Beginner Lesson S2

Family Matters (Part 1)
20
Formal Korean
2
Pronunciation Tips
2
Formal Romanization
2
Formal English
2
lnformal Korean
2
Vocabulary
2
Grammar Points
3
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 236BB20081108 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserved. August 11th 2008
Formal Korean
(1)5± ¹^^¹t+¨r¯?
(2)¹^ ¹t±¬¨r¯.
(3)5± ¯7=±F?
(4)¹^ ¯7±I=9=Sr¯.
(5)5± ¯7... I7¯\±F?
(6)¹^ ... (i¯×V/) ?0!! 5±7¯±ÞE!
Pronunciation Tips
[-r¯] is often pronounced as [-±r¯]. For example, ¨r¯(haryeogo) often becomes
±r¯(hallyeogo).
Formal Romanization
(1) oppa sejin-a jigeum mwo haryeogo?
(2) sejin jigeum gongbu haryeogo.
(3) oppa gwaja meokeullae?
(4) sejin gwaja-neun najung-e meokeuryeogo.
(5) oppa geureom... na-rang geim hallae?
(6) sejin ... (sori chimyeonseo) eomma!! oppa-ga goeropyeoyo!
Formal English
(1)Older brother Sejin, what are you going to do now?
(2)Sejin l'm going to study.
(3)Older brother You want some snacks?
(4)Sejin l'm going to eat snack later.
(5)Older brother Then... you want to play a game with me?
(6)Sejin (yelling) Mom! He's bothering me!
lnformal Korean
(the dialog in the standard politeness level. 5±'s politeness level stays the same.)
(1) 5± ¹^^¹t+¨r¯?
(2) ¹^ ¹t±¬¨r¯E.
(3) 5± ¯7=±F?
(4) ¹^ ¯7±I=9=Sr¯E.
(5) 5± ¯7... I7¯\±F?
(6) ¹^ ... (i¯×V/) ?0!! 5±7¯±ÞE!
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 236BB20081108 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserved. August 11th 2008
2
Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English Synonyms
¯7 gwaja junk food ·=
¯\ geim game
¯±ÞI goeropida to annoy, to bug, to
bother
I= najung later
5± oppa brother
Grammar Points
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #1 - lntentional - -(S)r¯¨I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-(S)r¯¨I(-ryeogo hada) is an intentional sentence ending used with action verbs and
the verb of existence, ;I(itda). This express the subjects intention or determination of the
subjects actions. lt can be used with all persons (first person, second persons, and third
persons), whereas other intentional sentence endings are limited.
This grammatical structure can be translated as "intend to (verb)," "going to (verb)," "plan to
(verb)."
Mood, tense, negation, and politeness levels are expressed in the latter part of the gram-
matical structure, ¨I(hada).
-----------------------------
' Construction
-----------------------------
Verb Stem + -(S)r¯¨I
[Conjugation differs slightly[ according to the verb stem.]
1.Verb Stem that ends in a vowel + r¯¨I
+I(swida) - to rest
+(swi) - verb stem
++ r¯¨I
+r¯¨I- to intend to rest.
7±+r¯~E. (l intend to rest./l'm going to rest./l plan to rest.)
2.Verb Stem that ends in a consonant + Sr¯¨I
±I(batda) - to receive
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 236BB20081108 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserved. August 11th 2008
3
±(bat) - verb stem
±+ Sr¯¨I
±Sr¯¨I- to intend to receive
Z7±Sr¯±II. (l intend to receive it.)
----------------------
=remember ¬
----------------------
Many times this grammatical structure is shorted. The following are a few different colloquial
variations of this grammatical structure:
Original Construction:
-(S)r¯¨I
7I(jada) - to sleep
7(verb stem)
7+ r¯¨I
7r¯¨I. - to intend to sleep.
7r¯~. - (to intend)
Abbreviate/Shortened Variations:
1.-(S)r¯
¨Iis removed from the construction - as ¨Iis removed from this construction, there is
no way to inflect politeness level - generally speaking, to end a sentence in this manner
makes it is closer to the intimate politeness level.
7I(jada) - to sleep
7(verb stem)
7+ r¯
7r¯. - l intend to sleep.
2.-±/±F¬
The construction itself has been changed, in addition to ¨Ibeing removed. This is closest
to the intimate politeness level.
7I(jada) - to sleep
7(verb stem)
7+ ±F¬
^F¬. - l intend to sleep.
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
(1)5±: ¹^^¹t+¨r¯?
(1) oppa: sejin-a jigeum mwo haryeogo?
(1)Older brother: Sejin, what are you going to do now?
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 236BB20081108 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserved. August 11th 2008
4
(2)¹^: ¹t±¬¨r¯.
(2) sejin: jigeum gongbu haryeogo.
(2)Sejin: l'm going to study.
(4)¹^: ¯7±I=9=Sr¯.
(4) sejin: gwaja-neun najung-e meokeuryeogo.
(4)Sejin: l'm going to eat snack later.
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
1.*¬^9/?M5r¯~.
(chinju jib-eseo yeonghwa boryeogo hae.)
l'm going to watch a movie at a friend's house.
2.I±J¬÷±±Ir¯±II.
(naeil gyosunim-eul mannaryeogo hamnida.)
Tomorrow, l'm going to meet my professor.
3.7=^±±¬¨r¯~.
(hangukeo-reul gongbu haryeogo hae.)
l plan on studying Korean.
KorcanClass101.con
Lcarn Korcan wiiI FFEE Podcasis
Lesson Code : 236BB20081108 © Copyright www.KoreanClass101.com - All Rights Reserved. August 11th 2008
5

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful