Reference Guide

Raymond Hickey English Linguistics Essen University Feburary 2009

1 Introductory Works

The purpose of this guide is to make some recommendations for further reading which students can follow up for themselves. Particularly in the area of introductions to language there are a large number of works available and new books on the subject come out at least on a yearly basis. For this reason it is not possible to mention all. In order to facilitate the choice of a book for a given level or area some sections are preceded by a brief paragraph in which the main concerns and questions are listed in summary form and occasional recommendations are made. The items in this guide which bear on the history of English are to be found in section 4. The History of English. 1.0 Introductions


Introductory books on linguistics generally start with a chapter intended to heighten the reader’s awareness of language. The issues discussed are usually the nature of language and the task of delimiting it from other communication systems, homing in on the essential features of human language and examining definitions which have been offered in previous literature. Furthermore, many authors begin by clearing up with erroneous notions and misconceptions which lay people all too often have about language and by introducing basic terminology needed for linguistic discussions. Some introductions choose this opportunity to deal with the origins of language, though this might be touched on in a later chapter, if at all. A special study of this question in very readable form is to be found in Aitchison (1996). An explanation of how the linguist views the structure of language — the various linguistic levels — can be expected here; in addition one may often find a discussion of linguistic theory, especially if the introduction is intended to demonstrate linguistic principles within the framework of a certain model such as that of generative grammar. Introductions to linguistics make a basic distinction between levels, which concern the structure of language, and branches (fields or areas), which address themes in the use of language. The levels discussed should include phonetics/phonology, morphology/lexicology, syntax, semantics/pragmatics The fields of linguistics which one can expect to be touched on are sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics (with language acquisition as the central concern) and language change. Varieties of language may also be dealt with and pidgins and creoles may be mentioned here as well. Elementary books may also sketch the various schools of linguistics which have arisen over the past two centuries. At least three are normally recognised: 1) neogrammarianism (historical linguistics — Indo-European studies); 2) structuralism (Saussure; Sapir, Bloomfield); 3) generativism (Chomsky and his followers; this direction might be contrasted with recent other proposals, particularly with functional-typological approaches).

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Aarts, Bas and April McMahon (eds) 2006. The handbook of English linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell. Aronoff, Mark and Janie Rees-Miller (eds) 2002. The handbook of linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell. Bieswanger, Markus and Annette Becker 2008. Introduction to English Linguistics. 2nd edition. Stuttgart: Uni-Taschenbücher. Cowan, William and J. Rakusan 1999. Source book for linguistics. 3rd edition. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Fasold, Ralph and Jeffrey Connor-Linton (eds) 2006. An Introduction to Language and Linguistics. Cambridge: University Press. Finch, Geoff 1997. How to study linguistics. London: Macmillan. Finnegan, Edward and N. Besnier 1994. Language. Its structure and use. 2nd edition. Fort Worth/New York: Harcourt Brace College Publishers. Fromkin, Victoria and Robert Rodman 1998. An introduction to language. 6th edition. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Fromkin, Victoria (ed.) 2000. Linguistics. An introduction to linguistic theory. Oxford: Blackwell. Graddol, David, Jenny Cheshire and Joan Swan 1994. Describing language. 2nd edition. Buckingham: Open University Press. Honda, Maya and Wayne O’Neil 2007. Thinking linguistically. Oxford: Blackwell. Hudson, Grover 1999. Essential introductory linguistics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Korte, Barbara, Klaus-Peter Müller, Josef Schmied 2004. Einführung in die Anglistik. Second Edition. Stuttgart: Metzler. Kortmann, Bernd 2005 [1999]. English Linguistics: Essentials. revised edition. Berlin: Cornelsen. Matthews, P. H. 2003. Linguistics. A very short introduction. Oxford: University Press. Newmeyer, Frederick J. (ed.) 1988. Linguistics: The Cambridge survey. Vol. 1 Linguistic theory: Foundations. Vol. 2 - Linguistic theory: Extensions and implications. Vol. 3 - Vol. 4 - The socio-cultural context. Cambridge: University Press. O’Grady, William and Michael Dobrovolsky 1996. Contemporary Linguistic Analysis. An Introduction. Third edition. Toronto: Copp Clark Ltd. Plag, Ingo, Maria Braun, Sabine Lappe and Mareile Schramm 2007. Introduction to English Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

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Poole, Stuart C. 1999. An introduction to linguistics. London: Macmillan. Radford, Andrew, Martin Atkinson, David Britain, Harald Clahsen, Andrew Spencer 1999. Linguistics. An introduction. Cambridge: University Press. Trask, Robert Lawrence 1995. Language. The basics. London: Routledge. Widdowson, Henry G. 1998. Linguistics. Oxford Introductions to Language Study. Oxford: University Press. Yule, George 2005. The Study of Language. Third edition. Cambridge: University Press. 1.1 General studies and overviews


Aitchison, Jean 1997. The language web. Cambridge: University Press. Aitchison, Jean 2007. The Word Weavers. Newshounds and Wordsmiths. Cambridge: University Press. Bolinger, Dwight 1980. Language. The loaded weapon. London: Longman. Clark, Urszula 2007. Studying language. English in action. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Crystal, David ???? The Language Revolution. Crystal, David ???? How Language Works. Jeffries, Lesley 2006. Discovering Language. The Structure of Modern English. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Nunan, David 2007. What is this thing called language? London: Palgrave Macmillan. Quirk, Randolph 1974. The Linguist and the English Language. London: Edward Arnold. Svartvik, Jan 2006. English – One Tongue, Many Voices. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 1.2 Dictionaries of Linguistics


For the student of English linguistics the best reference works are definitely by Crystal and McArthur as these contain much specific information on English (both on the history and on present-day varieties). Aitchison, Jean 2003. A Glossary of Language and Mind. Edinburgh: University Press. Baker, Paul, Andrew Hardie and Tony McEnery 2006. A Glossary of Corpus Linguistics. Edinburgh: University Press.

McArthur. Second edition. A Glossary of English Grammar. Edinburgh: University Press. Laurie 2004. London: Routledge. David 1995. Geoff 1999.??? Leech.) 2004. The Cambridge encyclopedia of the English language. Edinburgh: University Press. Trask. A Glossary of Historical Linguistics. Metzler Lexikon Sprache. Peter H. A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. Dictionary of historical and comparative linguistics. Malmkjær. Cruse. Trauth and Kerstin Kazzazi 1995. Dictionary of language and linguistics. Bright. Tom 1992. Edinburgh: University Press. R. Cambridge: University Press. Trask. Finch. The concise Oxford dictionary of linguistics. Alan 2006. Vyvyan 2007. Edinburgh: University Press. Key concepts in language and linguistics. International encyclopedia of linguistics. The linguistics encyclopedia. Edinburgh: University Press. New York: Oxford University Press. London: Routledge. A Glossary of Phonology. Oxford: University Press. Helmut 1993. ??? Second Edition. Robert Lawrence 1998. Linguistic terms and criticism. Strazny. A Glossary of Morphology. Hadumod. Crystal. Edinburgh: University Press. L. Evans. Glück. A Glossary of Cognitive Linguistics. David 2002. A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics. Carr. Edinburgh: University Press.) 1992. Moxco 2007. Edinburgh: University Press. Linguistics encyclopedia. Metzler. London: Routledge. Philipp 2005. 5th edition. 1997. William (ed. Crystal. . An encyclopaedic dictionary of language and languages. Matthews. Oxford: Blackwell. Crystal. 2000. Campbell. 4 vols. The Oxford companion to the English language. Oxford: University Press. Geoffrey 2006. Lyle and Mauricio J. London: Macmillan. David 1992. Kirsten (ed.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 4 of 128 Bauer. Davies. London: Routledge. Philip 2008. Gregory P. Oxford: Blackwell. Bußmann. Alan 2005. A Glossary of Applied Linguistics.

4th edition. Joseph and Hans-Josef Niederehe (eds) 2000. Cambridge: University Press. Here you will also finds books about the basic organisational .) 2005. Trudgill.) 2004. Roman Jakobson. 1. James (ed. Sanders. K. Projects and prospects. Saussure. John E. 1. Edinburgh: University Press. Jonathan 1986. Oxford: Blackwell. Linguistics. H. Linguistic historiography. Peter 2003. Keith and Vivien Law (eds) 2002. Cambridge: University Press. Chomsky. Cambridge: University Press. 2nd edition. Fontana Modern Masters London: Fontana. K. 2 vols. Culler. Carol (ed. Daniel and C. The emergence of the modern language sciences. 2000. Chomsky. Echoes of his scholarship. The Cambridge companion to Chomsky. van Schooneveld (eds) 1977. A student’s dictionary of language and linguistics. Personal histories. Neil 2004. New York: Twayne. Roy 2003. The Cambridge companion to Saussure. Harris. Edinburgh: University Press. Haley.4 Biographical Studies §2 Armstrong. Origins of Language §2 This section contains book which are about the origins of language in the human species. Koerner. A Glossary of Sociolinguistics. Matthews. A short history of linguistics. F. Smith. Saussure and his interpreters. Brown. §2 1. The development of language with the individual is a concern of psycholinguistics (see relevant section below). John 1972. London: Longman. Robert 1997. Michael C. Peter 2001. McGilvray. Cambridge: University Press. London: Arnold. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.3 History of Linguistics Embleton. 1993.5 The Basis for Language. Lyons. Sheila. Robins. Ideas and ideals. Noam Chomsky. A short history of structural linguistics.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 5 of 128 Trask. Lisse: Peter de Ridder Press. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Robert Lawrence 1997. Fontana Modern Masters London: Fontana.

From action to language. The atoms of language. (ed. Botha. Language. Johansson. The . Oxford: University Press. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Andrew 1999. Oxford: University Press. Rudolf P. Oxford: University Press. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Cambridge: University Press. Jackendoff. A neurocognitive approach. Jean 1996. Foundations of language. The inheritance and innateness of grammars. The mind’s hidden rules of grammar. meaning. Unravelling the evolution of language.) 2000. Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf. Finding consciousness in the brain. Thought and Reality. The ontology of language. Steve. Hurford. (ed. Carstairs-McCarthy. 1956. Chris 2000. evolution. Lyle 2000. Cambridge: University Press. Östen 2004. Michael A. Dahl. Grossenbacher.) 2006. The mirror neuron system. Ray 2003. Aitchison. Peter G. Myrna 1998. The Genesis of Grammar. Robert Martin and David Pilbeam (eds) 1992. Biolinguistics. Oxford: University Press. (ed. Knight. Gopnik. Sverker 2005. Oxford: Elsevier. An inquiry into the evolutionary beginnings of sentences. Brain. Berd and Tania Kuteva 2007. 2007. Baker. Arbib. Cambridge: University Press. Exploring the biology of language. Heine. Cambridge: University Press. Contraints on hypotheses. Origins of language. Carroll. The seeds of speech. Properties. individuals and discourse. The Growth and Maintenance of Linguistic Complexity. Chris. Jenkins. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Jones.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 6 of 128 principles of human language. Mark 2002. grammar. Cambridge: University Press. Cambridge. John B. syllables and truth. MA: MIT Press. Oxford: University Press. James R. Michael Suddert-Kennedy and James Hurford (eds) 2000. A Reconstruction. Fox. Oxford: University Press. The Origins of Meaning. The Cambridge encyclopedia of human evolution. Language in the Light of Evolution. Language origin and evolution. The origins of complex language.) 2003.

) 1990. Stephen C. Cambridge: University Press. 1. Perspectives on Evolution. Cambridge: University Press. Oxford: Blackwell. Below a small selection is offered. International encyclopedia of linguistics. Introductory readings. Tallerman. Jenny and Peter Trudgill (eds) 1998. Rosa 1994. E. Clark. Social function and the origins of linguistic form. Philosophy in the flesh. Cameron. but those which exist are worth looking at for useful and appropriate material. New essays on the origins of language. New York: Oxford University Press.) 1992. Vol. Pinker. Jennifer 1997. London: Arnold. Lightfoot.) 1990. Virginia P. N. The sociolinguistics reader. Lakoff. Jürgen and Sean Ward 2001. Berlin: Mouton-de Gruyter. Dai and Steven rose (eds) 2004. New York: Basic Books. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. How new language emerges. A reader. Cambridge: University Press. London: Routledge. A reader. Many anthologies are restricted to a linguistic level or a field of investigation which in fact heightens their usefulness because of the depth of coverage possible with such specialisation. 2: Gender and discourse. The embodied mind and its challenge to western thought. 1: Multilingualism and variation. and David Wilkins (ed. George and Mark Johnson 1999. Coates. Paul A. (ed. William (ed. London: Routledge. Maggie 2005. Cambridge: University Press.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 7 of 128 evolutionary emergence of language. David 2006. Language Origins. . Words and rules: The ingredients of language. Pinker. 5th edition. Trabant. Levinson. Steven ???. Perils and prospects. An encyclopedia of language. Bright. Cheshire.6 Anthologies and collections §2 Apart from reading a complete textbook on linguistics students may choose to consult a collection of essays on linguistics or a selection of representative texts on the subject from authorities in the field (an anthology).??? Rees. Vol. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. Oxford: University Press. The feminist critique of language.Eschholz and Alfred E. Collinge. There are not very many of these — compared with literature for example. Steven 1999. The new brain sciences. London: Macmillan. Language and gender. 4 Vols.. Language. Grammars of space.) 2006. Deborah (ed. How the Mind Works.

A book of readings. Rinehart and Winston. (ed. Frederick J. An introductory anthology. Fishman. Newmeyer. Second language acquisition. Jean Jacques 1996. The stylistics reader.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 8 of 128 Duranti. Keiler. Evelyn M.III . W. Current trends in linguistics. Eric P. International encyclopedia of linguistics. . Godel. Lehmann. Hatch. Thomas A. II . Vol. Joos. 1963-1976. IV . (ed. 14 vols. William 2003. Frawley. Hamp. Vol. From Roman Jakobson to the present. Rinehart and Winston. I Linguistic theory: Foundations. Ludger (ed. New York: Holt. Robert 1969. (ed. Oxford: University Press. Readings in the sociology of language.The socio-cultural context. Martin (ed. The development of descriptive linguistics in America 1925-56. Vol. Weber. Jones. Fred W. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Readings in linguistics II.) 1968. 4th edition.: Newbury House. Semiotics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. A reader in nineteenth-century historical Indo-European linguistics. Mass.) 1966 [1957]. Ein Reader. Readings in linguistics I. A book of readings. Joshua (ed.) 1961. A book of readings. E. Phonetics in linguistics. Rowley. Sebeok.) 1978. Psycholinguistics. Robert E. Innis. Sol (ed. and John Laver (eds) 1973. Jaworski. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Vol. London: Longmans. 1967.) 1985. Sprachwissenschaft. Winfred P. London: Routledge. Hoffmann. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. (ed. Cambridge: University Press. The Hague: Mouton. Saporta.Linguistic theory: Extensions and implications. A Geneva school reader in linguistics. A reader in historical and comparative linguistics.. Adam and Nikolas Coupland (eds) 1999.) 1996. Linguistics: The Cambridge survey. The Hague: Mouton.) 1972. The discourse reader. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Alan R.) 1988. Oxford: Blackwell. New York: Holt. Householder and Robert Austerlitz (eds) 1966. Alessandro 2000. A reader. Linguistic anthropology.

. The world’s major languages. Romance languages. Comrie. Lyle 1998. and Christopher Moseley (eds) 1994. Concise compendium of the world’s languages. Greenberg. Oxford: University Press. The Austronesian languages.) 1993. London: Quarto Publishing. Campbell. Asher. Stephen Matthews and Maria Polinsky (eds) 1996. Cubberley. Atlas of the world’s languages. Bernard. Robert D. The origin and development of languages throughout the world. The languages of Africa. Cambridge: University Press. London: Routledge. Bloomington: Indiana. Ball. E.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 9 of 128 London: Arnold.) 2000. Fox. 10 vols. Cambridge: University Press. Dixon. Buck. Russian. Language and identity in the Balkans. Yiddish. Languages of the Soviet Union. Bernard and Greville G. London: Routledge. Cambridge: University Press. W. C. Bernard 1981. Cambridge: University Press. London: Routledge. Paul 2002. Martin and Nigel Vincent (eds) 1988. Richard M.) 1995. Joseph 1963. Martin J. Bernard (ed. 1980. 1995.7 Languages of the world §2 Abondolo. Anthony 2003. London: Routledge. American Indian languages. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. The bilingualism reader. and James Fife (ed. Greenberg. William A. Joshua 1996. Fishman. Cambridge: University Press. The Slavonic languages.) 1996. The Celtic languages. 1. London: Routledge. Campbell. 2004. 1986. Oxford: University Press. A Linguistic Introduction. Corbett (eds) 1993. Blust. The Uralic languages.Comrie.D 1933. The atlas of languages. Comrie. Harris. Daniel (ed. R. The Papuan languages of New Guinea. A comparative grammar of Greek and Latin. Chicago: Chicago University Press. London: Routledge. George L. R. Oxford: University Press. Foley. Li (ed. London: Routledge. London: Routledge. The structure of German. The historical linguistics of native America. 2nd edition. Wei. Comrie. Turning to life. The languages of Australia.

Glanville (ed. Cambridge: University Press. The German language today. London: Routledge Klimov. München: LINCOM. The languages of native North America. An introduction. Robert (ed. Karlsson. A Linguistic Geography of Africa. Workbook for historical Romance linguistics. Hewson. John 1999. The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World. Bernd and Derek Nurse (ed. London: Edward Arnold. Mithun. Cambridge: University Press. African languages. Jerry 1988. Marianne 1999. Potowski. Yiddish. The languages of Britain. Fred 1998. Oxford: Blackwell. Lars and Eva Csato 1998. social and linguistic inquiries. Charles 1994. London: Routledge. Kim and Richard Cameron (eds) 2007. A linguistic introduction. 2005. Anna Giacolone and Paolo Ramat 1996. König. Shoichi 2002.) 2007. London: Longman. Heine. Finnish grammar. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Peter and Ian Maddieson 1995. Russell. G. Matras. Policy. Spanish in contact. J. Glanville 1984. Oxford: Blackwell. Hamburg: Buske. The Semitic languages. London: Routledge. London: Routledge. Chinese. Jacobs. Cambridge: University Press.A. Price. Johanson. Oxford: University Press. Romani. Ramat.) 1997. Japanese. . Q. The Celtic languages. Adams 2006. Yaron 2002. 1969. A Linguistic Introduction. Mallory.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 10 of 128 Heine. Donald et al. Cambridge: University Press. Bernd and Derek Nurse 2000. MacAulay. The sounds of the world’s languages. Die kaukasischen Sprachen. Norman. Cambridge: University Press. The Celtic languages. Russ. Ekkehard and Johan van der Auwera 1994. An encyclopedia of the languages of Europe.) 1998. P. The Indo-European languages. A linguistic introduction.Ladefoged. Price. Cambridge: University Press. 1992. London: Routledge. Paul 1996. The Turkic languages. Hetzron. Neil G. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Cambridge: University Press. Iwasaki. and D. An introduction. The Germanic languages. London: Routledge.

Sun. C. Webb. Steever. The languages of Japan. John. Third edition. Oxford: Blackwell. Voegelin. Edinburgh: University Press. the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Timberlake. Ashby. London: Routledge. The Slavic languages. 1997. Cambridge: University Press. Colin Yallop and Janet Fletcher 2006. John 2005. Cambridge: University Press. Coleman. J. Introducing phonetic science. phonetic representation. Roger D. 1977. Clark. African voices. London: Routledge. London: Routledge.) 2002. An introduction to Japanese linguistics. Charles and Florence Voegelin 1977. Cambridge: University Press.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 11 of 128 Shibatani. Chinese. Dravidian languages. Catford. Chaofen 2006. Helena and Merja Karalainen 1992. A practical introduction to phonetics. A linguistic introduction. Alan 2004. An introduction to phonetics and phonology. Robert L. Cambridge: University Press. Vic and Kembo-Sure 2000. A reference grammar of Russian. 2nd edition. Wade. J. Trask. Oxford: Blackwell. Roland and Paul Cubberley 2006. §1 2 Levels of language 2. The Cambridge encyclopedia of the world’s ancient languages. Sussex. Michael and John Maidment 2005. Cambridge: University Press. Fundamental problems in phonetics. 1997. Sulkala. . Oxford: University Press. (ed.1 Phonetics §2 Issues Human sounds. Sanford B. Oxford: University Press. Woodard. A comprehensive Russian grammar. Introducing speech and language processing. C. Catford. Cambridge: University Press. Masayoshi 1990. different branches of phonetics. New York: Elsevier. 2001. Tsujimura. Classification and index of the world’s languages. Natsuko 2006. Finnish. The history of Basque. Second edition. Oxford: Blackwell. Cambridge: University Press. Terence 2000.

Gimson. Hannahs 1998. New York: Macmillan. Oxford: Basel Blackwell. Cambridge: University Press. The Sounds of the World’s Languages. John and William J. Peter 2000. London: Dent. 1979. Sound Patterns of Spoken English. 1987. Oxford: Blackwell. The Handbook of Speech Perception. Lieberman. Laver. London: Edward Arnold. Knowles. Wells. London: Arnold. Philip 1977. Introducing phonetics and phonology. Mike and S. J. Peter 2000. Phonetic data analysis. An English Pronouncing Dictionary on Strictly Phonetic Principles. 1975 A Practical Course of English Pronunciation. Ladefoged. London: Arnold. Daniel 1967. Handbook of phonetic sciences. The physics of speech. Fourth edition. Fry. Vowels and consonants. 2006. 6th edition. Ladefoged. An introduction. and Robert E. Cambridge: University Press. Gerald O. 4rd edition. Jones. Speech Physiology and Acoustic Phonetics. An introduction to English phonetics. Gimson’s Pronunciation of English. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. John C. The Pronunciation of English. Cambridge: University Press. . Oxford: Basel Blackwell. C. English intonation. Alan 2001. Jones. An introduction to the sounds of languages. Linda 2003. Pisoni. Oxford: Blackwell. Gimson.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 12 of 128 Cruttenden. Oxford: Blackwell. A course in phonetics. Everyman’s English Pronouncing Dictionary. Patterns of Spoken English. Ladefoged. Remez (eds) 2004. David B. Daniel 1969. Ladefoged. Hardcastle (eds) 1995. 13th edition by A. Davenport. Cambridge: University Press. Handbook of the International Phonetic Association. Peter 2003. Oxford: Blackwell. C. London: Longman. ???? International Phonetic Association 1999. A. London. An introduction to fieldwork and instrumental techniques. Dennis B. Daniel 1917. Peter 1996. Johnson Phonetics ???? Jones. Shockey.

Gussmann. Kenstowicz. London: Edward Arnold. Durand. Gussenhoven. Jacques 1990. Cambridge: University Press. phonotactics. Paul 2006. Phonology. Michael 1994. Carr. Cambridge: University Press. Phonology and Language Use. Katamba. John 1996. Carlos 2004. Cambridge: University Press. Phonetically based phonology. Cambridge: University Press. Bybee. London: Macmillan. Markedness. New York: Harper and Row. Edmund 2002. Phonology. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. distinctive features. de Lacy. Philip 1999. Gussenhoven. syllable structure and its role in phonology analysis. Understanding Phonology.2 Phonology Issues The field of phonology. Phonological theory: The essential readings. John (ed. Frankfurt: Peter Lang. The handbook of phonological theory. Paul (ed. The Sound Pattern of English. Philip 1993. Generative and non-linear phonology. Chomsky. London: Longman. Philip 2004. A changing scene. Noam and Morris Halle 1968. Francis 1989. nature. Oxford: University Press. Bruce. Cambridge: University Press. English pronunciation models. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Hayes. Analysis and theory. London: Longman. and mind. The Cambridge handbook of phonology. Carr. English phonetics and phonology. An Introduction to Phonology. Carlos and Haike Jacobs 1998.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 13 of 128 §2 2. Reduction and Preservation in Phonology. Oxford: Blackwell.) 1999. Phonology. . The phonology of tone and intonation. Oxford: Blackwell. recent non-linear views on phonology. de Lacy. Carr. Goldsmith. Robert Kirchner and Donca Steriade (eds) 2004. Cambridge: University Press. Dziubalska-Kolaczyk.) 2007. Phonology in Generative Grammar. generative phonology. Joan 2001. Katarzyna and Joanna Przedlacka (eds) 2005. different units (phoneme versus allophone). Goldsmith.

An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology. An introduction to English phonology. Oxford: Blackwell. Spencer. Oxford: Blackwell. Geert 2007. Agreement. Laurie 1988. Norval 2003. Cambridge: University Press. inflectional and derivational morphology. Corbett. Edinburgh: University Press. London: Routledge. McMahon. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Edinburgh: University Press. The basics. Mark and Kirsten Fudeman 2004.3 Morphology Issues Defining the word. Introducing phonology. §2 2. The Grammar of Words. Principles of Change in Phonology and Morpholgy. Poulisse. Bauer.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 14 of 128 Lahiri. Andrew 1992. Yavas. Booij. parts of speech. Cambridge: University Press. David 2005. natural morphology). Second edition. Slips of the tongue. An introduction to the study of morphology. Odden. Andrew ??? Spencer_Phonology Trask. A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology. Nanda 2000. London: Routledge. Dordrecht: Reidel. Levelling. Vit 1999. Applied English phonology. An introduction to English morphology. 2006. April 2001. grammatical categories. MA: Blackwell. Edinburgh: University Press. morphology in generative grammar. Speech errors in first and second language production. 1990. Butt. Aditi (ed. 1986. affixation processes. München: LINCOM. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Robert Lawrence 1996. Gender. Greville G. morphological theory (American structuralism. The Theory of Lexical Phonology. Bubenik. internal structure of words. form and content. Carstairs-McCarthy. Carstairs-McCarthy. Introducing Linguistic Morphology. Mehmet 2005. Mohanan. Andrew 2001. Phonology. . Aronoff. Cambridge: University Press. Miriam 2006. Greville G. Theories of Case.) 2000. Cambridge: University Press. Smith. What is Morphology? Maldon. Karuvannur P. Oxford: University Press. Analogy. Markedness. Current morphology. Corbett.

Oxford: Blackwell. . Oxford: University Press. Carter. Unterbeck. Adams.4 Lexicology and Word Formation §2 Issues Word formation. Manifestations of gender. 1991. Person. Barbara and Matti Rissanen (eds) 1999. Theory. Understanding Morphology. Approaches to gender II. A linguistic introduction. Ronald 1992. Baker. 2nd edition. Cowie. Vocabulary. Martin 2002. I. kinds of formation in English. Oxford: University Press.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 15 of 128 Haspelmath. Dirk 2004. Cambridge: University Press. Morphology and lexical semantics. Spencer. Oxford: Blackwell. Cambridge: University Press. Heidi 2003.) 1986. Andrew 1991. Morphology. The handbook of morphology. Anna 2004. language type. An emerging international profession. London: Longman. Oxford: University Press. 2003. Mark C. London: Routledge. Robert (ed. Nouns. Phraseology. English words. Lexical Categories. Spencer. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. analysis and applications. Siewierska. Francis and John Stonham 2006. Andrew and Arnold Zwicky (eds) 1997. Geeraerts. Theories of lexical semantics. Béjoint. English word-formation. Cambridge: University Press. Peter H. Bauer. Laurie 1983. Matthews. Gender in grammar and cognition. Rochelle 2004. Morphology. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Katamba. 2nd edition. 2. Morphological theory. Verbs. Lexicography. 2001. Lieber. historical development. Language Workbooks London: Routledge. semantic and morphological aspects. Oxford: Blackwell. Ilson. A. Bauer. Modern lexicography. Harley. Vocabulary. Laurie 1998. P. relationship to linguistic theory. Cambridge: University Press. productive processes. Valerie 1973. Henri 2000. London: Hodder Arnold. Cambridge: University Press. An introduction. Manchester: University Press. and Adjectives. An introduction to modern English word-formation.

Worlds of reference. Syntactic theory. The art and craft of lexicography. principles and parameters. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Oxford: University Press. David 2000. Landau. the standard theory (Chomsky 1965): deep and surface structure. A unified approach. Blake. Cambridge: University Press. history and structure. early generative grammar (Chomsky 1957). Andrew 2002. Dictionaries. Stockwell. derivations and transformations. . The handbook of contemporary syntactic theory. 2000. Core syntax. Oxford: Blackwell. Phraseology and Culture in English. Second edition. Cambridge: University Press. 1994. Lexicography. April 2006. Cambridge: University Press. Barry J. (See also section on Linguistic theory). Case. Oxford: Blackwell. Carnie. Robert 1996. London: Routledge. Modern Phrase Structure Grammar.) 2007. Borsley. McArthur. Paul (ed. Lexical Phonology and the History of English. Singleton. phrase structure grammar. Sidney 2001 [1984]. English words. universals of syntactic structure. learning and language from the clay tablet to the computer. A linguistic introduction. Brinton. Word-formation in English. recent developments: government and binding. Cambridge: University Press. 2. English words. Cambridge: University Press. (Chomsky 1981 and later). Syntax. the acquisition of syntax. London: Edward Arnold. Skandera. Baltin. cross-linguistic generalisations. Borsley. Plag. Robert and Donka Minkova 2001. David 2003. Tom 1986. Robert 1999. A minimalist approach. London: Edward Arnold. Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics. Language and the lexicon: an introduction. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Laurel J. Ingo. Oxford: Blackwell. psychological reality of rules. 2003. Grammar §2 Issues Delimitation of the field. Mark and Chris Collins 2001. syntax and other linguistic theories.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 16 of 128 Katamba. McMahon.5 Syntax. Second edition. Cambridge: CUP. structural view of syntax. The structure of modern English. A generative introduction. Adger. Francis 1994.

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London: Karia Press. Hackert. Carrington. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. Vol. 8. and Robert B. language. Morphological and syntactic variables. Ian (ed. Dalphinis. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. MI: Karoma. AL: University of Alabama Press. Oxford: Blackwell. et al. Manfred and John Holm (eds) 1986. Geneva 2000. Black Talk. St. 1985. Allsopp. Jamaican Talk. Revised edition. Urban Bahamian Creole: System and variation. Bonston/New York: Houghton Mifflin. Cassidy. New York: Arno Press. Smitherman. Bailey. Michael and Jeffrey P. Hancock. Oxford: University Press. Williams (eds. . Lawrence D. D’Costa. Dictionary of Jamaican English.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 101 of 128 educational implications. Turner. Beryl Loftman 1966. American earlier Black English. Studies in Caribbean language. The development of African American English. London: Macmillan. Frederic G. 1989. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Stephanie 2004. St. 1971. Tuscaloosa.Augustine. Schneider. Words and phrases from the Hood to the Amern Corner. Richard. Africanisms in the Gullah dialect.) 2003. Varieties of English around the World. General Series. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. (eds) 1983. Heidelberg: Julius Groos. Jean and Barbara Lalla (eds) 1989. Social history. Day.4 Caribbean §3 Aceto. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Edgar W. Carrington. Trinidad: Society for Caribbean Linguistics. Cambridge: University Press. Issues in English creoles. Cambridge: University Press. Jamaican creole syntax. 1996. Focus on the Caribbean. Görlach. Frederick G. A Dictionary of Caribbean English usage. Thomas 2002. Voices in Exile: Jamaican Texts of the 18th and 19th Centuries. Richard (ed. Hamburg: Buske.2. 1981. Contact Englishes of the Eastern Caribbean. Lucian creole. literature and education. Lawrence D. Caribbean and African languages. M. A descriptive analysis of its phonology and morpho-syntax. Walt and Erik R. 5.) 1980. Diversity and development in English-related creoles. Three hundred years of the English language in Jamaica. Ann Arbor.) 1986. Wolfram. Lorenzo 1969. Cassidy. Le Page 1967.

Stanford. Stanford. Winer.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 102 of 128 Holm. Robert B. Cameroon English. Ibadan: Mosuro/The British Council.1 West Africa §2 §3 Anchimbe. John R. Text Series. Provincial dialects and Barbadian English. 2006. Cambridge: University Press. Dihoff. Ayo. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. J. Niles. A West-African perspective. Pidgins and creoles. Peter A. and Joseph Greenberg (eds) 1977.) 1983. New Englishes. Text Series. Dordrecht: Foris. 1988. Deuber. Variation in the mesolect. ecology and evolution. K. 1973. Varieties of English around the World. The Hague: Mouton. Roberts. History. Bamgbose. Language and society in Nigeria. Nigerian Pidgin in Lagos: Language Contact. Taylor. Predication in Caribbean English creoles. Structure and status. D. Heidelberg: Groos. A. London: Macmillan. Authenticity. Frankfurt: Peter Lang. Patrick. CA: University Press. Peter 1999. Linguistics in Sub-Saharan Africa. Dagmar 2005. . 2. and Donald Winford (eds) 1997. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Le Page. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. and Linguistics Analysis of Guyanese Creole.3 Africa 5. Trinidad and Tobago. and David DeCamp (eds) 1960. A. Vol. West Indians and their language. PhD thesis. Winford. Urban Jamaican creole. Rickford. Lise 1993. 5. Jamaican Creole. 6. Donald 1993. Eric A. Languages of the West Indies. Texts. London: Battlebridge. Varieties of English Around the World. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Spears.3. Central American English. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. California: University Press. Ayo Banjo and Thomas Andrew (eds) 1995. Norma 1980. Current approaches to African linguistics. Ivan 1984. Variation and Change in an African Urban Setting. Berry. 1988. John (ed. Bamgbose. 1977. Dimensions of a Creole Continuum.

Heidelberg: Groos. Rajend 1992.2 South Africa §3 Beeton. OH: Hartford Seminary Foundation. English in Africa.) 1996. Schmied. Mesthrie. Vivian (ed. Cambridge: University Press. Todd. Frankfurt: Peter Lang. Continuum Books. John (ed. Len W. and Helen Dorner 1975. A history of the African peoples of South Africa. A dictionary of usage in Southern Africa. Vol. A dictionary of South African English. Lanham.1. The History. 15. The English language in West Africa. Oxford: University Press. Vivian 2006. Cambridge: University Press. Oxford: University Press. de Klerk. D. Josef 1991. Bryan 1952. Rajend (ed. London: Longman. de Klerk. Cape Town: Oxford University Press. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. A Lanham. The standard in South African English and its social history. MacDonald 1979. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Penny (ed. Varieties of English around the World. Gilmour. 1967. D. Focus on South Africa. Len W. P. Grammars of Colonialism: Representing languages in colonial South Africa. Loreto 1981. A. Rachael 2006. Varieties of English Around the World. Magnus 1999. Mesthrie.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 103 of 128 Huber. An analysis of Xhosa English. Spencer. Kouega. An introduction. The languages of West Africa. Heidelberg: Groos. Silva. London: Longman. and C. Ghanaian Pidgin English in its West African context. London/Cape Town: Croom Helm/David Philip. Jean-Paul 2007. A dictionary of Cameroon English Usage. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Gilbert Donald 1996. R. General Series.) 1996. Athens. Capetown/Amsterdam: Balkema. Maylam. The pronunciation of South African English: phonetic-phonemic introduction. and M. English in Language Shift. West African Pidgin English.) 2002. Vol. Schneider. . A descriptive and linguistic analysis with texts and glossary from the Cameroon area. Westermann. 1986. General Series. A. Corpus linguistics and world Englishes.) 1971. Language in South Africa. Structure and Sociolinguistics of South African Indian English. Cameroon.3. 5.

und interlinguistische Probleme. Houndsworth: Palgrave Macmillan. 5. (ed. Sudbury. and A. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.) 1982. Schreier. Towards global multilingualism: European models and asian realities. Isolation and language change: Contemporary and sociohistorical evidence from Tristan da Cunha English. Vic 2002. . Swahili. J.3.1 Tristan da Cunha and the Falkland Islands §4 Schreier. Who’s centric now? The state of postcolonial Englishes. B. Moore.2. London: Methuen. Daniel 2003. Whiteley. P. 1969. World Englishes in contact and convergence.) 1974. Marshall. way of life and language. Sozio.) 1996. The role of language in national transformation. British imperialism: Innovation and expansion 1688-1914. Ursula Kreher and Ruth Wong (eds) 1993.) 1994. Oxford: University Press. London: Routledge. W. Cambridge: University Press. Braj B. W.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 104 of 128 Webb. The rise of a national language. PhD thesis. Josef 1985. Braj B. Oxford: University Press. (ed. Englisch in Tanzania. London: Battlebridge. H. P. Sociolinguistic and contact problems] Heidelberg: Groos. Rosemary. H. G. (ed. Khoo. and Karen Lavarello-Schreier 2003. Language in South Africa. (ed.3 East Africa §3 Whiteley.4 Asia §2 Cain. Dialect contact and koineisation in the Falkland Islands: Development of a Southern Hemisphere English? University of Sussex. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. J. Special Issue of World Englishes. reconstruction and development.3. 5. Daniel. Hopkins 1993. Andrea 2000. [English in Tanzania. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Kachru. 5. (ed. Pennycook. Language in Kenya.) 2001. Kachru. Alastair 1998. Schmied. The other tongue. Tristan da Cunha: Its history. The Cambridge Illustrated History of the British Empire. London: Longman. English and the discourses of colonialism.

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Robinson, Francis (ed.) 1989. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and the Maldives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Thumboo, Edwin (ed.) 2001. The three circles of English. Singapore: UniPress, The Center for the Arts, National University of Singapore. 5.4.1 South Asia


Agnihotri, R. K. and A. L. Khanna (eds) 1994. Second language acquisition. Socio-cultural and linguistic aspects of English in India. New Delhi: Sage. Baumgardner, Robert J. (ed.) 1993. The English language in Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Baumgardner, Robert J. (ed.) 1996. South Asian English. Structure, use, and users. Urbana / Chicago: University of Illinois Press. Bright, William 1990 Language variation in South Asia. New York: Oxford University Press. Dasgupta, Probal 1993. The otherness of English. India’s auntie tongue syndrome. London: Sage. Ferguson, Charles and John J. Gumperz (eds) 1960. Linguistic diversities in South Asia. Studies in regional, social and functional variation. Bloomington, IL: Indiana University Press. Kachru, Braj 1983. The Indianization of English. The English language in India. Delhi/Oxford: Oxford University Press. Kachru, Braj, Yamuna Kachru and S. N. Sridhar (eds) 2007. Language in South Asia. Cambridge: University Press. Krishnaswamy, N. and Archana S. Burde 1998. The politics of Indians´ English. Linguistic colonialism and the expanding English empire. Delhi: Oxford University Press. Mehrotra, Raja Ram 1998. Indian English. Text and interpretation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Nihalani, Paroo, R. K. Tongue, Priya Hosali 1979. Indian and British English. A handbook of usage and pronunciation. Delhi: Oxford University Press. Pattanayak, D. P. (ed.) 1990. Multilingualism in India. Philadelphia: Multilingual Matters. Pingali, Sailaja 2009. Indian English. Edinburgh: University Press. Spitzbardt, Hans. 1976. English in India. Halle: Niemeyer.

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5.4.2 South-East Asia

Afendras, Evangelos A. and Eddie C. Y. Kuo (eds) 1980. Language and society in Singapore. Singapore: University Press. Bautista, Lourdes S. 2000. Defining standard Philippine English. Its status and grammatical features. Manila: De La Salle University Press. Bolton, Kingsley 2003. Chinese Englishes: From Canton Jargon to Hong Kong English. Cambridge: University Press. Bolton, Kingsley (ed.) 2002. Hong Kong English: Autonomy and creativity. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. Brown, Adam 1992. Making sense of Singapore English. Singapore: Federal Publications. Brown, Adam 1999. Singapore English in a nutshell. Singapore: Federal Publications. Brown, Adam, David Deterding and Low Ee Ling (eds) 2000. The English language in Singapore: Research on pronunciation. Singapore: Singapore Association for Applied Linguistics. Deterding, David 2007. Singapore English. Edinburgh: University Press. Foley, Joseph (ed.) 1988. New Englishes. The case of Singapore. Singapore: University of Singapore Press. Gopinathan, S. et al. (eds) 1994. Language, society and education in Singapore: Issues and trends. Singapore: Times Academic Press. Gupta, Anthea Fraser 1994. The step-tongue. Children’s English in Singapore. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. Halimah Mohd Said and Ng Keat Siew (eds) 2000. English is an Asian language: The Malaysian context. Kuala Lumpur: Persatuan Bahasa Moden Malaysia and Sydney: Macquarie Library. Ho, Mian Lian and John Platt 1993. Dynamics of a contact continuum: Singapore English. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Kandiah, Thiru and John Kwan-Terry (eds) 1994. English and language planning. A Southeast Asian contribution. Signapore: Times Academic Press. Lim, Lisa (ed.) 2004. Singapore English: A grammatical description. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Llamzon, Teodoro A. 1969. Standard Filipino English. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila Press. Mühlhäusler, Peter 1979. Growth and structure of the lexicon in of New Guinea pidgin.

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Canberra: Australian University Press. Noss, Richard B. (ed.) 1983. Varieties of English in Southeast Asia. Singapore: University Press, for SEAMEO Regional Language Centre. Ooi, Vincent B. Y. (ed.) 2001. Evolving identities: The English language in Singapore and Malaysia. Singapore: Times Academic Press. Pakir, Anne (ed.) 1993. The English language in Singapore: Standards and norms. Singapore: University Press. Platt, John, Heidi Weber and Mian Lian Ho 1983. Singapore and Malaysia. Varieties of English Around the World, Text Series, Vol. 4. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Tay, Mary W.J. 1993. The English language in Singapore: Issues and development. Singapore: University Press. Thompson, Roger M. 2003. Filipino English and Taglish: Language switching from multiple perspectives. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Whinnom, K. 1956. Spanish contact vernaculars in the Philippine Islands. Oxford: University Press. Wurm, Stefan (ed.) 1979. New Guinea and neighboring areas: A sociolinguistic laboratory. The Hague: Mouton. Wurm, Stefan and Peter Mühlhäusler (eds) 1985. Handbook of Tok Pisin (New Guinea Pidgin). Canberra: Australian National University. 5.5 Australia and New Zealand 5.5.1 Australia



Arthur, Jay M. 1996. Aborginal English. A cultural study. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. Baker, S. J. 1966. The Australian language. 2nd edition. Sydney: Currawong Press. Bell, Allan and Koenraad Kuiper (eds) 2000. New Zealand English. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Blair, David and Peter Collins (eds) 2001. English in Australia. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Burridge, Kate and Jean Mulder 1998. English in Australia and New Zealand. An introduction to its history, structure and use. Oxford: University Press. Clyne, Michael (ed.) 1976. Australia talks: Essays on the sociology of Australian immigrant and aboriginal languages. Canberra: National University Press. Collins, Peter and David Blair (eds) 1989. Australian English. The language of a new

Gordon. Variation in Australian English. Auckland: New House Publishers. English transported. Canberra: National University Press. A. Richard M. Hammarström. W. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. Mitchell. 1788-1898.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 108 of 128 society.) 2001. Elizabeth and Tony Deverson 1998. New Zealand English and English in New Zealand. Their origin and meaning. Language in Australia. Oxford: University Press. Australian aboriginal words in English. The sociolects of Sydney. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 1965. Turner. William S. 1966. Canberra: National University Press. Bell. Delbridge 1965. Margaret MacLagan. Cambridge: University Press. Robinson. Lyle Campbell. Australian words and their origins. William S. 1985.) 1970. Göran 1980.5. Gordon. Romaine. George W. Elizabeth. Australian English. William S. Barbara M. Hamburg: Buske. Dixon. Ramson and Mandy Thomas 1990. Jennifer Hay. Ramson. Ramson.) 1991. J. The speech of Australian adolescents. A. Cambridge: University Press. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Fritz. Voices of Queensland. Hughes. New Zealand English. and A. 2004. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. Clemens 2007. Mitchell. Cambridge: University Press. Julia (ed. G. Frankfurt: Peter Lang. M. (ed. Allan and Koenraad Kuiper (eds) 2000. Horvath. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press. 5.2 New Zealand §3 Bell. Suzanne (ed. London: Longman. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. The English language in Australia and New Zealand. . Its Origin and Evolution. 2nd edition. Allan and Janet Holmes (eds) 1990. Its origin and status. From English in Australia to Australian English.. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. G. Essays on Australian English. Australian English: An historical study of the vocabulary. The pronunciation of English in Australia. New Zealand English. Andrea Sudbury and Peter Trudgill. 1989. 1972. New Zealand ways of speaking English.

Osaka: Shoin Women’s College. and A. Most of the various dictionaries are targeted at the ever increasing market of foreign learners of English.3 The Pacific region §3 Long. Jennifer. not necessarily different in each case. Language contact in a plantation environment.g. Hay. G23. formal. produce new dictionaries on an almost yearly basis. Peter 1996. John E. London: Routledge. A sociolinguistic history of Fiji. Moverley 1964. Daniel (ed. vulgar? Source of data Are quotations offered as sources of definitions? If so. There are a number of criteria along which one can divide dictionaries depending on what material they contain and how this is presented. A sociolinguistic history to 1935. New Zealand English grammar. 5. Range of information Is the coverage of the dictionary encyclopedic or merely linguistic? Are there are etymologies given? Is there any historical information provided? Are foreign words included generously? Is pictorial information also included? How much grammatical information is provided? Stylistic information Are tags concerning language usage offered? Do the compilers distinguish registers. Oxford: University Press. C. however. Margaret Maclagan and Elizabeth Gordon 2008. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. New York: Oxford University Press.) 1998. Mühlhäusler. Japanese Language Centre Research Reports 6. The Pitcairnese language. A. The major publishers. Varieties of English Around the World. Apart from the actual size of the dictionary (this is nearly always specified on the jacket in numbers of words) the most fundamental criteria are the following. 1969. Linguistic ecology. The remarks below are intended to convey some impression of what dictionaries can be recommended for use if readers wish to consult basically different compilations.W. Siegel.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 109 of 128 Hundt. The material contained in these is. Cambridge: University Press. Reinecke. written. Marianne 1998. The linguistic culture of the Ogasawara Islands. grammars and corpora There is at present a large range of dictionaries on the market. Edinburgh: University Press. Language and dialect in Hawaii. Fact or fiction. A Dictionary of Maori Words in New Zealand English. such as Oxford University Press. Ross. colloquial. Macalister. Language change and linguistic imperialism in the Pacific region. S. e. Jeffrey 1987. §1 6 Dictionaries. New Zealand English. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. John 2005.5. are these largely .

Longman This is the oldest commercial publisher in England which was found in 1724 by Thomas Longman from Bristol. All definitions are backed up by quotations from the database with additional grammatical comments where appropriate. Longman has also published Roget’s Thesaurus. also available on CD-ROM). Collins An originally Scottish publishing house. 2000. A by-product of the COBUILD project has been the Collins COBUILD English Grammar (1990) which like the dictionary is based on actually English usage as documented in the Birmingham database. conversational? Is the dictionary based on an actual corpus? Varieties of English Most English dictionaries tend to be based on British or American English usage. Burchfield. both monolingual dictionaries with historical information. The latest version 4 has been available on CD-ROM since 2003. The dictionary is entirely synchronic in its approach. This is derived from a corpus of real English compiled at the University of Birmingham (the dictionary is also available on CD-ROM). . The following are some further dictionaries in a similar vein. Second Edition. in 2 volumes in condensed print and on a CD-ROM (version 3 was made available in 2002). Oxford: University Press. The two other main dictionaries produced by Oxford University Press and 1) The Shorter Oxford Dictionary and 2) The Concise Dictionary (10th edition. Second Edition. Oxford University Press publishes a wide range of dictionaries all of which are derivates of a few basic types. Johnson’s Dictionary (1755). 2001. Over the past three centuries Longman has been responsible for publishing a number of outstanding dictionaries and related works such as Bailey’s Etymological Dictionary (1728) as well Dr. Illustrated Oxford Dictionary. The largest and original one is simply termed the Oxford English Dictionary and itself goes back to the A new English dictionary on historical principles which was started by the Scottish lexicographer Sir James Murray (1837-1915) and finally published in 1928 and 1933. Oxford: University Press. S. Oxford: University Press. such as guide to English usage. journalistic. The Oxford Encyclopedic English Dictionary. Oxford: University Press. the Longman Interactive English Dictionary. Nowadays Longman publish The Dictionary of Contemporary English which is intended for advanced learners of English. There is also a recent dictionary specifically intended for language learners. by Werner Scholze-Stubenrecht and John Sykesin) in co-operation with the Duden Verlag. Oxford Paperback Thesaurus. Sometimes those which cover the former will specify when a word or phrase is confined to American English. Oxford Dictionary of Current English. and related works. Oxford University Press also publishes some specialised dictionaries. 1991. as well as the Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (compiled by A. A supplement to this was produced between 1972 and 1986 in four volumes under the guidance of Robert W. A second edition of this dictionary (1989) is available in three formats: in 13 volumes. such as the Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. 2003.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 110 of 128 literary. Hornby) and a bilingual dictionary (1990. all of which are of value to the student of English. The publishers also produce a Longman Dictionary of American English and a Longman Advanced American Dictionary. 2001. Collins has become important in recent years through their production of the COBUILD (Collins Birmingham University International Language Database) Dictionary (1987) compiled under the editorship of John Sinclair. the Oxford Study Thesaurus or the Oxford Dictionary of Quotations.

1976 Webster’s Third New International Dictionary of the English Language Springfield. Jess and Laurence Urdang 1969.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 111 of 128 Chambers This is another Scottish publishing house which has been associated with both an etymological and a general dictionary of the English language. The general dicitionary is available as Chambers 21st century dictionary (1996. Oxford: University Press. The Penguin modern guide to synonyms and related words. Specialist dictionaries Apart from straightforward dictionaries arranged in alphabetical order and covering the entire language there are many works with selective contents or a . I. The Random House Dictionary. A history of Roget’s Thesaurus. such as the book by Tom McArthur (Oxford University Press. 2002) and is also used in the title of the following dictionary: Encarta World English Dictionary. Harmondsworth: Penguin. 1999). The most famous on in English is that by Peter Roget which was first published in the mid 19th century and which has been revised many times since. Oxford: University Press. Alan 1991. Chambers dictionary of synonyms and antonyms. Mass. (eds) 1980. 1977ff. Stein. World English This term has been applied to some studies of English. Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary. the Cambridge International Dictionary of English (1995. Cambridge University Press has not traditionally been associated with the publishing of dictionaries but it has produced in the last few years a substantial one volume dictionary intended for international use. American English The main lexicographer of American English is Noah Webster (1758-1843) and his name stands for quality in American lexicography even though the dictionaries which appear with his name have nothing to do with the historical figure Webster. Spooner. 3rd edition. Thesauri A thesaurus is basically a dictionary of synonyms and antonyms. Hayakawa. also available on CD-ROM). Springfield. The Oxford study thesaurus. The history of this work is treated in Werner Hüllen 2004. The Oxford American dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers. Revised edition by B. The former has gone through many expansions and revisions. Roget. Eugene et al. Ehrlich. Manser.: Merriam. editors: Mairi Robinson and George Davidson). Martin H. Mass. and design. Kirkpatrick.: Merriam. S. Oxford: University Press. 1997. (London: Bloomsbury. Roget’s Thesaurus of synonyms and antonyms. Origins. Peter Mark 1987 [1852]. see Etymological dictionaries below. New York: Random House. again see relevant section below. and Paul Fletcher 1987 [1968]. There is also a dictionary of synonyms. developments. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Rosemary 1983. London: Longman. London: Longman. Edinburgh: Chambers. notably the dictionaries for Old and English mentioned below. E. Eugene 1990 [1937] Le Mot Juste. and Thomas A. Pointon. (ed. Reverse dictionary of present-day English. The topical tradition. They are restricted in the number of items they encompass but give very detailed information about the historical derivation of words and their cognates in other languages. Daniel and Alexander C. London: Longman. Macdonald. Oxford: University Press. E. 4th edition. Bliss. Kenyon. Oxford: . G.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 112 of 128 Ayto. Etymological dictionaries These dictionaries deal specifically with the origins of words. John 1989. Jones. English dictionaries 800-1700. Longman Language Activator. Harmondsworth: Penguin. 1993. Pronouncing dictionaries The most widespread dictionary for the pronunciation of English is that by Jones. 2nd edition. with Kenyon and Knott it is General American. The Penguin Dictionary of Foreign Terms and Phrases. London: Dent. A pronouncing dictionary of American English. Oxford: University Press. A. Courtney. London: Longman. Alan J. Oxford: University Press. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. A relevant study of early dictionary of English is Werner Hüllen 2006. John and John Simpson 1992. Martin 1971. Dictionary of modern slang. BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names. Original edition by C.) 1966. C. Ehrlich. 1983. Oxford: University Press. The world’s first production dictionary. Knott 1982. revised by Gimson. Pointon. Ekwall. The reference variety is in each case Received Pronunciation. Longman pronouncing dictionary. Wells. 4th edition. G. 1971. The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names. Onions. Leipzig: Verlag Enzyklopädie. 14th edition. Second edition. Chambers etymological English dictionary. Sylvester Mawson. Lehnert. 1966. Gimson 1977. English pronouncing dictionary. John S. A dictionary of foreign words and phrases. M. The Oxford dictionary of English etymology. The more recent one by Wells is a valuable alternative. O. T. Longman dictionary of phrasal verbs. In addition to etymological dictionaries there are ones which deal with specific periods of English. Eilert 1960 [1936].

Lexicography The following books are about the problems and peculiarities of writing dictionaries and about the science of etymology from the perspective of the linguists. London. Prospects for the record of our language. An Anglo-Saxon dictionary (many revisions well into this century). Oxford: University Press. Cambridge: University Press. London: The Modern Humanities Research Association. The Oxford dictionary of current English. Geoffrey. The Oxford dictionary of new words. Thompson. Joseph and T.) Ten volumes up to the letter S in 1989.) 1992. Algeo. Toller 1898. The story of the new words in English over the last hundred years. Phythian. John (ed. Stockwell. Bailey. Knowles. Walter W. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1882. Completed by Richard Cox. Recent developments There are a number of books which are dedicated to new words which have arisen in English or have been borrowed into the language in recent decades. Rothwell. . 1996. Hodder and Stoughton. Bosworth. Eric and Jacqueline Simpson 1980. Della (ed. History and structure. Cambridge: University Press. Old English Dictionary (1969. University of Toronto. 2nd edition. John. Dictionaries of English. Elizabeth and Julia Elliott 1998. 1999. N. A concise dictionary of new words. The Penguin dictionary of historical slang. B. Bammesberger. Anglo-Norman dictionary. Richard W. Alfred 1984. An etymology dictionary of the English language. William et al. 1987.) Bases on the entire computerised corpus of Old English texts. University of Michigan Press. Middle English Dictionary (1952. Oxford: University Press. Robert and Donka Minkova 2001.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 113 of 128 University Press. Ayto. Harmondsworth: Penguin. A. Oxford: University Press. Partridge. 2000. Heidelberg: Carl Winter. English etymology. Skeat. English words. Twentieth century words. Two relevant linguistic studies of English vocabulary are the following: Hughes. 1992. Oxford: Blackwell.) 1993. Oxford: University Press. Fifty years among the new words. A history of English words.

Peters. Jürgen 1989. Studies in lexicography. I. Carl 2000. The Cambridge Guide to English Usage. Greenbaum. They range from the highly theoretical to the very practical. The topical tradition. Oxford: University Press. Werner 2006. Sidney and Janet Whitcut 1988. L. . Weiner. Essentials of mastering English. C. Longman English grammar. Friedrich 1974. The Cambridge international dictionary of idioms. L. C. The latter are no doubt useful but often miss out on generalisations concerning the language being described. Holthausen. Grammars These come in all shapes and sizes. 1998. Hüllen. A guide to the language. The consist of brief paragraphs on trick questions of use and style and are intended to be consulted randomly like a dictionary rather than being read like a book. Jennifer 1999. London: Longman. Altenglisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. Ross. Alan S. Oxford English. English dictionaries 800-1700. Guides to English usage The works mentioned here are a kind of half-way house between a dictionary and a grammar. G. 1958. 1988. 2nd edition. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Cambridge: University Press. Berlin: Mouton-de Gruyter. Alexander. Oxford: University Press. Cambridge: CUP.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 114 of 128 Burchfield. Dear. 2 Vols. Early modern English lexicography. The former have the disadvantage of assuming a model of linguistics with which the reader may not be au fait to begin with. Pam 2004. London: Longman. Robert 1987. Bache. Hill Long. 1988. A concise grammar. Heidelberg: Winter. B. G. They are suited for advanced learners of English with some knowledge of linguistics. London: Longman. Oxford: University Press. Thomas 1979. Longman dictionary of English idioms. London: Longman. Longman advanced grammar. Etymology with special reference to English. The Oxford guide to the English language. Dictionary of idioms. Oxford: University Press. Second edition. Alexander. Edmund 1984. Speake. Schäfer. The works listed below are on the whole of the second type with a certain amount of linguistic theory to provide a solid foundation. Longman guide to English usage. Oxford: University Press. London: André Deutsch. 1986.

Greenbaum. Cambridge: University Press. A communicative grammar of English. The Oxford dictionary of English grammar. The Cambridge grammar of the English language. Grammar and vocabulary. London: Routledge. Koenraad and W. Ek. Sidney 1991. Irwin 1985. An introduction. Close. Oxford: Blackwell. A corpus-driven approach to the lexical grammar of English. Hurford. Cambridge: University Press. London: Arnold. Collins. Jan A. van and Nico J. Geoffrey and Jan Svartvik 1975. English grammar. English grammar. Peter and Carmella Hollo. Douglas. Eastwood. A reference grammar for students of English. Huddleston. Jackson. . The structure of English language. R. London: Longman. Oxford: University Press. Introduction to the grammar of English. A resource book for students. Geoffrey Leech. A student’s guide. Feigenbaum. Rodney 1984. Oxford: University Press.Scott Allan 1995. Pullum 2002. London: Longman Publications Group. A. 1975. Kersti and Kate Burridge 2001. Huddleston. Pattern grammar. Harmondsworth: Penguin Press. Leech. Stig Johansson. Howard 2002. James R. Sylvia and Edmund Weiner 1998. Chalker. Longman grammar of spoken and written English. Penguin English grammar A-Z for advanced students. 1994. The grammar handbook.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 115 of 128 Biber. Kuiper. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Greenbaum. An outline. Grammar. word and sentence. Sidney 1989. An introduction to English grammar. Rodney 1988. Oxford: University Press. 1999. Introducing English grammar. Broughton. London: Longman. A college grammar of English. John 1999. Huddleston. London: Longman. Robat 1984. London: Macmillan. Susan Conrad and Edward Finegan 1999. Sound. The student’s grammar of English. Geoffrey 1990. Cambridge: University Press. London: Macmillan. London: Longman. Hunston. Cambridge: University Press. Börjars. Rodney and Geoffrey K. Susan and Gill Francis 2000. Oxford practice grammar with exercises.

A practical English grammar. Quirk. John (ed. Geoffrey Leech and Jan Svartvik 1972. A. Edmund 2000. London: Collins. Collins Cobuild English grammar. English grammar in use with answers. Sinclair. Second edition. Raymond 1994. . A new introduction. London: Routledge. Geoffrey Leech and Jan Svartvik 1985. English. Randolph. and A. V.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 116 of 128 Leech. Quirk. London: Longman. Sidney Greenbaum. Gerald 2001. Oxford: University Press. Weiner. London: Macmillan. Sidney Greenbaum.) 1990. An essential grammar. Nelson. J. A comprehensive grammar of the English language. Nigel 1995. Murphy. Geoffrey. London: Macmillan. Martinet 1976 [1960]. The Oxford reference grammar. Randolph. Turton. A grammar of contemporary English. English grammar for today. Oxford: University Press. Thomson. An ABC of common grammatical errors. Cambridge: University Press. Margaret Deuchar and Robert Hoogenraad 1982. London: Longman.

000 words from various sources including newspaper texts. they covered some range of contemporary English. The main division is between synchronic and diachronic corpora. Two other majors corpora are the London-Lund Corpus of spoken English. The next factor to consider is the text type: spoken or written medium. If the latter. the former aiming at covering all the national varieties of English.000 words with some of this stemming from transcriptions of spoken speech. diachronic corpora have existed for at least a century. The University of Birmingham also compiled a major corpus (under the directorship of John Sinclair) which was used for the COBUILD dictionary and grammar published by Collins in London. The information contained in a diachronic corpus might be lexicographical as . Corpora from academic circles are usually available from the university whose staff compiled them and are intended to assist scholars in backing up their statements about language with statistics drawn from real data.(see Kytö. and the Lancaster-Oslo-Bergen Corpus (connected with the University of Lancaster and Geoffrey Leech). cf. Helsinki: University of Helsinki. The most well-known of these is the Helsinki Corpus of English Texts. i. Synchronic corpora The first electronic corpora were synchronic. Rhode Island in 1961 and which included about 1. compiled by W. There is an adage in electronic data processing: the more data one has.000. the more reliable one’s statistics turn out to be. There are also various other. For this reason corpora are getting larger and larger and the results achieved are becoming increasingly accurate. In the last two decades plans have been made for electronic corpora covering historical English. started in 1991 with various publishers and universities and targeting 100. such as a corpus of medical texts and one of early English correspondence. The original corpus in this field is the Brown Corpus. the editions of key historical works published by the Early English Text Society. at the University of London under the directorship of Randolph Quirk. Nelson Francis and Henry Kucera at Brown University.e. what kind or kinds of literary genre are to be included? What chronological range is the corpus to cover (in the case of a diachronic corpus)? The final issue is the size of the corpus. Providence.000. Diachronic corpora In the sense of collected texts of diachronic English in printed form. The Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Middle English is based on a part of the Helsinki Corpus and has grammatical information included in the form of the corpus distributed to researchers. Corpora on a larger scale have recently been started. These corpora are different in scope. Merja 1993. Both are considerably larger than their predecessors and are projected to contain scores of millions of words. more specialised corpora available from the University of Helsinki. The criteria used when assembling a corpus can vary. connected with the much larger Survey of English Usage project. With recent developments in computing it is possible to process large quantities of data with ease even on personal computers. started in 1959. all other factors being equal.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 117 of 128 §1 7 Corpora of English A corpus is a body of textual material (sometimes of spoken data) which has been collected on the basis of some pre-defined criteria and which is available in electronic form (typically on CD-ROM or via the internet). Two major examples of these are the International Corpus of English (until recently under the directorship of the late Sidney Greenbaum) and the British National Corpus. Manual to the Diachronic Part of the Helsinki Corpus of English Texts. Department of English).

Lancaster University. Michigan Corpus of Early English Correspondence A Corpus of Irish English Corpus of London Teenage Language (COLT) Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse . Many of these corpora are in the process of completion at the universities of the cities indicated in their titles or in parentheses after the name. a corpus of British and American English from 1650-1990 Compiling institution / individuals Douglas Biber and associates in Northwestern Arizona University in collboration with colleagues at the University of Freiburg. sponsored by the publisher HarperCollins Consortium under the aegis of Oxford University Press Australian Corpus of English Bank of English British National Corpus The A parsed section of the original Helsinki Brooklyn-Geneva-Amsterdam-Helsinki corpus prepared by a number of linguists Parsed Corpus of Old English Brown Corpus of Standard American English. Germany (packaged with Corpus Presenter. Sweden Merja Kytö. Name ARCHER. Finland Raymond Hickey. Sweden and Jonathan Culpeper. the Early Modern English Dictionaries Corpus (both Toronto) and the Historical Thesaurus of English (London). England Terttu Nevalainen and Helena Raumolin-Brunberg. Providence. Brown University. Uppsala University. Innsbruck) and the Lampeter Corpus of Early Modern English Texts (Chemnitz) or by a given region as with the Helsinki Corpus of Older Scots. Macquarie University.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 118 of 128 with the Dictionary of Old English Corpus. 2003) Anna-Britta Stenström and associates. Uppsala University. Essen University. University of Helsinki. In yet other cases the limits may be defined by a certain period as with the ICAMET (International Computer Archive of Middle English Texts. Software for Language Analysis. Nelson Francis and Henry Kucera. Department of English. Rhode Island Merja Kytö and associates. University of Bergen University of Michigan. Corpus of 19th Century English Corpus of Dialogues W. Germany Department of Linguistics. It might be specific to a certain genre as with the Corpus of Early English Correspondence (Helsinki) and the Zurich English Newspaper Corpus or indeed be confined to a single author as with the Oxford Shakespeare Corpus. NSW. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Australia University of Bermingham.

John Kirk. Retrieval software by Raymond Hickey. University of Helsinki. Germany Anneli Meurman-Solin. England and Lund University.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 119 of 128 Freiburg-Brown Corpus of American English (FROWN) Freiburg-LOB Corpus of British English (FLOB) The Helsinki Corpus of Older Scots Innsbruck Corpus Archive of Middle English Texts (ICAMET) Christian Mair and associates. University of Freiburg. Technical University Chemnitz. Published by John Benjamins. Belfast. now (2005) partially completed Kolhapur Corpus of Indian English Lampeter Corpus of Early Modern English Tracts Lancaster-Oslo-Bergen Corpus of British English London-Lund Corpus of Spoken English Middle English Medical Texts Shivaji University. Zurich University Northern Ireland Transcribed Corpus of Speech (NITCS) Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Middle English Old Bailey Court Depositions Santa Barbara Corpus of Spoken American English Zurich English Newspaper Corpus . Queen’s University. Department of English. Sweden Irma Taavitsainen. University of Sheffield University of Santa Barbara. Pittsburgh. Germany Collaborative effort of the universities in the three cities named in title Departments of English at University College London. collection of corpora from various University College London. Department of English. Finland Manfred Markus. Northern Ireland University of Pennsylvania. Department of English. University of Freiburg. Germany Christian Mair and associates. England anglophone countries. University of Helsinki. 2005. Austria International Corpus of English (ICE). California Udo Fries and associates. Päivi Pahta and Martti Mäkinen. Kolhapur Josef Schmied. Co-ordinated by the Department of English. Finland. University of Innsbruck. Pennsylvania Department of History. Department of English.

1Die Sprache Journal for Linguistics. Berlin. 1965-1976: 1-14. Oxford. Frankfurt on Main. 1949ELT Journal An International Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of other Languages. 1997Folia Linguistica Acta Societatis Linguisticae Europaeae. 1981Foundations of Language International Journal of Language and Philosophy. 1990Computers and the Humanities Dordrecht Diachronica International Journal for Historical Linguistics. 1967Folia Linguistica Historica Acta Societatis Linguisticae Europaeae. later Amsterdam. 1979Applied Psycholinguistics Cambridge. Pennsylvania. 1974Canadian Journal of Linguistics / La Revue Canadienne de Linguistique Toronto. 1949/50Bilingualism. 1976Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen Berlin. 1991Beiträge zur Namensforschung Heidelberg. 1952: New Series. 1959Applied Linguistics Oxford. later Berlin. Lisse. 1979Arbeiten aus Anglistik und Amerikanistik Tübingen. Dordrecht. 1919English Today The International Review of the English Language. Wien. Language and Cognition Cambridge. 1980Anthropological Linguistics Indiana University. 1985English World-Wide A Journal of Varieties of English. Tuscaloosa. Den Haag. 1972Annual Review of Applied Linguistics Cambridge. 1946English for Specific Purposes Amsterdam English Language and Linguistics Cambridge. Heidelberg. 1925/26Anglia Journal for English philology. Tübingen. 1969/1979- . Cambridge. 1980Evolution of Communication Amsterdam. 1878Anglo-Saxon England Cambridge. 1955Germanistische Linguistik Hildesheim. 1997English Studies A Journal of English Language and Literature.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 120 of 128 §1 8 Journals of linguistics American Speech A Quarterly of Linguistic Usage. Anthropology Department. 1984Die Neueren Sprachen. Bloomington. Alabama. General Linguistics University Park. 1998Brain and Language New York. Indiana. 1954/5Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics London. 1846Beiträge zur Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaft Münster. 1987Cognitive Linguistics Berlin.

Amsterdam. 1982Journal of Sociolinguistics Oxford. 1971Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior New York. Amsterdam. 1925Language and Communication Amsterdam Language and Literature Journal of the Poetics and Linguistics Association. 1972Language International The magazine for the language professions. Michigan. Essex. 1997Journal of the International Phonetic Association London. Maryland. 1967Historiographia Linguistica International Journal for the History of Linguistics. Kuhns Zeitschrift). Georgia: University of Georgia. Harlow. Ann Arbor. 1974Historische Sprachforschung. Amsterdam Journal of Phonetics London. 1887Journal of English Linguistics Athens. Heidelberg. 1963Journal of Child Language Cambridge. 1974International Journal of Speech Technology Dordrecht. 1948- . Baltimore.C. 1997Journal of English and Germanic Philology Champaign. 1973Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages Amsterdam Journal of Pragmatics Amsterdam. 1996International Journal of Psycholinguistics Den Haag. 1977Journal of Psycholinguistic Research New York. 1972 Journal of Neurolinguistics An International Journal fo the Study of Language and the Brain. 1988Language Learning A Journal of Applied Linguistics. Amsterdam. 1992Language in Society Cambridge.. 1972International Journal of the Sociology of Language Berlin. 1996IRAL International Review of Applied Linguistics in language Teaching. 1852International Journal of Corpus Linguistics Amsterdam. 1973Journal of Corpus Linguistics Amsterdam. Burnaby. 1962Language Journal of the Linguistic Society of America. 1965Journal of Literary Semantics Heidelberg. Oxford. 1995 Interpreting International journal of research and practice in interpreting. B. Göttingen. 1971/72Journal of Semantics An International Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of the Semantics of Natural Language. 1967Journal of Historical Pragmatics Amsterdam Journal of Linguistics Cambridge. Simon Fraser University. Canada. Historical Linguistics Former title: Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiete der indogermanischen Sprachen (often abbreviated as KZ. Illinois.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 121 of 128 Glossa An International Journal of Linguistics.

Cambridge. 1916Neuphilologische Mitteilungen Bulletin of the Modern Language Society Helsinki. 1970Linguistic Typology Berlin. 1976Language Sciences Oxford/Amsterdam Language Teaching The International Abstracting Journal for Language Teachers and Applied Linguistics. 1886-1970: 1-85 (see Journal of the IPA) Lexicology Berlin. Louvain. 1968Language Variation and Change Cambridge. 1984Poetica Journal for Linguistics and Literary Studies. München. 1971Pragmatics and Cognition Amsterdam Review of English Studies. 1949Second Language Research London.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 122 of 128 Language Problems and Language Planning Amsterdam. 1952Phonetica Basel. South Dakota. 1969Literary and Linguistic Computing Oxford Names Journal of the American Name Society. 1983Natural Language Semantics An International Journal of Semantics and its Interfaces in Grammar. 1899Nordic Journal of Linguistics Oslo. 1985Sign Language Amsterdam Sociolinguistica International Yearbook of European Sociolinguistics. 1975Linguistic Inquiry Cambridge. 1968Studia Linguistica A Journal of General Linguistics. 1967Poetics International Review for the Theory of Literature. 1963Linguistics and Education Amsterdam Linguistics and Philosophy Dordrecht. 1997Linguistics An International Review. The Quarterly Journal of English Literature and the English Language. Tübingen. 1947. 1993Neophilologus Groningen and Dordrecht. Amsterdam. 1987Sprachwissenschaft Heidelberg. 1978Orbis Bulletin International de Documentation Linguistique. 1995Lingua International Review of General Linguistics. 1996- . Amsterdam. 1976Studia Anglia Posnaniensia An International Review of English Studies. Den Haag./ Oxford. 1953Natural Language and Linguistic Theory Dordrecht. 1947Linguistic Analysis New York. Poznan. 1998Le Maître Phonétique London. 1977Linguistische Berichte Wiesbaden. Lund. 1957Phonology Cambridge. 1989Languages in Contrast Amsterdam. Massachusetts. Dordrecht. Oxford.

1953Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik Up to vol. 1989Terminology International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Issues in Specialized Communication. 1869World Englishes. 1971Zeitschrift für Phonetik. 1974Transactions of the Philological Society Oxford. 1981The American Journal of Semiotics Bloomington. 1945Written Language and Literacy Amsterdam Zeitschrift für Anglistik und Amerikanistik Berlin. Berlin. Göttingen. 1979Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft. 1968/69Theoretical Linguistics Berlin. Massachusetts. Experimental. 1976Studies in Second Language Acquisition Cambridge. 1948Zeitschrift für Semiotik Tübingen. 25 under the title Zeitschrift für Mundartforschung. Indiana. 1981The Journal of the English Place-Name Society London. 1978Syntax A Journal of Theoretical. Amsterdam.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 123 of 128 Studies in Language International Journal Sponsored by the Foundation ‘Foundations of Language’. Amsterdam. Wiesbaden. Worcester. Oxford. 1981Word Journal of the Linguistic Circle of New York. Sprachwissenschaft und Kommunikationsforschung Berlin. 1982- . 1925Zeitschrift für Fremdsprachenforschung Bochum. 1989Text An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Study of Discourse. 1973Zeitschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Linguistik Göttingen. and Interdisciplinary Research. 1990Zeitschrift für germanistische Linguistik Berlin. Amsterdam. 1998Target International Journal of Translation Studies. Oxford.

The material is usually photocopied rather than being typeset although recent improvements in technology have meant that there is little difference between the two procedures. Historical Semantics and Word Formation. Editors: W. Historical Philology.Sidney Allen et al. Editors: Bernard Comrie et al. often the 60th or 65th. This can be a regular feature or a single instance. The titles presented below are intended to give a representative selection rather than to be an exhaustive list. The standard of the contents is frequently quite high and for some working papers peer review is demanded which is intended to guarantee consistent quality.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 124 of 128 §1 9 Series.) Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics (Cambridge: University Press. For example. particularly with English publishing houses. but known for many seminal publications. Anglistische Arbeitshefte ‘Anglistic notebooks’ (Tübingen: Niemeyer. Janua Linguarum (Mouton). These are as a rule issued by the department of a university and are intended to represent a pre-publication form of work by colleagues which is near completion. note also that some of the series are now defunct. Editor: Christopher N. generative syntax in Europe [GLOW. the proceedings from the International Conference on Historical Linguistics (abbreviated as ICHL) and the equivalent conference for English historical studies. phonology. Historical Dialectology. Articles or papers from conferences are frequently published as collections.). A further form in which groups of articles are published is as a festschrift (from the German term ‘celebratory publication’) which is usually produced on the occasion of a particular birthday. collections and proceedings Many publishing houses accommodate their books within series which they publish. Mention should also be made of so-called working papers or occasional papers. If anything the number of linguistic series has been increasing in recent years. Another case in point is the historical series published by Mouton de Gruyter (Berlin).g. The idea of a series is that it unites books which are thematically related and so facilitates the identification by potential readers and.) Contributions to the Sociology of Language (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. In many cases the proceedings of a recurring conference are brought out by a single publisher. In general one can say that the organizations which concern themselves with levels of linguistics hold conferences and publish their proceedings regularly as conference volumes (for instance on phonetics. Such a collection consists of contributions which are written by scholars associated with the individual who is to be honoured. Editors: Herbert Brekle and Wolfgang Kühlwein) Applied Linguistics and Language Study Series (London: Longman. given the fact that a series has an independent editor or editors.Candlin) Blackwell Reference Library (Oxford: Blackwell) Blackwell Textbooks in Linguistics (Oxford: Blackwell) Cambridge Language Surveys (Cambridge: University Press. Editors: W. e. the responsibility for soliciting and reviewing manuscripts does not rest primarily with the publishers. Historical Morphology. Generative Linguists of the Old World]. the International Conference on English Historical Linguistics (abbreviated as ICEHL) are usually published by Benjamins (Amsterdam). the titles include Historical Phonology. Editor: Joshua . Historical Syntax.Sidney Allen et al.) Cambridge Studies in Linguistics (Cambridge: University Press. etc.

Mass.H. Editors: Simon C. Editor: Richard Kayne) Oxford Studies in Sociolinguistics (Oxford: University Press) Oxford Textbooks in Linguistics (Oxford: University Press. Editor: C. Editor: Frank Kermode) Foundations of Language. Editor: Peter Schmitter) Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers) Interface Series (London: Routledge. Dik and J. Candlin) Language in Society (Oxford: Blackwell. Culture and Cognition (Cambridge: University Press) Language in Performance (Tübingen: Gunter Narr. Editors: Joan Beal. Leech/Martin Harris) Lund Studies in English (Lund: University Press) Macmillan Modern Linguistics (London: Macmillan. van Schooneveld) Language. Editor: Christopher N. G. April McMahon and Patrick Honeybone) English Language Series (London: Longman. Editors: Noel Burton-Roberts and Andrew Spencer) North Holland Linguistic Series (Amsterdam: North Holland. J. Editors: Keith Brown. Supplementary Series (Dordrecht: Reidel. Jim Miller and Peter Roach) Papers from the Regional Meetings of the Chicago Linguistics Society (University of . Warnock) Oxford Studies in Language Contact (Oxford: University Press) Oxford Studies in Language and Gender (Oxford: University Press) Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax (Oxford: University Press. Editor: Konrad Koerner) Current Studies in Linguistics Series (Cambridge. Editor: Jorge Hankamer) Oxford Readings in Philosophy (Oxford: University Press. Editor: Richard Hudson) Learning about Language Series (London: Longman. Editor: Randolph Quirk) Fontana Modern Masters (London: Fontana. Robins and Geoffrey N. Editors: R.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 125 of 128 Fishman) Current Issues in Linguistic Theory (Amsterdam: Benjamins.: MIT Press. Editor: Peter Trudgill) Language Workbooks (London: Routledge. Editor: G.) Geschichte der Sprachtheorie ‘History of linguistic theory’ (Tübingen: Narr. H. Editor: Werner Hüllen) Language in Social Life Series (London: Longman. Kooij) Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics (New York: Garland. Editors: Geoffrey and Mick Short) Leeds Studies in English (Leeds: University Press) Linguistic Theory Guides (London: Routledge) Longman Linguistics Library (London: Longman. Editor: Ronald Carter) Janua Linguarum (The Hague: Mouton. Editors: Morris Halle et al. Editor: Samuel Jay Keyser) Dialects of English (Edinburgh: University Press.

Editor: Norman Blake) Topics in English Linguistics (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Editor: Werner Winter) Typological Studies in Language (Amsterdam: Benjamins. Sebeok) Linguistische Arbeiten ‘Linguistic studies’ (Tübingen: Niemeyer. Cologne. Editor: Thalmy Givón) Penguin English Linguistics (Harmondsworth: Penguin. Editor: David Crystal) Cambridge Studies in Oral and Literate Culture (Cambridge: University Haan. Editors: Geoffrey and Mick Short) Studies in Language Disability and Remediation (London: Edward Arnold. Editor: David Crystal) The Language of Literature (London: Macmillan. Jenny Cheshire. Editors: Ger J. Editor: Merja Kytö et al.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 126 of 128 Chicago) Pragmatics and beyond (Amsterdam: Benjamins. Editor: John J. as of 1997: Edgar Schneider. Editor: Samuel R. Editors: Peter Burke and Ruth Finnegan) Advances in Semiotics (Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Mey) Studies in English Language (Cambridge: University. Editor: Manfred Görlach. Regensburg) Language and Computers. Editors: Jaakko Hintikka et al. Editor: Hubert Cuyckens. Editor: Konrad Koerner) Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics (Cambridge: University Press. Herman Parret and Jef Verschueren) Publications in Language Sciences (Dordrecht: Foris.Levin) Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Editor: Thomas A. Rinehart and Winston.) The Great Languages (London: Faber and Faber) The Language Library (London: Edward Arnold. General Series and Text Series (Amsterdam: Benjamins. Euan Reid) Studies in Anthropological Linguistics (Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Editors: Florian Coulmas and Jacob L. Editor: David Crystal) Syntax and Semantics (New York: Academic Press. . Editors: Jennifer Coates. Various editors) Synthese Language Library (Dordrecht: Reidel.) Studies in the History of the Language Sciences (Amsterdam: Benjamins. Studies in Practical Linguistics (Amsterdam: Rodopi. Leo Wetzels and Wim Zonneveld) Real Language Series (London: Longman. Editors: Herbert Brekle et al. Editors: Bernd Kortmann and Elizabeth Traugott) Topics in Sociolinguistics (Dordrecht: Foris) Transatlantic Series in Linguistics (New York: Holt.Gumperz) Studies in Language and Linguistics Series (London: Longman.) Varieties of English around the World.

5 Language Pathology 3.2 First Language Acquisition 3.6 Linguistic Theory 2.3 Biographical Studies 1.4 Applied Linguistics 3.1 Phonetics 2.14 Language Universals and Typology 3.0 Introductions 1.19 Linguistic Data Processing 3.5 Syntax.10 Language Change 3.6 Sociolinguistics 3.4 Languages of the world 2 Levels of language 2.2 Phonology 2.13 Language planning 3.9 The philosophy of language 3 Areas and Applications 3. Grammar 2.8 Anthropology 3.20 Discourse Analysis 3.12 Language death and revitalisation 3.3 Morphology 2.15 Language and Literature 3.7 Bilingualism 3.1 Introduction.5 Anthologies and collections 1. General 4.16 Text Linguistics 3.0 Background to English 4.8 Pragmatics 2.4 Lexicology and Word Formation 2.4 The Basis for Language 1.18 Translation 3.1 Psycholinguistics 3.3 Orthography .9 Historical Linguistics 3.17 Stylistics 3.2 Phonetics.1 Dictionaries of Linguistics 1. Phonology 4.7 Semantics 2.2 History of Linguistics 1.11 Language Contact 3.3 Second Language Acquisition 3.21 Language and Gender 4 The history of English 4.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 127 of 128 Structure of Reference Guide 1 Introductory Works 1.

2.5.2 South Africa 5.13 Place names and personal names 5 Varieties of English 5.3.1 United States 5.1 The language of Shakespeare 4.2.1 England 5.8 Middle English 4.0 Variety Studies 5.0.5 Australia and New Zealand 5.4 Pidgins and Creoles General Studies of Modern English 4. overviews 5.9 Early and Late Modern English 4.2 Dialectology 5.3 World Englishes 5.5 Lexicon 4.3 The Pacific region 6 Dictionaries.4.Raymond Hickey Reference Guide Page 128 of 128 4.4 Ireland 5.10.2 Canada 5.1.3 East Africa 5.2.1 West Africa 5. collections and proceedings .11 Histories of English Literature 4.1.4 Morphology and Syntax 4.2 New Zealand Wales 5.2.2 South-East Asia 5.6 Standard and Dialect Australia 5.0.2 Scotland 5.2 North America 5.1 South Asia 5.4 Caribbean 5. grammars and corpora 7 Corpora of English 8 Journals of linguistics 9 Series.1.3 African American Vernacular English 5.3 Africa 5.2.7 Old English 4.1 Regions and Countries 5.1 Tristan da Cunha and the Falkland Islands 5.10 Readers for the History of English 4.3.1 General.4 Asia 5.1.

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