This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
A stock market or equity market is a public entity (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) for the trading of company stock (shares) and derivatives at an agreed price; these are securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.
The size of the world stock market was estimated at about $36.6 trillion at the beginning of October 2008. The total world derivatives market has been estimated at about $791 trillion face or nominal value, 11 times the size of the entire world economy. The value of the derivatives market, because it is stated in terms of notional values, cannot be directly compared to a stock or a fixed income security, which traditionally refers to an actual value. Moreover, the vast majority of derivatives 'cancel' each other out (i.e., a derivative 'bet' on an event occurring is offset by a comparable derivative 'bet' on the event not occurring). Many such relatively illiquid securities are valued as marked to model, rather than an actual market price.
The stocks are listed and traded on stock exchanges which are entities of a corporation or mutual organization specialized in the business of bringing buyers and sellers of the organizations to a listing of stocks and securities together. The largest stock market in the United States, by market capitalization, is the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). In Canada, the largest stock market is the Toronto Stock Exchange. Major European examples of stock exchanges include the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, London Stock Exchange, Paris Bourse, and the Deutsche Börse (Frankfurt Stock Exchange). In Africa, examples include Nigerian Stock Exchange, JSE Limited, etc. Asian examples include the Singapore Exchange, the Tokyo Stock Exchange, the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, the Shanghai Stock Exchange, and the Bombay Stock Exchange. In Latin America, there are such exchanges as the BM&F Bovespa and the BMV.
Market participants include individual retail investors, institutional investors such as mutual funds, banks, insurance companies and hedge funds, and also publicly traded corporations trading in their own shares. Some studies have suggested that institutional investors and corporations trading in their own shares generally receive higher risk-adjusted returns than retail investors.
China.[ the Van der Beurze had Antwerp. as their primary place for trading. Dutch traders also pioneered short selling . the family Van der Beurze had a building in Antwerp where those gatherings occurred. . The idea quickly spread around Flanders and neighboring counties and "Beurzen" soon opened in Ghent and Amsterdam. India. but actually. Germany (Frankfurt Stock Exchange). In 1351 the Venetian government outlawed spreading rumors intended to lower the price of government funds. an informal meeting. and in 1309 they became the "Brugse Beurse". Companies in England and the Low Countries followed in the 16th century. France. There are now stock markets in virtually every developed and most developing economies. continuous trade in company stock emerged on the Amsterdam Exchange. Bankers in Pisa. they could be called the first brokers.a practice which was banned by the Dutch authorities as early as 1610. South Korea and the Netherlands. Japan. In 12th century France the courratiers de change were concerned with managing and regulating the debts of agricultural communities on behalf of the banks. emerged on the Amsterdam market. Because these men also traded with debts. United Kingdom. The Dutch East India Company (founded in 1602) was the first joint-stock company to get a fixed capital stock and as a result. In the middle of the 13th century. This was only possible because these were independent city states not ruled by a duke but a council of influential citizens. Italian companies were also the first to issue shares. Soon thereafter. Venetian bankers began to trade in government securities. a lively trade in various derivatives. until then. with the world's largest markets being in the United States. institutionalizing what had been. among which options and repos. as most of the merchants of that period.History Established in 1875. the Bombay Stock Exchange is Asia's first stock exchange. A common misbelief is that in late 13th century Bruges commodity traders gathered inside the house of a man called Van der Beurze. Genoa and Florence also began trading in government securities during the 14th century. Verona. Canada.
Stock Market in India Ahmedabad Stock Exchange ASBA Bangalore Stock Exchange Bhubaneshwar Stock Exchange Bombay Stock Exchange Calcutta Stock Exchange Association Limited Central Depository Services Limited Cochin Stock Exchange Coimbatore Stock Exchange Delhi Stock Exchange Association Guwahati Stock Exchange Hyderabad Stock Exchange Inter-connected Stock Exchange of India Intrex Trade Exchange Ltd Jaipur Stock Exchange Ludhiana Stock Exchange Association Madhya Pradesh Stock Exchange Madras Stock Exchange Magadh Stock Exchange Association Mahurat trading Mangalore Stock Exchange MCX Stock Exchange National Securities Depository Limited National Stock Exchange of India OTC Exchange of India Pune Stock Exchange Saurashtra Kutch Stock Exchange SME exchange United Stock Exchange of India UP Stock Exchange Vadodara Stock Exchange .