Beginner Lesson S2

The Odd Couple (Part 2)
24
Korean Hangul
2
Romanization
2
English
2
lnformal Korean
2
Vocabulary
2
Grammar Points
3
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Korean Hangul
(1)¬F ^±^I±/÷!
(2)^± ±?^.
(3)¬F ¯7... =Z£M÷.
(4)^± '²?^.
(5)¬F ¯iVI^9IrI÷.
(6)^± ^^.
(7)¬F º... ±^¹÷!
Romanization
(1)yura jinyong-a na bap sa jwo!
(2)jinyong don eopseo.
(3)yura geureom... sukje dowa jwo.
(4)jinyong sigan eopseo.
(5)yura geureomyeon sa jib-e deryeoda jwo.
(6)jinyong silheo.
(7)yura heuk... heeojyeo jwo!
English
(1)Yura Jinyong, buy me food!
(2)Jinyong l have no money.
(3)Yura Then, help me with my homework.
(4)Jinyong l have no time.
(5)Yura Then, take me home.
(6)Jinyong No
(7)Yura (crying) Break up with me!
lnformal Korean
(the dialog in the standard politeness level)
(1)¬F ^±h7±/÷¹E!
(2)^± ±?^E.
(3)¬F ¯7... =Z£M÷¹E.
(4)^± '²?^E.
(5)¬F ¯iV7^9IrI÷¹E.
(6)^± ^^E.
(7)¬F º... ±^¹÷¹E!
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2
Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English Synonyms
± don money
£M÷I dowajuda to help
'² sigan time
IrI÷I deryeoda juda to drop off (someone),
to take (someone) to
(some place)
lFI÷I
±^¹I heeojida to break up, to part
ways
Grammar Points
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Grammar Point #1 - Requestive - -÷I
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The verb ÷Ican be used as the requestive when it's used in an imperative sentence or in
a question. The requestive is used to make a request to someone. lt is used to request an
action from someone and is used in conjunction with action verbs. The action requested is
always a request on behalf of, or for the sake of a person (the speaker, a 3rd party, etc.) or
an entity (a group, a school, etc.). The request made must be made on behalf of another
party.
This phrase can be literally translated as "please do (verb) for (me)." The final verb ÷I
(juda), which literally means "to give," can be conjugated according to tense, politeness
level and negation.
The final verb ÷I(juda) can be replaced with its humbling version, E¯I(deurida) in this
grammatical construction. To use the humbling version, simply replace ÷Iwith E¯I
and use the same grammatical pattern.
When the action itself is '÷I(to give)', however, you use ÷Ionly once.
Ex> ÷÷I(x) - ÷I(o)
-----------------------------
' Construction
-----------------------------
(Action verb stem) + ^/^/^÷I5I(boda) - to see, to watch, to look
5(bo) - verb stem 5+ ^÷I. (bo + a juda) 7÷I. (bwa juda). 7÷. (bwa jwo). -
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Watch for me. (lmperative / lntimate Politeness Level)
^±±7÷. (aedeul jom bwa jwo.) Please watch the kids (for me).
-----------------------------
' ln This Dialog
-----------------------------
(1)¬F: ^±^I±/÷!
(1)yura: jinyong-a na bap sa jwo!
(1)Yura: Jinyong, buy me food!
(3)¬F: ¯7... =Z£M÷.
(3)yura: geureom... sukje dowa jwo.
(3)Yura: Then, help me with my homework.
(5)¬F: ¯iVI^9IrI÷.
(5)yura: geureomyeon sa jib-e deryeoda jwo.
(5)Yura: Then, take me home.
(7)¬F: º... ±^¹÷!
(7)yura: heuk... heeojyeo jwo!
(7)Yura: (crying) Break up with me!
---------------------------
+ More Examples +
---------------------------
1. ?0! ±~÷!
(eomma! bap hae jwo!)
Mom! Make me some food!
2. ¬¬÷7i7~÷¹E.
(joheun namja sogaehae juseyo.)
Please introduce me a good man.
3. I±^M~÷.
(naeil jeonhwahae jwo.)
Call me tomorrow.
4. ±II^±^Þ/E±¯E.
(halmeoni saengil seonmul sa deurilgeyo.)
l'll buy you a birthday present, grandma.
5. ±±7IE... ±±?^÷^FE?
(joesonghandeyo... mun jom yeoreo jusillaeyo?)
l'm sorry but... would you please open the door?
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------------------------
=remember ¬
------------------------
When this construction is used in the question along with the grammatical pattern "-
±/±¯(E) [-l/eulkka(yo)], the speaker is asking if he/she should perform that specific ac-
tion on behalf of the other person. When used as a question, it can translated as "Should l
(verb) for you?" "Shall l (verb) for you?"
For example:
1. ¹+±¯?
(jiwo julkka?)
Shall l erase it (for you)?
2. I7±¯?
(naga julkka?)
Do you want me go outside (so that you can do things in private)?
** Note
lt is also possible to say "¹+÷?" and "I7÷" to mean the same thing as the sentences
above, and is quite common, but it's more correct and clearer to say "¹+±¯?" and "I7
±¯?".
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