Beginner Lesson S2

Your Hands
11
Hangul Transcript 2
Pronunciation Tips 2
Romanization 2
Translation 2
InIormal Conversation 2
Lesson Vocabulary 3
Cultural Insight 3
Grammar Points 3
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Hangul Transcript
(1)¬^ ^I, ^I... I7±... ^^T~.
(2)5F ¬^^. I?=9+=?^.
(3)¬^ ±^!
(4)5F ^¯! I7±.
(5)¹¬ 5... 5Fh. 5FhP7±¬9±E.
(6)5F I?
(7)¹¬ 5... 5Fh... 5FhP¬£9±E.
Pronunciation Tips
^T~(changpihae) is often pronounced as ^T~(chaengpihae) in conversational
Korean.
Romanization
(1)sujin eomeo, eomeo... nae geoul... a changpihae.
(2)bora sujina. ni eolgul-e mwo mudeosseo.
(3)sujin ara!
(4)bora yeogi! nae geoul.
(5)minsu o... bora ssi. bora ssi-ui geoul-eun yeoppeoyo.
(6)bora ne?
(7)minsu o... bora ssi... bora ssi-ui son-do yeppeoyo.
Translation
(1)Sujin Oh my, Oh my... My Mirror. Oh l'm so embarrassed.
(2)Bora Sujin. You have something on your face.
(3)Sujin l know!
(4)Bora Here! My mirror.
(5)Minsu Oh... Bora. Your mirror is pretty.
(6)Bora Excuse me?
(7)Minsu Oh... Bora. Your hands are pretty too.
lnformal Conversation
(the dialog in the intimate politeness level)
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(1)¬^ ^I, ^I... I7±... ^^T~.
(2)5F ¬^^. I?=9+=?^.
(3)¬^ ±^!
(4)5F ^¯! I7±.
(5)¹¬ 5... 5F. I7±¬9±.
(6)5F +?
(7)¹¬ 5... 5F. I¬£9±.
Lesson Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English Synonyms
^I eomeo
oh my, oh dear
7± geoul
mirror
^T¨I changpihada
to be embarrassed
=?I mudeotda
to have been covered,
to have been stuck
Z je
my (humbling)
I ne
my (intimate)
I ni
your (intimate)
¬ son
hand
Cultural lnsight
Second-person pronouns (you) are used only with those on familiar terms. Rather than
saying "you," Korean speakers often choose to use the person's name to address the
person. This was the case in this conversation. 5F(bora) who is friends with ¬^
(sujin) uses the second person possessive pronoun I(ni). ¹¬(minsu) who has just
met these two for the first time is using their names to address them.
Crannar Poinis
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #1 - Possessive Pronouns
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Possessive pronouns are used to attribute ownership of an object to someone. Like any
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other pronoun, these replace the nouns. Different possessive pronouns are used according
to the speakers relationship with the listener. Humbling pronouns, neutral pronouns, and in-
timate pronouns, all indicate the relationship between the listener and the speaker.
-----------------------------
' Construction
-----------------------------
Possessive Pronouns are in reality a contraction of pronouns and the possessive particle
(P).
º Z= 7P(jeo-ui) - 7+ P- first person humbling pronoun + possessive particle
- Z(je) is used to humble oneself in the presence of someone the speaker respects.
º I= IP(na-ui) - I+ P- informal first person pronoun + possessive particle
- I(nae) is used in informal contexts where the speaker feels that Z(je) is too polite and
inappropriate for the relationship with the listener. lt is used in informal contexts, and when
the speaker does not feel the need to show the highest respect to the listener.
º I= IP(neo-ui) - I+ P- informal second person pronoun + possessive particle
- I(ni) is used in informal contexts when the speaker feels very comfortable with the listen-
er, and the power relationship is, at the least, equal. lt is commonly used when the speaker
has the upper hand in the relationship.
º 7*= 7*+ P- 7*(P) - humbling first person plural noun + (possessive particle)
- The possessive particle for this possessive pronoun is actually dropped (as it is in many
cases.) This possessive particle is used in formal situations, for example, when the speaker
does not know the listener well, or when the listener holds much of the power in the rela-
tionship.
º ¬¯= ¬¯+ P- ¬¯(P) - intimate first person plural pronoun + (possessive particle)
- The possessive particle for this possessive pronoun is actually dropped (as it is in many
cases.) This possessive particle is used in informal situations, when the speaker feels that
7*(jeohui) is too polite.
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
(1)¬^: ^I, ^I... I7±...
(1)sujin: eomeo, eomeo... nae geoul...
(1)Sujin: Oh my, Oh my... My Mirror.
(2)5F: ¬^^. I?=9+=?^.
(2)bora: sujina. ni eolgul-e mwo mudeosseo.
(2)Bora: Sujin. You have something on your face.
(4)5F: ^¯! I7±.
(4)bora: yeogi! nae geoul.
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(4)Bora: Here! My mirror.
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
1. Z*¬73÷9^^E. (je chingu-ga hoju-e sarayo.)
My friend lives in Australia.
2. ¹¯I×¹. (ige nae cha-ya.)
This is my car.
3. I±±÷. (ni yeonpil jwo.)
Give me your pencil.
4. ¬¯^¬v^. (uri jib-eun neolbeo.)
My home is big. (neutral/intimate)
5. 7*^¬=^E. (jeohui jib-eun jobayo.)
My home is small. (polite)
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