Kuwait University Electrical Engineering Department Measurement & Instrumentation Laboratory

Variable Length Transducers
By Eng. Ahmad Haitham

Objectives:
To confirm the relationship between the length and the resistance of a material. Also to observe how the relationship may be used in a variable length transducer.

Knowledge Required:
• Understand the relationship .

Theory:
The formula of the resistance of an object is:

From the formula it can be seen that the resistance of an object is directly proportional to the length of the object. To show the variation in resistance with length an apparatus is required which allow the length to be changed while keeping the resistivity and cross-section area constant. The provided TK294K offer a proper way of achieving this. The TK294K has three connections. Two of these connections are made directly to the resistive element, one at each end of it; the third connection is made to a sliding contact which may travel up and down the resistive element. The position of this sliding contact may be varied by pushing to pulling the threaded connecting rod. The schematic symbol, of the transducer is as shown in figure 1(a) and the TK294K in figure 1(b).

Figure 1

Variable resistor Sub-unit TK294K. and then dropping the sub-unit into place. Figure 2 . but whose resistivity and cross-section area remain constant. TK2941B. Equipment Required: TK2941A module. Assemble the TK294K onto the TK294 by aligning the two holes in the assembly with the two pins on the sub-unit.By using one of the fixed connections and the sliding connection a resistive element may be made whose effectively length varies with the position of the slider. The sub-unit includes a return spring and is operated by pressure applied to the end of the operating rod by the micrometer shaft. This is the situation that we desire. The sub-unit is the secured to the assembly by tightening screw. decade resistance box and a DC voltmeter. TK294 linear transducer test rig. Set up your module as in figure 2. Let us investigate the circuit.

and note this position from the scale. Slider position Resistance mm (Ω) 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 Table 1 Discussion: 1.Does the resistance of the transducer change with the position of the slider? 2. using the engraved line on the front face of the slider. Rebalance the bridge and measure the resistance.Plot graphs of resistance and conductance against the length. Set the variable dc to 10V. Repeat. first setting the micrometer to 10mm. Fill table 1. Can you see any relationship between resistance and the length of rod? How is this relationship? .Position the slider of the TK294 at the 10mm point on the scale. Move the slider 5mm to the left and read its position to the scale. Balance the bridge and find the resistance.

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