The Reproductive System 4-12-07 - [ ] The Reproductive System - [ ] Gonads- Primary sex organs - [ ] Testes in males - [ ] Ovaries in females - [ ] Gonads

produce gametes (sex cells) and secrete hormones - [ ] Sperm- male gametes - [ ] Ova (eggs)- Female gametes - [ ] Male Reproductive system - [ ] Testis - [ ] Duct System - [ ] Epididymis - [ ] Ductus deferens - [ ] Urethra - [ ] Accessory organs - [ ] Seminal vesicle - [ ] Prostate gland - [ ] Bulbourethral gland - [ ] External genitalia - [ ] Penis - [ ] Scrotum - [ ] Testies - [ ] Each lobule contains one to four seminiferous tubules - [ ] tightly coiled structures - [ ] Function as sperm-forming factories - [ ] Empty sperm into the rete testies - [ ] Sperm travels through the rete testis to the epididymis - [ ] Produce testosterone - [ ] Epididymis - [ ] Comma-shapes, tightly coiled tube - [ ] Functions to mature and store sperm cells (at least 20 days) - [ ] Expels sperm with the contraction of muscles in the epididymis walls to the vas deferens - [ ] Ductus Deferens (Vas Deferens) - [ ] Carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct - [ ] Moves sperm by peristalsis - [ ] Ends in the ejaculatory duct which unites with the urethra - [ ] Vasectomy- cutting of the ductus deferens at the level of the testes to prevent transportation of sperm. - [ ] Urethra - [ ] Extends from the base of the urinary bladder to the tip of the penis - [ ] Carries both urine and sperm - [ ] Sperm enters from the ejaculatory duct - [ ] Seminal Vesicles - [ ] Located at the base of the bladder - [ ] Produces a thick, yellowish secretion (60% of semen) - [ ] Fructose (sugar) - [ ] Vitamin C - [ ] Prostaglandins - [ ] Other substances that nourish and activate sperm - [ ] Prostate Gland - [ ] Encircles the upper part of the urethra - [ ] Secrets a milky fluid - [ ] Helps to activate sperm - [ ] Enters the urethra through several small ducts - [ ] Bulbourethral Glands - [ ] Pea-sized gland inferior to the prostate - [ ] Produces a thick, clear mucus

- [ ] Cleanses the urethra of acidic urine - [ ] Serves as a lubricant during sexual intercourse - [ ] Secreted into the penile urethra - [ ] Semen - [ ] Mixture of sperm and accessory gland secretions - [ ] Advantages of accessory gland secretions - [ ] Fructose provides energy for sperm cells - [ ] Alkalinity of semen helps neutralize the acidic environment of vigina - [ ] Semen inhibits bacterial multiplication - [ ] Elements of semen enhance sperm motility - [ ] External Genitalia - [ ] Scrotum - [ ] Divided sac of skin outside the abdomen - [ ] Maintains testes at 3ºC lower than normal body temperature to protect sperm viability - [ ] Penis - [ ] Delivers sperm into the female reproductive tract - [ ] Regions of the penis - [ ] Shaft - [ ] Glans penis (enlarged tip) - [ ] Prepuce (foreskin) - [ ] Folded cuff of skin around proximal end - [ ] Often removed by circumcision