Beginner Lesson S2

The Grand Finale
25
Korean Hangul
2
Romanization
2
English
2
Alternative Transcript
2
Vocabulary
3
Grammar Points
3
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Korean Hangul
(1)9± I5±^¬7¹^~.
(2)¹^ ^ZI¬¬¯~/±¹±¬^?
(3)^± ^IV¬?'^¨¯^9±±±=^/¤¯V?
(4)9± ^I... +¹?
(5)¹^ º'=Z¯=¯^9±¯¬7^I¹?
(6)^± ^IV±¨V/=JII/¥±^?
(7)9± ±... Î7¯=¯;^... +¹?
(8)¹^ ¯ª²±^^M! ±^^±SI¯7¬¯=¹!
(9)^± 9+... ¯=^?¹I=Si77!
(10)9± ^! ^´\I! I5±Koreanclass1019±^7/5º÷÷¯±´¯=?^!
Romanization
(1)Yeseul na oneul eodinga isanghae.
(2)Jiseon eoje neomu murihaeseo mom-i an joa?
(3)Janghun animyeon sueop sijak hagi jeon-e bab-eul an meokeoseo baegopa?
(4)Yeseul ani... mwoji?
(5)Jiseon hoksi sukje kkameokgo jib-e notko on geo aniya?
(6)Janghun animyeon ilhamyeonseo hakgyo danyeoseo himdeureo?
(7)Yeseul heum... mwonga kkameokgo isseo... mwoji?
(8)Jiseon geureon geon jom jeogeo nwa! an jeogeo noeunikka jakku kkameokji!
(9)Janghun ehyu... geunyang jeomsim-ina meogeureo gaja!
(10)Yeseul a! saenggaknatda! na oneul Koreanclass101-e deureogaseo komenteu namgineun
geot kkameogeosseo!
English
(1)Yeseul l feel strange today.
(2)Jiseon Are you not feeling good from overworking yesterday?
(3)Janghun Or are you hungry because you didn't eat anything before class?
(4)Yeseul No...What is it?
(5)Jiseon Maybe you forgot your homework and left it at home. No?
(6)Janghun Or maybe you're tired because you're working while going to school?
(7)Yeseul Hmm....l'm forgetting something...What is it?
(8)Jiseon You should write down things like that! You keep forgetting because you don't have
it written down.
(9)Janghun Let's just go eat some lunch!
(10)Yeseul Ah! l remember! l forgot to visit Koreaclass101 and write a comment!
Alternative Transcript
(1)9± 75±^¬7¹^~E.
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(2)¹^ ^ZI¬¬¯~/±¹±¬^E?
(3)^± ^IV¬?'^¨¯^9±±±=^/¤¯VE?
(4)9± ^IE... +¹?
(5)¹^ º'=Z¯=¯^9±¯¬7^I9E?
(6)^± ^IV±¨V/=JII/¥±^E?
(7)9± ±... Î7¯=¯;^E... +¹?
(8)¹^ ¯ª²±^^ME! ±^^±SI¯7¬¯=¯!
(9)^± 9+... ¯=^?¹I=Si7E!
(10)9± ^! ^´\I! 75±Koreanclass1019±^7/5º÷÷¯±´¯=?^E!
Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English Synonyms
¬¯¨I murihada to overstrain, to
overwork
^¬7 eodinga somewhere
¹^¨I isanghada strange, weird
¬? sueop class
¯=I kkameokda to forget 5^¬¯I
º' hoksi perhaps, possibly
III danida to attend 7I
Î7 mwonga something ¬?7
^^±I jeogeo nota to write something
down
÷¯I namgida to leave
±^7I deuleogada to enter
¯= geunyang just, just because, no
reason
Grammar Points
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #1 - Because - -(S)I¯
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-(S)I¯(nikka) is a conjunction which is used to combine two clauses together. This
cause indicates that the first clause is the reason the second clause happened or occurred.
-(S)I¯(nikka) can be translated as "because," "since," or "so."
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-(S)I¯is used when expressing a reason, along with -¯±±9(gi ttaemune) and -/
(seo). While the other two are usually used to express reasons related to the past tense, -
(S)I¯is usually used to express a future decision or a command, or when used about a
past action, to talk about something that was rightfully supposed to be that way.
-------------------------
' Construction
-------------------------
SI¯is attached to the end of clauses that end in consonants.
(Clause 1)SI¯(Clause 2)
D±´±±=SI¯, +±±±7.
(maeun geos-eul mot meogeunikka, gimbap mandeulja)
They can't eat spicy food, so let's make gimbap.
I¯is attached to the end of clauses that end in vowels.
(Clause 1)I¯(Clause 2).
¹t¡5I¯¬^7¹7.
(jigeum bi onikka usan gajeoga)
lt's raining now so take your umbrella with you.
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
(8)¹^: ±^^±SI¯7¬¯=¹!
(8)Jiseon: an jeogeo noeunikka jakku kkameokji!
(8)Jiseon: You keep forgetting because you don't have it written down.
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
1. º÷±±0'I¯±¹?¹.
- (maennal sur-eul masinikka don-i eopji)
- You have no money because you drink everyday.
2. 7Ó±±¨I¯*¬7?¹.
- (geojitmal-eul hanikka chingu-ga eopji)
- You have friends because you tell lies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #2 - Before - -¯^9
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This grammatical pattern is used to set a time line and expresses an actions before another
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action. This pattern emphasizes the last action in the construction. The first action is used
as to give a time reference. This construction can be translated as "before (verb1), (verb2)."
This pattern is used to connect two verbs. The politeness level, tense, negation and mood
are expressed through the second verb.
-------------------------
' Construction
-------------------------
[Verb 1 - verb stem] + ¯^9+ [Verb 2]
Before [Verb 1], [Verb 2]
Verb 1 - 7I(jada) - to sleep
7(ja) - verb stem
Verb 2 - =I(meokda) - to eat
7+ ¯^9+ =I
7¯^9=I. (jagi jeon-e meokda) - Before sleeping, eat.
7¯^9=?^. l ate before sleeping.
7¯^9±=?^. l couldn't eat before sleeping.
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
(3)^±: ^IV¬?'^¨¯^9±±±=^/¤¯V?
(3)Janghun: animyeon sueop sijak hagi jeon-e bab-eul an meokeoseo baegopa?
(3)Janghun: Or are you hungry because you didn't eat anything before class?
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
1. ±=¯^9¬^^.
- (bap meoggi jeon-e son ssiseo)
- Wash your hands before you eat.
2. 7±7¯^9^±?^E.
- (jeo-neun jagi jeon-e chaek-eul ilgeoyo)
- l read before l go to sleep.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #3 - And - -¯
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
¯(go) is used to connect verbs together. lt generally translated as 'and' in English, and it
works like the English conjunction "and." lt also used for connecting two or more clauses to-
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gether in a single sentence.
When used in for a sequence of verbs the last verb in the sequence does not carry ¯(go).
-------------------------
' Construction
-------------------------
Verb Stem + ¯
(Verb Stem 1)¯, (Verb Stem 2)¯, (Verb 3).
1. i=¨I(syopinghada) - to shop
verb stem = i=¨
2. ±=I(bap meokda) - to eat food
verb stem = ±=
3. 7T0'I(keopi masida) - to drink coffee
(i=¨+ ¯), + (±=+ ¯), + (7T0'I)
= i=¨¯, ±=¯, 7T0'I. (syopinghago bap meokgo keopi masida)
To shop and eat and drink coffee.
Clause 1 + ¯, Clause 2 (Clause 3, Clause 4, etc.)
*in this construction ¯(go) is attached to the verb stem in the Clause
±¬¨I(gongbuhada) - to study
7I(gada) - to go
7=^±¬T¯, ^9<^E.
(hangugeo gongbuhaetgo, jib-e gasseoyo.)
l studied Korean and when home.
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
(5)¹^: º'=Z¯=¯^9±¯¬7^I¹?
(5)Jiseon: hoksi sukje kkameokgo jib-e notko on geo aniya?
(5)Jiseon: Maybe you forgot your homework and left it at home. No?
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
1. *¬±¨¯±±=¯, hFº9<^E.
- (chingudeul-gaho bab-eul meogko, noraebanb-e gasseoyo)
- l ate with my friends and went to a karaoke.
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2. ?M±5¯, ±±/¯, ±¬7±=±79E.
- (yeonghwa-reul bogo, os-eul sago, haembeogeo-reul meogeul geo-yeyo)
- l'm going to watch a movie, buy some clothes and eat a hamburger.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #4 - While -ing - -(S)V/
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-(S)V/[-(eu)myeonseo] is used to express two simultaneous actions taking place. This
can be translated as 'while.' lt can also link two clauses, which are taking action at the same
time.
This construction is only used with actions verbs. Tense, negation and politeness level are
expressed in the final verb or clause. This construction can only be used with two simultan-
eous actions, not consecutive or subsequent actions.
-------------------------
' Construction
-------------------------
Action 1 (Verb stem) + -(S)V/Action 2
Verb stems ending in consonants use -SV/
=I(meokda) - to eat
=(meok) - verb stem
=+ -SV/
=SV/?M±7E.
(meogeumyeonseo yeonghwa-reul bwayo.)
While eating, l watch a movie.
Verb stems ending on vowels use -V/
7I(jada) - to sleep
7(ja) - verb stem
7+ -V/
7V/±~E.
(jamyeonseo malhaeyo.)
While l sleep, l talk.)
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
(6)^±: ^IV±¨V/=JII/¥±^?
(6)Janghun: animyeon ilhamyeonseo hakgyo danyeoseo himdeureo?
(6)Janghun: Or maybe you're tired because you're working while going to school?
---------------------------
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+ More Examples +
---------------------------
1. 7±±=±SV/±¬~E.
- (jeo-neun eumak deureumyeonseo gongbuhaeyo)
- l study while listening to the music.
2. ±=SV/TV 5¹0.
- (bap meogeumyeonseo TV boji ma)
- Don't watch TV while you're eating.
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