VECTORS

1

Diagram 1 shows the points P and Q. y

O Q(3,-2) P(-5,-4)
DIAGRAM 1

x

Find (a) PQ in the terms of unit vector i and j . (b) unit vector in the direction PQ .
[4 marks]

Answer :

(a) 8i+2j

(b)

4 17

i+

2 17

j

2

Given that x = 9i − 8 j and y = 3i , find y − x .
[2 marks]

Answer : 10

3

Given that u = 4i + 5 j and v = −2i + k j . Find the possible values of k if u − v = 10
[3 marks]

Answer : -3,13

4

Given that a = 3i + 6 j , b = −2i + 5 j and c = 3i − 4 j . Find the unit vector in the direction a − 2b + c .
[3 marks]

Answer :

5i − 4 j 41

5

P

A Q O
DIAGRAM 5

B

Diagram 5 shows OA = a and OB = b . Express in terms of a and b , (a) OP (b) PQ
[3 marks]

Answer : (a) 2a+b (b) -a-2b
5  m − 1 Given that PQ =   and RS =  10   2  . Find the possible values of m if     

6

(a) PQ is parallel to RS . (b) PQ = RS
[4 marks]

Answer : (a) m= 2 , (b) m= 12, -10

7

Diagrams 7 shows two vectors, OE and FO

y E(1,8)

O F(-3,-4)
DIAGRAM 7

x

Express
 x (a) OF in the form    y   (b) EF in the form xi + y j .
[3 marks]

 − 3 Answer: (a)   , (b) -4i-12j  − 4  

8

If x = −2i + 4 j and y = 7i − j . Find the value of h if 5 x − 3h y is parallel to the y-axis.
[2 marks]

Answer : h = −

10 21

9

Diagram 9 shows a triangle OPR and the point Q lies on the straight line PR. R

3b

Q O
2a
DIAGRAM 9

P

It is given that PQ : QR = 1 : 2 Express QR , in terms of a and b .
[2 marks]

4 Answer : − a + 2b 3

10

The following information refer to the vectors p and q
 1   − 3 p=  , q=   − 6  9     

Find (a) the vector

p + 2q ,
[4 marks]

(b) the unit vector in the direction of p + 2q

 − 5 Answer : (a)    12   

(b)

− 5i + 12 j 13

11

It is given that a and b are non zero and non-parallel vector. If (m −1) a = (n + 2) b , where m and n are constants, find the value of

(a) (b)

m n.
[2 marks]

Answer : (a) m=1, (b) n= -2

12

Diagram 12 shows a triangle OAB, where O is the origin. y A

O B
DIAGRAM 12

x

It is given that the coordinates of point A and point B are (3,4) and (5,−2) respectively. Find
 x (a) AB in the form   ,  y  

(b) 2OA + OB in the form of x i + yj.
[4 marks]

Answer : (a)

 2     − 6   (b) 11i +6j

13 y

M(-3 , 7) N(8 , 5)

O
DIAGRAM 13

x

The Diagram 13 shows two vectors, OM and ON . Express,
 x (a) 0M in the form   ,  y   (b) NO in the form of xi + y j
[2 marks]

 − 3 Answer : (a)    7    (a) -8i-5j 5  2 k  Given AB =   , OB =   and CD =   , find 7 3 5       

14

(a) Coordinate A, (b) k , if CD is parallel with AB
[4 marks]

Answer : (a) (-3, -4) 25 (b) k= 7

15

Diagram 14 shows vector OA drawn on a Cartesian plane.
y 12

A

8 4

0

2

4

6

8

10 12 14 16

x

DIAGRAM 14

(a) (b)

Express OA in terms of xi + yj. Find the unit vector in the direction of OA .
[3 marks]

Answer : (a) 16i+12j 4i + 3 j (b) 5
16
p = 2b - a q = 5a - 2b r = (k – h)a+ kb, where h and k are constants

Use the above information to find the values of h and k when r = 4p- 2q
[3 marks]

Answer :k=12, h=26

17

Diagram 17 shows a triangle AEC. B and D are midpoints for AC and CE respectively. Given that AC = 4u and CE = 6v . Express the following vector in terms of u and v .

E D

C A B
DIAGRAM 17

(a) (b)

CD AE
[2 marks]

Answer : (a) 3v (b) 4u+6v

18

Given that OP = −3i + 6 j and OQ = −i − j , (a) (b)
PQ OR if PR = 2 PQ

find

[ 4 marks ]

Answer : (a) 2i-7j (b) i-8j

19

Given that a = 10i + 2 j and b = hi + 6 j , find the value of h, if a − 2b = 10 2
[3 marks]

Answer : 0,10

20

Diagram 20 shows a parallelogram, PQRS, drawn on a Cartesian plane. S R

P

Q

DIAGRAM 20

It is given that PQ = 2i + 2 j and QR = 3i + 4 j . Find SQ .
[3 marks]

Answer : -i-2j

21

The points E, F and G are collinear, It is given that EF = 2a − 5b and
FG = 5a + (1 − p)b ,

where p is constant, find

(a) the value of p (b) the ratio of EF : FG
[4 marks]

Answer (a) p= 13 (b) 2 : 5

1 2

22 Diagram 22 shows, OA = a , OB = b and AC = 3OA ɶ ɶ C

A O


DIAGRAM 22

D

• E
B

(a) Express in terms of a and/or b . ɶ ɶ (i) AB (ii) CB .
[3 marks]

Answer : (i) 3a (ii) b-4a

23 In Diagram 23, PQRS is a quadrilateral, PUQ and STU are straight lines.

P

S R

T

U Q

DIAGRAM 23

1 1 It is given that RQ = 10 x , QU =4y , SP = 15 x − 12 y , QU = QP and UT = US ɶ ɶ 3 5 ɶ ɶ

Express in terms of x and/or y : ɶ ɶ (i) RP (ii) US (iii) TS
[4 marks]

Answer (i) 10x+12y (ii) -15x+20y (iii) 16y-12x

24

Diagram 24 shows a parallelogram ABCD with BED as a straight line.

D E A

C

B
DIAGRAM 24

Given that AB = 8 p , AD = 4q and EC = 2AE, express, in the term of p and q : (a) AC
(b)

ED
[4 marks]

Answer : (a) 8p + 4q 8 8 (b) − p + q 2 3

25

Diagram 25, OXY is a triangle with OX = x and OY = y .

Y T

X O
DIAGRAM 25

T is a point on XY such that XT = mXY , where m is a constant.

Express OT in terms of m, x and y .
[3 marks]

Answer : (1-m)x+my

26

Diagram 26 shows triangle OAB and OAQ. The straight line OQ intersects the straight line AB at the point P.
Q

B P

O
DIAGRAM 26

A

It is given OA = 2 x , OB = 3 y dan OB : AQ = 1 : 2 Express in terms of x and/or y . (i) AB (ii) OQ
[3 marks]

Answer : (i) -2x+3y (ii) 2x+6y

27
A

D F B

E

C
DIAGRAM 27

Diagram 27 shows triangle ABC. D is the midpoint of AB and E lies on AC such that
AC = 3EC . It is given that CD = 2CF , BD = x and CE = y .

Express in terms of x and y (i) BC (ii) DC (iii) BF
[4 marks]

Answer : (i) 2x-3y (ii) x-3y 3 3 (iii) x − y 2 2

28

Diagram 28 shows a triangle OPQ.
Q

T U

S

O
DIAGRAM 28

P

T is the midpoint of OQ and the straight line OS intersects the straight line PT at U. 1 Given that OP = 8 p , OQ = 6q and PS = PQ 4 (a) Express in terms of p and / or q , (i) PQ (ii) PT (iii) OS
[3 marks]

(b) Given that PU = h PT , express PU in terms of h, p and q . ( c) Given that OU = k OS , express OU in terms of k , p and q .
[2 marks]

Answer (a) 6q-8p 3q-8p 3 6p+ q 2

(b) (c)

3hq-8hp 3 6kp+ kq 2

29

Diagram 29 shows parallelogram OABC. The midpoint of AB is P and CP meets OB at Q. It is given that OA = a , OC = c , OQ = λ OB and CQ = µ CP .
C Q P A
DIAGRAM 29

B

O

(a) Express OP in terms of a and c . (b) Express OQ (i) in the terms of λ , a and c . (ii) in the terms of µ , a and c .
[4 marks]

1 Answer : (a) a+ c 2 b (i) λa + λc  1  (ii) µa + 1 − µ c  2 

30

Diagram 30 , PQST is a rectangle. Point U lies on PT and point V lies on PS. QR parallel to PS.
P V R Q

U

T
DIAGRAM 30

S

Given that QR =

2 1 1 PS , PU = PT , PV = PS , TS = 9 x , TP = 6 y 3 3 3

(a) Express the following vectors in terms of x and y (i) (ii)
QT

RS

[4 marks]

(b) Find the values of h and k if VU = h x + k y .
[3 marks]

Answer : (i) -9x-6y (ii) -6x-2y (b) h= -3 , k = 0

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