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strength Yeild strength
1 of 6
t= d= a= e= Fu = Fy=
1.25 1.25 1.125 1.125 58 36
inches inches inches inches ksi ksi a
Geometric Guidelines: There are some geometric guidelines to be considered as recommended in Ref 1. They will be called Rule 1 and Rule 2. Rule 1: The dimension "a" must be greater than or equal to half the hole diameter, d. Rule 1: OK
Rule 2: The dimension "e" must be greater than or equal to 0.67 times the hole diameter, d Rule 2: Evaluation based on Failure Mode: Failure Mode 1: This failure mode involves tension failure on both sides of the hole. Ultimate tensile load Factor of safety Pw1=Pu/FS Pu=2.a.t.Fu FS= Pw1= 163.125 kips 5 32.625 kips OK
Failure Mode 2: This Failure mode involves bearing failure at the pin/lifting lug interface. Often the pin diameter is much less than the hole diameter. Let us assume a pin diameter 1/2" less than the hole diameter. Using a bearing stress of 0.9Fy, and a "factor" of 1.8 diameter of pin Pw2=0.9.Fy.t.dpin/1.8 dpin= Pw2= 0.75 inches 16.875 kips
Failure Mode 3: This Failure mode involves shear failure as the pin tries to push out a block of steel through the edge of the lug plate. The shear area is twice the cross-sectional area beyond the hole for the pin.
84375 inches Reduced dimension 'a' aeff= Requirement 2: This requirement states that the distance transverse to the axis of a pin-connected plate from the edge of the pin hole to the edge of the member.25 times the hloe diameter d. Requirement 1: This requirement states that the minimum net area beyond the pin hole.5 inches Rule 3: OK Rule 4: The thickness is greater than or equal to 0. If these requirements are not met. shall not be less than 2/3 of the net area across the pin hole (A2). Per Ref. . this failure is prevented by ensuring a minimum thickness of lug of 0.e A2=2. Assume a block of steel 0.8d in length. 1. parallel to the axis of the member (A1).8d Pw4= 28.By:. A1=t.2 section of AISC code has three separate geometry checks that can be applied to the lifting lug.8125 in2 Not satisfiedreduced 'a' dimension will be used to find tensile capacity 0.5 inches and 0.67Fy. a smaller value for "a" should be used for the calculation of tensile capacity.40625 in2 2.2: The D3.67x0.322 kips Failure Mode 5: This failure mode involves the out-of-plane buckling failure of the lug.e2.Syed Jaffry Aco Milic SNC-LAVALIN 2 of 6 Failure Mode 4: This failure mode involves tensile failure as the pin tries to push out of a block of steel through the edge of the lug plate. that is dimension 'a' shall not exceed 4 times the thickness at the pin hole.t Compare A1 and A2 A1>=2/3xA2 1. Pw4=1.t/1.25 times the hole diameter Rule 4: OK AISC Code Checks per Section D3. These are refered to as Rule 3 and Rule 4 here. Rule 3: The thickness of lug is greater than or equal to 0.a.
25 times distance from the edge of pin hole to the edge of plate 'a'. In general.8 aeff Pw5 0.984 kips Weld between Lug and Base Plate: This is typically the weakest link in the overhead lifting lug.25.84375 inches 18. let us assume that the off-set is a maximum of 45 degrees in the plane of the lug and 20 degress normal to the plane of the lug.Syed Jaffry Aco Milic SNC-LAVALIN 3 of 6 4xt>a OK aeff 1. The additional loads due to off-set can be determined by statics to be as follows: .a Not satisfiedreduced 'a' dimension will be used to find tensile capacity Reduced dimension 'a' aeff= 1 inches Tensile capacity based on these 3 requirements Use minimum aeff Pw5=2. due to off-set loading.aeffx0.Fy.125 inches Requirement 3: This requirement states that the diameter of the pin hole shall not be less than 1.45. the lug is rarely directly over the item to be rigged.By:.t/1. Conservatively. d>1.
82E-13 lbs Ref. go to Tools menu and click on Goal Seek. Divided by a factor of safety of 1. Fill in as shown below and click OK Pw6= 3. To get this.368 kips . 4) f1 f2 f3 Resultant of f1. f2 and f3 Difference resultant and fmax 1651. for 3/8 inche weld factored shear resistance is 5710 lbs/in. You will get the following window.Syed Jaffry Aco Milic SNC-LAVALIN 4 of 6 W tan a b deg a deg W W tan b W Load Length of weld along lug thickness Lever arm Length of weld along lug width W= tw= l= w= 3367.36397 1694 lbs/in From Table 3.24 of Steel Handbook.8 we get 1694 lbs/in.5 lbs inches inches inches a b tan a tan b fmax (for 3/8 inch weld) 45 deg 20 deg 1 0. (Ref.464 lbs 129.0206 lbs 354.By:. the difference between the resultant and fmax should be zero.571 1.25 2 3.4812 lbs 1694 lbs 6. 3 In order to find Pw6.
625 kips 16. Load fmax=0. etc.283 kips 32. You will get the following window. To get this. shackles.8 on AISC allowables results in a factor of safety of 5 for A36 steel.283 kips 3.Syed Jaffry Aco Milic SNC-LAVALIN 5 of 6 Lug Base Material: The analysis is similar to the weld above except that there is no interaction between tension and shear. the angles a and b can be restricted as needed to increase the capcity of the lug.500 kips 28. 3. 4th Quarter. "Design of Welded Structures". The capacity is based on the maximum tensile stress at the base of the lug.368 kips CAPACITY If additional capacity is desired.5 inches 15000 lbs 0 In order to find Pw7.176 lbs 15 kips 3. 1989. the difference between f1 and fmax should be zero. 1991. References: 1. Ricker.322 kips 18. 1997. Fill in as shown below and click OK Pw7 CONCLUSION: Pw1= Pw2= Pw3= Pw4= Pw5= Pw6= Pw7= Capacity will be minimum of these 8. go to Tools menu and click on Goal Seek. Omer Blodgett. AISC Manual of steel Construction (ASD). .20 which required a design factor of 3 on yield strength and ANSI N14. 4.368 kips 8.a+d 8283. 2. As discussed in Ref.8 Lug width f1 Difference between f1 and fmax W= fmax= lw=2. "Design and Construction of Lifting Beams".984 kips 3.By:.75. CISC Handbook of Steel Construction. 9th edition. Engineering Journal.6 which requires a design factor of 3 on yield strength and 5 on ultimate strength. David T. 1. using a factor of 1. 1966.875 kips 22. Notes: 1.Fy/1. This is in line with ASME B30. This is also in line with the load ratings for other components of the lifting assembly such as slings.
8 on AISC allowables results in a factor of safety of 5 for A36 steel. shackles. using a factor of 1. .6 which requires a design factor of 3 on yield strength and 5 on ultimate strength. 1.20 which required a design factor of 3 on yield strength and ANSI N14. etc.By:. This is also in line with the load ratings for other components of the lifting assembly such as slings. As discussed in Ref.Syed Jaffry 6 of 6 SNC-LAVALIN Aco Milic 1. This is in line with ASME B30.
Syed Jaffry Aco Milic SNC-LAVALIN 7 of 6 e .By:.