The Songs, Strategies and Methods of the Shi Family Oral Tradition, Seven Basic Skills of Dachengquan | Hand

Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions 48 Methods of Shi Family1 1.

Shen Fa -- The Body Method: The body is like a swimming dragon, a wild goose soaring in the air. Zigzagging, curved and straight, it moves like a snake. Overturn, roll, revolve and turn are dominated by the waist. Move to the corners and side-to-side, advance and retreat, talking and laughing in the center. 2. Mu Ce - Range Estimation: To resist the enemy when you cross hands, you must first estimate the range. If there is no movement, gaze at the man's shoulder. Calmly and carefully examine his posture. Seek out the way to go. Reconnoitre and reflect. Only the eyes look forward. 3. Yanming - Sharp Eyes: The heart's emotions are reflected in the eyes like a mirror. See the situation create the emotion, then the posture responds. If you are very fearful and the mind is confused, your eyes will not follow. The hands will be occupied, the feet confused, and you will lose your cleverness 4. Xianxing - In Advance: The eyes first seek out the enemy's condition. The four sides and eight directions need to be observed clearly. Allow your movement to change irregularly many times. What enters my eye, I instantly understand. 5. Shen Shi - Careful Posture: The eyes watch the four directions, form and posture are understood. The ears hear in eight directions, movement and stillness are known. The feet tread the eight trigrams, walk the complete circle. Look 1 Thirty-Six Strategies from http://afpc.asso.fr/wengu/wg/wengu.php? l=36ji ahead and behind, capture the enemy's emotion. 6. Bu Fa - Stepping Method: If you wish to move the extrmeities, the root must move first. Quick hands are inferior to agile stepping. Turning, moving, entering, yeilding only require half a step. The outer boundary is peaceful, the whole form changes. 7. Ta Zong Men - Tread the Center Gate: Stride forward like a tiger and with the aspect of a hero. Advance and retreat, look around, look for the enemy's trace. The feet tread the center gate and interlink with the enemy's path. The enemy has to defend against strikes to the center. 8. Xie Chu Cheng Ru - Diagonal Leaving, Straight Entering: With footsteps firm and stable, seek adroit movement. By advancing, retreating, turning, and shifting, seek out the enemy's path. Walking follows the triangle. The toes grip the ground. Diagonal leaving, straight entering, is wonderful and unlimited. 9. Xu Jin - Continuous Advancing: Develop an offensive posture, the enemy can not move back. Continue advancing with strikes that are difficult to evade. Step and advance the body, then step to the front. The hands, feet, and body must be one and arrive together. 10. Lian Zhui - Continuous Chasing: I advance. If the enemy retreats, I must follow. One step or two steps, I am continuously stepping to follow. Closely press the enemy so there is no way for him to flee. Continuously advance, victory comes in one step. 11. Xu shi - Empty and Full: For agile

strike him low. swiftly away from the bowstring. Jie Na . defend and ward-off. 17. have to work together.Make Contact and Gesture: The enemy man comes gesturing. strike him high.Adroitly Guiding Action According to Circumstances: If he is high. No matter what. strength issues from the back. Qin Na flows with his motion. With a single purpose. Gong Fang Huying . The enemy advances. 16. you must close and slap. move toward the straight. both palms must be lively. You must defend against the opponent's issuing. When you can attack and be successful in defense. oneself is empty. your skill starts to become high. The rear palm goes out and the front palm returns. 12. The . Moving or still. 15. Both hands seize. With a fat man. and defends against the man's strike. Zhang Fa .Mutual Attack and Defense: In mutual attack and defense you must remember firmness. I advance with my front foot first. Flow with his incoming posture only once. close the enemy's posture.Technique Method: The front arm reaches straight. forming the tiger's mouth. 21. multiply his defects. Jin-tui .Explaining Seizing: Qin Na must use a double hand motion. qi ought to be first. Gong Fang Xiang Ji . If you meet someone long and thin.Attack and Defense Working Together: The hands. press toward the inside. With the weight in the full foot. quick or slow.Palm Method: In attack and defense. Work together with change. The rear arm hides the ox tongue. Don't block or frame him.Explaining Seizing: He seizes me and the flowing posture moves. 20. Advance to attack. I retreat by moving with my rear foot. 19. 14. Issuing is not the main thing. opening and closing. Yin Shi Li Dao .Advance and Retreat: The enemy retreats. Pierce the nose or jab the eyeballs and the enemy's posture relaxes. The old man cannot move to block. Zhao Fa . be relaxed completely. turn and transform quickly. empty and full need to be understood. Turning. strike at him from either corner.Issuing Energy: Store up energy till plentiful. Swallowing and spitting. The postures of attack and defense change many times. Issue energy like an arrow. Jie Zhao . If you relax the rules then you will be double weighted and sluggish. steadiness is preserved. changing. Jie Na . going out and blocking. Issuing is not correct and yet it is not presumptuous to issue. Have a sunk appearance. flow with the enemy's emotion. Follow curve. Fa Jing . My hand goes out. With changing movements and turning movements the empty foot is agile. The stepping method of advancing and retreating must be agile. like a bent bow. and transforming in accordance with the enemy's emotion 13. The tiger's mouth and ox's tongue work together: "Follow the curve to arrive at the straight". in one direction. 18. If he is low.Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions movement in the legs. understand the body's peril.

When his attack comes. Diagonally moving. 26. When a leg comes. The hands and legs go out and steps turn many times. and their strength shows off their ability. In these cases the High Skill of One Move is very much needed. issue quickly.High Skill of One Move: The strong are victorious over the weak. if the leg is understood. Bu Zhong Qin Na . 30. Bind their hands and bind their feet to control them. To seal and close the enemy I need a lot of skill. 32. Be decisive and mobile.Defend by Getting Out of the Way: If the other party has the strength of 1000 pounds. 24. he displays remarkable skill. Victory employs having my hand in the center. Be neither too close nor too far. Hua Jie . horizontal understands vertical. My movement follows the man and the seize has no skill. Huan Zhao . Bu Lan Bu Jia . Don't block. only once.Circular Transformation Understood: He surrounds me and I surround him. swiftly do a technique in return. 31. 29. Rangkai Gong Shi . 25.Lead the Enemy: When the enemy doesn't attack. the way is close. following and leading the enemy's techniques. Both hands coming at the same time is emptiness. Close his left hand then his right hand is not used.Diagonal Dodging: The enemy comes in straight and quick like an arrow. Depress and bend the man over. He strikes at you and you defend against him. Yuan Xing Hua Jie . 23. Don't Frame: Even when the enemy's posture is ruthless. If I can seal firmly the posture of the enemy. seize you suffer a setback. Vigorously seal the man's techniques and do a technique in return. Even if his Qin Na is very adroit. Only meet this emotion. If his incoming posture is as violent as a mountain slide. you understand and then attack. You are only seizing the man and it is not like striking. If both your hands. don't frame. I use motion to draw him out. take advantage of his gaps. With one coming and one going. many changes are not advisable. Stick continuously. and their skill is in their speed. When a split comes from an oblique angle. Enticed to advance. dodge and yield like a spirit. Feng Bi . I walk to the empty space. Get out of the way and attack. you have no fear. flow with the enemy's techniques. Xie Shan .Returning Techniques: Sealing and closing strongly is a technique for 'defending the body'. I split him.Don't Block. Yi Gao Yi Zhao .Seal and Close: Perhaps he has weapons in both hands and is quick like the wind. he falls into air and is subject to my control.Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions flowing posture moves and the seized posture is empty. Feng Bi . First issue to control his brave and fierce posture. it is not appropriate to retreat. You Di . I rely on stepping methods.Seal and Close: The issuing hand flows and follows the enemy's intention to move. The quick strike the slow. Toe out on the diagonal. 27. 28.Transformation Understood: Vertical can understand horizontal. 22. I do not rely on hand methods. With circular turning and walking he can only .Do Not Stress Seizing: The Bagua palm method does not stress seizing.

Meet strength with wisdom. the trail is not fixed. The center having moved. If the posture and surroundings are inferior. advance and retreat. Tu Na . Completely rely on the stepping method and powerful walking. Ceshen . Spiritual wonder is transformed. First aim towards being firm and solid. Kai He . 39. though small in degree. Both arms go out straight to protect the skull. Qi moves through the body.Sensitive/keen/agile/acute: If the mind is sensitive. but I know the man. controlling the enemy is the standard. the mechanical power is adaptable. leisurely await the work. 33. If the stepping is agile. A poke in the eyes is a victory of 1. 40. The body must have a twisting movement to use the Snake Form.Giving and Receiving: Inhaling and exhaling. his efforts are in vain. 34. Zhi Ren .Work Hard for the Initiative: When fighting. Expanding and contracting. 37. Then continues to the Ren Mai to complete the cycle. you must be able to endure the enemy's attack. a strong attack is demanded. The importance of the damage suffered. the will directs its motion.The Outgoing Hand Is the Standard: It does not matter if he has 1. and closed can know the power. the posture the body overturns to the side. 41. because the postures are different. The diagonal/true transformation truly is wonderful. seek to be level and straight.Diagonal and True Transformed: There is straightness within diagonal and diagonalness within straight. 42. Observe that open defends. If the hand is keen. surround one posture. The man doesn't know me. rely on skill. When you meet a strong enemy. bitter practice makes you complete.Open and Close: If you desire to close.000 techniques. the correct form is to open first. 35. one ought to pierce up towards his eyes. turning sideways.000 techniques and quickness in 1. . If the eyes are sharp. its transformations are inexhaustible. then return the attack. Xie Zheng Huan Hua . Lizheng Zhudong . 100 refinements make steel. toe out and escape. are controlled from the nose.Control the Man: To control a man.Movement Understood: Use stillness to control motion. First seek to be invincible. giving and receiving. 36. Shulian: Skilled/practiced/proficient: Attack and defend. If he is not able to be centered.000 things. is not understood. Use motion to control stillness. then the enemy will be in a bind. and the enemy falls into a trap. If both eyes suffer damage.On Ones Side: In the Snake Form Palm. First it flows through the Du Mai. Snake Spits out its Tongue. they can make out the enemy's emotion. Lingmin . Not stopping is important and not sending out hand. strive for the initiative. Hide surprises within surprises. Open is in the center of closed and closed is in the center of open. Dong Jie . 38. The outgoing hand must instantly be in the enemy's center. Qu Shou You Zhun .Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions attack air. They can meet at the origin and instantly know minutia. seek the weak with flaunting techniques. skill is created in the center. Surround.

Avoid Stopping: The chaotic original one qi walks heaven's limits. Raise up the anus. the waist twists and turns. Take the lower way and instantly open up. the feet change and transform. When there are circles within circles. The practice of bent knee stepping trains the leg skills. The foot grips the ground.Twist the Waist: When the enemy attacks. Dang Ji Ji Fa . My hands and feet return to defend and transform him. 3. esteem righteousness. the outside foot turns inwards and the inside foot moves straight. Reach with the front arm.Ceremony and Righteousness take Precedence: Esteem virtue. Depress the waist. I stick to his body. Depress the waist. Depress the waist. Pull back the fingers. Avoid his strength and attack his weak points. The steps are empty and full. 46. esteem ceremony. Li Yi Wei Xian .Avoid the Enemy's Strength. Hang the elbows. esteem bravery. to use 'Falling into Emptiness'. Defend the chest and lungs. Turn the wrist. The hands and feet coordinate for careful attack and defense. Ji Ting . The steps are like walking in mud.Prompt Issuing: The mind takes charge of life. defeat demands victory. Search for the man's gaps. don't esteem strength. the eyes gaze. 5. 2. don't hesitate. victory comes. The tiger's mouth is curved. The palm is hollow. 48. Swell the belly. The bent arm pulls the bowstring. Issue promptly. Turn the waist. When your skill is high. The eyes gaze at the tiger's mouth of the straight arm.Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions 43. Pull back the index finger. 4. the mind must not be disorderly. The straight arm pushes and seizes. The form is like pushing a grindstone round and round. This is like using a bow to shoot a big vulture. 47.Fall into Emptiness No Disorder: Stepping must be lively and the gestures must be accurate. Strike at his Weakness: When the enemy punches at your face. Standing fixed when convenient becomes fallen flowers. Pull the bow. don't esteem bravery. left and right. The chin is tucked in. 44. Straighten the palm. Niu Yao . One arm is bent. Take him by surprise. 36 Rules of Shi Family Shi's 36 Stanzas 1. The fingers are held upwards. Sink the shoulders. Turning and revolving. Turn the waist. then with one touch. unprepared for the attack. Bi Shi Ji Xu . One arm pushes out straight. Bend the knees and bow the legs. The knees bend and the legs . Swell the belly. Luo Kong Bu Wen . Esteem strength. In walking the circle. Push and seize. The head is held up. transformation is created. your enemy falls in to emptiness. Straighten the palm. Walking. 45. Curves interlink with curves and are never used up. Take a turn for the better and be out of danger. Then. but not walking too far. Esteem wisdom. Turn the neck. strength is the core of strength. strive for motion. Bagua's functional movement consists of the walking movements. The body is held straight.

Mobility and agility must be harmonized. Vary the postures continuously without stopping. a wild goose leaping into the air. They complement each other and create agility. 9.Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions bow. The middle level bends the knees and the posture gradually squats. The toe and kneecap are aligned. The body follows the steps and the turning hands follow the body's movements. 15. 8. which is high. 6. Avoid the full and draw near the empty to achieve skill. 17. do not esteem strength. advance and retreat. The foot treads the center gate and searches out the way. 7. The lower level stresses getting the thighs level with the knees. . The toe-out stepping form makes an eight character shape (/ \). toe-in. Movement must be coordinated with the breathing. The rear hand pierces out and the front hand retracts. the rear foot steps past the front foot. Weave together inhaling and exhaling and then transform them to chewing up and spitting out the enemy. Move to the corners and sides. Become level and true. Upper and lower coordinate and become one thing. a turtle swims. In stepping. This palm is mysterious in walking the circle. The toe and the heel meet together. Esteem virtue. Mobility and agility display your talent. Esteem wisdom. a snake's movement. the foot is strong and skilled. It is like a tiger strikes. The body is like a swimming dragon. The tongue sticks to the upper palate. 11. the hand goes out under the elbow. Reciprocating without breaks or stopping. In the Upper Step (shang bu). The corner become the sides. Do not lean forwards or backwards. the palm and body should not lean to the sides. 16. Sooner or later it must fall into the void. In the Withdraw Step (che bu). The qi sinks to the dantian like being guided. 14. They must be mutually coordinated and complement each other. Inhale and exhale through the nose. The stepping method transforms the walking with many turns. If you esteem strength and esteem courage. 13: The toe-in stepping form makes a triangle. the rear foot moves to the rear. First practice the upper level frame. the front foot steps past the rear foot. 12: Skill and talent smoothly follow the waist and leg movement. In the Advance Step (jin bu). arcing and turning. the front foot moves to the front. Moment is practiced on the left and right sides. pursue three levels in your stepping practice. In walking the circle. The stepping method causes victory. Toe-out. In walking. Turn the waist and tighten the lower abdomen to connect the limbs. 10. enter and flow with the person's movements. do not esteem courage. The hand method of the piercing palm must be remembered well. talk and laugh in the center. In the piercing palm. Aim for being stable and full. the steps sink and the body has the appearance of being even and steady. In the Retreat Step (tui). The spirit can transform and grow from immature to mature.

When the enemy advances. This one is a toughie. 24. up and down. The idea of many overcoming the few must be followed. upright. move farther away. I took some time going over it again and changing some of my original work. Turning back the head in retreat turns into an advance. seal. I turn back and with one strike invariably cut to his center. If I do this others find it difficult to respond to me. I move to evade his attack. Use the hooking palm as you retreat and then advance. [Here is #23. I have seen these two characters used together before and the best that I could guess based on the context was a sense of coming and going. [Here is another. it must not be two. If the enemy retreats. mix. 25. and strive to master the movement. aid and support each other. If anyone has a clue I'd appreciate some enlightenment. occupy the center. However in this poetry the meaning is much more difficult for me to grasp. To seal the enemy requires a lot of skill. The flicking palm conceals the body as you advance. 22. If the enemy advances. A strike comes to my front and my back responds. Look to the front and now to the rear. I am surprise true. A soft body pulls the rudder. correct) and qi (wonderful. ignore the subjective. grip. The enemy is surprise. If you can understand. you can get this central idea. The foot treads the central gate and searches out the way. 27. The outgoing hand techniques follow the man. The hands follow the enemy's condition and flow in the opposite direction. A strike comes to my right and my left responds. insert. If pressed close. Superiority is commonly had in grasping the center. 26. roll. The out-going hand flows with the enemy's intention. Draw out the enemy to take the advantage and advance. a bit esoteric. your rear foot moves. I give up my position and cause him to fall into emptiness. 20. hang. surprise). Bind. With the overturning body palm method. I am true surprise. To defeat the center and take the victory requires skill. Pierce. The enemy is true. Rise and do not fall. Flowing water drives a light boat. The flick and hook. but I can't guarantee total accuracy on this one. My confusion revolves around the interplay between two characters zheng (true. defend to the left and right. your front foot advances.] 19. Rise to defend. . 18. I must confess that it does not make much sense to me. arc and turn to follow the man's motion. The hands in the cross shape form are beneficial to attack 21. I coordinate my response with my breathing. The triangle pattern steps are very subtle. Submit to the objective. An arm stretched out from the side of the body reveals an empty space.] 23. attack to the left and right. defense becomes the attack. Overturn. Close and roll. The outgoing hand must be one. Commit to a strong body form. The chest exposed to open air induces people to attack. Leave no fixed trail.Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions people cannot fathom it. Attack the enemy's front side as you advance. 28. The enemy's preparations are in vain and he finds it difficult to defend himself.

understand transformation. Don't block. Yield the position and strive for mastery of motion. The tows point inward with the steps. 34. 36. then when you issue strength it is whole. The eyes are linked to the hands which are linked to the waist which is linked to the legs. When jing and shen are connected with qi. and the waist sinks. Understand that walking be transformed by turning has many meanings. the knees are close to each other. When softness is presented first it must be coordinated with hardness. Touch and stick. Don't block. don't lose the lead. softness contains hardness. not terrified. the crown of the head lifts up. Bring about the condition to deprive him of the first hand. Go smoothly. When hardness is presented first then softness must be concealed inside. then you will be able to control the enemy. Pushing the millstone in the same motion. 35. don't loose the lead. Two The rear elbow is folded and in line with the stomach. moving supports stillness 31. The shoulders sink. The rear palm is below the elbow of the lead arm. I wish to choose flowing from my center. the elbows drop. the waist and legs must be quick. Hardness conceals softness in its center. . Regardless of whether your movements are straight or curved. the posture will be filled. SONGS ONE The chest relaxes. The eyes detecting the enemy's emotion is the first point. don't frame. Three Walking with curved step and strait foot. For the hands to attack the enemy. continuously follow. and walk the circle many times. The out going hand must choose the way to approach. The eyes look through the space between thumb and index finger. don't frame. flow with the enemy's nature. I issue later but arrive first cannot be successfully defended against. The Baguazhang method is not a blocking frame. Moving supports motion. When you get the power and get the posture. 32. The man is hard. The true significance of Bagua is contained within this. Bagua's true significance is not a mystery. the walking must be stable. agile functions. I am soft and completely rely on walking. and the front palm extends forward. Turning and entering I flow to the man's back. 33. You will them be calm and composed. Both palms coordinate in harmony to become one whole power. 29. The brain is the master and takes charge of the movement. When the whole body is harmonized and coordinated. The palm turns downward and extends forward. Soft turns to hard and sticking becomes issuing. Hardness and softness are transformed in the stepping. Advance and retreat completely rely on the feet. 30.Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions and float. Sacrifice your own interests for the sake of flowing with the enemy's emotion.

Thirteen This palm technique is quite different from others. Lower the body when changing palms and steps. Step in. the qi will sink. The middle posture also sinks the waist and legs down. Shoulders move ahead of the striking palm. and feet. round the back. The whole body's energy rises. Twelve This palm technique is quite different from others. Advance with a step of the front foot first. Retreat by starting to move with the rear foot. Four Single-sided skill in practice is not unique. With steady steps. The key is in the skills of the waist and legs. Inhale and exhale completely through the nose. sink the waist and use half steps. Seven When the chest is relaxed. Nine Close mouth. Relax the shoulders. Separate the middle finger and ring finger. The qi will flow and the spirit will lift up. between their feet. All depends on the interchanges below the knees. Backward first. Step around the opponent's center. tongue touching the roof of the mouth. watch the surroundings. Eight Do not sway the body when walking. Dual-side practices are a good way to train. Like the bow is bent and the arrow is shot. Attack and retreat with out wondering. hips.Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions Twisting the waist. Ten Stretch the palm and make the hu kou round. Don't leave a space and don't hesitate. Eleven Advance with knees and retreat with knees open. . Use the "hen" and "han" sounds when relaxing the power. the hips are tucked under to help the qi circulate. then with the wrist bone. Strike with the palm first. Five Turn the foot and hand simultaneously. drop the shoulders and extend the arms. Change from left to right and right to left. The rear hand withdraws when the lead hand thrusts. Advance or retreat according to the situation. Six Thrusting the palm right below the elbow. then extended. When the qi reaches the dan tain. The front shoulder becomes the back one. knees. Coil the body inward and step backward to find and opening. Compress then release for special power. The lowest postures keep the knee and hip level.

Soft power appears first. One crossing and one strait from a triangle hands position. It's easy to defeat him. Front and rear palms connect in power release. Moving freely without leaving a trace. My stepping is additional. Point high when striking low. Strong force comes when rotation reaches its utmost. Twenty Hard power comes first. Stay calm and step around the opponent. with hard force following. All changes depend on footwork.Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions Fourteen This palm technique is quite different from others. It's a waste. Eighteen Attack a taller person low and shorter person high. Fifteen This palm technique is quite different from others. But the shoulder’s reach has its limitations. the body has to turn. The root moves first and moves out to the fingertips. Extend the neck for release of power and relax it for change. The combination of soft and hard is most advantageous. with softness hidden in side. Using the waist turning or overturning the body. A great skill is to roll pearls upward. Master Guo used to mention that softness is hidden power. The waist moves first in advance or retreat. Nineteen It's said the palm method wins over power and hardness. Like a spiritual dragon linking its head and tail together. It wastes time if yuo don't walk around the opponent. Make a sound to the east before attacking to the west. Every technique use the same method. Others think soft power is about the waist and hands. . Twenty-three The shoulder is the rood when striking with the palm. It will easily control a person like embracing them. Twenty-two The spirit is transmitted from the neck bone. Seventeen It's not skillful enough use the palm in one dimension in combat. This secret has been known by some people. Step the front foot first when advancing. Sixteen Three thrusting palms is a powerful technique. If he walks to the outside and walk to the inside. At least two dimensions have to be managed. The hands move right before turning the neck. if the back foot moves first. Twenty-one When in the extreme.

Trial of Strength: Strike out the hand is like a steel file. The sound is like that of a ringing bell is a quiet valley. 7. 5. Arms form a circle like holding a child. 4. 3. Advance or retreat at will as the hip and shoulder move.Shi Style Baguazhang Oral Traditions The Seven Basic Skills of Dachengquan 1. shriving. Be natural in all moves. shift following steps. The two turn and . With space appropriately set. The intent aims at the surroundings of the body Yet never goes away from it. following. Tuishou (push-hands): Single Hand Attaching forearms they act as in trial of strength. Mocabu (friction steps): With the body erect and head upright. feeling light and nimble. Try to control the other side as if to bind him with a robe. Pull back. You hit out surely. Advance. What’s the use of fixed postures and methods? As under such circumstances everyone acts on his instinct. The intend reaches finger tips. But comes out the mouth. slicking. Actual Maneuvering: When actual confrontation begins. He walks like a chicken but with the torso a bit inclined. The trial of Breath: Sound is produced from “Dantian” ( a spot 1. Like a catapult shooting out pellets. Rolling and turning the perform with “point of force” as the axis. While the chest is free and relaxed. Explosive force is discharged continuously. All depends on circumstances and opportunity. accurately. Mind is intense but posture easy and comfortable. connecting. 6. 2. Jerking and discharging. striking or releasing.). Fali (excerting force): The whole body as soft as cotton.968 inches beneath the umbilicus. Stand upright. relentlessly and severely. Meeting attacks from all directions. the hand is like an iron hook. Double Hand With four arms closely attached. whether it be wrestling. Jijizhuang (Combat skill pile-stance): Feet assume a Dingbabu shaped step. See that you have an easy posture. an elastic force is produced and threatening. Touching. You must respond with alert and flexibility. retreat or intercept. Waves rise and fall as the leaps and the foot circles. all are guided by intention.

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