

931.6282

0.71

1.60

0.018

11.32

0.173

18.501

898.5206

0.89

1.64

0.020

11.12

0.212

20.263

863.8215

1.09

1.70

0.022

10.92

0.254

21.955

827.5925

1.31

1.76

0.024

10.71

0.299

23.572

789.8976

1.54

1.82

0.026
0.028
0.030
0.032
0.034
0.036
0.038
0.040
0.042
0.044
0.046
0.048
0.050
0.052
0.054
0.056
0.058
0.060
0.062

10.51
10.31
10.10
9.90
9.70
9.49
9.29
9.09
8.88
8.68
8.47
8.27
8.07
7.86
7.66
7.46
7.25
7.05
6.85

0.348
0.400
0.454
0.512
0.571
0.633
0.698
0.764
0.832
0.901
0.972
1.044
1.117
1.191
1.266
1.341
1.416
1.491
1.566

25.113
26.574
27.953
29.248
30.455
31.574
32.602
33.537
34.377
35.122
35.769
36.318
36.768
37.117
37.366
37.513
37.559
37.504
37.347

750.8037
710.3801
668.6982
625.8320
581.8573
536.8520
490.8959
444.0704
396.4583
348.1440
299.2132
249.7523
199.8491
149.5920
99.0698
48.3723
-2.4110
-53.1900
-103.8748

1.79
2.06
2.34
2.63
2.94
3.26
3.59
3.93
4.28
4.64
5.00
5.37
5.75
6.13
6.51
6.90
7.28
7.67
8.05

1.90
1.98
2.06
2.15
2.25
2.35
2.45
2.56
2.67
2.78
2.90
3.02
3.14
3.26
3.39
3.51
3.64
3.76
3.89

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.064
0.066
0.068
0.070
0.072
0.074
0.076
0.078
0.080
0.082
0.084
0.086
0.088
0.090
0.092
0.094
0.096
0.098
0.100
0.102
0.104
0.106
0.108
0.110
0.112
0.114
0.116
0.118
0.120
0.122
0.124
0.126
0.128
0.130
0.132
0.134
0.136
0.138
0.140
0.142
0.144
0.146
0.148
0.150
0.152
0.154
0.156
0.158
0.160
0.162
0.164
0.166

6.64
6.44
6.24
6.03
5.83
5.63
5.42
5.22
5.01
4.81
4.61
4.40
4.20
4.00
3.79
3.59
3.39
3.18
2.98
2.78
2.57
2.37
2.17
1.96
1.76
1.56
1.35
1.15
0.94
0.74
0.54
0.33
0.13
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

1.640
1.714
1.787
1.859
1.930
1.999
2.067
2.133
2.197
2.259
2.318
2.375
2.429
2.481
2.529
2.574
2.616
2.655
2.690
2.722
2.750
2.774
2.795
2.812
2.825
2.834
2.839
2.840
2.837
2.830
2.818
2.802
2.782
2.758
2.729
2.696
2.658
2.616
2.570
2.520
2.467
2.409
2.347
2.282
2.213
2.141
2.066
1.987
1.906
1.821
1.734
1.644

37.088
36.729
36.270
35.712
35.055
34.302
33.452
32.508
31.472
30.344
29.128
27.826
26.439
24.970
23.422
21.797
20.132
18.433
16.698
14.928
13.123
11.283
9.407
7.497
5.552
3.572
1.556
-0.494
-2.578
-4.692
-6.834
-8.998
-11.181
-13.373
-15.553
-17.705
-19.826
-21.912
-23.959
-25.964
-27.922
-29.831
-31.687
-33.487
-35.228
-36.907
-38.520
-40.065
-41.538
-42.939
-44.263
-45.509

-154.3756
-204.6029
-254.4679
-303.8822
-352.7583
-401.0095
-448.5506
-495.2971
-541.1664
-586.0772
-629.9500
-672.7071
-714.2726
-754.5731
-793.5371
-823.6498
-841.1743
-858.6988
-876.2232
-893.7477
-911.2721
-928.7966
-946.3211
-963.8455
-981.3700
-998.8945
-1016.4189
-1033.9434
-1050.1097
-1064.4161
-1076.8372
-1087.3510
-1095.9390
-1096.2964
-1083.4823
-1068.7492
-1052.1232
-1033.6336
-1013.3134
-991.1983
-967.3278
-941.7439
-914.4920
-885.6205
-855.1803
-823.2255
-789.8127
-755.0009
-718.8519
-681.4297
-642.8006
-603.0330

8.44
8.82
9.19
9.56
9.93
10.28
10.63
10.97
11.30
11.62
11.92
12.22
12.50
12.76
13.01
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.16
13.14
13.10
13.04
12.96
12.86
12.73
12.58
12.41
12.22
12.00
11.77
11.51
11.23
10.94
10.62
10.29
9.93
9.56
9.17
8.77
8.35
7.91
7.47
7.00

4.01
4.13
4.26
4.37
4.49
4.61
4.72
4.82
4.93
5.03
5.12
5.21
5.29
5.37
5.44
5.48
5.45
5.43
5.41
5.38
5.36
5.34
5.31
5.29
5.27
5.24
5.22
5.20
5.17
5.13
5.08
5.03
4.97
4.90
4.84
4.78
4.70
4.62
4.53
4.43
4.33
4.21
4.09
3.96
3.82
3.68
3.53
3.38
3.21
3.05
2.87
2.70

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.168
0.170
0.172
0.174
0.176
0.178
0.180
0.182
0.184
0.186
0.188
0.190
0.192
0.194
0.196
0.198
0.200
0.202
0.204
0.206
0.208
0.210
0.212
0.214
0.216
0.218
0.220
0.222
0.224
0.226
0.228
0.230
0.232
0.234
0.236
0.238
0.240
0.242
0.244
0.246
0.248
0.250
0.252
0.254
0.256
0.258
0.260
0.262
0.264
0.266
0.268
0.270

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

1.552
1.457
1.361
1.262
1.162
1.061
0.957
0.853
0.748
0.642
0.535
0.428
0.320
0.213
0.105
-0.002
-0.108
-0.214
-0.319
-0.423
-0.526
-0.627
-0.727
-0.825
-0.921
-1.015
-1.106
-1.195
-1.282
-1.365
-1.446
-1.524
-1.598
-1.669
-1.737
-1.801
-1.861
-1.918
-1.971
-2.019
-2.064
-2.105
-2.141
-2.173
-2.200
-2.224
-2.242
-2.257
-2.267
-2.272
-2.273
-2.269

-46.674
-47.757
-48.754
-49.666
-50.490
-51.224
-51.868
-52.419
-52.878
-53.243
-53.514
-53.690
-53.771
-53.757
-53.647
-53.443
-53.144
-52.750
-52.264
-51.684
-51.013
-50.252
-49.402
-48.464
-47.441
-46.333
-45.144
-43.874
-42.527
-41.104
-39.609
-38.043
-36.410
-34.713
-32.954
-31.137
-29.264
-27.340
-25.368
-23.350
-21.291
-19.194
-17.064
-14.903
-12.716
-10.506
-8.277
-6.034
-3.780
-1.520
0.743
3.005

-562.1973
-520.3659
-477.6128
-434.0138
-389.6461
-344.5882
-298.9201
-252.7225
-206.0773
-159.0671
-111.7751
-64.2852
-16.6814
30.9519
78.5304
125.9698
173.1861
220.0956
266.6154
312.6629
358.1566
403.0160
447.1616
490.5151
532.9999
574.5407
615.0639
654.4977
692.7722
729.8198
765.5747
799.9737
832.9558
864.4625
894.4382
922.8297
949.5867
974.6619
998.0107
1019.5919
1039.3673
1057.3017
1073.3636
1087.5243
1099.7588
1110.0455
1118.3661
1124.7059
1129.0537
1131.4017
1131.7458
1130.0855

6.53
6.04
5.55
5.04
4.53
4.00
3.47
2.93
2.39
1.85
1.30
0.75
0.19
-0.36
-0.91
-1.46
-2.01
-2.56
-3.10
-3.63
-4.16
-4.68
-5.19
-5.70
-6.19
-6.67
-7.14
-7.60
-8.05
-8.48
-8.89
-9.29
-9.67
-10.04
-10.39
-10.72
-11.03
-11.32
-11.59
-11.84
-12.07
-12.28
-12.47
-12.63
-12.77
-12.89
-12.99
-13.06
-13.11
-13.14
-13.14
-13.12

2.51
2.33
2.14
1.94
1.74
1.54
1.34
1.13
0.92
0.71
0.50
0.29
0.07
-0.14
-0.35
-0.56
-0.77
-0.98
-1.19
-1.40
-1.60
-1.80
-2.00
-2.19
-2.38
-2.57
-2.75
-2.93
-3.10
-3.26
-3.42
-3.58
-3.72
-3.87
-4.00
-4.13
-4.25
-4.36
-4.46
-4.56
-4.65
-4.73
-4.80
-4.86
-4.92
-4.96
-5.00
-5.03
-5.05
-5.06
-5.06
-5.05

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.272
0.274
0.276
0.278
0.280
0.282
0.284
0.286
0.288
0.290
0.292
0.294
0.296
0.298
0.300
0.302
0.304
0.306
0.308
0.310
0.312
0.314
0.316
0.318
0.320
0.322
0.324
0.326
0.328
0.330
0.332
0.334
0.336
0.338
0.340
0.342
0.344
0.346
0.348
0.350
0.352
0.354
0.356
0.358
0.360
0.362
0.364
0.366
0.368
0.370
0.372
0.374

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-2.261
-2.248
-2.231
-2.209
-2.183
-2.152
-2.117
-2.078
-2.035
-1.988
-1.937
-1.881
-1.822
-1.759
-1.693
-1.623
-1.550
-1.473
-1.393
-1.311
-1.225
-1.137
-1.046
-0.953
-0.858
-0.761
-0.662
-0.561
-0.459
-0.355
-0.251
-0.145
-0.039
0.068
0.176
0.283
0.391
0.498
0.605
0.711
0.817
0.922
1.025
1.128
1.228
1.327
1.424
1.520
1.613
1.703
1.791
1.877

5.261
7.509
9.743
11.959
14.155
16.325
18.467
20.575
22.648
24.680
26.668
28.610
30.500
32.337
34.116
35.835
37.490
39.079
40.599
42.047
43.420
44.717
45.934
47.070
48.123
49.090
49.970
50.762
51.464
52.075
52.594
53.019
53.351
53.588
53.730
53.777
53.729
53.585
53.347
53.014
52.587
52.067
51.455
50.752
49.959
49.077
48.109
47.055
45.918
44.700
43.402
42.028

1126.4235
1120.7665
1113.1244
1103.5108
1091.9428
1078.4407
1063.0285
1045.7335
1026.5863
1005.6209
982.8744
958.3871
932.2023
904.3664
874.9287
843.9414
811.4594
777.5401
742.2436
705.6326
667.7717
628.7281
588.5709
547.3713
505.2022
462.1383
418.2559
373.6327
328.3477
282.4811
236.1143
189.3292
142.2088
94.8366
47.2963
-0.3277
-47.9511
-95.4896
-142.8590
-189.9753
-236.7552
-283.1157
-328.9748
-374.2512
-418.8648
-462.7365
-505.7886
-547.9449
-589.1306
-629.2730
-668.3007
-706.1449

-13.08
-13.02
-12.93
-12.82
-12.68
-12.52
-12.35
-12.14
-11.92
-11.68
-11.41
-11.13
-10.83
-10.50
-10.16
-9.80
-9.42
-9.03
-8.62
-8.19
-7.76
-7.30
-6.84
-6.36
-5.87
-5.37
-4.86
-4.34
-3.81
-3.28
-2.74
-2.20
-1.65
-1.10
-0.55
0.00
0.56
1.11
1.66
2.21
2.75
3.29
3.82
4.35
4.86
5.37
5.87
6.36
6.84
7.31
7.76
8.20

-5.04
-5.01
-4.98
-4.93
-4.88
-4.82
-4.75
-4.68
-4.59
-4.50
-4.39
-4.29
-4.17
-4.04
-3.91
-3.77
-3.63
-3.48
-3.32
-3.15
-2.99
-2.81
-2.63
-2.45
-2.26
-2.07
-1.87
-1.67
-1.47
-1.26
-1.06
-0.85
-0.64
-0.42
-0.21
0.00
0.21
0.43
0.64
0.85
1.06
1.27
1.47
1.67
1.87
2.07
2.26
2.45
2.63
2.81
2.99
3.16

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.376
0.378
0.380
0.382
0.384
0.386
0.388
0.390
0.392
0.394
0.396
0.398
0.400
0.402
0.404
0.406
0.408
0.410
0.412
0.414
0.416
0.418
0.420
0.422
0.424
0.426
0.428
0.430
0.432
0.434
0.436
0.438
0.440
0.442
0.444
0.446
0.448
0.450
0.452
0.454
0.456
0.458
0.460
0.462
0.464
0.466
0.468
0.470
0.472
0.474
0.476
0.478
0.480
0.482
0.484
0.486
0.488
0.490
0.492
0.494

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

1.959
2.039
2.116
2.189
2.259
2.325
2.388
2.447
2.502
2.554
2.601
2.644
2.683
2.718
2.748
2.774
2.796
2.813
2.826
2.834
2.838
2.837
2.832
2.822
2.807
2.788
2.765
2.737
2.705
2.669
2.629
2.584
2.535
2.482
2.426
2.365
2.301
2.233
2.162
2.088
2.010
1.929
1.845
1.759
1.670
1.578
1.485
1.389
1.291
1.191
1.090
0.987
0.883
0.778
0.672
0.565
0.458
0.351
0.243
0.136

40.579
39.058
37.468
35.812
34.092
32.312
30.474
28.583
26.641
24.652
22.619
20.547
18.437
16.295
14.125
11.929
9.712
7.478
5.230
2.974
0.712
-1.551
-3.812
-6.065
-8.308
-10.536
-12.746
-14.933
-17.093
-19.223
-21.320
-23.378
-25.395
-27.367
-29.291
-31.162
-32.979
-34.737
-36.433
-38.065
-39.630
-41.124
-42.546
-43.892
-45.161
-46.349
-47.456
-48.478
-49.414
-50.263
-51.023
-51.693
-52.271
-52.756
-53.148
-53.446
-53.649
-53.758
-53.771
-53.688

-742.7383
-778.0162
-811.9161
-844.3780
-875.3443
-904.7603
-932.5738
-958.7356
-983.1993
-1005.9215
-1026.8622
-1045.9840
-1063.2533
-1078.6394
-1092.1151
-1103.6564
-1113.2430
-1120.8578
-1126.4875
-1130.1219
-1131.7547
-1131.3830
-1129.0074
-1124.6322
-1118.2650
-1109.9173
-1099.6037
-1087.3425
-1073.1554
-1057.0677
-1039.1076
-1019.3072
-997.7014
-974.3285
-949.2299
-922.4501
-894.0365
-864.0394
-832.5119
-799.5099
-765.0919
-729.3187
-692.2539
-653.9629
-614.5136
-573.9760
-532.4217
-489.9244
-446.5594
-402.4035
-357.5349
-312.0330
-265.9784
-219.4528
-172.5384
-125.3185
-77.8766
-30.2968
17.3367
64.9395

8.63
9.04
9.43
9.81
10.17
10.51
10.83
11.13
11.42
11.68
11.93
12.15
12.35
12.53
12.68
12.82
12.93
13.02
13.08
13.12
13.14
13.14
13.11
13.06
12.99
12.89
12.77
12.63
12.46
12.28
12.07
11.84
11.59
11.32
11.02
10.71
10.38
10.03
9.67
9.28
8.89
8.47
8.04
7.59
7.14
6.67
6.18
5.69
5.19
4.67
4.15
3.62
3.09
2.55
2.00
1.46
0.90
0.35
-0.20
-0.75

3.32
3.48
3.63
3.78
3.91
4.05
4.17
4.29
4.40
4.50
4.59
4.68
4.75
4.82
4.88
4.93
4.98
5.01
5.04
5.05
5.06
5.06
5.05
5.03
5.00
4.96
4.92
4.86
4.80
4.73
4.65
4.56
4.46
4.36
4.24
4.12
4.00
3.86
3.72
3.57
3.42
3.26
3.10
2.92
2.75
2.57
2.38
2.19
2.00
1.80
1.60
1.40
1.19
0.98
0.77
0.56
0.35
0.14
-0.08
-0.29

Time
(sec)
0.496
0.498
0.500
0.502
0.504
0.506
0.508
0.510
0.512
0.514
0.516
0.518
0.520
0.522
0.524
0.526
0.528
0.530
0.532
0.534
0.536
0.538
0.540
0.542
0.544
0.546
0.548
0.550
0.552
0.554
0.556
0.558
0.560
0.562
0.564
0.566
0.568
0.570
0.572
0.574
0.576
0.578
0.580
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.592
0.594
0.596
0.598
0.600
0.602
0.604
0.606
0.608
0.610
0.612
0.614
0.616

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.029
-0.078
-0.184
-0.289
-0.394
-0.497
-0.599
-0.699
-0.797
-0.894
-0.988
-1.080
-1.170
-1.257
-1.342
-1.423
-1.502
-1.577
-1.649
-1.718
-1.783
-1.844
-1.902
-1.956
-2.006
-2.052
-2.093
-2.131
-2.164
-2.193
-2.217
-2.238
-2.253
-2.264
-2.271
-2.273
-2.270
-2.263
-2.252
-2.236
-2.216
-2.191
-2.161
-2.128
-2.090
-2.048
-2.002
-1.952
-1.897
-1.839
-1.778
-1.712
-1.643
-1.571
-1.495
-1.416
-1.335
-1.250
-1.162
-1.072
-0.980

v
(in/sec)
-53.511
-53.239
-52.872
-52.412
-51.859
-51.215
-50.479
-49.654
-48.741
-47.742
-46.658
-45.492
-44.245
-42.920
-41.519
-40.044
-38.498
-36.884
-35.205
-33.463
-31.662
-29.805
-27.895
-25.936
-23.931
-21.884
-19.797
-17.676
-15.523
-13.343
-11.139
-8.916
-6.677
-4.426
-2.167
0.096
2.359
4.617
6.867
9.106
11.328
13.529
15.707
17.857
19.976
22.059
24.103
26.105
28.060
29.965
31.817
33.613
35.350
37.024
38.632
40.172
41.641
43.035
44.354
45.594
46.754

a
(in/sec2)
112.4273
159.7159
206.7216
253.3613
299.5521
345.2124
390.2613
434.6190
478.2069
520.9478
562.7660
603.5875
643.3399
681.9529
719.3580
755.4890
790.2820
823.6752
855.6095
886.0284
914.8781
942.1073
967.6679
991.5146
1013.6052
1033.9005
1052.3646
1068.9648
1083.6717
1096.4592
1107.3048
1116.1891
1123.0964
1128.0146
1130.9349
1131.8521
1130.7646
1127.6744
1122.5868
1115.5110
1106.4594
1095.4481
1082.4966
1067.6278
1050.8681
1032.2471
1011.7979
989.5565
965.5626
939.8584
912.4896
883.5047
852.9549
820.8944
787.3799
752.4709
716.2291
678.7188
640.0063
600.1603
559.2514

resistance
(kips)
-1.31
-1.85
-2.40
-2.94
-3.48
-4.01
-4.53
-5.05
-5.55
-6.05
-6.54
-7.01
-7.47
-7.92
-8.35
-8.77
-9.18
-9.57
-9.94
-10.29
-10.62
-10.94
-11.24
-11.51
-11.77
-12.01
-12.22
-12.41
-12.59
-12.73
-12.86
-12.96
-13.04
-13.10
-13.13
-13.14
-13.13
-13.10
-13.04
-12.95
-12.85
-12.72
-12.57
-12.40
-12.20
-11.99
-11.75
-11.49
-11.21
-10.91
-10.60
-10.26
-9.91
-9.53
-9.14
-8.74
-8.32
-7.88
-7.43
-6.97
-6.49

reaction
(kips)
-0.50
-0.71
-0.92
-1.13
-1.34
-1.54
-1.74
-1.94
-2.14
-2.33
-2.52
-2.70
-2.88
-3.05
-3.22
-3.38
-3.53
-3.68
-3.83
-3.96
-4.09
-4.21
-4.33
-4.43
-4.53
-4.62
-4.71
-4.78
-4.85
-4.90
-4.95
-4.99
-5.02
-5.04
-5.06
-5.06
-5.06
-5.04
-5.02
-4.99
-4.95
-4.90
-4.84
-4.77
-4.70
-4.62
-4.52
-4.42
-4.32
-4.20
-4.08
-3.95
-3.81
-3.67
-3.52
-3.36
-3.20
-3.03
-2.86
-2.68
-2.50

Time
(sec)
0.618
0.620
0.622
0.624
0.626
0.628
0.630
0.632
0.634
0.636
0.638
0.640
0.642
0.644
0.646
0.648
0.650
0.652
0.654
0.656
0.658
0.660
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.668
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.676
0.678
0.680
0.682
0.684
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.696
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.712
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.722
0.724
0.726
0.728
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.736
0.738

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-0.885
-0.789
-0.690
-0.590
-0.488
-0.385
-0.281
-0.175
-0.069
0.038
0.145
0.253
0.360
0.467
0.575
0.681
0.787
0.892
0.996
1.098
1.200
1.299
1.397
1.493
1.586
1.678
1.766
1.853
1.936
2.017
2.094
2.168
2.239
2.307
2.370
2.431
2.487
2.539
2.588
2.632
2.672
2.708
2.740
2.767
2.790
2.809
2.823
2.832
2.837
2.838
2.834
2.825
2.812
2.794
2.772
2.746
2.715
2.680
2.641
2.597
2.549

v
(in/sec)
47.830
48.822
49.728
50.545
51.273
51.910
52.455
52.907
53.266
53.530
53.699
53.773
53.752
53.636
53.425
53.119
52.719
52.225
51.640
50.962
50.195
49.338
48.394
47.365
46.251
45.056
43.781
42.428
41.000
39.500
37.929
36.292
34.590
32.827
31.005
29.129
27.201
25.225
23.205
21.143
19.044
16.911
14.748
12.559
10.348
8.118
5.874
3.620
1.359
-0.904
-3.166
-5.422
-7.668
-9.901
-12.116
-14.310
-16.478
-18.618
-20.724
-22.794
-24.823

a
(in/sec2)
517.3519
474.5360
430.8797
386.4603
341.3563
295.6478
249.4156
202.7417
155.7086
108.3998
60.8990
13.2904
-34.3418
-81.9132
-129.3395
-176.5367
-223.4213
-269.9101
-315.9209
-361.3721
-406.1833
-450.2750
-493.5693
-535.9894
-577.4601
-617.9081
-657.2616
-695.4510
-732.4087
-768.0692
-802.3692
-835.2482
-866.6478
-896.5124
-924.7892
-951.4280
-976.3817
-999.6060
-1021.0599
-1040.7053
-1058.5075
-1074.4348
-1088.4592
-1100.5557
-1110.7030
-1118.8831
-1125.0814
-1129.2870
-1131.4925
-1131.6939
-1129.8909
-1126.0867
-1120.2880
-1112.5050
-1102.7517
-1091.0452
-1077.4063
-1061.8591
-1044.4312
-1025.1535
-1004.0600

resistance
(kips)
-6.01
-5.51
-5.00
-4.49
-3.96
-3.43
-2.90
-2.35
-1.81
-1.26
-0.71
-0.15
0.40
0.95
1.50
2.05
2.59
3.13
3.67
4.20
4.72
5.23
5.73
6.22
6.71
7.18
7.63
8.08
8.51
8.92
9.32
9.70
10.06
10.41
10.74
11.05
11.34
11.61
11.86
12.09
12.29
12.48
12.64
12.78
12.90
12.99
13.07
13.11
13.14
13.14
13.12
13.08
13.01
12.92
12.81
12.67
12.51
12.33
12.13
11.91
11.66

reaction
(kips)
-2.31
-2.12
-1.93
-1.73
-1.53
-1.32
-1.12
-0.91
-0.70
-0.48
-0.27
-0.06
0.15
0.37
0.58
0.79
1.00
1.21
1.41
1.62
1.82
2.01
2.21
2.40
2.58
2.76
2.94
3.11
3.27
3.43
3.59
3.73
3.87
4.01
4.13
4.25
4.37
4.47
4.57
4.65
4.73
4.80
4.87
4.92
4.97
5.00
5.03
5.05
5.06
5.06
5.05
5.03
5.01
4.97
4.93
4.88
4.82
4.75
4.67
4.58
4.49

Time
(sec)
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.764
0.766
0.768
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.784
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.792
0.794
0.796
0.798
0.800
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.808
0.810
0.812
0.814
0.816
0.818
0.820
0.822
0.824
0.826
0.828
0.830
0.832
0.834
0.836
0.838
0.840
0.842
0.844
0.846
0.848
0.850
0.852
0.854
0.856
0.858
0.860

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
2.498
2.442
2.383
2.320
2.253
2.183
2.109
2.032
1.953
1.870
1.784
1.696
1.605
1.512
1.416
1.319
1.220
1.119
1.017
0.913
0.808
0.702
0.596
0.489
0.382
0.274
0.167
0.059
-0.048
-0.154
-0.259
-0.364
-0.468
-0.570
-0.670
-0.769
-0.866
-0.961
-1.054
-1.145
-1.232
-1.318
-1.400
-1.480
-1.556
-1.629
-1.699
-1.765
-1.827
-1.886
-1.941
-1.992
-2.039
-2.082
-2.121
-2.155
-2.185
-2.211
-2.232
-2.249
-2.262

v
(in/sec)
-26.808
-28.746
-30.633
-32.465
-34.240
-35.955
-37.606
-39.190
-40.705
-42.147
-43.515
-44.806
-46.018
-47.148
-48.194
-49.156
-50.030
-50.815
-51.511
-52.115
-52.627
-53.046
-53.371
-53.601
-53.736
-53.777
-53.721
-53.571
-53.326
-52.987
-52.553
-52.027
-51.408
-50.698
-49.899
-49.011
-48.037
-46.977
-45.834
-44.610
-43.307
-41.927
-40.473
-38.947
-37.352
-35.691
-33.967
-32.183
-30.342
-28.447
-26.501
-24.509
-22.473
-20.398
-18.286
-16.142
-13.969
-11.772
-9.553
-7.318
-5.070

a
(in/sec2)
-981.1882
-956.5785
-930.2746
-902.3231
-872.7733
-841.6777
-809.0914
-775.0721
-739.6800
-702.9778
-665.0305
-625.9053
-585.6715
-544.4005
-502.1652
-459.0404
-415.1027
-370.4297
-325.1007
-279.1958
-232.7965
-185.9848
-138.8437
-91.4567
-43.9077
3.7190
51.3392
98.8684
146.2226
193.3177
240.0705
286.3980
332.2183
377.4502
422.0135
465.8294
508.8202
550.9099
592.0237
632.0891
671.0348
708.7921
745.2940
780.4758
814.2753
846.6326
877.4904
906.7940
934.4915
960.5338
984.8749
1007.4717
1028.2840
1047.2751
1064.4113
1079.6622
1093.0009
1104.4037
1113.8505
1121.3244
1126.8122

resistance
(kips)
11.39
11.11
10.80
10.48
10.14
9.77
9.40
9.00
8.59
8.16
7.72
7.27
6.80
6.32
5.83
5.33
4.82
4.30
3.78
3.24
2.70
2.16
1.61
1.06
0.51
-0.04
-0.60
-1.15
-1.70
-2.25
-2.79
-3.33
-3.86
-4.38
-4.90
-5.41
-5.91
-6.40
-6.88
-7.34
-7.79
-8.23
-8.66
-9.06
-9.46
-9.83
-10.19
-10.53
-10.85
-11.16
-11.44
-11.70
-11.94
-12.16
-12.36
-12.54
-12.69
-12.83
-12.94
-13.02
-13.09

reaction
(kips)
4.39
4.28
4.16
4.03
3.90
3.76
3.62
3.47
3.31
3.14
2.97
2.80
2.62
2.43
2.25
2.05
1.86
1.66
1.45
1.25
1.04
0.83
0.62
0.41
0.20
-0.02
-0.23
-0.44
-0.65
-0.86
-1.07
-1.28
-1.49
-1.69
-1.89
-2.08
-2.28
-2.46
-2.65
-2.83
-3.00
-3.17
-3.33
-3.49
-3.64
-3.79
-3.92
-4.05
-4.18
-4.29
-4.40
-4.50
-4.60
-4.68
-4.76
-4.83
-4.89
-4.94
-4.98
-5.01
-5.04

Time
(sec)
0.862
0.864
0.866
0.868
0.870
0.872
0.874
0.876
0.878
0.880
0.882
0.884
0.886
0.888
0.890
0.892
0.894
0.896
0.898
0.900
0.902
0.904
0.906
0.908
0.910
0.912
0.914
0.916
0.918
0.920
0.922
0.924
0.926
0.928
0.930
0.932
0.934
0.936
0.938
0.940
0.942
0.944
0.946
0.948
0.950
0.952
0.954
0.956
0.958
0.960
0.962
0.964
0.966
0.968
0.970
0.972
0.974
0.976
0.978
0.980
0.982

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-2.269
-2.273
-2.272
-2.266
-2.256
-2.241
-2.222
-2.198
-2.170
-2.138
-2.101
-2.060
-2.015
-1.966
-1.913
-1.856
-1.796
-1.731
-1.663
-1.592
-1.517
-1.439
-1.358
-1.274
-1.188
-1.098
-1.007
-0.913
-0.817
-0.719
-0.619
-0.517
-0.415
-0.311
-0.205
-0.099
0.007
0.114
0.222
0.329
0.437
0.544
0.651
0.757
0.862
0.966
1.069
1.171
1.271
1.369
1.466
1.560
1.652
1.741
1.828
1.913
1.994
2.072
2.147
2.219
2.288

v
(in/sec)
-2.813
-0.551
1.712
3.972
6.225
8.467
10.694
12.902
15.087
17.246
19.374
21.467
23.523
25.537
27.506
29.426
31.293
33.106
34.860
36.552
38.179
39.739
41.228
42.644
43.985
45.248
46.431
47.531
48.547
49.478
50.320
51.074
51.737
52.309
52.787
53.173
53.464
53.660
53.762
53.768
53.679
53.495
53.216
52.843
52.376
51.816
51.165
50.423
49.592
48.673
47.668
46.578
45.406
44.153
42.823
41.416
39.936
38.385
36.767
35.083
33.337

a
(in/sec2)
1130.3044
1131.7945
1131.2801
1128.7620
1124.2446
1117.7361
1109.2478
1098.7949
1086.3959
1072.0726
1055.8506
1037.7585
1017.8283
996.0954
972.5983
947.3785
920.4808
891.9527
861.8449
830.2105
797.1058
762.5892
726.7220
689.5676
651.1919
611.6629
571.0504
529.4266
486.8650
443.4412
399.2319
354.3155
308.7716
262.6808
216.1248
169.1859
121.9474
74.4929
26.9065
-20.7276
-68.3250
-115.8013
-163.0726
-210.0550
-256.6654
-302.8212
-348.4407
-393.4430
-437.7484
-481.2786
-523.9563
-565.7060
-606.4537
-646.1273
-684.6565
-721.9731
-758.0109
-792.7062
-825.9975
-857.8258
-888.1348

resistance
(kips)
-13.13
-13.14
-13.14
-13.11
-13.06
-12.98
-12.88
-12.76
-12.62
-12.45
-12.26
-12.05
-11.82
-11.57
-11.30
-11.00
-10.69
-10.36
-10.01
-9.64
-9.26
-8.86
-8.44
-8.01
-7.56
-7.10
-6.63
-6.15
-5.65
-5.15
-4.64
-4.11
-3.59
-3.05
-2.51
-1.96
-1.42
-0.87
-0.31
0.24
0.79
1.34
1.89
2.44
2.98
3.52
4.05
4.57
5.08
5.59
6.08
6.57
7.04
7.50
7.95
8.38
8.80
9.21
9.59
9.96
10.31

reaction
(kips)
-5.05
-5.06
-5.06
-5.05
-5.03
-5.00
-4.96
-4.91
-4.86
-4.79
-4.72
-4.64
-4.55
-4.45
-4.35
-4.24
-4.12
-3.99
-3.85
-3.71
-3.56
-3.41
-3.25
-3.08
-2.91
-2.73
-2.55
-2.37
-2.18
-1.98
-1.79
-1.58
-1.38
-1.17
-0.97
-0.76
-0.55
-0.33
-0.12
0.09
0.31
0.52
0.73
0.94
1.15
1.35
1.56
1.76
1.96
2.15
2.34
2.53
2.71
2.89
3.06
3.23
3.39
3.54
3.69
3.84
3.97

Time
(sec)
0.984
0.986
0.988
0.990
0.992
0.994
0.996
0.998
1.000
1.002
1.004
1.006
1.008
1.010
1.012
1.014
1.016
1.018
1.020
1.022
1.024
1.026
1.028
1.030
1.032
1.034
1.036
1.038
1.040
1.042
1.044
1.046
1.048
1.050
1.052
1.054
1.056
1.058
1.060
1.062
1.064
1.066
1.068
1.070
1.072
1.074
1.076
1.078
1.080

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
2.353
2.414
2.471
2.525
2.574
2.620
2.661
2.698
2.731
2.760
2.784
2.804
2.819
2.830
2.836
2.838
2.835
2.828
2.816
2.800
2.779
2.754
2.724
2.690
2.652
2.610
2.563
2.513
2.459
2.400
2.338
2.272
2.203
2.131
2.055
1.976
1.894
1.809
1.721
1.631
1.539
1.444
1.347
1.248
1.148
1.046
0.943
0.838
0.733

v
(in/sec)
31.532
29.671
27.758
25.795
23.787
21.736
19.647
17.524
15.369
13.187
10.982
8.757
6.517
4.265
2.006
-0.257
-2.520
-4.778
-7.027
-9.264
-11.485
-13.685
-15.861
-18.009
-20.126
-22.206
-24.247
-26.245
-28.197
-30.099
-31.947
-33.739
-35.471
-37.140
-38.744
-40.279
-41.742
-43.132
-44.445
-45.680
-46.833
-47.904
-48.890
-49.789
-50.600
-51.321
-51.952
-52.490
-52.936

a
(in/sec2)
-916.8707
-943.9827
-969.4227
-993.1458
-1015.1098
-1035.2759
-1053.6084
-1070.0747
-1084.6458
-1097.2958
-1108.0023
-1116.7463
-1123.5124
-1128.2886
-1131.0664
-1131.8410
-1130.6108
-1127.3781
-1122.1487
-1114.9318
-1105.7401
-1094.5900
-1081.5012
-1066.4969
-1049.6036
-1030.8514
-1010.2733
-987.9059
-963.7887
-937.9645
-910.4790
-881.3809
-850.7218
-818.5558
-784.9401
-749.9341
-713.5999
-676.0018
-637.2063
-597.2823
-556.3004
-514.3332
-471.4550
-427.7418
-383.2710
-338.1213
-292.3728
-246.1065
-199.4042

resistance
(kips)
10.65
10.96
11.26
11.53
11.79
12.02
12.24
12.43
12.60
12.74
12.87
12.97
13.05
13.10
13.14
13.14
13.13
13.09
13.03
12.95
12.84
12.71
12.56
12.39
12.19
11.97
11.73
11.47
11.19
10.89
10.57
10.24
9.88
9.51
9.12
8.71
8.29
7.85
7.40
6.94
6.46
5.97
5.48
4.97
4.45
3.93
3.40
2.86
2.32

reaction
(kips)
4.10
4.22
4.33
4.44
4.54
4.63
4.71
4.78
4.85
4.91
4.95
4.99
5.02
5.04
5.06
5.06
5.06
5.04
5.02
4.99
4.94
4.89
4.84
4.77
4.69
4.61
4.52
4.42
4.31
4.19
4.07
3.94
3.80
3.66
3.51
3.35
3.19
3.02
2.85
2.67
2.49
2.30
2.11
1.91
1.71
1.51
1.31
1.10
0.89

Displacement vs. Time
4.000

Displacement (in)

3.000
2.000
1.000
0.000
-1.000
-2.000
-3.000
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600

0.800

1.000

1.200

0.800

1.000

1.200

Time (sec)

Resistance vs. Time
15.00

Resistance (kips)

10.00

5.00

0.00

-5.00

-10.00

-15.00
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600
Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
14.00

Applied Force (kips)

12.00
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
2.00
0.00
-2.00
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
8.00
6.00

Reaction (kips)

4.00
2.00
0.00
-2.00
-4.00
-6.00
0.00

0.20

0.40

0.60
Time (sec)

0.80

1.00

1.20

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

REAR WALL PANELS SS # 1 & SS # 2

1005 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

REAR WALL PANELS ; SS # 1

1006 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
REAR WALL PROPERTIES SS # 1

DESIGN LOADS ( UNFACTORED ) :
Blast Load (Ps)
Dead Load (DL)
DESIGN STRESSES :
Conc., fc'
Reinf., fy
PANEL DATA :
Panel Width, width
Long Span, lb
Wall, t TRIAL

of
2-Mar-04
MGG
SAK

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

=
=

2
8.470 KN/m
176.90 psf

=
=

34.5 Mpa
414 Mpa

=
=
=

2500 mm
6775 mm
250 mm

250 mm

CONFIGURATION :

Roof span :
15.22 m
6775 mm

CHECK DYNAMIC REQUIRED RESISTANCE:
Design overpressure,
Ps
Blast time duration,
Td
Consider 1ft. width slab:
Moment of Inertia,
Ig
25
Area of Bar ( Ø ),
mm Ø
Ab
Rebar Spacing for top & bottom,
S
Area of Rebar PER 1ft. unit width,
As
Effective Slab Depth,
dc = ds
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for bending)
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for shear)
f'dy = (SIF) x (DIF) x fy
Modulus of Elasticity,
Edc = 57000 x (f'c) 1 / 2
Steel ratio,
p = As / b x d
Stress block,
a = As x fdy / 0.85 x f'dc x b
Modular ratio,
n = Es / Edm

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

a.) BENDING RESISTANCE
Max. Moment, Mp = Mpc = Mps = As x fdy [ d - a / 2 ]
Resistance at cracked moment,
Rb = 8 x Mp / L
Unit Resistance,
rb = Rb / L x unit width

=
=
=

b.) SHEAR RESISTANCE
Shear,
At Support,
Unit Resistance,

=
=
=

14854.1
31691
9.901

lb
lb
psi

=

4.3296
13.8580

psi >
kips

n x As =
C = -n x As + [ n x As * ( n x As + 2 x b x d ) ] 0 . 5 / b =
I cr = b x C 3 / 3 + n x As * ( d - C ) 2
=

5.4736
2.3401
248.47

in2
in2
in4

Vn = 2 x b x d x ( f'dc ) 0 . 5
Rs = Vn x L / ( 0.5 x L - tw )
rs = Rs / L x unit width

? Dynamic Resistance Controlled by Bending,

Ru

=
=
=

1.96
200
1.0000
953.50
0.7609
12.0000
0.7609
8.3425
5954.3
5504.0
77276
4032041
0.0076
0.9681
7.1940

psi
( SEE LOADING CALCULATION)
msec
ft.
4
in4
( 33072917 mm
)
2
2
in
( 491 mm
)
in
( 305 mm
)
2
in2
( 13 mm
)
in
( 212 mm
)
psi
( 41 Mpa. )
psi
( 38 Mpa. )
psi
( 533 Mpa. )
27801 Mpa. )
psi
(
> 200 / f'dy = 0.003
in
( 25 mm
)

462046.175 lb-in
13857.98 lb
4.3296 psi

( 52202 KN-m
( 61.64 KN
)
( 0.0299 Mpa. )

( 66 KN
( 141 KN
( 0.0683 Mpa.
1.96
6.29

)

)
)
)

? O.K!
kips

Cracked Moment of Inertia:
2
( 3531 mm
)
2
( 1510 mm
4
( 103419712 mm

)
)

1007 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
REAR WALL PROPERTIES SS # 1

I a = ( I g + I cr ) / 2 =
K = 384 x Edc x I a / 5 L 3 =
Yeild Deflection,
Ye = Ru / K =
Beam Mass = J c x tw x unit width x span / gravity acc.
=
Roof Mass = Roof DL x unit width x 1/2 roof span / gravity acc. =
Total Mass, M
=
Average Stiffnes,
K LM =
Equivalent Mass,
Me = K LM x Beam Mass
=
0.5
Period of Vibration,
tn = 2 x S x ( Me / K )
=
Time increment , tn/10
¨t =
td / tn
=
Ru / Ps =
=

600.981
9.8066
1.41312
0.00708
0.01144
0.01853
0.72000
0.01334

4
in4
( 250147356 mm
kips / in
in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
FROM ASCE TABLE 6.1
kip-sec2 / in

0.23174
0.02317
0.86305
2.20356

sec
sec

Arrival time ; ta
Rise time ; tr
Time at Peak pressure; ta + tr
Time Duration; Td
Time end ; Te = ta + Td

0.04321
0.01979
0.06300
0.20000
0.24321

sec
sec
sec
sec
sec

Average Moment of Inertia,
Effective Stiffness,

=
=
=
=
=

;

use ¨t

of
2-Mar-04
MGG
SAK

)

=

0.00200

sec

1008 of 1089

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION METHOD
INPUT

RESULTS
Blast Loa

Stiffness

K

=

Mass

M

=

Tension resistance

Rut

=

Compression resistance

Ruc

=

Damping co-efficient

9.80664453 kips / in
0.013339788 kip-sec2 / in
13.8579753 kips

0
Length
y max =

256.000

0.00 kips
0 sec

r max =

9.623

P=

0.694

0.243 sec
0.002 sec

T=

0.439

C

=

F(t)

=

Time start

Ts

=

Time end

Te

=

Time increment

¨t

=

Reaction resistance (R) coeff.

a

=

Reaction force (f) coeff.
Key0

b

=

0.385
0.115

=

0

y

6.29

0 kips
0

Forcing function

Key0

load (kips)

a
(in/sec2)

0.981

T= < 2 degrees
low response

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.04321

0.00

0.000

0.000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.04400

0.25

0.000

0.019

18.8103

0.00

0.03

0.046

0.89

0.000

0.104

66.3759

0.00

0.10

0.048

1.52

0.000

0.284

113.7464

0.00

0.18

0.050

2.16

0.001

0.559

160.7826

0.01

0.25

0.052

2.79

0.003

0.927

207.3463

0.03

0.33

0.054

3.43

0.005

1.387

253.3005

0.05

0.41

0.056

4.06

0.008

1.939

298.5103

0.08

0.50

0.058

4.70

0.013

2.581

342.8427

0.13

0.59

0.060

5.34

0.019

3.310

386.1674

0.18

0.68

0.062

5.97

0.026

4.124

428.3572

0.26

0.79

0.064

6.25

0.035

4.995

442.8626

0.35

0.85

0.066

6.18

0.046

5.868

429.6412

0.45

0.89

0.068
0.070
0.072
0.074
0.076
0.078
0.080
0.082
0.084
0.086
0.088
0.090
0.092
0.094
0.096
0.098
0.100
0.102
0.104

6.11
6.04
5.97
5.91
5.84
5.77
5.70
5.63
5.56
5.49
5.42
5.35
5.28
5.21
5.14
5.07
5.00
4.93
4.86

0.059
0.073
0.089
0.106
0.125
0.145
0.167
0.190
0.213
0.238
0.264
0.291
0.318
0.346
0.375
0.404
0.433
0.463
0.493

6.713
7.527
8.309
9.056
9.766
10.437
11.067
11.654
12.196
12.692
13.140
13.539
13.887
14.185
14.430
14.622
14.761
14.846
14.877

415.1570
399.4525
382.5741
364.5712
345.4968
325.4069
304.3606
282.4197
259.6488
236.1148
211.8867
187.0359
161.6354
135.7598
109.4852
82.8888
56.0488
29.0441
1.9540

0.58
0.72
0.87
1.04
1.23
1.42
1.64
1.86
2.09
2.34
2.59
2.85
3.12
3.40
3.68
3.96
4.25
4.54
4.83

0.93
0.97
1.02
1.08
1.14
1.21
1.28
1.36
1.44
1.53
1.62
1.71
1.81
1.91
2.01
2.11
2.21
2.31
2.42

1009 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.106
0.108
0.110
0.112
0.114
0.116
0.118
0.120
0.122
0.124
0.126
0.128
0.130
0.132
0.134
0.136
0.138
0.140
0.142
0.144
0.146
0.148
0.150
0.152
0.154
0.156
0.158
0.160
0.162
0.164
0.166
0.168
0.170
0.172
0.174
0.176
0.178
0.180
0.182
0.184
0.186
0.188
0.190
0.192
0.194
0.196

4.79
4.72
4.65
4.58
4.51
4.44
4.37
4.30
4.23
4.16
4.09
4.02
3.95
3.88
3.81
3.74
3.67
3.60
3.53
3.46
3.39
3.32
3.25
3.18
3.11
3.04
2.97
2.90
2.83
2.76
2.69
2.62
2.55
2.48
2.42
2.35
2.28
2.21
2.14
2.07
2.00
1.93
1.86
1.79
1.72
1.65

0.522
0.552
0.582
0.611
0.639
0.668
0.695
0.722
0.748
0.773
0.797
0.820
0.841
0.862
0.881
0.898
0.915
0.929
0.942
0.953
0.962
0.970
0.976
0.979
0.981
0.981
0.979
0.975
0.969
0.961
0.951
0.939
0.925
0.909
0.891
0.871
0.850
0.826
0.801
0.774
0.746
0.715
0.684
0.651
0.616
0.580

14.854
14.777
14.646
14.461
14.223
13.933
13.592
13.200
12.759
12.270
11.735
11.154
10.531
9.866
9.161
8.419
7.642
6.832
5.991
5.123
4.229
3.311
2.374
1.420
0.450
-0.531
-1.521
-2.517
-3.516
-4.515
-5.512
-6.502
-7.484
-8.455
-9.411
-10.350
-11.268
-12.165
-13.036
-13.879
-14.691
-15.472
-16.217
-16.924
-17.593
-18.220

-25.1419
-52.1638
-79.0325
-105.6688
-131.9946
-157.9324
-183.4061
-208.3407
-232.6629
-256.3014
-279.1865
-301.2510
-322.4302
-342.6617
-361.8860
-380.0467
-397.0904
-412.9671
-427.6299
-441.0359
-453.1456
-463.9235
-473.3379
-481.3610
-487.9694
-493.1435
-496.8683
-499.1326
-499.9300
-499.2580
-497.1186
-493.5182
-488.4672
-481.9805
-474.0773
-464.7807
-454.1180
-442.1206
-428.8237
-414.2665
-398.4917
-381.5457
-363.4783
-344.3426
-324.1948
-303.0941

5.12
5.41
5.70
5.99
6.27
6.55
6.82
7.08
7.33
7.58
7.81
8.04
8.25
8.45
8.64
8.81
8.97
9.11
9.24
9.35
9.44
9.51
9.57
9.60
9.62
9.62
9.60
9.56
9.50
9.42
9.33
9.21
9.07
8.91
8.74
8.55
8.33
8.10
7.86
7.59
7.31
7.02
6.71
6.38
6.04
5.69

2.52
2.63
2.73
2.83
2.93
3.03
3.13
3.22
3.31
3.40
3.48
3.56
3.63
3.70
3.76
3.82
3.88
3.92
3.96
4.00
4.02
4.04
4.06
4.06
4.06
4.05
4.04
4.02
3.98
3.95
3.90
3.85
3.79
3.72
3.64
3.56
3.47
3.37
3.27
3.16
3.04
2.92
2.80
2.66
2.52
2.38

1010 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.198
0.200
0.202
0.204
0.206
0.208
0.210
0.212
0.214
0.216
0.218
0.220
0.222
0.224
0.226
0.228
0.230
0.232
0.234
0.236
0.238
0.240
0.242
0.244
0.246
0.248
0.250
0.252
0.254
0.256
0.258
0.260
0.262
0.264
0.266
0.268
0.270
0.272
0.274
0.276
0.278
0.280
0.282
0.284
0.286
0.288
0.290
0.292
0.294
0.296
0.298
0.300

1.58
1.51
1.44
1.37
1.30
1.23
1.16
1.09
1.02
0.95
0.88
0.81
0.74
0.67
0.60
0.53
0.46
0.39
0.32
0.25
0.18
0.11
0.04
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.543
0.505
0.466
0.426
0.385
0.343
0.301
0.258
0.215
0.171
0.127
0.083
0.039
-0.005
-0.048
-0.092
-0.135
-0.177
-0.219
-0.260
-0.300
-0.339
-0.377
-0.414
-0.450
-0.485
-0.518
-0.549
-0.579
-0.608
-0.634
-0.659
-0.681
-0.702
-0.721
-0.737
-0.751
-0.764
-0.773
-0.781
-0.786
-0.789
-0.790
-0.788
-0.784
-0.778
-0.769
-0.759
-0.746
-0.730
-0.713
-0.693

-18.804
-19.344
-19.837
-20.282
-20.678
-21.024
-21.318
-21.560
-21.749
-21.885
-21.967
-21.995
-21.968
-21.888
-21.754
-21.566
-21.325
-21.032
-20.688
-20.293
-19.849
-19.357
-18.819
-18.234
-17.599
-16.911
-16.174
-15.390
-14.560
-13.688
-12.775
-11.825
-10.839
-9.823
-8.777
-7.705
-6.611
-5.497
-4.367
-3.225
-2.073
-0.914
0.247
1.407
2.563
3.711
4.849
5.972
7.078
8.163
9.224
10.258

-281.1026
-258.2849
-234.7081
-210.4415
-185.5563
-160.1258
-134.2246
-107.9289
-81.3160
-54.4641
-27.4522
-0.3595
26.7342
53.7493
80.6065
107.2267
133.5318
159.4444
184.8884
209.7890
234.0730
257.6690
280.5077
304.5971
330.9457
356.3217
380.6504
403.8603
425.8832
446.6544
466.1128
484.2012
500.8665
516.0597
529.7362
541.8556
552.3825
561.2859
568.5395
574.1222
578.0174
580.2138
580.7049
579.4891
576.5702
571.9567
565.6621
557.7050
548.1087
536.9014
524.1161
509.7904

5.33
4.95
4.57
4.18
3.77
3.36
2.95
2.53
2.10
1.68
1.25
0.81
0.38
-0.05
-0.47
-0.90
-1.32
-1.74
-2.15
-2.55
-2.94
-3.33
-3.70
-4.06
-4.41
-4.75
-5.08
-5.39
-5.68
-5.96
-6.22
-6.46
-6.68
-6.88
-7.07
-7.23
-7.37
-7.49
-7.58
-7.66
-7.71
-7.74
-7.75
-7.73
-7.69
-7.63
-7.55
-7.44
-7.31
-7.16
-6.99
-6.80

2.23
2.08
1.92
1.76
1.60
1.44
1.27
1.10
0.93
0.75
0.58
0.41
0.23
0.06
-0.11
-0.29
-0.46
-0.62
-0.79
-0.95
-1.11
-1.27
-1.42
-1.56
-1.70
-1.83
-1.95
-2.07
-2.19
-2.29
-2.39
-2.49
-2.57
-2.65
-2.72
-2.78
-2.84
-2.88
-2.92
-2.95
-2.97
-2.98
-2.98
-2.98
-2.96
-2.94
-2.91
-2.86
-2.81
-2.76
-2.69
-2.62

1011 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.302
0.304
0.306
0.308
0.310
0.312
0.314
0.316
0.318
0.320
0.322
0.324
0.326
0.328
0.330
0.332
0.334
0.336
0.338
0.340
0.342
0.344
0.346
0.348
0.350
0.352
0.354
0.356
0.358
0.360
0.362
0.364
0.366
0.368
0.370
0.372
0.374
0.376
0.378
0.380
0.382
0.384
0.386
0.388
0.390
0.392
0.394
0.396
0.398
0.400
0.402
0.404

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-0.672
-0.648
-0.623
-0.596
-0.567
-0.536
-0.504
-0.470
-0.435
-0.399
-0.361
-0.323
-0.283
-0.243
-0.202
-0.160
-0.118
-0.075
-0.032
0.010
0.053
0.096
0.138
0.180
0.222
0.262
0.302
0.341
0.379
0.416
0.452
0.487
0.520
0.551
0.581
0.609
0.636
0.660
0.683
0.703
0.722
0.738
0.752
0.764
0.774
0.781
0.787
0.789
0.790
0.788
0.784
0.778

11.262
12.232
13.167
14.063
14.918
15.729
16.493
17.209
17.875
18.488
19.047
19.549
19.995
20.381
20.708
20.973
21.177
21.319
21.398
21.415
21.368
21.258
21.086
20.852
20.557
20.202
19.787
19.313
18.783
18.198
17.560
16.869
16.130
15.342
14.510
13.635
12.720
11.767
10.780
9.762
8.714
7.641
6.546
5.431
4.301
3.157
2.005
0.846
-0.315
-1.475
-2.631
-3.779

493.9663
476.6904
458.0135
437.9903
416.6799
394.1448
370.4513
345.6689
319.8706
293.1321
265.5321
237.1517
208.0742
178.3852
148.1719
117.5230
86.5288
55.2803
23.8692
-7.6119
-39.0708
-70.4147
-101.5517
-132.3903
-162.8397
-192.8105
-222.2147
-250.9657
-278.9791
-306.1725
-332.4661
-357.7825
-382.0473
-405.1892
-427.1403
-447.8359
-467.2152
-485.2214
-501.8014
-516.9066
-530.4925
-542.5192
-552.9514
-561.7584
-568.9144
-574.3982
-578.1937
-580.2899
-580.6806
-579.3645
-576.3456
-571.6328

-6.59
-6.36
-6.11
-5.84
-5.56
-5.26
-4.94
-4.61
-4.27
-3.91
-3.54
-3.16
-2.78
-2.38
-1.98
-1.57
-1.15
-0.74
-0.32
0.10
0.52
0.94
1.35
1.77
2.17
2.57
2.96
3.35
3.72
4.08
4.44
4.77
5.10
5.41
5.70
5.97
6.23
6.47
6.69
6.90
7.08
7.24
7.38
7.49
7.59
7.66
7.71
7.74
7.75
7.73
7.69
7.63

-2.54
-2.45
-2.35
-2.25
-2.14
-2.02
-1.90
-1.78
-1.64
-1.51
-1.36
-1.22
-1.07
-0.92
-0.76
-0.60
-0.44
-0.28
-0.12
0.04
0.20
0.36
0.52
0.68
0.84
0.99
1.14
1.29
1.43
1.57
1.71
1.84
1.96
2.08
2.19
2.30
2.40
2.49
2.58
2.65
2.72
2.79
2.84
2.89
2.92
2.95
2.97
2.98
2.98
2.98
2.96
2.94

1012 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.406
0.408
0.410
0.412
0.414
0.416
0.418
0.420
0.422
0.424
0.426
0.428
0.430
0.432
0.434
0.436
0.438
0.440
0.442
0.444
0.446
0.448
0.450
0.452
0.454
0.456
0.458
0.460
0.462
0.464
0.466
0.468
0.470
0.472
0.474
0.476
0.478
0.480
0.482
0.484
0.486
0.488
0.490
0.492
0.494
0.496
0.498
0.500
0.502
0.504
0.506
0.508
0.510
0.512
0.514
0.516
0.518
0.520
0.522

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.769
0.758
0.745
0.729
0.712
0.692
0.671
0.647
0.621
0.594
0.565
0.534
0.502
0.468
0.433
0.397
0.359
0.320
0.281
0.240
0.199
0.157
0.115
0.073
0.030
-0.013
-0.056
-0.098
-0.141
-0.183
-0.224
-0.265
-0.305
-0.344
-0.382
-0.419
-0.454
-0.489
-0.522
-0.553
-0.583
-0.611
-0.637
-0.661
-0.684
-0.704
-0.723
-0.739
-0.753
-0.765
-0.774
-0.782
-0.787
-0.789
-0.790
-0.788
-0.784
-0.777
-0.768

-4.915
-6.038
-7.143
-8.226
-9.286
-10.318
-11.320
-12.288
-13.221
-14.115
-14.967
-15.775
-16.537
-17.250
-17.912
-18.522
-19.078
-19.577
-20.019
-20.402
-20.725
-20.987
-21.187
-21.325
-21.401
-21.413
-21.363
-21.250
-21.074
-20.837
-20.538
-20.179
-19.760
-19.284
-18.750
-18.162
-17.520
-16.827
-16.085
-15.295
-14.460
-13.582
-12.665
-11.710
-10.721
-9.701
-8.652
-7.578
-6.481
-5.365
-4.234
-3.090
-1.937
-0.778
0.383
1.543
2.698
3.846
4.982

-565.2399
-557.1856
-547.4937
-536.1927
-523.3157
-508.9006
-492.9898
-475.6301
-456.8724
-436.7718
-415.3876
-392.7825
-369.0229
-344.1788
-318.3230
-291.5317
-263.8835
-235.4597
-206.3439
-176.6216
-146.3802
-115.7086
-84.6968
-53.4362
-22.0185
9.4640
40.9186
72.2529
103.3749
134.1931
164.6168
194.5567
223.9248
252.6347
280.6022
307.7448
333.9830
359.2396
383.4403
406.5140
428.3930
449.0128
468.3130
486.2366
502.7312
517.7482
531.2435
543.1774
553.5148
562.2253
569.2834
574.6683
578.3642
580.3602
580.6504
579.2340
576.1152
571.3031
564.8119

7.54
7.43
7.30
7.15
6.98
6.79
6.58
6.34
6.09
5.83
5.54
5.24
4.92
4.59
4.25
3.89
3.52
3.14
2.75
2.36
1.95
1.54
1.13
0.71
0.29
-0.13
-0.55
-0.96
-1.38
-1.79
-2.20
-2.60
-2.99
-3.37
-3.74
-4.11
-4.46
-4.79
-5.12
-5.42
-5.71
-5.99
-6.25
-6.49
-6.71
-6.91
-7.09
-7.25
-7.38
-7.50
-7.59
-7.67
-7.72
-7.74
-7.75
-7.73
-7.69
-7.62
-7.53

2.90
2.86
2.81
2.75
2.69
2.61
2.53
2.44
2.35
2.24
2.13
2.02
1.90
1.77
1.63
1.50
1.36
1.21
1.06
0.91
0.75
0.59
0.43
0.27
0.11
-0.05
-0.21
-0.37
-0.53
-0.69
-0.85
-1.00
-1.15
-1.30
-1.44
-1.58
-1.72
-1.84
-1.97
-2.09
-2.20
-2.31
-2.41
-2.50
-2.58
-2.66
-2.73
-2.79
-2.84
-2.89
-2.92
-2.95
-2.97
-2.98
-2.98
-2.97
-2.96
-2.93
-2.90

1013 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.524
0.526
0.528
0.530
0.532
0.534
0.536
0.538
0.540
0.542
0.544
0.546
0.548
0.550
0.552
0.554
0.556
0.558
0.560
0.562
0.564
0.566
0.568
0.570
0.572
0.574
0.576
0.578
0.580
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.592
0.594
0.596
0.598
0.600
0.602
0.604
0.606
0.608
0.610
0.612
0.614
0.616
0.618
0.620
0.622
0.624
0.626
0.628
0.630
0.632
0.634
0.636
0.638
0.640
0.642
0.644

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-0.757
-0.744
-0.728
-0.711
-0.691
-0.669
-0.646
-0.620
-0.592
-0.563
-0.532
-0.500
-0.466
-0.431
-0.394
-0.357
-0.318
-0.278
-0.238
-0.197
-0.155
-0.113
-0.070
-0.027
0.015
0.058
0.101
0.143
0.185
0.226
0.267
0.307
0.346
0.384
0.421
0.456
0.491
0.523
0.555
0.584
0.612
0.639
0.663
0.685
0.705
0.724
0.740
0.754
0.765
0.775
0.782
0.787
0.790
0.790
0.788
0.783
0.777
0.768
0.756
0.743
0.727

v
(in/sec)
6.103
7.207
8.289
9.347
10.378
11.378
12.344
13.275
14.166
15.016
15.821
16.580
17.290
17.950
18.557
19.109
19.605
20.043
20.423
20.742
21.000
21.197
21.332
21.403
21.412
21.358
21.241
21.062
20.821
20.518
20.156
19.734
19.254
18.717
18.126
17.481
16.785
16.039
15.247
14.409
13.529
12.610
11.653
10.662
9.640
8.589
7.514
6.416
5.299
4.167
3.022
1.869
0.710
-0.451
-1.611
-2.766
-3.913
-5.048
-6.169
-7.271
-8.352

a
(in/sec2)
556.6606
546.8732
535.4785
522.5100
508.0057
492.0083
474.5649
455.7266
435.5489
414.0911
391.4162
367.5909
342.6851
316.7722
289.9283
262.2322
233.7654
204.6115
174.8562
144.5870
113.8929
82.8640
51.5916
20.1675
-11.3159
-42.7660
-74.0904
-105.1970
-135.9945
-166.3922
-196.3009
-225.6326
-254.3012
-282.2224
-309.3140
-335.4966
-360.6931
-384.8294
-407.8347
-429.6414
-450.1852
-469.4059
-487.2470
-503.6559
-518.5846
-531.9891
-543.8299
-554.0724
-562.6864
-569.6466
-574.9326
-578.5287
-580.4245
-580.6143
-579.0976
-575.8789
-570.9676
-564.3781
-556.1299
-546.2471
-534.7589

resistance
(kips)
-7.43
-7.30
-7.14
-6.97
-6.78
-6.56
-6.33
-6.08
-5.81
-5.52
-5.22
-4.90
-4.57
-4.23
-3.87
-3.50
-3.12
-2.73
-2.33
-1.93
-1.52
-1.11
-0.69
-0.27
0.15
0.57
0.99
1.40
1.81
2.22
2.62
3.01
3.39
3.76
4.13
4.48
4.81
5.13
5.44
5.73
6.01
6.26
6.50
6.72
6.92
7.10
7.25
7.39
7.51
7.60
7.67
7.72
7.74
7.75
7.73
7.68
7.62
7.53
7.42
7.29
7.13

reaction
(kips)
-2.86
-2.81
-2.75
-2.68
-2.61
-2.53
-2.44
-2.34
-2.24
-2.13
-2.01
-1.89
-1.76
-1.63
-1.49
-1.35
-1.20
-1.05
-0.90
-0.74
-0.58
-0.43
-0.26
-0.10
0.06
0.22
0.38
0.54
0.70
0.85
1.01
1.16
1.31
1.45
1.59
1.72
1.85
1.98
2.09
2.21
2.31
2.41
2.50
2.59
2.66
2.73
2.79
2.85
2.89
2.93
2.95
2.97
2.98
2.98
2.97
2.96
2.93
2.90
2.86
2.81
2.75

1014 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.646
0.648
0.650
0.652
0.654
0.656
0.658
0.660
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.668
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.676
0.678
0.680
0.682
0.684
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.696
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.712
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.722
0.724
0.726
0.728
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.736
0.738
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.764
0.766

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.710
0.690
0.668
0.644
0.618
0.591
0.562
0.531
0.498
0.464
0.429
0.392
0.354
0.316
0.276
0.235
0.194
0.152
0.110
0.068
0.025
-0.018
-0.061
-0.103
-0.146
-0.187
-0.229
-0.269
-0.309
-0.348
-0.386
-0.423
-0.458
-0.493
-0.525
-0.557
-0.586
-0.614
-0.640
-0.664
-0.686
-0.707
-0.725
-0.741
-0.754
-0.766
-0.775
-0.782
-0.787
-0.790
-0.790
-0.788
-0.783
-0.776
-0.767
-0.756
-0.742
-0.726
-0.709
-0.689
-0.667

v
(in/sec)
-9.409
-10.437
-11.436
-12.400
-13.328
-14.217
-15.064
-15.867
-16.623
-17.331
-17.987
-18.591
-19.139
-19.632
-20.067
-20.443
-20.759
-21.014
-21.207
-21.338
-21.406
-21.411
-21.353
-21.233
-21.050
-20.805
-20.499
-20.133
-19.707
-19.224
-18.684
-18.089
-17.441
-16.742
-15.994
-15.199
-14.359
-13.476
-12.554
-11.596
-10.603
-9.579
-8.527
-7.450
-6.350
-5.233
-4.100
-2.954
-1.800
-0.641
0.520
1.679
2.834
3.980
5.115
6.234
7.335
8.415
9.470
10.497
11.493

a
(in/sec2)
-521.6989
-507.1056
-491.0218
-473.4948
-454.5762
-434.3215
-412.7903
-390.0459
-366.1551
-341.1880
-315.2182
-288.3219
-260.5782
-232.0687
-202.8770
-173.0891
-142.7924
-112.0761
-81.0303
-49.7464
-18.3163
13.1677
44.6129
75.9271
107.0180
137.7945
168.1659
198.0431
227.3382
255.9651
283.8397
310.8801
337.0067
362.1429
386.2147
409.1513
430.8854
451.3530
470.4941
488.2523
504.5755
519.4157
532.7292
544.4770
554.6245
563.1419
570.0041
575.1910
578.6874
580.4829
580.5723
578.9553
575.6367
570.6263
563.9387
555.5936
545.6155
534.0338
520.8825
506.2003
490.0303

resistance
(kips)
6.96
6.76
6.55
6.32
6.06
5.79
5.51
5.20
4.88
4.55
4.20
3.85
3.48
3.10
2.71
2.31
1.90
1.50
1.08
0.66
0.24
-0.18
-0.60
-1.01
-1.43
-1.84
-2.24
-2.64
-3.03
-3.41
-3.79
-4.15
-4.50
-4.83
-5.15
-5.46
-5.75
-6.02
-6.28
-6.51
-6.73
-6.93
-7.11
-7.26
-7.40
-7.51
-7.60
-7.67
-7.72
-7.74
-7.74
-7.72
-7.68
-7.61
-7.52
-7.41
-7.28
-7.12
-6.95
-6.75
-6.54

reaction
(kips)
2.68
2.60
2.52
2.43
2.33
2.23
2.12
2.00
1.88
1.75
1.62
1.48
1.34
1.19
1.04
0.89
0.73
0.58
0.42
0.26
0.09
-0.07
-0.23
-0.39
-0.55
-0.71
-0.86
-1.02
-1.17
-1.31
-1.46
-1.60
-1.73
-1.86
-1.98
-2.10
-2.21
-2.32
-2.42
-2.51
-2.59
-2.67
-2.74
-2.80
-2.85
-2.89
-2.93
-2.95
-2.97
-2.98
-2.98
-2.97
-2.96
-2.93
-2.90
-2.85
-2.80
-2.74
-2.68
-2.60
-2.52

1015 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.768
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.784
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.792
0.794
0.796
0.798
0.800
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.808
0.810
0.812
0.814
0.816
0.818
0.820
0.822
0.824
0.826
0.828
0.830
0.832
0.834
0.836
0.838
0.840
0.842
0.844
0.846
0.848
0.850
0.852
0.854
0.856
0.858
0.860
0.862
0.864
0.866
0.868
0.870
0.872
0.874
0.876
0.878
0.880
0.882
0.884
0.886
0.888

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-0.643
-0.617
-0.589
-0.560
-0.529
-0.496
-0.462
-0.427
-0.390
-0.352
-0.313
-0.274
-0.233
-0.192
-0.150
-0.108
-0.065
-0.022
0.020
0.063
0.106
0.148
0.190
0.231
0.272
0.312
0.350
0.388
0.425
0.460
0.495
0.527
0.558
0.588
0.616
0.641
0.666
0.688
0.708
0.726
0.742
0.755
0.767
0.776
0.783
0.787
0.790
0.790
0.787
0.783
0.776
0.767
0.755
0.741
0.725
0.707
0.687
0.665
0.641
0.615
0.587

v
(in/sec)
12.456
13.382
14.268
15.113
15.913
16.666
17.371
18.024
18.624
19.170
19.659
20.091
20.463
20.776
21.027
21.216
21.343
21.408
21.409
21.348
21.223
21.037
20.788
20.479
20.109
19.680
19.194
18.651
18.053
17.402
16.700
15.948
15.150
14.308
13.423
12.499
11.538
10.544
9.518
8.464
7.386
6.285
5.166
4.033
2.887
1.732
0.573
-0.588
-1.747
-2.902
-4.047
-5.181
-6.300
-7.400
-8.478
-9.531
-10.557
-11.551
-12.511
-13.435
-14.319

a
(in/sec2)
472.4200
453.4212
433.0898
411.4854
388.6716
364.7155
339.6875
313.6610
286.7127
258.9216
230.3696
201.1405
171.3202
140.9964
110.2581
79.1958
47.9008
16.4649
-15.0193
-46.4594
-77.7630
-108.8380
-139.5931
-169.9379
-199.7833
-229.0414
-257.6264
-285.4542
-312.4430
-338.5135
-363.5890
-387.5959
-410.4637
-432.1250
-452.5162
-471.5775
-489.2527
-505.4899
-520.2415
-533.4639
-545.1185
-555.1709
-563.5916
-570.3558
-575.4436
-578.8402
-580.5354
-580.5244
-578.8072
-575.3887
-570.2792
-563.4935
-555.0516
-544.9783
-533.3033
-520.0609
-505.2899
-489.0338
-471.3403
-452.2616
-431.8536

resistance
(kips)
-6.30
-6.05
-5.78
-5.49
-5.18
-4.87
-4.53
-4.18
-3.82
-3.45
-3.07
-2.68
-2.29
-1.88
-1.47
-1.06
-0.64
-0.22
0.20
0.62
1.04
1.45
1.86
2.27
2.67
3.06
3.44
3.81
4.17
4.52
4.85
5.17
5.48
5.76
6.04
6.29
6.53
6.74
6.94
7.12
7.27
7.41
7.52
7.61
7.68
7.72
7.74
7.74
7.72
7.68
7.61
7.52
7.40
7.27
7.11
6.94
6.74
6.52
6.29
6.03
5.76

reaction
(kips)
-2.43
-2.33
-2.22
-2.11
-2.00
-1.87
-1.74
-1.61
-1.47
-1.33
-1.18
-1.03
-0.88
-0.72
-0.57
-0.41
-0.25
-0.08
0.08
0.24
0.40
0.56
0.72
0.87
1.03
1.18
1.32
1.47
1.60
1.74
1.87
1.99
2.11
2.22
2.32
2.42
2.51
2.60
2.67
2.74
2.80
2.85
2.89
2.93
2.96
2.97
2.98
2.98
2.97
2.96
2.93
2.89
2.85
2.80
2.74
2.67
2.60
2.51
2.42
2.32
2.22

1016 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.890
0.892
0.894
0.896
0.898
0.900
0.902
0.904
0.906
0.908
0.910
0.912
0.914
0.916
0.918
0.920
0.922
0.924
0.926
0.928
0.930
0.932
0.934
0.936
0.938
0.940
0.942
0.944
0.946
0.948
0.950
0.952
0.954
0.956
0.958
0.960
0.962
0.964
0.966
0.968
0.970
0.972
0.974
0.976
0.978
0.980
0.982
0.984
0.986
0.988
0.990
0.992
0.994
0.996
0.998
1.000
1.002
1.004
1.006
1.008
1.010

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.558
0.527
0.494
0.460
0.425
0.388
0.350
0.311
0.271
0.231
0.189
0.148
0.105
0.063
0.020
-0.023
-0.066
-0.108
-0.151
-0.192
-0.234
-0.274
-0.314
-0.353
-0.390
-0.427
-0.463
-0.497
-0.529
-0.560
-0.589
-0.617
-0.643
-0.667
-0.689
-0.709
-0.727
-0.742
-0.756
-0.767
-0.776
-0.783
-0.788
-0.790
-0.790
-0.787
-0.782
-0.775
-0.766
-0.754
-0.740
-0.724
-0.706
-0.686
-0.664
-0.640
-0.614
-0.586
-0.556
-0.525
-0.492

v
(in/sec)
-15.161
-15.958
-16.709
-17.410
-18.061
-18.658
-19.200
-19.686
-20.114
-20.483
-20.792
-21.040
-21.225
-21.349
-21.410
-21.407
-21.342
-21.214
-21.024
-20.772
-20.459
-20.086
-19.653
-19.163
-18.617
-18.016
-17.362
-16.657
-15.903
-15.102
-14.257
-13.370
-12.444
-11.481
-10.484
-9.457
-8.401
-7.321
-6.220
-5.100
-3.965
-2.819
-1.664
-0.505
0.656
1.815
2.969
4.114
5.247
6.365
7.464
8.541
9.592
10.616
11.608
12.567
13.488
14.370
15.209
16.004
16.752

a
(in/sec2)
-410.1763
-387.2934
-363.2723
-338.1834
-312.1006
-285.1005
-257.2624
-228.6682
-199.4019
-169.5495
-139.1989
-108.4390
-77.3605
-46.0546
-14.6134
16.8708
48.3055
79.5981
110.6568
141.3903
171.7082
201.5214
230.7423
259.2851
287.0657
314.0027
340.0168
365.0315
388.9733
411.7719
433.3602
453.6748
472.6561
490.2481
506.3992
521.0620
534.1933
545.7545
555.7116
564.0355
570.7016
575.6903
578.9870
580.5820
580.4706
578.6531
575.1349
569.9262
563.0425
554.5039
544.3356
532.5674
519.2339
504.3743
488.0323
470.2559
451.0974
430.6130
408.8630
385.9113
361.8253

resistance
(kips)
5.47
5.17
4.85
4.51
4.16
3.80
3.43
3.05
2.66
2.26
1.86
1.45
1.03
0.61
0.19
-0.23
-0.64
-1.06
-1.48
-1.89
-2.29
-2.69
-3.08
-3.46
-3.83
-4.19
-4.54
-4.87
-5.19
-5.49
-5.78
-6.05
-6.31
-6.54
-6.76
-6.95
-7.13
-7.28
-7.41
-7.52
-7.61
-7.68
-7.72
-7.74
-7.74
-7.72
-7.67
-7.60
-7.51
-7.40
-7.26
-7.10
-6.93
-6.73
-6.51
-6.27
-6.02
-5.74
-5.45
-5.15
-4.83

reaction
(kips)
2.11
1.99
1.87
1.74
1.60
1.46
1.32
1.17
1.02
0.87
0.71
0.56
0.40
0.24
0.08
-0.09
-0.25
-0.41
-0.57
-0.73
-0.88
-1.03
-1.19
-1.33
-1.47
-1.61
-1.75
-1.87
-2.00
-2.11
-2.23
-2.33
-2.43
-2.52
-2.60
-2.68
-2.74
-2.80
-2.85
-2.90
-2.93
-2.96
-2.97
-2.98
-2.98
-2.97
-2.95
-2.93
-2.89
-2.85
-2.80
-2.74
-2.67
-2.59
-2.51
-2.42
-2.32
-2.21
-2.10
-1.98
-1.86

1017 of 1089

Time
(sec)
1.012
1.014
1.016
1.018
1.020
1.022
1.024
1.026
1.028
1.030
1.032
1.034
1.036
1.038
1.040
1.042
1.044
1.046
1.048
1.050
1.052
1.054
1.056
1.058
1.060
1.062
1.064
1.066
1.068
1.070
1.072
1.074
1.076
1.078
1.080
1.082
1.084
1.086
1.088
1.090
1.092
1.094
1.096
1.098
1.100
1.102
1.104
1.106
1.108
1.110
1.112
1.114
1.116
1.118
1.120
1.122

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-0.458
-0.422
-0.386
-0.348
-0.309
-0.269
-0.228
-0.187
-0.145
-0.103
-0.060
-0.017
0.025
0.068
0.111
0.153
0.195
0.236
0.276
0.316
0.355
0.393
0.429
0.465
0.499
0.531
0.562
0.591
0.619
0.644
0.668
0.690
0.710
0.728
0.743
0.757
0.768
0.777
0.783
0.788
0.790
0.790
0.787
0.782
0.775
0.765
0.754
0.740
0.723
0.705
0.685
0.662
0.638
0.612
0.584
0.554

v
(in/sec)
17.450
18.097
18.691
19.230
19.713
20.138
20.503
20.808
21.052
21.234
21.354
21.411
21.405
21.336
21.205
21.011
20.755
20.439
20.062
19.626
19.133
18.583
17.979
17.322
16.614
15.857
15.054
14.206
13.316
12.388
11.423
10.424
9.395
8.338
7.257
6.154
5.034
3.898
2.751
1.596
0.436
-0.725
-1.883
-3.037
-4.181
-5.313
-6.430
-7.528
-8.603
-9.653
-10.675
-11.666
-12.622
-13.541
-14.420
-15.257

a
(in/sec2)
336.6759
310.5370
283.4854
255.6005
226.9644
197.6613
167.7772
137.3999
106.6189
75.5244
44.2080
12.7617
-18.7222
-50.1510
-81.4324
-112.4745
-143.1860
-173.4767
-203.2575
-232.4409
-260.9411
-288.6744
-315.5592
-341.5166
-366.4702
-390.3467
-413.0759
-434.5910
-454.8288
-473.7299
-491.2385
-507.3034
-521.8772
-534.9171
-546.3849
-556.2468
-564.4737
-571.0417
-575.9312
-579.1280
-580.6227
-580.4109
-578.4931
-574.8751
-569.5675
-562.5858
-553.9506
-543.6873
-531.8260
-518.4017
-503.4536
-487.0259
-469.1667
-449.9286
-429.3680
-407.5455

resistance
(kips)
-4.49
-4.14
-3.78
-3.41
-3.03
-2.64
-2.24
-1.83
-1.42
-1.01
-0.59
-0.17
0.25
0.67
1.09
1.50
1.91
2.31
2.71
3.10
3.48
3.85
4.21
4.56
4.89
5.21
5.51
5.80
6.07
6.32
6.55
6.77
6.96
7.14
7.29
7.42
7.53
7.62
7.68
7.73
7.75
7.74
7.72
7.67
7.60
7.50
7.39
7.25
7.09
6.92
6.72
6.50
6.26
6.00
5.73
5.44

reaction
(kips)
-1.73
-1.59
-1.46
-1.31
-1.17
-1.02
-0.86
-0.71
-0.55
-0.39
-0.23
-0.07
0.10
0.26
0.42
0.58
0.74
0.89
1.04
1.19
1.34
1.48
1.62
1.75
1.88
2.00
2.12
2.23
2.34
2.43
2.52
2.61
2.68
2.75
2.81
2.86
2.90
2.93
2.96
2.97
2.98
2.98
2.97
2.95
2.93
2.89
2.84
2.79
2.73
2.66
2.59
2.50
2.41
2.31
2.21
2.09

1018 of 1089

Displacement vs. Time
1.200
1.000

Displacement (in)

0.800
0.600
0.400
0.200
0.000
-0.200
-0.400
-0.600
-0.800
-1.000
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600

0.800

1.000

1.200

0.800

1.000

1.200

Time (sec)

Resistance vs. Time
12.00
10.00
8.00

Resistance (kips)

6.00
4.00
2.00
0.00
-2.00
-4.00
-6.00
-8.00
-10.00
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600
Time (sec)

1019 of 1089

Force vs. Time
7.00

Applied Force (kips)

6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
1.00
0.00
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
5.00
4.00

Reaction (kips)

3.00
2.00
1.00
0.00
-1.00
-2.00
-3.00
-4.00
0.00

0.20

0.40

0.60

0.80

1.00

1.20

Time (sec)

1020 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

REAR WALL PANELS ; SS # 2

1021 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
REAR WALL PROPERTIES SS # 2

DESIGN LOADS ( UNFACTORED ) :
Blast Load (Ps)
Dead Load (DL)
DESIGN STRESSES :
Conc., fc'
Reinf., fy
PANEL DATA :
Panel Width, width
Long Span, lb
Wall, t TRIAL

of
2-Mar-04
MGG
SAK

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

=
=

2
8.210 KN/m
171.47 psf

=
=

34.5 Mpa
414 Mpa

=
=
=

2500 mm
6775 mm
250 mm

250 mm

CONFIGURATION :

Roof span :
15.22 m
6775 mm

CHECK DYNAMIC REQUIRED RESISTANCE:
Design overpressure,
Ps
Blast time duration,
Td
Consider 1ft. width slab:
Moment of Inertia,
Ig
25
Area of Bar ( Ø ),
mm Ø
Ab
Rebar Spacing for top & bottom,
S
Area of Rebar PER 1ft. unit width,
As
Effective Slab Depth,
dc = ds
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for bending)
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'm (for shear)
f'dy = (SIF) x (DIF) x fy
Modulus of Elasticity,
Edc = 57000 x (f'c) 1 / 2
Steel ratio,
p = As / b x d
Stress block,
a = As x fdy / 0.85 x f'dc x b
Modular ratio,
n = Es / Edm

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

a.) BENDING RESISTANCE
Max. Moment, Mp = Mpc = Mps = As x fdy [ d - a / 2 ]
Resistance at cracked moment,
Rb = 8 x Mp / L
Unit Resistance,
rb = Rb / L x unit width

=
=
=

b.) SHEAR RESISTANCE
Shear,
At Support,
Unit Resistance,

=
=
=

14854.1
31691
9.901

lb
lb
psi

=

4.3296
13.8580

psi >
kips

n x As =
C = -n x As + [ n x As * ( n x As + 2 x b x d ) ] 0 . 5 / b =
I cr = b x C 3 / 3 + n x As * ( d - C ) 2
=

5.4736
2.3401
248.47

in2
in2
in4

Vn = 2 x b x d x ( f'dc ) 0 . 5
Rs = Vn x L / ( 0.5 x L - tw )
rs = Rs / L x unit width

? Dynamic Resistance Controlled by Bending,

Ru

=
=
=

1.96
200
1.0000
953.50
0.7609
12.0000
0.7609
8.3425
5954.3
5504.0
77276
4032041
0.0076
0.9681
7.1940

psi
( SEE LOADING CALCULATION)
msec
ft.
4
in4
( 33072917 mm
)
2
2
in
( 491 mm
)
in
( 305 mm
)
2
in2
( 13 mm
)
in
( 212 mm
)
psi
( 41 Mpa. )
psi
( 38 Mpa. )
psi
( 533 Mpa. )
27801 Mpa. )
psi
(
> 200 / f'dy = 0.003
in
( 25 mm
)

462046.175 lb-in
13857.98 lb
4.3296 psi

( 52202 KN-m
( 61.64 KN
)
( 0.0299 Mpa. )

( 66 KN
( 141 KN
( 0.0683 Mpa.
1.96
6.29

)

)
)
)

? O.K!
kips

Cracked Moment of Inertia:
2
( 3531 mm
)
2
( 1510 mm
4
( 103419712 mm

)
)

1022 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
REAR WALL PROPERTIES SS # 2

I a = ( I g + I cr ) / 2 =
K = 384 x Edc x I a / 5 L 3 =
Yeild Deflection,
Ye = Ru / K =
Beam Mass = J c x tw x unit width x span / gravity acc.
=
Roof Mass = Roof DL x unit width x 1/2 roof span / gravity acc. =
Total Mass, M
=
Average Stiffnes,
K LM =
Equivalent Mass,
Me = K LM x Beam Mass
=
0.5
Period of Vibration,
tn = 2 x S x ( Me / K )
=
Time increment , tn/10
¨t =
td / tn
=
Ru / Ps =
=

600.981
9.8066
1.41312
0.00708
0.01109
0.01818
0.72000
0.01309

4
in4
( 250147356 mm
kips / in
in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
FROM ASCE TABLE 6.1
kip-sec2 / in

0.22953
0.02295
0.87135
2.20356

sec
sec

Arrival time ; ta
Rise time ; tr
Time at Peak pressure; ta + tr
Time Duration; Td
Time end ; Te = ta + Td

0.02946
0.01979
0.04925
0.20000
0.22946

sec
sec
sec
sec
sec

Average Moment of Inertia,
Effective Stiffness,

=
=
=
=
=

;

use ¨t

of
2-Mar-04
MGG
SAK

)

=

0.00200

sec

1023 of 1089

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION METHOD
INPUT

RESULTS
Blast Loa

Stiffness

K

=

Mass

M

=

Tension resistance

Rut

=

Compression resistance

Ruc

=

Damping co-efficient

9.80664453 kips / in
0.013086885 kip-sec2 / in
13.8579753 kips

0
Length
y max =

256.000

0.00 kips
0 sec

r max =

9.706

P=

0.700

0.229 sec
0.002 sec

T=

0.443

C

=

F(t)

=

Time start

Ts

=

Time end

Te

=

Time increment

¨t

=

Reaction resistance (R) coeff.

a

=

Reaction force (f) coeff.
Key0

b

=

0.385
0.115

=

0

y

6.29

0 kips
0

Forcing function

Key0

load (kips)

a
(in/sec2)

0.990

T= < 2 degrees
low response

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.02946

0.00

0.000

0.000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.04400

2.73

0.000

0.208

208.2204

0.00

0.31

0.046

3.10

0.001

0.653

236.2377

0.01

0.36

0.048

3.48

0.003

1.152

263.5472

0.03

0.41

0.050

3.85

0.006

1.706

290.0671

0.06

0.46

0.052

4.23

0.010

2.312

315.7180

0.09

0.52

0.054

4.60

0.015

2.968

340.4231

0.15

0.59

0.056

4.98

0.022

3.673

364.1083

0.21

0.65

0.058

5.35

0.030

4.423

386.7026

0.29

0.73

0.060

5.73

0.039

5.218

408.1385

0.39

0.81

0.062

6.10

0.051

6.055

428.3516

0.50

0.89

0.064

6.25

0.064

6.913

430.0755

0.62

0.96

0.066

6.18

0.078

7.756

413.3050

0.77

1.01

0.068
0.070
0.072
0.074
0.076
0.078
0.080
0.082
0.084
0.086
0.088
0.090
0.092
0.094
0.096
0.098
0.100
0.102
0.104

6.10
6.02
5.95
5.87
5.80
5.72
5.65
5.57
5.50
5.42
5.34
5.27
5.19
5.12
5.04
4.97
4.89
4.82
4.74

0.095
0.112
0.132
0.153
0.175
0.198
0.223
0.248
0.275
0.302
0.331
0.360
0.389
0.419
0.449
0.479
0.509
0.540
0.570

8.565
9.336
10.068
10.759
11.405
12.006
12.559
13.063
13.516
13.918
14.266
14.559
14.798
14.981
15.107
15.177
15.189
15.145
15.043

395.2963
376.1034
355.7837
334.3981
312.0106
288.6885
264.5014
239.5219
213.8248
187.4872
160.5878
133.2074
105.4278
77.3324
49.0054
20.5315
-8.0039
-36.5153
-64.9174

0.93
1.10
1.29
1.50
1.71
1.94
2.19
2.44
2.70
2.97
3.24
3.53
3.81
4.11
4.40
4.70
5.00
5.29
5.59

1.06
1.12
1.18
1.25
1.33
1.41
1.49
1.58
1.67
1.77
1.86
1.96
2.07
2.17
2.27
2.38
2.49
2.59
2.70

1024 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.106
0.108
0.110
0.112
0.114
0.116
0.118
0.120
0.122
0.124
0.126
0.128
0.130
0.132
0.134
0.136
0.138
0.140
0.142
0.144
0.146
0.148
0.150
0.152
0.154
0.156
0.158
0.160
0.162
0.164
0.166
0.168
0.170
0.172
0.174
0.176
0.178
0.180
0.182
0.184
0.186
0.188
0.190
0.192
0.194
0.196

4.66
4.59
4.51
4.44
4.36
4.29
4.21
4.14
4.06
3.98
3.91
3.83
3.76
3.68
3.61
3.53
3.46
3.38
3.30
3.23
3.15
3.08
3.00
2.93
2.85
2.78
2.70
2.62
2.55
2.47
2.40
2.32
2.25
2.17
2.10
2.02
1.94
1.87
1.79
1.72
1.64
1.57
1.49
1.42
1.34
1.26

0.600
0.629
0.659
0.687
0.715
0.742
0.768
0.793
0.817
0.840
0.861
0.881
0.900
0.917
0.932
0.946
0.958
0.968
0.976
0.983
0.987
0.989
0.990
0.988
0.984
0.979
0.971
0.961
0.949
0.935
0.918
0.900
0.880
0.858
0.834
0.808
0.780
0.751
0.720
0.687
0.653
0.617
0.580
0.542
0.502
0.462

14.885
14.671
14.401
14.077
13.699
13.268
12.786
12.255
11.674
11.048
10.377
9.663
8.909
8.116
7.288
6.426
5.533
4.612
3.666
2.698
1.710
0.705
-0.314
-1.343
-2.380
-3.421
-4.463
-5.503
-6.539
-7.567
-8.583
-9.585
-10.570
-11.535
-12.477
-13.393
-14.281
-15.137
-15.959
-16.745
-17.493
-18.200
-18.863
-19.482
-20.054
-20.577

-93.1249
-121.0534
-148.6193
-175.7399
-202.3341
-228.3220
-253.6259
-278.1700
-301.8808
-324.6871
-346.5207
-367.3161
-387.0111
-405.5467
-422.8672
-438.9210
-453.6597
-467.0393
-479.0198
-489.5651
-498.6437
-506.2285
-512.2966
-516.8300
-519.8150
-521.2427
-521.1087
-519.4136
-516.1624
-511.3648
-505.0353
-497.1926
-487.8605
-477.0667
-464.8438
-451.2281
-436.2607
-419.9863
-402.4536
-383.7152
-363.8273
-342.8493
-320.8442
-297.8779
-274.0192
-249.3396

5.88
6.17
6.46
6.74
7.01
7.27
7.53
7.78
8.01
8.23
8.44
8.64
8.82
8.99
9.14
9.28
9.39
9.49
9.57
9.64
9.68
9.70
9.71
9.69
9.65
9.60
9.52
9.42
9.30
9.17
9.01
8.83
8.63
8.41
8.18
7.93
7.65
7.37
7.06
6.74
6.40
6.05
5.69
5.31
4.93
4.53

2.80
2.90
3.01
3.10
3.20
3.29
3.38
3.47
3.55
3.63
3.70
3.77
3.83
3.88
3.93
3.98
4.01
4.04
4.07
4.08
4.09
4.09
4.08
4.07
4.04
4.01
3.98
3.93
3.88
3.81
3.74
3.67
3.58
3.49
3.39
3.28
3.17
3.05
2.92
2.79
2.65
2.51
2.36
2.21
2.05
1.89

1025 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.198
0.200
0.202
0.204
0.206
0.208
0.210
0.212
0.214
0.216
0.218
0.220
0.222
0.224
0.226
0.228
0.230
0.232
0.234
0.236
0.238
0.240
0.242
0.244
0.246
0.248
0.250
0.252
0.254
0.256
0.258
0.260
0.262
0.264
0.266
0.268
0.270
0.272
0.274
0.276
0.278
0.280
0.282
0.284
0.286
0.288
0.290
0.292
0.294
0.296
0.298
0.300

1.19
1.11
1.04
0.96
0.89
0.81
0.74
0.66
0.58
0.51
0.43
0.36
0.28
0.21
0.13
0.06
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.420
0.377
0.334
0.290
0.246
0.201
0.155
0.109
0.064
0.018
-0.028
-0.073
-0.118
-0.163
-0.207
-0.251
-0.293
-0.335
-0.376
-0.416
-0.454
-0.491
-0.527
-0.561
-0.593
-0.624
-0.653
-0.679
-0.704
-0.727
-0.747
-0.765
-0.781
-0.795
-0.806
-0.815
-0.821
-0.825
-0.826
-0.825
-0.822
-0.816
-0.807
-0.796
-0.783
-0.768
-0.750
-0.729
-0.707
-0.683
-0.656
-0.628

-21.051
-21.472
-21.841
-22.156
-22.417
-22.621
-22.770
-22.861
-22.896
-22.874
-22.794
-22.658
-22.466
-22.218
-21.915
-21.557
-21.145
-20.674
-20.142
-19.548
-18.896
-18.188
-17.425
-16.610
-15.745
-14.833
-13.876
-12.878
-11.842
-10.769
-9.665
-8.532
-7.373
-6.192
-4.992
-3.778
-2.552
-1.318
-0.081
1.157
2.391
3.618
4.834
6.036
7.220
8.382
9.518
10.627
11.703
12.745
13.748
14.710

-223.9129
-197.8154
-171.1253
-143.9226
-116.2886
-88.3063
-60.0594
-31.6325
-3.1109
25.4200
53.8747
82.1681
110.2153
137.9323
165.2361
192.0448
219.8250
251.1706
281.7636
311.5126
340.3283
368.1244
394.8176
420.3280
444.5791
467.4983
489.0170
509.0706
527.5991
544.5469
559.8633
573.5025
585.4235
595.5906
603.9734
610.5467
615.2909
618.1918
619.2406
618.4342
615.7751
611.2711
604.9359
596.7883
586.8528
575.1592
561.7424
546.6428
529.9054
511.5805
491.7229
470.3922

4.12
3.70
3.28
2.85
2.41
1.97
1.52
1.07
0.62
0.18
-0.27
-0.72
-1.16
-1.60
-2.03
-2.46
-2.88
-3.29
-3.69
-4.08
-4.45
-4.82
-5.17
-5.50
-5.82
-6.12
-6.40
-6.66
-6.90
-7.13
-7.33
-7.51
-7.66
-7.79
-7.90
-7.99
-8.05
-8.09
-8.10
-8.09
-8.06
-8.00
-7.92
-7.81
-7.68
-7.53
-7.35
-7.15
-6.93
-6.69
-6.44
-6.16

1.72
1.55
1.38
1.21
1.03
0.85
0.67
0.49
0.31
0.13
-0.05
-0.24
-0.41
-0.59
-0.77
-0.94
-1.11
-1.27
-1.42
-1.57
-1.71
-1.85
-1.99
-2.12
-2.24
-2.36
-2.46
-2.56
-2.66
-2.74
-2.82
-2.89
-2.95
-3.00
-3.04
-3.08
-3.10
-3.11
-3.12
-3.12
-3.10
-3.08
-3.05
-3.01
-2.96
-2.90
-2.83
-2.75
-2.67
-2.58
-2.48
-2.37

1026 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.302
0.304
0.306
0.308
0.310
0.312
0.314
0.316
0.318
0.320
0.322
0.324
0.326
0.328
0.330
0.332
0.334
0.336
0.338
0.340
0.342
0.344
0.346
0.348
0.350
0.352
0.354
0.356
0.358
0.360
0.362
0.364
0.366
0.368
0.370
0.372
0.374
0.376
0.378
0.380
0.382
0.384
0.386
0.388
0.390
0.392
0.394
0.396
0.398
0.400
0.402
0.404

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-0.597
-0.565
-0.531
-0.496
-0.459
-0.421
-0.381
-0.341
-0.299
-0.256
-0.213
-0.169
-0.124
-0.079
-0.034
0.011
0.056
0.101
0.146
0.190
0.234
0.277
0.319
0.360
0.400
0.439
0.477
0.513
0.548
0.581
0.612
0.642
0.669
0.695
0.718
0.739
0.759
0.775
0.790
0.802
0.812
0.819
0.824
0.826
0.826
0.823
0.818
0.811
0.801
0.789
0.774
0.757

15.628
16.500
17.321
18.091
18.807
19.466
20.067
20.608
21.087
21.503
21.855
22.141
22.361
22.514
22.599
22.617
22.567
22.449
22.264
22.012
21.694
21.312
20.865
20.356
19.786
19.157
18.470
17.728
16.933
16.088
15.194
14.254
13.272
12.250
11.191
10.099
8.976
7.827
6.654
5.461
4.252
3.030
1.799
0.563
-0.675
-1.911
-3.141
-4.362
-5.570
-6.761
-7.932
-9.079

447.6523
423.5712
398.2211
371.6780
344.0215
315.3342
285.7023
255.2144
223.9619
192.0384
159.5396
126.5629
93.2070
59.5718
25.7582
-8.1326
-41.9990
-75.7397
-109.2534
-142.4397
-175.1994
-207.4342
-239.0475
-269.9446
-300.0331
-329.2226
-357.4259
-384.5583
-410.5386
-435.2890
-458.7354
-480.8074
-501.4389
-520.5682
-538.1379
-554.0954
-568.3929
-580.9875
-591.8416
-600.9226
-608.2032
-613.6618
-617.2819
-619.0526
-618.9688
-617.0305
-613.2438
-607.6198
-600.1754
-590.9330
-579.9201
-567.1699

-5.86
-5.54
-5.21
-4.86
-4.50
-4.13
-3.74
-3.34
-2.93
-2.51
-2.09
-1.66
-1.22
-0.78
-0.34
0.11
0.55
0.99
1.43
1.86
2.29
2.71
3.13
3.53
3.93
4.31
4.68
5.03
5.37
5.70
6.00
6.29
6.56
6.81
7.04
7.25
7.44
7.60
7.75
7.86
7.96
8.03
8.08
8.10
8.10
8.08
8.03
7.95
7.85
7.73
7.59
7.42

-2.26
-2.13
-2.01
-1.87
-1.73
-1.59
-1.44
-1.29
-1.13
-0.97
-0.80
-0.64
-0.47
-0.30
-0.13
0.04
0.21
0.38
0.55
0.72
0.88
1.05
1.20
1.36
1.51
1.66
1.80
1.94
2.07
2.19
2.31
2.42
2.53
2.62
2.71
2.79
2.86
2.93
2.98
3.03
3.06
3.09
3.11
3.12
3.12
3.11
3.09
3.06
3.02
2.98
2.92
2.86

1027 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.406
0.408
0.410
0.412
0.414
0.416
0.418
0.420
0.422
0.424
0.426
0.428
0.430
0.432
0.434
0.436
0.438
0.440
0.442
0.444
0.446
0.448
0.450
0.452
0.454
0.456
0.458
0.460
0.462
0.464
0.466
0.468
0.470
0.472
0.474
0.476
0.478
0.480
0.482
0.484
0.486
0.488
0.490
0.492
0.494
0.496
0.498
0.500
0.502
0.504
0.506
0.508
0.510
0.512
0.514
0.516
0.518
0.520
0.522

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.738
0.716
0.692
0.667
0.639
0.609
0.578
0.545
0.510
0.474
0.436
0.397
0.357
0.315
0.273
0.230
0.186
0.142
0.097
0.052
0.007
-0.038
-0.084
-0.128
-0.173
-0.217
-0.260
-0.303
-0.344
-0.385
-0.424
-0.462
-0.499
-0.535
-0.568
-0.600
-0.630
-0.659
-0.685
-0.709
-0.731
-0.751
-0.769
-0.784
-0.797
-0.808
-0.816
-0.822
-0.825
-0.826
-0.825
-0.821
-0.814
-0.805
-0.794
-0.780
-0.764
-0.745
-0.725

-10.199
-11.288
-12.344
-13.362
-14.341
-15.276
-16.166
-17.007
-17.798
-18.535
-19.216
-19.840
-20.405
-20.908
-21.349
-21.726
-22.038
-22.283
-22.462
-22.574
-22.618
-22.594
-22.503
-22.344
-22.118
-21.826
-21.469
-21.047
-20.562
-20.015
-19.409
-18.745
-18.024
-17.249
-16.423
-15.547
-14.625
-13.659
-12.652
-11.608
-10.528
-9.417
-8.278
-7.113
-5.928
-4.725
-3.507
-2.280
-1.045
0.193
1.430
2.663
3.888
5.101
6.299
7.478
8.635
9.766
10.868

-552.7206
-536.6153
-518.9024
-499.6349
-478.8705
-456.6715
-433.1044
-408.2397
-382.1520
-354.9194
-326.6235
-297.3490
-267.1837
-236.2180
-204.5446
-172.2584
-139.4561
-106.2360
-72.6977
-38.9415
-5.0687
28.8193
62.6209
96.2350
129.5607
162.4983
194.9491
226.8158
258.0030
288.4172
317.9674
346.5650
374.1243
400.5627
425.8011
449.7639
472.3792
493.5793
513.3007
531.4843
548.0756
563.0250
576.2876
587.8237
597.5987
605.5834
611.7538
616.0914
618.5833
619.2220
618.0056
614.9377
610.0275
603.2897
594.7445
584.4175
572.3397
558.5472
543.0813

7.23
7.02
6.79
6.54
6.27
5.98
5.67
5.34
5.00
4.64
4.27
3.89
3.50
3.09
2.68
2.25
1.83
1.39
0.95
0.51
0.07
-0.38
-0.82
-1.26
-1.70
-2.13
-2.55
-2.97
-3.38
-3.77
-4.16
-4.54
-4.90
-5.24
-5.57
-5.89
-6.18
-6.46
-6.72
-6.96
-7.17
-7.37
-7.54
-7.69
-7.82
-7.93
-8.01
-8.06
-8.10
-8.10
-8.09
-8.05
-7.98
-7.90
-7.78
-7.65
-7.49
-7.31
-7.11

2.78
2.70
2.61
2.52
2.41
2.30
2.18
2.06
1.93
1.79
1.65
1.50
1.35
1.19
1.03
0.87
0.70
0.54
0.37
0.20
0.03
-0.15
-0.32
-0.48
-0.65
-0.82
-0.98
-1.14
-1.30
-1.45
-1.60
-1.75
-1.89
-2.02
-2.15
-2.27
-2.38
-2.49
-2.59
-2.68
-2.76
-2.84
-2.90
-2.96
-3.01
-3.05
-3.08
-3.10
-3.12
-3.12
-3.11
-3.10
-3.07
-3.04
-3.00
-2.94
-2.88
-2.81
-2.74

1028 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.524
0.526
0.528
0.530
0.532
0.534
0.536
0.538
0.540
0.542
0.544
0.546
0.548
0.550
0.552
0.554
0.556
0.558
0.560
0.562
0.564
0.566
0.568
0.570
0.572
0.574
0.576
0.578
0.580
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.592
0.594
0.596
0.598
0.600
0.602
0.604
0.606
0.608
0.610
0.612
0.614
0.616
0.618
0.620
0.622
0.624
0.626
0.628
0.630
0.632
0.634
0.636
0.638
0.640
0.642
0.644

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-0.702
-0.677
-0.650
-0.621
-0.590
-0.558
-0.524
-0.488
-0.451
-0.412
-0.372
-0.331
-0.290
-0.247
-0.203
-0.159
-0.114
-0.070
-0.024
0.021
0.066
0.111
0.156
0.200
0.243
0.286
0.328
0.369
0.409
0.448
0.485
0.521
0.555
0.588
0.619
0.648
0.675
0.700
0.723
0.744
0.762
0.779
0.793
0.804
0.813
0.820
0.824
0.826
0.826
0.823
0.817
0.809
0.798
0.786
0.770
0.753
0.733
0.711
0.687
0.661
0.633

v
(in/sec)
11.937
12.970
13.965
14.917
15.825
16.686
17.496
18.254
18.958
19.604
20.192
20.720
21.185
21.587
21.924
22.195
22.400
22.538
22.609
22.611
22.546
22.414
22.214
21.948
21.615
21.219
20.758
20.236
19.652
19.010
18.311
17.557
16.751
15.894
14.990
14.040
13.049
12.019
10.952
9.853
8.724
7.570
6.392
5.195
3.983
2.759
1.526
0.289
-0.949
-2.184
-3.412
-4.630
-5.835
-7.022
-8.188
-9.329
-10.442
-11.525
-12.572
-13.582
-14.551

a
(in/sec2)
525.9885
507.3198
487.1312
465.4833
442.4408
418.0728
392.4523
365.6560
337.7643
308.8606
279.0317
248.3668
216.9578
184.8988
152.2859
119.2168
85.7905
52.1072
18.2678
-15.6264
-49.4737
-83.1729
-116.6228
-149.7234
-182.3753
-214.4810
-245.9440
-276.6703
-306.5676
-335.5465
-363.5202
-390.4047
-416.1197
-440.5880
-463.7364
-485.4954
-505.8000
-524.5892
-541.8068
-557.4012
-571.3257
-583.5386
-594.0032
-602.6883
-609.5677
-614.6210
-617.8329
-619.1939
-618.6998
-616.3521
-612.1579
-606.1298
-598.2858
-588.6493
-577.2493
-564.1200
-549.3005
-532.8355
-514.7741
-495.1705
-474.0834

resistance
(kips)
-6.88
-6.64
-6.38
-6.09
-5.79
-5.47
-5.14
-4.79
-4.42
-4.04
-3.65
-3.25
-2.84
-2.42
-1.99
-1.56
-1.12
-0.68
-0.24
0.20
0.65
1.09
1.53
1.96
2.39
2.81
3.22
3.62
4.01
4.39
4.76
5.11
5.45
5.77
6.07
6.35
6.62
6.87
7.09
7.29
7.48
7.64
7.77
7.89
7.98
8.04
8.09
8.10
8.10
8.07
8.01
7.93
7.83
7.70
7.55
7.38
7.19
6.97
6.74
6.48
6.20

reaction
(kips)
-2.65
-2.56
-2.45
-2.35
-2.23
-2.11
-1.98
-1.84
-1.70
-1.56
-1.41
-1.25
-1.09
-0.93
-0.77
-0.60
-0.43
-0.26
-0.09
0.08
0.25
0.42
0.59
0.75
0.92
1.08
1.24
1.39
1.54
1.69
1.83
1.97
2.10
2.22
2.34
2.45
2.55
2.64
2.73
2.81
2.88
2.94
2.99
3.04
3.07
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.12
3.11
3.08
3.05
3.01
2.97
2.91
2.84
2.77
2.68
2.59
2.49
2.39

1029 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.646
0.648
0.650
0.652
0.654
0.656
0.658
0.660
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.668
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.676
0.678
0.680
0.682
0.684
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.696
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.712
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.722
0.724
0.726
0.728
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.736
0.738
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.764
0.766

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.603
0.571
0.537
0.502
0.465
0.427
0.388
0.348
0.306
0.264
0.220
0.176
0.132
0.087
0.042
-0.003
-0.048
-0.094
-0.138
-0.183
-0.226
-0.270
-0.312
-0.353
-0.394
-0.433
-0.471
-0.507
-0.542
-0.575
-0.607
-0.637
-0.665
-0.691
-0.714
-0.736
-0.755
-0.773
-0.788
-0.800
-0.810
-0.818
-0.823
-0.826
-0.826
-0.824
-0.819
-0.812
-0.803
-0.791
-0.777
-0.760
-0.741
-0.720
-0.697
-0.671
-0.644
-0.615
-0.583
-0.550
-0.516

v
(in/sec)
-15.477
-16.356
-17.187
-17.965
-18.690
-19.359
-19.970
-20.522
-21.011
-21.438
-21.800
-22.098
-22.329
-22.493
-22.589
-22.618
-22.580
-22.473
-22.300
-22.059
-21.753
-21.381
-20.945
-20.446
-19.887
-19.267
-18.590
-17.857
-17.071
-16.233
-15.347
-14.415
-13.440
-12.424
-11.372
-10.285
-9.167
-8.022
-6.853
-5.663
-4.457
-3.237
-2.007
-0.771
0.467
1.703
2.935
4.157
5.368
6.562
7.736
8.888
10.012
11.107
12.168
13.193
14.179
15.122
16.020
16.869
17.668

a
(in/sec2)
-451.5761
-427.7158
-402.5742
-376.2264
-348.7516
-320.2319
-290.7528
-260.4027
-229.2724
-197.4553
-165.0466
-132.1434
-98.8443
-65.2492
-31.4585
2.4264
36.3041
70.0729
103.6319
136.8804
169.7188
202.0487
233.7733
264.7976
295.0285
324.3756
352.7509
380.0693
406.2492
431.2119
454.8828
477.1909
498.0693
517.4556
535.2917
551.5241
566.1042
578.9882
590.1377
599.5192
607.1046
612.8712
616.8017
618.8843
619.1128
617.4864
614.0102
608.6944
601.5551
592.6136
581.8966
569.4363
555.2701
539.4404
521.9945
502.9848
482.4682
460.5061
437.1645
412.5131
386.6259

resistance
(kips)
5.91
5.60
5.27
4.92
4.56
4.19
3.81
3.41
3.00
2.58
2.16
1.73
1.29
0.85
0.41
-0.03
-0.48
-0.92
-1.36
-1.79
-2.22
-2.64
-3.06
-3.47
-3.86
-4.25
-4.62
-4.97
-5.32
-5.64
-5.95
-6.24
-6.52
-6.77
-7.01
-7.22
-7.41
-7.58
-7.72
-7.85
-7.95
-8.02
-8.07
-8.10
-8.10
-8.08
-8.04
-7.97
-7.87
-7.76
-7.62
-7.45
-7.27
-7.06
-6.83
-6.58
-6.31
-6.03
-5.72
-5.40
-5.06

reaction
(kips)
2.28
2.16
2.03
1.90
1.76
1.61
1.46
1.31
1.16
0.99
0.83
0.67
0.50
0.33
0.16
-0.01
-0.18
-0.35
-0.52
-0.69
-0.86
-1.02
-1.18
-1.33
-1.49
-1.63
-1.78
-1.91
-2.05
-2.17
-2.29
-2.40
-2.51
-2.61
-2.70
-2.78
-2.85
-2.92
-2.97
-3.02
-3.06
-3.09
-3.11
-3.12
-3.12
-3.11
-3.09
-3.07
-3.03
-2.99
-2.93
-2.87
-2.80
-2.72
-2.63
-2.53
-2.43
-2.32
-2.20
-2.08
-1.95

1030 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.768
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.784
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.792
0.794
0.796
0.798
0.800
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.808
0.810
0.812
0.814
0.816
0.818
0.820
0.822
0.824
0.826
0.828
0.830
0.832
0.834
0.836
0.838
0.840
0.842
0.844
0.846
0.848
0.850
0.852
0.854
0.856
0.858
0.860
0.862
0.864
0.866
0.868
0.870
0.872
0.874
0.876
0.878
0.880
0.882
0.884
0.886
0.888

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-0.480
-0.442
-0.403
-0.363
-0.322
-0.280
-0.237
-0.194
-0.149
-0.105
-0.060
-0.014
0.031
0.076
0.121
0.165
0.209
0.253
0.296
0.337
0.378
0.418
0.456
0.493
0.529
0.563
0.595
0.625
0.654
0.681
0.705
0.728
0.748
0.766
0.782
0.795
0.807
0.815
0.821
0.825
0.826
0.825
0.821
0.815
0.807
0.796
0.782
0.767
0.749
0.728
0.706
0.681
0.655
0.626
0.596
0.564
0.530
0.494
0.457
0.419
0.379

v
(in/sec)
18.415
19.106
19.739
20.314
20.828
21.279
21.667
21.990
22.247
22.437
22.560
22.615
22.603
22.523
22.375
22.161
21.880
21.533
21.122
20.648
20.112
19.515
18.860
18.149
17.383
16.565
15.698
14.784
13.825
12.825
11.786
10.712
9.606
8.471
7.311
6.129
4.928
3.713
2.487
1.253
0.016
-1.222
-2.456
-3.682
-4.898
-6.099
-7.281
-8.442
-9.578
-10.685
-11.759
-12.799
-13.800
-14.760
-15.676
-16.544
-17.363
-18.130
-18.843
-19.500
-20.097

a
(in/sec2)
359.5804
331.4576
302.3418
272.3202
241.4828
209.9220
177.7322
145.0099
111.8533
78.3615
44.6349
10.7747
-23.1179
-56.9412
-90.5939
-123.9752
-156.9850
-189.5246
-221.4964
-252.8045
-283.3553
-313.0572
-341.8213
-369.5612
-396.1940
-421.6398
-445.8224
-468.6694
-490.1124
-510.0869
-528.5333
-545.3963
-560.6254
-574.1748
-586.0041
-596.0778
-604.3656
-610.8429
-615.4901
-618.2934
-619.2444
-618.3401
-615.5834
-610.9825
-604.5511
-596.3085
-586.2794
-574.4939
-560.9873
-545.8001
-528.9776
-510.5704
-490.6336
-469.2269
-446.4144
-422.2646
-396.8496
-370.2458
-342.5327
-313.7934
-284.1140

resistance
(kips)
-4.71
-4.34
-3.96
-3.56
-3.16
-2.75
-2.33
-1.90
-1.46
-1.03
-0.58
-0.14
0.30
0.75
1.19
1.62
2.05
2.48
2.90
3.31
3.71
4.10
4.47
4.84
5.18
5.52
5.83
6.13
6.41
6.68
6.92
7.14
7.34
7.51
7.67
7.80
7.91
7.99
8.05
8.09
8.10
8.09
8.06
8.00
7.91
7.80
7.67
7.52
7.34
7.14
6.92
6.68
6.42
6.14
5.84
5.53
5.19
4.85
4.48
4.11
3.72

reaction
(kips)
-1.81
-1.67
-1.52
-1.37
-1.22
-1.06
-0.90
-0.73
-0.56
-0.39
-0.22
-0.05
0.12
0.29
0.46
0.62
0.79
0.95
1.12
1.27
1.43
1.58
1.72
1.86
2.00
2.12
2.25
2.36
2.47
2.57
2.66
2.75
2.82
2.89
2.95
3.00
3.05
3.08
3.10
3.12
3.12
3.12
3.10
3.08
3.05
3.00
2.95
2.89
2.83
2.75
2.67
2.57
2.47
2.36
2.25
2.13
2.00
1.87
1.73
1.58
1.43

1031 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.890
0.892
0.894
0.896
0.898
0.900
0.902
0.904
0.906
0.908
0.910
0.912
0.914
0.916
0.918
0.920
0.922
0.924
0.926
0.928
0.930
0.932
0.934
0.936
0.938
0.940
0.942
0.944
0.946
0.948
0.950
0.952
0.954
0.956
0.958
0.960
0.962
0.964
0.966
0.968
0.970
0.972
0.974
0.976
0.978
0.980
0.982
0.984
0.986
0.988
0.990
0.992
0.994
0.996
0.998
1.000
1.002
1.004
1.006
1.008
1.010

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
0.338
0.297
0.254
0.211
0.167
0.122
0.077
0.032
-0.013
-0.058
-0.103
-0.148
-0.192
-0.236
-0.279
-0.321
-0.362
-0.402
-0.441
-0.479
-0.515
-0.550
-0.583
-0.614
-0.643
-0.671
-0.696
-0.719
-0.740
-0.759
-0.776
-0.791
-0.802
-0.812
-0.819
-0.824
-0.826
-0.826
-0.823
-0.818
-0.810
-0.800
-0.788
-0.773
-0.756
-0.737
-0.715
-0.691
-0.665
-0.638
-0.608
-0.576
-0.543
-0.508
-0.472
-0.434
-0.395
-0.354
-0.313
-0.271
-0.228

v
(in/sec)
-20.635
-21.111
-21.524
-21.872
-22.154
-22.371
-22.520
-22.602
-22.616
-22.562
-22.441
-22.252
-21.997
-21.676
-21.290
-20.840
-20.328
-19.755
-19.122
-18.433
-17.688
-16.890
-16.042
-15.145
-14.203
-13.219
-12.195
-11.134
-10.040
-8.916
-7.766
-6.592
-5.398
-4.188
-2.966
-1.734
-0.498
0.740
1.976
3.206
4.426
5.633
6.823
7.993
9.139
10.257
11.345
12.398
13.415
14.391
15.324
16.212
17.050
17.838
18.572
19.251
19.872
20.433
20.933
21.371
21.744

a
(in/sec2)
-253.5835
-222.2932
-190.3370
-157.8106
-124.8113
-91.4382
-57.7911
-23.9708
9.9212
43.7835
77.5147
111.0136
144.1800
176.9144
209.1187
240.6966
271.5534
301.5966
330.7363
358.8851
385.9588
411.8761
436.5595
459.9350
481.9326
502.4864
521.5348
539.0207
554.8917
569.1004
581.6041
592.3654
601.3520
608.5370
613.8989
617.4216
619.0946
618.9128
616.8768
612.9928
607.2722
599.7324
590.3958
579.2904
566.4496
551.9117
535.7203
517.9240
498.5761
477.7344
455.4615
431.8241
406.8930
380.7429
353.4521
325.1024
295.7787
265.5689
234.5635
202.8554
170.5395

resistance
(kips)
3.32
2.91
2.49
2.07
1.63
1.20
0.76
0.31
-0.13
-0.57
-1.01
-1.45
-1.89
-2.32
-2.74
-3.15
-3.55
-3.95
-4.33
-4.70
-5.05
-5.39
-5.71
-6.02
-6.31
-6.58
-6.83
-7.05
-7.26
-7.45
-7.61
-7.75
-7.87
-7.96
-8.03
-8.08
-8.10
-8.10
-8.07
-8.02
-7.95
-7.85
-7.73
-7.58
-7.41
-7.22
-7.01
-6.78
-6.52
-6.25
-5.96
-5.65
-5.32
-4.98
-4.63
-4.25
-3.87
-3.48
-3.07
-2.65
-2.23

reaction
(kips)
1.28
1.12
0.96
0.80
0.63
0.46
0.29
0.12
-0.05
-0.22
-0.39
-0.56
-0.73
-0.89
-1.05
-1.21
-1.37
-1.52
-1.67
-1.81
-1.94
-2.08
-2.20
-2.32
-2.43
-2.53
-2.63
-2.72
-2.80
-2.87
-2.93
-2.98
-3.03
-3.07
-3.09
-3.11
-3.12
-3.12
-3.11
-3.09
-3.06
-3.02
-2.97
-2.92
-2.85
-2.78
-2.70
-2.61
-2.51
-2.41
-2.29
-2.18
-2.05
-1.92
-1.78
-1.64
-1.49
-1.34
-1.18
-1.02
-0.86

1032 of 1089

Time
(sec)
1.012
1.014
1.016
1.018
1.020
1.022
1.024
1.026
1.028
1.030
1.032
1.034
1.036
1.038
1.040
1.042
1.044
1.046
1.048
1.050
1.052
1.054
1.056
1.058
1.060
1.062
1.064
1.066
1.068
1.070
1.072
1.074
1.076
1.078
1.080
1.082
1.084
1.086
1.088
1.090
1.092
1.094
1.096
1.098
1.100
1.102
1.104
1.106
1.108
1.110
1.112
1.114
1.116
1.118
1.120
1.122

force
(kips)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

y
(in)
-0.184
-0.139
-0.095
-0.050
-0.004
0.041
0.086
0.131
0.175
0.219
0.262
0.305
0.346
0.387
0.426
0.464
0.501
0.536
0.570
0.602
0.632
0.660
0.686
0.710
0.733
0.752
0.770
0.785
0.798
0.809
0.817
0.822
0.826
0.826
0.825
0.820
0.814
0.805
0.793
0.779
0.763
0.744
0.724
0.701
0.676
0.649
0.620
0.589
0.556
0.522
0.486
0.449
0.410
0.370
0.329
0.287

v
(in/sec)
22.052
22.294
22.470
22.578
22.618
22.591
22.496
22.334
22.104
21.809
21.448
21.023
20.535
19.985
19.375
18.708
17.984
17.207
16.378
15.500
14.575
13.607
12.598
11.551
10.470
9.357
8.217
7.051
5.865
4.661
3.443
2.215
0.980
-0.258
-1.495
-2.728
-3.952
-5.165
-6.362
-7.540
-8.696
-9.825
-10.925
-11.992
-13.024
-14.016
-14.966
-15.872
-16.730
-17.538
-18.293
-18.993
-19.637
-20.222
-20.746
-21.208

a
(in/sec2)
137.7127
104.4733
70.9210
37.1561
3.2800
-30.6060
-64.4003
-98.0016
-131.3094
-164.2237
-196.6461
-228.4793
-259.6280
-289.9989
-319.5010
-348.0459
-375.5481
-401.9252
-427.0982
-450.9916
-473.5339
-494.6575
-514.2992
-532.4001
-548.9060
-563.7674
-576.9398
-588.3838
-598.0650
-605.9545
-612.0286
-616.2691
-618.6634
-619.2042
-617.8899
-614.7245
-609.7174
-602.8837
-594.2438
-583.8237
-571.6544
-557.7725
-542.2196
-525.0422
-506.2919
-486.0248
-464.3016
-441.1874
-416.7514
-391.0669
-364.2108
-336.2636
-307.3089
-277.4336
-246.7271
-215.2815

resistance
(kips)
-1.80
-1.37
-0.93
-0.49
-0.04
0.40
0.84
1.28
1.72
2.15
2.57
2.99
3.40
3.80
4.18
4.55
4.91
5.26
5.59
5.90
6.20
6.47
6.73
6.97
7.18
7.38
7.55
7.70
7.83
7.93
8.01
8.07
8.10
8.10
8.09
8.04
7.98
7.89
7.78
7.64
7.48
7.30
7.10
6.87
6.63
6.36
6.08
5.77
5.45
5.12
4.77
4.40
4.02
3.63
3.23
2.82

reaction
(kips)
-0.69
-0.53
-0.36
-0.19
-0.02
0.15
0.32
0.49
0.66
0.83
0.99
1.15
1.31
1.46
1.61
1.75
1.89
2.03
2.15
2.27
2.39
2.49
2.59
2.68
2.77
2.84
2.91
2.96
3.01
3.05
3.08
3.11
3.12
3.12
3.11
3.10
3.07
3.04
2.99
2.94
2.88
2.81
2.73
2.65
2.55
2.45
2.34
2.22
2.10
1.97
1.84
1.69
1.55
1.40
1.24
1.08

1033 of 1089

Displacement vs. Time
1.200
1.000

Displacement (in)

0.800
0.600
0.400
0.200
0.000
-0.200
-0.400
-0.600
-0.800
-1.000
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600

0.800

1.000

1.200

0.800

1.000

1.200

Time (sec)

Resistance vs. Time
12.00
10.00
8.00

Resistance (kips)

6.00
4.00
2.00
0.00
-2.00
-4.00
-6.00
-8.00
-10.00
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600
Time (sec)

1034 of 1089

Force vs. Time
7.00

Applied Force (kips)

6.00
5.00
4.00
3.00
2.00
1.00
0.00
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
5.00
4.00

Reaction (kips)

3.00
2.00
1.00
0.00
-1.00
-2.00
-3.00
-4.00
0.00

0.20

0.40

0.60

0.80

1.00

1.20

Time (sec)

1035 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

ROOF DOUBLE TEE BEAM ; SS # 1

1036 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

BI-3039
REPLACEMENT OF SUBSTATION 472, 321 & F07, ABU ALI
CROSS SECTION PROPERTIES, SUBSTATION # 1

of 3
18/11/2003
MGG
SAK

PRECAST ROOF PANEL DOUBLE TEE BEAM CROSS SECTION
1245
220

1
150

YTOP
N. A.

600

2
160

SECTION

ELEMENT
1
2

AREA (A)
186750
114000

TOTAL

300750

Y
75.00
434.21

AxY
14006250
49500000

Io
3.5E+08
3.4E+09

63506250

3.7E+09

YTOP =
=

D
136.160
223.051

A x D2
3462239849
5671695543
9133935392

63506250
300750
211.159601 MM
4

Ix =

1.2876E+10

MM

Ix =

0.0129

M

4

1037 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
DOUBLE ROOF TEE BEAM PROPERTIES, SS #1

DESIGN LOADS ( UNFACTORED ) :
Roof Dead Load
DESIGN STRESSES :
Conc., fc'
Reinf., fy

=
=

2
8.470 KN/m
176.90 psf

=
=

34.5 Mpa
414 Mpa

PANEL DATA : (CONSIDER HALF WIDTH)
1250
Panel Width, width
=
150
Flange Thickness
=
Web Depth
=
600
750
Total Depth, dt
=
15220
Panel Span
=

CHECK DYNAMIC REQUIRED RESISTANCE:
Design overpressure,
Blast time duration,

of
27-Jan-03
MGG
SAK

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

CONFIGURATION :
1250.00

mm

147.5

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

(
(
(
(
(

49.21
5.91
23.62
29.53
599.21

Ps
Td

f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'c (for bending)
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'c (for shear)
f'dy = (SIF) x (DIF) x fy
Modulus of Elasticity,
Edc = 57000 x (f'c) 1 / 2

in
in
in
in
in

)
)
)
)
)

=
=

1.96
200

=
=
=
=

5954.3
5504.0
77276
4032041

Positive :
25
Area of Bar ( Ø ),
mm Ø
Ab =
No. of Web Main Bar
=
Total Area of Web Rebar PER panel,
A=
Effective Depth,
de =dt - 147.5
=
Steel ratio,
p = As / b x d =
Stress block,
a = As x fdy / 0.85 x f'dc x b =
Modular ratio,
n = Es / Edc
=
Max. Moment, Mp = Mpc = Mps = As x fdy [ d - a / 2 ]
=
0.5
Shear,
Vn = 2 x b x d x ( f'dc )
=
Resistance at cracked moment,
Ru = 8 x Mp / L
=

0.7609
8.0000
6.0868
23.7205
0.0052
1.8885
7.1940
10713196.1
173208.2
143030
143.030

150

mm

600

mm

160mm

psi
msec

psi
psi
psi
psi

(

(
(
(
(

13.547 kPa )

41 Mpa. )
38 Mpa. )
533 Mpa. )
27801 Mpa.

in2
( 491
in
( 203
in2
( 3927
in
( 603
> 200 / f'dy =
in
( 48

mm2
mm
mm2
mm
0.003
mm )

lb-in
(
1210368
lb
( 770 KN
lb
( 636.20 KN
57.94
kips >
?

)

)
)
)
)

KN-m
)
)
O.K!

)

1038 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
DOUBLE ROOF TEE BEAM PROPERTIES, SS #1

Reversal :
20
Area of Bar ( Ø ),
mm Ø
Ab
No. of Flange Rebar
Total Area of Flange Rebar PER panel,
Effective Depth,
de =dt - tf/2
Steel ratio,
p = As / b x d
Stress block,
a = As x fdy / 0.85 x f'dc x b
Modular ratio,
n = Es / Edc
Max. Moment, Mp = Mpc = Mps = As x fdy [ d - a / 2 ]
Shear,
Vn = 2 x b x d x ( f'dc ) 0 . 5
Resistance at cracked moment,
Ru = 8 x Mp / L

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.4869
5.0000
2.4347
26.5748
0.0145
5.9015
7.1940
4444795.3
24838.5
59342
59.342

in2

314

(

mm2

of
27-Jan-03
MGG
SAK

)

2
in2
( 13 mm
)
in
( 675 mm
)
> 200 / f'dy = 0.003
in
( 150 mm )

lb-in
lb
lb
kips

(
502169
( 110 KN
( 263.95 KN

KN-m
)
)

2
( 28251 mm
2
( 3657 mm
( 7183105801

)
)
mm4)

)

Cracked Moment of Inertia:
C = -n x As + [ n x As * ( n x As + 2 x b x d ) ]
I cr = b x C 3 / 3 + n x As * ( d - C ) 2

Moment of Inertia,
Effective Moment of Inertia,
Average Moment of Inertia,
Effective Stiffness,

0.5

n x As =
/b =
=

Ig
0.5 Ig
I a = ( I g + I cr ) / 2
K = 384 x Edc x I a / 5 L 3

30933.92
15466.96
16362.221
23.5
6.07355
0.09385
0.00000
0.09385
0.72000
0.06757

=
=
=

0.33657
0.03366
0.59424

sec
sec

R ini =
=

36.2261
1.5383

kips
in

=

0.2533

degrees

tn = 2 x S x ( Me / K ) 0 . 5

Time increment , tn/10
td / tn

Initial Load and Deflection based on Gravity loads:
R ini = Roof DL x Width x Span
Deflection = R ini / K
Rotation T
Total Initiatl Net Loads on member
F(t) = Ps + R ini

in4
12875670453
(
in4
6437835227
(
in4
6810470514
(
kips / in
in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
FROM ASCE TABLE 6.1
kip-sec2 / in

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Yeild Deflection,
Ye = Ru / K
Total Roof Mass = Roof DL x width x roof span / gravity acc.
Additional Mass =
Total Mass, M
Average Stiffness, mass factor
K LM
Equivalent Mass,
Me = K LM x Beam Mass
Period of Vibration,

2
43.7888 in
2
5.6680 in
4
17257.48 in

¨t

F(t) =

94.1657

kips

;

mm4
mm4
mm4

=

use ¨t

( 161.13 KN
( 39 mm

( 418.85 KN

)
)
)

0.00200

sec

)
)

)

1039 of 1089

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION METHOD
INPUT

RESULTS
Blast Load History

Stiffness

K

=

Mass

M

=

Tension resistance

Rut

=

Compression resistance

Ruc

=

C

=

Forcing function

Damping co-efficient

F(t)

=

Time start

Ts

=

Time end

Te

=

Time increment

¨t

=

Reaction resistance (R) coeff.

a

=

Reaction force (f) coeff.
Key0

b
Key0

y

23.550 kips / in
0.0939 kip-sec2 / in
143.03 kips

load (kips) time (sec)
94.17

0

36.226107

0.2000

0 kips
0

Length
y max =

94.17 kips
0 sec

r max =
P=

0.487

0.200 sec
0.002 sec

T=

0.565 degrees

=

0.385
0.115

=

0

Rut/Fo =

599.213 in
2.956 in
105.832 kips

1.519

T= < 2 degrees
low response

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.000

94.17

0.000

0.000

617.3639

36.23

24.78

0.002

93.59

0.001

1.228

610.8815

36.26

24.72

0.004

93.01

0.005

2.443

603.7861

36.34

24.69

0.006

92.43

0.011

3.643

596.0847

36.48

24.68

0.008

91.85

0.019

4.827

587.7852

36.68

24.69

0.010

91.27

0.030

5.993

578.8957

36.94

24.72

0.012

90.69

0.043

7.142

569.4253

37.25

24.77

0.014

90.11

0.059

8.270

559.3835

37.61

24.84

0.016

89.53

0.076

9.379

548.7803

38.03

24.94

0.018

88.95

0.096

10.465

537.6264

38.49

25.05

0.020

88.37

0.118

11.529

525.9329

39.01

25.18

0.022

87.79

0.142

12.568

513.7117

39.58

25.33

0.024

87.21

0.169

13.583

500.9749

40.20

25.51

0.026
0.028
0.030
0.032
0.034
0.036
0.038
0.040
0.042
0.044
0.046
0.048
0.050
0.052
0.054
0.056
0.058
0.060
0.062

86.63
86.05
85.47
84.90
84.32
83.74
83.16
82.58
82.00
81.42
80.84
80.26
79.68
79.10
78.52
77.94
77.36
76.78
76.20

0.197
0.227
0.259
0.293
0.328
0.366
0.405
0.445
0.487
0.531
0.576
0.622
0.670
0.719
0.768
0.819
0.871
0.924
0.977

14.572
15.533
16.467
17.372
18.247
19.092
19.905
20.685
21.433
22.147
22.826
23.470
24.078
24.649
25.184
25.680
26.139
26.559
26.940

487.7353
474.0063
459.8016
445.1355
430.0226
414.4782
398.5179
382.1576
365.4138
348.3033
330.8432
313.0512
294.9449
276.5427
257.8630
238.9245
219.7462
200.3474
180.7475

40.86
41.57
42.32
43.12
43.96
44.84
45.76
46.71
47.70
48.73
49.79
50.88
52.00
53.15
54.32
55.52
56.74
57.98
59.24

25.69
25.90
26.12
26.36
26.62
26.89
27.18
27.48
27.80
28.12
28.47
28.82
29.18
29.56
29.94
30.34
30.74
31.15
31.57

1040 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.064
0.066
0.068
0.070
0.072
0.074
0.076
0.078
0.080
0.082
0.084
0.086
0.088
0.090
0.092
0.094
0.096
0.098
0.100
0.102
0.104
0.106
0.108
0.110
0.112
0.114
0.116
0.118
0.120
0.122
0.124
0.126
0.128
0.130
0.132
0.134
0.136
0.138
0.140
0.142
0.144
0.146
0.148
0.150
0.152
0.154
0.156
0.158
0.160
0.162
0.164
0.166

75.63
75.05
74.47
73.89
73.31
72.73
72.15
71.57
70.99
70.41
69.83
69.25
68.67
68.09
67.51
66.93
66.35
65.78
65.20
64.62
64.04
63.46
62.88
62.30
61.72
61.14
60.56
59.98
59.40
58.82
58.24
57.66
57.08
56.50
55.93
55.35
54.77
54.19
53.61
53.03
52.45
51.87
51.29
50.71
50.13
49.55
48.97
48.39
47.81
47.23
46.66
46.08

1.032
1.086
1.142
1.198
1.254
1.311
1.368
1.425
1.482
1.539
1.596
1.653
1.709
1.766
1.822
1.877
1.932
1.986
2.039
2.092
2.143
2.194
2.244
2.292
2.340
2.386
2.431
2.474
2.516
2.556
2.595
2.632
2.668
2.701
2.733
2.763
2.791
2.817
2.841
2.862
2.882
2.899
2.914
2.927
2.938
2.946
2.951
2.955
2.956
2.954
2.950
2.943

27.282
27.584
27.846
28.068
28.249
28.389
28.489
28.548
28.565
28.542
28.478
28.372
28.226
28.040
27.813
27.545
27.238
26.891
26.504
26.079
25.615
25.113
24.573
23.997
23.384
22.735
22.051
21.333
20.581
19.795
18.978
18.129
17.250
16.341
15.403
14.438
13.446
12.427
11.384
10.318
9.228
8.117
6.986
5.835
4.666
3.480
2.278
1.061
-0.169
-1.411
-2.664
-3.927

160.9662
141.0234
120.9391
100.7334
80.4266
60.0391
39.5914
19.1039
-1.4028
-21.9080
-42.3913
-62.8320
-83.2097
-103.5038
-123.6941
-143.7603
-163.6821
-183.4398
-203.0133
-222.3831
-241.5297
-260.4339
-279.0768
-297.4396
-315.5039
-333.2516
-350.6649
-367.7262
-384.4186
-400.7251
-416.6295
-432.1158
-447.1684
-461.7723
-475.9127
-489.5756
-502.7471
-515.4142
-527.5639
-539.1843
-550.2635
-560.7905
-570.7548
-580.1462
-588.9555
-597.1737
-604.7926
-611.8046
-618.2026
-623.9802
-629.1316
-633.6517

60.52
61.81
63.12
64.43
65.76
67.09
68.43
69.78
71.12
72.47
73.81
75.15
76.48
77.81
79.12
80.43
81.72
82.99
84.25
85.49
86.70
87.90
89.07
90.21
91.33
92.42
93.47
94.49
95.48
96.43
97.34
98.22
99.05
99.84
100.59
101.29
101.95
102.56
103.12
103.63
104.09
104.50
104.86
105.16
105.41
105.60
105.73
105.81
105.83
105.80
105.70
105.54

32.00
32.43
32.86
33.30
33.75
34.19
34.64
35.09
35.55
36.00
36.45
36.90
37.34
37.79
38.23
38.66
39.09
39.52
39.93
40.34
40.75
41.14
41.52
41.90
42.26
42.61
42.95
43.28
43.59
43.89
44.18
44.45
44.70
44.94
45.16
45.36
45.55
45.72
45.87
46.00
46.11
46.20
46.27
46.32
46.35
46.35
46.34
46.30
46.24
46.16
46.06
45.93

*

1041 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.168
0.170
0.172
0.174
0.176
0.178
0.180
0.182
0.184
0.186
0.188
0.190
0.192
0.194
0.196
0.198
0.200
0.202
0.204
0.206
0.208
0.210
0.212
0.214
0.216
0.218
0.220
0.222
0.224
0.226
0.228
0.230
0.232
0.234
0.236
0.238
0.240
0.242
0.244
0.246
0.248
0.250
0.252
0.254
0.256
0.258
0.260
0.262
0.264
0.266
0.268
0.270

45.50
44.92
44.34
43.76
43.18
42.60
42.02
41.44
40.86
40.28
39.70
39.12
38.54
37.96
37.38
36.81
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23

2.934
2.923
2.908
2.892
2.872
2.850
2.826
2.799
2.769
2.736
2.702
2.664
2.624
2.582
2.537
2.489
2.439
2.386
2.332
2.274
2.215
2.153
2.089
2.023
1.955
1.885
1.814
1.740
1.664
1.587
1.509
1.428
1.347
1.264
1.180
1.094
1.008
0.920
0.832
0.742
0.652
0.562
0.470
0.379
0.286
0.194
0.101
0.009
-0.084
-0.177
-0.269
-0.361

-5.198
-6.477
-7.761
-9.049
-10.341
-11.635
-12.930
-14.224
-15.516
-16.805
-18.089
-19.368
-20.639
-21.902
-23.156
-24.398
-25.628
-26.839
-28.023
-29.179
-30.305
-31.402
-32.466
-33.498
-34.496
-35.460
-36.388
-37.280
-38.134
-38.950
-39.727
-40.464
-41.161
-41.816
-42.429
-42.999
-43.527
-44.010
-44.450
-44.845
-45.195
-45.499
-45.758
-45.971
-46.138
-46.259
-46.333
-46.361
-46.342
-46.276
-46.164
-46.006

-637.5358
-640.7802
-643.3815
-645.3371
-646.6451
-647.3042
-647.3136
-646.6735
-645.3843
-643.4476
-640.8650
-637.6394
-633.7738
-629.2722
-624.1391
-618.3797
-611.9996
-598.8328
-585.0651
-570.7102
-555.7825
-540.2972
-524.2695
-507.7158
-490.6526
-473.0969
-455.0665
-436.5794
-417.6542
-398.3098
-378.5657
-358.4417
-337.9580
-317.1351
-295.9940
-274.5558
-252.8421
-230.8746
-208.6755
-186.2669
-163.6714
-140.9117
-118.0105
-94.9910
-71.8761
-48.6890
-25.4531
-2.1917
21.0720
44.3145
67.5125
90.6428

105.33
105.05
104.72
104.32
103.87
103.35
102.77
102.13
101.43
100.67
99.85
98.97
98.02
97.02
95.96
94.84
93.66
92.43
91.13
89.79
88.39
86.93
85.43
83.88
82.27
80.63
78.93
77.20
75.42
73.61
71.75
69.87
67.94
65.99
64.01
61.99
59.96
57.89
55.81
53.71
51.59
49.45
47.30
45.14
42.97
40.80
38.61
36.43
34.25
32.07
29.89
27.72

45.78
45.61
45.42
45.20
44.95
44.69
44.40
44.09
43.75
43.39
43.01
42.60
42.17
41.72
41.24
40.75
40.23
39.75
39.25
38.73
38.19
37.64
37.06
36.46
35.84
35.21
34.56
33.89
33.20
32.50
31.79
31.06
30.32
29.57
28.81
28.03
27.25
26.46
25.65
24.84
24.03
23.20
22.38
21.55
20.71
19.87
19.03
18.19
17.35
16.51
15.67
14.84

1042 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.272
0.274
0.276
0.278
0.280
0.282
0.284
0.286
0.288
0.290
0.292
0.294
0.296
0.298
0.300
0.302
0.304
0.306
0.308
0.310
0.312
0.314
0.316
0.318
0.320
0.322
0.324
0.326
0.328
0.330
0.332
0.334
0.336
0.338
0.340
0.342
0.344
0.346
0.348
0.350
0.352
0.354
0.356
0.358
0.360
0.362
0.364
0.366
0.368
0.370
0.372
0.374

36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23

-0.453
-0.544
-0.635
-0.725
-0.815
-0.903
-0.991
-1.078
-1.164
-1.248
-1.331
-1.413
-1.494
-1.573
-1.650
-1.726
-1.800
-1.872
-1.942
-2.011
-2.077
-2.141
-2.203
-2.263
-2.321
-2.376
-2.429
-2.480
-2.528
-2.573
-2.616
-2.656
-2.694
-2.729
-2.761
-2.790
-2.817
-2.841
-2.862
-2.880
-2.895
-2.907
-2.916
-2.923
-2.926
-2.927
-2.924
-2.919
-2.911
-2.899
-2.885
-2.868

-45.802
-45.552
-45.256
-44.914
-44.528
-44.097
-43.621
-43.102
-42.539
-41.934
-41.287
-40.598
-39.869
-39.100
-38.291
-37.444
-36.559
-35.638
-34.681
-33.689
-32.663
-31.605
-30.514
-29.393
-28.243
-27.064
-25.859
-24.627
-23.370
-22.090
-20.788
-19.465
-18.123
-16.762
-15.384
-13.991
-12.584
-11.165
-9.734
-8.293
-6.844
-5.388
-3.927
-2.462
-0.994
0.474
1.942
3.409
4.871
6.329
7.781
9.224

113.6821
136.6073
159.3954
182.0236
204.4691
226.7094
248.7222
270.4854
291.9771
313.1759
334.0603
354.6095
374.8028
394.6200
414.0412
433.0468
451.6179
469.7358
487.3822
504.5396
521.1906
537.3186
552.9073
567.9412
582.4051
596.2846
609.5656
622.2349
634.2798
645.6882
656.4485
666.5501
675.9828
684.7371
692.8042
700.1761
706.8453
712.8051
718.0496
722.5735
726.3723
729.4421
731.7799
733.3833
734.2508
734.3813
733.7749
732.4321
730.3543
727.5435
724.0026
719.7352

25.56
23.41
21.27
19.14
17.04
14.95
12.88
10.84
8.82
6.83
4.87
2.95
1.05
-0.81
-2.63
-4.42
-6.16
-7.86
-9.51
-11.12
-12.69
-14.20
-15.66
-17.08
-18.43
-19.74
-20.98
-22.17
-23.30
-24.37
-25.38
-26.33
-27.21
-28.04
-28.79
-29.49
-30.11
-30.67
-31.16
-31.59
-31.94
-32.23
-32.45
-32.60
-32.68
-32.70
-32.64
-32.51
-32.32
-32.05
-31.72
-31.32

14.01
13.18
12.35
11.54
10.73
9.92
9.13
8.34
7.56
6.80
6.04
5.30
4.57
3.85
3.15
2.47
1.80
1.14
0.50
-0.12
-0.72
-1.30
-1.86
-2.41
-2.93
-3.43
-3.91
-4.37
-4.80
-5.22
-5.61
-5.97
-6.31
-6.63
-6.92
-7.19
-7.43
-7.64
-7.83
-8.00
-8.13
-8.24
-8.33
-8.39
-8.42
-8.42
-8.40
-8.35
-8.28
-8.17
-8.05
-7.89

1043 of 1089

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.376
0.378
0.380
0.382
0.384
0.386
0.388
0.390
0.392
0.394
0.396
0.398
0.400
0.402
0.404
0.406
0.408
0.410
0.412
0.414
0.416
0.418
0.420
0.422
0.424
0.426
0.428
0.430
0.432
0.434
0.436
0.438
0.440
0.442
0.444
0.446
0.448
0.450
0.452
0.454
0.456
0.458
0.460
0.462
0.464
0.466
0.468
0.470
0.472
0.474
0.476
0.478
0.480
0.482
0.484
0.486
0.488
0.490
0.492
0.494

36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23

-2.848
-2.826
-2.800
-2.772
-2.741
-2.707
-2.670
-2.631
-2.589
-2.544
-2.497
-2.447
-2.395
-2.341
-2.284
-2.225
-2.164
-2.100
-2.034
-1.967
-1.897
-1.826
-1.752
-1.677
-1.600
-1.522
-1.442
-1.360
-1.278
-1.194
-1.108
-1.022
-0.935
-0.846
-0.757
-0.667
-0.577
-0.485
-0.394
-0.302
-0.209
-0.117
-0.024
0.069
0.161
0.254
0.346
0.438
0.529
0.620
0.710
0.800
0.889
0.977
1.064
1.149
1.234
1.318
1.400
1.480

10.659
12.083
13.494
14.893
16.276
17.643
18.992
20.322
21.631
22.919
24.184
25.425
26.640
27.829
28.989
30.121
31.222
32.292
33.329
34.333
35.303
36.237
37.135
37.995
38.818
39.601
40.345
41.048
41.710
42.330
42.908
43.442
43.933
44.380
44.782
45.140
45.452
45.719
45.939
46.114
46.242
46.324
46.359
46.348
46.290
46.186
46.036
45.839
45.596
45.308
44.974
44.595
44.171
43.703
43.191
42.636
42.038
41.397
40.716
39.993

714.7454
709.0384
702.6198
695.4961
687.6744
679.1626
669.9693
660.1035
649.5754
638.3954
626.5747
614.1252
601.0594
587.3904
573.1319
558.2983
542.9044
526.9656
510.4981
493.5182
476.0430
458.0901
439.6775
420.8237
401.5475
381.8684
361.8060
341.3806
320.6125
299.5227
278.1324
256.4629
234.5360
212.3738
189.9984
167.4324
144.6983
121.8190
98.8175
75.7168
52.5401
29.3107
6.0519
-17.2130
-40.4606
-63.6676
-86.8108
-109.8668
-132.8125
-155.6250
-178.2813
-200.7586
-223.0345
-245.0866
-266.8927
-288.4310
-309.6798
-330.6179
-351.2241
-371.4779

-30.85
-30.32
-29.71
-29.05
-28.31
-27.51
-26.65
-25.72
-24.74
-23.69
-22.58
-21.41
-20.18
-18.90
-17.56
-16.17
-14.73
-13.23
-11.68
-10.09
-8.45
-6.77
-5.04
-3.27
-1.46
0.39
2.27
4.19
6.14
8.12
10.12
12.16
14.21
16.29
18.39
20.51
22.65
24.79
26.95
29.12
31.30
33.48
35.66
37.84
40.02
42.20
44.37
46.54
48.69
50.83
52.96
55.07
57.16
59.23
61.27
63.30
65.29
67.25
69.19
71.09

-7.71
-7.51
-7.27
-7.02
-6.73
-6.43
-6.09
-5.74
-5.36
-4.95
-4.53
-4.08
-3.60
-3.11
-2.60
-2.06
-1.50
-0.93
-0.33
0.28
0.91
1.56
2.23
2.91
3.60
4.32
5.04
5.78
6.53
7.29
8.06
8.85
9.64
10.44
11.25
12.06
12.88
13.71
14.54
15.38
16.21
17.05
17.89
18.73
19.57
20.41
21.25
22.08
22.91
23.74
24.55
25.37
26.17
26.97
27.76
28.53
29.30
30.06
30.80
31.54

1044 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.496
0.498
0.500
0.502
0.504
0.506
0.508
0.510
0.512
0.514
0.516
0.518
0.520
0.522
0.524
0.526
0.528
0.530
0.532
0.534
0.536
0.538
0.540
0.542
0.544
0.546
0.548
0.550
0.552
0.554
0.556
0.558
0.560
0.562
0.564
0.566
0.568
0.570
0.572
0.574
0.576
0.578
0.580
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.592
0.594
0.596
0.598
0.600
0.602
0.604
0.606
0.608
0.610
0.612
0.614
0.616

force
(kips)
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23

y
(in)
1.560
1.637
1.713
1.788
1.860
1.931
1.999
2.066
2.131
2.193
2.254
2.312
2.367
2.421
2.472
2.520
2.566
2.609
2.650
2.688
2.723
2.756
2.786
2.813
2.837
2.858
2.877
2.892
2.905
2.915
2.922
2.926
2.927
2.925
2.920
2.912
2.901
2.888
2.871
2.852
2.830
2.805
2.777
2.746
2.712
2.676
2.637
2.596
2.552
2.505
2.456
2.404
2.350
2.294
2.235
2.174
2.111
2.045
1.978
1.909
1.838

v
(in/sec)
39.230
38.428
37.587
36.709
35.793
34.842
33.856
32.836
31.782
30.697
29.582
28.436
27.262
26.060
24.833
23.580
22.304
21.006
19.686
18.347
16.989
15.614
14.224
12.819
11.401
9.972
8.533
7.085
5.630
4.170
2.705
1.238
-0.230
-1.699
-3.165
-4.629
-6.088
-7.540
-8.986
-10.422
-11.847
-13.261
-14.662
-16.047
-17.417
-18.769
-20.102
-21.416
-22.707
-23.976
-25.221
-26.440
-27.633
-28.799
-29.935
-31.041
-32.116
-33.159
-34.169
-35.144
-36.084

a
(in/sec2)
-391.3589
-410.8471
-429.9231
-448.5676
-466.7619
-484.4878
-501.7275
-518.4637
-534.6796
-550.3589
-565.4859
-580.0454
-594.0228
-607.4041
-620.1758
-632.3251
-643.8399
-654.7085
-664.9201
-674.4644
-683.3319
-691.5136
-699.0014
-705.7876
-711.8656
-717.2292
-721.8730
-725.7924
-728.9834
-731.4428
-733.1682
-734.1578
-734.4107
-733.9265
-732.7058
-730.7498
-728.0605
-724.6405
-720.4933
-715.6231
-710.0347
-703.7337
-696.7265
-689.0201
-680.6223
-671.5414
-661.7865
-651.3676
-640.2949
-628.5797
-616.2337
-603.2693
-589.6995
-575.5378
-560.7986
-545.4966
-529.6472
-513.2662
-496.3701
-478.9760
-461.1011

resistance
(kips)
72.96
74.78
76.57
78.32
80.03
81.70
83.31
84.88
86.41
87.88
89.30
90.66
91.98
93.23
94.43
95.57
96.65
97.67
98.63
99.52
100.36
101.12
101.83
102.46
103.03
103.54
103.97
104.34
104.64
104.87
105.03
105.13
105.15
105.11
104.99
104.81
104.55
104.23
103.84
103.39
102.86
102.27
101.61
100.89
100.10
99.25
98.33
97.36
96.32
95.22
94.06
92.84
91.57
90.24
88.86
87.42
85.93
84.40
82.81
81.18
79.50

reaction
(kips)
32.25
32.96
33.65
34.32
34.98
35.62
36.24
36.85
37.43
38.00
38.55
39.07
39.58
40.06
40.52
40.96
41.38
41.77
42.14
42.48
42.80
43.10
43.37
43.61
43.83
44.03
44.20
44.34
44.45
44.54
44.60
44.64
44.65
44.63
44.59
44.52
44.42
44.30
44.15
43.97
43.77
43.54
43.29
43.01
42.71
42.38
42.02
41.65
41.25
40.83
40.38
39.91
39.42
38.91
38.38
37.82
37.25
36.66
36.05
35.42
34.77

1045 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.618
0.620
0.622
0.624
0.626
0.628
0.630
0.632
0.634
0.636
0.638
0.640
0.642
0.644
0.646
0.648
0.650
0.652
0.654
0.656
0.658
0.660
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.668
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.676
0.678
0.680
0.682
0.684
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.696
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.712
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.722
0.724
0.726
0.728
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.736
0.738

force
(kips)
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23

y
(in)
1.764
1.690
1.613
1.535
1.455
1.374
1.292
1.208
1.123
1.036
0.949
0.861
0.772
0.682
0.592
0.501
0.409
0.317
0.225
0.132
0.040
-0.053
-0.146
-0.238
-0.331
-0.423
-0.514
-0.605
-0.696
-0.785
-0.874
-0.962
-1.049
-1.135
-1.220
-1.304
-1.386
-1.467
-1.547
-1.625
-1.701
-1.775
-1.848
-1.919
-1.988
-2.055
-2.120
-2.183
-2.244
-2.302
-2.358
-2.412
-2.463
-2.512
-2.558
-2.602
-2.643
-2.682
-2.718
-2.751
-2.781

v
(in/sec)
-36.988
-37.855
-38.684
-39.474
-40.224
-40.934
-41.603
-42.230
-42.815
-43.356
-43.855
-44.309
-44.719
-45.084
-45.403
-45.677
-45.906
-46.088
-46.224
-46.313
-46.357
-46.353
-46.303
-46.207
-46.064
-45.875
-45.640
-45.359
-45.033
-44.661
-44.245
-43.784
-43.279
-42.731
-42.140
-41.507
-40.832
-40.116
-39.359
-38.564
-37.729
-36.857
-35.948
-35.002
-34.022
-33.007
-31.959
-30.880
-29.769
-28.628
-27.459
-26.262
-25.038
-23.790
-22.518
-21.223
-19.906
-18.570
-17.215
-15.843
-14.455

a
(in/sec2)
-442.7635
-423.9816
-404.7741
-385.1605
-365.1604
-344.7937
-324.0811
-303.0432
-281.7013
-260.0766
-238.1909
-216.0662
-193.7246
-171.1887
-148.4809
-125.6241
-102.6413
-79.5555
-56.3898
-33.1675
-9.9120
13.3535
36.6056
59.8210
82.9763
106.0484
129.0140
151.8502
174.5340
197.0426
219.3535
241.4442
263.2927
284.8769
306.1752
327.1663
347.8291
368.1427
388.0870
407.6417
426.7874
445.5048
463.7751
481.5799
498.9015
515.7224
532.0258
547.7952
563.0149
577.6696
591.7446
605.2257
618.0995
630.3529
641.9738
652.9504
663.2718
672.9275
681.9079
690.2040
697.8074

resistance
(kips)
77.78
76.02
74.21
72.37
70.50
68.59
66.64
64.67
62.66
60.63
58.58
56.50
54.41
52.29
50.16
48.02
45.86
43.69
41.52
39.34
37.16
34.97
32.79
30.61
28.44
26.27
24.12
21.97
19.85
17.73
15.64
13.57
11.52
9.49
7.49
5.52
3.58
1.68
-0.20
-2.03
-3.83
-5.58
-7.30
-8.97
-10.60
-12.17
-13.70
-15.18
-16.61
-17.99
-19.31
-20.57
-21.78
-22.93
-24.02
-25.05
-26.02
-26.93
-27.77
-28.55
-29.26

reaction
(kips)
34.11
33.43
32.74
32.03
31.31
30.57
29.82
29.06
28.29
27.51
26.72
25.92
25.11
24.30
23.48
22.65
21.82
20.99
20.15
19.31
18.47
17.63
16.79
15.95
15.11
14.28
13.45
12.63
11.81
10.99
10.19
9.39
8.60
7.82
7.05
6.29
5.55
4.81
4.09
3.38
2.69
2.02
1.36
0.71
0.09
-0.52
-1.11
-1.68
-2.23
-2.76
-3.27
-3.76
-4.22
-4.66
-5.08
-5.48
-5.85
-6.20
-6.53
-6.83
-7.10

1046 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.764
0.766
0.768
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.784
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.792
0.794
0.796
0.798
0.800
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.808
0.810
0.812
0.814
0.816
0.818
0.820
0.822
0.824
0.826
0.828
0.830
0.832
0.834
0.836
0.838
0.840
0.842
0.844
0.846
0.848
0.850
0.852
0.854
0.856
0.858
0.860

force
(kips)
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23

y
(in)
-2.808
-2.833
-2.855
-2.874
-2.890
-2.903
-2.914
-2.921
-2.925
-2.927
-2.925
-2.921
-2.914
-2.903
-2.890
-2.874
-2.855
-2.834
-2.809
-2.781
-2.751
-2.718
-2.682
-2.644
-2.603
-2.559
-2.513
-2.464
-2.413
-2.359
-2.303
-2.245
-2.184
-2.121
-2.056
-1.989
-1.920
-1.850
-1.777
-1.702
-1.626
-1.548
-1.469
-1.388
-1.305
-1.222
-1.137
-1.051
-0.964
-0.876
-0.787
-0.697
-0.607
-0.516
-0.424
-0.332
-0.240
-0.148
-0.055
0.038
0.131

v
(in/sec)
-13.053
-11.637
-10.210
-8.772
-7.326
-5.872
-4.413
-2.949
-1.482
-0.013
1.455
2.922
4.386
5.846
7.300
8.746
10.184
11.612
13.027
14.430
15.818
17.191
18.546
19.883
21.199
22.494
23.767
25.016
26.240
27.437
28.607
29.748
30.860
31.940
32.989
34.004
34.985
35.931
36.841
37.714
38.549
39.345
40.102
40.819
41.495
42.129
42.721
43.270
43.775
44.237
44.654
45.026
45.353
45.635
45.871
46.061
46.205
46.302
46.353
46.357
46.315

a
(in/sec2)
704.7105
710.9065
716.3890
721.1525
725.1924
728.5045
731.0855
732.9328
734.0446
734.4197
734.0578
732.9593
731.1252
728.5573
725.2584
721.2316
716.4810
711.0113
704.8282
697.9377
690.3468
682.0631
673.0949
663.4512
653.1418
642.1768
630.5675
618.3253
605.4626
591.9922
577.9278
563.2834
548.0737
532.3140
516.0201
499.2084
481.8957
464.0993
445.8372
427.1277
407.9896
388.4420
368.5046
348.1974
327.5407
306.5554
285.2624
263.6831
241.8392
219.7526
197.4455
174.9402
152.2594
129.4258
106.4623
83.3919
60.2379
37.0234
13.7717
-9.4937
-32.7497

resistance
(kips)
-29.91
-30.49
-31.01
-31.45
-31.83
-32.14
-32.39
-32.56
-32.66
-32.70
-32.67
-32.56
-32.39
-32.15
-31.84
-31.46
-31.02
-30.50
-29.92
-29.28
-28.56
-27.79
-26.94
-26.04
-25.07
-24.04
-22.95
-21.80
-20.60
-19.33
-18.01
-16.64
-15.21
-13.73
-12.20
-10.62
-9.00
-7.33
-5.62
-3.86
-2.06
-0.23
1.64
3.55
5.49
7.46
9.45
11.48
13.53
15.60
17.70
19.81
21.94
24.08
26.23
28.40
30.57
32.75
34.93
37.12
39.30

reaction
(kips)
-7.35
-7.57
-7.77
-7.94
-8.09
-8.21
-8.30
-8.37
-8.41
-8.42
-8.41
-8.37
-8.30
-8.21
-8.09
-7.95
-7.78
-7.58
-7.35
-7.11
-6.83
-6.53
-6.21
-5.86
-5.49
-5.09
-4.67
-4.23
-3.76
-3.28
-2.77
-2.24
-1.69
-1.12
-0.53
0.08
0.70
1.34
2.00
2.68
3.37
4.08
4.80
5.53
6.28
7.04
7.81
8.59
9.37
10.17
10.98
11.79
12.61
13.44
14.27
15.10
15.94
16.78
17.62
18.46
19.30

1047 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.862
0.864
0.866
0.868
0.870
0.872
0.874
0.876
0.878
0.880
0.882
0.884
0.886
0.888
0.890
0.892
0.894
0.896
0.898
0.900
0.902
0.904
0.906
0.908
0.910
0.912
0.914
0.916
0.918
0.920
0.922
0.924
0.926
0.928
0.930
0.932
0.934
0.936
0.938
0.940
0.942
0.944
0.946
0.948
0.950
0.952
0.954
0.956
0.958
0.960
0.962
0.964
0.966
0.968
0.970
0.972
0.974
0.976
0.978
0.980
0.982

force
(kips)
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23

y
(in)
0.223
0.315
0.407
0.499
0.590
0.681
0.770
0.859
0.948
1.035
1.121
1.206
1.290
1.373
1.454
1.534
1.612
1.688
1.763
1.836
1.908
1.977
2.044
2.110
2.173
2.234
2.293
2.349
2.403
2.455
2.504
2.551
2.595
2.637
2.676
2.712
2.745
2.776
2.804
2.829
2.852
2.871
2.888
2.901
2.912
2.920
2.925
2.927
2.926
2.922
2.915
2.905
2.893
2.877
2.859
2.837
2.813
2.786
2.756
2.724
2.689

v
(in/sec)
46.226
46.091
45.909
45.682
45.409
45.090
44.726
44.317
43.863
43.366
42.825
42.241
41.614
40.946
40.237
39.488
38.698
37.870
37.004
36.101
35.162
34.187
33.178
32.135
31.061
29.955
28.819
27.655
26.462
25.243
23.999
22.730
21.439
20.126
18.793
17.441
16.072
14.687
13.286
11.873
10.447
9.011
7.566
6.114
4.655
3.192
1.725
0.257
-1.212
-2.679
-4.144
-5.604
-7.059
-8.507
-9.946
-11.375
-12.793
-14.198
-15.589
-16.964
-18.322

a
(in/sec2)
-55.9727
-79.1396
-102.2271
-125.2120
-148.0712
-170.7819
-193.3211
-215.6664
-237.7952
-259.6854
-281.3149
-302.6622
-323.7057
-344.4244
-364.7974
-384.8043
-404.4251
-423.6400
-442.4297
-460.7755
-478.6588
-496.0618
-512.9669
-529.3573
-545.2164
-560.5284
-575.2779
-589.4500
-603.0306
-616.0061
-628.3633
-640.0900
-651.1743
-661.6051
-671.3719
-680.4650
-688.8752
-696.5941
-703.6139
-709.9277
-715.5289
-720.4121
-724.5724
-728.0055
-730.7080
-732.6772
-733.9111
-734.4085
-734.1689
-733.1925
-731.4803
-729.0341
-725.8562
-721.9499
-717.3190
-711.9684
-705.9032
-699.1296
-691.6544
-683.4851
-674.6299

resistance
(kips)
41.48
43.65
45.82
47.98
50.12
52.25
54.37
56.47
58.54
60.60
62.63
64.63
66.61
68.55
70.46
72.34
74.18
75.98
77.75
79.47
81.15
82.78
84.37
85.91
87.39
88.83
90.22
91.55
92.82
94.04
95.20
96.30
97.34
98.32
99.23
100.09
100.88
101.60
102.26
102.85
103.38
103.84
104.23
104.55
104.80
104.99
105.10
105.15
105.13
105.04
104.88
104.65
104.35
103.98
103.55
103.04
102.48
101.84
101.14
100.37
99.54

reaction
(kips)
20.14
20.97
21.81
22.64
23.46
24.28
25.10
25.91
26.71
27.50
28.28
29.05
29.81
30.56
31.29
32.02
32.73
33.42
34.10
34.76
35.41
36.04
36.65
37.24
37.81
38.37
38.90
39.41
39.90
40.37
40.82
41.24
41.64
42.02
42.37
42.70
43.00
43.28
43.54
43.76
43.97
44.14
44.29
44.42
44.52
44.59
44.63
44.65
44.64
44.60
44.54
44.45
44.34
44.20
44.03
43.84
43.62
43.37
43.10
42.81
42.49

1048 of 1089

Time
(sec)
0.984
0.986
0.988
0.990
0.992
0.994
0.996
0.998
1.000
1.002
1.004
1.006
1.008
1.010
1.012
1.014
1.016
1.018
1.020
1.022
1.024
1.026
1.028
1.030
1.032
1.034
1.036
1.038
1.040
1.042
1.044
1.046
1.048
1.050
1.052
1.054
1.056
1.058
1.060
1.062
1.064
1.066
1.068
1.070
1.072
1.074
1.076
1.078
1.080

force
(kips)
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23
36.23

y
(in)
2.651
2.610
2.567
2.521
2.472
2.422
2.368
2.313
2.255
2.194
2.132
2.067
2.001
1.932
1.861
1.789
1.715
1.639
1.561
1.482
1.401
1.319
1.236
1.151
1.065
0.978
0.890
0.802
0.712
0.622
0.531
0.439
0.348
0.255
0.163
0.070
-0.022
-0.115
-0.208
-0.300
-0.392
-0.484
-0.575
-0.666
-0.756
-0.845
-0.933
-1.020
-1.107

v
(in/sec)
-19.662
-20.982
-22.281
-23.558
-24.811
-26.039
-27.241
-28.415
-29.561
-30.678
-31.763
-32.817
-33.838
-34.825
-35.776
-36.692
-37.572
-38.413
-39.216
-39.979
-40.703
-41.385
-42.027
-42.625
-43.182
-43.694
-44.163
-44.588
-44.968
-45.302
-45.592
-45.835
-46.033
-46.184
-46.289
-46.347
-46.359
-46.325
-46.244
-46.116
-45.943
-45.723
-45.457
-45.146
-44.789
-44.388
-43.942
-43.451
-42.918

a
(in/sec2)
-665.0976
-654.8979
-644.0410
-632.5377
-620.3997
-607.6391
-594.2687
-580.3018
-565.7527
-550.6357
-534.9662
-518.7598
-502.0329
-484.8021
-467.0847
-448.8987
-430.2621
-411.1938
-391.7128
-371.8387
-351.5914
-330.9913
-310.0590
-288.8156
-267.2824
-245.4809
-223.4330
-201.1609
-178.6870
-156.0337
-133.2239
-110.2803
-87.2261
-64.0843
-40.8783
-17.6312
5.6336
28.8928
52.1229
75.3007
98.4030
121.4065
144.2882
167.0251
189.5943
211.9733
234.1396
256.0709
277.7452

resistance
(kips)
98.65
97.69
96.67
95.59
94.45
93.25
92.00
90.69
89.32
87.90
86.43
84.91
83.34
81.72
80.06
78.36
76.61
74.82
72.99
71.12
69.22
67.29
65.33
63.33
61.31
59.26
57.20
55.11
53.00
50.87
48.73
46.58
44.41
42.24
40.06
37.88
35.70
33.51
31.33
29.16
26.99
24.83
22.68
20.55
18.43
16.33
14.25
12.19
10.16

reaction
(kips)
42.14
41.78
41.38
40.97
40.53
40.07
39.59
39.08
38.55
38.01
37.44
36.86
36.25
35.63
34.99
34.33
33.66
32.97
32.27
31.55
30.82
30.07
29.32
28.55
27.77
26.98
26.19
25.38
24.57
23.75
22.93
22.10
21.26
20.43
19.59
18.75
17.91
17.07
16.23
15.39
14.56
13.73
12.90
12.08
11.26
10.45
9.65
8.86
8.08

1049 of 1089

Displacement vs. Time
4.000
3.000

Displacement (in)

2.000
1.000
0.000
-1.000
-2.000
-3.000
-4.000
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600

0.800

1.000

1.200

0.800

1.000

1.200

Time (sec)

Resistance vs. Time
120.00
100.00

Resistance (kips)

80.00
60.00
40.00
20.00
0.00
-20.00
-40.00
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600
Time (sec)

1050 of 1089

Force vs. Time
100.00
90.00

Applied Force (kips)

80.00
70.00
60.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.80

1.00

1.20

Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
50.00
40.00

Reaction (kips)

30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00
-10.00
-20.00
0.00

0.20

0.40

0.60
Time (sec)

1051 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

PRECAST ROOF PANEL DOUBLE TEE BEAM
CROSS SECTION ; SS # 2

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

BI-3039
REPLACEMENT OF SUBSTATION 472, 321 & F07, ABU ALI
CROSS SECTION PROPERTIES, SUBSTATION # 2

of 3
6/6/2004
MGG
SAK

PRECAST ROOF PANEL DOUBLE TEE BEAM CROSS SECTION
1245
203

1
150

YTOP
N. A.

500

2
153

SECTION

ELEMENT
1
2

AREA (A)
186750
89000

TOTAL

275750

Y
75.00
388.30

AxY
14006250
34558333.33

Io
3.5E+08
1.8E+09

48564583.33

2.2E+09

YTOP =
=

48564583.33
275750
176.1181626 MM
4

Ix =

8.1084E+09

MM

Ix =

0.0081

M4

D
101.118
212.178

A x D2
1909496864
4006725161
5916222025

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
DOUBLE ROOF TEE BEAM PROPERTIES, SS #2

DESIGN LOADS ( UNFACTORED ) :
Roof Dead Load
DESIGN STRESSES :
Conc., fc'
Reinf., fy

=
=

2
8.210 KN/m
171.47 psf

=
=

34.5 Mpa
414 Mpa

PANEL DATA : (CONSIDER HALF WIDTH)
Panel Width, width
=
1250
Flange Thickness
=
150
Web Depth
=
500
Total Depth, dt
=
650
Panel Span
=
10220

CHECK DYNAMIC REQUIRED RESISTANCE:
Design overpressure,
Blast time duration,

of
3-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

CONFIGURATION :
1250.00

mm

97.5

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

(
(
(
(
(

49.21
5.91
19.69
25.59
402.36

Ps
Td

f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'c (for bending)
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'c (for shear)
f'dy = (SIF) x (DIF) x fy
Modulus of Elasticity,
Edc = 57000 x (f'c) 1 / 2

in
in
in
in
in

)
)
)
)
)

=
=

1.96
200

=
=
=
=

5954.3
5504.0
77276
4032041

Positive :
25
Area of Bar ( Ø ),
mm Ø
Ab =
No. of Web Main Bar
=
Total Area of Web Rebar PER panel,
A=
Effective Depth,
de =dt =
97.5
Steel ratio,
p = As / b x d =
Stress block,
a = As x fdy / 0.85 x f'dc x b =
Modular ratio,
n = Es / Edc
=
Max. Moment, Mp = Mpc = Mps = As x fdy [ d - a / 2 ]
=
0.5
Shear,
Vn = 2 x b x d x ( f'dc )
=
Resistance at cracked moment,
Ru = 8 x Mp / L
=

0.7609
4.0000
3.0434
21.7520
0.0028
0.9442
7.1940
5004672.4
158834.1
99506
99.506

150

mm

500

mm

153mm

psi
msec

psi
psi
psi
psi

(

(
(
(
(

13.547 kPa )

41 Mpa. )
38 Mpa. )
533 Mpa. )
27801 Mpa.

in2
( 491
in
( 102
in2
( 1963
in
( 553
> 200 / f'dy =
in
( 24

mm2
mm
mm2
mm
0.003
mm )

lb-in
(
565424
lb
( 706 KN
lb
( 442.60 KN
kips >
?
38.91

)

)
)
)
)

KN-m
)
)
O.K!

)

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
DOUBLE ROOF TEE BEAM PROPERTIES, SS #2

Reversal :
20
Area of Bar ( Ø ),
mm Ø
Ab
No. of Flange Rebar
Total Area of Flange Rebar PER panel,
Effective Depth,
de =dt - tf/2
Steel ratio,
p = As / b x d
Stress block,
a = As x fdy / 0.85 x f'dc x b
Modular ratio,
n = Es / Edc
Max. Moment, Mp = Mpc = Mps = As x fdy [ d - a / 2 ]
Shear,
Vn = 2 x b x d x ( f'dc ) 0 . 5
Resistance at cracked moment,
Ru = 8 x Mp / L

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.4869
5.0000
2.4347
22.6378
0.0179
6.1715
7.1940
3678659.5
20233.0
73141
73.141

in2

314

(

mm2

of
3-Jun-04
MGG
SAK

)

2
in2
( 13 mm
)
in
( 575 mm
)
> 200 / f'dy = 0.003
in
( 157 mm )

lb-in
lb
lb
kips

(
415612
( 90 KN
( 325.33 KN

KN-m
)
)

21.8944
3.9769
7949.39

in2
in2
in4

2
( 14125 mm
2
( 2566 mm
( 3308786286

)
)
mm4)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

19480.40
9740.20
8844.794
42.0
2.36661
0.06108
0.00000
0.06108
0.72000
0.04398

in4
8108352998
(
in4
4054176499
(
in4
3681481393
(
kips / in
in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
kip-sec2 / in
FROM ASCE TABLE 6.1
kip-sec2 / in

=
=
=

0.20321
0.02032
0.98419

sec
sec

R ini =
=

23.5786
0.5608

kips
in

=

0.2370

degrees

)

Cracked Moment of Inertia:
C = -n x As + [ n x As * ( n x As + 2 x b x d ) ]
I cr = b x C 3 / 3 + n x As * ( d - C ) 2

Moment of Inertia,
Effective Moment of Inertia,
Average Moment of Inertia,
Effective Stiffness,

0.5

n x As =
/b =
=

Ig
0.5 Ig
I a = ( I g + I cr ) / 2
K = 384 x Edc x I a / 5 L 3

Yeild Deflection,
Ye = Ru / K
Total Roof Mass = Roof DL x width x roof span / gravity acc.
Additional Mass =
Total Mass, M
Average Stiffness, mass factor
K LM
Equivalent Mass,
Me = K LM x Beam Mass
Period of Vibration,

tn = 2 x S x ( Me / K ) 0 . 5

Time increment , tn/10
td / tn

Initial Load and Deflection based on Gravity loads:
R ini = Roof DL x Width x Span
Deflection = R ini / K
Rotation T
Total Initiatl Net Loads on member
F(t) = Ps + R ini

¨t

F(t) =

62.4842

kips

;

mm4
mm4
mm4

=

use ¨t

( 104.88 KN
( 14 mm

( 277.93 KN

)
)

)

)
)
)

0.00200

sec

NUMERICAL INTEGRATION METHOD
INPUT

RESULTS
Blast Load History

Stiffness

K

=

Mass

M

=

Tension resistance

Rut

=

Compression resistance

Ruc

=

C

=

Forcing function

Damping co-efficient

F(t)

=

Time start

Ts

=

Time end

Te

=

Time increment

¨t

=

Reaction resistance (R) coeff.

a

=

Reaction force (f) coeff.
Key0

b
Key0

y

42.046 kips / in
0.0440 kip-sec2 / in
99.51 kips

load (kips) time (sec)
62.48

0

23.57858

0.2000

0 kips
0

Length
y max =

62.48 kips
0 sec

r max =
P=

0.603

0.200 sec
0.002 sec

T=

0.407 degrees

=

0.385
0.115

=

0

Rut/Fo =

402.362 in
1.428 in
83.629 kips

1.592

T= < 2 degrees
low response

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.000

62.48

0.000

0.000

884.6042

23.58

16.26

0.002

62.10

0.002

1.759

874.0735

23.65

16.25

0.004

61.71

0.007

3.493

860.2024

23.87

16.29

0.006

61.32

0.016

5.196

843.0441

24.24

16.38

0.008

60.93

0.028

6.862

822.6639

24.75

16.53

0.010

60.54

0.043

8.484

799.1399

25.39

16.74

0.012

60.15

0.062

10.055

772.5619

26.17

16.99

0.014

59.76

0.083

11.571

743.0316

27.08

17.30

0.016

59.37

0.108

13.025

710.6616

28.12

17.65

0.018

58.98

0.135

14.411

675.5758

29.27

18.05

0.020

58.59

0.166

15.724

637.9083

30.54

18.50

0.022

58.20

0.198

16.960

597.8029

31.91

18.98

0.024

57.82

0.233

18.113

555.4130

33.39

19.50

0.026
0.028
0.030
0.032
0.034
0.036
0.038
0.040
0.042
0.044
0.046
0.048
0.050
0.052
0.054
0.056
0.058
0.060
0.062

57.43
57.04
56.65
56.26
55.87
55.48
55.09
54.70
54.31
53.92
53.54
53.15
52.76
52.37
51.98
51.59
51.20
50.81
50.42

0.271
0.310
0.351
0.394
0.438
0.484
0.531
0.578
0.626
0.675
0.723
0.772
0.820
0.868
0.915
0.962
1.007
1.051
1.093

19.180
20.155
21.036
21.818
22.500
23.078
23.549
23.914
24.169
24.314
24.349
24.273
24.086
23.790
23.385
22.873
22.256
21.536
20.716

510.9005
464.4356
416.1958
366.3655
315.1350
262.7003
209.2616
155.0233
100.1925
44.9788
-10.4068
-65.7526
-120.8472
-175.4799
-229.4420
-282.5273
-334.5328
-385.2600
-434.5148

34.96
36.61
38.34
40.15
42.01
43.93
45.89
47.88
49.91
51.95
53.99
56.04
58.07
60.09
62.07
64.02
65.91
67.76
69.53

20.06
20.65
21.28
21.93
22.60
23.29
24.00
24.73
25.46
26.20
26.94
27.69
28.43
29.16
29.87
30.58
31.27
31.93
32.57

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.064
0.066
0.068
0.070
0.072
0.074
0.076
0.078
0.080
0.082
0.084
0.086
0.088
0.090
0.092
0.094
0.096
0.098
0.100
0.102
0.104
0.106
0.108
0.110
0.112
0.114
0.116
0.118
0.120
0.122
0.124
0.126
0.128
0.130
0.132
0.134
0.136
0.138
0.140
0.142
0.144
0.146
0.148
0.150
0.152
0.154
0.156
0.158
0.160
0.162
0.164
0.166

50.03
49.65
49.26
48.87
48.48
48.09
47.70
47.31
46.92
46.53
46.14
45.75
45.37
44.98
44.59
44.20
43.81
43.42
43.03
42.64
42.25
41.86
41.48
41.09
40.70
40.31
39.92
39.53
39.14
38.75
38.36
37.97
37.58
37.20
36.81
36.42
36.03
35.64
35.25
34.86
34.47
34.08
33.69
33.30
32.92
32.53
32.14
31.75
31.36
30.97
30.58
30.19

1.134
1.172
1.209
1.243
1.275
1.304
1.330
1.354
1.374
1.391
1.406
1.416
1.424
1.428
1.428
1.425
1.418
1.408
1.394
1.377
1.356
1.332
1.304
1.273
1.238
1.200
1.160
1.116
1.070
1.020
0.969
0.915
0.858
0.800
0.740
0.679
0.615
0.551
0.486
0.420
0.353
0.286
0.219
0.152
0.085
0.019
-0.047
-0.112
-0.175
-0.237
-0.297
-0.356

19.800
18.790
17.690
16.505
15.240
13.898
12.486
11.009
9.471
7.880
6.241
4.560
2.845
1.100
-0.666
-2.447
-4.236
-6.028
-7.813
-9.587
-11.341
-13.070
-14.767
-16.425
-18.038
-19.599
-21.104
-22.545
-23.918
-25.217
-26.437
-27.575
-28.624
-29.582
-30.444
-31.208
-31.870
-32.428
-32.880
-33.223
-33.458
-33.582
-33.596
-33.499
-33.292
-32.975
-32.549
-32.017
-31.381
-30.642
-29.804
-28.869

-482.1091
-527.8610
-571.5956
-613.1458
-652.3528
-689.0669
-723.1475
-754.4647
-782.8986
-808.3405
-830.6934
-849.8716
-865.8021
-878.4238
-887.6885
-893.5608
-896.0184
-895.0517
-890.6646
-882.8736
-871.7088
-857.2126
-839.4405
-818.4604
-794.3525
-767.2089
-737.1334
-704.2409
-668.6570
-630.5178
-589.9691
-547.1657
-502.2713
-455.4575
-406.9030
-356.7936
-305.3206
-252.6809
-199.0755
-144.7093
-89.7901
-34.5277
20.8666
76.1811
131.2045
185.7265
239.5388
292.4356
344.2149
394.6787
443.6342
490.8944

71.24
72.86
74.40
75.83
77.17
78.39
79.50
80.49
81.35
82.08
82.68
83.13
83.44
83.61
83.63
83.50
83.22
82.79
82.20
81.47
80.59
79.57
78.39
77.08
75.63
74.05
72.34
70.50
68.55
66.48
64.31
62.04
59.67
57.23
54.70
52.11
49.46
46.75
44.01
41.23
38.42
35.60
32.78
29.95
27.15
24.36
21.60
18.89
16.22
13.61
11.07
8.60

33.18
33.76
34.31
34.82
35.29
35.71
36.09
36.43
36.72
36.95
37.14
37.27
37.34
37.36
37.32
37.23
37.08
36.87
36.60
36.27
35.89
35.45
34.95
34.40
33.80
33.14
32.44
31.69
30.89
30.05
29.17
28.25
27.30
26.31
25.29
24.25
23.18
22.10
21.00
19.88
18.76
17.63
16.49
15.36
14.24
13.12
12.01
10.92
9.85
8.80
7.78
6.78

*

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.168
0.170
0.172
0.174
0.176
0.178
0.180
0.182
0.184
0.186
0.188
0.190
0.192
0.194
0.196
0.198
0.200
0.202
0.204
0.206
0.208
0.210
0.212
0.214
0.216
0.218
0.220
0.222
0.224
0.226
0.228
0.230
0.232
0.234
0.236
0.238
0.240
0.242
0.244
0.246
0.248
0.250
0.252
0.254
0.256
0.258
0.260
0.262
0.264
0.266
0.268
0.270

29.80
29.41
29.03
28.64
28.25
27.86
27.47
27.08
26.69
26.30
25.91
25.52
25.13
24.75
24.36
23.97
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58

-0.413
-0.467
-0.520
-0.570
-0.617
-0.661
-0.703
-0.741
-0.776
-0.808
-0.837
-0.862
-0.884
-0.902
-0.917
-0.928
-0.936
-0.940
-0.940
-0.937
-0.930
-0.920
-0.906
-0.889
-0.868
-0.844
-0.817
-0.786
-0.753
-0.717
-0.678
-0.636
-0.592
-0.546
-0.497
-0.447
-0.395
-0.342
-0.287
-0.231
-0.174
-0.117
-0.059
-0.001
0.057
0.115
0.173
0.229
0.285
0.340
0.394
0.446

-27.842
-26.726
-25.526
-24.245
-22.890
-21.465
-19.976
-18.428
-16.827
-15.180
-13.492
-11.771
-10.022
-8.252
-6.469
-4.678
-2.888
-1.095
0.702
2.496
4.281
6.049
7.795
9.510
11.189
12.826
14.413
15.945
17.417
18.821
20.154
21.410
22.584
23.672
24.669
25.572
26.377
27.082
27.683
28.178
28.565
28.844
29.012
29.069
29.015
28.850
28.575
28.191
27.699
27.101
26.400
25.598

536.2785
579.6132
620.7329
659.4804
695.7076
729.2762
760.0577
787.9347
812.8005
834.5601
853.1303
868.4403
880.4314
889.0579
894.2869
896.0982
894.4850
898.2938
898.6698
895.6115
889.1304
879.2515
866.0125
849.4639
829.6691
806.7036
780.6552
751.6235
719.7194
685.0648
647.7922
608.0440
565.9722
521.7374
475.5087
427.4629
377.7835
326.6603
274.2888
220.8691
166.6053
111.7048
56.3775
0.8346
-54.7114
-110.0483
-164.9647
-219.2506
-272.6987
-325.1046
-376.2681
-425.9937

6.22
3.92
1.73
-0.37
-2.35
-4.22
-5.96
-7.57
-9.06
-10.40
-11.61
-12.67
-13.59
-14.36
-14.97
-15.44
-15.76
-15.93
-15.95
-15.81
-15.53
-15.09
-14.51
-13.78
-12.91
-11.90
-10.76
-9.48
-8.08
-6.55
-4.91
-3.16
-1.31
0.63
2.67
4.78
6.96
9.21
11.52
13.86
16.25
18.67
21.10
23.54
25.98
28.42
30.83
33.22
35.57
37.88
40.13
42.31

5.82
4.89
4.00
3.15
2.34
1.58
0.86
0.20
-0.42
-0.98
-1.49
-1.94
-2.34
-2.68
-2.96
-3.19
-3.36
-3.42
-3.43
-3.38
-3.27
-3.10
-2.87
-2.59
-2.26
-1.87
-1.43
-0.94
-0.40
0.19
0.82
1.49
2.21
2.95
3.74
4.55
5.39
6.26
7.14
8.05
8.97
9.90
10.83
11.78
12.72
13.65
14.58
15.50
16.41
17.29
18.16
19.00

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.272
0.274
0.276
0.278
0.280
0.282
0.284
0.286
0.288
0.290
0.292
0.294
0.296
0.298
0.300
0.302
0.304
0.306
0.308
0.310
0.312
0.314
0.316
0.318
0.320
0.322
0.324
0.326
0.328
0.330
0.332
0.334
0.336
0.338
0.340
0.342
0.344
0.346
0.348
0.350
0.352
0.354
0.356
0.358
0.360
0.362
0.364
0.366
0.368
0.370
0.372
0.374

23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58

0.496
0.544
0.591
0.635
0.676
0.715
0.752
0.785
0.816
0.843
0.867
0.888
0.905
0.919
0.930
0.937
0.940
0.940
0.936
0.928
0.917
0.903
0.885
0.864
0.839
0.811
0.780
0.746
0.709
0.670
0.628
0.583
0.537
0.488
0.437
0.385
0.331
0.276
0.220
0.163
0.106
0.048
-0.010
-0.068
-0.126
-0.183
-0.240
-0.296
-0.350
-0.404
-0.455
-0.505

24.697
23.703
22.618
21.446
20.193
18.862
17.460
15.990
14.460
12.874
11.239
9.561
7.847
6.102
4.334
2.550
0.756
-1.041
-2.834
-4.616
-6.381
-8.121
-9.830
-11.502
-13.129
-14.707
-16.228
-17.687
-19.079
-20.397
-21.638
-22.796
-23.867
-24.847
-25.732
-26.518
-27.203
-27.784
-28.259
-28.626
-28.884
-29.031
-29.067
-28.992
-28.807
-28.511
-28.106
-27.594
-26.977
-26.256
-25.435
-24.517

-474.0913
-520.3772
-564.6743
-606.8135
-646.6338
-683.9828
-718.7180
-750.7066
-779.8262
-805.9657
-829.0251
-848.9164
-865.5634
-878.9026
-888.8831
-895.4666
-898.6280
-898.3552
-894.6493
-887.5244
-877.0077
-863.1396
-845.9728
-825.5731
-802.0184
-775.3988
-745.8159
-713.3828
-678.2234
-640.4722
-600.2733
-557.7805
-513.1560
-466.5705
-418.2020
-368.2352
-316.8613
-264.2764
-210.6815
-156.2816
-101.2843
-45.9001
9.6596
65.1824
120.4561
175.2694
229.4130
282.6798
334.8663
385.7732
435.2057
482.9751

44.43
46.47
48.41
50.27
52.02
53.66
55.19
56.60
57.88
59.03
60.04
60.91
61.65
62.23
62.67
62.96
63.10
63.09
62.93
62.61
62.15
61.54
60.79
59.89
58.85
57.68
56.38
54.95
53.41
51.75
49.98
48.11
46.15
44.10
41.97
39.77
37.51
35.20
32.84
30.45
28.03
25.60
23.15
20.71
18.28
15.87
13.49
11.15
8.85
6.61
4.44
2.34

19.82
20.60
21.35
22.06
22.74
23.37
23.96
24.50
24.99
25.44
25.83
26.16
26.45
26.67
26.84
26.95
27.01
27.00
26.94
26.82
26.64
26.40
26.11
25.77
25.37
24.92
24.42
23.87
23.27
22.63
21.95
21.23
20.48
19.69
18.87
18.02
17.15
16.26
15.36
14.44
13.50
12.57
11.63
10.69
9.75
8.82
7.90
7.00
6.12
5.26
4.42
3.61

y

Time
(sec)

force
(kips)

(in)

v
(in/sec)

a
(in/sec2)

resistance
(kips)

reaction
(kips)

0.376
0.378
0.380
0.382
0.384
0.386
0.388
0.390
0.392
0.394
0.396
0.398
0.400
0.402
0.404
0.406
0.408
0.410
0.412
0.414
0.416
0.418
0.420
0.422
0.424
0.426
0.428
0.430
0.432
0.434
0.436
0.438
0.440
0.442
0.444
0.446
0.448
0.450
0.452
0.454
0.456
0.458
0.460
0.462
0.464
0.466
0.468
0.470
0.472
0.474
0.476
0.478
0.480
0.482
0.484
0.486
0.488
0.490
0.492
0.494

23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58

-0.553
-0.599
-0.643
-0.684
-0.723
-0.758
-0.791
-0.821
-0.848
-0.871
-0.892
-0.908
-0.922
-0.931
-0.938
-0.940
-0.939
-0.935
-0.927
-0.915
-0.900
-0.881
-0.859
-0.834
-0.805
-0.774
-0.739
-0.702
-0.662
-0.620
-0.575
-0.528
-0.479
-0.428
-0.375
-0.321
-0.266
-0.210
-0.153
-0.095
-0.037
0.021
0.079
0.137
0.194
0.251
0.306
0.360
0.413
0.465
0.514
0.562
0.608
0.651
0.691
0.730
0.765
0.797
0.826
0.853

-23.505
-22.403
-21.216
-19.948
-18.603
-17.187
-15.706
-14.164
-12.569
-10.925
-9.240
-7.519
-5.770
-3.998
-2.212
-0.417
1.380
3.172
4.951
6.711
8.446
10.149
11.813
13.431
14.998
16.508
17.955
19.333
20.638
21.863
23.005
24.059
25.021
25.888
26.655
27.321
27.882
28.337
28.683
28.920
29.046
29.062
28.966
28.759
28.443
28.018
27.486
26.848
26.109
25.269
24.333
23.304
22.186
20.983
19.699
18.341
16.912
15.419
13.867
12.262

528.8988
572.8012
614.5146
653.8796
690.7458
724.9722
756.4281
784.9932
810.5584
833.0261
852.3102
868.3371
881.0457
890.3872
896.3261
898.8396
897.9181
893.5651
885.7974
874.6444
860.1490
842.3664
821.3646
797.2240
770.0367
739.9066
706.9489
671.2896
633.0648
592.4208
549.5128
504.5048
457.5687
408.8841
358.6368
307.0190
254.2279
200.4653
145.9365
90.8501
35.4164
-20.1526
-75.6446
-130.8475
-185.5503
-239.5441
-292.6224
-344.5824
-395.2256
-444.3584
-491.7931
-537.3483
-580.8500
-622.1320
-661.0364
-697.4146
-731.1276
-762.0465
-790.0533
-815.0407

0.32
-1.61
-3.45
-5.18
-6.80
-8.31
-9.69
-10.95
-12.07
-13.06
-13.91
-14.61
-15.17
-15.58
-15.84
-15.95
-15.91
-15.72
-15.38
-14.89
-14.25
-13.47
-12.55
-11.48
-10.29
-8.96
-7.51
-5.95
-4.26
-2.48
-0.59
1.39
3.45
5.60
7.81
10.08
12.40
14.76
17.16
19.58
22.02
24.46
26.91
29.33
31.74
34.11
36.45
38.73
40.96
43.12
45.21
47.21
49.12
50.94
52.65
54.25
55.73
57.09
58.33
59.42

2.83
2.09
1.38
0.72
0.09
-0.49
-1.02
-1.50
-1.94
-2.32
-2.64
-2.91
-3.13
-3.29
-3.39
-3.43
-3.41
-3.34
-3.21
-3.02
-2.78
-2.47
-2.12
-1.71
-1.25
-0.74
-0.18
0.42
1.07
1.76
2.48
3.25
4.04
4.87
5.72
6.59
7.48
8.39
9.32
10.25
11.19
12.13
13.07
14.00
14.93
15.85
16.74
17.62
18.48
19.31
20.12
20.89
21.62
22.32
22.98
23.60
24.17
24.69
25.17
25.59

Time
(sec)
0.496
0.498
0.500
0.502
0.504
0.506
0.508
0.510
0.512
0.514
0.516
0.518
0.520
0.522
0.524
0.526
0.528
0.530
0.532
0.534
0.536
0.538
0.540
0.542
0.544
0.546
0.548
0.550
0.552
0.554
0.556
0.558
0.560
0.562
0.564
0.566
0.568
0.570
0.572
0.574
0.576
0.578
0.580
0.582
0.584
0.586
0.588
0.590
0.592
0.594
0.596
0.598
0.600
0.602
0.604
0.606
0.608
0.610
0.612
0.614
0.616

force
(kips)
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58

y
(in)
0.875
0.895
0.911
0.924
0.933
0.938
0.940
0.939
0.933
0.925
0.912
0.896
0.877
0.855
0.829
0.800
0.768
0.733
0.695
0.654
0.611
0.566
0.519
0.469
0.418
0.365
0.311
0.255
0.199
0.142
0.084
0.026
-0.032
-0.090
-0.148
-0.205
-0.261
-0.316
-0.371
-0.423
-0.474
-0.524
-0.571
-0.616
-0.659
-0.699
-0.736
-0.771
-0.803
-0.832
-0.857
-0.879
-0.898
-0.914
-0.926
-0.934
-0.939
-0.940
-0.938
-0.932
-0.923

v
(in/sec)
10.610
8.918
7.191
5.437
3.662
1.873
0.077
-1.719
-3.509
-5.285
-7.041
-8.770
-10.466
-12.122
-13.731
-15.288
-16.786
-18.221
-19.585
-20.875
-22.085
-23.211
-24.248
-25.192
-26.040
-26.789
-27.435
-27.976
-28.411
-28.736
-28.952
-29.058
-29.052
-28.935
-28.708
-28.371
-27.925
-27.373
-26.716
-25.958
-25.100
-24.146
-23.099
-21.965
-20.746
-19.448
-18.076
-16.635
-15.130
-13.568
-11.953
-10.293
-8.594
-6.862
-5.103
-3.325
-1.534
0.262
2.058
3.845
5.618

a
(in/sec2)
-836.9134
-855.5878
-870.9925
-883.0686
-891.7701
-897.0635
-898.9287
-897.3587
-892.3592
-883.9496
-872.1619
-857.0412
-838.6452
-817.0442
-792.3209
-764.5696
-733.8965
-700.4187
-664.2642
-625.5712
-584.4875
-541.1702
-495.7847
-448.5046
-399.5104
-348.9895
-297.1349
-244.1448
-190.2217
-135.5716
-80.4034
-24.9279
30.6428
86.0964
141.2210
195.8059
249.6425
302.5251
354.2515
404.6242
453.4506
500.5440
545.7246
588.8197
629.6645
668.1031
703.9884
737.1834
767.5611
795.0056
819.4119
840.6868
858.7489
873.5292
884.9713
893.0313
897.6786
898.8954
896.6769
891.0317
881.9814

resistance
(kips)
60.39
61.21
61.89
62.42
62.80
63.03
63.11
63.05
62.83
62.46
61.94
61.27
60.46
59.51
58.43
57.20
55.86
54.38
52.79
51.09
49.28
47.38
45.38
43.30
41.15
38.93
36.65
34.32
31.94
29.54
27.11
24.67
22.23
19.79
17.37
14.97
12.60
10.27
8.00
5.78
3.64
1.56
-0.42
-2.32
-4.11
-5.81
-7.38
-8.84
-10.18
-11.39
-12.46
-13.40
-14.19
-14.84
-15.34
-15.70
-15.90
-15.96
-15.86
-15.61
-15.21

reaction
(kips)
25.96
26.28
26.54
26.74
26.89
26.98
27.01
26.98
26.90
26.76
26.56
26.30
25.99
25.62
25.21
24.74
24.22
23.65
23.04
22.38
21.69
20.95
20.18
19.38
18.55
17.70
16.82
15.92
15.01
14.08
13.15
12.21
11.27
10.33
9.40
8.47
7.56
6.67
5.79
4.94
4.11
3.31
2.55
1.82
1.13
0.48
-0.13
-0.69
-1.21
-1.67
-2.09
-2.45
-2.75
-3.00
-3.20
-3.33
-3.41
-3.43
-3.39
-3.30
-3.14

Time
(sec)
0.618
0.620
0.622
0.624
0.626
0.628
0.630
0.632
0.634
0.636
0.638
0.640
0.642
0.644
0.646
0.648
0.650
0.652
0.654
0.656
0.658
0.660
0.662
0.664
0.666
0.668
0.670
0.672
0.674
0.676
0.678
0.680
0.682
0.684
0.686
0.688
0.690
0.692
0.694
0.696
0.698
0.700
0.702
0.704
0.706
0.708
0.710
0.712
0.714
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.722
0.724
0.726
0.728
0.730
0.732
0.734
0.736
0.738

force
(kips)
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58

y
(in)
-0.910
-0.893
-0.873
-0.850
-0.824
-0.794
-0.761
-0.726
-0.687
-0.646
-0.603
-0.557
-0.509
-0.460
-0.408
-0.355
-0.300
-0.245
-0.188
-0.131
-0.073
-0.015
0.043
0.101
0.159
0.216
0.272
0.327
0.381
0.433
0.484
0.533
0.580
0.624
0.666
0.706
0.743
0.777
0.809
0.837
0.862
0.883
0.901
0.916
0.928
0.935
0.940
0.940
0.937
0.931
0.920
0.907
0.890
0.869
0.845
0.818
0.788
0.755
0.719
0.680
0.638

v
(in/sec)
7.370
9.093
10.782
12.429
14.029
15.576
17.062
18.484
19.835
21.110
22.305
23.414
24.434
25.360
26.189
26.919
27.545
28.066
28.480
28.786
28.981
29.065
29.038
28.901
28.653
28.295
27.829
27.257
26.581
25.803
24.927
23.955
22.892
21.741
20.507
19.195
17.809
16.356
14.840
13.267
11.643
9.975
8.269
6.531
4.769
2.988
1.195
-0.601
-2.396
-4.182
-5.951
-7.698
-9.415
-11.096
-12.735
-14.326
-15.861
-17.336
-18.745
-20.082
-21.342

a
(in/sec2)
869.5605
853.8165
834.8096
812.6124
787.3098
758.9983
727.7863
693.7930
657.1484
617.9923
576.4746
532.7539
486.9971
439.3793
390.0823
339.2947
287.2103
234.0284
179.9521
125.1882
69.9458
14.4361
-41.1288
-96.5365
-151.5753
-206.0348
-259.7069
-312.3865
-363.8724
-413.9676
-462.4809
-509.2267
-554.0265
-596.7091
-637.1113
-675.0787
-710.4662
-743.1386
-772.9711
-799.8496
-823.6714
-844.3455
-861.7929
-875.9468
-886.7533
-894.1709
-898.1714
-898.7395
-895.8730
-889.5828
-879.8930
-866.8406
-850.4755
-830.8603
-808.0699
-782.1914
-753.3236
-721.5770
-687.0728
-649.9429
-610.3292

resistance
(kips)
-14.67
-13.97
-13.14
-12.16
-11.05
-9.80
-8.43
-6.93
-5.32
-3.60
-1.78
0.15
2.16
4.25
6.42
8.66
10.95
13.29
15.66
18.07
20.50
22.94
25.39
27.82
30.24
32.64
35.00
37.32
39.58
41.79
43.92
45.97
47.95
49.82
51.60
53.27
54.83
56.26
57.57
58.76
59.80
60.71
61.48
62.10
62.58
62.90
63.08
63.11
62.98
62.70
62.28
61.70
60.98
60.12
59.12
57.98
56.71
55.31
53.80
52.16
50.42

reaction
(kips)
-2.93
-2.67
-2.35
-1.97
-1.54
-1.06
-0.53
0.04
0.66
1.33
2.03
2.77
3.54
4.35
5.18
6.04
6.93
7.83
8.74
9.67
10.60
11.54
12.49
13.42
14.36
15.28
16.19
17.08
17.95
18.80
19.62
20.41
21.17
21.89
22.58
23.22
23.82
24.37
24.88
25.33
25.74
26.09
26.38
26.62
26.80
26.93
27.00
27.01
26.96
26.85
26.69
26.47
26.19
25.86
25.47
25.03
24.55
24.01
23.42
22.79
22.12

Time
(sec)
0.740
0.742
0.744
0.746
0.748
0.750
0.752
0.754
0.756
0.758
0.760
0.762
0.764
0.766
0.768
0.770
0.772
0.774
0.776
0.778
0.780
0.782
0.784
0.786
0.788
0.790
0.792
0.794
0.796
0.798
0.800
0.802
0.804
0.806
0.808
0.810
0.812
0.814
0.816
0.818
0.820
0.822
0.824
0.826
0.828
0.830
0.832
0.834
0.836
0.838
0.840
0.842
0.844
0.846
0.848
0.850
0.852
0.854
0.856
0.858
0.860

force
(kips)
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58

y
(in)
0.595
0.548
0.500
0.450
0.398
0.345
0.290
0.234
0.177
0.120
0.062
0.004
-0.054
-0.112
-0.169
-0.226
-0.282
-0.337
-0.391
-0.443
-0.493
-0.542
-0.588
-0.632
-0.674
-0.713
-0.750
-0.783
-0.814
-0.842
-0.866
-0.887
-0.905
-0.919
-0.929
-0.936
-0.940
-0.940
-0.936
-0.929
-0.918
-0.904
-0.886
-0.865
-0.840
-0.813
-0.782
-0.748
-0.712
-0.672
-0.630
-0.586
-0.539
-0.491
-0.440
-0.388
-0.334
-0.280
-0.224
-0.167
-0.109

v
(in/sec)
-22.521
-23.613
-24.616
-25.524
-26.335
-27.045
-27.652
-28.153
-28.546
-28.831
-29.005
-29.069
-29.021
-28.862
-28.593
-28.215
-27.729
-27.137
-26.442
-25.645
-24.750
-23.761
-22.681
-21.514
-20.265
-18.939
-17.540
-16.074
-14.547
-12.964
-11.332
-9.656
-7.943
-6.200
-4.434
-2.650
-0.856
0.941
2.734
4.517
6.283
8.024
9.735
11.409
13.039
14.620
16.144
17.607
19.003
20.326
21.571
22.734
23.810
24.795
25.685
26.477
27.168
27.755
28.235
28.609
28.872

a
(in/sec2)
-568.3831
-524.2649
-478.1431
-430.1941
-380.6011
-329.5536
-277.2466
-223.8801
-169.6581
-114.7877
-59.4786
-3.9422
51.6092
106.9634
161.9089
216.2356
269.7359
322.2054
373.4436
423.2547
471.4482
517.8401
562.2530
604.5172
644.4712
681.9623
716.8472
748.9926
778.2757
804.5846
827.8187
847.8892
864.7194
878.2450
888.4144
895.1886
898.5418
898.4611
894.9469
888.0126
877.6846
864.0026
847.0187
826.7978
803.4172
776.9664
747.5463
715.2693
680.2590
642.6489
602.5830
560.2142
515.7045
469.2240
420.9503
371.0680
319.7675
267.2451
213.7013
159.3409
104.3716

resistance
(kips)
48.58
46.64
44.61
42.50
40.32
38.07
35.77
33.43
31.04
28.63
26.19
23.75
21.31
18.87
16.46
14.07
11.72
9.41
7.15
4.96
2.84
0.80
-1.15
-3.01
-4.77
-6.41
-7.95
-9.36
-10.65
-11.81
-12.83
-13.71
-14.45
-15.05
-15.49
-15.79
-15.94
-15.94
-15.78
-15.48
-15.02
-14.42
-13.67
-12.78
-11.76
-10.59
-9.30
-7.88
-6.34
-4.69
-2.92
-1.06
0.90
2.94
5.06
7.26
9.51
11.82
14.18
16.57
18.99

reaction
(kips)
21.41
20.67
19.89
19.07
18.23
17.37
16.48
15.58
14.66
13.73
12.80
11.86
10.92
9.98
9.05
8.13
7.22
6.33
5.47
4.62
3.81
3.02
2.27
1.55
0.88
0.24
-0.35
-0.89
-1.39
-1.83
-2.23
-2.57
-2.85
-3.08
-3.25
-3.37
-3.43
-3.42
-3.36
-3.25
-3.07
-2.84
-2.55
-2.21
-1.81
-1.37
-0.87
-0.32
0.27
0.91
1.59
2.30
3.06
3.84
4.66
5.51
6.37
7.26
8.17
9.09
10.02

Time
(sec)
0.862
0.864
0.866
0.868
0.870
0.872
0.874
0.876
0.878
0.880
0.882
0.884
0.886
0.888
0.890
0.892
0.894
0.896
0.898
0.900
0.902
0.904
0.906
0.908
0.910
0.912
0.914
0.916
0.918
0.920
0.922
0.924
0.926
0.928
0.930
0.932
0.934
0.936
0.938
0.940
0.942
0.944
0.946
0.948
0.950
0.952
0.954
0.956
0.958
0.960
0.962
0.964
0.966
0.968
0.970
0.972
0.974
0.976
0.978
0.980
0.982

force
(kips)
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58

y
(in)
-0.051
0.007
0.065
0.123
0.180
0.237
0.293
0.347
0.401
0.452
0.502
0.551
0.597
0.640
0.682
0.720
0.756
0.789
0.820
0.846
0.870
0.890
0.907
0.921
0.931
0.937
0.940
0.939
0.935
0.927
0.916
0.901
0.882
0.860
0.835
0.807
0.776
0.741
0.704
0.665
0.622
0.577
0.530
0.481
0.431
0.378
0.324
0.269
0.213
0.156
0.098
0.040
-0.018
-0.076
-0.134
-0.191
-0.247
-0.303
-0.357
-0.410
-0.462

v
(in/sec)
29.026
29.068
28.999
28.820
28.530
28.132
27.626
27.014
26.299
25.484
24.571
23.564
22.467
21.285
20.021
18.680
17.268
15.790
14.252
12.659
11.018
9.335
7.616
5.868
4.098
2.312
0.517
-1.280
-3.072
-4.852
-6.614
-8.350
-10.055
-11.721
-13.342
-14.912
-16.425
-17.876
-19.258
-20.567
-21.797
-22.944
-24.003
-24.970
-25.842
-26.615
-27.286
-27.854
-28.314
-28.667
-28.910
-29.042
-29.064
-28.974
-28.774
-28.463
-28.044
-27.518
-26.887
-26.153
-25.319

a
(in/sec2)
49.0034
-6.5521
-62.0826
-117.3758
-172.2204
-226.4069
-279.7282
-331.9804
-382.9640
-432.4840
-480.3512
-526.3828
-570.4028
-612.2429
-651.7432
-688.7529
-723.1305
-754.7445
-783.4743
-809.2099
-831.8531
-851.3173
-867.5281
-880.4236
-889.9545
-896.0843
-898.7897
-898.0603
-893.8989
-886.3214
-875.3567
-861.0468
-843.4463
-822.6226
-798.6551
-771.6355
-741.6670
-708.8642
-673.3524
-635.2673
-594.7546
-551.9689
-507.0738
-460.2409
-411.6492
-361.4843
-309.9379
-257.2072
-203.4934
-149.0020
-93.9412
-38.5214
17.0456
72.5475
127.7721
182.5085
236.5474
289.6823
341.7101
392.4321
441.6544

resistance
(kips)
21.42
23.87
26.31
28.74
31.15
33.54
35.88
38.18
40.42
42.60
44.70
46.73
48.67
50.51
52.24
53.87
55.38
56.77
58.04
59.17
60.16
61.02
61.73
62.30
62.72
62.99
63.11
63.08
62.89
62.56
62.08
61.45
60.67
59.76
58.70
57.52
56.20
54.75
53.19
51.52
49.74
47.85
45.88
43.82
41.68
39.48
37.21
34.89
32.53
30.13
27.71
25.27
22.83
20.39
17.96
15.55
13.18
10.84
8.55
6.32
4.15

reaction
(kips)
10.96
11.90
12.84
13.78
14.71
15.62
16.53
17.41
18.27
19.11
19.92
20.70
21.45
22.16
22.82
23.45
24.03
24.57
25.06
25.49
25.87
26.20
26.48
26.70
26.86
26.96
27.01
27.00
26.93
26.80
26.61
26.37
26.07
25.72
25.31
24.86
24.35
23.79
23.19
22.55
21.86
21.14
20.38
19.58
18.76
17.91
17.04
16.14
15.23
14.31
13.38
12.44
11.50
10.56
9.63
8.70
7.78
6.88
6.00
5.14
4.31

Time
(sec)
0.984
0.986
0.988
0.990
0.992
0.994
0.996
0.998
1.000
1.002
1.004
1.006
1.008
1.010
1.012
1.014
1.016
1.018
1.020
1.022
1.024
1.026
1.028
1.030
1.032
1.034
1.036
1.038
1.040
1.042
1.044
1.046
1.048
1.050
1.052
1.054
1.056
1.058
1.060
1.062
1.064
1.066
1.068
1.070
1.072
1.074
1.076
1.078
1.080

force
(kips)
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58
23.58

y
(in)
-0.512
-0.559
-0.605
-0.648
-0.689
-0.727
-0.763
-0.795
-0.825
-0.851
-0.874
-0.894
-0.910
-0.923
-0.932
-0.938
-0.940
-0.939
-0.934
-0.925
-0.913
-0.897
-0.878
-0.856
-0.830
-0.801
-0.770
-0.735
-0.697
-0.657
-0.614
-0.569
-0.521
-0.472
-0.421
-0.368
-0.314
-0.259
-0.202
-0.145
-0.087
-0.029
0.029
0.087
0.145
0.202
0.258
0.313
0.368

v
(in/sec)
-24.388
-23.364
-22.250
-21.052
-19.773
-18.419
-16.994
-15.504
-13.955
-12.353
-10.704
-9.013
-7.288
-5.536
-3.762
-1.973
-0.178
1.619
3.409
5.186
6.944
8.675
10.372
12.030
13.642
15.202
16.704
18.142
19.511
20.805
22.020
23.150
24.192
25.142
25.995
26.750
27.402
27.949
28.389
28.721
28.943
29.055
29.055
28.945
28.724
28.393
27.953
27.407
26.756

a
(in/sec2)
489.1888
534.8538
578.4748
619.8851
658.9265
695.4497
729.3152
760.3936
788.5661
813.7250
835.7742
854.6294
870.2186
882.4821
891.3732
896.8579
898.9151
897.5371
892.7290
884.5093
872.9094
857.9736
839.7590
818.3352
793.7841
766.1994
735.6867
702.3624
666.3541
627.7992
586.8451
543.6484
498.3740
451.1951
402.2919
351.8513
300.0661
247.1342
193.2578
138.6428
83.4981
28.0342
-27.5368
-83.0025
-138.1511
-192.7717
-246.6556
-299.5969
-351.3933

resistance
(kips)
2.06
0.06
-1.86
-3.68
-5.40
-7.01
-8.50
-9.86
-11.10
-12.21
-13.18
-14.01
-14.69
-15.23
-15.62
-15.87
-15.96
-15.90
-15.68
-15.32
-14.81
-14.16
-13.35
-12.41
-11.33
-10.12
-8.78
-7.31
-5.73
-4.03
-2.23
-0.33
1.66
3.73
5.89
8.10
10.38
12.71
15.08
17.48
19.91
22.35
24.79
27.23
29.65
32.06
34.43
36.76
39.03

reaction
(kips)
3.51
2.73
1.99
1.29
0.63
0.01
-0.56
-1.09
-1.56
-1.99
-2.36
-2.68
-2.95
-3.15
-3.30
-3.40
-3.43
-3.41
-3.33
-3.19
-2.99
-2.74
-2.43
-2.07
-1.65
-1.18
-0.67
-0.10
0.51
1.16
1.85
2.58
3.35
4.15
4.98
5.83
6.71
7.60
8.52
9.44
10.38
11.31
12.26
13.19
14.13
15.05
15.97
16.86
17.74

Displacement vs. Time
2.000

Displacement (in)

1.500
1.000
0.500
0.000
-0.500
-1.000
-1.500
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600

0.800

1.000

1.200

0.800

1.000

1.200

Time (sec)

Resistance vs. Time
100.00

80.00

Resistance (kips)

60.00

40.00

20.00

0.00

-20.00

-40.00
0.000

0.200

0.400

0.600
Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
70.00

Applied Force (kips)

60.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
20.00
10.00
0.00
0.00

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.20

0.25

0.30

0.35

0.40

0.45

Time (sec)

Force vs. Time
40.00
35.00
30.00
Reaction (kips)

25.00
20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00
0.00
-5.00
-10.00
0.00

0.20

0.40

0.60
Time (sec)

0.80

1.00

1.20

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

PRESSURE - IMPULSE (PI)
DIAGRAM

1068 of 1089

Free Field Pressure (psi)

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

0

100

200

400

500

600

800

WALL WITH CABLE TRAY OPENING
T - BEAM

1069 of 1089

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800

Free Field Impulse (psi-msec)

700

TYP. WALL PANEL
WALL WITH PERSONNEL DOOR OPENING
WALL WITH EQUIPMENT DOOR

300

SUBSTATION 1 LOW RESPONSE P-I Diagram

Free Field Pressure (psi)

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

0

100

200

400

500

600

800

WALL WITH CABLE TRAY OPENING
T - BEAM

1070 of 1089

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800

Free Field Impulse (psi-msec)

700

TYP. WALL PANEL
WALL WITH PERSONNEL DOOR OPENING
WALL WITH EQUIPMENT DOOR

300

SUBSTATION 2 LOW RESPONSE P-I Diagram

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

of
2-Mar-04
MGG
SAK

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by :

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
TENSION CHORD AND SHEARWALL LOAD SS # 2

CONFIGURATION :
47.25

m

.
DESIGN STRESSES :
Conc., fc'
Reinf., fy
Structural Steel, GR 50, fy

=
=
=

DATA :
Roof Diaphragm :
Long Span, lb
Diaphragm depth
Slab, thickness
Wall Height ; ht

=
=
=
=

TENSION CHORD

34.5 Mpa
414 Mpa
355 Mpa

47250
10220
150
6775

10.22

roof plan (diaphragm)

m

mm
mm
mm
mm

Diaphragm Loads : ( Rear Wall Reaction to be neglected)
Front Wall Maximum Reaction :
Typical Wall
Wall with Cable Tray opening
Wall with Personnel Door

Max Panel Reaction, w

w
w
w

=
=
=

5.85
5.26
5.59

k / ft
k / ft
k / ft

( 85.59 Kn/m
( 76.96 Kn/m
( 81.78 Kn/m

)
)
)

w

=

5.41

k / ft

( 79.08 Kn/m

)

Front Wall Reaction
w
Bending Moment in Diaphragm, Ma = wL 2 / 8
Ma
Distance of tension Chord from diaphragm edge ; d chord
Effective Diaphragm Depth,
d ep = d p - d chord

=
=
=
=

5.41
22069.02
800.00
9420.00

k / ft ( 79.08 Kn/m
Kn - m
mm
mm

)

Tension ; T = Ma / d ep

=

2342.78

Kn

=
=
=
As =
As =

5954.3
5504.0
437
5356.6
2400.0000
7200.0000

Vu =
Mu =
Nu =

1868.28 Kn
12657.57 Kn-m
249.27 Kn

Average Wall Reaction ;

f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'c (for bending)
f'dc = (SIF) x (DIF) x f'c (for shear)
f'dy = (SIF) x (DIF) x fy
Steel Area Required; As = T / fdy
200 mm x 12 mm
Plate Width x Thickness;
Provide 3 - 200 mm x 12 mm
Shearwall Loads :
Shear Force ; Vu = w x Bldg Length /2
Moment ; Mu = Vu x ht
Axial Force ; Nu = ht x thk x Bldng width

T

psi
psi
Mpa
mm2
mm2
mm2

(
(

41
38

Mpa.
Mpa.

;
;
;

no. of walls
3 walls
13 walls
3 walls

)
)

1071 of 1089

SWALL_CANTILEVER.xls

Saudconsult

Sheet no.
Date
Design by
Check'd by

Job No. : BI - 3039
Project : REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
Subject : CHECK SHEAR WALL (10 M) as CANTILEVER

1.0

3.0

:
:
:
:

of
17-Apr-04
MGG
SAK

6.0

h

1
2

Total Weight, Nu = 562.46 Kn
PIER 1 = 122.47 Kn
PIER 2 = 439.99 Kn

Input Data:
f'c
Fy
t
V
Vert bar
Hori bar
V(final)

34.5
414
250
1868.3
25
12
1868.3

MPa
MPa
mm
kN
mm
mm
kN

P
Ec
Length of Wall

1000
24870
10.0

kN
MPa
m

DISTRIBUTION OF FORCES TO EACH PIER
3
'F = P[4(h/d) + 3(h/d)]/Ect

% lateral = RF/6RF*100

RF = 1/'F
M = V*h

Pier No.
1
2

h (m)
7.500
7.500

V=

lw (m)
1.000
6.000

h/lw
7.50
1.25

'F
0.2750
0.0019

% lateral x (Vfinal)
100

% lateral
Vu (kN)
force
12.55
0.672
537.730
99.328 1855.75
RF

3.636

541.37

100.00

Mu
Nu (kN)
94.11 122.47
13918 439.99

1868.30 14012.3

562.46

DIAGONAL SHEAR CRACKING CAPACITY
Shear strength Vn shall not be taken greater than ;
Vn = 0.83 Acv f'c

1072 of 1089

SWALL_CANTILEVER.xls

Saudconsult

Sheet no.
Date
Design by
Check'd by

Job No. : BI - 3039
Project : REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
Subject : CHECK SHEAR WALL (10 M) as CANTILEVER

:
:
:
:

of
17-Apr-04
MGG
SAK

Shear strength Vc shall be the minimum of :
Vc1 =

0.274 fc d t +

Vc2 =

0.05 fc +

Nu d
4 lw

lw (0.104 fc + 0.2Nu/(lw t)
Mu/Vu - 0.5lw

; this will not apply if less than zero

Shear strength Vs shall be the minimum of :
Vs =

2 Ah fyds d
s

fyds =

1.1 x fy

REINFORCEMENT PROVIDED :
USING pmin= 0.0025 (for horizontal and vertical shear reinforcement)
Vertical Reinforcement reqrd:

Horizontal Reinforcement:
12 DIA. @ , 300
Ao = 113.097
pn = 2 Ao / (t x spacing)
pn = 0.0030 >Umin Ok!

PROVIDED FOR PIER 1 (CRITICAL)
Ao = 490.874

no of 25 mm = 18
pv = No x Ao / (t x d)
>Umin Ok!
pv = 0.0059

Pier
1
2

6

lw x t (mm2) d =0.8 lw
0.8
250000
1500000
4.8

Vc1
346.37
2019.26

Vc2
78.99
1423.66

Vs
274.69
1648.14

1750000

Vn = 0.83 Acv f'c

=

8531.51

Vn = Vc + Vs
353.68
3667.41

Vu/I
14.76
2183.24

4021 kN

2198 kN

REMARKS

ok
ok

KN

SHEAR FRICTION CAPACITY
Check shear friction at sections along the height of the opening

Vn = Avf fyds u
Avf =
u=
fyds =
fcds =

;

but should be less than 0.2fcds Ac nor 5.53 Ac

Area of shear friction reinforcemnet
shear friction coefficient
1.1 x 1.1 x fy
1.0 x 1.1 x fc

1073 of 1089

SWALL_CANTILEVER.xls

Saudconsult

Sheet no.
Date
Design by
Check'd by

Job No. : BI - 3039
Project : REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
Subject : CHECK SHEAR WALL (10 M) as CANTILEVER

Pier No.
1
2

Avf

Ac
250000
1500000

8835.660
26506.980

Vn1 (Kn)
4426.14
13278.41

0.2fcds Ac
1897.50
11385.00

5.53 Ac
1382.50
8295.00

Vn (Kn)
1382.50
8295.00

Vu/I
14.76
2183.24

:
:
:
:

of
17-Apr-04
MGG
SAK

OK
OK

REQUIRED REBARS IN FLEXURE

Ru = Mu/Ibd2 where:
I = 0.9 for bending
Ru = f'cdsZ(1 - 0.59Z)

deff = 0.8d
b = t
= 250 mm

U = Zf'cds/fyds

fyds = 1.1 x 1.17 x fy
fcds = 1.0 x 1.19 x fc

REQUIRED REINFORCEMENT
Pier
1
2

Mu
94.11
13918.14

deff
0.8
4.8

Ru
0.65
2.68

Z
U
0.0161 0.00124
0.0681 0.00525

As
248
6300

No of -25mmI
required
0.50
12.83

1074 of 1089

ABUALIswall_ACI5.xls

Saudconsult

Sheet no.
Date
Design by
Check'd by

Job No. : BI - 3039
Project : REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
Subject : CHECK SHEAR WALL

3.0

3.5

:
:
:
:

of
21-Jan-04
MGG
SAK

3.5

1

h

2

Total Weight, Nu = 562.46 Kn
PIER 1 & 2 = 281.23 Kn

Input Data:
f'c
Fy
t
V
Vert bar
Hori bar
V(final)

34.5
414
250
1868.3
25
12
1868.3

MPa
MPa
mm
kN
mm
mm
kN

P
Ec
Length of Wall

1000
24870
10.0

kN
MPa
m

DISTRIBUTION OF FORCES TO EACH PIER
3
'F = P[(h/d) + 3(h/d)]/Ect

% lateral = RF/6RF*100

RF = 1/'F
M = V*h/2

Pier No.
1
2

h (m)
2.800
2.800

lw (m)
3.500
3.500

V=

h/lw
0.80
0.80

'F
0.0005
0.0005

% lateral x (Vfinal)
100

% lateral
Vu (kN)
Mu
Nu (kN)
force
50.000
934.15 1307.81 281.23
2135.130 50.000
934.15 1307.81 281.23
RF

2135.130

4270.26

100.00

1868.30 2615.62

562.46

DIAGONAL SHEAR CRACKING CAPACITY
Shear strength Vn shall not be taken greater than ;
Vn = 0.83 Acv f'c

Shear strength Vc shall be the minimum of :

1075 of 1089

ABUALIswall_ACI5.xls

Saudconsult

Sheet no.
Date
Design by
Check'd by

Job No. : BI - 3039
Project : REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
Subject : CHECK SHEAR WALL

Vc1 =

0.274 fc d t +

Vc2 =

0.05 fc +

:
:
:
:

of
21-Jan-04
MGG
SAK

Nu d
4 lw

lw (0.104 fc + 0.2Nu/(lw t)
Mu/Vu - 0.5lw

; this will not apply if less than zero

Shear strength Vs shall be the minimum of :
Vs =

fyds =

2 Ah fyds d
s

1.1 x fy

REINFORCEMENT PROVIDED :
USING pmin= 0.0025 (for horizontal and vertical shear reinforcement)
Vertical Reinforcement reqrd:

Horizontal Reinforcement:
12 DIA. @ , 300
Ao = 113.097
pn = 2 Ao / (t x spacing)
pn = 0.0030 >Umin Ok!

PROVIDED FOR PIER 2 & 3
Ao = 490.874

no of 25 mm = 36
pv = No x Ao / (t x d)
>Umin Ok!
pv = 0.0202

Pier
1
2

6

lw x t (mm2) d =0.8 lw
875000
2.8
875000
2.8

Vc1
1182.82
1182.82

Vc2
(4520.42)
(4520.42)

Vs
961.42
961.42

1750000

Vn = 0.83 Acv f'c

=

8531.51

Vn = Vc + Vs
2144.23
2144.23

Vu/I
1099.00
1099.00

4288 kN

2198 kN

REMARKS

ok
ok

KN

SHEAR FRICTION CAPACITY
Check shear friction at sections along the height of the opening

Vn = Avf fyds u
Avf =
u=
fyds =
fcds =

;

but should be less than 0.2fcds Ac nor 5.53 Ac

Area of shear friction reinforcemnet
shear friction coefficient
1.1 x 1.1 x fy
1.0 x 1.1 x fc

1076 of 1089

ABUALIswall_ACI5.xls

Saudconsult

Sheet no.
Date
Design by
Check'd by

Job No. : BI - 3039
Project : REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07
Subject : CHECK SHEAR WALL

Pier No.
1
2

Avf

Ac
875000
875000

8835.660
8835.660

Vn1 (Kn)
4426.14
4426.14

0.2fcds Ac
6641.25
6641.25

5.53 Ac
4838.75
4838.75

Vn (Kn)
4426.14
4426.14

:
:
:
:

of
21-Jan-04
MGG
SAK

Vu/I
1099.00
1099.00

REQUIRED REBARS IN FLEXURE

Ru = Mu/Ibd2 where:
I = 0.9 for bending
Ru = f'cdsZ(1 - 0.59Z)

deff = 0.8d
b = t
= 250 mm

U = Zf'cds/fyds

fyds = 1.1 x 1.17 x fy
fcds = 1.0 x 1.19 x fc

REQUIRED REINFORCEMENT
Pier
1
2

Mu
1307.81
1307.81

deff
2.8
2.8

Ru
0.74
0.74

Z
U
0.0183 0.00141
0.0183 0.00141

As
985
985

No of -25mmI
required
2.01
2.01

1077 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/10/2004
MGG
SAK

CORBEL DESIGN

1078 of 1089

Saudconsult

Sheet

Job No.

BI -3039

Date

Project

REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07 - ABU ALI

By

Subject

DESIGN OF CORBEL

Ch'k by

I. DATA :

Vu
Vu =

209.06 kN

Nuc =

45.26

OF
Jan 14, 2003
MGG

h

=

310.00 mm

a

=

75.00

d1

=

310.00 mm

bw

=

310.00 mm

f'c

=

28.00

fy

=

420.00 Mpa

I

=

d

h

mm

2/3 d

252.00 mm

As

Nuc
d1

=

EY

a

kN

d

2

II.

III.

0.75

As barI =

16

mm I

(primary reinforcement)

Ah barI =

10

mm I

(closed stirrups)

SPAN TO DEPTH RATIO ; a/d
a
0.30 < 1.0 ;
d =
Vu > Nuc ;

ACI (11.9.1)
ok
ok

ACI (11.9.2)

DEPTH AT OUTSIDE EDGE OF BEARING AREA
d1

IV.

Ah

Mpa

>

( 0.5d = 126.00 ) ;

ok

SHEAR FRICTION REINFORCEMENT TO RESIST Vu ; Avf

CHECK NOMINAL SHEAR ; Vn(NORMAL CONCRETE WT);
Vn = Vu
I
= 278.75 kN ; but should be

Avf =

Avf =

< 0.2 f'c bw d =

437.47

kN

ok

< 5.52 bw d

431.2

kN

ok

Vu
I fy u

=

where u = 1O
O = 1.0

ACI (11.9.3.2)

ACI (11.9.3.2.1)

cast on hardened concrete intentionally roughened
ACI (11.7.4.1)

2

663.69 mm

1079 of 1089

Saudconsult

Sheet

Job No.

BI -3039

Date

Project

REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07 - ABU ALI

By

Subject

DESIGN OF CORBEL

Ch'k by

V.

OF

2

Jan 14, 2003
MGG
EY

ACI (11.9.3.3)

REINFORCEMENT TO RESIST MOMENT MU ; Af
Mu = Vu (a) + Nuc (h - d)
0.02

=

Rn =

Mu
Ibd

=

1.4 / fy

=

0.003

Af = p bwd

VI.

º
»
»¼

=

;

m =

fy
0.85 f'c

= 17.647

0.000003

GOVERNS

= 260.40 mm2

REINFORCEMENT TO RESIST TENSILE FORCE Nuc ; An
Nuc

= IAn fy
41.81

kN

use Nuc =

45.26

kN

Nuc
=
I fy

143.69 mm2

ACI (11.9.3.5)

PRIMARY REINFORCEMENT; As
As

2

= An + Af

= 404.09 mm

= 2/3 Avf + An

= 586.15 mm2

Asmin =

ACI (11.9.3.4)

but Nuc shall not be taken less than 0.2Vu

0.2 Vu =

An =

VII.

= 0.00124

2

1 ª
2mRn
«1  1 
m «¬
fy

p

p min

kN - m

0.04 f'c/fy bw d = 208.32 mm2

ACI (11.9.5)

Governing As = 586.15 mm2
; provide

VIII.

3

-

16

mm I

CLOSE TIES PARALLEL TO As ; Ah

; As = 603.19 mm2

ACI (11.9.4)

Ah = 0.5 (As - An)
=

229.75 mm2

; provide

3

-

10

mm I

; Ah = 235.62 mm2

and shall be distributed within 2/3 of effective depth; d

1080 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No.
Project
Subject

:
:
:

BI - 3039
REPLACE SUBSTATIONS 472, 321 & F07

Sheet no. :
Date
:
Design by :
Check'd by:

of
2/17/2004
MGG
SAK

DYNAMIC SLIDING AND OVERTURNING

1081 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet

of

Date
By :
Chck'd by:

BI 3039
ABU ALI SUBSTATION 1 & 2
DYNAMIC SLIDING AND OVERTURNING ANALYSIS (S/S # 1)

4

1/18/2004
MGG
SAK

INPUT PARAMETERS
Physical Constants:
Acceleration of gravity
Co-efficient of sliding friction
Unit weight of concrete
Blast wave reflection coefficient

in/sec 2

g
µd
Ȗ conc
CrĮ

=
=
=
=

Lb
Hb
Bb
Roofwt
Wallwt

=
=
=
=
=

131
24.1
49.2
1.23
1.08

=

2496255.05 lbs

386.4
0.35
150
2.1

lbs/ft 3

Physical Parameters of the Building:
Length of target surface on the building
Height of target surface on the building
Width of the building
Weight of roofing
Weight of wall
Operating weight of the building
Wb = Roofwt * Lb * Bb + Wallwt * (2 *Lb + 2 * Bb) * Hb
Height of Center of gravity above the base
of the building module (estimated) ;
Hb / 4 =

Physical Parameters of the Foundation:
Lb + 1.5(2)m
Foundation length ;
Foundation depth ;
0.8 m.
Bb+ 1.5 (2) m
Foundation width
;
Other foundation dimensions
;

Hbcg =

Lf
Hf
Bf
bf
e
ts

72.3

ft
ft
ft
psi
psi

1575
289
590
8.47
7.44

in
in
in
kpa
kpa

in

=
=
=
=
=
=

1693
2.63
709
157
0
17.8

in
ft
in
in
in
in

=
=
=
=
=

4.2
0.42
455455.296
1912912.24
191291.224

lbs/in 2
lbs-sec/in 2
in 2

31.6 in

Design Loads for the Building
Reflected pressure
Reflected impulse per unit urea
Target surface area
;A
Reflected force on target surface ; Far
Reflected impulse on target surface

;Iar

Par
iar
Hb *Lb
Par * A
iar * A

lbs
lbs-sec

CALCULATED PARAMETERS
Building Properties
Mass of building
;
Wb/g =
Center of gravity location with respect to the origin ;
Bf / 2 =
H bcg + H f =

Mb =

6460.29

lbs-sec/in 2

Xcg =

354.258

in

Ycg =

103.86

in
1082 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet

BI 3039
ABU ALI SUBSTATION 1 & 2

Date
By :
Chck'd by:

DYNAMIC SLIDING AND OVERTURNING ANALYSIS (S/S # 1)

of

4

1/18/2004
MGG
SAK

Rotation arm about Point A ;
2
db = ¥(B f - X cg ) + Y cg
Rotary inertia of the building about Point A ;
Mb *db2 =

2

=
I AĮb =

369.17

in

8.804E+08 lbs-sec-in

Foundation Properties
Bf
x

2

Lf

3

1

1

2
z
Average width of edge beams (components nos. 1 and 2)
bavg = 0 . 5 *(b f +(b f +e))
Depth of edge beams (Component Nos. 1 and 2)
db = H f - t s
L1 = L f
L2 = Bf-2*bavg

Length of edge beams

=

157.49

in

=

13.76

in

=
=

1693.00
393.54

in
in

Weights of each component

Total foundation weight ;

Wf1 = Ȗ conc * ( 2 *(L 1 *bavg*d b )/ 1728
Wf2 = Ȗ conc * ( 2 *(L 2 *bavg*d b )/ 1728

=
=

148058.14 lbs

Wf3 = Ȗ conc * (L f *Bf*t s )/ 1728

=

1853416.89 lbs

=

2638416.25 lbs
2
6828.20 lbs-sec/in

Wf = W f 1 +W f 2 +W f 3

Total foundation mass
Mf = W f /g =
Moment arm from Pont A to Center of gravity
2
2
a1 = ¥(d b / 2 ) +(B f - b avg / 2 )
=
2

a2 = ¥(d b / 2 ) +(B f / 2 )

2

=

2
a3 = ¥(d b +(t s / 2 )) + (Bf/ 2 ) 2

636941.21 lbs

629.81

in

354.32

in

354.98

in

Rotary inertia about pivot at point A for each component treating each
component as a rectangular prism rotating about a corner ;
2
IAf1 = W f 1 *a 1 / g
2
IAf2 = 2 * 4 / 3 * W f 2 /g * a 2

IAf3 = 4 / 3 * W f 3 /g * a 3

=

2
653853957 lbs-sec/in
2
128282383 lbs-sec/in

=

2
805911497 lbs-sec/in

=
2

1083 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet

BI 3039
ABU ALI SUBSTATION 1 & 2

Date
By :
Chck'd by:

DYNAMIC SLIDING AND OVERTURNING ANALYSIS (S/S # 1)

Total rotary inertia of the foundation
IAĮf = IA f 1 +IA f 2 +IA f 3

=

of

4

1/18/2004
MGG
SAK

2
1588047837 lbs-sec/in

Combined System Properties
Total weight ;

W= Wb + Wf

=

Total Mass

M= Mb +Mf

=

5134671.30 lbs
2
13288.49 lbs-sec/in

IAĮ = I AĮb + I AĮf

=

2
2.468.E+09 lbs-sec/in

;

Total rotary inertia

SLIDING ANALYSIS
Work-Energy Equation:
Let,
Sliding distance
Velocity
Applied Force
Load duration
Mass,
;
Kinetic energy ;

;
;
;
;
W/g
KE

=
=
=
=
=
=

ǻ
v
F
td
M
1 / 2 * W/g * V 2

Net work done for a body initially at rest
W*µd *ǻ
PE
=
Ia
=
Applied impulse,
Initial velocity of a body given this impulse ;
v
=
Resulting kinetic energy ;
(substituting v = i * g/ W) ; KE
=
Substituting KE = PE ;

F*td
Ia /W*g
(Ia 2 / 2 * W) * g

W*µd *ǻ =

(Ia 2 / 2 * W) * g

W * µd * ǻ =

Ia 2 / 2 * M

Sliding displacement ;
ǻ =
ǻ =

Ia 2 /( 2 * W * M * µ d )
0.766
in

Overturning Analysis
Let,
Angular rotation
Angular velocity
Weight
Load duration

=
=
=
=

ș
Ȧ
W
td

Rotary inertia

=

Uplift at c.g
Rotation

=
=

yo
ș
1084 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet

BI 3039
ABU ALI SUBSTATION 1 & 2

Date
By :
Chck'd by:

DYNAMIC SLIDING AND OVERTURNING ANALYSIS (S/S # 1)

Applied Force
Kinetic Energy ;

=
=

KE

yo =

Uplift at c.g

=

W*yo

=

W * (B f / 2 ) * tanș

M
I aĮ

=

F *Hb / 2

=

M*td

Applied angular impulse ;

Initial rotational velocity of a body given this impulse ;
Ȧ
=
Resulting kinetic energy
(substituting Ȧ = I aĮ / 1 Į) ; KE
=

1/18/2004
MGG
SAK

y o = (B f / 2 ) * tanș

PE
;

4

F
1 / 2 * I aĮ * Ȧ 2

Net work done for a body initially at rest
PE
Applied moment

of

I aĮ / 1 Į
I aĮ 2 /( 2 *I Į)

Substituting KE = PE ;
W * B f / 2 * tan ș =
Solve for Sliding displacement,
tanș =
ș
Reflected overturning impulse ;

Rotation angle

Uplift at far edge of foundation ;

=

I arĮ =
=
ș =
ș =
y max =
=

I aĮ 2 /( 2 *I Į )
I aĮ 2 /( 2 *I Į ) * 2 /(W * B f )
tan

-1

( I aĮ 2 /( I Į ) * 1 /(W * B f )

I ar * H b / 2
27660711

lbs-sec/in

tan - 1 ( I aĮ 2 /( I Į ) * 1 /(W * B f )
0.000085 radians
B f * tanș
0.060

inches

<25

inches ; ok

1085 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet

BI 3039
ABU ALI SUBSTATION 1 & 2

of

Date
By :
Chck'd by:

DYNAMIC SLIDING AND OVERTURNING ANALYSIS (S/S # 2)

4

1/18/2004
MGG
SAK

INPUT PARAMETERS
Physical Constants:
Acceleration of gravity
Co-efficient of sliding friction
Unit weight of concrete
Blast wave reflection coefficient

in/sec 2

g
µd
Ȗ conc
CrĮ

=
=
=
=

Lb
Hb
Bb
Roofwt
Wallwt

=
=
=
=
=

156
24.1
32.8
1.2
1.08

=

2297776.69 lbs

386.4
0.35
150
2.1

lbs/ft 3

Physical Parameters of the Building:
Length of target surface on the building
Height of target surface on the building
Width of the building
Weight of roofing
Weight of wall
Operating weight of the building
Wb = Roofwt * Lb * Bb + Wallwt * (2 *Lb + 2 * Bb) * Hb
Height of Center of gravity above the base
of the building module (estimated) ;
Hb / 4 =

Physical Parameters of the Foundation:
Lb
Foundation length ;
Foundation depth ;
0.9 m.
Bb
Foundation width
;
Other foundation dimensions
;

Hbcg =

Lf
Hf
Bf
bf
e
ts

72.3

ft
ft
ft
psi
psi

1870
289
394
8.21
7.44

in
in
in
kpa
kpa

in

=
=
=
=
=
=

1870
29.5
394
98.4
0
17.7

in
ft
in
in
in
in

=
=
=
=
=

4.2
0.42
540853.164
2271583.29
227158.329

lbs/in 2
lbs-sec/in 2
in 2

354 in

Design Loads for the Building
Reflected pressure
Reflected impulse per unit urea
Target surface area
;A
Reflected force on target surface ; Far
Reflected impulse on target surface

;Iar

Par
iar
Hb *Lb
Par * A
iar * A

lbs
lbs-sec

CALCULATED PARAMETERS
Building Properties
Mass of building
;
Wb/g =
Center of gravity location with respect to the origin ;
Bf / 2 =
H bcg + H f =

Mb =

5946.63

lbs-sec/in 2

Xcg =

196.86

in

Ycg =

426.648

in
1086 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet

BI 3039
ABU ALI SUBSTATION 1 & 2

Date
By :
Chck'd by:

DYNAMIC SLIDING AND OVERTURNING ANALYSIS (S/S # 2)

of

4

1/18/2004
MGG
SAK

Rotation arm about Point A ;
2
db = ¥(B f - X cg ) + Y cg
Rotary inertia of the building about Point A ;
Mb *db2 =

2

=
I AĮb =

469.87

in

1.313E+09 lbs-sec-in

Foundation Properties
Bf
x

2

Lf

1

3

1

2
z
Average width of edge beams (components nos. 1 and 2)
bavg = 0 . 5 *(b f +(b f +e))
Depth of edge beams (Component Nos. 1 and 2)
db = H f - t s
L1 = L f
L2 = Bf-2*bavg

Length of edge beams

=

98.43

in

=

336.63

in

=
=

1870.17
196.86

in
in

Weights of each component

Total foundation weight ;

Wf1 = Ȗ conc * ( 2 *(L 1 *bavg*d b )/ 1728
Wf2 = Ȗ conc * ( 2 *(L 2 *bavg*d b )/ 1728

=

10758229.2 lbs

=

1132445.18 lbs

Wf3 = Ȗ conc * (L f *Bf*t s )/ 1728

=

1132387.01 lbs

=

13023061.4 lbs
2
33703.58 lbs-sec/in

Wf = W f 1 +W f 2 +W f 3

Total foundation mass
Mf = W f /g =
Moment arm from Pont A to Center of gravity
2
2
a1 = ¥(d b / 2 ) +(B f - b avg / 2 )
=
2

a2 = ¥(d b / 2 ) +(B f / 2 )

2

=

2
a3 = ¥(d b +(t s / 2 )) + (Bf/ 2 ) 2

383.42

in

259.01

in

397.64

in

Rotary inertia about pivot at point A for each component treating each
component as a rectangular prism rotating about a corner ;
2
IAf1 = W f 1 *a 1 / g

=

2
IAf2 = 2 * 4 / 3 * W f 2 /g * a 2

=

2
IAf3 = 4 / 3 * W f 3 /g * a 3

=

4.09E+09

lbs-sec/in 2

2
524285742 lbs-sec/in
2
617838697 lbs-sec/in

1087 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet

BI 3039
ABU ALI SUBSTATION 1 & 2

Date
By :
Chck'd by:

DYNAMIC SLIDING AND OVERTURNING ANALYSIS (S/S # 2)

Total rotary inertia of the foundation
IAĮf = IA f 1 +IA f 2 +IA f 3

=

of

4

1/18/2004
MGG
SAK

2
5.235E+09 lbs-sec/in

Combined System Properties
Total weight ;

W= Wb + Wf

=

1.53E+07

Total Mass

M= Mb +Mf

=

39650.20

IAĮ = I AĮb + I AĮf

=

;

Total rotary inertia

lbs
lbs-sec/in 2

2
6.548.E+09 lbs-sec/in

SLIDING ANALYSIS
Work-Energy Equation:
Let,
Sliding distance
Velocity
Applied Force
Load duration
Mass,
;
Kinetic energy ;

;
;
;
;
W/g
KE

=
=
=
=
=
=

ǻ
v
F
td
M
1 / 2 * W/g * V 2

Net work done for a body initially at rest
W*µd *ǻ
PE
=
Ia
=
Applied impulse,
Initial velocity of a body given this impulse ;
v
=
Resulting kinetic energy ;
(substituting v = i * g/ W) ; KE
=
Substituting KE = PE ;

F*td
Ia /W*g
(Ia 2 / 2 * W) * g

W*µd *ǻ =

(Ia 2 / 2 * W) * g

W * µd * ǻ =

Ia 2 / 2 * M

Sliding displacement ;
ǻ =
ǻ =

Ia 2 /( 2 * W * M * µ d )
0.121
in

Overturning Analysis
Let,
Angular rotation
Angular velocity
Weight
Load duration

=
=
=
=

ș
Ȧ
W
td

Rotary inertia

=

Uplift at c.g
Rotation

=
=

yo
ș
1088 of 1089

Saudconsult
Job No. :
Project :
Subject :

Sheet

BI 3039
ABU ALI SUBSTATION 1 & 2

Date
By :
Chck'd by:

DYNAMIC SLIDING AND OVERTURNING ANALYSIS (S/S # 2)

Applied Force
Kinetic Energy ;

=
=

KE

yo =

Uplift at c.g

=

W*yo

=

W * (B f / 2 ) * tanș

M
I aĮ

=

F *Hb / 2

=

M*td

Applied angular impulse ;

Initial rotational velocity of a body given this impulse ;
Ȧ
=
Resulting kinetic energy
(substituting Ȧ = I aĮ / 1 Į) ; KE
=

1/18/2004
MGG
SAK

y o = (B f / 2 ) * tanș

PE
;

4

F
1 / 2 * I aĮ * Ȧ 2

Net work done for a body initially at rest
PE
Applied moment

of

I aĮ / 1 Į
I aĮ 2 /( 2 *I Į)

Substituting KE = PE ;
W * B f / 2 * tan ș =
Solve for Sliding displacement,
tanș =
ș
Reflected overturning impulse ;

Rotation angle

Uplift at far edge of foundation ;

=

I arĮ =
=
ș =
ș =
y max =
=

I aĮ 2 /( 2 *I Į )
I aĮ 2 /( 2 *I Į ) * 2 /(W * B f )
tan

-1

( I aĮ 2 /( I Į ) * 1 /(W * B f )

I ar * H b / 2
32847094.4 lbs-sec/in
tan - 1 ( I aĮ 2 /( I Į ) * 1 /(W * B f )
0.000027 radians
B f * tanș
0.011

inches

<25

inches ; ok

1089 of 1089

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX B

Connection Design Calculations

PROJECT : PRECAST EXTERNAL INSULATED CLADDINGS FOR ARAMCO REPLACEMENT
SUBSTATION 1 & 2 ( ABU ALI )
SUBJECT : DESIGN CALCULATION OF STEEL PLATE PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS
CONNECTION.
DETAIL "1 " OF BASIC DRAWING OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
STEEL PLATES CONNECTOR OF SHEAR WALL INSULATED PANELS
CONSIDER E50 ( EMBEDDED PLATE , SEE FILE OF ACCESSORIES SHOP DRAWINGS )
APPLIED UPWARD SHEAR FORCE PER FIXING = 644 /5 = 128.8 KN
DUE TO THE DOOR OPENING IN SHEARWALL SIDE, ADDITIONAL LOAD ON FIXING IS
ADDED DUE TO ABSENCE OF 6 PCS. FIXINGS DUE TO DOOR OPENINGS
ADDITIONAL UPWARD FORCE AT CORNER FIXING OF SHEARWALL & NON-SHEARWALL:
= 6 (128.8 )(5..35)/10.64/14 = 28 KN FOR EACH FIXING (MINIMAL)
USING GRADE 60 WELDING ELECTRODE
E60XX ft = 60 ksi ( 414 MPa )
SIF =1.10
AVERAGE MATERIAL STRENGTH INCREASE FACTOR (REF. SAES 009)
DIF = 1.19
DYNAMIC INCREASE FACTOR. (SAES 009 )
ALLOWABLE SHEARING STRESS OF WELDING ELECTRODE
fs = 0.3 (ft)
fs = 124 MPa
fsd = fs (SIF)(DIF) = (124)(1.1)(1.19) = 162.32 Mpa
STEEL PLATE :
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD) STRESS = 320 MPa
fyd = (320)(1.1)(1.19) = 418.90 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF PLATE = 320 X 0.4 = 128 MPa
fvd = 128 (1.1)(1.19) = 167.60 MPa
ANCHOR STUD BAR GRADE 60
ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS = 420 MPa
fybd = 420 (1.1)(1.19) = 549.78 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF BOLT = 420 ( .4) = 168 MPa
fvbd = 168 (1.1) (1.19) = 219.91 MPa
USING 6- DIA. 12MM ANCHOR STUDS & 8MM WELD SIZE
CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD:
Weld size = 8mm
,
t = throat

t = cos 45 ( 8) = 5.65 mm,

WELD SHEAR CAP. = 5.65x2x3.1416x6x6x162.32x1/1000 = 207.48 KN > 128.8 KN
THEREFORE OK.

SHEAR CAP. OF DIA 12MM ANCHOR STUDS 6 NOS.
STUD SHEAR CAP. = 3.1416 (12)^2(1/4)(6)(219.91)(1/1000) = 149.23 KN > 184 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 1 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
SHEARWALL STEEL PLATE CONNECTOR
CONSIDER E50A (BY MAIN CONTRACTOR) (EMBEDDED IN CIP SLAB SEE BASIC
DRAWING)
UPWARD FORCE OF 644 KN PER PANEL.
TENSILE CAPACITY OF 12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS
TENSILE FORCE ON 4- DIA. 12MM STUDS = 644/5x.125x1/.1 = 161 KN
TENSILE CAP. OF 4- DIA. 12MM STUD = 113 (549.78)(1/1000)(4) = 248.5 KN > 161 KN
THEREFORE OK

USING 10MM WELD SIZE
SHEAR CAP. OF 10MM WELD
THEREFORE OK.

,

THROAT t = COS 45 ( 10 ) = 7.07 MM
= 2X3.1416X6X7.07X4X162.32X1/1000 = 173.1 KN > 161 KN

DETAIL # 1 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
APPLIED HORIZONTAL SHEAR FORCE PER FIXING = 428.81/5 = 85.76 KN
USING 8- DIA 12MM ANCHOR STUDS & 10MM WELD SIZE
CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD
WELD SIZE = 10mm
, t = throat
t = cos 45 (10) = 7.07 mm:
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 7.07x2x3.1416x6x8x162.32x1/1000 = 345.58 KN > 85.76 KN
THEREFORE OK.
.
SHEAR CAPACITY OF DIA. 12MM ANCHOR STUDS 8 NOS
STUD SHEAR CAP. = 3.1416x12^2x1/4x8x219.91x1/1000 = 199 KN > 85.76 KN
THEREFORE OK
SHEAR CAPACITY OF ACC-01 ( FIXING ACCESSORY FOR DETAIL 1)
WELD SIZE OF BENT PLATE ACC-01 = 8MM
, t = cos 45 ( 8) = 5.65 MM
L = LENGTH OF WELD FOR BENT PLATE ACC-01 125X125X12MM THK. = 450 MM
SHEAR CAP. OF WELD = 5.65x450x162.32x1/1000 = 413 KN > 85.76 KN
THEREFORE OK.
HOR. SHEAR CAP. OF ACC-01 ( 125X125X12MM THK. X 200MM LONG )
SHEAR CAP. OF BENT PLATE = 12x200x167.60x 1/1000 = 402.24 KN > 85.76 KN

SHEAR CAP. OF BENT PLATE = 12x200x167.60x 1/1000 = 402.24 KN > 85.76 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 1OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
CONSIDER ACC-01 125X125X12MM THK. X 200MM LONG ACCESSORY
UPWARD FORCE = 644 / 5 = 128.8 KN PER FIXING
UPWARD SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM SIZE WELD

, t = COS 45 ( 8 ) = 5.65 MM

I of weld of ACC-O1 = 200x5.65^3/12 (2) + 200x5.65x62.5^2 (2) + 2(5.65x125^3/12)
= 10.673 x 10^ 6 MM^4
S (section modulus ) = 10.673 x 10^6/62.5 = 170773 MM^3
M = MOMENT INDUCED DUE TO ECCENTRIC LOADING
= 128.8 (.0625) = 8.05 KN.M
SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM WELD ON ACC-01 ACCESSORY
= 128.8 (1000)/5.65(450) + M/S
= 128.8 (1000)/5.65(450) + 8.05 X 10^6 / 170773
= 97.8 MPa < 162.32 MPa , therefore OK.

DETAIL # 1 OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
CHECK FOR THE UPWARD SHEAR FORCE WALL LOAD = 644 KN PER PANEL
FOR ACC-01 UPWARD SHEAR FORCE PER FIXING = 644/ 5 = 128.8 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 8MM WELD ,
L = LENGTH OF WELD ,

t = COS 45 (8) = 5.65MM

L = 105 X 2 + 200 = 410MM

SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM WELD = 5.65 ( 410 ) (162.32)(1/1000) = 376.30 KN > 128.8KN
THEREFFORE OK

PROJECT : PRECAST EXTERNAL INSULATED CLADDINGS FOR ARAMCO REPLACEME
SUBSTATION 1 & 2 ( ABU ALI )
SUBJECT : DESIGN CALCULATION OF STEEL PLATE PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS
CONNECTION.

DETAIL "14 " OF BASIC DRAWING OF 979-BD-SB2-07 2/2
TENSILE STEEL PLATES CONNECTOR AT TOP OF DOUBLE TEE SLAB
CONSIDER E64 EMBEDS , SUBSTATION 2 (SEE SHOP DRAWINGS )
APPLIED HORIZONTAL TENSILE FORCE PERPENDICULAR TO END OF DT = 2342.78KN
(SEE CALCULATION DATA SHEET ATTACHED)
USING GRADE 60 WELDING ELECTRODE
E60XX ft = 60 ksi ( 414 MPa )
SIF = 1.00 AVERAGE MATERIAL STRENGTH INCREASE FACTOR ( REF. SAES 009 )
DIF = 1.19 DYNAMIC INCREASE FACTOR ( REF. SAES 009 )
ALLOWABLE SHEARING STRESS OF WELDING ELECTRODE
fs = 0.3 ft
fs = 124 MPa
fsd = fs (SIF)(DIF) = (124)(1.0)(1.19) = 147.60 MPa

STEEL PLATE :
fu = 504 MPa ( fu = STRUCTURAL STEEL PLATE ULTIMATE STRESS )
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD ) STRESS = 320 MPa
fyd = 320 (1.0)(1.12) = 358.40 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF PLATE = 320 X 0.4 = 128 MPa
fvd = 128(1.0)(1.19) = 152.32 MPa

ANCHOR STUD BAR GRADE 60
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD ) STRESS = 420 MPa
fybd = 420(1.0)(1.12) = 470.40 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS = 420 ( .4) = 168 MPa
fvbd = 168 (1.0)(1.19) = 199.92 MPa

USING 3 PCS. 200 X 12MM THK. STEEL PLATES ( E64) at SB2
TOTAL APPLIED TENSILE FORCE ON THREE LINE OF STEEL PLATES = 2342.78 KN
( SEE CALCULATION DATA SHEET ATTACHED )
TENSILECAPACITY OF E64 STEEL PLATES
TENSILE CAP. = 12 x 200 x 358.40 x 1/1000 x 3
THEREFORE OK.

= 2580.48 KN > 2342.78 KN

SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD OF 12 - 20mm dia. STUDS FOR E64 ( 10MM WELD SIZE).
Weld size = 10mm
,
t = throat
t = cos 45 ( 10) = 7.1 mm,
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 7.1x 3.1416x2x10x12 x147.60x3x1/1000 = 2370.43 KN > 2342.78 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 14 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB2-07 2/2
TENSILE PLATE CONNECTOR AT TOP OF DT
CONSIDER E-64 EMBEDS WITH 12- 20mm DIA. STUD ANCHOR
HOR. TENSILE FORCE = 2342.78 KN
CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY OF 12 PCS.DIA. 20 MM STUD OF E64 EMBEDS
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 12- 20 MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS
SHEAR CAP. OF 12- 20MM DIA. STUDS= 314 (219.91) 12(3)(1/1000)
= 2259.90 KN < 2342.78 KN , THEREFORE NOT OK
The above calculation check for shear in anchor studs is failing, however it is safe if we
use SIF = 1.1 as it was used in ABS calculations in steel precast connection design. See
ABS calculations attached.
USING 10M WELD SIZE ALL AROUND ACC-09 STEEL PLATES OF SB2
CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITYOF 10MM WELD SIZE
THROAT t = COS 45 (10) = 7.1 MM ,
L = 167 + 298X2 = 763 MM
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 10MM WELD SIZE OF ACC-09. = 7.1 (763)(147.60)(1/1000)(3)
= 2399.00 KN > 2342.78 KN
THEREFORE OK
TENSILE CAPACITY OF PLATE ACC-09 OF SB2 ( 16MM X 200MM STEEL PLATE )
TENSILE PLATE CAPACITY = 16 X 200 X 358.40 X 1/1000 X 3 = 3440.64 KN > 2342.78 KN
THEREFORE OK

PROJECT : PRECAST EXTERNAL INSULATED CLADDINGS FOR ARAMCO REPLACEMENT
SUBSTATION 1 & 2 ( ABU ALI )
SUBJECT : DESIGN CALCULATION OF STEEL PLATE PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS
CONNECTION.

DETAIL "14 " OF BASIC DRAWING OF 979-BD-SB2-07 2/2
TENSILE STEEL PLATES CONNECTOR AT TOP OF DOUBLE TEE SLAB
CONSIDER E64 EMBEDS , SUBSTATION 2 (SEE SHOP DRAWINGS )
APPLIED HORIZONTAL TENSILE FORCE PERPENDICULAR TO END OF DT = 2342.78KN
(SEE CALCULATION DATA SHEET ATTACHED)
USING GRADE 60 WELDING ELECTRODE
E60XX ft = 60 ksi ( 414 MPa )
SIF = 1.10 AVERAGE MATERIAL STRENGTH INCREASE FACTOR ( REF. SAES 009 )
DIF = 1.19 DYNAMIC INCREASE FACTOR ( REF. SAES 009 )
ALLOWABLE SHEARING STRESS OF WELDING ELECTRODE
fs = 0.3 ft
fs = 124 MPa
fsd = fs (SIF)(DIF) = (124)(1.1)(1.19) = 162.32 MPa

STEEL PLATE :
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD ) STRESS = 320 MPa
fyd = 320 (1.1)(1.19) = 418.90 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF PLATE = 320 X 0.4 = 128 MPa
fvd = 128(1.1)(1.19) = 167.60 MPa

ANCHOR STUD BAR GRADE 60
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD ) STRESS = 420 MPa
fybd = 420(1.1)(1.19) = 549.78 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS = 420 ( .4) = 168 MPa
fvbd = 168 (1.1)(1.19) = 219.91 MPa

USING 3 PCS. 200 X 12MM THK. STEEL PLATES ( E64) at SB2
TOTAL APPLIED TENSILE FORCE ON THREE LINE OF STEEL PLATES = 2342.78 KN
( SEE CALCULATION DATA SHEET ATTACHED )
TENSILE CAPACITY OF E64 STEEL PLATES
TENSILE CAP. = 12 x 200 x 418.90 x 1/1000 x 3
THEREFORE OK.

= 3016.10 KN > 2342.78 KN

SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD OF 12 - 20mm dia. STUDS FOR E64 ( 10MM WELD SIZE).
Weld size = 10mm
,
t = throat
t = cos 45 ( 10) = 7.1 mm,
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 7.1x 3.1416x2x10x12 x162.32x3x1/1000 = 2606.83 KN > 2342.78 KN ,
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 14 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB2-07 2/2
TENSILE PLATE CONNECTOR AT TOP OF DT
CONSIDER E-64 EMBEDS WITH 12- 20mm DIA. STUD ANCHOR
HOR. TENSILE FORCE = 2342.78 KN
CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY OF 12 PCS.DIA. 20 MM STUD OF E64 EMBEDS
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 12- 20 MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS
SHEAR CAP. OF 12- 20MM DIA. STUDS = 314 (219.91) 12(3)(1/1000)
= 2487.8 KN > 2342.78 KN ,
THEREFORE OK

USING 10M WELD SIZE ALL AROUND ACC-09 STEEL PLATES OF SB2

USING 10M WELD SIZE ALL AROUND ACC-09 STEEL PLATES OF SB2
CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITYOF 10MM WELD SIZE
THROAT t = COS 45 (10) = 7.1 MM ,
L = 160 + 290X2 = 740 MM
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 10MM WELD SIZE OF ACC-09. = 7.1 (740)(162.32)(1/1000)(3)
= 2558.50 KN > 2342.78 KN
THEREFORE OK
TENSILE CAPACITY OF PLATE ACC-09 OF SB2 ( 16MM X 200MM STEEL PLATE )
TENSILE PLATE CAPACITY = 16 X 200 X 324.63 X 1/1000 X 3 = 3118.84 KN > 2342.78 KN
THEREFORE OK

PROJECT : PRECAST EXTERNAL INSULATED CLADDINGS FOR ARAMCO REPLACEMENT
SUBSTATION 1 & 2 ( ABU ALI )
SUBJECT : DESIGN CALCULATION OF STEEL PLATE PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS
CONNECTION.

DETAIL "13 " OF BASIC DRAWING OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07 2/2
STEEL PLATES CONNECTOR END OF DOUBLE TEE TO INSULATED PANEL
CONSIDER E61 EMBEDS , (SEE SHOP DRAWINGS )
APPLIED HORIZONTAL SHEAR FORCE PERPENDICULAR TO PANEL = 181 KN/ Panel
USING GRADE 60 WELDING ELECTRODE
E60XX ft = 60 ksi ( 414 MPa )
SIF = 1.10 AVERAGE MATERIAL STRENGTH INCREASE FACTOR (REF. SAES 009)
DIF = 1.19 DYNAMIC INCREASE FACTOR (REF. SAES 009 )

ALLOWABLE SHEARING STRESS OF WELDING ELECTRODE
fs = 0.3 ft
fs = 124 MPa
fsd = fs (SIF )(DIF) = (124)(1.1)(1.19) = 162.32 MPa
STEEL PLATE :
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD) STRESS = 320 MPa
fyd = 320 (1.1)(1.19) = 418.90 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF PLATE = 320 X 0.4 = 128 MPa
fvd = 128(1.1)(1.19) = 167.60 MPa
ALLOWABLE BENDING STRESS OF STEEL PLATE
fbd = 320(0.6)(1.1)(1.19) = 251.33 MPa

ANCHOR STUD BAR GRADE 60
ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS = 420 MPa
fybd = 420(1.1)(1.19) = 549.78 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS = 420 ( .4) = 168 MPa
fvbd = 168 (1.1)(1.19) = 219.91 MPa

USING 50 X 150 X 6MM THK. STEEL BENT PLATE ( E61)
APPLIED SHEAR PER FXING AT 500MM C/C = 181/5 = 36.20 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF E61 STEEL BENT PLATE ANCHOR STUDS 4- 12mm DIA.
SHEAR CAP. OF 12MM DIA. STUDS = 3.1416(12^2)(1/4)219.91(1/1000)(4) = 99.5 KN >32.6KN
THEREFORE OK.

SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD OF STUDS FOR E61 ( 6MM WELD SIZE)
Weld size = 6mm
,
t = throat
t = cos 45 ( 6) = 4.24 mm,
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 4.24x 3.1416x2x6x4 x162.32x1/1000 = 103.86 KN > 32.6 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 13 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07 2/2
END OF DOUBLE TEE TO INSULATED PANEL CONNECTION

USING 50 X 150 X 6MM THK. STEEL BENT PLATE ( E61)
APPLIED SHEAR PER FXING AT 500MM C/C = 181/5 = 36.20 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF E61 STEEL BENT PLATE ANCHOR STUDS 4- 12mm DIA.
SHEAR CAP. OF 12MM DIA. STUDS = 3.1416(12^2)(1/4)219.91(1/1000)(4) = 99.5 KN >32.6KN
THEREFORE OK.

SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD OF STUDS FOR E61 ( 6MM WELD SIZE)
Weld size = 6mm
,
t = throat
t = cos 45 ( 6) = 4.24 mm,
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 4.24x 3.1416x2x6x4 x162.32x1/1000 = 103.86 KN > 32.6 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 13 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07 2/2
END OF DOUBLE TEE TO INSULATED PANEL CONNECTION
CONSIDER E57 EMBEDS
HOR. SHEAR FORCE OF 181 KN PER PANEL = 36.2 KN PER FIXING.
CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY OF 4 PCS.DIA. 12 MM STUD OF E57 EMBEDS
USING 6MM WELD SIZE

,

THROAT, t = COS 45 (6 ) = 4.24 MM

SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD OF 4- DIA ANCHOR STUDS:
SHEAR CAP. OF 6MM WELD = 2X3.1416X6X4.24X4X162.32X1/1000) = 103.86 KN > 36.2KN
THEREFORE OK.

USING 4- DIA. 12MM ANCHOR STUDS, CHECK FOR TENSILE CAPACITY
CHECK FOR TENSILE CAPACITY OF 4 -12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS:
TENSILE CAPACITY OF 12MM DIA. = 3.1416( 12^2)(1/4)4(549.78)(1/1000)
= 248.70 KN > 36.2 KN
THEREFORE OK

CHECK FOR THE BENDING OF PLATE E57
M = {(.09-.01)/.09(36)(.01)}-.02 = 0.12 KN.M
S = SECTION MODULUS
S = 175 (6)^2/6 =1050 MM ^3
Fb = M/S
Fb = 0.12 x 10^6 / 1050 = 114 MPa < 251.33 MPa
THEREFORE OK

CHECK FOR THE BENDING OF PLATE E57
M = {(.09-.01)/.09(36)(.01)}-.02 = 0.12 KN.M
S = SECTION MODULUS
S = 175 (6)^2/6 =1050 MM ^3
Fb = M/S
Fb = 0.12 x 10^6 / 1050 = 114 MPa < 251.33 MPa
THEREFORE OK

CHECK FOR THE SHEAR CAPACITY OF CONCRETE AT E57 FIXING
Vc = .85 F'c^1/2 (b)d (1/6) (1/1000)
F'c = 35 MPa
F'cd = F'c (SIF)(DIF)
F'cd = 35 (1.1)(1.19) = 45.82 MPa
b = 120(2) +100(2) = 440 mm
d = 160 MM
Vc = .85 (45.82^1/2)(440)(160) (1/6)(1/1000)
Vc = 67.51 KN > 36 KN
THEREFORE OK

DET. "13" , CONSIDER E62/ E62A EMBEDS
END OF DOUBLE TEE TO PANEL CONNECTION
APPLIED HORIZONTAL SHEAR PER WEB = 45.26 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 6MM WELD OF OF PLATE EMBEDS E 62/ E62A
WELD SIZE = 6MM

, THROAT

t = COS 45 6 = 4.24 MM

SHEAR CAP. OF WELD OF 3+3 PCS. 12MM DIA. STUDS
= 4.24x2x3.1416x6x6x162.32x1/1000
= 155.68 KN > 45.26 KN , THEREFORE OK
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 3+3- 12MM DIA. STUDS FOR E62 /E62A
= 113 (219.91) (6) (1/1000) = 149.21 KN > 45.26 KN , THEREFORE OK

SHEAR CAP. OF WELD OF 3+3 PCS. 12MM DIA. STUDS
= 4.24x2x3.1416x6x6x162.32x1/1000
= 155.68 KN > 45.26 KN , THEREFORE OK
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 3+3- 12MM DIA. STUDS FOR E62 /E62A
= 113 (219.91) (6) (1/1000) = 149.21 KN > 45.26 KN , THEREFORE OK

END OF DOUBLE TEE TO PANEL CONNECTION
APPLIED HORIZONTAL SHEAR FORCE PER WEB = 45.26 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 6MM WELD OF 4- 12MM DIA STUDS OF E58 EMBEDS
WELD SIZE = 6 MM

THROAT t = COS 45 (6) = 4.24MM

SHEAR CAP. OF WELD = 2x3.1416x6x4.24x4x162.32x1/1000 = 103.86 KN > 45.26 KN
THEREFORE OK.
TENSILE CAPACITY OF 4- 12MM DIA. STUDS OF E58 EMBEDS
TENSILE CAP. OF STUDS = 113( 549.78)(4)(1/1000) = 248.69 KN > 45.26 KN
THEREFORE OK

TENSILE CAPACITY OF ACC-08 ( 100x150x6MM THK. STEEL PLATE)
TENSILE CAPACITY OF PLATE = 150 (6) 418.90 (1/1000) = 377.01 KN > 45.26 KN , OK
SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD CONNECTING E58 & ACC-08, WELD SIZE=6MM , t = 4.24
SHEAR CAP. = 150 (4.24)(162.32)(1/1000) = 103.31 KN >45.26 KN , OK

CHECK FOR THE BENDING CAPACITY OF E58 EMBED PLATE
M = 45.26/2 {(200-190)/2/1000} = 0.113 KN.M
FLEXURAL STRESS Fb = M/S
S = 200 (6^2)/6 = 1200 MM^3
Fb = 0.113 x10^6 / 1200 = 94.2 MPa < 251.33 MPa
THEREFORE , OK

M = 45.26/2 {(200-190)/2/1000} = 0.113 KN.M
FLEXURAL STRESS Fb = M/S
S = 200 (6^2)/6 = 1200 MM^3
Fb = 0.113 x10^6 / 1200 = 94.2 MPa < 251.33 MPa
THEREFORE , OK

CHECK FOR THE CONCRETE PULL OUT SHEAR OF CONCRETE
Vc = CONCRETE SHEAR CAPACITY
Vc = .85 (F'cd ) b d (1/6) (1/1000)
b = 130(2) + 200 (2) =- 660 mm
d = 150 MM
Vc = .85 (45.82)^1/2(660)(150)(1/6)(1/1000)
= 94.94 KN > 45.26KN, THEREFORE OK

PROJECT : PRECAST EXTERNAL INSULATED CLADDINGS FOR ARAMCO REPLACEMENT
SUBSTATION 1 & 2 ( ABU ALI )
SUBJECT : DESIGN CALCULATION OF STEEL PLATE PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS
CONNECTION.
DETAIL "12 " OF BASIC DRAWING OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07 2/2
STEEL PLATES CONNECTOR OF DOUBLE TEE TO DOUBLE TEE FLANGE.
CONSIDER ACC-07 ACCESSORIES , (SEE SHOP DRAWINGS )
APPLIED HORIZONTAL SHEAR FORCE PER METER = 130 KN/M
USING GRADE 60 WELDING ELECTRODE
E60XX ft = 60 ksi ( 414 MPa )
SIF = 1.10 AVERAGE MATERIAL STRENGTH INCREASE FACTOR (REF. SAES 009)
DIF = 1.19 DYNAMIC INCREASE FACTOR (REF. SAES 009 )
ALLOWABLE SHEARING STRESS OF WELDING ELECTRODE
fs = 0.3 ft
fs = 124 MPa
fsd = fs (SIF ) ( DIF) = 124(1.10)(1.19) = 162.32 MPa
STEEL PLATE :
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD ) STRESS = 320 MPa
fyd = 320 (1.10)(1.19) = 418.90 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF PLATE = 320 X 0.4 = 128 MPa
fvd = 128 (1.1)(1.19) = 167.60 MPa

ANCHOR STUD BAR GRADE 60
ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS = 420 MPa
fybd = 420 (1.1)(1.19) = 549.78 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS = 420 ( .4) = 168 MPa
fvbd = 168 (1.1)(1.19) = 219.91 MPa

USING 100 X 150 X 6MM THK. STEEL PLATE ( ACC-07)
APPLIED SHEAR PER FXING AT 500MM C/C = 130/2 = 65.0 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF ACC-07 STEEL PLATE ACCESSORY

:

SHEAR CAP. OF 6MM STEEL PLATE = 6 (150) (167.60)(1/1000) = 150.84 KN > 65 KN
THEREFORE OK.

SHEAR CAPACITY OF ACC-07 WELD ( 6MM WELD SIZE)
Weld size = 6mm
,
t = throat
t = cos 45 ( 6) = 4.24 mm,
L= LENGTH OF WELD = 40X2 + 150 = 230MM
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 4.24x 230 x162.32x1/1000 = 158.41 KN >65 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 12 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07 2/2
DOUBLE TEE TO DOUBLE TEE FLANGE CONNECTION
CONSIDER E60 EMBEDS
HOR. SHEAR FORCE OF 130 KN PER METER = 65 KN PER FIXING.
CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY OF 3 PCS.DIA. 12 MM STUD OF E60 EMBEDS
USING 6MM WELD SIZE

,

THROAT, t = COS 45 (6 ) = 4.24 MM

SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD OF 3 DIA ANCHOR STUDS:
SHEAR CAP. OF6MM WELD
THEREFORE OK.

= 2X3.1416X6X4.24X3X162.32X1/1000 = 77.91KN > 65KN

USING 3- DIA. 12MM ANCHOR STUDS WELD AT E60 BENT PLATE
CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY OF 3 -12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS:
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 12MM DIA. = 3.1416( 12^2)(1/4)3(219.91)1/1000)
= 74.61 KN > 65.0 KN
THEREFORE OK

PROJECT : PRECAST EXTERNAL INSULATED CLADDINGS FOR ARAMCO REPLACEMENT
SUBSTATION 1 & 2 ( ABU ALI )
SUBJECT : DESIGN CALCULATION OF STEEL PLATE PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS
CONNECTION.
DETAIL "11 " OF BASIC DRAWING OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
STEEL PLATES CONNECTOR OF SHEARWALL INSULATED PANELS TO DOUBLE TEE
CONSIDER ACC-05 ACCESSORIES , (SEE SHOP DRAWINGS )
APPLIED HORIZONTAL SHEAR FORCE PER PANEL = 428 KN/M
USING GRADE 60 WELDING ELECTRODE
E60XX ft = 60 ksi ( 414 MPa )
SIF = 1.10
AVERAGE MATERIAL STRENGTH INCREASE FACTOR ( REF. SAES 009 )
DIF = 1.19
DYNAMIC INCREASE FACTOR (SAES 009 )
ALLOWABLE SHEARING STRESS OF WELDING ELECTRODE
fs = 0.3 ft
fs = 124 MPa
fsd = fs (SIF)(DIF) = 124 (1.1)(1.19) = 162.32 MPa
STEEL PLATE :
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD) STRESS = 320 MPa
fyd = 320 (1.1)(1.19) = 418.90 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF PLATE = 320 X 0.4 = 128 MPa
fvd = 128 (1.1)(1.19) = 167.60 MPa
ANCHOR STUD BAR GRADE 60
ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS = 420 MPa
fybd = 420 (1.1)(1.19) = 549.78 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS = 420 ( .4) = 168 MPa
fvbd = 168 (1.1)(1.19) = 219.91 MPa

USING 125 X 125 X 8MM THK. STEEL PLATE ( ACC-05)
APPLIED SHEAR PER FXING AT 500MM C/C = 428/5 = 85.6 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF BOTH SIDES ACC-05 STEEL PLATE ACCESSORY
SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM STEEL PLATE = 8 (125) (167.60)(1/1000) (2) = 335.20 KN > 85.6 KN
THEREFORE OK.
SHEAR CAPACITY OF ACC-05 WELD ( 8MM WELD SIZE)
Weld size = 8mm
,
t = throat
t = cos 45 ( 8) = 5.65 mm,
L= LENGTH OF WELD = 125 (2) = 250MM
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 5.65x 250 x162.32x1/1000 = 229.45 KN > 85.6 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 11 OF BASIC DRAWING 979 BD SB1/SB2 07

:

SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM STEEL PLATE = 8 (125) (167.60)(1/1000) (2) = 335.20 KN > 85.6 KN
THEREFORE OK.
SHEAR CAPACITY OF ACC-05 WELD ( 8MM WELD SIZE)
Weld size = 8mm
,
t = throat
t = cos 45 ( 8) = 5.65 mm,
L= LENGTH OF WELD = 125 (2) = 250MM
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 5.65x 250 x162.32x1/1000 = 229.45 KN > 85.6 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 11 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
INSULATED SHEARWALL PANEL TO DOUBLE TEE CONNECTION
CONSIDER E59 ASSEMBLY EMBEDDED IN DOUBLE TEE
HOR. SHEAR FORCE OF 428 KN PER PANEL = 85.6 KN PER FIXING.
CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY OF 4 PCS.DIA. 12 MM STUD OF E59 EMBEDS
USING 8MM WELD SIZE

,

THROAT, t = COS 45 ( 8 ) = 5.65 MM

SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD OF 3 DIA ANCHOR STUDS:
SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM WELD
THEREFORE OK.

= 2X3.1416X6X5.65X8X162.32X1/1000 =276.8 KN > 85.6 KN

USING 4- DIA. 12MM ANCHOR STUDS WELD AT E59 PLATE ASSEMBLY EMBEDS
CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY OF 4 -12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS:
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 12MM DIA. = 3.1416( 12^2)(1/4)8(219.91)1/1000)
= 199.12 KN > 85.6 KN
THEREFORE OK

CONSIDER E56 STEEL PLATE EMBEDS 250X175X8MM THK. PLATE
SHEAR APPLIED FORCE = 428/ 5 = 85.6 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD OF 6- 12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 8MM WELD SIZE , t = COS 45 (8) = 5.65 MM

SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD OF 6- 12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 8MM WELD SIZE , t = COS 45 (8) = 5.65 MM
SHEAR CAP. OF WELD = 2x3.1416x6x5.65x6x162.32x1/1000 = 207.64 KN > 85.6 KN
THEREFORE OK
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 6- 12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS
STUDS SHEAR CAP. = 3.1416(12^2)(1/4)(1/1000)(219.91)(6) = 149.34 KN > 85.6
THEREFORE OK
TENSILE CAPACITY OF 6- 12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS OF E56 EMBEDS
TENSILE CAP. OF STUDS = 113 (549.78) (1/1000)6 = 373.04 KN > 181/5 = 36.2 KN , OK

CONCRETE SHEAR CHECK AT THE ROOF FLANGE OF DTS
HORIZONTAL FORCE = 181 PER PANEL
LOAD PER FIXING = 36.2 KN
Vc = SHEAR CAPACITY OF CONCRETE
Vc = .85 (F'c)^1/2 (b ) (d )/6
F'c = COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE AT 28 DAYS = 48 MPa
SIF = 1.1 AVERAGE MATERIAL STRENGTH INCREASE (REF. SAES 009)
DIF = 1.19 DYNAMIC INCREASE FACTOR (SAES 009)
F'cd = F'c (SIF )(DIF) = 48 ( 1.1)(1.19) = 62.83 MPa
b = THE PERIMETER OF PUNCHING AREA
d = DEPTH OF FLANGE = 150 ( .8 ) = 120MM
V = APPLIED HORIZONTAL SHEAR = 36.2KN

= 125 (2) + 175 = 425 MM

V = APPLIED HORIZONTAL SHEAR = 36.2KN
Vc= .85 ( 62.83 )^1/2 (425) (120)/6 (1/1000)
Vc =65.5 KN > 36.2 KN THEREFORE OK.

PROJECT : PRECAST EXTERNAL INSULATED CLADDINGS FOR ARAMCO REPLACEMENT
SUBSTATION 1 & 2 ( ABU ALI )
SUBJECT : DESIGN CALCULATION OF STEEL PLATE PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS
CONNECTION.

DETAIL "5 " OF BASIC DRAWING OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
STEEL PLATES CONNECTOR OF SHEARWALL INSULATED PANELS
CONSIDER ACC-05 ACCESSORIES , (SEE SHOP DRAWINGS )
APPLIED UPWARD SHEAR FORCE PER METER = 261.6 KN/M
USING GRADE 60 WELDING ELECTRODE
E60XX ft = 60 ksi ( 414 MPa )
SIF = 1.10 AVERAGE MATERIAL STRENGTH INCREASE FACTOR ( REF. SAES 009 )
DIF = 1.19 DYNAMIC INCREASE FACTOR ( REF. SAES 009 )

ALLOWABLE SHEARING STRESS OF WELDING ELECTRODE
fs = 0.3 ft
fs = 124 MPa
fsd = fs (SIF)(DIF) = 124 (1.1)(1.19) = 162.32 MPa
STEEL PLATE :
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD ) STRESS = 320 MPa
fyd = 320 (1.1)(1.19) = 418.90 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF PLATE = 320 X 0.4 = 128 MPa
fvd = 128 (1.1)(.19) = 167.6 MPa
ANCHOR STUD BAR GRADE 60
ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS = 420 MPa
fybd = 420(1.1)(1.19) = 549.78 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS = 420 ( .4) = 168 MPa
fvbd 168 (1.1)(1.19) = 219.91 MPa

USING 125 X 125 X 8MM THK. STEEL PLATE ( ACC-05)
APPLIED SHEAR PER FXING AT 500MM C/C = 261.6/2 = 130.8 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF BOTH SIDE ACC-05 STEEL PLATE ACCESSORY:

SHEAR CAPACITY OF BOTH SIDE ACC-05 STEEL PLATE ACCESSORY:
SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM STEEL PLATE = 8 (125) (167.60)(1/1000) (2) = 335.20 KN > 130.8 KN
THEREFORE OK.

SHEAR CAPACITY OF ACC-05 WELD ( 8MM WELD SIZE)
Weld size = 8mm

,

t = throat

t = cos 45 ( 8) = 5.65 mm,

L= LENGTH OF WELD = 50 X 2 + 125 = 225MM
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 5.65x 225 x162.32x1/1000 = 206.50 KN > 130.8 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 5 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
INSULATED SHEARWALL PANEL TO PANEL CONNECTION
CONSIDER E66 (EMBEDDED INSULATED SHEARWALL PANEL)
UPWARD FORCE OF 261.6 KN PER METER = 130.8 KN PER FIXING.
CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY OF 3 PCS.DIA. 12 MM STUD OF E66 EMBEDS
USING 8MM WELD SIZE

,

THROAT, t = COS 45 ( 8 ) = 5.65 MM

SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD OF 3 DIA ANCHOR STUDS:
SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM WELD = 2X3.1416X6X5.65X3X162.32X1/1000(2) =207.64 KN >130.8 KN
THEREFORE OK.

USING 3- DIA. 12MM ANCHOR STUDS WELD AT E66 PLATE EMBEDS
CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY OF 12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS:
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 12MM DIA. = 3.1416( 12^2)(1/4)3(219.91)1/1000)(2)
= 149.34 KN > 130.8 KN
THEREFORE OK

PROJECT : PRECAST EXTERNAL INSULATED CLADDINGS FOR ARAMCO REPLACEMENT
SUBSTATION 1 & 2 ( ABU ALI )
SUBJECT : DESIGN CALCULATION OF STEEL PLATE PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS
CONNECTION.

DETAIL "4 " OF BASIC DRAWING OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
STEEL PLATES CONNECTOR OF LONGITUDINAL INSULATED PANELS
CONSIDER ACC-03 ACCESSORIES , (SEE SHOP DRAWINGS )
APPLIED UPWARD SHEAR FORCE PER METER = 20.5 KN/M
USING GRADE 60 WELDING ELECTRODE
E60XX ft = 60 ksi ( 414 MPa )
SIF = 1.10 AVERAGE MATERIAL STRENGTH INCREASE FACTOR ( REF. SAES 009 )
DIF = 1.19 DYNAMIC INCREASE FACTOR (REF SAES 009 )

ALLOWABLE SHEARING STRESS OF WELDING ELECTRODE
fs = 0.3 ft
fs = 124 MPa
fsd = fs (SIF)(DIF) = (124)(1.1)(1.19) = 162.32 MPa
STEEL PLATE :
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD) STRESS = 320 MPa
fyd = 320 (1.1)(1.19) = 418.90 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF PLATE = 320 X 0.4 = 128 MPa
fvd = 128 (1.1)(1.19) = 167.60 MPa
ANCHOR STUD BAR GRADE 60
ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS = 420 MPa
fybd = 420(1.1)(1.19) = 549.78 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS = 420 ( .4) = 168 MPa
fvbd = 168 (1.1)(1.19) = 219.91 MPa

USING 100 X 125 X 6MM THK. STEEL PLATE ( ACC-03)
APPLIED SHEAR PER FXING AT 500MM C/C

20 5/2

10 25 KN

USING 100 X 125 X 6MM THK. STEEL PLATE ( ACC-03)
APPLIED SHEAR PER FXING AT 500MM C/C = 20.5/2 = 10.25 KN
SHEAR CAP. OF 6MM PLATE (ACC-03) = 125 x 6 x167.60 (1/1000) = 125.70 KN > 10.25 KN
THEREFORE OK

CHECK FOR WELD SHEAR CAPACITY OF ACC-03 :
Weld size = 5mm
,
t = throat
t = cos 45 ( 5) = 3.54 mm,
L= LENGTH OF WELD = 40 X 2 X + 125 = 205MM
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 3.54x 205 x162.32(1/1000) = 117.90 KN > 10.25 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 4 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
INSULATED PANEL WALL TO WALL CONNECTION
CONSIDER E52 (EMBEDDED INSULATED PANEL)
UPWARD FORCE OF 20.5 KN PER METER = 10.25 KN PER FIXING.
CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY OF 2 PCS.DIA. 12 MM STUD OF E52 EMBEDS
USING 6MM WELD SIZE

,

THROAT, t = COS 45 ( 6 ) = 4.24 MM

SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD:
SHEAR CAP. OF 6MM WELD
THEREFORE OK.

= 2X3.1416X6X4.24X2X162.32X1/1000 = 51.90 KN >10.25 KN

USING 2- DIA. 12MM ANCHOR STUDS WELD AT E52 PLATE EMBEDS
CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY OF 12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS:
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 12MM DIA. = 3.1416( 12^2)(1/4)2(219.91)(1/1000) = 49.78 KN > 10.25KN
THEREFORE OK

PROJECT : PRECAST EXTERNAL INSULATED CLADDINGS FOR ARAMCO REPLACEMENT
SUBSTATION 1 & 2 ( ABU ALI )
SUBJECT : DESIGN CALCULATION OF STEEL PLATE PRECAST CONCRETE ELEMENTS
CONNECTION.
DETAIL "1 " OF BASIC DRAWING OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
STEEL PLATES CONNECTOR OF SHEAR WALL INSULATED PANELS
CONSIDER E50 ( EMBEDDED PLATE , SEE FILE OF ACCESSORIES SHOP DRAWINGS )
APPLIED UPWARD SHEAR FORCE PER FIXING = 644 /5 = 128.8 KN
DUE TO THE DOOR OPENING IN SHEARWALL SIDE, ADDITIONAL LOAD ON FIXING IS
ADDED DUE TO ABSENCE OF 6 PCS. FIXINGS DUE TO DOOR OPENINGS
ADDITIONAL UPWARD FORCE AT CORNER FIXING OF SHEARWALL & NON-SHEARWALL:
= 6 (128.8 )(5..35)/10.64/14 = 28 KN FOR EACH FIXING (MINIMAL)
USING GRADE 60 WELDING ELECTRODE
E60XX ft = 60 ksi ( 414 MPa )
SIF =1.10
AVERAGE MATERIAL STRENGTH INCREASE FACTOR (REF. SAES 009)
DIF = 1.19
DYNAMIC INCREASE FACTOR. (SAES 009 )
ALLOWABLE SHEARING STRESS OF WELDING ELECTRODE
fs = 0.3 (ft)
fs = 124 MPa
fsd = fs (SIF)(DIF) = (124)(1.1)(1.19) = 162.32 Mpa
STEEL PLATE :
ALLOWABLE TENSILE (YIELD) STRESS = 320 MPa
fyd = (320)(1.1)(1.19) = 418.90 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF PLATE = 320 X 0.4 = 128 MPa
fvd = 128 (1.1)(1.19) = 167.60 MPa
ANCHOR STUD BAR GRADE 60
ALLOWABLE TENSILE STRESS = 420 MPa
fybd = 420 (1.1)(1.19) = 549.78 MPa
ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRESS OF BOLT = 420 ( .4) = 168 MPa
fvbd = 168 (1.1) (1.19) = 219.91 MPa
USING 6- DIA. 12MM ANCHOR STUDS & 8MM WELD SIZE
CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD:

CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD:
Weld size = 8mm
,
t = throat

t = cos 45 ( 8) = 5.65 mm,

WELD SHEAR CAP. = 5.65x2x3.1416x6x6x162.32x1/1000 = 207.48 KN > 128.8 KN
THEREFORE OK.

SHEAR CAP. OF DIA 12MM ANCHOR STUDS 6 NOS.
STUD SHEAR CAP. = 3.1416 (12)^2(1/4)(6)(219.91)(1/1000) = 149.23 KN > 184 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 1 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
SHEARWALL STEEL PLATE CONNECTOR
CONSIDER E50A (BY MAIN CONTRACTOR) (EMBEDDED IN CIP SLAB SEE BASIC
DRAWING)
UPWARD FORCE OF 644 KN PER PANEL.
TENSILE CAPACITY OF 12MM DIA. ANCHOR STUDS
TENSILE FORCE ON 4- DIA. 12MM STUDS = 644/5x.125x1/.1 = 161 KN
TENSILE CAP. OF 4- DIA. 12MM STUD = 113 (549.78)(1/1000)(4) = 248.5 KN > 161 KN
THEREFORE OK

USING 10MM WELD SIZE

,

THROAT t = COS 45 ( 10 ) = 7.07 MM

SHEAR CAP. OF 10MM WELD
THEREFORE OK.

= 2X3.1416X6X7.07X4X162.32X1/1000 = 173.1 KN > 161 KN

DETAIL # 1 OF BASIC DRAWING 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
APPLIED HORIZONTAL SHEAR FORCE PER FIXING = 428.81/5 = 85.76 KN
USING 8- DIA 12MM ANCHOR STUDS & 10MM WELD SIZE
CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY OF WELD
WELD SIZE = 10mm
, t = throat
t = cos 45 (10) = 7.07 mm:
WELD SHEAR CAP. = 7.07x2x3.1416x6x8x162.32x1/1000 = 345.58 KN > 85.76 KN
THEREFORE OK.

WELD SHEAR CAP. = 7.07x2x3.1416x6x8x162.32x1/1000 = 345.58 KN > 85.76 KN
THEREFORE OK.
SHEAR CAPACITY OF DIA. 12MM ANCHOR STUDS 8 NOS .
STUD SHEAR CAP. = 3.1416x12^2x1/4x8x219.91x1/1000 = 199 KN > 85.76 KN
THEREFORE OK
SHEAR CAPACITY OF ACC-01 ( FIXING ACCESSORY FOR DETAIL 1)
WELD SIZE OF BENT PLATE ACC-01 = 8MM
, t = cos 45 ( 8) = 5.65 MM
L = LENGTH OF WELD FOR BENT PLATE ACC-01 125X125X12MM THK. = 450 MM
SHEAR CAP. OF WELD = 5.65x450x162.32x1/1000 = 413 KN > 85.76 KN
THEREFORE OK.
HOR. SHEAR CAP. OF ACC-01 ( 125X125X12MM THK. X 200MM LONG )
SHEAR CAP. OF BENT PLATE = 12x200x167.60x 1/1000 = 402.24 KN > 85.76 KN
THEREFORE OK.

DETAIL # 1OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
CONSIDER ACC-01 125X125X12MM THK. X 200MM LONG ACCESSORY
UPWARD FORCE = 644 / 5 = 128.8 KN PER FIXING
UPWARD SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM SIZE WELD

, t = COS 45 ( 8 ) = 5.65 MM

I of weld of ACC-O1 = 200x5.65^3/12 (2) + 200x5.65x62.5^2 (2) + 2(5.65x125^3/12)
= 10.673 x 10^ 6 MM^4
S (section modulus ) = 10.673 x 10^6/62.5 = 170773 MM^3
M = MOMENT INDUCED DUE TO ECCENTRIC LOADING
= 128.8 (.0625) = 8.05 KN.M
SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM WELD ON ACC-01 ACCESSORY
= 128.8 (1000)/5.65(450) + M/S
= 128.8 (1000)/5.65(450) + 8.05 X 10^6 / 170773
= 97.8 MPa < 162.32 MPa , therefore OK.

DETAIL # 1 OF 979-BD-SB1/SB2-07
CHECK FOR THE UPWARD SHEAR FORCE WALL LOAD = 644 KN PER PANEL
FOR ACC-01 UPWARD SHEAR FORCE PER FIXING = 644/ 5 = 128.8 KN

FOR ACC-01 UPWARD SHEAR FORCE PER FIXING = 644/ 5 = 128.8 KN
SHEAR CAPACITY OF 8MM WELD ,
L = LENGTH OF WELD ,

t = COS 45 (8) = 5.65MM

L = 105 X 2 + 200 = 410MM

SHEAR CAP. OF 8MM WELD = 5.65 ( 410 ) (162.32)(1/1000) = 376.30 KN > 128.8KN
THEREFFORE OK

CHECK TENSILE CAPACITY OF STEEL BENT PLATE ACC-01 12MM THK. 125X125
TENSILE CAP. = 12 x 200 x 418.90 (1/ 1000) =1005.40 KN > 128.8 KN
THEREFORE OK

PULL OUT SHEAR CAPACITY OF CONCRETE AT E50A EMBEDS( BY MAIN CONTRACTOR )
IN CIP SLAB IS NOT QDC'S SCOPE OF WORK.

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX C
Construction Drawings
- General Layout
- Wall Panels
- Reinforcement
- Roof Slab
- Connection Details
- Standard Embedment Details

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX C.1
General Layout Drawings

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX C.2
Wall Panel Drawings

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX C.3
Reinforcement Drawings

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX C.4
Roof Slab Drawings

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX C.5
Connection Details

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX C.6
Standard Embedment Details

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX D

SAES-M-09 Appendix A, Blast Design Requirements (BRD) Data Sheet

Blast Design Requirements (BDR) Data Sheet
Page 1 of 3

ABU ALI SUBSTATION
Facility Name/Location:
Unit:
Building Name: SUBSTATION 2
A-1.
A-1.1
A-1.2

Blast Resistant Building Construction
Building Response Range:
Low

Medium

BI – 3039

High

Building Structural System:
(Check construction type from each column below – refer to Tables 1 & 2. Provide details on under
Special Requirements if necessary.)
Frame
Wall
Roof
Cast-In-Place Concrete
Cast-In-Place Concrete
Cast-In-Place Concrete
Hot-Rolled Steel

Precast Concrete

Precast Concrete

Pre-Engineered Metal

Reinforced Masonry / CMU

Single Sheet Metal Panel

Load Bearing Wall

Single Sheet Metal Panel

Insulated Metal Sandwich Panel

Insulated Metal Sandwich Panel

Composite Concrete Deck

Other:

Other:

Other:

A-1.3.

Job Number:
Building Number:

Fragment Resistant Required:

Yes

No

A-2. Blast Load Design Requirements
For each load case, the blast on each surface shall be determined using procedures provided in the ASCE (1997)
(Chapter 3), based on the peak side-on pressure and corresponding durations or impulses as follows:
(See Figure A1 on following page.)
Blast Load Parameters (1, 2, 3)
(4)
Load

Description

Case
1

Reflected
Wall (4)
( N, S, E,
or W )
N,S,E &
W

Load Shape
and Angle
A,B
A

α
0

(5)

Peak Side-On
Pressure (6)
unit:
Psi
P1
2

P2

Duration
msec
T1
200

T2

T3

T4

Notes:
(1) Blast loads shall be computed at the wall nearest the blast center.
(2) Roof shall be considered loaded by the peak side-on pressure.
(3) Depending on the load shape, some of the parameters may not be applicable.
(4) Each load case may see a different reflected wall. Indicate the wall (N, S, E, or W) facing the blast for the current load case.
(5) Indicate angle of blast source (in degrees) measured from the line normal to the reflected wall.
(6) Choose pressure unit from list (psi, MPa, millibar) or enter special unit name.

No.

Date

Description

Previous Issue: 31 January, 2000 Next Planned Update: 1 May, 2005
Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin
Primary contact: Chuck C. Baldwin on phone 874-6149

By

Check.

App.

Page 1 of 5

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures
Issue Date: 30 April, 2002
Next Planned Update: 1 May, 2005

SAES-M-009
Design Criteria for Blast Resistant Buildings

Page 2 of 3

Figure A1 - Load Shapes and Building Orientation

P1, T1

T1

T3

Pressure

Pressure

P1

T4

T2

Duration

Duration
P2, T2

P2, T3

Load Shape A

Load Shape B

Direction of Blast

α
Reflected Wall (N,S,E, or W)

Building
Plan View

A-3. Blast Door Requirements
The table below summarizes the design requirements for each blast door located in the exterior walls of blast
resistant buildings.
Performance
Category (see Table 11)
(I, II)

Blast Door
ID or No.

Building Face
Door Location
( N, S, E, W )

D/6

W

II

D/7

N

II

D/8

N

II

D/9

N

II

D/10

E

II

Page 2 of 5

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures
Issue Date: 30 April, 2002
Next Planned Update: 1 May, 2005

SAES-M-009
Design Criteria for Blast Resistant Buildings

Page 3 of 3
A-4. Geotechnical Requirements (Refer to SAES-A-113)
A-4.1. Foundation Type (Select one and provide data in the appropriate section.):
Mat Foundation
Spread Footing
Pile Supported
A-4.2. Mat Foundation
Item
Ultimate Net Bearing Capacity

At Depth

Value
270

1.0

Dynamic Modulus of Subgrade Reaction

6136

Sliding Friction Coefficient
Passive Pressure Coefficient

0.4
3.25

Unit (*) / Special Unit
Kpa

kN/m² (psf)

M

M (ft)

kN/m³

kN/m³ (pcf)

A-4.3. Spread Footing Foundation
Ultimate Net Bearing Capacity

At Depth

kN/m² (psf)

m (ft)

Sliding Friction Coefficient
Passive Pressure Coefficient
A-4.4. Pile-Supported Foundation
Pile Description
Maximum Vertical Pile Capacity

kN (kips)

Maximum Horizontal Pile Capacity

kN (kips)

Vertical Pile Spring Constant

kN/m (kips/in)

Horizontal Pile Spring Constant

kN/m (kips/in)

( * ) Note: Choose unit from list or enter user-defined name under Special Unit.
A-5. Other Special Requirements:
Blast Valves

Blast Attenuators

Page 3 of 5

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures
Issue Date: 30 April, 2002
Next Planned Update: 1 May, 2005

SAES-M-009
Design Criteria for Blast Resistant Buildings

Special Requirements:
Building is a precast reinforced concrete building wth shearwalls. It is constructed from precast panels with cast-inserts
welded together to form integral structure. It does not conform to Table 2 of SAES-M-009
Structural Precast Concrete Wall dimensions are 360mm thick ( including 50mm thk insulation and 60mm thick
concrete outer skin) and Precast Concrete Roof Panels are 150 mm thick

Page 4 of 5

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures
Issue Date: 30 April, 2002
Next Planned Update: 1 May, 2005

SAES-M-009
Design Criteria for Blast Resistant Buildings

Page 5 of 5

Saudi Aramco Report No. SAER-6028
ABS Report No. 1282017-R-02, Issue 3

APPENDIX E

Supplementary Design Calculations for Aramco Comments

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CONTENTS
Page
CONTENTS..........................................................................................................................................0
1

INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................0

2

SCOPE ..........................................................................................................................................0

3

RESULTS .....................................................................................................................................0
3.1
PRESSURE-IMPULSE DIAGRAMS ..............................................................................................0
3.1.1
Overview of Changes Since Preliminary Design...........................................................0
3.1.2
Limitations of Pressure-Impulse Diagrams ...................................................................0
3.2
SIMPLIFICATION OF CONNECTIONS .........................................................................................0
3.3
FOUNDATION DESIGN LOADS .................................................................................................0
3.4
CAST-IN INSERTS FOR SUPPORT OF SERVICES .........................................................................0

4

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.....................................................................0

5

REFERENCES.............................................................................................................................0

List of Figures
1

Low Response Curve for Substation 1 (15m wide)

2

Low Response Curve for Substation 2 (10m wide)

3

Medium Response Curve for Substation 1 (15m wide) (with Stirrups in Wall Panels)

4

Medium Response Curve for Substation 2 (10m wide) (with Stirrups in Wall Panels)

5

Sketch of Proposed Wall Panel to Wall Panel Bolted Connection (Short Wall)

6

Sketch of Proposed Wall Panel to Wall Panel Bolted Connection (Long Wall)

7

Sketch of Proposed Wall Panel to Foundation Bolted Connection

8

Sketch of Proposed Roof Panel to Roof Panel Bolted Connection

9

Sketch of Proposed Roof Panel (Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Short Wall)

10

Sketch of Proposed Roof Panel (Flange of Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Long
Wall)

11

Sketch of Proposed Roof Panel (Web of Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Long
Wall)

12

Typical Halfen Channel Cast-In-Place Detail

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List of Tables
1

Review of Existing Welded Connections (15m wide Substation)

2

Foundation Design Loads

List of Appendices
A

Full Justification of Pressure-Impulse Diagrams

B

Bolted Connections Calculations

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1

INTRODUCTION
Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco) are in the process of commissioning a number
of blast resistant precast concrete substations, one of which is 47.5m by 10m wide and the
other is 40m by 15m wide.
As part of the commissioning process ABS Consulting (ABSC) prepared a report for each
substation (References 1 and 2), presenting the detailed design carried out solely by
Saudconsult and Qanbar Dywidag Precast Concrete Ltd for these two buildings.
Following the Saudi Aramco design review, several issues were raised (see Reference 3) that
required addressing before they could accept the design. Furthermore, it was requested that
ABS Consulting (ABSC) undertake all of the additional assessment activities needed to
address these issues, opposed to the designers.
The purpose of this calculation is to document further work carried out by ABSC to address
the Saudi Aramco comments, as outlined in Reference 4.

2

SCOPE
The scope of this work is to undertake the additional assessment activities needed to address
the Saudi Aramco comments (Reference 3) on the detailed design of the blast resistant
precast concrete substations, as outlined in Reference 4. The issues addressed within this
calculation are summarised below.

Full Justification of Pressure-Impulse Diagrams: No substantiated Pressure-Impulse
diagrams were provided in the previous design calculations. ABSC are to develop
building specific Pressure-Impulse curves, with fully supporting calculations.

Review of Connections to Minimise Site Welding: Saudi Aramco have concluded that
the amount of site welding is unacceptable. ABSC are to review the proposed
connection details, and where possible and judged cost effective to change, provide an
alternative connection detail.

Foundation Design Loads: Saudi Aramco require foundation loading data to be
extracted from the Saudconsult and Qanbar Dywidag Precast Concrete Ltd design
calculations, such that they can be tabulated for use by future foundation designers.

Cast-In Inserts for Support of Services: Within the scope of the original design there
was a requirement for an adequate fastening into the roof slab to allow for the hanging
of building services off. The original design proposed a cast in insert through the web
of the roof tee-section to allow hanging of the building services. Saudi Aramco have
decided (Reference 5) that it is preferable to provide a cast-in insert into the underside
of the roof tee-section, as this allows greater flexibility for the hanging of building
services. ABSC will provide details of the preferred arrangement.

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3

RESULTS

3.1

Pressure-Impulse Diagrams
Figures 1 to 4 show low and medium response curves for Substation 1 and 2 (15m and 10m
wide respectively). It is highlighted the medium response curves in Figures 3 and 4 are only
attainable if a suitable stirrup arrangement is included within the wall design.

3.1.1

Overview of Changes Since Preliminary Design
The Pressure-Impulse diagrams presented in References 1 and 2 were based on calculations
performed for the preliminary design. The Pressure-Impulse diagrams are based on the final
structural details. Full supporting calculations are presented in Appendix A of this
calculation.
A number of changes since the preliminary design have caused changes in the previous
Pressure-Impulse diagrams. These changes include:-

3.1.2

The concrete used in the roof tee-beam sections (7500psi) has a higher strength than
in the original blast design,

The reinforcement and cross-section of the roof tee-beam sections has been increased
since the original blast design,

The roof tee-beam sections are stronger than necessary for the design basis loading
(SS1 stronger than the original design by 33%).

Additional P-delta loads from the stronger roof generates slight reduction in wall
capacity.

Limitations of Pressure-Impulse Diagrams
The Pressure-Impulse diagrams for both Substations 1 and 2 are representative of building
lengths between 10 and 50m.
The reflected walls with equipment doors control the capacity of the buildings.
Only low damage response is acceptable if no stirrups are provided in the wall sections.
Medium damage response is acceptable if a suitable stirrup arrangement is included within
the wall sections. No high damage response is provided since the walls are load bearing and
would incur very high P-delta forces, which would induce additional loading on the
connections.

3.2

Simplification of Connections
To avoid spending undue design time on all the connections it was initially decided to
perform a review of all the connections to determine which connections were suitable for a
bolted connection, and the number of each connection per building. This study was only
performed for Substation 1 (47.5m by 10m wide), the results of which are shown in Table 1.

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As can be seen in Table 1, it was decided to concentrate design efforts on the following types
of connection;

Wall Panel to Wall Panel Connection (Short Wall)

Wall Panel to Wall Panel Connection (Long Wall)

Wall Panel to Foundation Connection

Roof Panel to Roof Panel Connection

Roof Panel (Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Short Wall)

Roof Panel (Flange of Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Long Wall)

Roof Panel (Web of Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Long Wall)

The bolted connections have been designed in accordance with the requirements of ACI 318
(Reference 6). The applied loading to the connections has been taken from the original
Saudconsult welded connection design calculations; no further analysis has been performed.
The bolted connections have been designed to minimise modification from the original
design, yet produce effective and functional connections. High Strength Friction Grip
(HSFG) bolts have been adopted such that slotted holes can be used to suit construction
tolerances. It is highlighted that all embedded rods shall be located within the reinforcement
such that edge bursting is precluded.
Sketches of the proposed bolted connections for these seven types of connection are shown in
Figures 5 to 11. The justification calculations for these bolted connections are included
within Appendix B of this calculation.

3.3

Foundation Design Loads
The maximum loading on the foundation for both buildings has been extracted from
Saudconsult and Qanbar Dywidag Precast Concrete Ltd design calculations.
It is highlighted that the static dead plus blast reaction loads for the SS#2 foundation is
787kN/m. This equates to almost 1600kN/m2 for a 0.5m wide foundation. As such it is
uneconomical to design the foundations statically for the blast loading. Instead the
foundations have been checked using an energy balance method, which has shown the
performance of both the SS#1 and SS#2 foundations to respond adequately.
The building design shall therefore adopt the foundation loads provided in Table 2, which are
based on the Dead plus Live plus Wind load case. This predicts that the foundations
allowable bearing capacity must exceed 130kN/m (260kN/m2 assuming 0.5m wide wall
foundation). However, in order use these loads it is essential that the following criteria is
achieved, to be consistent with the energy balance calculation;

The wall foundation must have a depth of at least 1.0m and a width not less than
0.5m.

The ground slab and wall foundations must be dowelled together in order to obtain
load transfer.

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3.4

The ground slab shall be a single membrane over the full area of the building, with a
edge thickness not less than 450mm.

Cast-In Inserts for Support of Services
To provide a suitable anchorage point for building services, it is proposed to use a Halfen
channel cast-in-place within the underside of each of the roof double tee-sections, continuous
along the centreline. This detail is shown in Figure 12.
Given the width of the double tee-sections at the underside of the web (143mm), the choice of
Halfen channels is limited. This choice is further limited by the need for an insert suitable for
dynamic loading. It is therefore proposed to use a Halfen HTA 40/22 channel (with
embedded anchors at 250mm centres), and use a Halfen M16 T-head bolts. This type of
Halfen channel is “hot rolled”, and suitable for dynamic loads.
The maximum loading on this type of channel, from the design information, for a single
anchorage point is 8kN, with a minimum spacing between anchorage points of 250mm.
To allow for blast loading, it is considered appropriate to reduce this allowable load by a
factor of approximately three. Therefore it is recommended that the safe working load for a
single anchorage point on the cast-in-place Halfen channels is limited to 2.6kN, with a
minimum spacing between anchorage points of 250mm.

4

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
This calculation has presented the further work carried out by ABS Consulting to address the
client comments received from Saudi Aramco (Reference 3) on the reports of the design of
the 47.5m by 10m wide and 40m by 15m wide blast resistant precast concrete substations
(References 1 and 2).
Low and medium response curves, with a suitable stirrup arrangements in the walls, have
been developed for both Substation 1 and 2, and are presented in Figures 1 to 4.
Alternative bolted connections, to the original welded connections, for the following
connections are presented within this calculation;

Wall Panel to Wall Panel Connection (Short Wall) – See Figure 5

Wall Panel to Wall Panel Connection (Long Wall) – See Figure 6

Wall Panel to Foundation Connection – See Figure 7

Roof Panel to Roof Panel Connection – See Figure 8

Roof Panel (Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Short Wall) – See Figure 9

Roof Panel (Flange of Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Long Wall) – See
Figure 10

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Roof Panel (Web of Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Long Wall) – See
Figure 11

These revised connection details reduce the level of site connection welding by
approximately 95%.
The foundation design loads have been extracted from the Saudconsult and Qanbar Dywidag
Precast Concrete Ltd calculations and are included in Table 2 of this calculation.
A revised services support insert detail is also shown in Figure 12. This has a capacity of
2.6kN for bolts spaced at a minimum of 250mm centres.

5

REFERENCES
1. ABS Consulting Report No. 1282017-R-01, 10m Blast Resistant Modular Precast
Concrete Substation, Issue 1, October 2004.
2. ABS Consulting Report No. 1282017-R-02, 15m Blast Resistant Modular Precast
Concrete Substation, Issue 1, October 2004.
3. E-mail from Perry Catmunan (Al-Osais) to Alistair Moat (ABS Consulting), dated
21/11/04.
4. ABS Proposal 2004/1175-201/AM, Additional Blast Resistant Substation Design
Work, Issue 1, January 2005.
5. E-mail from Chuck Baldwin (Saudi Aramco) to Patrick Mann (ABS Consulting),
dated 26/01/05, ABS Consulting Reference 1336545-I-004.
6. ACI Committee 318, "Building Code Requirements for Reinforced Concrete (ACI
318-02) and Commentary (ACI 318R-02)", American Concrete Institute, Detroit, MI,
2002.

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Figure 1 – Low Response Curve for Substation 1 (15m wide)

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Figure 2 – Low Response Curve for the Substation 2 (10m wide)

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Figure 3 – Medium Response Curve for Substation 1 (15m wide) (with Stirrups in Wall Panels)

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Figure 4 – Medium Response Curve for Substation 2 (10m wide) (with Stirrups in Wall Panels)

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Figure 5 – Sketch of Proposed Wall Panel to Wall Panel Bolted Connection (Short Wall)

Figure 6 – Sketch of Proposed Wall Panel to Wall Panel Bolted Connection (Long Wall)

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Figure 7 – Sketch of Proposed Wall Panel to Foundation Bolted Connection

Figure 8 – Sketch of Proposed Roof Panel to Roof Panel Bolted Connection

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Figure 9 – Sketch of Proposed Roof Panel (Tee-section) to Wall Panel
Connection (Short Wall)

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Figure 10 – Sketch of Proposed Roof Panel (Flange of Tee-section) to Wall Panel
Connection (Long Wall)

Figure 11 – Sketch of Proposed Roof Panel (Web of Tee-section) to Wall Panel
Connection (Long Wall)

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Anchors of Halfen
channel within
reinforced section
of roof tee-section
Halfen HTA 40/22
channel (with
embedded anchors
at 250mm centres)

Figure 12 – Typical Halfen Channel Cast-In-Place Detail

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Connection
Location

Existing Connection Description

Wall Panel to Wall
Panel (Long Wall)

This is a flat steel plate welded to cast-inplace angle inserts at the outer edge of the
wall panels. This is used to: · Ensure a rigid shear wall action by
transferring in-plane shear forces between
the wall panels

Wall Panel to Wall
Panel (Short Wall)

Roof Panel
Flange Detail to
Wall Panel

Roof Panel Web
Detail to Wall
Panel

End Roof Panel to
Wall Panel

Wall Panel to
Foundation (Long
Wall)

This is a flat steel plate welded to cast-inplace angle inserts at the outer edge of the
wall panels. This is used to: · Ensure a rigid shear wall action by
transferring in-plane shear forces between
the wall panels
This is a flat steel plate welded to cast-inplace inserts at the top flange at the end of
the roof panels and a cast-in-place insert at
the upper level of the wall panels. This is
used to:
· Transfer out of plane reaction forces at
the top of the wall panels into the roof
diaphragm
· Transfer loads from the roof diaphragm
into the end shear wall panels
This is a flat steel plate welded to cast-inplace inserts at the web of the roof panels
tee beams and cast-in-place inserts at the
upper level of the wall panels. This is used
to: · Transfer out of plane reaction forces from
the roof panel into the load bearing wall
panel.
These are 2 flat steel plates welded to
cast-in-place inserts at the top and bottom
flange at the side of the roof panels and
cast-in-place inserts at the upper level of
the end wall panels. This is used to: · Transfer out of plane reaction forces from
the wall panel back into the roof
diaphragm.
· Transfer loads from the roof diaphragm
into the end shear wall panels
This is an angle section welded to cast-inplace inserts at the bottom of the wall
panels and cast-in-place inserts at the
foundation. This is used to: · Transfer out of plane reaction forces from
the wall panel into the foundation.
· Transfer in-plane shear wall forces to the
foundation
· Transfer vertical uplift forces to the
foundation

Total Number of
Connections

Comments
An alternative bolted
connection will be examined.

504

See Figure 6.

An alternative bolted
connection will be examined.
84

See Figure 5.

An alternative bolted
connection will be examined.
See Figure 10.
190

An alternative bolted
connection will be examined.
See Figure 11
152

40

An alternative bolted
connection will be examined,
since the detail is not
dissimilar to the Roof Panel
Flange Detail to Wall Panel.
See Figure 9.

An alternative bolted
connection will be examined.

81

The Qanbar Dywidag Precast
Concrete Ltd connection
calculations do not contain
design calculations for this
connection. However, the
loading is substantially lower
than the long wall foundation
connection, therefore this
detail will be adopted for both
connections.
See Figure 7.

Table 1 – Review of Existing Welded Connections (15m wide Substation) (Sheet 1 of 2)

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Total Number of
Connections

Connection
Location

Connection Description

Wall Panel to
Foundation (Short
Wall)

These are two angle sections welded to
cast-in-place inserts at the bottom of the
wall panels and cast-in-place inserts at the
foundation. This is used to: · Transfer out of plane reaction forces from
the wall panel into the foundation.
· Transfer in-plane shear wall forces to the
foundation
· Transfer vertical uplift forces to the
foundation

Roof Panel to
Roof Panel
Connection

This is a flat steel plate welded to cast-inplace inserts at the top flange down the
side of the roof panels. This is used to: · Ensure a rigid roof diaphragm by
transferring in-plane shear forces between
the roof panels

Wall Panel Corner
Connection

This is a steel angle welded to cast-inplace angle inserts at the inner corner of
the main wall panels. This is used to: · Ensure a rigid shear connection between
the long and short walls at their intersection

Comments
An alternative bolted
connection will be examined,
since the detail is not
dissimilar to the long wall
foundation connection.

28

See Figure 7.

An alternative bolted
connection will be examined.
234

See Figure 8.

56

No alternative bolted
connection will be examined.
Connection not considered to
lead to an excessive amount
of welding.

Table 1 – Review of Existing Welded Connections (15m wide Substation) (Sheet 2 of 2)

Substation

Maximum
Vertical
Loading

Maximum
Anchor Loads

SS1

40m long x 15m wide

130kN/m

65kN

SS2

47.5m long x 10m wide

130kN/m

65kN

Table 2 – Foundation Design Loads

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APPENDIX A
Full Justification of Pressure-Impulse Diagrams

PAGE

ABS Consulting Inc.

Subject:

T-Beam Design SS2

14607 San Pedro, Suite 215
San Antonio, TX 78232
Client:
Project:
Job No:

Saudi Aramco
ABU Ali Substations
1336545

Calc. No.:
Calc. By:
B. Harrison, P.E.
Checked By: J. Waclawczyk, P.E.

ConcreteT-Beam SDOF Properties
Substation 2 - Application
L := 32.8 ⋅ ft

Span Length

b := 41.8 ⋅ in

Actual Width

beff := 36.4 ⋅ in

Effective Flange Width

tflange := 5.9 ⋅ in

Thickness of the flange (slab)

b1 := 47.2 ⋅ in

Stem Spacing

bstem := 6.02 ⋅ in

Stem width

H := 25.6 ⋅ in

Stem Depth

w2 := 5 ⋅ psf

Weight of Supported Structure

fc := 7500 ⋅ psi

Compressive Strength of Concrete

fy := 60000 ⋅ psi

Yield Strength of Standard
Reinforcing

As_t := 4 ⋅ 0.761 ⋅ in 2

Area of Reinforcing Steel

As_reb := 0.974 ⋅ in 2
d := 22.44 ⋅ in
dreb := 23.5 ⋅ in
Ig := 17657 ⋅ in 4
E := 57000 ⋅ fc ⋅ psi

Depth to positive reinforcing
Depth to rebound reinforcing

Gross Moment of Inertia of Beam
from ShapeBuilder
Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete

E = 4.936 × 10 6 psi

Concrete T-Beam SDOF Properties Substation 2 with
1 b=1250.mcd

1/21/2005

Subject:

ABS Consulting Inc.

T-Beam Design SS2

14607 San Pedro, Suite 215
San Antonio, TX 78232
Client:
Project:
Job No:

ρ conc := 150 ⋅

Calc. No.:
Calc. By:
B. Harrison, P.E.
Checked By: J. Waclawczyk, P.E.

Saudi Aramco
ABU Ali Substations
1336545

lbf
ft 3

Calculate reinforcing ratios:

ρ :=

As_t

ρ = 0.00325

b⋅d

ρ reb :=

As_reb
bstem ⋅ dreb

ρ reb = 0.00688

Calculated Parameters:

Determine the equivalent whitney stress block
a :=

( As_t ⋅ fy)

a = 0.69 in

0.85 ⋅ fc ⋅ b

Determine the Moment Capacity of the Member:
Mp := As_t ⋅ fy ⋅ ⎛⎜ d −

a⎞
2⎠

Mp = 4.0359 × 10 6 in ⋅ lbf

Mp = 4.56 × 10 5 N⋅ m

Effective Moment of Inertia
Ieff :=

Ig
2

Ieff = 8829 in 4

Weight of the Member and Supported Structure
Wstem := bstem ⋅ H⋅ L ⋅ ρ conc

Wstem = 5265.49 lbf

Wflange := b ⋅ tflange ⋅ L ⋅ ρ conc

Wflange = 2.71 × 10 5 lb ft sec -2

Concrete T-Beam SDOF Properties Substation 2 with
2 b=1250.mcd

1/21/2005

Subject:

ABS Consulting Inc.

T-Beam Design SS2

14607 San Pedro, Suite 215
San Antonio, TX 78232
Client:
Project:
Job No:

Calc. No.:
Calc. By:
B. Harrison, P.E.
Checked By: J. Waclawczyk, P.E.

Saudi Aramco
ABU Ali Substations
1336545

Total
W := Wstem + Wflange + w2 ⋅ b ⋅ L

W = 14262.94 lbf

SDOF Properties of the Double Tee System for Design
Mass:
Mass :=

W
g⋅b⋅L

psi ⋅ msec
Mass = 2245.385
in

2

Load Mass Factors per ASCE Design Manual
For Simply supported member
klme = 0.78
klmp = 0.66

Stiffness:
ke :=

384 ⋅ E ⋅ Ieff
5⋅b⋅L

4

ke = 3.34

psi
in

kp := 0

Resistance:
ru := 8 ⋅

Mp
b⋅L

2

ru = 4.99 psi

Concrete T-Beam SDOF Properties Substation 2 with
3 b=1250.mcd

1/21/2005

Subject:

ABS Consulting Inc.

T-Beam Design SS2

14607 San Pedro, Suite 215
San Antonio, TX 78232
Client:
Project:
Job No:

Calc. No.:
Calc. By:
B. Harrison, P.E.
Checked By: J. Waclawczyk, P.E.

Saudi Aramco
ABU Ali Substations
1336545

Find the rebound resistance of the member
areb :=

( As_reb ⋅ fy)

areb = 1.52 in

0.85 ⋅ fc ⋅ bstem

Determine the Moment Capacity of the Member:


Mreb := −As_reb ⋅ fy ⋅ ⎜ dreb −

areb ⎞
2 ⎠

Mreb = −1.3288 × 10 6 in ⋅ lbf

Mreb = −1.5 × 10 5 N⋅ m

Rebound Resistance:
rreb := 8 ⋅

Mreb
b⋅L

rreb = −1.64 psi

2

Determine the initial deflection based on the initial loads:
W
load1 :=
load1 = 0.87 psi
b⋅L
load2 := 0 ⋅ psf

load2 = 0 psi

loadinit := load1 + load2
X1 :=

loadinit
ke

Gravity Loads
Other loads

loadinit = 0.87 psi

X1 = 0.26 in

Concrete T-Beam SDOF Properties Substation 2 with
4 b=1250.mcd

1/21/2005

Subject:

ABS Consulting Inc.

T-Beam Design SS2

14607 San Pedro, Suite 215
San Antonio, TX 78232
Client:
Project:
Job No:

Saudi Aramco
ABU Ali Substations
1336545

Calc. No.:
Calc. By:
B. Harrison, P.E.
Checked By: J. Waclawczyk, P.E.

Blast Loads as Specified by the client:
Side-on loads:
ps := 2 ⋅ psi
i := 200 ⋅ psi msec
td :=

2⋅i
ps

td = 200 msec

Total net loading on the member including intial loads:
p1 := ps + loadinit

t1 := 0 ⋅ msec

p2 := loadinit

t2 := td

p3 := loadinit

t3 := td + 1000 ⋅ msec

p1 = 2.87 psi
p2 = 0.87 psi
p3 = 0.87 psi

t1 = 0 msec
t2 = 200 msec
t3 = 1200 msec

Net Effective Vertical Load
3

p
psi

2

1

0

0

500

1000

1500

t
msec

Concrete T-Beam SDOF Properties Substation 2 with
5 b=1250.mcd

1/21/2005

Subject:

ABS Consulting Inc.

T-Beam Design SS2

14607 San Pedro, Suite 215
San Antonio, TX 78232
Client:
Project:
Job No:

Calc. No.:
Calc. By:
B. Harrison, P.E.
Checked By: J. Waclawczyk, P.E.

Saudi Aramco
ABU Ali Substations
1336545

Determine the maximum dynamic shear load on the member:
Per SAES M-009 vmax must be greater than 120% the flexural capacity.
ru ⋅ b ⋅ L
Vmax :=
⋅ 120%
Vmax = 49.22 kip
2
Vmax = 2.19 × 10 5 N

Check shear@ d from support

Vd :=

Vmax ⋅ ⎛⎜

L
− d⎞
2


L
⎛ ⎞
⎜2
⎝ ⎠

Vd = 43.61 kip

Check the concrete stem shear capacity
Vc := 2 ⋅ fc ⋅ psi ⋅ bstem ⋅ d

Vc = 23.4 kip

if ( Vc > Vd , "OK" , "Stirrups Required" ) = "Stirrups Required"

Determine the stirrups requirements: (Design Vmax instead of Vd for conservatism)
Load to be carried by the stirrups
Vs_req := Vmax − Vc

Vs_req = 25.82 kip

Assuming No. 3 stirrups, find the spacing required to meet the shear demand:
d
smax := min ⎛⎜ , 24 ⋅ in ⎞
smax = 11.22 in
⎝2

(

Av := 2 ⋅ 0.12 ⋅ in 2

s :=

Av ⋅ fy ⋅ d
Vs_req

)

Av = 0.24 in 2

s = 12.52 in

spacing must not exceed s

Concrete T-Beam SDOF Properties Substation 2 with
6 b=1250.mcd

1/21/2005

Subject:

ABS Consulting Inc.

T-Beam Design SS2

14607 San Pedro, Suite 215
San Antonio, TX 78232
Client:
Project:
Job No:

Saudi Aramco
ABU Ali Substations
1336545

Calc. No.:
Calc. By:
B. Harrison, P.E.
Checked By: J. Waclawczyk, P.E.

Use single loop No. 3 stirrups @ 11.8 inches on center horizontally in the
beam
Maximum spacing for this member is 12 in.
Minimum area of steel is as follows:
actual stirrup/bar spacing used
s := 8.18 ⋅ in
Av_min :=

( 50 ⋅ psi) ⋅ bstem ⋅ s
fy

Av_min = 0.04 in 2

Shear Reinf Capacity Supplied
Vs_supplied :=

Av ⋅ fy ⋅ d

Vs_supplied = 39.5 kip

s

if ( Vs_supplied > Vs_req , "OK" , "NG" ) = "OK"

Vs_check := 4 ⋅ fc ⋅ psi ⋅ bstem ⋅ d

Vs_check = 46.8 kip
d/2 spacing is OK

shear must be 120% higher capacity than flexural capacity in rebound
rreb ⋅ b ⋅ L ⋅ 1.2
vreb :=
vreb = −16.21 kip
2
vreb = −72083.74 N
θlow := 1 ⋅ deg

θ med := 2 ⋅ deg

L
⋅ tan( θlow)
2
L
xmed := ⋅ tan( θmed)
2
xlow :=

xhigh :=

L
⋅ tan( θhigh)
2

θ high := 4 ⋅ deg

xlow = 3.44 in
xmed = 6.87 in
xhigh = 13.76 in

Concrete T-Beam SDOF Properties Substation 2 with
7 b=1250.mcd

1/21/2005

Project Name:
Project Number:

ABU ALI Substations
1336545

By:
Date:

B. Harrison, P.E.
1/21/2005

Page 1

Bar spacing adjusted for equivalent steel area

Component:

IN TE R N ATI O N A L

Global Input Parameters
Span (in)
256

L
P-P

1

Boundary condition

Uniform

1

Loading condition

Specify Member Parameters
Concrete Properties

Tributary Dead Load Computation:
30
psf

Deck

0

Insulation

psf

tconc

9.84

Component thickness (in)

Wtc

150

Concrete weight (pcf)

f'c

concrete strength (psi)

SIF
DIF1

5000
1.00
1.19

DIF2

1.10

Dynamic increase - Shear (Table 5.A.3A)

'

Avg. increase (Table 5.A.1A)
Dynamic increase - Bending (Table 5.A.3A)

Other

0

psf

f dc,b

5950

Dynamic yield - Bending (psi) = SIF * DIF * Fb

Total tributary wt.

153
153

psf (including beam weight)

f'dc,v

Dynamic yield - Shear (psi) = SIF * DIF * Fv

psf (portion to include as mass)

w
Ec

5500
123
4030509

fr

530.3

modulus of rupture = 7.5 (f c)

100%

6

0
Tot. additional mass 153

Associated mass

Yes

1

P
Delta
P-Delta

β1

psf (not included in weight)
psf

Axial Load Calculations
Include P-Delta?
14400
lbs (total applied axial force)
0
in (eccentricity used for p-delta calcs.)
0
in-lbs (reduction in moment for p-delta)

tcover
d
bsteel
8

element weight (psf) = tc * Wtc / 12
modulus of elasticity = 57000 (f 'c)1/2 (psi)
' 1/2

(psi)

Reinforcing Steel Properties
NonLoad Side Load side
1.5
1.5
clear cover to center of steel (in)
8.34
8.34
depth to steel (in)
12.2
12.2
reinforcement spacing (in)
8
8 select a bar size
8
2

Asteel

0.780

0.780

Area of steel per bar (in )

Calculate Structural Properties

ρ

0.0077

0.0077

reinforcing ratio = As/bd

NonLoad

Load Side

ρmin

0.0018

0.0018

min. reinforcing ratio ACI, 7.12 & 10.5.3

0.80

0.80

ρmax

0.0252

0.0252

0.75*((0.85β1f'c)/Fy)*(87000/(87000+Fy))

factor in ACI, 10.2.7.3
2

As
0.77
a (depth of stess blk) 0.9602
Mnom (nom moment) 465654

0.77
0.9602
465654

area of steel per foot (in )

Fy
SIF
DIF

60000
1.10
1.17

yield stress (psi)

(Asfdy)/(b(0.85f'dc))

Mnet (net moment)

465654

465654

(including P-delta) (lb-in)

Fdy

77220

Dynamic yield - reinforcing (psi) = SIF * DIF * Fb

Vn

154
diagonal tension shear capacity (psi)
total mass (psi-ms2/in)
2749.74
Calculate SDOF Properties

Es

29000000

Ig

968.64

gross moment of inertia (in )

rult

4.74

Input Ultimate resistance (psi)

n

7.20

modulus of elasticity ratio = E s / Ec

Ke

3.61

Effective stiffness (psi/in)

nAs

5.61

transformed area of steel (in2)

KLM

0.72

Average load-mass factor A, B and C

c

2.35

transformed sect. neut. axis (singly reinforced sect.)

Me

1980

Equivalent mass = M * KLM

Mass

0.85f'dcab(d-a/2)

(lb-in)

147.1

Nat. period (ms) = 2p * (Me / Ke)

Xelst

1.31

Max deflection from dead load (in)

R

F

0.385

0.115

Dyn rxn factors

Dynamic increase - Bending (Table 5.A.3A)

Young's modulus (psi)

Calculate Moment of Inertia
4

= (-nAs + (nAs*(nAs+2bd))1/2) / b
1/2

Tn
Rxn Coeff.

Avg. increase (Table 5.A.1A)

A and B

Icr

254.14

cracked moment of inertia (singly reinforced section)
= (bc3) / 3 + nAs(d-c)2

Ia
Low 1
θmax

µmax
Xmax

4

average moment of inertia (in ) = (Ig + Icr) / 2

611.39

Response Limits

2
NA
4.47

2

Slabs

Max allowable rotation (degrees) (Table 5.B.2 A)
A

Max allowable ductility (Table 5.B.2 )
Max allowable deflection (minimum of criteria)

Project Name:
Project Number:

ABU ALI Substations
1336545

By:
Date:

B. Harrison, P.E.
1/21/2005

Page 1

I N T E R N A TI O N A L

Component:
L
B
P-P

Uniform

Global Input Parameters
Span (in)
256
49
Spacing (in)

L1

9.84

Component thickness (in)

Boundary condition

L2

30.7

Component width (in)

Wtc

150

Concrete weight (pcf)

f'c
SIF
DIF1

5000
1.00
1.19

concrete strength (psi)

DIF2

1.10

Dynamic increase - Shear (Table 5.A.3 )

'
'

1
1

Specify Member Parameters
Concrete Properties

Loading condition

Tributary Dead Load Computation:
30
psf

Deck

0

Insulation

psf

L1

L2
A

Avg. increase (Table 5.A.1 )
A

Dynamic increase - Bending (Table 5.A.3 )
A

Other

0

psf

f dc,b

5950

Dynamic yield - Bending (psi) = SIF * DIF * Fb

Total tributary wt.

107.1
107.1

psf (including beam weight)

f dc,v
w
Ec

5500
77.1
4030509

Dynamic yield - Shear (psi) = SIF * DIF * Fv

fr

530.3

modulus of rupture = 7.5 (f 'c)1/2 (psi)

tcover
d

Reinforcing Steel Properties
NonLoad Side Load side
1.5
1.5
clear cover to center of steel (in)
8.34
8.34
depth to steel (in)

100%

6

psf (portion to include as mass)

0
psf (not included in weight)
Tot. additional mass 107.1
psf
Axial Load Calculations
2
Include P-Delta?
No
P
70560
lbs (total applied axial force)
Delta
0
in (eccentricity used for p-delta calcs.)
P-Delta
0
in-lbs (reduction in moment for p-delta)
Associated mass

Bar Size

β1

0.80

As
3.90
a (depth of stess blk) 1.94
Mnom (nom moment) 2219589
Mnet (net moment) 2219589

0.80

factor in ACI, 10.2.7.3
2

area of steel (in )
3.90
1.94
(Asfdy)/(b(0.85f'dc))
'
2219589 0.85f dcab(d-a/2) (lb-in)

2219589 (including P-delta) (lb-in)

modulus of elasticity = 57000 (f'c)1/2 (psi)

Number of Bars Bar Size

8

Number of Bars

ρ
ρmin

3.90
0.0152
0.0018

5 88
3.90
0.0152
0.0018

ρmax

0.0252

0.0252

Fy
SIF
DIF
Fdy

60000
1.10
1.17

yield stress (psi)

77220

Dynamic yield - reinforcing (psi) = SIF * DIF * Fb

29000000 Young's modulus (psi)
Calculate Moment of Inertia
gross moment of inertia (in 4)
2437.49

8

Asteel
Calculate Structural Properties
NonLoad Load Side

element weight (psf) = L1*L2*Wtc / B

5

5
select bar size and number
5
Area of steel per bar (in2)
reinforcing ratio = A s/bd
min. reinforcing ratio ACI, 7.12 & 10.5.3
0.75*((0.85β1f'c)/Fy)*(87000/(87000+Fy))

Avg. increase (Table 5.A.1A)
Dynamic increase - Bending (Table 5.A.3 A)

Vn
Mass

172
diagonal tension shear capacity (psi)
2
total mass (psi-ms /in)
1924.2
Calculate SDOF Properties

Es

rult

5.53

Input Ultimate resistance (psi)

7.20

modulus of elasticity ratio = E s / E c

Ke

2.58

Effective stiffness (psi/in)

n
nAs

28.06

transformed area of steel (in )

KLM

0.72

Average load-mass factor

c

3.10

transformed sect. neut. axis (singly reinforced sect.)

Me

1385

Equivalent mass = M * KLM

A, B and C

145.5

Nat. period (ms) = 2p * (Me / Ke)

Xelst

2.14

Max deflection from dead load (in)
Dyn rxn factorsA and B
F

R
0.385

2

= (-nAs + (nAs*(nAs+2bd))1/2) / b
1/2

Tn
Rxn Coeff.

Ig

Icr

1075.35

cracked moment of inertia (singly reinforced section)
= (bc3) / 3 + nA s(d-c)2

Ia

1756.42

4

average moment of inertia (in ) = (Ig + Icr) / 2

0.115
Low 1
θmax

2

Response Limits

µmax
Xmax

NA
4.47

Slabs

2

Max allowable rotation (degrees) (Table 5.B.2 A)
Max allowable ductility (Table 5.B.2A)
Max allowable deflection (minimum of criteria)

Project Name:
Project Number:

ABU ALI Substations
1336545

By:
Date:

B. Harrison, P.E.
1/21/2005

Page 1

I N TE R N A T I O N A L

Component:
L
B
P-P

Uniform

Global Input Parameters
Span (in)
256
97.6
Spacing (in)

L1

9.84

Component thickness (in)

Boundary condition

L2

42.9

Component width (in)

Wtc

150

Concrete weight (pcf)

f'c
SIF
DIF1

5000
1.00
1.19

concrete strength (psi)

DIF2

1.10

Dynamic increase - Shear (Table 5.A.3 )

'
'

1
1

Specify Member Parameters
Concrete Properties

Loading condition

Tributary Dead Load Computation:
30
psf

Deck

0

Insulation

psf

L1

L2
A

Avg. increase (Table 5.A.1 )
A

Dynamic increase - Bending (Table 5.A.3 )
A

Other

0

psf

f dc,b

5950

Dynamic yield - Bending (psi) = SIF * DIF * Fb

Total tributary wt.

84.1
84.1

psf (including beam weight)

f dc,v
w
Ec

5500
54.1
4030509

Dynamic yield - Shear (psi) = SIF * DIF * Fv

fr

530.3

modulus of rupture = 7.5 (f 'c)1/2 (psi)

tcover
d

Reinforcing Steel Properties
NonLoad Side Load side
1.25
1.25
clear cover to center of steel (in)
8.59
8.59
depth to steel (in)

100%

6

psf (portion to include as mass)

0
psf (not included in weight)
Tot. additional mass 84.1
psf
Axial Load Calculations
2
Include P-Delta?
No
P
lbs (total applied axial force)
Delta
in (eccentricity used for p-delta calcs.)
P-Delta
0
in-lbs (reduction in moment for p-delta)
Associated mass

Bar Size

β1

NonLoad

Load Side

0.80

0.80

As
7.02
a (depth of stess blk) 2.50
Mnom (nom moment) 3979315
Mnet (net moment) 3979315

factor in ACI, 10.2.7.3
2

area of steel (in )
7.02
2.50
(Asfdy)/(b(0.85f'dc))
'
3979315 0.85f dcab(d-a/2) (lb-in)

3979315 (including P-delta) (lb-in)

modulus of elasticity = 57000 (f'c)1/2 (psi)

Number of Bars Bar Size

8

Number of Bars

ρ
ρmin

7.02
0.0190
0.0018

9 88
7.02
0.0190
0.0018

ρmax

0.0252

0.0252

Fy
SIF
DIF
Fdy

60000
1.10
1.17

yield stress (psi)

77220

Dynamic yield - reinforcing (psi) = SIF * DIF * Fb

29000000 Young's modulus (psi)
Calculate Moment of Inertia
gross moment of inertia (in 4)
3406.13

8

Asteel
Calculate Structural Properties

element weight (psf) = L1*L2*Wtc / B

9

9
select bar size and number
9
Area of steel per bar (in2)
reinforcing ratio = A s/bd
min. reinforcing ratio ACI, 7.12 & 10.5.3
0.75*((0.85β1f'c)/Fy)*(87000/(87000+Fy))

Avg. increase (Table 5.A.1A)
Dynamic increase - Bending (Table 5.A.3 A)

Vn
Mass

182
diagonal tension shear capacity (psi)
2
total mass (psi-ms /in)
1510.8
Calculate SDOF Properties

Es

rult

4.98

Input Ultimate resistance (psi)

7.20

modulus of elasticity ratio = E s / E c

Ke

1.97

Effective stiffness (psi/in)

n
nAs

50.51

transformed area of steel (in )

KLM

0.72

Average load-mass factor

c

3.47

transformed sect. neut. axis (singly reinforced sect.)

Me

1088

Equivalent mass = M * KLM

A, B and C

2

= (-nAs + (nAs*(nAs+2bd))1/2) / b
1/2

Tn

147.8

Nat. period (ms) = 2p * (Me / Ke)

Xelst

2.53
R
0.385

Max deflection from dead load (in)
Dyn rxn factorsA and B
F

Rxn Coeff.

Ig

Icr

1921.56

cracked moment of inertia (singly reinforced section)
= (bc3) / 3 + nA s(d-c)2

Ia

2663.85

4

average moment of inertia (in ) = (Ig + Icr) / 2

0.115
Low 1
θmax

2

Response Limits

µmax
Xmax

NA
4.47

Slabs

2

Max allowable rotation (degrees) (Table 5.B.2 A)
Max allowable ductility (Table 5.B.2A)
Max allowable deflection (minimum of criteria)

ABS Consulting Inc.
14607 San Pedro, Suite 215
San Antonio, TX 78232
Client:
Saudi Aramco
Project: Abu Ali Substation
JOB No: 1336545

Subject:
P-delta SS2

Calc. No.:
Calc. By:
Checked By:

Wall SDOF Summary with

B. Harrison, P.E.
J. Waclawczyk, P.E.

Roof Data
ru_roof := 4.99 ⋅ psi
Lroof := 9980 ⋅ mm
Proof :=

Lroof
2

⋅ ru_roof

Proof = 11.76

kip
ft

Reflected Wall
L := 256 ⋅ in
mass := 2749.74 ⋅

psi ⋅ msec 2
in

ru := 4.74 ⋅ psi
ke := 3.61 ⋅
xlow :=

psi
in

L
⋅ tan( 2 ⋅ deg)
2

xmed :=

xlow = 4.47 in

rup∆ := ru −

L
⋅ tan( 4 ⋅ deg)
2

xmed = 8.95 in

8Proof ⋅
L

rup∆ = 4.47 psi

12 ⋅ in



xhigh := min L
⎜ ⋅ tan( 6 ⋅ deg)
⎝2

xlow
2

rup∆M := ru −

xhigh = 12 in
8Proof ⋅
L

2

rup∆M = 4.2 psi

xmed

2

2

rup∆H := ru −

8Proof ⋅
L

rup∆H = 4.02 psi

xhigh

2

2

Subject:
P-delta SS2

ABS Consulting Inc.
14607 San Pedro, Suite 215
San Antonio, TX 78232
Client:
Saudi Aramco
Project: Abu Ali Substation
JOB No: 1336545

Calc. No.:
Calc. By:
Checked By:

Wall SDOF Summary with

B. Harrison, P.E.
J. Waclawczyk, P.E.

Walls With Personnel Doors
L := 256 ⋅ in
b := 49.2
mass := 1924 ⋅

psi ⋅ msec 2
in

ru := 5.53 ⋅ psi
ke := 2.58 ⋅
xlow :=

psi
in

L
⋅ tan( 2 ⋅ deg)
2

xmed :=

xlow = 4.47 in

rup∆ := ru −

L

xlow
2

rup∆M := ru −

xhigh = 12 in
8Proof ⋅
L

2

rup∆ = 5.26 psi

rup∆M = 4.99 psi

Walls With Equipment Doors
L := 256 ⋅ in
b := 97.6

ru := 4.98 ⋅ psi

L
⋅ tan( 4 ⋅ deg)
2

xmed = 8.95 in

8Proof ⋅

mass := 1511 ⋅

12 ⋅ in



xhigh := min L
⎜ ⋅ tan( 6 ⋅ deg)
⎝2

psi ⋅ msec 2
in

xmed

2

2

rup∆H := ru −

8Proof ⋅
L

rup∆H = 4.81 psi

xhigh

2

2

ABS Consulting Inc.
14607 San Pedro, Suite 215
San Antonio, TX 78232
Client:
Saudi Aramco
Project: Abu Ali Substation
JOB No: 1336545

ke := 1.97 ⋅
xlow :=

psi
in

L
⋅ tan( 2 ⋅ deg)
2

xmed :=

xlow = 4.47 in

rup∆ := ru −

xmed = 8.95 in

8Proof ⋅

rup∆ = 4.71 psi

2

rup∆M := ru −

Calc. No.:
Calc. By:
Checked By:

Wall SDOF Summary with

B. Harrison, P.E.
J. Waclawczyk, P.E.

12 ⋅ in



xhigh := min L
⎜ ⋅ tan( 6 ⋅ deg)
⎝2

L
⋅ tan( 4 ⋅ deg)
2

xlow

Subject:
P-delta SS2

xhigh = 12 in
8Proof ⋅

L2
rup∆M = 4.44 psi

xmed

L2

2

rup∆H := ru −

8Proof ⋅

rup∆H = 4.26 psi

xhigh

L2

2

Substation 2 - 10 m
Low Damage

Free Field Pressure (psi)

100

Tbeam
Typ Wall Panel
P_Door Wall Panel
E-Door Panel
2 psi, 200 psi-msec

10

1
10

100
Free Field Impulse (psi-msec)

1000

Substation 2 - 10 m
Medium Damage
*****WITH STIRRUPS IN WALLS****

Free Field Pressure (psi)

100

Tbeam
Typ Wall Panel
P_Door Wall Panel
E-Door Panel
2 psi, 200 psi-msec

10

1
10

100
Free Field Impulse (psi-msec)

1000

REV.

BY

DATE

CHECKED

DATE

CALCULATION NO:

0

AJN

26/01/2005

PRM

03/02/2005

1282017-CALC-01
Further Substantiation of Blast Resistant Modular
Precast Concrete Substation Design Report

APPENDIX B
Bolted Connections Calculations

PAGE

REV.

BY

DATE

CHECKED

DATE

CALCULATION NO:

0

AJN

26/01/2005

PRM

03/02/2005

1282017-CALC-01

PAGE

Further Substantiation of Blast Resistant Modular
Precast Concrete Substation Design Report

Introduction
Saudi Aramco have decided that the amount of site welding required for the connection details
within the original design is not acceptable.
Table 1, within the main body of this calculation, was produced to avoid spending undue design time
on all the connections. This study was performed for the 47.5m by 10m wide building only, but the
results of which are assumed to be typical of the 40m by 15m wide building also. It was therefore
decided to concentrate design efforts on the following types of connection;

Wall Panel to Wall Panel Connection (Short Wall)

Wall Panel to Wall Panel Connection (Long Wall)

Wall Panel to Foundation Connection

Roof Panel to Roof Panel Connection

Roof Panel (Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Short Wall)

Roof Panel (Flange of Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Long Wall)

Roof Panel (Web of Tee-section) to Wall Panel Connection (Long Wall)

The bolted connections have been designed in accordance with the requirements of ACI 318-02.
The applied loading to the connections has been taken from the original Saudconsult welded
connection design calculations; no further analysis has been performed. The Saudconsult results are
the worst case loading for the two substations, and therefore the welded connections are suitable for
both structures. Similarly, given the loads used within the ABSC calculations are taken from the
Saudconsult results, the bolted connections are suitable for both substations.
Calculations
The design calculations for the revised bolted connections are included on the following pages.
These calculations include sketches of the proposed bolted connections.
Within these calculations no material strength increase factors and/or dynamic increase factors have
been included.
Conclusion
Saudi Aramco have decided that the amount of site welding required for the connection details
within the original design of the blast resistant precast concrete substations is unacceptable. Within
this appendix, justification calculations are presented for the design of alternative bolted connections
for the precast concrete substations.
The applied loading used within these justification calculations is taken from the original
Saudconsult welded connection design calculations; no further analysis has been performed.

SAUDI ARAMCO - Abu Ali Plant
Bolted Connections
Introduction
This calcularion presents the detailed re-design of the connections of the modular blast resistant precast
concrete substation for the Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco). The building design utilises precast
sections rather than in-situ concrete to improve concrete quality control.
The original design of the connections utilised a high number of welded connections. It has been decided that the
connections need readdressing to, if possible, reduce the number of welds required, by providing alternative
bolted connections.

Original Connection Capacities
The original welded connection capacities have been taken from ABS Report 1282017-R-01, Issue 1, Appendix B
Connection Design Calculations.
Wall to Wall Connection (Short Wall)
- Applied Upward Shear Force Per Meter
- Applied Upward Shear Force Per Fixing
(500mm c/c)
Wall to Wall Connection (Long Wall)
- Applied Upward Shear Force Per Meter
- Applied Upward Shear Force Per Fixing
(500mm c/c)

−1

Loadshort.perm := 261.6⋅ kN⋅ m

Loadshort := 0.5⋅ m⋅ Loadshort.perm

Loadshort = 130.8 kN

−1

Loadlong.perm := 20.5⋅ kN⋅ m

Loadlong := 0.5⋅ m⋅ Loadlong.perm

Loadlong = 10.25 kN

Shear Wall to Foundation Slab Connection (Short Wall)
- Applied Upward Shear Force Per Fixing
Loadfound := 128.8⋅ kN
Roof Panel to Roof Panel Connection
- Applied Horizontal Shear Force Per Meter
- Applied Horizontal Shear Force Per Fixing
(500mm c/c)

−1

Loadroof.perm := 130⋅ kN⋅ m

Loadroof := 0.5⋅ m⋅ Loadroof.perm

Loadroof = 65 kN

Roof Panel to Shear Wall Connection (T-section to short wall)
- Applied Horizontal Shear Force Per Panel Loadroof2.panel := 428⋅ kN
- Applied Horizontal Shear Force Per Fixing
(500mm c/c)

Bolted Connections.mcd
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\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Loadroof2 :=

Loadroof2.panel

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

5

Loadroof2 = 85.6 kN

Mathcad Sheet 1 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Roof Panel to Shear Wall Connection (Flange to long wall)
- Applied Horizontal Shear Force Per Panel Loadroof3.panel := 181⋅ kN
Loadroof3.panel
- Applied Horizontal Shear Force Per Fixing Loadroof3 :=
5
(500mm c/c)

Loadroof3 = 36.2 kN

Roof Panel to Shear Wall Connection (Web to long wall)
- Applied Horizontal Shear Force Per Web
Loadroof4 := 45.26⋅ kN

Wall to Wall Connection (Short Wall)
The proposed arrangement of the wall to wall (short wall) bolted connection is shown below. As per the original
design, it is proposed to use these fixings at 500mm centres.
The proposed modified design, utilises the use of the originally embedded 75mm x 75mm x 8mm equal angle
with headed studs (member E66). However, the headed studs have been upgraded to 3nr 20mm dia anchor
studs per member.
It is also proposed that a recess at the side of the precast concrete wall panel be introduced, to allow the bolting
conncection to be offset from the face of the panel. Following erection of the shear wall it is recommended that
the 40mm recess is packed with grout, to give a smooth external face.
Each of the embedded equal angles will be bolted to the same 170mm x 180mm x 12mm steel plate using 3nr
20mm dia High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (HSFG) on each embedded equal angle.
As shown below, the bolts of the HSFG anchors will be welded to the inside of the angle, to stop rotation of the
bolt following installation.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 2 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Capacity of the Proposed High Strength Friction Grip Bolts
The shear capacity of the proposed high strength friction grip bolts will be calculated using the allowable loads
given in BS5950.
Single Shear Capacity of a 20mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

Vcap.bolt.wall := 71.3⋅ kN

Shear Capacity of the Bolted Connection

Vcap.wall := 3⋅ Vcap.bolt.wall

Factor of Safety against Shear Failure of the
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

FOSshort.bolt :=

Vcap.wall
Loadshort

Vcap.wall = 213.9 kN
FOSshort.bolt = 1.635

Shear Capacity of the Anchorage of the Studs into the Precast Concrete Wall Panels
The capacity of the anchorage of headed stud into the wall panel will be calculated using the methodology in ACI
318-02 "Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete", Appendix D. The studs will be checked for;
1) steel strength of the anchor in shear,
2) concrete breakout strength of anchor in shear,
3) concrete pryout strength of anchor in shear.

Shear Strength of Anchor in Steel (cl. D.6.1)
2

Effective cross-sectional area of an anchor

A se := 245⋅ mm

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := 620⋅ MPa

Specified yield strength of anchor steel

fy := 420⋅ MPa

Limitations on tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := min( fut , 1.9⋅ fy , 125000⋅ psi)

fut = 620 MPa

Nominal Strength of Headed Studs in Shear

Vs := 3⋅ A se⋅ fut

Vs = 455.7 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Strength Failure
of the Studs

FOSshort.steel :=

Vs
Loadshort

FOSshort.steel = 3.484

Shear Strength of Concrete in Breakout (cl. D.6.2)
The anchorage arrangement is reinforced, which will prevent concrete breakout since the rebar will effectively
attract the shear loading.
It is therefore considered inappropriate to use the methodology defined within ACI 318-02, Clause D.6.2 for the
determination of concrete breakout strength, due to the reinforcement in the wall slabs.

Bolted Connections.mcd
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\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 3 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Concrete Pryout Strength of Anchor (cl. D.6.3)
Effective anchor embedment depth

h ef := 150⋅ mm

hef > 2.5in, therefore,

kcp := 2

h ef = 5.906 in

Given the reinforced anchorage arrangement, it is considered appropriate to define the Nominal concrete breakout
strength as being equal to the Basic concrete breakout strength (i.e. Ncb = Nb ).
ACI 318-02 constant, for cast-in-anchors

k := 24

Compressive Strength of Concrete

fc := 35⋅ N⋅ mm

Basic concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.2)

 h ef 
2
Nb := k⋅
⋅ psi⋅ 
 ⋅ in
psi
 in 

Nb = 109.159 kN

Nominal concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.1)

Ncb := Nb

Ncb = 109.159 kN

Nominal Pryout Strength

Vcp := kcp ⋅ Ncb

Vcp = 218.317 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Concrete Pryout
Strength Failure of the Studs

FOSshort.pry :=

−2
1.5

fc

Vcp
Loadshort

FOSshort.pry = 1.669

Summary of Bolted Precast Concrete Wall Panel to Wall Panel Connection (Short Wall)
Minimum Factor of Safety for Bolted Connection

FOSshort.wall := min( FOSshort.bolt , FOSshort.steel , FOSshort.pry )
FOSshort.wall = 1.635

This calculation has demonstrated that the proposed bolted connection of the precast concrete wall panel to wall
panel (short wall) has adequate capacity to withstand the imposed loading.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 4 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Wall to Wall Connection (Long Wall)
The proposed arrangement of the wall to wall (long wall) bolted connection is shown below. As per the original
design, it is proposed to use these fixings at 500mm centres.
The proposed modified design, utilises the use of the originally embedded 75mm x 75mm x 5mm equal angle
with headed studs (member E52).
It is also proposed that a recess at the side of the precast concrete wall panel be introduced, to allow the bolting
conncection to be offset from the face of the panel. Following erection of the shear wall it is recommended that
the 40mm recess is packed with grout, to give a smooth external face.
Each of the embedded equal angles will be bolted to the same 100mm x 125mm x 5mm steel plate using 2nr
12mm dia High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (HSFG) on each embedded equal angle.
As shown below, the bolts of the HSFG anchors will be welded to the inside of the angle, to stop rotation of the
bolt following installation.

Shear Capacity of the Proposed High Strength Friction Grip Bolts
The shear capacity of the proposed high strength friction grip bolts will be calculated using the allowable loads
given in BS5950.
Single Shear Capacity of a 12mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

Vcap.bolt.wall := 24.5⋅ kN

Shear Capacity of the Bolted Connection

Vcap.wall := 2⋅ Vcap.bolt.wall

Factor of Safety against Shear Failure of the
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

FOSlong.bolt :=

Bolted Connections.mcd
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\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Vcap.wall
Loadlong

Vcap.wall = 49 kN
FOSlong.bolt = 4.78

Mathcad Sheet 5 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Capacity of the Anchorage of the Studs into the Precast Concrete Wall Panels
The capacity of the anchorage of headed stud into the wall panel will be calculated using the methodology in ACI
318-02 "Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete", Appendix D. The studs will be checked for;
1) steel strength of the anchor in shear,
2) concrete breakout strength of anchor in shear,
3) concrete pryout strength of anchor in shear.

Shear Strength of Anchor in Steel (cl. D.6.1)
2

Effective cross-sectional area of an anchor

A se := 84.3⋅ mm

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := 620⋅ MPa

Specified yield strength of anchor steel

fy := 420⋅ MPa

Limitations on tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := min( fut , 1.9⋅ fy , 125000⋅ psi)

fut = 620 MPa

Nominal Strength of Headed Studs in Shear

Vs := 2⋅ A se⋅ fut

Vs = 104.532 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Strength Failure
of the Studs

FOSlong.steel :=

Vs
Loadlong

FOSlong.steel = 10.198

Shear Strength of Concrete in Breakout (cl. D.6.2)
The anchorage arrangement is reinforced, which will prevent concrete breakout since the rebar will effectively
attract the shear loading.
It is therefore considered inappropriate to use the methodology defined within ACI 318-02, Clause D.6.2 for the
determination of concrete breakout strength, due to the reinforcement in the wall slabs.

Shear Concrete Pryout Strength of Anchor (cl. D.6.3)
Effective anchor embedment depth

h ef := 150⋅ mm

hef > 2.5in, therefore,

kcp := 2

h ef = 5.906 in

Given the reinforced anchorage arrangement, it is considered appropriate to define the Nominal concrete breakout
strength as being equal to the Basic concrete breakout strength (i.e. Ncb = Nb ).
ACI 318-02 constant, for cast-in-anchors

k := 24

Compressive Strength of Concrete

fc := 35⋅ N⋅ mm

Basic concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.2)

Nb := k⋅

−2

Nominal concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.1)

Bolted Connections.mcd
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\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

fc
psi

1.5

 h ef 
2
 ⋅ in
 in 

⋅ psi⋅ 

Ncb := Nb

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Nb = 109.159 kN
Ncb = 109.159 kN

Mathcad Sheet 6 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Nominal Pryout Strength

Vcp := kcp ⋅ Ncb

Factor of Safety against Shear Concrete Pryout
Strength Failure of the Studs

FOSlong.pry :=

Vcp = 218.317 kN
Vcp
Loadlong

FOSlong.pry = 21.299

Summary of Bolted Precast Concrete Wall Panel to Wall Panel Connection (Short Wall)
Minimum Factor of Safety for Bolted Connection

FOSlong.wall := min( FOSlong.bolt , FOSlong.steel , FOSlong.pry )
FOSlong.wall = 4.78

This calculation has demonstrated that the proposed bolted connection of the precast concrete wall panel to wall
panel (long wall) has adequate capacity to withstand the imposed loading.

Bolted Connections.mcd
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\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 7 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Roof Panel to Roof Panel Connection
The proposed arrangement of the roof panel to roof panel bolted connection is shown below. As per the original
design, it is proposed to use these fixings at 500mm centres.
The proposed modified design, utilises the use of the originally embedded 75mm x 50mm x 6mm angle section
with headed studs (member E60). However, the headed studs have been upgraded to 3nr 16mm dia anchor
studs per member.
It is also proposed that a recess at the side of the precast concrete roof panel be introduced, to allow the bolting
conncection to be offset from the face of the panel. Following erection of the shear wall it is recommended that
the 30mm recess is packed with grout, to give a smooth external face.
Each of the embedded equal angles will be bolted to the same 170mm x 200mm x 10mm steel plate using 5nr
12mm dia High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (HSFG) on each embedded equal angle.
As shown below, the bolts of the HSFG anchors will be welded to the inside of the angle, to stop rotation of the
bolt following installation.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 8 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Capacity of the Proposed High Strength Friction Grip Bolts
The shear capacity of the proposed high strength friction grip bolts will be calculated using the allowable loads
given in BS5950.
Single Shear Capacity of a 12mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

Vcap.bolt.roof := 24.5⋅ kN

Shear Capacity of the Bolted Connection

Vcap.roof := 5⋅ Vcap.bolt.roof

Factor of Safety against Shear Failure of the
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

FOSroof.bolt :=

Vcap.roof
Loadroof

Vcap.roof = 122.5 kN
FOSroof.bolt = 1.885

Shear Capacity of the Anchorage of the Studs into the Precast Concrete Roof Panels
As for the precast concrete wall panels, the capacity of the anchorage of headed stud into the roof panel will be
calculated using the methodology in ACI 318-02. The studs will be checked for;
1) steel strength of the anchor in shear,
2) concrete breakout strength of anchor in shear,
3) concrete pryout strength of anchor in shear.

Shear Strength of Anchor in Steel (cl. D.6.1)
2

Effective cross-sectional area of an anchor

A se := 157⋅ mm

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := 620⋅ MPa

Specified yield strength of anchor steel

fy := 420⋅ MPa

Limitations on tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := min( fut , 1.9⋅ fy , 125000⋅ psi)

fut = 6.2 × 10 Pa

Nominal Strength of Headed Studs in Shear

Vs := 3⋅ A se⋅ fut

Vs = 292.02 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Strength Failure
of the Studs

FOSroof.steel :=

Vs
Loadroof

8

FOSroof.steel = 4.493

Shear Strength of Concrete in Breakout (cl. D.6.2)
The anchorage arrangement is reinforced, which will prevent concrete breakout since the rebar will effectively
attract the shear loading.
It is therefore considered inappropriate to use the methodology defined within ACI 318-02, Clause D.6.2 for the
determination of concrete breakout strength, due to the reinforcement in the roof slabs.

Bolted Connections.mcd
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\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

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Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Concrete Pryout Strength of Anchor (cl. D.6.3)
Effective anchor embedment depth

h ef := 150⋅ mm

hef > 2.5in, therefore,

kcp := 2

h ef = 5.906 in

Given the reinforced anchorage arrangement, it is considered appropriate to define the Nominal concrete breakout
strength as being equal to the Basic concrete breakout strength (i.e. Ncb = Nb ).
ACI 318-02 constant, for cast-in-anchors

k := 24

Compressive Strength of Concrete

fc := 35⋅ N⋅ mm

Basic concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.2)

 h ef 
2
Nb := k⋅
⋅ psi⋅ 
 ⋅ in
psi
 in 

Nb = 109.159 kN

Nominal concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.1)

Ncb := Nb

Ncb = 109.159 kN

Nominal Pryout Strength

Vcp := kcp ⋅ Ncb

Vcp = 218.317 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Concrete Pryout
Strength Failure of the Studs

FOSroof.pry :=

−2
1.5

fc

Vcp
Loadroof

FOSroof.pry = 3.359

Summary of Bolted Precast Concrete Roof Slab to Roof Slab Connection
Minimum Factor of Safety for Bolted Connection

FOSroof := min( FOSroof.bolt , FOSroof.steel , FOSroof.pry )
FOSroof = 1.885

This calculation has demonstrated that the proposed bolted connection of the precast concrete roof panel to roof
panel has adequate capacity to withstand the imposed loading.

Bolted Connections.mcd
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\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

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Time Printed: 15:39

Wall Panel to Foundation Connection
The proposed arrangement of the wall panel to foundation slab bolted connection is shown below. As per the
original design, it is proposed to use these fixings at 400mm centres.
It is proposed to modify the design of the equal angle (member ACC-01) used in this connection detail. As per
the original design the a 125mm x 125mm equal angle is specified, however, this will be made from 20mm thick
plate.
The proposed modified design, utilises the originally embedded 150mm x 250mm x 12mm thick steel plate with
headed studs (member E50) into the base of the wall panel.
The new connection will be anchored to the foundation by 2nr M20 diameter Hilti HDA expansion anchors (or a
similar expansion anchor with equivalent dynamic capacities).
To provide sufficient anchorage capacity of the expansion anchors into the foundation slab it is required that the
slab and wall footing are keyed together to act as a composite foundation material.
The equal angles will be bolted to the same 170mm x 200mm x 10mm steel plate using 5nr 12mm dia High
Strength Friction Grip Bolts (HSFG) on each embedded equal angle.
As shown below, the bolts of the HSFG anchors will be welded to the inside of the angle, to stop rotation of the
bolt following installation.

Bolted Connections.mcd
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\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 11 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Pullout Capacity of the Expansion Anchors (into Foundation Slab)
The tensile capacity of the anchorage of the Hilti post-installed anchors into the foundation slab will be calculated
using the methodology in Hilti Fastening Technology Manual, Issue 2003. The anchors will be checked for;
1) pullout resistance for cracked concrete,
2) concrete cone resistance,
3) steel design tensile resistance.
Pullout Resistance for Cracked Concrete
Design pullout resistance

Influence of concrete strength

N0.Rd.p := 63.4⋅ kN

 fc 
 
 0.8 

fB :=

−2

fB = 1.323

25⋅ N⋅ mm
Cracked concrete design resistance

NRd.p := N0.Rd.p ⋅ fB

NRd.p = 83.87 kN

Concrete Cone Resistance
Design concrete cone resistance

N0.Rd.c := 109.4⋅ kN

Spacing of anchors

s anc := 250⋅ mm

Effective anchorage depth

h ef := 250⋅ mm

Influence of anchor spacing

fA.N := 0.5 +

s anc

fA.N = 0.667

6⋅ h ef

It is recommended that the foundation slab and footing are keyed together to act as a composite foundation
material for the anchorage, therefore, no edge distance concerns exist.
Influence of edge distance

fR.N := 1

Concrete cone design resistance

NRd.c := N0.Rd.c⋅ fB⋅ fA.N⋅ fR.N

NRd.c = 96.482 kN

Steel Design Tensile Resistance
Steel design tensile resistance

NRd.s := 130.7⋅ kN

Tensile Capacity Check of HDA Anchor
Tensile resistance of a single M20 HDA Anchor

NRd := min( NRd.p , NRd.c , NRd.s)

Factor of Safety against Tensile Failure of
Hilti HDA Anchors

FOSfound.hilti :=

Bolted Connections.mcd
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Date Printed: 03/02/2005

2⋅ NRd
Loadfound

NRd = 83.87 kN
FOSfound.hilti = 1.302

Mathcad Sheet 12 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Capacity of the Proposed High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (Angle to Wall Connection)
The shear capacity of the proposed high strength friction grip bolts will be calculated using the allowable loads
given in BS5950.
Single Shear Capacity of a 20mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

Vcap.bolt.found := 71.3⋅ kN

Shear Capacity of the Bolted Connection

Vcap.found := 3⋅ Vcap.bolt.found

Factor of Safety against Shear Failure of the
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

FOSfound.bolt :=

Vcap.found
Loadfound

Vcap.found = 213.9 kN
FOSfound.bolt = 1.661

Shear Capacity of the Anchorage of the Studs into the Precast Concrete Wall Panels
As previously for the precast concrete wall panel and roof panel connections, the capacity of the anchorage of
headed stud into the base of the wall panels for the connections to the foundations will be calculated using the
methodology in ACI 318-02. The studs will be checked for;
1) steel strength of the anchor in shear,
2) concrete breakout strength of anchor in shear,
3) concrete pryout strength of anchor in shear.

Shear Strength of Anchor in Steel (cl. D.6.1)
2

Effective cross-sectional area of an anchor

A se := 84.3⋅ mm

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := 620⋅ MPa

Specified yield strength of anchor steel

fy := 420⋅ MPa

Limitations on tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := min( fut , 1.9⋅ fy , 125000⋅ psi)

fut = 620 MPa

Nominal Strength of Headed Studs in Shear

Vs := 6⋅ A se⋅ fut

Vs = 313.596 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Strength Failure
of the Studs

FOSfound.steel :=

Vs
Loadfound

FOSfound.steel = 2.435

Shear Strength of Concrete in Breakout (cl. D.6.2)
The anchorage arrangement is reinforced, which will prevent concrete breakout since the rebar will effectively
attract the shear loading.
It is therefore considered inappropriate to use the methodology defined within ACI 318-02, Clause D.6.2 for the
determination of concrete breakout strength, due to the reinforcement in the wall slabs.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 13 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Concrete Pryout Strength of Anchor (cl. D.6.3)
Effective anchor embedment depth

h ef := 150⋅ mm

hef > 2.5in, therefore,

kcp := 2

h ef = 5.906 in

Given the reinforced anchorage arrangement, it is considered appropriate to define the Nominal concrete breakout
strength as being equal to the Basic concrete breakout strength (i.e. Ncb = Nb ).
ACI 318-02 constant, for cast-in-anchors

k := 24

Compressive Strength of Concrete

fc := 35⋅ N⋅ mm

Basic concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.2)

 h ef 
2
Nb := k⋅
⋅ psi⋅ 
 ⋅ in
psi
 in 

Nb = 109.159 kN

Nominal concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.1)

Ncb := Nb

Ncb = 109.159 kN

Nominal Pryout Strength

Vcp := kcp ⋅ Ncb

Vcp = 218.317 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Concrete Pryout
Strength Failure of the Studs

FOSfound.pry :=

−2
1.5

fc

Vcp
Loadfound

FOSfound.pry = 1.695

Summary of Bolted Precast Concrete Wall Panel to Foundation Connection
Minimum Factor of Safety for Bolted Connection
FOSfound := min( FOSfound.hilti, FOSfound.bolt , FOSfound.steel , FOSfound.pry )

FOSfound = 1.302

This calculation has demonstrated that the proposed bolted connection of the precast concrete wall panel to
foundation has adequate capacity to withstand the imposed loading.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 14 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Roof Panel to Shear Wall Connection (T-section to Short wall)
The proposed arrangement of the roof panel to shear wall bolted connection (T-section to short wall) is shown
below. As per the original design, it is proposed to use these fixings at 500mm centres.
It is proposed to use a 100mm x 100mm x 8mm equal angle, above and below the roof flange section, bolted to
the steel sections embeded into the precast concrete roof and wall panels. The angles will be bolted to the
embeded steel sections using 16mm dia High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (HSFG).
As shown below, the bolts of the HSFG anchors will be welded to the inside of the embeded steel sections, to
stop rotation of the bolt following installation.
It is proposed to modify the design of the embeded steel plate into the wall section (member E56) used in this
connection detail. The size of the embedded plate has been upgraded to 300mm x 175mm x 8mm thick plate
and the anchorage has been upgraded to 16mm dia anchor studs, with a 40mm bend at the end.
No modifications are proposed to the embedded member (E59) in the roof section.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 15 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Capacity of the Proposed High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (into Roof Slab)
The shear capacity of the proposed high strength friction grip bolts will be calculated using the allowable loads
given in BS5950.
Single Shear Capacity of a 16mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

Vcap.bolt.roof2 := 45.6⋅ kN

Shear Capacity of the Bolted Connection

Vcap.roof2 := 2⋅ ( 2⋅ Vcap.bolt.roof2)

Factor of Safety against Shear Failure of the
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

FOSroof.bolt2 :=

Vcap.roof2
Loadroof2

Vcap.roof2 = 182.4 kN
FOSroof.bolt2 = 2.131

Shear Capacity of the Anchorage of the Studs into the Precast Concrete Roof Panels
As previously, the capacity of the anchorage of headed stud into the roof panel will be calculated using the
methodology in ACI 318-02. The studs will be checked for;
1) steel strength of the anchor in shear,
2) concrete breakout strength of anchor in shear,
3) concrete pryout strength of anchor in shear.

Shear Strength of Anchor in Steel (cl. D.6.1)
2

Effective cross-sectional area of an anchor

A se := 84.3⋅ mm

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := 620⋅ MPa

Specified yield strength of anchor steel

fy := 420⋅ MPa

Limitations on tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := min( fut , 1.9⋅ fy , 125000⋅ psi)

fut = 6.2 × 10 Pa

Nominal Strength of Headed Studs in Shear

Vs := 4⋅ A se⋅ fut

Vs = 209.064 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Strength Failure
of the Studs

FOSroof.steel.shear :=

Vs
Loadroof2

8

FOSroof.steel.shear = 2.442

Shear Strength of Concrete in Breakout (cl. D.6.2)
The anchorage arrangement is reinforced, which will prevent concrete breakout since the rebar will effectively
attract the shear loading.
It is therefore considered inappropriate to use the methodology defined within ACI 318-02, Clause D.6.2 for the
determination of concrete breakout strength, due to the reinforcement in the roof slabs.

Shear Concrete Pryout Strength of Anchor (cl. D.6.3)
Shear concrete pryout is not considered a potential failure mechanism, as the anchorage studs pass from a steel
plate on one side of the roof slab to a steel plate on the otherside of the roof slab.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 16 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Pullout Capacity of the Proposed High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (into Shear Wall)
The pullout capacity of the proposed high strength friction grip bolts will be calculated using the allowable loads
given in BS5950.
Single Shear Capacity of a 16mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

Pcap.bolt.roof := 82.9⋅ kN

Shear Capacity of the Bolted Connection

Pcap.roof := 2⋅ ( 2⋅ Pcap.bolt.roof )

Factor of Safety against Shear Failure of the
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

FOSroof.pull :=

Pcap.roof

Pcap.roof = 331.6 kN
FOSroof.pull = 3.874

Loadroof2

Pullout Capacity of the Anchorage of the Studs into the Precast Concrete Wall Panels
The pullout capacity of the anchorage of headed stud into the wall panel will be calculated using the methodology
in ACI 318-02. The studs will be checked for;
1) steel strength of the anchor in tension,
2) concrete breakout strength of anchor in tension,
3) pullout strength of the anchor in tension.

Tensile Strength of Anchor in Steel (cl. D.5.1)
2

Effective cross-sectional area of an anchor

A se := 157⋅ mm

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := 620⋅ MPa

Specified yield strength of anchor steel

fy := 420⋅ MPa

Limitations on tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := min( fut , 1.9⋅ fy , 125000⋅ psi)

fut = 6.2 × 10 Pa

Nominal Strength of Headed Studs in Tension

Ns := 6⋅ A se⋅ fut

Ns = 584.04 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Strength Failure
of the Studs

FOSroof.steel.tensile :=

Ns
Loadroof2

8

FOSroof.steel.tensile = 6.823

Tensile Strength of Concrete in Breakout (cl. D.5.2)
h ef := 140⋅ mm

Effective anchor embedment depth
Projected concrete failure area of group of anchors

A N := ( 2⋅ 1.5⋅ h ef + 115⋅ mm) ⋅  1.5⋅ h ef + 95⋅ mm ...
 + 95⋅ mm + 200⋅ mm



2

A N = 0.321 m
Projected concrete failure area a single anchor,
when not limited be edge distance or spacing

A No := 9⋅ h ef

Minimum edge distance

c := 200⋅ mm

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

2

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

2

A No = 0.176 m

Mathcad Sheet 17 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Modification factor for edge effects

ψ 2 := 0.7 + 0.3⋅

Modification factor for cracking

ψ 3 := 1.0

ACI 318-02 constant, for cast-in-anchors

k = 24

Compressive Strength of Concrete

fc = 35 N⋅ mm

Basic concrete breakout strength

Nb := k⋅

c

ψ 2 = 0.986

1.5⋅ h ef

(assume cracked concrete)

−2

Ncb :=

Nominal concrete brekout strength in tension
Factor of Safety against Tensile Concrete Breakout
of the Anchors

1.5

fc
psi
AN

A No

 h ef 
2
 ⋅ in
 in 

⋅ psi⋅ 

⋅ ψ 2⋅ ψ 3⋅ Nb

FOSroof.break :=

Nb = 98.427 kN
Ncb = 176.551 kN

Ncb

FOSroof.break = 2.063

Loadroof2

Tensile Strength of Anchor in Pullout (cl. D.5.3)
Modification factor for cracking

ψ 4 := 1.0

Distance from inner surface of the bolt shaft to
outer tip of J-bolt

eh := 40⋅ mm

Shaft diameter of J-bolt

d o := 16⋅ mm

Pullout strength of a single hooked bolt

Np := 0.9⋅ fc⋅ eh⋅ d o

Np = 20.16 kN

Nominal pullout strength of an anchor in tension

Npn := ψ 4⋅ Np

Npn = 20.16 kN

Factor of Safety against Tensile Failure of
Anchor in Pullout

FOSroof.pullout :=

(assume cracked concrete)

6⋅ Npn
Loadroof2

FOSroof.pullout = 1.413

Summary of Bolted Precast Concrete Roof Panel to Shear Wall Connection (T-section to Short wall)
Minimum Factor of Safety for Bolted Connection
FOSroof2 := min( FOSroof.bolt2, FOSroof.steel.shear , FOSroof.pull , FOSroof.steel.tensile , FOSroof.break , FOSroof.pullout )
FOSroof2 = 1.413
This calculation has demonstrated that the proposed bolted connection of the precast concrete wall panel to roof
panel (Tee-section to short wall) has adequate capacity to withstand the imposed loading.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 18 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Roof Panel to Shear Wall Connection (Flange to Long wall)
The proposed arrangement of the roof panel to shear wall bolted connection (Flange to long wall) is shown below.
As per the original design, it is proposed to use these fixings at 500mm centres.
It is proposed to use a 100mm x 100mm x 8mm equal angle bolted to the steel sections embeded into the
precast concrete roof and wall panels. The angles will be bolted to the embeded steel sections using 16mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (HSFG).
As shown below, the bolts of the HSFG anchors will be welded to the inside of the embeded steel sections, to
stop rotation of the bolt following installation.
Both the embedded steel section into the roof (member E61) aand the wall (member E57) are as for the original
welded connections, however, member E57 is located 50mm higher in the wall.

Shear Capacity of the Proposed High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (into Roof Slab)
The shear capacity of the proposed high strength friction grip bolts will be calculated using the allowable loads
given in BS5950.
Single Shear Capacity of a 16mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

Vcap.bolt.roof3 := 45.6⋅ kN

Shear Capacity of the Bolted Connection

Vcap.roof3 := 2⋅ Vcap.bolt.roof3

Factor of Safety against Shear Failure of the
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

FOSroof.bolt3 :=

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Vcap.roof3
Loadroof3

Vcap.roof3 = 91.2 kN
FOSroof.bolt3 = 2.519

Mathcad Sheet 19 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Capacity of the Anchorage of the Studs into the Precast Concrete Roof Panels
As previously, the capacity of the anchorage of headed stud into the roof panel will be calculated using the
methodology in ACI 318-02. The studs will be checked for;
1) steel strength of the anchor in shear,
2) concrete breakout strength of anchor in shear,
3) concrete pryout strength of anchor in shear.

Shear Strength of Anchor in Steel (cl. D.6.1)
2

Effective cross-sectional area of an anchor

A se := 84.3⋅ mm

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := 620⋅ MPa

Specified yield strength of anchor steel

fy := 420⋅ MPa

Limitations on tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := min( fut , 1.9⋅ fy , 125000⋅ psi)

fut = 620 MPa

Nominal Strength of Headed Studs in Shear

Vs := 4⋅ A se⋅ fut

Vs = 209.064 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Strength Failure
of the Studs

FOSroof.steel.shear2 :=

Vs
Loadroof3

FOSroof.steel.shear2 = 5.775

Shear Strength of Concrete in Breakout (cl. D.6.2)
The anchorage arrangement is reinforced, which will prevent concrete breakout since the rebar will effectively
attract the shear loading.
It is therefore considered inappropriate to use the methodology defined within ACI 318-02, Clause D.6.2 for the
determination of concrete breakout strength, due to the reinforcement in the roof slabs.

Shear Concrete Pryout Strength of Anchor (cl. D.6.3)
Effective anchor embedment depth

h ef := 150⋅ mm

hef > 2.5in, therefore,

kcp := 2

h ef = 5.906 in

Given the reinforced anchorage arrangement, it is considered appropriate to define the Nominal concrete breakout
strength as being equal to the Basic concrete breakout strength (i.e. Ncb = Nb ).
ACI 318-02 constant, for cast-in-anchors

k := 24

Compressive Strength of Concrete

fc := 35⋅ N⋅ mm

Basic concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.2)

Nb := k⋅

−2

Nominal concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.1)

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

fc
psi

1.5

 h ef 
2
 ⋅ in
 in 

⋅ psi⋅ 

Ncb := Nb

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Nb = 109.159 kN
Ncb = 109.159 kN

Mathcad Sheet 20 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Nominal Pryout Strength

Vcp := kcp ⋅ Ncb

Factor of Safety against Shear Concrete Pryout
Strength Failure of the Studs

FOSroof.pry2 :=

Vcp = 218.317 kN
Vcp

FOSroof.pry2 = 6.031

Loadroof3

Pullout Capacity of the Proposed High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (into Shear Wall)
The pullout capacity of the proposed high strength friction grip bolts will be calculated using the allowable loads
given in BS5950.
Single Shear Capacity of a 16mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

Pcap.bolt.roof := 82.9⋅ kN

Shear Capacity of the Bolted Connection

Pcap.roof := 2⋅ Pcap.bolt.roof

Factor of Safety against Shear Failure of the
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

FOSroof.pull2 :=

Pcap.roof = 165.8 kN

Pcap.roof

FOSroof.pull2 = 4.58

Loadroof3

Pullout Capacity of the Anchorage of the Studs into the Precast Concrete Wall Panels
The pullout capacity of the anchorage of headed stud into the wall panel will be calculated using the methodology
in ACI 318-02. The studs will be checked for;
1) steel strength of the anchor in tension,
2) concrete breakout strength of anchor in tension,
3) pullout strength of the anchor in tension.

Tensile Strength of Anchor in Steel (cl. D.5.1)
2

Effective cross-sectional area of an anchor

A se := 84.3⋅ mm

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := 620⋅ MPa

Specified yield strength of anchor steel

fy := 420⋅ MPa

Limitations on tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := min( fut , 1.9⋅ fy , 125000⋅ psi)

fut = 6.2 × 10 Pa

Nominal Strength of Headed Studs in Tension

Ns := 4⋅ A se⋅ fut

Ns = 209.064 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Strength Failure
of the Studs

FOSroof.steel.tensile2 :=

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Ns
Loadroof2

8

FOSroof.steel.tensile2 = 2.442

Mathcad Sheet 21 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Tensile Strength of Concrete in Breakout (cl. D.5.2)
Effective anchor embedment depth

h ef := 150⋅ mm

Projected concrete failure area of group of anchors

A N := ( 2⋅ 1.5⋅ h ef + 90⋅ mm) ⋅ ( 2⋅ 1.5⋅ h ef + 115⋅ mm)
2

A N = 0.305 m
Projected concrete failure area a single anchor,
when not limited be edge distance or spacing

A No := 9⋅ h ef

Minimum edge distance

c := 200⋅ mm

Modification factor for edge effects

ψ 2 := 0.7 + 0.3⋅

Modification factor for cracking

ψ 3 := 1.0

ACI 318-02 constant, for cast-in-anchors

k = 24

Compressive Strength of Concrete

fc = 35 N⋅ mm

Basic concrete breakout strength

Nb := k⋅

2

2

A No = 0.202 m

c

ψ 2 = 0.967

1.5⋅ h ef

(assume cracked concrete)

−2

Ncb :=

Nominal concrete brekout strength in tension
Factor of Safety against Tensile Concrete Breakout
of the Anchors

1.5

fc
psi
AN

A No

 h ef 
2
 ⋅ in
 in 

⋅ psi⋅ 

⋅ ψ 2⋅ ψ 3⋅ Nb

FOSroof.break2 :=

Nb = 109.159 kN
Ncb = 158.984 kN

Ncb

FOSroof.break2 = 4.392

Loadroof3

Tensile Strength of Anchor in Pullout (cl. D.5.3)
Modification factor for cracking

ψ 4 := 1.0

Distance from inner surface of the bolt shaft to
outer tip of J-bolt

eh := 30⋅ mm

Shaft diameter of J-bolt

d o := 12⋅ mm

Pullout strength of a single hooked bolt

Np := 0.9⋅ fc⋅ eh⋅ d o

Np = 11.34 kN

Nominal pullout strength of an anchor in tension

Npn := ψ 4⋅ Np

Npn = 11.34 kN

Factor of Safety against Tensile Failure of
Anchor in Pullout

FOSroof.pullout2 :=

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

(assume cracked concrete)

4⋅ Npn
Loadroof3

FOSroof.pullout2 = 1.253

Mathcad Sheet 22 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Summary of Bolted Precast Concrete Roof Panel to Shear Wall Connection (Flange to Long wall)
Minimum Factor of Safety for Bolted Connection

FOSroof3 := min( FOSroof.bolt3, FOSroof.steel.shear2 , FOSroof.pry2, FOSroof.pull2 , FOSroof.steel.tensile2 , FOSroof.break2 , FOSroof.pullout2
FOSroof3 = 1.253
This calculation has demonstrated that the proposed bolted connection of the precast concrete wall panel to roof
panel (flange to long wall) has adequate capacity to withstand the imposed loading.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 23 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Roof Panel to Shear Wall Connection (Web to Long wall)
The proposed arrangement of the roof panel to shear wall bolted connection (Web to long wall) is shown below.
As per the original design, it is proposed to use these fixings either side of the roof t-slab web.
It is proposed to use a 100mm x 100mm x 8mm equal angle, on each side of the roof web, bolted to the steel
sections embeded into the precast concrete roof web and wall panels. The angles will be bolted to the embeded
steel sections using 12mm dia High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (HSFG).
As shown below, the bolts of the HSFG anchors will be welded to the inside of the embeded steel sections, to
stop rotation of the bolt following installation.
The embedded steel sections into the roof (members E62 & E62A) are as for the original welded connections.
However, the embedded steel sections into the wall (member E58) will be extended to 350mm long, and the
anchorage has been upgraded to 16mm dia anchor studs.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 24 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Capacity of the Proposed High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (into Roof Slab)
The shear capacity of the proposed high strength friction grip bolts will be calculated using the allowable loads
given in BS5950.
Single Shear Capacity of a 12mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

Vcap.bolt.roof := 24.5⋅ kN

Shear Capacity of the Bolted Connection

Vcap.roof := 2⋅ Vcap.bolt.roof

Factor of Safety against Shear Failure of the
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

FOSroof.bolt4 :=

Vcap.roof = 49 kN

Vcap.roof
0.5⋅ Loadroof4

FOSroof.bolt4 = 2.165

Shear Capacity of the Anchorage of the Studs into the Precast Concrete Roof Panels
As previously, the capacity of the anchorage of headed stud into the roof panel will be calculated using the
methodology in ACI 318-02. The studs will be checked for;
1) steel strength of the anchor in shear,
2) concrete breakout strength of anchor in shear,
3) concrete pryout strength of anchor in shear.

Shear Strength of Anchor in Steel (cl. D.6.1)
2

Effective cross-sectional area of an anchor

A se := 84.3⋅ mm

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := 620⋅ MPa

Specified yield strength of anchor steel

fy := 420⋅ MPa

Limitations on tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := min( fut , 1.9⋅ fy , 125000⋅ psi)

fut = 620 MPa

Nominal Strength of Headed Studs in Shear

Vs := 3⋅ A se⋅ fut

Vs = 156.798 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Strength Failure
of the Studs

FOSroof.steel.shear3 :=

Vs
0.5⋅ Loadroof4

FOSroof.steel.shear3 = 6.929

Shear Strength of Concrete in Breakout (cl. D.6.2)
The anchorage arrangement is reinforced, which will prevent concrete breakout since the rebar will effectively
attract the shear loading.
It is therefore considered inappropriate to use the methodology defined within ACI 318-02, Clause D.6.2 for the
determination of concrete breakout strength, due to the reinforcement in the roof slabs.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 25 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Shear Concrete Pryout Strength of Anchor (cl. D.6.3)
Effective anchor embedment depth

h ef := 140⋅ mm

hef > 2.5in, therefore,

kcp := 2

h ef = 5.512 in

Given the reinforced anchorage arrangement, it is considered appropriate to define the Nominal concrete breakout
strength as being equal to the Basic concrete breakout strength (i.e. Ncb = Nb ).
ACI 318-02 constant, for cast-in-anchors

k := 24

Compressive Strength of Concrete

fc := 35⋅ N⋅ mm

Basic concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.2)

 h ef 
2
Nb := k⋅
⋅ psi⋅ 
 ⋅ in
psi
 in 

Nb = 98.427 kN

Nominal concrete breakout strength (cl. D.5.2.1)

Ncb := Nb

Ncb = 98.427 kN

Nominal Pryout Strength

Vcp := kcp ⋅ Ncb

Vcp = 196.854 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Concrete Pryout
Strength Failure of the Studs

FOSroof.pry3 :=

−2
1.5

fc

Vcp
0.5⋅ Loadroof4

FOSroof.pry3 = 8.699

Pullout Capacity of the Proposed High Strength Friction Grip Bolts (into Shear Wall)
The pullout capacity of the proposed high strength friction grip bolts will be calculated using the allowable loads
given in BS5950.
Single Shear Capacity of a 12mm dia
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

Pcap.bolt.roof := 44.5⋅ kN

Shear Capacity of the Bolted Connection

Pcap.roof := 2⋅ Pcap.bolt.roof

Factor of Safety against Shear Failure of the
High Strength Friction Grip Bolt

FOSroof.pull3 :=

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Pcap.roof
0.5⋅ Loadroof4

Pcap.roof = 89 kN
FOSroof.pull3 = 3.933

Mathcad Sheet 26 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Pullout Capacity of the Anchorage of the Studs into the Precast Concrete Wall Panels
The pullout capacity of the anchorage of headed stud into the wall panel will be calculated using the methodology
in ACI 318-02. The studs will be checked for;
1) steel strength of the anchor in tension,
2) concrete breakout strength of anchor in tension,
3) pullout strength of the anchor in tension.

Tensile Strength of Anchor in Steel (cl. D.5.1)
2

Effective cross-sectional area of an anchor

A se := 157⋅ mm

Specified tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := 620⋅ MPa

Specified yield strength of anchor steel

fy := 420⋅ MPa

Limitations on tensile strength of anchor steel

fut := min( fut , 1.9⋅ fy , 125000⋅ psi)

fut = 6.2 × 10 Pa

Nominal Strength of Headed Studs in Tension

Ns := 4⋅ A se⋅ fut

Ns = 389.36 kN

Factor of Safety against Shear Strength Failure
of the Studs

FOSroof.steel.tensile3 :=

Ns
Loadroof4

8

FOSroof.steel.tensile3 = 8.603

Tensile Strength of Concrete in Breakout (cl. D.5.2)
Effective anchor embedment depth

h ef := 140⋅ mm

Projected concrete failure area of group of anchors

A N := ( 2⋅ 1.5⋅ h ef + 200⋅ mm) ⋅ ( 2⋅ 1.5⋅ h ef + 120⋅ mm)
2

A N = 0.335 m
Projected concrete failure area a single anchor,
when not limited be edge distance or spacing

A No := 9⋅ h ef

Minimum edge distance

c := 200⋅ mm

Modification factor for edge effects

ψ 2 := 0.7 + 0.3⋅

Modification factor for cracking

ψ 3 := 1.0

ACI 318-02 constant, for cast-in-anchors

k = 24

Compressive Strength of Concrete

fc = 35 N⋅ mm

Basic concrete breakout strength

 h ef 
2
Nb := k⋅
⋅ psi⋅ 
 ⋅ in
psi
 in 

Nominal concrete brekout strength in tension

Ncb :=

S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

2

A No = 0.176 m

c

ψ 2 = 0.986

1.5⋅ h ef

(assume cracked concrete)

−2
1.5

fc

Factor of Safety against Tensile Concrete Breakout
of the Anchors

Bolted Connections.mcd

2

AN
A No

⋅ ψ 2⋅ ψ 3⋅ Nb

FOSroof.break3 :=

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Ncb
Loadroof4

Nb = 98.427 kN
Ncb = 184.141 kN
FOSroof.break3 = 4.069

Mathcad Sheet 27 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Tensile Strength of Anchor in Pullout (cl. D.5.3)
Modification factor for cracking

ψ 4 := 1.0

Distance from inner surface of the bolt shaft to
outer tip of J-bolt

eh := 30⋅ mm

Shaft diameter of J-bolt

d o := 16⋅ mm

Pullout strength of a single hooked bolt

Np := 0.9⋅ fc⋅ eh⋅ d o

Np = 15.12 kN

Nominal pullout strength of an anchor in tension

Npn := ψ 4⋅ Np

Npn = 15.12 kN

Factor of Safety against Tensile Failure of
Anchor in Pullout

FOSroof.pullout3 :=

(assume cracked concrete)

4⋅ Npn
Loadroof4

FOSroof.pullout3 = 1.336

Summary of Bolted Precast Concrete Roof Panel to Shear Wall Connection (Web to Long wall)
Minimum Factor of Safety for Bolted Connection
FOSroof4 := min( FOSroof.bolt4, FOSroof.steel.shear3 , FOSroof.pull3 , FOSroof.steel.tensile3 , FOSroof.break3 , FOSroof.pullout3)
FOSroof4 = 1.336
This calculation has demonstrated that the proposed bolted connection of the precast concrete wall panel to roof
panel (web to long wall) has adequate capacity to withstand the imposed loading.

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 28 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

Conclusion
This calcularion has presented the justification for the re-design of some of the connection details of the modular
blast resistant precast concrete substation for the Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Saudi Aramco).
The original design of the connections utilised a high number of welded connections. It was decided that, if
possible, the number of welded connections need to be reduced by providing alternative bolted connections. This
calculation has presented the justification calculations for these redesigned bolted connections.
The minimum factors of safety for the three connection details considered are listed below.
Precast Concrete Wall Panel to Wall Panel (Short Wall) Connection

FOSshort.wall = 1.635

Precast Concrete Wall Panel to Wall Panel (Long Wall) Connection

FOSlong.wall = 4.78

Precast Concrete Roof Slab to Roof Slab Connection

FOSroof = 1.885

Precast Concrete Wall Panel to Foundation Connection

FOSfound = 1.302

Precast Concrete Roof Slab to Wall Panel (Short Wall) Connection

FOSroof2 = 1.413

Precast Concrete Roof Slab (T-section) to Wall Panel (Short wall) Connection

FOSroof3 = 1.253

Precast Concrete Roof Slab (Web section) to Wall Panel (Long wall) Connection

FOSroof4 = 1.336

Bolted Connections.mcd
S:\Projects\1282017 Abu Ali Blast\AJN Connection Review
\Calculations\Bolted Connections.mcd

Date Printed: 03/02/2005

Mathcad Sheet 29 of 29
Time Printed: 15:39

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