Why We're Here
Welcome to the 99% Spring! You are holding the participant guide for the 99% Spring Trainings. This guide provides notes, hand-outs, and tools for you to reference during the training and to carry with you beyond it to help you plan and design your own actions. There is a 50-page version of this guide available for download at http://the99spring.com/materials/

So why are we here?
We're here because our country is at a crossroads, and we have a choice to make. As a gene ration we must choose between greater wealth for a few, or opportunity for many; tax breaks for the richest, or a fair shot for the rest of us; a government that can be bought by the highest bidder, or a democracy that is truly of the people, by the people, and for the people.
The choice isin our hands.

On February 15th leaders from across the country signed onto the letter that follows, and came together to launch the 99% Spring training program. Our goal is to train 100,000 people this spring in the history, philosophy and skills of non violent direct action.

Photo by Andrew Starr Street

Stern and Jeremy

Baron of


For over 40 years a few in the 1% have been taking our wealth and now they're stealing our democracy. With the recent Supreme Court decision that allows corporations to spend unlimited money in the political process, we enter 2012 knowing that the stranglehold the 1% have on our democracy will only increase. This year we will draw a line in the sand and say "no more!" So this training isn't just about training. We know that change is only possible when our feet hit the street, our bodies rise up and our voices cry out. This training is focused on helping you build the community, focus and skills necessary to launch your own local 99% spring efforts to hold both corporate interests and our elected officials accountable to create an economy and a democracy that works for ALL of us. To register your actions and to tell the story of your 99% spring, join us at the99spring.com.

We Are the 99%
All popular movements are grounded in the suffering and hope of everyday people. Our stories capture both the challenge and the possibility in our lives. They move us to action, and help us form the community we need in order to build power to win. Stories have been an integral part of the Occupy movement as a visit to the We Are the 99% tumblr blog will show you ..By sharing our personal stories of struggle and triumph in these challenging times, we lay the groundwork for a deeper level of unity that honors our differences. There are people from all! walks of life in the 99%: poor people, middle class people and everyone in between, people of color, white folks, native-born and immigrants, women and men. We all have unique life Photo by Andrew Stern and Jeremy Baron of Starr experiences, For decades a few in the 1% have tried Street Studios. to divide us according to those experiences, As we join together now as the 99%, sharing our stories with each other will help us heal those divisions, creating solidarity while respecting our uniqueness, We are often isolated in our shame about our personal struggles, particularly around money, but each of our individual stories is part of a much bigger story. By collecting our individual stories of struggle and triumph together, we can see that our struggles are not about individual problems or bad luck; they are caused by a system that's been rigged to benefit the few at the expense of many. Even though we often experience these struggles alone, they are in fact collective problems. Our stories motivate us to fight. They can also remind us to treat each other kindlv since we are each facing our own challenges. We need each other to win.

Sforytelling Isc Practice of leaders.hip
This spring we One definition Farm Workers purpose in the are asking you to step up and lead locally, to rebuild our economy from the ground up .. of leadership from Marshall Ganz who organized with Cesar Chavez and the United is that leadership is accepting responsibility for enabling others to achieve shared face of uncertainty.

What do stories have to do with this definition of leadership? You can't ask others to foll'ow you if they don't understand what your intentions are, and why you are called to lead. Also, stories are how we learn to make choices and construct our identities and purpose-as individuals, as communities and organizations, and as nations.


Write your story here:





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Non Violent Direct Action
What is Non Violent Direct Action? Non violent direct action is known by many names. Gandhi called it satyagraha (truth or soul force). Henry Thoreau called one form of it civil disobedience. Activists in North Philadelphia sometimes call it street heat. In the Philippines, democracy activists call it people power. Underneath all of these definitions are similar themes such as a use of tactics outside of normal institutions (use of the street or fasting) and a commitment to refraining from violence. But even more core to all of these is that direct action is about power - bringing together people to make change. In essence, people turn to non violent direct action after the institutionalized ways of settling disagreements are unsuccessful. In the civil rights movement, Black people turned to non violent action after years of fighting in the courts to end institutionalized segregation. The courts did not provide the relief needed, and so nonviolent action was born. The methods of non violent action fie outside institutionalized behavior. In using demand refusing king for these methods people either do what they're not expected to do or even forbidden to do, like coffee at a segregated lunch counter if they're African American. Or nonviolent action can be to do what they are expected to do (or required to do), like pay a special tax to the English the tea they drink. Edited Excerpt from Casino-Free Philadelphia's direct action manual written by Daniel Hunter. Read the full article at www.trainingforchange.org

Direct Action is how ordinary people organize our resources into collective power. Through direct

action we directly confront, disrupt or disobey situations, institutions, morally unjust.

or laws that we oppose as

Civil Disobedience:

Refusal to obey an unjust law in an effort to change it.

An unjust law is itself a species of violence. Arrest for its breach is more so. -Mahatma Ghandi


"non violence"

Many groups and movements define non violence differently. Some believe that cursing or carrying a loud tone is a form of violence. others believe that clipping a lock to re-occupy a foreclosed home, destroying a draft card, or disabling a war machine is non violent. The important thing is that your group has a shared definition of what kind of behavior you will engage in together, and hold each other accountable to those decisions. The same group may choose different "non violence" agreements for different actions depending on context. There are some sample non violent action agreements in the action planning section of this guide. 4

198 Methods of Non Violent Action
Forma.1 Statements 1. Public speeches 2. Letters of oPPosition or support 3, Deciarations by organizatIOns and inst1"

by Gene

Processions 38. Marches 39, Parades
Religious proresslo!'ls 41, Pilgrimages 42. Motorcades 40, Honouring the Dead

Symbolic Public Acts

4. 5. 6.

Signed public declarations Dedarations of indictment and intentIon Group or mass petitions

20. 21. 22.


Communications with a Wider.Audience 7. Slogans, caricatures, and symbols 8. Banners, posters, and displayed communications 9. Leaflets, pamphlets, and boo.ks 10. Newspapers and journals 11. Records, radlo, and television 12. Skywriting and earthwrlting Group Representations 13, Deputations 14. Mockawards 15. Group lobbying 16. Picketing 17. Mock elections


26. 27.

29. 30.

Displays of flags and symbolic colors Wearing of symbols Prayer and worship Detiverlng symbolic objects Protest disrobings Destruction of own property Svmbolic lights Displays ofportralts Paint as protest New signs and names Symbolic sounds Symbolic reclamations Rude gestures

43, 44.

Political mourning Mock funerals
Demonstrative fl.lnera!s



burial places

Pressures onlndhtidua1s 31. "Haunting" officials 32. Taunting officials
33. Fraternization

Public Assemblies 47. Assemblies of protest or support 48. Protest meetings 49, camouftaged memings of protest 50. Teac~ins Withdrawal anti Renunciation 51. Walk~outs
52. SHence

34. VlsHs Orama and Music Humorous skits and pranks 36. Performances of plays and music 37. SlngJng


Renouncing honors
Turning one's back

Ostracism of Per:wns 55, SOdal boycott 56. Selective soda! boycott 57. I.yslstratic oon action 58. excommunication 59_ Interdict

Noocoopemtion with Sodaf Events. Customs. andln.stitutions 50, Suspension of socia! and sports activities 61. Boycott of soctsl affairs 62. Student striKe 63. Soda! diSobedIence 54. Withdrawal from socia! institutions

Withdrawal. from the SOdal Sy5tem 65, Stay-at-home 66. Tota! personal noncooperation 67. ·Flight" of workers 68, Sanctuary 69. Collective disappearance 70. Protest emigration {hiJratj

Action by Col1SlJmers

Consumers' boycott 72. Nonconsumption of boycotted goods 73, Policy of austerIty 74. Rent withhotdlng 75, Refusal to rent 76. Nationai consumers' boycott International consumers' ,boycott 71.


by Middlemen 80. Suppliers'and handlers' boycott
Traders' boycott Refusal to let-or sell property IJ:Jckout Refus.e1 of Industrial assistance Merchants' ~g'enera! strike" Withdi'awaiof bank depostts

Action by Owners anti Management


Action by Workers and PrQducers 18. Workers' boycott 79. Producers'boYcott

81,. 82, 83. &4. 85. 86.

Refusal to pay fees, dues, and assessments 88. Refusal to pay debts or!nterest 89. Severance oHunlls and credit 90. Revenue refusal 91. Refusal of a government's money Action by Governments 92. Domesticembargo 93. Blacklisting of traders 94. lnternationai sellers' embargo 95. International buyers' embargo 96. tnternational trade embargo


Action by Holders of Finandal Resources


SymbolIc Strikes 97. Proteststrlke 9a Quidde walkout (lightning strike) Agfi(ultural Strikes 99, Peasant strike 100. Farm workers' strike

104. Profess1ona!strlke Ordinarylndustrlat StrIkes 105. fstab1ish~nt strike 106. lndustry strike 107.Syrnpathystrlke Res-meted Strikes 108, OetaHed strike 109. Bumper strfke 110. Slowdown strike 111. Working·ta-rule strike

112. 113. 114, 115.

Reporting "sick" [sick-in] Strike by resignation limited strike Selective strike

Strikes bV SpedalGroups 101. Refusal of Impressed Iabou ( 102. Prisoners' strike 103. Craft strike

MultHndustry Strikes 111i Generalized strike 117. General strike CCmbirtation of Strikes and Economic Closures
118. Harml

U9. Economic shutdown

Rejection of Authority 120. Withholding or withdrawal of allegiance 121. Refusal·ofpublic support

122. literature and speeches advocating resistance Citizens' Noncooperation with GoVernment 123. Boycott of legislatiVe bodies 124. Sevcottof elections. 125. Boycott of government employment and positions 126. Boycott of government: departments, agencies, and other bodies 127. Withdrawal from governmental educational Institutions 128, Boycott af government-supported institutions 129, Refusal of assistance to enforcement agents 13G. Removal of own signS and place-marks 131. Refusal to accept appointed officials 132. Refusal to dissolve eXisting institutions

Citizens' Alternatives to Obedience 133, Reluctant and slow compllal'll:e 134. Nonobed1ence in absence of direct supervision
135. Popular nenobadlence

141. DeUherate inefficiency and selective noncooperation by enforcement agents 148. Mutiny
Domestic Govemmental Action 149. Q,uasi-legpl evasions and delays 150.. Noncooperation by constituent governmflntal units

136. Disguised disobedience
137. Refusal of an assemblage or meeting to

disperse 138. Sitdown 139. Noncooperation with conscnptlen and deportation 140. Hiding, escape, and false identities 141. CMI dis.obedlence.of "illegitimate" laws Actloo by Government Personnel 142. S(Jrective refusal of asslstance by government aIdes 143.' 81oc!dngof lines of commandant!

Internatiooal Governmental Action 151. Changesln diplomatic and other representation 152, Delay and cancellation. of diplomatk

153. Withholding of diplomatic recognition 154. SevfJran(e of diplomaticrefatioos 155. Wi.thdrawal from international organizations. 156. Refusal of membership in international

144. StaHing and obstruction 145. General administrative ncncocperatton 146. Judicial noncooperation

151. Expulsion from internatIonal

Psychoiogicallntervention 158. self-e.xpo$ura to the elements 159. The fast a) fast of moral pressure b) Hunger strike
c} Satyagranlc fast 160. Reverse trial 161. Nonviolent. harassment

110. 171. 172. 113.

Nonviolent Nonviolent Nonviolent Nonviolent

Invasion interjection obstruction occupation

185. Politically motlvated counterfeiting

Physical Intervention
162. SiNn

SociallnteM!ntlon 114. Establishing new soda! patterns 175. Overloading oHadlltles 176. Stan~in 117. Speak"]!'! 178. Guerrilla theatre
179. Alternative sociallnstitutions

186. PrecluSive purchasing 187. Seizure orassets 188. Dumping 11l9. Selective patronage 190. AlternatIve markets 191. AJtetl'latlve transportation systems 192. Alternative economic institutions Political Intervention. 193. Overloading of admInistrative .systems 194.. Oiscb')sing identities of secret agents 195. seeking imprisonment 196. Civil disobedience of "neutra!" laws 197. Work-on without collahoration 198. Dual sovereignty and parallel g()\/ernment

163. Stand-in 164. Ride·!" 165. Wad:!Hn 166. Min-in 167, Pray-in 1611, Nonvtolent raids 169. Nonviolent air raids

1&0. Altematlve communication Economic intervention
181. Reverse strike 182, Stay-in strike


183. Nonviolent land seizure 184. Defiance of blockades









Action Planning Part 1: Develop Your Tactic
SOURCE: Jessica Bell and Joshua Kahn Russell, The Ruckus SOciety, adapted from J. Matt Smucker, Beyond the Choir, www.beyondthechoir.org.

Goals & Strategy Regrouping
How do we plan to celebrate our action once irs done? What's our plan for debriefing the action? What does success look like? What we do want to measure? Is the action part of an ongoing systemic campaign with SMART goals? HowwHl the action help us achieve our goals? What goals? ts this tactic in keeping with our strateqy, and what has been done before, and will be done after? Does this tactic embody the lessons we've learned from previous work?

Who is the target? What influence does the target have on the goal? How will this tacttc impact the target? How will the target react? Are we prepared for the target's reaction?

How will our relationships with key stakeholders be affected? Will they likely move closer to our view Of further away? We will (feate new relationships? Who should we communicate, consult, seek approval from, or collaborate with?

Where will the tactic take plare? Does the location show the problem and reveal the target? Is the location at the point of consumption, destruction, or decision?

What will the tactic commun1cate to our audience, target, or allies? 15 it understandable and persuasive?

How will our group be affected? How wi!( this tactic affect recruitment, memberretention, and the acquisition of new skills? Witl the tactic build trust or exacerbate tension and burnout?

What is the tone of the action? Solemn, fun, angry, calm? How will people we want to engage (participants, passersby) react to the tone?

When should we do the action 7 Why? Does the timing hold potential for us or vulnerability for our opponents? Can we take advantage of current events or new developments?

15this action worth the limited time, energy, and resource, of our group? Do we have the capacity to pull it off effectively? Can/should we expand it or scale it back?

Here is a tool that guides us through critical questions so we can craft a strategic action. Move around the star from the top, clockwise, refining your action design as you go.


Developing Your Tactic, Continued
Here are additional steps you may want to go through to ensure your action plan is thorough.

Know the History this moment

and Identify Is there

the Opportunity: a new development

What has your group

(or other

groups} action

done before at that climate

to address the issue? How can you build on the history? in time? you ca n ta ke adva ntage of? Choose a Tactic: demands. perfect available Make sure it will move you towards When choosing a tactic,

What is the particular


on your issue or change in the political


your campaign realistically money

goal and action Why is it Also think about the resources and supplies.

What exactly will people to you ~- skills, number

do? How will this tactic

put pressure

on your target?

for this moment?

be sure to think

of people you can get to participate, by bringing

about how can this tactic grow your resources Determine Your Audience: Who specifically

in more people

or partners. Is it the

do you want to mobilize Officials?

with your action?

public? Consumers? Create Visuals create?



and Audio:

What will your action

look and sound like? What imagery

do you need to your

How will you amplify

your voices and sound? How will the visuals and audio support

tone and convey your demands? Choose the Location, familiar and Scout It: Where will this action take place? What does that location or is it the decision-makerls What goes on there territory? look

and feel like? Is it a community-based with the location? there secu rity on site? Make an Action communicate plans justin Debrief Plan, and Practice


Are people

How will people get there?

in the course of a day? Is

It: Think through

the action from start to finish. Assign action process, decide how your group will needed, finalize logistics. Make backup

roles, make a time schedule, case I



during the action,

list supplies

and equipment

and Follow

Up: What were the highlights

of the action?


was there

room for next


How will you keep participants


and involved?

How will you determine

steps for you r campaign?
SOURCE: Adopted from The Ruckus Society,



Action Planning Part 2: Develop Your Structure, Teams and Roles
ROLE Action Team BEFORE ACTION Coordinated or organizer by a member, responsible campaigner DURING ACTION At the front lines of the action. Most at risk for arrest. Action team members should have on their body the phone number for legal support. AFTER ACTION Debrief the action.

for the big

picture of the action and making sure the action is inclusive. Prepare action participants development Outreach Team through training. Lead plans. of contingency

Make sure members

and allies know

Pass a slgn-in sheet before the action begins so that you can follow all participants. up with

Share the outcomes members public.


about the action and are invited

your action with allies, and the general

Legal Support Team

Recruit and prepare legal observers. Recruit someone to remain offsite as lega I su pport

Legal observers observe and record what happens during the action, especially interactions between the Offaction team and law enforcement. site legal support tracks any arrests and provides support to anyone in jail.

Follows up on any arrests and provides support from the action. for any legal cases resulting

Media Team (Traditional and Online)

Send out media advisory and press release. Create media kits for the press. Train and support Recruit volunteers video at the action. media spokespeople. to take pictures and

Greet the media and introduce your spokespeoplegive testimony goals.

them to

Make sure the story of your action is getting coverage. Provide photos, articles, Videos, interviews, or write letters to the editor. Compile ali media independent

people who can the main

about why you're in

action and clearly articulate

created at the action for your archives (video, photos). Logistics and support Gather supplies and materials action. Take care of permits, and other action prep tasks. for the paperwork Support the action with food, water and materials. support Provide off site logistical for child care, pet sitting, etc.

Additional Action Roles

Researchers: Fundraisers: Artists

Learn about the target and gather facts for the campaign about the location Hold events and get donations

before the action.

Scout: Find out logistical information & Writers:

and how the action could take place there. flyers, chants, website, etc.

to cover all action expenses. or logistical support between to those risking arrest. Often at risk of being

Make props, signs, banners, political theater, support to

Direct Support

People: provide direct emotional communication another "layer"

arrested with the person they are providing Police Liaison: maintains Peacekeepers/monitors: escalation Diversion information techniques

or negotiates

police and demonstrators specializing in nonviolent de-

of support for the demonstration,

Team: can be used to draw attention between action team, coordinator, Provide fun and morale.

away from the action team as they deploy to relay media outreach etc. sing, etc. to convey the action


Team: (also called tactical team) uses radios or other forms of communication people to hold signs, chant, hand out literature,

Demonstrators/Participants: goals and demands. Medical

Team: Street medics or EMTs who are there to support the action team and participants.

SOURCE: Adopted from RANT Collective,



Action Planning, Part 3: Develop a Non Violent Action Agreement
Before you get into action it is important that as a group you develop your own non violent action agreement about how participants in the action are expected to behave together. As part of your conversation you should also decide whether or not participants are willing to engage in civil disobedience and risk arrest. Solidarity is critical to our success, and individuals need to follow the agreements established by the group in advance of the action.
Risking Arrest? Does your action have a component where people are risking arrest? We decided not to include this component in the role-play section of this training because it requires good local legal advice. If you are interested in taking this step with your action, we highly recommend getting the support you need to make informed decisions. Laws are different in each county and town, so consequences to taking arrest in an action can vary widely. Here are some great legal resources: • National Lawyers Guild:

www NLG.org/resources
• Midnight Special Law Collective:

• Center for Constitutional Rights:

• DC Justice & Solidarity Collective:

http://www.dartton lin e.org/jsdemomanu


Actions in which some members of your group risk arrest require more than legal advice. They Occupy Oakland require additional planning and practice steps (and sometimes unique props and gear!), and a heightened awareness of how race, class, and gender play out in these sorts of scenarios. For example, people of color are treated much differently by the prison system than white people. Immigrants, transgender people and others have different levels of risk. If you are doing a human blockade, the authorities will first try to break your solidarity by targeting people they perceive as "weak" - smaller people, women, etc. Please plan carefully if you plan to engage in civil disobedience or ask others to join you.


Action Planning and Practice: Sample Scenarios for Action Planning
Now it's time fo r you to pi an you r own action! You maya Irea dy have a campa ign and action in mi nd If not, here are some suggested scenarios. Scenario 1: Move Your Money • Issue/Context/Background: loans, foreclosed for-profit on people's detention immigrant Big banks have taken billions in taxpayer centers bailouts, engaged in predatory in homes, funded dirty fossil fuel energy that poisons people/Invested

• Campaign Goal: Foster a national shift in money from the big banks into local credit unions • Tactic: A "move your money" accounts in unison together. event - you have a group of 20 people who enter a bank to close your You then deliver a letter detailing why you are closing your accounts to the

manager. You then take a group photo outside with a sign that says why you did what you did. • Action Goal: Highlight the issue for the public and press, economically your action to thousands it too. Scenario 2: Fossil Fuel Subsidy Sit-Ins • Issue/Context/Background: time of "austerity" Oil, gas, coal, and other fossil fuel corporations Indigenous are poisoning people, trashing the planet, cooking the climate, and displacing communities. And yet even in this pressure the bank by connecting to others that they can do

of other groups doing the same thing, demonstrate

during which the 1% wants to slash funding to all social services, they give these energy sources that don't

corporations over $20 billion in subsidies that could be going to renewable poison anyone. • Campaign Goal: Slash billions of dollars in fossil fuel subsidies and redirect • Tactic: A sit-in at a congressional • Action Goal: Attract office of a politician from a national

it to clean energy initiatives

who has been bought by the oil industry outlet to change the conversation around arrest;

media attention

subsidies, win new allies to your campaign. You intend on sitting in as long as possible without you plan to leave after the police issue your final warning to leave. Scenario 3: Send Wall Street the Bill on Tax Day April1i ! • Issue/Context/Background: gutted. Corporations

are paying record low taxes while our social services get

• Campaign Goal: Hold tax dodging corporations face legal consequences • Tactic: Go to corporate a giant cardboard • Action country, like everyone headquarters else.


- get them to pay the taxes they owe, or

With small group, with banners, bullhorns, they pay!

and present them with

"bill" - the people are demanding media attention

Goal: Attract

and raise awareness

about how much the 1 % is costing our

have fun, build alliances for the next action.


Action Planning: Group Exercise
This is your chance as a group to start planning a real action. You have a short amount often in real life we have little time too! Remember your tactic, 2) Develop your structure non violent action agreement. Etc. of time here, but the three parts that go into your plan: 1) Develop

with clear roles and decision making processes, and 3} Develop your

Use the tactic star to plan your tactic. What's the goal? Who's the target? What's your location?

Now develop your structure. need? Who will coordinate

First choose roles. Based on the nature of your tactic, what roles do you each team?

As the second part of developing

your structure

decide how you will communicate

with each other

during action, and how you will make decisions under pressure.

Finally, draft your non violent action agreement

for this action.


What's Next

This training is only the beginning. The change we want to create in our communities is going to require a lot from all of us. The more we come together as the 99% to create change, the more we can win. In order to begin to turn the tides and hold the 1% accountable we are calling for 6 weeks of 99% Spring actions immediately following the training.

At the end of your training you will be setting up local action coordination teams to help drive action for the next 6 weeks in your local area. People will be standing up across the country doing nonviolent direct action targeting the members of the 1% who are stopping real change for the 99%, including major corporations such as Bank of America, Wells Fargo, Sallie Mae, Verizon and Walmart. Engaging in these actions will be fun, but requires leadership and coordination.

We have created a few toolkits to help you in planning your actions. You'll find below a short description of the toolkits. You can find and download these toolkits at the99spring.com.

Actions across the country will be registered on this actions map: actions.th_e99sp..ring.com. This will be a great tool for you to register actions you are planning locally so that other people can RSVPto attend, and so that press and decision makers can see how many people are rising up this spring to take action. PLEASEpost all your actions as soon as you decide on who you are targeting, what your action will be, and where and when it will occur. You can also sign up to join others' actions on the same site.

Photo by Andrew Stern and Jeremy Baron of Starr Street Studios.

Campaign Toolkits Available at the99spring.com


Banks and Financial Back


are Doing to Our Families

and Economy


And How the 99%

Are Fighting

Read this toolkit institutions families.

to learn how you can be part of campaigns for bankrupting our economy, actions to: include tips for planning "Occupy


to hold banks and financial and bankrupting our

accountable This toolkit


our communities,

Fight Foreclosures: Move Your Money Corporate Tax Dodging:

Our Homes"

How Corporations Back

Are Bankrupting


by Not Paying Their Fair

Share ... And How the 99% are Fighting Read this toolkit includes

to learn how you can help make sure corporations actions to: Corporations

pay their fair share. This toolkit

tips for planning Send Wall Street, members

and the 1% the Bill on Tax Day April 17th Meetings: Hold Corporations, CEOs and board

Bring the 99% to Corporate accountable Affects


How Money politics.

in Politics

the 99% ... And How the 99% Are Fighting be accountable actions to: to the 99%.


Read this toolkit

to learn about how you can help build the movement officials should

to get big money out of

Our elected includes

This toolkits

tips for planning

Expose Dirty Money:

Fossil Fuel Subsidy Sit-Ins

Crash Fancy Fundraisers

Use these toolkits action, register

to find resources

to help you plan a local action. ring.org

Once you've


on an

it at: actions.the99s


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