SHIP REPAIR – BUSINESS OVERVIEW Just as cars need regular servicing and visit to the garage from time

to time, ships also require to be serviced, operating as they do in a hostile, corrosive environment of cold, heat and salt water. While their crews do what they can to undertake day to day maintenance , it will be necessary from time to time to send the vessel to a specialist repair yard. Here the ships would be docked in graving or floating docks or Shiplift facility so that the underside of the ship can be examined and worked on in safety.

The underwater hull will be subject to fouling from weed and barnacles, as the anti-fouling paint loses its potency so the bottom will be blasted clean and recoated. While in the dock the propeller may be removed and tail shaft drawn, to examine and if necessary renew the bearings, while all the underwater openings such as sea valves and sea chests, and the rudder will be examined.

With bargain prices being offered in the yards of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Singapore and Japan are having to face this new competition. while the ships' machinery will be subject to a thorough overhaul .A repair yard will have every sort of specialist trade that might be required aboard a ship doing voyage repairs. time is of the essence . While shipowners may not wish to move their ship half way around the world for repairs. with yards all over the world competing for work. Ship repair is a highly competitive industry . Hamburg . or as a result of fire or explosion. with the unexpected. And as with everything else in shipping . if the price is right they may be willing to divert substantial distances. There may be massive steelwork replacement. A major engine breakdown will see the yard's engineering staff coming into their own . will offer more of a challenge to the repair yard than the routine overhaul. in addition to the regular scheduled repair work. Corroded plates or parts will be cut out and new steel welded on. China and Vietnam in the Far East. But new yards are entering the market and the international tendering process. traditional big repair bases like Rotterdam. Shiprepair yards have traditionally been situated in or near the biggest ports. which cannot be undertaken with the ship in service. and the owner's superintendents will be urging the yard to greater efforts. or close to main shipping routes. The ship which has been damaged in a collision . The yard will also be able to deal. so that they can have their ship back earning as quickly as possible. Specialist sub-contractors will be brought in to work on navigation equipment or electronics. or whole sections of the ship will have to be rebuilt. . Pipework and electrical installations will be examined and repaired if necessary.

switchgears) Cleaning works Carpentry and insulation repairs. Typical Repair Works Blasting and Painting of Hull and Ships internal structures (tanks. cleaning of sea chests. Life saving equipment. Therefore. India not only enjoys easy availability of skilled labour. Retrofitting works (Fitting new equipments / systems in old ships) Refit works ( Stripping out entire components or components of a particular system. light fittings. Testing and servicing of Fire extinguishers. but also availability of ships for repairs both from its domestic fleet of around 780 ships totalling and foreign ships calling in Indian ports. in contrast to newbuilding. with proper policy and support measures. India also has the advantage of being situated along the major shipping lanes between the east and west. carpeting Air conditioning repairs Electronic and instrumentation repairs. The special survey work done under the supervision of classification societies every five years is extensive and may take weeks to accomplish. renewal of mechanical components and machines) Electrical works ( repairs and renewals of electrical machines. cables. to automate much of the work that is done . upholstery.Repairing is labour intensive. holds) Docking Works – replacement of anodes. inspection of anchor chains Steel works ( cropping and renewal of steel plates and structures) Pipe repairs ( repair or Renewal of pipes and pipe fittings) Mechanical works ( overhaul. But much of the repairing process is also skilled work . refurbishment of same in the workshop and refit on the ship) Supply of maintenance spares. This is precisely the area we need to focus so as to become a leading nation in ship repairs. . as it is difficult. with older vessels having to be subject to much more detailed inspection and survey than their younger sisters. UAE and Bahrain. India with its large skilled worker base is well equipped to carry out Ship repairs and take away business from established Ship repair countries such as Singapore. paints etc. India can become a leading ship repair nation by offering the most cost effective repair solutions despite its present short term weakness in dry dock facilities and infrastructure. with the ship out of service. Navigational instruments repairs / renewals.

Conversion Work When market conditions dictate the requirement of a particular type of vessel. Upon completion of the contract. a ship is converted to perform another function is called Conversion. some ship owners prefer to convert an existing vessel into another form to suit the purpose. the vessel may be brought back to the shipyard to re-convert it back to its original design or modified to suit another role. Typically Offshore support vessel are converted to suit the role it is required to perform. Such jobs where after the repair work. Typical example : Container ship to Livestock carrier Offshore supply vessel to Seismic survey vessel Tankers into FPSO (Floating refinery ships) Conversion of Offshore Supply vessel into Sesmic Vessel Conversion of Car carrier into Livestock Carrier .

Tanker converted to FPSO .

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